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A42557 The History of the Church of Great Britain from the birth of our Saviour untill the year of our Lord, 1667 with an exact succession of the bishops and the memorable acts of many of them : together with an addition of all the English cardinals, and the several orders of English monks, friars and nuns in former ages. Geaves, William.; Geaves, George.; Gearing, William.; G. G. 1674 (1674) Wing G440; ESTC R40443 405,120 476

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xix_o year_n of_o the_o reign_n of_o kymbeline_n king_n of_o britain_n divers_a writer_n of_o note_n do_v tell_v we_o that_o the_o gospel_n major_a baron_fw-fr annal._n tom._n 1._o an._n 61._o usser_n de_fw-fr brit._n eccles_n primord_v c._n 1._o p._n 7._o parker_n de_fw-fr vet●st_fw-fr eccl._n britan._n p._n 2_o 3._o fo●_n act._n &_o monum_fw-la u●l_n 1._o sir_n h._n spelm._n council_n tom._n 1._o p●r_fw-la josephum_fw-la 〈◊〉_d l●c●rna_fw-la primum_fw-la in_o britania_n accensa_fw-la est_fw-la georg._n major_a be_v preach_v and_o receive_v in_o this_o land_n even_o in_o the_o day_n of_o the_o apostle_n baronius_n and_o the_o learned_a archbishop_n usher_n tell_v we_o that_o st._n peter_n come_v into_o britain_n in_o the_o twelve_o year_n of_o the_o emperor_n nero_n and_o stay_v a_o long_a time_n here_o many_o be_v by_o he_o enlighten_v nicephorus_n say_v that_o simon_n zelotes_n carry_v the_o doctrine_n of_o the_o gospel_n unto_o the_o western_a sea_n and_o to_o the_o britannic_a 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begin_v then_o to_o combine_v dr._n mocket_n book_n be_v censure_v to_o be_v burn_v which_o be_v do_v according_o soon_o after_o he_o end_v his_o life_n anno_fw-la 1617._o die_v robert_n abbot_n bishop_n of_o salisbury_n
his_o death_n 236_o the_o french_a massacre_n 238_o the_o millenary_a petition_n 269_o richard_n middleton_n entitle_v doctor_n fundatissimus_fw-la 107_o sir_n thomas_n moor_n a_o great_a enemy_n to_o the_o protestant_n he_o be_v behead_v the_o next_o month_n after_o bishop_n fisher_n 149_o moratus_fw-la a_o old_a british_a writer_n 3_o n_n the_o name_n of_o those_o that_o be_v archbishop_n of_o lo●don_n 3_o number_n of_o the_o bishop_n abbot_n prior_n etc._n etc._n that_o be_v deprive_v in_o the_o begin_n of_o queen_n elizabeth_n reign_n 213_o george_n nevil_n archbishop_n of_o york_n his_o prodigious_a feast_n his_o estate_n seize_v and_o his_o person_n imprison_v 1●3_n the_o number_n of_o college_n and_o chauntery_n demolish_v in_o the_o reign_n of_o king_n henry_n the_o eight_o 154_o kingdom_n of_o northumberland_n subdivide_v into_o two_o kingdom_n viz._n of_o bernicia_n and_o deira_n 10_o nun_n of_o the_o abbey_n of_o ambresbury_n convict_v for_o incontinency_n 51_o nonconformist_n in_o queen_n eliz●beth's_n time_n of_o two_o sort_n 229_o 231_o james_n nailor_n the_o ringleader_n of_o the_o quaker_n public_o whip_v pillored_a and_o stigmatise_v 359_o o_o offa_n king_n of_o mercia_n founder_n of_o the_o monastery_n of_o s._n alban_n bestow_v great_a land_n upon_o it_o he_o be_v bury_v at_o bedford_n 23_o osmond_n bishop_n of_o sarum_n deviser_n of_o that_o service_n which_o after_o be_v observe_v in_o the_o whole_a realm_n all_o service_n order_v to_o be_v secundum_fw-la usum_fw-la sarum_n 39_o oswald_n second_o son_n of_o king_n ethelfred_n convert_v by_o aidan_n he_o disdain_v not_o to_o preach_v to_o his_o subject_n and_o noble_n in_o the_o english_a tongue_n 15_o oswald_n bishop_n of_o worcester_z oswald's_o law_n 31_o william_n occam_n the_o author_n of_o the_o sect_n call_v nominales_fw-la 112_o the_o first_o use_n of_o oath_n in_o ecclesiastical_a court_n in_o england_n 78_o oath_n of_o the_o king_n supremacy_n establish_v 145_o writer_n 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one_o day_n matthew_n parker_n consecrate_a archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n divers_a bishop●_n consecrate_a he_o 212_o kellison_n and_o parson_n slander_v he_o to_o be_v consecrate_a at_o the_o nag_n head-tavern_n in_o cheapside_n 214_o his_o story_n 223_o s._n paul_n church_n and_o steeple_n in_o london_n burn_v 222_o pope_n pius_n excommunicate_v q._n elizabeth_n 235_o the_o first_o settle_a presbytery_n in_o england_n at_o wandsworth_n in_o surrey_n 237_o popish_a priest_n and_o jesuit_n execute_v 242_o the_o little_a parliament_n 353_o the_o humble_a petition_n and_o advice_n frame_v 358_o statute_n of_o praemunire_n when_o enact_v 117_o player_n forbid_v by_o proclamation_n in_o king_n edward_n the_o six_o his_o time_n 161_o piers_n gavesion_n surprise_v by_o guy_n earl_n of_o wa●wick_n who_o cause_v he_o to_o be_v behead_v 106_o the_o first_o patent_n of_o a_o commenda_fw-la retinere_fw-la grant_v by_o the_o king_n to_o any_o bishop_n elect_v 84_o geoffry_n plantagenet_n archbishop_n of_o york_n his_o story_n 52_o 53_o periwig_n and_o long_a hair_n forbid_v in_o the_o clergy_n 77_o priest_n force_v to_o forgo_v their_o wife_n 42_o when_o the_o pope_n make_v his_o first_o encroachment_n on_o the_o liberty_n of_o the_o english_a crown_n 38_o cardinal_n pool_n reception_n into_o england_n 191_o he_o absolve_v the_o parliament_n and_o whole_a kingdom_n for_o withdraw_a their_o obedience_n to_o the_o church_n of_o rome_n 192_o consecrate_a to_o the_o see_v of_o canterbury_n next_o sunday_n after_o cranmer_n death_n 202_o english_a ambassador_n send_v to_o rome_n arrive_v there_o on_o the_o first_o day_n of_o the_o papacy_n of_o pope_n paul_n the_o four_o pembrock-colledge_n in_o oxford_n found_v 296_o pinckney_n the_o provincial_n of_o the_o augustine-friar_n and_o dr._n shaa_n only_o of_o all_o the_o clergy_n engage_v for_o king_n richard_n the_o three_o 134_o 135_o parsonage_n not_o exceed_v ten_o mark_n and_o vicaridge_n ten_o pound_n free_v from_o first-fruit_n 152_o king_n philip_n marry_v to_o queen_n mary_n 190_o a_o great_a plague_n in_o london_n 381_o hugh_n pudsey_n bishop_n of_o durham_n make_v earl_n of_o northumberland_n by_o king_n richard_n the_o first_o 48_o penry_n barrow_n and_o greenwood_n condemn_v and_o execute_v 256_o john_n piers_n archbishop_n of_o york_n deride_v by_o martin_n mar-prelate_n 256_o q_o qveen's-colledge_n in_o oxford_n when_o and_o by_o who_o found_v 111_o queen_n of_o scot_n assume_v to_o herself_o the_o style_n and_o title_n of_o queen_n of_o england_n 213_o she_o fly_v into_o england_n and_o end_v her_o doleful_a life_n at_o fatheringhay_n castle_n she_o be_v bury_v in_o the_o choir_n at_o peterborough_n and_o twenty_o year_n after_o remove_v to_o westminster_n 249_o queen_n eleanor_n a_o solemn_a anniversary_n institute_v to_o be_v keep_v for_o she_o by_o king_n edward_n the_o first_o her_o husband_n 97_o r_n roman_n forsake_v the_o isle_n of_o of_o britain_n 7_o rumold_n call_v 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rogers_n his_o exposition_n on_o the_o thirty_o nine_o article_n of_o the_o church_n of_o england_n 247_o roger_n a_o monk_n of_o chester_n and_o a_o historiographer_n 113_o doctor_n fulk_n and_o m._n cartwright_n their_o answer_n to_o the_o rhemish_a translation_n 247_o richard_n cromwell_n his_o story_n 361_o 362_o s_n that_o cruel_a statute_n pro_fw-la haeretico_fw-la comburendo_fw-la first_o hansel_v on_o william_n sautre_fw-fr priest_n 119_o 120_o see_v of_o sarum_n have_v five_o bishop_n in_o five_o year_n space_n 94_o scotland_n when_o free_v from_o the_o see_v of_o york_n 133_o secular_a priest_n eject_v 31_o a_o survey_v take_v of_o all_o the_o glebeland_n of_o the_o clergy_n 110_o severus_n come_v into_o britain_n and_o assi_v in_o condemn_v pelagianism_n 8_o samson_n scholar_n to_o iltutus_n be_v make_v archbishop_n of_o dole_n he_o carry_v away_o the_o monument_n of_o british_a antiquity_n 11_o s●bert_n king_n of_o essex_n embrace_v christianity_n by_o the_o ministry_n of_o mellitus_n 14_o sigebert_n king_n of_o east-angle_n enter_v into_o a_o monastery_n 21_o saxon_n invade_v britain_n 8_o south-saxons_a convert_v to_o christianity_n the_o last_o of_o the_o seven_o kingdom_n 19_o a_o survey_v take_v of_o all_o the_o revenue_n and_o dignity_n ecclesiastical_a in_o england_n return_v in_o a_o book_n to_o be_v keep_v in_o the_o exchequer_n 152_o john_n spottiswood_n archbishop_n of_o s._n andrews_n his_o death_n 314_o john_n story_n a_o great_a persecutor_n execute_v 234_o a_o statute_n make_v that_o all_o convocation_n shall_v be_v call_v by_o the_o king_n writ_n 146_o the_o bloody_a statute_n for_o the_o six_o popish_a article_n enact_v 155_o a_o statute_n make_v for_o the_o recovery_n of_o tithe_n 156_o edward_n seymour_n duke_n of_o somerset_n lord_n protector_n of_o the_o realm_n in_o the_o reign_n of_o king_n edward_n the_o six_o his_o story_n from_o 159_o ad_fw-la 174_o sommerset-house_n how_o and_o when_o erect_v 165_o the_o sweating-sickness_n 174_o richard_n sutton_n the_o founder_n of_o charterhouse_n hospital_n 280_o m._n antonius_n de_fw-fr dominis_n archbishop_n
honorem_fw-la armipotens_fw-la alfred_n dedit_fw-la probit_fw-la asque_fw-la laborem_fw-la perpetuumque_fw-la labour_n nomen_fw-la immixta_fw-la dolori_fw-la gaudia_fw-la semper_fw-la erant_fw-la spes_fw-la semper_fw-la mixta_fw-la timori_fw-la etc._n etc._n english_v by_o mr._n fleming_n nobility_n by_o birth_n to_o thou_o o_o alfred_n strong_a in_o arm_n of_o goodness_n have_v thy_o honour_n give_v and_o honour_v toilsome_a harm_n and_o toilsome_a harm_n a_o endless_a name_n who_o joy_n ere_o always_o mix_v with_o sorrow_n and_o who_o hope_n with_o fear_n be_v evermore_o perplex_v if_o this_o day_n thou_o be_v conqueror_n the_o next_o day_n war_n thou_o dread_v if_o this_o day_n thou_o be_v conquer_a to_o next_o day_n war_n thou_o spread_v who_o clothing_n wet_v with_o a_o daily_a sweat_n who_o blade_n with_o bloody_a stain_n do_v prove_v how_o great_a a_o burden_n it_o be_v in_o royalty_n to_o reign_v there_o have_v not_o be_v in_o any_o part_n of_o all_o the_o world_n so_o wide_a 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condemn_v at_o the_o synod_n of_o vercelles_n bellarmine_n say_v this_o man_n be_v the_o catal._n first_o who_o write_v doubt_o of_o this_o matter_n he_o be_v the_o counsellor_n to_o king_n alfred_n and_o teacher_n of_o his_o child_n afterward_o he_o retire_v to_o the_o abbey_n at_o malmesbury_n where_o his_o disciple_n murder_v he_o with_o their_o pen-knive_n catal._n be_v entice_v thereunto_o by_o the_o monk_n because_o he_o speak_v against_o the_o carnal_a presence_n and_o be_v account_v a_o martyr_n as_o be_v record_v by_o william_n of_o malmesbury_n de_fw-fr gest_n reg._n ang._n lib._n 2._o cap._n 4._o cent_z x._o at_o this_o time_n there_o be_v no_o bishop_n in_o all_o the_o west_n part_n of_o england_n pope_n formosus_fw-la be_v offend_v hereat_o interdict_v king_n and_o kingdom_n but_o pleigmund_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n post_v to_o rome_n inform_v the_o pope_n that_o edward_n call_v the_o elder_a the_o son_n of_o king_n alfred_n have_v in_o a_o late_o summon_v synod_n 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father_n alfred_n in_o sound_v of_o oxford_n begin_v to_o repair_v and_o restore_v the_o university_n of_o cambridge_n regi●_n j●h_o ressi●s_n in_o lib._n de_fw-fr regi●_n for_o the_o dane_n who_o keep_v the_o kingdom_n of_o the_o east_n angle_n for_o their_o home_n have_v banish_v all_o learning_n from_o that_o place_n this_o king_n edward_n the_o elder_a expel_v the_o dane_n out_o of_o essex_n mercia_n and_o northumberland_n at_o that_o time_n the_o authority_n of_o invest_v bishop_n and_o other_o ecclesiastical_a benefice_n as_o also_o of_o prescribe_v law_n unto_o churchman_n as_o well_o as_o unto_o the_o laity_n be_v in_o the_o power_n of_o the_o king_n not_o of_o the_o pope_n but_o the_o pope_n will_v be_v meddle_v in_o such_o matter_n by_o way_n of_o confirmation_n athelstan_n his_o son_n succeed_v king_n edward_n be_v much_o devote_v to_o st._n john_n of_o beverley_n on_o who_o church_n he_o bestow_v large_a privilege_n many_o council_n be_v keep_v in_o this_o king_n reign_n at_o excester_n feversha●_n thunderfield_n and_o london_n but_o one_o hold_v at_o greatlea_n be_v of_o great_a account_n for_o the_o law_n therein_o enact_v especial_o that_o concern_v the_o payment_n of_o tithe_n which_o be_v thus_o write_a i_o athelstan_n king_n by_o advice_n 405._o spelman_n in_o council_n p._n 405._o of_o viselm_n my_o archbishop_n and_o of_o other_o bishop_n command_v all_o the_o prelate_n of_o my_o kingdom_n in_o the_o name_n of_o our_o lord_n and_o of_o all_o the_o saint_n that_o first_o of_o all_o they_o out_o of_o my_o own_o thing_n pay_v the_o tithe_n unto_o god_n as_o well_o of_o ●he_n live_v beast_n as_o of_o the_o corn_n of_o the_o ground_n and_o the_o bishop_n to_o do_v the_o like_a in_o their_o property_n and_o the_o presbyter_n this_o i_o will_v that_o bishop_n and_o other_o headman_n declare_v the_o same_o unto_o such_o as_o be_v under_o their_o subjection_n etc._n etc._n he_o ordain_v that_o in_o every_o burrow_n all_o measure_n and_o weight_n shall_v be_v confirm_v by_o the_o bishop_n advice_n and_o testimony_n about_o that_o time_n hoel_n king_n of_o wales_n make_v a_o law_n that_o no_o churchman_n shall_v be_v a_o judge_n in_o civil_a affair_n now_o st._n dunstan_n appear_v in_o court_n bear_v at_o glastonbury_n of_o noble_a parentage_n yea_o kinsman_n remote_a to_o athelstane_n himself_o his_o eminency_n be_v paint_v and_o grave_v a_o excellent_a musician_n and_o a_o admirable_a worker_n in_o brass_n and_o iron_n after_o a_o while_o he_o be_v accuse_v for_o a_o magician_n and_o banish_v the_o court_n but_o after_o the_o death_n of_o king_n athelstane_n he_o be_v re-called_n to_o court_n in_o the_o reign_n of_o king_n edmond_n athelstan_n brother_n and_o flourish_v for_o a_o time_n in_o great_a favour_n but_o his_o old_a crime_n of_o be_v a_o magician_n and_o a_o wanton_a with_o woman_n be_v lay_v to_o his_o charge_n he_o be_v re-banished_n the_o court._n but_o king_n edmond_n be_v slay_v by_o one_o leoff_n a_o thief_n edred_n his_o brother_n succeed_v to_o the_o crown_n dunstan_n be_v make_v the_o king_n treasurer_n chancellor_n councillor_n confessor_n secular_a priest_n be_v thrust_v out_o of_o their_o convent_v and_o monk_n substitute_v in_o their_o room_n but_o after_o edred_n death_n dunstan_n fall_v into_o disgrace_n with_o king_n edwin_n his_o successor_n and_o be_v expel_v the_o kingdom_n fli_v into_o flanders_n meantime_n all_o the_o monk_n in_o england_n of_o dunstan_n plantation_n be_v root_v up_o and_o secular_a priest_n set_v in_o their_o place_n soon_o after_o many_o commotion_n happen_v in_o england_n especial_o in_o mercia_n and_o northumberland_n king_n edwin_n die_v in_o the_o flower_n of_o his_o age_n edgar_n succee_v he_o and_o recall_v dunstan_n home_n who_o have_v two_o bishopric_n history_n full_a church_n history_n give_v he_o worcester_z and_o london_n king_n edgar_z give_v over_o his_o soul_n body_n and_o estate_n to_o be_v order_v by_o dunstan_n and_o two_o more_o than_o the_o triumvirate_n who_o rule_v england_n viz._n ethelwald_n bishop_n of_o winchester_n and_z oswald_z afterward_o bishop_n of_o worcester_n this_o oswald_n be_v the_o man_n who_o procure_v by_o the_o king_n authority_n the_o ejection_n of_o all_o secular_a priest_n out_o of_o worcester_n which_o act_n be_v call_v oswald_n law_n in_o that_o age_n dunstan_n be_v make_v archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n secular_a priest_n be_v ●_o 〈◊〉_d hist_o ●●_o 1●_n part_n 3._o ●●_o ●_o throw_v out_o and_o monk_n every_o where_o fix_v in_o their_o room_n many_o do_v dispute_v and_o preach_v against_o dunstan_n and_o alfred_n prince_n of_o mercia_n take_v part_n with_o the_o priest_n fuller_n make_v mention_n of_o a_o fair_a and_o authentic_a guild_a manuscript_n wherein_o he_o style_v himself_o god_n vicar_n in_o england_n for_o the_o order_n ecclesiastical_a matter_n a_o title_n which_o at_o this_o day_n the_o pope_n will_v hardly_o vouchsafe_v to_o any_o christian_a prince_n hoel-dha_a then_o hold_v a_o national_a council_n
make_v contain_v a_o exact_a survey_n of_o the_o house_n and_o land_n in_o the_o kingdom_n which_o take_v up_o some_o year_n before_o it_o be_v complete_v king_n william_n call_v a_o council_n of_o his_o bishop_n at_o winchester_n wherein_o he_o be_v personal_o present_a with_o two_o cardinal_n send_v from_o rome_n here_o stigand_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n be_v depose_v and_o lanfrank_a a_o lombard_n substitute_v in_o his_o room_n a_o learned_a lawyer_n have_v observe_v that_o the_o first_o encroachment_n of_o the_o report_n sir_n jo●●_n daub_v in_o his_o irish_a report_n pope_n upon_o the_o liberty_n of_o the_o crown_n of_o england_n be_v make_v in_o the_o time_n of_o king_n william_n the_o conqueror_n for_o the_o conqueror_n come_v in_o with_o the_o pope_n banner_n and_o under_o it_o win_v the_o battle_n which_o get_v he_o the_o garland_n and_o therefore_o the_o pope_n presume_v he_o may_v bold_o pluck_v some_o flower_n from_o it_o be_v partly_o gain_v by_o his_o countenance_n and_o blessing_n although_o this_o politic_a prince_n be_v complemental_o courteous_a to_o the_o see_v of_o rome_n yet_o 1._o he_o retain_v the_o ancient_a custom_n of_o the_o saxon_a king_n invest_v bishop_n and_o abbot_n by_o deliver_v they_o a_o ring_n and_o a_o staff_n whereby_o without_o more_o ado_n they_o be_v put_v into_o plenary_a possession_n of_o the_o power_n and_o profit_n of_o their_o place_n he_o say_v he_o will_v keep_v all_o pastoral_a staff_n in_o his_o own_o hand_n 2._o be_v demand_v to_o do_v fealty_n for_o his_o crown_n of_o england_n unto_o pope_n gregory_n the_o seven_o he_o write_v thus_o unto_o he_o that_o he_o will_v not_o do_v fealty_n unto_o the_o pope_n because_o neither_o have_v he_o promise_v it_o nor_o do_v he_o find_v his_o predecessor_n have_v perform_v it_o 3._o this_o king_n will_v in_o no_o wise_n suffer_v any_o one_o in_o his_o dominion_n to_o acknowledge_v the_o bishop_n of_o rome_n for_o apostolical_a without_o his_o command_n or_o to_o receive_v the_o pope_n letter_n except_o first_o they_o have_v be_v show_v unto_o he_o and_o although_o the_o archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n by_o his_o own_o authority_n may_v congregate_v council_n and_o sit_v as_o precedent_n therein_o yet_o the_o king_n permit_v he_o to_o appoint_v or_o prohibit_v nothing_o but_o what_o be_v according_a to_o hi●_n own_o will_n and_o what_o the_o king_n have_v ordain_v before_o 4._o the_o king_n suffer_v no_o bishop_n to_o excommunicate_v any_o of_o his_o baron_n or_o officer_n for_o adultery_n incest_n or_o any_o such_o heinous_a crime_n except_o by_o the_o king_n command_n first_o make_v acquaint_v with_o the_o same_o this_o king_n give_v unto_o the_o bishop_n a_o entire_a jurisdiction_n by_o themselves_o to_o judge_v all_o cause_n relate_v to_o religion_n for_o before_o that_o time_n the_o sheriff_n and_o bishop_n keep_v their_o court_n together_o he_o grant_v the_o clergy_n throughout_o england_n tithe_n of_o calf_n colt_n lamb_n milk_n butter_n cheese_n wood_n meadow_n mill_n etc._n etc._n then_o thomas_n a_o norman_a be_v prefer_v to_o the_o archbishopric_n of_o york_n betwixt_o lanfrank_a archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n and_o this_o thomas_n there_o grow_v great_a contention_n for_o the_o oath_n of_o obedience_n but_o in_o the_o end_n thomas_n subscribe_v obedience_n to_o the_o other_o then_o it_o be_v decree_v that_o york_n for_o that_o time_n shall_v be_v subject_a to_o canterbury_n in_o matter_n appertain_v to_o the_o church_n so_o that_o wheresoever_o within_o england_n the_o archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n will_v hold_v his_o council_n the_o bishop_n of_o york_n shall_v resort_v thither_o with_o their_o bishop_n and_o be_v obedient_a to_o his_o decree_n canonical_a then_o be_v divers_a bishop_n seat_n alter_v from_o village_n to_o great_a city_n as_o of_o sealsey_n to_o chichester_n out_o of_o cornwall_n to_o exeter_n from_o well_n to_o bath_n from_o shirburn_n to_o salisbury_n from_o dorchester_n in_o oxford-shire_n to_o lincoln_n from_o lichfield_n to_o chester_n which_o bishopric_n of_o chester_n robert_n than_o bishop_n reduce_v from_o chester_n to_o coventry_n at_o this_o time_n several_a liturgy_n be_v use_v in_o england_n which_o cause_v confusion_n and_o much_o disturb_v man_n devotion_n a_o brawl_n happen_v betwixt_o the_o english_a monk_n of_o glastonbury_n and_o thurstan_n their_o norman_a abbot_n in_o their_o very_a church_n obtrude_a a_o service_n upon_o they_o which_o they_o dislike_v eight_o monk_n be_v wound_v and_o two_o slay_v near_o the_o step_n of_o the_o high_a altar_n this_o ill_a accident_n occasion_v a_o settlement_n and_o uniformity_n of_o england_n a_o uniformity_n of_o liturgy_n all_o over_o england_n liturgy_n all_o over_o england_n for_o hereupon_o osmund_n bishop_n of_o salisbury_n devise_v that_o form_n of_o service_n which_o hereafter_o be_v observe_v in_o the_o whole_a realm_n henceforward_o the_o most_o ignorant_a parish-priest_n in_o england_n understand_v the_o meaning_n of_o secundum_fw-la usum_fw-la sarum_n that_o all_o service_n must_v be_v order_v according_a to_o the_o course_n and_o custom_n of_o salisbury_n church_n king_n william_n bring_v many_o jew_n into_o england_n for_o before_o his_o reign_n i_o find_v none_o in_o this_o land_n from_o rouen_n in_o normandy_n and_o settle_v they_o in_o london_n norwich_n cambridge_n northampton_n in_o the_o day_n of_o lanfrank_n waltelm_v bishop_n of_o winchester_n have_v place_v about_o forty_o canon_n instead_o of_o monk_n but_o it_o hold_v not_o for_o lanfrank_n cast_v out_o secular_a priest_n and_o substitute_v monk_n in_o their_o room_n he_o also_o contest_v with_o odo_n bishop_n of_o bayeux_n though_o half-brother_n to_o king_n william_n and_o earl_n of_o kent_n and_o in_o a_o legal_a trial_n regain_v many_o lordship_n which_o odo_n have_v unjust_o invade_v although_o in_o this_o king_n time_n there_o be_v almost_o no_o englishman_n that_o bare_a office_n of_o honour_n or_o rule_v yet_o he_o favour_v the_o city_n of_o london_n and_o grant_v they_o the_o first_o charter_n that_o ever_o they_o have_v write_v in_o the_o saxon_a tongue_n and_o seal_v with_o green_a wax_n express_v in_o eight_o or_o nine_o line_n king_n william_n die_v in_o normandy_n and_o william_n rufus_n his_o second_o son_n 1●8●_n anno_fw-la 1●8●_n be_v crown_v king_n of_o england_n he_o begin_v very_o bountiful_o to_o some_o church_n he_o give_v ten_o mark_n to_o other_o six_o to_o every_o countrey-village_n five_o shilling_n beside_o a_o hundred_o pound_n to_o every_o county_n to_o be_v distribute_v among_o the_o poor_a but_o afterward_o he_o prove_v very_o parsimonious_a though_o no_o man_n more_o prodigal_a of_o never_o perform_v promise_n this_o year_n die_v lanfrank_a archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n after_o who_o death_n the_o king_n seize_v the_o profit_n of_o that_o see_v into_o his_o own_o hand_n and_o keep_v the_o church_n vacant_a for_o some_o year_n he_o keep_v at_o the_o same_o time_n the_o archbishopric_n of_o canterbury_n the_o bishopric_n of_o winchester_n and_o durham_n and_o thirteen_o abbey_n in_o his_o hand_n and_o bring_v a_o mass_n of_o money_n into_o his_o exchequer_n all_o place_n which_o he_o part_v with_o be_v upon_o present_a payment_n he_o quarrel_v with_o remigius_n bishop_n of_o lincoln_n about_o the_o sound_n of_o his_o cathedral_n and_o force_v he_o to_o buy_v his_o peace_n and_o without_o a_o sum_n of_o money_n pay_v to_o the_o king_n john_n bishop_n of_o wells_n can_v not_o remove_v his_o seat_n to_o bath_n king_n rufus_n come_v to_o gloucester_n fall_v very_o sick_a hereupon_o he_o make_v anselm_n the_o abbot_n of_o beck_n in_o normandy_n one_o of_o eminent_a learning_n and_o strictness_n of_o life_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n the_o king_n soon_o after_o send_v to_o he_o for_o a_o thousand_o pound_n which_o anselm_n refuse_v to_o pay_v then_o herbert_n bishop_n of_o thetford_n remove_v his_o episcopal_a seat_n from_o norwich_n herbert_n bishop_n of_o thetford_n found_v the_o cathedral_n at_o norwich_n thetford_n to_o norwich_n where_o he_o first_o found_v the_o cathedral_n then_o die_v wolstan_n bishop_n of_o worcester_n a_o englishman_n bear_v a_o mortify_a man_n near_o this_o time_n begin_v the_o holy_a war._n robert_n duke_n of_o normandy_n to_o fit_v himself_o for_o that_o voyage_n sell_v his_o dukedom_n to_o king_n william_n rufus_n for_o ten_o thousand_o mark_n to_o pay_v this_o money_n king_n rufus_n lay_v a_o grievous_a tax_n over_o all_o the_o realm_n extort_v it_o with_o such_o severity_n that_o the_o monk_n be_v fain_o to_o sell_v the_o church-plate_n and_o very_a chalice_n for_o discharge_v thereof_o and_o when_o the_o clergy_n desire_v to_o be_v ease_v of_o their_o burden_n i_o beseech_v you_o say_v he_o have_v you_o not_o coffin_n of_o gold_n and_o silver_n for_o dead_a man_n bone_n intimate_v that_o the_o same_o treasure_n may_v otherwise_o be_v better_o employ_v at_o this_o time_n there_o be_v contention_n at_o rome_n between_o two_o pope_n vrban_n
oath_n to_o maud_n solemn_o crown_v stephen_n show_v himself_o thereby_o perjure_v to_o his_o god_n disloyal_a to_o his_o princess_n and_o ingrateful_a to_o his_o patroness_n by_o who_o special_a favour_n he_o have_v be_v preserve_v the_o rest_n of_o the_o bishop_n to_o their_o shame_n follow_v his_o example_n hope_v to_o obtain_v from_o a_o usurper_n what_o they_o can_v not_o get_v from_o a_o lawful_a king_n traitorous_o avow_v that_o it_o be_v baseness_n for_o so_o many_o and_o so_o great_a peer_n to_o be_v subject_a to_o a_o woman_n king_n stephen_n seal_v a_o charter_n at_o oxford_n anno_fw-la 1136._o the_o tenor_n whereof_o be_v that_o all_o liberty_n custom_n and_o possession_n grant_v to_o the_o chron._n speed_v chron._n church_n shall_v be_v firm_a and_o in_o force_n that_o all_o person_n and_o cause_n ecclesiastical_a shall_v appertain_v only_o to_o ecclesiastical_a judicature_n that_o none_o but_o clergyman_n shall_v ever_o intermeddle_v with_o the_o vacancy_n of_o church_n or_o any_o churchmen_n good_n that_o all_o bad_a usage_n in_o the_o land_n touch_v forest_n exaction_n etc._n etc._n shall_v be_v utter_o extirpate_v the_o ancient_a law_n restore_v etc._n etc._n the_o clergy_n perceive_v that_o king_n stephen_n perform_v little_a of_o his_o large_a promise_n to_o they_o be_v not_o former_o so_o forward_o in_o set_v he_o up_o but_o now_o more_o ready_a to_o pluck_v he_o down_o and_o side_v effectual_o with_o maud_n against_o he_o stephen_n fall_v violent_o on_o the_o bishop_n who_o then_o be_v most_o powerful_a in_o the_o land_n he_o imprison_v roger_n bishop_n of_o sarisbury_n till_o he_o have_v surrender_v unto_o he_o the_o two_o castle_n of_o shirburn_n and_o the_o devizes_n for_o the_o which_o roger_n take_v such_o thought_n that_o he_o die_v short_o after_o and_o leave_v in_o ready_a coin_n forty_o thousand_o mark_n which_o after_o his_o death_n come_v to_o the_o king_n coffer_n he_o also_o uncastle_v alexande●_n of_o lincoln_n and_o nigellus_n of_o ely_n take_v a_o great_a mass_n of_o treasure_n from_o they_o the_o dean_n and_o canon_n of_o paul_n for_o cross_v he_o in_o the_o choice_n of_o their_o bishop_n taste_v of_o his_o fury_n for_o he_o take_v their_o focariaes_n and_o cast_v they_o into_o the_o tower_n of_o london_n where_o they_o continue_v many_o day_n till_o at_o last_o their_o liberty_n be_v purchase_v by_o the_o canon_n at_o a_o great_a price_n roger_n hoveden_n tell_v we_o plain_o that_o these_o focariae_n be_v those_o canon_n concubine_n see_v here_o the_o fruit_n of_o forbid_a marriage_n to_o the_o clergy_n against_o the_o law_n of_o god_n and_o nature_n albericus_n bishop_n of_o hostia_fw-la be_v send_v by_o pope_n innocent_a into_o england_n call_v a_o synod_n at_o westminster_n where_o 18_o bishop_n and_o thirty_o abbot_n meet_v together_o here_o be_v conclude_v that_o no_o priest_n deacon_n or-sub-deacon_a history_n fuller_n church_n history_n shall_v hold_v a_o wife_n or_o woman_n within_o his_o house_n under_o pain_n of_o degrade_n from_o his_o christendom_n and_o plain_o send_v to_o hell_n that_o no_o priest_n son_n shall_v claim_v any_o spiritual_a live_n by_o heritage_n that_o none_o shall_v take_v a_o benefice_n of_o any_o layman_n that_o none_o shall_v be_v admit_v to_o cure_v which_o have_v not_o the_o letter_n of_o his_o order_n that_o priest_n shall_v do_v no_o bodily_a labour_n and_o that_o their_o transubstantiated_a god_n shall_v dwell_v but_o eight_o day_n in_o the_o box_n for_o fear_v of_o worm-eating_a mould_v or_o stink_a in_o this_o synod_n theobald_n abbot_n of_o becco_n be_v choose_v archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n in_o the_o place_n of_o william_n late_o decease_a the_o most_o considerable_a clergyman_n of_o england_n in_o this_o age_n for_o birth_n wealth_n and_o learning_n be_v henry_n of_o blois_n bishop_n of_o winchester_n and_o brother_n to_o king_n stephen_n he_o be_v make_v by_o the_o pope_n his_o legate_n for_o britain_n in_o this_o council_n where_o william_n of_o malmesbury_n be_v present_a there_o be_v three_o party_n assemble_v with_o their_o attendance_n 1._o roger_n of_o sarisbury_n with_o the_o rest_n of_o the_o bishop_n grievous_o complain_v of_o their_o castle_n take_v from_o they_o 2._o henry_n bishop_n of_o winchester_n the_o pope_n legate_n and_o precedent_n of_o the_o council_n with_o theobald_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n pretend_v to_o umpire_n matter_n moderate_o 3._o hugh_z archbishop_z of_o rouen_n and_o aubery_n de_fw-fr vere_n ancestor_n to_o the_o earl_n of_o oxford_n as_o advocate_n for_o king_n stephen_n this_o aubery_n de_fw-fr vere_n be_v learned_a in_o the_o law_n be_v character_v by_o my_o author_n homo_fw-la causarum_fw-la varietatibus_fw-la exercitatus_fw-la a_o man_n well_o verse_v in_o the_o wind_n of_o cause_n this_o synod_n break_v up_o without_o any_o extraordinary_a matter_n effect_v for_o soon_o after_o queen_n maud_n come_v with_o her_o navy_n and_o army_n out_o of_o normandy_n which_o turn_v debate_n into_o deed_n and_o consulation_n into_o action_n there_o be_v many_o religious_a foundation_n build_v and_o endow_v in_o the_o troublesome_a reign_n of_o king_n stephen_n not_o to_o speak_v of_o the_o monastery_n of_o st._n marry_o de_fw-fr pratis_n found_v by_o robert_n earl_n of_o leicester_n and_o many_o other_o of_o this_o time_n the_o goodly_a hospital_n of_o st._n katherine_n nigh_o london_n be_v found_v by_o maud_n wife_n to_o king_n stephen_n so_o stately_a be_v the_o choir_n of_o this_o hospital_n that_o it_o be_v not_o much_o inferior_a to_o that_o of_o st._n paul_n in_o london_n when_o take_v down_o in_o the_o day_n of_o queen_n elizab●th_n by_o doctor_n thomas_n wilson_n the_o master_n thereof_o and_o secretary_n of_o state_n yea_o king_n stephen_n himself_o erect_v st._n stephen_n chapel_n in_o westmins●e●_n he_o buil●_n also_o the_o cistertian_n monastery_n in_o feversham_n with_o a_o hospital_n near_o the_o west-gate_n in_o york_n the_o king_n earnest_o urge_v theobald_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n to_o crown_v his_o son_n eustace_n but_o theobald_n stout_o refuse_v though_o proscribe_v for_o the_o same_o and_o force_v to_o fly_v the_o land_n till_o after_o some_o time_n he_o be_v reconcile_v to_o the_o king_n eustace_n the_o king_n son_n die_v of_o a_o frenzy_n as_o go_v to_o plunder_v the_o land_n of_o bury-abbey_n hereupon_o a_o agreement_n be_v make_v between_o king_n stephen_n and_o henry_n duke_n of_o normandy_n son_n of_o maud_n the_o empress_n the_o former_a hold_v the_o crown_n during_o his_o life_n and_o after_o his_o death_n settle_v the_o same_o on_o henry_n his_o adopt_a son_n and_o successor_n at_o this_o time_n nicholas_n breakspear_n a_o englishman_n bear_v near_o uxbridge_n iv_o 〈◊〉_d i●_n adriano_n iv_o come_v to_o be_v pope_n call_v adrian_n the_o four_o he_o be_v not_o inferior_a to_o hildebrand_n in_o pride_n short_o after_o he_o have_v excommunicate_v the_o emperor_n he_o walk_v with_o his_o cardinal_n to_o refresh_v himself_o in_o the_o field_n of_o anagnia_n and_o come_v to_o a_o spring_n of_o water_n he_o will_v taste_v of_o it_o and_o with_o the_o water_n a_o fly_n enter_v into_o his_o throat_n and_o choke_v he_o in_o the_o latter_a end_n of_o his_o day_n he_o be_v wont_a to_o say_v there_o be_v not_o a_o more_o wretched_a life_n than_o to_o be_v pope_n to_o come_v into_o the_o seat_n of_o st._n peter_n by_o ambition_n be_v not_o to_o succeed_v paris_n matth._n paris_n peter_n in_o feed_v the_o flock_n but_o unto_o romulus_n in_o parricide_n see_v that_o seat_n be_v never_o obtain_v without_o some_o brother_n blood_n king_n stephen_n die_v and_o be_v bury_v with_o his_o son_n and_o wife_n at_o feversham_n in_o kent_n in_o a_o monastery_n which_o himself_o have_v erect_v at_o the_o demolish_n whereof_o some_o to_o gain_v the_o lead_n wherein_o he_o be_v wrap_v cast_v his_o corpse_n into_o the_o sea_n king_n henry_n the_o second_o succeed_v he_o a_o prince_n wise_a valiant_a and_o general_o fortunate_a he_o present_o choose_v a_o privy-counsel_n of_o clergy_n and_o temporalty_n and_o refine_v the_o common_a law_n yea_o towards_o the_o latter_a end_n of_o his_o reign_n begin_v the_o use_n of_o our_o itinerant_a judge_n he_o parcel_v england_n into_o six_o division_n and_o appoint_v three_o judge_n to_o every_o circuit_n he_o raze_v most_o of_o the_o castle_n of_o england_n to_o the_o ground_n the_o bishop_n be_v then_o the_o great_a trader_n in_o those_o fortification_n he_o disclaim_v all_o the_o authority_n of_o the_o pope_n refuse_v to_o pay_v peter-pence_n and_o interdict_v all_o appeal_n to_o rome_n at_o that_o time_n phil●p_n de_fw-fr brok_n a_o canon_n of_o b●dford_n be_v question_v for_o murder_n he_o use_v reproachful_a speech_n to_o the_o king_n justice_n for_o which_o he_o be_v censure_v and_o the_o judge_n complain_v unto_o the_o king_n that_o there_o be_v many_o robbery_n and_o rape_n and_o murder_n to_o the_o number_n of_o a_o
excommunication_n of_o pope_n gregory_n ix_o against_o he_o in_o england_n and_o all_o other_o kingdom_n and_o church_n endeavour_v to_o vindicate_v himself_o and_o his_o innocency_n against_o the_o pope_n calumny_n by_o dispatch_a letter_n into_o all_o part_n and_o particular_o into_o england_n these_o proceed_n of_o the_o pope_n against_o the_o emperor_n so_o exasperate_v the_o citizen_n of_o rome_n that_o they_o expel_v the_o pope_n from_o the_o city_n and_o chase_v he_o to_o perusium_n anno_fw-la 1228._o die_v stephen_n langton_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n after_o who_o death_n there_o grow_v a_o new_a contest_v between_o the_o king_n and_o monk_n of_o canterbury_n about_o the_o election_n of_o a_o new_a archbishop_n the_o monk_n choose_v walter_n de_fw-fr hevesham_n a_o monk_n who_o the_o king_n refuse_v to_o allow_v of_o resolve_v to_o make_v richard_n his_o chancellor_n archbishop_z walter_n post_v to_o rome_n to_o get_v confirmation_n and_o consecration_n from_o the_o pope_n and_o the_o king_n proctor_n there_o except_v against_o he_o press_v the_o vacate_a of_o his_o election_n and_o make_v richard_z archbishop_z with_o much_o importunity_n they_o can_v not_o prevail_v with_o the_o pope_n or_o cardinal_n to_o stop_n walter_n be_v confirmation_n or_o promote_v richard_n till_o they_o have_v promise_v in_o the_o behalf_n of_o the_o king_n unto_o the_o pope_n the_o ten_o of_o all_o thing_n movable_a from_o both_o his_o kingdom_n of_o england_n and_o ireland_n whereupon_o the_o pope_n and_o cardinal_n forthwith_o vacate_v walter_n be_v election_n for_o his_o insufficiency_n and_o make_v richard_n archbishop_n