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england_n bishop_n thomas_n winchester_n 2,568 5 12.7563 5 false
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A40655 The church-history of Britain from the birth of Jesus Christ until the year M.DC.XLVIII endeavoured by Thomas Fuller. Fuller, Thomas, 1608-1661.; Fuller, Thomas, 1608-1661. History of the University of Cambridge snce the conquest.; Fuller, Thomas, 1608-1661. History of Waltham-Abby in Essex, founded by King Harold. 1655 (1655) Wing F2416_PARTIAL; Wing F2443_PARTIAL; ESTC R14493 1,619,696 1,523

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in_o the_o main_a agree_v together_o quod_fw-la duo_fw-la stint_v libri_fw-la clausi_fw-la anglis_fw-la regiâ_fw-la in_o ara_n lumina_fw-la caeca_fw-la duo_fw-la pollubra_n sicca_fw-la duo_fw-la an_fw-mi clausum_fw-la caecúmque_fw-la dei_fw-la tenet_fw-la anglia_fw-it cultum_fw-la lumine_fw-la caeca_fw-la svo_fw-la sorde_fw-la sepulta_fw-la suâ_fw-la romano_n &_o ritu_fw-la dum_fw-la regalem_fw-la instruit_fw-la aram_n purpuream_fw-la pingit_fw-la religiosa_fw-la pingit_fw-la ali●s_fw-la religiosa_fw-la luxuriosa_fw-la lupam_fw-la 42._o mr._n george_n herbert_n of_o trinity-coll_n in_o cambridge_n make_v a_o most_o ingenious_a retortion_n of_o this_o hexastick_a which_o as_o yet_o all_o my_o industry_n can_v recover_v yet_o it_o much_o content_v i_o that_o i_o be_o certain_o inform_v that_o the_o posthume_n remain_v shave_n of_o gold_n be_v careful_o to_o be_v keep_v of_o that_o not_o less_o pious_a than_o witty_a writer_n be_v short_o to_o be_v put_v forth_o into_o print_n when_o 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exemplify_v dead_a canon_n dead_a and_o bury_v long_o since_o as_o most_o relate_v to_o monkery_n this_o age_n wherein_o we_o live_v be_v little_a fond_a of_o antiquity_n to_o know_v those_o thing_n which_o be_v antiquate_v so_o many_o year_n since_o 30._o now_o though_o the_o devotion_n of_o king_n edgar_n may_v be_v condemn_v to_o be_v bias_v to_o superstition_n king_n edgar_z a_o most_o triumphant_a king_n yet_o because_o the_o sincerity_n of_o his_o heart_n seek_v to_o advance_v god_n honour_n according_a to_o the_o light_n in_o those_o dark_a day_n he_o appear_v one_o of_o the_o most_o puissant_a prince_n that_o ever_o england_n enjoy_v both_o in_o church_n and_o commonwealth_n i_o have_v read_v in_o a_o most_o fair_a and_o authentic_a guild_a cotton_n guild_a extant_a in_o the_o precious_a library_n of_o s_o r._n tho._n cotton_n manuscript_n wherein_o he_o style_v himself_o god_n vicar_n in_o england_n for_o the_o order_n ecclesiastical_a matter_n a_o title_n which_o at_o this_o day_n the_o pope_n will_v hardly_o vouchsafe_v to_o any_o
to_o receive_v large_a sum_n of_o money_n for_o his_o leave_n after_o who_o faculty_n obtain_v if_o such_o marriage_n be_v against_o the_o law_n of_o god_n man_n do_v sin_n not_o with_o less_o guiltiness_n but_o more_o expense_n 26._o that_o the_o body_n of_o the_o dead_a be_v not_o carry_v to_o be_v bury_v out_o of_o their_o own_o parish_n so_o that_o the_o parish_n priest_n shall_v lose_v his_o due_n unto_o he_o 27._o that_o none_o out_o of_o a_o rash_a novelty_n which_o we_o know_v to_o have_v happen_v exhibit_v reverence_n of_o holiness_n to_o any_o body_n of_o the_o dead_a fountain_n or_o other_o thing_n without_o authority_n from_o the_o bishop_n 28._o that_o none_o presume_v hereafter_o what_o hitherto_o man_n use_v in_o england_n to_o sell_v man_n like_o bruit_n beast_n 1102._o anno_fw-la dom._n 1102._o this_o constitution_n as_o all_o other_o which_o concern_v the_o subject_n civil_a right_n find_v not_o general_a obedience_n in_o the_o kingdom_n for_o the_o proceed_n of_o the_o canon_n law_n be_v never_o whole_o receive_v into_o practice_n in_o the_o land_n but_o so_o as_o make_v subject_n in_o whatsoever_o touch_v temporal_n to_o secular_a law_n and_o national_a custom_n and_o the_o laiety_n at_o pleasure_n limit_a canon_n in_o this_o behalf_n nor_o be_v such_o sale_n of_o servant_n be_v man_n proper_a good_n so_o 208._o so_o see_v mr_n selden_n spicileg_n ad_fw-la eadmerum_fw-la pag._n 208._o weaken_v with_o this_o prohibition_n but_o that_o long_o after_o they_o remain_v legal_a according_a to_o the_o law_n of_o the_o land_n 29._o that_o the_o sin_n of_o sodometry_n both_o in_o clergy_n and_o laiety_n shall_v be_v punish_v with_o heavy_a censure_n remarkable_a that_o the_o same_o synod_n which_o forbid_v priest_n marriage_n find_v it_o needful_a to_o punish_v sodometry_n a_o italian_a vice_n begin_v now_o to_o be_v naturalize_v in_o england_n for_o those_o who_o endeavour_n to_o make_v the_o way_n to_o heaven_n narrow_a than_o god_n have_v make_v it_o by_o prohibit_v what_o he_o permit_v do_v in_o event_n make_v the_o way_n to_o hell_n wide_o occasion_v the_o commit_n of_o such_o sin_n which_o god_n have_v forbid_v we_o may_v further_o observe_v that_o the_o plaster_n now_o apply_v to_o the_o rot_a sore_n of_o sodometry_n be_v too_o gentle_a too_o narrow_a and_o too_o little_a time_n lay_v on_o too_o gentle_a for_o whereas_o the_o sin_n be_v conceive_v to_o deserve_v death_n it_o be_v only_o slubber_v over_o that_o the_o party_n convict_v of_o this_o wickedness_n if_o in_o order_n be_v admit_v to_o no_o high_a honour_n and_o depose_v from_o what_o he_o have_v till_o restore_v again_o on_o his_o repentance_n too_o narrow_a if_o it_o be_v true_a what_o one_o observe_v that_o 74._o that_o bale_n in_o the_o act_n of_o english_a votary_n second_o part_n chap._n 74._o monk_n as_o neither_o mere_o lay_n nor_o priest_n be_v not_o threaten_v with_o this_o curse_n where_o all_o be_v hide_v in_o cloister_n last_o too_o little_a time_n lay_v on_o for_o whereas_o at_o first_o it_o be_v constitute_v that_o such_o excommunication_n of_o sodomite_n convict_v shall_v solemn_o be_v renew_v every_o lord_n day_n this_o short-lived_a canon_n do_v die_v in_o the_o birth_n thereof_o and_o anselme_n himself_o prius_fw-la himself_o eadmerus_fw-la ut_fw-la prius_fw-la postponi_fw-la concessit_fw-la suffer_v it_o to_o be_v omit_v on_o pretence_n that_o it_o put_v beastly_a thought_n into_o many_o man_n mind_n who_o corruption_n abuse_v the_o punishment_n of_o sin_n in_o the_o provocation_n thereof_o while_o other_o conceive_v this_o relaxation_n indulge_v in_o favour_n to_o some_o great_a offender_n who_o harden_v in_o conscience_n but_o tender_a in_o credit_n can_v not_o endure_v to_o be_v so_o solemn_o public_o and_o frequent_o grate_v with_o the_o shame_n of_o the_o sin_n they_o have_v commit_v so_o much_o for_o the_o constitution_n of_o that_o synod_n wherein_o though_o canon_n be_v provide_v for_o priest_n cap_v a_o pe_n from_o the_o shaunig_n to_o the_o shoe_n yet_o not_o a_o syllable_n of_o their_o instruct_v the_o people_n and_o preach_v god_n word_n unto_o they_o we_o must_v not_o forget_v that_o man_n guilty_a of_o simony_n in_o the_o first_o canon_n be_v not_o take_v in_o the_o vulgar_a acception_n for_o such_o as_o be_v promote_v to_o their_o place_n by_o money_n but_o in_o a_o new_a coin_a sense_n of_o that_o word_n for_o those_o who_o be_v advance_v to_o their_o dignity_n by_o investiture_n from_o the_o king_n which_o give_v occasion_n to_o the_o long_a and_o hot_a broil_n happen_v betwixt_o king_n henry_n and_o anselme_n which_o now_o we_o come_v to_o relate_v 4._o the_o king_n command_v he_o to_o consecrate_v such_o bishop_n 4._o 4._o as_o he_o late_o have_v invest_v 1103_o 1103_o namely_o bishop_n a_o selme_n refuse_v to_o consecrate_v the_o king_n bishop_n william_n of_o winchester_n roger_n of_o hereford_n etc._n etc._n which_o anselme_n refuse_v because_o flat_o against_o the_o canon_n new_o make_v in_o the_o council_n of_o rome_n by_o pope_n vrban_n that_o any_o who_o have_v their_o entrance_n by_o the_o authority_n of_o temporal_a prince_n shall_v be_v admit_v to_o bishopric_n hereupon_o the_o king_n enjoin_v gerard_n archbishop_n of_o york_n to_o consecrate_v they_o who_o out_o of_o opposition_n to_o anselme_n his_o competitour_n be_v as_o officious_a to_o comply_v with_o the_o king_n king_n as_o the_o other_o be_v backward_o 1105._o anno_fw-la dom._n 1105._o hope_v thereby_o to_o hitch_v his_o church_n a_o degree_n the_o high_a 16._o anno_fw-la regis_fw-la hen._n 16._o by_o help_n of_o his_o royal_a favour_n here_o happen_v a_o unexpected_a accident_n for_o william_n bishop_n of_o winchester_n refuse_v consecration_n from_o the_o archbishop_n of_o york_n and_o resign_v his_o staff_n and_o ring_n back_o again_o to_o the_o king_n as_o illegal_o from_o he_o this_o discompose_v all_o the_o rest_n for_o whereas_o more_o than_o the_o moiety_n of_o ecclesiastical_a person_n in_o england_n be_v all_o in_o the_o same_o condemnation_n as_o invest_v by_o the_o king_n the_o very_a multitude_n of_o offender_n will_v have_v excuse_v the_o offence_n if_o loyal_a to_o their_o own_o cause_n whereas_o now_o this_o defection_n of_o the_o bishop_n of_o winchester_n so_o break_v the_o rank_n and_o maim_v their_o entireness_n that_o their_o cause_n thereby_o be_v cast_v by_o their_o own_o confession_n and_o so_o a_o party_n raise_v among_o they_o against_o themselves_o 5._o soon_o after_o rome_n anselme_n send_v to_o rome_n the_o king_n be_v content_v that_o anselme_n shall_v go_v to_o rome_n to_o know_v the_o pope_n pleasure_n herein_o but_o one_o none_o of_o the_o conclave_n without_o a_o prophetical_a spirit_n may_v easy_o have_v foretell_v the_o resolution_n of_o his_o holiness_n herein_o never_o to_o part_v with_o power_n whereof_o how_o injurious_o soever_o though_o but_o pretend_o possess_v anselme_n for_o his_o compliance_n with_o the_o pope_n herein_o be_v forbid_v to_o return_v into_o england_n while_o the_o king_n seize_v on_o his_o temporality_n 6._o however_o bishop_n the_o king_n part_n with_o his_o invest_n of_o bishop_n not_o log_n after_o 1106._o 1106._o by_o mediation_n of_o friend_n 7._o 7._o they_o be_v reconcile_v the_o king_n disclaim_v his_o right_n of_o investiture_n a_o weak_a and_o timorous_a act_n of_o so_o wise_a and_o valiant_a a_o prince_n who_o predecessor_n before_o the_o conquest_n hold_v this_o power_n though_o some_o time_n loose_o in_o their_o own_o hand_n and_o his_o predecessor_n since_o the_o conquest_n grasp_v it_o fast_o in_o their_o fist_n in_o defiance_n of_o such_o pope_n as_o will_v finger_v it_o from_o they_o whereas_o now_o he_o let_v it_o go_v out_o of_o his_o hand_n while_o his_o successor_n in_o vain_a though_o with_o a_o long_a arm_n reach_v after_o it_o to_o recover_v it_o and_o now_o anselme_n who_o former_o refuse_v consecrate_a all_o the_o bishop_n of_o vacant_a see_v among_o who_o roger_n of_o sarisbury_n be_v a_o prime_a person_n first_o prefer_v to_o the_o king_n notice_n because_o he_o begin_v prayer_n quick_o and_o cade_v they_o speedy_o for_o which_o quality_n he_o be_v commend_v as_o fit_a for_o a_o chaplain_n in_o the_o camp_n and_o be_v not_o unwelcome_a to_o the_o court_n on_o the_o same_o account_n 7._o anselme_n have_v devest_v the_o king_n of_o invest_v bishop_n one_o of_o the_o fair_a roll_n in_o his_o wardrobe_n do_v soon_o after_o deprive_v the_o clergy_n of_o one_o half_a of_o themselves_o marriage_n anselme_n forbid_v priest_n marriage_n for_o in_o a_o solemn_a synod_n he_o forbid_v priest_n marriage_n wherein_o 1107_o 1107_o as_o charitable_o we_o believe_v 8._o 8._o his_o intention_n pious_a and_o commendable_a and_o patient_o behold_v his_o pretence_n specious_a and_o plausible_a so_o we_o can_v not_o but_o pronounce_v his_o performance_n for_o the_o present_a injurious_a and_o culpable_a and_o the_o effect_n thereof_o
of_o the_o chimney_n or_o fire-maker_n to_o these_o canon_n if_o so_o sure_o they_o have_v their_o holiday-clothe_n on_o when_o send_v to_o the_o tower_n kitchenstuff_n do_v not_o use_v to_o be_v try_v in_o that_o place_n and_o be_v considerable_a if_o not_o in_o themselves_o in_o the_o affection_n of_o other_o and_o now_o well_o fare_v the_o heart_n of_o 1191._o of_o in_o anna_n 1191._o roger_n hoveden_n who_o plain_o tell_v we_o that_o these_o focariae_n be_v these_o canon_n concubine_n see_v here_o the_o fruit_n of_o forbid_a marriage_n to_o the_o clergy_n against_o the_o law_n of_o god_n and_o nature_n what_o say_v the_o apostle_n 9_o apostle_n 1_o cor._n 7._o 9_o it_o be_v better_a to_o marry_v then_o to_o burn_v or_o which_o be_v the_o same_o in_o effect_n it_o be_v better_a to_o have_v a_o wife_n than_o a_o fire-maker_n 42._o albericus_n bishop_n of_o hostia_fw-la come_v post_n form_n rome_n westminster_n a_o synod_n at_o westminster_n send_v by_o pope_n innocent_a the_o second_o into_o england_n 13._o 4._o dece_fw-la 13._o call_v a_o synod_n at_o westminster_n 1138_o 1138_o where_o eighteen_o bishop_n and_o thirty_o abbot_n meet_v together_o here_o be_v conlude_v that_o no_o priest_n deacon_n or_o sub-deacon_n shall_v hold_v a_o wife_n or_o woman_n within_o his_o house_n under_o pain_n of_o degrade_n from_o his_o christendom_n and_o plain_o send_v to_o hell_n that_o no_o priest_n son_n shall_v claim_v any_o spiritual_a live_n by_o heritage_n that_o none_o shall_v take_v a_o benefice_n of_o any_o layman_n that_o none_o be_v admit_v to_o cure_v which_o have_v not_o the_o letter_n of_o his_o order_n that_o priest_n shall_v do_v no_o bodily_a labour_n and_o that_o their_o transubstantiated_a god_n shall_v dwell_v but_o eight_o day_n in_o the_o box_n for_o fear_v of_o worm-eating_a mould_v or_o stink_v with_o such_o like_a 1138_o anno_fw-la dom._n 1138_o in_o this_o synod_n theobald_n abbot_n of_o becco_n 7._o anno_fw-la regis_fw-la steph._n 7._o be_v choose_v archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n in_o the_o place_n of_o william_n late_o decease_v 43._o the_o most_o considerable_a clergyman_n of_o england_n in_o this_o age_n arch-prelate_n henry_n of_o winchester_n england_n arch-prelate_n for_o birth_n wealth_n and_o learning_n be_v henry_n of_o bloys_n bishop_n of_o winchester_n and_o brother_n to_o king_n stephen_n he_o be_v by_o the_o pope_n make_v his_o legate_n for_o britain_n and_o out-shined_n theobald_n the_o archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n for_o although_o theobald_n just_a at_o this_o time_n be_v augment_v with_o the_o title_n of_o legatus_fw-la natus_fw-la which_o from_o he_o be_v entail_v on_o his_o successor_n in_o that_o see_v yet_o this_o henry_n of_o bloys_n be_v for_o the_o present_a legatus_fw-la factus_fw-la out-lustred_n the_o other_o as_o far_o as_o a_o extraordinary_a ambassador_n do_v a_o leger_n of_o the_o same_o nation_n in_o this_o henry_n two_o interest_n do_v meet_v and_o contend_v that_o of_o a_o brother_n and_o that_o of_o a_o bishop_n but_o the_o late_a clear_o get_v the_o conquest_n 1139._o 1139._o as_o may_v appear_v by_o the_o council_n he_o call_v at_o winchester_n 5._o 5._o wherein_o the_o king_n himself_o be_v summon_v to_o appear_v yea_o some_o make_v stephen_n personal_o appear_v therein_o a_o dangerous_a precedent_n to_o plead_v the_o cause_n of_o the_o crown_n before_o a_o conventicle_n of_o his_o own_o subject_n so_o that_o to_o secure_a rome_n of_o supremacy_n in_o appeal_n he_o suffer_v a_o recovery_n thereof_o against_o his_o own_o person_n in_o a_o court_n of_o record_n lose_v of_o himself_o to_o save_v the_o crown_n thereby_o unto_o himself_o but_o william_n of_o malmesbury_n present_a at_o the_o council_n and_o therefore_o his_o testimony_n be_v to_o be_v prefer_v before_o other_o mention_n only_a three_o party_n in_o the_o place_n present_v there_o with_o their_o attendance_n 1._o 2._o 3._o roger_n of_o sarisbury_n with_o the_o rest_n of_o the_o bishop_n grievous_o complain_v of_o their_o castle_n take_v from_o they_o henry_n bishop_n of_o winchester_z the_o pope_n legate_n &_o precedent_n of_o the_o council_n with_o theobald_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n pretend_v to_o umpire_n matter_n in_o a_o moderate_a way_n hugh_n archbishop_n of_o rouen_n and_o aubery_n de_fw-fr vere_n ancester_n to_o the_o ear_n of_o oxford_n as_o advocate_n for_o king_n stephen_n this_o aubery_n de_fw-fr vere_n seem_v learn_v in_o the_o law_n be_v character_v by_o my_o 183._o my_o william_n malmsbury_n hiss_v novel_a lib._n 2._o pag._n 183._o author_n homo_fw-la causarum_fw-la varietatibus_fw-la exercitatus_fw-la a_o man_n well_o verse_v in_o the_o wind_n of_o cause_n 44._o in_o this_o synod_n first_o the_o commission_n of_o pope_n innocent_a the_o second_o be_v read_v winchester_n the_o issueless_a issue_n of_o the_o synod_n at_o winchester_n impowr_v the_o say_a henry_n bishop_n of_o winchester_n with_o a_o legative_a authority_n then_o the_o legate_n make_v a_o sermon_n latiariter_fw-la which_o be_v as_o i_o conceive_v in_o the_o latin_a tongue_n we_o find_v not_o his_o text_n but_o know_v this_o be_v the_o subject_n of_o his_o discourse_n to_o inveigh_v against_o king_n stephen_n deprive_v those_o bishop_n of_o their_o castle_n sermon_n end_v the_o king_n advocate_n or_o true_a subject_n rather_o many_o make_v they_o to_o speak_v only_o out_o of_o the_o dictate_v of_o their_o own_o loyalty_n &_o not_o to_o plead_v by_o deputation_n from_o the_o king_n make_v his_o defence_n that_o bishop_n can_v not_o canonical_o hold_v castle_n and_o that_o the_o king_n have_v despoil_v they_o of_o their_o treasure_n not_o as_o episcopal_a person_n but_o as_o they_o be_v his_o lay-office_n advise_v thereto_o by_o his_o own_o security_n the_o bishop_n return_v much_o for_o themselves_o and_o in_o fine_a the_o synod_n break_v up_o without_o any_o extraordinary_a matter_n effect_v for_o soon_o after_o come_v queen_n maud_n with_o her_o navy_n and_o army_n out_o of_o normandy_n 1140._o 1140._o which_o turn_v debate_n into_o deed_n 6._o 6._o and_o consultation_n into_o action_n but_o we_o leave_v the_o reader_n to_o be_v satisfy_v about_o the_o alternation_n of_o success_n betwixt_o king_n stephen_n and_o maud_n to_o the_o historian_n of_o our_o state_n there_o may_v they_o read_v of_o maud_n her_o strange_a escape_n when_o avoid_v death_n by_o be_v believe_v dead_a otherwise_o she_o have_v prove_v in_o her_o grave_n if_o not_o pretend_v in_o a_o coffin_n when_o get_v out_o in_o white_a linen_n under_o the_o protection_n of_o snow_n i_o say_v how_o afterward_o both_o king_n stephen_n and_o robert_n earl_n of_o gloucester_n be_v take_v prisoner_n 1141._o 1141._o and_o give_v in_o exchange_n 7._o 7._o the_o one_o for_o the_o liberty_n of_o the_o other_o 1141._o anno_fw-la dom._n 1141._o with_o many_o such_o memorable_a passage_n the_o reader_n may_v stock_n himself_o from_o the_o pen_n of_o the_o civil_a historian_n the_o proper_a relator_n thereof_o 45._o it_o be_v strange_a to_o conceive_v how_o man_n can_v be_v at_o leisure_n in_o the_o troublesome_a reign_n of_o king_n stephen_n to_o build_v and_o endow_v so_o many_o religious_a foundation_n day_n why_o plenty_n of_o religious_a foundation_n in_o these_o martial_a day_n except_o any_o will_v say_v that_o man_n be_v as_o mortal_a in_o peace_n most_o die_a in_o war_n the_o devotion_n of_o those_o day_n maintain_v such_o deed_n meritorious_a for_o their_o soul_n make_v all_o in_o that_o martial_a age_n most_o active_a in_o such_o employment_n not_o to_o speak_v of_o the_o monastery_n of_o s_o r_o mary_n de_fw-fr pratis_fw-la 10._o 10._o found_v by_o robert_n earl_n of_o leicester_n 1144._o 1144._o and_o many_o other_o of_o this_o time_n the_o goodly_a hospital_n of_o s_n to_o katherine_n nigh_o london_n be_v found_v by_o maud_n wife_n to_o king_n stephen_n though_o other_o assign_v the_o same_o to_o ro._n bishop_n of_o lincoln_n as_o founder_v thereof_o so_o stately_a be_v the_o choir_n of_o this_o hospital_n that_o it_o be_v not_o much_o 117._o much_o stow_n survey_n of_o london_n pag._n 117._o inferior_a to_o that_o of_o s_o t_o paul_n in_o london_n when_o take_v down_o in_o the_o day_n of_o queen_n elizabeth_n by_o doctor_n thomas_n wilson_n the_o master_n thereof_o and_o secretary_n of_o state_n 46._o yea_o king_n stephen_n himself_o be_v a_o very_a great_a founder_n stephen_n religious_a house_n found_v by_o king_n stephen_n s_o t_z stephen_n be_v his_o tutelary_a saint_n though_o he_o never_o learn_v his_o usurpation_n from_o the_o patient_a example_n of_o that_o martyr_n who_o name_n he_o bear_v on_o who_o day_n he_o be_v crown_v to_o who_o honour_n he_o erect_v s_n t_o stephens_n chappel_n in_o westminster_n near_o the_o place_n where_o late_o the_o court_n of_o request_n be_v keep_v he_o build_v also_o the_o cistertian_n monastery_n in_o feversham_n with_o a_o hospital_n near_o the_o west-gate_n in_o york_n and_o whereas_o former_o there_o be_v pay_v out_o
son_n have_v much_o of_o the_o mother_n in_o they_o grow_v up_o as_o in_o age_n in_o obstinacy_n against_o he_o his_o subject_n but_o especial_o the_o bishop_n be_v the_o great_a castle_n monger_n in_o that_o age_n very_o stubborn_a and_o not_o easy_o to_o be_v order_v 54._o mean_a time_n one_o may_v just_o admire_v empress_n what_o become_v of_o maud_n the_o empress_n than_o no_o mention_n in_o author_n be_v make_v of_o nor_o provision_n for_o maud_n the_o king_n mother_n survive_v some_o year_n after_o her_o son_n coronation_n in_o who_o during_o her_o life_n 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d lay_v the_o real_a right_n to_o the_o crown_n 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d yet_o say_v not_o king_n henry_n policy_n be_v little_a in_o prefer_v to_o take_v his_o title_n from_o a_o usurper_n by_o adoption_n rather_o than_o from_o his_o own_o mother_n the_o rightful_a heir_n by_o succession_n and_o his_o piety_n less_o in_o not_o attend_v his_o mother_n death_n but_o snatch_v the_o sceptre_n out_o of_o her_o hand_n see_v no_o writer_n ever_o charge_v he_o with_o the_o least_o degree_n of_o undutifulness_n unto_o she_o which_o lead_v we_o to_o believe_v that_o this_o maud_n wear_v out_o with_o age_n and_o affliction_n willing_o wave_v the_o crown_n and_o reign_v in_o she_o own_o contentment_n in_o see_v her_o son_n reign_v before_o she_o 55._o those_o who_o be_v most_o able_a to_o advise_v themselves_o 1._o 1._o be_v most_o willing_a to_o be_v advise_v by_o other_o 1155._o 1155._o as_o appear_v by_o this_o politic_a prince_n compile_v the_o body_n of_o the_o common-law_n compile_v present_o he_o choose_v a_o privy_a council_n of_o clergy_n and_o temporalty_n and_o refine_v the_o common_a law_n yea_o towards_o the_o end_n of_o his_o reign_n begin_v the_o use_n of_o our_o itinerant_a judge_n the_o platform_n hereof_o he_o fetch_v from_o france_n where_o he_o have_v his_o education_n and_o where_o charles_n the_o bald_a some_o hundred_o of_o year_n before_o have_v divide_v his_o land_n into_o twelve_o part_n assign_v several_a judge_n for_o administration_n of_o justice_n therein_o our_o henry_n parcel_v england_n into_o six_o division_n and_o appoint_v three_o judge_n to_o every_o circuit_n annual_o to_o visit_v the_o same_o succeed_v king_n though_o change_v the_o limit_n have_v keep_v the_o same_o number_n of_o circuit_n and_o let_v the_o skilful_a in_o arithmetic_n cast_v it_o up_o whether_o our_o nation_n receive_v any_o loss_n by_o the_o change_n of_o three_o judge_n every_o year_n according_a to_o henry_n the_o second_o be_v institution_n into_o two_o judge_n twice_o a_o year_n as_o long_o since_o have_v be_v accustom_v 56._o the_o law_n thus_o settle_v king_n henry_n cast_v his_o eye_n on_o the_o numerous_a castle_n in_o england_n 2._o 2._o as_o a_o good_a reason_n of_o state_n former_o persuade_v the_o building_n 1156._o 1156._o so_o a_o better_o plead_v now_o for_o the_o demolish_n of_o they_o demolish_v castle_n demolish_v william_n the_o conqueror_n build_v most_o of_o they_o and_o then_o put_v they_o into_o the_o custody_n of_o his_o norman_a lord_n thereby_o to_o awe_v the_o english_a into_o obedience_n but_o these_o norman_a lord_n in_o the_o next_o generation_n by_o breathe_v in_o english_a air_n and_o wedding_n with_o english_a wife_n become_v so_o perfect_o anglize_v and_o lover_n of_o liberty_n that_o they_o will_v stand_v on_o their_o guard_n against_o the_o king_n on_o any_o petty_a discontentment_n if_o their_o castle_n which_o be_v of_o proof_n against_o bow_n and_o arrow_n the_o artillery_n of_o that_o age_n can_v but_o bear_v the_o brunt_n of_o a_o sudden_a assault_n they_o be_v privilege_v from_o any_o solemn_a siege_n by_o their_o meanness_n and_o multitude_n as_o who_o several_a beleguering_n will_v not_o compensate_a the_o cost_n thereof_o thus_o as_o in_o foul_a body_n the_o physic_n in_o process_n of_o time_n grow_v so_o friendly_a and_o familiar_a with_o the_o disease_n that_o they_o at_o last_o side_n together_o and_o both_o take_v part_n against_o nature_n in_o the_o patient_n so_o here_o it_o come_v to_o pass_v that_o these_o castle_n intend_v for_o the_o quench_n in_o continuance_n of_o time_n occasion_v the_o kindle_v of_o rebellion_n to_o prevent_v far_a mischief_n king_n henry_n raze_v most_o of_o they_o to_o the_o ground_n and_o secure_v the_o rest_n of_o great_a consequence_n into_o the_o hand_n of_o his_o confident_n if_o any_o ask_v how_o these_o castle_n belong_v to_o our_o church-history_n know_v that_o bishop_n of_o all_o in_o that_o age_n be_v the_o great_a trader_n in_o such_o fortification_n 57_o thomas_n becket_n england_n thomas_n becket_n l._n chancellor_n of_o england_n bear_v in_o london_n and_o though_o as_o yet_o but_o a_o deacon_n archdeacon_n of_o canterbury_n doctor_n of_o canon-law_n breed_v in_o the_o university_n of_o oxford_n paris_n bononia_n be_v by_o the_o king_n make_v lord_n chancellor_n of_o england_n during_o which_o his_o office_n who_o brave_a than_o becket_n none_o in_o the_o court_n wear_v more_o costly_a clothes_n 1158._o anno_fw-la dom._n 1158._o mount_v more_o stately_a steed_n make_v more_o sumptuous_a feast_n keep_v more_o jovial_a company_n break_v more_o merry_a jest_n use_v more_o pleasant_a pastime_n in_o a_o word_n he_o be_v so_o perfect_a a_o layman_n that_o his_o parsonage_n of_o bromfield_n and_o s_o t_o mary-hill_n in_o london_n with_o other_o ecclesiastical_a cure_n whereof_o he_o be_v pastor_n may_v even_o look_v all_o to_o themselves_o he_o take_v no_o care_n to_o discharge_v they_o this_o be_v that_o becket_n who_o mention_n be_v so_o much_o in_o english_a and_o miracle_n so_o many_o in_o popish_a writer_n we_o will_v contract_v his_o act_n in_o proportion_n to_o our_o history_n remit_v the_o reader_n to_o be_v satisfy_v in_o the_o rest_n from_o other_o author_n 58._o four_o year_n after_o canterbury_n his_o great_a reformation_n be_v make_v archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n upon_o the_o death_n of_o theobald_n 1162_o 1162_o becket_n be_v make_v by_o the_o king_n 8._o 8._o archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n the_o first_o englishman_n since_o the_o conquest_n and_o he_o but_o a_o mongrel_n for_o his_o mother_n be_v a_o syrian_a the_o intercourse_n of_o the_o holy-war_n in_o that_o age_n make_v match_n betwixt_o many_o stranger_n who_o be_v prefer_v to_o that_o place_n and_o now_o if_o the_o monk_n their_o writing_n his_o life_n may_v be_v believe_v follow_v in_o he_o a_o great_a and_o strange_a metamorphosis_n instant_o his_o clothes_n be_v reform_v to_o gravity_n his_o diet_n reduce_v to_o necessity_n his_o company_n confine_v to_o the_o clergy_n his_o expense_n contract_v to_o frugality_n his_o mirth_n retrench_v to_o austerity_n all_o his_o pastime_n so_o devour_v by_o his_o piety_n that_o none_o can_v see_v the_o former_a chancellor_n becket_n in_o the_o present_a archbishop_n becket_n yea_o they_o report_v that_o his_o clothes_n be_v build_v three_o story_n high_a next_o his_o skin_n he_o be_v a_o hermit_n and_o wear_v sackcloth_n in_o the_o mid_a he_o have_v the_o habit_n of_o a_o monk_n and_o above_o all_o wear_v the_o garment_n of_o a_o archbishop_n now_o that_o he_o may_v the_o more_o effectual_o attend_v his_o archiepiscopal_a charge_n he_o resign_v his_o chancellor_n place_n whereat_o the_o king_n be_v not_o a_o little_a offend_v it_o add_v to_o his_o anger_n that_o his_o patience_n be_v daily_a press_v with_o the_o importunate_a petition_n of_o people_n complain_v that_o becket_n injure_v they_o though_o general_o he_o do_v but_o recover_v to_o his_o church_n such_o possession_n as_o by_o their_o covetousness_n and_o his_o predecessor_n connivance_n have_v former_o be_v detain_v from_o it_o 59_o but_o magistrate_n a_o stubborn_a defender_n of_o the_o vicious_a clergy_n against_o secular_a magistrate_n the_o main_a matter_n incense_a the_o king_n against_o he_o be_v his_o stubborn_a defend_v the_o clergy_n from_o the_o secular_a power_n and_o particular_o what_o a_o great_a fire_n do_v a_o small_a spark_n kindle_v that_o a_o clerk_n have_v kill_v and_o steal_v a_o deer_n ought_v not_o to_o be_v bring_v before_o the_o civil_a magistrate_n for_o his_o punishment_n such_o impunity_n breed_v impiety_n turn_v the_o house_n of_o god_n into_o a_o den_n of_o thief_n many_o rape_n riot_n robbery_n murder_n be_v then_o commit_v by_o the_o clergy_n if_o it_o be_v render_v as_o a_o reason_n of_o the_o viciousness_n of_o adonijah_n that_o his_o father_n never_o say_v unto_o he_o 6._o he_o 1_o king_n 1._o 6._o why_o do_v thou_o so_o no_o wonder_n if_o the_o clergy_n of_o this_o age_n be_v guilty_a of_o great_a crime_n who_o neither_o the_o king_n nor_o his_o judge_n dare_v call_v to_o a_o account_n and_o see_v ecclesiastical_a censure_n extend_v not_o to_o the_o take_v away_o of_o life_n or_o limb_n such_o clerk_n as_o be_v guilty_a of_o capital_a fault_n be_v either_o altogether_o acquit_v or_o have_v only_o penance_n inflict_v upon_o
pope_n must_v either_o abate_v of_o his_o train_n or_o find_v his_o officer_n other_o way_n of_o subsistence_n 37._o second_o annates_fw-la by_o his_o annates_fw-la for_o annates_fw-la so_o call_v because_o they_o be_v the_o entire_a revenue_n of_o one_o year_n in_o the_o nature_n of_o first_o fruit_n which_o the_o bishop_n and_o inferior_a clergy_n pay_v to_o the_o pope_n we_o have_v no_o light_n concern_v the_o latter_a but_o can_v present_v the_o reader_n with_o a_o exact_a account_n what_o every_o bishop_n in_o england_n new_o elect_v or_o translate_v to_o a_o see_v pay_v at_o his_o entrance_n to_o his_o holiness_n bishopric_n pay_v godwin_n pay_v this_o catalogue_n be_v extract_v our_o of_o bishop_n godwin_n canterbury_n 10000_o f._n beside_o for_o his_o pall_n 5000._o f._n london_n 3000._o f._n winchester_n 12000._o d._n elie_n 7000._o d._n lincoln_n coventrey_n and_o lichfield_n 1733._o d._n salisbury_z 4500._o crown_n 4500._o this_o stand_v for_o crown_n cr._n bath_n and_o wells_n 430._o d._n exeter_z 6000._o d._n norwich_n 5000._o d._n worcester_z 2000_o f._n hereford_n 18000._o f._n chichester_n 333._o f._n rochester_n st._n david_n 1500._o f._n landaffe_n 700._o f._n bangor_n 126._o f._n st._n asaph_n 126._o f._n york_n 10000_o d._n beside_o for_o his_o pall_n 5000._o d._n durham_n 9000._o f._n carlisle_z 1000_o f._n in_o this_o account_n f_o stand_v for_o florenes_n be_v worth_a 4_n 6d_o in_o our_o english_a money_n d_o for_o single_a ducat_n sufficient_o know_v for_o 8_o shilling_n lincoln_n not_o be_v value_v i_o behold_v as_o a_o mee●_n casual_a omission_n in_o this_o catalogue_n but_o can_v render_v a_o reason_n why_o rochester_n not_o rate_v who_o be_v account_v as_o chaplain_n to_o the_o archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n and_o ancient_o in_o his_o donation_n may_v be_v suppose_v value_v in_o the_o high_a valuation_n of_o his_o patron_n that_o bath_n and_o wells_n then_o so_o high_a in_o wealth_n shall_v be_v so_o low_a in_o first_o fruit_n whereat_o my_o appea_n my_o quod_fw-la miror_fw-la godw_n in_o his_o catalogue_n of_o bishop_n p._n 447_o by_o appea_n author_n wonder_v plain_o show_v that_o favour_n be_v fashionable_a as_o in_o all_o other_o court_n so_o in_o the_o court_n of_o rome_n the_o rest_n of_o the_o english_a bishopric_n be_v not_o in_o be_v before_o the_o reformation_n 39_o three_o by_o appeal_n the_o pope_n have_v learn_v this_o policy_n from_o the_o council_n of_o jethro_n to_o moses_n 22._o moses_n exod._n 18._o 22._o every_o great_a thing_n they_o shall_v bring_v unto_o thou_o but_o every_o small_a matter_n they_o viz_o the_o 70_o elder_n shall_v judge_v reserve_v to_o himself_o the_o definitive_a sentence_n in_o all_o high_a controversy_n which_o bring_v no_o small_a profit_n unto_o he_o 40._o four_o pension_n by_o king_n athelwolth_n pension_n by_o k._n athelph_n pension_n give_v by_o he_o to_o the_o pope_n anno_fw-la 852._o whereof_o large_o before_o a_o distinct_a payment_n from_o peter_n penny_n with_o which_o some_o confound_v it_o as_o stint_v to_o three_o hundred_o dispensation_n hundred_o see_v sir_n henry_n spelman_n council_n p._n 353._o by_o his_o dispensation_n mark_n whereas_o the_o other_o be_v casual_a and_o increase_v according_a to_o the_o number_n of_o house_n 41._o five_o for_o dispensation_n oh_o the_o charity_n of_o the_o pope_n to_o lay_v heavy_a burden_n on_o man_n conscience_n without_o command_n from_o god_n word_n too_o heavy_a for_o they_o to_o bear_v but_o then_o so_o merciful_a he_o be_v for_o money_n to_o take_v they_o off_o again_o thus_o licence_n to_o marry_v within_o degree_n forbid_v for_o priest_n base_a son_n to_o succeed_v their_o father_n in_o a_o benefice_n and_o a_o hundred_o other_o particular_n bring_v yearly_o a_o nemo_n scit_fw-la into_o the_o papal_a treasury_n 42._o six_o indulgency_n by_o indulgency_n indulgency_n be_v next_o though_o i_o know_v not_o how_o essential_o distinguish_v from_o dispensation_n nor_o dare_v warrant_v the_o distinction_n that_o the_o former_a be_v against_o the_o other_o above_o canon_n law_n as_o when_o abbey_n and_o other_o place_n be_v free_v from_o episcopal_a jurisdiction_n and_o many_o other_o privilege_n and_o exemption_n both_o personal_a and_o conventual_a 43._o seven_o levy_n by_o legatine_n levy_n by_o legatine_n levy_n these_o though_o not_o annual_a yet_o come_v almost_o as_o often_o as_o the_o pope_n need_n or_o covetousness_n will_v require_v they_o 44._o eight_o mortuary_n by_o mortuary_n mortuary_n due_a at_o the_o death_n of_o great_a prelate_n though_o i_o find_v not_o in_o what_o manner_n and_o proportion_n they_o be_v pay_v 45._o nine_o pardon_n by_o pardon_n pardon_n he_o save_v his_o credit_n the_o best_a who_o make_v no_o conjecture_n at_o the_o certainty_n of_o this_o revenue_n and_o though_o the_o pope_n as_o then_o too_o politic_a open_o to_o confess_v his_o profit_n by_o grant_v so_o since_o be_v too_o proud_a public_o to_o bemoan_v his_o loss_n by_o stop_v of_o these_o pardon_n yet_o be_v he_o secret_o and_o sad_o sensible_a of_o a_o great_a emptiness_n in_o his_o treasure_n thereby_o 46._o ten_o peter-pence_n by_o peter-pence_n peter-pence_n succeed_v grant_v by_o ina_n king_n of_o the_o west_n saxon_n to_o pope_n gregory_n the_o second_o anno_fw-la 626._o it_o be_v a_o penny_n pay_v for_o every_o chimney_n that_o smoke_v in_o england_n which_o in_o that_o hospital_n age_n have_v few_o smoaklesse_a one_o the_o device_n of_o cypher_n tunnel_n or_o mock-chimney_n mere_o for_o uniformity_n of_o building_n be_v unknown_a in_o those_o day_n indeed_o before_o the_o conquest_n such_o only_o pay_v peter-pence_n who_o be_v worth_a 625._o worth_a see_v spelman_n council_n p_o 625._o thirty_o penny_n in_o yearly_a revenue_n or_o half_o a_o mark_n in_o good_n but_o afterward_o it_o be_v collect_v general_o of_o all_o solvable_a housekeeper_n and_o that_o on_o most_o heavy_a penalty_n 47._o now_o though_o none_o can_v tell_v what_o these_o amount_v to_o amount_v to_o what_o they_o amount_v yet_o conjecture_n may_v be_v make_v by_o descend_v to_o such_o proportion_n which_o no_o rational_a man_n will_v deny_v allow_v nine_o thousand_o parish_n abate_v the_o odd_a hundred_o in_o england_n and_o wales_n a_o hundred_o house_n in_o every_o parish_n two_o chimney_n in_o every_o house_n one_o with_o another_o it_o arise_v unto_o a_o yearly_a sum_n of_o seven_o thousand_o five_o hundred_o pound_n here_o i_o say_v nothing_o of_o the_o intrinsical_a value_n of_o their_o penny_n worth_a two_o penny_n in_o our_o age._n 48._o eleven_o pilgrimage_n by_o pilgrimage_n pilgrimage_n follow_v many_o person_n of_o quality_n go_v yearly_o to_o rome_n sometime_o perchance_o with_o bare_a foot_n but_o never_o with_o empty_a hand_n but_o the_o pope_n principal_a harvest_n be_v in_o the_o jubilee_n which_o of_o late_o recur_v every_o five_o and_o twenty_o year_n when_o no_o few_o than_o two_o hundred_o thousand_o stranger_n have_v be_v count_v at_o rome_n at_o once_o of_o these_o more_o than_o the_o ten_o part_n may_v be_v just_o allow_v english_a it_o be_v always_o observe_v that_o distance_n increase_v devotion_n and_o the_o far_a off_o the_o forward_a in_o will-worship_n of_o this_o nature_n 49._o twelve_o ten_o by_o ten_o we_o conclude_v with_o ten_o and_o on_o what_o title_n they_o be_v pay_v to_o the_o pope_n large_o hereafter_o 50._o here_o we_o speak_v not_o of_o the_o accidental_n count_v all_o can_v be_v true_o count_v as_o legacy_n bequeath_v by_o the_o death_n of_o prince_n and_o great_a person_n and_o other_o casualty_n and_o obvention_n sixtus_n the_o four_o be_v wont_a to_o say_v that_o a_o pope_n can_v never_o want_v money_n while_o he_o can_v hold_v a_o pen_n in_o his_o hand_n understand_v he_o to_o grant_v general_a indulgency_n though_o luther_n hold_v a_o pen_n in_o his_o hand_n have_v since_o much_o mar_v his_o mart_n herein_o now_o certain_o demetrius_n can_v tell_v better_o what_o be_v get_v by_o make_v 27._o make_v act_n 19_o 27._o silver_n shrine_v for_o diana_n than_o s._n paul_n himself_n and_o while_o some_o protestant_n compute_v the_o papal_a profit_n to_o be_v a_o hundred_o and_o fifty_o thousand_o pound_n per_fw-la annum_fw-la some_o more_o some_o less_o but_o all_o make_v it_o above_o the_o king_n revenue_n they_o do_v but_o state_n his_o income_n at_o random_n 51._o only_o polidore_n virgil_n peter-pence_n polidore_n virgil_n collector_n of_o the_o english_a peter-pence_n if_o alive_a and_o willing_a be_v able_a to_o give_v a_o certain_a account_n of_o the_o peter_n penny_n a_o good_a guess_n at_o the_o rest_n of_o papal_a revenue_n know_v they_o as_o well_o as_o the_o beggar_n know_v his_o dish_n as_o hold_v the_o basin_n into_o which_o they_o be_v put_v be_v collector_n general_a of_o peter_n penny_n all_o over_o england_n but_o this_o italian_a be_v too_o proud_a to_o accept_v they_o as_o gratuity_n in_o which_o nature_n they_o be_v first_o give_v
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