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england_n bishop_n thomas_n winchester_n 2,568 5 12.7563 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A34852 Hibernia anglicana, or, The history of Ireland, from the conquest thereof by the English, to this present time with an introductory discourse touching the ancient state of that kingdom and a new and exact map of the same / by Richard Cox ... Cox, Richard, Sir, 1650-1733. 1689 (1689) Wing C6722; ESTC R5067 1,013,759 1,088

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to_o the_o lord_n justice_n 1422._o 1422._o who_o servant_n be_v on_o the_o seven_o of_o may_n attack_v and_o defeat_v by_o the_o irish_a purcel_n grant_v and_o five_o and_o twenty_o english_a more_o be_v slay_v and_o ten_o take_v prisoner_n and_o two_o hundred_o escape_v to_o the_o abbey_n of_o leix_n and_o to_o revenge_v this_o the_o lord_n justice_n invade_v o_o mores_n country_n and_o defeat_v his_o terrible_a army_n in_o the_o red_a bog_n of_o asby_n he_o relieve_v his_o own_o man_n and_o burn_v and_o prey_v the_o rebel_n land_n for_o four_o day_n until_o themselves_o come_v and_o sue_v for_o peace_n and_o it_o seem_v o_o dempsy_n notwithstanding_o his_o oath_n of_o obedience_n invade_v the_o pale_a and_o take_v the_o castle_n of_o ley_n from_o the_o earl_n of_o kildare_n which_o the_o lord_n justice_n have_v just_o restore_v to_o the_o earl_n whereupon_o campion_n make_v a_o severe_a remark_n on_o the_o irish_a that_o notwithstanding_o their_o oath_n and_o their_o pledge_n they_o 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be_v swear_v the_o next_o day_n but_o no_o mention_n be_v make_v of_o any_o thing_n he_o do_v but_o that_o he_o go_v for_o england_n and_o leave_v edward_n dantzy_n bishop_n of_o meath_z 1428._o 1428._o his_o deputy_n he_o be_v for_o a_o time_n treasurer_n of_o ireland_n and_o die_v the_o four_o of_o january_n 1428._o upon_o notice_n whereof_o sir_n john_n sutton_n lord_n dudley_n be_v send_v over_o lord_n lieutenant_n he_o hold_v a_o parliament_n in_o dublin_n friday_n next_o after_o the_o feast_n of_o all_o saint_n 1429._o 1429._o at_o which_o it_o be_v enact_v that_o the_o sheriff_n upon_o pain_n of_o amercement_n shall_v add_v to_o the_o panel_n of_o juror_n the_o place_n estate_n and_o mystery_n of_o every_o juror_n and_o in_o the_o preamble_n to_o this_o act_n the_o lord_n lieutenant_n be_v style_v the_o right_a noble_a and_o right_o gracious_a lord_n and_o on_o the_o six_o of_o the_o same_o november_n the_o king_n be_v crown_v at_o westminster_n and_o soon_o after_o the_o lord_n lieutenant_n return_v and_o leave_v sir_n thomas_n strange_a 1429._o 1429._o lord_n deputy_n in_o who_o time_n the_o king_n be_v crown_v at_o paris_n 1431._o 1431._o and_o take_v the_o oath_n and_o homage_n of_o the_o nobility_n and_o people_n there_o and_o now_o happen_v the_o famous_a case_n of_o the_o prior_n of_o lanthony_n which_o be_v that_o a_o judgement_n in_o the_o common_a plea_n be_v remove_v to_o the_o irish_a parliament_n be_v affirm_v there_o whereupon_o a_o writ_n of_o error_n be_v send_v from_o england_n but_o the_o king_n bench_n in_o england_n will_v not_o take_v cognizance_n of_o a_o judgement_n in_o the_o parliament_n of_o ireland_n to_o reverse_v it_o and_o therefore_o the_o prior_n petition_n the_o king_n that_o the_o record_n may_v be_v transmit_v to_o the_o house_n of_o lord_n in_o england_n to_o be_v examine_v there_o sir_n thomas_n stanley_n be_v make_v lord_n lieutenant_n of_o ireland_n 1432._o 1432._o and_o it_o seem_v that_o he_o call_v a_o parliament_n 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favour_n and_o consequent_o luxurious_a they_o always_o follow_v the_o court_n and_o hate_v to_o be_v put_v in_o frontier_n garrison_n or_o place_n of_o danger_n they_o be_v say_v cambrensis_fw-la great_a talker_n boaster_n and_o swearer_n very_o proud_a and_o contemner_n of_o all_o other_o greedy_a of_o place_n of_o place_n of_o honour_n and_o profit_n but_o backward_o in_o undertake_v any_o hazardous_a and_o dangerous_a action_n or_o perform_v any_o service_n that_o may_v deserve_v they_o moreover_o many_o of_o the_o english_a and_o welsh_a be_v dispossess_v of_o their_o best_a and_o safe_a castle_n to_o make_v room_n for_o the_o norman_n and_o force_v to_o take_v other_o in_o exchange_n on_o the_o frontier_n by_o which_o mean_n they_o be_v impoverish_v and_o discourage_v add_v to_o this_o that_o several_a of_o the_o faithful_a irish_a who_o have_v submit_v to_o the_o english_a government_n and_o live_v within_o their_o quarter_n and_o thereby_o become_v acquaint_v with_o the_o 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connaught_n to_o put_v those_o country_n in_o order_n but_o it_o seem_v he_o fall_v into_o a_o ambush_n or_o have_v some_o skirmish_n with_o the_o irish_a for_o it_o be_v say_v that_o he_o lose_v twelve_o knight_n in_o his_o return_n from_o connaught_n 1186._o 1186._o on_o midsummer-day_n the_o prime_n of_o limerick_n slay_v four_o knight_n and_o a_o great_a part_n of_o the_o garrison_n of_o ardfinin_n and_o soon_o after_o by_o a_o slight_a draw_v that_o garrison_n into_o a_o ambush_n by_o expose_v a_o prey_n to_o their_o view_n which_o they_o think_v to_o have_v take_v but_o he_o fall_v upon_o they_o and_o surprise_v and_o slay_v most_o of_o they_o but_o the_o irish_a have_v not_o so_o good_a luck_n in_o meath_z where_o they_o of_o kenal_o have_v make_v incursion_n and_o take_v a_o prey_n for_o william_n petit_n rescue_v the_o prey_n defeat_v they_o with_o great_a slaughter_n and_o send_v a_o hundred_o of_o their_o head_n to_o dublin_n old_a lacie_n be_v now_o busy_a build_v his_o 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aut_fw-la servitio_fw-la dicto_fw-la comiti_fw-la tyrone_n suisque_fw-la haeredibus_fw-la impendendo_fw-la ac_fw-la immediate_a parebit_fw-la &_o obediet_fw-la domino_fw-la regi_fw-la &_o sub_fw-la ejus_fw-la pace_fw-la &_o defension_n perpetuo_fw-la remaenebit_fw-la suaeque_fw-la celsitudini_fw-la de_fw-la tempore_fw-la in_o tempus_fw-la soluet_fw-la bonagium_fw-la bonnaught_n &_o cetera_fw-la omne_fw-la debita_fw-la quoties_fw-la ad_fw-la id_fw-la per_fw-la dominum_fw-la deputatum_fw-la &_o concilium_fw-la requisitus_fw-la &_o rogatus_fw-la fuerit_fw-la etc._n etc._n and_o on_o the_o eighteen_o of_o july_n the_o like_a order_n be_v make_v between_o o_o donel_n and_o his_o son_n and_o several_a proprietor_n of_o tyrconel_n and_o o_o donel_n authority_n be_v limit_v and_o both_o party_n be_v oblige_v to_o obey_v the_o order_n on_o pain_n of_o forfeit_v all_o their_o estate_n and_o about_o the_o same_o time_n brian_n mac_n mahon_n and_o hugh_n oge_n make_v their_o submission_n at_o 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king_n hear_v that_o the_o english_a march_v a_o army_n into_o scotland_n look_v upon_o that_o assault_n of_o his_o ally_n as_o a_o breach_n of_o the_o peace_n with_o he_o and_o therefore_o send_v a_o hundred_o and_o sixty_o small_a vessel_n with_o ammunition_n and_o corn_n to_o assist_v the_o scot_n it_o happen_v that_o sixteen_o of_o they_o be_v shipwrack_v on_o the_o coast_n of_o ireland_n however_o the_o king_n of_o england_n to_o obviate_v any_o design_n the_o french_a may_v have_v against_o his_o dominion_n set_v forth_o a_o fleet_n of_o twenty_o ship_n and_o pinnace_n under_o the_o lord_n cobham_n which_o guard_v two_o harbour_n on_o the_o south_n and_o one_o in_o the_o north_n towards_o scotland_n on_o the_o twenty_o three_o of_o october_n richard_n butler_n second_o son_n of_o pierce_n earl_n of_o ormond_n be_v create_v viscount_n mountgarret_n and_o a_o little_a before_o that_o viz._n on_o the_o ten_o of_o september_n sir_n anthony_n saintleger_n 190._o ware_n 190._o lord_n deputy_n return_v to_o ireland_n and_o sir_n thomas_n cusack_n be_v make_v lord_n chancellor_n to_o this_o deputy_n mac_n carty_n submit_v in_o humble_a manner_n and_o be_v pardon_v and_o it_o seem_v that_o this_o lord_n deputy_n have_v order_n to_o call_v a_o parliament_n but_o i_o do_v not_o find_v that_o there_o be_v any_o in_o ireland_n during_o this_o king_n reign_n on_o the_o four_o of_o november_n charles_n mac_n art_n cavenagh_n make_v his_o submission_n to_o the_o lord_n deputy_n at_o dublin_n in_o presence_n of_o the_o earl_n of_o desmond_n thomond_n clanrickard_n and_o tyrone_n the_o lord_n mountgarret_n dunboyn_n cahir_o and_o ibracan_a and_o renounce_v the_o name_n of_o mac_n morough_n and_o part_v with_o some_o of_o his_o usurp_a jurisdiction_n and_o estate_n but_o let_v we_o cast_v a_o eye_n on_o the_o affair_n of_o the_o church_n and_o we_o shall_v find_v that_o the_o reformation_n make_v but_o small_a progress_n in_o ireland_n since_o the_o same_o year_n produce_v 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and_o place_v in_o all_o parish-church_n
protestant_a doctrine_n about_o freewill_n predestination_n and_o justification_n and_o illustrate_v the_o doctrine_n of_o justification_n by_o this_o plain_a simile_n viz._n as_o the_o eye_n only_o see_v yet_o if_o separate_v from_o the_o body_n can_v see_v so_o faith_n alone_o justify_v yet_o if_o it_o be_v alone_o that_o be_v if_o it_o be_v separate_v from_o good_a work_n it_o can_v justify_v because_o save_v faith_n be_v always_o a_o fruitful_a faith_n he_o show_v that_o s._n patrick_n and_o paladius_fw-la oppose_v and_o confute_v the_o error_n of_o pelagius_n and_o celestius_fw-la about_o the_o grace_n of_o god_n and_o both_o claudius_n and_o sedulius_n affirm_v that_o no_o man_n be_v without_o sin_n except_o the_o man_n christ_n jesus_n and_o that_o there_o be_v no_o perfection_n in_o this_o life_n and_o whatsoever_o man_n have_v from_o god_n be_v of_o grace_n because_o they_o have_v nothing_o of_o due_a the_o three_o chapter_n treat_v of_o purgatory_n and_o prayer_n for_o the_o dead_a and_o first_o he_o show_v the_o cheat_n of_o s._n patrick_n purgatory_n which_o that_o good_a man_n never_o dream_v of_o his_o treatise_n de_fw-fr tribus_fw-la habitaculis_fw-la relate_v to_o heaven_n earth_n and_o hell_n and_o have_v not_o the_o least_o mention_n of_o purgatory_n it_o be_v a_o late_a invention_n of_o the_o monk_n and_o so_o firm_o believe_v by_o their_o votary_n that_o s._n caesarius_n a_o german_a monk_n have_v the_o confidence_n to_o advise_v all_o those_o who_o doubt_v of_o purgatory_n to_o go_v to_o ireland_n to_o s._n patrick_n purgatory_n in_o loghdirge_n and_o he_o shall_v be_v convince_v and_o doctor_n tyrry_n assure_v we_o that_o it_o be_v famous_a over_o all_o europe_n but_o o_o sullevan_n have_v go_v far_o 23_o sullevan_n 23_o and_o in_o his_o catholic_n history_n of_o ireland_n have_v give_v we_o the_o description_n of_o the_o room_n and_o furniture_n in_o this_o purgatory_n and_o the_o several_a sort_n of_o punishment_n inflict_v there_o and_o 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be_v make_v except_o for_o the_o cause_n of_o fornication_n and_o that_o coelibacy_n be_v so_o far_o from_o be_v enjoin_v the_o clergy_n that_o s._n patrick_n father_n be_v calphurnius_fw-la a_o deacon_n and_o his_o grandfather_n potitus_n a_o priest_n there_o be_v order_n take_v in_o the_o synod_n hold_v by_o s._n patrick_n au●ilius_n and_o isserninus_n that_o the_o wife_n of_o the_o clergy_n shall_v not_o walk_v abroad_o with_o their_o head_n uncover_v and_o gildas_n reprehend_v the_o clergy_n for_o corrupt_v their_o child_n by_o evil_a example_n and_o he_o prove_v by_o the_o epistle_n of_o pope_n innocent_a iii_o that_o the_o son_n and_o grandson_n do_v use_v to_o succeed_v their_o father_n and_o grandfather_n in_o ecclesiastical_a benefice_n to_o which_o i_o add_v that_o this_o be_v so_o true_a in_o the_o see_v of_o armagh_n that_o they_o fear_v that_o archbishopric_n will_v be_v make_v hereditary_a no_o less_o than_o ten_o
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the_o same_o in_o the_o latter_a day_n will_v be_v most_o severe_o require_v at_o our_o hand_n you_o have_v our_o well-beloved_a son_n in_o christ_n advertise_v and_o signify_v unto_o we_o that_o you_o will_v enter_v into_o the_o land_n and_o realm_n of_o ireland_n to_o the_o end_n to_o bring_v they_o to_o obedience_n unto_o law_n and_o under_o your_o subjection_n and_o to_o root_v out_o from_o among_o they_o their_o foul_a sin_n and_o wickedness_n as_o also_o to_o yield_v and_o pay_v yearly_a out_o of_o every_o house_n a_o yearly_a pension_n of_o one_o penny_n to_o s._n peter_n and_o beside_o also_o will_v defend_v and_o keep_v the_o rite_n of_o those_o church_n whole_a and_o inviolate_a we_o therefore_o well_o allow_v and_o favour_v this_o your_o godly_a disposition_n and_o commendable_a affection_n do_v accept_v ratify_v and_o assent_v unto_o this_o your_o petition_n and_o do_v grant_v that_o you_o for_o the_o dilate_v of_o god_n church_n the_o punishment_n of_o sin_n the_o reform_v of_o manner_n plant_v of_o virtue_n and_o the_o increase_n of_o christian_a religion_n do_v enter_v to_o possess_v that_o land_n and_o there_o to_o execute_v according_a to_o your_o wisdom_n whatsoever_o shall_v be_v for_o the_o honour_n of_o god_n and_o the_o safety_n of_o the_o realm_n and_o further_a also_o we_o do_v strict_o charge_v and_o require_v that_o all_o the_o people_n of_o that_o land_n do_v with_o all_o humbleness_n dutifulness_n and_o honour_n receive_v and_o accept_v you_o as_o their_o liege_n lord_n and_o sovereign_n reserve_v and_o except_v the_o right_n of_o holy_a church_n to_o be_v inviolable_o preserve_v as_o also_o the_o yearly_a pension_n of_o peterpence_n out_o of_o every_o house_n which_o we_o require_v to_o be_v true_o answer_v to_o s._n peter_n and_o to_o the_o church_n of_o rome_n if_o therefore_o you_o do_v mind_n to_o bring_v your_o godly_a purpose_n to_o effect_v endeavour_v to_o travail_v to_o reform_v the_o people_n to_o some_o better_a order_n and_o trade_n of_o life_n and_o that_o also_o by_o yourself_o and_o by_o such_o other_o as_o you_o shall_v think_v meet_a true_a and_o honest_a in_o their_o life_n manner_n and_o conversation_n to_o the_o end_n the_o church_n of_o god_n may_v be_v beautify_v the_o true_a christian_a religion_n sow_v and_o plant_v and_o all_o other_o thing_n do_v that_o by_o any_o mean_n shall_v or_o may_v be_v to_o god_n honour_n and_o salvation_n of_o man_n soul_n whereby_o you_o may_v in_o the_o end_n receive_v of_o god_n hand_n the_o reward_n of_o everlasting_a life_n and_o also_o in_o the_o mean_a time_n and_o in_o this_o life_n carry_v a_o glorious_a fame_n and_o a_o honourable_a report_n among_o all_o nation_n together_o with_o this_o bull_n the_o pope_n send_v king_n henry_n a_o gold-ring_n as_o a_o token_n of_o investiture_n and_o sometime_o after_o a_o succeed_a pope_n alexander_n iii_n confirm_v the_o former_a grant_n by_o the_o follow_a breve_fw-la alexander_n the_o bishop_n 141._o hanmer_n 141._o the_o servant_n of_o the_o servant_n of_o god_n to_o his_o dear_o belove_a son_n the_o noble_a king_n of_o england_n greeting_n grace_n and_o apostolic_a benediction_n forasmuch_o as_o thing_n give_v and_o grant_v upon_o good_a reason_n by_o our_o predecessor_n be_v to_o be_v well_o allow_v of_o ratify_v and_o confirm_v we_o well_o consider_v and_o ponder_v the_o grant_n and_o privilege_n for_o and_o concern_v the_o dominion_n of_o the_o land_n of_o ireland_n to_o we_o appertain_v and_o late_o give_v by_o adrian_n our_o predecessor_n we_o follow_v his_o step_n do_v in_o like_a manner_n confirm_v ratify_v and_o allow_v the_o same_o reserve_v and_o save_v to_o s._n peter_n and_o to_o the_o church_n of_o rome_n the_o yearly_a pension_n of_o one_o penny_n out_o of_o every_o house_n as_o well_o in_o england_n as_o in_o ireland_n provide_v also_o that_o the_o barbarous_a people_n of_o ireland_n by_o your_o mean_n be_v reform_v and_o recover_v from_o that_o filthy_a life_n and_o abominable_a conversation_n that_o as_o in_o name_n so_o in_o life_n and_o manner_n they_o may_v be_v christian_n and_o that_o as_o that_o rude_a and_o disorder_v church_n be_v by_o you_o reform_v the_o whole_a nation_n may_v also_o with_o the_o profession_n of_o the_o name_n be_v in_o act_n and_o deed_n follower_n of_o the_o same_o but_o say_v rossus_n of_o warwick_n and_o he_o be_v no_o protestant_n the_o king_n of_o england_n be_v not_o bind_v to_o rely_v on_o the_o pope_n grant_v for_o ireland_n 472._o speed_z 472._o nor_o yet_o to_o pay_v that_o tax_n because_o he_o have_v a_o precedent_n claim_v to_o that_o kingdom_n by_o hereditary_a right_n other_o object_n against_o these_o bull_n in_o another_o manner_n and_o particular_o philip_n o_o sullevan_n who_o say_v they_o be_v void_a for_o many_o reason_n first_o because_o they_o be_v obtain_v on_o false_a suggestion_n and_o the_o infallible_a pope_n be_v deceive_v in_o their_o grant_n second_o that_o regal_a or_o sovereign_a power_n be_v not_o grant_v by_o they_o but_o only_o that_o the_o king_n of_o england_n shall_v be_v lieutenant_n or_o deputy_n to_o the_o pope_n and_o collector_n of_o his_o peterpence_n three_o that_o they_o be_v on_o a_o twofold_a condition_n of_o pay_v tribute_n and_o convert_v the_o people_n which_o not_o be_v perform_v the_o bull_n be_v void_a but_o because_o it_o be_v scarce_o credible_a that_o any_o subject_n shall_v be_v so_o malicious_a against_o his_o prince_n you_o shall_v have_v it_o in_o his_o own_o word_n rex_fw-la hoc_fw-la decretum_fw-la impetravit_fw-la falsa_fw-la narrans_fw-la ut_fw-la ex_fw-la ipso_fw-la decreto_fw-la ego_fw-la colligo_fw-la pag._n 59_o non_fw-la dominum_fw-la hiberniae_fw-la sed_fw-la praefectum_fw-la causa_fw-la colligendi_fw-la tributi_fw-la ecclesiastici_fw-la pag._n 59_o b._n and_o again_o pag._n 60._o non_fw-la ut_fw-la rex_fw-la aut_fw-la dominus_fw-la hiberniae_fw-la sed_fw-la ut_fw-la a_o pontifice_fw-la praefectus_fw-la sic_fw-la ego_fw-la accepi_fw-la ut_fw-la exactor_n &_o collector_n pecun●ae_fw-la quae_fw-la ad_fw-la sedem_fw-la apostolicam_fw-la pertinebat_fw-la &_o pag._n 61._o ac_fw-la mihi_fw-la quidem_fw-la rem_fw-la totam_fw-la sollicita_fw-la mentis_fw-la acie_n contemplanti_fw-la nihil_fw-la juris_fw-la esse_fw-la penes_fw-la anglos_n videtur_fw-la for_o beside_o say_v he_o their_o title_n be_v found_v in_o adultery_n mean_v dermond_n mac_n morough_n they_o have_v exercise_v fraud_n and_o cruelty_n against_o the_o catholic_n that_o entertain_v they_o kind_o and_o the_o very_a temple_n have_v not_o escape_v they_o hinc_fw-la igitur_fw-la nemo_fw-la ignorabit_fw-la hiberniam_fw-la non_fw-la jure_fw-la sed_fw-la injuria_fw-la &_o narratione_fw-la minime_fw-la vera_fw-la 61._o sullevan_n 61._o fuisse_fw-la ab_fw-la anglis_fw-la primo_fw-la obtenta_fw-la pag._n 61._o b._n nor_o can_v any_o body_n believe_v say_v he_o that_o the_o pope_n ever_o design_v so_o great_a a_o injustice_n as_o to_o deprive_v the_o irish_a king_n of_o their_o birthright_n 62._o ibid._n 62._o and_o give_v it_o to_o stranger_n and_o then_o he_o tell_v we_o that_o laurence_n o_o toole_n archbishop_n of_o dublin_n do_v obtain_v of_o the_o pope_n a_o bull_n to_o deprive_v the_o english_a king_n of_o his_o government_n in_o ireland_n but_o he_o die_v in_o his_o return_n in_o france_n and_o be_v since_o canonize_v but_o say_v he_o suppose_v the_o pope_n grant_v at_o first_o be_v good_a yet_o it_o be_v forfeit_v by_o breach_n of_o condition_n since_o the_o english_a do_v neither_o propagate_v religion_n nor_o pay_v the_o peterpence_n postea_fw-la omni_fw-la jure_fw-la plane_n exciderunt_fw-la conditiones_n a_o papa_n dictas_fw-la constitutasque_fw-la transgressi_fw-la nam_fw-la pensionem_fw-la divi_z petri_n de_fw-fr medio_fw-la sustulerunt_fw-la &_o nullam_fw-la certam_fw-la religionem_fw-la nullam_fw-la firmam_fw-la fidem_fw-la habent_fw-la pro_fw-la deo_fw-la ventrem_fw-la voluntatem_fw-la &_o libidinem_fw-la colunt_fw-la by_o this_o and_o the_o approbation_n this_o scandalous_a and_o lie_a treatise_n meet_v with_o in_o spain_n and_o the_o repetition_n of_o the_o same_o thing_n by_o divers_a other_o in_o their_o bitter_a libel_n on_o the_o english_a people_n and_o government_n and_o particular_o by_o the_o author_n of_o analecta_fw-la hiberniae_fw-la it_o be_v manifest_a that_o there_o be_v some_o enemy_n of_o the_o crown_n of_o england_n so_o malicious_a and_o unjust_a that_o they_o will_v make_v use_n of_o the_o most_o frivolous_a pretence_n in_o the_o world_n to_o wrest_v the_o kingdom_n of_o ireland_n from_o the_o dominion_n of_o the_o english_a king_n but_o as_o god_n almighty_n have_v hitherto_o even_o many_o time_n to_o a_o miracle_n protect_v the_o british_a interest_n in_o ireland_n so_o i_o doubt_v not_o unless_o we_o be_v want_v to_o our_o own_o preservation_n but_o that_o he_o will_v continue_v that_o noble_a island_n under_o the_o jurisdiction_n of_o the_o crown_n of_o england_n for_o ever_o in_o the_o mean_a time_n though_o we_o lay_v no_o stress_n on_o the_o pope_n bull_n yet_o because_o they_o be_v argumenta_fw-la ad_fw-la hominem_fw-la and_o
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