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book_n discourse_n letter_n treatise_n 2,074 5 9.6816 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A36037 The lives, opinions, and remarkable sayings of the most famous ancient philosophers. The first volume written in Greek, by Diogenes Laertius ; made English by several hands ...; De vitis philosophorum. English Diogenes Laertius. 1688 (1688) Wing D1516; ESTC R35548 235,742 604

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can_v be_v lose_v contrary_a to_o cleanthes_n they_o also_o affirm_v that_o justice_n be_v justice_n by_o nature_n and_o not_o by_o constitution_n of_o law_n as_o love_n itself_o and_o right_a reason_n be_v according_a to_o the_o opinion_n of_o chrysippus_n in_o his_o treatise_n de_fw-fr honesto_fw-la they_o also_o hold_v that_o discord_n itself_o be_v not_o contrary_a to_o philosophy_n for_o if_o this_o be_v not_o true_a there_o will_v be_v a_o deficiency_n in_o life_n itself_o as_o possidonius_fw-la affirm_v chrysippus_n also_o assert_v the_o liberal_a science_n to_o be_v of_o great_a use_n in_o his_o treatise_n of_o justice_n and_o possidonius_fw-la maintain_v the_o same_o opinion_n in_o his_o book_n de_fw-fr officiis_n the_o same_o author_n aver_v that_o we_o be_v not_o just_a to_o other_o creature_n because_o of_o the_o dissimilitude_n that_o be_v between_o we_o and_o they_o they_o allow_v a_o wise_a man_n to_o be_v in_o love_n with_o young_a lad_n that_o carry_v in_o their_o 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then_o to_o remove_v flourish_v all_o dispute_n concern_v the_o time_n wherein_o he_o flourish_v most_o certain_a it_o be_v that_o it_o can_v not_o be_v but_o very_a few_o year_n that_o he_o precede_v the_o more_o modern_a philosopher_n of_o who_o he_o make_v mention_n in_o certain_a place_n of_o his_o life_n that_o be_v to_o say_v simon_n apollonides_n who_o live_v in_o the_o reign_n of_o the_o emperor_n tiberius_n plutarch_n and_o sextus_n empiricus_n who_o live_v in_o the_o time_n of_o marcus_n antoninus_n nevertheless_o it_o be_v very_o probable_a that_o he_o may_v survive_v a_o long_a time_n after_o they_o see_v that_o eunapius_n the_o sardian_n who_o live_v under_o the_o reign_n of_o julian_n the_o emperor_n make_v no_o mention_n of_o he_o in_o the_o catalogue_n of_o author_n who_o have_v collect_v the_o history_n of_o the_o ancient_a philosopher_n which_o make_v i_o question_n whether_o the_o same_o accident_n do_v not_o befall_v eunapius_n &_o diogenes_n as_o befall_v sotion_n &_o porphyrius_n the_o elder_a whereof_o write_v the_o life_n of_o the_o philosopher_n who_o live_v near_a to_o his_o time_n and_o the_o young_a the_o life_n of_o such_o as_o be_v most_o remote_a from_o the_o age_n wherein_o he_o live_v so_o that_o there_o be_v no_o faith_n to_o be_v give_v to_o suidas_n who_o assert_n that_o our_o historian_n live_v both_o before_o and_o after_o the_o death_n of_o augustus_n as_o for_o the_o place_n of_o his_o birth_n i_o birth_n be_o not_o of_o their_o opinion_n who_o will_v have_v it_o to_o be_v a_o village_n of_o cilicia_n call_v laertes_n ground_v their_o opinion_n upon_o his_o additional_a surname_n for_o their_o conjecture_n be_v fallacious_a in_o regard_n there_o be_v no_o reason_n to_o think_v but_o that_o it_o ought_v to_o be_v either_o his_o proper_a name_n or_o give_v he_o by_o reason_n of_o some_o accident_n without_o derive_v it_o from_o the_o place_n of_o his_o nativity_n nay_o though_o they_o may_v have_v some_o reason_n to_o derive_v 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of_o the_o cause_n by_o the_o effect_n what_o shall_v hinder_v we_o to_o make_v a_o shrewd_a conjecture_n of_o the_o manner_n of_o diogenes_n in_o regard_n that_o book_n much_o more_o manifest_o discover_v the_o inclination_n of_o those_o that_o write_v they_o than_o word_n and_o word_n more_o clear_o than_o the_o countenance_n it_o be_v impossible_a to_o understand_v the_o discourse_n of_o a_o man_n by_o his_o face_n unless_o he_o speak_v nor_o whether_o he_o can_v play_v on_o the_o lute_n or_o no_o unless_o you_o hear_v he_o touch_v the_o string_n but_o we_o may_v apparent_o discover_v his_o manner_n in_o his_o work_n as_o we_o may_v his_o face_n in_o a_o mirror_n in_o regard_n that_o by_o his_o faithful_a set_v down_o in_o write_v what_o man_n have_v do_v and_o say_v we_o find_v that_o he_o never_o approve_v their_o vicious_a act_n but_o on_o the_o other_o side_n censure_v they_o by_o some_o explication_n or_o other_o as_o when_o he_o tell_v we_o that_o bion_n entertain_v his_o 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officiis_n and_o the_o four_o de_n oratore_fw-la the_o last_o be_v our_o laertius_n who_o life_n we_o here_o conclude_v the_o name_n of_o the_o translator_n the_o first_o book_n translate_v from_o the_o greek_a by_o t._n fetherstone_n d._n d._n the_o second_o book_n translate_v from_o the_o greek_a by_o sam._n white_n m._n d._n the_o three_o book_n translate_v from_o the_o greek_a by_o e._n smith_n m._n a._n the_o four_o book_n translate_v from_o the_o greek_a by_o j._n philip_n gent._n the_o five_o book_n translate_v from_o the_o greek_a by_o r._n kippax_n m._n a._n the_o six_o book_n translate_v from_o the_o greek_a by_o william_n baxter_n gent._n the_o seven_o book_n translate_v from_o the_o greek_a by_o r._n m._n gent._n diogenes_n laertius_n of_o the_o life_n and_o sentence_n of_o such_o person_n as_o be_v famous_a in_o philosophy_n the_o first_o book_n translate_v from_o the_o greek_a by_o t._n fetherstone_n d._n d._n the_o prooeme_n some_o there_o be_v who_o affirm_v that_o 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thousand_o eight_o hundred_o sixty_o three_o year_n in_o all_o which_o space_n of_o time_n there_o appear_v eclipse_n of_o the_o sun_n no_o less_o than_o three_o hundred_o seventy_o three_o of_o the_o moon_n eight_o hundred_o thirty_o two_o from_o the_o magi_n of_o who_o the_o chiefwas_fw-mi zoroastres_n the_o persian_a by_o the_o computation_n of_o hermodorus_n the_o platonic_a in_o his_o book_n of_o the_o science_n to_o the_o take_v and_o destruction_n of_o troy_n be_v five_o thousand_o year_n though_o xanthus_n the_o lydian_a reck'n_n from_o zoroastres_n to_o the_o descent_n of_o xerxes_n not_o above_o six_o hundred_o year_n to_o which_o zoroastres_n afterward_o succeed_v several_a other_o magi_n under_o the_o various_a name_n of_o ostanes_n astrapsychi_n gobryae_n and_o pazatae_n till_o the_o total_a subversion_n of_o the_o persian_a monarchy_n by_o alexander_n but_o they_o be_v gross_o mistake_v while_o they_o attribute_v to_o the_o barbarian_n the_o famous_a act_n and_o invention_n of_o the_o grecian_n from_o who_o not_o only_o philosophy_n but_o even_o the_o race_n of_o mankind_n have_v its_o first_o beginning_n for_o among_o the_o athenian_n we_o behold_v the_o ancient_n musaeus_n among_o the_o theban_n linus_n ofwhich_n two_o the_o former_a report_v to_o be_v the_o son_n of_o eumolpus_n be_v say_v to_o have_v first_o make_v out_o the_o pedigree_n of_o the_o god_n to_o have_v invent_v the_o sphere_n and_o first_o to_o have_v teach_v the_o world_n that_o all_o thing_n be_v create_v of_o one_o matter_n and_o shall_v again_o be_v dissolve_v into_o the_o same_o this_o great_a person_n end_v his_o day_n at_o phalerae_fw-la where_o the_o follow_a elegy_n be_v engrave_v upon_o his_o tomb_n here_o in_o phalerian_n dust_n beneath_o this_o stone_n sleeps_z love_v musaeus_n once_o eumolpus_n son._n also_o from_o the_o father_n of_o musaeus_n the_o eumolpidae_n among_o the_o athenian_n derive_v their_o name_n as_o for_o linus_n he_o be_v the_o son_n of_o mercury_n and_o the_o muse_n urania_n he_o write_v of_o the_o creation_n of_o the_o world_n discover_v the_o course_n of_o the_o sun_n and_o moon_n and_o from_o whence_o all_o plant_n and_o animal_n have_v their_o first_o be_v which_o lofty_a poem_n of_o his_o begin_n after_o this_o manner_n once_o be_v the_o time_n when_o nature_n god_n display_v all_o thing_n in_o order_n and_o together_o make_v whence_o anaxagoras_n borrow_v affirm_v that_o all_o thing_n appear_v at_o first_o without_o shape_n together_z and_o at_o the_o same_o instant_n at_o what_o time_n the_o high_a intelligence_n come_v embellish_v and_o adorn_v the_o several_a composition_n this_o linus_n end_v his_o life_n in_o euboea_n be_v shoot_v with_o a_o arrow_n by_o apollo_n after_o which_o accident_n this_o epitaph_n be_v inscribe_v upon_o his_o monument_n here_o theban_a linus_n rest_v in_o sacred_a ground_n vrania_n son_n with_o honour_a garland_n crown_v and_o thus_o philosophy_n have_v its_o beginning_n among_o the_o greek_n which_o be_v also_o the_o more_o apparent_a from_o hence_o that_o in_o the_o very_a name_n itself_o there_o be_v not_o the_o least_o of_o barbarous_a sound_n or_o etymology_n true_a it_o be_v they_o who_o ascribe_v the_o invention_n of_o it_o to_o the_o barbarian_n produce_v the_o thracian_a orpheus_n to_o make_v good_a their_o assertion_n who_o they_o aver_v to_o have_v be_v a_o philosopher_n and_o of_o great_a antiquity_n but_o for_o my_o part_n i_o can_v understand_v how_o we_o can_v think_v he_o to_o be_v a_o philosopher_n who_o utter_v such_o thing_n as_o he_o do_v concern_v the_o god_n while_o he_o asperse_v the_o deity_n as_o guilty_a of_o all_o humane_a passion_n and_o load_v they_o with_o those_o vice_n which_o be_v seldom_o discourse_v of_o less_o frequent_o commit_v by_o the_o worst_a of_o men._n and_o therefore_o though_o the_o fable_n report_v he_o to_o have_v perish_v by_o the_o fury_n of_o enrage_v woman_n yet_o the_o epigram_n
dionysius_n of_o who_o he_o make_v mention_n in_o his_o anterastae_fw-la and_o he_o perform_v his_o wrestle_a exercise_n under_o aristo_n of_o argos_n by_o who_o for_o his_o lovely_a shape_n and_o proportion_n he_o be_v call_v plato_n whereas_o before_o he_o have_v be_v name_v aristocles_n from_o the_o name_n of_o his_o grandfather_n as_o alexander_n relate_v in_o his_o succession_n though_o uther_n will_v have_v he_o to_o be_v so_o call_v from_o his_o broad_a manner_n of_o pronunciation_n or_o else_o from_o the_o breadth_n of_o his_o forehead_n according_a to_o neanthes_n other_o report_v he_o to_o have_v be_v a_o great_a wrestler_n at_o the_o isthmian_a game_n among_o who_o be_v dicaearchus_n in_o his_o book_n of_o life_n also_o that_o he_o be_v addict_v to_o paint_v and_o poetry_n and_o that_o first_o he_o write_v dithyramby_n afterward_o ode_n and_o tragedy_n his_o voice_n be_v but_o shrill_a and_o somewhat_o effeminate_a as_o timotheus_n the_o athenian_a relate_v of_o he_o in_o 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sing_v out-charming_a all_o the_o music_n of_o the_o spring_n for_o former_o the_o same_o place_n be_v call_v hecademia_n with_o a_o epsilon_n that_o our_o philosopher_n be_v a_o friend_n to_o isocrates_n appear_v also_o from_o hence_o for_o that_o polyxenus_n have_v commit_v to_o write_v a_o certain_a discourse_n concern_v the_o poet_n that_o happen_v while_o isocrates_n continue_v with_o plato_n at_o his_o countryhouse_n and_o aristoxenus_n far_a assert_n that_o he_o be_v three_o time_n a_o soldier_n once_o in_o the_o expedition_n to_o tanagra_n a_o second_o time_n in_o the_o war_n with_o corinth_n and_o last_o at_o the_o delian_a conflict_n when_o he_o win_v the_o victory_n he_o make_v a_o mixture_n of_o the_o opinion_n of_o the_o heraclitans_n the_o pythagorean_n and_o the_o socratics_n and_o as_o to_o those_o thing_n which_o appertain_v to_o the_o sense_n he_o hold_v with_o heraclitus_n where_o the_o understanding_n be_v concern_v he_o adhere_v to_o pythagoras_n but_o in_o ethic_n 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