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Word A Word B Word C Word D Occurrence Frequency Band MI MI Band Prominent
truth_n faith_n justify_v object_n 1,744 5 9.2095 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A25225 The additional articles in Pope Pius's creed, no articles of the Christian faith being an answer to a late pamphlet intituled, Pope Pius his profession of faith vindicated from novelty in additional articles, and the prospect of popery, taken from that authentick record, with short notes thereupon, defended. Altham, Michael, 1633-1705.; Altham, Michael, 1633-1705. Creed of Pope Pius IV, or, A prospect of popery taken from that authentick record. 1688 (1688) Wing A2931; ESTC R18073 87,445 96

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they_o be_v make_v righteous_a when_o they_o be_v justify_v but_o as_o the_o apostle_n say_v they_o be_v justify_v free_o by_o his_o grace_n rom._n iij._n and_o to_o explain_v himself_o a_o little_a after_o he_o add_v that_o grace_n will_v not_o be_v grace_n if_o it_o be_v not_o give_v free_o but_o render_v as_o a_o due_a debt_n in_o the_o same_o epistle_n i_o find_v also_o these_o word_n it_o be_v not_o therefore_o in_o vain_a that_o we_o sing_v unto_o god_n his_o mercy_n shall_v prevent_v i_o and_o his_o mercy_n shall_v follow_v i_o whence_o life_n eternal_a itself_o which_o in_o the_o end_n shall_v be_v enjoy_v without_o end_n and_o therefore_o be_v render_v to_o precedent_a merit_n yet_o because_o those_o merit_n to_o which_o it_o be_v give_v be_v not_o prepare_v by_o any_o ability_n of_o we_o but_o be_v wrought_v in_o we_o by_o grace_n even_o life_n eternal_a itself_o be_v call_v grace_n for_o no_o other_o reason_n but_o because_o it_o be_v give_v free_o not_o therefore_o because_o it_o be_v not_o give_v to_o merit_n but_o because_o those_o very_a merit_n to_o which_o it_o be_v give_v be_v themselves_o a_o gift_n these_o word_n be_v a_o inference_n from_o what_o go_v before_o where_o st._n austin_n argue_v against_o merit_n either_o before_o to_o obtain_v grace_n or_o after_o to_o deserve_v a_o reward_n these_o be_v his_o word_n what_o be_v the_o merit_n of_o man_n before_o grace_n by_o which_o he_o may_v deserve_o obtain_v grace_n when_o as_o all_o our_o merit_n be_v from_o grace_n and_o when_o he_o crown_v our_o merit_n he_o crown_v nothing_o else_o but_o his_o own_o gift_n and_o from_o hence_o he_o infer_v in_o the_o word_n before_o cite_v whence_o i_o observe_v 1._o that_o all_o that_o be_v good_a in_o we_o here_o be_v owe_v to_o divine_a mercy_n prevent_v we_o 2._o that_o all_o the_o good_a we_o can_v expect_v hereafter_o must_v be_v from_o the_o same_o divine_a mercy_n follow_v we_o 3._o that_o life_n eternal_a which_o be_v the_o great_a reward_n of_o virtue_n and_o goodness_n be_v call_v grace_n 4._o that_o though_o it_o be_v say_v to_o be_v give_v to_o merit_n it_o be_v not_o say_v to_o be_v give_v for_o the_o sake_n of_o those_o merit_n 5._o that_o those_o merit_n to_o which_o it_o be_v give_v be_v themselves_o the_o gift_n of_o god_n and_o therefore_o not_o merit_n in_o the_o strict_a sense_n of_o the_o word_n it_o be_v not_o righteousness_n but_o pride_n in_o the_o name_n of_o righteousness_n that_o expect_v eternal_a life_n as_o a_o reward_n due_a to_o its_o deserve_n these_o be_v st._n augustine_n own_o word_n in_o the_o next_o page_n which_o direct_o contradict_v this_o definition_n of_o the_o council_n of_o trent_n viz._n that_o a_o man_n justify_v true_o deserve_v life_n everlasting_a by_o his_o good_a work_n and_o now_o if_o the_o vindicator_n can_v make_v any_o advantage_n of_o these_o word_n of_o st._n austin_n either_o to_o himself_o or_o to_o his_o cause_n i_o shall_v not_o envy_v he_o iv_o he_o tell_v we_o that_o the_o council_n have_v define_v that_o by_o work_n a_o man_n be_v justify_v and_o not_o by_o faith_n only_o and_o to_o prove_v this_o he_o allege_v jam._n ij_o 24._o where_o it_o be_v say_v you_o see_v then_o how_o that_o a_o man_n be_v justify_v by_o work_n and_o not_o by_o faith_n only_o this_o place_n of_o scripture_n have_v be_v so_o often_o urge_v and_o all_o the_o argument_n raise_v therefrom_o so_o often_o and_o so_o miserable_o baffle_v that_o i_o wonder_v with_o what_o confidence_n this_o gentleman_n can_v bring_v it_o upon_o the_o stage_n again_o they_o have_v be_v often_o tell_v that_o st._n james_n here_o do_v not_o speak_v of_o justification_n before_o god_n but_o before_o men._n that_o as_o faith_n only_o though_o that_o faith_n be_v not_o alone_o justify_v we_o before_o god_n so_o good_a work_n do_v justify_v the_o truth_n of_o that_o faith_n and_o evidence_n the_o reality_n of_o our_o justification_n thereby_o unto_o men._n which_o interpretation_n be_v well_o warrant_v by_o st._n paul_n when_o he_o say_v if_o abraham_n be_v justify_v by_o work_n then_o have_v he_o whereof_o to_o glory_v but_o not_o before_o god_n rom._n four_o 2._o i_o likewise_o profess_v that_o in_o the_o mass_n be_v offer_v a_o true_a proper_a and_o propitiatory_a sacrifice_n for_o the_o live_n and_o the_o dead_a to_o persuade_v we_o to_o a_o compliance_n herewith_o the_o vindicator_n advance_v both_o scripture_n and_o antiquity_n two_o great_a argument_n if_o well_o manage_v which_o whether_o they_o be_v or_o no_o i_o shall_v now_o examine_v 1._o he_o begin_v with_o scripture_n and_o by_o way_n of_o preface_n thereunto_o tell_v we_o that_o our_o bless_a saviour_n be_v a_o priest_n according_a to_o the_o order_n of_o melchisedeck_v do_v at_o his_o last_o supper_n offer_v his_o body_n and_o blood_n after_o a_o unbloody_a manner_n for_o the_o remission_n of_o sin_n this_o be_v unhappy_o to_o stumble_v at_o the_o threshold_n for_o 1._o how_o his_o consequent_a come_v to_o be_v tack_v to_o his_o antecedent_n be_v pass_v my_o capacity_n to_o understand_v our_o bless_a saviour_n be_v make_v a_o priest_n for_o ever_o after_o the_o order_n of_o melchisedeck_v therefore_o at_o his_o last_o supper_n he_o do_v offer_v his_o body_n and_o blood_n after_o a_o unbloody_a manner_n for_o the_o remission_n of_o sin_n what_o logic_n there_o be_v in_o this_o i_o be_o yet_o to_o learn._n 2._o if_o he_o do_v offer_v himself_o at_o his_o last_o supper_n to_o who_o do_v he_o do_v it_o for_o we_o do_v not_o find_v that_o he_o do_v address_v himself_o or_o offer_v any_o thing_n to_o any_o but_o only_o to_o his_o disciple_n and_o sure_o he_o will_v not_o say_v that_o he_o offer_v himself_o as_o a_o sacrifice_n unto_o they_o 3._o if_o he_o do_v offer_v his_o body_n and_o blood_n than_o be_v it_o not_o a_o unbloody_a sacrifice_n as_o they_o say_v it_o be_v 4._o if_o it_o be_v a_o unbloody_a sacrifice_n than_o can_v it_o not_o be_v propitiatory_a for_o without_o shed_v of_o blood_n there_o be_v no_o remission_n of_o sin_n heb._n ix_o 22._o but_o the_o vindicator_n have_v good_a scripture_n for_o all_o this_o viz._n luke_n xxij_o 19_o 1_o cor._n xi_o 24._o matth._n xxvi_o 28._o in_o all_o which_o place_n the_o word_n of_o institution_n be_v recite_v with_o some_o variation_n st._n matthew_n say_v this_o be_v my_o body_n vers_fw-la 26._o st._n luke_n add_v which_o be_v give_v for_o you_o and_o st._n paul_n say_v which_o be_v break_v for_o you_o his_o whole_a argument_n there_o depend_v upon_o the_o word_n of_o institution_n before_o therefore_o i_o meddle_v with_o his_o reason_n therefrom_o it_o will_v be_v convenient_a to_o consider_v and_o explain_v they_o and_o 1._o our_o saviour_n say_v this_o be_v not_o this_o be_v transubstantiate_a or_o wonderful_o convert_v into_o another_o substance_n viz_o the_o substance_n of_o my_o body_n 2._o if_o when_o he_o say_v this_o be_v he_o mean_v transubstantiation_n than_o his_o body_n must_v be_v transubstantiate_a 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say_v the_o former_a than_o we_o urge_v they_o again_o with_o the_o precede_a observation_n the_o latter_a they_o will_v not_o dare_v to_o say_v because_o his_o body_n be_v not_o then_o glorify_v 5._o if_o these_o word_n be_v to_o be_v literal_o and_o strict_o to_o be_v understand_v than_o the_o substance_n of_o bread_n must_v be_v christ_n body_n at_o that_o time_n for_o what_o can_v any_o man_n live_v understand_v by_o this_o but_o only_o this_o bread_n for_o what_o he_o take_v he_o bless_v what_o he_o bless_v he_o break_v what_o he_o break_v he_o give_v to_o his_o disciple_n what_o he_o give_v to_o they_o he_o bid_v they_o take_v and_o eat_v and_o what_o he_o bid_v they_o take_v and_o eat_v of_o that_o he_o
his_o creed_n be_v neither_o agreeable_a to_o scripture_n nor_o the_o sense_n of_o the_o primitive_a father_n and_o for_o that_o reason_n we_o can_v subscribe_v to_o this_o last_o article_n the_o close_a to_o close_o up_o his_o vindication_n he_o undertake_v to_o answer_v some_o objection_n of_o we_o against_o these_o new_a article_n which_o how_o well_o he_o have_v do_v i_o shall_v now_o examine_v the_o apostle_n know_v best_o what_o be_v to_o be_v believe_v object_n object_n since_o therefore_o none_o of_o these_o article_n be_v in_o their_o creed_n they_o ought_v not_o to_o be_v impose_v on_o we_o as_o matter_n of_o faith._n to_o this_o he_o answer_v answ_n answ_n that_o the_o apostle_n creed_n be_v a_o summary_n of_o the_o principal_a mystery_n of_o the_o christian_a religion_n but_o do_v not_o contain_v all_o that_o be_v of_o faith._n to_o this_o i_o reply_v that_o a_o thing_n may_v be_v say_v to_o be_v of_o faith_n two_o way_n reply_n reply_n either_o absolute_o or_o occasional_o 1._o absolute_o i._n e._n in_o and_o for_o its_o self_n when_o by_o its_o own_o nature_n and_o god_n primary_n intention_n it_o be_v a_o essential_a part_n of_o the_o gospel_n such_o a_o one_o as_o teacher_n in_o the_o church_n can_v without_o mortal_a sin_n omit_v to_o teach_v the_o learner_n such_o a_o one_o as_o be_v intrinsical_v to_o the_o covenant_n between_o god_n and_o man_n and_o not_o only_o plain_o reveal_v by_o god_n and_o so_o a_o certain_a truth_n but_o also_o command_v to_o be_v preach_v to_o all_o man_n and_o to_o be_v distinct_o believe_v by_o all_o and_o so_o a_o necessary_a truth_n of_o this_o kind_n there_o be_v two_o sort_n viz._n such_o as_o be_v necessary_a to_o be_v believe_v or_o such_o as_o be_v necessary_a to_o be_v do_v and_o of_o the_o former_a of_o these_o it_o be_v that_o we_o speak_v when_o we_o say_v that_o the_o apostle_n creed_n contain_v all_o necessary_a matter_n of_o faith._n 2._o a_o thing_n may_v be_v say_v to_o be_v of_o faith_n only_o occasional_o i._n e._n when_o it_o be_v not_o so_o in_o and_o for_o its_o self_n but_o because_o it_o be_v join_v with_o other_o which_o be_v necessary_a to_o be_v believe_v and_o for_o the_o sake_n of_o that_o authority_n by_o which_o it_o be_v deliver_v of_o this_o sort_n there_o be_v multitude_n of_o verity_n contain_v in_o the_o holy_a scripture_n as_o for_o instance_n that_o zacharias_n be_v a_o priest_n of_o the_o course_n of_o abia_n that_o elizabeth_n be_v of_o the_o daughter_n of_o aaron_n that_o cyrenius_n be_v governor_n of_o syria_n that_o pontius_n pilate_n be_v the_o roman_a deputy_n that_o paul_n leave_v his_o cloak_n at_o troas_n these_o be_v all_o truth_n and_o object_n of_o faith_n because_o they_o be_v find_v in_o the_o divine_a revelation_n but_o they_o be_v not_o such_o truth_n as_o the_o pastor_n of_o the_o church_n be_v bind_v to_o teach_v their_o flock_n or_o their_o flock_n bind_v to_o know_v and_o remember_v for_o it_o will_v be_v no_o crime_n to_o be_v ignorant_a of_o these_o or_o to_o believe_v the_o contrary_a if_o i_o do_v not_o know_v that_o they_o be_v deliver_v in_o holy_a scripture_n when_o therefore_o we_o speak_v of_o matter_n of_o faith_n contain_v in_o the_o creed_n we_o mean_v all_o necessary_a point_n of_o mere_a belief_n and_o of_o such_o we_o say_v it_o be_v a_o perfect_a summary_n no_o say_v the_o vindicator_n for_o it_o do_v not_o contain_v all_o that_o be_v in_o the_o scripture_n and_o yet_o all_o that_o be_v there_o be_v of_o divine_a inspiration_n and_o of_o faith._n we_o grant_v it_o but_o all_o thing_n that_o be_v there_o be_v not_o equal_o of_o faith_n many_o of_o they_o be_v not_o absolute_a and_o necessary_a but_o only_o occasional_a and_o accidental_a object_n of_o faith_n as_o i_o have_v already_o show_v as_o for_o baptism_n and_o the_o lord_n supper_n we_o acknowledge_v they_o to_o be_v great_a mystery_n of_o our_o religion_n but_o they_o be_v not_o point_n of_o mere_a faith_n and_o therefore_o not_o 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which_o before_o be_v dubious_a or_o not_o express_o believe_v by_o all_o but_o we_o say_v that_o there_o be_v no_o such_o authority_n in_o the_o church_n as_o to_o make_v that_o to_o be_v of_o faith_n which_o real_o be_v not_o so_o before_o i._n e._n to_o make_v a_o new_a article_n of_o faith._n and_o to_o this_o he_o return_v not_o one_o word_n of_o answer_n this_o authority_n can_v declare_v only_o such_o point_n object_n object_n as_o may_v be_v warrant_v by_o holy_a scripture_n and_o such_o as_o these_o be_v the_o subject_n of_o the_o thirty-nine_o article_n but_o as_o for_o pope_n pius_n creed_n it_o be_v but_o the_o invention_n of_o men._n for_o answer_v hereunto_o he_o refer_v we_o to_o what_o he_o have_v say_v in_o his_o book_n answ_n answ_n wherein_o he_o say_v he_o have_v show_v that_o all_o the_o article_n of_o this_o creed_n be_v found_v upon_o scripture_n and_o the_o authority_n of_o the_o most_o eminent_a man_n in_o the_o primitive_a church_n and_o far_a faith_n that_o the_o thirty-nine_o article_n be_v not_o so_o express_v in_o scripture_n as_o these_o of_o pope_n pius_n whether_o there_o be_v any_o truth_n in_o the_o first_o part_n of_o his_o answer_n reply_n reply_n as_o he_o refer_v we_o to_o his_o book_n so_o i_o shall_v refer_v you_o to_o the_o answer_v give_v to_o it_o in_o these_o paper_n and_o to_o the_o latter_a part_n of_o his_o answer_n it_o may_v be_v a_o sufficient_a reply_n to_o remind_v he_o of_o what_o he_o have_v be_v often_o tell_v that_o the_o thirty-nine_o article_n of_o the_o church_n of_o england_n be_v not_o propound_v as_o article_n of_o faith_n but_o as_o article_n of_o communion_n nor_o be_v the_o belief_n of_o they_o require_v of_o all_o upon_o pain_n of_o damnation_n as_o these_o of_o pope_n pius_n be_v and_o therefore_o there_o be_v not_o so_o much_o danger_n in_o our_o compliance_n or_o noncompliance_a with_o the_o one_o as_o with_o the_o other_o whether_o these_o article_n of_o pope_n pius_n be_v found_v upon_o scripture_n have_v be_v one_o part_n of_o the_o question_n between_o we_o and_o therefore_o for_o satisfaction_n in_o this_o point_n i_o shall_v refer_v you_o to_o what_o have_v be_v say_v upon_o that_o subject_a on_o both_o side_n thus_o have_v i_o consider_v the_o vindicator_n answer_n to_o some_o objection_n which_o he_o think_v fit_a to_o encounter_v with_o and_o how_o well_o he_o have_v acquit_v himself_o therein_o i_o shall_v now_o leave_v it_o to_o the_o ingenuous_a reader_n to_o judge_v between_o we_o the_o end._n
the_o eucharist_n a_o unbloody_a sacrifice_n i._n e._n a_o sacrifice_n of_o praise_n and_o thanksgiving_n his_o last_o reserve_n be_v st._n august_n who_o l._n 9_o confess_v c._n 13._o speak_v of_o his_o mother_n monica_n desire_v to_o be_v remember_v at_o the_o altar_n after_o her_o death_n because_o she_o know_v that_o thence_o be_v dispense_v the_o holy_a victim_n by_o which_o be_v cancel_v the_o handwriting_n which_o be_v contrary_a unto_o we_o and_o serm._n 32._o de_fw-fr verb._n apost_n where_o he_o speak_v of_o a_o propitiatory_a sacrifice_n and_o alm_n offer_v for_o soul_n depart_v and_o of_o commemorate_n the_o dead_a at_o the_o sacrifice_n and_o of_o a_o sacrifice_n be_v offer_v for_o they_o that_o christian_n do_v usual_o meet_v to_o celebrate_v the_o memorial_n of_o holy_a martyr_n and_o other_o depart_v in_o the_o faith_n of_o christ_n and_o that_o some_o kind_n of_o prayer_n be_v in_o st._n augustine_n time_n use_v for_o the_o dead_a we_o deny_v not_o but_o these_o be_v not_o the_o thing_n in_o question_n but_o whether_o in_o the_o mass_n there_o be_v offer_v a_o true_a proper_a and_o propitiatory_a sacrifice_n for_o the_o live_n and_o the_o dead_a to_o prove_v this_o he_o produce_v these_o passage_n of_o st._n austin_n wherein_o he_o seem_v to_o call_v the_o eucharist_n the_o holy_a victim_n and_o the_o sacrifice_n now_o what_o st._n austin_n mean_v by_o these_o word_n he_o himself_o shall_v tell_v you_o in_o his_o book_n of_o faith_n he_o call_v it_o a_o sacrifice_n of_o bread_n and_o wine_n offer_v in_o faith_n and_o charity_n 19_o august_n ad_fw-la petr._n diac._n c._n 19_o and_o a_o commemoration_n of_o the_o flesh_n of_o christ_n which_o he_o offer_v for_o we_o and_o of_o the_o blood_n which_o he_o shed_v for_o we_o 17._o id._n the_o civ_o dei_fw-la l._n 17._o c._n 17._o and_o in_o another_o place_n to_o eat_v the_o bread_n in_o the_o new_a testament_n be_v the_o sacrifice_n of_o christian_n and_o again_o this_o flesh_n and_o blood_n of_o christ_n be_v promise_v before_o his_o come_n 21._o id._n contr_n faustum_n l._n 20._o c._n 21._o by_o the_o resemblance_n of_o sacrifice_n in_o the_o passion_n of_o christ_n it_o be_v true_o exhibit_v after_o the_o ascension_n of_o christ_n it_o be_v celebrate_v by_o the_o sacrament_n of_o commemoration_n 23._o id._n epist_n ad_fw-la bonifac_o 23._o and_o again_o be_v not_o christ_n once_o sacrifice_v in_o his_o body_n and_o yet_o he_o be_v sacrifice_v to_o the_o people_n in_o a_o sacred_a sign_n every_o day_n 5._o id._n the_o civ_o dei_fw-la l._n 10._o c._n 5._o and_o again_o that_o which_o we_o call_v a_o sacrifice_n be_v a_o sign_n or_o representation_n of_o the_o true_a sacrifice_n thus_o do_v st._n austin_n explain_v himself_o and_o if_o thus_o explain_v the_o vindicator_n can_v any_o way_n avail_n either_o himself_o or_o his_o cause_n by_o his_o testimony_n he_o have_v free_a liberty_n so_o to_o do_v i_o believe_v and_o profess_v that_o in_o the_o holy_a sacrament_n of_o the_o eucharist_n be_v true_o real_o and_o substantial_o the_o body_n and_o blood_n together_o with_o the_o soul_n and_o divinity_n of_o our_o lord_n jesus_n christ_n and_o that_o there_o be_v a_o change_n or_o conversion_n of_o the_o whole_a substance_n of_o the_o bread_n into_o the_o body_n and_o of_o the_o whole_a substance_n of_o the_o wine_n into_o the_o blood_n which_o conversion_n or_o change_v the_o holy_a church_n call_v transubstantiation_n this_o doctrine_n he_o say_v be_v found_v in_o the_o express_a word_n of_o christ_n who_o say_v this_o be_v my_o body_n this_o be_v my_o blood._n to_o this_o i_o answer_v these_o and_o the_o other_o word_n of_o institution_n have_v be_v consider_v already_o and_o no_o new_a matter_n here_o offer_v i_o shall_v not_o need_v to_o trouble_v myself_o nor_o the_o reader_n with_o the_o repetition_n of_o what_o have_v be_v already_o say_v and_o this_o be_v the_o only_a scripture_n proof_n he_o here_o allege_v i_o shall_v only_o refer_v you_o to_o what_o i_o have_v say_v of_o it_o in_o the_o forego_n article_n and_o so_o wait_v upon_o the_o vindicator_n to_o his_o authority_n the_o authority_n which_o he_o here_o produce_v if_o they_o be_v any_o thing_n to_o his_o purpose_n must_v be_v acknowledge_v to_o be_v ancient_a and_o the_o author_n of_o good_a credit_n whether_o therefore_o they_o will_v serve_v the_o end_n which_o he_o aim_v at_o we_o shall_v now_o inquire_v his_o first_o evidence_n be_v st._n ignatius_n martyr_n in_o ep._n ad_fw-la smyrn_n where_o speak_v of_o some_o heretic_n of_o his_o time_n he_o say_v they_o do_v not_o allow_v of_o eucharist_n and_o oblation_n because_o they_o do_v not_o believe_v the_o eucharist_n to_o be_v the_o flesh_n of_o our_o saviour_n jesus_n christ_n which_o suffer_v for_o our_o sin_n and_o which_o the_o father_n in_o his_o mercy_n raise_v again_o from_o the_o dead_a these_o word_n be_v indeed_o thus_o cite_v by_o theodoret_n dial._n 111._o 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d they_o do_v not_o receive_v the_o eucharist_n and_o oblation_n but_o in_o the_o copy_n of_o this_o epistle_n which_o be_v to_o be_v see_v in_o the_o florentine_a library_n and_o be_v general_o think_v to_o be_v the_o most_o genuine_a we_o find_v this_o passage_n thus_o word_v 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d they_o recede_v or_o abstain_v from_o eucharist_n and_o prayer_n but_o this_o only_a by_o the_o bye_n the_o stress_n of_o his_o argument_n lie_v not_o in_o this_o but_o in_o the_o reason_n of_o their_o recession_n and_o refusal_n which_o be_v because_o they_o do_v not_o confess_v that_o the_o eucharist_n be_v the_o flesh_n of_o our_o saviour_n jesus_n christ_n which_o suffer_v for_o our_o sin_n and_o be_v raise_v again_o these_o word_n at_o first_o sight_n to_o a_o unthinking_a man_n may_v seem_v to_o conclude_v the_o point_n but_o if_o we_o consider_v who_o they_o be_v that_o refuse_v the_o eucharist_n for_o this_o reason_n it_o will_v much_o abate_v the_o force_n of_o they_o that_o they_o be_v heretic_n the_o vindicator_n own_v and_o what_o their_o heresy_n be_v ignatius_n will_v tell_v we_o they_o deny_v christ_n to_o be_v a_o perfect_a man_n they_o hold_v that_o he_o have_v not_o a_o true_a humane_a but_o only_o a_o fantastical_a body_n that_o he_o do_v not_o real_o but_o in_o appearance_n only_o suffer_v upon_o the_o cross_n and_o rise_v again_o from_o the_o dead_a against_o these_o the_o holy_a martyr_n in_o the_o begin_n of_o this_o epistle_n bend_v his_o whole_a discourse_n his_o whole_a business_n be_v to_o make_v it_o appear_v that_o christ_n be_v true_o bear_v of_o the_o virgin_n mary_n true_o baptize_v of_o john_n in_o jordan_n true_o suffer_v under_o pontius_n pilate_n and_o be_v true_o raise_v again_o from_o the_o dead_a now_o what_o wonder_n be_v it_o that_o those_o who_o do_v believe_v that_o he_o never_o have_v any_o real_a body_n shall_v refuse_v and_o reject_v with_o scorn_n his_o sacramental_a body_n when_o offer_v to_o they_o for_o what_o sacrament_n what_o sign_n what_o remembrance_n what_o representation_n can_v there_o possible_o be_v of_o that_o which_o in_o truth_n never_o have_v any_o be_v the_o whole_a importance_n therefore_o of_o these_o word_n be_v only_o this_o these_o heretic_n will_v not_o believe_v the_o eucharist_n to_o be_v the_o sacramental_a body_n of_o christ_n because_o they_o do_v not_o believe_v that_o ever_o he_o have_v any_o real_a body_n st._n chrysostome_n speak_v of_o some_o such_o in_o his_o time_n who_o will_v not_o believe_v that_o christ_n real_o suffer_v 83._o chrysost_n in_o matth._n hom._n 83._o tell_v we_o in_o what_o manner_n they_o use_v to_o convince_v they_o when_o they_o say_v how_o may_v we_o know_v that_o christ_n be_v offer_v bring_v forth_o these_o mystery_n we_o stop_v their_o mouth_n for_o if_o christ_n die_v not_o who_o sign_n and_o token_n be_v this_o sacrifice_n where_o he_o call_v the_o eucharist_n a_o mystery_n a_o sign_n and_o a_o token_n i._n e._n a_o representation_n of_o the_o death_n of_o christ_n and_o in_o this_o sense_n be_v we_o to_o understand_v the_o holy_a martyr_n ignatius_n in_o this_o place_n his_o next_o witness_n be_v st._n hilary_n l._n 8._o de_fw-la trinit_fw-la where_o he_o say_v my_o flesh_n be_v meat_n indeed_o and_o my_o blood_n be_v drink_v indeed_o there_o be_v no_o place_n leave_v for_o doubt_v of_o the_o reality_n of_o his_o flesh_n and_o blood_n for_o now_o both_o by_o the_o profession_n of_o christ_n himself_o and_o by_o our_o faith_n it_o be_v true_o flesh_n and_o true_o blood._n be_v not_o this_o truth_n it_o may_v indeed_o not_o be_v true_a to_o they_o who_o deny_v christ_n to_o be_v god._n to_o this_o i_o answer_v that_o the_o word_n which_o st._n hilary_n here_o quote_v be_v in_o john_n vi_fw-la 55._o in_o which_o whole_a chapter_n our_o saviour_n speak_v not_o
one_o word_n of_o the_o eucharist_n that_o not_o be_v institute_v till_o two_o year_n after_o or_o thereabouts_o nor_o do_v he_o there_o speak_v of_o a_o corporal_n eat_v which_o be_v do_v by_o the_o mouth_n of_o the_o body_n but_o of_o a_o spiritual_a eat_n which_o be_v do_v by_o faith._n for_o he_o be_v there_o speak_v to_o the_o capernaitan_a jew_n who_o follow_v he_o for_o the_o loaf_n and_o take_v occasion_n from_o their_o gluttonous_a appetite_n to_o instruct_v they_o better_o to_o acquaint_v they_o with_o another_o kind_n of_o food_n a_o celestial_a bread_n of_o which_o whosoever_o eat_v live_v eternal_o and_o that_o bread_n be_v himself_o and_o of_o this_o it_o be_v that_o he_o say_v my_o flesh_n be_v meat_n indeed_o and_o my_o blood_n be_v drink_v indeed_o and_o lest_o they_o shall_v understand_v he_o carnal_o he_o close_v up_o his_o discourse_n with_o these_o word_n the_o word_n which_o i_o speak_v unto_o you_o be_v spirit_n and_o life_n v._o 63._o and_o that_o in_o this_o sense_n st._n hilary_n be_v here_o to_o be_v understand_v i_o do_v not_o doubt_v for_o in_o these_o very_a word_n he_o say_v it_o be_v so_o by_o our_o faith_n i._n e._n to_o they_o that_o believe_v and_o the_o truth_n of_o it_o will_v not_o be_v deny_v by_o any_o but_o those_o who_o deny_v the_o divinity_n of_o christ_n i._n e._n who_o deny_v he_o to_o be_v the_o bread_n which_o come_v down_o from_o heaven_n v._o 50._o for_o it_o be_v not_o his_o flesh_n and_o blood_n but_o his_o divinity_n that_o come_v down_o from_o heaven_n but_o if_o we_o shall_v grant_v that_o st._n hilary_n in_o this_o discourse_n have_v a_o eye_n to_o the_o sacrament_n of_o the_o eucharist_n as_o i_o do_v believe_v he_o have_v yet_o do_v he_o very_o well_o explain_v himself_o and_o give_v we_o to_o understand_v that_o he_o do_v not_o speak_v of_o bodily_a but_o spiritual_a meat_n not_o of_o corporal_n but_o spiritual_a eat_n not_o of_o receive_v christ_n by_o the_o mouth_n of_o the_o body_n but_o by_o the_o mouth_n of_o the_o soul_n which_o be_v faith._n for_o in_o the_o very_a same_o book_n that_o be_v here_o quote_v he_o say_v christ_n be_v in_o we_o not_o bodily_a 83._o hilar._n in_o matth._n can._n 30._o chrysost_n in_o matth._n hom._n 83._o but_o by_o the_o mystery_n of_o the_o sacrament_n and_o again_o we_o receive_v christ_n true_o not_o substantial_o but_o under_o a_o mystery_n and_o in_o another_o place_n he_o speak_v of_o drink_v of_o the_o fruit_n of_o the_o vine_n which_o as_o st._n chrysostom_n say_v do_v certain_o produce_v wine_n not_o water_n and_o i_o may_v add_v nor_o blood._n his_o next_o quotation_n be_v out_o of_o st._n chrysostom_n l._n 3._o de_fw-fr sacerd._n where_o that_o holy_a father_n in_o a_o ecstacy_n cry_v out_o o_o miracle_n he_o that_o sit_v above_o with_o his_o father_n at_o the_o very_a same_o instant_n of_o time_n be_v here_o in_o the_o hand_n of_o all_o he_o give_v himself_o to_o those_o that_o be_v willing_a to_o receive_v he_o to_o this_o i_o answer_v that_o it_o be_v usual_a with_o the_o ancient_a father_n by_o vehement_a expression_n and_o rhetorical_a amplification_n to_o ravish_v the_o mind_n and_o inflame_v the_o devotion_n of_o their_o hearer_n we_o very_o well_o know_v and_o that_o it_o be_v as_o frequent_v with_o st._n chrysostom_n as_o any_o other_o can_v be_v unknown_a to_o any_o who_o have_v be_v conversant_a in_o his_o write_n i_o shall_v only_o trouble_v you_o with_o one_o instance_n which_o the_o vindicator_n may_v find_v in_o the_o same_o book_n which_o he_o here_o quote_v christ_n be_v crucify_a before_o our_o eye_n his_o blood_n gush_v out_o of_o his_o side_n and_o stream_v and_o flow_v over_o the_o holy_a table_n and_o the_o people_n be_v therewith_o make_v red_a and_o bloody_a do_v st._n chrysostom_n intend_v to_o be_v understand_v plain_o and_o literal_o here_o sure_o the_o vindicator_n will_v not_o say_v so_o nor_o if_o he_o well_o consider_v will_v he_o think_v it_o fit_a to_o understand_v he_o so_o in_o the_o place_n by_o he_o allege_v for_o if_o so_o then_o must_v he_o grant_v that_o the_o people_n do_v very_o and_o indeed_o see_v christ_n very_a body_n and_o handle_v and_o touch_v it_o with_o their_o finger_n which_o some_o of_o his_o own_o doctor_n will_v be_v ready_a to_o tell_v he_o be_v not_o only_o false_a but_o a_o worse_a heresy_n than_o ever_o be_v defend_v by_o berengarius_fw-la the_o miracle_n therefore_o which_o st._n chrysostom_n here_o speak_v of_o be_v not_o the_o fleshly_a or_o bodily_a presence_n of_o christ_n in_o the_o sacrament_n but_o the_o wonderful_a effect_n that_o god_n work_v in_o the_o faithful_a in_o that_o dreadful_a time_n of_o the_o holy_a communion_n wherein_o the_o whole_a mystery_n of_o our_o redemption_n by_o the_o blood_n of_o christ_n be_v express_v but_o if_o this_o place_n of_o st._n chrysostom_n do_v not_o so_o full_o express_v the_o bodily_a presence_n of_o christ_n in_o the_o eucharist_n the_o vindicator_n have_v another_o which_o he_o think_v will_v sufficient_o do_v it_o and_o that_o be_v in_o his_o 83._o hom._n in_o matth._n where_o he_o say_v he_o that_o wrought_v those_o thing_n at_o the_o last_o supper_n be_v the_o author_n of_o what_o be_v do_v here_o we_o hold_v but_o the_o place_n of_o minister_n but_o he_o that_o sanctify_v and_o change_v they_o be_v christ_n himself_o of_o what_o change_n st._n chrysostom_n here_o speak_v he_o himself_o do_v plain_o intimate_v for_o in_o the_o same_o homily_n he_o immediate_o add_v so_o be_v it_o also_o in_o baptism_n as_o if_o he_o shall_v have_v say_v as_o in_o the_o sacrament_n of_o baptism_n the_o water_n be_v change_v from_o common_a to_o sacramental_a water_n so_o in_o the_o sacrament_n of_o the_o eucharist_n the_o bread_n and_o wine_n be_v change_v from_o common_a to_o sacramental_a bread_n and_o wine_n and_o that_o he_o mean_v only_o this_o and_o not_o any_o substantial_a change_n be_v plain_a for_o in_o the_o same_o homily_n he_o say_v when_o he_o will_v represent_v the_o mystery_n he_o give_v wine_n and_o in_o another_o place_n he_o say_v caesar_n chrysost_n ep._n ad_fw-la caesar_n as_o the_o bread_n before_o it_o be_v sanctify_v be_v call_v bread_n when_o by_o the_o intercession_n of_o the_o priest_n divine_a grace_n have_v sanctify_v it_o it_o lose_v the_o name_n of_o bread_n and_o become_v worthy_a to_o be_v call_v the_o body_n of_o jesus_n christ_n although_o the_o nature_n of_o bread_n abide_v in_o it_o and_o in_o another_o place_n he_o say_v if_o it_o be_v dangerous_a to_o employ_v the_o holy_a vessel_n about_o common_a use_n 11._o chrysost_n in_o matth._n opere_fw-la imperf_n hom._n 11._o wherein_o the_o true_a body_n of_o jesus_n christ_n be_v not_o contain_v but_o the_o mystery_n of_o his_o body_n how_o much_o rather_o the_o vessel_n of_o our_o body_n which_o god_n have_v prepare_v to_o dwell_v in_o by_o all_o which_o we_o may_v plain_o understand_v what_o st._n chrysostom_n thought_n be_v of_o a_o substantial_a change_n or_o of_o christ_n bodily_a presence_n in_o the_o eucharist_n when_o they_o be_v cool_a and_o calm_a and_o free_a from_o any_o ecstatical_a rapture_n his_o next_o be_v st._n cyril_n of_o jerusalem_n in_o catech._n whence_o he_o quote_v these_o word_n since_o therefore_o christ_n himself_o thus_o affirm_v and_o say_v of_o the_o bread_n this_o be_v my_o body_n and_o this_o be_v my_o blood_n who_o can_v doubt_v of_o it_o and_o say_v it_o be_v not_o his_o blood_n no_o body_n certain_o for_o in_o the_o same_o sense_n that_o christ_n say_v it_o be_v so_o there_o be_v no_o doubt_n to_o be_v make_v but_o that_o it_o be_v so_o i._n e._n sacramental_o and_o in_o a_o mystery_n but_o here_o be_v to_o be_v note_v that_o if_o st._n cyril_n be_v to_o be_v understand_v literal_o he_o will_v be_v no_o good_a evidence_n for_o the_o vindicator_n for_o he_o do_v not_o say_v of_o the_o bread_n it_o be_v change_v into_o his_o body_n but_o it_o be_v his_o body_n etc._n etc._n so_o that_o according_a to_o he_o the_o bread_n must_v be_v christ_n body_n and_o the_o cup_n his_o blood_n which_o as_o yet_o they_o have_v not_o have_v the_o confidence_n to_o affirm_v nor_o indeed_o will_v it_o consist_v with_o their_o notion_n of_o transubstantiation_n and_o if_o it_o be_v to_o be_v understand_v figurative_o it_o will_v less_o serve_v his_o purpose_n for_o than_o it_o will_v import_v no_o more_o than_o what_o tertullian_n say_v 4._o tertul._n contra_fw-la martion_n l._n 4._o christ_n take_v bread_n and_o make_v it_o his_o body_n by_o say_v this_o be_v my_o body_n i._n e._n the_o figure_n of_o my_o body_n but_o he_o further_o enforce_v his_o argument_n say_v in_o cana_n of_o galilee_n he_o once_o by_o his_o sole_a will_n turn_v water_n into_o wine_n which_o
one_o kind_n after_o consecration_n the_o body_n of_o christ_n be_v signify_v and_o in_o his_o book_n of_o sacrament_n he_o have_v these_o expression_n in_o eat_v and_o drink_v we_o signify_v that_o flesh_n and_o blood_n which_o be_v offer_v for_o we_o 1._o ambr._n de_fw-fr sacram._n l._n 4._o c._n 4_o &_o 5._o and_o l._n 6._o 1._o thou_o receive_v the_o sacrament_n in_o a_o similitude_n it_o be_v the_o figure_n of_o the_o body_n and_o blood_n of_o our_o lord_n thou_o drink_v the_o likeness_n of_o his_o precious_a blood._n and_o again_o bread_n and_o wine_n remain_v still_o the_o same_o thing_n they_o be_v before_o and_o yet_o be_v change_v into_o another_o thing_n i._n e._n they_o be_v the_o same_o thing_n real_o and_o in_o substance_n but_o another_o thing_n sacramental_o and_o in_o signification_n as_o to_o his_o last_o authority_n take_v from_o st._n cyril_n alex._n ep._n ad_fw-la coloss_n though_o there_o be_v some_o rhetorical_a aggravation_n the_o like_a whereunto_o may_v be_v find_v in_o other_o of_o the_o father_n some_o of_o which_o i_o have_v give_v you_o a_o account_n of_o yet_o do_v i_o not_o see_v that_o any_o thing_n more_o be_v design_v by_o st._n cyril_n in_o this_o place_n than_o only_o to_o assure_v we_o of_o christ_n real_a but_o spiritual_a presence_n in_o this_o sacrament_n for_o that_o he_o never_o dream_v of_o any_o real_a and_o substantial_a change_n of_o the_o element_n therein_o be_v plain_a from_o his_o own_o word_n in_o another_o place_n where_o he_o say_v 24._o say_v cyril_n in_o johan_n l._n 4._o c._n 24._o christ_n give_v to_o his_o believe_a disciple_n piece_n of_o bread_n not_o piece_n of_o his_o body_n and_o again_o theodor._n again_o id._n add_v object_n theodor._n our_o sacrament_n do_v not_o assert_v the_o eat_n of_o a_o man_n i._n e._n flesh_n and_o blood_n that_o be_v to_o draw_v the_o mind_n of_o the_o believer_n in_o a_o irreligious_a manner_n to_o gross_a cogitation_n i_o confess_v also_o that_o under_o one_o kind_n alone_o be_v receive_v christ_n whole_a and_o entire_a that_o be_v a_o true_a sacrament_n this_o he_o tell_v we_o be_v a_o consequence_n of_o what_o be_v declare_v above_o and_o if_o so_o then_o must_v they_o stand_v and_o fall_v together_o if_o the_o foundation_n be_v defective_a the_o superstructure_n be_v in_o danger_n if_o the_o antecedent_n be_v false_a the_o consequence_n can_v scarce_o be_v true_a have_v therefore_o thorough_o sift_v and_o examine_v the_o precede_a article_n and_o find_v no_o foundation_n upon_o which_o to_o build_v our_o faith_n that_o there_o be_v any_o such_o real_a and_o substantial_a change_n wrought_v in_o the_o element_n of_o the_o sacred_a eucharist_n after_o consecration_n as_o be_v there_o pretend_a nor_o any_o reason_n to_o receive_v their_o monstrous_a and_o new_o invent_v article_n of_o transubstantiation_n into_o the_o article_n of_o our_o creed_n we_o may_v just_o reject_v this_o which_o he_o call_v a_o consequence_n thereof_o but_o to_o show_v that_o we_o have_v other_o reason_n beside_o the_o inconsequence_n thereof_o to_o reject_v this_o article_n as_o a_o sacrilegious_a rob_n of_o the_o people_n of_o one_o half_a of_o the_o sacred_a eucharist_n let_v we_o consider_v the_o institution_n of_o it_o and_o the_o constant_a practice_n of_o the_o church_n thereupon_o if_o we_o consider_v the_o institution_n we_o shall_v there_o find_v that_o our_o bless_a saviour_n in_o word_n as_o plain_a as_o possible_a do_v institute_v his_o holy_a supper_n under_o both_o kind_n we_o may_v also_o find_v that_o as_o he_o do_v institute_v it_o so_o likewise_o he_o do_v administer_v it_o under_o both_o kind_n we_o may_v also_o observe_v that_o he_o who_o say_v to_o his_o disciple_n take_v eat_v do_v also_o say_v unto_o they_o drink_v you_o all_o of_o this_o and_o in_o the_o close_a of_o all_o he_o leave_v this_o word_n of_o command_n with_o they_o this_o do_v in_o remembrance_n of_o i_o as_o if_o he_o shall_v have_v say_v what_o you_o have_v see_v i_o do_v the_o same_o do_v you_o and_o it_o be_v evident_a by_o the_o apostle_n practice_n hereupon_o that_o they_o understand_v this_o to_o be_v the_o meaning_n of_o their_o master_n and_o that_o this_o be_v not_o to_o remain_v a_o duty_n only_o during_o their_o time_n but_o in_o all_o after_o age_n of_o the_o church_n st._n paul_n be_v very_o plain_a say_v as_o often_o as_o you_o eat_v this_o bread_n and_o drink_v this_o cup_n 26._o 1_o cor._n xi_o 26._o you_o show_v forth_o the_o lord_n death_n till_o he_o come_v and_o as_o for_o the_o practice_n of_o the_o church_n thereupon_o it_o be_v very_o evident_a that_o for_o above_o a_o thousand_o year_n after_o christ_n the_o eucharist_n be_v always_o administer_v in_o both_o kind_n so_o that_o if_o we_o have_v any_o regard_n either_o to_o the_o institution_n or_o example_n or_o command_v of_o christ_n or_o to_o the_o practice_n of_o the_o apostle_n or_o of_o the_o church_n of_o christ_n for_o so_o many_o age_n we_o have_v great_a reason_n to_o reject_v this_o article_n as_o a_o great_a novelty_n and_o indeed_o so_o it_o be_v for_o the_o first_o foundation_n of_o it_o as_o a_o thing_n necessary_a to_o be_v believe_v and_o practise_v be_v lay_v in_o a_o decree_n of_o the_o council_n of_o constance_n in_o the_o year_n of_o our_o lord_n 1416._o but_o the_o vindicator_n will_v tell_v we_o that_o we_o be_v mistake_v here_o for_o he_o pretend_v to_o find_v some_o footstep_n of_o it_o in_o the_o scripture_n and_o for_o this_o allege_v certain_a passage_n out_o of_o the_o six_o chapter_n of_o st._n john_n where_o our_o saviour_n speak_v sometime_o both_o of_o eat_v and_o drink_v and_o sometime_o of_o eat_v only_o to_o this_o i_o answer_v that_o our_o bless_a saviour_n in_o that_o place_n do_v not_o speak_v any_o thing_n of_o the_o sacrament_n of_o his_o body_n and_o blood_n but_o only_o of_o a_o spiritual_a feed_n upon_o he_o by_o faith._n for_o when_o he_o hold_v that_o conference_n with_o the_o capernaitan_a jew_n this_o sacrament_n be_v not_o then_o institute_v nor_o of_o two_o year_n after_o and_o therefore_o no_o conclusive_a argument_n can_v be_v build_v thereupon_o but_o he_o urge_v we_o with_o the_o authority_n of_o st._n basil_n in_o his_o epistle_n ad_fw-la caesar_n patr._n where_o he_o say_v he_o find_v these_o word_n it_o have_v the_o same_o efficacy_n whether_o a_o person_n receive_v from_o the_o priest_n one_o part_n or_o more_o whether_o these_o be_v the_o word_n of_o st._n basil_n or_o how_o true_o they_o be_v transcribe_v i_o have_v not_o the_o opportunity_n now_o to_o examine_v but_o admit_v for_o the_o present_a that_o they_o be_v what_o be_v all_o this_o to_o the_o deny_v of_o the_o cup_n to_o the_o laity_n and_o forbid_v the_o administration_n of_o the_o sacrament_n in_o both_o kind_n under_o so_o severe_a a_o penalty_n but_o i_o find_v st._n basil_n cite_v by_o johannes_n gerhardus_fw-la for_o a_o quite_o different_a purpose_n 3._o johan_n gerhard_n de_fw-fr sacra_fw-la coena_fw-la c_o 9_o 9_o 43._o basil_n l._n 1._o de_fw-fr bapt._n c._n 3._o for_o he_o bring_v he_o in_o speak_v on_o this_o wise_a if_o he_o who_o by_o eat_v offend_v his_o brother_n be_v void_a of_o charity_n what_o shall_v be_v say_v of_o he_o who_o dare_v idle_o and_o unprofitable_o both_o eat_v the_o body_n and_o drink_v the_o blood_n of_o our_o lord_n jesus_n christ_n and_o again_o what_o be_v the_o duty_n of_o a_o christian_a finem_fw-la id._n in_o moralib_n sub_fw-la finem_fw-la let_v he_o cleanse_v himself_o from_o all_o filthiness_n of_o flesh_n and_o spirit_n and_o so_o let_v he_o eat_v the_o body_n and_o drink_v the_o blood_n of_o christ_n but_o at_o last_o he_o urge_v we_o with_o the_o opinion_n of_o luther_n melancthon_n and_o spalatensis_n that_o in_o this_o point_n christ_n have_v leave_v no_o necessary_a precept_n but_o that_o it_o may_v profitable_o and_o lawful_o be_v receive_v under_o one_o or_o both_o kind_n to_o this_o i_o answer_v 1._o that_o our_o faith_n be_v not_o found_v upon_o luther_n or_o any_o other_o man_n assertion_n but_o upon_o the_o institution_n of_o jesus_n christ_n 2._o that_o luther_n write_v his_o epistle_n to_o the_o bohemian_o before_o he_o be_v full_o ground_v in_o the_o truth_n and_o that_o afterward_o he_o do_v retract_v according_a to_o the_o example_n of_o st._n austin_n many_o thing_n that_o he_o have_v write_v to_o this_o end_n you_o may_v find_v he_o beg_v and_o beseech_v his_o reader_n to_o read_v his_o former_a writing_n with_o pity_n and_o commiseration_n 1._o in_o praefat_fw-la tom._n 1._o before_o all_o thing_n i_o pray_v and_o beseech_v the_o godly_a reader_n and_o i_o beseech_v he_o for_o our_o lord_n jesus_n christ_n sake_n that_o he_o will_v read_v these_o my_o writing_n with_o judgement_n yea_o and_o with_o great_a pity_n remember_v