Selected quad for the lemma: spirit_n

Word A Word B Word C Word D Occurrence Frequency Band MI MI Band Prominent
spirit_n drachm_n half_a ounce_n 6,028 5 11.2390 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A47654 An appendix to a course of chymistry being additional remarks to the former operations : together with the process of the volatile sale of tartar and some other useful preparations / writ in French by Monsieur Nicholas Lemery ; translated by Walter Harris ...; Cours de chymie. English LĂ©mery, Nicolas, 1645-1715.; Harris, Walter, 1647-1732. 1680 (1680) Wing L1037A; ESTC R8860 81,510 170

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a_o appendix_n to_o a_o course_n of_o chemistry_n be_v additional_a remark_n to_o the_o former_a operation_n together_o with_o the_o process_n of_o the_o volatile_a salt_n of_o tartar_n and_o some_o other_o useful_a preparation_n write_v in_o french_a by_o mounseur_fw-fr nicholas_n lemery_n translate_v by_o walter_n harris_n doctor_n of_o physic_n london_n print_v for_o walter_n kettilby_n at_o the_o bishop_n head_n in_o st._n paul_n churchyard_n 1680._o the_o preface_n reader_n the_o course_n of_o chemistry_n to_o which_o this_o be_v a_o appendix_n be_v receive_v so_o well_o that_o i_o shall_v forbear_v use_v many_o reason_n why_o i_o now_o cause_v this_o to_o be_v publish_v i_o be_o sure_a all_o such_o as_o have_v more_o in_o they_o of_o the_o physician_n than_o chemist_n and_o who_o design_n be_v true_o and_o methodical_o to_o cure_v by_o have_v lay_v a_o solid_a foundation_n for_o physic_n by_o good_a principle_n and_o who_o do_v not_o expect_v as_o many_o miracle_n from_o a_o 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be_v quiet_a and_o do_v not_o hinder_v the_o exaltation_n of_o spirit_n but_o i_o intend_v a_o tartar_n that_o still_o remain_v mix_v in_o the_o wine_n after_o the_o fermentation_n and_o which_o according_a as_o it_o abound_v more_o or_o less_o do_v render_v the_o wine_n more_o or_o less_o thick_a and_o gross_a it_o be_v easy_a to_o see_v this_o tartar_n i_o speak_v of_o if_o you_o evaporate_v the_o aqueous_a part_n of_o wine_n for_o it_o will_v remain_v at_o bottom_n in_o form_n of_o lees._n nevertheless_o there_o be_v no_o need_n of_o establish_v two_o sort_n of_o tartar_n in_o one_o kind_n of_o wine_n for_o the_o former_a be_v only_o the_o more_o soluble_a part_n of_o the_o latter_a divers_a little_a objection_n have_v be_v make_v i_o on_o this_o subject_n for_o want_v of_o due_o examine_v what_o i_o have_v establish_v wherefore_o i_o have_v no_o desire_n to_o enlarge_v myself_o in_o the_o relation_n of_o they_o for_o it_o be_v my_o aim_n as_o much_o as_o i_o can_v to_o avoid_v all_o repetition_n as_o be_v of_o no_o further_o use_v but_o to_o swell_v a_o book_n and_o tire_v the_o reader_n patience_n add_v to_o pag._n 256._o lin_v 32._o in_o the_o remark_n upon_o spirit_n of_o wine_n some_o person_n do_v endeavour_v to_o reject_v the_o method_n that_o i_o have_v describe_v for_o draw_v spirit_n of_o wine_n because_o say_v they_o a_o long_a time_n be_v require_v to_o draw_v a_o little_a spirit_n and_o by_o reason_n of_o the_o difficulty_n they_o conceive_v in_o procure_v such_o vessel_n well_o make_v at_o paris_n and_o much_o more_o so_o in_o the_o country_n but_o it_o be_v likely_a these_o gentleman_n do_v blame_v this_o method_n before_o ever_o they_o try_v it_o for_o if_o they_o have_v but_o
of_o sea_n salt_n but_o only_o they_o be_v keen_a add_v 10_o pag._n 179._o remark_n on_o salt_n of_o sulphur_n some_o have_v presume_v to_o write_v that_o when_o spirit_n of_o sulphur_n be_v pour_v upon_o sal_fw-la polychrestum_fw-la dissolve_v in_o water_n there_o rise_v a_o effervescency_n as_o great_a as_o when_o the_o same_o acid_n spirit_n be_v cast_v upon_o salt-peter_n but_o doubtless_o they_o take_v but_o little_a care_n in_o what_o they_o maintain_v for_o there_o happen_v no_o manner_n of_o effervescency_n neither_o with_o sal_fw-la polychrestum_fw-la nor_o with_o salt-peter_n for_o both_o of_o they_o be_v acid_n salt_v nor_o do_v i_o see_v any_o reason_n to_o believe_v that_o if_o the_o mixture_n of_o salt-peter_n and_o spirit_n of_o sulphur_n be_v draw_v in_o a_o retort_n the_o spirit_n of_o niter_n will_v come_v forth_o and_o leave_v the_o spirit_n of_o sulphur_n in_o union_n with_o the_o fix_a part_n of_o salt-peter_n for_o although_o red_a vapour_n be_v see_v to_o come_v forth_o of_o the_o retort_n this_o do_v not_o prove_v that_o they_o be_v pure_o nitrous_a those_o of_o the_o spirit_n of_o sulphur_n be_v mix_v with_o they_o but_o they_o be_v hide_v in_o the_o redness_n like_o water_n in_o wine_n add_v to_o pag._n 182._o after_o spirit_n of_o niter_n spirit_n of_o niter_n dulcify_v put_v into_o a_o large_a boulthead_n eight_o ounce_n of_o good_a spirit_n of_o niter_n and_o so_o much_o spirit_n of_o wine_n well_o dephlegmate_v set_v your_o boulthead_n in_o the_o chimney_n upon_o a_o round_a of_o straw_n the_o liquor_n will_v grow_v hot_a without_o come_v near_o the_o fire_n and_o half_a a_o hour_n or_o a_o hour_n afterward_o it_o will_v boil_v very_o much_o have_v a_o care_n of_o the_o red_a vapour_n that_o come_v out_o apace_o at_o the_o neck_n of_o the_o boulthead_n and_o when_o the_o ebullition_n be_v over_o you_o will_v find_v your_o liquor_n clear_a at_o bottom_n and_o to_o have_v lose_v half_o what_o it_o be_v pour_v it_o into_o a_o viol_n and_o keep_v it_o this_o be_v the_o sweet_a spirit_n of_o niter_n it_o be_v good_a for_o the_o wind_n colic_n and_o the_o nephritick_n for_o hysterical_a distemper_n and_o for_o all_o obstraction_n its_o dose_n be_v from_o four_o to_o eight_o drop_n in_o broth_n or_o some_o other_o convenient_a liquor_n remark_n you_o must_v leave_v the_o boulthead_n open_a for_o the_o vapour_n will_v either_o carry_v away_o the_o stopple_n if_o there_o be_v one_o or_o else_o they_o will_v break_v the_o vessel_n the_o boulthead_n be_v so_o hot_a during_o the_o ebullition_n that_o one_o can_v endure_v one_o hand_n upon_o it_o the_o heat_n and_o ebullition_n begin_v soon_o or_o late_a according_a as_o the_o spirit_n that_o be_v use_v have_v be_v more_o or_o less_o dephlegmate_v this_o effect_n be_v very_o strange_a for_o spirit_n of_o niter_n be_v a_o strong_a acid_n and_o spirit_n of_o wine_n a_o sulphur_n it_o can_v be_v say_v that_o there_o be_v here_o any_o alkali_fw-la to_o cause_v the_o ebullition_n with_o acid_n according_a to_o the_o common_a maxim_n and_o this_o operation_n show_v we_o that_o every_o thing_n can_v be_v explicate_v by_o the_o sole_a principle_n of_o acid_n and_o alkali_fw-la as_o some_o do_v pretend_v this_o operation_n have_v much_o resemblance_n with_o that_o which_o happen_v when_o oil_n of_o turpentine_n be_v put_v into_o a_o bottle_n with_o oil_n of_o vitriol_n for_o the_o mixture_n of_o these_o liquor_n do_v heat_n and_o boil_n much_o alike_o i_o shall_v say_v something_o of_o this_o last_o mixture_n hereafter_o there_o be_v this_o difference_n notwithstanding_o that_o spirit_n of_o niter_n be_v more_o volatile_a than_o oil_n of_o vitriol_n cause_v a_o great_a effervescency_n in_o order_n therefore_o to_o explicate_v this_o ebullition_n two_o thing_n must_v be_v consider_v first_o that_o spirit_n of_o niter_n contain_v a_o great_a many_o fiery_a part_n lock_v up_o in_o its_o acidity_n but_o which_o still_o retain_v some_o motion_n for_o it_o be_v they_o that_o make_v spirit_n of_o niter_n to_o fume_v as_o it_o do_v the_o second_o be_v that_o spirit_n of_o niter_n be_v more_o inflammable_a than_o salt-peter_n when_o mix_v with_o any_o sulphureous_a body_n and_o the_o reason_n thereof_o be_v that_o it_o be_v more_o rarify_v than_o salt-peter_n thus_o when_o this_o acid_n spirit_n be_v mix_v with_o spirit_n of_o wine_n which_o be_v a_o sulphur_n very_o much_o exalt_v and_o very_o susceptible_a of_o motion_n the_o volatile_a part_n of_o the_o spirit_n of_o niter_n join_v its_o self_n to_o this_o sulphur_n and_o the_o mixture_n become_v ready_a to_o take_v flame_n likewise_o after_o this_o mixture_n the_o fiery_a body_n that_o be_v in_o spirit_n of_o niter_n do_v by_o strive_v to_o mount_v upward_o put_v the_o liquor_n into_o so_o great_a a_o motion_n that_o it_o even_o almost_o flame_n and_o will_v without_o all_o question_n quite_o flame_n if_o there_o be_v not_o some_o phlegm_n always_o mix_v with_o these_o spirit_n let_v they_o be_v draw_v never_o so_o pure_a which_o serve_v to_o allay_v the_o activity_n of_o the_o fiery_a particle_n so_o that_o there_o must_v needs_o follow_v a_o very_a great_a ebullition_n this_o effervescency_n therefore_o proceed_v from_o this_o that_o spirit_n of_o wine_n and_o spirit_n of_o niter_n which_o be_v as_o it_o be_v a_o salt-peter_n and_o high_o exalt_a sulphur_n have_v be_v almost_o kindle_v into_o a_o flame_n by_o the_o fiery_a body_n that_o be_v in_o spirit_n of_o niter_n and_o that_o which_o further_o prove_v this_o conception_n be_v a_o noise_n or_o kind_n of_o detonation_n during_o the_o effervescency_n which_o be_v much_o like_o that_o which_o happen_v when_o sulphur_n and_o salt-peter_n be_v burn_v together_o the_o great_a diminution_n of_o the_o liquor_n proceed_v from_o the_o evaporation_n of_o the_o more_o volatile_a part_n of_o the_o spirit_n of_o wine_n and_o niter_n through_o the_o neck_n of_o the_o boulthead_n during_o the_o ebullition_n that_o which_o remain_v be_v a_o well_o sweeten_v spirit_n of_o niter_n for_o not_o only_o its_o point_n be_v sound_o blunt_v in_o the_o ebullition_n but_o the_o spirit_n of_o wine_n be_v a_o sulphur_n unite_v and_o embody_v with_o those_o that_o remain_v so_o that_o they_o have_v no_o long_o any_o corrosive_a quality_n add_v to_o pag._n 182._o remark_n upon_o aqua_fw-la fortis_fw-la the_o mixture_n of_o vitriol_n and_o salt-peter_n have_v quick_o some_o smell_n of_o aqua_fw-la fortis_fw-la because_o vitriol_n contain_v a_o great_a deal_n of_o sulphur_n which_o easy_o insinuate_v into_o the_o volatile_a part_n of_o salt-peter_n and_o exalt_v some_o little_a of_o it_o which_o cause_v the_o smell_n it_o be_v this_o sulphur_n in_o vitriol_n which_o by_o volatilize_v the_o red_a spirit_n of_o niter_n make_v it_o come_v forth_o fast_o and_o with_o a_o less_o fire_n than_o when_o salt-peter_n be_v distil_v with_o clay_n add_v to_o pag._n 184._o remark_n upon_o the_o fixation_n of_o saltpetre_n into_o a_o alkali_n salt_n the_o crucible_n must_v be_v but_o half_a full_a of_o salt-peter_n because_o the_o detonation_n be_v so_o great_a that_o the_o matter_n will_v be_v drive_v out_o of_o the_o crucible_n if_o too_o much_o be_v put_v in_o when_o the_o crucible_n be_v not_o very_o strong_a it_o break_v in_o piece_n about_o the_o middle_n of_o the_o operation_n and_o some_o part_n of_o the_o matter_n be_v lose_v by_o it_o this_o detonation_n be_v more_o violent_a than_o that_o which_o be_v make_v with_o a_o mixture_n of_o salt-peter_n and_o common_a sulphur_n because_o the_o sulphur_n of_o coal_n be_v more_o rarify_v than_o common_a sulphur_n niter_n will_v never_o be_v able_a to_o flame_n when_o set_v over_o the_o fire_n alone_o in_o a_o crucible_n though_o you_o make_v your_o fire_n never_o so_o strong_a and_o coal_n though_o load_v with_o fuliginous_a or_o oily_a part_n do_v send_v forth_o but_o only_o a_o small_a blue_a flame_n but_o when_o these_o two_o body_n come_v to_o be_v mix_v together_o the_o volatile_a part_n of_o niter_n join_v with_o the_o coal_n which_o be_v oily_a do_v rarify_v and_o exalt_v the_o coal_n with_o such_o a_o violence_n that_o they_o produce_v a_o very_a great_a flame_n now_o this_o operation_n confirm_v my_o opinion_n that_o salt-peter_n do_v only_o serve_v here_o to_o rarify_v the_o flame_n of_o sulphur_n but_o can_v send_v forth_o the_o least_o flame_n of_o its_o self_n see_v that_o as_o soon_o as_o ever_o the_o coal_n you_o put_v into_o the_o crucible_n be_v burn_v the_o flame_n go_v out_o and_o appear_v no_o more_o until_o you_o throw_v in_o more_o coal_n with_o which_o a_o convenient_a proportion_n of_o the_o volatile_a part_n of_o salt-peter_n that_o still_o remain_v do_v join_v and_o rarify_v they_o into_o a_o flame_n thus_o new_a coal_n be_v successive_o throw_v into_o the_o crucible_n until_o it_o flame_n no_o long_o but_o towards_o the_o
end_n of_o the_o operation_n because_o there_o remain_v but_o few_o volatile_a part_n of_o niter_n the_o detonation_n be_v much_o the_o less_o and_o so_o be_v the_o flame_n until_o at_o last_o the_o coal_n find_v nothing_o more_o in_o salt-peter_n for_o it_o to_o raise_v do_v burn_v only_o just_a as_o they_o use_v to_o do_v all_o alone_a if_o you_o make_v use_v of_o common_a salt-peter_n for_o this_o operation_n you_o will_v have_v occasion_n to_o use_v but_o three_o ounce_n and_o a_o half_a of_o coal_n and_o you_o will_v get_v twelve_o ounce_n of_o purify_a salt_n but_o if_o you_o use_v fine_a salt-peter_n you_o must_v spend_v seven_o ounce_n of_o coal_n and_o will_v get_v but_o three_o ounce_n of_o purify_a salt_n this_o difference_n of_o weight_n proceed_v from_o the_o fine_a salt-peters_a contain_n more_o volatile_a part_n than_o the_o other_o likewise_o a_o great_a deal_n more_o coal_n be_v require_v to_o raise_v they_o and_o there_o remain_v the_o less_o fix_a salt_n for_o the_o same_o reason_n the_o fix_a niter_n be_v prepare_v as_o i_o have_v show_v it_o be_v a_o little_a grey_a colour_v now_o to_o make_v it_o white_a you_o must_v calcine_v it_o in_o a_o great_a fire_n stir_v it_o in_o the_o crucible_n all_o the_o while_n with_o a_o spatule_fw-la when_o it_o shall_v have_v continue_v red_a hot_a for_o above_o a_o hour_n it_o will_v become_v exceed_o white_a you_o must_v then_o dissolve_v it_o in_o water_n filter_n the_o dissolution_n and_o evaporate_v the_o water_n and_o thus_o you_o have_v a_o very_a pure_a and_o white_a salt_n this_o salt_n be_v a_o alkali_n be_v a_o mixture_n of_o the_o salt_n of_o coal_n which_o be_v a_o alkali_n and_o fix_v salt-peter_n these_o two_o salt_n be_v so_o strict_o unite_v and_o mix_v together_o in_o the_o calcination_n that_o they_o make_v a_o porous_a salt_n and_o such_o as_o be_v much_o like_a unto_o the_o fix_a salt_n of_o plant_n not_o that_o there_o be_v a_o alkali_n salt_n in_o salt-peter_n as_o chemist_n will_v have_v it_o for_o give_v what_o calcination_n or_o other_o preparation_n you_o please_v to_o this_o mineral_n salt_n without_o add_v any_o thing_n to_o it_o not_o the_o least_o alkali_n can_v be_v draw_v from_o it_o and_o all_o that_o ever_o we_o can_v see_v in_o it_o be_v acid._n it_o be_v further_a observable_a that_o the_o liquor_n of_o fix_a niter_n which_o have_v be_v make_v with_o common_a salt-peter_n be_v keep_v a_o year_n or_o a_o year_n and_o a_o half_a lose_v most_o of_o its_o activity_n as_o a_o alkali_n so_o that_o it_o be_v no_o long_o able_a to_o cause_v any_o such_o ebullition_n with_o acid_n as_o it_o can_v before_o it_o be_v so_o stale_a this_o accident_n can_v have_v no_o other_o cause_n than_o that_o the_o pore_n of_o salt_n contain_v in_o the_o liquor_n do_v close_o up_o by_o little_a and_o little_a and_o the_o acid_n salt_n of_o niter_n do_v absorbe_n and_o destroy_v the_o alkali_n which_o keep_v the_o pore_n open_a but_o the_o same_o thing_n do_v not_o happen_v where_o the_o liquor_n of_o fix_a niter_n be_v make_v with_o purify_a salt-peter_n because_o whereas_o a_o great_a deal_n of_o coal_n be_v use_v in_o the_o fix_v it_o and_o but_o little_a salt_n of_o niter_n remain_v in_o it_o the_o alkali_n must_v there_o predominate_v so_o powerful_o that_o the_o acid_n be_v not_o able_a to_o regain_v its_o strength_n this_o experiment_n seem_v plain_o to_o demonstrate_v that_o fix_v niter_n be_v only_o a_o acid_n salt_n render_v porous_a by_o the_o alkali_n of_o coal_n some_o chemist_n have_v think_v fit_a to_o call_v the_o liquor_n of_o fix_a niter_n alkahest_n that_o be_v a_o universal_a dissolvent_a think_v it_o be_v capable_a to_o draw_v out_o the_o sulphureous_a substance_n of_o all_o mix_a body_n add_v to_o pag._n 185._o chap._n 16._o of_o sal_fw-la ammoniac_a the_o artificial_a shall_fw-mi ammoniac_a be_v make_v at_o venice_n and_o divers_a other_o place_n with_o five_o part_n of_o urine_n one_o part_n of_o sea-salt_n and_o half_a a_o part_n of_o chimney_n soot_n these_o three_o be_v boil_v together_o and_o reduce_v into_o a_o mass_n which_o be_v put_v into_o sublime_a pot_n over_o a_o gradual_a fire_n it_o sublime_v into_o a_o salt_n in_o the_o form_n we_o common_o see_v sal_fw-la ammoniac_a now_o in_o this_o sublimation_n the_o volatile_a alkali_n salt_n of_o soot_n and_o urine_n do_v carry_v up_o as_o much_o sea-salt_n as_o they_o be_v able_a and_o do_v join_v so_o strict_o together_o with_o this_o acid_n salt_n that_o the_o mixture_n seem_v to_o be_v fix_v the_o reason_n of_o this_o close_a union_n be_v that_o sea-salt_n be_v in_o form_n of_o point_n do_v insinuate_v into_o the_o alkali_a salt_n and_o because_o it_o have_v not_o motion_n enough_o to_o separate_v the_o part_n of_o these_o salt_n it_o get_v within_o they_o and_o fill_v their_o pore_n add_v to_o pag._n 190._o the_o end_n of_o the_o remark_n upon_o aqua_fw-la regalis_fw-la it_o be_v object_v that_o if_o there_o be_v any_o heavy_a matter_n as_o it_o be_v intercept_v between_o the_o pore_n of_o gold_n it_o must_v needs_o precipitate_v of_o its_o self_n after_o the_o action_n of_o aqua_fw-la regalis_fw-la upon_o this_o metal_n which_o be_v a_o thing_n that_o do_v not_o happen_v i_o answer_v that_o if_o the_o part_n of_o gold_n be_v heavy_a the_o dissolvent_a be_v a_o gross_a body_n and_o very_o well_o proportion_v to_o hold_v up_o those_o heavy_a part_n and_o hinder_v they_o from_o precipitate_v other_o have_v oppose_v this_o explication_n and_o have_v write_v that_o if_o aqua_fw-la regalis_fw-la dissolve_v gold_n and_o can_v dissolve_v sylver_n the_o reason_n of_o it_o be_v that_o the_o gross_a point_n of_o spirit_n of_o niter_n or_o aqua_fw-la fortis_fw-la be_v subtilise_v by_o the_o mixture_n of_o shall_fw-mi ammoniac_a and_o be_v render_v fit_a to_o enter_v into_o the_o small_a pore_n of_o gold_n whereas_o the_o delicate_a fabric_n of_o these_o same_o point_n do_v not_o leave_v the_o necessary_a force_n nor_o motion_n to_o divide_v the_o part_n of_o sylver_n who_o pore_n be_v a_o great_a deal_n big_a but_o this_o way_n of_o argue_v do_v not_o agree_v with_o experience_n for_o what_o likelihood_n be_v there_o that_o the_o point_n of_o spirit_n of_o niter_n be_v so_o subtilise_v by_o the_o penetration_n and_o division_n of_o the_o part_n of_o shall_fw-mi ammoniac_a or_o where_o shall_v we_o find_v any_o example_n that_o after_o a_o considerable_a effervescency_n of_o two_o salt_n meet_v together_o in_o conflict_n the_o acidity_n grow_v sharp_a than_o it_o be_v before_o this_o be_v a_o thing_n that_o can_v never_o be_v prove_v on_o the_o contrary_a every_o body_n know_v well_o enough_o that_o no_o effervescency_n happen_v but_o the_o acid_n be_v partly_o blunt_v or_o break_v thereby_o moreover_o the_o argument_n suppose_v that_o spirit_n of_o niter_n do_v break_v its_o subtle_a point_n in_o violent_o contend_v with_o the_o shall_fw-mi ammoniac_a whereas_o in_o sal_fw-la armoniac_a there_o be_v alkali_n salt_v who_o property_n it_o be_v to_o destroy_v acid_n i_o can_v further_o add_v here_o that_o the_o conjunction_n of_o salt_n with_o spirit_n of_o niter_n shall_v of_o necessity_n render_v its_o point_n more_o gross_a than_o they_o be_v and_o that_o the_o crystal_n which_o be_v draw_v by_o the_o use_n of_o aqua_fw-la regalis_fw-la have_v their_o shape_n not_o so_o sharp_a as_o those_o that_o be_v draw_v by_o aqua_fw-la fortis_fw-la but_o that_o which_o i_o have_v say_v be_v so_o probable_a in_o its_o self_n and_o so_o easy_a to_o be_v convince_v of_o if_o one_o take_v never_o so_o little_a pain_n to_o consider_v it_o that_o i_o shall_v but_o amuse_v the_o reader_n to_o little_a purpose_n if_o i_o shall_v offer_v to_o give_v any_o more_o proof_n of_o it_o neither_o do_v i_o find_v it_o convenient_a to_o make_v a_o long_a discourse_n in_o explicate_v how_o sylver_n which_o have_v lesser_a pore_n be_v more_o susceptible_a of_o the_o impression_n of_o air_n and_o fire_n than_o gold_n which_o have_v large_a see_v i_o have_v already_o suppose_v that_o the_o matter_n intercept_v between_o the_o pore_n of_o gold_n be_v more_o compact_a and_o consequent_o more_o hard_a to_o separate_v than_o that_o of_o sylver_n add_v to_o pag._n 194._o remark_n upon_o another_o preparation_n of_o the_o volatile_a spirit_n of_o sal_fw-la ammoniac_a together_o with_o its_o flower_n and_o fix_v salt_n against_o fever_n you_o see_v by_o this_o operation_n that_o eight_o ounce_n of_o sal_fw-la armoniac_a do_v contain_v at_o least_o four_o ounce_n and_o a_o half_a of_o volatile_a salt_n the_o volatile_a spirit_n of_o sal_fw-la armoniac_a be_v only_o a_o dissolution_n of_o volatile_a salt_n in_o water_n and_o if_o there_o be_v not_o phlegm_n sufficient_a to_o dissolve_v all_o the_o volatile_a salt_n there_o remain_v some_o part_n of_o it_o
at_o bottom_n of_o the_o receiver_n and_o that_o may_v likewise_o be_v turn_v into_o spirit_n by_o only_o add_v enough_o water_n to_o dissolve_v it_o thus_o the_o spirit_n become_v as_o strong_a as_o it_o can_v be_v make_v for_o the_o pore_n of_o the_o water_n be_v fill_v with_o as_o much_o salt_n as_o they_o can_v contain_v it_o can_v receive_v no_o more_o but_o if_o there_o happen_v more_o water_n than_o the_o proportion_n of_o volatile_a salt_n require_v than_o the_o spirit_n prove_v weak_a and_o must_v be_v give_v in_o a_o large_a dose_n this_o spirit_n be_v sudorific_a but_o you_o may_v perceive_v more_o sensible_o the_o effect_n of_o sal_fw-la armoniac_a to_o cause_n sweat_n by_o dissolve_v six_o or_o eight_o grain_n of_o this_o salt_n and_o the_o same_o quantity_n of_o salt_n of_o tartar_n each_o separately_z in_o two_o small_a dose_n of_o some_o proper_a liquor_n and_o give_v they_o to_o a_o patient_a one_o present_o after_o the_o other_o for_o the_o salt_n of_o tartar_n work_v upon_o the_o shall_v armoniac_a in_o the_o stomach_n after_o the_o same_o manner_n as_o it_o do_v when_o they_o be_v mix_v together_o in_o a_o mortar_n the_o spirit_n do_v separate_v from_o the_o latter_a with_o more_o force_n and_o act_v more_o powerful_o than_o when_o they_o have_v be_v separate_v before_o they_o be_v give_v by_o a_o precede_a mixture_n for_o the_o small_a violence_n that_o the_o volatile_a spirit_n do_v use_v in_o their_o separation_n from_o sea-salt_n do_v leave_v they_o the_o more_o activity_n and_o dispose_v they_o the_o better_a to_o pass_v through_o the_o pore_n again_o it_o be_v not_o incredible_a that_o in_o the_o former_a effort_n which_o these_o spirit_n make_v in_o their_o separation_n from_o the_o fix_a part_n when_o sal_fw-la armoniac_a be_v mix_v with_o salt_n of_o tartar_n in_o a_o mortar_n the_o more_o subtle_a part_n fly_v away_o first_o and_o be_v lose_v now_o it_o be_v this_o subtle_a portion_n that_o be_v most_o proper_a to_o rarify_v the_o humour_n and_o to_o drive_v they_o out_o by_o transpiration_n if_o you_o mix_v in_o a_o viol_n equal_a quantity_n of_o volatile_a spirit_n of_o sal_fw-la armoniac_a and_o spirit_n of_o wine_n and_o shake_v they_o a_o little_a together_o they_o will_v cause_v a_o coagulum_fw-la this_o coagulation_n proceed_v from_o that_o the_o spirit_n of_o wine_n which_o be_v a_o rarify_v oil_n do_v unite_v with_o the_o spirit_n of_o sal_fw-la armoniac_a which_o be_v a_o salt_n liquor_n and_o it_o be_v but_o the_o same_o thing_n as_o happen_v from_o stir_v oil_n and_o some_o salt_n liquor_n in_o a_o mortar_n in_o order_n to_o make_v a_o unguent_n call_v nutritum_fw-la by_o this_o incorporation_n together_o the_o salt_n be_v shut_v up_o in_o the_o ramous_a part_n of_o the_o sulphur_n and_o these_o same_o sulphureous_a part_n be_v check_v or_o as_o it_o be_v fix_v by_o the_o salt_n so_o that_o neither_o of_o they_o have_v any_o more_o freedom_n of_o motion_n and_o from_o this_o repose_n of_o these_o part_n result_v the_o coagulum_fw-la add_v to_o pag._n 197._o chap._n of_o vitriol_n if_o you_o dissolve_v a_o little_a white_a or_o green_a vitriol_n in_o water_n and_o write_v with_o the_o dissolution_n the_o writing_n will_v not_o be_v see_v but_o if_o you_o rub_v the_o paper_n with_o a_o little_a cotton_n dip_v in_o the_o decoction_n of_o gall_n it_o will_v appear_v legible_a then_o if_o you_o wet_v a_o little_a more_o cotton_n in_o spirit_n of_o vitriol_n and_o pass_v it_o gentle_o over_o the_o paper_n the_o ink_n will_v disappear_v again_o and_o yet_o at_o last_o if_o you_o rub_v the_o place_n with_o a_o little_a more_o cotton_n dip_v in_o oil_n of_o tartar_n make_v per_fw-la deliquium_fw-la it_o will_v again_o appear_v legible_a but_o of_o a_o yellowish_a colour_n the_o reason_n that_o i_o can_v give_v for_o these_o effect_n be_v this_o the_o spirit_n of_o vitriol_n dissolve_v a_o certain_a coagulum_fw-la which_o be_v make_v of_o vitriol_n and_o gall_n but_o the_o oil_n of_o tartar_n break_v the_o force_n of_o this_o acid_n spirit_n the_o coagulum_fw-la resume_v itself_o and_o appear_v again_o but_o because_o it_o now_o contain_v oil_n of_o tartar_n too_o it_o acquire_v a_o new_a colour_n if_o you_o shall_v throw_v the_o dissolution_n of_o vitriol_n or_o vitriol_n only_o powder_v into_o a_o strong_a decoction_n of_o dry_a rose_n it_o will_v turn_v as_o black_a as_o common_a ink_n if_o you_o pour_v some_o drop_n of_o spirit_n of_o vitriol_n into_o it_o this_o ink_n will_v turn_v red_a and_o if_o you_o add_v to_o it_o a_o little_a volatile_a spirit_n of_o sal_fw-la ammoniac_a it_o will_v turn_v grey_a these_o change_n of_o colour_n do_v proceed_v from_o the_o spirit_n of_o vitriol_n dissolve_v the_o coagulum_fw-la which_o the_o vitriol_n itself_o have_v make_v and_o render_v it_o invisible_a the_o liquor_n recover_v a_o fresh_a red_a colour_n than_o it_o have_v before_o the_o vitriol_n be_v put_v into_o it_o because_o the_o same_o spirit_n do_v separate_v the_o part_n of_o the_o rose_n which_o be_v dissolve_v in_o the_o liquor_n and_o render_v they_o more_o visible_a the_o volatile_a spirit_n of_o sal_fw-la ammoniac_a which_o be_v a_o alkali_n do_v partly_o break_v the_o acid_n edge_n of_o the_o spirit_n of_o vitriol_n so_o that_o the_o part_n of_o the_o rose_n have_v nothing_o more_o to_o hold_v they_o rarefy_v do_v close_o together_o and_o consequent_o the_o liquor_n change_v colour_n by_o this_o experiment_n may_v be_v see_v that_o the_o dry_a rose_n may_v serve_v to_o make_v ink_n with_o as_o well_o as_o gall_n indian_a wood_n and_o divers_a other_o thing_n will_v do_v the_o same_o add_v to_o pag._n 199._o the_o end_n of_o the_o remark_n upon_o galcination_n of_o vitriol_n if_o one_o shall_v resolve_v to_o dry_a as_o exact_o as_o one_o can_v sixteen_o pound_n of_o green_a vitriol_n there_o will_v remain_v but_o seven_o pound_n of_o white_a vitriol_n but_o in_o order_n to_o do_v this_o exact_o you_o must_v powder_v the_o white_a mass_n of_o calcine_v vitriol_n after_o you_o have_v break_v the_o pot_n and_o stir_v it_o for_o a_o long_a time_n in_o a_o earthen_a pan_n over_o a_o little_a fire_n until_o there_o rise_v no_o more_o fume_v from_o it_o or_o until_o there_o remain_v in_o it_o no_o more_o phlegm_n if_o you_o shall_v calcine_v this_o white_a vitriol_n to_o a_o redness_n you_o will_v have_v five_o pound_n and_o a_o half_a of_o cholcothar_n some_o have_v affirm_v in_o writing_n that_o the_o red_a colour_n which_o appear_v after_o a_o long_a calcination_n of_o english_a vitriol_n be_v a_o undoubted_a proof_n that_o that_o there_o be_v copper_n in_o it_o after_o the_o same_o manner_n as_o the_o red_a colour_n which_o happen_v to_o verdigrease_n calcine_v be_v a_o certain_a proof_n that_o it_o contain_v in_o it_o some_o particle_n of_o copper_n but_o that_o which_o be_v here_o say_v to_o pass_v for_o a_o thing_n undeniable_a be_v no_o proof_n at_o all_o for_o first_o of_o all_o those_o vitriol_n which_o be_v think_v most_o to_o partake_v of_o copper_n do_v give_v no_o great_a redness_n in_o their_o calcination_n that_o the_o other_o which_o partake_v least_o of_o it_o second_o let_v copper_n be_v prepare_v which_o way_n you_o please_v you_o can_v never_o make_v it_o red_a than_o the_o cholcothar_n of_o english_a vitriol_n who_o redness_n must_v be_v think_v to_o proceed_v from_o some_o particle_n of_o this_o metal_n contain_v in_o it_o and_o three_o we_o see_v plain_o that_o iron_n lead_v mercury_n and_o divers_a mineral_n body_n do_v acquire_v a_o red_a colour_n in_o their_o calcine_v without_o grant_v they_o contain_v any_o copper_n add_v to_o pag._n 201._o the_o bottom_n of_o the_o page_n remark_n upon_o spirit_n of_o vitriol_n if_o you_o distil_v eight_o pound_n of_o white_a vitriol_n at_o sixteen_o ounce_n to_o the_o pound_n you_o will_v draw_v off_o seventeen_o ounce_n of_o phlegm_n and_o two_o and_o twenty_o ounce_n and_o a_o half_a both_o of_o the_o sulphureous_a and_o the_o acid_n spirit_n of_o vitriol_n of_o these_o two_o and_o twenty_o ounce_n and_o a_o half_a there_o will_v be_v five_o ounce_n of_o sulphureous_a spirit_n you_o will_v find_v in_o the_o retort_n five_o pound_n five_o ounce_n of_o cholcothar_n use_v all_o the_o care_n you_o can_v possible_a to_o preserve_v all_o the_o liquor_n which_o come_v from_o vitriol_n and_o yet_o it_o will_v be_v impossible_a for_o you_o to_o hinder_v it_o from_o lose_v some_o through_o the_o juncture_n during_o the_o distillation_n if_o you_o shall_v use_v german_a instead_o of_o english_a vitriol_n you_o will_v draw_v off_o a_o little_a more_o spirit_n than_o the_o quantity_n i_o name_v but_o it_o will_v have_v some_o smell_n of_o aqua_fw-la fortis_fw-la and_o the_o matter_n which_o remain_v in_o the_o retort_n will_v be_v of_o a_o brown_a colour_n draw_v towards_o
take_v the_o pain_n to_o make_v the_o experiment_n of_o it_o they_o will_v have_v find_v that_o with_o two_o or_o three_o of_o these_o vessel_n they_o may_v have_v draw_v as_o much_o spirit_n of_o wine_n as_o they_o can_v be_v able_a to_o do_v with_o their_o great_a machine_n and_o that_o this_o spirit_n be_v not_o liable_a to_o the_o impression_n which_o may_v be_v communicate_v to_o it_o from_o copper_n or_o tin_n vessel_n as_o for_o the_o difficulty_n that_o there_o be_v pretend_v of_o find_v these_o glass_n vessel_n there_o be_v none_o at_o all_o that_o i_o know_v of_o but_o only_o for_o such_o as_o will_v not_o take_v the_o pain_n to_o visit_v the_o glass-house_n for_o there_o they_o will_v find_v enough_o for_o their_o turn_n and_o though_o i_o use_v a_o great_a many_o of_o they_o in_o my_o course_n of_o chemistry_n i_o never_o be_v to_o seek_v for_o any_o yet_o but_o suppose_v there_o be_v none_o to_o be_v find_v ready_o make_v methinks_v they_o may_v as_o easy_o bespeak_v they_o and_o have_v they_o make_v at_o the_o glass-house_n as_o well_o as_o bespeak_v those_o grand_a copper_n or_o tin_n machine_n that_o be_v common_o use_v i_o know_v those_o that_o be_v better_o please_v with_o make_v a_o fair_a show_n than_o with_o the_o effect_n of_o thing_n and_o who_o measure_n the_o goodness_n of_o a_o operation_n by_o the_o trouble_n it_o give_v one_o and_o by_o the_o greatness_n of_o vessel_n and_o furnace_n will_v find_v here_o but_o little_a to_o their_o satisfaction_n but_o i_o be_o very_o little_o concern_v at_o such_o man_n exception_n i_o never_o at_o all_o endeavour_v to_o follow_v their_o road_n way_n my_o design_n be_v simple_o to_o facilitate_v the_o mean_n of_o work_v in_o chemistry_n and_o to_o despoil_v it_o as_o much_o as_o lie_v in_o my_o power_n of_o those_o thing_n which_o render_v it_o mysterious_a and_o dark_a add_v to_o pag._n 258._o remark_n upon_o spirit_n of_o wine_n tartarize_v a_o sign_n that_o the_o spirit_n of_o wine_n have_v carry_v along_o with_o it_o some_o of_o the_o salt_n of_o tartar_n be_v this_o if_o you_o dry_v gentle_o the_o salt_n of_o tartar_n that_o remain_v in_o the_o cucurbite_n and_o weigh_v it_o you_o will_v find_v it_o diminish_v a_o ounce_n and_o a_o half_a you_o may_v again_o put_v this_o spirit_n of_o wine_n tartarize_v to_o half_a a_o pound_n of_o more_o salt_n of_o tartar_n in_o a_o limbeck_n and_o distil_v it_o as_o before_o but_o i_o have_v find_v that_o it_o be_v never_o a-whit_n the_o better_a for_o it_o this_o way_n of_o tartarize_v spirit_n of_o wine_n be_v the_o very_o best_a and_o short_a of_o all_o that_o have_v be_v invent_v whether_o you_o desire_v to_o make_v it_o pure_a or_o to_o impregnate_n it_o with_o salt_n of_o tartar_n and_o i_o may_v venture_v to_o say_v that_o all_o the_o many_o long_a and_o tedious_a description_n that_o have_v be_v give_v of_o this_o operation_n have_v be_v only_o invent_v to_o cast_v a_o dust_n into_o the_o eye_n of_o novice_n for_o it_o be_v easy_a for_o any_o to_o observe_v who_o give_v themselves_o a_o little_a to_o examine_v thing_n that_o after_o all_o their_o long_a turn_n and_o wind_n and_o circumstance_n to_o no_o purpose_n the_o spirit_n of_o wine_n be_v not_o so_o well_o tartarize_v as_o by_o the_o plain_a method_n that_o i_o have_v describe_v add_v to_o pag._n 259._o remark_n on_o the_o queen_n of_o hungary_n water_n the_o oil_n or_o essence_n of_o rosemary_n may_v be_v make_v as_o the_o oil_n of_o cinnamon_n and_o some_o drop_n may_v be_v put_v into_o spirit_n of_o wine_n and_o thus_o we_o have_v a_o queen_n of_o hungary_n water_v present_o make_v upon_o the_o spot_n the_o water_n of_o the_o queen_n of_o hungary_n sometime_o give_v ease_n to_o the_o toothache_n be_v snuff_v at_o the_o nose_n or_o apply_v to_o the_o gum_n with_o a_o little_a cotton_n some_o endeavour_v to_o criticise_v to_o little_a purpose_n do_v say_v it_o be_v altogether_o useless_a to_o digest_v rosemary_n flower_n with_o spirit_n of_o wine_n because_o their_o substance_n be_v of_o a_o very_a volatile_a nature_n it_o easy_o dissolve_v without_o any_o digestion_n but_o this_o circumstance_n be_v very_o necessary_a if_o we_o desire_v to_o have_v a_o water_n well_o impregnate_v with_o the_o essence_n of_o the_o flower_n for_o although_o there_o be_v a_o volatile_a substance_n in_o rosemary_n yet_o good_a part_n of_o the_o oil_n in_o which_o consist_v principal_o the_o smell_n be_v involve_v in_o the_o other_o principle_n and_o it_o can_v be_v well_o rarify_v mix_v and_o exalt_v but_o only_o by_o a_o digestion_n and_o thus_o we_o find_v a_o very_a good_a effect_n from_o it_o add_v to_o pag._n 260._o last_o line_n chap._n of_o vinegar_n perhaps_o it_o will_v be_v object_v that_o wine_n separate_v from_o tartar_n and_o lees_n grow_v sour_a when_o keep_v a_o long_a time_n in_o a_o vessel_n without_o any_o dissolution_n of_o tartar_n but_o we_o must_v consider_v that_o wine_n let_v it_o be_v as_o clear_a and_o pure_a as_o may_v be_v do_v always_o retain_v the_o more_o salt_n and_o subtle_a part_n of_o tartar_n which_o exalt_v and_o easy_o smell_v when_o by_o the_o fermentation_n it_o get_v the_o predominancy_n of_o the_o sulphureous_a spirit_n which_o hold_v it_o as_o it_o be_v involve_v and_o thus_o clear_a wine_n sour_v when_o alone_o but_o it_o do_v not_o sour_a so_o fast_o and_o the_o vinegar_n be_v not_o so_o strong_a as_o when_o it_o be_v make_v upon_o tartar_n furthermore_o if_o we_o consider_v the_o principle_n that_o wine_n consist_v of_o we_o shall_v find_v that_o neither_o the_o oil_n nor_o earth_n nor_o water_n be_v capable_a of_o yield_v any_o acidity_n and_o that_o nothing_o but_o the_o salt_n be_v able_a to_o give_v it_o now_o it_o can_v be_v doubt_v but_o that_o the_o salt_n of_o wine_n be_v in_o the_o tartar_n it_o may_v be_v add_v here_o that_o the_o air_n to_o which_o wine_n be_v expose_v by_o leave_v the_o vessel_n open_a when_o they_o will_v have_v they_o turn_v into_o vinegar_n do_v likewise_o communicate_v a_o little_a of_o its_o acidity_n to_o the_o wine_n in_o the_o stir_n up_o and_o rarify_n the_o acid_n of_o tartar_n add_v to_o pag._n 262._o remark_n on_o distillation_n of_o vinegar_n some_o have_v dry_v and_o calcine_v the_o sweet_a extract_n that_o remain_v at_o the_o bottom_n of_o the_o cucurbite_n after_o the_o distillation_n of_o vinegar_n and_o have_v by_o dissolution_n filtration_n and_o coagulation_n separate_v a_o alkali_n fix_v salt_n much_o like_a unto_o that_o which_o be_v draw_v from_o tartar_n they_o do_v mix_v it_o with_o spirit_n of_o vinegar_n and_o distil_v and_o cohobate_v it_o divers_a time_n until_o say_v they_o the_o spirit_n have_v carry_v off_o all_o the_o salt_n and_o then_o will_v needs_o have_v it_o call_v spirit_n of_o vinegar_n alkalize_v or_o radical_a spirit_n of_o vinegar_n and_o they_o assert_v that_o this_o be_v much_o more_o pure_a and_o entire_o unite_v with_o its_o proper_a salt_n be_v much_o more_o powerful_a in_o dissolve_v metal_n but_o far_o from_o the_o distil_v vinegars_n become_a the_o strong_a through_o this_o preparation_n i_o can_v demonstrate_v that_o it_o break_v and_o lose_v the_o great_a part_n of_o its_o point_n in_o contend_v with_o the_o alkali_n salt_n with_o which_o it_o be_v mix_v for_o it_o be_v the_o property_n of_o this_o salt_n to_o sween_v acid_n neither_o be_v it_o necessary_a to_o believe_v that_o by_o distillation_n be_v draw_v the_o alkali_a salt_n of_o vinegar_n for_o it_o remain_v fix_v at_o bottom_n of_o the_o retort_n with_o the_o acid_v it_o be_v impregnate_v with_o so_o that_o this_o same_o spirit_n of_o vinegar_n to_o which_o so_o many_o great_a name_n and_o use_n have_v be_v appropriate_v be_v proper_o the_o more_o phlegmatic_a part_n of_o distil_a vinegar_n add_v to_o pag._n 264._o remark_n on_o crystal_n of_o tartar_n i_o see_v no_o reason_n so_o much_o to_o wonder_v as_o some_o do_v why_o tartar_n will_v not_o dissolve_v in_o cold_a water_n for_o although_o it_o do_v contain_v a_o great_a deal_n of_o salt_n this_o salt_n be_v involve_v in_o earth_n and_o oil_n which_o must_v needs_o hinder_v this_o dissolution_n and_o there_o be_v no_o need_n of_o have_v recourse_n for_o a_o explication_n of_o this_o to_o a_o proportionate_a union_n of_o volatile_a salt_n and_o acid_n add_v to_o pag._n 264._o soluble_a tartar_n powder_n and_o mix_v together_o eight_o ounce_n of_o crystal_n of_o tartar_n and_o four_o ounce_n of_o the_o fix_a salt_n of_o tartar_n put_v this_o mixture_n into_o a_o glaze_v earthen_a pot_n and_o pour_v upon_o it_o three_o pint_n of_o common_a water_n boil_v the_o matter_n gentle_o for_o half_a a_o hour_n then_o let_v it_o cool_a filter_n and_o evaporate_v the_o liquor_n until_o it_o be_v dry_a and_o
wonderful_a effect_n now_o although_o i_o have_v assert_v that_o gold_n take_v alone_o do_v not_o receive_v any_o change_n as_o for_o health_n yet_o i_o value_v very_o much_o several_a preparation_n of_o gold_n make_v with_o spirit_n for_o it_o be_v these_o spirit_n that_o give_v certain_a determination_n to_o gold_n according_a to_o their_o nature_n and_o make_v it_o operate_v as_o it_o do_v when_o i_o speak_v of_o aurum_fw-la fulminans_fw-la i_o shall_v give_v a_o instance_n of_o what_o i_o now_o say_v add_v to_o pag._n 29._o the_o last_o line_n of_o the_o remark_n upon_o aurum_fw-la fulminans_fw-la we_o need_v not_o fear_v lest_o aurum_fw-la fulminans_fw-la take_v inward_o and_o heat_v by_o the_o stomach_n shall_v cause_v such_o a_o detonation_n there_o as_o it_o do_v when_o set_v over_o the_o fire_n in_o a_o spoon_n for_o so_o much_o the_o more_o moisture_n as_o come_v to_o it_o so_o much_o the_o less_o noise_n do_v it_o make_v now_o it_o can_v be_v question_v but_o there_o be_v liquidity_n enough_o in_o the_o stomach_n beside_o the_o liquid_a