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A68202 The first and second volumes of Chronicles. [vol. 3 (i.e. The Third Volume of Chronicles)] comprising 1 The description and historie of England, 2 The description and historie of Ireland, 3 The description and historie of Scotland: first collected and published by Raphaell Holinshed, William Harrison, and others: now newlie augmented and continued (with manifold matters of singular note and worthie memorie) to the yeare 1586. by Iohn Hooker aliàs Vowell Gent and others. With conuenient tables at the end of these volumes.; Chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande. vol. 3 Holinshed, Raphael, d. 1580?; Stanyhurst, Richard, 1547-1618.; Fleming, Abraham, 1552?-1607.; Stow, John, 1525?-1605.; Thynne, Francis, 1545?-1608.; Hooker, John, 1526?-1601.; Harrison, William, 1534-1593.; Boece, Hector, 1465?-1536.; Giraldus, Cambrensis, 1146?-1223? 1587 (1587) STC 13569_pt3; ESTC S122178 4,305,113 1,536

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these parts of christendome And therefore willed him to stirre the people and worke the meanes to make some faction to giue them landing interteinment at their comming speciallie to preserue the Scotish Q. in that confusion line 50 letting the catholiks vnderstand that in case they did not assist the inuaders they would then enter as conquerors put no difference betwixt man man With this dispatch Ballard by the speciall direction of Morgan a notorious traitor to this state yea a professed sworne seruant vnto the Scotish quéene repaired to Anthonie Babington a gentleman to whom the said Scotish Q. vpon the commendation of Morgan the bishop of Glascow had long before line 60 written letters of gratulation with whom she had secret intelligence by sending of letters other messages the space almost of two yeares before To this gentleman Ballard discouered at large the whole purpose of Mendoza Paget Morgan and said as he had in charge that if happilie a strong partie could be made here to assist the inuasion and aduance the Scotish queene men munition monie and vittels should be abundantlie supplied from beyond the seas and therefore persuaded Babington to sound the whole realme and to vndertake the action Babington at the first proposed manie difficulties but principallie this that the inuaders or their assistants could haue no hope the state being so well setled to preuaile during hir maiesties life Wherevpon Ballard presentlie replied that hir life could be no hinderance therein For vpon like doubts mooued beyond the seas by meanes alreadie laid Iohn Sauage a conspirator conuicted hereof by his owne confession through the persuasion and procurement principallie of one William Gifford an English fugitiue and reader of diuinitie in the English seminarie at Rheims had vowed and sworne to kill hir maiestie as a thing resolued vpon to be lawfull honorable and meritorious This difficultie being thus remooued and Ballard from daie to daie continuing his persuasions and highlie commending the murthering of hir maiestie as a deed of great honor singular merit and easie to effectuat Babington vndertooke the managing of the whole action and hauing first with his complices entred into manie seuerall propositions of sundrie treasonable natures as to surprise hir maiesties person by force to kill the lord treasuror the earle of Leicester and sir Francis Walsingham to remooue hir councellors and to place new to murther the nobilitie whilest they were set in administring iustice to sacke the citie of London to fire the nauie of the realme to surprise some forces and hauens to furnish the paie of their forces by an vniuersall spoile and robbing of the richer sort hauing I saie first entred into these and such like propositions in fine he with Ballard and others resolued vpon these thrée principall points first that the inuaders should be assisted by a prepared readinesse in the people to rebell in diuerse places and to ioine with them vpon their first landing that hir maiestie should be murthered by six gentlemen of resolution and lastlie that the Scotish quéene should be aduanced to the crowne of England For the better performance of these resolutions Ballard and Babington sounded diuerse and dealt with manie and so farre Babington proceeded in short time that a choise was made by him of the six that should execute the attempt against hir maiesties person that some others were especiallie assigned by him to attend and assist the inuasion with direction from Babington to be popular vnto their vttermost and that himselfe resolued vpon the first assurance either of hir maiesties death or of the strangers arriuall to proclame the quéene of Scots queene of England Things standing in these terms and Babington deferring onelie the execution of this plot vntill signification therof were giuen to the Scotish queene and hir good pleasure knowne therein God so ordeining it the Scotish quéene in Iune last wrote vnto Babington a short letter in cipher signifieng hir discontent for the breach of their intelligence and requiring him to send by that bearer a packet receiued for hir in Aprill before and vntill that time reteined by Babington as wanting good meanes of conueieng and therefore fearing the danger of that seruice Wherevpon Babington vsing that opportunitie both deliuered hir packet vnto that messenger and by him wrote vnto hir touching euerie particular of this plot aboue mentioned and how farre he had procéeded therein signifieng amongst manie other things how desirous he was to doo hir some seruice how well it might be performed if assurance were giuen from beyond the seas for that which was vndertaken thense and how necessarie it were that rewards were promised vnto the chéefe actors for their better incoragement and to be giuen to their posterities in case they miscaried in the execution And therefore he required that she would grant authoritie to some such as it might like hir to giue certeine offices and dignities necessarie for this action Unto this letter Babington about twentie daies after in the same cipher by which he did write before receiued answer from the Scotish quéene with which she also sent inclosed as hir secretarie now confesseth a new alphabet in cipher to be vsed betwéene them from that time forward And in this hir letter she not onelie declared hir good opinion of Babington gaue him due thanks for his readinesse to doo hir seruice promised correspondencie in all that she might and willed line 10 that the resolution being taken he should with all spéed impart it to Barnardino de Mendoza considering first what forces on foot or horssebacke he could make what place for their assemblie what leaders in euerie shire what generall or chéefe leaders but also amongst infinit other traitorous directions apparant by the verie letters she aduised that vpon returne of answer from Mendoza with assurance that all things were in a readinesse then and not before it should be conuenient to sound the line 20 countrie And to colour the prouision and preparation it should be giuen out that what they did was not vpon anie euill or disloiall disposition towards hir maiestie but for the iust defense of catholikes their bodies liues lands against the violence of the Puritans the principall wherof being in the low countries with the chéefe forces of the realme purposed at his returne to ruine not onelie the whole catholikes but also meant to depriue hir maiestie of the crowne And that they should giue it out that line 30 therefore the preparation was for the defense of hir maiestie and hir lawfull successors not naming the Scotish quéene vnder which pretense an association also might be made amongest the catholikes Which being doone and all things in readinesse both within and without the realme it should be then time for the six gentlemen to worke taking order that because the time would be somewhat vncerteine of the exploit vpon hir maiesties person there should be continuallie some men
other things mo to the great hinderance of manie a man Also in Walder●wicke Dunwich and Bla●brooke was great losse of boord planke timber and salt A great part of the bridge by Magdalene college was borne cleane awaie and manie trées were line 60 turned vp by the root The thrée and twentith of Ianuarie the quéenes maiestie accompanied with hir nobilitie came from hir house at the Stran● called Summerset place and entered the citie of London by Temple bar Fléetstreet Cheape and so by the north side of the Bursse to sir Thomas Greshams in Bishops gate stréet where she dined After dinner hir grace returning through Cornehill entred the Bursse on the southside and after hir highnesse had viewed euerie part thereof aboue ground especiallie the Pawne which was richlie furnished with all sorts of the ●●nest wares in the citie she caused the same Bursse by an herald and a trumpet to be proclamed the Roiall exchange so to be called from thensefoorth and not otherwise The seuenteenth of Februarie at a place called Kinnaston néere Marlech hill in the countie of Hereford was séene the ground to open and certeine rockes with a péece of ground remooued and went forward the space of foure daies making at the first a terrible noise as it went on the earth It remooued it selfe betwéene six of the clocke in the euening seuen the next morrow fortie pases carrieng great trees and shéepecotes some sheepecotes with threescore sheepe in them some trées fell into the chinkes other that grew on the same ground grow now as firmelie on a hill and some that stood east stand west and those that stood west stand east The depth of the hole where it first brake out is thirtie foot the breadth of the breach is eight score yards and in length aboue twentie score yards It ouerthrew Kinnaston chapell Also two high waies be remooued nigh one hundred yards with the trées of the hedgerowes The ground in all is six and twentie acres and where tillage ground was there is pasture left in place and where was pasture there is tillage ground gone vpon it The ground as it remooued draue the earth before it at the lower part ouerwhelmed the ground so that it is growen to a great hill of twelue fadams high It remooued from saturdaie till mondaie at night following and so staied Moreouer this yeare about Candelmas sir Thomas Sackuille baron of Buckhurst was sent in ambassage from the quéenes maiestie to Charles the ninth French king as well to congratulate for his marriage with the daughter of the emperour Maximilian as for other weightie affaires And as his ambassage was great so was his charge no lesse in furnishing himselfe and traine accordinglie being both in number and furniture such in euerie point as did apperteine and his receiuing and interteinement in France by the king and others was agréeable thereto for he was receiued vpon the coast by the gouernours of the fortified townes right honorablie by order from the king Among other the baron of Bournoisell was one who being verie well mounted and appointed left not his lordship before he came to the court and from thense accompanied him backe vntill his imbarkement homewards In the maine countries he was accompanied with the gouernours and nobles of the places about And in the good townes where he passed he was presented by the chiefe magistrates wherein their good wils were to be thankefullie accepted though his lordships rewards far ouervalued their presents At his approch néere to Paris he was incountred on the waie for courtesie sake by two marquesses of Trans and Saluces this being of the house of Sauoie and the other of the worthie familie of Fo●x These wanted not such as accompanied them and the same euen of the best sort At the lord ambassadors first audience which was at the castell of Madrill otherwise called Bullogne néere Paris where the king then laie the quéenes Almane coches verie brauelie furnished were sent to Paris for him in one of the which his lordship with the marquesse of Trans rode towards the court verie narrowlie escaping from a shrewd turne and great mischance by reason the same co●h was ouerthrowen by the Dutch wagoners their negligence who in a brauerie gallopping the field made an ouer short 〈◊〉 wherewith the 〈◊〉 was sore bru●ed The lord ambassador at his arriuall at the place was right honorablie receiued he was banketted by diuerse and that verie sumptuouslie which by him was not left vnrequ●ted to the vttermost and rather with the better For his liberalitie vnto the French was verie large but his reward at the kings hands was onelie a chaine waieng a thousand French crownes At that present there was a great dearth scarsitie of vittels in France The riuer of Saine that runneth through Paris was not passable with vessels by reason of the great frosts and thereby not onelie all kind of vittels but also haie and wood hard to come by and not to be had but at excessiue prices the countrie thereabouts hauing before béene sore harried and spoiled by the ciuill tumults By reason line 10 whereof not onlie the lord of Buckhurst for the space he remained there but also sir Henrie Norrice now lord Norrice and maister Francis Walsingham hir maiesties ambassadors ligiers successiuelie were driuen to an increase in expenses paieng for euerie thing they bought an higher price than ordinarilie had béene accustomed After that the lord Buckhurst had béene feasted and banketted by the king and other of the French nobilitie and had accomplished the points of his ambassage line 20 he tooke leaue of the king departed homewards arriuing here in England a little before Easter The second of Aprill a parlement began at Westminster year 1571 wherein was granted to the quéenes maiestie toward hir great charges in repressing the late rebellion in the north and pursuing the said rebels and their fautors which were fled into Scotland by the cleargie a subsidie of six shillings in the pound and by the temporaltie two fiftéens with a subsidie of two shillings and eight pence in the line 30 pound The first the second and third of Maie was holden at Westminster before the quéenes maiestie a solemne iust at the tilt tourneie and barriers The chalengers were Edward earle of Oxford Charles Howard sir Henrie Lée and Christopher Hatton esquier who all did verie valiantlie but the chiefe honour was giuen to the earle of Oxford The first of Iune Iohn Storie a doctor of the canon law who before had beene condemned of high treason was drawen from the tower of London to Tiborne line 40 and there hanged bowelled and quartered his head was set on London bridge and his quarters on the gates of the citie Of this monster disguised in the likenesse of a man it is verie materiall to record what maister Fox hath noted in his historie ¶
deliuered in the Star-chamber and after published in a booke intituled A true and summarie report of the declaration of some part of the earle of Northumberlands treasons deliuered publikelie in the court at the Starchamber by the lord Chancellor and others of hir maiesties most honorable priuie councell councell learned by hir maiesties speciall commandement togither with the examinations depositions of sundrie persons touching the maner of his most wicked and violent murther committed vpon himselfe with his owne hand in the Tower of London the 20 daie of Iune 1585. MAlice among other essentiall properties perteining to hir ouglie nature hath this one not inferior to the rest and the woorst incredulitie wherewith the commonlie possesseth the minds and affections of all those that are infected with hir so blinding the eies iudgement of the best and clearest sighted that they cannot see or perceiue the bright beames of the truth although the same be deliuered with neuer so great puritie proofe circumstance and probabilitie It is said that no truth passeth abroad vnaccompanied with hir contrarie and as they go truth is euer constreined to yeeld the precedence and preheminence to hir yokefellow falshood whose lodging is alwaies first made and prepared without a harbenger in the corrupt nature of mankind by whome she is first receiued interteined and harbored at all times wherof in our dailie experience there happen manie and dangerous demonstrations especiallie in matters of the highest moment tending to excuse or accuse the actions of the greatest personages There was of late deliuered in publike by persons of honour credit and reputation a large declaration of certeine treasons practised by the late earle of Northumberland of the maner of his vntimelie death being with his owne hand murthered in the Tower and of the causes that wrought him therevnto The particularities whereof are such and so manie as for the helpe of my memorie comming then to the Starchamber by occasion and not looking for anie such presence of the nobilitie and priuie councell as I found there at that time and not looking for anie such cause of that nature to haue béene handled there that daie I tooke notes of the seuerall matters declared by the lord chancellor maister attourneie and solicitor generall the lord chiefe baron and maister vicechamberlaine for as I remember they spake in order as they are here marshalled and therefore I place them in this sort and not according to their precedence in dignitie Upon the hearing of the treasons with their proofs and circumstances and the desperat maner of the earles destruction deliuered in that place and by persons of that qualitie I supposed no man to line 10 haue beene so void of iudgement or the vse of common reason that would haue doubted of anie one point or particle thereof vntill it was my chance falling in companie with diuerse persons at sundrie times as well about the citie of London as abroad to heare manie men report variablie and corruptlie of the maner and matter of this publike declaration possessing the minds and opinions of the people with manifest vntruths as that the earle had béene vniustlie deteined in prison without proofe or line 20 iust cause of suspicion of treason and that he had beene murthered by deuise and practise of some great enimies and not destroied by himselfe These slanderous reports haue ministred vnto me this occasion to set forth vnto thy view and consideration gentle reader this short collection of the said treasons and murther as neere vnto the truth as my notes taken may lead and permit me with the view of some of the examinations them selues concerning this cause for my better satisfaction since obteined Which I line 30 haue vndertaken for two respects the one to conuince the false and malicious impressions and constructions receiued and made of these actions by such as are in heart enimies to the happie estate of hir maiesties present gouernement the other because it may be thought necessarie for the preuenting of a further contagion like to grow by this créeping infection in the minds of such as are apt though otherwise indifferent in these and the like rumors to receiue the bad as the good and they the most in number Wherein if I haue séemed more bold than line 40 wise or intermedled my selfe in matters aboue my reach and not apperteining vnto me I craue pardon where it is to be asked and commit my selfe to thy friendlie interpretation to be made of my simple trauell and dutifull meaning herein Upon the three and twentith daie of Iune last assembled in the court of Starchamber sir Thomas Bromleie knight lord chancellor of England William lord Burleigh lord treasuror of England line 50 George earle of Shrewsburie lord marshall of England Henrie earle of Derbie Robert earle of Leicester Charles lord Howard of Effingham lord chamberlaine Henrie lord Hunsdon lord gouernor of Berwike sir Francis Knollis knight treasuror sir Iames Croft knight comptrollor of hir maiesties houshold sir Christopher Hatton knight vice-chamberlaine to the quéenes maiestie the lord chiefe iustice of hir maiesties bench the maister of the rolles and the lord chiefe baron of the excheker line 60 and others The audience verie great of knights esquiers and men of other qualitie the lord chancellor began briefelie and summarilie to declare that whereas Henrie late earle of Northumberland for diuerse notable treasons and practises by him taken in hand to the danger not onelie of hir maiesties roiall person but to the perill of the whole realme had béene long deteined in prison and looking into the guilt of his owne conscience and perceiuing by such meanes of intelligence as he by corrupting of his keepers and other like deuises had obteined that his treasons were by sundrie examinations and confessions discouered grew thereby into such a desperat estate as that therevpon he had most wickedlie destroied murthered himselfe Which being made knowen to the lords of hir maiestees priuie councell order was therevpon taken and direction giuen to the lord chiefe iustice of England the maister of the rolles and the lord chiefe baron of the e●cheker to examine the maner and circumstances of his death which they with all good indeuor and diligence had accordinglie performed And least through the sinister meanes of such persons as be euill affected to the present estate of hir maiesties gouernement some bad and vntrue conceipts might be had as well of the cause of the earles deteinement as of the maner of his death it was therefore thought necessarie to haue the truth thereof made knowen in that presence and then he required hir maiesties learned councell there present to deliuer at large the particularities both of the treasons and in what sort the earle had murthered himselfe Then began Iohn Popham esquier hir maiesties attourneie generall as followeth The earle of Northumberland about the time of the last rebellion in the north in
Culpepper knight at Windsor the lord Francis de Aldham baron and at Canturburie the lord Bartholomew de Badelismere and the lord Bartholomew de Ashbornham barons Also at Cardiffe in Wales sir William Fleming knight was executed diuerse were executed in their countries as sir Thomas Mandit and others But now touching the foresaid earle of Lancaster great strife rose afterwards amongst the people whether he ought to be reputed for a saint or no. Some held that he ought to be no lesse esteemed for that he did manie almesdéeds in his life time honored men of religion and mainteined a true quarell till his liues end Also his enimies continued not long after but came to euill end Others conceiued an other opinion of him alledging that he fauoured not his wife but liued in spouse-breach defiling a great number of damosels and gentlewomen If anie offended him he slue him shortlie after in his wrathfull mood Apostataes and other euill dooers he mainteined and would not suffer them to be punished by due order of law All his dooings he vsed to commit vnto one of his secretaries and tooke no heed himselfe thereof and as for the manner of his death he fled shamefullie in the fight and was taken and put to death against his will bicause he could not auoid it yet by reason of certeine miracles which were said to be doone néere the place both where he suffered and where he was buried caused manie to thinke he was a saint howbeit at length by the kings cōmandement the church doores of the priorie where he was buried were shut and closed so that no man might be suffered to come to the toome to bring any offerings or to doo any other kind of deuotion to the same Also the hill where he suffered was kept by certeine Gascoines appointed by the lord Hugh Spenser the sonne then lieng at Pomfret to the end that no people should come and make their praiers there in worship of the said earle whome they tooke verelie for a martyr When the king had subdued the barons shortlie after about the feast of the Ascension of our lord he line 10 held a parlement at Yorke in which parlement the record and whole processe of the decree or iudgement concerning the disheriting of the Spensers ordeined by the lords in parlement assembled at London the last summer was now throughlie examined and for their errours therein found the same record and processe was cléerelie adnthilated and reuersed and the said Spensers were restored to all their lands and offices as before And in the same parlement the lord Hugh Spenser the father was made earle of line 20 Winchester and the lord Andrew de Herklie earle of Carleill Moreouer in the same parlement all such were disherited as had taken part with the earls of Lancaster Hereford except the lord Hugh Audelie the yoonger and a few other the which lord Hugh was pardoned bicause he had married the kings néece that was sister to Gilbert de Clare earle of Glocester which was slaine in Scotland at the battell of Bannockesborne as before is mentioned At this time also master Robert Baldocke a man line 30 euill beloued in the realme was made lord chancellour of England This Robert Baldocke and one Simon Reding were great fauourers of the Spensers and so likewise was the earle of Arundell wherby it may be thought that the Spensers did helpe to aduance them into the kings fauour so that they bare no small rule in the realme during the time that the same Spensers continued in prosperitie which for the terme of fiue yeares after that the foresaid barons as before is expressed were brought to line 40 confusion did woonderfullie increase and the quéene for that she gaue good and faithfull counsell was nothing regarded but by the Spensers meanes cléerelie worne out of the kings fauour Moreouer we find that in this parlement holden at Yorke the kings sonne Edward was made prince of Wales and duke of Aquitaine Also the king caused the ordinances made by the earles and barons to be examined by men of great knowledge and skill and such as were thought necessarie line 50 to be established he commanded that the same should be called statutes and not ordinances Beside a great subsidie granted to the king by the temporaltie the cleargie of all the prouince of Canturburie granted fiue pence of euerie marke and they of the prouince of Yorke foure pence Aimer earle of Penbroke being returned home from this parlement holden at Yorke was arrested by certeine knights sent with authoritie therevnto from the king who brought him backe to Yorke where at length thorough line 60 suit of certeine noble men he was vpon his oth taken to be a faithfull subiect and in consideration of a fine which he paied to the king set at libertie The occasion of his imprisonment came for that he was accused and detected to be a secret fauourer of the barons cause against the Spensers in time of the late troubles Moreouer shortlie after the king gathered the sixt penie of the temporall mens goods thorough England Ireland and Wales which had beene granted to him at the foresaid parlement holden at Yorke towards the defending of the realme against the Scots This ta● was not gathered without great murmur and grudge the realme being in such euill and miserable state as it then was ¶ This yeare also the sunne appeared to mans sight in colour like to bloud and so continued six houres to wit from seuen of the clocke in the morning of the last daie of October vntill one of the clocke in the afternoone of the same daie Here is to be noted that during the time whilest the ciuill warre was in hand betwixt king Edward and his barons the Scots and Frenchmen were not idle for the Scots wasted destroied the countrie of the bishoprike of Durham as before ye haue partlie heard the Frenchmen made roades incursions into the borders of Guien alledging that they did it vpon good and sufficient occasion for that king Edward had not doone his homage vnto the king of France as he ought to haue doone for the duchie of Aquitaine and the countie of Pontieu But the true occasion that mooued them to attempt the warres at that present was for that they were in hope to recouer all the lands which the king of England held within France cleerelie out of his hands for so much as they vnderstood the discord betwixt him and his barons and how infortunatlie he had sped against the Scots by reason whereof they iudged the time to serue most fitlie now for their purpose In the octaues of the natiuitie of saint Iohn Baptist Robert Bruce entring into England by Carleill kept on his waie through Cumberland Coupeland Kendall and so into Lancashire till he came to Preston in Andernesse which towne he burnt as he had doone
on both sides as well of the nobilitie as other Also diuerse townes were sacked and burned on the frontiers of France during this siege at Tournie namelie at the pursuit of the earle of Heinault as Seclin S. Amond Orchies Landas and other At length at the suit of the ladie Iane de Ualois sister to the French king and mother to the earle of line 30 Heinault trauelling still betwixt the parties to bring them vnto some accord it was granted that either partie should send certeine sufficient persons to intreat of the matter which should méet at a little chappell standing in the fields called Esplotin and hereto also was a truce granted for thrée daies For the English part were appointed the duke of Brabant the bishop of Lincolne the duke of Gelderland the earle of Gulike and sir Iohn de Heinault lord Beaumont For the French part the king of Bohem line 40 Charles erle of Alanson brother to the French king the bishop of Liege the earle of Flanders and the earle of Arminacke and the ladie of Ualois was still among them as a mediatrix by whose meanes chéefelie they at length did agrée vpon a truce to indure for a yeare betweene all parties and their men and also betweene them that were in Scotland in Gascoigne and Poictou It was agréed also by these commissioners that there should other commissioners of either part foure line 50 or fiue meet at Arras at a daie appointed and thither also should the pope send his legats to treat of a perpetuall peace and full agréement to be made betwixt the two kings of England and France There was also consideration had of the Flemings so that they were released of all such summes of monie as they were by any bonds indangered to paie by forfeiture or otherwise for any matter before that time vnto the crowne of France Also they were released of the interdiction and cursse of the church and then also line 60 was their earle restored home It was further accorded that the French king should restore vnto the king of England certeine townes and places in Guien which in the beginning of these warres the earle of Alanson had taken from the Englishmen as Penne in Agenois and others Also whereas the French king had seized the countie of Pontieu into his hands which was the dower of quéene Isabell the mother of king Edward he should also restore the same vnto king Edward to hold it as he did before Herevpon was the siege raised from Tournie after it had continued there the space of ten wéekes and foure daies They within stood in great danger for lacke of vittels to haue beene constreined to the surrendring of the towne if this truce had not béene concluded which caused the French king the sooner to agrée in like case as the lacke of monie caused the king of England to take his truce which otherwise as was thought he would not haue doone so that by the violent constraint of necessitie they were forced thus to doo against which there is no trieng of maisteries nor strugling to make it stoope and obeie for A necessitate omnia in seruitutem rediguntur After he had raised his siege he went to Gant and thither came also the earle of Flanders being now restored home to his countrie and made the king of England great cheare feasting and banketting him right princelie togither with the quéene Finallie after that king Edward had refreshed himselfe a while at Gant he tooke a verie few with him and ●ame into Zealand and there taking the seas to passe ouer into England he was sore tossed by force of outragious stormes of wind and weather Yet at length after thrée daies and thrée nights sailing in the night of the feast of saint Andrew he came on land at the tower of London about cocke-crowing and with him the earle of Northampton the lord Walter de Mannie the lord Iohn Darcie the sonne of the lord Iohn Beauchampe Giles Beauchampe with two chapleins that were his secretaries sir William Killesbie and sir Philip Weston beside a few others After his arriuall he sent for the bishop of Chichester that was lord chancellor for the bishop of Couentrie and Lichfield being lord treasuror and for such of the iudges as were then in London The lord chancellor and the lord treasuror he streightwaies discharged of their offices threatening to send them into Flanders there to remaine as pledges for monie that he there owght or if they refused to go thither then to kéepe them prisoners in the towne But when the bishop of Chichester declared to him the danger of the canon established against such as imprisoned bishops he suffered them to depart but the iudges to wit Iohn de Stonore Richard de Willoughbie William de Shareshull and also Nicholas or as other haue Matthew de la Bech who was before gardian of his sonne and lieutenant of the tower also Iohn de Pultnie and William de Poole merchants and the chiefe clerkes of the chancerie Iohn de saint Paule Michaell de Wath Henrie de Stretford and Robert de Chikewell and of the escheker Iohn de Thorpe and manie other were committed to diuerse prisons but yet bicause they were committed but onelie vpon commandement they were within a while after deliuered The lord Wake was also committed but shortlie after he was deliuered to his great honor as Walsingham writeth Robert de Bourchier was made lord chancellor and Richard de Sadington lord treasuror all the shiriffes of shires and other officers also were remooued and other put in their places and iustices appointed in euerie shire to inquire vpon the defaults of collectors and other officers so that few or none escaped vnpunished howsoeuer they had demeaned themselues so streictlie those iustices procéeded in their commissions The king indeed was sore offended with those whom he had put in trust to leuie monie and to sée it conueied ouer to him into the low countrie bicause that for want therof in time of néed he was constreined to take truce with his aduersarie the French king and leaue off his enterprise which he was in good forwardnesse to haue gone through withall if he had not béene disappointed of treasure which he had commanded to be sent ouer vnto him which was not doone but kept backe in whom soeuer the fault rested There were some of his secretaries namelie sir William Killesbie which stirred him to take no small displeasure against the archbishop of Canturburie Iohn Stratford who therevpon withdrew him into the priorie of Christes church at Canturburie and there remaining for a season wrote his mind to the king exhorting him not to giue too light credit vnto such as should counsell him to haue those in contempt that were faithfull and true to him for in so dooing he might happilie loose the loue and good will of his people Neuertheles he wished that he
thing without readie paiment and those that from thencefoorth did contrarie to this ordinance should be extremelie punished There was granted to the king in this parlement six and twentie shillings line 10 eight pence of euerie sacke of wooll that was to be transported ouer the sea for thrée yeares next insuing Furthermore at the sute of the commons it was ordeined and established by an act in this parlement deuised that men of law should plead their causes and write their actions and plaints in the English toong and not in the French as they had béene accustomed to doo euer since the Conquerors time It was ordeined also that schoolemasters should teach line 20 their scholers to construe their lessons in English not in French as before they had béene vsed The K. shewed so much curtesie to the French hostages that he permitted them to go ouer to Calis and there being néere home to purchase friendship by oft calling on their fréends for their deliuerance They were suffered to ride to and fro about the marches of Calis for the space of foure daies togither so that on the fourth daie before sunne setting they returned into Calis againe The duke of Aniou turning this libertie line 30 to serue his owne turne departed from thence and went home into France without making his fellowes priuie to his purpose This yeare a parlement was called by the king which began the ninth of October from the which none of the noble men could obteine licence to be absent In this parlement all rich ornaments of gold and siluer vsed to be worne in kniues girdels ouches rings or otherwise to the setting foorth of the bodie were prohibited except to such as might dispend ten line 40 pounds by yeare Morouer that none should weare any rich clothes or furres except they might dispend an hundred pounds by yeare ¶ Moreouer it was enacted that labourers and husbandmen should not vse any deintie dishes or costlie drinks at their tables But these and such other acts as were deuised and established at this parlement tooke none effect as after it appeared In this yeare there came into England to speake with king Edward concerning their weightie affaires thrée kings to wit the king of line 50 France the king of Scotland the king of Cypres they were honorablie receiued and highlie feasted The king of Scotland and the king of Cypres after they had dispatched their businesse for the which they came turned backe againe but the French king fell sicke and remained here till he died as in the next yeare ye shall heare He arriued here in England about the latter end of this yeare and came to Eltham where king Edward as then laie on the foure and twentith day of Ianuarie year 1364 and there dined line 60 After diner he tooke his horsse and rode toward London and vpon Blacke heath the citizens of London clad in one kind of liuerie and verie well horssed met him and conueied him from thence through to London to the Sauoy where his lodging was prepared About the beginning of March in this eight and thirtith yeare the forenamed French king fell into a gréeuous sickenesse of the which he died the eight day of Aprill following His corps was conueied into France and there buried at S. Denise his exequies were kept here in England in diuerse places right solemnelie by king Edwards appointment This yeare by reason of an extreme sore frost continuing from the seuen and twentith day of September last passed vnto the beginning of Aprill in this eight and thirtith yeare or rather from the seuenth day of December till the ninetenth day of March as Walsingham and other old writers doo report the ground laie vntild to the great hinderance and losse of all growing things on the earth This yeare on Michaelmasse day before the castell of Aulroy not far distant from the citie of Uannes in Britaine a sore battell was fought betwixt the lord Charles de Blois and the lord Iohn of Mountford For when there could be no end made betwixt these two lords touching their title vnto the duchie of Britaine they renewed the wars verie hotlie in that countrie and procured all the aid they might from each side The king of France sent to the aid of his cousine Charls de Blois a thousand speares and the earle of Mountford sent into Gascoigne requiring sir Iohn Chandois and other Englishmen there to come to his succour Sir Iohn Chandois gladlie consented to this request and therevpon got licence of the prince and came into Britaine where he found the earle of Mountford at the siege of the foresaid castell of Aulroy In the meane time the lord Charles de Blois being prouided of men and all things necessarie to giue battell came and lodged fast by his enimies The earle of Mountford aduertised of his approch by the aduise of sir Iohn Chandois and other of his capteins had chosen out a plot of ground to lodge in and meant there to abide their enimies With the lord Charles of Blois was that valiant knight sir Berthram de Cleaquin or Guesclin as some write him by whose aduise there were ordeined three battels and a reregard and in each battell were appointed a thousand of good fighting men On the other part the earle of Mountford diuided his men likewise into thrée battels and a reregard The first was led by sir Robert Knols sir Walter Hewet and sir Richard Brulle or Burlie The second by sir Oliuer de Clisson sir Eustace Daubreticourt and sir Matthew Gournie The third the earle of Mountford him selfe guided and with him was sir Iohn Chandois associat by whom he was much ruled for the king of England whose daughter the earle of Mountford should marie had written to sir Iohn Chandois that he should take good héed to the businesse of the said earle and order the same as sagelie as he might deuise or imagine In ech of these thrée armies were fiue hundred armed men and foure hundred archers In the reregard were appointed fiue hundred men of warre vnder the gouernance of sir Hugh Caluerlie Beside sir Iohn Chandois other Englishmen recited by Froissard there was the lord William Latimer as one of the chiefe on the earle of Mountfords side There were not past sixtéene hundred good fighting men on that side as Thomas Walsingham plainelie writeth Now when the hosts were ordred on both sides as before we haue said they approched togither the Frenchmen came close in their order of battell and were to the number of fiue and twentie hundred men of armes after the manner of that age beside others Euerie man had cut his speare as then they vsed at what time they should ioine in battell to the length of fiue foot and a short ax hanging at his side At the first incounter there was a sore battell and trulie the archers shot right fiercelie howbeit their shot
did litle hurt to the Frenchmen they were so well armed and furnished the archers perceiuing that being big men and light cast awaie their bowes and entered in amongst the Frenchmen that bare the axes and plucked them out of their hands wherwith they fought after right hardlie There was doone manie a noble feat of armes manie taken and rescued againe Against the earle of Montfords battell fought the battell which the lord Charles de Blois ruled and at the first the earle of Montfords part was sore oppressed and brought out of order in such sort that if sir Hugh Caluerlie had not in time releeued them the losse had runne on that side but finallie so long they fought that all the battel 's assembled and ioined each to other except the reregard of the Englishmen whereof as is said sir Hugh Caluerlie was chéefe He kept alwaies his battell on a wing and line 10 euer succoured where he saw néed At length the Frenchmen not able to indure the valiant dooings of their aduersaries began to breake First the earle of Auxerres batell was discomfited and put to flight and the said earle sore woimded and taken prisoner but the battell of sir Berthram de Cleaquin as yet stood manfullie at defense howbeit at length the Englishmen perforce opened it and then was the said sir Berthram taken prisoner vnder the banner of sir Iohn Chandois line 20 Héerewith also all the other battels of the Frenchmen and Britaines on the part of the lord Charles de Blois were cleane discomfited and