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A36946 Arcana aulica, or, Walsingham's manual of prudential maxims for the states-man and courtier : to which is added Fragmenta regalia, or, Observations on Queen Elizabeth, her times and favorites / by Sir Robert Naunton.; Traicté de la cour. English. 1694 Refuge, Eustache de, d. 1617.; Walsingham, Edward, d. 1663.; Walsingham, Francis, Sir, 1530?-1590.; Naunton, Robert, Sir, 1563-1635. Fragmenta regalia, or, Observations on Queen Elizabeth. 1694 (1694) Wing D2686; ESTC R33418 106,428 275

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Die. Death is a meer Surprize a very Snare To him that makes it his Life's Greatest care To be a Publick Pageant Known to All But unacquainted with Himself doth fall Persons Characterized OBservations on Queen Elizabeth and Her Times Page 159 On Leicester p. 179 On Sussex p. 184 On Lord Burleigh p. 186 On Sir Philip Sidney p. 192 On Sir Francis Walsingham p. 194 On Willoughby p. 197 On Sir Nic. Bacon p. 198 On Lord Norris p. 200 On Knowls p. 201 On Sir John Perrot p. 203 On Hatton p. 209 On Lord Effingham p. 210 On Sir John Packington p. 213 On Lord Hunsden p. 214 On Sir Walter Raleigh p. 215 On Grevil p. 220 On Essex p. 221 On Buckhurst p. 228 On Mountjoy p. 231 On Cecil p. 236 On Vere p. 242 On Worcester p. 244 Fragmenta Regalia OR OBSERVATIONS On the Late QUEEN ELIZABETH Her Times and Favourites WRITTEN By Sir Robert Naunton Master of the Court of Wards LONDON Printed for Matthew Gilliflower at the Spread-Eagle in Westminster-Hall M DC XCIV Fragmenta Regalia OR OBSERVATIONS On the Late Queen ELIZABETH Her Times and Favourites TO take Her in the Original She was Daughter to Henry the Eighth by Anne Bullen the second of six Wives which He had and one of the Maids of Honour to the Divorced Queen Katharine of Austria or as they stile it Infanta of Spain and from thence taken into the Royal Bed That She was 〈◊〉 of a most Noble and Royal Extract by Her Father will not fall into question for on that side there was Disimbogued into her veins by a confluence of Bloud the very Abstract of all the greatest Houses in Christendom and remarkable it is concerning that violent desertion of the Royal House of the Britains by the invasion of the Saxons and afterwards by the Conquest of the Normans that by the vicissitude of times and through a discontinuance almost a thousand years the Royal Scepter should fall back into the Current of the old British bloud in the person of her Renowned Grandfather Henry the Seventh together with whatsoever the German Norman Burgundian Castalian and Erench Atchievements with the Intermarriaages which Eight hundred years had acquired incorporated and brought back into the old Royal Line By her Mother She was of no Soveraign descent yet Noble and very Ancient in the Name and Family of Bullen though some Erroneously brand it with a Citizens rise or original which was yet but of a second Brother who as it were Divining the Greatness and Lustre to come to his House was sent into the City to acquire wealth ad aedificandum antiquam domum Unto whose atchievements for he was Lord Mayor of London fell in as it was averred both the bloud and inheritance of the eldest Brother for want of issue Male by which Accumulation the House within a few descents mounted in Culmen honoris and was suddenly Elated into the best Families of England and Ireland as Howard Ormund Sackvile and divers others Having thus Toucht and now leaving her Stirp I come to her Person and as she came to the Crown by the decease of her Brother and Sister Under Edward She was His and one of the Darlings of Fortune for besides the consideration of Bloud there was between these two Princes a Concurrency and Symphathy in their Natures and Affections together with the Celestial bond conformity in Religion which made them One and Friends for the King ever called her his Sweetest and Dearest Sister and was scarce his own man She being absent which was not so between him and the Lady Mary Under his Sister She found her condition much altered For it was resolved and her Destiny had Decreed to set her an Apprentice in the School of Affliction and to draw her through the Ordeal fire of tryal the better to Mould and Fashion her to Rule and Sovereignity which finished and Fortune calling to mind that the time of her servitude was expired gave up her Indentures and therewith delivered up into her custody a Scepter as a reward for her Patience which was about the twenty sixth year of her Age a time in which as for Externals she was full Blown so was she for her Internals grown Ripe and seasoned with Adversity and in the Exercise of her Vertue for it seems Fortune meant no more than to shew her a piece of her variety and Changeableness of her Nature and so to conduct her to her destined Felicity She was of Personage Tall of Hair and Complexion Fair and therewith well favoured but high nosed of limbs and feature neat and which added to the Lustre of those Exteriour Graces of Stately and Majestick Comportment participating in this more of her Father than Mother who was of an inferiour Allay Plausible or as the French hath it more debonaire and Affable vertues which might well suit with Majesty and which descending as Hereditary to the Daughter did render her of a more sweet Temper and Endeared her more to the love and liking of the people who gave her the name and fame of a most Gracious and Popular Princess the atrocity of her Father's nature being Rebated in hers by the Mother's sweeter Inclinations For to take and that no more than the Character out of his own mouth He never spared man in his anger nor woman in his lust If we search further into her Intellectuals and abilities the whole course of Government decyphers them to the Admiration of posterity for it was full of Magnanimity tempered with Justice and Piety and to speak truly noted but with one act or taint all her deprivations either of life or liberty being legal and necessitated She was learned her sex and the time considered beyond Common belief for letters about this time and somewhat before began to be of Esteem and in fashion the former ages being overcast with the Mists and Fogs of the Roman ignorance and it was the maxim that over-ruled the foregoing times That ignorance was the mother of devotion Her wars were a long time more in the Auxiliary part in Assistance of foreign Princes and States than by Invasion of any till common policie Advised it for a safer way to strike first abroad than at home to Expect the ware in all which she was happy victorious The Change and Alteration of Religion upon the Instant of her Accession the smoak and fire of her Sister's Matyrdomes scarcely quenched was none of her least remarkable Accounts But the support and establishment thereof with the means of her subsistence amidst so Powerfull Enemies abroad and those many Domestique Practices were methinks works of Inspiration and of no humane providence which on her Sister's departure she most religiously acknowledged ascribing the glory of her deliverance to God alone for she received the news both of the Queens death and her Proclamation by the general Consent of the House and the Publick suffrage of the people whereat falling on her knees after a good time of
where you may follow your Book Read and Discourse of the Wars But to our purpose It fell out happily to Those and as I may say to Those Times That the Queen during the Calm of her Reign was not idle nor rockt asleep with Security for she had been very Provident in the Reparation and Augmentation of her Shipping and Ammunition and I know not whether by a fore-sight of Policy or an Instinct it came about or whether it was an Act of her Compassion but it is most certain That she sent Levies and no small Troops to the assistance of the Revolted States of Holland before she had received any Affront from the King of Spain that might Deserve or Tend to a breach in Hostility which the Papists to this day Maintain was the Provocation and Cause of the after-wars but omitting what might be said to this point those Netherland wars were the King's Seminaries and the Nurseries of very many Brave Souldiers and so were likewise the Civil Wars of France whither she sent five several Armies the French-Schools that inured the Youth and Gallantry of the Kingdom and it was a Militia wherein they were daily in acquaintance with the discipline of the Spaniards who were then turned the Queen's Inveterate Enemies And this have I taken into observation of her Dies Halcyonii those years of hers which were more Serene and Quiet than those that followed which though they were not less propitious as being Touched more with the point of Honour and Victory yet were they Troubled and ever Clouded over both with Domestick and Foreign Machinations and it is already quoted they were such as awakened her Spirits and made her cast about how to Defend rather by Offending and by the way of diverting to Prevent all Invasions than to Expect them which was a piece of Policy of the times and with this I have noted the causes or Principia of the Wars following and likewise pointed to the Seed-plots from whence she took up those Brave Men and Plants of Honour which Acted on the Theatre of Mars and on whom she dispersed the Rayes of her Grace which were Persons in their kinds of Rare Vertues and such as might out of height of Merit pretend interest to her Favour of which rank the number will equal if not exceed that of the Gown-men In recount of whom I proceed with Sir Philip Sidney Sir Philip Sidney HE was Son to Sir Henry Sidney Lord Deputy of Ireland and President of Wales a Person of Great Parts and in no Mean Grace with the Queen his Mother was Sister to my Lord of Leicester from whence we may conjecture how the Father stood up in the place of Honour and Imployment so that his Descent was Apparently Noble on both sides For his Education it was such as Travel and the University could afford or his Tutors infuse for after an incredible Proficiency in all the species of Learning he left the Academical life for that of the Court whither he came by his Uncle's Invitation famed afore-hand by a Noble Report of his Accomplishments which together with the state of his Person framed by a Natural Propension to Arms he soon Attracted the good opinion of all men and was so highly prized in the good opinion of the Queen that she thought the Court Deficient without him And whereas through the fame of his Deserts he was in the Election for the Kingdom of Poland she refused to further his Advancement not out of Emulation but out of Fear to lose the jewel of her Times He married the daughter and sole heir of Sir Francis Walsingham then Secretary of State a Lady destinated to the Bed of Honour who after his Deplorable death at Zutphen in the Netherlands where he was Governour of Vitishing at the time of his Uncle's being there was married to my Lord of Essex and since his death to my Lord of Saint Albans all persons of the sword and otherwise of Great Honour and Vertue They have a very quaint and facetious figment of him That Mars and Mercury fell at Variance whose servant he shoul be And there is an Epigrammist that saith that Art and Nature had spent their Excellencies in his fashioning and fearing they should not end what they begun they bestowed him on Fortune and Nature stood Musing and Amazed to behold her own work but these are the fictions of Poets Certain it is He was a Noble and Matchless Gentleman and it may be justly said without Hyperboles of fiction as it was of Cato Vticensis That he seemed to be born to that only which he went about Versatilis ingenii as Plutarch hath it But to speak more of him were to make him less Sir Fra. Walsingham SIr Francis Walsingham as we have said had the honour to be Sir Philip Sidney's Father in Law He was a Gentleman at first of a Good House but of better Education and from the University Travelled for the rest of his Learning He was doubtless the Best Linguist of the times but knew best how to use his own Tongue whereby he came to be employed in the Chiefest Affairs of State He was sent Ambassadour into France and stayed there a Leiger long in the heat of the Civil wars and at the same time that Mounsieur was here a Suitor to the Queen and if I be not mistaken he played the very same part there as since Gundamore did here At his return he was taken Principal Secretary and was one of the Great Engines of State and of the times high in the Queen's Favour and a watchful servant over the safety of his Mistress They note him to have had certain Curiosities and Secret ways of Intelligence above the rest But I must confess I am to seek wherefore he suffered Parry to play so long on the hook before he hoysed him up and I have been a little curious in the search thereof though I have not to do with the Arcana Imperii For to know is sometimes a burthen and I remember that it was Ovid's crimen aut error That he saw too much But I hope these are Collaterals of no danger But that Parry intending to kill the Queen made the way of his Access by betraying of others and impeaching of the Priests of his own correspondency and thereby had Access and Conference with the Queen and also oftentimes familiar and private Conference with Walsingham will not be the Quaere of the mystery for the Secretary might have had his end of discovery on a further Maturity of the Treason but that after the Queen knew Parry's intent why she should then admit Him to Private Discourse and Walsingham to suffer it considering the condition of all Assailings and permit him to go where and whither he listed and onely on the security of a dark sentinel set over him was a piece of Reach and Hazard beyond my Apprehension I must again profess That having read many of his Letters for they are commonly sent to
my Lord of Leicester and Burleigh out of France containing many fine passages and secrets yet if I might have been beholding to his Cyphers whereof they are full they would have told Pretty Tales of the times But I must now close up and rank him amongst the Togati yet chief of those that laid the foundation of the Dutch and French Wars which was another piece of his fineness and of the times with one observation more That he was one of the Great Allies of the Austrian Embracements For both himself and Stafford that preceded him might well have been compared to the Fiend in the Gospel that sowed his tares in the night so did they their seeds of division in the dark And it is a likely report that they father on him at his return That he said unto the Queen with some sensibility of the Spanish designs on France Madam 〈◊〉 beseech you be content not to fear The Spaniard hath a great Appetite and an Excellent Digestion but I have fitted him with a bone for this Twenty years that your Majesty shall have no cause to doubt him provided that if the fire chance to slack which I have kindled you will be ruled by me and now and then cast in some English fewel which will revive the flame Willoughby MY Lord Willoughby was one of the Queen's first Sword-men He was of the Ancient Extract of the Bartues but more ennobled by his Mother who was Dutchess of Suffolk He was a great Master of the Art Military and was sent General into France and commanded the Second of Five Armies that the Queen sent thither in aid of the French I have heard it spoken that had he not slighted the Court but Applyed himself to the Queen he might have enjoyed a plentiful portion of her Grace And it was his saying and it did him no good That he was none of the Reptilia intimating that he could not creep on the ground and that the Court was not in his Element for indeed as he was a Great Souldier so was he of a Suitable Magnanimity and could not brook the Obsequiousness and Assiduity of the Court and as he then was somewhat descending from youth happily he had an animam revertendi and to make a safe Retreat Sir Nicholas Bacon I Come to another of the Togati Sir Nicholas Bacon An arch-piece of Wit and Wisdom He was a Gentleman and a man of Law and of great knowledge therein whereby together with his other parts of Learning and Dexterity he was promoted to be Keeper of the Great Seal and being of kin to the Treasurer Burleigh had also the help of his hand to bring him into the Queen's favour for he was abundantly factious which took much with the Queen when it was suited with the season as he was well able to judge of his times He had a very quaint saying and he used it often to good purpose That he loved the jest well but not the loss of his Friend He would say That though he knew Vnusquisque suae fortunae faber was a true and good principle yet the most in number were those that marred themselves But I will never forgive that man that loseth himself to be rid of his jest He was Father to that Refined Wit which since hath acted a disastrous part on the publick stage and of late sat in his Father's room as Lord Chancellour Those that lived in his age and from whence I have taken this little Model of him gives him a lively Character and they decypher him for another Solon and the Synon of those times such a one as Oedipus was in dissolving of Riddles Doubtless he was as able an Instrument and it was his commendation that his head was the Mawl for it was a great one and therein he kept the Wedge that entred the knotty pieces that came to the Table And now I must again fall back to smooth and plain a way to the rest that is behind but not from the purpose There were about these times two Rivals in the Queen's favour Old Sir Francis Knowls Comptroller of the House and Sir Henry Norris whom she called up at a Parliament to sit with the Peers in the higher House as Lord Norris of Ricot who had married the daughter and heir of the old Lord Williams of Tame a Noble person and to whom in the Queen's adversity she had been committed to safe custody and from him had received more than ordinary observances Now such was the goodness of the Queen's Nature that she neither forgot good turns received from the Lord Williams neither was she unmindfull of this Lord Norris whose Father in her Father's time and in the business of her Mother died in a Noble cause and in the justification of her innocency Lord Norris MY Lord Norris had by this Lady an ample Issue which the Queen highly respected for he had Six Sons and all Martial brave men The first was William his eldest and Father to the late Earl of Berkshire Sir John vulgarly called General Norris Sir Edward Sir Thomas Sir Henry and Maximilian Men of an haughty courage and of great experience in the conduct of Military affairs And to speak in the Character of their merit they were persons of such renown and worth as future times must out of duty owe them the debt of an honourable memory Knowls SIr Francis Knowls was somewhat of the Queen's affinity and had likwise no incompetent Issue for he had also William his eldest and since Earl of Banbury Sir Thomas Sir Robert and Sir Francis if I be not a little mistaken in their names and martialling and there was also the Lady Lettice a Sister of these who was first Countess of Essex and after of Leicester And these were also brave men in their times and places but they were of the Court and Carpet not led by the genius of the Camp Between these two Families there was as it falleth out amongst Great ones and Competitors for favour no great correspondency and there were some seeds either of emulation or distrust cast between them which had they not been disjoyned in the residence of their persons as it was the fortune of their imployments the one side attending the Court the other the Pavilion surely they would have broken out into some kind of hostility or at least they would have wrestled one in the other like Trees incircled with Ivy For there was a time when both these Fraternities being met at Court there passed a challenge between them at certain exercises the Queen and the old men being spectators which ended in a flat quarrel amongst them all And I am perswaded though I ought not to judge that there were some reliques of this feud that were long after the causes of the one Families almost utter extirpation and of the others improsperity For it was a known truth that so long as my Lord of Leicester lived who was the main pillar of the one side as