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The interest of Ireland in its trade and wealth stated in two parts first part observes and discovers the causes of Irelands, not more increasing in trade and wealth from the first conquest till now : second part proposeth expedients to remedy all its mercanture maladies, and other wealth-wasting enormities, by which it is kept poor and low : both mix'd with some observations on the politicks of government, relating to the incouragement of trade and increse of wealth : with some reflections on principles of religion, as it relates to the premisses / by Richard Lawrence ...
Lawrence, Richard, d. 1684.
Wing L680A; ESTC R11185
of Ely Swordes Kilmurry Valentia Maryborough Castleton Chaworth Sligoe Waterford Strangford Tuam Cashell Carlow Cullen Shannon Mazareene Dromoor Dungarvan Dungannon Kells Fitz Harding Clare Charlemont Powerscourt Blesinton Granard Lanesborough Ross Viscounts Costalo Mayo Merrion Fairfax Fitz Williams Gormanston Fermoy Rathcoole Barefore Brunker Galmoy Kingsland Mountgarret Dowth Evagh Kilmallock Ikerine Glanmaleyra Claine Downe Tracy Barons Kinsale Kerry Hoath Mountjoy Foliot Maynard Dundalk Digbey Lifford Herbert Loghlin Coleraine Leitrim Donamore Blaney Killard Kingston Colooney Santry Lowth Glawnally Altham Castlesteward Barons Athenry Cahir Baltimore Strabane Slane Trimleston Dunsany Dunboyn Upper Ossory Castleconnell Brittas Besides the Protestants have the advantage of our reverend Protestant Judges and the Kings learned Counsels to advise and countenance the Protestant Interest in Ireland in that highest Court A Catalogue of the Nobility of Ireland Anno 1571. recorded by Campion fol. 5. Earls GErrald Fitz Girald of Kildare His eldest Son Lord Baron of Ophaly Sir Thomas Butler of Ormond and Ossery His eldest Son Viscount Thurles Fitz Girald of Desmond His eldest Son Baron of Inshycoin Sir Richard Bourk of Clanrickard His eldest Son Baron of Donkeline Conegher Obrene of Thomond His eldest Son Baron of Ibrecane Mac carty More of Clarcar His eldest Son Baron of Valentia Viscounts Barrie Roche Preston of Gormanstown Eustace alias Power of Baltinglass Sir Richard Butler of Montgaret Deces Barons Lord Bermingham of Athenry John Bermingham Mac Morice alias Fitz Girald of Kery Lord Courcey Lord Fleming of Slane Plunketof Killyne Newgent of Delvin St. Laurance of Hoath Plonket of Doonesawney Barnwell of Trimleston Butler of Donboyne Phitz Patrick of Upper Ossery Clonagh Mac Gilpatrick Plonket of Louth O Neal of Dungannon Power of Curraghmore Mac Suretan Lord Deseret Obrene of Inshycoiin Mac Costilaghe Lord Nangle Mac William Burck Lord of Eighter Connaght A Catalogue of the Irish Nobility Anno 1641. as I find it in the Heralds Office by which may be observed something of the Seniority of their Dignities comparing it with that of 1681. But it is useful to inform the great alteration of the Constitution of the House of Peers since that time to the advantage of the English Interest Earls GEorge Fitz Girald of Kildare James Butler of Ormond and Ossery Henry O Bryan of Thomond Ulick de Bourk of Clanrickard James Tuchet of Castlehaven Richard Boyle of Cork Randall Mac Dannell of Antrym Richard Nugent of West Meath James Dillon of Roscommon Robert Bridgeway of Londonderry George Fielding of Desmond William Brabason of Meath David Barry of Barrymore Richard Vaugham of Carberry Luke Plunket of Fingall William Pope of Down Thomas Cromwell of Ardglass Viscounts Nicholas Preston of Gormanstown David Roth of Fermoy Richard Butler of Montgarret William Villars of Grandison Charles Wilmot of Athlone Henry Poore of Valentia Charles Moore of Drogheda Thomas Dillon of Castillo Nicholas Netervile of Louth Hugh Montgomery of the Ards James Hamleton of Claneboy Adam Loftus of Ely Sapcot Beumount of Swordes Hugh Magennis of Evagh Thomas Cromwell of Lecale Edward Chichester of Caricksargus Robert Needham of Kilmurry Dominick Scarsfeild of Kilmallock Thomas Somerset of Cashell Edward Conway of Kilultagh Miles Bourk of Mayo Thomas Roper of Baltinglass Nicholas Sanderson of Castleton Lewis Boyle of Kilmakey Goerge Chaworth of Ardmagh Thomas Savile of Savile John Scudamore of Sligo Robert Chalmundly of Kells Richard Lumley of Waterford Thomas Smith of Strangford Richard Wenman of Tuam John Taafe of Cerine William Mounton of Castlemaine Roger Jones of Ranelagh Charles Mac Carry of Muskry Richard Mulleneux of Maryburg Thomas Fairfax of Emeley Thomas Bourk of Clanmorris Pierce Butler of Ikerine Thomas Fitz Williams of Merryoung Terence Dempsey of Glanmaleyra Lord Barons Richard Bermingham of Athenry Girald Courcey of Kinsale Patrick Fitz Morris of Kerry Lixmew William Flemming of Slaine Nicholas St. Laurance of Hoath Patrick Plunket of Dunsawny Robert Barnwell of Trimleston John Power of Coroghmore Edward Butler of Dunboyne Barnabas Mac Gilpatrick of Upper Ossery Oliver Plunket of Louth Murrough O Bryan of Inchequin Edmond Bourke of Castleconnell Thomas Butler of Cahir Mountjoy Blunt of Mountjoy Charles Lambert of Cavan Theobald Bourke of Brittas Andrew Steward of Castlesteward James Belfoure of Glanawley Thomas Foliot of Ballishanon William Maynard of Wicklow Edward Georges of Dunalke Robert Digbey of Geashell William Harvey of Rosse William Fitz Williams of Lifford William Caufield of Charlemount Theodore Dockray of Culmore Girald Aungier of Longsord Henry Blancy of Monaghan Laurence Esmond of Limerick Dermond O Malune of Glan Malune and Curety Edward Herbert of Castleisland Cecil Calvert of Baltimore William Brereton of Loghlin Hugh Hare of Coleraine William Sherrard of Leitrim Roger Boyle of Broghill Conner Mac Guire of Iniskilline Francis Ansley of Mount Norris And as it is the Interest of the Crown and Realm of England to promote the prosperity of the English Interest in Ireland so it is equally the Interest of the Irish Papists themselves to aid and promote the same their contrary apprehensions have been their ruin for from thence have proceeded all their bloody Massacres and Rebellions and though it hath cost England vast quantities of Blood and Treasure to subdue them yet they paid the Reckoning at last to the utter ruin of most of the great Lords and Septs and just it should be so if the Right and Title of England to what it possest and endeavoured to keep in Ireland be impartially considered If we omit what all our Histories record of the ancient Soveraignty the Kings of Britain claimed and enjoyed in Ireland as that in the time of Gurguntius Anno Dom. 359. they were his Subjects and after that in the time of King Arthur Anno 519. above 600 years before Henry the second conquered it 1172. the King summoned all the Kings and Lords of Ireland to attend Gilmarrow their Monarch and with him perform their Homage at Carlisle which they all did accordingly And only consider the justness of the Cause of Strongbow and his Comrades in their first Adventure it was not only with the consent but at the desire of their own King they contracted with Dermot Mac Morrough King of Leinster a banish'd oppressed Prince to aid him in the recovery of his just Rights a quarrel not only approved to be just but charitable by all Casuists Pagans Turks Jews and Christians to relieve and assist the weak and oppressed against the strong Oppressor and what was the just Right of Mac Morrough to recover was in his power to dispose and lawful for his Aiders to receive it being their due by contract before they would adventure that Strongbow should have delivered Mac Morroughs only Daughter and Heir in Marriage and his Kingdom after her Fathers decease and that Fitz Steephen and Fitz Girald c. should have the Town of Wexford and two Cantreds of Land adjoyning which places were accordingly gained by their Sword and given them in possession by the legal Proprietor and
Government Hook 71. Â 1346. Sir Roger Darcy L.J. Â 1346. Sir John Maurice L.J. In whose time Desmond made a dissention between the English of Blood and English of Birth Â 1348. Sir Walter Bermingham L.J. John Archer Dep. Camp 90. Â 1349. Sir Walter Bermingham L.J. Â 1349. Baron Carey L.J. Â Â 1349. Sir Tho. Rooksby L.J. Whose saying was he had rather drink out of Wooden Cups and pay Gold and Silver for his Liquor than drink out of Gold and make wooden payment a man of sincere and upright Conscience saith Camp 91. he would be deemed a precise Fop in these days 1351. Bishop of Lymerick L.J. The Vlsters rebel and subdued by the Savages Camp 30. Â 1355. Earl of Desmond L.J. Â 1356. Sir Tho. Rooksby a second time L.J. Â Â 1357. Sir Almerick de Sancta L.J. 1359. James Butler Earl of Ormond L.J. He married the Grandchild of Edw. the first for which his Son James was stiled by way of preheminence the Noble Earl Â 1360. Earl of Kildare L.J. Appointed 500 l. per ann Salery and required out of that to maintain 20 great Horse for War Hook 72. Â 1361. Duke of Clarence Lord Lieutenant The third Son of Edw. the third Earl of Vlster and Lord of Connaght he vanquished the Obrians c. and conquered the County of Clare from which he derived his Title of Clarence Â 1364. James Earl of Ormond L.D. Â Â 1365. Sir Thom. Dale Governor 1367. Earl of Desmond L.J. Â Â 1369. Sir William de Windsor L.L. Â 1370. A great Mortality in Ireland 1371. Earl of Kildare L.J. Â Â 1372. Sir Robert de Ashton L.J. 1374. Sir William de Windsor L.L. Â 1376. James Butler Earl of Ormond L.L. Â Â 1379. John de Bromwhich L.J. Richard the Second Â 1381. Dean of St. Patricks and Lord Chancellor L.J. Â 1383. Philip de Courtney L.L. Â 1385. Robert Vere Earl of Oxford Marquess of Dublin and Duke of Ireland L. â Of whom Cambden records he died in great anguish and penury leaving nothing to his Tomb but Titles nor to the World but matter of talk of his ill life Â 1385. Sir John Stanley L.D. Â 1387. Bish of Meath L.J. Â 1389. Sir John Stanley L.J. Â 1392. James Earl of Ormond L.J. Â 1394. Duke of Glocester L.J. Â 1394. King Richard the Second in person He landed at Waterford with four thousand men at Arms and thirty thousand Archers left Roger Mortimer Earl of Vlster Lord of Trym Clare Connaght L.L. slain by the Obrians Â Â 1398. Roger Grey L.J. 1398. Duke of Surrey the Kings Brother L.L. Â 1399. King Richard 2. the second time Who came to avenge Mortitimers Death In this Year broke out that bloodie War betwixt the Houses of Lancaster and York from which time not only England but Ireland were divided into two powerful Factions the Geraldines stood by the House of York and the Butlers by the House of Lancaster the King returns soon after loseth his Kingdom and Life Â Â Henry the Fourth Â 1399. Sir John Stanley L.L. Â 1401. Stephen Scroope L.D. to Thomas of Lancaster the Kings Son 1403. James Earl of Ormond L.J. Chose by the Noblemen of Ireland Â 1405. Gerald Earl of Kildare L.J. Â 1406. Stephen Scroop L.D. Â 1407. James Son of the former Earl of Ormond L.J. Â 1408. Thomas of Lancaster the Kings Son L.L. left Thomas Butler Dep. The Sword given to the City of Dublin the Provost made Major Â Henry the Fifth Â 1413. The said Butler continued L.J. Â 1413. Sir John Stanley L.L. The Ancestor of the Earls of Derby Â 1414. Crawley Arch-Bishop of Dublin L.J. Â 1414. Sir John Talbot L.L. In whose time Ireland supplied the King with 1600 men to assist him in his Wars with France Â 1419. Richard Talbot Arch-Bishop of Dublin L.J. Â 1420. James Butler Earl of Ormond L.L. His Grandsire James sirnam'd the Chast near Athy vanquished the Armie of the O Moorsand Mac Morroughs c. quelled the Obrians in Leinster the Bourks Mac Mahons c. in Thomond in three months time Camp 97. Â Henry the Sixth Â 1423. Earl of Ulster L.L. And died of the Plague Â 1425. John Lord Talbot L.J. Â 1426. James Butler Earl of Ormond L.J. And died at Ormond-Place in London Â 1427. Sir John de Grey L.L. Â 1428. Edward Dantsey Bishop of Meath Dep. Â 1428. Sir John Sutton L.L. Sir Tho. Strange his Dep. Â 1432 Sir Christopher Plunket L.D. Â 1435 Sir Thomas Stanley L.L. Â 1436 Talbot Arch-Bp of Dublin L.D. Â Â 1438 Lyon Lord Wells L.L. 1440 James Earl of Ormond L.L. Â Â 1441 Sir William Stanley L.D. Â 1441 Stephen Scroop L.D. Â 1442 Will. Wells Dep. to Lyon Lord Wells 1443 Earl of Ormond L.L. Â Â 1446 Earl of Shrewsbury L.L. 1447 Talbot Arch-Bp of Dublin L.J. Â 1449 Duke of York L.L. In Meath the Rebels burnt several Towns and Villages destroyed Men Women and Children without mercy Camp 99. Â 1450 Earl of Ormond and Wiltshire Lord Treasurer of England L. Dep. to the Duke of York Â 1454 Arch-Bishop of Ardmagh L.D. Â 1454 Earl of Kildare L.D. Â 1454 Sir Edward Fitz Eustace Lord Deputy to the Duke of York Â 1456 Earl of Kildare Lord Deputy Â 1459 Richard Duke of York Earl of Ulster and Lord of Connaght Lord Lieutenant Who contracted with the King for Two thousand Pounds per annum with the Irish Revenue to support the Government ten Years The Nobility of Ireland increasing in Factions betwixt the Houses of York and Lancas ter many destroyed whereby the Irish grew troublesome forcibly possessing the Estates of the Engli sh in Ulster Munster and Connaght Â Edward the Fourth Â 1460 Earl of Kildare Lord Justice Â 1461 Sir Rowland Fitz Eustace Lord of Portleister and Viscount Baltinglass Lord Deputy to George Duke of Clarence Â 1463 Thomas Earl of Desmond Deputy to the Duke of Clarence Beheaded for exacting Coin and Livery Â Â 1467 John Lord Tiptoft Earl of Worcester L.D. 1471 Thomas Earl of Kildare L.D. Â 1475 Bishop of Meath Dep. Â Â 1478 Lord Grey L.D. 1478 Sir Robert Preston L.D. Â 1479 E. of Kildare L.D. Â 1483 Edw. 5. Rich. 3. Â 1485 The said Earl of Kildare L.D. to John de la Pole Earl of Lincoln L.L. The Imposture Lambert Simnell made a Disturbance in Ireland Â Henry the Seventh Â Â 1491 Duke of Bedford L.L. 1492 Fitz Simons Arch-Bishop of Dublin L.D. Â 1493 Preston the first Lord Viscount Gormanstown L.D. Â Â 1494 Sir Edward Poynings L.D. Sent over to quell the Imposture Perkin Warbeck who in a Parliament at Drogheda the 10. of Henry the Seventh past that Act called Poynings Act quell'd the O Caryls Mac Nemarras and Obrians in the County of Gallaway received the Honor of the Order of the Garter
Stephen and Miles Cogan Adventurers with Strongbow in the first Attack and possessors of Lands for their Service succeeded him next to them succeeded Hugh de Lacy and Robert le Power both interested persons in Ireland Le Power being then Governor of Waterford and Wexford was possest of a great Estate in those Countries * Cambden of Ireland and Hugh de Lacy marrying the Daughter of Rodorick King of Connaght had a considerable Interest in Ireland by her right the King still approving interested persons fittest to govern Ireland that designing to send over his own Son John he first made him King of Ireland to give him a peculiar Interest in that Kingdom â Hovenden p. 77. from his time being anno Dom. 1185. until Lionel Duke of Clarence 1361. near 200 years that Edward the Third's Son was sent over who by right of his Wife was Earl of Ulster and Lord of Connaght I find Ireland governed for the most part by Butlers of the House of Ormonde Fitz Morris Fitz John Fitz Gerralds c. of the Houses of Kildare and Desmond with Woggans Barrys Powers Bourkes Burminghams c. and in intervals by Dignitaries of the Church or other Ministers of State in Ireland I find very few but either had considerable Interest in Ireland or otherwise settled on them at their sending over or purchased by them in the time of their Service and settled there with their Families In all which time we read of very few Factions until that of Desmond who raised a Dissention betwixt the English of Blood and English of Birth which bred such ill Blood in his own Families Veins as boyled up to the ruine of it afterwards in the Queens days 1583. and from the time of the Duke of Clarence 1361. until 1385. the Earl of Oxford was created Duke of Ireland and Marquess of Dublin at his coming over of Twelve Lord Lieutenants and Deputies c. in that time not above two or three at the most but Butlers Gerralds c. Next Richard the Second sent over Mortymer Lord Lieutenant but first created him Earl of Ulster Lord of Trim Clare and Connaght 1398. from him until the year 1449. I find not above four or five viz. Sir John Stanly Scroop Sutton de Gray c. and they but short times but persons of Ireland viz. Talbots Gerralds and Butlers the later six times in this short space of about fifty years Then was Richard Duke of York being Earl of Ulster Lord of Connaght and Meath by Descent from Lionel Duke of Clarence Lord Lieutenant But for a more distinct Account of Irelands Chief Governours since the Conquest I shall refer the Reader to the ensuing Catalogue as I find it recorded by Borlacy Spencer Campian Hanmer Marlburroughs Hooker c. wherein I have only noted some few remarkable things that happened under some of their Governments designing only a brief Catalogue of both sorts to make good my Position that the Policy of England hath still found it best to govern Ireland by its own Members or persons peculiarly interested in its prosperity But this is observable when Noblemen c. were sent out of England to govern Ireland it was not of choice but rather of necessity as in these and the like cases First to ballance Factions amongst the English Lords of Ireland when their animosities grew so high that Interest of State required a more indifferent Hand at the Helm which proceeded from their great Power ruling their Tenants c. as Soveraign Princes over large Teritories by the Brehon Laws whereby multitudes both of English and Irish more depended upon their Favour than the Kings but that sort of Lordship is utterly extinguished root and branch the greatest Lords of Ireland are as subject to the Kings Laws as the meanest man and the whole Militia of the Kingdom under the Kings immediate Commission and Pay therefore that Reason ceaseth Second Reason was to ballance Factions in the Court of England especially in the Barons Wars and in the Contest betwixt the two Houses of York and Lancaster c. but the two Roses now are not only graffed but so well grown upon one stalk that danger is over Thirdly in times of considerable Rebellions when either of these two Reasons swayed 1. When the Work required persons of greater Experience in Martial Affairs than it it was supposed Ireland afforded but Ireland is now so well furnished with Noble persons of approved Courage and Conduct that it is able to supply England if the Kings Affairs should require it with Officers from the Truncheon to the Halbert to conduct a Royal Army 2. When the great Lords of Ireland were in Factions one against the other especially those of English Race as the Geraldines and Butlers c. which two Houses mantained an inveterate Feud for several Generations yet by turns were chiefly employ'd by Henr. 7th and 8th till the 20th year of the Raign of Henry the Eighth Thomas the Son of Gerrald Earl of Kildare then Prisoner in the Tower broke out into Rebellion from which time the King sent over English Governours during his Life as Skeffington the Lord Gray Brereton St. Leger c. which course his Son Edward the Sixth and both his Daughters Mary and Elizabeth imitated him in for the most part the like King James and Charles the First but the reason thereof must be attributed to the Change or rather Reformation of Religion most of the Noble Families of Ireland capable of chief Trust still adhering to the Roman Superstition and consequently uncapable of promoting a Protestant Interest which case is now otherwise most of the ancient Nobility of Ireland are Protestants as may appear in my Schedule of Irelands Nobility and as that reason of State is ceased so hath the practice since About two years after the Rebellion Jan. 1643. James then Marquess now Duke of Ormonde was sworn Lord Lieutenant since which time being 39 years Jan. last he hath born the Honour of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland except from the 18th of September 1669. the Lord Roberts entred until the â4th of August 1677. the Earl of Essex surrender'd not full eight years so that the Duke hath born the Honour 31 years and actually exercised the Regency 19 years being interrupted about 12 years viz. from December 1650. he left Clanrickard Deputy until the 28th of July 1662. when His Grace was again sworn Lord Lieutenant and as he hath exercised the longest Regency so hath he had the most difficult Work of any chief Governor since the Conquest First Commander of an Army for some years under great wants the hardest task to a noble spirited General Secondly Fighting against a people he desired and endeavoured the Welfare of that would not believe him until they found it to their cost that their Ingratitude and Treachery to him and their Princes Interest that he asserted sell upon their own pates Thirdly Fighting for a Prince in no capacity to support him
from thence to Dublin to whom all the petty Kings and great Lords of Ireland submit and swear Fealty the King returns for England and leaves Hugh Lacy Lord Justice to interest him gave him Meath in Fee Irish English Henry the Second Â Anno 1172. Hugh de Lacy Lord Justice Spell 331. Orourk Prince of Meath c. rebels Lacy in great danger rescued by Maurice Fitz Gerald vvho killed Orourk Hanm. 139. Â 1173. Earl Strongbow L. Warden of Ireland By right of his Wife Prince of Leinster found all in confusion but with the aid of Raymond le Grossreduceth them to subjection Hanm. p. 140. 1175. Strongbow dies Camp 64. Donald Prince of Leinster rebels all in confusion Camp 65 Â 1177. Raymond Le Gross L. Protector Brother in Law to Strongbow subdues Donald and relieves the Citie of Dublin Â 1177. Fitz Andelm L.J. Courcey Fitz Stephen and Miles de Cogan his Counsellors Han. p. 157. The Ancestors of the Bourks now Earl of Clanricard Cambrensis chap. 17. Courcey subdued Vlster the Kingdom of Cork setled on Fitz Stephens and Cogan in Fee Fitz Stephens the Ancestor of the Barrysof Cork Â 1179. Hugh Lacy and Robert le Power L.J. Power the Ancestor of the Powers of Waterford Â 1181. Hugh de Lacy Governor Hollinshead O Connor King of Connaght rebels with 2000 men Lacy subdues him and marries his Daughter after s lain by a Scologh in Meath Hook p. 60. 1181. John Constable of Cheshire and Richard de Peck Justices Hovend p. 685. Â 1184. Philip de Brees Governor 1185. Earl John the Kings Son made King of Ireland and sent Governor Hovend 1187. This young Prince with his Counsellors ran all into confusion Young Arms make good Souldiers but young Heads ill Couns ellors Witness Rehoboam c. Â 1185. John de Courcey Earl of Ulster Gov. Chose by the King to be his Champion against a Frenchman who quitted the Stage and run being frighted by the grim looks and great limbs of Courcey Hanmer p. 181. Â Richard the First Â 1189. Hugh de Lacy the younger L.J. Â 1190. Dublin burnt to ashes Hanm. 179. Â 1191 William Marshall and William Pettit Just Marshall by right of his Wife Strongbows Daughter Prince of Leinster who built the Castle of Kilkenny and gave the Town a Charter Hanm. 183. Â Â 1197. Hamo de Valis L.J. King John Â 1199. Myler Fitz Henry the Kings Son Governor Han. p. 183. Â 1210. K. John in person Composed all Differences settled Affairs and returned Camp 75. Â Â 1210. John Gray Bishop of Norwich L.J. He reformed the Irish Coin to the Standard of England 1213. Henry Laundres Arch-Bp of Dublin L.J. Built the Castle of Dublin Â Henry the Third Â 1214. St. Patricks Church founded by Comin Arch-Bp of Dublin Camp p. 76. 6000 Scots under Bruce invade Ireland Â 1215. Geoffery Marisco Keeper of Ireland with Sir Edmond Butler L.J. Connaghtup in Arms Fitz Gerald built the Castle of Sligo Â 1219. Bishop Laundres and Maurice Fitz Gerald L.J. Han. p. 189. Â 1220. Meath in Arms the Castle of Trym builded the Irish generally rebel 11000 slain in Connaght by the Bourks and Berminghams Bruce routed near Dundalk Bermingham for his good Service created Earl of Louth Baron of Ardee and Athenrie Â 1227. Rich. de Burgo L.J. Â 1230. The Provost of Dublin made Mayor Â 1232. Maurice Fitz Gerald L.J. Â 1233. Richard Marshall Brother to William L.J. Slain in Battel near Kildare Â 1245 Sir Jo. Fitz Geoffery L.J. Â 1247. Theobald Butler Lord of Carick and Joh. Cogan L.J. Â Â 1255. Allen de la Zouch L.J. O Neils of Vlster and Mac Cartys of Munster rebel 1259. Stephen de Long Espee L.J. Â Â 1260. William Dean L.J. Â 1261. Rich. de Rupella L.J. Â 1266. A great Earthquake Hook p. 62. 1267. Sir David de Barry L.J. Who subdued the Mac Cartys Â Â 1268. Sir Robert de Ufford L.J. A great Dearth Mortality Â 1269. Ricardus de Exonia L.J. 1270. Sir James Audley Constable of Ulster L.J. Â 1272. Maur. Fitz Maurice L.J. Â 1273. Geoffery Lord Genevil L.J. Lord of Meath by right of his Wife Â 1276. Sir R. de Ufford the second time L.J. Â 1279. Bish of Waterf L. J Â 1280. Dublin burnt Strongbows Tomb spoiled by the fall of Christ-Church when on fire Camp p. 78. Meath rebels Â 1282. Stephen de Fulborn L.J. Â 1288. Arch-Bp of Dublin L.J. Â 1290. Will. Vesey L.J. Who to interest him in the prosperity of Ireland had given him the Manner Lords hip of Rahangan c. in the County of Kildare but engaging himself against John Fitz Gerald Baron of Ophaly lost himself and the Baron sent back first Earl of Kildare and Veseys Estate conferred on him Â 1307. Knights Templers for their Debauchery dissolved Knights of the Road constituted Camp p. 80. Connaght in Arms. Â 1308. Lord Bourk L.J. The Ancestor of the House of Castle Connel and Leitrim Â 1309. Lucan Bridge built Â 1312. Sir Edmond le Butler Deputy He unites the Earls of Vlster and the Geraldines who caused great troubles and subdu'd the Rebels of Connaght Camp 82. Â 1314. Lord de Verdon L.J. Had a great Estate in Meath in right of his Wife Hook 62. Â 1314. Sir Edmond le Butler Earl of Carrick L.J. Subdued the Irish at Castle-Dermot .. Â 1317. Roger Mortimer L.J. but the Lord Bermingham General Bruce invades Ireland Vlster joins with him overrun the Kingdom soon after subdued Â 1318. Will. Fitz John L.J. Â 1320. Earl of Kildare L.J. He built Loghlin Bridge the Pope granted the priviledge of an University to Dublin Â 1321. Lord of Athenry L.J. Slain with others by Mac Gohagon Â Â 1322. Ralph de Gorges L.J. 1323. Sir Jo. Darcy L.J. The Irish universally rebel vanquished by JamesEarl of Ormond Bermingham hanged Camp 88. Â 1327. Earl of Kildare L.J. Â 1328. Prior of Kilmainham L.J. In his time the Geraldines Butlers Bermingham at variance with the Powers and Bourks a Parliament s ummoned to accord them Â 1329. Sir John Darcy a second time L.J. Irish of Leinster in Rebellion Camp 87. Â 1330. Prior of Kilmainham L.J. Â 1331. Sir Anthony Lacy L.J. A great slaughter by the English of the O Conners c. in Leinster Marleborough 210. Â 1332. Sir John Darcy a third time L.J. Great slaughter on the Obrians Mac Cartys in Munster Marl. p. 211. Â 1333. Thom. de Burgh L.J. Â 1336. On St. Lawrence day ten thousand Irish slain in Connaght Marlb p. 212. Â Â 1337. Sir John Charleton L.J. The Irish generally rebel are quell'd by the Earl of Kildare and Desmond Camp 88. 1340. Prior of Kilmainham L.J. Â Â 1341. Sir John Maurice L.J. 1344. Sir Ralph Ussord Husband to the Countess of Ulster L.J. Desmonds first discontents Vssord died unlamented by his ill
an experienced Souldier to resist Tyrone who were then 1000 Horse and 9500 Foot strong 1597 Sir Thomas Norris President of Munster Lord General of the Army against Tyrone Â 1597 Adam Loftus Lord Chancellor of Ireland and Sir Robert Gardiner L.J. Â Â 1597 The Lord Burroughs L.D. Â 1598 Robert Earl of Essex L.L. Brought over a fresh Army of 16000 Foot and 1300 Horse Success not answerable being maligned at Court the fate of too many of his Predecessors returned for England and was beheded in the Tower 1601. 1599. Sir Adam Loftus and Sir George Carey Justices Â 1599 Lord Mountjoy L.L. Subdued the Spaniards c. then possest of Kinsale soon after Tyrone and so ended that War which had cost the Crown of England 1198717 l. Cambden Appendix to Eliz. King James Â 1603 Sir George Carey L.D. Sent the first Justices of Assize into Vlster Â 1604 Sir Arthur Chichester L.D. Sent the first Justices of Assize into Munster and Connaght Â 1615 Thomas Jones Arch-Bp of Dublin c. and Sir Richard Wingfield L.J. Â 1614 Sir Arthur Chichester then Lord of Belfast the Ancestor of the now Earl of Donnegall L.D. In Parliament repealed several Statutes declaring the Irish Rebels not Subjects but Enemies Vide Act. 11. Jacobi fol. 427. the Harp first Marshal'd with the Arms of Great Britain Â 1615 Thomas Jones Lord Chancellor of Ireland and Sir John Denham Chief Justice of the Kings Bench L.J. Â Â 1616 Lord Grandeson L.D. 1622 Lord Viscount Ely and Lord Visc Powers Court L. J Â Â 1625 Lord Visc Falkland L.D. Charles the First Â 1629 Lord of Cork and Lord of Ely L.J. Â 1633 Lord Viscount Wentworth L.D. Â 1636 Lord of Ely and Sir Christoph Wandesford L.J. Â 1636 Thomas Lord Viscount Wentworth L.D. Â 1639 Lord Dillon and Sir Christoph Wandesford L.J. Â 1639 Earl of Strafford L.L. Â 1640 Chistoph Wandesford L.D. Â 1640 Lord Dillon and Sir William Parsons L. Just Â 1640 Sir William Parsons and Sir John Borlace L.J. Under whose Government on the 23d of Octob. 1641. the Bloody Irish most bloody Rebellion broke out Â 1643 Sir John Borlace and Sir Henry Tichburne L.J. Persons eminently qualified for the time they governed being both old Souldiers and true hearted Englishmen Tichburne gallantly secured and defended Drogheda against the Rebels and thereby preserved Dublin and the multitude of poor stript English in their slight thither Â 1643 Janu. 21. James then Marquess now Duke of Ormond L.L. Â 1650 Ulick Bourke Marquess of Clanriccard L.D. Â 1660 Sir Maurice Eustace Lord Chancellor Roger Boyle Earl of Orrery and Charles Coote Earle of Montroth L.J. Â 1662. July 28. James Duke of Ormond L.L. Â 1663 May 21. Thomas Earl of Ossory D. Â Septemb. 1665 James Duke of Ormond L.L. Â 1668 Apr. 25. Thomas Earl of Ossory D. Â Â 1669 Sept. 10. John Lord Roberts L.L. 1660 April 21. John Lord Berkley L.L. 1671 Michael Boyle Arch-Bishop of Dublin Lord Chancellor and Sir Arthur Forbes L.J. Â Â Septemb. 1671 John Lord Berkley L.L. Â 1672 May 21. Arthur Earl of Essex L.L. 1677 Aug. 24. James Duke of Ormond the present L.L. Â CHAP. IV. The Heads of the Establishment for Ireland commencing March 25. 1676. CIVIL LIST Exchequer Yearly allowance Â LOrd Treasurer 336 00 00 Â Vice-Treasurer 50 00 00 Â Chancellor of the Exchequer 200 00 00 Â Lord Chief Baron for his Fee and Robes 500 00 00 Â Second Baron 400 00 00 Â Third Baron 400 00 00 Â Prime Serjeant at Law for his Fee and Robes 33 16 08 Â Second Serjeant 30 00 00 Â Attorney General 88 06 08 Â Sollicitor General 88 06 08 Â Auditor General 184 00 08 Â and to him more in full of all Fees due to him upon passing Sheriffs Accounts 31 00 00 Â Â Carried forward 2341 10 08 Brought over 2341 10 08 Surveyor General 60 00 00 Â Escheator of Leinster 06 13 04 Â Escheator of Munster 01 05 00 Â Escheator of Connaght 01 05 00 Â Escheator of Ulster 01 05 00 Â Chief Remembrancer 30 00 00 Â and to him in full satisfaction of all Fees due to him upon passing Sheriffs Accounts 21 19 02 Â Second Remembrancer 07 15 06 Â and to him in full of all Fees upon passing Sheriffs Accounts 45 06 09 Â Clerk of the Pipe 45 00 00 Â and to him in full of all Fees due to him upon passing Sheriffs Accounts 111 12 00 Â Chief Chamberlain 10 00 00 Â Second Chamberlain 05 00 00 Â Comptroller of the Pipe 07 00 00 Â and to him more in full of all Fees due to him upon passing Sheriffs Accounts 46 10 00 Â Usher of the Exchequer 12 10 00 Â and to him for Fees upon passing Sheriffs Accounts 11 12 06 Â Transcripter and Foreign Opposer 15 00 00 Â and to him for passing Accounts 38 15 00 Â Â carried forward 2819 19 11 Brought over 2819 19 11 Summonister 07 10 00 Â and to him more for the like Fees 36 08 06 Â Marshal of the Four Courts 04 00 00 Â Clerk of the Pells 30 00 00 Â Clerk of the First Fruits and Twentieth parts 27 10 00 Â and for Fees in passing Sheriffs Accounts 11 04 09 Â Cryer of the Exchequer 01 13 04 Â and for the like Fees 07 15 00 Â Pursivants of the Exchequer for carrying Writs 71 05 00 Â and for the like Fees 07 15 00 Â Auditor of the Foreign Accounts and Imprests 121 13 04 Â Three Commissioners of Appeals 300 00 00 Â Â Â 3446 14 10 Court of Kings Bench. Â Â LOrd Chief Justice 600 00 00 Â Second Justice 400 00 00 Â Third Justice 400 00 00 Â Clerk of the Crown 007 10 00 Â Â Â 1407 10 00 Chancery Â Â LOrd Chancellor 1000 00 00 Â Master of the Rolls 157 09 11 Â Four Masters of the Chancery twenty pound each 80 00 00 Â Clerks of the Crown and Chancery 25 00 00 Â Clerks of the Hannaper 35 10 00 Â Â Â 1297 19 11 Court of Common Pleas. Â Â LOrd Chief Justice 500 00 00 Â Second Justice 400 00 00 Â Third Justice 400 00 00 Â Prothonotary 07 10 00 Â Â Â 1307 10 00 State and Patent Officers c. Â Â OFficers attending the State 71589 01 10 Â Incidents 2187 00 00 Â Custom Officers 238 06 08 Â Creation Mony 544 11 08 Â Perpetuities 489 15 06 Â Temporary Payments 9367 17 01Â½ Â Concordatams 4500 00 00 Â To uses to be appointed by Sign Manual 27000 00 00 Â Â Â 115916 12 09Â½ MILITARY LIST General Officers Â Â LOrd Lieutenant 6593 06 08 Â Marshal of Ireland 634 12 00 Â Muster-Master General and Clerk of the Cheques 336 00 00 Â Six Commissaries of the
THE INTEREST OF IRELAND IN ITS TRADE and WEALTH STATED In TWO PARTS First Part observes and discovers the Causes of Irelands not more increasing in Trade and Wealth from the first Conquest till now Second Part proposeth Expedients to remedy all its Mercanture Maladies and other Wealth-wasting Enormities by which it is kept poor and low Both mix'd with some Observations on the Politicks of Government relating to the Incouragement of Trade and Increase of Wealth WITH Some Reflections on Principles of Religion as it relates to the Premisses By Richard Lawrence Esq Dublin Printed by Jos Ray for Jos Howes and are to be sold by Awnsham Churchill at the Black Swan in Pater-noster-Row near Amen-Corner London 1682. TO THE Most Hopeful BRANCH OF HONOR JAMES EARL of OSSORY c. My Lord IT is not for Protection this little Treatise presumes to present it self to your view let its own Innocency and honest Design be its Guard its Errand is only to represent the most natural Causes of the Poverty of your Country by discovering not only the grand Robbers of its Treasure but the lesser Theeves that creep in at every window and pilfer every House and pick every Pocket whereby not only the noble and wealthy but the mean and poor are daily made poorer and it chuseth to make its Address to your Lordship as the chief Concernee of a Subject in its Prosperity as being Heir to the highest Honor and most noble Patrimony in this I le and from thence will probably be in the best Capacity after a few more years have ripened your pregnant Parts to do it good or hurt and amongst the other Heroick Vertues you derive from your most noble Ancestors it is wish'd and hop'd this may be intail'd that you are a true Lover of your Country that it may be said of you in after ages as of Mordecai the noble Jew He was next to the King great amongst his people accepted of the multitude seeking the Wealth of his Country your Predecessors have sav'd you a labour as to the raising your own House one Stone more would make that top-heavy all you have left to do is to keep that in repair and to finish the Structures they have begun for the Wealth and Prosperity of your Country for as they have been called to the highest Imploys by their Prince so have they not disdained to stoop to the meanest Service for the Improvement of the Trade c. of their Country the many chargeable Attempts made by them for the erecting and incouraging Manufactures c. Chappellizod Clonmell Carrick and about twelve places more where Attempts have been made by their Example and Countenance will tell the next age of their unparallel'd Incouragements to improve the Manufactures and Trade of Ireland and this little Book will inform them why they succeeded no better I am not unsensible the scornful useless Wits of this Age will insinuate to your Lordship Mercantile and Mechanick Studies are below your Dignity but let me reply they have but depraved Fancies that tell you so ask your most noble Grandfather why he hath admitted such free access and spent so much time in conference with men of Mechanick and Mercantile Rank and Breeding he will tell you it was that he might understand the Interest and Intrigue of Trade to promote it as the only means to improve the Wealth of his Country and both divine and prophane History informs us most of the useful and beneficial Arts wherewith the world flourisheth were the Inventions of famous men It is recorded to the praise of Tuball Caan a Prince in his time that he was the first Instructer of every Artificer to work in Brass and Iron c. and of holy Noah the last King of the old World that God instructed him to be his chief Ship-Carpenter Genes 6.14 Bezaleele and Aboliab were Princes of their Tribes whom God filled with wisdom understanding and knowledge in all manner of Workmanship to devise cunning works to work in Gold and Silver and in Brass in cutting of Stones and carving of Timber Exod. 31.45 So Solomon Israels most glorious King was the Inventer of all those curious Works he made to adorn both Gods House and his own and the Contriver of his Ships to manage his Traffique with Ophir for Gold whereby he became the wealthiest Prince in the world and so great a veneration had the antient Heathens for profitable and useful Arts they attributed the Invention of them to their Gods so that most acute Wit and compleatest States-man of his age Sir Henry Wotton in his Character of the Grand Duke of Tuskany dedicated to King James to the rest of his Qualifications as that he was a wise and wary Prince solidly not formally so c. saith He was a great Cherisher of manual Arts whereby he drew to him from all parts the most exquisite Artificers gave them settled Pensions and placed them in several compartments of his Palace where he would come often to see them work for his own delight being in truth the greatest Oeconomist of his age and as he had much of the Prince so did he not disdain to have something of the Merchant and our brave Prince Rupert hath increas'd not lessen'd his Fame in the Field of Mars by sullying his Hands and smutting his Face in the Forge of Vulcan That Glory of his Country for Wit and Learning the Lord Bacon did not spend his time in Philosophical Theory but in the practical part of manual Arts as the Incorporation and refining of Mettals and Minerals c. vide his Phisiologica from pag. 91. to pag. 146. And in his Speech to the Parliament saith he I hope my Lords my midnight Studies to make our Countries flourish and out-vie European Neighbourt in mysterial and beneficial Arts have not so ungratefully affected your Intellects that you will delay or oppose this Affair since your honorable Posterities may be enriched thereby p. 132. The despising the Study of Mechanick Arts is only the product of Romantick Fancies who more esteem the Composer of Plays than the Inventers of Works though they are no more useful in a Commonwealth than Fidlers in a Country Parish to incite to Idleness and Debauchery Titus Livius tells you they were first designed to appease the angry Gods in a time of great Mortality and well they became the Worship of such beastly Deities whose Worship consisting in Antick Gestures and Garbs with Mimick motions directed with Musick mixt with abominable Immoralities especially their Bacchanalies c. But saith he The Actors were not base Comedians or Professors of the infamous Players Craft who are grown to this Foolery and excessive Sumptuousmess as can hardly be defrayed by the most wealthy Kingdoms but by the Noble Youth of the City Livius Supplement pag. 205 206. Vertuous Heathens are the Reproach of vicious Christians who retain a greater veneration for Moral than they for Divine Precepts if Christians would retain half
amounts to 78732 l. 12 s. per annum and it is judged the Estates of his Royal Highness the Earles of Corke Â Â Anglesey and Strafford with other Noblemen and Gentlemen of England by old and new Titles draw over as much more both which is per annum 157465 40 Â which they spend and lay out in Purchases in England c. which for 15 years amounts to Â 2361978 0 0 So that this one drain if no sluce can be contrived to stop its current must necessarily draw Ireland dry of Wealth if all the forementioned impediments were removed which our predecessors have long groaned under and several strict Laws have been made to prevent it as in the third year of Richard 2. Sir John Davies gives an account of an Ordinance made in England against such as were absent from their Lands in Ireland which gave two thirds of their Profits to the King until they returned to Ireland or placed a sufficient number of Englishmen to defend the same Which saith he was grounded upon good reason of State and was put in execution for many years after as appeareth by sundry Seisures made thereupon in the time of Richard the 2. Henry the 4. Hen. 5. and Hen.