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A42127 Chorographia, or, A survey of Newcastle upon Tine the estate of this country under the Romans : the building of the famous wall of the Piets, by the Romans : the ancient town of Pandon : a briefe description of the town, walls, wards, churches, religious houses, streets, markets, fairs, river and commodities, with the suburbs : the ancient and present government of the town : as also, a relation of the county of Northumberland, which was the bulwark for England, against the introdes of the Scots : their many castles and towers : their ancient Cheviot-Hills, of Tinedale, and Reedsdale, with the inhabitants. Gray, William, fl. 1649. 1649 (1649) Wing G1975; ESTC R10141 20,120 58

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memory will continue untill there be no more time Aere vel marmore perennius viz. His gift of twenty pound per annum for ever to the foure Churches in Newcastle Dignum laude Virum Musa vetat Mori There is a Tombe as is reported belonging to the Fitz-Williams not placed who going Embassador into Scotland dyed and was interred in Saint Nicholas 2. Is Allhallowes omnium animarum Panton theon from the ancient name of that part of the Towne Pampeden having a broad and square Church and more populous then all the three other Parishes and able to contain more people then the rest having three Galleries There is few Monuments or Tombes in it Onely one stately Tombe of that worthy benefactor Roger de Thornton having a large jet stone curiously ingraven with his Armes and the Armes of that noble Family of the Lord Lumley who married a daughter of Thorntons He dyed in the Reigne of Henry the seventh There was one Thomas Smith Shipwright of this Parish that gave foure pound eighteen shillings ten pence yearly for ever to the distressed poor of that Parish 3. Church is Saint Johns a pretty little Church commended by an Arch-Prelate of this Kingdome because it resembleth much a Crosse In this Parish the Earles of Westmorland had his house as others good benefactors to this Towne 4. Saint Andrews the ancientest of all the foure as appeareth by the old building and fashion of the Church In it is to be seen a pardon of a Pope for nine thousand yeares to come Likewise there is an ancient large Stone of one Adam de Athell of Gesmund with this inscription hic jacot Dominus Adamaus de Athel Miles qui obiit Anno 1887. The Parson of the Towne is the Bishop of Carlile who hath his Vicar or Substitute and a faire old house belonging to the Vicar THE STREETS AND BUILDINGS OF THE ANCIENT TOWNE OF PAMPDEN I COME in the next place to describe every part of this Towne what it was in the times of the Heptarchy of this Kingdom and in after succeeding ages First of Pampeden alias Pantheon It hath retained his name without much alteration since the Romans recided in it After the departure of the Romans the Kings of Northumberland kept their recidence in it and had their house now called Pandon-Hall It was a safe bulwarke having the Picts Wall on the North side and the River of Tine on the South This place of Pandon is of such antiquitie that if a man would expresse any ancient thing it is a common proverb As old as Pandon In it is many ancient buildings houses and streets Some Gentlemen of Northumberland had their houses in it There is an ancient place called the Wall-Knowle called since Saint Michael upon the Wall-Knowle having a high and strong Tower now called the Carpenters-Tower adjoyning to that place upon the Town-Wall There is below towards the River of Tine an ancient Religious House called Trinity-House not many houses in England named by that name now converted to another use for the Masters of Trinity-House which have many priviledges and immunities granted unto them for services done by sea In this part of the Town of Pandon below is many narrow Streets or Chaires and ancient buildings through the midst of it the River of Tine flows and ebbs and a Burne runs called Pandon-burne This place called the Burne-Banek stands very low It is recorded that in Edward the thirds time an hundred and forty houses was drowned by overflowing of water ●ince the houses towards the Key side are heightned with ballist and a high stone Wall without which Wall is a long and broad Whars or Key which hindereth the like inundation In the upper part of this Pandon is an ancient Religious House founded by the Kings of Northumberland now called the Mannours formerly Saint Augustine Friers where the Kings of Northumberland was enterred since in succeeding ages inlarged and beautified with stately buildings Cloysters and a faire Church The kings of England since the Conquest kept house in it when they came with an Army Royall against Scotland and since the suppression of Monasteries made a Magazine and Storehouse for the North parts Now of late that princely fabrick demolished and layd levell with the ground The pride covetousnesse luxury and idolatry of these houses brought a sudden ruine upon themselves and houses In this place of Pandon is a Bridge called Stock-Bridge where Fishers come up with their fish and sould them here THE GRANTS AND CHARTERS TO THE TOWNE THE antiquity of this Towne is known to be from that time that the Romans had command in the Northern parts who built the Picts Wall After their departure the Saxons became masters of this countrey then the Danes The Danes being vanquished and expelled this land the English enjoyed it untill William the Conquerour made all England vassals and obey his Norman laws as far as the River of Tine King William overthrew the Northern forces in Gateside-Foil neer Newcastle Since which time great is the priviledges that Kings and Princes hath endowed this Town with Robert sonne of William the Conquerour built the Castle called New-Castle against the often inrodes of our neighbouring Scots King John gave the first Grant to Newcastle and endowed it with many priviledges and immunities to the good men of the same King Henry the third made it a Corporation whereas formerly it belonged to the County of Northumberland as by Henry the thirds Charter doth appear Noveritis nos concessisse demisisse hae Charta nostra confirmasse pro nobis haredibus nostris probis hominibus nostris de Novo-Castello super Tinam haeredibus corum villam nostram cum Novo-Castello cum omnibus pertinentibus suis ad seod firmum c. The Town of Pampden was granted to the beloved Burgesses and good men of Newcastle in King Edward the firsts reign as by his Charter appears Sciatis quod dedimus concessimus haee Charta nostra confirmavimus pro nobis haeredibus nostris dileetis Burgensibus probis hominibus nostris ville Novieastri super Tinam onmes terras tenementa cum pertinentibus in Pampeden in Biker juxta predictam Villam Novicastri c. Et quod predicta Villa Novicastri terrae tenementa predicta in Pampeden unica Villa de cetero sint unus Burgus ad uniendum concludendum dictae Villae Novicastri in angmendationem emendationem securitatem ejusdem Villae c. All the Kings and Queens of England successively granted unto the Town some honour or priviledge and inlarged their Charters Edward the third gave them the Forth for the good services of the Townes-men Edward the fourth gave them power to choose yearely Mayor and Aldermen in lieu of Baylisses After Kings granted to the Mayor and Communalty all the Royalties of the River of Tine from Sparrow-Hawke unto Heddon-Streames and that no ship load and unload