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A28196 A treatise of the nobilitie of the realme collected out of the body of the common law, with mention of such statutes as are incident hereunto, upon a debate of the Barony of Aburgavenny : with a table of the heads contained in this treatise.; Magazine of honour Bird, William, 17th cent. 1642 (1642) Wing B2956; ESTC R18509 58,218 162

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leaving Elizabeth his daughter and heire married to Richard Earle of Warw. after whose death James the Nephew entered into the said Castle Som Parliament 9 H. 5. Esch 5. H. 6. c. and was summoned to the Parliament as Lord Barkley Tho. Lo. de la Ware died seized in taile by reason of a fine levied in the time of his Ancestors of the Baronie de la Ware with divers other lands in other Counties and died 5. H. 6 without issue And Reginald West Knight of the halfe blood was next Heire Som. Parliament An 7. H. 6 by reason of the intaile And was summoned to the Parliament by the name of Regin Lo. de la Ware Knight although Iohn Griffeth was heire of the whole blood Iohn de Vere Esch 9. H 6 20. H. 6. E. of Oxford seized in his demesne as of fee taile to him and to the Heires males of his body issuing of the Honour and County of Oxford with divers other lands Ao. 18. H. 8. died without Heires of his body and his three sisters viz. Elizab. Vrsula and Dorothy were his next heire generall but Iohn De Vere next heire male was E. of Oxford by reason of the said intaile and none of the said three Heires obtained the dignitie William Lord Paget of Bewdsert Esch Anno 11. Eliz. was seized in fee of the Baronies of Longden and Haywood and of and in the Mannors of Bewdsert Longden c. and being so seized by fine 1. Mar. intayled the Mannours and Baronies aforesaid to him and the Heires males of his body issuing and after anno 5. Eliz. died leaving Hen. his Son next heire male which Hen. entred into the Baronies and lands aforesaid by vertue of the aforesaid fine and died thereof seized 11. Eliz. leaving Elizabeth his onely Daughter and heire after whose death Tho. Paget brother and heire male of the said Hen. entred into the Baronies and Mannors aforesaid and was summoned to the Parliament by vertue of the aforesaid fine Robert le Ogle intayled the Mannors of Bothall and Ogle Esch 6. Eliz. with divers other Mannors c. Com. Northumb. to himselfe for life the Remainder to the Heires males of his body and tooke to his first wife Dorothy Witherington by whom he had issue Robert his eldest sonne and Margery his daughter married Gregory Ogle of Chippington and the said Rob. after the death of his first wife married Iohan Ratliffe Brother of the half blood by whom he had issue Cuthbert his second sonne and died after whose death Robt. the Sonne was Lord Ogle and from him to Cuthbert brother of the halfe blood by vertue of the intaile and not vnto Marg. nor Cuthbert her sonne of the whole blood Moreover thirdly 3. Conclusion if a Baron by tenure doth Aliene by Licence to a meere stranger upon consideration or c. if such Alience be nobly descended in such cases after such alienations such Alience hath borne the name and dignitie of a Baron in respect of such Barony so aliened And if he had no Dignity before hee in respect of that hath beene summoned to the Parliament and enjoyed the Barony hereof are Presidents extant Maude Esch 22. Ric. 2. Countesse of Angiers and Northumb. Heire of the Barony of Cockermouth after the death of Lucy her Brother who dyed without issue intailed the honour c. of Cocker-mouth to her selfe and to Henry Piercy Earle of Northumberland then her Husband and to the Heires males of their bodyes upon condition that that should beare the Armes of the said Earle which are Armes given Or a Lyon rampant 6. quartered with the Armes of Lucie viz. Gules 3. Lucies argent bearing the said Armes so often as they shall appeare and afterwards viz. 22. R. 2. died without issue Neverthelesse the said Earle and after him the said Hen. Percy his Son were Barons of the said Honour by the said assurance and Sir William Melton Knight Couzen and next Heire of the said Countesse never had the said Armes Amongst the Parents in the Tower Chart patent in 41. H 3. Anno 41. H. 3. it appearth that one Herward de Marisco and Rameta his wife did grant unto Simon de Mountfort then Earle of Leycester the Barony of Elinden in the County of Northampton which descended to the said Rameta from John de Vescount which Graunt seemeth to be with Licence for that the said King doth by his Patent confirme the same and further gave to the said Earle and his Heires divers priviledges there Also Exchange of a Barony this antient Charter following concerning the exchange of a Barony with the King is worthy memory which is K. Iohn ao. 7. granted unto Robert de Newbergh Fordington for the honour of Burstocke in exchange and granted that it should be the head and the chiefe of the Baronship as Burstock was aforetime and that all Knights and others should attend upon him and his lands in Fordington as chiefe of his Baronship as they aforetime were attendant upon Robert Burstock By these Presidents appeareth that Barony by tenure is annexa feodo So that the former questions are fully satisfied and answered viz. 1. That by alienation without Licence the Barony is ferfeited 2. The heires Males have enjoyed them and the Females excluded 3. That the Alience of such a Barony nobly descended is Baron But if such alienation with Licence be made to any person ignoble Nora 1. though the burden of the tenure doth remaine on him for the K. best advantage yet he may not take upon him the Dignitie without the Kings speciall favour upon his merit Upon consideration therefore of these assertions all the former objections are answered and as touching the first it is answered by that which is last specified that an ignoble Alience may challenge nothing as a Baron by tenure In 11. H. 4.2.6 in a Case concerning a Distresse it is agreed that a Baron 11. H. 4.2.6 c. are not contributary for such lands parcell of their Barony but for other lands they are but there is question made if one which is not Baron purchase a Barony whether hee shall be discharged which was not worthy the questioning if such a purchaser challenge by reason of his purchase place in Parliament For as land holden by villein service doth not make the owner a villein which doth purchase the same although by tenure he must doe villein service So land holden by Baron service doth not make the ignoble noble though the charge of such tenure lay upon him Yet if the King will give to any man ignoble in recompence of service any Castle c. to be holden per Baroniam hee is forthwith noble because hee draweth this Nobilitie from the fountaine without other Creation But a question by the way what yeerely revenue is sufficient for a Baron Qu. Diversitie of times hath brought forth divers determinations as touching the French constitution R.
Honour given in respect of wisdome and vertue of him on whom it was first bestowed is not onely a due reverence of him c. while he liveth but also a memorable reward thereof to his posteritie see Tully Cicero pro Sextio Therefore this kind of honour is patrimoniall If infamy of the ancestor be a blot to posteritie as for it the law doth corrupt the blood for the offence of the Ancestor Reason would that the honour due to the Ancestor should be likewise Honour to the posteritie for Contraries doe carrie their contrary in reason For determination whereof it is to be noted that diversitie of reason hath bred diversitie of opinions Some thinke it is not descendable vnlesse the Heire be likewise called by Writ and that then its an inheritance but this is repugnant to the nature of a descent which commonly carieth the patrimony descendable by act in law vpon the death of the ancestors to the heire or not at all Wherefore divers presidents prove that this doth descend and there needs not any word of heire in the Writ of Summons onely there is a speech of a speciall Writ sometimes directed to Sir Henry Bromflet Teste Rege apud West 24 Iun. 27. H 6. when he was called Lo. Vescy by H. 8. in 27. yeere of his raigne wherein there are these words inserted Volumus tamen vos haeredes vestros masculos de corpore vestro legitime exeuntes Barones de Vescye Wherfore it is ever true that the heire of such a Baron when he is called to the Parliament that his descent of honour is thereby established and approved by the gratious Iudgment of our Soveraigne so it is also true that if it shall stand with her highnesse pleasure that such heire shall not be summoned at all for none come to so high a Councell except he be called then that Nobilitie is much impaired and in manner extinguished in the censure of all men for that it had no other originall but by writ of Summons for the which in the Judgement of the supreme Soveraigne he is secluded And thus much as concerning the first Article or point touching the descent in generall of this kind of Baronie As for the second principall Point The second point whether the Barony by Writ may descend to the heire Male it shall not be amisse likewise to view the reasons of each part that by the conflict of Argument the truth may the better be discerned Those which doe maintaine the affirmative part doe reason after this manner Ratio 1. On the affirmative part In reason the sexe of the Heire female ought no more to barre her of the dignitie then the nonage of the Heire male ought to barre him although during his nonage hee be not able to doe the service But as the service of the one is forbearing for the time So the sexe of the other may at all times be supplyed by the maturitie and sufficiencie of her husband Ratio 2. Offices of Honour which doe much import the publike weale being possessed by inheritance to descend to the heire female if there bee no Neeces heire male as the office of high Constable of England which descended unto the Daughter of Humfrey de Bohun Earle of Hereford and Essex as afore declared the office of Lord Steward descended unto Blanch Daughter of Henry Earle of Lancaster in whose right Iohn of Gaunt her Husband enjoyed the same The like may be said of the Office of Earle Marshall which descended by an Heire female unto the house of Norfolke All which Offices are as unfit to be exercised by a woman as it is unfit for a woman to bee summoned to the Parliament as a Baron by Writ And yet notwithstanding the Law doth allow the Husband of such a woman to exercise the Office of the one And therefore by the same congruitie of reason such Husband is likewise by law inabled to performe the other Ratio 3. Many Noble houses in England doe support and lawfully beare the Dignitie of Baronage unto them descended by women Renatus Cap nus de dom cap. H. 7. 8. of the which many are by Writ Moreover in France the dignitie to be a Peere of the Realme as Opimus by many examples proveth descendeth to the heire female for want of heire male The dignitie of Nobilitie descendeth likewise in Spaine vnto the female for want of Heire male which custome not being onely currant in our neighbour countries but with vs in an evident proofe in the case in question Ratio 1. on the Negat The adverse part object that the writ of summons c. by which the Baron hath his originall is to call him to be one of the members of that right high assemby of Parliament there to determine life and member plea and right of land c. but these things are convenient onely for the qualitie of men not to the other sexe Ergo it not to descend to the heire female Ratio 2. If it be answered that such heire female be unfit in her owne person yet may she marry one fufficiently able to excecute the same this answer will neither satisfie nor salve the inconvenience for admit she were at age at the death of her Ancestors vnmarried being in her owne choice the great causes of the Realme should be subject to her will in the choise of her Husband which were inconvenient Ratio 3 Thirdly if such husband bee summoned the writ should make meantion thereof for otherwise it may be taken that he was chosen in his owne person and not in her right but such a Summons wherein the wife was mentioned was never seene and if by a generall writ without mentioning his wife hee is thereby made Baron in his owne right Obser 1 Having heard the arguments on both sides place doth now require that we should interpose opinion to compound this controversie This question is somewhat perplexed by different Presidents for some Presidents prove that Baronies by Writ have descended to Heires females whose Husbands have beene called to the Parliament whether in their owne or Wives right it matters not but sure it is that such Marriage gave occasion to the Summons and such Husbands and their posterities beare the dignitie of the wives Ancestors for by this controversie wee purpose not to question the right of such Noble houses Obser 2 Secondly wee must acknowledge that the Qu. is to summon to the Parliament whom she please and therefore whereas Rodulph Lord Cromell being a Baron by Writ died having two Coheires Barony of Cromwell Eliz. married to Sir Thomas Nevill and Ioan the younger to Sir Humfrey Bourchier the said Sir Humphrey was called to the Parliament as Lord Cromwell and not Sir Thomas Nevill who had married the eldest Sister Obser 3 That if a Baron by Writ die his Daughter Sister or other collaterall Heire female being his Heire and that no collaterall Heire
erit consuetudo regionis observanda ubi haereditas est quae petitur personae nascuntur quae petunt Et unde si dicatur quod in regno Angl. aliquando facta fuit partitio hoc fuit injustum Vermon liver d'antiquities à placitio 290 ad placiumt 301. It is therefore evident that Baronies c. doe by the lawes of the Realme descend unto the eldest Copercener and Judgement given once to the contrary Thereof Bracton doth rightly accompt to be unjust his reason is notable For in as much as the Honour and Chivalty of the Realme doth chiefly consist in the Nobilitie reason will not that such dignities should be divided among Coperceners whereby through multitude the reputation of honour in such succession Pet. Greg. de repub lib. 7. cap. 5. and so divided might bee impaired as the strength of the Realme being drawne into many hands with decrease of livelihood by such partition should be infeebled In which resolution Britton the Baroned Bishop of Hereford Britton 187. de herit devis who compiled this Booke in the name and by the commandment of Ed. 1. accordeth who delivered this as a speciall Caveat En tous cases sont les droits des espees that which Braecton calleth Ius gladij gardes de sole misse dismembres he calleth it Ius gladij because Dukes Earles be at the time of their creation Cinguntur gladijs gladius autem significat defensione reginae patriae But howsoever that judgement was given or whensoever it was neverthelesse very evident that it was soone redressed for if it were given upon the death of Ranulph the last of the name E. of Chester who died about 17. H. 3. the Writers about that time doe testifie that the Earledome of Chester came wholly to Iohn Scot the sonne of David Earle of Huntington and Anguish and of Maude the eldest Sister of the said Ranulph If it were given upon the death of the said Iohn Scot who died without issue about 24. H. 3. for in the reports of the Law the difference of a yeare is no great matter yet notwithstanding the said Judgement stood not in force Math. Paris Monast Sancti Albani Chron. 36. for that the said King assumed the said Earledome into his owne hands upon other satisfaction made to the Sisters Coparceners of the said Iohn Scot ne tanta haered tas inter Colos deduceretur M. 6. H. 8. That the descent of Dignities and Offices of Honour are determinable by the Common law is made manifest by the great cause concerning the office of the Lo. high Constable of England challenged tempore H. 8. by the Duke of Buckingham and determined by the resolution of the Judges as by a note of that Case extant Dyer 285. whereof my Lord Dyer in his Reports hath a memoriall is most evident where the Case ws that Humph de Bohun Earle of Hertford and Essex held the Manor of Hatfield Newnham and Whiting hurst in com' Glouc ' du roy pur service de eant hault Constable d' Anglque mor ' tyent issue 2 files que font particion de mesme les Maners part le office eant servic ' pur reason de tenureque descent ' al ambu files dēe exercise pur lour sufficient deputie dum sole ' vixerint mez aprez lour mariage fuit dēe exercise solement pur le Baron el'eigne Mes quia Hen. de Bullingb Ca'ps H. 4. que ad espouse le puisne a que le man ' de Whittenhurst de eant part ' de terr' iss ' ten ' fuit allot ' pur sa pur port Another Querie was moved whether by the unitie of parcell of the tenancy in the King the said Office were not determined or whether this were in the other Sister which the Justices resolved that the Office had its continuance in the eldest Sister and her heires of whom the said Duke was discended but because the exercise of the said Office was a service in respect of tenure the said Judges further resolved that the King might refuse to have the said office exercised as any Lord may refuse the homage of his Tenant All which resolutions the two chiefe Justices did signifie unto the King according to the names of themselves and the rest Object 2 Second Objection that by the law of Chivalry if the Widow of a Duke Earle Baron c. doe marry with a Knight Esquire or Gentleman then neverthelesse shee retaineth her name of honour whereas the Common Law doth otherwise determine thereof and therefore they conclude that the common Law doth not determine this kind of controversie concerning the title names and dignities Noble There must be made a dis-Junction betweene the strictnesse of Law Resolu and courtesie of Ladyes at the Court 14 H. 6.2 8. a. for it is a rule in Law as it is the same law of Chivalry and in that point so is and should be knowne among the Heraulds for asmuch as a report of law in that case doth acknowledge it to be taken out of the bookes of Heraulds 5. Mar. bre Br. 546. nosme 69. Fortescue 100. that Quando mulier nobilis nupserit igncb c. Of the which Fortescue sometime chiefe Justice of England yeeldeth a notable reason Cod lib. 10. de incolis leg sinal Mulieres honore maritorum c. sin autem minoris ordinis verum For if shee be honoured with any title in respect of her Husband it is reason that after his death she marrying with an inferiour sub cujus potestate vivet that she should bee of like qualitie and reputation as is her said Husband For as she was inabled by the one so must she be content to leave that Nobilitie by strict course of law for liue of the other so that in this point the law is one way and the honour and courtesie of Ladyes another And as the Civilian saith in the like case 6. E. 3.7 E 6.79 3 Eliz 23.69 Aliud est jus aliud Privilegium Neverthelesse the books of our law do make mention of that Courtesie and allow of it as a Courterie though not as the Law With these doe agree the law of Nation with which concordeth also the Civill law Foeminae nuptae clarissimis personis clariss personarum appellatione continuentur But of the other side clariss ●oeminarum nomine senator Filiae nisi quae viros claeriss sortitae sunt non habentur Foeminis enim dignitat clariss mariti tribuunt Parentes verò donec plebeis nuptijs fuerint copulaetae Cod de dignit leg 12. tamdiu igitur clariss foemina erat quaemdiu Senatori nupt est vos clariss aut separat ab eo alij inferioris dign non nupserit Neverthelesse Iacob Rebuff ind●ct leg 1. lib. 12. Cod de dignitat in Kingdomes this holdeth not place in the blood Royall for Si filia Regis nubat alicui Duci vel Comiti dicitur tamen semper Regalis
male can challenge the said Barony by any antient intayle or otherwise such claim by the Heire female hath heretofore beene allowed by the late right Honourable Commissioners in the office of the Early Marshall signified to the Queen as upon the Petition of the Sister and Heire of Gregory late Lord Dacres deceased may appeare In whose Pedegree it appeares that Thomas Lord Dacres Barony of Dacres had issue Thomas his eldest Sonne Ralph his second and Humphrey his third Thomas died in the life of his Father having issue Jone his Daughter and heire married to Sir Richard Fines after Tho. the Grandfather died wherevpon H. 6. by Patent 7. Novemb. Anno 37. declares the said Richard Fines to be Lo. Dacres but tempore E. 4. the said Humf. Dacres after the Attainder of the said Ralph himselfe by Parliament 1 E. 4 and after of the said Ralph and reversall of the said act in 12. E. 4. the said Humf. challenged the Baronie whereupon after it was controverted in Parliament they submitted themselves to the arbitrement of E. 4. for performance whereof they entered bond whereupon the King awarded vnder the privy Seale Award by King E. 4. 8. Aprill Anno 13. that the said Richard Fines should be reputed Lo. Dacres and that he and his Heires of the body of the said Richard should retaine the said place in Parliament which the said Tho. Lo. Dacres used And that the heires of the body of the said Tho. should enjoy the Mannor of Holbeck And that the said Humf. Dacres should be reputed named and called the Lo. Dacres of Gillesland And that hee c. should keepe the place in Parliament next beneath the said Richard Fines c. And that the heires of the said Tho. Dacres should have the Mannor of Fethington c. in Taile Nota. And so note that Gillestand the antient Barony remained to the heire male Obser 4 Observe also that if any Baron doe die without issue male and that by some speciall intaise c. by which an heire female enjoyeth the inheritance of the said Baron such heires females have beene called to the Parliament and not the husband or issue male of of such heire female and this appeareth by a notable controversie Tempore H. 7. between Sir Robert Willoughbie Lo. Brooke and Richard Nevill Lo. Latimer Barony of Latimer for the Barony of Latimer which in effect was The said Lo. Brooke challenged the said Barony as cosen and heire of Eliz. his great grandmother who was sister and heire to Iohn Nevill Lo. Latimer who died without issue And herevpon exhibited a Petition to H. 7. in Parliament whereunto Richard then Lo. Latimer was called to answer who agreed the descent viz. that the said Eliz. was married vnto Sir Tho. Willoughbie second Sonne to the Lo. Willoughbie but H. 6. because the said Iohn died without issue and that the next heire was female did therefore call to the Parliament Sir George Nevill second sonne of Ralph Earle of Westmerland to be Lo. Latimer which George was grandfather of the said Richard namely Father of Hen. father to the said Richard in debate of which cause our Question viz. whether a Barony by Writ may descend vnto heires females was debated and in the end adjudged with the said Rich. which Presidents doe afford vs 2. Iudgements in the point Object But here the former President of the Barony of Dacres may be objected to incounter this conclusion for whereas the heire female married to Sir Rich. Fines he was Baron of Dacres and Raynolph and Humf. the heires males placed below the said heire female by H. 6. and E. 4. Answ This Objection is easily answered for although H. 6. did declare him Lo. Dacres yet Rand. being heire male bare also the title of Lo. Dacres and by that name was attainted 1. E. 4 Wherefore the Reason why the heire male could not be regarded was the attainder Ratio and when this was reversed E. 4. to satisfie both competitors thus orderd it And thus much concerning the second point whether a Barony by writ may descend unto the heire female Concerning the third point admitting such descent to their female The third Article when no male can claime it for then doth this question take place whether her husband should enjoy that dignity in her right or no something hath beene said hereof in the last question But for satisfaction wee are to insist upon a resolution in the very point tempore H. 8. When Master Wimbish tooke upon him the stile of Lord Talbois jure uxoris having no issue by her The King assisted both by civill and temporall Lawyers gave sentence Resolution ●cmp H. 8. that no husband of a Baronesse should use her stile untill he had by her a child whereby he should be intitled by the curtesie to her inheritance Ratio 1 The speciall reasons that occasioned this sentence were 2. first the inconvenience that the husband should be a Peere of the Realme to day and to morrow by the death of his wife none and so honour subject to mutation without default of the partie Ratio 2 Secondly if he had issue if he should not beare the stile then should his Son after the death of his Mother dying in the life of his Father bee a Baron without land for it the Father hath by the curtesie but these questions take place where there is no Heire male at all And thus much concerning the nature qualitie and estate of the Baron by Writ and for resolution of the severall points and articles of the question proposed may suffice onely note the Case in 13. E. 3. where William de Clinton having married the Countesse of Huntington 13. E. 3. Briefe 259. they joyned in an Assise of Nusance for levying a Market c. Exception was taken because he did not name himselfe but it was over-ruled because having it Jure Vxoris by the Law he may not use the same title having no other title thereunto Now come we to Barons by Patent A Baron by Creation Barons by Patent is he or shee to whom the King hath conferred Baronies by his Letters Patents The usuall words are Considerantes itaque generis claritat vel grata obsequia quae A.B. Mil. nobis praestiterit c. Sciatis nos c. praefat A.B. adstatum gradum dignitat honor Baronis te ereximus praefecerimus creavimus eidemque A.B. nomen c. Baronis de T. imposuimus c. Ac per patentes damus c. habend praefat A.B. Haer. c. This kind of Dignitie shall bee of such continuance as shall be limited in the Habend sometimes for life sometimes pur auter vie as some hold opinion in 32. H. 6. 32. H. 6.296 It may bee in the speciall or in the generall And this kind of Patent was usuall before the Statute of 2. as it apeareth by the Patent Pat. 13 H. 3. in turre
by birth though she marry vnder her degree she remaines noble but those innobled by marriage and after marry with a man of meaner degree utterly lose her former dignitie Fortescue 100. Cooke It was the case of Ra. Howard Esquire husband of the widow of the Lord Powes against the Dutches of Suffolke the Writ naming her Ladie Anne Powes Dyer 79. so also in Qu. Maryes times when the Dutches of Suffolke married Stokes bre Bro. 146. digest lib. 1. Tit. 9. for the dignity accruing by marriage is but in fait and not by any record Coke 6.53 Coke 4.117 Cawells instit lib. 1. Tit. 10.15 So long shall a Dukes wife be called Dutches and an Earles Countesse and enjoy all honours appertaining to that estate with tasting kneeling serving c. And a Baronesse and Knights wife saluted Lady Quamdiu matrimonium aut viduitas vxoris durant except she elope for as then every woman shall lose her dower so being advanced by titles of dignitie by that husband by such elopement loseth them If a Ladie which is married come through the forrest shee hath no priviledge by the Statute but a Dutchesse or Countesse during the time she is vnmarried may Crompt Juris dict 167. Such Ladies whether they be married or sole upon Indictment shall be tried per Peeres by the Statute of 20. H. 6. cap. 9. it being a declaration of the common law Coke 6.52 By the Civill Law Si filia Regis nubat alicui Domino vel Comit. dicetur tamen semper Regalis Among Noble women there is difference of degrees and according to their qualities the law gives speciall priviledges as followeth by the Stat. of 25. of E. 3 2. it is high Treason to compasse or imagine the death of the Queene or to violate the Kings companion The Kings Spouse is a sole person in law to purchase c. plead and be impleaded Coke 4.23.6 Theboal lib. 1. cap. 4 24 E. 3.3.8 Bract. 363. And of such acts of Parliament as concerne her the Iudges ought to take notice Coment 231. a Coke 8.28 In some cases she shall have Prerogative as the King himselfe See the case of Wardship 5. E. 3.4 Stamf. prerog cap. 2. The Qu. Wife to the King or widow shall not be amerced if she be non-suited whereas all other subjects shall for she shall participate with the Kings prerogative Coke 8.62 but not in all cases for the subject shall not sue to her by Petition as to the King 11. H. 4 67. Stamf. prerog cap. 22. Against the King Nullum tempus occurrit otherwise of the Queene 18. E. 3.2 Philippa Regina Angl. Ibid. fol. 1. 13. Stam. prerog 18. In 21. E. 3.6 A Protection was allowed against the Queene In a Writ of dower against Isabel Qu. of England mother to the then King the Iudges were of opinion that shee was not to answer to any Writ but said they to the plaintife it behoveth you to go to her by Petition to whom the Demandant Dixit graits and prayed the court for a continuance of the action vntill shee might speake with the Queene But they nor the Queenes Councell would agree that the Qu. should be accepted as answerable 10. E 3.379 The Wife of the Kings eldest Son hath some prerogative not communicable to the Wives of other Noblemen for by the Statute of 25. E. 3. It is high Treason to violate her Dutchesses also and Countesses have speciall honour appertaining to their estates as kneeling and tasting which things I leave to the Heraulds The Statute of 7. Iac. cap. 6. intituled an Act for the administring the oath of Allegiance requireth those of 18. yeares or above to take the said oath The title is for administration of the Oath c. and reformation of married women Recusants Ladyes in Reputation THe Wife or Widow of the sonne and heire of a Duke or Earle in the life of his Father is a Lady by Curtesie and taketh place according to the antient time as they have beene permitted by their Soveraigne Prince and allowance of the Herauld But in legall proceedings they are not to have such Priviledge If a Noblewoman of Spaine come into England by a safe conduct or c. And so stiled in the said Letters yet is shee but a Lady in reputation And English woman borne taketh to Husband a Spanish or French Duke though hee be made Denizen yet shall she not beare the title of Dignitie in legall proceedings A German woman is married to the Marquesse of Northampton or c. unlesse she be made Denizen shee cannot claime the priviledge or title of her Husband no more then shee can claime Dower or Joynture An English woman doth take the Earle of Kildare in Ireland to her Husband or if a Lord in Scotland though hee be post natus c. their wives shall not aprticipate their Husbands Dignities But if the King Create one of his Subjects naturalized by Parliament to be Viscount Rochester within England and after summon him to the Parliament by Writ and assigne him place there by this is he made Peere of the Realme and partakes with them of all Priviledges and by consequence his Wife Widow and Children after him E. of Angus in Scotland 34. E. 3.35 Gilbert Humfrevils case But if an English man be made by the Emperour Earle of the Empire his Wife shall not beare that title either according to law or reputation All Daughters of Dukes Marquesses and Earles are by custome long used in the Kings Palace to be named Ladies and to have precedencie according to the degrees of their parents and of this custome the Law taketh notice But neverthelesse in the Kings Courts of Justice they beare not this title of Honour no more then the Sons of such noble personages Brothers to such Ladyes may doe The Hypothesis or particular Question WHether the Dignitie of Aburgavenny Sit conjuncta feodo and such as ought to descend to the speciall Heire male seized of the Castle bearing the head of that Barony and of the lands that make that Honour Or whether the Dignitie Name and Stile to be Baron of Aburgaven ought to descend to the generall Heire male who is not interessed in the said Castle or honour For the more orderly proceeding herein to avoid confusion and that every thing appeare concerning his question in his proper person There shall be shewed First that the Barony is a Barony by by tenure a very antient Honour and no Barony by Writ onely whereof will ensue by the former Declaration in the treatise of Barony That the dignitie and name de jure ought to go and descend with the Castle and Honour so holden as long as the same shall or may continue in the name blood and line of such as are nobly descended and may support the same There shall be Proved Secondly That the said Barony of Aburgav and the name title and dignitie of Lord and Barony of Aburg de facto
make alienation without licence 50. E. 3 c. 10. he is onely to make a fine by the Statute For authoritie Glanvill saith Mag. Char. cap 31. Glanv l. 7. cap. 1. Notandum est quod nec Episcopus nec Abbas quia corum Baroniae sunt de Eleemosina Regis non possunt de Dominicis suis aliquam partem dare ad remanenciam sine assensu consensu Domini Regis In 20. E. 3. certaine land being parcell of the Baronie of Brenbur was aliened by W. de Bruce 20. Ass 1 8 20 E. 3. Ass 122. 224. the Baron thereof without licence and in the argument of a Case concerning the same Greene said that parcell of a Baronie c. held in chiefe cannot bee aliened without his Licence Againe 46. E. 3. it was found by Office that W. Bishop of Chester had Leased for life to Io. Peston a Mannor 46. E. 3. Forf 18. parcell of the Baronie without Licence and resolved that it was forfeited but by mediation of the said Counsell the Bishop submitted and made a fine and severall Scire faec issued against the perceptors of the profits to answer the King Distinct 2. Thus much of Alienation without Licence But of the other part if a Baron by tenure doth aliene by Licence wee must distinguish for it is either made for the continuance of his Barony c. or else for some other consideration That if any such Alienation be made for the continuance of the Barony in the name then have the issue male with the Castle c. retained the Dignitie of a Baron and hereof have the Heires generall or next Heires females beene excluded And for proofe of this assertion many antient Presidents may be produced seeing they have happened almost in every age for three hundred yeares space of which some certaine doe ensue Barony of Grooby in Com. Leycest Willielm dr Ferariis Co. Derbie obiit anno 38. H. 3 Margaret Com. Derb Domina deGrooby Robeitus de Ferariis Comes de Derbie VVil De Ferariis Dom De Grooby ex Do. Mris Iohannes de Ferariis Dominus de Cartley VVill. de Ferariis Do. Minus de Grooby It appeareth by an Office found after the death of William de Ferarijs Lord of Grooby 23 H. 6. that Margaret Lady of Grooby gave to William Ferarijs her second sonne in taile the Mannor of Grooby by vertue whereof hee and his Heires wee Barons of Grooby The Barony of Kelp●cke Com Hereof Temp. E. 1. VVillelm Baro de Kelpecke Rob. VVallero Baro de Kel obit si neprod●● F. 1 Alicca Nuptal Laynec VVilielmus VValleion A●anus ● Laynet Baro de Kelp ra io Don. Robertus VValleron Prox Hae-res Robertus Walleron Baron of Kelpecke died 1. E. 1. without heire of his body and Robert Sonne of William Brother of the said Robert was his next Heire yet he gave to Allen Playnell the Lordship of Kelpecke c. in taile by force whereof he was Baron and summoned to the Parliament and he died Anno 27. E. 1. The Barony of Plankenoy in Com. Lincolne Temp. E. 2. Iohn Dreyn court tam D●e●n court Ba●on of Bla●knoy obiit ●o E. 2 VV. Dreyne ba. of Blank ●ntayled o-biit 38. E. 3 Iohn Dreyn-court Edmond Dreyncourt VVillielm Dreyncourt obiit ante ●atrem Isabell his next heire VVilliam Dreyncourt baron of Blanknoy The King to all Pat. Anno 10 E. 2. part 2. num 13. c. greeting Know yee that whereas lately our welbeloved Edm. Dreincourt considered that both his sirname and also his Armes after his death in the person of Isabel Dreincourt should bee quite blotted out of memory most earnestly desired c. To whose request in consideration of service to our Father and our selfe by our Letters Patents do grant so much as in us lyeth to the said Edm. to dispose to whom hee pleaseth By vertue whereof he gave them to William sonne of John Dreincourt in taile Esch 22. E. 3. S●m Parl. 7. E. 3. Claus dors part 25. the said Edm. died ult Ed 2. tempore E. 3. William was summoned to the Parliament by vertue of that gift till his death which was Anno 38. E. 3. The Barony of Holgate Com. Salop. Philip Barnell baron of Holgate Edward Barnell baron of Holgate Iohn Lovell ●he first Husband Maude Barnell heire to her brother Iohn Hand-lowe the scond hus-band Iohn Lord Lovell Nicholas Handlowe Baron of Holgate Iohn Lord Lovell Hugh Handlowe alias Bunnell Baron of Holgate Iocosa Vxor Tho●nae Ed-dington Margery uxor Ed-wardi Hungerford Paterina ux-or Iohannis Talbot It appeareth by divers officers in the time of Ed. the third that Iohn Handlowe in the right of Maude his wife was seized of the Mannor of Holgate Acton Burnell c. for life the remainder to Nic. Handlowe alias Burnell sonne of the said Maude and Iohn by a fine in Court And that Iohn Lovell was next heire of the said Maude and her first borne sonne by her first Husband And afterwards the said Nicholas was summoned among the Barons of this Realme to the Parliament by reason of the fine aforesaid And not the said Iohn Lovell that was next heire Thomas de Beauchampe Esch Anno 43. Ed 3. the elder Earle of WarWicke by a fine levyed 18. E. 3. intayled the Mannor and Castle of Warw. with divers other possessions to himselfe for terme of his life the Remainder thereof to Guy his eldest sonne and to the heires males of his body issuing and for want of such Heires the Remainder to come to Tho. Beauchampe brother to the aforesaid Guy and to the Heires males of his body c. And after the said Guy died without Heires males of his body leaving two Daughters and Heires living Afterward the said Earle died and the said Thom. the sonne entered into the Castle and Mannor aforesaid with other the premisses and was E. of Warw. by reason of the intaile aforesaid notwithstanding that Katherine Daughter of Guy next heire to the said Tho. the elder was living thirty yeeres after his death Richard Earle of Arundell by a fine levied 21. Ed. 3. intayled the Castle towne Esch Anno 9. H. 5. c. of Arund to him and the Heires males of the body of Elinor his wife by vertue whereof Iohn Matravers was E. of Arun. after the death of Tho. the Earle who died without issue male although his Sisters possessed divers lands whereof he died seized in fee. Thomas the elder Lord Barkeley Esch 5. H. 5. was seized in Fee of the Castle of Barkely and mannor c. And by a fine levied in 23. E. 3. he intayled the said Castle c. to himselfe for life the Remainder to Maurice his sonne in taile with other Remainder as before which said Maurice had issue Tho. Lord Barkley and Sir Iohn which Iohn died in the life of his Brother leaving James his Sonne and heire living after the said Tho. died 5. H. 5.