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lord_n daughter_n james_n marry_v 19,065 5 10.2321 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A17946 The historie of Cambria, now called Wales: a part of the most famous yland of Brytaine, written in the Brytish language aboue two hundreth yeares past: translated into English by H. Lhoyd Gentleman: corrected, augmented, and continued out of records and best approoued authors, by Dauid Powel Doctor in diuinitie Caradoc, of Llancarvan, d. 1147?; Powell, David, 1552?-1598.; Llwyd, Humphrey, 1527-1568.; Price, John, Sir, 1502?-1555. 1584 (1584) STC 4606; ESTC S121940 250,742 447

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king_n therefore_o the_o king_n send_v for_o he_o to_o come_v to_o his_o court_n to_o conclude_v a_o peace_n before_o the_o power_n of_o england_n &_o wales_n be_v send_v for_o he_o whereupon_o rees_n after_o consultation_n come_v to_o the_o king_n and_o a_o order_n be_v take_v that_o rees_n shall_v enjoy_v the_o cantref_n mawr_z as_o it_o shall_v please_v the_o king_n so_o that_o his_o land_n shall_v be_v whole_a together_o and_o not_o in_o diverse_a place_n and_o shire_n but_o the_o king_n do_v contrary_a to_o his_o promise_n appoint_v rees_n land_n in_o diverse_a place_n and_o lordship_n intermingle_v with_o other_o man_n land_n which_o deceit_n although_o rees_n perceive_v well_o enough_o yet_o he_o receive_v it_o piecemeal_o as_o it_o be_v and_o live_v quiet_o until_o roger_n earl_n of_o clare_n hear_v this_o come_v to_o the_o king_n and_o desire_v his_o highness_n to_o give_v he_o such_o land_n in_o wales_n as_o he_o can_v win_v which_o the_o king_n grant_v then_o he_o come_v with_o a_o great_a army_n to_o caerdigan_n &_o first_o he_o fortify_v the_o castle_n of_o stratmeyric_n and_o afterward_o the_o castle_n of_o humphrey_n of_o dyvy_n of_o dynerth_n &_o lhanristyd_n when_o these_o castle_n be_v well_o man_v and_o fortify_v walter_n clyfford_n who_o have_v the_o keep_n of_o the_o castle_n of_o lhanymdhyfri_n make_v a_o road_n to_o the_o land_n of_o rees_n and_o return_v with_o a_o booty_n after_o he_o have_v slay_v diverse_a of_o reese_n man_n then_o rees_n send_v to_o the_o king_n to_o complain_v and_o to_o have_v a_o redress_n who_o have_v only_o fair_a word_n and_o nothing_o else_o for_o the_o king_n wink_v at_o the_o fault_n of_o the_o englishman_n and_o normanes_n and_o punish_v the_o welshman_n cruel_o rees_n see_v this_o lay_v siege_n to_o lhanymdhyfri_n and_o in_o short_a space_n win_v the_o castle_n also_o eneon_n the_o son_n of_o anarawd_n reese_n brother_n son_n be_v a_o lusty_a gentleman_n and_o desirous_a to_o make_v his_o country_n free_a from_o servitude_n and_o perceive_v his_o uncle_n to_o be_v discharge_v of_o his_o oath_n to_o the_o king_n lay_v siege_n to_o the_o castle_n of_o humphrey_n &_o by_o force_n win_v it_o slaieng_v all_o the_o garrison_n wherein_o he_o find_v horse_n and_o armour_n to_o furnish_v a_o great_a number_n of_o man_n likewise_o rees_n see_v he_o can_v enjoy_v no_o part_n of_o his_o inheritance_n but_o that_o he_o win_v by_o the_o sword_n gather_v his_o power_n &_o enter_v caerdigan_n leave_v not_o a_o castle_n stand_v in_o the_o country_n of_o those_o which_o his_o enemy_n have_v fortify_v and_o so_o bring_v all_o to_o his_o subjection_n wherewith_o the_o king_n be_v sore_o offend_v return_v to_o southwales_n and_o when_o he_o see_v he_o can_v do_v no_o good_a he_o suffer_v rees_n to_o enjoy_v all_o that_o he_o have_v get_v and_o take_v pledge_n of_o he_o to_o keep_v the_o peace_n in_o his_o absence_n then_o return_v to_o england_n he_o take_v his_o journey_n to_o normandy_n and_o make_v peace_n with_o the_o french_a king_n but_o the_o next_o year_n rees_n prince_n of_o southwales_n do_v lead_v his_o power_n to_o dyvet_n and_o destroy_v all_o the_o castle_n that_o the_o normanes_n have_v fortify_v there_o and_o afterward_o lay_v siege_n to_o caermarthin_n which_o thing_n when_o reynold_n erle_n of_o brystow_n the_o king_n base_a son_n hear_v he_o call_v to_o he_o the_o earl_n of_o clare_n and_o his_o brother_n in_o law_n cadwallader_n the_o brother_n of_o prince_n owen_n with_o howel_n and_o conan_n prince_n owen_n son_n and_o two_o other_o earl_n and_o come_v to_o raise_v the_o siege_n with_o a_o great_a army_n who_o come_v rees_n abide_v not_o but_o get_v he_o to_o the_o mountain_n call_v kefn_n rester_fw-fr and_o there_o keep_v himself_o and_o they_o camp_v at_o dynwyl_n hîr_n and_o build_v a_o castle_n there_o who_o after_o they_o can_v not_o hear_v of_o rees_n return_v home_o without_o do_v of_o any_o notable_a act_n king_n henry_n remain_v in_o normandy_n all_o this_o year_n where_o he_o make_v war_n against_o the_o earl_n of_o s._n giles_n for_o the_o city_n and_o earldom_n of_o tholouse_n 1160_o in_o the_o year_n 1160._o die_v madoc_n ap_fw-mi meredyth_n ap_fw-mi blethyn_n prince_n of_o powy_n at_o winchester_n this_o man_n be_v ever_o the_o king_n of_o england_n friend_n and_o be_v one_o that_o fear_v god_n and_o relieve_v the_o poor_a his_o body_n be_v convey_v honourable_o to_o powy_n and_o bury_v in_o myvot_fw-la this_o man_n have_v by_o his_o wife_n susanna_n the_o daughter_n of_o gruffyth_n ap_fw-mi conan_n prince_n of_o north-wales_n three_o son_n gruffyth_o maylor_n owen_n and_o elise_n and_o a_o daughter_n call_v mar_v he_o have_v base_a son_n owen_n brogynton_n kynwric_n euelh_n and_o eneon_n euelh_n which_o base_a son_n be_v not_o base_o esteem_v who_o with_o the_o other_o have_v part_n of_o their_o father_n inheritance_n and_o so_o have_v other_o through_o wales_n especial_o if_o they_o be_v stout_a and_o of_o noble_a courage_n 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death_n his_o son_n call_v owen_n cyvelioc_n enjoy_v it_o as_o it_o shall_v be_v at_o large_a hereafter_o declare_v powy_n powy_n before_o king_n offas_n time_n reach_v estward_o to_o the_o river_n of_o dee_n and_o seaverne_n with_o a_o right_a line_n from_o the_o end_n of_o broxen_n hill_n to_o salop_n with_o all_o the_o country_n between_o wye_n and_o seaverne_n whereof_o brochwel_n yscithroc_fw-fr of_o who_o mention_n be_v make_v before_o pag._n 22._o be_v possess_v but_o after_o the_o make_n of_o offas_n ditch_n as_o it_o be_v say_v before_o pag._n 19_o the_o plain_a country_n towards_o salop_n be_v inhabit_v by_o saxon_n and_o norman_n powy_n be_v in_o length_n from_o pulford_n bridge_n northeast_n to_o the_o confine_n of_o caerdigan_n shire_n in_o the_o parish_n of_o lhanguric_n in_o the_o south-west_n and_o in_o breadth_n from_o the_o further_a part_n of_o cyvelioc_n westward_n to_o elsmere_n on_o the_o eastside_n this_o country_n or_o principality_n of_o powy_n be_v appoint_v by_o roderike_n the_o great_a for_o the_o portion_n of_o his_o three_o son_n anarawd_n and_o so_o continue_v intierlie_o until_o the_o death_n of_o blethyn_n ap_fw-mi convyn_n after_o who_o although_o the_o dominion_n be_v diminish_v by_o limit_v part_n in_o severaltie_n among_o his_o son_n meredyth_n and_o cadogan_n yet_o at_o length_n it_o come_v whole_o to_o the_o possession_n of_o meredyth_n ap_fw-mi blethyn_n who_o have_v issue_v two_o son_n madoc_n and_o gruffyth_n between_o who_o the_o say_a dominion_n be_v divide_v madoc_n marry_v susanna_n the_o daughter_n of_o gruffyth_n ap_fw-mi conan_n prince_n of_o north-wales_n and_o have_v that_o part_n which_o be_v after_o call_v after_o his_o name_n powy_n vadoc_n which_o dominion_n and_o signiory_n be_v divide_v betwixt_o the_o three_o son_n of_o the_o say_v madoc_n to_o wit_n gruffyth_o maelor_n owen_n ap_fw-mi madoc_n and_o owen_n brogynton_n which_o owen_n brogynton_n although_o he_o be_v base_o beget_v yet_o for_o his_o valiancy_n and_o noble_a courage_n he_o have_v part_n of_o his_o father_n inheritance_n to_o wit_n edeyrneon_n and_o dinmael_n and_o have_v issue_n gruffyth_n blethin_n and_o jorwerth_n owen_n ap_fw-mi madoc_n have_v to_o his_o portion_n of_o inheritance_n limit_v the_o territory_n of_o mechain_n be_v coe_v and_o have_v issue_n lhewelyn_n and_o owen_n vachan_n gruffyth_o maelor_n the_o elder_a son_n lord_n of_o bromfield_n have_v to_o his_o part_n the_o two_o maelor_n and_o mochnant_n be_v rayadr_n he_o marry_v angharat_n the_o daughter_n of_o owen_n gwyneth_n prince_n of_o north-wales_n by_o who_o he_o have_v issue_n one_o son_n name_v madoc_n who_o hold_v his_o father_n inheritance_n whole_o and_o have_v issue_n gruffyth_v call_v lord_n of_o dînas_n brân_n because_o he_o dwell_v in_o that_o castle_n who_o marry_v emma_n the_o daughter_n of_o james_n lord_n audley_n and_o have_v issue_n madoc_n lhewelyn_n
say_a hawys_n as_o it_o seem_v unto_o he_o have_v more_o right_a to_o her_o father_n possession_n be_v in_o her_o uncle_n hand_n than_o they_o to_o she_o but_o to_o make_v a_o final_a end_n between_o they_o order_n and_o composition_n be_v take_v that_o hawys_n shall_v enjoy_v her_o inheritance_n in_o fee_n simple_a to_o she_o and_o to_o her_o heir_n for_o ever_o after_o the_o tenure_n of_o england_n and_o that_o her_o uncle_n lhewelyn_n john_n david_n and_o gruffyth_n shall_v hold_v their_o portion_n to_o they_o and_o to_o their_o heir_n male_a for_o ever_o and_o in_o default_n of_o such_o issue_n male_a the_o same_o to_o descend_v and_o remain_v to_o the_o say_v hawys_n and_o to_o her_o heir_n for_o ever_o mowthwy_fw-fr william_n lord_n of_o mowthwy_a otherwise_o call_v wilcocke_n mowthwy_a be_v the_o four_o son_n because_o he_o do_v not_o trouble_v his_o say_a néece_n hawy_n about_o her_o inheritance_n have_v his_o land_n confirm_v and_o assure_v in_o fee_n simple_a to_o he_o and_o to_o his_o heir_n general_a male_a or_o female_a forever_o he_o marry_v alianor_n the_o sister_n of_o elen_n owen_n glyndowre_v mother_n the_o daughter_n of_o thomas_n son_n of_o lhewelyn_n son_n of_o owen_n son_n of_o meredyth_n son_n of_o owen_n son_n of_o gruffyth_n son_n of_o rees_n son_n of_o gruffyth_n son_n of_o rees_n ap_fw-mi theodor_n prince_n of_o southwales_n by_o who_o he_o have_v issue_n john_n de_fw-fr mowthwy_fw-fr john_n the_o son_n of_o william_n lord_n of_o mowthwy_n have_v issue_n elizabeth_n his_o daughter_n and_o sole_a heir_n which_o be_v marry_v to_o sir_n hugh_n burgh_n knight_n sir_n hugh_n burgh_n knight_n in_o the_o right_n of_o his_o wife_n lord_n of_o mowthwy_a have_v issue_n sir_n john_n burgh_n sir_n john_n burgh_n lord_n of_o mowthwy_a marry_v jane_n the_o daughter_n of_o sir_n william_n clopton_n knight_n lord_n of_o the_o manor_n of_o clopton_n and_o radbrooke_n in_o the_o county_n of_o gloucester_n and_o by_o she_o have_v issue_n four_o daughter_n 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john_n charleton_n the_o second_o lord_n powy_n hold_v that_o signiory_n seven_o year_n and_o then_o die_v an._n 1360._o leave_v behind_o he_o a_o son_n and_o heir_n call_v also_o john_n john_n charleton_n the_o three_o lord_n powy_n succéede_v his_o father_n and_o enjoy_v that_o lordship_n fouretéene_v year_n and_o then_o die_v an._n 1374._o leave_v behind_o he_o two_o son_n john_n and_o edward_n john_n charleton_n the_o four_o lord_n powy_n possess_v his_o father_n inheritance_n after_o he_o 27._o year_n and_o then_o die_v without_o issue_n an._n 1401._o edward_n charleton_n brother_n and_o heir_n to_o the_o say_v john_n succéede_v he_o in_o the_o lordship_n of_o powy_n and_o hold_v the_o same_o 19_o year_n he_o marry_v alianor_n daughter_n and_o one_o of_o the_o heir_n of_o of_o thomas_n earl_n of_o kent_n be_v the_o widow_n of_o roger_n mortimer_n earl_n of_o march_n and_o mother_n to_o anne_n countess_n of_o cambridge_n the_o mother_n of_o richard_n duke_n of_o york_n and_o have_v 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the_o say_v elizabeth_n have_v for_o her_o dowry_n lhannerch_n hudol_n strat_n marchelh_v deuthwr_fw-mi and_o teirtref_n and_o marry_v to_o her_o second_o husband_n the_o baron_n of_o dudley_n the_o say_v jane_n the_o elder_a daughter_n have_v for_o her_o part_n caereneon_n mecham_n mochnant_n and_o plâsdinas_n the_o three_o joyce_n the_o young_a daughter_n have_v cyvelioc_n and_o arust_o henry_n grace_n the_o son_n of_o sir_n john_n grace_n knight_n and_o jane_n daughter_n and_o one_o of_o the_o heir_n of_o edward_n chareleton_n lord_n powy_n be_v in_o the_o right_n of_o the_o say_v jane_n his_o mother_n lord_n powy_n he_o be_v also_o by_o king_n henry_n the_o five_o create_v earl_n of_o tanqueruile_a and_o marry_v antigone_n base_a daughter_n to_o humphrey_n duke_n of_o gloucester_n four_o son_n to_o king_n henry_n the_o four_o and_o have_v issue_n richard_n humphrey_n and_o elizabeth_n the_o wife_n of_o sir_n roger_n kinaston_n richard_n grey_a lord_n powy_n marry_v margaret_n the_o 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elizabeth_n marry_v to_o john_n the_o lapoole_n duke_n of_o suffolk_n and_o anne_n marry_v to_o henry_n holland_n duke_n of_o excester_n and_o after_o to_o sir_n thomas_n saintleger_n knight_n edward_n the_o four_o king_n of_o england_n marry_v elizabeth_n the_o daughter_n and_o one_o of_o the_o heir_n of_o richard_n wooduile_n earl_n rivers_n and_o have_v issue_n king_n edward_n the_o five_o who_o die_v without_o issue_n and_o elizabeth_n marry_v to_o king_n henry_n the_o seven_o and_o mother_n to_o king_n henry_n the_o eight_o of_o famous_a memory_n father_n to_o the_o qveenes_n majesty_n that_o now_o be_v who_o by_o lineal_a descent_n be_v the_o right_a inheritrice_n of_o the_o principality_n of_o wales_n by_o these_o petegrée_n it_o be_v evident_a that_o the_o title_n which_o owen_n glyndoure_v pretend_v to_o the_o principality_n of_o wales_n be_v altogether_o frivolous_a for_o he_o be_v not_o descend_v of_o the_o house_n
soldier_n and_o such_o as_o the_o king_n love_v well_o therefore_o the_o king_n call_v his_o strength_n to_o he_o and_o send_v to_o gascon_a and_o ireland_n for_o succour_n 1276._o and_o then_o come_v to_o wales_n in_o harvest_n time_n destroy_v all_o the_o corn_n that_o be_v in_o his_o way_n yet_o he_o go_v not_o far_o beyond_o chester_n but_o return_v back_o without_o do_v any_o notable_a act_n for_o god_n as_o matthew_n paris_n say_v defend_v the_o poor_a people_n 1279._o that_o put_v their_o whole_a confidence_n in_o he_o the_o lord_n james_n audeley_n who_o daughter_n gruffyth_v lord_n of_o bromfield_n have_v marry_v bring_v a_o great_a number_n of_o horseman_n from_o almain_n to_o serve_v against_o the_o welshman_n who_o with_o their_o great_a horse_n and_o unaccustomed_a kind_n of_o fight_n overthrow_v the_o welshman_n at_o the_o first_o encounter_n wherefore_o the_o welshman_n short_o after_o mind_v to_o revenge_v that_o displeasure_n make_v road_n into_o the_o say_a lord_n audley_n land_n where_o the_o almain_n set_v upon_o they_o pursue_v hard_o such_o as_o flee_v to_o the_o strait_n who_o use_v that_o flight_n for_o a_o policy_n return_v again_o so_o sudden_o and_o so_o fearslie_o upon_o the_o almain_n that_o they_o be_v not_o able_a to_o retire_v upon_o the_o sudden_a be_v almost_o all_o slay_v at_o this_o time_n there_o be_v great_a scarcity_n in_o england_n of_o beef_n and_o horse_n whereof_o they_o be_v wont_v to_o have_v many_o thousand_o yearly_a out_o of_o wales_n and_o all_o the_o march_n be_v make_v as_o a_o desolate_a and_o desert_a place_n the_o next_o spring_n all_o the_o noble_n of_o wales_n come_v together_o and_o swear_v to_o defend_v their_o country_n to_o the_o death_n and_o never_o to_o forsake_v one_o another_o and_o that_o upon_o pain_n of_o curse_v but_o short_o after_o meredyth_n ap_fw-mi rees_n of_o southwales_n not_o regard_v his_o oath_n serve_v the_o king_n 1287._o then_o the_o king_n call_v a_o parliament_n for_o a_o subsidy_n to_o conquer_v wales_n when_o he_o have_v so_o many_o loss_n and_o of_o late_a all_o the_o country_n of_o pembroke_n burn_v and_o spoil_v 1258_o where_o the_o welshman_n have_v find_v salt_n plentifullie_o which_o they_o lack_v 1288._o in_o the_o which_o parliament_n william_n de_fw-fr valentia_n accuse_v the_o earl_n of_o leycester_n and_o gloucester_n as_o the_o worker_n of_o all_o this_o mischief_n whereupon_o the_o parliament_n break_v without_o the_o grant_n of_o any_o subsidy_n 277._o again_o short_o after_o the_o same_o parliament_n by_o prorogation_n be_v hold_v at_o oxford_n where_o the_o king_n and_o edward_n his_o son_n be_v swear_v solemn_o to_o obey_v the_o law_n and_o statute_n of_o the_o realm_n but_o the_o king_n brethren_n gwy_a and_o william_n with_o henry_n son_n to_o the_o king_n of_o almain_n and_o john_n earl_n warren_n forsake_v the_o oath_n and_o depart_v away_o and_o there_o the_o lord_n of_o wales_n offer_v to_o be_v try_v by_o the_o law_n for_o any_o offence_n they_o have_v commit_v against_o the_o king_n uniustlie_o 1307._o but_o edward_n will_v not_o hear_v of_o it_o but_o send_v one_o patrick_n de_fw-fr canton_n as_o lieutenant_n for_o the_o king_n to_o caermardhin_n and_o with_o he_o meredyth_n ap_fw-mi rees_n and_o this_o patrick_n desire_v to_o speak_v upon_o peace_n with_o the_o princess_n council_n whereupon_o the_o prince_n mean_v good_a faith_n send_v his_o brother_n david_n who_o he_o have_v set_v at_o liberty_n with_o meredyth_n ap_fw-mi owen_n and_o rees_n ap_fw-mi rees_n to_o emlyn_n to_o entreat_v with_o they_o of_o peace_n but_o patrick_n mean_v to_o entrap_v they_o lay_v a_o ambushment_n of_o arm_a man_n by_o the_o way_n and_o as_o they_o shall_v have_v meet_v these_o man_n fall_v upon_o the_o welshman_n and_o slay_v a_o great_a number_n of_o they_o but_o the_o lord_n which_o escape_v raise_v the_o country_n forthwith_o 278._o and_o follow_v patrick_n and_o slay_v he_o and_o the_o most_o part_n of_o all_o his_o man_n and_o after_o this_o the_o prince_n desirous_a of_o peace_n and_o quietness_n to_o redeem_v the_o same_o and_o to_o end_v all_o trouble_n and_o to_o purchase_v the_o king_n good_a will_n offer_v the_o king_n 4000_o mark_n and_o to_o his_o son_n 300._o and_o to_o the_o queen_n 200._o to_o have_v peace_n but_o the_o king_n answer_v what_o be_v this_o to_o our_o loss_n and_o refuse_v it_o it_o appear_v by_o the_o record_n in_o the_o tower_n that_o about_o this_o time_n to_o wit_n an._n 43._o h._n 3._o there_o be_v a_o commission_n to_o william_n bishop_n of_o worcester_n john_n mansel_n treasurer_n of_o york_n the_o king_n chaplain_n and_o peter_n de_fw-fr montfort_n to_o conclude_v a_o peace_n with_o the_o welshman_n but_o it_o be_v like_a that_o there_o be_v nothing_o do_v to_o any_o effect_n in_o that_o behalf_n for_o the_o war_n continue_v still_o 284._o notwithstanding_o i_o find_v by_o matthew_n westminster_n that_o there_o be_v a_o certain_a truce_n agree_v upon_o between_o the_o king_n and_o the_o welshman_n for_o a_o year_n 287._o i_o read_v also_o in_o the_o same_o author_n that_o the_o bishop_n of_o bangor_n be_v this_o year_n about_o michaelmas_n send_v from_o lhewelyn_n the_o prince_n and_o all_o the_o baron_n of_o wales_n to_o the_o king_n to_o desire_v peace_n at_o his_o hand_n &_o to_o offer_v unto_o he_o the_o sum_n of_o 16000_o pound_n for_o the_o same_o so_o that_o he_o will_v grant_v the_o welshman_n to_o have_v all_o their_o matter_n hear_v and_o determine_v at_o chester_n as_o they_o be_v wont_v to_o have_v and_o to_o suffer_v they_o to_o enjoy_v the_o law_n and_o custom_n of_o their_o own_o country_n but_o what_o answer_v the_o bishop_n bring_v again_o the_o say_a author_n make_v no_o mention_n the_o year_n 1260._o 1260_o prince_n lhewelyn_n destroy_v the_o land_n of_o sir_n roger_n mortimer_n because_o he_o contrary_a to_o his_o oath_n maintain_v the_o king_n quarrel_n and_o take_v from_o he_o all_o buelht_n save_v the_o castle_n which_o the_o prince_n man_n gat_v by_o night_n without_o bloodshed_n and_o therein_o much_o munition_n and_o so_o after_o the_o prince_n have_v pass_v through_o all_o southwales_n he_o return_v to_o his_o house_n at_o aber_n betwixt_o conwey_n and_o bangor_n the_o year_n follow_v die_v owen_n ap_fw-mi meredyth_n lord_n of_o cydewen_n and_o this_o summer_n certain_a of_o the_o prince_n man_n take_v upon_o a_o sudden_a the_o castle_n of_o sir_n roger_n mortimer_n in_o melienyth_n and_o slay_v the_o garrison_n take_v howel_n ap_fw-mi meyric_n the_o captain_n thereof_o with_o his_o wife_n and_o child_n and_o the_o princess_n lieutenant_n come_v and_o destroy_v it_o then_o sir_n roger_n mortimer_n hear_v this_o come_v with_o a_o great_a strength_n of_o lord_n and_o knight_n to_o melienyth_n where_o the_o prince_n come_v also_o and_o sir_n roger_n keep_v himself_o within_o the_o wall_n of_o the_o break_a castle_n &_o send_v to_o the_o prince_n for_o licence_n to_o depart_v without_o hurt_n then_o the_o prince_n have_v his_o enemy_n within_o his_o danger_n take_v compassion_n upon_o he_o because_o he_o be_v his_o cousin_n and_o suffer_v he_o to_o depart_v with_o his_o people_n without_o hurt_n from_o thence_o the_o prince_n go_v to_o brechnocke_v at_o the_o request_n of_o the_o people_n of_o that_o country_n which_o swear_v fidelity_n unto_o he_o and_o so_o return_v to_o north-wales_n 63._o prince_n lhewelyn_n be_v confederate_a with_o the_o baron_n against_o the_o king_n destroy_v the_o earldom_n of_o chester_n and_o raze_v two_o of_o edward_n castle_n tygannwy_n and_o diserth_n and_o thither_o come_v edward_n and_o do_v nothing_o to_o speak_v of_o this_o year_n john_n strange_a the_o young_a being_n constable_n of_o montgomery_n come_v with_o a_o great_a number_n of_o marcher_n by_o night_n through_o ceri_fw-la to_o cydewen_n which_o thing_n when_o the_o country_n man_n understand_v they_o gather_v themselves_o together_o and_o slay_v 200._o of_o his_o man_n but_o he_o escape_v with_o the_o rest_n back_o again_o short_o after_o the_o marcher_n and_o the_o welshman_n meet_v beside_o clun_n where_o the_o englishman_n have_v the_o victory_n and_o slay_v a_o great_a number_n of_o welshman_n at_o this_o time_n david_n the_o princess_n brother_n who_o he_o have_v set_v at_o liberty_n forsake_v he_o and_o succour_v his_o foe_n with_o all_o his_o power_n then_o gruffyth_v ap_fw-mi gwenwynwyn_n get_v the_o castle_n of_o mould_n and_o raze_v it_o at_o this_o time_n die_v meredyth_n ap_fw-mi owen_n the_o defender_n of_o southwales_n the_o year_n ensue_a king_n henry_n lead_v a_o great_a army_n towards_o wales_n 1268_o and_o by_o mean_n of_o orobonus_fw-la the_o pope_n legate_n 347._o there_o be_v a_o peace_n conclude_v betwixt_o the_o king_n and_o the_o prince_n at_o the_o castle_n of_o montgomery_n upon_o calixtus_n day_n for_o which_o peace_n the_o prince_n give_v the_o king_n
daughter_n to_o gruffyth_n ap_fw-mi lhewelyn_n prince_n of_o wales_n by_o who_o he_o have_v issue_n mahael_n and_o a_o daughter_n this_o mahael_n be_v a_o worthy_a knight_n be_v disinherit_v by_o the_o malice_n of_o his_o own_o mother_n who_o contrary_a to_o matrimonial_a duty_n keep_v unlawful_a company_n with_o a_o knight_n who_o she_o set_v more_o by_o than_o her_o husband_n whereupon_o mahael_n be_v offend_v with_o the_o dissolute_a life_n of_o his_o mother_n warn_v she_o to_o avoid_v infamy_n and_o on_o a_o time_n meeting_n the_o say_a knight_n come_v from_o she_o fight_v with_o he_o and_o hurt_v he_o sore_o wherefore_o nest_n to_o be_v avenge_v of_o her_o son_n for_o that_o fact_n go_v to_o king_n henry_n the_o first_o and_o solemn_o rather_o of_o malice_n and_o revengement_n as_o giraldus_n note_v than_o of_o any_o truth_n swear_v upon_o the_o evangelist_n that_o the_o say_v mahael_n her_o son_n be_v not_o beget_v by_o barnard_n newmarch_n her_o husband_n but_o by_o another_o lover_n of_o she_o by_o reason_n of_o the_o which_o oath_n or_o perjury_n rather_o as_o my_o author_n think_v mahael_n be_v disinherit_v and_o his_o sister_n who_o her_o mother_n affirm_v to_o be_v the_o very_a daughter_n of_o the_o say_v barnard_n be_v by_o the_o say_a king_n with_o the_o whole_a inheritance_n bestow_v upon_o milo_n the_o son_n of_o walter_n constable_n who_o be_v after_o create_v earl_n of_o hereford_n lord_n of_o gloucester_n brechnocke_n and_o the_o forest_n of_o deane_n this_o milo_n earl_n of_o hereford_n and_o lord_n of_o brechnocke_n as_o the_o same_o giraldus_n write_v tell_v king_n henry_n the_o first_o of_o the_o sing_n &_o triumph_v of_o bird_n by_o the_o pool_n call_v lhyn_a savathan_n at_o the_o pass_n by_o of_o gruffyth_o ap_fw-mi rees_n ap_fw-mi theodor_n the_o say_a milo_n and_o paine_n fitz_n john_n lord_n of_o ewyas_n land_n be_v present_a whereunto_o the_o king_n answer_v that_o it_o be_v not_o a_o thing_n to_o be_v woonder_v at_o so_o much_o for_o in_o truth_n say_v he_o although_o we_o by_o our_o great_a force_n and_o strength_n do_v offer_v injury_n and_o violence_n to_o that_o nation_n yet_o be_v they_o well_o know_v to_o be_v the_o lawful_a inheritor_n of_o that_o country_n the_o word_n of_o giraldus_n be_v these_o quibus_fw-la auditis_fw-la rex_fw-la respondisse_fw-la memoratur_fw-la illud_fw-la non-adeo_a esse_fw-la admirandum_fw-la quia_fw-la licèt_fw-la gentibus_fw-la illis_fw-la per_fw-la vires_fw-la nostras_fw-la magnas_fw-la iniuriam_fw-la &_o violentiam_fw-la irrogemus_fw-la nihilominus_fw-la tamen_fw-la in_o terris_fw-la ijsdemius_fw-la haereditarium_fw-la habere_fw-la noscuntur_fw-la milo_n have_v by_o his_o say_a wife_n five_o son_n to_o wit_n roger_n walter_n henry_n william_n and_o mahael_n which_o be_v all_o successivelie_o except_o william_n earl_n of_o hereford_n and_o lord_n of_o brechnocke_n and_o die_v all_o without_o issue_n he_o have_v also_o three_o daughter_n margaret_z the_o elder_a marry_v to_o humphrey_n de_fw-fr bohune_n the_o son_n of_o humphrey_n bohune_n steward_n in_o house_n to_o william_n rufus_n which_o be_v the_o son_n of_o humphrey_n le_fw-fr bohune_n that_o come_v into_o enlgand_n with_o william_n conqueror_n this_o humphrey_n be_v in_o her_o right_a earl_n of_o hereford_n &_o constable_n of_o england_n bertha_n the_o second_o daughter_n be_v marry_v unto_o philip_n bruse_n create_v by_o king_n stephan_n lord_n bruse_n of_o gower_n bould_n and_o brimber_n and_o in_o his_o wife_n right_a lord_n of_o brechnock_n lanthon_n lucia_n the_o three_o daughter_n be_v marry_v to_o herebert_n the_o son_n of_o herebert_n a_o base_a son_n to_o king_n henry_n the_o first_o who_o be_v in_o her_o right_a lord_n of_o all_o the_o forest_n of_o deane_n of_o who_o descend_v the_o fitz_n herebert_n of_o derbishire_n the_o castle_n of_o brechnock_n be_v first_o build_v by_o the_o say_v barnard_n newmarch_n be_v great_o augment_v and_o beautify_v by_o the_o last_o humphrey_n bohune_n earl_n of_o hereford_n essex_n northampton_n and_o constable_n of_o england_n constable_n who_o have_v issue_v two_o daughter_n his_o heir_n elinor_n the_o elder_a be_v marry_v unto_o thomas_n plantagenet_n alias_z thomas_z of_o woodstock_n the_o sixth_o son_n of_o edward_n the_o three_o who_o be_v by_o king_n richard_n the_o second_o create_a earl_n of_o buckingham_n and_o after_o duke_n of_o gloucester_n and_o in_o her_o right_a earl_n of_o essex_n northampton_n and_o constable_n of_o england_n marry_o the_o second_o daughter_n be_v marry_v to_o henry_n plantagenet_n alias_z bolingbrooke_n earl_n of_o derbie_n who_o be_v afterward_o king_n of_o england_n by_o the_o name_n of_o henry_n the_o four_o the_o say_v thomas_n plantagenet_n duke_n of_o gloucester_n and_o lord_n of_o brechnock_n have_v issue_n humphrey_n plantagenet_n earl_n of_o buckingham_n lord_n of_o brechnock_n &c_n &c_n who_o die_v without_o issue_n and_o 4._o daughter_n which_o be_v heir_n after_o their_o brother_n anne_n the_o elder_a be_v marry_v to_o edmund_n stafford_n earl_n of_o stafford_n who_o by_o she_o have_v issue_n humphrey_n earl_n of_o stafford_n hereford_n &_o northampton_n lord_n of_o brechnock_n etc._n etc._n and_o afterward_o the_o say_a anne_n be_v marry_v to_o william_n viscount_n burgcher_n create_v earl_n of_o ewe_n in_o france_n by_o king_n henry_n the_o five_o father_n of_o henry_n create_v earl_n of_o essex_n by_o king_n edward_n the_o four_o this_o humphrey_n earl_n stafford_n be_v by_o king_n henry_n the_o sixth_o create_v duke_n of_o buckingham_n and_o so_o this_o lordship_n of_o brechnock_n come_v to_o the_o duke_n of_o buckingham_n and_o by_o the_o attainder_n of_o edward_n the_o last_o duke_n of_o buckingham_n be_v come_v to_o the_o crown_n there_o come_v many_o gentleman_n with_o the_o say_v barnard_n newmarch_n at_o that_o time_n to_o brechnock_v upon_o who_o he_o bestow_v diverse_a manor_n which_o their_o heir_n do_v possess_v and_o enjoy_v even_o to_o our_o time_n as_o to_o the_o awbreye_v the_o manor_n of_o abercynuric_n and_o slouch_n to_o the_o walbiefe_n the_o manor_n of_o lhanhamlach_n and_o taly_n lhyn_n to_o the_o gunter'_v the_o manor_n of_o gilston_n to_o the_o havards_o the_o manor_n of_o pontwilym_n etc._n etc._n but_o now_o have_v long_o digress_v let_v we_o return_v again_o to_o our_o author_n about_o this_o time_n william_n rufus_n and_o robert_n his_o brother_n be_v make_v friend_n come_v both_o together_o into_o england_n and_o lead_v a_o army_n into_o scotland_n against_o malcolme_n the_o king_n 20._o who_o have_v enter_v northumberland_n &_o spoil_v it_o in_o the_o king_n absence_n and_o he_o yield_v himself_o to_o william_n and_o by_o oath_n become_v his_o vassal_n and_o subject_n 16._o then_o william_n re-edify_v carlisle_n and_o bring_v people_n from_o the_o south_n part_n of_o england_n to_o inhabit_v it_o but_o short_o after_o malcolme_n come_v again_o into_o england_n spoil_v the_o land_n 64._o who_o be_v fight_v withal_o be_v slay_v and_o his_o son_n edward_n also_o then_o edgar_n his_o son_n which_o be_v pledge_v with_o king_n william_n be_v crown_v in_o his_o steed_n at_o this_o time_n cadogan_n ap_fw-mi blethyn_n ap_fw-mi convyn_n destroy_v all_o dyvet_n in_o the_o end_n of_o april_n and_o short_o after_o the_o same_o summer_n the_o normanes_a in_o great_a company_n land_v in_o dyvet_n or_o westwales_n &_o cardigan_n and_o build_v castle_n there_o and_o so_o begin_v to_o inhabit_v the_o country_n upon_o the_o sea_n shore_n the_o norman_n have_v get_v into_o their_o hand_n all_o the_o land_n and_o live_n of_o the_o nobility_n of_o england_n begin_v to_o spy_v out_o the_o commodity_n of_o wales_n and_o see_v that_o robert_n fitzhamon_n and_o the_o other_o knight_n that_o go_v with_o he_o have_v speed_v so_o well_o they_o make_v sure_a to_o the_o king_n to_o grant_v they_o the_o land_n of_o the_o welshman_n whereupon_o the_o king_n think_v that_o to_o be_v the_o best_a way_n for_o he_o aswell_o to_o encourage_v they_o to_o be_v the_o more_o willing_a to_o serve_v he_o as_o also_o to_o provide_v for_o they_o at_o other_o man_n cost_n grant_v to_o diverse_a of_o his_o noble_n sundry_a country_n in_o wales_n to_o hold_v of_o he_o by_o knight_n service_n for_o the_o which_o they_o do_v homage_n and_o swear_v fealty_n unto_o he_o as_o follow_v 1_o roger_n mountgomery_n earl_n of_o arundel_n and_o salope_n do_v his_o homage_n for_o the_o lordship_n of_o powy_n and_o caerdigan_n 2_o hugh_n lupus_n earl_n of_o chester_n do_v his_o homage_n for_o tegengl_n and_o ryvonioc_n with_o all_o the_o land_n by_o the_o sea_n shore_n unto_o the_o river_n of_o conwey_n 3_o arnulph_n a_o young_a son_n of_o roger_n mountgomery_n for_o dyvet_n 4_o barnard_n newmarch_n for_o brechnock_n 5_o ralph_n mortimer_n for_o eluel_n 6_o hugh_n de_fw-fr lacie_n for_o the_o land_n of_o ewyas_n 7_o eustace_n cruer_n for_o molde_n and_o hopedale_n and_o many_o other_o for_o other_o land_n then_o roger_n de_fw-fr
gruffyth_n and_o owen_n this_o gruffyth_n ap_fw-mi madoc_n take_v part_n with_o king_n henry_n the_o three_o and_o edward_n the_o first_o against_o the_o prince_n of_o north-wales_n and_o therefore_o for_o fear_v of_o the_o prince_n he_o be_v fain_o to_o lie_v for_o his_o own_o safeguard_n in_o his_o say_a castle_n of_o dînas_n brân_n which_o stand_v on_o the_o top_n of_o a_o very_a steep_a hill_n to_o the_o which_o there_o be_v no_o way_n but_o one_o to_o come_v he_o die_v his_o child_n be_v within_o age_n whereupon_o short_o after_o ensue_v the_o destruction_n of_o two_o of_o they_o for_o the_o say_a king_n ed._n 1._o give_v the_o wardship_n of_o madoc_n who_o have_v for_o his_o part_n the_o lordship_n of_o bromfield_n and_o yale_n and_o the_o say_a castle_n of_o dînas_n brân_n which_o the_o reversion_n of_o maelor_n saesnec_n after_o his_o mother_n decease_n who_o have_v the_o same_o to_o her_o jointer_n to_o john_n earl_n warren_n and_o grant_v the_o wardship_n of_o lhewelyn_n to_o who_o part_n the_o lordship_n of_o chirke_n and_o nanheudwy_n come_v to_o roger_n mortimer_n three_o son_n to_o roger_n mortimer_n the_o son_n of_o ralph_n mortimer_n lord_n mortimer_n of_o wigmor_n these_o guardian_n forget_v the_o service_n do_v by_o the_o father_n of_o the_o ward_n to_o the_o king_n so_o guard_v their_o ward_n with_o so_o small_a regard_n tower_n that_o they_o never_o return_v to_o their_o possession_n and_o short_o after_o the_o say_a guardian_n do_v obtain_v the_o same_o land_n to_o themselves_o by_o charter_n of_o the_o king_n this_o john_n earl_n warren_n begin_v to_o build_v the_o holt_n castle_n and_o william_n his_o son_n finish_v the_o same_o the_o lordship_n of_o bromfield_n and_o yale_n continue_v in_o the_o name_n of_o the_o earl_n warren_n three_o descent_n john_n william_n and_o john_n that_o die_v without_o issue_n and_o then_o the_o say_a lordship_n together_o with_o the_o say_a erldome_n of_o warren_n descend_v to_o alice_n daughter_n of_o the_o say_v william_n earl_n warren_n and_o sister_n and_o heir_n of_o the_o say_v last_o john_n earl_n warren_n which_o alice_n marry_v edmond_n fitzalan_n earl_n of_o arundel_n in_o the_o which_o house_n of_o fitzalane_n it_o remain_v three_o descent_n after_o the_o say_a edmond_n and_o alice_n to_o wit_n to_o richard_n earl_n of_o arundel_n and_o to_o richard_n earl_n of_o arundel_n his_o son_n and_o to_o thomas_n earl_n of_o arundel_n son_n of_o the_o say_v last_v richard_n and_o then_o for_o want_v of_o issue_n of_o the_o say_v thomas_n earl_n of_o arundel_n and_o warren_n the_o say_a lordship_n fall_v to_o two_o of_o his_o sister_n whereof_o one_o name_v elizabeth_n be_v marry_v to_o thomas_n mowbray_n duke_n of_o norfolk_n the_o other_o name_v joane_n be_v marry_v to_o william_n beauchamp_n lord_n of_o abergavenny_n who_o part_n afterward_o come_v by_o a_o daughter_n to_o the_o nevil_n lord_n of_o abergavenny_n and_o since_o it_o come_v to_o the_o hand_n of_o sir_n william_n stanley_n knight_n by_o who_o attaindor_n it_o escheat_v to_o the_o crown_n and_o so_o remain_v parcel_n of_o her_o majesty_n possession_n at_o this_o day_n roger_n mortimer_n justice_n of_o north-wales_n chirke_n build_v the_o castle_n of_o chirke_n and_o marry_v lucia_n the_o daughter_n and_o heir_n of_o sir_n robert_n de_fw-fr wafre_n knight_n by_o who_o he_o have_v issue_n roger_n mortimer_n who_o marry_v joane_n turberuile_a and_o have_v issue_n john_n mortimer_n lord_n of_o chirke_n this_o john_n sell_v the_o lordship_n of_o chirke_n to_o richard_n fitzalan_n earl_n of_o arundel_n son_n to_o the_o say_v edmond_n and_o so_o it_o be_v annex_v again_o to_o bromfield_n and_o yale_n the_o three_o son_n of_o gruffyth_n lord_n of_o dînas_n brân_n name_v also_o gruffyth_n have_v for_o his_o part_n glyndowrdwy_n glyndowrdwy_n which_o gruffyth_n ap_fw-mi gruffyth_fw-mi be_v father_n of_o madoc_n crupl_n father_n of_o madoc_n vachan_n father_n of_o gruffyth_o father_n of_o gruffyth_n vachan_n father_n of_o owen_n glyndowr_n who_o rebel_v in_o the_o time_n of_o king_n henry_n the_o four_o by_o who_o attaindor_n that_o part_n also_o come_v to_o the_o king_n hand_n which_o be_v purchase_v of_o the_o king_n by_o robert_n salisbury_n of_o rug_n of_o who_o salisbury_n the_o lord_n of_o glyndowrdwy_n that_o now_o be_v descend_v owen_n the_o four_o son_n of_o gruffyth_n lord_n of_o dînas_n brân_n have_v for_o his_o part_n cynlhaeth_n which_o at_o this_o day_n together_o with_o the_o lordship_n of_o chirke_n land_n be_v parcel_n of_o the_o possession_n of_o the_o right_n honourable_a the_o earl_n of_o leycester_n the_o other_o part_n of_o powy_n contain_v the_o country_n of_o arust_o cyvelioc_n lhannerch_n hudol_n caereneon_n mochnant_n uwch_v rayader_n mechain_n uwch_v coed_n mouthwy_n deuthwr_n strat_n marchelh_n and_o teirtref_n or_o the_o three_o town_n rightfullie_o descend_v to_o gruffyth_n ap_fw-mi meredyth_n ap_fw-mi blethyn_n before_o mention_v who_o be_v by_o king_n henry_n the_o first_o create_v lord_n powy_n he_o marry_v gweyryl_n or_o weyryl_n the_o daughter_n of_o vrgene_n ap_fw-mi howel_n ap_fw-mi jevaf_fw-mi ap_fw-mi cadogan_n ap_fw-mi athlestan_n glodryth_n and_o by_o she_o have_v issue_n owen_n surname_v cyvelioc_n owen_n cyvelioc_n enjoy_v his_o whole_a inheritance_n as_o his_o father_n do_v and_o marry_v wenlhian_n the_o daughter_n of_o owen_n gwyneth_n prince_n of_o north-wales_n by_o who_o he_o have_v issue_n gwenwynwyn_n or_o wenwynwyn_n after_o who_o name_n that_o part_n of_o powy_n be_v afterward_o call_v powy_n wenwynwyn_n he_o have_v also_o a_o bastard_n brother_n call_v caswalhon_n to_o who_o he_o give_v the_o territory_n call_v swydh_n lhannerch_n hudol_n and_o braniarth_n gwenwynwyn_n succéede_v his_o father_n in_o the_o whole_a segniorie_n save_v lhannerch_n hudol_n and_o braniarth_n which_o be_v give_v to_o his_o base_a brother_n caswalhon_n maelrhy_a during_o his_o life_n time_n only_o which_o gwenwynwyn_n marry_v margaret_n daughter_n to_o rees_n ap_fw-mi theodor_n prince_n of_o southwales_n and_o by_o she_o have_v issue_v gruffyth_fw-mi ap_fw-mi gwenwynwyn_n gruffyth_fw-mi ap_fw-mi gwenwynwyn_n succéede_v his_o father_n in_o all_o his_o possession_n and_o have_v issue_v six_o son_n among_o who_o his_o inheritance_n be_v divide_v as_o follow_v owen_n the_o elder_a son_n have_v for_o his_o part_n arust_o cyvelioc_n lhannerch_n hudol_n and_o the_o moiety_n of_o caereneon_n lhewelyn_n the_o second_o son_n have_v mochnant_n uwch_n rayader_n and_o mechain_n uwch_v coed_n john_n the_o three_o son_n have_v the_o four_o part_n of_o caereneon_n william_n the_o four_o son_n have_v mouthwy_a gruffyth_o vachan_n the_o five_o son_n have_v deuthwr_n strat_n marchelh_v and_o teirtref_o david_n the_o sixth_o son_n have_v the_o other_o four_o part_n of_o caereneon_n owen_n ap_fw-mi gruffyth_fw-mi have_v issue_n one_o only_a daughter_n his_o heir_n name_v hawys_n gadarn_n that_o be_v hawys_n the_o hardy_a against_o who_o her_o uncle_n lhewelyn_n john_n gruffyth_o vachan_n and_o david_n arise_v challenge_v the_o land_n of_o their_o brother_n owen_n and_o affirm_v that_o a_o woman_n be_v not_o capable_a of_o land_n in_o that_o country_n whereupon_o hawys_n make_v such_o friend_n in_o england_n that_o the_o matter_n be_v open_v unto_o king_n edward_n the_o second_o the_o say_a king_n bestow_v she_o in_o marriage_n upon_o a_o servant_n of_o his_o name_n john_n charleton_n term_v valectus_n domini_fw-la regis_fw-la bear_v in_o appley_n a_o little_a off_o from_o welinton_n 1268._o in_o the_o county_n of_o salop_n who_o he_o make_v lord_n powy_n in_o her_o right_n this_o john_n charleton_n lord_n powy_n be_v aid_v by_o the_o king_n take_v three_o of_o his_o wife_n uncle_n to_o wit_n lhewelyn_n david_n and_o john_n who_o he_o lay_v up_o fast_o in_o the_o king_n castle_n of_o hardlech_n and_o obtain_v a_o writ_n from_o the_o king_n of_o the_o sheriff_n of_o the_o county_n of_o salop_n and_o sir_n roger_n mortimer_n lord_n of_o chirkland_n and_o justice_n of_o north-wales_n for_o the_o apprehension_n of_o gruffyth_n vachan_n with_o sir_n roger_n chamber_n and_o hugh_n mountgomerie_n his_o two_o son_n in_o law_n which_o then_o be_v in_o armour_n against_o the_o say_a charleton_n and_o hawys_n whereupon_o the_o say_a gruffyth_n vachan_n and_o his_o brethren_n have_v then_o lose_v their_o great_a stay_n which_o be_v thomas_n earl_n of_o lancaster_n submit_v themselves_o to_o the_o king_n order_n touch_v all_o matter_n in_o variance_n between_o they_o and_o their_o néece_n who_o find_v by_o record_n that_o gruffyth_n ap_fw-mi meredyth_n ancestor_n to_o the_o say_v hawys_n upon_o his_o submission_n to_o king_n henry_n the_o first_o become_v subject_a to_o the_o king_n of_o england_n and_o thereupon_o be_v by_o the_o say_a king_n create_v baron_n of_o powy_n which_o barony_n he_o and_o his_o heir_n hold_v afterward_o of_o the_o king_n in_o capite_fw-la as_o other_o baron_n of_o england_n do_v and_o therefore_o the_o
owen_n cyvelioc_n the_o son_n of_o gruffyth_fw-mi ap_fw-mi meredyth_n lord_n of_o powy_n &_o by_o owen_n vachan_n second_o son_n to_o madoc_n ap_fw-mi meredyth_n which_o land_n they_o divide_v betwixt_o they_o so_o that_o owen_n cyvelioc_n have_v mochnant_n above_o rayader_n and_o owen_n vachan_n mochnant_n beneath_o rayader_n this_o year_n there_o be_v a_o earthquake_n in_o norfolk_n and_o suffolk_n at_o this_o time_n king_n henry_n marry_v geffrey_n his_o son_n to_o constance_n the_o only_a daughter_n &_o heir_n of_o conan_n earl_n of_o richmond_n and_o duke_n of_o britain_n 1167_o in_o the_o year_n 1167._o owen_n prince_n of_o nothwales_n cadwallader_n his_o brother_n and_o rees_n prince_n of_o southwales_n bring_v a_o army_n to_o powy_n against_o owen_n cyvelioc_n and_o win_v all_o his_o land_n &_o chase_v he_o out_o of_o the_o country_n and_o give_v caereneon_n to_o owen_n vachan_n the_o son_n of_o madoc_n ap_fw-mi meredyth_n to_o hold_v of_o prince_n owen_n and_o the_o lord_n rees_n have_v walwern_n because_o it_o stand_v within_o his_o country_n but_o within_o a_o while_n after_o owen_n cyvelioc_n return_v with_o a_o number_n of_o normanes_n and_o englishman_n to_o recover_v his_o country_n again_o and_o lay_v siege_n to_o the_o castle_n of_o caereneon_n and_o win_v the_o same_o burn_v it_o to_o the_o ground_n also_o the_o same_o year_n the_o aforesaid_a prince_n owen_n rees_n and_o cadwallader_n lay_v siege_n to_o the_o castle_n of_o ruthlan_n which_o the_o king_n have_v late_o build_v and_o