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lord_n church_n elder_a pastor_n 13,408 5 11.7920 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A96168 A brief narration of the practices of the churches in New-England. Written in private to one that desired information therein; by an inhabitant there, a friend to truth and peace. Published according to order. Weld, Thomas, 1590?-1662. 1645 (1645) Wing W1263; Thomason E298_20; ESTC R200239 15,892 20

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a_o brief_a narration_n of_o the_o practice_n of_o the_o church_n in_o new-england_n write_a in_o private_a to_o one_o that_o desire_v information_n therein_o by_o a_o inhabitant_n there_o a_o friend_n to_o truth_n and_o peace_n publish_v according_a to_o order_n london_n print_v by_o matth._n simmons_n for_o john_n rothwell_n and_o be_v to_o be_v sell_v at_o his_o shop_n at_o the_o sign_n of_o the_o sun_n in_o paul_n churchyard_n 1645._o a_o brief_a narration_n of_o the_o practice_n of_o the_o church_n in_o new-england_a preface_n mr_n scope_n in_o this_o declaration_n be_v only_o to_o answer_v your_o own_o desire_n and_o clear_v our_o way_n from_o some_o misapprehension_n which_o i_o plain_o see_v have_v be_v suggest_v to_o you_o against_o our_o proceed_n what_o weakness_n may_v fall_v from_o my_o pen_n in_o this_o relation_n impute_v it_o to_o my_o own_o slenderness_n not_o to_o the_o cause_n in_o our_o hand_n dirige_fw-la &_o corrige_n jesus_n benignissime_fw-la our_o practice_n 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fit_a for_o that_o great_a place_n to_o which_o he_o be_v call_v 2._o they_o speak_v the_o word_n themselves_o of_o ordination_n of_o he_o in_o christ_n name_n and_o the_o name_n of_o that_o church_n to_o that_o very_a office_n 3._o put_v a_o solemn_a charge_n upon_o he_o as_o in_o the_o sight_n of_o almighty_a god_n 5.10_o 2_o cor._n 5.10_o before_o who_o he_o must_v short_o appear_v to_o give_v a_o account_n of_o all_o those_o soul_n commit_v to_o his_o charge_n by_o the_o great_a shepherd_n christ_n jesus_n himself_o 27.20_o num._n 27.20_o that_o he_o be_v diligent_a faithful_a careful_a and_o constant_a in_o a_o full_a discharge_n of_o that_o great_a charge_n lay_v upon_o he_o after_o this_o the_o elder_n of_o the_o church_n some_o in_o the_o name_n of_o the_o rest_n 2.9_o gal._n 2.9_o do_v give_v he_o the_o right_a hand_n of_o fellowship_n in_o the_o sight_n of_o all_o the_o assembly_n and_o testify_v their_o brotherly_a respect_n unto_o he_o and_o after_o thankfulness_n to_o god_n for_o his_o gracious_a gift_n bestow_v on_o he_o do_v exhort_v he_o in_o the_o lord_n to_o fulfil_v his_o ministration_n receive_v from_o the_o lord_n and_o so_o after_o praise_n give_v to_o god_n by_o he_o in_o the_o name_n of_o the_o church_n he_o dissolve_v the_o assembly_n with_o a_o blessing_n for_o our_o call_n of_o deacon_n deacon_n deacon_n we_o judge_v it_o not_o necessary_a because_o we_o want_v a_o rule_n to_o effect_v it_o with_o fast_v and_o prayer_n as_o in_o the_o ordination_n of_o other_o officer_n but_o the_o brethren_n look_v out_o from_o among_o themselves_o man_n fit_o qualify_v according_a to_o the_o rule_n of_o the_o word_n act_v 6.3_o 1_o tim._n 3.8_o 9_o and_o after_o due_a approose_n make_v
he_o be_v wont_a to_o acquaint_v the_o elder_n whither_o he_o go_v and_o the_o occasion_n of_o it_o withal_o to_o desire_v they_o to_o propound_v to_o the_o church_n for_o their_o letter_n recommendatory_a 3.1_o rom._n 16.1_o 1_o cor._n 3.1_o which_o be_v do_v the_o church_n grant_v it_o the_o scope_n whereof_o be_v to_o testify_v of_o the_o godliness_n of_o the_o man_n and_o to_o desire_v they_o to_o receive_v he_o as_o become_v a_o saint_n and_o to_o be_v helpful_a to_o he_o in_o any_o thing_n that_o may_v need_v their_o assistance_n watchfulness_n communion_n and_o edification_n in_o the_o lord_n during_o the_o time_n of_o his_o abode_n with_o they_o the_o letter_n be_v subscribe_v by_o the_o hand_n of_o the_o elder_n in_o the_o name_n of_o the_o church_n and_o deliver_v unto_o they_o but_o if_o any_o member_n have_v a_o desire_n to_o remove_v whole_o from_o the_o church_n to_o which_o he_o belong_v and_o to_o live_v elsewhere_o he_o use_v to_o make_v know_v his_o desire_n to_o the_o elder_n and_o by_o their_o hand_n to_o the_o church_n and_o where_o he_o desire_v to_o live_v as_o also_o the_o ground_n which_o lead_v he_o to_o such_o a_o removal_n which_o if_o upon_o examine_v they_o prove_v weak_a or_o sinful_a savour_v of_o self-will_n covetousness_n schism_n or_o etc._n etc._n more_o than_o of_o sound_a reason_n and_o such_o as_o be_v like_a to_o cast_v he_o upon_o eminent_a danger_n spiritual_a or_o temporal_a then_o according_a to_o their_o covenant_n of_o love_n and_o faithfulness_n they_o with_o tenderness_n show_v he_o his_o weakness_n and_o dissuade_v he_o from_o his_o purpose_n so_o prejudicial_a to_o his_o peace_n and_o comfort_n to_o which_o counsel_n god_n usual_o bow_v his_o heart_n to_o submit_v and_o stoop_v but_o if_o after_o all_o the_o dissuasion_n and_o brotherly_a advice_n they_o shall_v see_v the_o bent_n of_o his_o spirit_n stand_v towards_o a_o removal_n that_o he_o can_v comfortable_o and_o full_o be_v poise_v by_o their_o judgement_n in_o such_o a_o case_n if_o his_o sin_n be_v not_o apparent_a his_o danger_n eminent_a they_o use_v some_o indulgence_n not_o willing_a to_o imprison_v the_o spirit_n of_o any_o and_o they_o leave_v he_o to_o his_o liberty_n and_o permit_v he_o to_o depart_v and_o this_o we_o observe_v that_o when_o man_n thus_o depart_v god_n follow_v they_o with_o the_o cross_n till_o they_o be_v drive_v to_o repent_v of_o such_o unadvised_a proceed_n and_o desire_v to_o return_v to_o the_o place_n which_o they_o leave_v but_o if_o they_o see_v his_o ground_n be_v good_a and_o sound_a and_o god_n lead_v he_o by_o the_o hand_n from_o themselves_o to_o another_o place_n where_o he_o may_v sit_v down_o comfortable_o and_o be_v edify_v they_o use_v to_o say_v no_o more_o but_o as_o they_o do_v to_o paul_n when_o god_n mind_n appear_v 21.14_o act_n 21.14_o to_o have_v he_o leave_v they_o and_o go_v to_o jerusalem_n the_o will_n of_o the_o lord_n be_v do_v and_o so_o they_o write_v from_o that_o church_n to_o the_o other_o letter_n of_o dismission_n which_o so_o we_o call_v for_o distinction_n sake_n which_o indeed_o be_v all_o one_o with_o letter_n of_o recommendation_n speak_v of_o before_o only_o those_o be_v for_o a_o time_n these_o for_o ever_o wherein_o they_o do_v use_v to_o give_v testimonial_a of_o the_o brother_n and_o entreat_v they_o to_o receive_v he_o in_o all_o bowel_n of_o brotherly_a love_n as_o their_o own_o in_o the_o lord_n and_o be_v faithful_a to_o his_o soul_n until_o they_o shall_v present_v he_o blameless_a to_o the_o great_a shepherd_n the_o lord_n jesus_n christ_n and_o so_o after_o godly_a counsel_n give_v he_o to_o walk_v worthy_a of_o the_o lord_n in_o the_o place_n where_o he_o be_v to_o live_v cotton_n act_n 15.40_o &_o 20.22_o this_o we_o have_v add_v out_o of_o mr_n cotton_n they_o commend_v he_o by_o prayer_n to_o the_o blessing_n of_o the_o word_n of_o grace_n the_o church_n to_o who_o he_o be_v commend_v if_o they_o know_v not_o the_o person_n make_v trial_n of_o he_o as_o above_z before_o they_o admit_v he_o know_v church_n may_v err_v in_o person_n as_o well_o as_o doctrine_n etc._n etc._n so_o long_o as_o the_o church_n member_n walk_v blameless_a and_o holy_a we_o encourage_v they_o and_o comfort_v they_o in_o their_o godly_a proceed_n 6.1_o censure_v delinquent_n gal._n 6.1_o but_o in_o case_n any_o be_v fall_v by_o temptation_n as_o who_o be_v exempt_v if_o corruption_n press_v in_o and_o the_o lord_n withdraw_v we_o pity_v he_o and_o labour_n to_o regain_v he_o by_o such_o mean_n as_o christ_n have_v prescribe_v as_o if_o his_o sin_n be_v private_a and_o know_v but_o to_o one_o only_a we_o dare_v not_o unless_o the_o necessity_n of_o the_o case_n require_v communicate_v it_o to_o a_o second_o but_o use_v to_o deal_v in_o secret_a with_o himself_o and_o cure_v he_o of_o it_o but_o if_o this_o will_v not_o serve_v but_o either_o he_o remain_v unconvince_v of_o the_o evil_a of_o it_o 3.13_o heb._n 3.13_o and_o so_o be_v like_a to_o be_v harden_v through_o the_o deceitfulness_n of_o sin_n then_o the_o other_o take_v himself_o bind_v in_o conscience_n if_o the_o evil_n be_v apparent_a to_o observe_v the_o rule_n of_o christ_n 16._o matth._n 18.15_o 16._o and_o gradual_o to_o proceed_v further_o with_o he_o that_o be_v takes_z one_o or_o two_o more_o with_o he_o such_o as_o be_v most_o able_a and_o likely_a to_o prevail_v with_o the_o delinquent_a brother_n and_o after_o prayer_n make_v to_o god_n to_o bow_v his_o heart_n and_o boar_n his_o ear_n to_o attend_v to_o their_o admonition_n they_o endeavour_v to_o gain_v he_o to_o the_o lord_n from_o his_o sin_n if_o this_o mean_n prevail_v his_o soul_n be_v heal_v the_o offence_n remove_v their_o love_n renew_v but_o if_o yet_o he_o remain_v impenitent_a they_o inform_v the_o elder_n and_o they_o tell_v the_o church_n the_o delinquent_n be_v convent_v in_o public_a and_o his_o sin_n lay_v open_a they_o endeavour_v to_o regain_v he_o by_o open_v his_o sin_n together_o with_o the_o uneffectualnesse_n of_o the_o former_a mean_n witness_v by_o which_o very_a particular_a his_o former_a sin_n be_v much_o aggravate_v upon_o his_o conscience_n before_o the_o lord_n from_o the_o word_n apply_v and_o press_v all_o which_o if_o even_o than_o it_o shall_v work_v kind_o to_o the_o melt_a of_o his_o heart_n into_o godly_a sorrow_n and_o humble_a confession_n it_o be_v acceptable_a and_o no_o further_o proceed_v attempt_v against_o h●●_n but_o if_o none_o of_o all_o these_o work_v effectual_o upon_o he_o 18.19_o 1_o thes_n 5.19_o mat._n 18.19_o than_o a_o solemn_a admonition_n by_o the_o vote_n of_o the_o whole_a church_n in_o the_o name_n of_o the_o lord_n jesus_n by_o the_o hand_n of_o the_o pastor_n or_o ruling_n elder_a be_v sad_o lay_v upon_o he_o wherein_o his_o sin_n be_v set_v home_o with_o ground_n from_o the_o word_n be_v leave_v upon_o he_o as_o strong_a physic_n to_o purge_v out_o the_o distemper_n which_o more_o private_a and_o gentle_a mean_n will_v not_o effect_v all_o the_o while_n the_o church_n imitate_v the_o patience_n of_o our_o bless_a lord_n unto_o ourselves_o be_v willing_a to_o wait_v to_o see_v 2.25_o 2_o tim._n 2.25_o if_o god_n at_o any_o time_n by_o any_o mean_n will_v grant_v he_o repentance_n which_o if_o it_o so_o be_v and_o he_o come_v forth_o and_o declare_v it_o public_o for_o the_o plaster_n must_v be_v as_o broad_a as_o the_o sore_n to_o the_o satisfaction_n of_o the_o church_n and_o glory_n of_o god_n and_o shame_n of_o himself_o by_o the_o humble_a acknowledgement_n of_o the_o evil_a of_o his_o sin_n and_o his_o former_a impenitency_n in_o withstand_v so_o many_o precious_a mean_n so_o patient_o use_v towards_o he_o with_o promise_n by_o the_o help_n of_o christ_n for_o better_a endeavour_n for_o the_o time_n to_o come_v the_o church_n proceed_v no_o further_o but_o be_v satisfy_v comfort_v and_o render_v praise_n to_o the_o god_n of_o all_o grace_n that_o have_v give_v we_o such_o free_a use_n of_o such_o precious_a ordinance_n and_o have_v crown_v our_o poor_a endeavour_n with_o such_o a_o blessing_n on_o the_o soul_n of_o his_o poor_a servant_n but_o if_o he_o be_v so_o far_o shut_v up_o under_o a_o hard_a heart_n that_o he_o depart_v away_o impenitent_a the_o church_n account_v it_o as_o indeed_o it_o be_v a_o sore_a blow_n from_o the_o hand_n of_o the_o lord_n not_o only_o upon_o the_o soul_n of_o the_o poor_a brother_n but_o upon_o they_o all_o who_o be_v so_o near_o unite_v unto_o he_o 16.22_o josh_n 7.25_o to_z 11_o 12._o num._n 16.22_o and_o may_v just_o make_v they_o sinart_n as_o he_o do_v all_o israel_n for_o the_o sin_n of_o achan_n as_o the_o church_n use_v these_o mean_n towards_o he_o in_o public_a so_o
they_o the_o elder_n upon_o some_o lord_n day_n or_o other_o public_a meeting_n do_v ordain_v he_o to_o the_o office_n and_o appoint_v he_o over_o that_o business_n by_o prayer_n and_o imposition_n of_o hand_n the_o church_n thus_o gather_v and_o furnish_v with_o able_a helper_n for_o edification_n proceed_v to_o all_o public_a administration_n in_o the_o body_n worship_n 3._o solemn_a worship_n wherein_o our_o desire_n and_o care_n above_o all_o thing_n be_v to_o have_v all_o and_o no_o more_o than_o all_o the_o ordinance_n of_o christ_n himself_o 12.32_o deut._n 12.32_o and_o all_o those_o as_o far_o as_o god_n be_v please_v to_o lend_v light_n in_o the_o native_a purity_n and_o simplicity_n without_o any_o dress_n or_o paint_n of_o humane_a invention_n we_o use_v not_o to_o read_v in_o the_o public_a assembly_n read_v read_v record_n or_o write_n of_o man_n but_o that_o alone_o which_o be_v able_a to_o make_v the_o man_n of_o god_n perfect_o and_o thorough_o furnish_v to_o all_o good_a work_n the_o pure_a word_n of_o god_n itself_o and_o that_o all_o thing_n may_v be_v do_v to_o best_a edification_n exposition_n exposition_n we_o use_v to_o expound_v and_o apply_v the_o word_n unto_o the_o people_n as_o occasion_n permit_v and_o because_o we_o desire_v to_o sing_v as_o well_o as_o to_o read_v the_o pure_a word_n of_o god_n it_o be_v a_o ordinance_n of_o god_n as_o sacred_a as_o the_o other_o we_o have_v endeavour_v 8.8_o nehem._n 8.8_o according_a to_o our_o light_n and_o time_n to_o retranslate_v the_o psalm_n as_o near_o the_o original_a as_o we_o can_v into_o meet_a psalm_n sing_v of_o psalm_n because_o the_o former_a translation_n be_v very_o defective_a and_o sing_v they_o in_o the_o church_n according_a thereunto_o for_o prayer_n we_o use_v not_o any_o prescribe_a form_n or_o stint_a liturgy_n but_o see_v the_o minister_n of_o christ_n be_v call_v as_o well_o to_o give_v themselves_o to_o prayer_n as_o to_o the_o ministry_n of_o the_o word_n 6.4_o prayer_n act_n 6.4_o we_o pray_v as_o that_o bless_a inditer_n of_o our_o prayer_n who_o teach_v what_o to_o pray_v as_o we_o ought_v help_v our_o infirmity_n according_a to_o the_o people_n necessity_n the_o present_a occasion_n and_o the_o work_n of_o christ_n in_o our_o hand_n require_v 8.26_o rom._n 8.26_o we_o administer_v the_o seal_n of_o the_o covenant_n not_o to_o all_o but_o only_o to_o believer_n or_o their_o seed_n which_o be_v either_o in_o covenant_n with_o ourselves_o or_o with_o some_o other_o church_n of_o christ_n for_o though_o we_o very_o believe_v there_o be_v many_o precious_a saint_n among_o we_o who_o with_o their_o child_n be_v under_o the_o covenant_n of_o grace_n through_o faith_n in_o christ_n who_o we_o tender_o embrace_v and_o esteem_v dear_a unto_o we_o because_o they_o be_v so_o to_o christ_n jesus_n himself_o and_o be_v ready_a to_o give_v to_o such_o approve_a one_o the_o right_a hand_n of_o fellowship_n in_o case_n they_o shall_v desire_v it_o yet_o see_v such_o be_v not_o liable_a and_o subject_a to_o the_o church_n censure_n it_o be_v not_o meet_v they_o shall_v partake_v of_o the_o church_n privilege_n therefore_o we_o have_v hitherto_o for_o bear_v it_o until_o further_a light_n shall_v appear_v for_o the_o administration_n of_o the_o supper_n 11.25_o sacrament_n of_o supper_n 1_o cor._n 11.25_o because_o christ_n bid_v we_o do_v it_o often_o we_o common_o have_v it_o monthly_o though_o we_o tie_v not_o ourselves_o to_o any_o set_a time_n but_o alter_v it_o as_o often_o as_o good_a reason_n appear_v and_o for_o better_a remembrance_n of_o the_o duty_n and_o preparation_n thereunto_o the_o elder_n give_v notice_n the_o lord_n day_n afore_o and_o stir_v they_o to_o a_o holy_a preparation_n for_o so_o holy_a a_o duty_n when_o the_o time_n of_o solemn_a action_n be_v come_v the_o pastor_n set_v apart_o the_o element_n for_o so_o sacred_a employment_n he_o bless_v the_o bread_n he_o break_v it_o in_o the_o sight_n of_o all_o the_o people_n declare_v withal_o and_o apply_v the_o signification_n of_o those_o holy_a rite_n and_o action_n he_o distribute_v it_o to_o those_o who_o be_v near_o about_o he_o 6.2_o act_n 6.2_o and_o give_v the_o rest_n to_o the_o deacon_n hand_n who_o stand_v ready_a according_a to_o their_o office_n attend_v on_o the_o table_n to_o give_v unto_o all_o the_o people_n not_o bow_v or_o kneel_v which_o be_v form_n of_o worship_n that_o never_o come_v into_o christ_n mind_n 30._o matth._n 26.20_o luke_n 22.27_o to_o 30._o so_o far_o as_o we_o know_v to_o appoint_v nor_o any_o way_n suitable_a to_o a_o table-gesture_n but_o in_o that_o posture_n of_o body_n in_o which_o christ_n himself_o give_v it_o unto_o his_o disciple_n after_o the_o bread_n he_o take_v the_o cup_n and_o bless_v it_o distinct_o by_o itself_o for_o so_o our_o lord_n christ_n do_v matth._n he_o power_v out_o the_o wine_n and_o distribute_v it_o this_o do_v a_o psalm_n be_v sing_v prayer_n return_v and_o the_o congregation_n dissolve_v 26.30_o mat._n 26.30_o we_o also_o take_v our_o liberty_n to_o solemnize_v holy_a feast_n and_o fast_a day_n as_o god_n give_v occasion_n by_o his_o extraordinary_a hand_n of_o providence_n of_o special_a mercy_n or_o judgement_n either_o to_o ourselves_o or_o native_a country_n or_o other_o church_n for_o the_o admit_v of_o additional_a member_n to_o those_o that_o be_v the_o fundamental_n member_n 4._o addition_n of_o member_n we_o proceed_v in_o this_o manner_n such_o as_o desire_v to_o join_v to_o the_o church_n do_v make_v know_v their_o desire_n to_o the_o eldership_n who_o take_v a_o survey_n of_o their_o spiritual_a estate_n both_o of_o the_o knowledge_n in_o the_o principle_n of_o religion_n 6.7_o 1_o king_n 6.7_o and_o of_o the_o work_n of_o grace_n in_o their_o heart_n as_o also_o their_o blameless_a and_o godly_a conversation_n among_o man_n in_o any_o of_o which_o if_o they_o find_v any_o wound_v they_o plain_o declare_v it_o to_o the_o party_n themselves_o labour_v by_o love_n and_o patience_n to_o heal_v they_o and_o ripen_v they_o where_o all_o thing_n be_v clear_a to_o themselves_o they_o propound_v they_o to_o the_o church_n and_o entreat_v they_o as_o opportunity_n may_v serve_v to_o take_v some_o time_n to_o deal_v with_o they_o about_o their_o spiritual_a condition_n and_o inquire_v of_o the_o godly_a approve_v which_o know_v they_o that_o nothing_o may_v hinder_v when_o they_o be_v call_v to_o admission_n after_o some_o due_a space_n the_o ruling-elders_a call_v they_o before_o the_o church_n in_o public_a faith_n confession_n of_o faith_n who_o hear_v they_o confess_v their_o faith_n in_o the_o ground_n of_o religion_n than_o their_o effectual_a vocation_n to_o christ_n first_o in_o their_o sound_a repentance_n from_o dead_a work_n second_o their_o unfeigned_a faith_n towards_o the_o lord_n jesus_n matth._n 3.7_o luke_n 3.7_o act_n 8.37_o then_o if_o they_o be_v satisfy_v in_o both_o these_o as_o where_o they_o discern_v the_o least_o true_a breathe_n of_o christ_n though_o but_o as_o sinoak_a slax_n they_o be_v they_o call_v if_o need_v be_v for_o testification_n of_o their_o godly_a conversation_n which_o be_v do_v they_o rest_v and_o testify_v all_o their_o consent_n to_o their_o admission_n by_o hold_v up_o their_o hand_n after_o that_o the_o pastor_n or_o elder_n propound_v to_o they_o the_o covenant_n which_o they_o be_v to_o make_v before_o god_n and_o his_o people_n the_o sum_n of_o which_o be_v to_o this_o effect_n covenant_n covenant_n to_o give_v up_o one selve_o to_o the_o lord_n in_o all_o duty_n of_o holiness_n 8.5_o 2_o cor._n 8.5_o then_o to_o the_o church_n and_o the_o officer_n in_o all_o love_n and_o submission_n according_a to_o the_o will_n of_o god_n and_o this_o they_o do_v not_o trust_v in_o their_o own_o strength_n covenant_n see_v cotton_n way_n of_o the_o church_n in_o new-england_n pag._n 55._o more_o full_o express_v the_o covenant_n but_o in_o the_o name_n and_o by_o the_o grace_n of_o christ_n himself_o to_o this_o covenant_n when_o they_o have_v give_v their_o consent_n the_o elder_n in_o their_o own_o name_n and_o the_o church_n reciprocal_o do_v covenant_n also_o with_o they_o to_o perform_v the_o like_a duty_n back_o again_o unto_o they_o then_o after_o prayer_n make_v by_o the_o whole_a church_n for_o his_o gracious_a assistance_n in_o perform_v these_o mutual_a duty_n each_o to_o other_o and_o all_o of_o they_o to_o god_n they_o depart_v away_o with_o a_o blessing_n if_o any_o member_n thus_o admit_v have_v afterward_o any_o special_a occasion_n to_o reside_v for_o any_o considerable_a space_n of_o time_n member_n of_o recommendation_n and_o dismission_n of_o member_n in_o some_o other_o church_n that_o we_o may_v the_o better_a know_v according_a to_o our_o charge_n receive_v of_o they_o what_o become_v of_o our_o member_n
the_o elder_n and_o the_o godly_a able_a brethren_n also_o be_v wont_a all_o this_o time_n to_o repair_v to_o he_o in_o private_a if_o it_o may_v be_v to_o set_v on_o the_o church_n censure_n and_o to_o further_a the_o work_n thereof_o and_o the_o church_n also_o before_o they_o proceed_v to_o further_a censure_n do_v call_v he_o before_o they_o once_o and_o again_o usual_o to_o see_v if_o the_o ordinance_n in_o any_o measure_n be_v effectual_a upon_o he_o all_o the_o while_n that_o brother_n and_o so_o any_o other_o delinquent_a member_n though_o not_o so_o fame_n proceed_v against_o by_o the_o church_n as_o he_o be_v stand_v thus_o offensive_a in_o the_o church_n eye_n he_o presume_v not_o to_o communicate_v 24._o communicate_v though_o he_o be_v admit_v to_o hear_v and_o prayer_n cotton_n way_n of_o church_n pag._n 93._o 1_o chron._n 28._o 1_o cor._n 11.28_o hag._n 2.13_o 14._o levit._fw-la 22.3_o 4._o agreeable_o to_o mat._n 5.23_o 24._o or_o if_o he_o do_v presume_v he_o be_v dehort_v and_o prohibit_v to_o eat_v of_o the_o holy_a bread_n among_o the_o prepare_a and_o invite_v guest_n of_o christ_n as_o not_o have_v by_o examination_n prepare_v himself_o as_o all_o such_o be_v command_v to_o do_v and_o for_o fear_v he_o shall_v defile_v it_o as_o the_o unclean_a under_o the_o law_n do_v such_o holy_a flesh_n as_o they_o touch_v for_o look_v as_o the_o priest_n that_o be_v unclean_a though_o he_o be_v not_o degrade_v from_o his_o priesthood_n yet_o suspend_v during_o the_o time_n of_o his_o uncleanness_n from_o meddle_v with_o the_o holy_a sacrifice_n so_o we_o deal_v and_o that_o according_a to_o god_n with_o this_o unclean_a member_n and_o this_o also_o we_o use_v as_o a_o further_a mean_n to_o procure_v his_o humiliation_n when_o he_o shall_v see_v himself_o through_o his_o own_o fault_n bar_v from_o the_o enjoyment_n of_o this_o holy_a privilege_n and_o must_v now_o fit_a and_o mourn_v as_o the_o leper_n under_o defilement_n be_v bar_v from_o communicate_v at_o the_o table_n of_o christ_n among_o the_o holy_a saint_n of_o god_n which_o he_o be_v wont_a to_o enjoy_v with_o freedom_n and_o comfort_n but_o if_o neither_o the_o one_o nor_o the_o other_o public_a or_o private_a mean_n be_v able_a no_o not_o at_o last_o to_o overcome_v his_o hard_a heart_n and_o bring_v he_o to_o sound_v humiliation_n for_o his_o sin_n then_o we_o judge_v it_o full_a time_n to_o use_v the_o last_o and_o forest_n mean_v of_o cure_n that_o christ_n have_v ordain_v in_o his_o church_n even_o to_o out_o off_o the_o gangrene_v member_n 5.9_o 1_o cor._n 5.6_o 7._o gal._n 5.9_o that_o the_o whole_a body_n be_v not_o infect_v by_o it_o and_o to_o purge_v away_o the_o leaven_n lest_o the_o whole_a lump_n be_v thereby_o leaven_v and_o for_o this_o we_o do_v not_o send_v to_o any_o external_a authority_n out_o of_o that_o particular_a church_n whereof_o the_o offender_n be_v whether_o bishop_n or_o classis_fw-la because_o we_o conceive_v it_o more_o than_o paul_n himself_o 5.21_o 1_o cor._n 5.4_o see_v willet_n synopsis_n edit_fw-la 1634._o p._n 286._o 1_o cor._n 5.3_o 4._o 1_o tim._n 5.21_o who_o have_v more_o authority_n from_o christ_n than_o all_o the_o bishop_n presbyter_n in_o the_o world_n dare_v undertake_v who_o do_v but_o inform_v direct_v and_o stir_v up_o the_o church_n to_o do_v it_o but_o do_v not_o do_v it_o himself_o but_o we_o free_o use_v the_o liberty_n and_o authority_n which_o the_o lord_n himself_o have_v give_v we_o and_o do_v charge_v we_o to_o use_v in_o such_o case_n as_o these_o namely_o all_o the_o church_n do_v solemn_o meet_v together_o and_o if_o it_o be_v a_o open_a and_o know_v sin_n all_o the_o congregation_n that_o they_o may_v see_v the_o church_n impartial_a severity_n against_o sin_n in_o she_o own_o member_n and_o have_v set_v the_o delinquent_n before_o we_o and_o have_v set_v out_o his_o ●inne_n in_o the_o latitude_n and_o aggravation_n of_o it_o the_o pastor_n or_o elder_n have_v propound_v it_o to_o the_o church_n and_o they_o have_v testify_v their_o consent_n as_o before_o for_o his_o admission_n so_o now_o for_o his_o expulsion_n he_o solemn_o in_o the_o name_n of_o the_o lord_n jesus_n christ_n and_o of_o the_o whole_a church_n deliver_v up_o that_o man_n unto_o satan_n 5.4_o 1_o cor._n 5.4_o for_o the_o destruction_n of_o the_o flesh_n and_o the_o save_n of_o his_o spirit_n in_o the_o day_n of_o the_o lord_n jesus_n which_o dreadful_a sentence_n be_v with_o much_o fear_n and_o tremble_a and_o yet_o with_o much_o power_n and_o dread_v denounce_v against_o he_o he_o labour_v to_o set_v home_o the_o terror_n of_o it_o upon_o his_o conscience_n and_o do_v charge_v he_o though_o he_o have_v abuse_v all_o other_o ordinance_n yet_o to_o make_v use_n of_o this_o as_o be_v the_o last_o mean_n which_o christ_n will_v use_v towards_o he_o for_o his_o recovery_n and_o withal_o warn_v he_o to_o depart_v from_o the_o assembly_n and_o the_o fellowship_n of_o the_o people_n of_o god_n 3.14_o 2_o thes_n 3.14_o and_o withal_o direct_v and_o charge_v the_o brethren_n that_o they_o so_o walk_v towards_o he_o that_o he_o may_v be_v ashamed_a and_o humble_v that_o what_o in_o they_o lie_v they_o shall_v not_o hinder_v but_o further_o the_o work_n of_o that_o ordinance_n upon_o his_o soul_n and_o though_o our_o proceed_n in_o censure_n be_v thus_o slow_a and_o gradual_a as_o we_o have_v express_v 18.15_o see_v cotton_n way_n of_o church_n in_o new-england_n p._n 92._o 1_o cor._n 5.11_o matth._n 18.15_o against_o sin_n of_o a_o lesser_a nature_n and_o less_o notorious_a be_v not_o so_o much_o the_o nature_n and_o quality_n of_o sin_n itself_o as_o the_o impenitency_n of_o the_o delinquent_n have_v call_v for_o the_o sharp_a censure_n according_a to_o the_o rule_n of_o christ_n matth._n 18.15_o 16._o yet_o for_o sin_n very_o scandalous_a and_o notorious_a we_o go_v more_o quick_a and_o round_o to_o work_v against_o the_o offender_n and_o stay_v not_o to_o admonish_v once_o and_o again_o and_o then_o pause_v to_o see_v how_o the_o plaster_n work_v before_o we_o use_v the_o salve_n but_o unless_o speedy_a and_o very_a eminent_a repentance_n which_o be_v early_o step_v in_o to_o prevent_v which_o possible_o may_v call_v to_o we_o as_o a_o voice_n from_o heaven_n to_o abraham_n 12._o gen._n 22.10_o 11_o 12._o to_o stay_v our_o hand_n we_o present_o without_o any_o more_o ado_n meet_v together_o and_o give_v up_o that_o man_n to_o satan_n according_a to_o that_o other_o rule_n of_o paul_n 1_o cor._n when_o we_o have_v thus_o cast_v he_o out_o of_o the_o church_n we_o have_v not_o withal_o cast_v he_o out_o of_o our_o heart_n and_o care_n but_o still_o attend_v the_o cure_n of_o his_o soul_n 3.6.14_o matth._n 9.2_o 2_o thes_n 3.6.14_o by_o look_v to_o the_o god_n of_o all_o grace_n and_o mercy_n on_o his_o behalf_n do_v by_o he_o as_o they_o do_v by_o the_o palsie-man_n carry_v he_o to_o christ_n when_o happy_o he_o want_v strength_n to_o go_v of_o himself_o by_o follow_v he_o with_o private_a admonition_n to_o help_v the_o physic_n the_o better_a to_o work_v 26.39.40_o leu._n 26.39.40_o and_o if_o we_o discern_v his_o uncircumcised_a heart_n be_v humble_v and_o that_o he_o accept_v of_o the_o punishment_n of_o his_o iniquity_n and_o confess_v that_o as_o god_n have_v walk_v contrary_a to_o he_o so_o he_o have_v walk_v contrary_a to_o god_n and_o be_v ready_a to_o judge_v himself_o before_o the_o lord_n and_o his_o people_n 9_o 2_o cor._n 1.7.8_o &_o 2.6_o to_o 9_o take_v shame_n to_o himself_o and_o give_v glory_n to_o god_n in_o a_o word_n when_o we_o see_v god_n end_n be_v attain_v and_o the_o cure_n of_o his_o soul_n effect_v then_o as_o before_o we_o call_v for_o no_o external_a power_n from_o bishop_n or_o other_o presbyter_n to_o bind_v he_o so_o now_o we_o need_v no_o licence_n nor_o commission_n from_o any_o to_o loose_v he_o but_o the_o church_n herself_o only_o 9_o 2_o cor._n 2.6_o to_o 9_o as_o she_o have_v liberty_n according_a to_o the_o rule_n of_o the_o gospel_n to_o take_v he_o in_o and_o to_o cast_v he_o out_o so_o now_o to_o absolve_v and_o release_v he_o from_o all_o the_o censure_n who_o all_o be_v meet_v in_o christ_n name_n and_o persuade_v themselves_o that_o as_o christ_n unloose_v he_o in_o heaven_n 8._o 2_o cor._n 2.7_o 8._o so_o it_o be_v their_o duty_n to_o unloose_v on_o earth_n and_o so_o their_o vote_n be_v call_v for_o by_o the_o pastor_n or_o elder_n and_o testify_v by_o themselves_o he_o be_v as_o the_o leper_n by_o the_o priest_n of_o old_a in_o the_o law_n pronounce_v clean_o and_o so_o they_o as_o paul_n exhort_v the_o corinthian_n to_o do_v they_o forgive_v he_o they_o comfort_v he_o they_o renew_v their_o
love_n unto_o he_o and_o now_o not_o only_o their_o temple_n door_n but_o their_o arm_n and_o heart_n be_v ready_a to_o receive_v he_o as_o the_o church_n have_v power_n from_o christ_n over_o a_o delinquent_a member_n to_o reject_v he_o from_o their_o society_n so_o also_o over_o a_o scandalous_a officer_n to_o deprive_v he_o of_o his_o office_n among_o they_o though_o this_o we_o speak_v de_fw-fr jure_fw-la non_fw-la de_fw-la facto_fw-la for_o bless_a be_v god_n we_o never_o have_v any_o occasion_n to_o put_v this_o in_o practice_n and_o we_o desire_v we_o never_o may_v for_o as_o they_o and_o they_o only_o have_v power_n from_o christ_n to_o call_v one_o to_o administer_v unto_o they_o so_o they_o have_v the_o same_o power_n upon_o just_a cause_n give_v and_o he_o make_v himself_o unworthy_a and_o unfit_a to_o perform_v that_o work_n they_o call_v he_o to_o and_o to_o administer_v holy_a thing_n with_o his_o impure_a hand_n that_o when_o they_o shall_v see_v one_o just_a ground_n that_o christ_n himself_o have_v discard_v from_o minister_a unto_o they_o than_o they_o also_o may_v be_v christ_n instrument_n to_o depose_v he_o from_o the_o office_n they_o call_v he_o unto_o in_o all_o these_o church-administrations_a speak_v in_o this_o discourse_n 5.12_o act_n 2.46_o &_o 4.25_o &_o 5.12_o our_o great_a desire_n and_o care_n be_v to_o carry_v all_o thing_n with_o joint_a consent_n of_o all_o the_o member_n which_o be_v the_o practice_n and_o honour_n of_o the_o primitive_a time_n which_o paul_n so_o much_o desire_v 2.10_o 2_o cor._n 2.10_o shall_v be_v in_o the_o church_n of_o corinth_n and_o through_o god_n great_a goodness_n we_o have_v obtain_v that_o mercy_n that_o uswal_o in_o all_o our_o admission_n dismission_n election_n and_o censure_n it_o have_v be_v so_o with_o we_o to_o our_o great_a comfort_n but_o in_o case_n there_o shall_v any_o difference_n arise_v as_o possible_o they_o may_v through_o the_o remain_a darkness_n of_o our_o mind_n all_o not_o be_v able_a to_o see_v alike_o then_o such_o as_o dissent_v from_o their_o brethren_n and_o propound_v their_o ground_n which_o be_v either_o weighty_a from_o the_o word_n and_o then_o it_o be_v the_o voice_n not_o of_o the_o brethren_n only_o but_o of_o christ_n speak_v in_o thou_o to_o which_o the_o rest_n submit_v and_o yield_v or_o else_o their_o reason_n have_v little_a or_o no_o strength_n in_o they_o which_o the_o brethren_n be_v able_a with_o ease_n to_o answer_v and_o then_o either_o the_o rest_n see_v it_o and_o yield_v or_o if_o they_o be_v not_o convince_v of_o the_o invalidity_n of_o their_o reason_n and_o the_o strength_n of_o their_o brethren_n answer_n it_o be_v either_o through_o the_o weakness_n of_o their_o judgement_n or_o the_o stiffness_n of_o their_o will_n if_o the_o former_a be_v the_o cause_n the_o rest_n love_o inform_v they_o and_o patient_o bear_v with_o they_o till_o thing_n be_v in_o some_o sort_n clear_v up_o that_o they_o be_v content_v whole_o to_o submit_v and_o consent_v to_o make_v no_o further_o trouble_v which_o they_o be_v frequent_o teach_v to_o do_v in_o case_n of_o such_o nature_n but_o if_o stiffness_n of_o will_n plain_o appear_v or_o a_o spirit_n of_o contradiction_n if_o they_o will_v not_o by_o love_a information_n lie_v down_o themselves_o they_o think_v it_o meet_v to_o admonish_v they_o of_o pride_n and_o wilfulness_n and_o leave_v they_o under_o it_o till_o they_o shall_v repent_v whereby_o the_o liberty_n of_o their_o voice_n be_v take_v from_o they_o till_o they_o have_v remove_v the_o offence_n but_o if_o the_o cause_n shall_v be_v weighty_a and_o dark_a 15._o cotton_v way_n of_o church_n pag._n 95._o act_n 15._o and_o the_o doubtigreat_a on_o both_o side_n we_o call_v in_o light_n from_o other_o church_n to_o who_o by_o agreement_n they_o repair_v and_o crave_v their_o counsel_n this_o be_v faithful_o do_v by_o god_n ordinary_a blessing_n and_o presence_n to_o our_o comfort_n we_o speak_v it_o we_o have_v find_v it_o conclusive_a and_o avail_v that_o which_o follow_v be_v add_v out_o of_o mr_n cotton_v late_a book_n of_o the_o way_n of_o the_o church_n in_o new-england_n that_o this_o narration_n may_v be_v complete_a hitherto_o of_o their_o practice_n in_o regard_n of_o each_o church_n by_o itself_o and_o the_o member_n of_o it_o in_o the_o next_o place_n be_v to_o be_v relate_v what_o the_o course_n be_v in_o respect_n of_o many_o church_n in_o communion_n and_o fellowship_n and_o this_o omit_v that_o be_v say_v before_o in_o their_o mutual_a assistance_n about_o the_o constitution_n of_o particular_a church_n and_o recommendation_n of_o member_n etc._n etc._n consist_v in_o two_o point_n general_o for_o we_o will_v name_v only_o the_o chief_a first_o the_o combination_n into_o synod_n or_o assembly_n second_o deal_v with_o delinquent_n congregation_n for_o the_o first_o when_o either_o corrupt_a opinion_n or_o suspicious_a practice_n be_v scatter_v so_o as_o they_o can_v well_o be_v heal_v by_o any_o church_n alone_o assembly_n assembly_n the_o elder_n of_o the_o church_n desirous_a to_o maintain_v verity_n and_o unity_n of_o judgement_n in_o matter_n of_o doctrine_n and_o integrity_n of_o life_n throughout_o the_o church_n do_v both_o acquaint_v the_o magistrate_n be_v nurse_n father_n among_o we_o to_o the_o church_n with_o the_o necessary_a occasion_n and_o end_n of_o a_o general_a assembly_n and_o do_v also_o solicit_v the_o church_n to_o send_v some_o fit_a person_n at_o such_o a_o time_n &_o place_n where_o the_o assembly_n be_v to_o be_v hold_v to_o consider_v and_o discern_v of_o the_o matter_n in_o question_n the_o assembly_n be_v meet_v in_o the_o name_n of_o christ_n and_o his_o presence_n call_v for_o by_o humble_a and_o earnest_a prayer_n the_o matter_n to_o be_v discuss_v be_v propound_v by_o one_o of_o the_o elder_n of_o that_o church_n where_o we_o meet_v or_o by_o some_o other_o appoint_v by_o they_o and_o consent_v to_o by_o the_o assembly_n the_o matter_n propound_v the_o elder_n do_v declare_v their_o judgement_n together_o with_o their_o reason_n from_o the_o word_n all_o which_o time_n it_o be_v free_a for_o any_o man_n present_a and_o all_o may_v be_v present_a if_o they_o will_v as_o well_o the_o messenger_n of_o the_o church_n as_o other_o after_o leave_n orderly_o crave_v and_o obtain_v 15.7_o act_n 15.7_o to_o propound_v their_o doubt_n without_o offence_n whence_o disputation_n do_v arise_v as_o act._n 15.7_o till_o all_o party_n be_v either_o satisfy_v or_o convince_v in_o point_n which_o be_v not_o so_o full_o clear_v and_o agree_v upon_o or_o the_o nature_n of_o they_o such_o as_o may_v admit_v further_a discussion_n ☜_o ☜_o difference_n of_o apprehension_n without_o disunion_n of_o affection_n or_o disturbance_n of_o the_o church_n peace_n be_v permit_v and_o each_o man_n be_v leave_v to_o his_o christian_a liberty_n so_o far_o as_o they_o all_o attain_v they_o judge_v and_o mind_n one_o thing_n if_o any_o be_v otherwise_o mind_v who_o in_o simplicity_n of_o heart_n seek_v the_o truth_n and_o in_o meekness_n of_o wisdom_n and_o love_n hold_v forth_o the_o same_o we_o hope_v god_n will_v in_o time_n reveal_v the_o same_o unto_o he_o in_o the_o mean_a time_n 3._o rom._n 14.2_o 3._o all_o agree_v in_o this_o one_o not_o to_o condemn_v nor_o to_o despise_v one_o another_o in_o difference_n of_o weakness_n for_o the_o second_o viz._n the_o deal_n with_o or_o admonish_v of_o offend_a church_n when_o a_o scandal_n arise_v in_o a_o church_n church_n admonition_n of_o delinquent_a church_n whether_o by_o corruption_n of_o doctrine_n or_o in_o manner_n if_o upon_o diligent_a search_n it_o prove_v true_a the_o church_n hear_v thereof_o send_v letter_n or_o messenger_n or_o both_o unto_o the_o elder_n of_o that_o church_n and_o exhort_v they_o to_o take_v a_o speedy_a course_n to_o the_o redress_n thereof_o but_o if_o the_o elder_n prove_v remiss_a therein_o or_o be_v faulty_a themselves_o they_o then_o certify_v the_o whole_a church_n thereof_o ☜_o ☜_o to_o call_v upon_o their_o officer_n as_o paul_n send_v to_o the_o church_n of_o colosse_n to_o call_v upon_o archippus_n col._n 4.11_o 4.11_o col._n 4.11_o if_o the_o church_n hear_v they_o not_o the_o church_n offend_v take_v in_o the_o help_n of_o two_o or_o three_o church_n more_o to_o join_v with_o they_o if_o still_o the_o offend_a church_n persist_v in_o the_o neglect_n of_o their_o duty_n and_o of_o the_o counsel_n of_o their_o brethren_n either_o the_o matter_n will_v be_v refer_v to_o a_o congregation_n of_o many_o or_o all_o the_o church_n together_o if_o need_n shall_v require_v or_o else_o if_o the_o offence_n be_v evident_a and_o weighty_a and_o of_o ill_a though_o not_o of_o general_a consequence_n the_o church_n offend_v will_v as_o just_o they_o may_v withdraw_v themselves_o from_o the_o right_a hand_n of_o fellowship_n and_o so_o forbear_v all_o such_o exercise_n of_o mutual_a brotherly_a communion_n with_o they_o which_o all_o the_o church_n of_o christ_n be_v wont_a to_o walk_v in_o one_o towards_o another_o as_o mutual_a 1._o participation_n of_o ordinance_n 7._o see_v cotton_n way_n of_o church_n cap._n 6._o sect_n 1_o 2_o 3_o 4_o 5_o 6_o 7._o 2._o recommendation_n of_o member_n 3._o consultation_n in_o matter_n of_o weight_n 4._o join_v in_o assembly_n 5._o contribution_n to_o their_o outward_a want_n 6._o and_o help_v to_o propagate_v such_o church_n which_o be_v with_o this_o 7._o of_o admonition_n the_o several_a act_n of_o communion_n which_o we_o hold_v as_o church_n one_o with_o another_o and_o though_o we_o have_v never_o be_v put_v to_o the_o utmost_a extent_n of_o this_o duty_n because_o the_o lord_n have_v so_o prevent_v that_o no_o church_n have_v stand_v out_o so_o long_o yet_o if_o it_o shall_v so_o fall_v out_o as_o god_n forbid_v we_o look_v at_o it_o as_o our_o duty_n by_o proportion_n as_o one_o brother_n be_v bind_v to_o be_v faithful_a to_o another_o