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lord_n church_n elder_a pastor_n 13,408 5 11.7920 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A57976 A peaceable and temperate plea for Pauls presbyterie in Scotland, or, A modest and brotherly dispute of the government of the Church of Scotland wherein our discipline is demonstrated to be the true apostolick way of divine truth, and the arguments on the contrary are friendly dissolved, the grounds of separation and the indepencie [sic] of particular congregations, in defence of ecclesiasticall presbyteries, synods, and assemblies, are examined and tryed / by Samuell Rutherfurd ... Rutherford, Samuel, 1600?-1661. 1642 (1642) Wing R2389; ESTC R7368 261,592 504

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he_o 3_o as_o he_o be_v a_o believer_n a_o elder_a shall_v not_o be_v a_o lord_n over_o the_o flock_n 7_o it_o be_v require_v of_o a_o steward_n that_o he_o be_v faithful_a as_o a_o steward_n that_o he_o ordain_v elder_n and_o these_o man_n of_o good_a report_n that_o he_o receive_v not_o a_o accusation_n against_o a_o elder_a now_o i_o hope_v these_o be_v not_o require_v of_o believer_n as_o believer_n neither_o be_v the_o epistle_n to_o timothy_n and_o titus_n write_v so_o much_o to_o these_o man_n as_o believer_n as_o to_o they_o as_o holy_a elder_n and_o pastor_n and_o yet_o if_o the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n be_v common_a to_o all_o the_o faithful_a these_o epistle_n be_v write_v to_o all_o believer_n primely_a to_o man_n and_o believe_v child_n how_o they_o shall_v use_v the_o key_n ordain_v elder_n receive_v witness_n govern_v the_o church_n 27_o dear_a brethren_n see_v this_o and_o consider_v it_o for_o your_o good_a 10._o argument_n that_o which_o make_v the_o government_n 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who_o confess_v our_o thesis_n est_fw-la that_o in_o these_o word_n tell_v the_o church_n christ_n do_v understand_v the_o presbytery_n or_o eldership_n hence_o the_o word_n church_n in_o the_o new_a testament_n do_v not_o always_o signify_v the_o church_n of_o believer_n disciple_n brethren_n who_o pray_v in_o christ_n name_n and_o be_v hear_v in_o heaven_n and_o be_v build_v on_o the_o rock_n and_o be_v the_o body_n and_o spouse_n of_o christ_n for_o a_o number_n may_v be_v and_o often_o be_v a_o eldership_n judicial_o excommunicate_v and_o a_o presbytery_n yea_o and_o also_o include_v some_o external_o profess_v christ_n who_o be_v not_o a_o company_n of_o redeem_a one_o build_v by_o save_a faith_n upon_o the_o rock_n jesus_n christ._n also_o it_o be_v insolent_a that_o the_o word_n church_n here_o shall_v signify_v both_o precise_o the_o eldership_n and_o also_o in_o that_o same_o vers_n the_o whole_a congregation_n of_o believer_n because_o the_o same_o church_n to_o the_o which_o 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non_fw-la habet_fw-la the_o tongue_n of_o the_o condemn_a have_v a_o noise_n of_o word_n but_o no_o power_n to_o persuade_v except_o this_o be_v also_o true_a magna_fw-la vis_fw-la veritatis_fw-la truth_n may_v swim_v it_o can_v sink_v but_o i_o speak_v to_o the_o godly_a the_o lover_n of_o the_o truth_n the_o sufferer_n for_o truth_n against_o antichristian_a prelacy_n which_o be_v but_o spill_v popery_n or_o half-dyed_n papistry_n who_o possible_o like_v not_o well_o of_o presbyterial_a government_n and_o to_o such_o i_o be_o a_o debtor_n for_o love_n charity_n honour_n and_o all_o due_a respect_n in_o christ_n jesus_n and_o a_o seat_n and_o lodging_n in_o my_o heart_n and_o high_a esteem_n 7._o and_o to_o think_v of_o all_o such_o be_v both_o as_o the_o apostle_n say_v 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d meet_v and_o also_o if_o it_o be_v beside_o the_o truth_n a_o honest_a and_o almost_o innocent_a error_n yea_o and_o to_o say_v to_o every_o one_o in_o who_o as_o reverend_a bucer_n say_v there_o be_v aliquid_fw-la christi_fw-la bucer_n any_o of_o christ_n new_a creation_n sophron._n as_o jerom_o say_v to_o a_o friend_n tibi_fw-la &_o quod_fw-la possum_fw-la debeo_fw-la &_o quod_fw-la non_fw-la possum_fw-la i_o owe_v to_o thou_o what_o i_o be_o able_a to_o do_v and_o more_o for_o thy_o good_a and_o of_o these_o i_o humble_o beg_v equity_n charity_n and_o unpartial_a weigh_v of_o precious_a truth_n i_o be_o grieve_v that_o this_o shall_v be_v put_v on_o i_o which_o a_o heathen_a lay_v on_o his_o friend_n seneca_n amavit_fw-la patriam_fw-la quia_fw-la svam_fw-la non_fw-la quia_fw-la patriam_fw-la he_o love_v his_o country_n because_o his_o own_o not_o because_o his_o country_n see_v its_o weakness_n to_o overlove_v a_o national_n faith_n because_o national_n and_o not_o because_o it_o be_v faith_n truth_n naked_a and_o strip_v of_o all_o supervenient_a relation_n be_v love_v worthy_a and_o there_o be_v as_o great_a cause_n of_o sorrow_n that_o all_o the_o lord_n people_n shall_v not_o mind_v one_o thing_n and_o sing_v one_o song_n and_o join_v in_o one_o against_o the_o child_n of_o babel_n 19_o neither_o shall_v i_o fear_v that_o animo_fw-la dolenti_fw-la nihil_fw-la oportet_fw-la credere_fw-la sorrow_n deserve_v no_o faith_n since_o my_o witness_n be_v in_o heaven_n and_o my_o record_n on_o high_a that_o i_o both_o love_n and_o dispute_v i_o contradict_v and_o i_o reverence_n at_o once_o in_o this_o treatise_n 15._o and_o shall_v hope_v if_o any_o be_v otherwise_o mind_v god_n shall_v even_o reveal_v this_o unto_o they_o and_o it_o be_v meet_v so_o to_o do_v since_o our_o physician_n christ_n can_v well_o difference_n betwixt_o weakness_n and_o wickedness_n and_o will_v not_o have_v we_o cast_v one_o straw_n before_o any_o who_o face_n be_v towards_o heaven_n to_o cause_v they_o to_o stumble_v love_n have_v a_o bosom_n and_o arm_n to_o carry_v the_o weak_a lamb_n and_o be_v a_o bridge_n over_o the_o river_n to_o keep_v the_o weak_a passenger_n dry_v foot_v dear_o belove_v let_v we_o all_o in_o one_o spirit_n one_o love_n one_o affection_n join_v to_o build_v the_o city_n that_o be_v name_v 35._o the_o lord_n be_v there_o o_o that_o our_o lord_n will_v be_v please_v to_o suspend_v the_o heaven_n and_o glory_n of_o some_o and_o that_o our_o heaven_n may_v for_o a_o season_n be_v stay_v out_o of_o heaven_n so_o we_o may_v live_v to_o see_v two_o sister_n the_o daughter_n of_o one_o father_n and_o of_o one_o mother_n jerusalem_n who_o be_v above_o britain_n israel_n and_o judah_n england_n and_o scotland_n come_v together_o weep_v and_o ask_v the_o way_n to_o zion_n and_o their_o face_n thither_o ward_n say_v come_v let_v we_o join_v ourselves_o to_o the_o lord_n in_o a_o perpetual_a covenant_n that_o shall_v not_o be_v forget_v and_o not_o that_o only_o for_o why_o shall_v the_o glory_n of_o our_o royal_a and_o princely_a king_n the_o plant_n of_o renown_n be_v confine_v within_o this_o narrow_a isle_n o●_n britain_n but_o that_o he_o will_v make_v we_o eye-witness_n of_o his_o last_o marriage-glory_n on_o earth_n when_o he_o have_v cast_v the_o curse_a millstone_n babylon_n in_o the_o sea_n and_o swoon_v the_o land_n of_o grave_a image_n with_o brimstone_n and_o destroy_v idol_n out_o of_o the_o earth_n shall_v be_v espouse_v on_o our_o elder_a sister_n the_o church_n of_o the_o jew_n and_o the_o fullness_n of_o the_o gentile_n o_o that_o christ_n will_v enlarge_v his_o love_n bed_n and_o o_o what_o a_o honour_n to_o the_o servant_n of_o the_o lord_n to_o bear_v up_o the_o tail_n of_o christ_n his_o marriage-robe-royall_a in_o the_o day_n of_o our_o high_a and_o royal_a solomon_n espousal_n and_o what_o a_o second_o time-heaven_n be_v it_o before_o eternity_n heaven_n to_o have_v a_o bed_n in_o his_o chariot_n which_o be_v bottom_v with_o gold_n and_o pave_v and_o flower_a with_o love_n for_o the_o daughter_n of_o his_o last_o marry_v jerusalem_n and_o who_o know_v but_o our_o lord_n have_v now_o enter_v on_o that_o glorious_a marriage-suit_n let_v we_o believe_v wait_v on_o love_n follow_v truth_n and_o peace_n be_v zealous_a for_o the_o lord_n and_o pray_v for_o the_o exalt_v of_o his_o throne_n and_o so_o i_o be_o you_o in_o all_o respective_a love_n and_o observance_n s._n r._n a_o table_n of_o the_o content_n of_o the_o ensue_a treatise_n chap._n 1_o quest_n 1._o whether_o the_o key_n of_o the_o kingdom_n of_o christ_n be_v confer_v by_o christ_n jesus_n upon_o the_o multitude_n of_o believer_n as_o upon_o the_o first_o and_o proper_a subject_n or_o upon_o the_o church-guides_a only_o p._n 1._o chap._n 2._o qvest._n 2._o whether_o or_o no_o some_o do_v warrantable_o prove_v from_o scripture_n that_o the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n be_v give_v to_o all_o the_o faithful_a p._n 20._o chap._n 3._o qvest._n 3_o whether_o or_o no_o the_o church_n of_o believer_n in_o a_o congregation_n be_v the_o first_o church_n have_v the_o high_a power_n of_o jurisdiction_n within_o itself_o and_o that_o independent_o and_o a_o power_n above_o and_o over_o the_o eldership_n to_o constitute_v and_o ordain_v they_o and_o to_o censure_v depose_v and_o excommunicate_v they_o in_o the_o case_n of_o corruption_n of_o doctrine_n and_o scandal_n of_o life_n and_o conversation_n p._n 30._o chap._n 4._o qvest._n 4._o whether_o or_o no_o our_o brethren_n prove_v strong_o that_o the_o church_n of_o believer_n be_v the_o first_o church_n have_v supreme_a jurisdiction_n over_o the_o eldership_n p._n 38._o chap._n 5._o qvest._n 5._o whether_o or_o no_o some_o do_v warrantable_o affirm_v the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n to_o be_v original_o and_o essential_o in_o the_o church_n of_o believer_n and_o in_o the_o church-guides_a only_o quoad_fw-la exercitium_fw-la and_o from_o the_o church_n of_o believer_n as_o the_o mistress_n who_o the_o guide_n be_v to_o serve_v and_o from_o who_o they_o have_v borrow_v the_o use_n of_o the_o key_n p._n 52._o chap._n 6._o qvest._n 6._o whether_o christ_n have_v leave_v the_o actual_a government_n of_o his_o church_n to_o the_o multitude_n of_o believer_n p._n 63._o chap._n 7._o qvest._n 7._o if_o there_o be_v no_o true_a visible_a church_n in_o the_o new_a testament_n but_o only_o one_o congregation_n meet_v in_o one_o place_n and_o no_o presbyterial_a or_o representative_a church_n as_o they_o call_v it_o p._n 70._o chap._n 8._o qvest._n 8._o whether_o or_o no_o our_o saviour_n do_v warrant_n and_o allow_v a_o church_n of_o elder_n and_o overseer_n in_o these_o word_n mat_n 18._o tell_v the_o church_n p._n 83_o 85._o chap._n 9_o qvest._n 9_o what_o member_n be_v necessary_o require_v for_o the_o right_n and_o lawful_a constitution_n of_o a_o true_a politic_a visible_a church_n to_o the_o which_o we_o may_v join_v in_o god_n worship_n p._n 92._o chap._n 10._o qvest._n 10._o whether_o or_o no_o it_o be_v lawful_a to_o separate_v from_o a_o true_a church_n visible_a for_o the_o corruption_n of_o teacher_n and_o wickedness_n of_o pastor_n and_o professor_n where_o faith_n be_v beget_v by_o the_o preach_n of_o profess_a truth_n p._n 120._o chap._n 11._o qvest._n 11._o whether_o or_o no_o separation_n from_o a_o true_a church_n because_o of_o the_o sin_n of_o the_o professor_n and_o manifest_a defence_n of_o scandalous_a person_n can_v be_v prove_v from_o god_n word_n to_o be_v lawful_a p._n 149._o chap._n 12._o qvest._n 12._o whether_o or_o no_o some_o do_v warrantable_o teach_v that_o baptism_n shall_v be_v administrate_v only_o to_o infant_n bear_v of_o one_o at_o least_o of_o the_o near_a parent_n know_v to_o be_v believer_n and_o who_o be_v to_o be_v admit_v to_o the_o lord_n supper_n p._n 164._o chap._n 13._o qvest._n 13._o whether_o or_o no_o every_o particular_a congregation_n and_o church_n have_v of_o itself_o independent_a power_n from_o christ_n jesus_n to_o exercise_v the_o whole_a power_n
the_o elder_n in_o thing_n command_v by_o god_n and_o these_o may_v well_o stand_v together_o i_o answer_v if_o we_o speak_v of_o divers_a kind_n of_o obedience_n it_o be_v true_a people_n be_v to_o obey_v the_o pastor_n and_o elder_n use_v the_o key_n here_o the_o sheep_n obey_v the_o shepherd_n and_o this_o be_v the_o obedience_n that_o christ_n have_v establish_v in_o his_o house_n and_o the_o elder_n as_o archippus_n be_v to_o hear_v the_o flock_n admonish_v no_o command_a as_o watchman_n father_n pastor_n by_o the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n that_o they_o will_v take_v heed_n to_o the_o ministry_n which_o they_o have_v receive_v of_o the_o lord_n and_o this_o be_v but_o private_a admonition_n that_o one_o man_n one_o woman_n may_v give_v to_o their_o pastor_n now_o one_o man_n be_v not_o the_o church_n bear_v the_o key_n but_o this_o opinion_n make_v archippus_n and_o all_o the_o faithful_a at_o coloss_n to_o bear_v the_o key_n and_o command_v by_o power_n of_o the_o key_n so_o that_o all_o be_v father_n pastor_n pastor_n by_o one_o and_o the_o same_o power_n of_o the_o key_n his_o second_o answer_n be_v all_o be_v not_o ruler_n a_o incorporation_n may_v make_v a_o major_a or_o sheriff_n and_o yet_o the_o incorporation_n be_v not_o a_o major_n and_o sheriff_n so_o the_o church_n may_v make_v minister_n and_o yet_o the_o church_n itself_o be_v not_o proper_o a_o elder_a or_o a_o deacon_n answer_v it_o be_v not_o alike_o a_o incorporation_n have_v a_o privilege_n but_o not_o any_o princely_a or_o magisteriall_a authority_n to_o create_v a_o major_n but_o the_o saint_n have_v the_o regal_a power_n of_o the_o key_n from_o christ_n not_o only_o to_o make_v elder_n but_o also_o to_o judge_v authoritative_o with_o coequal_a power_n with_o the_o elder_n by_o your_o doctrine_n if_o the_o whole_a inhabitant_n of_o a_o city_n may_v make_v a_o major_n and_o set_v themselves_o down_o in_o the_o bench_n as_o collateral_a judge_n with_o the_o major_n than_o all_o the_o inhabitant_n indeed_o be_v major_n as_o all_o the_o saint_n in_o corinth_n do_v judicial_o excommunicate_a why_o be_v they_o not_o then_o all_o elder_n and_o pastor_n show_v we_o any_o authority_n that_o pastor_n have_v in_o govern_v which_o the_o mean_a of_o the_o congregation_n have_v not_o and_o this_o make_v all_o minister_n and_o all_o to_o be_v watchman_n father_n overseer_n this_o i_o take_v to_o have_v be_v the_o error_n of_o tertullian_n pudic_fw-la who_o will_v have_v christ_n to_o have_v leave_v all_o christian_n with_o alike_a power_n 8._o argument_n argument_n if_o there_o be_v a_o peculiar_a authority_n in_o pastor_n over_o the_o flock_n 21._o that_o be_v not_o in_o the_o flock_n then_o the_o key_n be_v not_o both_o in_o the_o pastor_n 10._o and_o the_o people_n but_o the_o first_o be_v say_v in_o scripture_n 20._o ergo_fw-la the_o late_a must_n also_o be_v say_v i_o prove_v the_o minor_n 3._o what_o will_v you_o that_o i_o come_v to_o you_o with_o a_o rod_n or_o in_o love_n or_o in_o the_o spirit_n of_o meekness_n also_o therefore_o i_o write_v these_o thing_n be_v absent_a lest_o be_v present_a i_o shall_v use_v sharpness_n according_a to_o the_o power_n that_o the_o lord_n have_v give_v i_o to_o edification_n and_o not_o to_o destruction_n hence_o it_o be_v that_o the_o angel_n of_o the_o seven_o church_n in_o asia_n be_v rebuke_v for_o not_o exercise_v discipline_n against_o jezabel_n and_o the_o holder_n of_o the_o doctrine_n of_o bal●m_n which_o prove_v the_o angel_n have_v the_o key_n else_o all_o alike_o have_v be_v rebuke_v now_o that_o every_o one_o of_o corinth_n have_v the_o power_n of_o paul_n rod_n and_o his_o power_n give_v for_o edification_n be_v most_o ridiculous_a so_o becanus_n the_o jesuit_n can_v every_o believer_n say_v to_o a_o church_n 〈◊〉_d shall_v i_o come_v to_o you_o with_o the_o rod_n yet_o if_o all_o have_v the_o key_n as_o the_o subject_n all_o have_v the_o rod_n also_o 9_o arg._n argument_n that_o which_o christ_n will_v have_v to_o be_v a_o ministerial_a power_n in_o the_o member_n of_o his_o church_n 5._o to_o the_o exercise_n thereof_o christ_n give_v competent_a and_o answerable_a gift_n to_o the_o foresay_a effect_n 6._o but_o god_n neither_o give_v 12._o nor_o have_v promise_v 1●_n nor_o require_v answerable_a gift_n for_o use_v the_o key_n in_o all_o believer_n 12._o therefore_o christ_n will_v no_o ministerial_a power_n of_o the_o key_n to_o be_v in_o all_o the_o member_n of_o the_o church_n 6._o the_o proposition_n i_o prove_v 1._o god_n promise_v gift_n to_o the_o priesthood_n of_o the_o new_a testament_n 2._o as_o 1._o diligence_n 21._o isaiah_n 61._o 1●_n that_o stranger_n shall_v stand_v and_o feed_v their_o flock_n 2._o zeal_n isaiah_n 62._o that_o they_o shall_v never_o give_v the_o lord_n rest_n 30._o 3._o that_o they_o shall_v be_v clothe_v with_o salvation_n 2._o when_o god_n send_v moses_n isaiah_n 1●_n jeremiah_n he_o give_v they_o gift_n and_o ability_n for_o the_o call_n 9_o so_o as_o the_o treatist_n of_o discipline_n observe_v it_o be_v oft_o say_v 2._o the_o spirit_n of_o the_o lord_n come_v upon_o he_o 10._o and_o he_o judge_v israel_n 16._o so_o also_o other_o place_n for_o this_o 3._o they_o be_v condemn_v who_o take_v on_o they_o a_o calling_n 8._o and_o say_v thus_o say_v the_o lord_n and_o yet_o the_o lord_n send_v they_o not_o 27._o neither_o speak_v he_o to_o they_o as_o in_o isaiah_n jeremiah_n and_o ezekiel_n 4._o where_o the_o lord_n give_v a_o calling_n or_o power_n such_o as_o the_o key_n of_o his_o kingdom_n the_o not_o improve_n and_o put_v the_o lord_n talon_n to_o the_o bank_n be_v a_o sinful_a dig_v of_o the_o lord_n talon_n in_o the_o earth_n hence_o i_o desire_v to_o know_v from_o god_n word_n these_o four_o thing_n 1._o if_o the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n be_v give_v by_o christ_n to_o all_o the_o faithful_a this_o power_n be_v a_o ministerial_a call_n where_o be_v there_o a_o promise_n for_o light_n prudence_n for_o government_n to_o go_v out_o and_o in_o before_o the_o lord_n people_n make_v to_o every_o one_o of_o the_o lord_n people_n 2._o where_o be_v the_o tongue_n promise_v to_o they_o all_o in_o judgement_n that_o none_o shall_v resist_v and_o the_o consolation_n promise_v to_o they_o in_o the_o discharge_n of_o this_o power_n of_o the_o key_n 3._o where_o be_v the_o spirit_n of_o the_o lord_n come_v upon_o they_o all_o and_o every_o one_o that_o they_o may_v judge_v the_o people_n 4._o where_o be_v the_o believer_n condemn_v for_o usurp_a the_o key_n and_o because_o be_v ignorant_a they_o can_v discharge_v that_o call_n where_o be_v the_o careless_a govern_n of_o all_o and_o every_o one_o of_o the_o faithful_a rebuke_v in_o the_o word_n of_o god_n as_o a_o dig_v of_o the_o lord_n talon_n in_o the_o earth_n i_o add_v two_o thing_n to_o confirm_v this_o 1._o our_o divine_n dispute_v against_o the_o great_a pope_n the_o bishop_n of_o rome_n and_o against_o the_o little_a pope_n the_o prelate_n his_o godson_n and_o first_o bear_v come_v out_o of_o the_o pope_n loin_n as_o calvin_n beza_n junius_n zanchius_n sadeel_v pareus_n vrsine_n whitaker_n reynold_n and_o amesius_n baines_n parker_n didoclavius_n etc_n etc_n they_o prove_v if_o such_o power_n of_o the_o key_n and_o plenitude_n of_o order_n and_o jurisdiction_n be_v in_o these_o two_o creature_n the_o pope_n and_o the_o prelate_n the_o wisdom_n of_o christ_n in_o his_o word_n shall_v have_v set_v down_o the_o canon_n for_o the_o regulate_v of_o the_o power_n beside_o the_o canon_n that_o concern_v all_o other_o bishop_n or_o pastor_n for_o the_o head_n or_o monarch_n duty_n in_o the_o common_a wealth_n be_v careful_o set_v down_o in_o the_o word_n as_o what_o a_o man_n the_o king_n shall_v be_v but_o the_o word_n have_v no_o canon_n for_o the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n and_o the_o regulate_v of_o that_o power_n in_o all_o and_o every_o believer_n man_n and_o woman_n 2._o if_o god_n set_v down_o a_o canon_n and_o require_v ability_n in_o the_o church_n guide_v as_o elder_n labour_v in_o the_o word_n and_o doctrine_n and_o govern_v and_o in_o deacon_n that_o he_o require_v not_o in_o all_o believer_n than_o the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n be_v not_o in_o the_o church_n guide_v and_o in_o all_o believer_n also_o but_o the_o former_a be_v say_v 1_o tim._n 3._o for_o it_o be_v require_v in_o a_o minister_n that_o his_o power_n of_o the_o key_n may_v be_v say_v to_o be_v of_o god_n 3_o that_o he_o shall_v rule_v his_o own_o house_n well_o 2_o else_o how_o shall_v he_o 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 3_o take_v care_n to_o govern_v the_o church_n of_o god_n 17_o one_o may_v be_v a_o believer_n 20_o and_o yet_o this_o be_v not_o require_v of_o
our_o brethren_n mind_n clear_a 15._o ten_o or_o twenty_o believer_n in_o a_o congregation_n have_v from_o christ_n 1._o the_o supreme_a power_n of_o the_o key_n position_n 2._o they_o be_v the_o supreme_a and_o high_a church_n on_o earth_n 3._o above_o pastor_n and_o elder_n even_o convene_v in_o a_o synod_n in_o christ_n name_n 4._o some_o few_o believer_n clothe_v with_o no_o ecclesiastical_a office_n may_v ordain_v pastor_n and_o elder_n deprive_v and_o excommunicate_v they_o 5._o give_v ordinance_n and_o law_n to_o the_o eldership_n 6._o when_o synod_n or_o assembly_n of_o office-bearer_n be_v meet_v in_o assembly_n and_o can_v agree_v in_o their_o canon_n the_o matter_n be_v to_o be_v refer_v by_o appeal_n or_o reference_n to_o a_o company_n of_o believer_n clothe_v with_o no_o ecclesiastical_a function_n as_o to_o the_o most_o supreme_a ecclesiastical_a judicatorie_a on_o earth_n these_o be_v point_n unknown_a to_o scripture_n which_o our_o brethren_n hold_v hence_o out_o three_o conclusion_n the_o church_n of_o believer_n in_o eminence_n and_o primacy_n of_o christian_a dignity_n be_v above_o the_o church_n ministerial_a as_o ministerial_a 1._o in_o dignity_n 2._o stability_n 3._o causalitie_n indignity_n 1._o because_o the_o church_n of_o believer_n be_v the_o redeem_v and_o conque_v purchase_v of_o our_o lord_n jesus_n but_o all_o the_o office-bearer_n or_o the_o ministerial_a church_n of_o pastor_n and_o elder_n on_o earth_n be_v not_o his_o redeem_a one_o in_o so_o far_o as_o they_o be_v no_o more_o but_o officer_n and_o minister_n of_o the_o house_n except_o they_o be_v believer_n and_o so_o they_o fall_v in_o to_o the_o redeem_a church_n which_o be_v a_o better_a world_n than_o to_o be_v naked_a pulpit-man_n 2._o in_o stability_n because_o the_o advocation_n of_o christ_n that_o the_o gate_n of_o hell_n shall_v not_o prevail_v against_o the_o church_n of_o believer_n and_o the_o promise_n of_o the_o covenant_n for_o perseverance_n stand_v good_a 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the_o father_n tertullian_n origen_n 21._o cyprian_n chrysostome_n augustine_n epiphanius_n jerome_n hilarius_n cyrill_n hilary_n and_o our_o late_a divine_n junius_n chemnitius_n 9_o martyr_n calvin_n beza_n willet_n fulke_n bucer_n and_o our_o brethren_n baines_n and_o ames_n do_v ascribe_v a_o superiority_n and_o so_o a_o authority_n to_o believer_n 21._o as_o to_o the_o fountain_n and_o cause_n of_o jurisdiction_n above_o minister_n and_o give_v the_o exercise_n of_o jurisdiction_n only_o to_o officer_n not_o because_o officer_n have_v not_o the_o power_n ib._n aswell_o as_o the_o exercise_n but_o because_o the_o be_v and_o operation_n of_o officer_n be_v all_o for_o the_o church_n 3._o gerson_n also_o in_o this_o subject_v the_o pope_n and_o we_o every_o pastor_n suppone_v he_o be_v a_o double_a lord_n prelate_n to_o the_o church_n 9_o that_o be_v to_o the_o council_n or_o assembly_n of_o the_o church_n and_o that_o in_o a_o fourfold_a respect_n 1._o ratione_fw-la indeviabilitatis_fw-la 3._o because_o the_o port_n of_o hell_n shall_v not_o prevail_v against_o the_o church_n but_o the_o pope_n or_o the_o pastor_n be_v a_o man_n ●_o may_v nod_v and_o totter_v 2._o ratione_fw-la regulabilitatis_fw-la because_o the_o church_n in_o a_o synod_n may_v regulate_v and_o line_v the_o pope_n or_o pastor_n when_o he_o crook_v because_o he_o be_v not_o essential_o a_o right_a line_n 3._o ratione_fw-la multiplicitatis_fw-la because_o the_o church_n contain_v in_o it_o the_o pope_n or_o pastors_n power_n but_o the_o pope_n or_o pastor_n contain_v not_o in_o his_o bosom_n the_o church_n power_n 4._o ratione_fw-la obligabilitatis_fw-la 2_o because_o the_o church_n may_v appoint_v law_n to_o oblige_v both_o pope_n and_o pastor_n but_o the_o pope_n or_o pastor_n can_v oblige_v the_o church_n now_o as_o the_o church_n of_o believer_n be_v above_o the_o church_n guide_v in_o christian_a dignity_n and_o excellency_n of_o grace_n for_o asmuch_o as_o the_o save_a grace_n of_o faith_n be_v more_o excellent_a than_o the_o common_a grace_n of_o the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n yet_o in_o a_o other_o respect_v the_o church_n guide_v be_v a_o church_n ministerial_a in_o authority_n and_o jurisdiction_n above_o the_o believer_n therefore_o junius_n say_v the_o pastor_n and_o the_o flock_n be_v in_o divers_a relation_n above_o and_o inferior_a to_o one_o another_o hence_o 1._o every_o one_o of_o these_o two_o church_n be_v first_o and_o high_a each_o in_o their_o own_o kind_n the_o church_n of_o believer_n be_v the_o high_a and_o most_o supreme_a church_n i_o speak_v of_o a_o christian_a supremacy_n and_o dignity_n in_o the_o one_o kind_n also_o a_o ministerial_a church_n be_v the_o high_a and_o most_o supreme_a church_n in_o its_o kind_n to_o wit_n in_o a_o ministerial_a authority_n but_o that_o which_o we_o prove_v be_v that_o we_o see_v not_o in_o god_n word_n a_o church_n of_o sole_a believer_n that_o be_v a_o govern_n and_o ministerial_a church_n have_v the_o key_n and_o power_n and_o exercise_v of_o jurisdiction_n over_o the_o eldership_n and_o church-guides_a whatever_o our_o brethren_n say_v on_o the_o contrary_n our_o first_o argument_n be_v argument_n because_o such_o a_o church_n in_o name_n or_o thing_n be_v not_o in_o the_o old_a and_o new_a testament_n therefore_o this_o independent_a church_n to_o we_o be_v nothing_o for_o the_o antecedent_n we_o require_v precept_n promise_n or_o practice_n for_o such_o a_o church_n 2._o we_o have_v prove_v that_o the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n be_v no_o way_n give_v to_o sole_a believer_n argument_n ergo_fw-la far_o less_o can_v the_o exercise_n of_o that_o power_n be_v in_o they_o over_o their_o guide_n except_o we_o establish_v a_o popular_a government_n where_o all_o the_o member_n of_o the_o church_n have_v the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n and_o do_v active_o use_v they_o and_o judge_n ordain_v consttuite_o despose_v and_o excommunicate_v their_o ruler_n 3._o every_o lawful_a power_n of_o jurisdiction_n be_v regulate_v by_o precept_n in_o god_n word_n argument_n but_o this_o power_n in_o believer_n over_o their_o guide_n be_v not_o so_o regulate_v for_o god_n word_n give_v precept_n to_o regulate_v the_o king_n power_n to_o his_o subject_n 20._o that_o he_o play_v not_o the_o tyrant_n 21._o the_o master_n power_n to_o his_o servant_n that_o he_o deal_v equal_o with_o they_o ●_o the_o parent_n power_n over_o the_o child_n that_o they_o provoke_v they_o not_o to_o wrath_n and_o so_o in_o all_o lawful_a power_n that_o be_v of_o god_n but_o in_o no_o place_n have_v god_n say_v you_o that_o be_v the_o flock_n and_o sheep_n oversee_v and_o govern_v your_o shepherd_n nor_o have_v he_o say_v you_o that_o be_v sheep_n child_n son_n of_o the_o house_n use_v your_o power_n over_o your_o shepherd_n father_n in_o god_n steward_n in_o christ_n house_n with_o moderation_n and_o longanimitie_n and_o wisdom_n nor_o have_v he_o say_v you_o son_n ●lock_n and_o people_n of_o god_n feed_v govern_v and_o rule_v these_o that_o be_v your_o father_n in_o god_n and_o have_v the_o oversight_n over_o you_o in_o the_o lord_n not_o as_o lord_n over_o the_o lord_n inheritance_n but_o as_o good_a example_n to_o the_o flock_n yet_o this_o must_v be_v in_o scripture_n if_o this_o power_n be_v of_o god_n 4_o if_o the_o eldership_n and_o church-guides_a be_v ruler_n and_o governor_n take_v care_n of_o the_o house_n of_o god_n argument_n 1_o tim._n 3_o 4_o 5._o such_o as_o rule_v well_o the_o people_n 1_o tim._n 5._o 17._o such_o as_o must_v rule_v with_o diligence_n rome_n 12._o 8._o and_o feed_v the_o flock_n of_o god_n not_o as_o lord_n over_o god_n inheritance_n take_v the_o oversight_n not_o by_o constraint_n 1_o pet_n 5._o 2._o such_o as_o be_v over_o the_o people_n in_o the_o lord_n 1_o thes._n 5._o 12._o such_o as_o rule_v over_o the_o people_n and_o the_o believer_n watch_v for_o their_o soul_n and_o must_v give_v a_o account_n
to_o god_n therefore_o heb._n 13._o 17._o 18._o then_o have_v the_o elder_n by_o divine_a right_n a_o jurisdiction_n over_o the_o lord_n people_n in_o the_o lord_n and_o so_o the_o elder_n in_o authority_n and_o jurisdiction_n be_v above_o the_o people_n and_o so_o by_o no_o reason_n can_v the_o people_n be_v over_o their_o overseer_n in_o the_o lord_n and_o command_v watch_n take_v care_n for_o their_o soul_n they_o say_v divers_a way_n one_o may_v be_v both_o a_o shepherd_n and_o a_o sheep_n the_o king_n as_o king_n be_v above_o the_o pastor_n and_o the_o pastor_n be_v a_o man_n owe_v subjection_n and_o obedience_n to_o the_o king_n again_o as_o the_o king_n be_v a_o member_n of_o the_o church_n he_o be_v to_o hear_v and_o obey_v the_o pastor_n as_o the_o messenger_n of_o lord_n of_o lost_n according_a to_o that_o he_o that_o hear_v you_o hear_v i_o and_o so_o may_v it_o be_v here_o but_o i_o answer_v the_o case_n be_v no_o way_n like_o for_o our_o brethren_n make_v the_o pastor_n and_o the_o flock_n to_o be_v over_o one_o another_o and_o subject_a one_o to_o another_o with_o one_o and_o the_o same_o kind_n of_o subjection_n i_o grant_v archippus_n be_v over_o the_o colossian_n to_o command_v they_o in_o the_o lord_n but_o the_o colossian_n be_v not_o in_o the_o same_o power_n of_o jurisdiction_n over_o archippus_n they_o may_v only_o admonish_v he_o to_o fulfil_v his_o ministry_n but_o they_o have_v no_o authoritative_a power_n of_o jurisdiction_n to_o command_v to_o deprive_v to_o excommunicate_v but_o by_o this_o learning_n ten_o elder_n with_o the_o consent_n of_o ten_o believer_n may_v excommunicate_v ten_o believer_n and_o these_o same_o ten_o believer_n may_v excommunicate_v these_o ten_o elder_n and_o his_o ten_o believer_n for_o there_o be_v a_o independent_a church_n of_o believer_n on_o both_o side_n hence_o son_n and_o servant_n may_v excommunicate_v those_o that_o be_v over_o they_o in_o the_o lord_n and_o watch_v for_o their_o soul_n 5._o that_o ever_o in_o a_o constitute_v church_n except_o where_o god_n call_v extraordinary_o 15._o pastor_n be_v ordain_v pastor_n by_o a_o multitude_n 6._o that_o be_v not_o pastor_n nor_o elder_n but_o only_a believer_n and_o private_a christian_n 26._o be_v not_o to_o be_v read_v in_o the_o word_n of_o god_n 14._o for_o every_o where_o in_o the_o word_n 22._o where_o pastor_n and_o elder_n be_v create_v 2._o there_o be_v they_o ordain_v by_o pastor_n 5._o neither_o find_v we_o ever_o apostle_n or_o pastor_n to_o be_v try_v and_o find_v true_a or_o false_a 20._o and_o not_o suffer_v to_o teach_v by_o the_o sole_a believer_n but_o by_o the_o angel_n of_o the_o church_n if_o believer_n be_v only_o believer_n may_v ordain_v pastor_n and_o may_v again_o depose_v and_o excommunicate_v which_o be_v the_o high_a act_n of_o jurisdiction_n then_o may_v they_o preach_v and_o baptize_v not_o be_v call_v minister_n then_o may_v the_o sacrament_n be_v administrate_n where_o there_o be_v no_o pastor_n which_o be_v absurd_a to_o the_o separatist_n themselves_o 6_o if_o the_o whole_a eldership_n in_o a_o congregation_n err_v and_o commit_v scandalous_a sin_n argument_n to_o who_o shall_v we_o complain_v not_o to_o themselves_o for_o they_o be_v party_n to_o be_v judge_v nor_o to_o a_o synod_n for_o independent_a congregation_n acknowledge_v no_o authority_n of_o class_n and_o synod_n then_o to_o the_o church_n what_o be_v that_o to_o the_o believer_n then_o christ_n mat._n 18._o intend_v to_o erect_v no_o ministerial_a church_n at_o all_o yea_o the_o ministry_n by_o no_o place_n in_o scripture_n have_v power_n of_o jurisdiction_n if_o not_o by_o this_o place_n mat._n 18._o for_o mat._n 16._o the_o key_n be_v give_v and_o the_o bind_n and_o lose_v say_v our_o brethren_n to_o the_o church_n build_v upon_o the_o rock_n but_o this_o be_v the_o church_n of_o believer_n not_o the_o church_n of_o minister_n hence_o have_v we_o cause_n to_o doubt_v whether_o our_o brethren_n acknowledge_v a_o ministry_n which_o have_v receive_v the_o key_n from_o christ_n if_o these_o two_o prime_a place_n fail_v they_o whereas_o father_n doctor_n counsel_n our_o divine_n protestant_n and_o lutheran_n popish_a writer_n schoolman_n canonist_n casuist_n acknowledge_v the_o key_n to_o be_v give_v to_o the_o apostle_n in_o these_o place_n this_o doctrine_n will_v find_v too_o great_a favour_n with_o the_o anabaptis_n deny_v the_o power_n and_o authority_n and_o necessity_n of_o the_o church_n call_v to_o the_o minister_n of_o the_o new_a testament_n 7_o what_o if_o the_o woman_n and_o believe_a child_n be_v the_o great_a part_n argument_n shall_v they_o be_v the_o church_n mat._n 18._o which_o have_v the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n suppose_v the_o whole_a eldership_n and_o grave_a christian_n be_v on_o the_o contrary_a side_n but_o the_o elder_n with_o they_o be_v but_o three_o or_o four_o believer_n gather_v together_o in_o christ_n name_n have_v also_o the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n and_o be_v essential_o a_o true_a visible_a church_n and_o yet_o be_v oversway_v by_o the_o manifest_a and_o most_o ignorant_a 8_o when_o a_o question_n can_v be_v determine_v by_o three_o believer_n viz._n a_o complainer_n and_o three_o believe_a brethren_n who_o be_v witness_n argument_n mat._n 18._o v._n 16._o 17._o which_o to_o o●r_a brethren_n be_v a_o church_n have_v power_n of_o the_o key_n than_o christ_n command_v to_o tell_v the_o church_n which_o have_v power_n to_o bind_v and_o loose_v that_o be_v the_o elder_n when_o the_o disciple_n and_o two_o apostle_n can_v determine_v the_o question_n about_o circumcision_n and_o the_o church_n of_o antioch_n can_v determine_v it_o the_o practice_n of_o the_o apostle_n be_v to_o refer_v the_o decision_n to_o apostle_n and_o elder_n act._n 15._o 2._o 6._o 22._o act._n 16._o 4._o this_o doctrine_n say_v the_o contrary_a when_o matter_n can_v be_v determine_v by_o elder_n and_o minister_n the_o matter_n be_v to_o be_v refer_v to_o the_o company_n of_o private_a believer_n as_o to_o the_o principal_a and_o sole_a supreme_a church_n build_v on_o the_o rock_n which_o only_o proper_o and_o principal_o and_o essential_o have_v the_o key_n and_o this_o be_v contrary_a to_o apostolic_a order_n chap._n iu._n 4._o whether_o or_o no_o our_o brethren_n prove_v strong_o that_o the_o church_n of_o believer_n be_v the_o first_o church_n have_v supreme_a jurisdiction_n above_o the_o eldership_n master_n parker_n of_o good_a memory_n to_o prove_v that_o the_o church_n of_o believer_n be_v above_o and_o superior_a to_o the_o ministerial_a church_n of_o bishop_n or_o eldership_n gerson_n 1._o reason_v thus_o the_o member_n and_o the_o part_n be_v inferior_a in_o authority_n to_o the_o body_n and_o the_o whole_a but_o guide_n be_v member_n of_o the_o church_n of_o believer_n therefore_o guide_n be_v inferior_a to_o the_o church_n of_o believer_n so_o say_v the_o law_n the_o part_n be_v contain_v in_o the_o whole_a silvius_n so_o gerson_n and_o the_o father_n of_o basill_n as_o aeneas_n silvius_n cite_v by_o morton_n 12._o prove_v the_o pope_n to_o be_v inferior_a to_o a_o general_n council_n and_o that_o he_o must_v be_v judge_v by_o they_o answ._n we_o deny_v not_o but_o the_o guide_v as_o guide_n be_v inferior_a to_o believer_n inferior_a in_o christian_a dignity_n and_o eminency_n and_o this_o in_o as_o far_o as_o the_o guide_n be_v believer_n for_o one_o believer_n be_v inferior_a to_o ten_o believer_n because_o a_o part_n of_o a_o church_n of_o believer_n be_v inferior_a to_o the_o whole_a but_o hence_o be_v not_o prove_v that_o the_o guide_v every_o way_n that_o be_v in_o authority_n and_o jurisdiction_n be_v inferior_a to_o believer_n the_o eye_n as_o a_o part_n be_v inferior_a to_o the_o whole_a body_n but_o as_o endue_v with_o the_o excellent_a faculty_n of_o see_v be_v not_o inferior_a to_o the_o whole_a body_n 2._o ruler_n as_o ruler_n be_v not_o part_n nor_o member_n of_o a_o congregation_n consist_v only_o of_o believer_n for_o in_o so_o far_o as_o they_o be_v ruler_n they_o be_v member_n of_o a_o presbyterial_a church_n and_o so_o they_o be_v inferior_a in_o dignity_n and_o authority_n to_o the_o whole_a the_o pope_n be_v a_o part_n and_o a_o base_a part_n of_o the_o ministerial_a church_n but_o it_o follow_v not_o hence_o that_o the_o body_n or_o community_n of_o believer_n may_v censure_v he_o neither_o may_v every_o whole_a or_o every_o body_n exercise_n jurisdiction_n over_o the_o member_n for_o then_o every_o family_n of_o believer_n may_v excommunicate_v the_o master_n of_o the_o family_n ten_o believer_n may_v excommunicate_v five_o every_o body_n that_o have_v authority_n and_o be_v a_o free_a incorporation_n within_o itself_o may_v censure_v every_o member_n but_o as_o a_o company_n of_o believer_n can_v ordain_v so_o neither_o can_v they_o depose_v or_o excommunicate_v
from_o the_o parisian_n arg._n hold_v not_o sight_n be_v in_o the_o eye_n as_o the_o instrument_n but_o it_o be_v principal_o and_o original_o from_o the_o whole_a man_n for_o the_o whole_a man_n see_v by_o the_o eye_n the_o authority_n of_o the_o church_n be_v as_o the_o soul_n in_o the_o whole_a body_n as_o bridgesius_n say_v and_o in_o every_o member_n of_o the_o body_n ●32_n howbeit_o it_o do_v not_o exercise_v the_o power_n in_o every_o member_n but_o it_o see_v by_o the_o eye_n and_o hear_v by_o the_o ear_n so_o the_o power_n of_o the_o key_n be_v in_o all_o and_o every_o one_o of_o the_o faithful_a but_o it_o exercise_v some_o act_n ministerial_a as_o preach_v baptise_v in_o the_o guide_n and_o other_o be_v act_n in_o other_o member_n of_o the_o body_n but_o the_o power_n be_v in_o all_o but_o i_o answer_v that_o this_o comparison_n