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Villare cantianum, or, Kent surveyed and illustrated being an exact description of all the parishes, burroughs, villages and other respective mannors included in the county of Kent : and the original and intermedial possessors of them ... / by Thomas Philipott ... : to which is added an historical catalogue of the high-sheriffs of Kent, collected by John Phillipot, Esq., father to the authour.
Philipot, John, 1589?-1645.; Philipot, Thomas, d. 1682.
Wing P1989; ESTC R35386
originall and he having thus improved it transmitted his Right in it by sale some few yeers since to Mr. Philip Warwick Chiddingston in the Hundred of Somerden hath the Addition of Cohbam as being the Inheritance of the Lords Cobham of Sterborough Castle Henry de Cobham had in the ninth year of King John a Charter for all his Lands in Kent of which these at Chiddingston with the two little Mannors of Reynsley and Tihurst In Ages of a lower Step Reginald Lord Cobham who was summoned to Parliament as Lord Cobham of Sterborough in the twenty second year of Edward the third died possest of them in the thirty fifth year of that Prince Parte prima Rot. Esc Num. 62. And here the Right continued till in Thomas Lord Cobham this mans great Grandchild the Male Line failed and resolved into Ann Cobham who was matched to Edward Borough Lord of Gainsborough in the County of Lincoln whose Grandchild Thomas Lord Borough some fifty years since passed away his Right in Chiddingstone Reynsley and Tihurst which had devolved to him by his Grandmother to Stretfield whose Son deceasing without Issue Male they became the Inheritance of four Daughters and Coheirs matched to Dillingham Shetterden Powell and Taylor only Reynsley before his Death was sold to Mr. Christopher Knight whose Heir does now possesse it Burwash Court in this Parish was the Patrimony of the Lords Burgherst by vulgar Depravation of the Name called Burwash Stephen de Burwash had a Charter of Free-warren to all his Lands in Kent in the first year of Edward the second Robert de Burgherst or Burwarsh possest it at his Death which was in the thirty third year of Edward the first Rot. Esc Num. 41. and his Son Bartholomew Lord Burwash in the forty third year of Edward the third by Deed passes away much of his Land in Warwick-shire and Kent to Walter de Paveley and Matilda his Wife in which this lay involved from Paveley it came down by Purchase to John de Bore Trivet and Vaux whose Successors conveyed Burwash to John Alphew in the Reign of Henry the sixth Alphews Coheirs were marryed to ....... Brograve and Sir Robert Read Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in the Time of Henry the seventh who in his Wifes Right carried away Burwash as parcell of her Dower but this man determining likewise in Daughters and Coheirs Katharine one of them was wedded to Sir Thomas Willoughby second Son to Christopher Willoughbie of Eresbie which Sir Thomas was likewise Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas Eliza. was matched to Sir Tho. Totihurst and a third was married to Th. Wotton Esquire Sir Thomas Willoughbie Esquire Son and Heir of Sir Tho. who joyned in a Fine with his two Uncles even now mentioned in the sixth year of Edw. the sixth and so by a mutuall Concurrence with them their united Concernment in Burwash was passed away to Mr. John and Mr. Robert Seyliard of Delaware in whose Name and Revenue the Title and Propriety of this place hath ever since kept so permanent an Aboad that it is still the Inheritance of Mr. John Seyliard now of Delaware Esquire Bore Place with the Mannor of Milbroke and Boresell was formerly the Inheritance as high as Henry the third of a Family which assumed its Sirname from hence and was called Bore and likewise took in to his Arms a Bore for his Cognisance in this Family the Right of these places successively dwelt till John Bore in the Time of Henry the sixth transplanted his Interest in them by Sale into John Alphew by whose Coheir they came over to her Husband Sir Robert Read and from him they went away by Katharine one of his Coheirs to Sir Thomas Willoughbie whose great Grandchild Percivall Willoughbie who having matched with Bridget one of the four Coheirs of Sir Percival Willoughbie of Notinghamshire devested himself of his Title to both these places to improve his Interest in that County and not many years since alienated them to Mr. Bernard Hide of London Esquire one of the Commissioners of the Custome House to the late King Charles whose Grandchild Mr. Bernard Hide is upon his Fathers late Decease now enterred into their Possession of Milbroke and Boreplace But Boresell now vulgarly called Bowsell was sold to Edmund Thomas of Whitley neer Sevenoke who is now in the enjoyment of it Chilham in the Hundred of Felborough was by William the Conquerour as the Pages of Doomsday Book instruct us assigned to Fulbert de Dover under the Notion of a whole Knights Fee for his Assistance and Association to John de Fiennes in the Guard of Dover Castle which eminent employment thus imposed upon him did induce him to wave his originall Sirname of Lucy and assume one derived from his Office yet Richard de Lucy this mans Son did it seems take up again his primitive Sirname for when King John by his Charter in the sixteenth year of his Reign Cart. 24. Num. 37. restores to Rose de Dover called in the Latin Record Rohesia the Castle of Chilham with all its Appendages he calls it there the Land which was her Grandfather Richard de Lucy's Inheritance This Rose de Dover was sometimes written in old Deeds de Lucy in Relation to which she sealed with three Pikes * Fishes called Lucii in Latin she matched with Richard base Son to King John by whom she had two Daughters and Coheirs Lora married to William de Marmion and Isabell espoused to David de Strabolgie Earl of Athol who in her Right became Lord of the Castle and Mannor of Chilham and transmitted it to his Son John Earl of Atholl who for his frequent Acts of Hostility and Rebellion against Edward the first in his Contest with the Scots being by the Fate of War made Captive was at Canterbury hanged on a Gibbet fifty Foot high that he might be as eminent in his Punishment as he was before conspicuous in his Crimes and being cut down halfe alive had his Head struck off and his Trunk cast into the Fire a Savage Manner of Punishment and hardly heard of before amongst us upon his Shipwrack and Confiscation of Estate it rested in the Demeasne of the Crown till King Edward the second in the fifth year of his Reign as appears Parte prima Pat. Edwardi secundi granted the Castle and Mannor of Chilham to Bartholomew Lord Badelesmer who quickly after lost it by his Perfidiousnesse and Disloyalty to that Prince so that it returned to the Crown and the abovesaid Prince as is evident by Pat. 15. 16. Edwardi secundi restores the Castle and Mannor with all the Goods and Chattels in it which belonged to Bartholomew Badelesmer to David de Strabolgie Grandchild to the first David for Life only which upon his Expiration was again united to the Royal Revenue and in the third year of King Edward the thirds Government it was by Patent granted to Bartholomew Badelesmer Son to the abovesaid Lord Bartholomew and
of which Name which held this place was Tho. Chesman whose Female-heir Alice brought this Seat to her Husband Rob. Stodder Ancestor to Will. Stodder Esq not long since deceased who was proprietary of it A strange and marvellous Accident happened at this place upon the fourth day of August 1585 in a Field which belongeth to Sir Percival Hart. Betimes in the morning the ground began to sink so much that three great Elme-Trees were suddenly swallowed into the Pit the tops falling downward into the hole And before ten of the Clock they were so overwhelmed that no part of them might be discerned the Concave being suddenly filled with water the Compass of the hole was about 80. yards and so profound that a sounding line of fifty Fathoms could hardly find or feel any bottome ten yards distance from that place there was another piece of ground sunk in like manner near the high-way and so nigh a dwelling house that the Inhabitants were greatly terrified therewith Edenbridge in the Hundred of Westerham was ever esteemed a Chappel of ease to the Parish of Westerham The first that I discover by the beams of Record to have been possest of Edenbridge were the Stangraves who had here their capital Mansion which was known by their Name John de Stangrave obtained a Charter of Free-warren to Edenbridge in the twenty sixth year of Edw. the first Sir Rob. de Stangrave was his Son and Heir who was with Edw. the first at the Siege of Carlaverock in Scotland and there for his generous Service received the Order of Knighthood and dyed seised of Edenbridge and Stangrave the twelfth year of E. the third Rot. Esc Num. 52. After the Stangraves were vanished the Dynleys were setled in the Signory of these above-mentioned places Jo. de Dynley had a Confirmation of the Chatter of Free-warren to Eden-bridge in the fourteenth year of Edward the third and immediately after passed away his Interest here to Hugh de Audley Earl of Gloucester Lord of the Mannor and Castle of Tunbridge by whose Daughter and Heir the Lady Margaret Audley Stangrave and Edenbridge came to acknowledge the Signory of Ralph Stafford Earl of Stafford and he dyed seised of them in the forty sixth year of Edward the third and in this Family of Stafford as they were successively Earls of Stafford and Dukes of Buckingham was the propriety of these places resident untill the twelfth year of Henry the eighth and then Edward Duke of Buckingham Lord high Constable of England having unadvisedly consulted with a Monk and a Wizzard touching the Succession of the Crown fomented so Vast a Stock of Fears and Jealousies in the Brain of that Cautious Prince that they could not be extinguished but by his Blood which was poured out on a Scaffold as the last expiation of that Treason which was by Cardinal Wolsey pinn'd upon him and likewise of his Prince's Fury Upon this his untimely Exit his Estate escheated to the Crown and King Henry the eighth not many years after granted Westerham Eden Bridge and Stangrave which were parcell of the Confiscation to Sir John Gresham Knight from whom they by Descent are now devolved to Marmaduke Gresham Esquire who enjoys the instant Possession of them Delaware is a Seat of very venerable Account in this Parish It was the Seat of Gentlemen of that Name as high as the Reign of Henry the second as appears by old Evidences now in the Hands of Mr. Seyliard of which Robert de la Ware was the last who about the latter end of Edward the third went out without Issue-male so that Dionysia Delaware who was matched to William Paulin became Heir to this place In Paulin it remained constantly resident till the beginning of the Rule of Henry the sixth and then William Paulin determined in a Daughter and Heir likewise who was wedded to John Seyliard of Seyliard in Hever which is still in the Possession of Mr. Seyliard of Gabriells in this Parish and who descended from Ralph de Seyliard who flourished about the Reign of King Stephen In an old Pedigree of Seyliard now treasured up amongst the Evidences of Delaware there is enrolled the Coppy of a Deed without date by which Almerick d'Eureux Earl of Gloucester who flourished in the Reign of Henry the third demises Lands to Martin at Seyliard and other Lands called Hedinden to Richard at Seyliard who were Sons of Ralph from which Ralph John Seyliard Esquire now Proprietary of this anââent Mansion of Delaware by a Steady and unbroken Current of many Descents in a Direct Line is originally extracted The Mannor of Sharnden in this Parish was parcell of that Estate which belonged to the Lords Cobham of Sterborough Castle not far distant and continued folded up in the Patrimony of this Family till the Government of Edward the fourth and then Thomas Lord Cobham of Sterborough deceasing without Issue-male Anne matched to Edward Lord Borough of Gainsborough became his Heir in which Name and Family the Title of this place successively streamed down till almost our Times and then the Lady Katharine Borough to whom it was assigned by Thomas Lord Borough her Husband to defray Debts and other Uses passed it away to Sir Edward Richardson Lord Chief Justice of the Kings Bench whose Grandchild the Lord Edward Richardson Baron of Cromartie in Scotland does now possesse the Signory and Inheritance of it Elham in the Hundred of Lovingborough is anciently written Helham which denotes the Situation of it in a Valley amongst Hills Though now the Magnificent Structures which in elder Times were here be dismantled and have only left a Masse of deplored Rubble to direct us were they stood yet in Dooms-day Book it is written that the Earl of Ewe a Norman and neere in Alliance to the Conquerour held it and left the Reputation of an Honour unto it as the Record of the Aid granted at the making the Black Prince Knight in the twentieth of Ed. the third doth warrant For the Mannor of Mount adjacent to Elham is said to be held of the Honour of the Earl of Ewe by Knights Service In Testa de Nevill there is mention of Gilbert Earl of Ewe who then paid respective Aid in the twentieth year of Henry the third at the Marriage of Isabell that Prince's Sister From this Gilbert Earl of Ewe it went away to Edward eldest Son to Henry the third who obtained a Market and Fair to Elham by Charter in the thirty fifth of Henry the third and after he had fortified it with these Priviledges in the forty first year of the abovesaid Prince conveys it by Sale to Boniface of Savoy Arch-bishop of Canterbury Boniface to decline the Envy and Emulation of his English Opposites which he and the rest of those Forreiners and Aliens had contracted upon themselves by their practicall Turbulencies in the Managery of the principal Affairs of State under Henry the third passed it away by Sale to Roger Lord Leybourne a great Partisan and
expiration of which the said Arch-Bishop recovered severall Lands which he the said Odo and his Tenants then held which were Herbert the Son of Ivo Turold of Rochester Ralph de Curva-Spina and Hugh de Montfort with all the Franchises belonging to them as namely Sac and Soc Toll and Theam Infangtheof and Outfang-theof Flymena Firmth Grithbreach Forestall Heinfare and Cersett the last of which because none of our Interpreters of the dark and obscure Terms of the Law do explain I shall It was a Rent-charge of a certain Proportion of Corn in the ear paid at the Feast of St. Martin with all other Customes greater or less both on the Land and on the Water and it was tried and proved by all the honest and wise Men both Normans and English who were present that as the King himself holds his Lands quiet and free in his Demeasne so the Arch-Bishop holds all his Lands whoily quiet and free in his Demeasne In the presence of these it was shewn by many and most evident Reasons that the King hath no Customes in the Church of Canterbury but onely three which are these If any man digg in the Kings High-way or cut down any Tree to stop it if any man shall be apprehended and found Culpable whilest they are in doing such things whether Pledges be taken of them or not yet by prosecution of the Kings Officer and by Pledges they shall amend what is unjustly done The third Custome is If any man commit Blood-shed on the Kings High-way if whilst he does it he be apprehended and imprisoned he shall then make amends unto the King But if he shall not be apprehended but depart without giving any Pledge the King may not in Justice require any thing of him And it was at the same time farther determined that if any Person did commit Blood-shed or Manslaughter in places which were within the Liberties of the Church of Canterbury from the time that the Church left off to Sing Alleluiah to the Octaves of Easter that then he should make amends onely to the Arch-Bishop And it was likewise shewed at the same Time that whosoever should commit the Crime of Childwitt that is of Bastardy if it were in Lent the Arch-Bishop should have the whole Satisfaction but if out of Lent then he should have onely half of it There were present at this Assembly Goisfrid Bishop of Constance the Kings Substitute Ernost Bishop of Rochester Egelric or Agelric Bishop of Selsey and Chichester a Man of deep insight in the Constitutions Ecclesiastical and of so great an Age that he was brought in a Wagon for his Discussion and Declaration says Textus Roffensis upon the known Laws Usages Franchises and Customes of Holy Church Hugh de Montfort William de Arces Richard de Tunbridge and lastly Haymo Sheriff of Kent Town Malling and East Malling lie in the Hundred of Larkfield and were both Mannors which related to that Revenue which made up the Patrimony of the Nunnery of Town Malling which was founded by Gundulphus Bishop of Rochester about the year 1090 and dedicated to the Virgin Mary and had the Church it self which was likewise named after the blessed Virgin and the Chappel of St. Leonards not far distant Though this Gundulphus was the Founder yet Haimo de Heath as appears by the Records of Rochester aws an eminent Benefactor to it about the year 1339. Both these Mannors upon the Suppression having augmented the Revenue of the Crown they rested there untill the fourth year of Edward the sixth and then they were granted in Lease for Life to Sir Hugh Cartwright and upon his Decease they were passed away upon the same Condition to Pierpoint and he conveyed them to William Brook Lord Cobham whose Son Henry Lord Cobham being attainted in the second year of King James they were re-assumed by the Crown and after granted in Lease to Sir Humphrey Delind a Man furnished with a liberal stock both of divine and humane Learning and he passed away his Interest to Sir Robert Brett but the Fee-simple continued with the Crown until the twenty first of King James and then they were granted for ever to John Rayney Esquire which Concession was fully ratified by King Charles to whom the Profits of these Mannors were assigned when he was Prince towards the Support of of his Court in the second year of his Raign to Sir John Rayney now of Wrotham Knight and Baronet which Sir John is lineally descended from John Reignie for so the Name in old Deeds is written who held the Mannor of Edgeford in Devon and Smitheley-hall in York-shire in the Raign of Edward the third still the Possession of this Family Which John was originally extracted from Sir John de Reignie who as is manifest by the old Rolls and Registers of this Family held the Mannor of Newton in Cumberland in the raign of Henry the third West-Malling had a Market granted to it on the Saturday by Henry the third at the Instance of the Lady Abbesse of that place to whom and to the Nuns of this Cloister the Vicar of East-Malling was Jure Loci always Confessor Parrocks and Ewell are two appendant Mannors involved in the Mannor of West-Malling whose Fee-simple was passed away to John Rayney Esquire when the other was linked by Grant to his Demeasne Ex autographis penes Jo. Reyney Millit Baronetum the last of which lay in Brenchley and was in Lease many years from the Nunnery to Hextall whose Female Heir brought it to VVhetenhall and Sir Richard VVhetenhall in the twelfth year of Q. Elizabeth sold it to George Lord Cobham and his Son Henry Lord Cobham alienated it to Sir Thomas Fane Ancestor to Mildmay Earl of VVestmerland whose Lease being lately expired it is now come to confesse Sir John Reyney Knight and Baronet for sole Proprietarie Borough Court in East-Malling was parcell of the ancient Demease of the noble Family of Colepeper of Preston in Alreâford and was found united to their Revenue at the Death of VValter Colepeper Esquire which was in the first year of Edward the third and in this Family did it continue involved for sundry Ages till allmost in our Grand-fathers memory it was by Sale conveyed away to Shakerley descended from the Shakerleys of Shakerley in Lancashire but it made no long aboad here for in the Age subsequent to that wherein it was purchased this Family resolved into a Daughter and Heir who was matched to Beauley descended from the Beauleys of Beauleys Court in VVouldham who brought Borough Court along with her into the Possession of that Family and left it to her only Daughter and Heir Mary Beauley who by matching lately with Mr ....... Basse of Suffolk hath made it parcel of his Interest and Propriety Marden is not parcell only of the Hundred of Middleton or Milton but an Appendage of the Mannor also but because they are divided by so remote a distance from the above-mentioned place they in
we style the Lowy of Tunbridge and is a small Territory within it self called in old Latine Records Districtus Leuca de Tunbridge and was formerly subservient to the Dominion of those noble Persons who were Lords of the Fee The first of which was Richard de Clare Earl of Brionie in Normandy to whom it was by William Rufus granted upon this emergent Occasion This Richard was an earnest Abettor and supporter likewise of the Designes of this Prince upon his Brothers Territories in Normandy and so by consequence an active partisan of his which made the Breast of Robert Duke of Normandy to boile with such Animosity and passion against Him that the Flame of his Hatred kindled the Flame of a War which could not be extinguished but by the Depredation of this Earl's Estate and the utter subversion of his Castle of Brionie which was left an Heap of Flame and Ruines which caused William Rufus to risent his Calamitous Condition with so much Regret and Commiseration that he granted him as much Land here at Tunbridge as would spread into a League both in the Extent and Longitude of it and in the Breadth and Latitude of it likewise and Gemeticensis reports that this Richard brought over the Rope with which he was to measure it in the same Ship which transported him and his Retinue From this Richard who founded the Castle the right of Tunbridge was by Descent translated into his Son Gilbert de Clare the first Earl of Hertford and here did the Signory many years find a residence till Isabel Sister and Coheir of Gilbert de Clare by matching with Hugh Audley brought this to be the Inheritance of that illustrious Family where it had not long remained but Margaret Daughter and Heir of Hugh Audley by marrying with Ralph Stafford made it a Branch of their patrimony nor did it depart from this Family till the Vanitie of Edward Stafford Duke of Buckingham embarked him in that Design which the Malice of Cardinal Wolsey aggravated with those Circumstances of Hatred by blowing of wild Conjectures into the Ears of Henry the eighth who was naturally a jealous Prince and emulous of any new blooming Glory that he was stained with the black Tincture of Treason which sunk him into an untimely Sepulcher and his Estate by forfeiture into the possession of the Crown Edward Duke of Buckingham being thus convicted in the twelfth year of Henry the eighth there was a great Controversie started forth in the thirteenth year of that Prince's reign as appears by our Law-books in the Parliament then convened whether or not there were ground enough in the Crimes objected against him to establish an Attainder upon and it was carried in the Affirmative that there was upon which this Castle with all the Mannor of Dachhurst alias hilden- Hilden-borough with all the appendant Services and Quit-rents united to them did escheat to the Crown and remained there until Queen Elizabeth dissevered the Mannor of the Castle from her Interest and made it by Grant the possession of her Kinsman Henry Lord Hunsdon whose Son George Lord Hunsdon about the beginning of King James passed it with his Daughter and Heir to Thomas Lord Berkley who conveyed it to Sir John Kenedie from whom not long after by the same Conveyance it fell under the divided Signory of Ferrers Gosson and Johnson and they by a mutual Consent sold their Interest in it to Sir Peter Vanlore by whose three Daughters and Co-heirs matched to Sir Henry Zinzin Sir Alexander Sterling and Robert Crooke Esquire it is now divided between those three Families Although the Onsets of Time and the Assaults of Enemies together hath thrown the Beauty and Strength into such a rude Confusion that it now lurks in its own Rubbish yet formerly it was eminent for being the Scene of much Feude and Contention between the Kings of England and the Barons then in Arms against them In the year 1088. Odo Bishop of Bajeux and Earl of Kent making a Defection from William Rufus to those Barons who sought to support the Title of his eldest Brother Robert placed one Gilbert in this Castle for the Defence of it which enforced that King to invest it with a Siege and compelled the Castellan to a Surrender and afterwards having taken Odo himself imprisoned him in this Fortress from whence he afterwards made a successful Escape In the year 1215. Falcatius de Brent during the Military Contests King John had with his Nobility by Force wrung this Castle from the Earl of Gloucester and maintained it for some Time with signal Evidences of Magnanimity to the Kings Behoof and Use In the year 1231. upon the Decease of Gilbert the then Earl of Gloucester seised the Wardship of his Heir and entrusted the Custody of this Castle to Hubert de Burgh Earl of Kent This occasioned an eager and impetuous Contest between the King and Richard Arch-bishop of Canterbury the Arch-bishop pretended because the Castle held of his See therefore he de Jure ought to have the Custody of the Heir in his Wardship To which the King replyed that the whole Earldome held of him and that he might commit the Custody of the Lands to whomsoever he pleased This caused the Arch-bishop boyling with much Heat and Passion to Appeal for Redress to Rome where he managed this Controversie with that vigorous dexterity that the Pope issued out a solemn determination on his behalf but his Decease in his Journey homewards superseded the Execution of the Papal Sentence The above-mentioned King Henry in the year 1259. granted Licence to Richard de Clare Earl of Gloucester to wall and embattle his Town of Tunbridge in these Words in that Charter Claudere Muro et Kernellare which latter Word being made Latine out of the French Charneaux imports that indented Form of the Top of a Wall which hath Vent and Crest commonly called embattelling very serviceable to the Defendants within not only to annoy the Enemy but likewise to shroud and secure himself from the Fury of any outward Assault This Mode of Fortification was in elder Time with much Caution prohibited within this Nation out of a Jealousie that it might foment any inward Sedition and was therefore amongst many other Articles inquirable before the Escheator de Domibus Kerneliatis But the War breaking out not long after this between the King and Simon de Montfort to whose Interest the Earl of Gloucester was by a Solemn Combination closely united the Grant of the above-mentioned King was made ineffectual and not the least Symptoms of the intended Wall are at this instant visible In the year 1263. the War growing hot between Henry the third and Simon de Montfort the King sets down before Tunbridge-castle and forces it to snrrender to discretion and therein found amongst others the Countess of Gloucester From whence I collect that in those Times it was esteemed if not the only yet at least a principal Mansion of those great Lords of Tunbridge the
an irrecoverable Ruine was in an infortunate Encounter made Captive by that Prince and being attainted of high Treason and Executed his Estate here by Escheat devolved to the Crown and was by Edward the second in the ninth of his reign granted to Bartholomew Lord Badelesmere but he having again lost it by his Revolt and Defection in the sixteenth and seventeenth years of that Prince it revolved to the Crown and continued there until K. Edward the third in the second year of his Reign restored it to Bartholomew de Badelesmer his Son who died in the twelfth year of the abovesaid Prince and left it to his Brother Giles de Badelesmer and he deceasing without Issue it accrued by Mawde one of his Sisters and Coheirs to be the Inheritance of John Vere Earl of Oxford and he held it at his Death which was in the thirty fourth year of Edw. the third and to this Family it remained by the Links of many Descents successively fastned until at last that Revolution which is made by Sale cast it into the possession of Phineux the last of which who enjoyed it was John Phineux Esquire who concluded in a Daughter and Heir called Elizabeth who by matching with Sir John Smith of Ostenhanger knit it to his Estate from whom by the Devolution of Descent it is now come to confess for proprietary the right honourable Philip Viscount Strangford his Grand-child Secondly there is Chestfield which was the Mansion of a Family which bore that Sirname and although I can trace none higher by any publick Record then James Chestfield who paid respective Aid for it at the making the Black Prince Knight as is manifest by the Book of Aid collected in the twentieth of Edward the third yet it is upon possible Conjectures to be argued that they were farre more ancient here because they assumed their Denomination from this Seat from Chestfield about the latter end of the Government of Richard the second it came over by purchase to Henry Reyner but whether he issued from Borden or the Reyners of Borden from him I cannot discover but it is very probable he determined in four Daughters and Coheirs matched to Edmund Meade Jo. Badkin John Reynolds and John Springate who concurred in one united Consent and by one common conveyance demised their Interest in it to John Roper of St. Dunstans from whom Edward Roper Esquire now of Well-hall in Eltham claims the instaut Demeasn and Signory of it The third is Grimgill so vulgarly called but originally and more properly Greenshield for so it is in Records of an elder Aspect alwayes written It was the Seat of a Family that was known by that Appellation and although the Breviat of the private Evidences which relate to it discover to us owners of the Name no higher then John Greenshield who flourished here about the entrance into the reign of Henry the sixth and who was Father to Henry Greenshield whose Will is Registred at Canterbury and which bears Date from the last of Edward the fourth yet it is more then probable that they were eminent here long before because the above-recited John and Henry Greenshields were Lords of no despicable or narrow fortune not onely here but about Sandwich and Wodnesborough likewise from Greenshield by sale the propriety passed over to Quekes of Quekes in Birchington who suddenly after being extinguished in a Daughter and Heir all his Interest in Grimgill was with her transported in Marriage to Crispe originally extracted out of the County of Glocester and Nicholas Crispe Esquire held his Shrievalty here which was in the second year of Q. Elizabeth from Crispe it was by purchase conveyed into the Revenue of Paramour where after it had for several years been fixed it was very lately taken off from this Family and by Sale made the Possession of Mr. Twiman of Canterbury Fourthly here was Condies-place which was the Residence of John Condie who had in the reign of Edward the third contracted upon himself which is yet indelibly fixed upon his Memory a Character of high Account because he had made an eminent Enemie of the Kings Captive in Congressu Bellico those are the words of the Record in a personal Combat for which he had thirty pound per Annum setled upon him out of the Kings Profits of the Staple at Canterbury by Charter or Grant from Edward the third dated the seventh day of July in the fourteenth year of his reign Now if you will know where this memorable Action was commenced the same Record will inform you that the Scene of it was laid at Swine in Normandy But to proceed this Man not long after he was thus adorned with these Tophies of Honour paid that Debt to Nature which we all owe and left Condies Hall to his Son William Condy who dying without any lawful Issue Margaret Condy one of his Sisters became his Co-heir who by her espousals with Robert Grubbe made Condies Hall parcel of his Demeasn but he likewise in the Age subsequent to this determining in Females Agnes one of his Coheirs being wedded to John Isaack of Blackmanbery in Bridge did much swell and improve his Patrimony with that Additional Estate she united to his and here in this Name was the possession for sundry Descents resident even till our Fathers Memory But here for want of Intelligence I can proceed no farther and indeed the Place being fallen from its original Name by Disuse and that Repute it was under when it was possest by so noble proprietaries is now onely fit to find the Common Sepulcher of Oblivion Wicheling in the Hundred of Eyhorne was folded up in the Patrimony of the noble Family of Cobham of Sterborough issued out fâom the Cobhams of Cobham Hall and of this Family was Reginald de Cobham who was frequently summoned to sit in Parliament as Baron in the reign of Edward the third and from this worthy person did this Mannor by successive Devolution come down to Thomas Lord Cobham of Sterborough who deceased in the eleventh of Edward the fourth and left his Estate here and elsewhere to Anne his sole Daughter and Heir marched to Edward Lord Borough called to sit in Parliament as Baron of Sterborough and Gainsborough in the reign of Henry the seventh and from him both the Title of Baron and of this Mannor flowed down successively to his Grandchild Thomas Lord Borough who passed away the Inheritance to Edward Filmer Esquire whose Grand-child Sir Edward Filmer in relation to that purchase challenges the instant right and revenue of it Willesborough in the Hundreds of Chart and Longbridge has nothing to make it memorable but that it was a principal piece of that revenue which in this County related to the noble and ancient Family of Brent of which was Falcatius de Brent a man whom our English History pencils out to us under a Character of the most perfect Courage and Magnanimity though disordered with some wild Sallies and Excesses which
of Northumberland and then again l. 30. the fourth year of Edward the sixth r. the first year of Q. Mary In Biddenden p. 77. l. 28. for Sir Anthony Mayney Knight and Baronet r. Sir Anthony Mayney Knight In Bidborough p. 78. l. 36. for conveyed it r. conveyed the whole Mannor At VVevering in Boxley p. 90. l. 2. the twenty fourth of Q. Mary r. the second of Q. Mary In my Description of Dodingdale at Canterbury p. 94. l. 13. John Bentham r. John Betenham In my Description of the Dungeon at Canterbury the same page l. 29. for par Cirocearum r. par Chirothecarum In Chalk p. 96. l. 52. for and that Prince afterwards devolved it to Sir George Brook r. and from that Prince it afterwards devolved by Grant to George Lord Brook In Chilham p. 116. l. 12. to his Son Giles de Badelesmer r. to his Brother Giles de Badelesmer In Dartford p. 128. l. 19. for Edw. Darcy Esq r. Sir Edward Darcy Knight l. 20. VVill. Gough r. Will. Gouge In Horsemans place at Dartford the same page l. 53. for 30th year r. 38th year l. 55 46. Twislton r. Twissleton At Newhall in Dimchurch p. 131. l. 52. one and twenty Lords r. four and twenty Lords In Clavertie in Elham p. 140. l. 24. for Sir Henry Hamon r. Sir Henry Heyman In Eightham p. 141. l. 11. for one of the Lords of Holland r. one of the Earls of Holland In Farleigh p. 150. l. 25 and 26. for Thomas Floyd of Gore Court in Otham Esquire r. Mr. Robert Newton of London Grocer In my Description of Blackheath p. 163. l. 57. for John Tiler r. Wat. Tiler In Egerton in Godmersham p. 171. l. 7 and 8. for Joan his Sole Daughter r. Joan his Daughter and Co-heir for indeed so she was for Jo. Comin Earl of Badzenoth died and left two Daughters and Co-heirs Joan was matched to David de Strabolgie and Elizabeth was wedded to Richard Talbot In my Description of Kingston by Barham p. 205. l. 55. for to his Son and Heir Giles r. to his Brother and Heir Giles At West-Halks in Kingsnoth p. 208. l. 41. for his second Son r. his fourth Son In my Description of Brising at Langley pag. 212. l. 11. for Leven Buffkin r. Ralph Buffkin In Apulton and Southwould at East-Langdon p. 211. l. 5. for Edward the third r. Edward the second In my Description of Leeds Castle p. 214. l. 8. for his Son r. his great Grandchild In my Description of Goulds and Shepway at Maidston p. 223. l. 8. for to Sir Walter and Gervas Henley Esquire r. to Thomas Henley Esq leaving out Sir Walter In Sheals at Maidston p. 223. l. 45. for Walter Henley Esquire r. Thomas Henley Esquire In my Description of Parrocks and Ewell at West-Malling p. 232. l. 19. for the last of which r. the first of which In Hogshaws at Milsted p. 239. l. 11. for Sir Jo. Took r. Mr. Jo. Took In Milton Septuans p. 239. l. 34. for Sir Thomas Fogge r. Sir Francis Fogge and then l. 38. for Sir Rob. Honywood r. Mr. Rob. Honywood In my Description of St. Mary Crey at Orpington p. 260. l. 39. it came is left out and then l. 41. Richard the second is omitted In Gore Court in Otham p. 263. l. 54. for by purchase made the Inheritance of Thomas Floyd Esq r. by purchase made the Demeasn of Nathaniel Powell Esquire who not many years since conveyed it to Thomas Floyd Esquire Since my writing this Book I find that Sir Walter and Thomas Henley his Brother purchased Land at Otham and Gore Court of Sir Henry Isley before his Attaint that at Otham descended to the Successors of Thomas Henley that at Gore Court devolved to Colepeper who had married one of the Co-heirs of Sir Walter Henley In Archers Court at River p. 282. l. 53. this must be added But part of Archers Court was by Bandred or Brandred in the reign of Edward the fourth conveyed it to Sir George Browne of Bechworth Castle whose Successor Sir Thomas Browne alienated it to Mr. Isaac Honywood who dying without Issue bequeathed it to his Nephew Col. Henry Honywood Esquire now proprietary of it the Mannor of Archers Court with the Demeasn annexed to it holds in grand Serjeantie with this Condition united a strange one that the present Owner or Owners should hold the Kings Head when he passes to Calais and by the working of the Sea should be obliged to vomit In Swanscampe p. 307. l. 42 43. for the fourteenth of Richard the second r. the thirteenth of Richard the second and then again the same page l. 45. this is omitted who had before a considerable Interest in Swanscampe by Descent from his Ancestor Richard Tabot who had married Elizabeth one of the two Co-heirs of Jo. Comin Earl of Badzenoth and Joan his Wife one of the Sisters and Co-heirs of Aymer de Valence Earl of Pembroke and Lord of Swanscampe At West-Well p. 355. l. 15 16. for and so it rested in the Crown until not many years since it was granted to Sir Nicholas Tufton of Hothfied r. and was exchanged with Thomas Arch-Bishop of Canterbury by the Crown in the twenty ninth year of Henry the eighth whose Predecessors had a large share in it long before but was again reassumed by Q. Elizabeth in the Vacancy of that Sea and afterwards it rested in the Crown until almost our Memory and then it was granted away to Sir Nicholas Tufton of Hothfield Father to the right honourable Io. Earl of Thanet now proprietary of it There are some other Mistakes in this Work as at Uphery in Gillingham p. 168. it is printed that Sir Henry Cheney exchanged that Mannor with Q. Elizabeth and she passed it away to Sir Edward Hobby upon a second Review I find it was not exchanged but conveyed by Sale in the sixteenth year of that Princess by Sir Henry Cheyney to Dr. Alexander Nowell Dean of Pauls At Potts Court in Babchild Bradhurst Queen Court in Ospringe More Court in Reynham Pitstock in Rodmersham and the Island of Hartie Samuel Thornhill r. Richard Thornhill which Richard was Father to Mr. Samuel Thornhill Grand Father to Sir Timothy Thornhill and Sir Io. Thornhill and great grandfather to Col. Rich. Thornhill eldest Son of Sir Timothy which Col. Richard is lately deceased and Charles Thornhill Esquire Son and Heir of Sir Iohn now surviving whose great Grandfather Mr. Richard Thornhill above mentioned purchased Mere Court in the twelfth year of Queen Elizabeth and Potts Court Bradherst Quene Court in Ospringe Pitstock and Hartie in the thirteenth year of that Princess of Sir Hen. Cheyney and made his Son Samuel joint purchaser with him At Pencehurst what I have written concerning the Mannor of Pencehurst Halymote p. 270. must be retracted and altered and read thus Pencehurst Halymote alias Otford VVild was anciently held in Lease by the Successive Lords of Pencehurst of the Arch-Bishop of Canterbury as being
of Kent the second year of Henry the seventh Sir Henry Ferrers of great Peckham Knight who was Sheriff before in the fifth year of Edward the fourth was Sheriff of Kent again in the third year of Henry the seventh Walter Roberts of Glastenbury in Cranbroke Esquire was Sheriff of Kent the fourth year of Edward the fourth Sir William Boleyne Knight of Hever Castle and of Seale Son of Sir Ieffery Boleyne Lord Maior of London and Anne his Wife Daughter and Coheir of Thomas Lord Hoo and Hastings was Sheriff of Kent in the fifth year of Henry the seventh Sir William Scot Son and Heir of Sir Iohn Scot was Sheriff of Kent in the sixth year of Henry the seventh This our Sheriff new built Scots Hall which was before decayed and ruinous John Darell of Cale-Hill Esquire was Sheriff of Kent in the seventh year of Henry the seventh He was Esquire of the Body to that Prince and Captain of the Launciers in that part of the County wherein he lived and having had his Estate torn from him by Richard the third as being a Correspondent of Henry the seventh had it restored to him with several other Mannors by that Prince He was Father to Sir Iames Darell who was Knighted at Turwin by K. Henry the eighth and was Captain of Hames Castle and Governour of Guisnes Thomas Kemp of Ollantie near Wye Esquire was Sheriff of Kent the eighth year of Henry the seventh He married Emeline one of the two Daughters and Coheirs of Valentine Chich and Philippa his Wife Daughter and Heir of Sir Robert Chichley Knight sometime Lord Maior of London and Brother to Henry Chichley Arch Bishop of Canbury Sir Richard Gulford of Halden who was Knighted at Milford Haven and made Banneret at Blackheath was Sheriff of Kent the ninth