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A53951 David and the Amalekite upon the death of Saul a sermon preached on Jan. 30, 1682, being the anniversary of the martyrdom of King Charles I of blessed memory / by Edward Pelling ... Pelling, Edward, d. 1718. 1683 (1683) Wing P1077; ESTC R683 18,608 35

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David and the Amalekite Upon the DEATH of SAUL A SERMON Preached on Jan. 30. 1682. Being the Anniversary of the MARTYRDOM OF King Charles I. Of Blessed Memory By EDWARD PELLING Rector of St. Martins Ludgate and Chaplain to his Grace the Duke of Somerset Tell it not in Gath publish it not in the Streets of Askelon c. 2 Sam. 1. 10. LONDON Printed by J. Redmayne Jun. for William Abington at the three Silk-Worms in Ludgate-street 1683. To my most Honoured Lord Charles Duke of Somerset Marquess and Earl of Hertford Viscount Beauchamp and Baron of Trowbridge May it please your Grace IT is no small part of your Honour that you are descended of such Noble Ancestors as have been Great and Eminent both for their Alliance to the Royal Family and for their continual Fidelity to the Interest of the Crown He that shall peruse only the History of the Late Rebellion and the Letters which did pass between his Late Majesty and the Queen may easily see how Confident that Blessed Prince was of the Loyalty and how Faithfully he was served all along by the Wisdom and Courage of your Noble Grand-Father the Lord Seymour and your Great Vncle the Marquess of Hertford who was the First General of the Kings Forces against the Parliament and lived to see the happy times of Restitution and Dyed Duke of Somerset full of years and Honour since the Restauration of his present Majesty But that which greatly addeth to your Honour is that as you inherit the Titles so God be blessed you inherit the Loyalty of all your Honourable Predecessors Which I say My Lord not by way of Complement but to do you Justice And I must beg your Graces Pardon if that Expression seems to Derogate from your Virtue in making your Loyalty to be not a thing of Choice as all Virtue is but a Principle cleaving to your very Nature which cannot be overcome It is this that hath indear'd you to the King who has given you an Earnest of his Favour in Reposing in you so Great a Trust in the North for Conducting your affairs with so much Judgment and Integrity assoon as ever Providence brought you to bear such a great Figure in the World It is this that has made you to lie so deep in the Hearts and Affections of Good Men wbo take Heart and Courage by seeing your Grace to act so in all things like a good Subject notwithstanding those Temptations which have Mis-led some whose longer Experience should have taught them Wisdom It is this My Lord which I must crave Leave still to put you in mind of that above all things you be careful to have a most Tender regard of your Virtue and to be ever as you are Faithful and True to your Prince For hereby you will do right to the memory of your Honourable Progenitors you will maintain your Honour Clean and Vnspotted you will be useful to the King to the Church and to your Country you will be an Honour and Comfort to your Friends and an Excellent Example to the World It is for these Ends My Lord that I take upon me to present to your Grace this following Discourse begging your Lordships Kind acceptance of it and beseeching God whose Providence hath been so Gracious to you hitherto to Guide Govern and Preserve your self and Noble Consort and to Bless Both your Graces with the long Happiness of an undivided Heart and with a Numerous and Flourishing Issue which is the Hearty Prayer of My Lord Your Grace's most Humble Faithful and truly Affectionate Servant and Chaplain Edw. Pelling 2 SAM 1. 14. And David said unto him How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy the Lord 's Anointed BEfore we enter upon the consideration of this place of Scripture we must come fairly to it by making our way through the Context to which the Text doth relate and thus it was There had been now a War between Saul and the Philistines a War that was founded on the Law of God whereby the Children of Israel were forbidden to make any Covenant with the Inhabitants of Canaan or to shew them mercy Deut. 7. 2. This War ended in the Death of Saul and the overthrow of his People though he was made King by God's own appointment though he was God's own Vicegerent over God's own Inheritance and undertook a quarrel pursuant to God's own Will yet in the Conclusion both He and his Forces Good Jonathan himself not excepted are routed upon Mount Gilboa by the Vncircumcised Philistines To shew that Success in War is not an Argument of the Righteousness of a Cause or of the Righteousness of a Party but of the unsearchable Wisdom and Righteousness of God Saul being defeated was full of Horror and Desperation and resolved to hasten out of the World since he had fled before the Philistines and because his Armour-bearer could not be entreated by reason of that Awful regard he bore to Majesty to befriend his undone Soveraign with a Mortal Blow Saul gives Himself his Deaths-wound with his own hands An Amalekite happening to be there took off his Royal Diadem and Bracelet and with great Speed carryed them to Ziklag to David who by Common Fame was known to have been Anointed next Heir to the Crown of Israel David received the news of Saul's and Jonathan's Death with excess of Sorrow But hearing that this Amalekite had had an hand in Saul's destruction his Heart was struck through with Amazement and Indignation Though Saul had been his Bloud-thirsty Enemy yet his Soul was on a Flame at the sad Tidings of his being Murder'd and though this young man was not one of Saul's Subjects but a Stranger yet for the Sake of God whose Impress the Unfortunate King bore for the Honour of Majesty and out of respect to Saul's Divine Vnction and Character he was resolved to revenge the Kings Death with every drop of this Amalekites Bloud and this was the Preamble to his just Sentence How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy the Lord 's Anointed In which words we are to consider by way of Explication 1. First the matter of Fact which this Amalekite own'd himself to have been guilty of 2. Davids deep Resentment of the Relation which this Amalekite made of the matter 1. The matter of Fact was that he had stretched out his hand to destroy the King of Israel this he acknowledg'd and seemed to boast of as a Meritorious office which he had done for David who was to be Saul's Successor in the Throne Now it has been a great doubt both among Jews and Christians whether this was a Reality or only a Pretence Many of the Hebrew Doctors affirm which is also the general sense of Sunt apud Hebraeos qui putant hunc Amalekiten adulatorum more mentitum fuisse quando se dixit Saul interfecisse Munster Antiquit. Judaic lib. 6. Christian Writers that Saul killed himself