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england_n world_n write_v writer_n 18 3 7.4601 4 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A03448 The firste [laste] volume of the chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande conteyning the description and chronicles of England, from the first inhabiting vnto the conquest : the description and chronicles of Scotland, from the first original of the Scottes nation till the yeare of our Lorde 1571 : the description and chronicles of Yrelande, likewise from the first originall of that nation untill the yeare 1571 / faithfully gathered and set forth by Raphaell Holinshed. Holinshed, Raphael, d. 1580? 1577 (1577) STC 13568B; ESTC S3985 4,747,313 2,664

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be_v so_o kindele_v with_o wrath_n that_o detest_a the_o falsehood_n of_o the_o picte_n he_o vow_v by_o open_a oath_n that_o he_o will_v not_o depart_v from_o the_o siege_n till_o he_o have_v put_v the_o city_n and_o they_o within_o to_o the_o fire_n and_o sword_n without_o spare_v of_o any_o either_o one_o or_o other_o sundry_a time_n he_o attempt_v to_o have_v win_v the_o city_n by_o force_n of_o assault_n besiege_v the_o constancy_n of_o the_o picte_n when_o they_o be_v besiege_v but_o the_o picte_n still_o defend_v their_o wall_n so_o stout_o that_o he_o can_v not_o achieve_v his_o purpose_n whereupon_o the_o siege_n continue_v the_o space_n of_o four_o month_n together_o so_o that_o such_o scarcetie_n of_o all_o kind_n of_o vitayle_n still_o rise_v among_o they_o that_o the_o wretched_a citezin_n abstayn_v from_o nothing_o that_o may_v in_o any_o wise_a be_v eat_v though_o it_o be_v never_o so_o much_o to_o be_v abhor_v and_o yet_o although_o they_o be_v bring_v unto_o such_o 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year_n after_o they_o first_o begin_v to_o reign_v therein_o .1173_o b._n 839._o 1421._o h._n b._n 6038._o h._n b._n and_o in_o the_o year_n after_o the_o birth_n of_o our_o saviour_n .839_o from_o the_o first_o come_v of_o fergus_n .1166_o and_o after_o the_o creation_n of_o the_o world_n .4806_o if_o the_o scottish_a chronicle_n be_v true_a but_o where_o as_o the_o truth_n concern_v the_o time_n of_o the_o first_o come_v into_o this_o isle_n aswell_o of_o the_o scot_n as_o picte_n rest_v doubtful_a and_o that_o aswell_o by_o authority_n of_o approve_a writer_n as_o by_o reasonable_a conjecture_n we_o have_v in_o the_o history_n of_o england_n more_o large_o write_v thereof_o we_o refer_v those_o that_o be_v desirous_a to_o see_v further_o of_o that_o matter_n unto_o the_o same_o follow_v here_o in_o this_o history_n of_o scotlande_n the_o report_n most_o a_o end_n as_o we_o find_v it_o in_o hector_n boetius_fw-la and_o other_o the_o scottish_a writer_n not_o take_v upon_o we_o so_o 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hand_n when_o they_o do_v turn_v again_o &_o make_v any_o reise_n upon_o he_o king_n henrye_n the_o five_o in_o his_o beginning_n think_v it_o a_o mere_a scoffery_n to_o pursue_v any_o follow_v dear_a with_o hound_n or_o greyhound_n but_o suppose_v himself_o always_o to_o have_v do_v a_o sufficient_a act_n when_o he_o have_v tire_v they_o by_o his_o own_o travail_n on_o foot_n and_o so_o kill_v they_o with_o his_o hand_n in_o the_o upshot_n of_o that_o exercise_n and_o end_n of_o his_o recreation_n and_o thus_o 〈◊〉_d very_o many_o in_o like_a sort_n with_o the_o heart_n as_o i_o do_v read_v but_o i_o think_v y_o it_o be_v very_o long●…gone_v when_o man_n be_v far_o high_o and_o swift_a than_o they_o be_v now_o and_o yet_o i_o deny_v not_o but_o any_o hunt_n of_o the_o red_a deer_n be_v a_o right_a princely_a pastime_n in_o diverse_a foreign_a country_n they_o cause_v their_o red_a and_o fallow_a dear_a to_o draw_v the_o plough_n as_o we_o do_v our_o ox_n and_o horse_n in_o some_o place_n also_o they_o milk_n their_o hind_n as_o we_o do_v here_o our_o kine_n and_o got●…s_n 〈…〉_o 〈…〉_o and_o the_o experience_n of_o this_o latter_a be_v note_v by_o gyraldus_n cambriensis_n to_o have_v be_v see_v and_o use_v in_o wales_n where_o he_o do_v eat_v chée●…e_o make_v of_o hind_n milk_n at_o such_o time_n as_o baldwine_n archbishop_n of_o caunterburie_n preach_v the_o croysaide_a there_o when_o they_o be_v both_o lodge_v in_o a_o gentleman_n house_n who_o wy●…e_n of_o purpose_n keep_v a_o dairy_n of_o the_o same_o as_o for_o y_z e_z plough_v with_o vres_n which_o i_o suppose_v to_o be_v unlikely_a and_o alke_v a_o thing_n common_o use_v in_o the_o east_n country_n here_o be_v no_o place_n to_o speak_v of_o it_o since_o we_o now_o want_v these_o kind_n of_o beast_n neither_o be_v it_o my_o purpose_n to_o entreat_v of_o other_o thing_n than_o be_v to_o be_v see_v in_o england_n wherefore_o i_o will_v omit_v to_o say_v any_o more_o of_o wild_a and_o savage_a beast_n at_o 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indifferent_a stature_n be_v scarce_o comparable_a unto_o they_o ●…orses_n ●…orses_n our_o horse_n moreover_o be_v high_a and_o although_o not_o common_o of_o such_o huge_a greatness_n as_o in_o other_o place_n of_o the_o main_a yet_o if_o you_o respect_v the_o easiness_n of_o their_o pace_n it_o be_v hard_a to_o say_v where_o their_o like_a be_v to_o be_v have_v our_o land_n do_v yield_v no_o ass_n and_o therefore_o the_o most_o part_n of_o our_o caryage_n be_v make_v by_o these_o which_o remain_v stone_v be_v either_o reserve_v for_o the_o cart_n or_o appoint_v to_o bear_v such_o burden_n as_o be_v convenient_a for_o they_o our_o cart_n horse_n therefore_o be_v common_o so_o strong_a that_o five_o of_o they_o will_v draw_v three_o thousand_o weyght_n of_o the_o great_a tale_n with_o ease_n for_o a_o long_a journey_n such_o as_o be_v keep_v also_o for_o burden_n will_v carry_v four_o hundred_o weight_n common_o without_o any_o hurt_n or_o hindrance_n this_o furthermore_o be_v to_o be_v note_v that_o our_o princess_n and_o the_o nobilitye_n have_v their_o carriage_n common_o make_v by_o cart_n whereby_o it_o come_v to_o pass_v that_o when_o the_o queen_n majesty_n do_v remove_v from_o any_o one_o place_n to_o another_o there_o be_v usual_o 400._o carewares_o appoint_v out_o of_o the_o country_n adjoin_v whereby_o her_o caryage_n be_v convey_v safe_o unto_o y_z e_o appoint_v place_n &_o hereby_o also_o the_o ancient_a use_n of_o summer_n and_o sumpter_n horse_n be_v in_o manner_n utter_o relinquish_v such_o as_o serve_v for_o the_o saddle_n be_v common_o geld_v gelding_n gelding_n and_o now_o grow_v to_o be_v very_o dear_a among_o we_o especial_o if_o they_o be_v well_o colour_v just_o lym_v and_o have_v thereto_o a_o easy_a amble_a pace_n for_o our_o countryman_n seek_v their_o ease_n in_o every_o corner_n where_o it_o be_v to_o be_v have_v delight_v very_o much_o in_o these_o quality_n but_o chief_o in_o their_o excellent_a pace_n which_o beside_o that_o it_o be_v in_o manner_n peculiar_a unto_o horse_n of_o our_o soil_n and_o not_o hurtful_a to_o the_o rider_n or_o owner_n sit_v on_o their_o back_n it_o be_v moreover_o very_o pleasant_a and_o delectable_a in_o his_o ear_n in_o that_o the_o noise_n of_o their_o well_o propotion_v pace_n do_v yield_v comfortable_a sound_n yet_o be_v there_o no_o great_a deceit_n use_v any_o where_o then_o among_o our_o horsekéeper_n horsecorser_n and_o hostelers_n for_o such_o be_v the_o subtle_a knavery_n of_o a_o great_a sort_n of_o they_o without_o exception_n of_o any_o be_v it_o speak_v which_o deal_n for_o pryvate_a gain_n that_o a_o honest_a meaning_n man_n shall_v have_v very_o good_a luck_n among_o they_o if_o he_o be_v not_o deceyve_v by_o some_o false_a trick_n or_o other_o our_o sheep_n be_v very_o excellent_a since_o for_o sweetness_n of_o flesh_n they_o pass_v all_o other_o sheep_n sheep_n &_o so_o much_o be_v our_o woolle_n to_o be_v prefer_v before_o those_o of_o other_o place_n that_o if_o jason_n have_v know_v y_o e_o value_n of_o they_o that_o be_v breed_v and_o to_o be_v have_v in_o england_n he_o will_v never_o have_v go_v to_o colchos_n to_o look_v for_o any_o there_o what_o fool_n then_o be_v our_o countryman_n in_o that_o they_o seek_v to_o bereve_v themselves_o of_o this_o commodity_n by_o practise_v daily_o how_o to_o transfer_v the_o same_o to_o other_o nation_n in_o carry_v over_o their_o ram_n and_o ewe_n to_o breed_v a_o increase_n among_o they_o but_o such_o be_v our_o nature_n and_o so_o blind_a be_v we_o in_o deed_n that_o we_o see_v no_o inconvenience_n before_o we_o feel_v it_o and_o for_o a_o present_a gain_n we_o regard_v not_o what_o damage_n may_v ensue_v to_o our_o posterity_n hereto_o some_o other_o man_n will_v add_v also_o the_o desire_n that_o we_o have_v to_o benefit_n other_o country_n and_o to_o impeche_n our_o own_o and_o it_o be_v so_o sure_a as_o god_n lyve_v that_o every_o trifle_n which_o come_v from_o beyond_o the_o sea_n though_o it_o be_v not_o worth_a three_o penny_n be_v more_o esteem_v than_o a_o continual_a commodity_n at_o home_n which_o far_o exceed_v that_o value_n it_o be_v furthermore_o to_o be_v note_v for_o the_o low_a country_n of_o belgy_n know_v it_o and_o dailye_o experience_n notwithstanding_o the_o sharpness_n of_o our_o law_n to_o the_o contrary_n do_v yet_o confirm_v it_o horn_n sheep_n without_o horn_n that_o although_o our_o ram_n &_o weather_n do_v go_v thither_o from_o we_o never_o so_o well_o head_a according_a to_o their_o kind_n yet_o after_o they_o have_v remain_v there_o a_o while_n they_o cast_v there_o their_o horn_n and_o from_o thencefoorth_o remain_v poll_v without_o any_o horn_n at_o all_o certes_o this_o kind_n of_o cattell_n
description_n of_o scotlande_n write_v at_o the_o first_o by_o hector_n boethus_n in_o latin_a and_o afterward_o translate_v into_o the_o scottish_a speech_n by_o john_n bellendon_n archdeacon_n of_o murrey_n and_o now_o final_o into_o english_a for_o the_o benefit_n of_o such_o as_o be_v studious_a in_o the_o history_n by_o w.h._n the_o content_n of_o the_o chapter_n contain_v in_o this_o book_n 1_z of_z the_o bound_n of_o albion_n with_o the_o sundry_a commodity_n thereof_o and_o of_o the_o great_a infirmity_n that_o fall_v unto_o the_o people_n there_o for_o their_o intemperancy_n and_o final_o of_o the_o religion_n use_v there_o in_o old_a tyme._n 2_o the_o description_n of_o the_o east_n west_n and_o middle_a border_n of_o scotlande_n with_o the_o most_o notable_a town_n and_o flood_n thereof_o 3_o the_o description_n of_o galloway_n kile_n carrack_n and_o cunningham_n with_o the_o notable_a town_n lake_n and_o river_n in_o the_o same_o 4_o the_o situation_n of_o renfrew_n cliddesdale_n lennox_n lowmund_n argile_n louchquaber_n lorne_n and_o kentire_n with_o all_o the_o notable_a thing_n contain_v in_o the_o same_o 5_o of_o ros_n stranaverne_n and_o murray_n land_n with_o such_o lake_n and_o river_n as_o be_v to_o be_v touch_v there_o 6_o of_o boene_n anze_n buquhane_n mar_n mernes_n fife_n and_o angus_n with_o the_o lake_n floudde_n abbey_n town_n and_o other_o notable_a commodity_n there_o to_o be_v see_v and_o find_v 7_o of_o louthian_n strivelin_n menteith_n calydon_n wood_n bowgewall_n gareoth_n with_o the_o notable_a city_n castle_n and_o flood_n thereof_o 8_o of_o the_o great_a plenty_n of_o hare_n heart_n and_o other_o wild_a beast_n in_o scotland_n also_o of_o the_o strange_a nature_n of_o sundry_a scottish_a dog_n and_o of_o the_o nature_n of_o salmon_n 9_o of_o the_o sundry_a kind_n of_o muskel_n and_o cockle_n in_o scotlande_n and_o pearl_n get_v in_o the_o same_o of_o uncouth_a and_o strange_a fish_n there_o to_o be_v see_v and_o of_o the_o 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dress_v with_o pitch_n rosin_n and_o ●…allow_a for_o the_o like_a purpose_n the_o whole_a camp_n have_v be_v in_o great_a danger_n but_o these_o torch_n or_o fire_n brand_n give_v not_o only_a light_n to_o see_v where_o to_o make_v resistance_n but_o also_o be_v cast_v in_o the_o face_n of_o the_o enemy_n stay_v their_o hardy_a forwardness_n whereby_o the_o roman_n have_v leisure_n to_o place_n themselves_o in_o array_n defend_v the_o entry_n of_o their_o camp_n till_o the_o day_n be_v spring_v and_o then_o give_v a_o full_a onset_n upon_o their_o enemy_n they_o put_v they_o quite_o to_o flight_n but_o vodicia_n not_o herewith_o discourage_v haste_v with_o all_o speed_n unto_o epiake_n and_o take_v that_o city_n she_o set_v fire_n on_o it_o vodicia_n epiake_n be_v take_v and_o bren_v by_o vodicia_n and_o slay_v such_o roman_n as_o she_o find_v there_o whereof_o petilius_n be_v certify_v send_v forth_o a_o legion_n against_o she_o to_o withstand_v her_o attempt_n those_o that_o have_v the_o charge_n of_o they_o that_o be_v thus_o send_v use_v such_o diligence_n that_o lay_v a_o ambush_n for_o her_o 〈…〉_o fit_v for_o that_o purpose_n they_o so_o enclose_v she_o 〈◊〉_d sla_v the_o most_o part_n of_o her_o company_n she_o 〈◊〉_d take_v prisoner_n herself_o and_o be_v bring_v 〈◊〉_d unto_o petilius_n upon_o her_o stout_a answear_v make_v unto_o he_o as_o he_o question_v with_o she_o about_o her_o bold_a enterpryse_n slay_v vodicia_n be_v slay_v she_o be_v present_o slay_v by_o the_o soldier_n anon_o after_o petilius_n be_v certify_v that_o the_o inhabitant_n of_o the_o isle_n of_o wight_n rebel_n the_o brytain_n rebel_n with_o other_o southern_a britain_n have_v raise_v a_o comulation_n against_o king_n marius_n so_o that_o without_o speedy_a succour_n they_o be_v like_a to_o drive_v he_o out_o of_o his_o kingdom_n appease_v the_o brytain_n be_v appease_v whereupon_o he_o haste_v thither_o with_o all_o ▪_o convenient_a speed_n and_o subdue_a the_o rebel_n 〈◊〉_d all_o thing_n there_o in_o good_a order_n and_o stay_v and_o ●…mayning_v there_o till_o the_o next_o year_n after_o he_o set_v sick_a of_o the_o flix_a and_o die_v die_v petilius_n the_o roman_a legate_n die_v immediate_o whereupon_o the_o emperor_n send_v one_o julius_n frontinus_n to_o succeed_v in_o his_o place_n this_o frontinus_n bring_v with_o he_o a_o two_o region_n of_o soldier_n and_o after_o he_o have_v take_v order_n britain_n julius_n frontinus_n se●…e_a 〈◊〉_d britain_n with_o king_n marius_n for_o the_o keep_n of_o the_o britain_n in_o due_a subjection_n of_o the_o empire_n he_o purpose_v to_o bring_v fuche_o unto_o obedience_n as_o inhabit_v within_o and_o beyond_o the_o wood_n of_o calydone_n man_n the_o silures_n mistake_v for_o scottish_a man_n and_o as_o yet_o not_o vanquish_v by_o any_o man_n therefore_o enter_v first_o into_o galloway_n man_n frontinus_n purpose_v to_o pursue_v the_o conquest_n of_o the_o sylure_n who_o the_o scot_n mistake_v for_o galloway_n man_n and_o visit_v such_o garrison_n of_o the_o roman_n as_o petilius_n have_v leave_v there_o for_o the_o keep_v of_o that_o quarter_n he_o commend_v their_o loyalty_n and_o diligence_n in_o that_o they_o have_v look_v so_o well_o to_o their_o charge_n that_o the_o enemy_n have_v gain_v no_o advantage_n at_o their_o ●…landes_n while_o the_o army_n be_v occupy_v in_o the_o fo●…th_a part_n about_o other_o affair_n there_o he_o also_o send_v a_o herald_n unto_o the_o king_n of_o the_o picte_n with_o letter_n picte_n frontinus_n require_v to_o join_v 〈…〉_o with_o the_o picte_n require_v he_o to_o re●●e_v by_o confyrmation_n the_o former_a league_n betwixt_o his_o people_n and_o the_o roman_n and_o not_o by_o any_o mean_n to_o aid_v the_o scot_n as_o before_o time_n they_o have_v do_v to_o their_o great_a loss_n and_o hindrance_n roman_n the_o pictishe_a king_n refuse_v to_o be_v in_o league_n with_o the_o roman_n hereunto_o the_o king_n of_o picte_n much_o suspect_a the_o matter_n make_v a_o direct_a answer_n that_o he_o see_v no_o cause_n why_o he_o shall_v in_o favour_n of_o the_o roman_n suffer_v his_o confederate_n the_o scot_n to_o be_v subdue_v and_o bring_v to_o destruction_n without_o all_o reason_n or_o equity_n and_o therefore_o he_o be_v determine_v by_o the_o advice_n of_o his_o peer_n and_o counselor_n to_o aid_v the_o scot_n against_o such_o as_o seek_v nothing_o but_o the_o mean_n how_o to_o bring_v the_o whole_a isle_n of_o albion_n into_o thraldom_n and_o servile_a bondage_n frontinus_n little_o regard_v this_o untoward_o answer_n set_v forewarde_v to_o subdue_v such_o scot_n as_o be_v yet_o disobedient_a and_o so_o enter_v into_o the_o border_n of_o kile_n roman_v gall_a resist_v the_o roman_v carrike_v and_o coningham_n have_v diverse_a skirmish_n with_o such_o as_o king_n gall_a have_v assemble_v to_o defend_v his_o country_n but_o for_o so_o much_o as_o he_o be_v disease_v with_o sickness_n argile_n by_o reason_n of_o sickness_n he_o withdraw_v into_o argile_n he_o be_v at_o length_n constrain_v to_o withdraw_v himself_o into_o argile_n leave_v his_o power_n behind_o he_o to_o resist_v the_o enemy_n attempt_n but_o short_o after_o his_o departure_n from_o among_o they_o they_o be_v fight_v withal_o by_o the_o roman_n and_o discomfit_v discomfit_v the_o scot_n be_v discomfit_v three_o thousand_o of_o they_o be_v slay_v in_o the_o field_n by_o reason_n of_o which_o overthrow_n those_o country_n submit_v themselves_o to_o the_o roman_n roman_v they_o submit_v themselves_o to_o the_o roman_v perceive_v no_o hope_n otherwise_o how_o to_o escape_v that_o present_a danger_n these_o scot_n of_o carrike_v kile_n and_o coningham_n be_v thus_o bring_v into_o subjection_n the_o army_n be_v licence_v to_o withdraw_v to_o their_o lodging_n for_o the_o winter_n season_n during_o the_o which_o rome_n frontinus_n be_v vex_v with_o sickness_n return_v to_o rome_n frontinus_n fall_v sick_a of_o superfluous_a abundance_n of_o ●…lea●●n●…_n which_o vex_v he_o in_o such_o sort_n that_o the_o emperor_n domitian_n who_o as_o then_o govern_v the_o roman_a empire_n send_v for_o he_o home_o unto_o rome_n and_o appoint_v a_o right_n valiant_a personage_n britain_n julius_n agricola_n be_v send_v into_o britain_n one_o julius_n agricola_n to_o succeed_v as_o lieutenant_n of_o britain_n in_o his_o room_n about_o the_o time_n of_o who_o arrival_n there_o roman_n the_o scot_n of_o annandale_n beat_v down_o the_o roman_n the_o scot_n of_o annandall_n slay_v a_o great_a number_n of_o the_o roman_n with_o which_o success_n they_o procure_v also_o the_o picte_n with_o the_o inhabitant_n of_o galloway_n kyle_n carrike_v and_o coningham_n to_o rebel_v these_o news_n be_v report_v unto_o agricola_n scot_n agricola_n prepare_v to_o go_v against_o the_o scot_n he_o make_v his_o provision_n with_o all_o speed_n to_o go_v against_o they_o and_o first_o enter_v into_o the_o
his_o power_n as_o then_o do_v sojourn_v where_o when_o both_o the_o camp_n be_v pitch_v and_o one_o lie_v not_o far_o from_o the_o other_o at_o the_o first_o certain_a light_n skirmish_n be_v procure_v by_o both_o part_n betwixt_o the_o light_a horseman_n wherewith_o at_o length_n be_v the_o more_o provoke_v to_o displeasure_n they_o come_v into_o the_o field_n with_o their_o whole_a main_a battle_n right_o fierce_o encounter_v each_o other_o battle_n the_o albion_n and_o saxon_n encounter_n in_o battle_n so_o that_o as_o it_o appear_v their_o force_n be_v not_o