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A26892 A Christian directory, or, A summ of practical theologie and cases of conscience directing Christians how to use their knowledge and faith, how to improve all helps and means, and to perform all duties, how to overcome temptations, and to escape or mortifie every sin : in four parts ... / by Richard Baxter. Baxter, Richard, 1615-1691. 1673 (1673) Wing B1219; ESTC R21847 2,513,132 1,258

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7._o &_o 26._o 13._o mat._n 23._o 14._o mar._n 1●_n 40._o exod._n 6._o 30._o deu●_n 7._o 12._o &_o 11._o 13._o &_o 13._o 18._o &_o 15._o 5._o &_o 26._o 17._o &_o 28._o 1._o psal._n 81._o 8_o 9_o 10_o 11_o 12._o of_o promote_a unity_n and_o obedience_n and_o the_o catholic_n church_n while_o the_o cloak_n or_o cover_n of_o it_o be_v but_o the_o thin_a transparent_a spider-web_n of_o humane_a tradition_n and_o numerous_a ceremony_n and_o childish_a complement_n with_o go●_n and_o when_o they_o have_v nothing_o but_o the_o prayer_n of_o a_o long_a liturgy_n to_o cover_v the_o effect_n of_o their_o earthly_a sensual_a and_o diabolical_a zeal_n and_o wisdom_n as_o st._n james_n call_v it_o 3._o 15_o 16._o and_o to_o concoct_v the_o widow_n house_n which_o they_o devour_v and_o to_o put_v a_o reverence_n upon_o the_o office_n and_o work_n which_o they_o labour_v all_o the_o week_n to_o render_v reproachful_a by_o a_o sensual_a luxurious_a idle_a life_n and_o by_o perfidious_a make_v 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●●●amu●_n sic_fw-la cogitandum_fw-la tanquam_fw-la aliquis_fw-la pectus_fw-la intimum_fw-la prospicere_fw-la po●●i●_n senec._n rem_fw-la d●●am_fw-la ex_fw-la qua_fw-la m●●●●s_v a_o stime_n n●stra●_n vix_fw-la quempiam_fw-la inven●es_fw-la qui_fw-la possit_fw-la aperto_fw-la osti●●iu●re_fw-la j●●itores_fw-la conscientia_fw-la nostra_fw-la suposuit_fw-la sic_fw-la vivimus_fw-la ut_fw-la deprehendi_fw-la sit_fw-la sabi●●_n aspici_fw-la senec._n ep._n 96._o great_a work_n of_o a_o christian_a be_v about_o his_o heart_n there_o it_o be_v that_o god_n dwell_v by_o his_o spirit_n in_o his_o saint_n and_o there_o it_o be_v that_o sin_n and_o satan_n reign_v in_o the_o ungodly_a the_o great_a duty_n and_o the_o great_a sin_n be_v those_o of_o the_o heart_n there_o be_v the_o root_n of_o good_a and_o evil_a the_o tongue_n and_o life_n be_v but_o the_o fruit_n and_o expression_n of_o that_o which_o dwell_v within_o the_o inward_a habit_n of_o sin_n be_v as_o a_o second_o nature_n and_o a_o sinful_a nature_n be_v worse_a than_o a_o sinful_a
as_o we_o be_v appoint_v answ._n 1._o have_v i_o be_v a_o prescriber_n to_o other_o myself_o i_o shall_v not_o have_v require_v the_o church_n to_o stand_v up_o at_o the_o read_n of_o one_o part_n of_o a_o chapter_n by_o the_o name_n of_o the_o gospel_n and_o not_o at_o the_o same_o word_n when_o the_o whole_a chapter_n be_v read_v 2._o but_o if_o i_o live_v where_o ruler_n peremptory_o command_v it_o i_o suppose_v not_o forbid_v we_o to_o stand_v up_o at_o the_o gospel_n read_v in_o chapter_n but_o select_v this_o as_o a_o instance_n of_o their_o signify_v consent_n to_o the_o gospel_n who_o will_v do_v no_o more_o i_o will_v obey_v they_o rather_o than_o give_v offence_n by_o stand_v up_o at_o the_o read_n of_o the_o chapter_n and_o all_o which_o i_o suppose_v will_v be_v no_o violation_n of_o their_o law_n quest._n 88_o be_v it_o lawful_a to_o kneel_v when_o the_o decalogue_n be_v read_v answ._n 1._o if_o i_o live_v in_o a_o church_n that_o mistake_v the_o commandment_n for_o prayer_n as_o many_o ignorant_a people_n do_v i_o will_v not_o so_o harden_v they_o in_o that_o error_n 2._o and_o if_o i_o know_v that_o many_o of_o the_o people_n present_a be_v of_o that_o mind_n i_o have_v rather_o do_v nothing_o that_o may_v scandalize_v or_o harden_v they_o in_o it_o but_o 1._o that_o the_o thing_n in_o itself_o be_v lawful_a be_v past_a doubt_n as_o we_o may_v kneel_v to_o the_o king_n when_o we_o hear_v he_o or_o speak_v to_o he_o so_o it_o be_v lawful_a to_o kneel_v to_o god_n when_o we_o read_v a_o chapter_n or_o hear_v it_o read_v and_o special_o the_o decalogue_n so_o terrible_o deliver_v and_o write_v by_o his_o own_o finger_n i●●stone_n 2._o and_o if_o it_o be_v peremptory_o command_v and_o the_o omission_n will_v be_v offensive_a i_o will_v use_v it_o though_o mistake_v person_n be_v present_a 1._o because_o i_o can_v disobey_v and_o also_o differ_v from_o the_o whole_a assembly_n without_o a_o great_a hurt_n and_o scandal_n than_o seem_v to_o harden_v that_o mistake_a person_n 2._o and_o because_o i_o can_v and_o will_v by_o other_o mean_n remove_v that_o person_n danger_n as_o from_o i_o by_o make_v he_o know_v that_o it_o be_v no_o prayer_n 3._o and_o the_o rather_o in_o our_o time_n because_o we_o can_v get_v the_o minister_n in_o the_o pulpit_n public_o to_o tell_v the_o people_n the_o contrary_a 4._o and_o in_o catechise_v it_o be_v his_o appoint_a duty_n so_o to_o do_v 5._o and_o we_o find_v that_o the_o same_o old_a silly_a people_n who_o take_v the_o commandment_n for_o a_o prayer_n take_v the_o creed_n to_o be_v so_o too_o when_o yet_o none_o kneel_v at_o the_o creed_n by_o which_o it_o appear_v that_o it_o be_v not_o kneel_v which_o deceive_v they_o quest._n 89._o what_o gesture_n be_v fit_a in_o all_o the_o public_a worship_n answ._n 1._o the_o ●_z of_o several_a country_n put_v several_a signification_n on_o gesture_n much_o vari_v the_o case_n 2._o we_o must_v not_o light_o differ_v from_o the_o custom_n of_o the_o church_n where_o we_o live_v in_o such_o a_o thing_n 3._o according_a to_o the_o present_a state_n of_o our_o church_n and_o the_o signification_n of_o gesture_n and_o the_o necessity_n of_o man_n body_n all_o consider_v i_o like_v best_a 1._o to_o kneel_v in_o prayer_n and_o confession_n of_o sin_n unless_o it_o be_v in_o crowd_a congregation_n where_o there_o be_v not_o room_n 2._o to_o stand_v up_o in_o action_n of_o mere_a praise_n to_o god_n that_o be_v at_o the_o sing_n and_o read_v of_o the_o psalm_n of_o praise_n and_o at_o the_o other_o hymn_n 3._o to_o sit_v at_o the_o hear_n of_o the_o word_n read_v and_o preach_v because_o the_o body_n have_v a_o necessity_n of_o some_o rest_n 4._o have_v i_o my_o choice_n i_o will_v receive_v the_o lord_n supper_n sit_v but_o where_o i_o have_v not_o i_o will_v use_v the_o gesture_n which_o the_o church_n use_v and_o it_o be_v to_o be_v note_v that_o the_o church_n of_o england_n require_v the_o communicant_a only_o to_o r●●●●ive_v it_o kneel_v but_o not_o to_o eat_v or_o drink_v it_o kneel_v when_o they_o have_v receive_v it_o the_o ancient_a church_n take_v it_o for_o for_o a_o universal_a custom_n establish_v by_o many_o general_a council_n and_o continue_v many_o hundred_o year_n that_o no_o church_n shall_v kneel_v in_o any_o act_n of_o adoration_n upon_o any_o lord_n day_n in_o the_o year_n or_o any_o week_n day_n between_o easter_n and_o whitson●ide_n but_o only_o stand_v all_o the_o time_n but_o because_o the_o wea●iness_n of_o the_o body_n be_v apt_a to_o draw_v the_o mind_n into_o consent_n and_o make_v god_n service_n burdensome_a to_o we_o it_o seem_v a_o sufficient_a compliance_n with_o their_o custom_n and_o the_o 18._o 1_o chr._n 17._o 16._o 2_o sam._n 7._o 18._o reason_n of_o it_o if_o we_o stand_v up_o only_o in_o act_n of_o praise_n and_o at_o the_o profession_n of_o our_o assent_n to_o the_o christian_a faith_n and_o covenant_n 5._o and_o because_o there_o be_v so_o great_a a_o difference_n between_o the_o auditor_n in_o most_o assembly_n some_o be_v weak_a and_o not_o able_a to_o stand_v long_o etc._n etc._n therefore_o it_o be_v utter_o unmeet_a to_o be_v too_o rigorous_a in_o urge_v a_o uniformity_n of_o gesture_n or_o for_o any_o to_o be_v too_o censorious_a of_o other_o man_n for_o a_o gesture_n quest._n 90._o what_o if_o the_o pastor_n and_o church_n can_v agree_v about_o sing_v psalm_n or_o what_o version_n or_o translation_n to_o use_v or_o time_n or_o place_n of_o meeting_n &_o c_o answ._n 1._o it_o be_v the_o office_n of_o the_o pastor_n to_o be_v the_o guide_n and_o ruler_n in_o such_o thing_n when_o the_o magistrate_n interpose_v not_o and_o the_o people_n shall_v obey_v he_o 2._o but_o if_o the_o pastor_n injure_v the_o church_n by_o his_o misguidance_n and_o maladministration_n he_o ought_v to_o amend_v and_o give_v they_o satisfaction_n part_n i_o meddle_v not_o here_o with_o the_o magistrate_n part_n and_o if_o he_o do_v not_o they_o have_v their_o remedy_n beforementioned_a 3._o and_o if_o the_o people_n be_v obstinate_a in_o disobedience_n upon_o causeless_a quarrel_n the_o pastor_n must_v first_o labour_n to_o convince_v they_o by_o reason_n and_o love_n and_o his_o authority_n and_o if_o no_o mean_n will_v bring_v they_o to_o submission_n he_o must_v consider_v whether_o it_o be_v better_o as_o to_o the_o pblick_a good_a of_o the_o church_n of_o christ_n that_o he_o comply_v with_o they_o and_o suffer_v they_o or_o that_o he_o depart_v and_o go_v to_o a_o more_o tractable_a people_n and_o according_o he_o be_v to_o do_v for_o they_o can_v continue_v together_o in_o communion_n if_o one_o yield_v not_o to_o the_o other_o usual_o or_o ofttimes_o it_o will_v be_v better_a to_o leave_v such_o a_o obdurate_a self-willed_a people_n lest_o they_o be_v harden_v by_o yield_v to_o they_o in_o their_o sin_n and_o other_o encourage_v in_o the_o like_a by_o their_o example_n and_o their_o own_o experience_n may_v at_o last_o convince_v they_o and_o make_v they_o yield_v to_o better_a thing_n as_o geneva_n do_v when_o they_o revoke_v calvin_n but_o sometime_o the_o public_a good_a require_v that_o the_o pastor_n give_v place_n to_o the_o people_n folly_n and_o stay_v among_o they_o and_o rather_o yield_v to_o that_o which_o be_v not_o best_o so_o it_o be_v otherwise_o lawful_a as_o a_o worse_a translation_n a_o worse_a version_n liturgy_n order_n time_n place_n etc._n etc._n than_o quite_o forsake_v they_o and_o he_o that_o be_v in_o the_o right_n may_v in_o that_o case_n yield_v to_o he_o that_o be_v in_o the_o wrong_n in_o point_n of_o practice_n quest._n 91._o what_o if_o the_o pastor_n excommunicate_v a_o man_n and_o the_o people_n will_v not_o forbear_v his_o communion_n as_o think_v he_o unjust_o excommunicate_v answ._n 1._o either_o the_o pastor_n or_o the_o people_n be_v in_o the_o error_n 2._o either_o the_o person_n be_v a_o dangerous_a heretic_n or_o gross_o wicked_a or_o not_o 3._o either_o the_o people_n do_v own_o the_o error_n or_o sin_n for_o which_o he_o be_v excommunicate_v or_o only_o judge_v the_o person_n not_o guilty_a 4._o the_o pastor_n and_o the_o people_n part_n in_o the_o execution_n must_v be_v distinguish_v and_o so_o i_o conclude_v 1._o that_o if_o the_o pastor_n err_v and_o wrong_v the_o people_n he_o must_v repent_v and_o give_v they_o satisfaction_n but_o if_o it_o be_v their_o error_n and_o obstinacy_n than_o 2._o if_o the_o pastor_n foreknow_v that_o the_o people_n will_v dissent_v in_o some_o small_a dispensible_a case_n he_o may_v forbear_v to_o excommunicate_v one_o that_o deserve_v it_o or_o if_o he_o know_v it_o after_o that_o they_o will_v not_o forbear_v communion_n with_o the_o person_n he_o may_v go_v on_o
12._o 12._o col._n 4._o 15._o people_n that_o make_v the_o church_n 2._o that_o god_n may_v be_v acceptable_o worship_v in_o all_o place_n when_o it_o be_v our_o duty_n 3._o that_o the_o ancient_a church_n and_o christian_n in_o time_n of_o persecution_n ordinary_o meet_v in_o secret_a against_o the_o ruler_n will_n and_o their_o meeting_n be_v call_v conventicle_n and_o slander_v which_o occasion_v pliny_n examination_n and_o the_o right_n he_o do_v they_o 4._o that_o no_o minister_n must_v forsake_v and_o give_v over_o his_o work_n while_o there_o be_v need_n and_o he_o can_v do_v it_o 25._o mat._n 18._o 20._o 1_o cor._n 9_o 10._o 1_o thes._n 2._o 15_o 16._o act._n 4._o 19_o see_v dr._n hammo●d_n in_o ioc_n 1_o tim._n 2._o 8._o act._n 8._o 4._o 1_o joh._n 3._o 17._o 2_o tim._n 4._o 1_o 2_o 3._o h●b_n 10._o 25._o 5._o that_o where_o there_o be_v many_o thousand_o of_o ignorant_a and_o ungodly_a person_n and_o the_o public_a minister_n either_o through_o their_o paucity_n proportion_v to_o the_o people_n or_o their_o disability_n or_o unwillingness_n or_o negligence_n or_o all_o be_v insufficient_a for_o all_o that_o public_a and_o private_a ministerial_a work_n which_o god_n have_v appoint_v for_o the_o instruction_n persuasion_n and_o salvation_n of_o such_o necessitous_a soul_n there_o be_v need_n of_o more_o ministerial_a help_n 6._o that_o in_o case_n of_o real_a not_o counterfeit_a necessity_n they_o that_o be_v hinder_v from_o exercise_v their_o ministerial_a office_n public_o shall_v do_v it_o private_o if_o they_o have_v true_a ordination_n and_o the_o call_v of_o the_o people_n necessity_n desire_n and_o of_o opportunity_n so_o be_v it_o they_o do_v it_o in_o that_o peaceable_a orderly_a and_o quiet_a manner_n as_o may_v true_o promote_v the_o interest_n of_o religion_n and_o detract_v not_o from_o the_o lawful_a public_a ministry_n and_o work_n 7._o that_o they_o that_o be_v forbid_v to_o worship_n god_n public_o unless_o they_o will_v commit_v some_o certain_a 110._o see_v much_o of_o this_o case_n handle_v before_o q._n 109._o and_o q._n 110._o sin_n be_v so_o prohibit_v as_o that_o they_o ought_v not_o to_o do_v it_o on_o such_o term_n 8._o that_o the_o private_a meeting_n which_o be_v hold_v on_o these_o forementioned_a term_n in_o such_o case_n of_o necessity_n be_v not_o to_o be_v forsake_v though_o prohibit_v though_o still_o the_o honour_n of_o the_o magistrate_n be_v to_o be_v preserve_v and_o obedience_n give_v he_o in_o all_o lawful_a thing_n and_o such_o meeting_n be_v not_o sinful_a nor_o dishonourable_a to_o the_o assembler_n for_o as_o tertullian_n and_o dr._n heylin_n after_o he_o say_v cum_fw-la pii_fw-la cum_fw-la boni_fw-la cocunt_fw-la non_fw-la factio_fw-la dicenda_fw-la est_fw-la s●d_fw-la curia_fw-la when_o pious_a and_o good_a people_n meet_v especial_o as_o aforesaid_a it_o be_v not_o to_o be_v call_v a_o faction_n but_o a_o court._n thus_o far_o i_o think_v we_o all_o agree_v and_o that_o the_o church_n of_o england_n be_v real_o of_o this_o mind_n be_v certain_a 1._o in_o that_o they_o do_v congregate_v in_o private_a themselves_o in_o the_o time_n of_o cromwell_n usurpation_n towards_o the_o end_n when_o he_o begin_v to_o restrain_v the_o use_n of_o the_o common_a prayer_n 2._o in_o that_o they_o write_v for_o it_o see_v dr._n hide_v of_o the_o church_n in_o the_o beginning_n 3._o because_o both_o in_o the_o reign_n of_o former_a prince_n since_o the_o reformation_n and_o to_o this_o day_n many_o laborious_a conform_v minister_n have_v still_o use_v to_o repeat_v their_o sermon_n in_o their_o house_n where_o many_o of_o the_o people_n come_v to_o hear_v they_o 4._o because_o the_o liturgy_n allow_v private_a baptism_n and_o restrain_v not_o any_o number_n from_o be_v present_a nor_o the_o minister_n from_o instruct_v they_o in_o the_o use_n of_o baptism_n which_o be_v the_o sum_n of_o christianity_n 5._o because_o the_o liturgy_n command_v the_o visitation_n of_o the_o sick_a and_o allow_v the_o minister_n there_o to_o pray_v and_o instruct_v the_o person_n according_a to_o his_o own_o ability_n about_o repentance_n faith_n in_o christ_n and_o preparation_n for_o death_n and_o the_o life_n to_o come_v and_o forbid_v not_o the_o friend_n and_o neighbour_n of_o the_o sick_a to_o be_v present_a 6._o because_o the_o liturgy_n and_o canon_n allow_v private_a communion_n with_o the_o sick_a lame_a or_o age_a that_o can_v come_v to_o the_o assembly_n where_o the_o nature_n of_o that_o holy_a work_n be_v to_o be_v open_v and_o the_o eucharistical_a work_n to_o be_v perform_v and_o some_o must_v be_v present_a and_o the_o number_n not_o limit_v 7._o and_o as_o these_o be_v express_a testimony_n that_o all_o private_a meeting_n be_v not_o disallow_v by_o the_o church_n of_o england_n so_o there_o be_v other_o instance_n of_o such_o natural_a necessity_n as_o they_o be_v not_o to_o be_v suppose_v to_o be_v against_o as_o 1._o for_o a_o captain_n to_o pray_o and_o read_v scripture_n or_o good_a book_n and_o sing_v psalm_n with_o his_o soldier_n and_o with_o mariner_n at_o sea_n when_o they_o have_v no_o minister_n 2._o there_o be_v many_o thousand_o and_o hundred_o thousand_o in_o england_n that_o some_o live_v so_o far_o from_o church_n and_o some_o be_v so_o weak_a that_o they_o can_v seldom_o go_v and_o some_o church_n have_v not_o room_n for_o a_o quarter_n of_o the_o parish_n and_o none_o of_o the_o thousand_o now_o mean_v can_v read_v and_o so_o neither_o can_v help_v themselves_o nor_o have_v a_o minister_n that_o will_v do_v it_o and_o thousand_o that_o when_o they_o have_v hear_v a_o sermon_n can_v remember_v it_o but_o lose_v it_o present_o if_o these_o that_o can_v read_v or_o remember_v nor_o teach_v their_o own_o family_n nor_o go_v to_o church_n do_v take_v their_o family_n many_o of_o they_o to_o some_o one_o neighbour_n house_n where_o the_o sermon_n be_v repeat_v or_o the_o bible_n or_o liturgy_n read_v methinks_v the_o church_n shall_v not_o be_v against_o it_o but_o it_o must_v be_v still_o remember_v that_o 1._o ruler_n that_o be_v infidel_n papist_n heretic_n or_o persecutor_n that_o restrain_v church-meeting_n to_o the_o injury_n of_o man_n soul_n must_v be_v distinguish_v from_o pious_a prince_n that_o only_o restrain_v heretic_n and_o real_a schismatic_n for_o the_o church_n good_a 2._o and_o that_o time_n of_o heresy_n and_o schism_n may_v make_v private_a meeting_n more_o dangerous_a than_o quiet_a time_n and_o so_o even_o the_o scottish_a church_n forbid_v private_a meeting_n in_o the_o separatist_n day_n of_o late_a and_o when_o they_o do_v more_o hurt_n than_o good_a and_o be_v just_o forbid_v no_o doubt_n in_o that_o case_n it_o be_v a_o duty_n to_o obey_v and_o to_o forbear_v they_o as_o be_v aforesaid_a quest._n 173._o what_o particular_a direction_n for_o order_n of_o study_n and_o book_n shall_v be_v observe_v by_o young_a student_n §_o 1._o because_o disorder_n be_v so_o great_a a_o disadvantage_n to_o young_a student_n and_o because_o many_o have_v importune_v i_o to_o name_v they_o some_o few_o of_o the_o best_a book_n because_o they_o have_v no_o time_n to_o read_v nor_o money_n to_o buy_v many_o i_o shall_v here_o answer_v these_o two_o demand_n §_o 2._o i._o the_o order_n of_o their_o study_n be_v such_o as_o respect_v their_o whole_a life_n or_o such_o as_o respect_v every_o day_n it_o be_v the_o first_o which_o i_o now_o intend_v §_o 3._o direct_v 1._o the_o knowledge_n of_o so_o much_o of_o theology_n as_o be_v necessary_a to_o your_o own_o duty_n and_o salvation_n be_v the_o first_o thing_n which_o you_o be_v to_o learn_v when_o you_o have_v learn_v to_o speak_v child_n have_v soul_n to_o save_v and_o their_o reason_n be_v give_v they_o to_o use_v for_o their_o creator_n service_n and_o their_o salvation_n 1._o they_o can_v never_o begin_v to_o learn_v that_o too_o soon_o which_o they_o be_v make_v and_o redeem_a to_o learn_v and_o which_o their_o whole_a life_n must_v be_v employ_v in_o practise_v and_o that_o which_o absolute_a necessity_n require_v and_o without_o which_o there_o be_v no_o salvation_n 3._o and_o that_o which_o must_v tell_v a_o man_n the_o only_a ultimate_a end_n which_o he_o must_v intend_v in_o all_o the_o moral_a action_n of_o his_o life_n for_o the_o right_a intention_n of_o our_o end_n be_v antecedent_n to_o all_o right_a use_n of_o mean_n and_o till_o this_o be_v do_v a_o man_n have_v not_o well_o begin_v to_o live_v nor_o to_o use_v his_o reason_n nor_o have_v he_o any_o other_o work_n for_o his_o reason_n till_o this_o be_v first_o do_v he_o live_v but_o in_o a_o continual_a sin_n that_o do_v not_o make_v god_n and_o the_o public_a good_a and_o his_o salvation_n his_o end_n therefore_o they_o that_o will_v not_o have_v child_n begin_v with_o divinity_n will_v have_v they_o