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england_n king_n lord_n treasurer_n 6,502 5 10.8931 5 true
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A80231 Severall grounds, reasons, arguments, and propositions, offered to the Kings most excellent Majesty, for the improvement of his revenue in the first-fruits, and tenths annexed to the petition of James, Earl of North-hampton, Leicester, viscount Hereford, Sir William Farmer, Baronet, George Carew, Esq; and the rest of the petitioners for a patent of the first-fruits and tenths, for the term of one and thirty years, at the yearly rent of threescore thousand pounds. Carew, George, Esq. 1660 (1660) Wing C552; ESTC R230934 5,352 1

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which_o signify_v a_o badge_n of_o subordination_n of_o the_o clergy_n to_o the_o supreme_a civil_a magistrate_n and_o where_o they_o have_v cast_v off_o this_o tribute_n the_o civil_a magistrate_n have_v be_v subordinate_a to_o the_o authority_n of_o the_o church_n that_o the_o first-fruit_n and_o ten_o be_v of_o a_o popish_a institution_n answ._n it_o may_v be_v satisfactory_a ●●ough_o that_o this_o tribute_n of_o first-fruit_n and_o ten_o have_v be_v pay_v to_o all_o king_n and_o queen_n of_o england_n since_o the_o reformation_n in_o henry_n the_o eighth_n time_n without_o any_o repeal_n of_o any_o of_o the_o say_a statute_n but_o in_o the_o time_n of_o ●opery_n viz._n in_o the_o 2._o and_o 3._o of_o philip_n and_o marie_n the_o act_n for_o pay_v of_o first-fruit_n and_o ten_o be_v repeal_v but_o confirm_v again_o in_o the_o very_a first_o year_n of_o queen_n elizabeth_n reformation_n of_o religion_n elizabeth_n from_o popery_n by_o the_o statute_n of_o the_o 1._o eliz._n chap._n 4._o with_o a_o recital_n and_o ratification_n of_o all_o former_a statute●_z that_o confirm_v the_o same_o to_o the_o crown_n and_o have_v continue_v in_o force_n ever_o since_o so_o that_o if_o the_o tithe_n be_v jure_fw-la divino_fw-la payable_a to_o the_o clergy_n for_o their_o administration_n of_o the_o word_n and_o sacrament_n to_o the_o people_n the_o first-fruit_n and_o ten_o jure_fw-la politico_fw-la be_v payable_a to_o the_o king_n their_o sovereign_a lord_n for_o his_o administration_n of_o justice_n and_o maintain_v the_o right_n privilege_n and_o liberty_n both_o of_o church_n and_o state_n that_o the_o clergy_n of_o all_o order_n and_o degree_n have_v late_o suffer_v and_o therefore_o ought_v not_o to_o be_v raise_v in_o their_o first_o fruit_n and_o ten_o answ._n that_o the_o king_n have_v suffer_v more_o and_o his_o revenue_n much_o diminish_v by_o the_o late_a detestable_a and_o irreligious_a war_n which_o have_v be_v foment_v and_o encourage_v by_o many_o thousand_o 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king_n 1._o that_o the_o say_a petitioner_n will_v discharge_v the_o say_a debt_n of_o fifty_o thousand_o pound_n due_a from_o the_o crown_n as_o mention_v in_o their_o petition_n and_o give_v good_a security_n for_o the_o payment_n of_o sixty_o thousand_o pound_n yearly_o rend_v unto_o his_o majesty_n deduct_v his_o heir_n or_o successor_n king_n of_o england_n during_o the_o say_a term_n of_o one_o and_o thirty_o year_n without_o any_o defalcation_n other_o charge_n or_o reprisal_n whatsoever_o 2._o that_o the_o petitioner_n will_v not_o take_v any_o first-fruit_n or_o ten_o of_o such_o benefice_n or_o live_n which_o be_v appropriate_v to_o the_o cure_n of_o soul_n that_o upon_o due_a examination_n and_o inquiry_n shall_v not_o be_v indifferent_o find_v and_o return_v at_o the_o full_a yearly_a value_n of_o thirty_o pound_n upon_o the_o survey_n 3._o that_o no_o hospital_n college_n or_o school_n shall_v pay_v any_o first-fruit_n or_o tent_n 4._o that_o the_o bishop_n shall_v not_o 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confirm_v to_o the_o petitioner_n to_o tax_n levy_v and_o receive_v the_o say_a first-fr●its_n and_o ten_o in_o as_o large_a and_o ample_a a_o manner_n as_o by_o the_o say_a law_n and_o statute_n the_o same_o be_v grant_v to_o the_o king_n and_o queen_n of_o england_n as_o aforesaid_a three_o proposal_n offer_v to_o the_o clergy_n 1._o that_o upon_o the_o nomination_n appointment_n election_n or_o presentation_n of_o a●●_z spiritual_a person_n into_o the_o say_a dignity_n benefice_n or_o promotion_n and_o before_o they_o enter_v into_o the_o actual_a possession_n thereof_o they_o shall_v be_v bind_v in_o a_o recognizance_n in_o the_o nature_n of_o a_o statute_n staple_n with_o two_o sufficient_a surety_n to_o pay_v the_o first_o fruit_n according_a to_o the_o full_a value_n as_o shall_v be_v return_v upon_o a_o survey_n payable_a within_o four_o year_n after_o such_o nomination_n election_n presentation_n or_o entrance_n at_o eight_o several_a payment_n by_o equal_a portion_n ●very_n 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the_o place_n may_v have_v power_n upon_o complaint_n of_o any_o minister_n or_o other_o person_n to_o who_o the_o tithe_n do_v or_o shall_v belong_v to_o issue_v their_o warrant_n you_o distrain_v the_o good_n and_o chattel_n of_o any_o person_n or_o person_n refuss_v to_o pay_v their_o tithe_n to_o who_o they_o shall_v become_v due_a and_o payable_a as_o aforesaid_a that_o love_n and_o unity_n may_v be_v preserve_v between_o the_o minister_n and_o their_o congregation_n 3._o that_o it_o shall_v be_v propose_v to_o his_o majesty_n that_o forthwith_o conmission_n m●y_v be_v issue_v out_o in_o his_o majesty_n name_n throughout_o england_n and_o wales_n to_o examine_v and_o find_v out_o the_o full_a value_v of_o all_o dignity_n benefice_n parsonage_n affair_n and_o other_o spiritual_a promotion_n aforesaid_a to_o return_v the_o survey_v ther●of_o with_o the_o name_n of_o the_o patron_n and_o present_a incumbent_n and_o in_o the_o mean_a time_n to_o suspend_v all_o proceed_n in_o the_o first-fruit_n office_n and_o that_o his_o majesty_n will_v be_v please_v to_o appoint_v thomas_n coleman_n to_o be_v secretary_n for_o pres●ntations_n of_o all_o such_o living_n as_o shall_v be_v in_o his_o majesty_n dispose_n who_o be_v a_o fit_a person_n for_o that_o employment_n and_o will_v whole_o intend_v his_o majesty_n service_n therein_o to_o the_o end_n that_o his_o majesty_n may_v be_v full_o inform_v of_o the_o true_a value_n of_o those_o living_n that_o well_o qualify_a person_n may_v be_v prefer_v answerable_a to_o such_o promotion_n and_o whereas_o for_o the_o ease_n of_o his_o majesty_n several_a living_n and_o promotion_n be_v heretofore_o in_o the_o lord_n chancellor_n or_o lord_n keeper_n dispose_v to_o be_v so_o continue_v notwithstanding_o any_o new_a return_n of_o a_o great_a value_n further_o argument_n will_v be_v give_v by_o the_o petitioner_n in_o convenient_a time_n conduce_v both_o to_o the_o advantage_n of_o the_o king_n and_o the_o benefit_n of_o the_o clergy_n as_o occasion_n require_v all_o which_o be_v humble_o submit_v to_o the_o consideration_n of_o his_o majesty_n the_o lord_n chancellor_n lord_n high_a treasurer_n and_o lord_n chief_a baron_n etc._n etc._n g._n c_o october_n the_o 5_o 1660._o note_n the_o current_a money_n of_o england_n much_o enfeeble_v since_o those_o time_n see_v the_o several_a precedent_n and_o commission_n with_o return_v of_o full_a value_n in_o queen_n elizabeth_n time_n fellix_fw-la nullo_fw-la que_fw-la ut_fw-la esse_fw-la modo_fw-la populus_fw-la cujus_fw-la gubernandi_fw-la potestas_fw-la non_fw-la penès_fw-la regem_fw-la sit_fw-la divitem_fw-la felicia_n illa_fw-la olim_fw-la tempora_fw-la in_fw-la quibus_fw-la majus_fw-la subditorum_fw-la animus_fw-la insedit_fw-la utilitatis_fw-la regiae_fw-la studium_fw-la quam_fw-la rerum_fw-la suarum_fw-la curae_fw-la fa_fw-it as_o king_n james_n be_v to_o the_o church_n of_o scotland_n vide_fw-la lord_n burley_n speech_n to_o queen_n elizabeth_n ●elode_v se_fw-la est_fw-la quisquis_fw-la de_fw-la jure_fw-la regali_fw-la demit_fw-la the_o present_a yearly_a revenue_n not_o fifteen_o thousand_o pound_n all_o charge_n deduct_v see_v selden_n upon_o tyhe_n of_o the_o eastern_a country_n vide_fw-la sir_n henry_n yelverton_n advice_n to_o king_n james_n vide_fw-la doctor_n john_n gerson_n in_o his_o treatise_n call_v regulae_fw-la morales_fw-la necessary_a that_o a_o assistant_n be_v to_o the_o secretary_n of_o state_n by_o reason_n of_o their_o m●ny_n other_o ●eighty_a affair_n
several_a ground_n reason_n argument_n and_o proposition_n offer_v to_o the_o king_n most_o excellent_a majesty_n for_o the_o improvement_n of_o his_o revenue_n in_o the_o first-fruit_n and_o ten_o annex_v to_o the_o petition_n of_o james_n earl_n of_o north-hampton_n leicester_n viscount_n hereford_n sir_n william_n farmer_n baronet_n george_n carew_n esq_n and_o the_o rest_n of_o the_o petitioner_n for_o a_o patent_n of_o the_o first-fruit_n and_o ten_o for_o the_o term_n of_o one_o and_o thirty_o year_n at_o the_o yearly_a rent_n of_o threescore_o thousand_o pound_n that_o whereas_o in_o the_o 26_o year_n of_o king_n henry_n the_o eight_o the_o lord_n spiritual_a temporal_a and_o commons_o assemble_v in_o parliament_n with_o his_o royal_a assent_n do_v ordain_v and_o enact_v that_o the_o king_n highness_n his_o heir_n and_o successor_n king_n of_o this_o realm_n shall_v have_v and_o enjoy_v for_o ever_o the_o first-fruit_n and_o profit_n for_o one_o year_n of_o every_o person_n and_o person_n which_o shall_v be_v nominate_v elect_v present_v time_n or_o by_o any_o other_o way_n or_o mean_n appoint_v to_o have_v any_o archbishopric_n bishopric_n deanery_n prebendary_a parsonage_n vicarage_n or_o other_o dignity_n or_o spiritual_a promotion_n whatsoever_o within_o this_o realm_n of_o what_o name_n nature_n or_o quality_n soever_o they_o be_v or_o to_o who_o patronage_n or_o gift_n soever_o they_o belong_v the_o first-fruit_n revenue_n or_o profit_n for_o one_o year_n of_o every_o such_o dignity_n benefice_n or_o spiritual_a promotion_n whereunto_o any_o such_o person_n or_o person_n shall_v be_v nominate_v present_v elect_v or_o appoint_v and_o that_o every_o such_o person_n or_o person_n before_o any_o actual_a and_o real_a possession_n or_o meddle_v with_o the_o profit_n of_o any_o such_o dignity_n benefice_n office_n or_o promotion_n spiritual_a shall_v satisfy_v content_a and_o pay_v or_o agree_v to_o pay_v to_o the_o king_n use_v at_o reasonable_a day_n and_o time_n upon_o good_a surety_n the_o first_o fruit_n and_o profit_n for_o one_o whole_a year_n to_o the_o king_n treasury_n ☞_o and_o it_o be_v enact_v by_o the_o authority_n aforesaid_a that_o the_o lord_n chancellor_n of_o england_n and_o master_n of_o the_o roll_n for_o the_o time_n be_v and_o from_o time_n to_o time_n at_o their_o will_n and_o pleasure_n shall_v name_v and_o depute_v by_o commission_n or_o commission_n under_o the_o great_a seal_n fit_a person_n to_o examine_v and_o search_v for_o the_o just_a and_o true_a value_v of_o the_o first_o fruit_n and_o profit_n by_o all_o way_n and_o mean_n that_o they_o can_v and_o to_o compound_v and_o agree_v for_o the_o rate_n of_o the_o say_v first_o fruit_n and_o profit_n and_o to_o limit_v day_n of_o payment_n upon_o good_a security_n which_o shall_v be_v in_o the_o nature_n of_o a_o statute_n staple_n and_o whereas_o it_o be_v ordain_v and_o enact_v by_o the_o authority_n aforesaid_a that_o the_o king_n majesty_n his_o heir_n and_o successor_n king_n of_o this_o realm_n shall_v yearly_o have_v take_v enjoy_v and_o receive_v unite_a and_o knit_v to_o the_o imperial_a crown_n for_o ever_o one_o yearly_a rent_n or_o pension_n amount_v to_o the_o ten_o part_n of_o all_o the_o revenue_n rent_n farm_n tithe_n offering_n emolument_n and_o of_o all_o other_o profit_n as_o well_o call_v spiritual_a as_o temporal_a now_o appertain_v time_n or_o belong_v or_o hereafter_o that_o shall_v belong_v to_o any_o archbishop_n or_o bishop_n dean_n prebend_n parson_n vicar_n or_o other_o benefice_n spiritual_a dignity_n or_o promotion_n whatsoever_o within_o any_o diocese_n of_o england_n or_o wales_n and_o that_o the_o say_a yearly_a pension_n ten_o or_o annual_a rent_n shall_v be_v yearly_o pay_v to_o the_o king_n majesty_n his_o heir_n or_o successor_n king_n of_o this_o realm_n for_o ever_o which_o be_v confirm_v by_o several_a act_n of_o parliament_n in_o 32_o hen._n 8._o and_o 34_o h._n 8._o and_o 37_o h._n 8._o and_o 2_o edw._n 6._o and_o 7_o edw._n 6._o and_o the_o 1_o eliz._n ☞_o and_o it_o be_v also_o further_o enact_v and_o ordain_v by_o the_o say_a authority_n that_o the_o say_a yearly_a rent_n pension_n or_o ten_o part_n shall_v be_v tax_v rate_v levy_v receive_v and_o pay_v to_o the_o king_n use_v in_o manner_n and_o form_n follow_v that_o be_v to_o say_v the_o lord_n chancellor_n of_o england_n for_o the_o time_n be_v shall_v have_v power_n and_o authority_n to_o direct_v into_o every_o diocese_n in_o england_n and_o wales_n several_a commission_n in_o the_o king_n name_n under_o his_o great_a seal_n to_o such_o person_n or_o person_n as_o the_o king_n highness_n shall_v name_v and_o appoint_v command_v or_o authorise_v the_o commissioner_n or_o three_o of_o they_o at_o least_o to_o examine_v search_v and_o inquire_v by_o all_o the_o way_n and_o mean_n that_o they_o can_v by_o their_o discretion_n of_o and_o for_o the_o true_a just_a and_o whole_a entire_a yearly_a value_v of_o all_o the_o manor_n land_n tenement_n rent_n tithe_n offering_n emolument_n and_o hereditament_n and_o all_o other_o profit_n whatsoever_o as_o well_o spiritual_a as_o temporal_a appertain_v to_o any_o such_o dignity_n or_o spiritual_a promotion_n as_o aforesaid_a ordinary_a deduction_n to_o be_v defalk_v out_o of_o the_o same_o and_o that_o the_o several_a bishop_n shall_v be_v charge_v with_o the_o collection_n of_o the_o say_a first-fruit_n and_o ten_o in_o their_o several_a and_o respective_a diocese_n and_o that_o upon_o the_o bishop_n certificate_n any_o incumbent_n refuse_v to_o pay_v his_o ten_o shall_v be_v discharge_v of_o his_o live_n by_o the_o grave_a advice_n and_o consultation_n of_o all_o estate_n in_o so_o many_o parliament_n the_o first_o fruit_n and_o ten_o be_v grant_v and_o confirm_v to_o the_o crown_n of_o england_n for_o the_o better_a maintenance_n and_o support_v of_o the_o royal_a estate_n divitem_fw-la and_o if_o the_o people_n be_v since_o multiply_v whereby_o there_o be_v a_o further_a increase_n of_o rent_n and_o tithe_n and_o a_o great_a value_n upon_o all_o commodity_n the_o crown_n revenue_n shall_v be_v improve_v towards_o the_o king_n innumerable_a charge_n for_o the_o government_n and_o well-being_n of_o those_o people_n and_o hold_v a_o correspondence_n with_o all_o foreign_a prince_n for_o their_o trade_n and_o commerce_n as_o late_o the_o spanish_a trade_n be_v restore_v at_o the_o king_n charge_n king_n and_o queen_n of_o england_n give_v most_o of_o the_o land_n tenement_n and_o hereditament_n belong_v to_o these_o ecclestastical_a dignity_n and_o promotion_n and_o have_v also_o erect_v divers_a foundation_n college_n and_o house_n of_o learning_n and_o give_v large_a inheritance_n and_o endowment_n thereunto_o whereby_o most_o of_o the_o clergy_n have_v their_o education_n and_o be_v make_v fit_a for_o these_o dignity_n and_o other_o ministerial_a office_n in_o the_o church_n without_o any_o great_a charge_n to_o their_o family_n or_o relation_n therefore_o good_a reason_n the_o first-fruit_n and_o ten_o of_o all_o their_o dignity_n and_o benefice_n shall_v be_v pay_v to_o the_o king_n who_o they_o hold_v of_o as_o patron_n paramount_a and_o as_o supreme_a head_n of_o the_o church_n and_o defender_n of_o the_o faith_n of_o england_n the_o statute_n and_o establish_v law_n of_o the_o land_n be_v make_v for_o the_o full_a payment_n and_o whole_a entire_a first-fruit_n and_o ten_o wherein_o the_o clergy_n themselves_o have_v their_o vote_n in_o parliament_n and_o it_o it_o be_v as_o great_a injustice_n for_o fa_fw-it the_o clergy_n to_o withhold_v any_o part_n of_o the_o king_n due_n as_o other_o to_o deny_v they_o any_o part_n of_o their_o predial_n personal_a or_o mix_v tithe_n the_o subject_a in_o general_n suffer_v wherein_o the_o king_n revenue_n be_v abate_v which_o of_o right_n belong_v to_o the_o crown_n every_o private_a person_n may_v as_o often_o as_o he_o please_v improve_v his_o own_o revenue_n when_o occasion_n serve_v the_o mean_a subject_n be_v allow_v the_o benefit_n of_o the_o law_n and_o the_o king_n do_v he_o justice_n and_o maintain_v his_o property_n according_a to_o the_o common_a and_o positive_a law_n of_o the_o land_n the_o king_n may_v expect_v the_o same_o benefit_n of_o the_o law_n and_o require_v his_o own_o right_n and_o revenue_n by_o those_o rule_n of_o justice_n which_o all_o man_n be_v bind_v to_o observe_v and_o obey_v three_o objection_n raise_v against_o payment_n of_o first-fruit_n and_o ten_o answer_v by_o the_o petitioner_n that_o the_o first-fruit_n and_o ten_o be_v a_o innovation_n obtrude_v upon_o the_o clergy_n of_o late_a time_n to_o this_o they_o answer_v that_o the_o first-fruit_n and_o ten_o be_v pay_v in_o the_o saxon_n time_n as_o appear_v by_o bede_n ecclesiastical_a history_n and_o have_v so_o contive_v ever_o since_o in_o england_n to_o this_o very_a day_n and_o that_o those_o payment_n or_o tribute_n scotland_n bede_n call_v vectigal_fw