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A68601 Tom of all trades. Or The plaine path-vvay to preferment Being a discovery of a passage to promotion in all professions, trades, arts, and mysteries. Found out by an old travailer in the sea of experience, amongst the inchanted islands of ill fortune. Now published for common good. By Thomas Povvell. Powell, Thomas, 1572?-1635? 1631 (1631) STC 20168; ESTC S114992 23,102 81

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little of my Lampe in collection of these things and publish them to posterity Provided alwayes that I and mine may have the priviledge of imprinting the same for some fitting number of yeares to come The Navigator NExt to the man of Trade or rather equally with him I must give the Navigator his due for that his profession is as full of science as usefull to the Common wealth and as profitable to himselfe as any trade whatsoever If he attaine the skill of knowing and handling the tackle the certaine art of his Compasse the knowledge of languages and dispositions of forreigne Nations where he travailes and trades he may rise from a Squabler to a Master from a Master to be a Generall honestly and with good reputation in a short time The Nauigator his way of Advancement and imployment is by The Lords of his Maiesties privie Councell The High Admirall Commissioners for the Kings Navy Chiefe Officers of the Navyes of Societies incorporate Private Merchants and the like With the Trinitie house But if he get to be an Owner he may trade as free as bird in ayre as a man of warre or a man of trade and Commerce If he take heed that he intrench not vpon the incorporated Companies especially the minotaur He cannot do amisse with Gods assistnace He may liue merrily and contentedly be it but in trading as a meere Carryer of home cōmodities Imported from one port to another within the kingdome The Husbandman THe Husbandman may likewise for the happie content of the life and the honest gaine which it brings with it be worthy to inuite a right good mans sonne to vndergoe the profession Your sonne whom you intend for a Husbandman must be of a disposition part gentile and rusticke equally mixt together For if the Gentleman be predominant his running Nagge will out run the Constable His extraordinary strong Beere will be too headstrong in office of Church-Warden And his well mouthed dogges will make him out-mouth all the Vestrie But if the clowne be predominant he will smell all browne bread and garlicke Besides he must be of a hardier temper than the rest of his brethren because the vnhealthfullest corners of the Kingdome are the most profitable for Fermors He must especially aime at a Tenancie vnder the Crowne or some Bishops Sea Deane and Chapter some Colledge some Companie some Hospitall or some other bodie incorporate Wherein the Auditor or Receiver must be his best Intelligencer and Director Young vnthrifts acquaintance when they first arriue at the age of one and twentie And good old conscionable Landlords that hold it a deadly sinne to raise the rents of their Grandfathers or hope to be deliuered out of Purgatorie by their Tenants prayers will doe well These professions before mentioned be as it were the orbs to receiue all fixed starrs and such dispositions as may be put into any certaine frame But for a more libertine disposition Fit it with the profession of a Courtier For an overflowing and Ranker disposition make him a Souldier But beyond this he is a lost man not worthy a fathers remembrance or prouidence The Courtiers wayes of advancement be these BY the generall and most ancient rule of Court if you would have him to be preferred unto the Kings service in the end And in the meane time to have sufficient meanes of maintenance Place him with one of the White Staves of the Houshold By the more particular rule if you can put him unto the Lord High Steward his Service who amongst the white Staves hath the chiefest hand in preferring to any office beneath stayres If the High Steward be full seeke to the Lord Chamberlaine who hath the chiefe power to preferre to the places above stayres and to the Wardrobe And if there be no entrance there then seek to the Treasurer of the Houshold and next to the Controllor The Master of the Houshold The Coferer and the rest of the greene Cloth The Master of the Horse preferres to the Avenanarie and other Clarkeships offices and places about the Stable The principall Secretary hath heretofore had a great hand in preferring to the Clarkeships in the office of the Signet and the Lord privie Seale into the privie Seale office The Master of the great Wardrobe into the Clarkeships and offices there The Master of the Robes The Master of the Iewell-house the Keeper of the privie Purse The Master of the Toyles and Tents with some other the like have whilome beene the meanes of preferring divers their followers into the service of the King in divers beneficiall places and Clarkeships in their severall offices respectively The Lord Treasurer without the house preferres to his Majesties service in most places in or about the Custome-houses in all the parts of England And besides these I sinde no meanes used of old for preferment into the Kings service for these kind of places The yeomen of the Guard were wont to come in for their personage and activitie by their Captaines allowance And the Bed-chamber mens servants ever were in way to be preferred for Pages of the privie Chamber or Groomes or placed at the back staires not of right but of custome For the Clarkes of the Houshold they were wont anciently to rise by certaine degrees according to the prescription of the Black Booke but how it is now I know not For your better satisfaction of Court Offices their order and Fee Search the Blacke Booke in the Exchequer and in the Court. And for all Offices whatsoever under the King throughout the whole Kingdome Either in Castle Parke Chase Court or house of the Kings royalty or place soever with the then Fees of the same I referre you to a booke Whereof many hundred Copies are extant which was collected by the Lord Treasurer Burleigh and by him delivered to the late Queene Elizabeth of famous memorie And so much for the Courtier The Souldier followes ANd the question is first Whether the better way of thriving is to be a Sea Soldier or a Land Soldier Questionlesse the better way of thriving is to be a Sea Soldier In this Kingdome of England being an Island for that he is more vsefull to his Country More learning is required to be a Sea Soldier than to be a Land Soldier A Sea Soldier is certaine of victuals and wages where the Land Soldiers pay will hardly find him sustenance A Sea Soldier may now and than chaunce to haue a snapp at a bootie or a price which may in an instant make him a fortune for ever where the Land Soldier may in an age come to the ransacking of a poore fisher Towne at the most More valour is required in a Sea Soldier than in a Land Soldier because the extremitie of the place requires it The Sea Captaine is exposed to as much danger during the whole fight as the poorest man in the Ship where the land Captaine vseth but to offer his men to the face of the enemy and than
they on the other side presume so much vpon the hope thereof that no profession will fit them To bee a Minister with them is to be but a Pedant A Lawyer a mercenarie fellow A Shop-keeper a man most subject to the most wonderfull Cracke and a creature whose welfare depends much vpon his Wives well bearing and faire carriage What is then to be done Surely it would be wished seeing God and nature hath provided for the eldest your younger sonnes and your daughters especially being worstable to shift should bee by you provided for in the first place while your Land is of virgin reputation while it is chast and vndishonested by committing of single fornication with Countrie Creditors that trade without sheets that is by Pole deed only for saving of costs or at least before it have defiled the bed of its reputation by prostituting to the adulterous imbracings of a Citie Scrivener But especially before it grow so impudent as to lie downe in the Market place and to suffer everie pettie Clarke to bring its good name vpon Record and charge it that it was taken in the very fact betweene other mens sheets As in this Statute or in that Iudgment Take heed of that by any meanes And bee sure to match your eldest sonne when your credit is cryed vp to the highest while your heire is yet in your power to dispose and will bend to your will before his blood begin to feele the heate of any affections kindling about him or before he can tell what difference is betwixt a blacke wrought Wastcoate with a white apron a loose bodied gowne without an apron Put him of in his best clothes I meane in the assurance of your lands fell him at the highest rate Then dicotomize the whole portion of his wife into severall shares betwixt your other children Not share and share like but to every each one the more according to their defects Let impotencie decreptnes ilfavourdnes and incapacitie rob the other of so much money as they have done them of comlinesse activitie beautie and wit Put them not into any course of living according to any prescript order or method of your owne election But according to their inclination and addition seeing that every one by instinct of nature delighteth in that wherein he is like to bee most excellent And delight and pride in any thing undertaken makes all obstacles in the way of attaining to perfection of no difficulty Now in the next place take heed that you put off those your sonnes whom you finde fit and addicted to be bred in the Ministerie or made up to the law or to be apprentized betimes and before they take the taynt of too much liberty at home And when they be put forth call them not home speedily to revisit their fathers house no not so much as Hospitably by any meanes In the first place take your direction for the SCHOLLER His Education His Maintenance His Advancement FOr his Education The Free-Schooles generally afford the best breeding in good letters So many of them also afford some reasonable meanes in ayde of young Schollers for their diet lodging and teaching given to them by the Founders or Benefactors of such Schooles Some of them be of the foundation of some Kings and Queenes of this Land and they are commonly in the gift of the King or his Provost or Substitute in that behalfe Others be of the foundation of some Bodies or Societies incorporate And they are commonly in the gift of such Masters Wardens Presidents and their Senior fellowes such chiefe officers of any other title or such Master Wardens and Assistants or such Opposers Visitants or Committees of such bodies respectively as be appointed thereunto Others be of the foundation of some private persons And they are for the most part in the gift of the Executor Heire or Feoffees of such Donor according to the purport of his Will or Grant or both Of every of which severall kindes respectively are Eaton Westminster Winchester The Merchantaylors Schoole London The Skynners at Tunbridge Sutton's Hospitall St. Bartholomews And very many other the like Briefly few or no Counties of this Kingdome are unfurnisht of such Scholes And some have so many that it is disputable whether the Vniversities with the Innes of Court and Chancerie have where to receive them or no. Some of such free-Schooles againe have Schollerships appendant unto them in the one of the Vniversities or both To which upon Election yearely they are removeable As. From Eaton to Kings Colledge Cambridge From Westminster to Trinity Colledge Cambridge or Christchurch Oxon From Winchester to New Colledge Oxon. From the Merchantaylors to St. Iohn's Oxon. And the like from many the like Some other Free-Schooles have pensions for preferment of their Schollers and for their maintenance in the Vniversitie Some Companies Incorporate especially of London having no such pensions in certaine doe usually out of the Stocke of their Hall allow maintenance in this kinde Besides that there be many other private persons upon my knowledge who doe voluntarily allow yearely exhibition of this nature Now if you would know how to finde what is given to any such Free-Schooles and in whose disposing they now be Search In the Tower of London till the end of Rich. the 3. For Grants and for License of Mortmaine inde And in the Chappell of the Rolles From thence till the present And for the like In the Register of the Prerogative Court for such things devised by Will by King Quéene or Subiect For such Grants given by Will And sometimes you shall finde such things both in the Tower and the Prerogative and in the Rolls and Prerogative respectively For the time since our reformed Church of England began here Search Doctor Willets Synopsis For all from the King or from any other Search In divers of our Chronicles For the like Next adde certaine helpes for discovery and attayning thereof FIrst if it may be procure a sight of the Liedger Bookes of such as in whom the disposition of such things resteth which they keepe for their owne use Next be acquainted with some of the Disposers themselves Next take the directions of the Master or Teacher of such Free-Schooles Especially to be interessed in the Clarkes or Registers of such Societies as have the disposing of any such things Also to use meanes by Letters of persons powerfull and usefull to such disposers For indeed it is not the sound of a great mans name to a Letter in these dayes wherein they are growne so common and familiar to our Societies of London especially can prevaile so soone as the Letter subscribed by the Lord Maior or other eminent Officer of the Citie to whose commandement they be immediately subjugate Lastly if you use the meanes least seene most used and best allowed together with these For discoverie and attaining of any such thing it will not be besides the purpose as I take it Now suppose your sonne is