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england_n king_n lord_n treasurer_n 6,502 5 10.8931 5 true
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A45195 The honours of the Lords spiritual asserted, and their priviledges to vote in capital cases in Parliament maintained by reason and precedents collected out of the records of the Tower, and the journals of the House of Lords. Hunt, Thomas, 1627?-1688. 1679 (1679) Wing H3755; ESTC R24392 40,120 57

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take_v the_o rest_n in_o order_n only_o premise_v this_o that_o it_o be_v true_a indeed_o we_o find_v few_o of_o this_o see_v upon_o the_o civil_a stage_n than_o any_o other_o most_o office_n be_v look_v upon_o as_o below_o the_o archiepiscopal_a dignity_n and_o therefore_o a_o nobleman_n upbraid_v hurbert_n arch_a bishop_n 1199._o when_o he_o be_v make_v chancellor_n of_o england_n chief_a justice_n of_o england_n and_o high_a governor_n of_o all_o the_o dominion_n under_o king_n richard_n the_o first_o however_o we_o shall_v begin_v with_o his_o person_n and_o see_n canterbury_n hubert_z under_z richard_n 1._o and_o king_n john_n who_o entrust_v the_o same_o prelate_n with_o the_o government_n of_o the_o whole_a realm_n at_o his_o departure_n into_o normandy_n gualther_n reynolds_n chancellor_n ann._n dom._n 1310._o john_n stratford_n chancellor_n under_o edw._n 3._o and_o when_o the_o king_n invade_v france_n no_o person_n think_v so_o fit_a in_o his_o absence_n to_o have_v the_o 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ambassador_n of_o the_o king_n of_o heaven_n and_o how_o sacred_a such_o person_n be_v esteem_v by_o the_o law_n of_o all_o nation_n all_o history_n do_v abundant_o witness_v it_o be_v the_o shame_n of_o our_o neighbour_n nation_n of_o scotland_n the_o murder_n of_o the_o late_a learned_a prelate_n there_o and_o that_o small_a indignity_n offer_v to_o person_n of_o his_o rank_n have_v be_v high_o resent_v the_o ammonite_n be_v a_o last_a testimony_n in_o the_o day_n of_o king_n david_n and_o prood_n corinth_n be_v for_o no_o other_o reason_n burn_v to_o ash_n by_o the_o enrage_a roman_n florus_n chap._n vi_o the_o ancient_a estate_n of_o our_o bishop_n and_o clergy_n under_o the_o time_n of_o the_o britain_n saxon_n dane_n and_o norman_n what_o encouragement_n the_o clergy_n find_v in_o the_o time_n of_o the_o briton_n will_v appear_v to_o have_v be_v very_o great_a if_o we_o will_v but_o read_v arch_a bishop_n usher_n de_fw-fr primordiis_fw-la ecclesiae_fw-la britanicae_fw-la 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by_o their_o proxy_n the_o next_o authority_n i_o shall_v make_v use_n of_o be_v a_o parliament_n roll_v itself_o of_o that_o year_n as_o i_o find_v it_o in_o sir_n robert_n cotton_n collection_n entitle_v as_o follow_v placita_fw-la coronae_fw-la coram_fw-la domino_fw-la rege_fw-la in_o parliamento_fw-la svo_fw-la apud_fw-la wegmonast_n diae_fw-la lunae_fw-la proximae_fw-la post_fw-la festum_fw-la exaltationis_fw-la sanctae_fw-la crucis_fw-la anno_fw-la regni_fw-la regis_fw-la ric._n 2._o post_fw-la conquestum_fw-la 21._o the_o roll_n itself_o you_o may_v see_v in_o the_o tower_n among_o the_o record_n there_o keep_v it_o be_v of_o a_o impeachment_n of_o the_o earl_n of_o arundel_n and_o warr._n etc._n etc._n for_o treason_n etc._n etc._n the_o article_n be_v exhibit_v against_o he_o by_o several_a lord_n as_o edward_z earl_n of_o rutland_n thomas_z earl_n of_o kent_n john_n earl_n of_o huntingdon_n etc._n etc._n which_o the_o say_v lord_n be_v ready_a to_o prove_v the_o crime_n object_v and_o demand_v the_o prisoner_n to_o be_v bring_v to_o the_o bar_n which_o the_o lord_n nevil_n then_o constable_n of_o the_o tower_n do_v and_o the_o aforesaid_a lord_n in_o their_o own_o person_n appear_v also_o his_o article_n be_v read_v the_o earl_n of_o lancaster_n lord_n steward_n of_o england_n by_o the_o king_n commandment_n and_o assent_v of_o the_o lord_n declare_v the_o whole_a matter_n and_o thereupon_o the_o say_v earl_n answer_n to_o the_o article_n be_v demand_v who_o plead_v two_o pardon_n and_o pray_v they_o may_v be_v allow_v but_o they_o be_v not_o whereupon_o sir_n walter_n clopton_n lord_n chief_a justice_n demand_v of_o he_o what_o he_o have_v far_a to_o say_v for_o that_o if_o nothing_o more_o to_o say_v the_o law_n will_v adjudge_v he_o guilty_a and_o the_o say_a earl_n not_o plead_v any_o thing_n else_o the_o lord_n appellant_n in_o their_o proper_a person_n require_v that_o judgement_n may_v be_v give_v against_o the_o say_a earl_n as_o convict_v 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another_o instance_n and_o precedent_n of_o the_o condemnation_n of_o thomas_n arundel_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n who_o be_v accuse_v by_o the_o commons_o in_o full_a parliament_n die_v &_o loco_fw-la praedictis_fw-la where_o we_o find_v the_o commons_o by_o their_o speaker_n sir_n john_n bussy_n petition_v the_o k._n in_o manner_n follow_v for_o that_o divers_a judgement_n be_v heretofore_o undo_v for_o that_o the_o clergy_n be_v not_o present_a the_o commons_o pray_v the_o king_n that_o the_o clergy_n will_v appoint_v some_o to_o be_v their_o common_a proctor_n with_o sufficient_a authority_n thereunto_o whereupon_o the_o clergy_n appoint_v thomas_n de_fw-fr la_fw-fr percy_n by_o their_o instrument_n their_o proctor_n who_o together_o with_o the_o king_n and_o the_o say_a lord_n adjudge_v he_o the_o say_a archbishop_n guilty_a of_o treason_n and_o himself_o a_o traitor_n the_o crime_n object_v to_o he_o be_v his_o traitorous_a obtain_v a_o commission_n from_o the_o king_n whereby_o the_o king_n royal_a power_n be_v encroach_v his_o subject_n put_v to_o death_n without_o royal_a assent_n etc._n etc._n for_o all_o which_o he_o be_v find_v guilty_a as_o aforesaid_a what_o i_o observe_v in_o brief_a be_v this_o from_o this_o trial._n 1._o that_o there_o have_v be_v divers_a error_n in_o judgement_n which_o judgement_n be_v in_o law_n void_a for_o that_o the_o bishop_n be_v not_o present_a 2._o that_o hereupon_o the_o commons_o petition_v the_o king_n that_o the_o bishop_n will_v appoint_v their_o proxy_n and_o which_o according_o they_o do_v thomas_z de_fw-fr la_fw-fr percy_n 3._o he_o be_v condemn_v by_o the_o say_a court_n wherein_z sit_z percy_z according_o 4._o that_o the_o say_a bishop_n do_v not_o vote_n there_o personal_o for_o that_o the_o archbishop_n their_o primate_n be_v arraign_v and_o it_o may_v not_o be_v seemly_a for_o they_o so_o to_o do_v and_o here_o we_o have_v the_o case_n adjudge_v judgement_n in_o parliament_n reverse_v for_o that_o the_o bishop_n be_v not_o present_v by_o themselves_o or_o proxy_n the_o commons_o petition_v the_o king_n that_o they_o will_v make_v proxys_o a_o judgement_n obtain_v for_o that_o the_o bishop_n have_v make_v their_o proxy_n q._n e._n d._n and_o if_o any_o be_v not_o satisfy_v they_o may_v see_v the_o roll_n of_o parliament_n as_o before_o among_o the_o record_n in_o the_o tower_n to_o which_o they_o be_v refer_v furthermore_o to_o make_v another_o discovery_n of_o the_o inconstancy_n of_o the_o say_a mr._n selden_n i_o find_v he_o in_o his_o title_n of_o honour_n in_o the_o latter_a end_n of_o his_o book_n confess_v that_o thomas_n becket_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n be_v condemn_v by_o the_o bishop_n of_o winchester_n in_o case_n of_o high_a treason_n vid._n title_n of_o honour_n and_o if_o any_o person_n will_v but_o a_o little_a reflect_v upon_o the_o reason_n why_o the_o bishop_n have_v not_o sometime_o vote_v in_o case_n of_o blood_n but_o by_o their_o proxy_n viz._n their_o respect_n they_o have_v to_o the_o canon_n of_o the_o primitive_a church_n which_o may_v give_v they_o umbrage_n for_o their_o so_o do_v and_o together_o with_o this_o what_o have_v be_v say_v before_o of_o their_o be_v frequent_o appoint_v by_o the_o king_n and_o act_v as_o lord_n chief_a justice_n of_o england_n any_o person_n of_o a_o ordinary_a capacity_n may_v guess_v at_o the_o reason_n of_o their_o forbear_n to_o judge_n in_o matter_n of_o blood_n for_o the_o reason_n aforesaid_a and_o their_o ready_a and_o cheerful_a compliance_n with_o their_o prince_n command_n when_o by_o the_o law_n of_o this_o land_n they_o be_v enable_v so_o to_o do_v and_o which_o be_v a_o sufficient_a supersedeas_fw-la to_o the_o former_a canon_n of_o the_o church_n another_o precedent_n we_o have_v of_o the_o bishop_n personal_o sit_v in_o parliament_n hold_v at_o westminster_n on_o monday_n next_o after_o the_o feast_n of_o all_o saint_n in_o the_o 3d_o of_o hen._n 5._o wherein_o henry_n bishop_n of_o winton_n be_v chancellor_n wherein_o be_v try_v richard_n earl_n of_o cambridge_n and_o other_o for_o treason_n for_o have_v levy_v man_n against_o the_o king_n and_o procure_v edmund_n earl_n of_o march_n as_o heir_n to_o rich._n 2._o to_o take_v upon_o he_o to_o be_v king_n of_o england_n and_o have_v proclaim_v he_o such_o in_o wales_n and_o set_v one_o thomas_n trompington_n a_o idiot_n and_o scotchman_n to_o personate_v rich._n 2._o where_o the_o say_a earl_n and_o other_o his_o adherent_n in_o that_o action_n be_v try_v and_o find_v guilty_a the_o lord_n spiritual_a in_o parliament_n be_v present_a etc._n etc._n see_v the_o record_n in_o the_o tower_n parl._n 3_o h._n 5._o p._n 2._o m._n 4._o many_o other_o precedent_n of_o a_o late_a date_n and_o time_n may_v be_v here_o exit_fw-la superabundanti_fw-la add_v but_o i_o shall_v refer_v they_o for_o the_o matter_n of_o another_o chapter_n they_o be_v all_o of_o they_o take_v out_o of_o the_o journal_o of_o the_o lord_n house_n beginning_n in_o 32_o hen._n 8._o and_o end_v 29._o eliz._n 2._o i_o may_v have_v enlarge_v in_o these_o which_o i_o have_v take_v out_o of_o the_o tower_n but_o i_o have_v purposely_o forbear_v to_o do_v it_o for_o that_o i_o find_v mr._n selden_n himself_o in_o the_o day_n of_o 1642._o grant_v i_o the_o matter_n of_o fact_n as_o clear_v and_o evident_a from_o the_o ancient_a record_n in_o the_o tower_n of_o the_o spiritual_a lord_n privilege_n in_o this_o matter_n and_o will_v now_o proceed_v to_o another_o argument_n that_o the_o bishop_n have_v right_o to_o sit_v in_o all_o case_n as_o well_o capital_a as_o civil_a for_o that_o 4._o they_o be_v undoubted_a peer_n of_o the_o realm_n which_o also_o i_o find_v mr._n selden_n himself_o grant_v in_o his_o privilege_n of_o the_o barronage_n of_o england_n p._n 192._o for_o there_o he_o say_v though_o some_o have_v doubt_v we_o know_v who_o he_o mean_v
his_o time_n that_o have_v better_o be_v lay_v out_o in_o painful_a preach_v to_o his_o flock_n whereas_o we_o all_o know_v that_o preach_a be_v but_o a_o very_a small_a part_n of_o the_o minister_n call_v yet_o of_o late_a time_n it_o have_v be_v make_v by_o some_o to_o swallow_v up_o the_o rest_n of_o the_o minister_n duty_n as_o necessary_a and_o essential_a to_o his_o calling_n as_o that_o can_v be_v and_o have_v observe_v also_o that_o some_o minister_n themselves_o otherwise_o good_a man_n have_v be_v a_o want_v to_o themselves_o and_o the_o church_n in_o comply_v too_o much_o with_o a_o sort_n of_o man_n among_o we_o who_o interest_n it_o be_v to_o draw_v all_o cause_n into_o their_o own_o court_n for_o the_o support_n of_o their_o own_o grandeur_n and_o faculty_n whereas_o otherwise_o those_o suit_n and_o cause_n may_v perhaps_o with_o little_a or_o no_o charge_n have_v be_v more_o speedy_o yea_o and_o satisfactory_o determine_v our_o last_o instance_n shall_v be_v in_o gregory_n the_o great_a de_fw-fr cur._n past_n with_o who_o some_o close_a the_o good_a pope_n who_o we_o find_v complain_v that_o sub_fw-la colore_fw-la episcopatus_fw-la ad_fw-la seculum_fw-la retractus_fw-la sum_fw-la in_o quo_fw-la tantis_fw-la terrae_fw-la curis_fw-la inserrio_fw-la quantis_fw-la i_o in_fw-la vita_fw-la laic_a a_o nequaquam_fw-la deseruisse_fw-la reminiscor_fw-la he_o be_v never_o in_o all_o his_o life_n time_n so_o encumber_a with_o worldly_a business_n as_o after_o he_o come_v to_o be_v a_o bishop_n but_o he_o afterward_o add_v that_o et_fw-la si_fw-la cogamur_fw-la terrenis_fw-la negotiis_fw-la intendere_fw-la mens_fw-la tamen_fw-la nostra_fw-la saeculari_fw-la varietate_fw-la non_fw-la delectatur_fw-la sed_fw-la tota_fw-la in_o unum_fw-la currit_fw-la atque_fw-la confluit_fw-la finem_fw-la though_o he_o be_v force_v to_o do_v this_o for_o the_o good_a of_o his_o people_n yet_o he_o take_v no_o pleasure_n in_o it_o and_o his_o mind_n be_v take_v up_o with_o better_a thing_n for_o all_o agree_v that_o these_o must_v not_o be_v undertake_v out_o of_o love_n to_o they_o but_o christian_a charity_n and_o compassion_n to_o the_o oppress_a aug._n the_o civ_o dei_fw-la l._n 19_o c._n 19_o now_o these_o employment_n be_v confer_v upon_o those_o father_n be_v not_o as_o bishop_n but_o as_o subject_n more_o eminent_o qualify_v than_o other_o both_o by_o their_o prudence_n experience_n and_o integrity_n as_o well_o as_o humane_a learning_n but_o three_o there_o be_v in_o which_o they_o do_v principal_o engage_v and_o which_o may_v seem_v most_o agreeable_a to_o their_o coat_n first_o to_o be_v in_o the_o commission_n of_o peace_n and_o to_o speak_v impartial_o who_o fit_a for_o such_o a_o work_n than_o they_o who_o business_n and_o call_v it_o be_v to_o reconcile_v those_o that_o be_v at_o variance_n and_o this_o be_v the_o design_n of_o the_o ancient_n though_o at_o first_o it_o begin_v in_o a_o way_n of_o charity_n yet_o be_v find_v profitable_a it_o be_v upon_o mature_a deliberation_n by_o the_o christian_a emperor_n confirm_v particular_o by_o constantine_n zozom_n lib._n 1._o c._n 9_o who_o leave_v it_o free_a to_o any_o 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d valens_n and_o valentinian_n enlarge_v it_o and_o entrust_v they_o with_o the_o rate_n of_o commodity_n sell_v in_o the_o market_n cod._n l._n 1._o de_fw-fr aud._n ep._n tit_n 7._o their_o jurisdiction_n i_o confess_v have_v be_v in_o several_a age_n various_a sometime_o more_o sometime_o less_o as_o the_o emperor_n be_v more_o or_o less_o favourable_a to_o the_o church_n whoever_o keep_v the_o sovereignty_n in_o their_o own_o hand_n constantine_n be_v the_o first_o that_o pass_v the_o royal_a grant_n in_o favour_n of_o the_o clergy_n permit_v the_o cognizance_n of_o all_o civil_a matter_n even_o between_o layman_n to_o the_o episcopal_a tribunal_n if_o either_o party_n do_v require_v it_o though_o the_o other_o deny_v his_o consent_n and_o their_o appeal_n be_v to_o be_v obey_v by_o the_o magistrate_n whenever_o make_v though_o the_o action_n be_v already_o commence_v in_o another_o court._n arcadius_n and_o honorius_n do_v a_o little_a retrench_v this_o unlimited_a power_n yet_o still_o allow_v it_o by_o the_o joint_a consent_n of_o both_o party_n and_o make_v the_o bishop_n as_o it_o be_v referee_n l._n si_fw-la quis_fw-la ex_fw-la consensu_fw-la de_fw-fr aud._n episcop_n and_o their_o decision_n to_o be_v bind_v and_o final_a without_o appeal_n this_o law_n be_v after_o ratify_v by_o theodosius_n and_o justinian_n l._n episc_n c._n eod_a nay_o this_o latter_a emperor_n justinian_n repose_v so_o much_o confidence_n in_o they_o that_o he_o make_v they_o overseer_n of_o the_o secular_a judge_n novel_a const_n 56._o this_o then_o have_v be_v the_o practice_n of_o that_o pure_a and_o primitive_a age_n and_o the_o great_a enemy_n the_o church_n have_v can_v never_o deny_v but_o that_o the_o bishop_n have_v have_v their_o tribunal_n for_o above_o these_o 1300_o year_n erect_v by_o constantine_n confirm_v by_o arcadius_n and_o honorius_n theodosius_n and_o valentinian_n etc._n etc._n only_o some_o curious_o mince_v the_o matter_n and_o allow_v they_o power_n to_o hear_v cause_n and_o to_o become_v referee_n and_o umpire_n by_o the_o consent_n of_o both_o party_n but_o yet_o they_o will_v not_o hear_v talk_n of_o any_o coercive_a jurisdiction_n though_o as_o eminent_a civil_a lawyer_n as_o any_o be_v attribute_v it_o to_o they_o and_o particular_o accursius_fw-la interpret_v audientia_fw-la episcopalis_fw-la a_o term_n frequent_a in_o the_o code_n by_o jurisdictio_fw-la and_o constantine_n forbid_v express_o the_o great_a prince_n in_o the_o empire_n to_o revoke_v what_o once_o the_o bishop_n have_v decree_v euseb_n vit._n const_n l._n 4._o c._n 27._o in_o process_n of_o time_n the_o magistrate_n have_v encroach_v upon_o and_o almost_o out_v the_o clergy_n charlemagne_n revive_v that_o good_a old_a law_n of_o constantine_n confirm_v the_o same_o jurisdiction_n to_o all_o bishop_n repeat_v the_o charter_n word_n for_o word_n car._n mag._n in_o capit._n l._n 6._o c._n 28._o what_o the_o practice_n be_v in_o our_o own_o country_n of_o england_n shall_v god_n willing_a be_v make_v out_o in_o what_o follow_v wherein_o i_o doubt_v not_o but_o to_o give_v abundant_a satisfaction_n of_o the_o factum_fw-la that_o the_o clergy_n be_v employ_v as_o much_o as_o the_o laity_n in_o the_o decision_n of_o secular_a cause_n so_o far_o as_o we_o have_v good_a authority_n and_o record_n in_o the_o time_n of_o the_o saxon_n and_o so_o downward_o till_o our_o late_a and_o unhappy_a division_n 1640_o etc._n etc._n which_o god_n grant_n may_v be_v ever_o bury_v in_o oblivion_n and_o that_o we_o may_v never_o live_v to_o see_v the_o same_o again_o second_o to_o be_v of_o the_o privy_a council_n where_o frequent_o case_n of_o conscience_n relate_v to_o state-matter_n may_v arise_v as_o suppose_v there_o be_v a_o consultation_n about_o a_o war_n or_o marriage_n the_o lawfulness_n or_o unlawfulness_n thereof_o must_v be_v judge_v in_o foro_fw-la conscientiae_fw-la and_o so_o be_v the_o proper_a subject_n of_o a_o divine_a or_o clergyman_n and_o perhaps_o the_o thing_n will_v not_o bear_v so_o much_o delay_n as_o to_o summons_n prelate_n together_o for_o advice_n nor_o reason_n of_o state_n to_o be_v so_o much_o publish_v for_o want_v of_o such_o know_v and_o religious_a counselor_n prince_n may_v often_o be_v entangle_v in_o unjust_a massacre_n and_o rash_a war_n and_o innocent_a blood_n be_v spill_v which_o otherwise_o may_v have_v be_v prevent_v and_o for_o prevention_n whereof_o the_o godly_a prudent_a prince_n both_o of_o our_o own_o and_o other_o nation_n have_v ever_o admit_v some_o spiritual_a person_n to_o their_o counsel_n table_n and_o closet_n debate_n to_o the_o good_a advice_n of_o bishop_n fox_n of_o winchester_n we_o owe_v the_o union_n of_o the_o two_o kingdom_n of_o england_n and_o scotland_n for_o the_o other_o privy_a counsellor_n advise_v king_n henry_n the_o seven_o to_o marry_v the_o elder_a of_o his_o daughter_n to_o france_n the_o more_o noble_a and_o rich_a kingdom_n the_o old_a and_o wise_a bishop_n advise_v his_o majesty_n the_o contrary_a at_o which_o the_o king_n seem_v somewhat_o surprise_v the_o bishop_n give_v he_o this_o as_o the_o reason_n of_o his_o opinion_n that_o by_o marry_v the_o elder_a to_o scotland_n that_o kingdom_n will_v be_v bring_v to_o england_n and_o old_a enmity_n reconcile_v and_o for_o ever_o bury_v whereas_o on_o the_o contrary_a england_n be_v under_o france_n we_o shall_v have_v here_o be_v rule_v by_o a_o french_a lieutenant_n of_o deputy_n which_o the_o english_a he_o doubt_v will_v hardly_o brook_v and_o perhaps_o our_o government_n and_o law_n by_o reason_n of_o their_o unagreeableness_n to_o the_o french_a may_v have_v be_v attempt_v to_o have_v be_v change_v into_o those_o of_o france_n which_o the_o english_a man_n his_o opinion_n be_v will_v hardly_o bear_v whereas_o those_o of_o
dor._n l._n 2._o p._n 43._o then_o for_o geneva_n itself_o who_o be_v so_o much_o a_o stranger_n to_o that_o reformation_n as_o to_o be_v ignorant_a what_o a_o stroke_n calvin_n and_o other_o have_v upon_o the_o senate_n or_o grand_a counsel_n which_o give_v occasion_n to_o that_o complaint_n of_o some_o that_o they_o have_v expel_v one_o bishop_n and_o admit_v many_o if_o remote_a country_n be_v to_o be_v regard_v among_o the_o abyssine_n the_o clergy_n be_v paramount_n in_o affair_n of_o all_o nature_n and_o we_o read_v in_o damianus_n a_o go_v of_o zaga_n zaba_n a_o ethiopian_a bishop_n viceroy_n of_o bagana_n send_v ambassador_n to_o the_o king_n of_o portugal_n dress_n orat._n in_o muscovy_n their_o supreme_a convention_n which_o those_o inhabitant_n call_v zabore_v consist_v of_o the_o great_a duke_n twenty_o ecclesiastic_n and_o as_o many_o noble_n the_o common_a people_n be_v whole_o exclude_v and_o when_o they_o be_v meet_v together_o the_o patriarch_n and_o ecclesiastic_n be_v always_o first_o consult_v and_o first_o deliver_v their_o opinion_n i_o shall_v conclude_v this_o paragraph_n only_o remind_v that_o neither_o the_o pagan_n nor_o mahometan_n be_v so_o inhuman_a or_o irreligious_a or_o discourteous_a to_o their_o priest_n as_o to_o deny_v they_o this_o liberty_n for_o that_o tully_n acquaint_v we_o that_o it_o be_v the_o appointment_n of_o the_o god_n that_o the_o roman_a pontifices_fw-la shall_v not_o only_o take_v care_n of_o their_o religion_n but_o further_a sumnis_fw-la reipub._n praeesse_fw-la voluerunt_fw-la orat._n pro._n dom_n sua_fw-la nay_o at_o this_o very_a day_n the_o barbarous_a turk_n never_o exclude_v their_o mufti_n but_o allow_v he_o free_a entrance_n and_o vote_n into_o all_o their_o divan_n and_o counsel_n yea_o the_o great_a sultan_n himself_o so_o honour_n the_o mufti_n that_o as_o often_o as_o he_o come_v into_o his_o presence_n he_o rise_v from_o his_o seat_n and_o according_a to_o their_o mode_n put_v his_o hand_n to_o his_o breast_n bow_v his_o head_n in_o token_n of_o reverence_n and_o honour_n which_o he_o show_v not_o to_o any_o other_o subject_a and_o will_v hardly_o vouchsafe_v the_o like_a honour_n to_o the_o mighty_a monarch_n upon_o earth_n chap._n v._n england_n more_o particular_a respect_n and_o kindness_n to_o the_o clergy_n i_o may_v here_o be_v very_o large_a shall_v i_o but_o give_v the_o world_n a_o brief_a account_n of_o the_o honour_n which_o our_o saxon_a king_n have_v for_o their_o clergy_n neither_o be_v this_o a_o matter_n only_o precarious_a and_o by_o the_o courtesy_n as_o we_o say_v of_o england_n sed_fw-la ipsis_fw-la confirmatum_fw-la legibus_fw-la spelm._n council_n ep._n ad_fw-la regem_fw-la the_o person_n who_o minister_v at_o the_o altar_n be_v esteem_v equal_a in_o all_o thing_n in_o censu_fw-la pariter_fw-la capitis_fw-la to_o the_o lord_n of_o the_o manor_n or_o any_o knight_n leg._n aethel_n c._n ult_n de_fw-fr wirgildis_n the_o abbot_n be_v esteem_v no_o less_o than_o a_o great_a thane_n which_o now_o we_o call_v a_o baron_n of_o the_o kingdom_n the_o bishop_n of_o no_o inferior_a rank_n than_o the_o count_n or_o earl_n qui_fw-la integro_fw-la fruebantur_fw-la comitatu_fw-la the_o arch_a bishop_n equal_a to_o any_o duke_n who_o may_v happen_v to_o be_v set_v over_o and_o have_v the_o rule_n of_o many_o country_n for_o that_o say_v the_o learned_a spelman_n in_o these_o time_n our_o king_n give_v always_o the_o great_a respect_n and_o honour_n to_o their_o clergy_n for_o that_o in_o their_o keep_n be_v the_o key_n of_o learning_n and_o knowledge_n the_o secular_o in_o the_o mean_a time_n addict_v themselves_o most_o what_o to_o the_o war_n so_o that_o in_o those_o time_n it_o come_v to_o pass_v that_o the_o priest_n mouth_n be_v the_o oracle_n of_o our_o common_a people_n no_o less_o than_o of_o the_o king_n and_o commonwealth_n for_o that_o they_o have_v ever_o the_o first_o place_n in_o our_o commitia_n and_o assembly_n no_o less_o than_o in_o the_o king_n court_n of_o justice_n and_o law_n tribunal_n in_o the_o king_n palace_n with_o the_o noble_n of_o his_o kingdom_n in_o the_o county_n with_o the_o committee_n and_o justice_n of_o the_o county_n in_o the_o sheriff_n court_v turno_fw-la vicecomites_fw-la together_o with_o the_o sheriff_n the_o bishop_n have_v their_o adsessor_n yea_o in_o the_o hundred_o court_n they_o or_o their_o minister_n sit_v together_o with_o the_o lord_n of_o the_o hundred_o so_o that_o one_o sword_n be_v ever_o helpful_a to_o the_o other_o in_o the_o administration_n of_o justice_n and_o nothing_o of_o moment_n be_v do_v in_o these_o court_n of_o judgement_n but_o by_o their_o advice_n and_o assistance_n spelm._n l._n prius_fw-la citat_fw-la the_o practice_n of_o the_o kingdom_n run_v parallel_v with_o the_o law_n for_o in_o all_o ancient_a charter_n and_o law_n which_o heretofore_o be_v pass_v and_o make_v by_o sign_v their_o name_n cum_fw-la signo_fw-la crucis_fw-la the_o spiritual_a lord_n ever_o precede_v the_o temporal_a in_o a_o donation_n of_o ethelbert_n a._n d._n 605._o to_o the_o monastery_n of_o st._n peter_n in_o canterbury_n the_o first_o witness_n subscribe_v it_o be_v austin_n the_o bishop_n and_o after_o he_o several_a duke_n and_o earl_n monast_n angl._n &_o spelm._n conc._n passim_fw-la in_o a_o charter_n of_o king_n inas_fw-la ann._n dom._n 725._o to_o the_o monastery_n of_o glassenbury_n after_o the_o bishop_n boorthwald_n and_o fordred_n occur_v waldhere_v ethelherd_n ummin_n and_o winchelin_n the_o great_a peer_n in_o the_o nation_n put_v their_o name_n not_o long_o after_o in_o a_o grant_n of_o king_n offus_n to_o the_o abbey_n of_o worcester_n ann._n dom._n 708._o brotdran_n berthand_n eadbald_n and_o eadbald_a two_o prince_n and_o two_o duke_n follows_z the_o bishop_n and_o at_o the_o same_o king_n consecration_n at_o st._n alban_n ann._n 793._o no_o less_o than_o 10_o duke_n beside_o other_o noble_n give_v place_n to_o the_o prelate_n and_o to_o make_v a_o end_n in_o a_o charter_n of_o king_n edward_n the_o confessor_n to_o the_o monastery_n of_o winchester_n immediate_o after_o the_o king_n subscribe_v plegmund_n and_o frithestan_n the_o bishop_n be_v follow_v by_o ethelward_n the_o king_n brother_n aethelstan_n aelfweard_n the_o king_n two_o son_n oredluf_n orce_v brorh●●●f_a and_o heerferth_n duke_n many_o more_o of_o this_o nature_n may_v be_v produce_v out_o of_o the_o same_o author_n and_o other_o as_o standing_z monument_n of_o the_o clergy_n reputation_n and_o the_o reverence_n our_o religious_a ancestor_n bare_a to_o their_o function_n particular_o the_o three_o charter_n of_o king_n edward_n the_o confessor_n of_o the_o foundation_n of_o the_o abbey_n of_o westminster_n where_o more_o particular_o we_o find_v osberne_n and_o peter_n two_o of_o the_o say_v king_n chaplain_n sign_v the_o charter_n before_o several_a of_o the_o earl_n and_o furthermore_o here_o be_v statute_n law_n in_o the_o case_n that_o this_o usage_n may_v not_o be_v think_v to_o proceed_v mere_o from_o the_o courtesy_n of_o england_n it_o be_v confirm_v by_o the_o statute_n of_o the_o 31_o hen._n 8._o c._n 10._o wherein_o all_o degree_n and_o office_n be_v place_v in_o assembly_n and_o conference_n and_o there_o the_o arch_a bishop_n of_o canterbury_n as_o primus_fw-la par_fw-fr regni_fw-la the_o first_o peer_n of_o the_o kingdom_n be_v rank_v before_o all_o the_o nobility_n and_o seat_v at_o the_o king_n right_a hand_n next_o and_o immediate_o after_o the_o royal_a blood_n and_o the_o vicegerent_n and_o the_o rest_n of_o the_o bishop_n follow_v he_o in_o their_o due_a precedency_n according_a to_o the_o dignity_n and_o aunciency_n of_o their_o respective_a see_v see_v far_o the_o statute_n of_o 8._o of_o eliz._n c._n 1._o where_o in_o that_o statute_n they_o be_v call_v a_o high_a and_o one_o of_o the_o great_a estate_n of_o the_o kingdom_n nor_o be_v they_o ever_o exclude_v from_o the_o great_a employment_n of_o honour_n and_o trust_v in_o the_o kingdom_n and_o to_o evidence_n that_o this_o be_v not_o speak_v without_o book_n we_o will_v subjoin_v a_o catalogue_n of_o churchman_n collect_v out_o of_o godwin_n malmesbury_n spelman_n dugdale_n and_o other_o etc._n etc._n that_o have_v bear_v all_o at_o least_o the_o most_o honourable_a office_n of_o state_n and_o how_o ever_o bespatter_v by_o some_o discharge_v they_o with_o much_o integrity_n and_o repute_n england_n owe_v more_o of_o its_o happiness_n to_o man_n of_o this_o call_v than_o any_o other_o though_o it_o can_v be_v deny_v but_o some_o miscarriage_n may_v be_v here_o and_o there_o find_v and_o yet_o as_o few_o as_o can_v be_v expect_v in_o such_o a_o multitude_n and_o if_o a_o man_n be_v dispose_v to_o find_v fault_n he_o may_v without_o much_o pain_n take_v two_o for_o one_o in_o critical_o examine_v any_o other_o profession_n let_v we_o begin_v then_o with_o england_n metropolitan_a to_o who_o this_o primacy_n just_o appertain_v and_o
and_o succession_n of_o king_n who_o when_o convert_v to_o the_o christian_a faith_n be_v not_o scanty_a in_o confer_v honour_n and_o riches_n upon_o they_o see_v he_o in_o his_o six_o chapter_n under_o these_o respective_a head_n antiquitatis_fw-la glastoniensis_fw-la ecclesiae_fw-la assertio_fw-la &_o nova_fw-la ab_fw-la ina_n rege_fw-la instauratio_fw-la privilegia_fw-la varia_fw-la eidem_fw-la a_o saxonibus_fw-la regibus_fw-la arthur_n donatio_fw-la &_o sepulchri_fw-la inventio_fw-la hen._n 2._o &_o edw._n 3._o diplomata_fw-la possesiones_n &_o libertates_fw-la ecclesiis_fw-la a_o lucio_n rege_fw-la tributae_fw-la wintoniensis_fw-la ecclesiae_fw-la libertates_fw-la &_o antiquitates_fw-la fundatio_fw-la ecclesiae_fw-la sancti_fw-la petri_n westmonasteriensis_n b._n marcae_fw-la doveriensis_n &_o sancti_fw-la martini_n cantuariensis_n afterward_o in_o his_o seven_o chapter_n de_fw-fr pace_fw-la britanici_fw-la ecclesiis_fw-la post_fw-la caeptam_fw-la persecutionem_fw-la constantio_n chloro_fw-la aug._n constant_a m._n patre_fw-la restituta_fw-la and_o afterward_o in_o his_o 8_o chapter_n of_o the_o british_a bishop_n qui_fw-la variis_fw-la consiliis_fw-la interfuerunt_fw-la concilio_n arelatensi_fw-la sardicensi_fw-la &_o ariminenst_a where_o any_o person_n may_v receive_v satisfaction_n of_o the_o clergy_n honour_n in_o those_o first_o british_n time_n in_o the_o time_n of_o the_o saxon_n what_o their_o immunity_n be_v will_n appear_v if_o we_o instance_n in_o but_o one_o single_a one_o as_o more_o eminent_a and_o glorious_a than_o the_o rest_n viz._n their_o admission_n to_o all_o public_a debate_n and_o assembly_n such_o be_v 1_o their_o scire_fw-la gemotis_n which_o spelman_n and_o other_o learned_a antiquary_n resemble_v to_o our_o country_n court_v and_o sheriff_n turn_v in_o which_o all_o cause_v both_o criminal_a and_o civil_a concern_v church_n or_o state_n be_v handle_v the_o person_n bind_v to_o be_v present_a be_v the_o sheriff_n the_o bishop_n and_o all_o the_o noble_n of_o the_o county_n till_o at_o last_o upon_o their_o humble_a petition_n in_o parliament_n the_o clergy_n be_v dispense_v with_o by_o the_o statute_n of_o marleborough_n 52_o edw._n 3._o unless_o urgent_a necessity_n require_v it_o second_o their_o folk_n gemott_v a_o kind_n of_o annual_a parliament_n common_o hold_v in_o the_o begin_n of_o may_n in_o which_o the_o prince_n of_o the_o kingdom_n bishop_n and_o magistrate_n and_o the_o laity_n take_v the_o oath_n of_o allegiance_n and_o confirm_v their_o mutual_a union_n before_o the_o bishop_n the_o original_a of_o this_o be_v intimate_v to_o be_v as_o high_a as_o king_n arthur_n vid._n leg._n edw._n confess_v 35._o three_o their_o wittena_n gemott_n or_o michael_n synoth_n the_o grand_a convention_n of_o their_o wise_a man_n these_o who_o desire_v to_o look_v far_o into_o may_v have_v recourse_n to_o spelman_n laborious_a glossary_n v._o gemot_n now_o out_o of_o none_o of_o these_o be_v the_o clergy_n exclude_v but_o ever_o reckon_v a_o eminent_a and_o principal_a part_n of_o each_o their_o counsel_n vote_n and_o approbation_n demand_v and_o give_v before_o any_o law_n be_v constitute_v for_o proof_n of_o this_o we_o shall_v look_v back_o above_o 1000_o year_n to_o the_o law_n of_o king_n ethelbert_n and_o the_o author_n we_o shall_v produce_v and_o on_o who_o authority_n we_o lean_a be_v bede_n spelman_n and_o lambard_n and_o as_o to_o king_n ethelbert_n present_o after_o the_o arrival_n of_o austin_n the_o monk_n here_o in_o england_n we_o find_v as_o spelman_n have_v it_o in_o spelm._n conc._n 126._o the_o king_n to_o have_v call_v a_o grand_a assemby_n a._n 605._o tam_fw-la cleri_fw-la quam_fw-la populi_fw-la in_o the_o law_n of_o king_n ina_n which_o florentius_n wigorniensis_n date_n ann._n dom._n 686._o spelm._n 692._o lambert_n 712._o we_o find_v these_o law_n be_v make_v and_o write_v by_o the_o persuasion_n and_o advice_n of_o his_o bishop_n hedda_n and_o erkenwald_n and_o though_o the_o learned_a spelman_n excerps_n out_o of_o the_o body_n of_o those_o law_n only_o those_o which_o more_o particular_o relate_v to_o the_o church_n as_o be_v only_o proper_a for_o this_o design_n yet_o lambard_n mention_n many_o civil_a matter_n there_o determine_v and_o when_o the_o great_a league_n and_o union_n between_o the_o briton_n saxon_n and_o pict_n be_v conclude_v we_o find_v it_o ratify_v per_fw-la commune_fw-la concilium_fw-la &_o assensium_fw-la omnium_fw-la episcoporum_fw-la procerum_fw-la comitum_fw-la &_o omnium_fw-la sapientum_fw-la seniorum_fw-la &_o populorum_fw-la &_o per_fw-la preceptum_fw-la regis_fw-la inae_fw-la the_o very_a manner_n of_o our_o pass_a law_n in_o parliament_n now_o use_v in_o england_n bed_n eccles_n histor_n l._n 1._o in_o the_o law_n of_o king_n athelstan_n about_o the_o year_n 924._o spelm._n 922_o there_o be_v no_o mention_n of_o any_o other_o counsellor_n for_o the_o enact_v though_o certain_o the_o form_n be_v the_o same_o but_o his_o arch_a bishop_n ufhelme_v and_o his_o other_o bishop_n and_o these_o be_v at_o least_o the_o prime_a person_n there_o though_o the_o body_n of_o the_o law_n concern_v secular_a affair_n spelman_n select_v only_o ecclesiastical_a yet_o in_o the_o title_n he_o own_v other_o pass_v in_o the_o law_n of_o k._n edmund_n about_o 946._o the_o king_n have_v a_o full_a meeting_n of_o ecclesiastic_n and_o laic_n at_o london_n in_o which_o be_v present_a odo_n and_o wulstan_n the_o arch_a bishop_n none_o of_o the_o rest_n though_o without_o doubt_n there_o present_a once_o name_v again_o 948._o to_o a_o great_a convention_n of_o the_o estate_n at_o london_n under_o edred_n writ_n of_o summons_n be_v issue_v out_o to_o the_o arch_a bishop_n and_o bishop_n and_o yet_o their_o agitur_fw-la de_fw-la negotiis_fw-la regni_fw-la ingulph_n p._n 87._o spel._n conc._n p._n 428._o come_v we_o to_o the_o dane_n 1021._o we_o find_v a_o public_a assembly_n call_v at_o winchester_n by_o canutus_n where_o be_v present_a wulstan_n and_o adelholme_n the_o arch_a bishop_n with_o other_o bishop_n duke_n and_o earl_n etc._n etc._n spelm._n conc._n p._n 534._o now_o dure_v these_o two_o period_n there_o be_v no_o mention_n of_o barony_n but_o all_o the_o church_n tenure_n be_v in_o pura_n eleemosyna_fw-la frank_n almoigne_z and_o the_o bishop_n sit_v only_o as_o eminent_a prelate_n by_o virtue_n of_o their_o spiritual_a dignity_n for_o there_o be_v hardly_o any_o law_n but_o some_o way_n or_o other_o concern_v religion_n and_o the_o good_a of_o soul_n therefore_o in_o the_o enact_v of_o they_o the_o cergy_n be_v ever_o require_v by_o our_o prudent_a ancestor_n thus_o much_o for_o the_o grand_a assembly_n style_v usual_o by_o the_o learned_a knight_n sir_n henry_n spelman_n pan_n anglica_n and_o pan_n britanica_n we_o will_v only_o mention_v the_o private_a statute_n of_o king_n edgar_n which_o be_v thus_o ex_fw-la omni_fw-la comitatu_fw-la bis_fw-la quotannis_fw-la conventus_fw-la agitur_fw-la cui_fw-la quidem_fw-la illius_fw-la diocaesae_fw-la episcopus_fw-la &_o senator_n intersunto_fw-la quorum_fw-la alter_fw-la jura_fw-la divina_fw-la alter_fw-la populum_fw-la edoceto_fw-la nor_o do_v mr._n selden_n no_o friend_n of_o the_o clergy_n ever_o deny_v or_o question_v but_o the_o bishop_n be_v join_v in_o commission_n with_o the_o aarlderman_n nay_o he_o express_o affirm_v the_o same_o title_n of_o honour_n l._n 2._o c._n 5._o hitherto_o of_o the_o british_a saxon_a danish_a government_n pass_v we_o down_o to_o the_o norman_n and_o here_o we_o have_v king_n william_n solemn_o with_o a_o oath_n ratify_v the_o law_n of_o st._n edw._n the_o confessor_n and_o this_o particular_o be_v add_v si_fw-mi quis_fw-la sanctae_fw-la ecclesiae_fw-la pacem_fw-la infregerit_fw-la episcoporum_fw-la est_fw-la justitia_fw-la lambard_n p._n 139._o and_o in_o several_a old_a precident_n of_o grant_n such_o clause_n as_o these_o occur_v nolumus_fw-la quod_fw-la libertas_fw-la ecclesiae_fw-la per_fw-la nos_fw-la vel_fw-la ministros_fw-la nostros_fw-la quoscunque_fw-la aliqualiter_fw-la violetur_fw-la &_o jura_fw-la &_o ilbertates_fw-la ecclesiasticas_fw-la illaesas_fw-la volentes_fw-la in_o omnibus_fw-la observari_fw-la yet_o more_o particular_o in_o a_o charter_n to_o the_o church_n of_o st._n paul_n in_o london_n tam_fw-la liberam_fw-la volumus_fw-la ecclesiam_fw-la d._n pauli_n london_n quam_fw-la sit_fw-la anima_fw-la mea_fw-la in_o die_fw-la judicii_fw-la and_o here_o now_o at_o last_o we_o come_v to_o that_o great_a change_n in_o the_o state_n ecclesiastic_a the_o bishop_n who_o have_v ever_o enjoy_v the_o privilege_n of_o majores_fw-la thani_fw-la among_o the_o saxon_n be_v translate_v to_o baron_n which_o give_v occasion_n to_o that_o groundless_a error_n of_o some_o to_o date_n the_o first_o sit_v in_o parliament_n hence_o as_o if_o the_o conqueror_n to_o curry_v favour_n with_o the_o clergy_n and_o the_o better_a to_o settle_v his_o new_a get_a kingdom_n confer_v this_o honour_n upon_o they_o but_o certain_o if_o there_o be_v truth_n in_o this_o the_o clergy_n be_v much_o to_o blaim_v and_o very_o ungrateful_a to_o their_o patron_n k._n william_n for_o that_o we_o find_v they_o loser_n by_o his_o favour_n and_o look_v upon_o their_o condition_n under_o he_o much_o worse_a
than_o before_o and_o all_o the_o writer_n of_o that_o age_n must_v be_v correct_v for_o represent_v he_o as_o a_o perfect_a enemy_n of_o the_o church_n to_o clear_v up_o this_o we_o will_v only_o give_v you_o one_o instance_n cite_v from_o a_o old_a record_n entitle_v libre_fw-la sancti_fw-la albani_n where_o we_o read_v this_o passage_n of_o frederick_n the_o then_o abbot_n of_o st._n alban_n that_o to_o obstruct_v the_o march_n of_o the_o conqueror_n he_o cause_v all_o the_o tree_n round_o to_o be_v cut_v and_o lay_v they_o cross_v the_o way_n wherewith_o the_o conqueror_n be_v stop_v in_o his_o march_n send_v in_o some_o passion_n for_o the_o abbot_n who_o under_o his_o security_n come_v to_o he_o the_o conqueror_n demand_v the_o reason_n for_o the_o cut_n down_o the_o wood_n the_o abbot_n resolute_o answer_v he_o that_o i_o have_v do_v but_o what_o become_v i_o and_o if_o all_o the_o spiritual_a person_n through_o the_o kingdom_n have_v use_v their_o endeavour_n against_o thou_o as_o they_o may_v and_o be_v in_o duty_n bind_v to_o have_v do_v thou_o will_v never_o have_v be_v able_a to_o have_v enter_v the_o land_n thus_o far_o the_o duke_n then_o reply_v be_v the_o spiritualty_n of_o england_n of_o such_o power_n if_o i_o live_v and_o enjoy_v that_o which_o i_o have_v get_v i_o will_v make_v their_o power_n less_o add_v to_o this_o that_o stategem_fw-la of_o the_o kentishman_n in_o surround_v the_o king_n and_o force_v he_o to_o a_o composition_n which_o they_o do_v under_o the_o conduct_n of_o stigand_n their_o archbishop_n which_o thing_n ever_o after_o nettle_v he_o and_o that_o he_o be_v never_o hearty_o reconcile_v to_o the_o church_n and_o prove_v afterward_o as_o good_a as_o his_o word_n to_o the_o abbot_n oppress_v the_o clergy_n