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england_n henry_n king_n normandy_n 8,654 5 11.5816 5 true
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A60214 Discourses concerning government by Algernon Sidney ... ; published from an original manuscript of the author. Sidney, Algernon, 1622-1683. 1698 (1698) Wing S3761; ESTC R11837 539,730 470

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tyrant_n general_a pardon_n at_o the_o coronation_n and_o in_o parliament_n be_v but_o the_o bounty_n of_o the_o prerogative_n etc._n etc._n there_o may_v be_v hard_a case_n and_o cite_v some_o pervert_v piece_n from_o aristotle_n ethic_n and_o politicsk_n add_v that_o when_o something_o fall_v out_o beside_o the_o general_a rule_n than_o it_o be_v fit_a that_o what_o the_o lawmaker_n have_v omit_v or_o where_o he_o have_v err_v by_o speak_v general_o it_o shall_v be_v correct_v and_o supply_v as_o if_o the_o lawmaker_n be_v present_a that_o ordain_v it_o the_o governor_n whether_o he_o be_v one_o man_n or_o more_o aught_o to_o be_v lord_n of_o these_o thing_n whereof_o it_o be_v impossible_a that_o the_o law_n shall_v speak_v exact_o these_o thing_n be_v in_o part_n true_a but_o our_o author_n make_v use_v of_o they_o as_o the_o devil_n do_v of_o scripture_n to_o subvert_v the_o truth_n there_o may_v be_v something_o of_o rigour_n in_o the_o law_n that_o in_o some_o case_n may_v be_v 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according_a to_o the_o variety_n of_o time_n and_o other_o occurrence_n we_o have_v such_o footstep_n remain_v of_o the_o name_n of_o baron_n as_o plain_o show_v the_o signification_n of_o it_o the_o baron_n of_o london_n and_o the_o cinq_fw-fr port_n be_v know_v to_o be_v only_o the_o freeman_n of_o those_o place_n in_o the_o petty_a court-baron_n every_o man_n who_o may_v be_v of_o a_o jury_n be_v a_o baron_n these_o be_v nobleman_n for_o there_o be_v noble_a nation_n as_o well_o as_o noble_a man_n in_o nation_n the_o mammaluke_n account_v themselves_o to_o be_v all_o noble_a though_o bear_v slave_n and_o when_o they_o have_v ennoble_v themselves_o by_o the_o use_n of_o arm_n they_o look_v upon_o the_o noble_a of_o the_o egyptian_n as_o their_o slave_n tertullian_n writing_n not_o to_o some_o eminent_a man_n but_o to_o the_o whole_a people_n of_o carthage_n call_v they_o antiquitate_fw-la nobiles_fw-la nobilitate_fw-la felices_fw-la such_o be_v the_o saxon_n ennoble_v by_o a_o perpetual_a application_n to_o those_o exercise_n that_o belong_v to_o nobleman_n and_o a_o abhorrence_n to_o any_o thing_n that_o be_v vile_a and_o sordid_a lest_o this_o shall_v seem_v far_o fetch_v to_o those_o who_o please_v themselves_o with_o cavil_v they_o be_v to_o know_v that_o the_o same_o general_a council_n be_v express_v by_o other_o author_n in_o other_o word_n they_o be_v call_v hist._n the_o general_n council_n of_o the_o bishop_n noblemen_z count_n all_o the_o wise_a man_n elder_n and_o people_n of_o the_o whole_a kingdom_n in_o the_o time_n of_o ina._n in_o that_o of_o edward_n the_o elder_a populorum_fw-la the_o great_a council_n of_o the_o bishop_n abbot_n nobleman_n and_o people_n william_n of_o malmsbury_n call_v they_o conventum_fw-la the_o general_n senat_n and_o assembly_n of_o the_o people_n sometime_o they_o be_v in_o short_a call_v clergy_n and_o people_n but_o all_o express_a the_o same_o power_n neither_o receive_v from_o nor_o limitable_a by_o king_n who_o be_v always_o say_v to_o be_v choose_v or_o make_v and_o sometime_o depose_v by_o they_o william_n the_o norman_a find_v and_o leave_v the_o nation_n in_o this_o condition_n henry_n the_o second_o john_n and_o henry_n three_o who_o have_v nothing_o but_o what_o be_v confer_v upon_o they_o by_o the_o same_o clergy_n and_o people_n do_v so_o too_o magna_fw-la charta_fw-la can_v give_v nothing_o to_o the_o people_n who_o in_o themselves_o have_v all_o and_o only_o reduce_v into_o a_o small_a volume_n the_o right_n which_o the_o nation_n be_v resolve_v to_o maintain_v bring_v the_o king_n to_o confess_v they_o be_v perpetual_o inherent_a and_o time_n out_o of_o mind_n enjoy_v and_o to_o swear_v that_o he_o will_v no_o way_n violate_v they_o if_o he_o do_v he_o be_v ipso_fw-la facto_fw-la excommunicate_v and_o be_v thereby_o declare_v to_o be_v a_o execrable_a perjure_a person_n they_o know_v how_o to_o deal_v with_o he_o this_o act_n have_v be_v confirm_v by_o thirty_o parliament_n and_o the_o proceed_n with_o king_n who_o have_v violate_v their_o oath_n as_o well_o before_o as_o after_o the_o time_n of_o henry_n the_o three_o which_o have_v be_v already_o mention_v be_v sufficient_a to_o show_v that_o england_n have_v always_o be_v govern_v by_o itself_o and_o never_o acknowledge_v any_o other_o lord_n than_o such_o as_o they_o think_v fit_a to_o set_v up_o sect_n xxix_o the_o king_n be_v never_o master_n of_o the_o soil_n those_o who_o without_o regard_n to_o truth_n resolve_v to_o insist_v upon_o such_o point_n as_o they_o think_v may_v serve_v their_o design_n when_o they_o find_v it_o can_v be_v deny_v that_o the_o power_n before_o mention_v have_v be_v exercise_v by_o the_o english_a and_o other_o nation_n say_v that_o they_o be_v the_o concession_n of_o king_n who_o be_v master_n of_o the_o soil_n may_v bestow_v parcel_n upon_o some_o person_n with_o such_o condition_n as_o they_o please_v retain_v to_o themselves_o the_o supreme_a dominion_n of_o the_o whole_a and_o have_v already_o as_o they_o think_v make_v they_o the_o fountain_n of_o honour_n they_o proceed_v to_o make_v they_o also_o the_o fountain_n of_o property_n and_o for_o proof_n of_o this_o allege_v that_o all_o land_n though_o hold_v of_o mean_a lord_n do_v by_o their_o tenor_n at_o last_o result_n upon_o the_o king_n as_o the_o head_n from_o who_o they_o be_v enjoy_v this_o may_v be_v of_o force_n if_o it_o be_v true_a but_o matter_n of_o the_o high_a importance_n require_v a_o most_o evident_a proof_n we_o be_v to_o examine_v first_o if_o it_o be_v possible_a and_o in_o the_o next_o place_n if_o it_o be_v true_a 1._o for_o the_o first_o no_o man_n can_v give_v what_o he_o have_v not_o whoever_o therefore_o will_v pretend_v that_o the_o king_n have_v bestow_v this_o propriety_n must_v prove_v that_o he_o have_v it_o in_o himself_o i_o confess_v that_o the_o king_n of_o spain_n and_o portugal_n obtain_v from_o the_o pope_n grant_v of_o the_o territory_n they_o possess_v in_o the_o west-indies_n and_o this_o may_v be_v of_o some_o strength_n if_o the_o pope_n as_o vicar_n of_o christ_n have_v a_o absolute_a dominion_n over_o the_o whole_a earth_n but_o if_o that_o fail_v the_o whole_a fall_n to_o the_o ground_n and_o he_o be_v ridiculous_o liberal_a of_o that_o which_o no_o way_n belong_v to_o he_o my_o business_n be_v not_o to_o dispute_v that_o point_n but_o before_o it_o can_v have_v any_o influence_n upon_o our_o affair_n our_o king_n be_v to_o prove_v that_o they_o be_v lord_n of_o england_n upon_o the_o same_o title_n or_o some_o other_o equivalent_a to_o it_o when_o that_o be_v do_v we_o shall_v know_v upon_o who_o they_o have_v a_o dependence_n and_o may_v at_o leisure_n consider_v whether_o we_o ought_v to_o acknowledge_v and_o submit_v to_o such_o a_o power_n or_o give_v reason_n for_o our_o refusal_n but_o there_o be_v no_o such_o thing_n in_o our_o present_a case_n their_o property_n must_v be_v ground_v upon_o something_o else_o or_o we_o may_v just_o conclude_v they_o have_v none_o in_o order_n to_o this_o it_o be_v hardly_o worth_a the_o pain_n to_o search_v into_o the_o obscure_a remain_v of_o the_o british_a history_n for_o when_o the_o roman_n desert_v our_o island_n they_o do_v not_o confer_v the_o right_n they_o have_v whether_o more_o or_o less_o upon_o any_o man_n but_o leave_v the_o enjoyment_n of_o it_o to_o the_o poor_a remainder_n of_o the_o nation_n and_o their_o own_o establish_a colony_n who_o be_v grow_v to_o be_v one_o people_n with_o the_o native_n the_o saxon_n come_v under_o the_o conduct_n of_o hengist_n and_o horsa_n who_o seem_v to_o have_v be_v sturdy_a pirate_n but_o do_v not_o that_o i_o can_v learn_v bear_v any_o character_n in_o their_o person_n of_o the_o so_o much_o admire_v sovereign_a majesty_n that_o shall_v give_v they_o a_o absolute_a dominion_n or_o propriety_n either_o in_o their_o own_o country_n or_o any_o other_o they_o shall_v set_v their_o foot_n upon_o they_o come_v with_o about_o a_o hundred_o man_n and_o choose_v rather_o to_o serve_v vortigern_n than_o to_o hist._n depend_v upon_o what_o they_o can_v get_v by_o rapine_n at_o sea_n live_v upon_o a_o small_a proportion_n of_o land_n by_o he_o allot_v to_o they_o though_o this_o seem_v to_o be_v but_o a_o slender_a encouragement_n yet_o it_o be_v enough_o to_o invite_v many_o other_o to_o follow_v their_o example_n and_o fortune_n so_o that_o their_o number_n increase_v the_o county_n of_o kent_n be_v give_v to_o they_o under_o the_o obligation_n of_o serve_v the_o britan_n in_o their_o war_n not_o long_o after_o land_n in_o northumberland_n be_v bestow_v upon_o another_o company_n of_o they_o with_o the_o same_o condition_n this_o be_v all_o the_o title_n they_o have_v to_o what_o they_o enjoy_v till_o they_o treacherous_o kill_v four_o hundred_o and_o sixty_o or_o as_o william_n of_o malmsbury_n say_v three_o hundred_o principal_a man_n of_o the_o british_a nobility_n and_o make_v vortigern_n prisoner_n who_o have_v be_v so_o much_o their_o ibid._n benefactor_n that_o he_o seem_v never_o to_o have_v deserve_v well_o but_o from_o they_o and_o to_o have_v incense_v the_o britan_n by_o the_o favour_n he_o show_v they_o as_o much_o as_o by_o the_o worst_a of_o his_o vice_n and_o certain_o action_n of_o this_o kind_n compose_v of_o falsehood_n and_o cruelty_n can_v never_o create_v a_o right_n in_o the_o opinion_n of_o any_o better_a man_n than_o filmer_n and_o his_o disciple_n who_o think_v that_o the_o power_n only_o be_v to_o be_v regard_v and_o not_o the_o mean_n by_o which_o it_o be_v obtain_v but_o though_o it_o shall_v be_v grant_v that_o a_o right_n have_v be_v thus_o acquire_v it_o must_v accrue_v to_o the_o nation_n not_o to_o hengist_n and_o horsa_n if_o such_o a_o acquisition_n be_v call_v a_o conquest_n the_o benefit_n must_v belong_v to_o
of_o the_o principal_a as_o remain_v due_a to_o they_o have_v be_v repay_v and_o the_o land_n resume_v sect_n xxx_o henry_n the_o first_o be_v king_n of_o england_n by_o as_o good_a a_o title_n as_o any_o of_o his_o predecessor_n or_o successor_n have_v make_v it_o appear_v as_o i_o suppose_v that_o the_o ancient_a nobility_n of_o england_n be_v compose_v of_o such_o man_n as_o have_v be_v ennoble_v by_o bear_v arm_n in_o the_o defence_n or_o enlargement_n of_o the_o commonwealth_n that_o the_o duke_n earls_z etc._n etc._n be_v those_o who_o command_v they_o that_o they_o and_o their_o dependent_n receive_v land_n for_o such_o service_n under_o a_o obligation_n of_o continue_v to_o render_v the_o like_a and_o according_a to_o their_o several_a degree_n and_o proportion_n to_o provide_v and_o maintain_v horse_n arm_n and_o man_n for_o the_o same_o use_n it_o can_v be_v deny_v that_o they_o be_v such_o gentleman_n and_o lord_n of_o manor_n as_o we_o now_o call_v commoner_n together_o with_o the_o freeholder_n and_o such_o as_o in_o war_n be_v find_v most_o able_a to_o be_v their_o leader_n of_o these_o the_o micklegemot_n wittenagemot_n and_o other_o public_a assembly_n do_v consist_v and_o nothing_o can_v be_v more_o absurd_a than_o to_o assign_v the_o name_n and_o right_n of_o duke_n earl_n and_o viscount_n which_o be_v name_n of_o office_n to_o those_o who_o have_v not_o the_o office_n and_o be_v no_o way_n fit_a for_o they_o if_o our_o author_n therefore_o have_v say_v that_o such_o as_o these_o who_o have_v always_o compose_v the_o great_a council_n of_o our_o nation_n have_v in_o favour_n of_o henry_n the_o first_o bestow_v the_o crown_n upon_o he_o as_o they_o have_v do_v upon_o his_o father_n and_o brother_n i_o shall_v agree_v with_o he_o but_o it_o be_v the_o utmost_a extravagance_n to_o say_v that_o he_o who_o have_v neither_o title_n nor_o possession_n shall_v give_v the_o power_n to_o those_o who_o have_v always_o be_v in_o the_o possession_n of_o it_o and_o exercise_v it_o in_o give_v to_o he_o whatsoever_o he_o have_v but_o i_o most_o wonder_v he_o shall_v so_o far_o forget_v himself_o to_o call_v this_o henry_n a_o usurper_n and_o detract_v from_o the_o validity_n of_o his_o act_n because_o he_o have_v no_o title_n whereas_o there_o neither_o be_v be_v or_o can_v be_v a_o usurper_n if_o there_o be_v any_o truth_n in_o his_o doctrine_n for_o he_o plain_o tell_v we_o we_o be_v only_o to_o look_v to_o the_o power_n and_o not_o at_o all_o to_o the_o mean_n and_o way_n by_o which_o it_o be_v obtain_v and_o make_v no_o difference_n between_o a_o king_n and_o a_o tyrant_n enjoin_v a_o equal_a submission_n to_o the_o command_n of_o both_o if_o this_o be_v only_o a_o slip_n of_o his_o pen_n and_o he_o do_v real_o take_v this_o henry_n to_o be_v a_o usurper_n because_o he_o have_v not_o a_o good_a title_n i_o shall_v desire_v to_o know_v the_o mark_n by_o which_o a_o lawful_a king_n be_v distinguish_v from_o a_o usurper_n and_o in_o what_o a_o just_a title_n do_v consist_v if_o he_o place_v it_o in_o a_o hereditary_a succession_n we_o ought_v to_o be_v inform_v whether_o this_o right_n must_v be_v deduce_v from_o one_o universal_a lord_n of_o mankind_n or_o from_o a_o particular_a lord_n of_o every_o people_n if_o from_o the_o universal_a lord_n the_o same_o descent_n that_o give_v he_o a_o right_a to_o the_o dominion_n of_o any_o one_o country_n enslave_v the_o whole_a world_n to_o he_o if_o from_o the_o particular_a lord_n of_o one_o place_n proof_n must_v be_v give_v how_o he_o come_v to_o be_v so_o for_o if_o there_o be_v a_o defect_n in_o the_o first_o it_o can_v never_o be_v repair_v and_o the_o possession_n be_v no_o more_o than_o a_o continue_a usurpation_n but_o have_v already_o prove_v the_o absurdity_n of_o any_o pretence_n to_o either_o i_o shall_v forbear_v the_o repetition_n and_o only_o say_v that_o if_o the_o course_n of_o succession_n may_v never_o be_v just_o interrupt_v the_o family_n of_o meroveus_n can_v not_o have_v have_v any_o right_n to_o the_o crown_n of_o france_n pepin_n be_v a_o usurper_n if_o it_o must_v for_o ever_o have_v continue_v in_o the_o descendants_n of_o meroveus_n and_o hugh_n capet_n can_v have_v no_o title_n if_o the_o race_n of_o pepin_n may_v not_o be_v dispossess_v i_o leave_v our_o author_n to_o dispute_v this_o point_n with_o the_o king_n of_o france_n and_o when_o he_o have_v so_o far_o convince_v he_o that_o he_o be_v a_o usurper_n as_o to_o persuade_v he_o to_o resign_v his_o crown_n to_o the_o house_n of_o austria_n claim_v from_o pharamont_n or_o to_o that_o of_o lorraine_n as_o descend_v from_o pepin_n i_o can_v give_v he_o half_o a_o dozen_o more_o knot_n which_o will_v not_o be_v with_o less_o difficulty_n untie_v and_o which_o instead_o of_o establish_v the_o title_n of_o such_o king_n as_o be_v know_v to_o we_o will_v overthrow_v they_o all_o unless_o a_o right_n be_v give_v to_o usurpation_n or_o the_o consent_n of_o a_o people_n do_v confer_v it_o but_o if_o there_o be_v such_o a_o thing_n as_o a_o usurper_n and_o a_o rule_n by_o which_o man_n may_v judge_n of_o usurpation_n it_o be_v not_o only_o lawful_a but_o necessary_a for_o we_o to_o examine_v the_o title_n of_o such_o as_o go_v under_o the_o name_n of_o king_n that_o we_o may_v know_v whether_o they_o be_v true_o so_o or_o not_o lest_o through_o ignorance_n we_o chance_v to_o give_v the_o veneration_n and_o obedience_n that_o be_v due_a to_o a_o king_n to_o one_o who_o be_v not_o a_o king_n and_o deny_v it_o to_o he_o who_o by_o a_o uninterruptible_a line_n of_o descent_n be_v our_o natural_a lord_n and_o thereby_o prefer_v the_o worst_a of_o man_n and_o our_o most_o bitter_a enemy_n before_o the_o person_n we_o ought_v to_o look_v upon_o as_o our_o father_n and_o if_o this_o prove_v dangerous_a to_o one_o or_o more_o king_n it_o be_v our_o author_n fault_n not_o i_o if_o there_o be_v no_o usurper_n nor_o rule_v of_o distinguish_v he_o from_o a_o lawful_a prince_n filmer_n be_v the_o worst_a of_o all_o trifler_n and_o impostor_n who_o ground_n his_o argument_n in_o the_o most_o serious_a matter_n upon_o what_o he_o esteem_v to_o be_v false_a but_o the_o truth_n be_v he_o seem_v to_o have_v set_v himself_o against_o humanity_n and_o common_a sense_n as_o much_o as_o against_o law_n and_o virtue_n and_o if_o he_o who_o so_o frequent_o contradict_v himself_o can_v be_v say_v to_o mean_v any_o thing_n he_o will_v authorise_v rapine_n and_o murder_n and_o persuade_v we_o to_o account_v those_o to_o be_v rightful_a king_n who_o by_o treachery_n and_o other_o unjust_a mean_n overthrow_v the_o right_n of_o descent_n which_o he_o pretend_v to_o esteem_v sacred_a as_o well_o as_o the_o liberty_n of_o nation_n which_o by_o better_a judge_n be_v think_v to_o be_v so_o and_o give_v the_o odious_a name_n of_o usurpation_n to_o the_o advancement_n of_o one_o who_o be_v make_v king_n by_o the_o consent_n of_o a_o willing_a people_n but_o if_o henry_n the_o first_o be_v a_o usurper_n i_o desire_v to_o know_v whether_o the_o same_o name_n belong_v to_o all_o our_o king_n or_o which_o of_o they_o deserve_v a_o better_a that_o we_o may_v understand_v who_o act_n ought_v to_o be_v repute_v legal_a and_o to_o who_o descent_n we_o owe_v veneration_n or_o whether_o we_o be_v whole_o exempt_v from_o all_o for_o i_o can_v see_v a_o possibility_n of_o fix_v the_o guilt_n of_o usurpation_n upon_o henry_n the_o first_o without_o involve_v many_o if_o not_o all_o our_o king_n in_o the_o same_o if_o his_o title_n be_v not_o good_a because_o his_o brother_n robert_n be_v still_o live_v that_o of_o rufus_n be_v by_o the_o same_o reason_n overthrow_v and_o william_n their_o sather_n be_v a_o bastard_n can_v have_v none_o this_o fundamental_a defect_n can_v never_o be_v repair_v for_o the_o successor_n can_v inherit_v no_o more_o than_o the_o right_n of_o the_o first_o which_o be_v nothing_o stephen_n can_v deduce_v no_o title_n either_o from_o norman_a or_o saxon_a whatsoever_o henry_n the_o second_o pretend_v must_v be_v from_o his_o mother_n maud_n and_o any_o other_o may_v have_v be_v prefer_v before_o she_o as_o well_o as_o he_o if_o her_o title_n be_v from_o the_o norman_n it_o must_v be_v void_a since_o they_o have_v none_o and_o the_o story_n of_o edgar_n atheling_n be_v too_o impertinent_a to_o deserve_v mention_n but_o however_o it_o can_v be_v of_o no_o advantage_n to_o she_o for_o david_n king_n of_o scotland_n brother_n to_o her_o mother_n from_o who_o only_o her_o title_n can_v be_v derive_v be_v then_o alive_a with_o his_o son_n henry_n who_o die_v not_o long_o after_o leave_v three_o son_n and_o three_o daughter_n who_o posterity_n be_v
he_o refuse_v in_o the_o same_o place_n they_o meet_v and_o choose_v saul_n to_o be_v their_o king_n he_o be_v dead_a the_o man_n of_o judah_n assemble_v themselves_o and_o anoint_a david_n not_o long_o after_o all_o the_o tribe_n meet_v at_o hebron_n make_v a_o contract_n with_o he_o and_o receive_v he_o as_o their_o king_n in_o the_o same_o manner_n though_o by_o worse_a counsel_n they_o make_v absalon_n king_n and_o the_o like_a be_v attempt_v in_o favour_n of_o sheba_n the_o son_n of_o bichri_fw-la though_o they_o then_o have_v a_o king_n choose_v by_o themselves_o when_o they_o find_v themselves_o oppress_v by_o the_o tribute_n that_o have_v be_v lay_v upon_o they_o by_o solomon_n they_o meet_v at_o shechem_n and_o be_v displease_v with_o rehoboam_n answer_n to_o their_o complaint_n ten_o of_o the_o tribe_n make_v jeroboam_n king_n jehu_n and_o all_o the_o other_o king_n of_o israel_n whether_o good_a or_o bad_a have_v no_o other_o title_n than_o be_v confer_v upon_o they_o by_o the_o prevail_a part_n of_o the_o people_n which_o can_v not_o have_v give_v they_o any_o unless_o they_o have_v meet_v together_o nor_o meet_v together_o without_o the_o consent_n and_o against_o the_o will_n of_o those_o that_o reign_v unless_o the_o power_n have_v be_v in_o themselves_o where_o government_n be_v more_o exact_o regulate_v the_o power_n of_o judge_v when_o it_o be_v fit_a to_o call_v the_o senate_n or_o people_n together_o be_v refer_v to_o one_o or_o more_o magistrate_n as_o in_o rome_n to_o the_o consul_n or_o tribune_n in_o athens_n to_o the_o archon_n and_o in_o thebes_n to_o the_o beotarche_n but_o none_o of_o they_o can_v have_v these_o power_n unless_o they_o have_v be_v give_v by_o those_o who_o advance_v they_o to_o the_o magistracy_n to_o which_o they_o be_v annex_v nor_o can_v they_o have_v be_v so_o annex_v if_o those_o who_o create_v they_o have_v not_o have_v the_o right_n in_o themselves_o if_o these_o officer_n neglect_v their_o duty_n of_o call_v such_o assembly_n when_o the_o public_a affair_n require_v the_o people_n meet_v by_o their_o own_o authority_n and_o punish_v the_o person_n or_o abrogate_a the_o magistracy_n as_o appear_v in_o the_o case_n of_o the_o decemviri_fw-la and_o many_o other_o that_o may_v be_v allege_v if_o the_o thing_n be_v not_o so_o plain_a as_o to_o need_v no_o further_o proof_n the_o reason_n of_o this_o be_v that_o they_o who_o institute_v a_o magistracy_n best_o know_v whether_o the_o end_n of_o the_o institution_n be_v right_o pursue_v or_o not_o and_o all_o just_a magistracy_n be_v the_o same_o in_o essence_n though_o differ_v in_o form_n the_o same_o right_n must_v perpetual_o belong_v to_o those_o who_o put_v the_o sovereign_a power_n into_o the_o hand_n of_o one_o a_o few_o or_o many_o man_n which_o be_v what_o our_o author_n call_v the_o disposal_n of_o the_o sovereignty_n thus_o the_o roman_n do_v when_o they_o create_v king_n consul_n military_a tribune_n dictator_n or_o decemviri_fw-la and_o it_o have_v be_v most_o ridiculous_a to_o say_v that_o those_o officer_n give_v authority_n to_o the_o people_n to_o meet_v and_o choose_v they_o for_o they_o who_o be_v choose_v be_v the_o creature_n of_o those_o who_o choose_v and_o be_v nothing_o more_o than_o other_o till_o they_o be_v choose_v the_o last_o king_n of_o sweden_n charles_n gustavus_n tell_v a_o gentleman_n who_o be_v ambassador_n there_o that_o the_o swede_n have_v make_v he_o king_n when_o he_o be_v poor_a and_o have_v nothing_o in_o the_o world_n he_o have_v but_o one_o work_n to_o do_v which_o be_v so_o to_o reign_v that_o they_o may_v never_o repent_v the_o good_a opinion_n they_o have_v conceive_v of_o he_o they_o may_v therefore_o meet_v and_o do_v meet_v to_o confer_v the_o sovereignty_n upon_o he_o or_o he_o can_v never_o have_v have_v it_o for_o though_o the_o kingdom_n be_v hereditary_a to_o male_n or_o female_n and_o his_o mother_n be_v sister_n to_o the_o great_a gustavus_n yet_o have_v marry_v a_o stranger_n without_o the_o consent_n of_o the_o estate_n she_o perform_v not_o the_o condition_n upon_o which_o woman_n be_v admit_v to_o the_o succession_n and_o thereby_o fall_v from_o her_o right_n he_o pretend_v not_o to_o any_o the_o act_n of_o his_o election_n declare_v he_o have_v none_o and_o give_v the_o crown_n to_o he_o and_o the_o heir_n of_o his_o body_n with_o this_o far_a declaration_n that_o the_o benefit_n of_o his_o election_n shall_v no_o way_n extend_v to_o his_o brother_n prince_n adolphus_n and_o it_o be_v confess_v by_o all_o the_o swedish_n nation_n that_o if_o the_o king_n now_o reign_v shall_v die_v without_o child_n the_o estate_n will_v proceed_v to_o a_o new_a election_n it_o be_v right_o observe_v by_o our_o author_n that_o if_o the_o people_n may_v meet_v and_o give_v the_o sovereign_a power_n they_o may_v also_o direct_v and_o limit_v it_o for_o they_o do_v meet_v in_o this_o and_o other_o country_n they_o do_v confer_v the_o sovereign_a power_n they_o do_v limit_n and_o direct_v the_o exercise_n and_o the_o law_n of_o each_o people_n show_v in_o what_o manner_n and_o measure_n it_o be_v every_o where_o do_v this_o be_v as_o certain_a in_o relation_n to_o king_n as_o any_o other_o magistrate_n the_o commission_n of_o the_o roman_a dictator_n be_v to_o take_v care_n liv._o that_o the_o commonwealth_n may_v receive_v no_o detriment_n the_o same_o be_v sometime_o give_v to_o the_o consul_n king_n offa_n confession_n that_o he_o be_v make_v king_n par._n to_o preserve_v the_o public_a liberty_n express_v the_o same_o thing_n and_o charles_n gustavus_n who_o say_v he_o have_v no_o other_o work_n than_o to_o govern_v in_o such_o a_o manner_n that_o they_o who_o have_v make_v he_o king_n may_v not_o repent_v show_v there_o be_v a_o rule_n which_o he_o stand_v oblige_v to_o follow_v and_o a_o end_n which_o he_o be_v to_o procure_v that_o he_o may_v merit_v and_o preserve_v their_o good_a opinion_n this_o power_n of_o confer_v the_o sovereignty_n be_v exercise_v in_o france_n by_o those_o who_o make_v meroveus_n king_n in_o the_o prejudice_n of_o the_o two_o grandchild_n of_o pharamont_n son_n to_o clodion_n by_o those_o who_o exclude_v his_o race_n and_o give_v the_o crown_n to_o pepin_n by_o those_o who_o depose_v lewis_n le_fw-fr debonair_a and_o charles_n le_fw-fr gros_n by_o those_o who_o bring_v in_o five_o king_n that_o be_v either_o bastard_n or_o stranger_n between_z him_z and_o charles_n le_z simple_z by_o those_o who_o reject_v his_o race_n and_o advance_v hugh_n capet_n by_o those_o who_o make_v henry_n the_o first_o king_n to_o the_o prejudice_n of_o robert_n his_o elder_a brother_n and_o continue_v the_o crown_n in_o the_o race_n of_o henry_n for_o ten_o generation_n whilst_o the_o descendants_n of_o robert_n be_v only_a duke_n of_o burgundy_n the_o like_a be_v do_v in_o castille_n and_o arragon_n by_o frequent_o prefer_v the_o young_a before_o the_o elder_a brother_n the_o descendants_n of_o female_n before_o those_o of_o the_o male-line_n in_o the_o same_o degree_n the_o more_o remote_a in_o blood_n before_o the_o near_a and_o sometime_o bastard_n before_o the_o legitimate_a issue_n the_o same_o be_v do_v in_o england_n in_o relation_n to_o every_o king_n since_o the_o come_n in_o of_o the_o norman_n as_o i_o show_v in_o the_o last_o section_n and_o other_o place_n of_o this_o work_n that_o they_o who_o give_v the_o sovereignty_n may_v also_o circumscribe_v and_o direct_v it_o be_v manifest_a by_o the_o several_a way_n of_o provide_v for_o the_o succession_n institute_v by_o several_a nation_n some_o be_v mere_o elective_a as_o the_o empire_n of_o germany_n and_o the_o kingdom_n of_o poland_n to_o this_o day_n the_o kingdom_n of_o denmark_n till_o the_o year_n 1660_o that_o of_o sweden_n till_o the_o time_n of_o gustavus_n ericson_n who_o deliver_v that_o nation_n from_o the_o oppression_n of_o christiern_n the_o second_o the_o cruel_a king_n of_o the_o dane_n in_o other_o the_o election_n be_v confine_v to_o one_o or_o more_o family_n as_o the_o kingdom_n of_o the_o goth_n in_o spain_n to_o the_o balthei_n and_o amalthei_n in_o some_o the_o elder_a man_n of_o the_o reign_a family_n be_v prefer_v before_o the_o near_a as_o in_o scotland_n before_o the_o time_n of_o kennethus_n in_o other_o place_n the_o near_a in_o blood_n be_v prefer_v before_o the_o elder_a if_o more_o remote_a in_o some_o no_o regard_n be_v have_v to_o female_n or_o their_o descendants_n as_o in_o france_n and_o turkey_n in_o other_o they_o or_o their_o descendants_n be_v admit_v either_o simple_o as_o well_o as_o male_n or_o under_o a_o condition_n of_o marry_v in_o the_o country_n or_o with_o the_o consent_n of_o the_o estate_n as_o in_o sweden_n and_o no_o other_o reason_n can_v be_v give_v for_o this_o almost_o infinite_a variety_n of_o
excel_v all_o other_o in_o virtue_n can_v have_v no_o other_o just_a power_n than_o what_o the_o law_n give_v nor_o any_o title_n to_o the_o privilege_n of_o the_o lord_n be_v anoint_v p._n 250._o sect._n 2._o the_o king_n of_o israel_n and_o judah_n be_v under_o a_o law_n not_o safe_o to_o be_v transgress_v p._n 262._o sect._n 3_o samuel_n do_v not_o describe_v to_o the_o israelite_n the_o glory_n of_o a_o free_a monarchy_n but_o the_o evil_n the_o people_n shall_v suffer_v that_o he_o may_v divert_v they_o from_o desire_v a_o king_n p._n 264._o sect._n 4._o no_o people_n can_v be_v oblige_v to_o suffer_v from_o their_o king_n what_o they_o have_v not_o a_o right_a to_o do_v p._n 266._o sect._n 5._o the_o mischief_n suffer_v from_o wicked_a king_n be_v such_o as_o render_v it_o both_o reasonable_a and_o just_a for_o all_o nation_n that_o have_v virtue_n and_o power_n to_o exert_v both_o in_o repel_v they_o p._n 270._o sect._n 6._o it_o be_v not_o good_a for_o such_o nation_n as_o will_v have_v king_n to_o suffer_v they_o to_o be_v glorious_a powerful_a or_o abound_v in_o riches_n p._n 273._o sect._n 7._o when_o the_o israelite_n ask_v for_o such_o a_o king_n as_o the_o nation_n about_o they_o have_v they_o ask_v for_o a_o tyrant_n though_o they_o do_v not_o call_v he_o so_o p._n 277._o sect._n 8._o under_o the_o name_n of_o tribute_n no_o more_o be_v understand_v than_o what_o the_o law_n of_o each_o nation_n give_v to_o the_o supreme_a magistrate_n for_o the_o defray_n of_o public_a charge_n to_o which_o the_o custom_n of_o the_o roman_n or_o suffering_n of_o the_o jew_n have_v no_o relation_n p._n 283._o sect._n 9_o our_o own_o law_n confirm_v to_o we_o the_o enjoyment_n of_o our_o native_a right_n p._n 288._o sect._n 10._o the_o word_n of_o st._n paul_n enjoin_v obedience_n to_o high_a power_n favour_v all_o sort_n of_o government_n no_o less_o than_o monarchy_n p._n 292._o sect._n 11._o that_o which_o be_v not_o just_o be_v not_o law_n and_o that_o which_o be_v not_o law_n ought_v not_o to_o be_v obey_v p._n 300._o sect._n 12._o the_o right_a and_o power_n of_o a_o magistrate_n depend_v upon_o his_o institution_n not_o upon_o his_o name_n p._n 302._o sect._n 13._o law_n be_v make_v to_o direct_v and_o instruct_v magistrate_n and_o if_o they_o will_v not_o be_v direct_v to_o restrain_v they_o p._n 305._o sect._n 14._o law_n be_v not_o make_v by_o king_n not_o because_o they_o be_v busy_v in_o great_a matter_n than_o do_v justice_n but_o because_o nation_n will_v be_v govern_v by_o rule_n and_o not_o arbitrary_o p._n 309._o sect._n 15._o a_o general_a presumption_n that_o king_n will_v govern_v well_o be_v not_o a_o sufficient_a security_n to_o the_o people_n p._n 314._o sect._n 16._o the_o observation_n of_o the_o law_n of_o nature_n be_v absurd_o expect_v from_o tyrant_n who_o set_v themselves_o up_o against_o all_o law_n and_o he_o that_o subject_n king_n to_o no_o other_o law_n than_o what_o be_v common_a to_o tyrant_n destroy_v their_o be_v p._n 317._o sect._n 17._o king_n can_v be_v the_o interpreter_n of_o the_o oath_n they_o take_v p._n 322._o sect._n 18._o the_o next_o in_o blood_n to_o decease_a king_n can_v general_o be_v say_v to_o be_v king_n till_o they_o be_v crown_v p._n 330._o sect._n 19_o the_o great_a enemy_n of_o a_o just_a magistrate_n be_v he_o who_o endeavour_v to_o invalidate_v the_o contract_n between_o he_o and_o the_o people_n or_o to_o corrupt_v their_o manner_n p._n 341._o sect._n 20._o unjust_a command_n be_v not_o to_o be_v obey_v and_o no_o man_n be_v oblige_v to_o suffer_v for_o not_o obey_v such_o as_o be_v against_o law_n p._n 345._o sect._n 21._o it_o can_v be_v for_o the_o good_a of_o the_o people_n that_o the_o magistrate_n have_v a_o power_n above_o the_o law_n and_o he_o be_v not_o a_o magistrate_n who_o have_v not_o his_o power_n by_o law_n 348._o sect._n 22._o the_o rigour_n of_o the_o law_n be_v to_o be_v temper_v by_o man_n of_o know_a integrity_n and_o judgement_n and_o not_o by_o the_o prince_n who_o may_v be_v ignorant_a or_o vicious_a p._n 354._o sect._n 23._o aristotle_n prove_v that_o no_o man_n be_v to_o be_v entrust_v with_o a_o absolute_a power_n by_o show_v that_o no_o one_o know_v how_o to_o execute_v it_o but_o such_o a_o man_n as_o be_v not_o to_o be_v find_v p._n 358._o sect._n 24._o the_o power_n of_o augustus_n cesar_n be_v not_o give_v but_o usurp_v p._n 360._o sect._n 25._o the_o regal_a power_n be_v not_o the_o first_o in_o this_o nation_n nor_o necessary_o to_o be_v continue_v though_o it_o have_v be_v the_o first_o p._n 361._o sect._n 26._o that_o the_o king_n may_v be_v entrust_v with_o the_o power_n of_o choose_v judge_n yet_o that_o by_o which_o they_o act_n be_v from_o the_o law_n p._n 369._o sect._n 27._o magna_fw-la charta_fw-la be_v not_o the_o original_a but_o a_o declaration_n of_o the_o english_a liberty_n the_o king_n power_n be_v not_o restrain_v but_o create_v by_o that_o and_o other_o law_n and_o the_o nation_n that_o make_v they_o can_v only_o correct_v the_o defect_n of_o they_o p._n 370._o sect._n 28._o the_o english_a nation_n have_v always_o be_v govern_v by_o itself_o or_o its_o representative_n p._n 379._o sect._n 29._o the_o king_n be_v never_o master_n of_o the_o soil_n p._n 391._o sect._n 30._o henry_n the_o first_o be_v king_n of_o england_n by_o as_o good_a a_o title_n as_o any_o of_o his_o predecessor_n or_o successor_n p._n 395._o sect._n 31._o free_a nation_n have_v a_o right_n of_o meeting_n when_o and_o where_o they_o please_v unless_o they_o deprive_v themselves_o of_o it_o p._n 399._o sect._n 32._o the_o power_n of_o king_n be_v so_o various_a according_a to_o the_o constitution_n of_o several_a state_n that_o no_o consequence_n can_v be_v draw_v to_o the_o prejudice_n or_o advantage_n of_o any_o one_o mere_o from_o the_o name_n p._n 404._o sect._n 33._o the_o liberty_n of_o a_o people_n be_v the_o gift_n of_o god_n and_o nature_n p._n 406._o sect._n 34._o no_o veneration_n pay_v or_o honour_n confer_v upon_o a_o just_a and_o lawful_a magistrate_n can_v diminish_v the_o liberty_n of_o a_o nation_n p._n 409._o sect._n 35._o the_o authority_n give_v by_o our_o law_n to_o the_o act_n perform_v by_o a_o king_n de_fw-fr facto_fw-la detract_v nothing_o from_o the_o people_n right_a of_o create_v who_o they_o please_v p._n 411._o sect._n 36._o the_o general_a revolt_n of_o a_o nation_n can_v be_v call_v a_o rebellion_n p._n 413._o sect._n 37._o the_o english_a government_n be_v not_o ill_o constitute_v the_o defect_n more_o late_o observe_v proceed_v from_o the_o change_n of_o manner_n and_o corruption_n of_o the_o time_n p._n 418._o sect._n 38._o the_o power_n of_o call_v and_o dissolve_v parliament_n be_v not_o simple_o in_o the_o king_n the_o variety_n of_o custom_n in_o choose_v parliamentman_n and_o the_o error_n a_o people_n may_v commit_v neither_o prove_v that_o king_n be_v or_o aught_o to_o be_v absolute_a p._n 421._o sect._n 39_o those_o king_n only_o be_v head_n of_o the_o people_n who_o be_v good_a wise_a and_o seek_v to_o advance_v no_o interest_n but_o that_o of_o the_o public_a p._n 426._o sect._n 40._o good_a law_n prescribe_v easy_a and_o safe_a remedy_n against_o the_o evil_n proceed_v from_o the_o vice_n or_o infirmity_n of_o the_o magistrate_n and_o when_o they_o fail_v they_o must_v be_v supply_v p._n 432._o sect._n 41._o the_o people_n for_o who_o and_o by_o who_o the_o magistrate_n be_v create_v can_v only_o judge_v whether_o he_o right_o perform_v his_o office_n or_o not_o p._n 436._o sect._n 42._o the_o person_n that_o wear_v the_o crown_n can_v determine_v the_o affair_n which_o the_o law_n refer_v to_o the_o king_n p._n 440._o sect._n 43._o proclamation_n be_v not_o law_n p._n 445._o sect._n 44._o no_o people_n that_o be_v not_o free_a can_v substitute_v delegate_n p._n 450._o sect._n 45._o the_o legislative_a power_n be_v always_o arbitrary_a and_o not_o to_o be_v trust_v in_o the_o hand_n of_o any_o who_o be_v not_o bind_v to_o obey_v the_o law_n they_o make_v p._n 455._o sect._n 46._o the_o coercive_a power_n of_o the_o law_n proceed_v from_o the_o authority_n of_o parliament_n p._n 457._o errata_fw-la page_n 77._o line_n 41._o for_o number_n read_v member_n p._n 113._o l._n 37._o read_v antiochus_n p._n 197._o l._n 6._o read_v acquire_v p._n 229._o l._n 39_o for_o nor_o read_v and._n p._n 269._o l._n 12._o for_o for_o read_v from_o p._n 282._o l._n 3._o read_v shall_v it_o p._n 285._o l._n 42._o read_v renounce_v p._n 335._o l._n 41._o for_o to_o read_v de_fw-mi p._n 418._o l._n 20._o for_o have_v read_v h●●_n p._n 429._o l._n 38._o for_o they_o read_v he_o potentiora_fw-la legiun_n quam_fw-la hominum_fw-la
by_o he_o only_o and_o by_o he_o if_o with_o industry_n and_o courage_n they_o make_v use_v of_o the_o mean_n he_o have_v give_v they_o for_o their_o own_o defence_n god_n help_v those_o who_o help_v themselves_o and_o man_n be_v by_o several_a reason_n suppose_v to_o prevent_v the_o increase_n of_o a_o suspect_a power_n induce_v to_o succour_v a_o industrious_a and_o brave_a people_n but_o such_o as_o neglect_v the_o mean_n of_o their_o own_o preservation_n be_v ever_o leave_v to_o perish_v with_o shame_n man_n can_v rely_v upon_o any_o league_n the_o state_n that_o be_v defend_v by_o one_o potentat_fw-la against_o another_o become_v a_o slave_n to_o their_o protector_n mercenary_a soldier_n always_o want_v fidelity_n or_o courage_n and_o most_o common_o both_o if_o they_o be_v not_o corrupt_v or_o beat_v by_o the_o invader_n they_o make_v a_o prey_n of_o their_o master_n these_o be_v the_o follower_n of_o camp_n who_o have_v neither_o faith_n nor_o piety_n lucan_n but_o prefer_v gain_n before_o right_n they_o who_o expose_v their_o blood_n to_o sale_n look_v where_o they_o can_v make_v