Selected quad for the lemma: england_n

Word A Word B Word C Word D Occurrence Frequency Band MI MI Band Prominent
england_n henry_n king_n normandy_n 8,654 5 11.5816 5 true
View all documents for the selected quad

Text snippets containing the quad

ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A29176 A true and exact history of the succession of the crown of England collected out of records, and the best historians, written for the information of such as have been deluded and seduced by the pamphlet, called, The brief history of the succession, &c., pretended to have been written for the satisfaction of the Earl of H. Brady, Robert, 1627?-1700. 1681 (1681) Wing B4195; ESTC R19500 55,203 51

There are 11 snippets containing the selected quad. | View original text

command_v that_o king_n edward_n law_n shall_v be_v observe_v with_o such_o amendment_n as_o his_o father_n have_v amend_v they_o and_o further_o say_v 27._o that_o very_o many_o great_a man_n send_v for_o duke_n robert_n over_o and_o promise_v he_o the_o crown_n and_o kingdom_n and_o come_v they_o do_v some_o of_o they_o adhere_v to_o he_o and_o 41._o other_o dissemble_v their_o kindness_n and_o affection_n stay_v with_o king_n william_n until_o they_o have_v a_o opportunity_n of_o show_v it_o but_o the_o bishop_n the_o common_a soldier_n and_o english_a stick_v close_o to_o king_n henry_n by_o who_o mean_n he_o raise_v a_o very_a great_a army_n and_o be_v ready_a to_o fight_v for_o he_o when_o they_o come_v to_o a_o agreement_n by_o the_o mediation_n of_o the_o wise_a man_n of_o both_o party_n eadmer_n tell_v we_o that_o most_o of_o the_o great_a man_n either_o do_v 30._o or_o be_v ready_a to_o revolt_v from_o king_n henry_n but_o anselm_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n who_o have_v give_v he_o great_a assistance_n in_o raise_v his_o army_n upon_o great_a promise_n make_v that_o all_o the_o church-affair_n shall_v be_v leave_v to_o his_o direction_n and_o dispose_n and_o that_o he_o will_v for_o ever_o after_o obey_v the_o decree_n and_o command_v of_o the_o pope_n time_n procure_v the_o great_a man_n to_o assemble_v and_o then_o so_o wheedle_v and_o cajole_v they_o and_o their_o army_n that_o he_o alter_v theit_n intention_n and_o it_o be_v from_o his_o fidelity_n and_o industry_n that_o henry_n lose_v not_o the_o kingdom_n this_o king_n henry_n be_v a_o plain_a right_n down_o usurper_n he_o have_v no_o pretence_n of_o donation_n no_o testamentary_a right_n from_o his_o father_n and_o therefore_o as_o 40._o malmsbury_n show_v we_o more_o particular_o he_o be_v advance_v by_o a_o faction_n there_o be_v only_o five_o great_a man_n robert_n fitz-haymon_n richard_n de_fw-fr redvers_fw-la roger_n bigot_n henry_n earl_n of_o warwick_n and_o robert_z earl_n of_o mellent_a his_o brother_n all_o norman_n that_o favour_v he_o and_o by_o the_o contrivance_n of_o henry_n earl_n of_o warwick_n he_o be_v elect_a king_n all_o other_o send_v private_o to_o duke_n robert_n to_o come_v and_o be_v their_o king_n or_o open_o reproach_v henry_n this_o be_v a_o excellent_a election_n make_v by_o a_o faction_n and_o a_o army_n and_o perhaps_o with_o a_o bawl_a multitude_n after_o they_o and_o indeed_o there_o can_v be_v no_o other_o election_n than_o such_o a_o one_o as_o this_o 27._o for_o rufus_n be_v slay_v in_o new_a forest_n on_o the_o 2d_o of_o august_n be_v thursday_n and_o henry_n be_v crown_v on_o the_o 5_o of_o august_n be_v sunday_n so_o that_o it_o be_v impossible_a for_o all_o that_o be_v or_o aught_o to_o be_v concern_v in_o such_o a_o election_n all_o the_o kingdom_n over_o to_o have_v notice_n meet_v and_o dispatch_v that_o business_n in_o two_o day_n time_n these_o historian_n live_v at_o the_o very_a time_n these_o thing_n be_v do_v it_o be_v true_a he_o say_v in_o his_o own_o charter_n 42._o that_o he_o be_v crown_v king_n by_o the_o common_a council_n of_o the_o baron_n of_o england_n sciatis_fw-la i_o misericordia_fw-la dei_fw-la &_o communi_fw-la concilio_n baronum_fw-la regni_fw-la angliae_fw-la ejusdem_fw-la regni_fw-la regem_fw-la coronatum_fw-la esse_fw-la and_o he_o must_v say_v this_o or_o nothing_o for_o no_o other_o pretence_n or_o title_n he_o can_v have_v and_o there_o never_o be_v any_o other_o usurper_n in_o his_o circumstance_n but_o must_v say_v so_o or_o some_o other_o thing_n to_o make_v out_o a_o title_n king_n stephen_n in_o his_o charter_n of_o liberty_n say_v he_o be_v elect_v a_o clero_fw-la &_o populo_fw-la king_n john_n in_o his_o charter_n of_o fee_n of_o the_o seal_n affirm_v himself_o right_a heir_n to_o the_o crown_n when_o arthur_n duke_n of_o britain_n and_o his_o sister_n eleanor_n son_n and_o daughter_n to_o his_o elder_a brother_n jeffrey_n be_v then_o live_v and_o they_o be_v both_o vain_a affirmation_n as_o will_v appear_v in_o their_o several_a story_n some_o late_a historian_n than_o these_o 1380._o as_o 2374._o matthew_n paris_z who_o write_v above_o a_o hundred_o year_n after_o they_o mat._n westminster_n and_o hen._n de_fw-fr knighton_n and_o brompton_n who_o write_v at_o least_o two_o hundred_o and_o fifty_o year_n after_o they_o all_o say_v he_o be_v elect_v but_o only_o knighton_n among_o they_o all_o tell_v we_o the_o most_o considerable_a reason_n why_o robert_n his_o elder_a brother_n be_v reject_v 2374._o robertus_fw-la say_v he_o semper_fw-la contrarius_fw-la &_o adeo_fw-la innaturalis_fw-la extiterat_fw-la baronibus_fw-la regni_fw-la angliae_fw-la quod_fw-la plenario_fw-la consensu_fw-la &_o consilio_fw-la totius_fw-la communitatis_fw-la regni_fw-la imposuerunt_fw-la ei_o illegitimitatem_fw-la quod_fw-la non_fw-fr fuerat_fw-la procreatus_fw-la de_fw-fr legitimo_fw-la thoro_n willielmi_n conquestoris_n unde_fw-la unanimi_fw-la assensu_fw-la svo_fw-la ipsum_fw-la refutaverunt_fw-la &_o pro_fw-la rege_fw-la omnino_fw-la recusaverunt_fw-la &_o hen._n frem_fw-la in_o regem_fw-la erexerunt_fw-la robert_n be_v always_o averse_a and_o so_o harsh_a to_o the_o baron_n of_o england_n that_o they_o by_o full_a consent_n and_o advice_n vote_v he_o illegitimate_a because_o he_o be_v not_o beget_v lawful_o by_o william_n the_o conqueror_n and_o for_o that_o reason_n by_o unanimous_a assent_n they_o refuse_v he_o and_o set_v up_o henry_n his_o brother_n to_o be_v their_o king_n from_o this_o passage_n of_o knighton_n we_o see_v the_o community_n or_o baronage_n of_o all_o england_n fix_v the_o right_n of_o succession_n in_o the_o legitimate_a right_n of_o blood_n and_o therefore_o this_o king_n his_o two_o elder_a brother_n be_v dead_a without_o issue_n desire_v to_o secure_v the_o succession_n unto_o his_o lawful_a issue_n by_o right_a of_o blood_n to_o that_o end_n 36._o all_o freeman_n of_o england_n and_o normandy_n of_o what_o order_n and_o dignity_n soever_o and_o of_o whatsoever_o lord_n they_o hold_v or_o be_v fendatary_n to_o be_v force_v to_o do_v homage_n and_o swear_v fealty_n to_o his_o son_n william_n then_o but_o twelve_o year_n old_a and_o in_o the_o 40._o twenty_o seven_o of_o his_o reign_n he_o cause_v all_o the_o great_a man_n of_o england_n after_o the_o death_n of_o his_o son_n william_n and_o richard_n to_o recognize_v maud_n the_o empress_n his_o daughter_n queen_n to_o who_o the_o ibid._n only_a lawful_a succession_n be_v due_a from_o her_o grandfather_n uncle_n and_o father_n that_o be_v king_n and_o from_o her_o mother_n many_o generation_n in_o the_o thirty_o first_o of_o king_n henry_n 40._o he_o and_o his_o daughter_n come_v into_o england_n at_o a_o great_a meeting_n of_o the_o nobility_n or_o parliament_n at_o northampton_n those_o which_o before_o have_v swear_v fealty_n renew_v their_o oath_n to_o she_o and_o those_o which_o have_v not_o do_v it_o before_o then_o do_v it_o paris_n tell_v we_o that_o the_o clergy_n and_o great_a or_o noble_a man_n make_v condition_n with_o henry_n who_o promise_v they_o what_o be_v before_o relate_v and_o in_o that_o give_v they_o satisfaction_n but_o as_o all_o usurper_n ever_o do_v so_o he_o change_v his_o mind_n and_o his_o cant_v speech_n have_v no_o other_o effect_n than_o to_o enslave_v they_o 20._o for_o with_o a_o sear_a and_o cahterized_a conscience_n he_o have_v obtain_v the_o kingdom_n and_o usurp_v upon_o his_o brother_n robert_n who_o have_v manifest_a right_n 23._o impudent_o violate_v the_o law_n and_o promise_v by_o which_o he_o have_v draw_v in_o all_o man_n to_o serve_v he_o and_o afterward_o take_v he_o prisoner_n cause_v his_o eye_n to_o be_v 10._o pull_v out_o and_o keep_v he_o in_o prison_n 20._o twenty_o four_o year_n until_o he_o die_v 30._o king_n henry_n have_v thus_o provide_v for_o the_o security_n of_o his_o daughter_n maud_n be_v ask_v in_o his_o sickness_n by_o robert_n duke_n of_o gloucester_n and_o the_o noble_a man_n that_o then_o be_v with_o he_o about_o a_o successor_n filiae_fw-la normaniae_fw-la omnem_fw-la terram_fw-la svam_fw-la citra_fw-la &_o ultra_fw-la mate_n legitima_fw-la &_o perenni_fw-la successione_n adjucavit_fw-la adjudge_v his_o daughter_n his_o lawful_a successor_n in_o all_o his_o territory_n 50._o radulphus_fw-la de_fw-la diceto_fw-la dean_n of_o saint_n paul_n who_o die_v anno_fw-la dom._n 1210._o say_v that_o have_v bigot_n steward_z of_o the_o king_n household_n make_v speed_n out_o of_o normandy_n where_o the_o king_n die_v into_o england_n and_o make_v oath_n before_o the_o archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n that_o king_n henry_n upon_o his_o deathbed_n upon_o some_o difference_n which_o happen_v between_o he_o and_o his_o daughter_n the_o empress_n do_v disinherit_v she_o and_o make_v stephen_n earl_n of_o boloign_n his_o heir_n whereupon_o william_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n give_v too_o much_o credit_n to_o the_o word_n of_o the_o steward_n consecratcd_v stephen_n earl_n of_o mortaigne_a king_n at_o westminster_n if_o this_o story_n
his_o heir_n and_o if_o he_o shall_v die_v without_o issue_n ut_fw-la reciperent_fw-la comitem_fw-la johannem_fw-la fratrem_fw-la richardi_fw-la regis_fw-la in_o regem_fw-la &_o dominum_fw-la that_o they_o will_v receive_v earl_n john_n the_o brother_n of_o king_n richard_n for_o their_o king_n and_o lord_n and_o swear_v fealty_n to_o he_o against_o all_o man_n save_v their_o fealty_n to_o his_o brother_n king_n richard_n two_o year_n afterward_o 1193._o confederate_v with_o the_o king_n of_o france_n against_o his_o brother_n and_o be_v assist_v by_o he_o he_o return_v into_o england_n and_o bring_v many_o stranger_n with_o he_o and_o come_v to_o london_n demand_v the_o kingdom_n of_o the_o archbishop_n of_o roven_n who_o be_v then_o justiciary_a and_o the_o other_o justiciaries_n of_o england_n &_o fidelitates_fw-la hominum_fw-la angliae_fw-la affirm_v the_o king_n of_o england_n his_o brother_n be_v dead_a but_o not_o believe_v he_o they_o and_o the_o other_o great_a man_n of_o the_o kingdom_n reject_v he_o then_o etc._n swell_v with_o fury_n he_o fortify_v his_o castle_n and_o place_n of_o strength_n and_o seize_v the_o crown-land_n many_o come_v in_o unto_o he_o but_o be_v deceive_v they_o be_v punish_v according_a to_o their_o desert_n and_o for_o these_o and_o other_o 1194._o treason_n commit_v the_o year_n follow_v as_o combine_v with_o the_o king_n of_o france_n and_o offer_v great_a sum_n of_o money_n to_o the_o emperor_n to_o keep_v king_n richard_n in_o prison_n and_o make_v new_a 40._o disturbance_n in_o the_o nation_n 6._o per_fw-la commune_fw-la consilium_fw-la regni_fw-la definitum_fw-la est_fw-la quod_fw-la comes_fw-la johannes_n dissaifiretur_fw-la de_fw-la omnibus_fw-la tenementis_fw-la suis_fw-la in_o anglia_fw-it by_o the_o common_a council_n of_o the_o kingdom_n it_o be_v decree_v he_o shall_v be_v disseize_v of_o all_o he_o hold_v of_o the_o king_n in_o england_n and_o present_o all_o his_o 20._o castle_n be_v besiege_v and_o take_v from_o he_o yet_o for_o all_o this_o the_o next_o year_n king_n richard_n ric._n pardon_v his_o brother_n john_n and_o restore_v to_o he_o the_o earldom_n of_o moreton_n or_o mortaigne_a the_o honour_n of_o eye_n and_o earldom_n of_o gloucester_n except_o the_o castle_n and_o for_o his_o other_o earldom_n and_o land_n allow_v he_o yearly_o eight_o thousand_o pound_n of_o anjou-money_n and_o in_o the_o last_o year_n of_o his_o reign_n 37._o cum_fw-la rex_fw-la de_fw-la vita_fw-la desperaret_fw-la divisit_fw-la johanni_n fratri_fw-la svo_fw-la regnum_fw-la angliae_fw-la &_o omnes_fw-la alius_fw-la terras_fw-la svas_fw-la &_o fecit_fw-la fieri_fw-la praedicto_fw-la johanni_n fidelitates_fw-la ab_fw-la illis_fw-la qui_fw-la aderant_fw-la &_o praecepit_fw-la ut_fw-la traderentur_fw-la ei_fw-la castilia_n sua_fw-la &_o tres_fw-la part_n thesauris_fw-la svi_fw-la when_o the_o king_n despair_v of_o life_n he_o devise_v to_o his_o brother_n john_n the_o kingdom_n of_o england_n and_o all_o other_o his_o land_n and_o make_v all_o present_a swear_v fealty_n to_o he_o and_o command_v that_o his_o castle_n and_o three_o part_n of_o his_o treasure_n shall_v be_v deliver_v to_o he_o richard_n be_v dead_a 1199._o john_n stay_v in_o normandy_n where_o by_o walter_n archbishop_n of_o roven_n he_o be_v gird_v with_o the_o sword_n of_o that_o duchy_n april_n 25._o on_o st._n mark_n be_v day_n and_o send_v hubert_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n and_o the_o pope_n legate_n and_o william_n marshal_n earl_n of_o strigvil_n into_o england_n to_o keep_v the_o peace_n together_o with_o jeffrey_n fitz-peter_n justiciary_a of_o england_n and_o other_o baron_n of_o the_o kingdom_n 40._o qui_fw-la fecerunt_fw-la homines_fw-la regni_fw-la tam_fw-la de_fw-la civitatibus_fw-la quem_fw-la de_fw-la burgis_fw-la &_o comites_fw-la &_o barones_n &_o libere_fw-la tenentes_fw-la jurare_fw-la fidelitatem_fw-la &_o pacem_fw-la johanni_n normannorum_fw-la duci_fw-la silij_fw-la henrici_fw-la regis_fw-la silij_fw-la matildis_n imperatricis_fw-la contra_fw-la omnes_fw-la homines_fw-la who_o make_v the_o service_n homager_n of_o england_n as_o well_o of_o city_n as_o burrough_n and_o earl_n baron_n and_o free_a tenant_n to_o swear_v fealty_n and_o peace_n to_o john_n duke_n of_o normandy_n the_o son_n of_o king_n henry_n the_o son_n of_o maud_n the_o empress_n against_o all_o men._n 40._o notwithstanding_o this_o all_o the_o bishop_n earl_n and_o baron_n which_o have_v castle_n man_v victual_v and_o store_v they_o with_o arms._n but_o hubert_n the_o arch-bishop_n william_n marshal_n and_o jeffrey_n fitz-peter_n justiciary_a of_o england_n meet_v at_o northampton_n and_o call_v before_o they_o those_o which_o they_o most_o doubt_v david_n brother_n to_o the_o king_n of_o scot_n richard_n earl_n of_o clare_n ranulph_n earl_n of_o chester_n william_n earl_n of_o tutesbury_n and_o walran_n earl_n of_o warwick_n roger_n constable_n of_o chester_n william_n de_fw-fr mowbray_n and_o many_o other_o earl_n and_o baron_n to_o who_o they_o promise_v and_o engage_v that_o john_n duke_n of_o normandy_n shall_v restore_v to_o every_o man_n his_o right_n if_o they_o will_v keep_v faith_n and_o peace_n with_o he_o 50._o súb_fw-la hac_fw-la igitur_fw-la conventione_n supradicti_fw-la comites_fw-la etc._n etc._n according_a to_o this_o agreement_n the_o say_a earl_n and_o baron_n swear_v fealty_n and_o faithful_a service_n to_o john_n duke_n of_o normandy_n against_o all_o men._n this_o be_v do_v while_o he_o be_v in_o normandy_n 10._o on_o the_o 25_o of_o may_n follow_v duke_z john_n cross_v the_o sea_n from_o normandy_n into_o england_n and_o the_o next_o day_n come_v to_o london_n and_o there_o be_v convene_v in_o expectation_n of_o he_o hubert_z archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n john_n archbishop_n of_o dublin_n william_n bishop_n of_o london_n gilbert_n of_o rochester_n john_n of_o norwich_n hugh_n of_o lincoln_n eustace_n of_o ely_n godfrid_n of_o winchester_n henry_n of_o exeter_z sefrid_n of_o chichester_n jeffrey_n of_o coventry_n savaric_n of_o bath_n herbert_n of_o salisbury_n philip_n of_o durham_n roger_n of_o st._n andrews_n in_o scotland_n henry_n of_o landaff_n bishop_n robert_n earl_n of_o leicester_n richard_n earl_n of_o glare_v william_n of_o tutesbury_n hamelin_n de_fw-fr warenn_n william_n of_o salisbury_n william_n de_fw-fr strigvil_n walran_n of_o warwick_n roger_n bigot_n william_n de_fw-fr arundel_n ranulph_n de_fw-fr cestre_fw-fr earl_n and_o many_o baron_n and_o then_o hubert_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n consecrate_a and_o crown_v the_o say_a john_n duke_n of_o normandy_n king_n of_o england_n in_o the_o church_n of_o st._n peter_n at_o westminster_n on_o the_o 27_o of_o may_n be_v ascension_n day_n not_o one_o word_n here_o of_o any_o election_n by_o but_o only_o a_o submission_n from_o the_o baron_n spiritual_a and_o temporal_a to_o king_n john_n and_o a_o recognition_n that_o he_o be_v their_o king_n and_o all_o this_o relate_v by_o hoveden_n in_o all_o probability_n a_o eye-witness_n of_o this_o translation_n indeed_o matthew_n paris_n 1199._o who_o die_v anno_fw-la dom._n 1259._o be_v then_o either_o unborn_a or_o so_o young_a as_o not_o with_o judgement_n to_o take_v sufficient_a notice_n of_o this_o affair_n relate_v it_o thus_o 20._o congregatis_fw-la in_o adventu_fw-la ejus_fw-la archiepiscopis_fw-la episcopis_fw-la comitibus_fw-la &_o baronibus_fw-la atque_fw-la aliis_fw-la omnibus_fw-la qui_fw-la ejus_fw-la coronationi_fw-la interest_n debuerant_fw-la archiepiscopus_fw-la stans_fw-la in_o medio_fw-la omnium_fw-la dixit_fw-la audite_fw-la universi_fw-la noverit_fw-la discretio_fw-la vestra_fw-la quod_fw-la nullus_fw-la proevia_fw-la ratione_fw-la alii_fw-la succedere_fw-la habet_fw-la regnum_fw-la nisi_fw-la ab_fw-la universitate_fw-la regni_fw-la unanimiter_fw-la invocata_fw-la spiritus_fw-la gratia_n electus_fw-la &_o secundum_fw-la morum_fw-la suorum_fw-la eminentiam_fw-la praeelectus_fw-la ad_fw-la exemplum_fw-la &_o fimilitudinis_fw-la saul_n primi_fw-la regis_fw-la inuncti_fw-la quem_fw-la praeposuit_fw-la dominus_fw-la populo_fw-la svo_fw-la non_fw-la regis_fw-la filium_fw-la nec_fw-la de_fw-la regali_fw-la stirpe_fw-la procreatum_fw-la similiter_fw-la post_fw-la eum_fw-la david_n jesse_n silium_fw-la hunc_fw-la quia_fw-la strenuum_fw-la &_o aptum_fw-la dignitati_fw-la regiae_n illum_fw-la quia_fw-la sanctum_fw-la &_o humilem_fw-la ut_fw-la sic_fw-la qui_fw-la cunctos_fw-la in_o regno_fw-la supereminet_fw-la strenuitate_fw-la omnibus_fw-la praefit_n &_o potestate_fw-la &_o regimine_fw-la verum_fw-la si_fw-la quis_fw-la ex_fw-la stirpe_fw-la regis_fw-la defuncti_fw-la aliis_fw-la prepolleret_fw-la pronius_fw-la &_o promptius_fw-la in_fw-la electionem_fw-la ejus_fw-la est_fw-la consentiendum_fw-la haec_fw-la idcirco_fw-la diximus_fw-la pro_fw-la inclyto_fw-la comite_fw-la johanne_n qui_fw-la praesens_fw-la est_fw-la frater_fw-la illustrissimi_fw-la nameri_fw-la richardi_fw-la jam_fw-la defuncti_fw-la qui_fw-la haerede_fw-la caruit_fw-la ab_fw-la eo_fw-la egrediente_fw-la qui_fw-la providus_fw-la &_o strenuus_fw-la &_o manifest_a nobilis_fw-la quem_fw-la nos_fw-la invocata_fw-la spiritus_fw-la sancti_fw-la gratia_n ratione_fw-la tam_fw-la meritorum_fw-la quom_fw-la sanguinis_fw-la regii_fw-la unanimiter_fw-la elegimus_fw-la universi_fw-la 40._o nec_fw-la ausi_fw-la erant_fw-la alii_fw-la super_fw-la his_fw-la adhuc_fw-la ambigere_fw-la scientes_fw-la quod_fw-la archiepiscopus_fw-la sine_fw-la causa_fw-la hoc_fw-la non_fw-la sic_fw-la diffiniverat_fw-la verum_fw-la comes_fw-la johannes_n &_o omnes_fw-la hoc_fw-la
he_o take_v possession_n of_o the_o kingdom_n he_o succeed_v he_o be_v choose_v etc._n etc._n the_o danish_a king_n stay_v not_o long_o here_o after_o swain_n have_v conquer_v the_o kingdom_n they_o all_o four_o reign_v not_o much_o above_o twenty_o five_o year_n their_o best_a title_n be_v the_o sword_n notwithstanding_o they_o either_o bring_v hither_o the_o custom_n of_o the_o predecessor_n name_v or_o give_v the_o kingdom_n to_o his_o successor_n as_o probable_o it_o may_v have_v be_v practise_v in_o their_o own_o kingdom_n or_o use_v it_o as_o they_o find_v it_o here_o practise_v by_o the_o saxon_a king_n the_o saxon_n be_v very_o weary_a of_o the_o danish_a government_n and_o without_o doubt_n very_o forward_o to_o set_v up_o a_o king_n of_o their_o own_o nation_n yet_o the_o donation_n of_o hardecnute_a be_v as_o great_a a_o step_n for_o edward_n the_o consessor_fw-la to_o the_o throne_n as_o the_o power_n and_o policy_n of_o earl_n godwin_n and_o livingus_n the_o bishop_n of_o worcester_n ingulph_n secretary_n to_o william_n when_o duke_n of_o normandy_n report_v the_o donation_n of_o england_n to_o he_o very_o confident_o and_o as_o if_o in_o those_o time_n such_o gift_n be_v not_o much_o question_v anno_fw-la eodem_fw-la rex_fw-la edward_n senio_fw-la jam_fw-la gravatus_fw-la cernens_fw-la clisonis_n edwardi_fw-la nuper_fw-la defuncti_fw-la filium_fw-la edgarum_fw-la regio_fw-la so_o lio_o minus_fw-la idoneum_fw-la tarn_n cord_n quam_fw-la corpore_fw-la godwini_fw-la que_fw-la comitis_fw-la multam_fw-la malamque_fw-la sobolem_fw-la quotidie_fw-la super_fw-la terram_fw-la crescere_fw-la ad_fw-la cognatum_fw-la suum_fw-la willielmum_fw-la comitem_fw-la normaniae_fw-la animum_fw-la apposuit_fw-la etc._n etc._n eum_fw-la sibi_fw-la succedere_fw-la in_o regnum_fw-la angliae_fw-la voce_fw-la stabili_fw-la savivit_fw-la in_o the_o same_o year_n king_n edward_n grow_v infirm_a witli_a age_n perceive_v edgar_n the_o son_n of_o the_o late_a decease_a edward_n aetheling_n neither_o in_o mind_n or_o body_n fit_a for_o the_o government_n nor_o to_o bear_v up_o against_o the_o grow_a power_n and_o malice_n of_o godwin_n son_n think_v upon_o his_o cousin_n william_n earl_n of_o normandy_n and_o by_o a_o firm_a declaration_n decree_v he_o shall_v succeed_v he_o in_o the_o kingdom_n norman_a succession_n from_o what_o have_v be_v say_v the_o pretence_n and_o cause_n of_o william_n duke_n of_o normandy_n his_o succeed_a edward_n the_o confessor_n and_o enjoy_v the_o crown_n of_o england_n be_v very_o evident_a as_o also_o be_v the_o same_o to_o his_o dukedom_n 12._o he_o be_v the_o only_a son_n of_o his_o father_n robert_n who_o go_v on_o pilgrimage_n to_o jerusalem_n call_v together_o the_o nobleman_n of_o his_o dukedom_n and_o bring_v his_o son_n william_n though_o illegitimate_a before_o they_o and_o earnest_o exact_v of_o they_o that_o in_o his_o stead_n they_o will_v choose_v he_o their_o lord_n who_o though_o but_o a_o child_n they_o forthwith_o according_a to_o the_o decree_n of_o the_o duke_n acknowledge_v he_o for_o their_o prince_n and_o lord_n swear_v fealty_n unto_o he_o ibid._n robertum_fw-la ergo_fw-la archiepiscopum_fw-la cum_fw-la optimatibus_fw-la suis_fw-la duc_n atus_fw-la accersivit_fw-la &_o illis_fw-la velle_fw-la se_fw-la appetere_fw-la jerosolimitanam_fw-la pergrinationem_fw-la manifestavit_fw-la exponens_fw-la autem_fw-la eye_n willielmus_fw-la filium_fw-la suum_fw-la quem_fw-la unicum_fw-la apud_fw-la falesiam_fw-la genuerat_fw-la ab_fw-la iis_fw-la attentissime_fw-la exigebat_fw-la ut_fw-la hinc_fw-la sibi_fw-la loco_fw-la svi_fw-la dum_fw-la eligerent_fw-la qui_fw-la licet_fw-la sub_fw-la tenerrima_fw-la detineretur_fw-la oetati_fw-la puerili_fw-la juxta_fw-la decretum_fw-la ducis_fw-la protinus_fw-la cum_fw-la prompta_fw-la viracitate_v collaudavere_fw-la principem_fw-la &_o dominum_fw-la pangentes_fw-la ti_fw-mi fidelitatem_fw-la non_fw-la violandis_fw-la sacramentis_fw-la and_o r._n hoveden_n affirm_v it_o to_o have_v be_v the_o custom_n in_o norway_n from_o whence_o the_o norman_n come_v for_o bastard_n to_o inherit_v and_o that_o in_o his_o time_n it_o be_v so_o n.20_n consuetudo_fw-la regni_fw-la norweiae_fw-la est_fw-la usque_fw-la in_o hodiernum_fw-la diem_fw-la quod_fw-la be_v qui_fw-la alicujus_fw-la regis_fw-la norweiae_fw-la dignoscitur_fw-la esse_fw-la filius_fw-la licet_fw-la sit_fw-la spurius_fw-la &_o de_fw-la ancilla_fw-la genitus_fw-la tantum_fw-la sibi_fw-la jus_o vendicat_fw-la in_o regnum_fw-la gentitus_fw-la &_o ideo_fw-la fiunt_fw-la inter_fw-la eos_fw-la proelia_fw-la indesinenter_fw-la donec_fw-la unus_fw-la eorum_fw-la vincatur_fw-la &_o interficiatur_fw-la and_o so_o it_o happen_v between_o the_o curator_n of_o duke_n william_n in_o his_o nonage_n and_o the_o pretender_n as_o heir_n to_o his_o grandfather_n of_o the_o duchy_n of_o normandy_n the_o same_o right_n of_o succession_n as_o testamentary_a heir_n to_o his_o father_n william_n rufus_n have_v to_o the_o crown_n of_o england_n c.d._n metuens_fw-la rex_fw-la ne_fw-la in_o regno_fw-la tam_fw-la diffuso_fw-la repentina_fw-la oriretur_fw-la turbatio_fw-la epistolam_fw-la de_fw-la constituendo_fw-la rege_fw-la fecit_fw-la lanfranco_n archiepiscopo_fw-la suoque_fw-la sigillo_fw-la signatam_fw-la tradidit_fw-la gulielmo_n rufo_n silio_fw-la svo_fw-la jubens_fw-la ut_fw-la in_o angliam_fw-la transfretaret_fw-la continuo_fw-la this_o be_v do_v a_o little_a before_o the_o conqueror_n supra_fw-la death_n and_o he_o do_v it_o for_o that_o his_o son_n william_n always_o stick_v close_o to_o he_o and_o have_v in_o every_o thing_n according_a to_o the_o utmost_a of_o his_o power_n be_v dutiful_a and_o obedient_a b._n rufus_n bring_v his_o father_n epistle_n by_o which_o he_o have_v constitute_v he_o king_n of_o england_n to_o lanfranc_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n who_o have_v read_v it_o haste_v with_o he_o to_o london_n and_o consecrate_v he_o king_n in_o the_o old_a church_n of_o st._n peter_n at_o westminster_n on_o the_o 642._o 26_o of_o september_n his_o father_n die_v the_o 9th_o of_o the_o same_o month_n 10._o willielmus_fw-la willielmi_n filius_fw-la say_v malmsbury_n a_o patre_fw-la ultima_fw-la valetudine_fw-la decumbente_fw-la in_o successorem_fw-la adoptatus_fw-la est_fw-la accessit_fw-la &_o favori_fw-la ejus_fw-la maximum_fw-la rerum_fw-la momentum_fw-la archiepiscopus_fw-la lansrancus_n eo_fw-la quod_fw-la eum_fw-la nutrierat_fw-la &_o militem_fw-la fecerat_fw-la quo_fw-la authore_fw-la annitente_fw-la die_fw-la sanctorum_fw-la cosinae_fw-la &_o damianae_n coronatus_n est_fw-la that_o be_v william_n the_o son_n of_o willaim_n be_v by_o his_o father_n in_o his_o last_o sickness_n adopt_v his_o successor_n but_o it_o be_v matter_n of_o great_a moment_n and_o the_o great_a addition_n to_o his_o success_n that_o archbishop_n lanfranc_n have_v educate_v he_o and_o make_v he_o a_o 1088._o knight_n by_o who_o authority_n and_o endeavour_n he_o be_v crown_v on_o the_o day_n of_o cesina_fw-la and_o damianus_n florence_n of_o worcester_n who_o only_o say_v that_o he_o be_v consecrate_v king_n at_o westminster_n by_o archbishop_n laufranc_n have_v note_v that_o not_o long_a atter_fw-la his_o coronation_n there_o arise_v great_a discord_n and_o contention_n between_o the_o chief_a man_n of_o england_n for_o part_n of_o the_o great_a and_o noble_a norman_n favour_v king_n william_n but_o it_o be_v the_o least_o and_o the_o other_o part_n of_o they_o favour_v robert_n duke_n of_o normandy_n which_o be_v the_o great_a odo_n who_o 49._o mortal_o hate_a lanfranc_n head_v the_o duke_n party_n and_o lanfranc_n head_v the_o king_n who_o with_o the_o king_n supra_fw-la congregatio_fw-la quantum_fw-la ad_fw-la presen_v poterat_fw-la normanorum_n sed_fw-la tamen_fw-la maxim_n anglorum_fw-la equestri_fw-la &_o pedestri_fw-la licet_fw-la mediocri_fw-la exercitu_fw-la etc._n etc._n have_v raise_v such_o a_o army_n as_o he_o can_v of_o horse_n and_o foot_n of_o norman_n 10._o but_o the_o grrate_a part_n english_a though_o but_o a_o mean_a one_o and_o by_o use_v the_o common_a bait_n of_o liberty_n declare_v he_o will_v relax_v the_o rigid_a law_n give_v free_a leave_n of_o hunt_v etc._n etc._n also_o by_o insinuate_v into_o roger_n earl_n of_o arundel_n and_o shrewsbury_n the_o chief_a person_n for_o the_o duke_n next_o unto_o odo_n bishop_n of_o baieux_n and_o earl_n of_o kent_n bring_v he_o off_o to_o his_o party_n by_o these_o mean_n he_o break_v the_o force_n of_o his_o enemy_n and_o ever_o after_o rule_v by_o a_o army_n more_o of_o this_o story_n may_v be_v see_v in_o eadmer_n ord._n vit._n f._n 666._o etc._n etc._n florence_n of_o worcester_n and_o malmsbury_n in_o the_o place_n before_o cite_v who_o all_o live_v at_o the_o time_n here_o we_o see_v rufus_n claim_v as_o testamentary_a heir_n and_o by_o reason_n of_o that_o claim_n be_v advance_v to_o the_o throne_n by_o the_o assistance_n of_o lanfranc_n and_o the_o bishop_n faction_n who_o then_o sway_v the_o people_n and_o rule_v by_o the_o help_n of_o a_o army_n ever_o after_o whoever_o right_o consider_v this_o story_n can_v call_v it_o a_o election_n after_o the_o death_n of_o rufus_n 1._o florence_n of_o worcester_n only_o say_v that_o henry_n his_o three_o brother_n succeed_v he_o and_o that_o the_o day_n he_o be_v crown_v by_o maurice_n bishop_n of_o london_n he_o give_v great_a liberty_n to_o the_o church_n and_o kingdom_n and_o
be_v true_a he_o be_v testamentary_a heir_n and_o have_v a_o testamentary_a right_n and_o in_o that_o right_o he_o be_v make_v king_n but_o be_v this_o story_n true_a or_o false_a his_o advancement_n to_o the_o throne_n be_v as_o follow_v notwithstanding_o all_o the_o nobility_n and_o among_o they_o king_n stephen_n himself_o have_v swear_v fealty_n to_o maud_n the_o empress_n yet_o by_o the_o interest_n of_o his_o brother_n 10._o henry_n bishop_n of_o winchester_n and_o the_o pope_n legate_n without_o which_o he_o can_v have_v do_v nothing_o he_o be_v make_v king_n he_o bring_v off_o roger_n bishop_n of_o salisbury_n a_o great_a and_o powerful_a prelate_n also_o william_n the_o pout-arch_n keeper_n of_o king_n henry_n treasure_n which_o be_v 50._o 100000_o l._n in_o money_n and_o by_o his_o own_o dexterity_n the_o artifice_n of_o his_o brother_n and_o roger_n bishop_n of_o salisbury_n and_o the_o advantage_n of_o this_o money_n he_o incline_v the_o mind_n of_o the_o noble_a man_n much_o towards_o he_o and_o to_o secure_v himself_o raise_v a_o army_n most_o of_o flemings_n and_o britain_n at_o his_o 20._o coronation_n be_v only_o three_o bishop_n the_o archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n the_o bishop_n of_o winchester_n and_o salisbury_n no_o abbot_n and_o few_o nobleman_n i_o think_v this_o look_v not_o like_o a_o election_n 10._o yet_o he_o in_o his_o charter_n of_o liberty_n which_o he_o chief_o grant_v to_o the_o church_n say_v he_o be_v elect_v by_o the_o assent_n of_o the_o clergy_n and_o laity_n and_o confirm_v by_o the_o pope_n afterward_o stephen_n use_v the_o bishop_n rough_o lose_v his_o brother_n henry_n favour_n who_o by_o his_o legantine_n power_n 26._o call_v a_o council_n of_o the_o clergy_n at_o winchester_n to_o consult_v of_o the_o peace_n of_o the_o kingdom_n where_o they_o conclude_v that_o the_o right_n of_o choose_v and_o ordain_v king_n chief_o belong_v to_o they_o and_o therefore_o have_v first_o call_v upon_o god_n they_o choose_v maud_n the_o empress_n queen_n 1,2,3_o ad_fw-la cleri_fw-la ius_fw-la potissimum_fw-la spectat_fw-la principem_fw-la eligere_fw-la &_o ordinare_fw-la invocata_fw-la itaque_fw-la in_o auxilium_fw-la divinitate_fw-la filiam_fw-la regis_fw-la in_fw-la angliae_fw-la normanni_n aeque_fw-la dominam_fw-la eligimus_fw-la etc._n etc._n but_o not_o long_o after_o 10,20,30,40_o be_v displease_v with_o maud_n he_o enter_v into_o a_o confederacy_n against_o she_o and_o 50._o as_o legate_n call_v another_o council_n at_o westminister_n in_o which_o be_v read_v the_o pope_n bull_n in_o favour_n of_o stephen_n who_o be_v then_o advance_v to_o the_o throne_n again_o and_o the_o kingdom_n be_v waste_v and_o destroy_v with_o continual_a war_n 21._o the_o archbishop_n this_o legate_n and_o the_o bishop_n mediate_v a_o peace_n between_o stephen_n and_o henry_n duke_n of_o anjou_n son_n to_o the_o empress_n by_o which_o it_o be_v agree_v that_o stephen_n shall_v adopt_v henry_n his_o son_n who_o after_o his_o death_n shall_v enjoy_v the_o crown_n and_o stephen_n quiet_o to_o wear_v it_o during_o his_o life_n etc._n etc._n which_o agreement_n be_v most_o full_o and_o clear_o relate_v by_o matthew_n of_o westminister_n kingdom_n rex_fw-la stephanus_n omni_fw-la horede_fw-la viduatus_fw-la praeter_fw-la solummodo_fw-la ducem_fw-la henricum_fw-la recognovit_fw-la in_o conventu_fw-la episcoporum_fw-la &_o aliorum_fw-la de_fw-la regno_fw-la optimatum_fw-la quod_fw-la dux_n henricus_fw-la jus_o haereditarium_fw-la in_o regnum_fw-la angliae_fw-la habebat_fw-la &_o dux_n benign_a concessit_fw-la ut_fw-la rex_fw-la stephanus_n tota_fw-la vita_fw-la sua_fw-la suum_fw-la regnum_fw-la pacifice_fw-la possideret_fw-la ita_fw-la tamen_fw-la confirmatum_fw-la est_fw-la quod_fw-la ipse_fw-la rex_fw-la &_o episcopi_fw-la tunc_fw-la praesentes_fw-la cum_fw-la caeteris_fw-la regni_fw-la optimatibus_fw-la jurarent_fw-la quod_fw-la dux_n henricus_fw-la post_fw-la mortem_fw-la regis_fw-la si_fw-la illum_fw-la superviverct_v regnum_fw-la sine_fw-la aliqua_fw-la contradictione_n obtineret_fw-la that_o be_v king_n stephen_n not_o have_v a_o heir_n except_o only_a duke_n henry_n do_v acknowledge_v in_o a_o assembly_n of_o the_o bishop_n and_o other_o chief_a man_n of_o the_o kingdom_n that_o duke_n henry_n have_v the_o hereditary_a right_n to_o the_o kingdom_n of_o england_n and_o the_o duke_n kind_o grant_v that_o king_n stephen_n shall_v during_o his_o life_n peaceable_o enjoy_v his_o kingdom_n the_o agreement_n be_v so_o confirm_v that_o the_o king_n himself_o and_o the_o bishop_n then_o present_a with_o the_o rest_n of_o the_o best_a man_n of_o the_o kingdom_n swear_v that_o duke_n henry_n after_o the_o death_n of_o the_o king_n if_o he_o shall_v outlive_v he_o shall_v enjoy_v the_o kingdom_n without_o all_o contradiction_n this_o accord_n afford_v quiet_a and_o tranquillity_n both_o to_o henry_n and_o the_o nation_n with_o certain_a confidence_n of_o enjoy_v the_o kingdom_n after_o the_o death_n of_o stephen_n which_o he_o do_v but_o as_o to_o his_o right_n and_o title_n it_o add_v nothing_o to_o that_o it_o be_v hereditary_a for_o he_o be_v acknowledge_v the_o true_a heir_n by_o his_o adversary_n stephen_n in_o the_o presence_n of_o the_o bishop_n and_o the_o best_a man_n of_o the_o kingdom_n who_o all_o likewise_o acknowledge_v it_o by_o own_v the_o accord_n and_o swear_v to_o observe_v it_o on_o the_o 1154._o 24_o of_o october_n the_o year_n follow_v king_n stephen_n die_v and_o on_o the_o 19_o of_o december_n follow_v henry_n be_v crown_v at_o westminster_n by_o theobald_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n and_o maud_n the_o empress_n be_v satisfy_v with_o the_o enthron_n of_o her_o son_n quit_v her_o pretension_n king_n henry_n the_o second_o die_v in_o france_n july_n 7._o 1189_o 7._o his_o elder_a son_n and_o heir_n richard_n be_v by_o walter_n archbishop_n of_o roven_n gird_v with_o the_o sword_n of_o the_o dukedom_n of_o normandy_n on_o the_o 20_o of_o the_o same_o month_n in_o the_o presence_n of_o the_o bishop_n earl_n and_o baron_n of_o normandy_n and_o before_o his_o come_n into_o england_n etc._n every_o freeman_n of_o the_o whole_a kingdom_n by_o the_o command_n of_o his_o mother_n alienor_fw-la swear_v fealty_n to_o richard_n king_n of_o england_n son_n of_o king_n henry_n as_o to_o their_o liege_n lord_n against_o all_o men._n afterward_o 10._o come_v to_o london_n congregatis_fw-la ibi_fw-la archiepiscopis_fw-la episcopis_fw-la comitibus_fw-la baronibus_fw-la &_o copiosa_fw-la militum_fw-la multitudine_fw-la in_o occursum_fw-la ejus_fw-la quorum_fw-la consilio_fw-la &_o assensu_fw-la ipse_fw-la dux_n 3_o nonas_fw-la septembris_fw-la consecratus_fw-la &_o coronatus_n est_fw-la apud_fw-la westmonasterium_fw-la in_o regem_fw-la angliae_fw-la a_o baldwino_n cantuariensi_fw-la archiepiscopo_fw-la etc._n etc._n the_o arch-bishop_n bishop_n earls_z baron_n and_o a_o copious_a multitude_n of_o knight_n meet_v he_o by_o who_o advice_n and_o assent_n the_o normandy_n duke_n be_v crown_v king_n of_o england_n by_o baldwin_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n many_o other_o bishop_n there_o name_v assist_v et_fw-la omnibus_fw-la fere_n abbatibus_fw-la &_o prioribus_fw-la &_o comitibus_fw-la &_o baronibus_fw-la angliae_fw-la astantibus_fw-la almost_o all_o the_o abbot_n prior_n earl_n and_o baron_n of_o england_n be_v spectator_n ralph_n de_fw-fr diceto_n then_o dean_n of_o st._n paul_n london_n who_o in_o the_o vacancy_n of_o that_o church_n and_o bishopric_n 50._o supply_v the_o office_n of_o the_o bishop_n at_o king_n richard_n coronation_n have_v this_o passage_n comes_fw-la itaque_fw-la pictavorum_n richardus_fw-la haereditario_fw-la jure_fw-la praemovendus_fw-la in_o ragem_n post_fw-la tam_fw-la cleri_fw-la quam_fw-la populi_n solemnem_fw-la &_o debitam_fw-la electionem_fw-la involutus_fw-la est_fw-la triplici_fw-la sacramento_n etc._n etc._n therefore_o richard_n earl_n of_o poictou_n be_v by_o hereditary_n right_o to_o be_v make_v king_n after_o the_o solemn_a and_o due_a election_n as_o well_o of_o the_o clergy_n as_o the_o laity_n swear_v to_o three_o thing_n ibidem_fw-la scilicet_fw-la quod_fw-la opem_fw-la impendet_fw-la pro_fw-la viribus_fw-la ut_fw-la ecclesia_fw-la dei_fw-la populusque_fw-la christianus_n veram_fw-la pacem_fw-la obtinent_fw-la quod_fw-la interdicet_fw-la omnibus_fw-la rapacitatem_fw-la quod_fw-la in_o judiciis_fw-la equitatem_fw-la praecipiet_fw-la &_o misericordiam_fw-la that_o be_v to_o say_v that_o he_o will_v use_v his_o utmost_a power_n that_o the_o church_n of_o god_n and_o christian_a people_n may_v enjoy_v true_a peace_n that_o he_o will_v interdict_v rapine_n to_o all_o man_n that_o he_o will_v command_v mercy_n and_o equity_n to_o be_v do_v in_o judgement_n what_o can_v this_o solemn_a and_o due_a election_n signify_v here_o what_o can_v it_o mean_v further_o than_o that_o richard_n be_v king_n by_o hereditary_a right_n be_v so_o own_v and_o recognize_v by_o the_o clergy_n and_o laity_n john_n in_o his_o brother_n richard_n life-time_n 1191._o have_v a_o mind_n to_o be_v king_n and_o take_v advantage_n or_o his_o absence_n in_o the_o holy_a land_n and_o his_o imprisonment_n in_o germany_n practise_v with_o the_o nobility_n and_o londoner_n to_o that_o purpose_n the_o last_o swear_v faithful_a service_n to_o their_o lord_n king_n richard_n and_o to_o
acceptabant_fw-la ipsumque_fw-la comitem_fw-la in_o regem_fw-la eligentes_fw-la &_o assumente_n exclamant_fw-la dicentes_fw-la vivat_fw-la rex_fw-la interrogatus_fw-la autem_fw-la postea_fw-la archiepiscopus_fw-la hubertus_n quare_fw-la haec_fw-la dixisset_fw-la respondet_fw-la ve_fw-la praesagia_fw-la ment_fw-la conjecturare_fw-la &_o quibusdam_fw-la oraculis_fw-la edoctum_fw-la &_o certificatum_fw-la fuisse_fw-la quod_fw-la ipse_fw-la johannes_n regnum_fw-la &_o coronam_fw-la angliae_fw-la foret_fw-la aliquando_fw-la corrupturus_fw-la &_o in_o magnam_fw-la confusionem_fw-la praecipitaturus_fw-la &_o ne_fw-la haberet_fw-la liberas_fw-la habenas_fw-la hoc_fw-la faciendi_fw-la ipsum_fw-la electione_n non_fw-fr successione_n haereditaria_fw-la elegi_fw-la debere_fw-la affirmabat_fw-la that_o be_v the_o arch-bishop_n succession_n bishop_n earl_n and_o baron_n and_o all_o other_o officer_n probable_o require_v to_o be_v there_o which_o ought_v to_o be_v present_a at_o his_o coronation_n meet_v at_o london_n the_o arch_a bishop_n stand_v in_o the_o middle_n of_o they_o say_v hear_v all_o of_o you_o your_o discretion_n shall_v know_v that_o no_o man_n have_v right_o to_o succeed_v in_o the_o kingdom_n unless_o after_o seek_v god_n he_o be_v unanimous_o choose_v by_o the_o university_n of_o the_o kingdom_n that_o be_v those_o that_o be_v here_o say_v to_o meet_v at_o london_n and_o according_a to_o the_o eminency_n of_o his_o endowment_n pre-elected_n according_a the_o example_n and_o similitude_n of_o saul_n the_o first_o anoint_v king_n who_o god_n set_v over_o his_o people_n not_o the_o son_n of_o a_o king_n or_o of_o the_o royal_a line_n likewise_o after_o he_o david_n the_o son_n of_o jesse_n this_o because_o stout_a and_o fit_a for_o royal_a dignity_n the_o other_o because_o holy_a and_o humble_a that_o so_o he_o which_o exceed_v all_o man_n of_o the_o kingdom_n in_o strength_n or_o prowess_n shall_v be_v set_v over_o all_o in_o power_n and_o government_n but_o if_o a_o of_o the_o progeny_n of_o the_o dead_a king_n do_v excel_v other_o they_o ought_v more_o ready_o to_o consent_v to_o the_o election_n of_o he_o these_o thing_n we_o have_v therefore_o say_v in_o the_o behalf_n of_o the_o famous_a earl_n john_n who_o be_v here_o present_a the_o brother_n of_o our_o most_o illustrious_a dead_a king_n richard_n that_o die_v without_o issue_n of_o his_o body_n who_o be_v provident_a stout_a and_o manifest_o noble_a who_o we_o have_v invoke_v the_o grace_n of_o the_o holy_a spirit_n have_v all_o of_o we_o unanimous_o choose_v nor_o dare_v any_o other_o so_o much_o as_o doubt_v of_o these_o thing_n know_v the_o archbishop_n have_v not_o thus_o decree_v this_o matter_n without_o cause_n but_o earl_n john_n and_o all_o there_o acquiesce_v in_o what_o he_o have_v say_v and_o choose_v or_o acknowledge_v and_o receive_v he_o for_o their_o king_n shout_v say_v let_v the_o king_n live_v but_o archbishop_n hubert_n be_v ask_v afterward_o why_o he_o say_v these_o thing_n answer_v that_o he_o guess_v and_o be_v teach_v and_o ascertain_v by_o certain_a oracle_n that_o john_n will_v bring_v the_o kingdom_n and_o crown_n into_o great_a confusion_n and_o therefore_o lest_o he_o may_v have_v too_o much_o liberty_n in_o do_v it_o he_o affirm_v he_o ought_v to_o come_v in_o by_o election_n and_o not_o by_o hereditary_a succession_n and_o so_o be_v crown_v as_o before_o rehearse_v this_o learned_a doctrine_n and_o preachment_n of_o the_o archbishop_n assert_v not_o any_o right_n of_o election_n in_o the_o convention_n of_o bishop_n earls_z baron_n and_o other_o require_v to_o be_v at_o the_o coronation_n but_o by_o his_o own_o answer_n when_o he_o be_v ask_v why_o he_o say_v these_o thing_n it_o clear_o discover_v a_o design_n only_o and_o artifice_n in_o the_o archbishop_n to_o cause_v they_o to_o set_v up_o and_o make_v john_n king_n in_o which_o also_o he_o deny_v any_o such_o right_n of_o election_n hoveden_n have_v none_o of_o nor_o do_v mention_v this_o harangue_n and_o therefore_o it_o seem_v rather_o to_o be_v a_o invention_n of_o matthew_n paris_n than_o a_o sermon_n of_o the_o archbishop_n historian_n common_o make_v speech_n for_o other_o man_n they_o write_v of_o brompton_n take_v no_o notice_n of_o it_o all_o he_o say_v be_v that_o 50._o johannes_n lundoniam_fw-la veniens_fw-la in_o festo_fw-la ascensionis_fw-la domini_fw-la vi_o kalend_n junii_fw-la anno_fw-la dom._n 1199._o ab_fw-la huberto_n contuariensi_fw-la archiepiscopo_fw-la in_o ecclesia_fw-la b._n petri_n westmonasterii_n inungitur_fw-la &_o in_fw-la regem_fw-la angliae_fw-la coronatur_fw-la assistente_fw-la prelatorum_fw-la comitum_fw-la baronum_fw-la &_o aliorum_fw-la nobilium_fw-la multitudine_fw-la infinita_fw-la john_n come_v to_o london_n on_o ascension-day_n the_o 27_o of_o june_n 1199._o be_v anoint_v and_o crown_v king_n of_o england_n by_o hubert_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n in_o st._n peter_n church_n in_o westminster_n a_o infinite_a multitude_n of_o bishop_n earls_z baron_n and_o other_o noble_a man_n assist_v he_o not_o one_o word_n here_o or_o in_o hovedon_n or_o paris_n of_o the_o ordinary_a people_n and_o this_o doctrine_n of_o the_o archbishop_n concern_v the_o election_n of_o king_n if_o mean_v according_a to_o the_o modern_a understanding_n of_o it_o be_v then_o new_a for_o gervase_n a_o monk_n of_o canterbury_n in_o the_o year_n 1122._o speak_v of_o the_o coronation_n of_o henry_n the_o first_o say_z it_o be_v manifest_a and_o know_v almost_o to_o all_o man_n than_o the_o king_n of_o england_n be_v only_o oblige_v and_o bind_v to_o god_n for_o the_o possession_n of_o the_o kingdom_n and_o to_o the_o church_n of_o canterbury_n for_o their_o coronation_n 30._o manifestum_fw-la est_fw-la autem_fw-la &_o omnibus_fw-la sere_a notur_fw-la reges_fw-la angliae_fw-la soli_fw-la deo_fw-la obligari_fw-la &_o teneri_fw-la exipsius_fw-la regni_fw-la adeptione_n &_o ecclesiae_fw-la canturiensi_fw-la ex_fw-la coronatione_fw-la king_n john_n do_v say_v in_o a_o sigilli_fw-la charter_n date_v the_o first_o year_n of_o his_o reign_n that_o he_o come_v to_o the_o crown_n jure_fw-la haereditario_fw-la &_o mediante_fw-la tam_fw-la cleriquam_fw-la populi_fw-la unanimi_fw-la consensu_fw-la &_o favore_fw-la by_o right_o of_o inheritance_n and_o by_o unanimous_a consent_n and_o favour_n as_o well_o of_o the_o clergy_n as_o laity_n this_o unanimous_a consent_n of_o the_o clergy_n and_o laity_n be_v rather_o their_o acknowledgement_n and_o submission_n than_o any_o thing_n else_o for_o according_a to_o hoveden_n relation_n of_o his_o come_n to_o the_o crown_n which_o be_v the_o most_o exact_a extant_a they_o submit_v and_o swear_v fealty_n to_o he_o against_o all_o man_n before_o he_o come_v into_o england_n some_o time_n before_o his_o coronation_n nor_o can_v it_o be_v true_a that_o he_o have_v a_o hereditary_a right_n for_o arthur_n duke_n of_o britain_n son_n and_o heir_n to_o his_o elder_a brother_n jeffrey_n and_o his_o sister_n eleanor_n be_v then_o live_v unless_o hoe_v have_v regard_n to_o the_o donation_n of_o his_o brother_n richard_n and_o so_o esteem_v himself_o a_o testamentary_a heir_n after_o the_o death_n of_o king_n john_n 10._o henry_n the_o third_z his_o elder_a son_n and_o heir_n by_o the_o assistance_n of_o the_o loyal_a baron_n be_v crown_v king_n notwithstanding_o the_o baron_n which_o have_v make_v war_n against_o king_n john_n when_o they_o be_v reduce_v to_o great_a straits_n 20._o call_v out_o of_o france_n lewes_n the_o king_n son_n to_o who_o 10._o they_o with_o the_o londoner_n swear_v fealty_n and_o advance_v he_o to_o the_o throne_n and_o adhere_v to_o he_o against_o their_o own_o prince_n 20._o until_o by_o force_n they_o be_v reduce_v and_o he_o drive_v out_o of_o the_o kingdom_n this_o treasonable_a call_n in_o of_o lewes_n some_o that_o be_v pertinacious_a in_o the_o fancy_n of_o election_n will_v have_v it_o to_o be_v one_o 40._o indeed_o king_n henry_n the_o three_o at_o this_o time_n have_v no_o good_a hereditary_a title_n and_o therefore_o johannes_n ex_fw-la hac_fw-la vita_fw-la transmigravit_fw-la henricum_fw-la primogenitum_fw-la suum_fw-la regni_fw-la constituens_fw-la haeredem_fw-la and_o this_o donation_n of_o his_o father_n or_o his_o make_v he_o his_o heir_n be_v his_o best_a title_n for_o until_o that_o eleanor_n the_o daughter_n of_o his_o uncle_n jeffrey_n die_v in_o the_o twenty_o five_o year_n of_o his_o reign_n he_o be_v not_o true_a heir_n by_o right_a of_o blood_n obiit_fw-la eleanora_n say_v matthew_n paris_n filia_fw-la galfridi_fw-la comitis_fw-la britanniae_fw-la in_fw-la clausura_fw-la diuturna_fw-la carceris_fw-la sub_fw-la arcta_fw-la custodia_fw-la reservata_fw-la fol._n 574._o n._n 40._o 25_o h._n 3._o anno_fw-la dom._n 1241._o to_z henry_n the_o three_o succeed_v his_o elder_a son_n edward_n the_o first_o though_o the_o lancastrian_n say_v his_o second_o son_n edmund_n common_o call_v crouchback_a be_v the_o elder_a and_o lay_v aside_o for_o his_o deformity_n on_o who_o person_n be_v original_o found_v the_o great_a contention_n between_o the_o two_o royal_a house_n of_o york_n and_o lancaster_n but_o that_o he_o be_v real_o the_o elder_a there_o can_v be_v no_o pretence_n
be_v impeach_v in_o parliament_n for_o divers_a felony_n and_o treason_n for_o assume_v to_o himself_o royal_a power_n make_v dissension_n between_o king_n edward_n the_o second_o and_o his_o queen_n and_o for_o murder_v of_o he_o and_o many_o other_o great_a treason_n and_o adjudge_v to_o be_v draw_v and_o hang_v and_o be_v execute_v according_o and_o the_o earl_n marshal_n be_v command_v to_o do_v the_o execution_n and_o the_o mayor_n aldermen_z and_o sheriff_n of_o london_n and_o constable_n of_o the_o tower_n to_z guard_z and_o assist_v he_o many_o of_o his_o accomplice_n have_v the_o same_o judgement_n 5._o in_o the_o fifty_o of_o edward_n the_o three_o 50._o the_o parliament_n do_v acknowledge_v richard_n the_o second_o to_o be_v very_a heir_n to_o the_o crown_n as_o son_n to_o edward_n the_o black_a prince_n very_a heir_n to_o the_o crown_n and_o petition_v the_o king_n his_o father_n be_v dead_a to_o make_v he_o prince_n of_o wales_n who_o after_o his_o grandfather_n death_n be_v immediate_o by_o all_o people_n the_o 10._o londoner_n especial_o acknowledge_v own_a and_o address_v to_o as_o king_n and_o not_o long_o after_o 50._o crown_v with_o great_a solemnity_n he_o live_v continual_o in_o tumult_n and_o by_o his_o great_a uncle_n his_o reign_n be_v make_v uneasy_a and_o at_o length_n be_v depose_v and_o murder_v by_o a_o potent_a faction_n the_o author_n of_o the_o brief_a history_n of_o succession_n fol._n 7._o recommend_v to_o his_o reader_n the_o thirty_o three_o article_n draw_v up_o against_o richard_n the_o second_o as_o well_o deserve_v to_o be_v read_v with_o hope_n and_o design_n as_o easy_o may_v be_v guess_v to_o make_v they_o believe_v and_o think_v he_o be_v just_o depose_v and_o murder_v but_o mr._n hollingshed_n a_o moderate_a writer_n who_o have_v true_o relate_v these_o article_n and_o all_o the_o transaction_n of_o his_o deposition_n and_o murder_n tell_v we_o y_o that_o whatsoever_o writer_n do_v report_n touch_v the_o state_n of_o the_o time_n and_o do_n of_o this_o king_n yet_o if_o he_o may_v bold_o speak_v what_o he_o think_v he_o be_v a_o prince_n the_o most_o unthankful_o use_v of_o his_o subject_n of_o any_o one_o of_o who_o you_o shall_v light_o read_v for_o although_o through_o frailty_n of_o youth_n he_o demean_v himself_o more_o dissolute_o than_o seem_v convenient_a for_o his_o royal_a estate_n and_o make_v choice_n of_o such_o counsellor_n as_o be_v not_o favour_v of_o the_o people_n whereby_o he_o be_v the_o less_o favour_v himself_o yet_o in_o no_o king_n day_n be_v the_o commons_o in_o great_a wealth_n if_o they_o can_v have_v perceive_v their_o happy_a state_n neither_o in_o any_o other_o time_n be_v the_o noble_n and_o gentleman_n more_o cherish_v nor_o churchman_n less_o wrong_v but_o such_o be_v their_o ingratitude_n towards_o their_o bountiful_a and_o love_a sovereign_n that_o those_o who_o he_o have_v chief_o advance_v be_v ready_a to_o control_v he_o for_o that_o they_o may_v not_o rule_v all_o thing_n at_o their_o will_n and_o remove_v from_o he_o such_o as_o they_o mislike_v and_o place_n in_o their_o room_n who_o they_o think_v good_a and_o that_o rather_o by_o strong_a hand_n than_o by_o gentle_a and_o courteous_a mean_n which_o stir_v such_o malice_n betwixt_o he_o and_o they_o the_o chief_a instrument_n in_o depose_v this_o king_n be_v henry_n duke_n of_o lancaster_n 50._o late_a earl_n of_o derby_n and_o thomas_n arundel_n archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n who_o assist_v by_o other_o reduce_v the_o unfortunate_a king_n to_o so_o great_a strait_o as_o he_o be_v weary_a of_o his_o government_n they_o have_v he_o in_o their_o power_n keep_v he_o safe_a in_o the_o tower_n of_o london_n until_o a_o parliament_n be_v call_v which_o be_v sudden_o do_v by_o direct_v writ_n in_o the_o king_n 1._o name_n to_o those_o who_o of_o right_a aught_o to_o be_v there_o all_o thing_n be_v prepare_v for_o the_o resignation_n of_o his_o crown_n against_o the_o time_n of_o the_o meeting_n of_o the_o parliament_n he_o 52._o be_v by_o certain_a commissioner_n appoint_v by_o it_o depose_v or_o have_v rather_o a_o resignation_n of_o the_o crown_n extort_a from_o he_o though_o he_o seem_v willing_a and_o forward_a to_o do_v it_o and_o then_o the_o duke_n of_o lancaster_n claim_v the_o crown_n in_o parliament_n and_o challenge_v the_o realm_n 53._o all_o be_v descendit_n be_v right_a line_n of_o the_o blood_n come_v from_o the_o good_a lord_n henry_n therde_n postquam_fw-la quidem_fw-la 54._o vindicationem_fw-la &_o clameum_fw-la tam_fw-la domini_fw-la spirituales_fw-la quam_fw-la temporales_fw-la &_o omnes_fw-la status_fw-la ibidem_fw-la praesentes_fw-la singillatim_fw-la &_o communiter_fw-la interrogati_fw-la quid_fw-la de_fw-la illa_fw-la vindicatione_n &_o clameo_fw-la sentiebant_fw-la jidem_fw-la status_fw-la cum_fw-la toto_fw-la populo_fw-la absque_fw-la quacunque_fw-la difficultate_fw-la vel_fw-la mora_fw-la ut_fw-la dux_n praefatus_fw-la super_fw-la eos_fw-la regnaret_fw-la unanimitur_fw-la consenserunt_fw-la after_o which_o claim_n and_o challenge_n as_o well_o the_o lord_n spiritual_a as_o temporal_a and_o all_o state_n there_o present_a be_v several_o ask_v what_o they_o think_v of_o that_o challenge_n and_o claim_v the_o same_o state_n with_o all_o the_o people_n without_o difficulty_n or_o delay_n consent_v the_o aforesaid_a duke_n shall_v reign_v over_o he_o and_o then_o show_v to_o the_o state_n the_o voluntatis_fw-la signet_n of_o king_n richard_n which_o he_o give_v he_o as_o token_n of_o his_o desire_n to_o have_v he_o succeed_v he_o the_o archbishop_n take_v he_o by_o the_o right_a hand_n place_v he_o in_o the_o throne_n here_o we_o see_v the_o foundation_n of_o the_o parliament_n consent_n that_o henry_n shall_v be_v king_n be_v a_o pretend_v right_o of_o blood_n and_o the_o desire_n of_o king_n richard_n that_o it_o may_v be_v so_o henry_n the_o four_o be_v son_n to_o john_n of_o gaunt_n duke_n of_o lancaster_n fourth_z son_n to_z edward_z the_o three_o by_o blanch_n his_o wife_n daughter_n and_o heir_n of_o henry_n duke_n of_o lancaster_n son_n of_o henry_n earl_n of_o lancaster_n brother_n and_o heir_n to_o thomas_n earl_n of_o lancaster_n elder_a son_n to_o edmund_n call_v crouchback_a the_o first_o earl_n of_o lancaster_n second_o son_n to_z king_n henry_n the_o third_z upon_o 98._o consideration_n have_v of_o this_o title_n it_o be_v conceive_v to_o be_v insufficient_a and_o that_o it_o will_v pass_v for_o a_o blind_a and_o pretence_n only_o and_o therefore_o king_n henry_n upon_o the_o day_n of_o his_o coronation_n cause_v to_o be_v proclaim_v 99_o that_o he_o claim_v the_o kingdom_n of_o england_n first_o by_o right_a of_o conquest_n second_o because_o king_n richard_n have_v resign_v his_o estate_n and_o design_v he_o for_o his_o successor_n and_o last_o because_o he_o be_v of_o the_o blood-royal_a and_o next_o heir_n male_a unto_o king_n richard_n in_o this_o claim_n he_o take_v no_o notice_n of_o any_o election_n by_o the_o people_n nor_o do_v own_o the_o least_o right_o in_o they_o to_o elect_v he_o but_o find_v his_o title_n upon_o conquest_n and_o proximity_n of_o male-blood_n and_o donation_n of_o richard_n the_o second_o henry_n the_o four_o five_o and_o six_o hold_v the_o crown_n by_o usurpation_n without_o much_o disturbance_n until_o the_o thirty_o nine_o year_n of_o henry_n the_o six_o 11._o when_o richard_n duke_n of_o york_n put_v in_o his_o claim_n as_o hein_n to_o philippe_n daughter_n and_o heir_n to_o lionel_n the_o three_o get_v son_n of_o king_n edward_n the_o three_o to_o who_o the_o right_a title_n dignity_n royal_a and_o estate_n o_o the_o crown_n of_o the_o realm_n of_o england_n and_o of_o france_n and_o of_o the_o lordship_n and_o land_n of_o ireland_n of_o right_a and_o law_n and_o custom_n appertain_v and_o belong_v before_o any_o issue_n of_o john_n of_o gaunt_n the_o four_o get_v son_n of_o the_o same_o king_n edward_n the_o lord_n spiritual_a and_o temporal_a 12._o the_o question_n be_v put_v what_o they_o think_v of_o the_o duke_n claim_n answer_n that_o the_o matier_n be_v so_o high_a and_o of_o such_o wight_n that_o it_o be_v not_o to_o any_o of_o the_o king_n subject_n to_o enter_v into_o communication_n thereof_o without_o his_o high_a commandment_n agreement_n and_o consent_n have_v thereto_o the_o duke_n press_v for_o a_o answer_n ibidem_fw-la all_o the_o lord_n go_v unto_o the_o king_n and_o open_v the_o claim_n by_o the_o mouth_n of_o the_o chancellor_n of_o england_n and_o it_o please_v he_o to_o pray_v and_o command_v all_o the_o say_a lord_n that_o they_o shall_v search_v as_o much_o as_o in_o they_o be_v to_o find_v all_o such_o thing_n as_o may_v be_v object_n and_o leyde_v against_o the_o cleym_n and_o title_n of_o the_o due_a whereupon_o ibidem_fw-la in_o the_o morning_n october_n 18._o the_o lord_n send_v for_o the_o king_n justice_n to_o defend_v his_o title_n against_o the_o claim_n of_o
the_o duke_n of_o york_n and_o in_o the_o king_n name_n straight_o command_v they_o to_o find_v all_o objection_n as_o may_v he_o lay_v against_o the_o same_o in_o fortify_v of_o the_o king_n title_n who_o ibidem_fw-la on_o monday_n follow_v on_o the_o 20_o of_o october_n answer_v that_o the_o matter_n be_v so_o high_a and_o touch_v the_o king_n high_a estate_n and_o regalio_fw-la which_o be_v above_o the_o law_n and_o pass_v their_o learning_n wherefore_o they_o dare_v not_o enter_v into_o any_o communication_n of_o the_o same_o for_o that_o it_o permine_v to_o the_o lord_n of_o the_o king_n blood_n and_o th'apparage_v of_o this_o his_o londe_n and_o therefore_o beseech_v all_o the_o lord_n to_o have_v then_o utter_o excuse_v then_o the_o lord_n send_v for_o all_o the_o king_n sergeant_n and_o attorney_n ibidem_fw-la and_o give_v they_o straight_a commandment_n in_o the_o king_n name_n that_o they_o sadlad_o and_o avise_o shall_v search_v and_o take_v all_o such_o thing_n as_o may_v be_v best_o and_o strong_a to_o be_v allegged_a for_o the_o king_n be_v avail_v in_o objection_n and_o defeat_v of_o the_o title_n and_o cleym_a of_o the_o due_a they_o answer_v ibidem_fw-la that_o if_o this_o matter_n pass_v the_o learning_n of_o the_o justice_n it_o must_v needs_o exceed_v their_o learning_n and_o also_o that_o they_o dare_v not_o enter_v into_o any_o communication_n in_o that_o matier_n and_o pray_v and_o beseech_v all_o the_o lord_n to_o have_v they_o excuse_v by_o geve_a any_o avicen_n or_o counsel_n therein_o but_o the_o lord_n will_v not_o excuse_v they_o and_o therefore_o by_o the_o in_o advice_n and_o assistance_n it_o be_v conclude_v by_o all_o the_o lord_n that_o the_o article_n follow_v shall_v be_v object_v agen_v the_o claim_n and_o title_n of_o the_o duc._n first_o 13._o it_o be_v think_v that_o the_o lord_n of_o this_o lond_n must_v needs_o call_v to_o their_o remembrance_n the_o great_a oath_n the_o which_o they_o have_v make_v to_o the_o king_n the_o which_o may_v be_v leyd_v to_o the_o say_v duc_n of_o york_n and_o that_o the_o lord_n may_v not_o break_v their_o oath_n item_n it_o be_v think_v also_o that_o it_o be_v to_o be_v call_v to_o remembrance_n the_o great_a and_o notable_a act_n of_o parliament_n of_o divers_a of_o the_o king_n progonitor_n the_o which_o act_n