Selected quad for the lemma: england_n

Word A Word B Word C Word D Occurrence Frequency Band MI MI Band Prominent
england_n henry_n king_n normandy_n 8,654 5 11.5816 5 true
View all documents for the selected quad

Text snippets containing the quad

ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A17832 Britain, or A chorographicall description of the most flourishing kingdomes, England, Scotland, and Ireland, and the ilands adjoyning, out of the depth of antiquitie beautified vvith mappes of the severall shires of England: vvritten first in Latine by William Camden Clarenceux K. of A. Translated newly into English by Philémon Holland Doctour in Physick: finally, revised, amended, and enlarged with sundry additions by the said author.; Britannia. English Camden, William, 1551-1623.; Holland, Philemon, 1552-1637. 1637 (1637) STC 4510.8; ESTC S115671 1,473,166 1,156

There are 154 snippets containing the selected quad. | View original text

and_o the_o nobilissimus_fw-la most_o noble_a so_o with_o our_o ancestor_n the_o english-saxons_a he_o be_v name_v in_o their_o tongue_n aetheling_n that_o be_v noble_a and_o in_o latin_a clito_n of_o the_o greek_a word_n 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d that_o be_v glorious_a or_o excellent_a see_v how_o that_o age_n affect_v the_o greek_a language_n and_o hereupon_o of_o that_o eadgar_n the_o last_o heir_n male_a of_o the_o english_a blood_n royal_a this_o old_a say_v see_v be_v yet_o rife_o in_o every_o man_n mouth_n 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d and_o in_o the_o ancient_a latin_a patent_n and_o charter_n of_o the_o king_n we_o read_v often_o time_n ego_fw-la e._n vel_fw-la ae._n clyto_n regis_fw-la filius_fw-la but_o this_o addition_n clyto_n i_o have_v observe_v to_o be_v give_v even_o to_o all_o the_o king_n son_n after_o the_o norman_a conquest_n no_o certain_a or_o special_a title_n of_o honour_n be_v assign_v unto_o he_o nor_o any_o other_o to_o my_o knowledge_n than_o single_o thus_o the_o king_n son_n and_o the_o first_o beget_v of_o the_o king_n of_o england_n until_o that_o edward_n the_o first_o summon_v unto_o the_o high_a court_n of_o parliament_n his_o son_n edward_n by_o the_o name_n of_o prince_n of_o wales_n and_o earl_n of_o chester_n unto_o who_o he_o grant_v afterward_o the_o dukedom_n also_o of_o aquitain_n like_v as_o the_o same_o prince_n be_v now_o king_n edward_n the_o second_o call_v unto_o the_o parliament_n his_o young_a son_n edward_n not_o full_a ten_o year_n old_a by_o the_o title_n of_o earl_n of_o chester_n and_o of_o flint_n but_o the_o say_v edward_n have_v now_o attain_v to_o the_o crown_n and_o be_v edward_n the_o three_o create_v edward_n his_o son_n a_o most_o valiant_a and_o renown_a man_n of_o war_n duke_n of_o cornwall_n since_o which_o time_n the_o king_n first_o beget_v son_n be_v repute_v natus_fw-la duke_n of_o cornwall_n at_o the_o hour_n of_o his_o birth_n and_o soon_o after_o he_o adorn_v the_o same_o son_n by_o solemn_a investure_n and_o creation_n with_o the_o title_n of_o prince_n of_o wales_n and_o give_v the_o principality_n of_o wales_n in_o these_o word_n to_o be_v hold_v of_o he_o and_o his_o heir_n king_n of_o england_n and_o as_o the_o declare_a or_o elect_a successor_n of_o the_o roman_a empire_n as_o i_o say_v even_o now_o be_v name_v caesares_fw-la of_o the_o greekish_a empire_n lord_n despotae_fw-la of_o the_o kingdom_n of_o france_n dolphin_n and_o of_o spain_n infant_n so_o from_o thence_o forward_o the_o heir_n apparent_a of_o the_o kingdom_n of_o england_n be_v entitle_v prince_n of_o wales_n and_o this_o title_n continue_v unto_o the_o day_n of_o henry_n the_o eight_o when_o wales_n be_v full_o unite_v to_o the_o kingdom_n of_o england_n but_o now_o whereas_o the_o kingdom_n of_o britain_n former_o divide_v be_v by_o the_o happy_a good_a luck_n and_o rightful_a title_n of_o the_o most_o mighty_a prince_n king_n james_n grow_v into_o one_o his_o elder_a son_n henry_n the_o lovely_a joy_n and_o darling_n of_o britain_n be_v style_v prince_z of_o great_a britain_n who_o as_o he_o be_v bear_v thus_o to_o the_o great_a hope_n so_o all_o britain_n from_o one_o end_n to_o the_o other_o pray_v incessant_o from_o the_o very_a heart_n that_o god_n will_v vouchsafe_v to_o bless_v he_o with_o the_o great_a virtue_n and_o continuance_n of_o honour_n that_o he_o may_v by_o many_o degree_n and_o that_o most_o happy_o exceed_v our_o hope_n surpass_v the_o noble_a act_n of_o his_o progenitour_n yea_o and_o outlive_v their_o year_n as_o for_o our_o nobility_n or_o gentry_n it_o be_v divide_v into_o superior_a and_o inferior_a the_o superior_a or_o chief_a nobleman_n we_o call_v duke_n marquess_n earl_n and_o baron_n which_o have_v receive_v these_o title_n from_o the_o king_n of_o this_o realm_n for_o their_o virtue_n and_o prowess_n duke_n duke_n be_v the_o chief_a title_n of_o honour_n among_o we_o next_o after_o prince_z this_o be_v a_o name_n at_o first_o of_o charge_n and_o office_n and_o not_o of_o dignity_n about_o the_o time_n of_o aelius_n verus_n the_o emperor_n those_o who_o govern_v the_o limit_n and_o border_n be_v first_o name_v deuce_n and_o this_o degree_n in_o the_o day_n of_o constantine_n be_v inferior_a to_o that_o of_o comites_fw-la after_o the_o roman_a government_n be_v here_o in_o this_o island_n abolish_v this_o title_n also_o remain_v as_o a_o name_n of_o office_n and_o those_o among_o we_o who_o in_o old_a charter_n during_o the_o saxon_n time_n duke_n be_v so_o many_o of_o they_o call_v deuce_n be_v name_v in_o the_o english_a tongue_n only_a ealderman_n and_o the_o very_a same_o that_o be_v name_v deuce_n they_o call_v also_o earl_n comites_fw-la as_o for_o example_n that_o william_n the_o conqueror_n of_o england_n who_o most_o call_v duke_n of_o normandy_n william_n of_o malmsburie_n term_v comes_n or_o earl_n of_o normandy_n but_o as_o well_o duke_n as_o earl_n be_v name_n of_o charge_n and_o office_n as_o appear_v by_o this_o brief_a or_o instrument_n of_o create_v a_o duke_n or_o earl_n out_o of_o marculphus_n a_o ancient_a writer_n in_o this_o point_n especial_o be_v a_o prince_n regal_a clemency_n full_o commend_v that_o throughout_o the_o whole_a people_n there_o be_v seek_v out_o honest_a and_o vigilant_a person_n neither_o be_v it_o meet_v to_o commit_v hand_n over_o head_n unto_o every_o man_n a_o judiciarie_n dignity_n unless_o his_o faithfulness_n and_o valour_n seem_v to_o have_v be_v try_v before_o see_v then_o therefore_o we_o suppose_v that_o we_o have_v have_v good_a proof_n of_o your_o trusty_a and_o profitable_a service_n unto_o we_o we_o have_v commit_v unto_o you_o the_o government_n of_o that_o earldom_n dukedom_n senatourship_n or_o eldership_n in_o that_o shire_n or_o province_n which_o your_o predecessor_n until_o this_o time_n seem_v to_o have_v exercise_v for_o to_o manage_v and_o rule_v the_o same_o according_o provide_v always_o that_o you_o evermore_o keep_v your_o faith_n untouched_a and_o untainted_a towards_o our_o royal_a governance_n and_o that_o all_o people_n there_o abide_v may_v live_v and_o be_v rule_v under_o your_o regiment_n and_o governance_n and_o that_o you_o order_n and_o direct_v they_o in_o the_o right_a course_n according_a to_o law_n and_o their_o own_o custom_n that_o you_o show_v yourself_o a_o protector_n to_o widow_n and_o guardian_n to_o orphan_n that_o the_o wickedness_n of_o thief_n and_o malefactor_n be_v most_o severe_o by_o you_o punish_v that_o the_o people_n live_v well_o under_o your_o regiment_n may_v with_o joy_n continue_v in_o peace_n quiet_o and_o whatsoever_o by_o this_o very_a execution_n be_v look_v for_o to_o arise_v in_o profit_n due_a to_o the_o exchequer_n be_v bring_v yearly_o by_o yourself_o into_o our_o coffer_n and_o treasury_n this_o title_n of_o duke_n begin_v to_o be_v a_o title_n of_o honour_n under_o otho_n the_o great_a about_o the_o year_n 970._o for_o he_o to_o bind_v more_o streit_o and_o near_o unto_o he_o martial_a and_o politic_a man_n endow_v they_o with_o regality_n and_o royalty_n as_o he_o term_v they_o 5._o and_o these_o royalty_n be_v either_o dignity_n or_o land_n in_o fee._n dignity_n be_v these_o dukes_z marquess_n earl_n captain_n valvasors_n valvasines_n late_a it_o be_v ere_o it_o come_v to_o be_v a_o hereditary_a title_n in_o france_n and_o not_o before_o the_o time_n of_o philip_n the_o three_o king_n of_o france_n who_o grant_v that_o from_o thence_o forth_o they_o shall_v be_v call_v duke_n of_o britain_n who_o before_o time_n be_v indifferent_o style_v both_o duke_n and_o earl_n but_o in_o england_n in_o the_o time_n of_o the_o norman_n see_v the_o norman_a king_n themselves_o be_v duke_n of_o normandy_n for_o a_o great_a while_o they_o adorn_v none_o with_o this_o honour_n nor_o before_o that_o edward_n the_o three_o create_v edward_n his_o son_n duke_n of_o cornwall_n by_o a_o wreath_n upon_o his_o head_n a_o ring_n on_o his_o finger_n use_v and_o a_o silver_n verge_n or_o rod_n like_v as_o the_o duke_n of_o normandy_n be_v in_o time_n past_o create_v by_o a_o sword_n and_o banner_n deliver_v unto_o they_o afterward_o by_o gird_v the_o sword_n of_o the_o duchy_n and_o a_o circlet_n of_o gold_n garnish_v with_o little_a golden_a rose_n in_o the_o top_n and_o the_o same_o king_n edward_n the_o three_o create_v in_o a_o parliament_n his_o two_o son_n lionel_n duke_n of_o clarence_n and_o john_n duke_n of_o lancaster_n by_o the_o gird_v of_o a_o sword_n and_o set_v upon_o their_o head_n a_o fur_a chapeau_n or_o cap_n with_o a_o circlet_n or_o coronet_n of_o gold_n pearl_n and_o a_o charter_n deliver_v unto_o they_o from_o which_o time_n there_o have_v be_v many_o hereditary_a duke_n among_o we_o create_v one_o after_o another_o with_o these_o or_o such_o like_a word_n in_o
by_o word_n of_o it_o hengston_n down_o well_o ywrought_a be_v worth_n london_n dear_a ybought_a and_o it_o be_v a_o ordinary_a place_n where_o every_o seven_o or_o eight_o year_n the_o stannarie_a man_n of_o cornwall_n and_o denshire_n be_v wont_n in_o great_a frequency_n to_o assemble_v together_o and_o to_o consult_v about_o their_o affair_n at_o this_o hill_n in_o the_o year_n of_o savation_n dcccxxxi_o the_o british_a danmonij_fw-la who_o call_v the_o dane_n to_o aid_v they_o of_o purpose_n to_o break_v into_o devonshire_n that_o they_o may_v drive_v out_o the_o english_a from_o thence_o who_o already_o possess_v themselves_o of_o the_o country_n be_v piteous_o defeat_v by_o king_n egbert_n and_o slay_v almost_o to_o the_o very_a last_o man_n beneath_o it_o tamar_n leave_v halton_n the_o habitation_n of_o the_o rouse_n ancient_o lord_n of_o little_a modbery_n in_o devonshire_n and_o run_v nigh_o unto_o salt-esse_a a_o pretty_a market_n town_n seat_v in_o the_o descent_n of_o a_o hill_n which_o have_v a_o major_a and_o certain_a privilege_n of_o their_o own_o salt-esse_a as_o i_o say_v erewhile_o it_o entertain_v the_o river_n liver_n on_o which_o stand_v that_o same_o town_n of_o saint_n german_n whereof_o i_o speak_v before_o and_o now_o by_o this_o time_n spread_v broad_a discharge_v itself_o into_o the_o ocean_n make_v the_o haven_n which_o in_o the_o life_n of_o saint_n indractus_fw-la be_v call_v tamerworth_n after_o it_o have_v sever_v cornwall_n from_o denshire_n for_o athelstane_n the_o first_o english_a king_n that_o bring_v this_o country_n absolute_a under_o his_o dominion_n appoint_v this_o river_n to_o be_v the_o bind_v or_o limit_n between_o the_o britan_n of_o cornwall_n and_o his_o englishman_n after_o he_o have_v remove_v the_o britan_n out_o of_o denshire_n as_o witness_v william_n of_o malmsburie_n who_o call_v it_o tambra_n whereupon_o alexander_n necham_n in_o his_o praise_n of_o divine_a wisdom_n write_v thus_o loegriae_fw-la tamaris_n divisor_n cornubiaeque_fw-la indigenas_fw-la ditat_v pinguibus_fw-la isiciis_fw-la tamar_n that_o lhoegres_n do_v divide_v from_o cornwall_n in_o the_o west_n the_o neighbour-dweller_n rich_o serve_v with_o salmon_n of_o the_o best_a the_o place_n require_v here_o virgin_n that_o i_o shall_v say_v somewhat_o of_o the_o holy_a and_o devout_a virgin_n ursula_n descend_v from_o hence_o as_o also_o of_o the_o eleven_o thousand_o british_a virgin_n but_o such_o be_v the_o variety_n of_o writer_n while_o some_o report_n they_o suffer_v martyrdom_n under_o gratian_n the_o emperor_n about_o the_o year_n of_o our_o lord_n ccclxxxiii_o upon_o the_o coast_n of_o germany_n as_o they_o sail_v to_o armorica_n other_o by_o attlia_n the_o hun_n that_o scourge_n of_o god_n in_o the_o year_n ccccl_n at_o coline_n upon_o rhine_n as_o they_o return_v from_o rome_n that_o with_o some_o it_o have_v bring_v the_o truth_n of_o the_o history_n into_o suspicion_n of_o a_o vain_a fable_n and_o as_o touch_v that_o constantine_n who_o gildas_n term_v a_o tyrannous_a whelp_n of_o the_o unclean_a danmonian_a lioness_n as_o also_o of_o the_o disforre_v of_o all_o this_o country_n for_o before_o time_n it_o be_v repute_v a_o forest_n let_v historian_n speak_v for_o it_o be_v no_o part_n of_o my_o purpose_n as_o for_o the_o earl_n cornwall_n none_o of_o british_a blood_n be_v mention_v but_o only_o candorus_n call_v by_o other_o cadocus_n who_o be_v account_v by_o late_a writer_n the_o last_o earl_n of_o cornwall_n of_o british_a race_n and_o as_o they_o which_o be_v skilful_a in_o heraldry_n have_v a_o tradition_n bare_a xv._n besaunt_n v._n four_o iii_o ii_o and_o i._o in_o a_o shield_n sable_n but_o of_o the_o norman_n blood_n the_o first_o earl_n be_v robert_n of_o moriton_n half_a brother_n to_o william_n conqueror_n by_o herlotta_n their_o mother_n after_o who_o succeed_v william_n his_o son_n who_o when_o he_o have_v side_v with_o robert_n of_o normandy_n against_o henry_n the_o first_o king_n of_o england_n be_v take_v prisoner_n in_o battle_n lose_v both_o his_o liberty_n and_o his_o honour_n and_o at_o last_o turn_v monk_n at_o bermondsey_n then_o reginald_n a_o base_a son_n of_o henry_n the_o first_o by_o the_o daughter_n of_o sir_n robert_n corber_n for_o that_o king_n ply_v get_v child_n so_o lustful_o as_o that_o he_o be_v father_n of_o thirteen_o bastard_n be_v place_v in_o his_o room_n 1175._o this_o reginald_n die_v without_o issue_n male_a legitimate_a king_n henry_n the_o second_o have_v assign_v unto_o his_o daughter_n certain_a land_n and_o lordship_n reserve_v this_o earldom_n to_o himself_o for_o the_o ●ehoore_n of_o his_o own_o young_a son_n john_n a_o child_n of_o nine_o year_n old_a upon_o who_o his_o brother_n richard_n the_o first_o confer_v it_o afterward_o with_o other_o earldom_n this_o john_n afterward_o be_v crown_v king_n of_o england_n and_o his_o second_o son_n richard_n be_v by_o his_o brother_n king_n henry_n the_o three_o endow_v with_o this_o honour_n and_o the_o earldom_n of_o poictou_n a_o prince_n very_o in_o those_o day_n puissant_a in_o god_n service_n devout_a and_o religious_a in_o war_n right_o valiant_a for_o counsel_v sage_a and_o prudent_a who_o in_o aquitaine_n fight_v battle_n with_o fortunate_a success_n and_o show_v much_o valour_n and_o have_v make_v a_o voyage_n into_o the_o holy_a land_n enforce_v the_o saracen_n to_o make_v truce_n with_o he_o the_o kingdom_n of_o apulia_n offer_v unto_o he_o by_o the_o pope_n he_o refuse_v the_o trouble_n and_o tumult_n in_o england_n he_o often_o time_n compose_v and_o in_o the_o year_n of_o our_o lord_n mcclvil_n by_o some_o of_o the_o prince_n electour_n of_o germany_n be_v choose_v king_n of_o the_o roman_n and_o crown_v at_o aquisgrane_fw-la whereupon_o as_o if_o he_o have_v make_v mean_n thereto_o by_o money_n this_o verse_n be_v so_o ri●e_a and_o currant_n every_o where_o nummus_fw-la ait_fw-la pro_fw-la i_o nubit_fw-la cornubia_n romae_fw-la for_o i_o my_o money_n say_v this_o cornwall_z to_o rome_n now_o wed_v be_v for_o so_o well_o money_v he_o be_v before_o that_o one_o who_o then_o live_v have_v put_v down_o in_o writing_n that_o for_o ten_o year_n together_o he_o may_v dispend_v one_o hundred_o mark_n a_o day_n but_o when_o as_o germany_n be_v all_o on_o a_o light_a fire_n with_o civil_a war_n among_o competitor_n of_o the_o empire_n he_o return_v quick_o into_o england_n where_o he_o depart_v this_o life_n and_o be_v inter_v in_o the_o famous_a monastery_n of_o hales_n which_o he_o have_v build_v a_o little_a after_o that_o his_o first_o beget_v son_n henry_n new_o in_o his_o return_n from_o the_o holy_a land_n while_o he_o be_v at_o divine_a service_n devout_o occupy_v within_o a_o church_n at_o viterbium_n in_o italy_n be_v by_o guy_n de_fw-fr montfort_n son_n of_o simon_n montfort_n earl_n of_o leceister_n in_o revenge_n of_o his_o father_n death_n wicked_o slay_v edmund_z therefore_o his_o second_o son_n succeed_v in_o the_o earldom_n of_o cornwall_n who_o die_v without_o any_o lawful_a issue_n and_o so_o his_o high_a and_o great_a estate_n of_o inheritance_n return_v to_o king_n edward_n the_o first_o as_o who_o be_v the_o next_o unto_o he_o in_o blood_n and_o haeresinventus_fw-la find_v as_o our_o lawyer_n say_v his_o heir_n whereas_o that_o richard_n and_o edmund_n his_o son_n prince_n of_o the_o blood_n royal_a of_o england_n bare_a divers_a arm_n from_o the_o arm_n royal_a of_o england_n to_o wit_n in_o a_o shield_n argent_fw-fr a_o lion_n rampant_a gules_a crown_v or_o within_o a_o border_n sable_n bezante_n i_o have_v with_o other_o oftentimes_o much_o marvel_v at_o neither_o i_o assure_v you_o can_v i_o allege_v any_o other_o reason_n but_o that_o they_o in_o this_o point_n imitate_v the_o house_n royal_a of_o france_n for_o the_o manner_n of_o bear_v arm_n come_v from_o the_o french_a man_n unto_o we_o for_o the_o young_a son_n of_o the_o king_n of_o france_n even_o to_o the_o time_n we_o now_o speak_v of_o bear_v other_o coat_n than_o the_o king_n themselves_o do_v as_o we_o may_v see_v in_o the_o family_n of_o vermandois_n dreux_n and_o courtney_n and_o as_o robert_n duke_n of_o burgundy_n brother_n to_o henry_n the_o first_o aquitaine_n king_n of_o france_n take_v unto_o he_o the_o ancient_a shield_n of_o the_o duke_n of_o burgundy_n so_o we_o may_v well_o think_v that_o this_o richard_n have_v receive_v the_o earldom_n of_o poictou_n from_o henry_n the_o three_o his_o brother_n assume_v unto_o he_o that_o lion_n gules_a crown_v which_o belong_v to_o the_o earl_n of_o poictou_n before_o he_o as_o the_o french_a writer_n do_v record_v and_o add_v thereto_o the_o border_n garnish_v with_o besaunt_n out_o of_o the_o ancient_a coat_n of_o the_o earl_n of_o cornwall_n for_o so_o soon_o as_o the_o young_a son_n of_o the_o king_n of_o france_n begin_v to_o bear_v the_o arm_n of_o france_n with_o
mother_n to_o edward_n courtney_n the_o last_o earl_n of_o devonshire_n of_o that_o house_n and_o on_o the_o other_o side_n of_o the_o quire_n john_n de_fw-fr beaufort_n duke_n of_o somerset_n with_o his_o wife_n margaret_n daughter_n and_o heir_n to_o sir_n john_n beauchamp_n of_o bletneshoe_n who_o daughter_n margaret_n countess_n of_o richmond_n and_o mother_n of_o king_n henry_n the_o seven_o a_o most_o godly_a and_o virtuous_a princess_n erect_v a_o school_n here_o for_o the_o train_n up_o of_o youth_n but_o now_o will_v i_o turn_v my_o pen_n from_o the_o church_n to_o the_o town_n when_o the_o dane_n by_o their_o crafty_a device_n go_v about_o to_o set_v the_o englishman_n together_o by_o the_o ear_n and_o will_v have_v break_v that_o league_n and_o unity_n which_o be_v between_o king_n edward_n the_o elder_a and_o his_o cousin_n aethelwald_n aethelwald_n then_z lust_a after_o the_o kingdom_n and_o whole_o set_v against_o his_o liege_n prince_n fortify_v this_o town_n as_o strong_o as_o possible_o he_o can_v but_o so_o soon_o as_o edward_n come_v towards_o he_o with_o his_o force_n and_o pitch_v his_o tent_n at_o 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d now_o call_v badbury_n he_o flee_v and_o convey_v himself_o to_o his_o confederate_n the_o dane_n badbury_n this_o badbury_n be_v a_o little_a hill_n upon_o a_o fair_a down_o scarce_o two_o mile_n off_o environ_v about_o with_o a_o triple_a trench_n and_o rampire_n and_o have_v by_o report_n in_o time_n past_o a_o castle_n which_o be_v the_o seat_n of_o the_o west-saxon_a king_n but_o now_o if_o ever_o there_o be_v any_o such_o it_o lie_v so_o bury_v in_o the_o own_o ruin_n and_o rubbish_n that_o i_o can_v see_v not_o so_o much_o as_o one_o token_n thereof_o but_o hard_o by_o a_o sight_n i_o have_v of_o a_o village_n or_o manor_n call_v kingston_n lacie_n lacy._n because_o together_o with_o winburne_n it_o appurtained_a to_o the_o lacy_n earl_n of_o lincoln_n unto_o who_o by_o covenant_n it_o come_v from_o the_o earl_n of_o leicester_n by_o the_o mean_n of_o quincie_n earl_n of_o winchester_n for_o king_n henry_n the_o first_o have_v give_v it_o to_o robert_n earl_n of_o mellent_a and_o of_o leicester_n and_o at_o the_o last_o both_o place_n from_o the_o lacy_n fall_v unto_o the_o house_n of_o lancaster_n who_o bounty_n and_o liberality_n winburne_n have_v good_a trial_n of_o from_o this_o winburne_n stour_n as_o it_o pass_v admit_v alen_n a_o little_a brook_n over_o which_o stand_v s._n giles_n winburne_n the_o habitation_n of_o the_o worshipful_a and_o ancient_a house_n of_o astleys_n knight_n also_o wickhampton_n the_o inheritance_n sometime_o of_o the_o baron_n de_fw-fr maltravers_n of_o who_o the_o last_o in_o the_o reign_n of_o edward_n the_o three_o leave_v behind_o he_o two_o daughter_n only_o the_o one_o wed_v unto_o john_n de_fw-fr arundel_n grandfather_n to_o john_n earl_n of_o arundel_n who_o leave_v unto_o his_o posterity_n the_o title_n of_o baron_n de_fw-mi maltravers_n the_o other_o wife_n of_o robert_n le-rous_n and_o afterward_o of_o sir_n john_n keines_n knight_n from_o hence_o the_o stour_n pass_v on_o by_o canford_n 1317._o under_o which_o not_o long_o ago_o james_n lord_n montjoy_n studious_a in_o mineral_n matter_n begin_v to_o make_v calcanthum_n or_o vitriol_n we_o call_v it_o coperas_fw-la and_o to_o boil_v alum_n and_o out_o of_o which_o in_o old_a time_n john_n earl_n of_o warren_n to_o the_o great_a distein_v of_o his_o own_o good_a name_n and_o the_o damage_n of_o england_n take_v as_o it_o be_v by_o strong_a hand_n and_o carry_v away_o as_o it_o be_v to_o be_v see_v in_o our_o chronicle_n dame_n alice_n lacey_n the_o wife_n of_o thomas_n earl_n of_o lancaster_n and_o now_o by_o this_o time_n stour_n leave_v dorsetshire_n behind_o he_o and_o after_o he_o have_v travel_v through_o some_o part_n of_o hantshire_n at_o length_n take_v up_o his_o lodging_n in_o the_o ocean_n and_o yet_o not_o before_o he_o have_v entertain_v a_o pretty_a river_n that_o run_v to_o cranburne_n cranburne_n a_o place_n well_o water_v where_o in_o the_o year_n of_o salvation_n 930._o aelward_n a_o noble_a gentleman_n surname_v for_o his_o whiteness_n meaw_z found_v a_o little_a monastery_n which_o robert_n fitz-haimon_a a_o norman_a unto_o who_o fall_v the_o possession_n of_o the_o say_v aelward_n leave_v here_o one_o or_o two_o monk_n in_o a_o cell_n translate_v to_o theoksbury_n from_o who_o in_o order_n of_o succession_n by_o the_o clares_z earl_n of_o gloucester_n and_o burgh_n earl_n of_o ulster_n it_o come_v to_o lionel_n duke_n of_o clarence_n and_o by_o he_o to_o the_o crown_n but_o now_o cranborne_n have_v his_o uicount_n now_o earl_n of_o salisbury_n who_o king_n james_n for_o his_o approve_a wisdom_n and_o worth_a honour_v first_o with_o the_o title_n of_o baron_n or_o lord_n cecil_n of_o essendon_n filioll_n and_o the_o next_o year_n after_o of_o viscount_n cranborne_n south_n from_o hence_o lie_v woodland_n empark_v sometime_o the_o seat_n of_o the_o worshipful_a family_n of_o filioll_n the_o heir_n whereof_o be_v marry_v to_o edward_n seimor_n after_o duke_n of_o somerset_n and_o willoughby_z of_o wallaton_n as_o touch_v the_o earl_n and_o marquess_n of_o this_o shire_n manuscript_n king_n william_n the_o conqueror_n have_v now_o by_o conquest_n attain_v to_o the_o kingdom_n of_o england_n make_v osmund_n that_o be_v earl_n of_o seez_fw-fr in_o normandy_n both_o bishop_n of_o sarisbury_n and_o afterward_o also_o the_o first_o earl_n of_o dorset_n and_o his_o chancellor_n high_o admire_v the_o godly_a wisdom_n of_o the_o man_n and_o his_o notable_a good_a part_n long_o after_o that_o king_n richard_n the_o second_o in_o the_o one_o and_o twenty_o year_n of_o his_o reign_n advance_v john_n de_fw-fr beaufort_n john_n of_o gaunt_n his_o son_n and_o earl_n of_o somerset_n to_o be_v marquesse_n dorset_n of_o which_o dignity_n king_n henry_n the_o four_o in_o hatred_n of_o richard_n the_o second_o deprive_v he_o somerset_n and_o when_o as_o in_o the_o high_a court_n of_o parliament_n the_o commons_o of_o england_n there_o assemble_v who_o love_v he_o very_o dear_o make_v earnest_a intercession_n that_o the_o say_a dignity_n of_o marquesse_n may_v be_v restore_v unto_o he_o he_o himself_o distaste_v this_o new_a title_n and_o never_o hear_v of_o before_o those_o day_n utter_o refuse_v it_o and_o then_o his_o young_a brother_n name_v thomas_n beaufort_n be_v create_v earl_n of_o dorset_n who_o afterward_o for_o his_o warlike_a prowess_n and_o valour_n be_v by_o king_n henry_n the_o five_o adorn_v with_o the_o title_n of_o duke_n of_o excester_n and_o with_o the_o earldom_n of_o normandy_n harcourt_n for_o he_o valiant_o defend_v harflew_v in_o normandy_n against_o the_o frenchman_n and_o in_o a_o pitch_a field_n encounter_v the_o earl_n of_o armignac_n put_v he_o to_o flight_n after_o he_o be_v dead_a without_o issue_n king_n henry_n the_o six_o nominate_v out_o of_o the_o same_o house_n of_o lancaster_n edmund_z first_o earl_n afterward_o marquesse_n dorset_n and_o last_o duke_n of_o somerset_n who_o son_n be_v slay_v in_o the_o civil_a war_n edward_z the_o four_o when_o as_o now_o the_o family_n of_o lancaster_n lie_v as_o it_o be_v over_o tread_v in_o the_o dust_n create_v thomas_n grey_n out_o of_o the_o house_n of_o ruthin_n who_o be_v his_o son_n in_o law_n for_o the_o king_n have_v espouse_v the_o mother_n of_o the_o say_v grey_n marquesse_n dorset_n when_o in_o right_n of_o his_o wife_n he_o have_v enter_v upon_o a_o great_a state_n and_o inheritance_n of_o the_o bonvilles_n in_o this_o country_n and_o the_o territory_n adjoin_v after_o he_o succeed_v in_o the_o same_o honour_n thomas_n his_o son_n and_o henry_n his_o nephew_n by_o the_o say_v thomas_n who_o also_o be_v create_v by_o king_n edward_n the_o six_o duke_n of_o suffolk_n have_v wed_v lady_n frances_n daughter_n of_o charles_n brandon_n duke_n of_o suffolk_n 1553._o and_o niece_n unto_o king_n henry_n the_o eight_o by_o his_o sister_n this_o duke_n in_o queen_n mary_n day_n be_v put_v to_o death_n for_o high_a treason_n learn_v too_o late_o how_o dangerous_a a_o thing_n it_o be_v to_o marry_v into_o the_o blood_n royal_a and_o to_o feed_v ambitious_a hope_n both_o in_o himself_o and_o in_o other_o from_o that_o time_n the_o title_n of_o dorset_n be_v bestow_v upon_o none_o until_o king_n james_n at_o his_o first_o entrance_n into_o this_o kingdom_n exalt_v thomas_n sackvill_n baron_n of_o buckhurst_n and_o lord_n high_a treasurer_n of_o england_n a_o man_n of_o rare_a wisdom_n and_o most_o careful_a providence_n to_o the_o honour_n of_o earl_n of_o dorset_n who_o end_v his_o life_n with_o sudden_a death_n 1608._o and_o leave_v robert_n his_o son_n his_o successor_n who_o decease_a within_o the_o year_n leave_v the_o say_a honour_n again_o to_o richard_n his_o hopeful_a son_n who_o he_o
the_o parliament_n by_o the_o name_n of_o william_n beauchamp_n de_fw-fr saint_n amando_fw-la ●ma●_n flourish_v among_o other_o baron_n like_v as_o his_o son_n richard_n who_o leave_v no_o issue_n lawful_o beget_v kenet_n keep_v on_o his_o course_n downward_o from_o thence_o between_o hemsted_n martial_n which_o sometime_o be_v hold_v by_o the_o rod_n of_o marshalsee_n and_o appertain_v to_o the_o mareschal_n of_o england_n where_o s._n thomas_n parry_n treasurer_n of_o queen_n elizabeth_n household_n build_v a_o very_a proper_a house_n and_o benham_n valence_n in_o a_o park_n so_o call_v because_o it_o belong_v to_o william_n de_fw-fr valencia_n earl_n of_o pembroch_o but_o queen_n elizabeth_n give_v it_o to_o john_n baptista_n castilion_n a_o piemontes_n of_o her_o privy_a chamber_n for_o faithful_a service_n in_o her_o danger_n so_o the_o river_n pass_v on_o to_o that_o old_a town_n spinae_n whereof_o antonine_n make_v mention_v which_o retain_v still_o the_o name_n be_v at_o this_o day_n call_v spene_n spine_n but_o now_o in_o steed_n of_o a_o town_n it_o be_v a_o very_a little_a village_n stand_v scarce_o a_o mile_n off_o from_o newbury_n a_o famous_a town_n that_o arise_v and_o have_v beginning_n out_o of_o the_o ruin_n of_o it_o for_o newbury_n with_o we_o be_v as_o much_o to_o say_v as_o the_o newburgh_n newbury_n in_o respect_n no_o doubt_n of_o that_o more_o ancient_a place_n of_o habitation_n which_o be_v quite_o decay_a and_o go_v and_o have_v leave_v the_o name_n also_o in_o a_o piece_n of_o newburie_n itself_o which_o be_v call_v spinham_n land_n and_o if_o nothing_o else_o yet_o this_o very_o may_v prove_v that_o newburie_n spring_v out_o of_o spine_n because_o the_o inhabitant_n of_o newbury_n acknowledge_v the_o village_n spene_n as_o their_o mother_n although_o in_o comparison_n of_o spene_n it_o be_v pass_o fair_a and_o goodly_a as_o well_o for_o building_n as_o furniture_n become_v rich_a also_o by_o clothing_n and_o very_o well_o seat_v in_o a_o champain_n plain_a have_v the_o river_n kenet_n to_o water_v it_o this_o town_n at_o the_o time_n that_o the_o norman_n conquer_v england_n fall_v to_o ernulph_n de_fw-fr hesdin_n earl_n of_o perch_n who_o successor_n thomas_n earl_n of_o perch_n be_v slay_v at_o the_o siege_n of_o lincoln_n the_o bishop_n of_o chalons_n his_o heir_n sell_v it_o unto_o william_n marescall_n earl_n of_o pembroke_n who_o also_o hold_v the_o manor_n of_o hempsted_n hard_o by_o whereof_o i_o have_v speak_v and_o his_o successor_n also_o mareschal_n of_o england_n until_o that_o roger_n bigod_n for_o his_o obstinacy_n lose_v his_o honour_n and_o possession_n both_o which_o notwithstanding_o by_o entreaty_n he_o obtain_v again_o for_o his_o life_n time_n kenet_n pass_v on_o hence_o and_o take_v into_o he_o lamborn_n a_o little_a river_n lambor_fw-la which_o at_o the_o head_n and_o spring_v thereof_o impart_v his_o name_n to_o a_o small_a mercate_z town_n that_o in_o old_a time_n by_o virtue_n of_o king_n aelfreds_n testament_n belong_v unto_o his_o cousin_n alfrith_n and_o afterward_o to_o the_o fitz_n warens_n who_o of_o king_n henry_n the_o three_o obtain_v liberty_n of_o hold_v a_o mercate_z but_o now_o appertain_v unto_o the_o essex_n knight_n a_o family_n that_o fetch_v their_o pedigree_n from_o william_n essex_n vnder-treasurer_n of_o england_n under_o king_n edward_n the_o four_o &_o from_o those_o who_o in_o time_n past_o carry_v the_o same_o surname_n &_o flourish_v as_o man_n of_o very_a great_a fame_n in_o essex_n from_o thence_o he_o run_v under_o dennington_n which_o other_o call_v dunnington_n a_o little_a castle_n but_o a_o fine_a and_o proper_a one_o situate_v with_o a_o fair_a prospect_n upon_o the_o brow_n of_o a_o pretty_a hill_n full_a of_o grove_n and_o which_o inward_o for_o the_o most_o part_n let_v in_o all_o the_o light_n build_v they_o say_v it_o be_v by_o sir_n richard_n de_fw-fr abberbury_n knight_n who_o also_o under_o it_o found_v for_o poor_a people_n a_o almeshouse_n gods-house_n afterwards_o it_o be_v the_o residence_n of_o chaucer_n then_o of_o the_o dela_n pole_n and_o in_o our_o father_n day_n of_o charles_n brandon_n duke_n of_o suffolk_n kenet_n have_v now_o finish_v a_o long_a course_n by_o aldermaston_n which_o king_n henry_n the_o first_o give_v unto_o robert_n achard_n from_o who_o posterity_n by_o the_o delamares_n it_o come_v at_o length_n in_o right_a of_o marriage_n to_o the_o foster_v a_o family_n of_o knight_n degree_n aldermaston_n fall_v at_o the_o last_o into_o tamis_n present_o after_o it_o have_v with_o his_o wind_a branch_n compass_v a_o great_a part_n of_o read_v read_v this_o town_n read_v call_v in_o the_o english_a saxon_a tongue_n 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d of_o rhea_n that_o be_v the_o river_n or_o of_o the_o british_a word_n redin_n that_o signify_v fearne_n which_o grow_v here_o in_o great_a plenty_n excel_v at_o this_o day_n all_o other_o town_n of_o this_o shire_n in_o fair_a street_n and_o goodly_a house_n for_o wealth_n also_o of_o the_o townsman_n and_o their_o name_n in_o make_v of_o cloth_n although_o it_o have_v lose_v the_o great_a ornament_n it_o have_v to_o wit_n a_o beautiful_a church_n and_o a_o most_o ancient_a castle_n for_o this_o the_o dane_n keep_v as_o their_o hold_n so_o asserius_fw-la write_v when_o they_o make_v a_o rampire_n between_o kenet_n and_o tamis_n and_o into_o this_o they_o retire_v themselves_o for_o safety_n when_o at_o inglefield_n a_o village_n near_o unto_o it_o which_o give_v name_n to_o a_o ancient_a family_n they_o be_v by_o king_n aethelwolfe_n discomfit_v and_o put_v to_o flight_n but_o king_n henry_n the_o second_o so_o raze_v it_o because_o it_o be_v a_o place_n of_o refuge_n for_o king_n stephen_n follower_n that_o nothing_o now_o remain_v of_o it_o but_o the_o bare_a name_n in_o the_o next_o street_n nigh_o whereunto_o king_n henry_n the_o first_o have_v pluck_v down_o a_o little_a nunnery_n that_o queen_n alfrith_n have_v found_v in_o former_a time_n to_o make_v satisfaction_n for_o her_o wicked_a deed_n build_v for_o monk_n a_o stately_a and_o sumptuous_a abbey_n and_o enrich_v it_o with_o great_a revenue_n which_o prince_n to_o speak_v out_o of_o his_o very_a charter_n of_o the_o foundation_n because_o three_o abbay_n in_o the_o realm_n of_o england_n be_v in_o old_a time_n for_o their_o sin_n destroy_v to_o wit_n read_v chelseie_n and_o leonminster_n which_o a_o long_a time_n be_v hold_v in_o lay_v man_n hand_n by_o the_o advice_n of_o the_o bishop_n build_v a_o new_a monastery_n of_o read_v and_o give_v unto_o it_o read_v chelseie_n and_o leonminster_n in_o this_o abbey_n be_v the_o founder_n himself_o king_n henry_n empress_n bury_v with_o his_o wife_n both_o veil_v and_o crown_v for_o that_o she_o have_v be_v a_o queen_n and_o a_o profess_a nun_n and_o with_o they_o their_o daughter_n mawde_z as_o witness_v the_o private_a history_n of_o this_o place_n although_o some_o report_n that_o she_o be_v inter_v at_o becc_n in_o normandy_n this_o mawde_z as_o well_o as_o that_o lacedaemonian_a lady_n lampido_n who_o pliny_n make_v mention_n of_o be_v a_o king_n daughter_n a_o king_n wife_n and_o a_o king_n mother_n that_o be_v to_o say_v daughter_n of_o this_o henry_n the_o first_o king_n of_o england_n wife_n of_o henry_n the_o four_o emperor_n of_o almain_n and_o mother_n to_o henry_n the_o second_o king_n of_o england_n concern_v which_o matter_n have_v you_o here_o a_o distichon_fw-la engrave_v on_o her_o tomb_n and_o the_o same_o very_o in_o my_o judgement_n conceive_v in_o some_o gracious_a aspect_n of_o the_o muse_n magna_fw-la ortu_fw-la majorque_fw-la viro_fw-la sed_fw-la maxima_fw-la partu_fw-la hîc_fw-la iaceo_fw-la henrici_fw-la filia_fw-la sponsa_fw-la parens_fw-la the_o daughter_n wife_n the_o mother_n eke_o of_o henry_n lie_v here_o much_o blessed_v by_o birth_n by_o marriage_n more_o but_o most_o by_o issue_n dear_a and_o well_o may_v she_o be_v count_v great_a by_o her_o issue_n for_o henry_n the_o second_o her_o son_n as_o john_n of_o salisbury_n who_o live_v in_o those_o day_n write_v be_v the_o best_a and_o most_o virtuous_a king_n of_o britain_n second_o the_o most_o fortunate_a duke_n of_o normandy_n and_o aquitain_n and_o as_o well_o for_o valiant_a exploit_n as_o for_o excellent_a virtue_n high_o renown_v how_o courageous_a how_o magnificent_a how_o wise_a and_o modest_a he_o be_v even_o from_o his_o tender_a year_n envy_v itself_o can_v neither_o conceal_v nor_o dissemble_v see_v that_o his_o act_n be_v fresh_a and_o conspicuous_a see_v also_o that_o he_o have_v extend_v forward_o and_o hold_v on_o in_o a_o continue_a train_n the_o title_n of_o his_o virtue_n from_o the_o bound_n of_o britain_n unto_o the_o march_n of_o spain_n and_o in_o another_o place_n of_o the_o same_o king_n henry_n the_o second_o the_o most_o mighty_a king_n that_o ever_o be_v of_o britain_n show_v his_o
itself_o into_o a_o channel_n yet_o often_o time_n it_o overflow_v the_o low_a land_n about_o it_o to_o no_o small_a detriment_n not_o far_o from_o the_o say_v mere_a furl_n show_v itself_o a_o principal_a mansion_n of_o the_o gauge_n who_o advance_v their_o estate_n by_o the_o marriage_n of_o one_o of_o the_o heir_n of_o saint_n clare_n prince_n favour_n and_o court_n office_n the_o shore_n next_o open_v itself_o at_o cuckmere_n which_o yet_o afford_v no_o commodious_a haven_n charles_n though_o it_o be_v feed_v with_o a_o fresh_a which_o insulate_v michelham_n where_o gilbert_n de_fw-fr aquila_n found_v a_o priory_n for_o black_a canon_n and_o then_o at_o east-bourn_n the_o shore_n arise_v into_o so_o high_a a_o promontory_n call_v of_o the_o beach_n beachy-point_n and_o beaucliffe_n for_o the_o fair_a show_n be_v interchangeable_o compound_v with_o row_n of_o chalk_n and_o flint_n that_o it_o be_v esteem_v the_o high_a cliff_n of_o all_o the_o south_n coast_n of_o england_n as_o hitherto_o from_o arundel_n and_o beyond_o the_o country_n along_o the_o coast_n for_o a_o great_a breadth_n mount_v up_o into_o high_a hill_n downes_n call_v the_o down_n which_o for_o rich_a fertility_n give_v place_n to_o few_o valley_n and_o plain_n so_o now_o it_o fall_v into_o such_o a_o low_a level_n and_o marsh_n that_o the_o people_n think_v it_o have_v be_v over-flowed_n by_o the_o sea_n they_o call_v it_o pevensey_n marsh_n of_o pevensey_n the_o next_o town_n adjoin_v pevensey_n which_o lie_v in_o the_o plain_a somewhat_o within_o the_o land_n upon_o a_o small_a river_n which_o often_o time_n overlai_v the_o land_n adjacent_a in_o the_o old_a english_a saxon_n language_n it_o be_v wall_v 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d in_o the_o norman_a speech_n pevensell_n now_o common_o pemsey_n it_o have_v have_v a_o mean_a haven_n and_o a_o fair_a large_a castle_n in_o the_o ruinous_a wall_n whereof_o remain_v great_a brick_n such_o as_o the_o britan_n use_v which_o be_v some_o argument_n of_o the_o antiquity_n thereof_o it_o belong_v in_o the_o conqueror_n time_n to_o robert_n earl_n of_o moriton_n 452._o half_a brother_n by_o the_o mother_n side_n to_o the_o conqueror_n and_o then_o have_v fifty_o and_o six_o burgess_n after_o the_o attainder_n of_o his_o son_n william_n earl_n of_o moriton_n it_o come_v to_o king_n henry_n the_o first_o by_o escheat_n in_o the_o composition_n between_o stephen_n and_o king_n henry_n the_o second_o both_o town_n monte_fw-fr and_o castle_n with_o whatsoever_o richard_n the_o aquila_n have_v of_o the_o honour_n of_o pevensey_n which_o after_o his_o name_n be_v call_v honour_n de_fw-fr aquila_n and_o baronia_n de_fw-fr aquila_n or_o of_o the_o eagle_n be_v assign_v to_o william_n son_n to_o k._n stephen_n but_o he_o surrender_v it_o with_o norwich_n into_o king_n henry_n the_o second_o hand_n in_o the_o year_n 1158_o when_o he_o restore_v to_o he_o all_o such_o land_n as_o stephen_n be_v seize_v of_o before_o he_o usurp_v the_o crown_n of_o england_n after_o some_o year_n king_n henry_n the_o three_o over-favouring_a foreigner_n grant_v the_o honour_n de_fw-fr aquila_n which_o have_v fall_v to_o the_o crown_n by_o escheat_n for_o that_o gilbert_n de_fw-fr aquila_n have_v pass_v into_o normandy_n against_o the_o king_n good_a will_n to_o peter_n earl_n of_o savoy_n the_o queen_n uncle_n but_o he_o fear_v the_o envy_n of_o the_o english_a against_o foreigner_n relinquish_v it_o to_o the_o king_n and_o so_o at_o length_n it_o come_v to_o the_o duchy_n of_o lancaster_n be_v inward_a from_o pevensey_n be_v seat_v herst_n in_o a_o park_n among_o the_o wood_n which_o name_n also_o it_o have_v of_o the_o woody_a situation_n for_o the_o ancient_a englishman_n call_v a_o wood_n 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d this_o be_v immediate_o after_o the_o norman_n entry_n into_o england_n the_o seat_n of_o certain_a noble_a gentleman_n who_o of_o that_o place_n be_v a_o good_a while_n name_v de_fw-fr herst_n until_o william_n the_o son_n of_o walleran_n de_fw-fr herst_n take_v unto_o he_o the_o name_n monceaux_n of_o the_o place_n haply_o where_o he_o be_v bear_v a_o usual_a thing_n in_o that_o age_n whereupon_o that_o name_n also_o be_v adnex_v unto_o this_o place_n which_o ever_o since_o be_v of_o the_o lord_n term_v herst_n monceaux_n from_o who_o posterity_n by_o heir_n general_a it_o descend_v haereditary_o to_o the_o fienes_n 4._o these_o fienes_n call_v likewise_o fenis_n and_o fienles_a derive_v their_o pedigree_n from_o ingelram_n de_fw-fr fienes_n who_o have_v wed_v the_o heir_n of_o pharumuse_n of_o boulogne_n of_o the_o house_n of_o the_o earl_n of_o boulogne_n in_o france_n about_o the_o time_n of_o king_n edward_n the_o second_o sir_n john_n fienes_n marry_v the_o heir_n of_o monceaux_n his_o son_n william_n marry_v one_o of_o the_o heir_n of_o the_o lord_n say_v his_o son_n likewise_o the_o heir_n of_o batisford_n who_o son_n sir_n roger_n fienes_n marry_v the_o daughter_n of_o holland_n and_o in_o the_o first_o year_n of_o king_n henry_n the_o six_o build_v of_o brick_n the_o large_a fair_a uniform_a &_o convenient_a house_n here_o castle-like_a within_o a_o deep_a moat_n the_o say_a king_n henry_n the_o six_o accept_v declare_v and_o repute_a sir_n richard_n fienis_n son_n of_o the_o say_a sir_n roger_n to_o be_v baron_n of_o dacre_n and_o the_o same_o tittle_n king_n edward_n the_o four_o choose_a arbitratour_n and_o umpire_n between_o he_o &_o sir_n humphrey_n dacre_n award_v &_o confirm_v to_o the_o say_a s._n richard_n fienis_n and_o to_o the_o heir_n of_o his_o body_n lawful_o beget_v for_o that_o he_o have_v marry_v joane_n the_o cousin_n and_o next_o heir_n of_o thomas_n baron_fw-fr dacre_n and_o to_o have_v praecedence_n before_o the_o l._n dacre_n of_o gilesland_n heir_n male_a of_o the_o family_n since_o which_o time_n the_o heir_n lineal_o descend_v from_o he_o be_v enrich_v by_o one_o of_o the_o heir_n of_o the_o lord_n fitz-hugh_n have_v enjoy_v the_o honour_n of_o baron_n dacre_n until_o that_o very_o late_o george_n fienis_fw-la lord_n dacre_n son_n to_o the_o unfortunate_a thomas_n lord_n dacre_n die_v without_o issue_n who_o only_a sister_n and_o heir_n margaret_n samson_n lennard_n esquire_n a_o man_n both_o virtuous_a and_o courteous_a take_v to_o wife_n and_o by_o she_o have_v fair_a issue_n in_o who_o behalf_n it_o be_v publish_v declare_v and_o adjudge_v by_o the_o lord_n commissioner_n for_o martial_a cause_n in_o the_o second_o year_n of_o the_o reign_n of_o king_n james_n with_o his_o privity_n and_o assent_v royal_a that_o the_o say_v margaret_n ought_v to_o bear_v have_v and_o enjoy_v the_o name_n state_n degree_n title_n stile_n honour_n place_n and_o precedency_n of_o the_o barony_n of_o dacre_n to_o have_v and_o to_o hold_v to_o she_o and_o the_o issue_n of_o her_o body_n in_o as_o full_a and_o ample_a manner_n as_o any_o of_o her_o ancestor_n enjoy_v the_o same_o and_o that_o her_o child_n may_v and_o shall_v have_v take_v and_o enjoy_v the_o place_n and_o precedence_n respective_o as_o the_o child_n of_o her_o ancestor_n baron_n dacre_n have_v former_o have_v and_o enjoy_v now_o to_o return_v to_o the_o sea-coast_n about_o three_o mile_n from_o pevensey_n be_v beckes-hill_n a_o place_n much_o frequent_v by_o saint_n richard_n bishop_n of_o chichester_n and_o where_o he_o die_v under_o this_o be_v bulverhith_n in_o a_o open_a shore_n with_o a_o rooflesse_a church_n not_o so_o name_v of_o a_o bull_n hide_v which_o cut_v into_o thong_n by_o william_n the_o conqueror_n reach_v to_o battle_n as_o they_o fable_n for_o it_o have_v that_o name_n before_o his_o come_n but_o here_o he_o arrive_v with_o his_o whole_a fleet_n land_v his_o army_n and_o have_v cast_v a_o rampire_n before_o his_o camp_n set_v fire_n on_o all_o his_o ship_n that_o their_o only_a hope_n may_v be_v in_o manhood_n and_o their_o safety_n in_o victory_n before_o and_o so_o after_o two_o day_n march_v to_o hastings_n then_o to_o a_o hill_n near_o nenfeld_n now_o call_v standard_n hill_n because_o as_o they_o say_v he_o there_o pitch_v his_o standard_n and_o from_o thence_o two_o mile_n far_o where_o in_o a_o plain_a the_o kingdom_n of_o england_n be_v put_v upon_o the_o hazard_n and_o chance_n of_o a_o battle_n and_o the_o english-saxon_a empire_n come_v to_o a_o full_a period_n and_o final_a end_n for_o there_o king_n harold_n in_o the_o year_n of_o our_o lord_n 1066._o the_o day_n before_o the_o ides_n of_o october_n albeit_o his_o force_n be_v much_o weaken_v in_o a_o former_a fight_n with_o the_o dane_n and_o his_o soldier_n weary_v beside_o with_o a_o long_a journey_n from_o beyond_o york_n encounter_v he_o in_o a_o place_n name_v epiton_n when_o the_o norman_n have_v sound_v the_o battle_n first_o the_o skirmish_n continue_v for_o a_o pretty_a while_n with_o shot_n of_o arrow_n
give_v my_o voice_n and_o accord_n with_o ninnius_n who_o write_v that_o it_o take_v the_o name_n from_o glovus_fw-la the_o great_a grandfather_n father_n of_o king_n vortigern_n but_o that_o long_a before_o it_o antonine_n have_v name_v it_o glevum_n which_o both_o the_o distance_n from_o corinium_n and_o the_o name_n also_o may_v prove_v but_o as_o the_o saxon_a name_n gleavecester_n come_v from_o glevum_n so_o glevum_n proportionable_o from_o the_o british_a caer_fw-mi glow_n which_o i_o suppose_v spring_v from_o the_o word_n glow_n that_o in_o the_o british_a tongue_n signify_v fair_a and_o goodly_a so_o that_o caer_fw-mi glow_n may_v be_v as_o much_o as_o to_o say_v a_o fair_a city_n in_o which_o signification_n also_o the_o greek_n have_v their_o callipolis_n callidromos_n callistratia_n the_o english_a man_n their_o brightstow_n and_o shirley_n and_o in_o this_o very_a county_n faireford_n faire-ley_a etc._n etc._n this_o city_n be_v build_v by_o the_o roman_n and_o set_v as_o it_o be_v upon_o the_o neck_n of_o the_o silures_n to_o yoke_v they_o and_o there_o also_o be_v a_o colony_n plant_v to_o people_n it_o which_o they_o call_v colonia_n glewm_n for_o i_o have_v see_v a_o fragment_n of_o antique_a stone_n in_o the_o wall_n of_o bath_n near_o unto_o the_o north-gate_n with_o this_o inscription_n decurio_fw-la dec_n coloniae_fw-la glev_n vixit_fw-la ann._n lxxxvi_o it_o lie_v stretch_v out_o in_o length_n over_o severne_n on_o that_o side_n where_o it_o be_v not_o water_v with_o the_o river_n it_o have_v in_o some_o place_n a_o very_a strong_a wall_n for_o defence_n a_o proper_a and_o fine_a city_n i_o assure_v you_o it_o be_v both_o for_o number_n of_o church_n and_o for_o the_o building_n on_o the_o south_n part_v there_o be_v a_o lofty_a castle_n of_o square_a ashler_n stone_n which_o now_o for_o the_o most_o part_n be_v nothing_o but_o a_o ruin_n it_o be_v build_v in_o king_n william_n the_o first_o his_o time_n and_o sixteen_o house_n there_o about_o as_o we_o read_v in_o the_o book_n of_o england_n survey_n be_v pluck_v down_o for_o the_o rear_n of_o this_o castle_n about_o which_o roger_n the_o son_n of_o miles_n constable_n of_o gloucester_n go_v to_o law_n with_o king_n henry_n the_o second_o and_o his_o brother_n walter_n lose_v all_o the_o right_a and_o interest_n he_o have_v in_o this_o city_n and_o castle_n as_o robert_z de_fw-fr mont_fw-fr have_v write_v ceaulin_n king_n of_o the_o west_n saxon_n be_v the_o first_o that_o about_o the_o year_n of_o our_o redemption_n 570._o by_o force_n and_o arm_n wrest_v gloucester_n out_o of_o the_o britan_n hand_n after_o this_o the_o mercian_n win_v it_o under_o who_o it_o flourish_v in_o great_a honour_n and_o osric_n king_n of_o northumberland_n by_o permission_n of_o etheldred_n the_o mercian_n found_v there_o a_o very_a great_a and_o stately_a monastery_n for_o nun_n over_o who_o kineburg_n eadburg_n and_o eve_n queen_n of_o the_o mercian_n be_v prioresses_n successive_o one_o after_o another_o edelfle_v also_o that_o most_o noble_a lady_n of_o the_o mercian_n adorn_v this_o city_n with_o a_o church_n wherein_o she_o herself_o be_v bury_v and_o not_o long_o after_o when_o the_o dane_n have_v spoil_v and_o waste_v the_o whole_a country_n 878._o those_o sacred_a virgin_n be_v throw_v out_o and_o the_o dane_n as_o aethelward_o that_o ancient_a author_n write_v with_o many_o a_o stroke_n pitch_v poor_a cottage_n into_o the_o city_n of_o glenucester_n at_o which_o time_n when_o those_o more_o ancient_a church_n be_v subvert_v aldred_n archbishop_n of_o york_n and_o bishop_n of_o worcester_n erect_v another_o for_o monk_n which_o be_v now_o the_o chief_a church_n in_o the_o city_n and_o have_v a_o dean_n and_o six_o prebendary_n but_o the_o same_o in_o these_o late_a precedent_a age_n be_v new_o beautify_v for_o john_n hanley_n and_o thomas_n farley_n two_o abbat_n add_v unto_o it_o the_o chapel_n of_o the_o bless_a virgin_n mary_n n._n morwent_n raise_v from_o the_o very_a foundation_n the_o forefront_n which_o be_v a_o excellent_a piece_n of_o work_n g._n horton_n a_o abbot_n adjoin_v to_o it_o the_o cross_a north-part_n abbot_n trowcester_n a_o most_o dainty_a and_o fine_a cloister_n and_o abbot_n sebrok_n a_o exceed_a high_a fair_a steeple_n as_o for_o the_o south_n side_n it_o be_v also_o repair_v with_o the_o people_n offering_n at_o the_o sepulchre_n of_o the_o unhappy_a king_n edward_n the_o second_o who_o lie_v here_o inter_v under_o a_o monument_n of_o alabaster_n and_o not_o far_o from_o he_o another_o prince_n as_o unfortunate_a as_o he_o robert_n curthose_n the_o elder_a son_n of_o king_n william_n the_o conqueror_n duke_n of_o normandy_n within_o a_o wooden_a paint_a tomb_n in_o the_o midst_n of_o the_o choir_n curthose_n who_o be_v bereave_v of_o the_o kingdom_n of_o england_n for_o that_o he_o be_v bear_v before_o his_o father_n be_v king_n deprive_v of_o his_o two_o son_n the_o one_o by_o strange_a death_n in_o the_o new-forrest_n the_o other_o despoil_v of_o the_o earldom_n of_o flanders_n his_o inheritance_n and_o slay_v he_o himself_o dispossess_v of_o the_o dukedom_n of_o normandy_n by_o his_o brother_n king_n henry_n the_o first_o his_o eye_n pluck_v out_o and_o keep_v close_a prisoner_n 26._o year_n with_o all_o contumelious_a indignity_n until_o through_o extreme_a anguish_n he_o end_v his_o life_n above_o the_o choir_n in_o a_o arch_n of_o this_o church_n there_o be_v a_o wall_n build_v in_o form_n of_o a_o semicircle_n full_a of_o corner_n with_o such_o a_o artificial_a device_n that_o if_o a_o man_n speak_v with_o never_o so_o low_a a_o voice_n at_o the_o one_o part_n thereof_o and_o another_o lay_v his_o ear_n to_o the_o other_o be_v a_o good_a way_n distant_a he_o may_v most_o easy_o hear_v every_o syllable_n in_o the_o reign_n of_o william_n the_o conqueror_n and_o before_o it_o may_v seem_v that_o the_o chief_a trade_n of_o the_o citizen_n be_v to_o make_v iron_n for_o as_o we_o find_v in_o the_o domes-day-booke_n survey_n book_n of_o england_n the_o king_n demand_v in_o manner_n no_o other_o tribute_n than_o certain_a icre_n of_o iron_n and_o iron_n bar_n for_o the_o use_n of_o the_o king_n navy_n and_o some_o few_o sextarios_fw-la quart_n of_o honey_n after_o the_o come_n in_o of_o the_o norman_n it_o suffer_v divers_a calamity_n by_o the_o hand_n of_o edward_n king_n henry_n the_o three_o his_o son_n while_o england_n be_v all_o on_o a_o smoke_n and_o combustion_n by_o the_o baron_n war_n it_o be_v spoil_v and_o afterward_o by_o casualty_n of_o fire_n almost_o whole_o consume_v to_o ash_n but_o now_o cherish_v with_o continuance_n of_o long_a peace_n it_o flourish_v again_o as_o fresh_a as_o ever_o it_o be_v and_o by_o lay_v unto_o it_o two_o hundred_o it_o be_v make_v a_o county_n and_o call_v the_o county_n of_o the_o city_n of_o gloucester_n also_o within_o the_o memory_n of_o our_o father_n king_n henry_n the_o eight_o augment_v the_o state_n thereof_o with_o a_o episcopal_a see_v with_o which_o dignity_n in_o old_a time_n it_o have_v be_v high_o endow_v as_o geoffrey_n of_o monmouth_n avouch_v and_o i_o will_v not_o derogate_v aught_o from_o the_o credit_n of_o his_o assertion_n consider_v that_o among_o the_o prelate_n of_o britain_n the_o bishop_n cluviensis_fw-la be_v reckon_v which_o name_n derive_v from_o clevum_n or_o glow_n do_v after_o a_o sort_n confirm_v and_o strengthen_v my_o conjecture_n that_o this_o be_v that_o glevum_n whereof_o antonine_n make_v mention_v severne_n have_v now_o leave_v gloucester_n behind_o it_o and_o gather_v his_o water_n unto_o one_o stream_n again_o *_o wind_v itself_o by_o elmore_n a_o mansion_n house_n of_o the_o gise_n ancient_a by_o their_o own_o lineal_a descent_n elmore_n be_v in_o elder_a time_n owner_n of_o apsely-gise_n near_o brickhill_n and_o from_o the_o beauchamp_v of_o holt_n who_o acknowledge_v huber_n de_fw-fr burgo_n earl_n of_o kent_n who_o i_o late_o mention_v beneficious_a to_o they_o and_o testify_v the_o same_o by_o their_o armoury_n low_a upon_o the_o same_o side_n stroud_n a_o pretty_a river_n slide_v into_o severne_n out_o of_o coteswold_n by_o stroud_n a_o mercat_n town_n sometime_o better_o people_v with_o clothier_n and_o not_o far_o from_o minching-hampton_n which_o ancient_o have_v a_o nunnery_n minch_v or_o belong_v to_o nun_n who_o our_o ancestor_n name_v minching_n now_o severn_n wax_v broad_a and_o deep_a by_o reason_n of_o the_o alternative_a flow_a and_o ebb_v of_o the_o sea_n rise_v and_o swell_v in_o manner_n of_o a_o rough_a and_o troublous_a sea_n indeed_o and_o so_o with_o many_o wind_n and_o turn_n in_o and_o out_o speed_v he_o unto_o the_o ocean_n but_o nothing_o offer_v itself_o unto_o his_o sight_n to_o count_v of_o as_o he_o pass_v along_o but_o cam-bridge_n a_o little_a country_n town_n where_o it_o receive_v cam_n a_o small_a
chamberlain_n to_o king_n richard_n the_o three_o attaint_v by_o king_n henry_n the_o seven_o and_o slay_v in_o the_o battle_n at_o stoke_n in_o the_o quarrel_n of_o lambert_n that_o counterfeit_n prince_n who_o sister_n fridiswid_v be_v grandmother_n to_o henry_n the_o first_o lord_n norris_n hence_o windrush_n hodle_v on_o his_o course_n water_v whitney_n a_o ancient_a town_n whitney_n and_o before_o the_o norman_n day_n belong_v to_o the_o bishop_n of_o winchester_n to_o which_o adjoin_v coges_fw-la arsic_a the_o chief_a place_n of_o the_o barony_n of_o arsic_a the_o lord_n whereof_o branch_v out_o of_o the_o family_n of_o the_o earl_n of_o oxford_n be_v utter_o extinguish_v many_o year_n ago_o near_o unto_o this_o the_o forest_n of_o witchwood_n bear_v a_o great_a breadth_n and_o in_o time_n pass_v spread_v far_o wide_a for_o king_n richard_n the_o three_o disfore_v the_o great_a territory_n of_o witchwood_n between_o woodstock_n and_o brightstow_n which_o edward_n the_o four_o make_v