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A00060 An harborovve for faithfull and trevve subiectes agaynst the late blowne blaste, concerninge the gouernme[n]t of vvemen. wherin be confuted all such reasons as a straunger of late made in that behalfe, with a breife exhortation to obedience. Anno. M.D.lix. Aylmer, John, 1521-1594. 1559 (1559) STC 1005; ESTC S100367 81,623 134

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whether he be suche a one or no and so without racking wresting and tormenting the deede maye be founde But in deede at these dayes it is growen to great corruptiō and that thorow one speciall meanes or two which be these If there be any noble man dwellinge in the countrey either a Duke a Marques an Earle or Baron The iuries and quests corrupted He shall lyghtlye haue in his retynewe all the cobbes in the countrey whiche be the questmōgers and if any matter be touchinge him his man or his frende whether it bee a cryme capitall or Nisi prius sent downe for landes the case shal wey as he wil. The freholders reteinours to great men For his deteynors must nedes haue an eye to my lorde though they should go to the deuill for it and so be some innocentes knyt vp and some offenders delyuered some titles of inheritaūce lost agaīst al iustice and right Another is if my lord wyll not offend the Statute of retynewe then must the hyghe Shrife be his frende And the vnder thefe vndershrise I should saye his man He empaneleth the quest either suche as dare not displease my lorde or for good will will not And so that way betwixt the highe these and vnderthese my L. and the curstmongers The corruption of the Sherifs poore mē are out weyed This corruption if it be not loked to wil not make this order whiche was the best that could be to be the wickedst that can be But as I sayde in it selfe me thinke it hath much more iustice equytie and indifferencie then the cyuill or rather cruel rack hath If I should peruse and compare all poyntes wherein ours differ from the cyuill and shewe that for our countrey it is muche meeter I should neuer make an ende VVherfore these shal be sufficient to shewe that you must brynge our owne weyghtes to weye our matters by and not straungers or els we must take you for an euell Clarke of the markett Therfore if you will iudge well of our municipall matters you muste let vs alone with our own coate and geue the great boye his Nowe I passe to certen inconueniences whiche are thought to come of womens rule The incōueniences that folovve vvo mens rule The first Many inconueniences do commonly followe the rule of women and their enheritinge of kyngdomes as the losse of holdes and auncient possessions as experience teacheth of late daies by the departing from Hams Guisnes and Calyce with all that we hadde in Fraunce besides the daungeringe of the realme to be gouerned by straūgers which thing of late was muche feared and not vnlyke to happen For the first it is to trewe that in that womās reigne Englande was put to a sore plunge through hir wylfulnes which wold moue warre when she might haue bene at peax vpon no iust cause but because as you wold haue her she wold shew her a louing worme and an obediente wife rather then a catefull gouernes That follye was accidente to her person England hath hitherto taken greater losse by mens rule then by vvomens and not proper to her sexe But admit it to be throughe the fault of a woman haue we not had as greate and greater by men who loste olde Brytaine to Iulius and the Romaines men Vvho loste it againe to the Saxons men Of whom wone it VVilliam conquerour of men who lost it to the Danes mē who lost Normandie Brytanie Gascoigne and Guine and al our right in Fraunce men who lost Bulloigne Bullenois and all the rest a man VVho killed the Scottish King when Henry 8. was in Fraunce a woman or at the least her army who brought in the light of gods worde into Englande a woman who lighteth now again the candle after it was put oute a woman whereby it is euident that we haue not yet so muche cause to complaine of losse by them as by men And in oure histories whiche we haue before cited wee maye see manye common welthes by women enlarged or at the leaste well preserued but fewe ey ther muche weakened or vtterlye destroyed Onles you tell me of the destruction of Troye which notwithstandinge was rather thorowe the follie of Paris then anye rule of Helena and as for thys losse we haue nowe I doubte not but as the olde fathers are wonte to saye that as by a woman came death so by a woman was broughte fourthe life In like manner as bi a womans whether negligence or misfortune I wote not we haue taken this woūd so bi anothers diligence and felicitie we shal haue it againe healed If euerye man coulde perswade him selfe of as good successe by her as I do my selfe I doubte not but the Frenche and the Scottes bothe shoulde haue theyr handes full I praye God oure vnthanckfulnes make vs not to fare the worse The .2 inconuenience The next and greatest incōuenience and daunger to be feared is that if a woman inherit the realm by mariage shall be transserred to straungers A greate matter I confesse if it so bee yet GOD maye do with his owne what he liste Scitote saith the Prophet quia deus est dominator in regno hominum et ipsius regnum est cuicunque vult dabit illud if he will translate it Ecclesi 10. who can let it Yea in another King Henries daies And some translation and ioigning of realmes maye turne to muche good and the wealth and tranquilitie of many As if we had had a Kinge for your Quene or you a King for oures it had bene a goodly translacion to haue vnited bothe realmes in dominion regiment and law as thei be in nature lāguage ād maners I suppose a great dele better for your coūtry thē as it is now thus to be matched yea subiected and slaued to the proudest vntruest and the mooste tirannicall nacion The heny yokes of the french vnder the sonne I except not the Spaniardes whose dominion the Italians in Millane Naples Scicilie and elsse where can muche better brouke and abide then the light and inconstant French Caesar in comment as Cesar calleth them If you and we had ioigned together it had made no great matter on which side the kinge had bene so he had bene religious I graunte if all thinges answer it is better ioignynge at home then chusing abrode As if he be no verye base or meane person if he loue and feare God if he be of the same religion The orna mentes of an honieborie ma. indued with good and commendable qualities of wisdome Iustice Manhode Temperaunce giftes of languages knowledge of Countries pitifull mercifull constaunte sobre no hearer of flatterers continent not prodigal but liberal no extorcioner c. Such a one if God shoulde lot any Quene were to be preserred to any abrode Onles all these myght be found in a straunger and therto iouned nobilitie and auncientnes of lynage and the nation beyng such as vse not to rule
matter for euery vvoorke Preseruid he not mankinde and the state of al other lyuing creatures by one shippe vvherin if a mā vvil search by reason and not by Gods omnipotencie Gen. 7.8 hovve one vessell coulde holde so many couples of beastes foules vvormes c. And if it could hovv so many straūge diuers and contrary natures should agree together pynned vp in one corner it shall appere not only vvonderfull but also inpossible VVhat helpe vvas in a sorte of pore men compassed aboute vvith enemies mountaynes Exod. 14. and seas to make the vvater contrary to nature to leaue his course and as it vvere vvith a certain choise and iudgement to giue passage and safetie to the stressed and cōfusion and destructiō to the proude prince and his company Num. 20. Exod. 17. Psalm 77.15.104 he forsed the harde rocke to yelde vvater as a moste plētiful vvel at the tycke of a vvande He saued his people by the hande of a vvoman poore Deborah He aduaunced them and ouerthrevve the enemies by a poore shepherde and his sling Iud. 5. He cut of the head of the proude captayne Olophernes by the hande of avveake vvoman Sam. 17. It vvas Iudith 13. in reason a poore helpe to Sampsons strengthe Iud. 16. a nōber of heares grovving vpon his hed or an Asses iavve bone in his hande to destroye so many enemies and bring the people to libertie Iud. 15. The breaking of .300 earthen pottes Iud. 20. vvas a sclender pollycie to make so many Myriades to flee and one to kille another And to come to the greatest of al it semed to the eye of the vvorlde and the vvisdome of the fleshe very vnlyke that a poore abiect cōdempned for a traytour hanged among thefes vpō a crosse moste vylie Math. 24. gronyng and morning at the panges of death should robbe Sathan of his kyngdom restore man to the fauour of God vvynne the victory of death and make a conquest of hel and synne This cōsidered in it selfe and not taught by the spirite invvardly made the Ievves to counte it madnes and the Greekes mere folishnes 1. Cor. 〈◊〉 VVhat shoulde I saye of the meanes vvhereby as by conduites this vvater of liyfe this doctrine of Gods sonne vvas caried about the vvhole vvorlde against all reason and pollycie by idiotes to confounde the learned by symplicite all the vvisdome of the vvorlde by fysshers the fyne Philosophers the proude Pharises the myghty princes and monarkes of the earth And to come to our dayes vvhen the lyght of this Gospell vvas put out Luther and Antechrist ruled and reueled in the temple of God vvhich is mens hartes and cōsciēce armed and garded vvith the povver of Emperours Sledanus Kynges Prynces and Lavves beyond all mens expectations contrary to hope a poore frier one man at that time not the best learned through the mighty hande of God according to his vnsearcheable decree vvas able not vvith svvoorde and armour not vvith bandes of men and povver not vvith fauour of princes and prelates not vvith any helpe of man or fauour of the vvorlde to set vp the crosse of Christ to pull dovvne the chaire of Antechriste to restore Gods vvorde to banyshe the deuels Sophistrie to make of darknes lyght of lyes truthe of playne folyshnes trevve vvisdome and as it vvere an other Helena to finde out the crosse of Christ hiddē in the dungeon of deuelishe doctrine Eccle. hist li. 10. ca. 7. couered vvith the rotten bones of Romy she Martirs synfull Sayntes and cōtersaited Confessores And as vve began vvith the matter of vvomen so to returne thither againe vvith the example of a vvoman Quene Anne the instrumēt of reuiuig the gospel King Hēry VVas not Quene Anne the mother of this blessed vvoman the chief first and only cause of bany shing the beast of Rome vvith all his beggerly baggage vvas there euer in Englande a greater feate vvrought by any mā then this vvas by a vvoman I take not from kyng Henry the due praise of broching it nor from that lambe of God king Edvvard the finishing and perfighting of that vvas begon Kyng Edvvard though I giue hir hir due cōmendacion I knovv that that blessid martir of God Thomas Cranmer Byshop of Cāterbury The Bysshop of Canterbury did much trauaile in it and furthered it but if God had not gyuen Quene Anne fauour in the sight of the kynge as he gaue to Hester in the sight of Nabucadnezar Hamā and his company The Cardinall VVynchester More Rochest and other vvold sone haue trised vp Mardocheus vvith al the rest that leaned to that side VVherfore though many deserued muche praise for the helping forvvarde of it yet the croppe and roote vvas the Quene God vvorketh oft by contraries vvhiche God had endevved vvith vvisdome that she coulde and gyuen hir the minde that she vvould do it Seing then that in al ages God hath vvroughte his moste vvonderfull vvorkes by moste base meanes and shevved his strengthe by vveakenes his vvisdome by folyshnes and his exceding greatnes by mans exceding feblenes VVhat doubt vve of his povver vvhen vve lacke pollycie or mistrust his helpe vvhiche hath vvrought suche vvounders VVho is placed aboue him saieth Iob Iob. 36. to teach him vvhat he shuld do Or vvho can say to him thou hast not don iustly He sendeth a vvomā by birth vve may not refuse hir by violence He stablissheth hir by lavve vve may not remoue hir by vvronge He maketh hir a head vve may not make hir a hande or foote Nunquid contendere cum deo est eruditio saieth Iob is it vvysdome to comptrolle Gods doynges or to breake that he hath made Iob. 39. or to pulle dovvne that he hath set vp If vve vveye our ovvne vvisdome vvhat folishnes it is and considre our ovvne pollycie hovve feable it is vve shall sone leaue this quarell and yelde our selues to his vvill The children of Israels pollycie vvas to haue a king 1 Sam. 8. a iolie fellovve to rule them vvith pompe as other nacions had and not a poore Prophet for that vvas to base I doubte not they had these consideracions that our polytikes haue He must be a man of courage that the forren enemy may feare him to maynteine that vve haue and recouer that vve loste to be vvith his souldiars abroade and sitte vvith his coūsell at home But vvhat folovved this their godlie pollycie Marry non reiecerunt te sed me dicit dominus They vvould not haue the Prophet apoynted them by God as these men vvill not haue a vvoman ordeyned by nature Therfore they had akyng at their ovvne asking to their owne vndoinge If an Ape should take vpon him to comptrolle a man Man gods ape he wold not suffer it thoughe it can somwhat countrefayte mens doing No more wyll God be taughte or corrected by man though he haue a shadowe of his similitude But lest