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england_n henry_n king_n margaret_n 4,538 5 11.4865 5 true
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A64922 A view of the differences between France and Spain in which is shown the present posture of the affaires of Europe· English't by a person of honour.; Judicious vievv of the businesses which are at this time between France and the house of Austria. Person of honour. 1684 (1684) Wing V362C; ESTC R222550 100,105 246

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emperor_n have_v instead_o of_o it_o that_o country_n between_o the_o river_n of_o saone_n and_o the_o rhone_n the_o alps_n and_o the_o sea_n which_o dominon_n be_v erect_v to_o the_o title_n of_o a_o kingdom_n by_o charles_n the_o bald_a king_n of_o france_n and_o emperor_n in_o favour_n of_o that_o hermengarda_fw-it who_o bozon_n one_o of_o the_o court_n of_o charles_n and_o his_o wife_n kinsman_n take_v away_o these_o two_o bozon_n and_o hermengarda_n give_v a_o beginning_n to_o that_o second_o kingdom_n of_o burgundy_n or_o the_o kingdom_n of_o arles_n about_o the_o year_n 875._o which_o continue_v under_o these_o king_n among_o many_o alteration_n to_o that_o last_o rodolphus_n a_o 1036._o all_o that_o time_n provence_n be_v part_n of_o that_o kingdom_n of_o arles_n 4._o which_o kingdom_n be_v extinct_a in_o that_o rodolphus_n and_o unite_v to_o the_o empire_n by_o conrade_n the_o salic_a short_o after_o by_o the_o weakness_n of_o the_o emperor_n and_o the_o disorder_n rise_v in_o the_o empire_n four_o principality_n be_v frame_v out_o of_o it_o as_o we_o say_v before_o that_o of_o provence_n under_o the_o title_n of_o a_o county_n be_v the_o most_o considerable_a as_o be_v full_a of_o good_a town_n and_o of_o great_a commerce_n by_o reason_n of_o the_o sea_n it_o be_v possess_v by_o the_o family_n of_o berenger_n with_o the_o title_n of_o count_n who_o history_n be_v write_v by_o nostradamus_n 5._o that_o house_n of_o berenger_n keep_v the_o county_n of_o provence_n till_o the_o time_n of_o st_n lewis_n when_o raymond_n berenger_n the_o last_o count_n leave_v four_o daughter_n the_o elder_a whereof_o margaret_n be_v marry_v to_o st_n lewis_n the_o three_z other_o be_v also_o marry_v to_o sovereign_a prince_n eleonor_n to_o henry_n the_o iii_o king_n of_o england_n fancy_n to_o richard_n his_o brother_n who_o be_v since_o create_v king_n of_o the_o roman_n and_o the_o four_o daughter_n beatrix_n to_o charles_n count_n of_o anjou_n brother_n to_o st_n lewis_n raymond_n die_v a_o 1231._o left_a that_o beatrix_n heir_n of_o all_o his_o estate_n leave_v legacy_n only_o to_o the_o three_o other_o to_o each_o three_o thousand_o mark_n another_o raymond_n count_n of_o thoulouse_n will_v have_v take_v away_o that_o beatrix_n to_o marry_v she_o but_o st_o lewis_n prevent_v he_o send_v a_o army_n into_o provence_n and_o take_v she_o give_v she_o to_o his_o brother_n charles_n to_o wife_n to_o who_o he_o give_v the_o county_n of_o anjou_n and_o thirty_o year_n after_o the_o same_o charles_n be_v invest_v by_o the_o pope_n with_o the_o kingdom_n of_o the_o two_o sicily_n as_o we_o shall_v see_v hereafter_o the_o county_n of_o anjou_n return_v to_o the_o crown_n of_o france_n be_v give_v as_o a_o portion_n to_o margaret_n grandchild_n to_o that_o charles_n who_o be_v marry_v to_o charles_n count_n of_o valois_n father_n to_o king_n philip_n de_fw-fr valois_n and_o many_o year_n after_o that_o first_o branch_n of_o the_o king_n of_o naples_n and_o count_n of_o anjou_n pretend_v no_o right_n to_o that_o county_n it_o be_v give_v to_o lewis_n brother_z to_z king_n charles_n the_o v._o who_o found_v the_o second_o house_n of_o anjou_n now_o erect_v to_o a_o dukedom_n but_o the_o two_o other_o piece_n of_o that_o estate_n which_o charles_n brother_n to_o st._n lewis_n enjoy_v with_o his_o wife_n beatrix_n which_o be_v provence_n and_o the_o kingdom_n of_o the_o two_o sicily_n remain_v always_o unite_v and_o the_o king_n of_o naples_n and_o sicily_n whether_o of_o the_o first_o house_n of_o anjou_n or_o of_o the_o second_o or_o of_o the_o family_n of_o arragon_n have_v always_o claim_v a_o right_a to_o the_o county_n of_o provence_n so_o that_o naples_n and_o provence_n go_v under_o one_o right_a as_o we_o shall_v more_o full_o expound_v when_o we_o shall_v speak_v of_o the_o claim_n of_o france_n upon_o naples_n 6._o jane_n queen_n of_o naples_n of_o the_o first_o house_n of_o anjou_n go_v out_o of_o italy_n an._n 1379._o with_o pope_n clement_n vii_o and_o retire_v to_o avignon_n when_o that_o great_a schism_n begin_v which_o contitinue_v forty_o year_n since_o which_o time_n although_o there_o have_v be_v many_o dispute_n for_o the_o succession_n of_o naples_n between_o the_o family_n of_o charles_n de_fw-fr duras_n the_o duke_n of_o anjou_n and_o the_o house_n of_o arragon_n and_o that_o portion_n of_o italy_n pass_v through_o many_o change_n yet_o province_n into_o which_o that_o jane_n retire_v be_v soon_o after_o put_v in_o the_o hand_n of_o lewis_n first_o duke_n of_o anjou_n brother_n to_o charles_n the_o v._o and_o both_o he_o and_o his_o descent_n enjoy_v it_o peaceable_o without_o any_o disturbance_n from_o the_o house_n of_o hungary_n and_o arragon_n who_o be_v fight_v for_o the_o kingdom_n of_o naples_n although_o both_o pretend_v that_o province_n belong_v to_o they_o by_o the_o same_o right_n but_o the_o conveniency_n of_o the_o place_n as_o lie_v under_o the_o wing_n of_o france_n which_o may_v assist_v it_o at_o any_o time_n keep_v the_o possession_n thereof_o to_o the_o house_n of_o anjou_n and_o final_o from_o the_o house_n of_o anjou_n it_o past_a to_o that_o of_o france_n be_v leave_v to_o lewis_n the_o xi_o by_o charles_n count_n du_fw-fr main_fw-fr heir_n and_o nephew_n to_o rene_n titular_a king_n of_o naples_n and_o real_a possessor_n of_o province_n lewis_n the_o xi_o though_o he_o know_v the_o right_n of_o the_o french_a in_o naples_n which_o his_o son_n charles_n the_o viii_o and_o his_o other_o successor_n have_v pursue_v yet_o he_o neglect_v it_o and_o content_v himself_o to_o take_v provence_n by_o this_o discourse_n it_o appear_v that_o who_o so_o have_v the_o lawful_a possession_n of_o the_o kingdom_n of_o naples_n which_o we_o shall_v examine_v afterward_o have_v also_o a_o lawful_a right_n to_o province_n 7._o beside_o that_o claim_n of_o the_o possessor_n of_o naples_n upon_o province_n disputable_a between_o that_o house_n first_o of_o anjou_n and_o that_o of_o arragon_n &_o austria_n there_o be_v a_o more_o particular_a claim_n of_o the_o duke_n of_o lorraine_n against_o the_o french_a king_n heir_n to_o that_o charles_n du_fw-fr main_fw-fr the_o lorriner_n pretend_v that_o rené_fw-fr have_v a_o daughter_n name_v yoland_n from_o which_o the_o house_n of_o lorraine_n be_v descend_v can_v not_o lawful_o disinherit_v his_o grandchild_n to_o give_v his_o estate_n to_o charles_n du_fw-fr maine_n his_o nephew_n to_o which_o the_o french_a answer_n two_o thing_n 1._o that_o province_n be_v a_o purchase_n of_o rené_fw-fr who_o can_v dispose_v of_o it_o 2._o and_o that_o province_n use_v the_o civil_a or_o roman_a law_n by_o which_o testament_n be_v free_a but_o the_o discussion_n of_o that_o point_n be_v for_o another_o place_n howsoever_o this_o remain_v that_o the_o duke_n of_o anjou_n and_o the_o french_a king_n after_o they_o have_v peaceable_o enjoy_v the_o county_n of_o province_n above_o 270._o year_n and_o the_o invader_n of_o naples_n never_o have_v any_o thing_n in_o it_o which_o indeed_o hinder_v not_o but_o that_o they_o may_v have_v a_o right_a to_o it_o but_o the_o reason_n whereby_o we_o shall_v exclude_v they_o hereafter_o from_o any_o right_n to_o the_o kingdom_n of_o naples_n will_v serve_v also_o to_o invalid_a their_o claim_n upon_o province_n paragraphe_n iii_o of_o the_o duchy_n of_o burgundy_n 1._o the_o burgundians_n come_v out_o of_o germany_n or_o some_o other_o nation_n of_o the_o north_n in_o that_o great_a inundation_n of_o northern_a people_n over_o the_o roman_a empire_n about_o the_o year_n 400._o found_v a_o state_n under_o the_o name_n of_o the_o first_o kingdom_n of_o burgundy_n about_o the_o river_n of_o saone_n and_o rhone_n and_o near_o the_o alps_n and_o that_o state_n have_v begin_v an._n 407._o be_v ruin_v by_o the_o child_n of_o the_o great_a clovis_n about_o the_o year_n 527._o and_o last_v about_o six_o score_n year_n 2._o since_o which_o time_n under_o the_o first_o race_n of_o the_o french_a king_n burgundy_n be_v part_n of_o the_o kingdom_n of_o orleans_n some_o part_n of_o it_o also_o belong_v to_o the_o kingdom_n of_o mets_n and_o austrasia_n and_o in_o the_o end_n the_o kingdom_n of_o mets_n and_o that_o of_o burgundy_n become_v all_o one_o till_o by_o the_o partage_n between_o the_o child_n of_o lewis_n the_o meek_a that_o part_n of_o burgundy_n which_o be_v beyond_o the_o river_n of_o saone_n remain_v with_o the_o empire_n and_o in_o the_o portion_n of_o lothary_a the_o elder_a son_n the_o other_o on_o this_o side_n of_o the_o river_n of_o saone_n be_v allot_v to_o france_n and_o be_v a_o considerable_a member_n of_o the_o same_o before_o the_o institution_n of_o fee_n make_v in_o the_o begin_n of_o the_o three_o race_n burgundy_n be_v govern_v by_o duke_n and_o three_o brother_n of_o hugh_n capet_n the_o first_o of_o
present_o the_o war_n of_o the_o league_n begin_v in_o italy_n at_o milan_n at_o rome_n and_o at_o naples_n at_o milan_n the_o duke_n of_o bourbon_n general_n of_o the_o imperial_a army_n besiege_v francis_n sforza_n who_o the_o league_n have_v take_v in_o her_o protection_n sforza_n be_v constrain_v to_o surrender_v the_o castle_n and_o retire_v into_o the_o army_n of_o the_o league_n the_o general_n whereof_o be_v francisco_n maria_n duke_n of_o urbino_n the_o duke_n of_o bourbon_n have_v take_v milan_n go_v straight_o to_o rome_n take_v it_o and_o be_v kill_v in_o the_o assault_n the_o cardinal_n be_v imprison_v and_o ransom_v at_o the_o same_o time_n lautree_n be_v at_o naples_n with_o a_o army_n and_o lay_v a_o strait_a siege_n to_o it_o by_o land_n and_o andrew_n doria_n with_o the_o galley_n of_o france_n besiege_v it_o by_o sea_n yea_o he_o win_v a_o battle_n by_o sea_n in_o which_o moncado_n viceroy_n of_o naples_n be_v stain_v but_o be_v ill_o satisfy_v of_o king_n francis_n who_o deny_v he_o the_o ransom_n of_o prisoner_n and_o use_v he_o with_o contempt_n he_o turn_v to_o the_o emperor_n and_o relieve_v naples_n with_o victual_n by_o sea_n and_o lautree_n present_o after_o happen_v to_o die_v the_o french_a lose_v all_o in_o italy_n and_o the_o emperor_n settle_v himself_o in_o it_o with_o more_o power_n he_o restore_v the_o duchy_n of_o milan_n to_o sforza_n and_o make_v he_o marry_v his_o niece_n christina_n daughter_n to_o the_o king_n of_o denmark_n yet_o he_o cut_v off_o from_o that_o duchy_n the_o common_a wealth_n of_o genoa_n which_o be_v make_v sovereign_a at_o the_o request_n of_o andrew_n doria_n he_o confirm_v also_o parma_n and_o placentia_n to_o the_o pope_n 4._o while_o this_o war_n be_v in_o italy_n king_n francis_n make_v a_o league_n with_o henry_n the_o viii_o of_o england_n and_o both_o declare_v war_n against_o the_o emperor_n who_o have_v say_v to_o the_o herald_n of_o france_n that_o his_o master_n be_v not_o in_o a_o condition_n to_o declare_v war_n against_o he_o till_o he_o have_v disengage_v his_o faith_n and_o fulfil_v his_o promise_n which_o if_o he_o repent_v of_o that_o he_o shall_v return_v into_o prison_n to_o make_v a_o new_a treaty_n king_n francis_n exasperate_v with_o these_o word_n declare_v in_o presence_n of_o all_o the_o court_n that_o he_o will_v satisfy_v the_o emperor_n by_o a_o duel_n and_o send_v he_o a_o challenge_n say_v that_o the_o emperor_n lie_v if_o he_o say_v that_o he_o have_v break_v his_o word_n the_o emperor_n though_o he_o make_v a_o show_n to_o answer_v the_o challenge_n keep_v himself_o still_o to_o his_o answer_n that_o king_n francis_n be_v not_o in_o a_o condition_n to_o require_v satisfaction_n of_o he_o till_o he_o have_v discharge_v his_o promise_n so_o all_o these_o threaten_n vanish_v into_o smoke_n 5._o while_o these_o prince_n be_v thus_o contend_v two_o great_a princess_n lovise_v the_o king_n mother_n and_z margaret_z the_o emperor_n aunt_n be_v labour_v for_o a_o accommodation_n by_o their_o mean_n the_o treaty_n of_o cambray_n be_v make_v which_o therefore_o be_v call_v the_o treaty_n of_o lady_n it_o be_v in_o the_o year_n 1529._o by_o that_o treaty_n a_o marriage_n be_v conclude_v between_o king_n francis_n and_o eleanor_n the_o emperor_n sister_n widow_n to_o the_o king_n of_o portugal_n and_o it_o be_v agree_v that_o king_n francis_n shall_v pay_v two_o million_o of_o gold_n for_o the_o ransom_n of_o his_o son_n and_o that_o he_o shall_v disclaim_v all_o his_o right_n to_o the_o county_n of_o flanders_n and_o artois_n and_o to_o the_o duchy_n of_o milan_n and_o as_o some_o add_v to_o whole_a italy_n which_o be_v like_a enough_o since_o the_o treaty_n of_o cambray_n change_v nothing_o in_o that_o of_o madrid_n but_o that_o there_o be_v no_o mention_n of_o the_o duchy_n of_o burgundy_n paragraphe_n v._o from_o the_o treaty_n of_o cambray_n a_o 1529._o to_o that_o of_o crespy_n a_o 1544._o by_o the_o treaty_n of_o cambray_n war_n cease_v between_o these_o two_o prince_n but_o not_o the_o jealousy_n and_o hatred_n yet_o they_o keep_v peace_n till_o the_o year_n 1533._o when_v merville_n a_o italian_a gentleman_n the_o king_n servant_n be_v condemn_v and_o execute_v at_o milan_n because_o some_o of_o his_o servant_n have_v kill_v a_o man_n but_o the_o secret_a and_o true_a reason_n be_v that_o the_o emperor_n have_v complain_v to_o duke_n sforza_n that_o this_o merville_n be_v at_o milan_n as_o a_o spy_n for_o the_o french_a which_o be_v true_a yea_o he_o be_v a_o secret_a ambassador_n and_o sforza_n have_v desire_v that_o he_o shall_v not_o open_o take_v the_o title_n of_o ambassador_n for_o fear_v of_o offend_v the_o emperor_n that_o murder_n of_o merville_n break_v the_o peace_n for_o the_o king_n take_v arm_n to_o chastise_v sforza_n the_o emperor_n also_o take_v arm_n to_o defend_v he_o it_o be_v at_o that_o time_n that_o king_n francis_n institute_v a_o new_a form_n of_o militia_n which_o be_v call_v legionary_a 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passage_n 1._o francis_z to_o pass_v to_o milan_n demand_n of_o charles_n duke_n of_o savoy_n passage_n through_o his_o country_n the_o duke_n deny_v it_o by_o the_o instigation_n of_o beatrix_n of_o portugal_n his_o wife_n sister_n in_o law_n to_o the_o emperor_n &_o very_o partial_a for_o he_o that_o denial_n cost_v the_o duke_n the_o loss_n of_o all_o his_o land_n both_o of_o savoy_n and_o piedmont_n which_o the_o king_n take_v and_o keep_v they_o till_o the_o treaty_n of_o chasteau_n in_o cambresis_n a_o 1559._o the_o pretence_n of_o that_o invasion_n be_v the_o right_n which_o francis_n pretend_v in_o these_o state_n from_o his_o mother_n lovise_v of_o savoy_n a_o little_a before_o that_o invasion_n the_o emperor_n see_v that_o thick_a cloud_n threaten_v milan_n himself_o return_v from_o tunis_n with_o a_o weary_a and_o break_a army_n send_v to_o the_o k._n proposition_n of_o peace_n &_o many_o fair_a word_n yet_o he_o stand_v so_o stiff_o upon_o the_o treaty_n before_o very_o advantageous_a for_o he_o that_o the_o king_n will_v not_o hearken_v to_o he_o perceive_v that_o he_o will_v only_o protract_v the_o time_n till_o he_o have_v recrewt_v his_o army_n beside_o francis_n sforza_n be_v dead_a without_o child_n at_o the_o same_o time_n the_o emperor_n have_v seize_v upon_o the_o duchy_n of_o milan_n and_o it_o be_v report_v that_o he_o intend_v to_o bestow_v it_o upon_o a_o son_n of_o portugal_n his_o wife_n brother_n for_o these_o reason_n these_o two_o prince_n fall_v to_o action_n the_o king_n conquer_v savoy_n and_o piedmont_n and_o the_o emperor_n fortify_v himself_o at_o milan_n 2._o the_o emperor_n pass_v into_o italy_n visit_v the_o pope_n paul_n iii_n a_o 1536_o and_o in_o presence_n of_o the_o conclave_n inveigh_v against_o francis_n relate_v all_o that_o past_a between_o they_o ever_o since_o they_o come_v to_o their_o state_n reproach_v he_o especial_o for_o join_v with_o the_o prince_n of_o contrary_a religion_n in_o germany_n and_o offer_v 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the_o king_n either_o upon_o the_o land_n or_o in_o a_o boat_n that_o he_o leave_v to_o the_o king_n the_o choice_n of_o the_o arm_n that_o the_o vanquish_v shall_v give_v all_o his_o force_n to_o secure_v the_o sit_v of_o a_o council_n and_o to_o make_v war_n against_o the_o heretic_n and_o infidel_n that_o the_o king_n shall_v deposit_v the_o duchy_n of_o burgundy_n and_o himself_o that_o of_o milan_n to_o be_v the_o price_n of_o the_o victory_n the_o three_o offer_n be_v that_o if_o the_o king_n refuse_v these_o two_o condition_n he_o declare_v mortal_a war_n unto_o he_o till_o one_o of_o the_o two_o be_v make_v the_o poor_a gentleman_n of_o his_o kingdom_n the_o king_n purge_v himself_o to_o the_o pope_n by_o letter_n of_o all_o the_o emperor_n accusation_n the_o war_n grow_v hot_a in_o piedmont_n a_o 1536._o many_o exploit_n be_v do_v f●ssan_n be_v besiege_v by_o antonio_n de_fw-fr leva_n for_o the_o emperor_n and_o take_v the_o marquis_n of_o saluees_fw-la leave_v the_o king_n service_n and_o turn_n to_o the_o emperor_n who_o enter_v into_o provence_n and_o besiege_v marseille_n but_o in_o vain_a be_v defend_v by_o the_o king_n presence_n and_o by_o the_o generosity_n of_o ann_n de_fw-fr montmorency_n who_o since_o be_v constable_n of_o france_n the_o emperor_n be_v beat_v out_o of_o provence_n at_o the_o same_o time_n the_o count_n of_o nassau_n make_v some_o exploit_n in_o picardy_n for_o the_o emperor_n take_v guise_n besiege_v peronne_n but_o be_v repulse_v 4._o jean_n capell_n the_o king_n attorney_n general_n move_v the_o parliament_n that_o a_o process_n be_v make_v against_o charles_n as_o felon_n and_o traitor_n against_o his_o sovereign_n of_o who_o he_o beld_v the_o county_n of_o flanders_n artois_n and_o charolois_n in_o fee._n the_o court_n of_o peer_n hereupon_o assemble_v decree_n that_o charles_n shall_v be_v cite_v with_o sound_n of_o trumpet_n upon_o the_o frontier_n of_o his_o state_n to_o appear_v before_o they_o and_o he_o not_o appear_v he_o be_v condemn_v and_o his_o dominion_n depend_v from_o the_o crown_n be_v confiscate_v present_o after_o the_o king_n take_v many_o place_n in_o artois_n an._n 1538._o the_o pope_n paul_n the_o iii_o come_v to_o nice_a where_o both_o the_o emperor_n and_o the_o king_n meet_v also_o the_o pope_n commune_v separately_z with_o each_o of_o they_o for_o he_o can_v not_o obtain_v of_o they_o that_o they_o shall_v see_v one_o another_o yet_o they_o conclude_v a_o truce_n for_o ten_o year_n that_o meeting_n be_v end_v the_o king_n return_v into_o france_n the_o emperor_n into_o spain_n but_o see_v the_o king_n by_o the_o way_n at_o acquesmorte_n they_o confirm_v the_o truce_n and_o be_v civil_a one_o to_o another_o short_o after_o the_o city_n of_o ghent_n be_v revolt_v and_o have_v kill_v their_o magistrate_n charles_n desire_v francis_n to_o give_v he_o passage_n through_o his_o land_n which_o the_o king_n grant_v he_o in_o that_o passage_n the_o emperor_n receive_v all_o the_o royal_a honour_n the_o king_n go_v to_o meet_v he_o at_o chastelleraut_v in_o that_o interview_n the_o emperor_n give_v the_o king_n some_o hope_n to_o give_v he_o satisfaction_n about_o the_o duchy_n of_o milan_n 6._o an._n 1641._o the_o king_n send_v antony_n rincot_n a_o spaniard_n that_o have_v take_v sanctuary_n in_o france_n to_o the_o turk_n and_o caesar_n fregosa_n to_o the_o venetian_n both_o be_v slay_v upon_o the_o river_n of_o po_n go_v to_o venice_n by_o boat_n this_o murder_n be_v do_v by_o the_o order_n of_o the_o marquis_n du_fw-fr guast_o governor_n of_o milan_n who_o hope_v thereby_o to_o get_v their_o paper_n and_o instruction_n but_o they_o have_v be_v send_v to_o venice_n another_o way_n the_o marquis_n be_v accuse_v and_o convict_v of_o the_o fact_n by_o those_o that_o execute_v it_o who_o be_v take_v at_o venice_n upon_o this_o the_o king_n break_v the_o truce_n of_o ten_o year_n the_o dolphin_n who_o be_v since_o henry_n the_o two_o fall_v upon_o the_o roussillon_n besiege_v perpignan_n but_o be_v repulse_v with_o loss_n charles_n duke_n of_o orleans_n seize_v upon_o lutzenburg_n the_o emperor_n on_o the_o other_o side_n make_v a_o league_n with_o the_o king_n of_o england_n enters_z picardy_n besiege_v landrecy_n but_o francis_n relieve_v it_o and_o drive_v the_o emperor_n from_o the_o siege_n barbaressa_fw-mi the_o turk_n come_v by_o sea_n to_o the_o king_n help_n take_v the_o town_n of_o nice_a waste_v those_o coast_n of_o the_o mediterranean_a sea_n &_o go_v away_o have_v do_v little_a good_a to_o the_o french_a and_o ill_o satisfy_v of_o they_o have_v give_v a_o great_a matter_n of_o obloquy_n against_o francis_n to_o the_o christian_a prince_n in_o piedmont_n after_o many_o exploit_n on_o both_o side_n the_o famous_a battle_n of_o cerisoles_n be_v fight_v a_o 1544._o and_o win_v by_o the_o french_a the_o french_a general_n be_v the_o duke_n of_o anguien_v the_o spaniard_n the_o marquis_n du_fw-fr guast_o at_o this_o time_n ferdinand_n king_n of_o the_o roman_n brother_z to_z charles_n the_o emperor_n be_v sore_o press_v by_o the_o turk_n in_o hungary_n send_v a_o dominican_n friar_n his_o confessor_n to_o charles_n to_o exhort_v he_o to_o peace_n charles_n be_v persuade_v to_o it_o and_o francis_n also_o their_o deputy_n meet_v at_o st._n john_n des_fw-fr vignes_n in_o the_o suburb_n of_o soissons_fw-fr and_o begin_v a_o treaty_n which_o soon_o after_o be_v conclude_v at_o crespy_n in_o valois_n of_o which_o these_o be_v the_o chief_a condition_n that_o charles_n duke_n of_o orleans_n the_o king_n second_o son_n shall_v marry_v the_o emperor_n daughter_n or_o that_o of_o ferdinand_n king_n of_o the_o roman_n at_o the_o emperor_n choice_n within_o six_o year_n and_o for_o her_o portion_n that_o the_o emperor_n shall_v invest_v the_o say_a duke_n with_o the_o duchy_n of_o milan_n or_o the_o county_n of_o flanders_n or_o charolois_n or_o french_a county_n at_o the_o emperor_n choice_n likewise_o and_o that_o upon_o his_o investiture_n with_o one_o of_o these_o the_o king_n shall_v renounce_v all_o his_o claim_n to_o all_o the_o rest_n and_o to_o the_o kingdom_n of_o naples_n that_o till_o there_o be_v child_n bear_v by_o that_o marriage_n if_o the_o emperor_n have_v before_o assign_v the_o duchy_n of_o milan_n for_o the_o lady_n portion_n he_o shall_v retain_v in_o his_o power_n the_o castle_n of_o milan_n and_o cremona_n that_o the_o king_n shall_v restore_v to_o charles_n duke_n of_o savoy_n all_o that_o he_o have_v take_v from_o he_o on_o both_o side_n of_o the_o alps_n yet_o that_o he_o may_v retain_v the_o citadel_n as_o long_o as_o the_o emperor_n keep_v the_o castle_n of_o milan_n and_o cremona_n that_o both_o the_o emperor_n and_o the_o king_n shall_v restore_v all_o that_o they_o have_v take_v the_o one_o from_o the_o other_o since_o the_o truce_n make_v at_o nice_a by_o the_o pope_n mediation_n this_o treaty_n bear_v date_n of_o octob._n 18._o 1544._o and_o be_v execute_v but_o the_o king_n restore_v many_o more_o place_n than_o the_o emperor_n paragraphe_n vi_o from_o the_o treaty_n of_o crespy_n 1544_o to_o that_o of_o chasteau_fw-fr en_fw-fr cambresis_n a_o 1559._o francis_n outlive_v three_o year_n the_o treaty_n of_o crespy_n all_o which_o time_n he_o have_v no_o war_n with_o charles_n who_o have_v retire_v himself_o to_o bruxelles_n francis_n be_v dead_a his_o son_n henry_n the_o ii_o succeed_v he_o who_o also_o have_v no_o war_n with_o the_o emperor_n till_o the_o year_n 1550._o two_o accident_n make_v the_o old_a jealousy_n to_o break_v into_o open_a war._n 1._o the_o pope_n paul_n the_o iii_o have_v invest_v his_o bastard_n peter_n lewis_n farnesio_n with_o the_o town_n of_o parma_n and_o placentia_n which_o the_o emperor_n have_v yield_v to_o the_o church_n upon_o the_o claim_n of_o leo_n the_o x._o without_o much_o examine_v the_o pope_n right_a only_o because_o it_o have_v be_v so_o covenant_v when_o the_o pope_n and_o the_o emperor_n unite_v themselves_o to_o expel_v the_o french_a out_o of_o italy_n a_o 1521._o that_o investiture_n trouble_v charles_n afterward_o who_o pretend_v either_o that_o these_o town_n shall_v remain_v unite_v to_o the_o patrimony_n of_o the_o church_n or_o that_o in_o case_n of_o alienation_n they_o shall_v return_v to_o the_o duchy_n of_o milan_n now_o this_o peter_n lewis_n farnesio_n have_v make_v himself_o odious_a to_o his_o subject_n by_o his_o cruelty_n and_o impudicity_fw-la be_v slay_v by_o the_o people_n of_o placentia_n who_o put_v themselves_o under_o the_o emperor_n protection_n at_o the_o same_o time_n paul_n the_o iii_o be_v dead_a jules_n the_o iii_o that_o succeed_v he_o maintain_v at_o the_o first_o octavio_n son_n to_o peter_n lewis_n in_o the_o investiture_n of_o parma_n and_o placentia_n but_o soon_o after_o repent_v of_o that_o donation_n which_o he_o see_v to_o
be_v displease_v to_o the_o college_n of_o cardinal_n join_v with_o the_o emperor_n for_o the_o dispossess_v of_o octavio_n who_o put_v himself_o in_o henry_n the_o two_o his_o protection_n and_o that_o king_n powerful_o assist_v he_o both_o against_o the_o pope_n and_o the_o emperor_n and_o be_v at_o such_o odds_o with_o the_o pope_n as_o to_o prohibit_v the_o bring_n of_o any_o money_n out_o of_o france_n to_o rome_n at_o which_o the_o pope_n amaze_v desire_a peace_n of_o the_o king_n and_o desist_v to_o oppose_v octavio_n yea_o and_o cause_v the_o emperor_n to_o restore_v placentia_n to_o octavio_n since_o which_o time_n octavio_n and_o his_o successor_n have_v enjoy_v parma_n and_o placentia_n at_o the_o same_o time_n the_o king_n protect_v also_o the_o prince_n of_o mirandola_n who_o the_o pope_n will_v oppress_v before_o that_o time_n a_o 1545._o the_o emperor_n get_v a_o great_a victory_n over_o the_o protestant_a prince_n of_o germany_n their_o two_o chief_a man_n friderick_n elector_n of_o saxony_n and_o philip_n landgrave_n of_o h●sse_n be_v take_v prisoner_n whereby_o the_o protestant_a party_n be_v so_o humble_v that_o in_o the_o year_n 1550._o they_o implore_v the_o help_n of_o henry_n the_o two_o of_o france_n who_o pass_v into_o germany_n to_o relieve_v they_o the_o constable_n of_o montmorency_n in_o his_o way_n seize_v upon_o the_o town_n of_o metz_n toul_n and_o verdus_n upon_o the_o right_n which_o we_o have_v set_v down_o in_o the_o three_o chapter_n that_o enterprise_n of_o henry_n in_o favour_n of_o the_o protestant_n make_v the_o emperor_n conclude_v a_o peace_n with_o they_o in_o haste_n so_o that_o the_o king_n be_v come_v to_o strasburg_n be_v desire_v by_o they_o to_o return_v because_o they_o be_v agree_v with_o the_o emperor_n return_v from_o germany_n he_o take_v many_o town_n in_o lutzenburg_n rochemar_n danvilliers_n ivoy_n bovillon_n and_o the_o emperor_n towards_o the_o end_n of_o the_o year_n 1551._o besiege_v metz_n so_o well_o defend_v by_o francis_n duke_n of_o guise_n that_o the_o siege_n be_v raise_v the_o first_o day_n of_o the_o year_n 1552_o terrovenne_n be_v take_v and_o raze_v by_o the_o emperor_n the_o people_n of_o sienna_n fear_v lest_o that_o cosmo_n de_fw-fr medicis_n duke_n of_o florence_n shall_v make_v himself_o master_n of_o their_o commonwealth_n have_v put_v themselves_o into_o the_o emperor_n hand_n hope_v that_o he_o will_v bring_v they_o in_o their_o liberty_n but_o see_v that_o he_o will_v bring_v they_o under_o the_o subjection_n of_o cosmo_n they_o call_v henry_n the_o two_o to_o their_o help_n who_o give_v they_o blaise_n de_fw-fr montlue_n for_o their_o governor_n who_o since_o be_v marshal_n of_o france_n in_o his_o commentary_n he_o have_v describe_v how_o that_o city_n be_v besiege_v but_o in_o the_o end_n they_o be_v force_v to_o submit_v to_o the_o florentine_a in_o the_o year_n 1555._o the_o emperor_n charles_n resign_v the_o imperial_a crown_n to_o his_o brother_n ferdinand_n and_o all_o his_o other_o estate_n to_o his_o son_n philip_n the_o ii_o a_o treaty_n of_o peace_n between_o henry_n and_o philip_n be_v move_v near_o ardres_n and_o perfect_v near_o cambray_n a_o 1556._o for_o ten_o year_n and_o swear_v by_o the_o two_o king_n feb._n 6._o but_o present_o after_o the_o death_n of_o juliet_n the_o iii_o and_o the_o pontificat_fw-la of_o marcel_n the_o ii_o which_o last_v but_o two_o and_o twenty_o day_n the_o peace_n be_v break_v upon_o the_o election_n of_o paul_n the_o iv_o a_o neapolitan_a of_o the_o house_n of_o caraffa_n ally_v to_o that_o of_o melpha_n which_o have_v always_o be_v of_o the_o french_a faction_n and_o be_v odious_a to_o the_o spaniard_n who_o use_v all_o their_o power_n to_o hinder_v his_o election_n and_o when_o in_o spite_n of_o they_o he_o be_v elect_v they_o raise_v two_o powerful_a family_n of_o rome_n against_o he_o the_o columna_n and_o the_o vitelly_n who_o revolt_v against_o the_o pope_n be_v assist_v by_o philip._n the_o king_n send_v help_v to_o the_o pope_n so_o the_o truce_n be_v break_v many_o exploit_n of_o arm_n be_v do_v about_o rome_n but_o octob._n 14._o 1557_o the_o pope_n and_o the_o spaniard_n agree_v and_o henry_n call_v his_o army_n back_o but_o at_o the_o same_o time_n philip_n have_v marry_v queen_n mary_n of_o england_n make_v his_o wife_n declare_v war_n to_o henry_n by_o a_o herald_n of_o arm_n who_o speak_v to_o the_o king_n himself_o at_o reims_n whence_o follow_v many_o various_a effect_n of_o war_n in_o picardy_n and_o champagne_n till_o the_o memorable_a battle_n of_o saint_n guintin_n lose_v by_o the_o french_a an_z 1557._o where_o the_o constable_n be_v take_v but_o francis_n duke_n of_o guise_n new_o return_v from_o italy_n revive_v the_o sad_a condition_n of_o france_n by_o the_o take_n of_o calais_n guines_n the_o land_n of_o oye_n and_o the_o town_n of_o thionville_n the_o two_o army_n of_o these_o two_o prince_n be_v both_o in_o sight_n one_o of_o another_o in_o picardy_n near_o the_o river_n of_o somme_n the_o constable_n of_o france_n and_o the_o martial_a saint_n andrew_n both_o prisoner_n of_o the_o spaniard_n the_o pope_n nuntio_n and_o christina_n dowager_n of_o lorraine_n cosen-german_a to_o philip_n manage_v a_o peace_n which_o be_v conclude_v at_o chasteau_n in_o cambresis_n in_o february_n 1559._o by_o the_o first_o article_n of_o that_o treaty_n the_o french_a king_n be_v to_o execute_v religious_o all_o the_o treaty_n make_v between_o charles_n the_o v._o and_z francis_z the_o i._o whereby_o they_o understand_v the_o cession_n make_v of_o naples_n milan_n flanders_n and_o artois_n unless_o the_o present_a treaty_n do_v contradict_v it_o but_o that_o treaty_n mention_v only_o the_o restitution_n of_o the_o town_n take_v on_o both_o side_n and_o the_o rendition_n of_o the_o state_n of_o savoy_n and_o piedmont_n to_o philibert_n emanuel_n duke_n of_o savoy_n also_o by_o that_o treaty_n a_o marriage_n be_v agree_v on_o between_o philip_n then_o new_o a_o widower_n by_o the_o death_n of_o queen_n mary_n of_o england_n and_o elizabeth_n daughter_n to_o henry_n the_o ii_o which_o for_o that_o reason_n be_v call_v the_o queen_n of_o peace_n in_o the_o celebration_n of_o that_o marriage_n henry_n the_o two_o be_v slay_v paragraphe_n vii_o from_o the_o peace_n of_o chasteau_n in_o cambresis_n 1559._o to_o the_o death_n of_o the_o duke_n of_o alenson_n 1584._o there_o be_v no_o open_a war_n between_o the_o two_o crown_n all_o that_o time_n which_o comprehend_v the_o reign_n of_o francis_n the_o two_o charles_n the_o ix_o and_o great_a part_n of_o that_o of_o henry_n the_o iii_o but_o by_o the_o virtue_n of_o that_o queen_n of_o peace_n the_o union_n be_v so_o great_a that_o the_o trouble_n of_o religion_n be_v rise_v in_o france_n philip_n assist_v the_o french_a king_n with_o his_o arm_n under_o francis_n the_o ii_o in_o this_o reign_n of_o ninteen_o month_n the_o history_n observe_v two_o notable_a thing_n which_o be_v much_o for_o our_o purpose_n 1._o the_o state_n of_o france_n be_v in_o trouble_n at_o the_o entry_n of_o this_o reign_n by_o the_o great_a favour_n of_o the_o guise_n uncle_n to_o queen_n mary_n of_o scotland_n wife_n to_o francis_n the_o two_o and_o by_o the_o queen-mother_n catherine_n de_fw-fr medicis_n who_o take_v the_o regency_n of_o the_o kingdom_n to_o the_o prejudice_n of_o antony_n of_o bourbon_n king_n of_o navarra_n and_o first_o prince_n of_o the_o blood_n of_o france_n after_o the_o king_n brother_n who_o be_v keep_v low_o and_o all_o the_o house_n of_o bourbon_n with_o he_o seem_v to_o threaten_v france_n of_o a_o civil_a war._n philip_n the_o two_o consider_v that_o state_n of_o france_n send_v to_o francis_n the_o two_o a_o letter_n which_o be_v read_v in_o the_o council_n whereby_o he_o say_v that_o he_o have_v hear_v how_o some_o great_a man_n of_o france_n be_v ill_o satisfy_v of_o the_o government_n establish_v by_o he_o his_o brother_n in_o law_n francis_n threaten_v his_o state_n of_o a_o civil_a war._n that_o he_o philip_n be_v ready_a to_o employ_v all_o his_o force_n and_o his_o life_n to_o make_v he_o obey_v as_o his_o good_a confederate_n and_o neighbour_n remember_v the_o good_a instruction_n and_o the_o holy_a education_n which_o his_o father_n charles_n the_o v._o have_v receive_v from_o lewis_n the_o xii_o his_o guardian_n 2._o the_o house_n of_o bourbon_n be_v degrade_v from_o the_o rank_n it_o ought_v to_o have_v have_v in_o the_o court_n antony_z king_n of_o navarra_n retire_v into_o bearn_n and_o when_o the_o cardinal_n of_o bourbon_n and_o the_o prince_n de_fw-fr la_fw-fr roche_n sur_fw-fr yon_n conduct_v the_o queen_n of_o spain_n to_o her_o husband_n he_o bear_v they_o company_n now_o because_o by_o the_o treaty_n of_o marriage_n that_o princess_n be_v to_o be_v deliver_v to_o philip_n upon_o the_o
1589._o after_o he_o have_v see_v the_o revolt_n of_o most_o part_n of_o his_o kingdom_n henry_n the_o iv_o succeed_v he_o and_o be_v acknowledge_v by_o the_o protestant_n and_o part_n of_o the_o papist_n the_o duke_n du_fw-fr maine_n who_o keep_v paris_n receive_v baptista_n taxis_fw-la and_o other_o for_o the_o king_n of_o spain_n who_o raise_v party_n for_o the_o degrade_n of_o the_o house_n of_o bourbon_n and_z the_o advancing_z of_o the_o league_n in_o march_v 1590._o philip_n publish_v a_o edict_n whereby_o he_o exhort_v all_o catholic_a prince_n to_o join_v with_o he_o for_o the_o deliverance_n of_o charles_n the_o x_o mean_v the_o cardinal_n of_o bourbon_n who_o the_o league_n have_v make_v king_n to_o the_o exclusion_n of_o the_o rest_n of_o the_o house_n of_o bourbon_n the_o same_o year_n 1590._o king_n henry_n besiege_v paris_n philip_n send_v the_o duke_n of_o parma_n out_o of_o flanders_n with_o a_o great_a army_n who_o take_v lagny_n and_o raise_v the_o siege_n of_o paris_n the_o next_o year_n after_o the_o cardinal_n of_o bourbon_n be_v dead_a the_o leaguer_n consult_v about_o the_o election_n of_o a_o king_n many_o of_o the_o seize_v that_o be_v of_o the_o sixteen_o man_n that_o govern_v paris_n affect_v to_o the_o spanish_a party_n vote_v for_o philip_n daughter_n clara_n eugenia_n isabel_n of_o which_o claim_n we_o have_v speak_v before_o but_o the_o duke_n du_fw-fr maine_n who_o desire_v rather_o to_o have_v the_o crown_n either_o for_o himself_o or_o for_o some_o of_o his_o house_n protract_v that_o business_n and_o turn_v it_o over_o to_o the_o state_n general_n of_o the_o league_n and_o in_o the_o mean_a while_n send_v precedent_n jannin_n into_o spain_n unto_o who_o philip_n promise_v all_o assistance_n to_o the_o league_n upon_o condition_n that_o his_o daughter_n shall_v be_v acknowledge_v queen_n either_o alone_a or_o with_o such_o a_o husband_n as_o she_o shall_v choose_v that_o precedent_n return_v much_o offend_v with_o philip_n proceed_v especial_o because_o speak_v of_o the_o town_n of_o france_n he_o will_v say_v my_o city_n of_o paris_n my_o city_n of_o orleans_n and_o ever_o since_o solicit_v the_o duke_n du_fw-fr maine_n to_o reconcile_v himself_o with_o the_o king_n an._n 1591._o king_n henry_n the_o iv_o besiege_v and_o press_v roven_v very_o sore_o the_o duke_n of_o parma_n return_v and_o make_v he_o raise_v the_o siege_n before_o the_o duke_n of_o parma_n come_v into_o france_n he_o propound_v two_o condition_n to_o the_o duke_n du_fw-fr maine_n the_o one_o that_o he_o shall_v put_v the_o town_n of_o la_fw-fr fere_n into_o his_o hand_n which_o he_o do_v and_o the_o parmezan_n put_v a_o garrison_n in_o it_o of_o four_o hundred_o spaniard_n the_o other_o that_o he_o shall_v press_v the_o assembly_n of_o the_o state_n of_o the_o league_n to_o declare_v the_o infanta_n queen_n of_o france_n du_n main_a promise_v he_o to_o move_v the_o assembly_n about_o it_o and_o give_v he_o hope_v that_o king_n philip_n shall_v be_v content_v in_o january_n 1593._o be_v the_o open_n of_o the_o state_n of_o the_o league_n where_o the_o duke_n of_o feria_n extraordinary_a ambassador_n of_o spain_n declare_v his_o master_n zeal_n for_o the_o defence_n of_o religion_n desire_v they_o to_o choose_v a_o catholic_a king_n and_o to_o preserve_v unto_o the_o infanta_n of_o spain_n the_o right_n she_o have_v to_o the_o crown_n of_o france_n upon_o which_o that_o famous_a arrest_n or_o sentence_n be_v give_v by_o the_o parliament_n for_o the_o maintain_n of_o the_o salic_a law_n and_o though_o afterward_o the_o spaniard_n propose_v the_o marriage_n of_o the_o infanta_n with_o the_o duke_n of_o guise_n or_o with_o ernestus_n brother_n to_o the_o emperor_n rodolphus_n they_o be_v rebuke_v by_o the_o state_n as_o make_v a_o proposition_n contrary_n to_o the_o salic_a law_n when_o they_o press_v again_o that_o the_o infanta_n shall_v be_v acknowledge_v queen_n with_o such_o a_o prince_n as_o philip_n shall_v name_v within_o two_o month_n they_o be_v answer_v that_o when_o the_o state_n have_v choose_v a_o catholic_a prince_n if_o he_o be_v not_o marry_v they_o will_v consent_v that_o he_o shall_v marry_v the_o infanta_n but_o the_o hope_n which_o henry_n give_v at_o the_o same_o time_n to_o the_o party_n of_o the_o league_n that_o he_o will_v come_v to_o their_o religion_n destroy_v all_o these_o design_n of_o the_o spaniard_n and_o he_o be_v anoint_v king_n at_o chartes_n in_o the_o begin_n of_o the_o year_n 1594_o and_o soon_o after_o enter_v into_o paris_n whence_o the_o duke_n of_o feria_n depart_v with_o the_o spanish_a garrison_n the_o same_o year_n the_o duke_n du_fw-fr main_n have_v lose_v paris_n and_o see_v the_o league_n fall_v to_o piece_n go_v to_o bruxelles_n and_o ask_v succour_v of_o ernest_n of_o austria_n governor_n of_o the_o country_n who_o send_v charles_n count_n of_o mansfeld_n into_o france_n mansfeld_n take_v la_o capelle_n and_o return_n into_o flanders_n but_o henry_n have_v lay_v the_o siege_n to_o laon_n mansfeld_n return_v and_o in_o vain_a endeavour_v to_o make_v he_o raise_v the_o siege_n the_o king_n take_v laon_n pass_v to_o cambray_n a_o imperial_a town_n which_o balagni_n hold_v with_o the_o title_n of_o prince_n since_o the_o first_o voyage_n of_o the_o duke_n of_o alencon_n the_o king_n confirm_v that_o principality_n to_o he_o under_o the_o protection_n of_o france_n towards_o the_o end_n of_o the_o year_n 1594._o henry_n have_v break_v most_o part_n of_o the_o league_n declare_v war_n to_o the_o spaniard_n by_o the_o counsel_n of_o the_o duke_n of_o bovillon_n by_o reason_n of_o philip_n open_a enmity_n against_o he_o and_o the_o assistance_n which_o he_o have_v give_v to_o the_o league_n and_o because_o he_o hold_v from_o he_o la_fw-fr fere_n and_o la_fw-fr capelle_n that_o declaration_n be_v make_v to_o the_o archduke_n ernest_n he_o answer_v that_o he_o will_v send_v word_n of_o it_o to_o king_n philip_n and_o a_o delay_n of_o two_o month_n be_v grant_v war_n be_v proclaim_v by_o a_o herald_n the_o war_n begin_v the_o duke_n of_o bovillon_n have_v ill_a success_n in_o lutzemburg_n king_n henry_n pass_v into_o burgundy_n make_v his_o entry_n into_o dison_n notwithstanding_o the_o resistance_n of_o the_o duke_n du_fw-fr main_fw-fr and_o win_v the_o battle_n of_o fontaine_n francoise_n in_o burgundy_n against_o the_o duke_n du_fw-fr maine_n and_o the_o constable_n of_o castilia_n the_o count_n of_o fuentes_n take_v from_o he_o catelet_n dourlans_n and_o han_n and_o cambray_n from_o balagni_n martial_n d'_fw-fr aumont_n oppose_v the_o spaniard_n in_o britain_n into_o which_o they_o be_v let_v in_o by_o the_o duke_n of_o mercoeur_n governor_n of_o britain_n for_o the_o league_n who_o have_v deliver_v blavet_fw-la into_o their_o hand_n an._n 1595._o king_n henry_n get_v his_o absolution_n from_o pope_n clement_n the_o viii_o the_o spaniard_n oppose_v it_o represent_v henry_n to_o the_o pope_n as_o relapse_v and_o impenitent_a but_o du_n perron_n and_o d'_fw-fr ossat_n since_o make_v cardinal_n overcome_v that_o party_n in_o the_o year_n 1596._o charles_n de_fw-fr casaut_n and_o lovis_fw-la d'_fw-fr aix_n viguier_n of_o marseille_n treat_v with_o the_o spaniard_n to_o deliver_v the_o city_n into_o his_o hand_n but_o peter_n liberta_fw-la keep_v it_o in_o the_o obedience_n of_o his_o sovereign_n henry_n and_o kill_v casaut_n with_o his_o own_o hand_n the_o same_o year_n albert_n cardinal_n of_o austria_n governor_n of_o netherlands_n take_v calais_n and_o ardres_n and_o henry_n retake_v la_n fere._n he_o make_v alliance_n with_o queen_n elizabeth_n of_o england_n with_o the_o state_n of_o holland_n and_o with_o the_o prince_n of_o germany_n in_o the_o year_n 1597._o ferdinand_n teil_n a_o spanish_a captain_n surprise_v amiens_n which_o sudden_o be_v retake_v by_o henry_n cardinal_n albert_n in_o vain_a attempt_v to_o relieve_v it_o the_o year_n before_o the_o cardinal_n of_o medicis_n who_o since_o be_v leo_n the_o xi_o be_v in_o france_n to_o procure_v the_o execution_n of_o the_o article_n promise_v by_o the_o king_n when_o he_o receive_v his_o absolution_n from_o the_o pope_n have_v be_v prepare_v his_o mind_n towards_o a_o peace_n with_o philip_n the_o ii_o who_o see_v himself_o very_o old_a and_o droop_a to_o the_o grave_n seek_v to_o leave_v his_o dominion_n peaceable_a to_o his_o son_n who_o be_v but_o weak_a in_o body_n and_o mind_n henry_n also_o desire_v to_o give_v peace_n to_o his_o subject_n tire_v and_o exhaust_v with_o continual_a war_n forty_o year_n together_o so_o that_o cardinal_n with_o the_o general_n of_o the_o franciscans_n bonaventure_n calatagirona_n a_o sicilian_a dispose_v both_o the_o party_n to_o a_o treaty_n the_o place_n be_v choose_v for_o it_o at_o veruins_n in_o february_n 1598._o where_o a_o perpetual_a peace_n be_v conclude_v between_o the_o two_o crown_n and_o the_o treaty_n