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england_n henry_n king_n margaret_n 4,538 5 11.4865 5 true
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A50712 Observations upon the laws and customs of nations, as to precedency by Sir George Mackenzie ... Mackenzie, George, Sir, 1636-1691. 1680 (1680) Wing M186; ESTC R5733 107,612 141

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petitionem_fw-la willielmi_n regis_fw-la scotiae_fw-la he_o grant_v a_o liberty_n to_o the_o monk_n of_o aberbrothick_n to_o transport_v their_o good_n through_o england_n free_a from_o custom_n and_o matth._n par._n in_o many_o treatise_n relate_v by_o he_o give_v they_o that_o title_n and_o pope_n innocent_a the_o three_o in_o a_o express_a rescript_n in_o the_o body_n of_o the_o canon_n law_n cap._n 4._o decret_a de_fw-fr immunit_fw-la eccles._n write_v innocentius_n iii_o illustri_fw-la regi_fw-la scotiae_fw-la which_o behove_v to_o be_v to_o king_n william_n who_o do_v reign_v in_o that_o pope_n time_n nor_o be_v this_o argument_n from_o the_o designation_n conclude_v since_o it_o be_v not_o convertible_a for_o even_o feudatory_a king_n do_v and_o do_v assume_v their_o designation_n from_o the_o kingdom_n they_o hold_v as_o the_o king_n of_o naples_n sicily_n etc._n etc._n which_o evince_v that_o it_o follow_v not_o necessary_o that_o the_o king_n of_o these_o kingdom_n be_v 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to_o england_n for_o its_o separation_n and_o the_o great_a esteem_n which_o daily_o grow_v there_o for_o spain_n because_o spain_n have_v never_o indulge_v any_o who_o have_v leave_v the_o romish_a church_n chap._n ii_o of_o the_o precedency_n due_a to_o the_o king_n of_o scotland_n i_o must_v here_o crave_v leave_n to_o say_v that_o the_o king_n of_o great_a britain_n may_v just_o claim_v the_o precedency_n from_o all_o those_o king_n as_o he_o be_v proper_o king_n of_o scotland_n for_o it_o be_v a_o uncontroverted_a ground_n in_o law_n that_o among_o those_o of_o equal_a dignity_n he_o who_o first_o attain_v to_o that_o dignity_n be_v to_o be_v prefer_v l._n 1._o c._n the_o consul_n quis_fw-la enim_fw-la prio_fw-la esse_fw-la debet_fw-la in_o eodem_fw-la genere_fw-la dignitatis_fw-la nisi_fw-la qui_fw-la prio_fw-la eum_fw-la adeptus_fw-la est_fw-la l._n 1._o ff_n de_fw-fr albo_fw-la scribendo_fw-la with_o which_o agree_v the_o canon_n law_n cap._n 1._o de_fw-fr major_a &_o ob_fw-la and_o this_o be_v declare_v the_o uncontraverted_a test_n of_o precedency_n by_o crus_n de_fw-fr jur_fw-fr prece_v pag._n 66._o menoch_n council_n 51._o &_o cuj_o ad_fw-la l._n 2._o c._n the_o consul_n and_o we_o see_v that_o this_o rule_n hold_v in_o all_o other_o dignity_n without_o respect_n to_o riches_n or_o multitude_n of_o possession_n and_o thus_o among_o duke_n or_o earl_n in_o all_o nation_n the_o first_o who_o attain_v to_o the_o dignity_n be_v still_o prefer_v though_o other_o be_v much_o rich_a and_o have_v succeed_v to_o more_o earldom_n this_o be_v then_o the_o true_a and_o solid_a ground_n of_o preference_n i_o may_v true_o subsume_v that_o the_o king_n of_o scotland_n be_v equal_a in_o dignity_n with_o the_o king_n of_o england_n france_n and_o spain_n attain_v to_o that_o dignity_n before_o either_o of_o these_o for_o our_o king_n fergus_n come_v into_o scotland_n 330._o year_n before_o the_o birth_n of_o christ_n whereas_o polydore_n a_o english_a historian_n confess_v that_o egbert_n the_o first_o king_n of_o england_n do_v begin_v his_o reign_n eight_o hundred_o year_n after_o our_o saviour_n birth_n and_o the_o king_n of_o scotland_n marry_v the_o daughter_n of_o ambrose_n aurelius_n who_o be_v the_o first_o king_n of_o the_o britan_n and_o who_o reign_n precede_v the_o origin_n of_o the_o english_a kingdom_n as_o to_o the_o monarchy_n of_o spain_n and_o their_o race_n of_o king_n they_o be_v no_o old_a than_o rudolphus_n king_n of_o the_o roman_n elect_v in_o the_o year_n 1273._o by_o who_o the_o house_n of_o austria_n do_v rise_v to_o this_o dignity_n as_o to_o the_o king_n of_o france_n who_o now_o reign_n they_o be_v only_o descend_v from_o hugh_n capet_n who_o usurp_v that_o throne_n in_o anno_fw-la 987._o and_o not_o be_v descend_v of_o either_o the_o carolovingian_n or_o merovingian_n race_n they_o can_v compet_n with_o our_o king_n achaius_n king_n of_o scotland_n
in_o dilectis_fw-la §_o si_fw-mi extraneas_fw-la ff_n de_fw-fr noxalibus_fw-la the_o second_o be_v that_o those_o who_o command_v the_o noble_a and_o best_a subject_n be_v account_v the_o noble_a and_o best_a authent_v de_fw-fr defensoribus_fw-la civitatum_fw-la §_o nos_fw-it igitur_fw-la 3._o riches_n be_v the_o rise_n and_o occasion_n of_o dignity_n and_o therefore_o be_v the_o chief_a ground_n of_o precedency_n among_o equal_n 4._o he_o be_v to_o be_v prefer_v in_o dignity_n who_o general_o man_n esteem_v the_o great_a 5._o since_o honour_n be_v the_o reward_n of_o pain_n and_o danger_n those_o who_o take_v most_o pain_n and_o be_v liable_a to_o most_o danger_n for_o christendom_n and_o the_o christian_a faith_n aught_o to_o have_v the_o precedency_n in_o christendom_n and_o among_o christian_a prince_n and_o that_o pain_n and_o danger_n be_v ground_n of_o predency_n be_v urge_v from_o l._n semper_fw-la §_o negotiatores_fw-la ff_n de_fw-fr jur_fw-fr immunitat_fw-la 6._o as_o all_o goodness_n be_v the_o noble_a the_o more_o communicative_a it_o be_v so_o these_o must_v be_v conclude_v the_o noble_a by_o who_o most_o people_n have_v advantage_n and_o therefore_o these_o king_n under_o who_o trade_n flourish_v most_o and_o who_o bestow_v salary_n upon_o and_o give_v a_o livelihood_n to_o most_o man_n aught_o by_o mankind_n to_o be_v prefer_v to_o all_o which_o argument_n it_o be_v answer_v that_o if_o preference_n be_v to_o be_v give_v by_o choice_n and_o do_v not_o descend_v from_o the_o right_n of_o blood_n and_o antiquity_n than_o the_o former_a argument_n be_v indeed_o considerable_a and_o aught_o to_o direct_v the_o elector_n but_o where_o the_o antiquity_n of_o blood_n can_v be_v instruct_v it_o still_o give_v precedency_n as_o be_v clear_a from_o the_o author_n above_o cite_v and_o thus_o though_o we_o do_v confess_v that_o the_o kingdom_n of_o france_n and_o spain_n and_o particular_o the_o kingdom_n of_o england_n be_v rich_a great_a and_o more_o considerable_a upon_o these_o account_n than_o scotland_n be_v yet_o since_o the_o race_n of_o our_o king_n be_v more_o ancient_a than_o either_o of_o they_o i_o conclude_v that_o therefore_o they_o ought_v to_o be_v prefer_v chap._n iii_o that_o the_o crown_n of_o scotland_n be_v not_o subject_a to_o england_n some_o english_a historian_n lawyer_n and_o herald_n do_v too_o frequent_o abuse_v the_o world_n with_o a_o most_o groundless_a tradition_n by_o which_o they_o contend_v that_o the_o king_n of_o scotland_n be_v vassal_n to_o the_o king_n of_o england_n and_o do_v they_o homage_n for_o the_o crown_n of_o scotland_n which_o if_o it_o be_v true_a will_v have_v take_v from_o the_o king_n of_o scotland_n not_o only_o the_o precedency_n for_o which_o i_o have_v be_v debate_v but_o will_v have_v place_v they_o after_o the_o king_n of_o castille_n and_o many_o other_o to_o who_o they_o be_v prefer_v and_o therefore_o not_o only_o to_o remove_v this_o objection_n but_o to_o free_v my_o country_n from_o this_o most_o unjust_a imputation_n i_o be_o resolve_v with_o very_a much_o respect_n to_o the_o english_a nation_n who_o wit_n courage_n and_o learning_n i_o very_o much_o esteem_n to_o inform_v the_o curious_a how_o unjust_a this_o pretence_n be_v and_o to_o which_o i_o have_v be_v not_o only_o incline_v but_o force_v upon_o the_o read_n of_o a_o rapsodie_n print_v late_o by_o mr._n prin_fw-mi in_o vindication_n as_o he_o speak_v pag._n 487._o of_o the_o dominion_n of_o the_o english_a king_n against_o the_o ungrate_a perfidious_a and_o rebellious_a king_n of_o scotland_n in_o which_o none_o of_o the_o learned_a or_o discreet_a english_a be_v concern_v since_o i_o find_v none_o who_o deserve_v that_o praise_n engage_v in_o this_o debate_n which_o have_v be_v agitate_a only_a by_o such_o of_o that_o excellent_a nation_n as_o have_v have_v more_o humour_n than_o discretion_n i_o deny_v not_o but_o that_o the_o king_n of_o scotland_n do_v hold_v the_o land_n of_o northumberland_n cumberland_n and_o westmoreland_n in_o capite_fw-la of_o the_o crown_n of_o england_n and_o that_o they_o do_v they_o homage_n for_o it_o which_o be_v not_o dishonourable_a to_o scotland_n that_o be_v most_o ordinary_a among_o sovereign_a prince_n for_o thus_o henry_n king_n of_o england_n and_o several_a other_o of_o their_o king_n do_v homage_n to_o philip_n and_o other_o king_n of_o france_n for_o the_o province_n possess_v by_o they_o in_o france_n and_o the_o king_n of_o spain_n do_v at_o this_o day_n homage_n yearly_a to_o the_o pope_n for_o naples_n and_o sicily_n and_o yet_o the_o homage_n do_v for_o these_o country_n have_v be_v the_o occasion_n of_o a_o ignorant_a mistake_n in_o some_o and_o a_o malicious_a pretext_n for_o other_o to_o misrepresent_v the_o homage_n do_v for_o these_o county_n as_o do_v for_o the_o kingdom_n of_o scotland_n and_o the_o occasion_n of_o get_v these_o province_n from_o england_n be_v too_o honourable_a to_o be_v deny_v by_o we_o it_o be_v most_o undeniable_a that_o the_o scot_n be_v call_v in_o to_o assist_v first_o the_o britan_n against_o the_o roman_n and_o thereafter_o the_o saxon_n against_o the_o dane_n they_o have_v these_o province_n bestow_v upon_o they_o as_o a_o reward_n of_o what_o they_o have_v do_v and_o a_o encouragement_n to_o they_o to_o continue_v their_o friendship_n for_o the_o future_a and_o by_o a_o statute_n make_v by_o st._n edward_n and_o ratify_v by_o william_n the_o conqueror_n as_o holinsh_v observe_n the_o scot_n be_v for_o that_o service_n likewise_o naturalize_v english_a for_o which_o naturalisation_n that_o statute_n give_v two_o reason_n one_o quia_fw-la omnes_fw-la ferme_fw-fr scoti_n proceres_fw-la ex_fw-la anglis_fw-la conjuges_fw-la coeperunt_fw-la &_o ipsi_fw-la rursus_fw-la ex_fw-la scotis_n and_o the_o other_o be_v quia_fw-la simul_fw-la &_o in_fw-la unum_fw-la contra_fw-la danos_n &_o norvegos_n atrocissime_fw-la pugnaverunt_fw-la but_o that_o the_o king_n of_o scotland_n do_v hold_v the_o crown_n of_o scotland_n as_o vassal_n of_o england_n or_o do_v homage_n to_o the_o king_n of_o england_n therefore_o will_v appear_v to_o be_v most_o false_a from_o the_o follow_a argument_n which_o must_v not_o be_v try_v by_o the_o law_n of_o england_n but_o by_o the_o civil_a and_o feudal_n law_n which_o be_v now_o become_v the_o law_n of_o nation_n and_o be_v reverence_v as_o the_o sole_a judge_n in_o all_o difference_n betwixt_o nation_n and_o nation_n and_o which_o must_v be_v presume_v equal_a to_o both_o nation_n since_o make_v by_o neither_o 1._o all_o land_n be_v presume_v to_o be_v free_a from_o servitude_n except_o the_o servitude_n be_v clear_o instruct_v but_o much_o more_o be_v all_o kingdom_n presume_v to_o be_v free_a since_o ex_fw-la natura_fw-la rei_fw-la king_n and_o kingdom_n be_v independent_a &_o qualitas_fw-la quae_fw-la inesse_fw-la debet_fw-la inesse_fw-la presumitur_fw-la and_o by_o how_o much_o the_o presumption_n be_v strong_a 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only_o posteriour_a acknowledgement_n of_o this_o vassalage_n via_fw-la facti_fw-la which_o be_v but_o a_o beg_n of_o the_o question_n and_o these_o be_v but_o accessory_n and_o consequential_a inference_n can_v subsist_v except_o the_o original_a constitution_n be_v first_o prove_v no_o more_o than_o the_o payment_n of_o feu_n duty_n to_o a_o superior_a either_o by_o force_n ignorance_n or_o mistake_v can_v prove_v the_o payer_n to_o be_v vassal_n for_o the_o future_a except_o the_o original_a feu_n be_v produce_v and_o as_o this_o be_v necessary_a in_o law_n so_o it_o can_v be_v imagine_v in_o reason_n but_o that_o some_o obligation_n in_o writ_n or_o feudal_n contract_n will_v have_v be_v take_v by_o the_o english_a who_o be_v a_o very_a wise_a people_n and_o consult_v very_o prudent_o their_o own_o security_n in_o every_o thing_n else_o and_o if_o this_o contract_n have_v be_v once_o enter_v into_o it_o have_v be_v yet_o extant_a since_o the_o english_a can_v allege_v that_o ever_o they_o lose_v any_o of_o
equal_a to_o he_o to_o who_o he_o be_v send_v and_o be_v in_o law_n no_o way_n liable_a to_o his_o jurisdiction_n and_o this_o be_v among_o other_o the_o opinion_n of_o alberic_n gentil_n a_o engglish_a lawyer_n de_fw-fr legationibus_fw-la l._n 2._o c._n 10._o and_o it_o be_v clear_a from_o liv._o lib._n 6._o &_o lib._n 43._o 2._o king_n henry_n of_o england_n be_v to_o enter_v upon_o a_o war_n with_o simeon_n earl_n of_o leicester_n do_v entreat_v supply_n from_o alexander_n king_n of_o scot_n and_o lest_o this_o may_v infer_v any_o acknowledgement_n of_o his_o superiority_n he_o do_v by_o letter_n under_o his_o hand_n and_o by_o his_o ambassador_n public_o declare_v that_o he_o do_v not_o crave_v this_o aid_n as_o superior_a to_o which_o superiority_n he_o have_v no_o pretence_n 3._o the_o same_o king_n alexander_n be_v invite_v to_o assist_v at_o the_o coronation_n of_o king_n edward_n and_o be_v unwilling_a to_o go_v there_o lest_o it_o may_v infer_v a_o acknowledgement_n king_n edward_n do_v declare_v quod_fw-la non_fw-la ex_fw-la debito_fw-la sed_fw-la ex_fw-la gratia_n tantummodo_fw-la hoc_fw-la petebat_fw-la 4._o the_o same_o king_n alexander_n be_v to_o make_v homage_n in_o england_n to_o king_n edward_n for_o the_o land_n of_o penrith_n and_o tindale_n which_o he_o hold_v of_o king_n edward_n he_o do_v public_o protest_v quod_fw-la non_fw-la pro_fw-la regno_fw-la scotiae_fw-la sed_fw-la pro_fw-la terris_fw-la in_o anglia_fw-it dictum_fw-la homagium_fw-la faciebat_fw-la rexque_fw-la iste_fw-la angliae_fw-la hujusmodi_fw-la homagium_fw-la admisit_fw-la per_fw-la quod_fw-la praesumitur_fw-la talia_fw-la fuisse_fw-la &_o similia_fw-la prius_fw-la facta_fw-la homagia_fw-la regno_fw-la angliae_fw-la per_fw-la reges_fw-la scotiae_fw-la nam_fw-la talia_fw-la fuisse_fw-la praesumitur_fw-la quale_fw-la fuit_fw-la illud_fw-la declaratum_fw-la &_o expositum_fw-la homagium_fw-la nam_fw-la talia_fw-la sunt_fw-la subjecta_fw-la qualia_fw-la praeadicata_fw-la admittunt_fw-la which_o be_v the_o very_a word_n use_v in_o the_o answer_n make_v by_o the_o scot_n before_o the_o pope_n where_o all_o the_o former_a four_o instance_n be_v full_o discuss_v and_o be_v offer_v to_o be_v prove_v by_o witness_n beyond_o all_o exception_n the_o writ_n themselves_o have_v be_v design_o take_v away_o by_o king_n edward_n and_o fordon_n have_v in_o his_o history_n unprint_v copy_n of_o several_a letter_n write_v by_o the_o say_a pope_n boniface_n and_o other_o declare_v that_o those_o instance_n consist_v in_o their_o knowledge_n and_o some_o of_o those_o instance_n be_v full_o repeat_v by_o duchesne_n pag._n 661._o who_o be_v to_o be_v believe_v since_o he_o be_v a_o stranger_n and_o even_o matthew_n paris_n a_o learned_a english_a historian_n do_v declare_v that_o king_n richard_n the_o first_o do_v when_o he_o be_v go_v to_o the_o holy_a war_n disclaim_v this_o pretend_a superiority_n over_o scotland_n anno_fw-la 1188._o which_o disclamation_n be_v likewise_o observe_v by_o hovedean_n another_o historian_n of_o the_o same_o nation_n and_o when_o matthew_n paris_n speak_v of_o the_o homage_n do_v to_o the_o king_n of_o england_n he_o make_v it_o only_o to_o be_v for_o his_o land_n in_o england_n rex_fw-la scotorum_fw-la willielmus_fw-la fecit_fw-la homagium_fw-la regi_fw-la anglorum_fw-la ricardo_n de_fw-la jure_fw-la svo_fw-la in_o anglia_fw-it which_o be_v ordinary_o the_o stile_n use_v by_o historian_n when_o they_o write_v of_o this_o subject_a and_o thus_o duchesne_n say_v that_o alexander_n make_v homage_n to_o henry_n the_o three_o for_o his_o possession_n in_o england_n but_o refuse_v to_o make_v he_o homage_n for_o scotland_n and_o that_o king_n alexander_n send_v a_o cartell_n to_o king_n henry_n for_o assert_v that_o he_o have_v make_v he_o homage_n for_o scotland_n the_o copy_n of_o the_o homage_n be_v yet_o extant_a at_o rome_n and_o the_o minute_n of_o it_o be_v thus_o express_v in_o the_o record_n of_o our_o old_a abbacy_n memorandum_n anno_fw-la gratiae_n milesimo_fw-la ducentesimo_fw-la septuagesimo_fw-la octavo_fw-la apostolorum_fw-la simonis_n &_o judae_fw-la apud_fw-la westmonasterium_fw-la alexander_n rex_fw-la scotiae_fw-la fecit_fw-la homagium_fw-la domino_fw-la edwardo_n regi_fw-la angliae_fw-la filio_fw-la regis_fw-la henrici_fw-la sub_fw-la his_fw-la verbis_fw-la ego_fw-la devenero_fw-la hominem_fw-la vestrum_fw-la pro_fw-la terris_fw-la quas_fw-la de_fw-la vobis_fw-la teneo_fw-la in_o regno_fw-la angliae_fw-la de_fw-la quibus_fw-la homagium_fw-la vobis_fw-la debeo_fw-la salvo_fw-la regno_fw-la meo_fw-la tunc_fw-la dixit_fw-la episcopus_fw-la norvicensis_fw-la &_o salvum_fw-la sit_fw-la regi_fw-la angliae_fw-la si_fw-la jus_o habuerit_fw-la ad_fw-la homagium_fw-la vestrum_fw-la de_fw-la regno_fw-la cui_fw-la rex_fw-la statim_fw-la respondit_fw-la aperte_fw-la dicens_fw-la ad_fw-la homagium_fw-la regni_fw-la mei_fw-la scotiae_fw-la nullus_fw-la jus_o habet_fw-la nisi_fw-la solus_fw-la deus_fw-la nec_fw-la de_fw-la ullo_fw-la teneo_fw-la nisi_fw-la solo_fw-la deo_fw-la 4._o king_n alexander_n have_v die_v without_o male_n edward_n the_o first_o treat_v for_o a_o marriage_n betwixt_o margaret_n princess_n of_o scotland_n call_v the_o maid_n of_o norway_n and_o edward_n his_o son_n in_o which_o there_o be_v many_o pregnant_a acknowledgement_n of_o this_o freedom_n volentes_fw-la &_o concedentes_fw-la quod_fw-la deficientibus_fw-la praedictis_fw-la edwardo_n &_o margarita_n vel_fw-la eorum_fw-la altero_fw-la absque_fw-la liberis_fw-la extantibus_fw-la in_fw-la omni_fw-la casu_fw-la &_o eventu_fw-la in_fw-la quo_fw-la ad_fw-la proximiores_fw-la haeredes_fw-la regnum_fw-la praedictum_fw-la debeat_fw-la de_fw-la jure_fw-la reverti_fw-la integre_n habere_fw-la absolute_a absque_fw-la ulla_fw-la subjectione_n revertatur_fw-la &_o restituatur_fw-la iisdem_fw-la and_o in_o the_o close_a of_o that_o paper_n it_o be_v say_v that_o there_o shall_v be_v no_o prejudice_n do_v to_o either_o of_o the_o kingdom_n quin_fw-la libere_fw-la habeant_fw-la statum_fw-la suum_fw-la and_o in_o the_o deputation_n give_v by_o the_o governor_n of_o scotland_n date_v at_o melross_n anno_fw-la 1289._o for_o treat_v that_o marriage_n this_o express_a reservation_n be_v insert_v salvis_fw-la tamen_fw-la in_o omnibus_fw-la &_o singulis_fw-la &_o per_fw-la omne_fw-la libertate_fw-la &_o honore_n regni_fw-la scotiae_fw-la which_o reservation_n be_v likewise_o insert_v in_o a_o warrant_n grant_v by_o king_n edward_n for_o treat_v the_o say_a marriage_n and_o it_o be_v observable_a that_o in_o all_o the_o scottish_a address_n to_o he_o and_o accept_v by_o he_o he_o be_v only_o design_v rex_fw-la angliae_fw-la dominus_fw-la hiberniae_fw-la &_o dux_n aquitaniae_n but_o never_o design_v himself_o dominus_fw-la superior_a scotiae_fw-la till_o after_o the_o war_n which_o show_v that_o his_o former_a airy_a title_n be_v very_o unjust_a 9_o as_o the_o king_n of_o england_n have_v acknowledge_v the_o scot_n to_o be_v no_o vassal_n so_o have_v their_o law_n and_o lawyer_n for_o it_o be_v content_v by_o these_o that_o the_o scot_n be_v alien_n to_o england_n and_o can_v not_o have_v succeed_v to_o any_o estate_n in_o england_n without_o be_v naturalize_v whereas_o alibi_fw-la genitura_fw-la presuppose_n that_o the_o alibi_fw-la nati_fw-la be_v not_o vassal_n for_o this_o jus_o alibi_fw-la geniturae_fw-la call_v by_o the_o french_a droit_fw-fr d'_fw-fr aubeyne_n be_v settle_v upon_o this_o maxim_n of_o the_o feudal_n law_n that_o because_o feus_n be_v grant_v by_o over-lord_n or_o superior_n upon_o design_n and_o promise_n that_o their_o vassal_n shall_v serve_v they_o upon_o all_o occasion_n against_o all_o person_n and_o never_o reveal_v their_o secret_n nor_o conceal_v what_o may_v be_v their_o disadvantage_n therefore_o feudalist_n do_v just_o conclude_v that_o no_o man_n can_v be_v liege_n man_n to_o two_o supreme_a superior_n or_o over-lord_n because_o these_o duty_n be_v imprestable_a to_o both_o see_v the_o secret_n of_o the_o one_o may_v be_v incompatible_a with_o the_o safety_n of_o the_o other_o and_o they_o may_v by_o war_a against_o one_o another_o distract_v the_o alleadgeance_n of_o their_o vassal_n and_o because_o man_n be_v more_o prone_a to_o serve_v their_o native_a prince_n than_o other_o therefore_o stranger_n be_v always_o suspect_v nor_o have_v they_o allowance_n to_o sell_v the_o feus_n to_o which_o they_o succeed_v lest_o they_o shall_v carry_v away_o the_o price_n out_o of_o the_o country_n and_o possible_o employ_v it_o against_o the_o same_o country_n which_o principle_n seem_v at_o first_o to_o have_v flow_v from_o the_o roman_a law_n by_o which_o the_o good_n of_o stranger_n die_v in_o rome_n fall_v to_o the_o exchequer_n or_o fisk_n &_o fiebant_fw-la caduca_fw-la with_o this_o foundation_n of_o the_o feudal_n law_n found_v upon_o so_o clear_a reason_n do_v the_o custom_n of_o other_o nation_n agree_v who_o account_v not_o these_o alien_n who_o live_v under_o the_o same_o alleadgeance_n thus_o rageau_n pag._n 67._o aubains_fw-fr sont_fw-fr estranger_n mais_fw-fr 〈◊〉_d qui_fw-fr n'_fw-fr est_fw-fr pa_n de_fw-fr la_fw-fr soveraignete_fw-fr de_fw-fr la_fw-fr courounne_n de_fw-fr france_n vid._n bacquet_n du_fw-fr droit_fw-fr d'_fw-fr aubeyne_n print_v in_o the_o year_n 1557._o and_o by_o the_o custom_n of_o milan_n the_o experte_a feudalist_n of_o all_o the_o world_n alibi_fw-la genitura_fw-la extend_v not_o to_o
any_o who_o have_v swear_v alleadgeance_n and_o live_v within_o the_o spanish_a dominion_n though_o not_o within_o milan_n since_o then_o the_o english_a will_v not_o allow_v we_o the_o right_n of_o sucession_n nor_o the_o other_o benefit_n due_a natural_o to_o subject_n it_o be_v strange_o monstruous_a and_o repugnant_a that_o they_o design_v to_o make_v the_o world_n believe_v that_o we_o be_v subject_n it_o be_v also_o very_o remarkable_a that_o if_o our_o kingdom_n have_v be_v only_o a_o feu_fw-fr hold_v of_o england_n our_o nobility_n can_v not_o have_v precedency_n from_o other_o according_a to_o their_o antiquity_n for_o all_o the_o nobility_n of_o the_o superior_a kingdom_n ought_v in_o the_o opinion_n of_o such_o as_o write_v of_o precedency_n to_o be_v prefer_v to_o these_o who_o live_v in_o the_o vassal-kingdom_n 10._o if_o scotland_n have_v be_v a_o feu_n to_o england_n the_o king_n of_o england_n as_o superior_a will_v have_v have_v the_o keep_n of_o our_o young_a prince_n and_o the_o dispose_n of_o they_o in_o marriage_n and_o the_o feu_n will_v have_v be_v in_o his_o hand_n during_o their_o minority_n that_o be_v employ_v in_o the_o right_n of_o proper_a feus_n by_o the_o feudal_n law_n and_o this_o must_v be_v presume_v to_o have_v be_v a_o proper_a feu_fw-fr as_o all_o feus_n be_v presume_v to_o be_v except_o the_o vassal_n can_v prove_v that_o the_o nature_n of_o the_o feu_n be_v impropriate_v for_o the_o vassal_n advantage_n but_o yet_o no_o king_n of_o england_n do_v ever_o pretend_v to_o the_o guardianship_n of_o our_o young_a prince_n nor_o to_o name_v governor_n during_o their_o minority_n but_o on_o the_o contrare_fw-la alexander_n king_n of_o scotland_n have_v leave_v only_o a_o young_a princess_n called_z margaret_z who_o be_v nice_a to_o the_o king_n of_o england_n he_o do_v not_o pretend_v to_o the_o keep_n of_o the_o young_a princess_n but_o entreat_v that_o she_o may_v be_v marry_v to_o edward_n the_o second_o his_o son_n and_o that_o if_o there_o shall_v be_v no_o issue_n of_o that_o marriage_n scotland_n shall_v remain_v a_o free_a kingdom_n as_o it_o be_v former_o inthe_n dependent_a from_o all_o pretension_n of_o the_o king_n of_o england_n which_o be_v likewise_o another_o acknowledgement_n make_v by_o the_o king_n of_o england_n themselves_o of_o the_o independency_n of_o scotland_n and_o if_o the_o king_n of_o england_n have_v be_v superior_n of_o scotland_n there_o will_v have_v be_v some_o vestige_n of_o this_o superiority_n to_o be_v see_v in_o our_o law_n whereas_o all_o our_o law_n call_v still_o our_o crown_n the_o imperial_a crown_n of_o scotland_n or_o in_o our_o coin_n all_o coin_n bear_v some_o impression_n from_o the_o superior_a and_o the_o king_n of_o england_n may_v have_v remand_v from_o our_o court_n or_o out_o of_o our_o country_n such_o as_o have_v commit_v crime_n against_o their_o king_n or_o law_n it_o be_v a_o undoubted_a principle_n of_o the_o feudal_n law_n that_o qui_fw-la habet_fw-la dominium_fw-la directum_fw-la potest_fw-la jurisdictionem_fw-la svam_fw-la explicare_fw-la tam_fw-la in_o territorio_fw-la vassalli_n quam_fw-la in_o svo_fw-la habet_fw-la enim_fw-la dominus_fw-la jurisdictionem_fw-la cumulativam_fw-la cum_fw-la vassallo_n but_o so_o it_o be_v that_o it_o can_v never_o be_v allege_v that_o the_o king_n of_o england_n offer_v to_o exerce_fw-la any_o jurisdiction_n in_o scotland_n or_o do_v require_v any_o criminal_o who_o have_v flee_v into_o scotland_n to_o be_v deliver_v up_o to_o they_o nor_o do_v ever_o the_o english_a pretend_v to_o punish_v such_o scotsmen_n as_o be_v take_v fight_v against_o they_o abroad_o as_o traitor_n and_o guilty_a of_o treason_n as_o certain_o they_o will_v have_v do_v if_o they_o have_v be_v vassal_n to_o england_n but_o on_o the_o contrair_a the_o english_a do_v also_o ransom_n they_o and_o use_v they_o every_o way_n as_o they_o do_v other_o stranger_n and_o foreigner_n 11._o the_o scot_n have_v intend_v a_o declarator_n of_o freedom_n against_o edward_n the_o first_o king_n of_o england_n the_o process_n be_v delegated_a by_o pope_n boniface_n the_o viii_o to_o baldredus_n one_o of_o the_o great_a lawyer_n of_o that_o time_n who_o consider_v very_o full_o the_o reason_n proponed_a hine_n inde_fw-la by_o both_o party_n and_o have_v make_v a_o full_a report_n to_o the_o pope_n the_o pope_n do_v very_o sharp_o reprove_v the_o king_n of_o england_n and_o declare_v that_o scotland_n do_v not_o depend_v upon_o it_o any_o manner_n of_o way_n and_o that_o the_o english_a have_v attack_v scotland_n most_o unjust_o against_o all_o both_o divine_a and_o humane_a law_n as_o duchesne_n observe_v pag._n 66._o the_o letter_n itself_o that_o be_v write_v to_o the_o king_n of_o england_n with_o all_o the_o process_n which_o be_v call_v processus_n baldredi_n be_v yet_o extant_a in_o fordons_n chronicle_n and_o it_o can_v be_v deny_v but_o that_o england_n may_v have_v expect_v much_o more_o favour_n from_o the_o pope_n than_o scotland_n can_v since_o they_o pay_v he_o a_o constant_a revenue_n call_v peter_n penny_n and_o since_o england_n be_v know_v to_o afford_v much_o great_a casualty_n to_o the_o pope_n then_o can_v have_v be_v expect_v from_o this_o kingdom_n in_o state_v the_o argument_n which_o be_v propose_v by_o the_o english_a for_o prove_v that_o the_o king_n of_o scotland_n be_v vassal_n for_o their_o crown_n to_o england_n i_o shall_v begin_v with_o these_o which_o be_v insist_v upon_o by_o king_n edward_n the_o 1._o in_o the_o former_a process_n the_o first_o be_v that_o brutus_n descend_v from_o the_o trojan_n do_v conquer_v britain_n and_o divide_v it_o among_o his_o three_o son_n to_o the_o elder_a of_o who_o call_v by_o historian_n locrine_n or_o locuus_fw-la as_o he_o be_v term_v in_o that_o process_n he_o leave_v logria_n now_o call_v england_n to_o the_o second_o call_v albanactus_n he_o leave_v albany_n now_o call_v scotland_n to_o the_o three_o call_v camber_n he_o leave_v cambria_n now_o call_v wales_n but_o humbert_n king_n of_o the_o huns_n have_v kill_v albanactus_n locrine_n the_o elder_a to_o revenge_v his_o brother_n death_n do_v kill_v humbert_n and_o reunite_v albany_n to_o logria_n or_o england_n the_o second_o be_v that_o donvall_a king_n of_o the_o britan_n kill_v staterius_n king_n of_o scotland_n who_o rebel_v against_o he_o and_o become_v master_n of_o the_o whole_a isle_n which_o dunvall_a have_v two_o son_n belinus_n and_o brounus_fw-la he_o leave_v the_o superiority_n of_o scotland_n with_o england_n to_o the_o elder_a and_o the_o property_n only_o of_o scotland_n to_o the_o second_o the_o three_o be_v that_o arthur_n king_n of_o the_o britan_n have_v overcome_v scotland_n he_o give_v that_o kingdom_n to_o angusell_n who_o acknowledge_v he_o as_o his_o superior_a and_o carry_v the_o sword_n before_o he_o the_o four_o be_v that_o aldestan_n king_n of_o england_n have_v conquer_v constantine_n king_n of_o scotland_n do_v pray_v to_o god_n that_o by_o the_o intercession_n of_o st._n john_n de_fw-fr benlaco_n he_o may_v by_o a_o miracle_n be_v declare_v the_o just_a superior_a of_o scotland_n whereupon_o he_o do_v strict_a with_o his_o sword_n at_o a_o rock_n near_o dumbar_n and_o make_v a_o gape_v in_o it_o a_o full_a yard_n in_o length_n the_o five_o be_v that_o william_n king_n of_o scotland_n do_v acknowledge_v himself_o vassal_n to_o william_n the_o conqueror_n alexander_n king_n of_o scot_n acknowledge_v himself_o vassal_n to_o king_n henry_n and_o that_o the_o nobility_n of_o scotland_n call_v in_o the_o say_v edward_n to_o arbitrate_v the_o difference_n betwixt_o the_o bruce_n and_o baliol._n peter_n heylen_n speak_v of_o scotland_n in_o his_o geography_n pag._n 1289._o affirm_v that_o the_o king_n of_o scotland_n be_v still_o vassal_n to_o the_o crown_n of_o england_n which_o he_o endeavour_v to_o confirm_v by_o these_o argument_n 1._o by_o the_o homage_n service_n and_o other_o duty_n do_v by_o the_o king_n of_o scotland_n to_o those_o of_o england_n malcome_n the_o three_o do_v homage_n to_o william_n the_o conqueror_n as_o william_n one_o of_o his_o successor_n do_v to_o henry_n the_o second_o and_o that_o not_o only_o for_o three_o county_n in_o the_o north_n of_o england_n or_o the_o earldom_n of_o huntingdoun_n as_o be_v by_o some_o pretend_a but_o for_o the_o very_a crown_n itself_o kenneth_n the_o three_o be_v also_o one_o of_o those_o titulary_a or_o vassal_n king_n who_o row_v king_n edgar_n over_o the_o dee_n 2._o by_o the_o interpose_v of_o king_n edward_n the_o first_o and_o the_o submission_n of_o the_o scot_n to_o that_o interpose_v in_o determine_v the_o contraversie_n of_o succession_n betwixt_o bruce_n and_o balliol_n as_o in_o the_o like_a case_n philip_z the_o fair_a adjudge_v the_o title_n of_o artoys_n which_o be_v hold_v of_o the_o crown_n of_o france_n and_o then_o in_o question_n betwixt_o the_o lady_n maud_n
and_o her_o nephew_n robert_n or_o as_o king_n edward_n the_o three_o in_o the_o right_n of_o the_o say_a crown_n of_o france_n determine_v of_o the_o controversy_n betwixt_o john_n earl_n of_o montford_n and_o charles_n of_o bluis_fw-la for_o the_o dukedom_n of_o bretaigne_n 3._o by_o the_o confession_n and_o acknowledgement_n of_o prelate_n peer_n and_o other_o the_o estate_n of_o scotland_n subscribe_v by_o all_o their_o hand_n and_o seal_n in_o the_o roll_n of_o ragman_n wherein_o they_o do_v acknowledge_v the_o superiority_n of_o the_o king_n of_o england_n not_o only_o in_o regard_n of_o such_o advantage_n as_o the_o sword_n have_v give_v he_o but_o as_o his_o original_n and_o undoubted_a right_n which_o roll_n be_v treacherous_o deliver_v into_o the_o hand_n of_o the_o scot_n by_o roger_n mortimer_n earl_n of_o march_z in_o the_o begin_n of_o the_o reign_n of_o king_n edward_n the_o three_o 4._o by_o the_o tacit_a confession_n of_o the_o king_n themselves_o who_o in_o their_o 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