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A17119 Daphnis polystephanos An eclog treating of crownes, and of garlandes, and to whom of right they appertaine. Addressed, and consecrated to the Kings Maiestie. By G.B. Knight. Buck, George, Sir, d. 1623.; I. W. S., artist.; Woutneel, Ioan, engraver. 1605 (1605) STC 3996; ESTC S104803 24,580 61

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ΔΑΦΝΙΣ ΠΟΛΥΣΤΕΦΑΝΟΣ An Eclog treating Of Crownes and of Garlandes and to whom of right they appertaine Addressed and consecrated to the Kings Maiestie By G. B. Knight Quod maximum optimum esse dicitur oportet esse Vnum ex Arist. Top. li. 7. AT LONDON Printed by G. Eld for Thomas Adams 1605. QVOD DEVS CONIVNXIT HOMO NON SEPARET Math. 19. Quatuor hasce cruces clypeo coniunxit in vno Quas ergò nemo separet ipse Deus INVICTO PACIF FOEL AVG. CHRISTIANISS FIDEI DEFENSORI IACOBO D. G. MAGNAE BRITANNIAE GALLIAE HIBERNIAE REGI DOMINO SVO CLEMENTISS HAEC STEMMATA DIADEMATA I. HAS GENEALOGIAE AVG. ET IMPERII BRITANNICI LEVES ADVMBRATIONES GEORGIVS BVCVS E Q. R. S P. C. L. M. D. D. MOST SACRED SOVERAIGN I haue aduentured to present your Maiestie not with a faire pourtrait but with a slight shadow of your imperiall greatnesse Which I began long since but then the end was in nubibus or in abeiance as our Lawyers say for I could not finish it according to my proiect vntill such time as he which should be sent Expectatio gentium Britannicatū should come who was ordained from aboue to weare all these crownes and garlands and to reduce this whole Isle with the hereditary Kingdomes and Prouinces thereof to one monarchie and entire Empire as they had been in the times of diuers ancient British Saxon and some English kings of the Norman or Danish race as it shall hereafter appeare The foundation of this great worke hath bin layd by many Kings your Maiesties ancestors I meane by alliance not by armes for those plots were frustrate but as lately by King Henry the eight when he mediated the mariage of his sonne the Prince of England with the Princesse of Scotland your Maiesties mother as also in this maner many ages before the good king Malcolm Cammoir proiected this worke and that with happy successe by the mariage of Margaret daughter of the Saxon Prince Edward Exul heire of the great Edgar out of which royall bride-bed your Maiestie is issued Likewise Alexander the first maried Sibilla eldest daughter of William Duke of Normandy king of England The first Dauid also king of Scotland maried Matilda daughter of the Earle Waldeof and of Iudith neece to the said King William King Alexander the second maried Ioan Plantagenet daughter of King Iohn King Alexander the third maried Margaret Plantagenet daughter of King Henry the third King Dauid the second maried Ioan Plantagenet daughter of King Edward the second King Iames the first maried Ioane daughter of the Duke of Somerset Grandchild to King Edward the third King Iames the fourth your Maiesties great Grandfather maried Margaret eldest daughter of King Henry the seauenth and of Queene Elizabeth Plantagenet daughter and heire of King Edward the fourth But these Princes maried onely but daughters of England but You most sacred Prince the great IACOB enthronized vpon the Patriarke Iacobs fatall stone and vpon Saint Iacobs Festiuall espoused solemnely faire England her selfe And all the former matches were but preparatiues as I said foundations of this great worke which your Maiesty whom I may now call an English man as well for being descended from so many English Princes as also for that your Maiesties Father was an English man and your mother Princesse and heire of England hath by diuine preordinance now finished and accomplished in plenitudine temporum and that by iust right for in your sacred person are iointly met and coalesced the royall blouds interests and titles not onely of all Great Britaine but also of France and Ireland Which to prooue will not require much search nor study for they are euident and I will for breuities sake but thus point at them For some of them namely Scotland the Crowne and Scepter whereof missa per innumeros auos your Maiestie hath borne from your infancy all men know and acknowledge your ancient royall right and estate therein And your Maiesties title to Ireland will be manifest in your Genealogie herein deduced from that great Plantagenet King Henry the second the first English Prince Lord of Ireland from his heroycall posteritie as well Marches as others who haue been continually seysed thereof vntill this day So likewise your Maiesties tytle to the Crowne of France sheweth it selfe clearly in the ancient possessions of these royall Plantagenets here presented your Maiesties Progenitors first Dukes of Normandy then of Aquitaine Earles of Poictow of Aniow of Maine of Touraine and of Britaine and after of Angolesme And lastly Kinges of all France in the right of Isabell or Elizabeth sole daughter and heyre of Philip le bel King of France mother of King Edward the third who made a most renowned and happy entry vpon that his royall inheritance hee his great heires were not onely titulare Lords but also actuall possessors of France many yeares and yet to this day in token of that ancient right haue seysine of a part of that kingdome notwithstanding that counterfeit hethenish law Salica maintained by all the power of France many ages against them Your Maiesties tytle and descent from the ancient kings of great Britaine and which is least knowne may thus redily be deriued The Welsh Bardes as also our best heralds record that Rhese ap-Gruffith surnamed Atgluid prince of Southwales about the yeere of our Lord 1196. and issued from Cadwallader the last British King had a daughter named Gwenlhian maried to Edneuet Vachan Lord of Bransencle and chiefe Iustice of Wales and bare to him a sonne called Grono this Grono had Tedor Tedor had Grono Grono had Tedor Tedor had Meredith Meredith had Owen Which Owen maried Catherine widow of king Henry the fift and daughter of the French king Charles the sixt by whom hee had Edmond creaeted Earle of Richmond by King Henry the sixt his brother vterine And this Edmond was father of King Henry the seauenth who was father of Queene Margaret your Maiesties great granmother c. But some deriue your Maiesties British race from a namelesse a good namelesse daughter of Gruffith ap Leolhin a Prince ●f Wales about the yeere 1051 vpon whom as they pretend Fleanchus thane or Steward of Abria flying into Wales for suc●our begat vnlawfully a sonne who should be ancester to all the ●hiefe Stewards to this day But this being not acknowledged by ●he best Scotish Historiographers the thing not honourable I may well pretermit it Lastly to finish all these your Maiesties natiue titles to these many Diadems mentioned in this Poësy I haue inserted a Genealogy of the Saxon Kings drawne from the first vniter of the heptarchye and the Godfather of Anglia King Egbert vnto Matilda the Empresse daughter and heyre of King Henry the first and mother of this great Plantagenet King Henry the second ancester of all the
English Kings vntill this day And from him this poesy is a continued pedegree vnto Queene Elizabeth the first and from Her to your Maiesty and to your Maiesties most excellent Sonne Henry The Prince of Great Britaine Now it resteth that I answere or excuse some faults found in this Poesy for some note that I am too long in my induction notwithstanding I propound in the first stanze Others reproue me because I began no higher Others charge me that I haue concealed and coloured the faultes of bad Princes ANGLIAE REGVM PROSAPIA A TEMPORE QVO ANGLIA APPELLARI CAEPIT NIMIRVM AB EGBERTO REGE PRIMO EIVSDEM MONARCHA VSQVE AD HENRICVM 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 I. W. S. delineauit But to conclude shortly whatsoeuer be the faults of the booke or of the Buc I most humbly submit them to your Maiesties most gracious censure who next to the omnipotent Lord of Lords are vitae necis Arbiter and not onely the supreme and highest iudge but which is best the best iudge i. the most wise the most learned and the most clement iudge And so therefore eftsoones prostrating my selfe my small talent or rather mites and all at your sacred feete not seeking either praise or thankes nor so much as one branch or leafe of any of these your many Garlands but with the old Poet Veniam pro laude peto laudatus abundé Si fastiditus non tibi Daphnis ero And with the new inauguratorie hymne still pray to the Almighty that Your happy dayes may not be done Till the great comming of his Sonne And that your health your ioyes your peace May as your raigne and yeres increase AMEN THE PREFACE OR Argument of this Poësy DAmaetas hauing long bin a woodman had obserued the natures propertyes of many trees and apprehended there was some mistery and some peculiar maiesticall matter in the Genest more then he could discipher Whereupon hee went to Silenus a man of great learning and authoritie for he was held a Pro●het and exposeth to him his conceit and prayeth earnestly his ayde Silenus entertaineth him curteously and is very willing and by the meanes of a late accident well able to rese●ue him for saith he there was a complaint mad●●ately to our great God Apollo against certaine vnworthy fellowes which presumptuously tooke garlands of his ancient tree the Laurell without leaue Whereat he hauing indignation determined to take order for that and such like abuses And foorthwith calling the Muses to counsell in Helicon established ordinances for the due wearing of that of al other Ghirlands And because the ancient Ghirlands were abused prophaned with common and vnworthy vse hee made choice of a new tree viz the Genest and instituted Ghirlands thereof and gaue to them praerogatiues aboue the rest appropriated them to one imperial family seated in Leuceessa with expresse defence that none else should weare them And that not all the Princes of this family should haue Garlands hereof but to some of them better deseruing should be permitted a chappelet and to the rest but a branch or Plante of the Genest But the chiefe Garland of Genest complete and adorned with diuers sacred flowers should be reserued for his fauorite Daphnis the most puissant and the most vertuous and in briefe the most true heroycall Prince of that imperiall race ordained long-since by the highest aeternall wisedome to reconcile the olde and vnnaturall fewd betweene Locrine and Albanact to reduce all the Britannik Isles into one entyre monarchy to restore the ancient vnity of religion lawes and language in this great Iland and finally to extend the limit of his Empyre as farre as they were in the times of Albion of Brutus of Artur of Edgar or of any other our monarkes whose dominions were largest Thus farre Apollo's decree After this Silenus declareth more particularly who and what these royall Worthyes were which should beare or weare Chappelets or Garlāds of the Genest tree and lastly the Garland complete Beginning with that great Henry sonne of the Empresse Matilda the first King of this Iland surnamed Plantagenet and so deducing a genealogy from him through his royall posterity to our present sacred Soueraign IAMES his now next heire and nephew whom the Prophet herein styleth the true Polystephanus the Peace-maker King Arturs successor great Aedgars heire high Seneschall of Albion the great Briton c. And crowneth his head with this imperiall Polyanthine Ghirland and his raigne with all the blessings of peace victory long life a rare fayre wife hopefull Princely issue and a perpetuall succession of their posterity in the Empire of great Britain And now to that obiection touched in the dedicatory and made because I deriue not this title and genealogy from some of the ancient monarkes of this Isle Britons or Saxons or at the least from King William the Conquerour I must answere that to haue chosen any of the most ancient Kings I must haue looked so farre backe as I should not onely haue made this Eclog ouer-long and tedious but also haue lost my selfe in the cloudes of obscurity by soring too high amongst them as they know which know what our ancient storyes bee But as for William the Conquerour there be many reasons why I should not begin with him although I goe as neere him as his sonnes daughter for firstly he was a bastard and yet not that of the blood royall of England hauing no title to the Crowne but violence and his sword as he confessed and thereof had remorse of conscience at his death Secondly he was neuer possessed of the one halfe of Britain for hee had neither Scotland nor Wales and in Ireland he not one foote Furthermore Girard Du-Haillan and other French antiquaries according to their Salike heraldry say that his lyne ended in his sonne King Henry the first for all they holde as a maxime La famille se continué es masles et se finist aux filles And yet Du-Haillan notwithstāding or forgetting this affirmeth in an other place that the race of the Kings of England issued out of the house of Aniow viz from our great Henry and his ancesters continueth vntill this day From whom there be many reasons on the other side why I should deduce the genealogy of our Kings passed and of our present Soueraigne Lord King IAMES for this great Henry was not onely rightfull heire and King of England but also the greatest King of whom there is any credible story extant which hath been in this Isle of Britain since the time of the Romaine Emperous who were reputed Lords of all the world and which thus I demonstrate and briefly He was King of England in the right of his mother Matilda the Empresse daughter and heire to King Henry the first by Matilda Bona daughter of King Malcolm Canmoir and of Margaret his wife who was the daughter of Edward Exul the Saxon Prince the sonne of Edmond Ironside King of England Anno
Dom. 1016. This Edmond was sonne and heyre to King Etheldred who in ancient charters is written Totius Britanniae rex quod nota because a late Anonymus in a little booke dedicated to his Maiesty affirmeth that neuer any Prince was king of this whole Isle vntill now But he is deceiued for besides Constantius Chlorus and his sonne our countriman Constantine the great Constans Aurelius Ambrosius Vter others which were Lords of all great Britaine Edgar also the father of this King Etheldred was absolute Monarke of this Isleland and so puissant in forces both by land and sea as hee was surnamed the Great and was stiled Totius Albionis basileus Anglici orbis basileus as G. Malmesburiensis Florentius Wigorniensis witnesse Whereupon to note also by the way some thinke that the word Anglia was sometimes vsed for the whole Isle and which Ion Lidgate disertly asseuereth in King Arthurs complaint in these words Great Britain now called England so likewise doth Geffrey Chaucer in the Franklins tale viz. In England that Clepid was Britain And Ranulfus Cestrensis a grauer Authour peremptorily affirmeth that King Egbert after his conquests ordained and commaunded that the Saxons and Iutes should bee called Angles and that Britain should bee called England But I leaue this to be discussed by antiquaryes And to returne to the ancient Saxon Kings progenitors of this Henry and also possessors of this whole Isle as I will shew for the better confirmation of that which I haue said against the opinion of this Anonymus In diuers ancient records and charters of donations of these kings to Monasteries and to Cathedrall Churches and in other ancient monuments I haue obserued these seuerall stiles Ego Athelstanus rex Anglorum anno Dominicae incarnationis D. CCCCXXX r●gni verò mihi gratis commissi VI. Indictione III. Epactae xviii Concurrente iiii Nonis mensis Aprilis iii. Lunae rotigerae vaga tionis i. per eiusdem omnipatrantis dextram totius BRITANNIAE regium solio sublimatus c. Ego Eadmundus rex Anglorum ceterarumque gentium in circuitu persistentium Gubernator et rector An. Dom. 945. Ego Edredus rex terrenus sub imperiali potentiaregu seculorum aeternique principis magnae Britanniae temporale gerens imperium c. An. Dom. 948. Ego Edgarus totius Albronis monarcha c. An. Dom. 966. And in another Ego Edgarus totius Albionis finitimorumque regum basileus An. Dom. 974. These three last stiles I finde in the history of Ingulfus Abbot of Croyland transcribed by him from the Charters of that Monastery And the other two before going are copyed out of the records of the Cathedrall Church of Chicester as also these three next following Ego Eadwis basileon totius Albionis c. An. Dom. D. CCCC.LVI imperii autem 1. An in another Ego Eadwin rex gentium Albionis c. And in the date of a charter of Bishop Brighthelmus Anno 2. imperii Eadwin totius Albionis insulae imperantis I finde also in Asser Meneuensis Aelured or Aelfred a more ancient Saxon King then these written Omnium Britān insulae Christianorum rector An. Dom. 872. And Edward surnamed Pius and Confessor was from the yeare of our Lord 1050. King of this whole Isle if there be any credite to be giuen to our stories and was stiled rex Albionis as Ion Twine auoweth out of his charters giuen to the Abby of Abingdon And that same King Etheldred before cited was stiled in the charters of Glastonbury Aetheldred Anglicae nationis caeterarumque gentium triniatim intra ambitum Britān insulae degentium c. basileus and another K. in old inscription Britanniae Anax and many such more which were too long to recite And some kings of the Norman race which is more rare haue been so stiled For the Lord Bishop of Bristow voucheth a coine of King Ion wherein is stamped Ioānes rex Britonum but that coine which his Lordship shewed to me had the armes of little Britain vpon the reuerse but his grandchild King Edward the firsty after him king Edward the third were greater monarkes here then he But this great Henry Plantagenets Empire extended beyond the bounds of the Britannish world and his greatnes so farre exceeded all other kings his ancesters that he was stiled Maximus Britanniae regum as I will shew by and by and by good right for besides this his great Britain and Ireland he was possessed of a great part of France and by these titles He was Duke of Normandy by right of inheritance from his granfather King Henry the first Duke of Normandy c. He was Duke of Aquitain that is Gascoin and Guien sometimes a kingdome and Earle of Poictow by the mariage of Queene Elianor daughter heire of William Duke of Aquitain and Earle of Poictow whose wife Ieanne was daughter of Dauid king of Scots he was Earle of Aniow seminary of kings of Touraine and of Maine his natiue country by right of enheritance from his father Geoffrey Le Bel Earle of them all He swayed all in litle Britain which authority he acquired partly by the mariage of Constance daughter and heire of Conan Earle of Britain with his third sonne Geffrey Earle of Richmont but chiefly by his swoord as it appeareth by Gu Neuburgensis who then liued and thus writeth Cum a potentioribus in Britannia inferiores premerentur regis Anglorum auxilium expetentes eius seditioni spontaneè subdiderunt c. ipsosque potentes viribus subegit sicque in breni tota Britannia potitus est He also conquered Auuergne and thus much for his possessions in France and now to Ireland He twise inuaded that kingdome and by armes seconded with the letters of fauour of his good friend Pope Adrian an Englishman hee brought the discording Princes there to submit theyr differents and their tytles to him and so obtained the possession of the Isle And as for those parts partyes in this our great Britain viz of Engl. Scotl. and Wales which did not acknowledge his souerainty hee reduced them in good time to the ancient subiection and obedience which they owed to the British Saxon kings his progenitors The Welshmē in their stories acknowledge this in their loyalty dueties as the English liuely expresse it euery day But for the other if any doubt be made G. Neuburgensis veridicus autor as Polidore Vergill obserueth him will thus satisfie him speaking of this K. Henry of Dauid K. of Scots his prisoner being then both at Yorke Occurrit eirex Scotorum cum vniuersis regni nobilibus qui omnes in ecclesia beatissimi apostolorum principis regi Angliae tanquam principali domino hominium cum ligeantia id est solemni cautione standi cum eo et pro eo contra omnes homines rege