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A50824 The new state of England under Their Majesties K. William and Q. Mary in three parts ... / by G.M. Miege, Guy, 1644-1718? 1691 (1691) Wing M2019A; ESTC R31230 424,335 944

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l. 13. r. some were afterwards p. 355. l. 11. r. certain it is PART II. p. 66. l. 5. dele but. p. 68. l. 35. r. in p. 99. l. 33. r. us PART III. p. 2. l. 10. r. be p. 79. l. 35. r. assisted p. 63. l. 22. r. sit on p. 71. l. 14. r. whose p. 213. l. 18. dele of p. 180. l. 15. r. John Howe Esq p. 224. l. 17. r. 1689. p. 232. l. 27. r. Sir Edward Clark and Sir Francis Child THE FIRST PART OF THE New State OF ENGLAND Under Their MAJESTIES K. William and Q. Mary CONTAINING A Geographical Description of England in General and of every County in Particular with Useful and Curious Remarks London Printed in the Year 1691. THE NEW STATE OF ENGLAND PART I. CHAP. I. Treating of ENGLAND in general and of every County in particular England ENGLAND is the best and largest Part of the greatest Island of Europe An Island anciently called Albion from its white chalky Cliffs but since better known by the Name of Great Britain Great for the vast Extent of ●t reaching as it does in Length from North to South about 600 Miles Britain that is a Country Inhabited by Painted Men as formerly they were wont to be At this time 't is principally divided into three Parts England Scotland and Wales the first two being two distinct Kingdoms the last a Principality but all of them happily united under one Head ENGLAND takes up the South Parts of the Island being parted from Scotland Northward by the River Tweede from Wales Westward in part by the River Dee and from the rest of the World by the Ocean Thus it contains in Length from North to South as from Barwick to Portsmouth 320 miles and in breadth from East to West as from Dover to the Lands End 270. But such is the Variety of its Breadth that in the South Parts which face the Channel 't is three times the Breadth of the North. And all along the Sea-Coast in general there are so many Creeks and Inlets some greater and some lesser that England and indeed the whole Island delineated as it is in Globes and Maps makes but an odd kind of Figure However in this Spot of Ground not exceeding one third Part of France there are reckoned 30 millions of Acres In reference to the Globe it lies between the 50 and 57 Degree of North Latitude the longest Day in the most Northern Parts being 17 hours 30 minutes and the shortest in the most Southern almost eight hours long The name of ENGLAND it took from the Angles an ancient People of Jutland in Denmark who joyning with their Neighbours the Saxons went under their Name in the Conquest of Britain And this Name was given it by a special Edict of Egbert the first sole Monarch of England since the Heptarchy Who being descended from those Angles and having reduced the whole Country from a divided State into one intire Body called it with the Concurrence of the States of the Realm then convened at Winchester Anno 819. by the Name of Engle-lond since turned into ENGLAND From whence the Nation and Language came to be called English When the Romans were possessed of this Country they made but two Parts of it and another of Wales Called Britannia Prima Containing the South of England Britannia Secunda Containing Wales Maxima Caesariensis Containing the North of England Their particular Divisions were not of the Country it self but of the Inhabitants As the Atrebatii Belgae Brigantes Catieuchlani and ten Nations more they reckoned only in England In the time of the Anglo-Saxons England alone was divided into seven Kingdoms Viz. The Kingdom of Kent Containing the County of that Name The Kingdom of South-Saxons Containing Sussex and Surrey The Kingdom of West-Saxons Containing Cornwal Devon Somerset Dorset Wiltshire Barkshire and Hampshire The Kingdom of East-Saxons Containing Middlesex Essex and part of Hartfordshire The Kingdom of East-Angles Containing Norfolk Suffolk Cambridgshire The Kingdom of Mercia Containing Glocester Worcester Hereford Shropshire Cheshire Stafford Darby Nottingham Leicester Rutland Lincoln Huntington Northampton Warwick Salop Oxon Buckingham Bedford and the rest of Hartfordshire The Kingdom of Northumberland Containing York Lancashire Durham Westmorland Cumberland Northumberland and the South Parts of Scotland as far as Edinburg But England's Division into Shires or Counties did not begin till the Reign of Alfred about 800 Years ago Afterwards every Shin was subdivided into Hundreds and Hundred into Tythings a Hundred containing te● Tythings and a Tything ten Families The Shires or Counties are either Maritime or Inland in all 40 in number The Maritime Counties I mean such as be watered by the Ocean are these Viz. Cornwal Devonshire Somersetshire Dorsetshire Hampshire Sussex Kent Essex Suffolk Norfolk Lincolnshire Yorkshire Durham Northumberland Cumberland Westmorland Lancashire Cheshire Whereof the first seven Counties take up the most Southern Parts and lye all along the Channel which parts England from France the next seven run from Kent and Sussex Northward bounded on the East by the German Ocean and the last four●ly North-West bounded by the Irish Seas The Inland Counties are Nottinghamshire Derbyshire Staffordshire Shropshire Worcestershire Herefordshire Monmouthshire Glocestershire Wiltshire Barkshire Buckinghamshire Surrey Middlesex Hartfordshire Cambridgeshire Huntingtonshire Bedfordshire Oxfordshire Warwickshire Northamptonshire Rutland Leicestershire Amongst all which Counties 't is Observable that some of them take their Names from the old Inhabitants as Cumberland from the Cyntbri or ancient Britains Essex and Sussex from the East and South Saxons who setled here after their Conquest Some from their Situation as Northumberland Norfolk Suffolk and Middlesex To which add Kent in Latine Cantium because it lies in a Canton or Corner of the Island Others from their Form or Figure as Cornwal from the figure of a Horn called Kere by the old Britains And indeed this County growing from East to West smaller and smaller is not unlike a Horn besides that in many places it shoots forth into the Sea with little Promontories like unto so many Horns Whereas Devonshire took its Denomination from the British Devinam signifying low Valleys of which this County does very much consist Others again from some Accidents therein As Barkshire from Beroc a certain place wherein grew good store of Box Rutland q. d. Red Land from the Redness of its Soil But the most part from the principal Town of the County as Glocestershire from Glocester Oxfordshire from Oxford Cambridgeshire from Cambridge c. As of all the Counties of England Yorkshire is the biggest beyond all compare so i● Rutland the least Out of the first which i● counted as big as the Seven United Provinces 70000 Men may be raised for present Service Whereas the Extent of the last is so inconsiderable that one may skip it over in les● than half a day In point of Situation Darbyshire may b● look'd upon as the middle Province of th● Kingdom Besides the former Division of
of Maldon Sir Thomas Darcy Bar. Charles Mountague Es Borough of Harwich The Right Honourable Charles Lord Chyne Sir Thomas Middleton Kt. Glocestershire 8. Sir John Guise Bar. Sir Ralph Dutton Bar. City of Glocester William Cooke Esq William Try Esq Borough of Cirencester The Right Honourable Henry Powle Esq Richard Howe Esq Borough of Tewksbury Rich. Dowdeswell Esq The Right Honourable Sir Henry Capell Kt. Herefordshire 8. Sir John Morgan Bar. Sir Herbert Croft Bar. City of Hereford Paul Foley Esq Henry Cornwall Esq Borough of Lempster Tho. Conyngesby Esq John Dutton Colt Esq Borough of Weobly John Birch Esq Robert Price Esq Hertfordshire 6. Sir Tho. Pope Blount Bar. Ralph Freeman Esq Borough of St. Albans Sir Samuel Grimston Bar. George Churchill Esq Borough of Hertford Sir Will. Cowper Bar. Sir Will. Leman Bar. Huntingtonshire 4 The Honourable Robert Mountague Esq John Driden Esq Borough of Huntington The Honourable Sidney Wortly alias Mountague Esq The Honourable Richard Mountague Esq Kent 10. The Honourable Sir Vere Fane Knight of the Bath Sir John Knatchbull Bar. City of Canterbury Sir William Honywood Bar. Henry Lee Esq City of Rochester Sir Joseph Williamson Kt. Francis Clarke Esq Borough of Maidston Sir Tho. Taylor Bar. Thomas Ryder Esq Borough of Queenborough Sir John Bankes Bar. Robert Crawford Esq Lancashire 14. The Right Honourable Charles Lord Brandon Gerrard The Honourable James Stanley Borough of Lancaster Roger Kirby Esq Thomas Preston Esq Borough of Preston in Amounderness Christopher Greenfeild Esq Borough of Newton The Honourable George Cholmondely Esq Sir John Chichley Kt. Borough of Wigga●● Sir Rich. Standish Kt. Peter Shakerly Esq Borough of Clitheroe Anthony Parker Esq Roger Kenyon Esq Borough of Leverpool The Kight Honourable Richard Lord Colchester Tho. Norris of Speak Esq Leicester 4. The Right Honourable Bennet Lord Sherrard Sir Thomas Hesilridge Bar. Borough of Leicester Sir Edward Abney Kt. Lawrence Carter Esq Lincoln 12. The Right Honourable George Viscount Castleton Sir Tho. Hussey Bar. City of Lincoln Sir John Bolles Bar. Sir Edw. Hussey Bar. Borough of Boston Peregrine Berty Esq Sir William Yorke Kt. Borough of Great Grimsby Sir Edw. Ayscogh Kt. John Chaplin Esq Town of Stamford The Honourable Charles Bertie Esq William Hyde Esq Borough of Grantham Sir John Brownlowe Bar. Sir William Ellis Bar. Middlesex 8. Sir Char. Gerrard Bar. Ralph Hawtery Esq City of Westminster Sir Will. Poultney Kt. Sir Walter Clarges Bar. London Sir Will. Pritchard Kt. Sir Sam. Dashwood Kt. Sir Will. Turner Kt. Sir Tho. Vernon Kt. Monmouth 3 The Right Honourable Charles Lord Marquess of Worcester Thomas Morgan Esq Borough of Monmouth Sir Charles Kemeys Kt. Norfolk 12. Sir Jacob Astley Kt. and Baronet Sir William Cooke Bar. City of Norwich Thomas Blofeild Esq Hugh Bokenham Esq Town of Lyn Regis Sir John Turner Kt. Daniel Bedingfeild Esq Town of Great Yarmouth George England Esq Samuel Fu●ler Esq Borough of Thetford Baptist May Esq Sir Francis Guybon Kt. Borough of Castlerising Right Honourable Sir Robert Howard Kt. Robert Walpole Esq Northampton 9. Sir St. Andrew St. John Bar. John Parkhurst Esq City of Peterborough Will. Brownlowe Esq Gilbert Dolben Esq Town of Northampton Sir Tho. Samuel Bar. Sir William Langham Kt. Town of Brackley The Honourable Sir William Egerton Knight of the Bath John Blencowe Sergeant at Law Borough of Higham-Ferrers Thomas Andrews Esq Northumberland 8. William Forster Esq Philip Bickerstaff Esq Town of Newcastle upon Tine Sir Ralph Carr Kt. William Carr Esq Borough of Morpeth The Right Honourable Charles Lerd Morpeth Roger Fenwick Esq Town of Berwick upon Tweed Sir Francis Blake Kt. ●amuel Ogle Esq Nottingham 8. Sir Scroop How Kt. Will. Sacheverel Esq Town of Nottingham Char. Hutchinson Esq Richard Slater Esq Borough of Eastretford John Thornehagh Esq Town of Newark upon Trent The Right Honourable William Lord Eland The Honourable Nicholas Sanderson Esq Oxon 9. The Right Honourable Mountague Lord. Norreys Sir Robert Jenkinson Bar. University of Oxon. The Honourable Heneage Finch Esq Sir Tho. Clerges Kt. City of Oxon. The Honourable Henry Bertie Esq Sir Edw. Norreys Kt. Borough of New-Woodstock Sir Tho. Littleton Bar. Thomas Wheate Esq Borough of Banbury Sir Robert Dashwood Kt. and Bar. Rutland 2. Sir Tho. Mackworth Bar. Bennet Sherrard Esq Salop 12. The Honourable Richard Newport Esq Edward-Kynaston of Oately Esq Town of Salop. The Honourable Andrew Newport Esq Richard Mitton Esq Borough of Bruges alias Bridgenorth Sir William Whitmore Bar. Sir Edward Acton Bar. Borough of Ludlow Thomas Hanmer Esq William Gower Esq Borough of Wenlock Sir Will. Forester Kt. George Weld Esq Town of Bishops-Castle William Oakeley Esq Somerset 18. Sir Edward Phillips Kt. Nathaniel Palmer Esq City of Bristol Sir Richard Hart Kt. Sir John Knight Kt. City of Bath Sir William Basset Kt. Joseph Langton Esq City of Wells Edward Barkeley Esq Hopton Wyndham Esq Borough of Taunton John Speke Esq Edward Clark Esq Borough of Bridgwater Sir Francis Warr Bar. Henry Bull Esq Borough of Minehead Borough of Ilchester Sir Edw. Winham Bar. John Hunt Esq Borough of Milborn-Port Sir Thomas Travel Kt. Sir Charl. Carteret Kt. Southampton 26. The Right Honourable Charles Lord Marquess of Winchester Richard Norton Esq City of Winchester The Right Honourable William Lord Pawlet Frederick Tilney Esq Town of Southampton Sir Char. Windham Kt. Sir Benj. Newland Kt. Town of Portsmouth The Honourable Edward Russel Esq Nicholas Hedger Alderman Borough of Yarmouth The Right Honourable Sir John Trever Kt. Speaker Charles Duncombe Esq Borough of Petersfield Robert Michel Esq Richard Holt Esq Borough of Newport alias Medona Sir Robert Holmes Kt. Sir Will. Stephens Kt. Borough of Stockbridge Will. Mountague Esq Richard Whithed Esq Borough of Newtown The Right Honourable Richard Earl of Ranelagh Thomes Done Esq Borough of Christ-Church Francis Gwyn Esq William Ettrick Esq Borough of Whitchurch Henry Wallop Esq The Honourable James Russel Esq Borough of Lemington John Burrard Esq Thomas Dore Esq Borough of Andover The Honourable Francis Pawlet of Amport Esq John Pollen Esq Staffordshire 10. The Honourable John Grey Esq Walter Chetwind Esq City of Lichfield Robert Burdet Esq Richard Dyot Esq Borough of Stafford John Chetwind Esq Jonathan Cope Esq Borough of Newcastleunder Line Sir William Levison Gower Bar. Sir Thomas Bellot Bar. Borough of Tamworth Sir Henry Gough Kt. Michael Biddulph Esq Suffolk 16. Sir Samuel Barnardiston Bar. Sir Gervas Elwes Bar. Borough of Ipswich Sir John Barker Bar. Sir Charles Blois Bar. Borough of Dunwich Sir Robert Rich Kt. and Bar. Sir Philip Skippon Kt. Borough of Orford Thomas Glemham Esq Thomas Felton Esq Borough of Alborough Sir Henry Johnson Kt. William Johnson Esq Borough of Sodbury John Robinson Esq Borough of Eye Henry Poley Esq Thomas Davenant Esq Borough of St. Edmonsbury Sir Robert Davers Bar. Henry Goldwell Esq Surrey 14. Sir Rich. Onslow Bar. Sir Franc. Vincent Bar. Borough of Southwark Anthony Bower Esq John Arnold Esq Borough of Blechingly Thomas Howard Esq Sir Robert
Lieutenant General Sir Henry Goodrick Kt. and Bar. Surveyor John Charleton Esq Clerk of the Ordnance Sir Thomas Littleton Kt. Keeper of the Stores Thomas Gardiner Esq Clerk of the Deliveries Philip Musgrave Esq Assistant Surveyor William Boulter Esq Treasurer or Pay-master Charles Bertie Esq Master Gunner Capt. Richard Leak Principal Engineer Sir Martin Beckman Kt. Keeper of the small Guns Mr. Charles Beaumont The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty and of the Admirals The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty The Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery The Earl of Carbery Sir Michael Wharton Bat. Sir Thomas Lee Bat. Sir John Chichley Bat. Sir John Lowther Bat. William Sacheveril Esq Admirals Sir Richard Haddock Kt. Henry Killigrew Esq Sir John Ashby Kt. A List of the Commissioners and other Principal Officers belonging to the Navy The Commissioners Sir Richard Haddock Kt. Charles Sergison Esq Sir John Tippet Kt. Sir Richard Beach Kt. The Treasurer Edward Russel Esq Comptroller Sir Richard Haddock Kt. Surveyor Sir John Tippet Kt. Clerk of the Acts Charles Sergison Esq Victuallers of the Navy Thomas Papilion Simon Macne John Agur Humphrey Ayles and James How Esquires Commissioners for Sick and Wounded Seamen and exchange of Prisoners of War Thomas Addison Esq Edward Leigh Esq Anthony Shepherd Esq John Starkey Esq Of the Martial Court THis Court you have too short an Account of in my Third Part Page 91. I therefore beg leave here to inlarge upon it 'T is called the Martial or Military Court or High Court of Chivalry otherwise the Court of Honour and in Latine Curia Militaris The Place anciently appointed for holding thereof was the King's Hall wherein the Constable and Earl Marshal of England sat as Judges Where any Plaintiff in case of Dignities or Matters of Arms or of any other Sute or Controversy concerning Nobility Gentility or Arms might sue the Defendant But now that great Office of Constable of England is hid aside the whole Power is vested in the Earl Marshal And the Present Possessor of that honourable Office is his Grace Henry Duke of Norfolk Earl Marshal of England Who has appointed the Hall in the Colledge of Arms to be the Place for Keeping the said Court. And upon Application made to him by any of the Nobility or Gentry of this Kingdom being abused in Matters of Honour and Arms may there have relief from his Grace Officers belonging to this Court Their Majesties Advocate William Odys Dr. of Laws Register of the Court Robert Plott Dr. of Laws Secretary and Seal-Keeper Francis Negus Esq Deputy-Register Mr. John Cheek Proctors Samuel Francklyn Esq Batchelour of Laws Mr. Ralph Suckley Mr. Everard Exton Batchelour of Laws Mr. John Hill Mr. Francis Nixon Mr. Robert Chapman Mr. Samuel Wiseman Mr. Keate Waller Marshal of the Court. Mr. John Curry A List of the Lords Lieutenants Bedford Earl of Bedford Berks Duke of Norfolk Bucks Earl of Bridgewater Cambr. Earl of Bedford Cheshire Earl of Warrington Cornwal Earl of Bath Cumberland Earl of Carlisle Derbysh Earl of Devon Devonsh Earl of Bath Dorcetsh Earl of Bristol Essex Earl of Oxford Gloc. and Heref. Earl of Maclesfield Hartfordsh Earl of Shrewsbury during the Minority of the Earl of Essex Huntingt Earl of Manchester Kent Earl of Winchelsey Lancashire Earl of Derby Leicestersh Earl of Rutland Lincolnsh Earl of Lindsey Middlesex Earl of Clare Monmouthsh Earl of Maclesfield Norfolk Duke of Norfolk Northampt. Earl of Monmouth Northumb. Earl of Scarborough Nottinghamsh Earl of Kingston Oxon Earl of Abington Salop Lord Visc Newport Somersetsh Lord Visc Fitz-Harding Southampton Duke of Bolton Staffordsh Lord Paget Suffolk Lord Cornwallis Surrey Duke of Norfolk Sussex Earl of Dorset and Middlesex Warwicksh Earl of Northampton Wiltshire Earl of Pembroke Worcestersh Earl of Shrowsbury York East-Riding Earl of Kingston York North Riding Earl of Falconberg York West-Riding Earl of Derby South and North Wales Earl of Maclesfield Governours of Garrisoned Places Barwick Christ Babington Esq Calshot Francis Pawlet Esq Carlisle Jeremiah Bubb Esq Chepstow Chester Sir John Morgan Cinque-Ports Col. John Beaumont Esq Dartmouth Nich. Roope Esq Graves-end William Selwyn Esq Guernsey Lord Hatton Holy Island Hull Marquess of Caermarthen Hurst-Castle Henry Holmes Jersey Lord Jermyn Isle of Wight Sir Robert Holmes Landguard-Fort Henry Killigrew Esq S. Maws Pendennis Earl of Bath Plimouth Earl of Bath Portland Portsmouth John Gibson Esq Scarborough Scilly Islands Sheerness Robert Crawford Esq Tinmouth Sir Edw. Villiers Tower of London Lord Lucas Upner Castle Robert Minors Esq Windfor Castle Duke of Norfolk Governours of Foreign Plantations Of Jamaica Earl of Inchqueen Virginia Lord Effingham New York Col. Sloughter Barbadoes James Kendal Col. Leeward Islands Col. Godrington As for New England the Governor is not yet setled Mary-Land Pensylvania and Carolina are governed by their respective Proprietors who have there their Deputies Their Majesties Embassadors Envoys and Residents Abroad At Vienna Lord Paget At Constantinople Sir William Hussey In Holland Lord Dursley Spain William Stanhop Esq Flanders John Eckart Esq Sweden William Duncomb Esq Denmark Robert Molesworth Esq Brandenburg James Johnston Esq Lunenburg and Brunswick Sir William Dutton Colt Swisserland Thomas Cox Esq Hamburg Sir Paul Rycaut Geneva Philibert Herbert Esq Agent in Germany Hugh Hughes Gent. Consuls in Foreign Parts At Venice Hugh Broughton Esq Cadiz S. Maries Sevil S. Lucar in Spain Wartin Nescomb Robert Godschall Walter Doleman E●● Alicant Genoua Leghorn Naples in Italy Thomas Kirk Esq Robert Serle Esq Sir George Davis Kt. Argiers in Barbary Thomas Baker Esq Foreign Ministers at present residing in their Majesties Court. Spain Don Pedro de Ronquillo Ambassador in Ordinary Portugal Don Simon de Soza de Magellanes Envoy Extraordinary Sweden Baron Leyonbergh Envoy Denmark Monsieur Alfeldt Envoy Holland The Heer Van Zitters Ambassador in Ordinary Brandenburg Monsieur Dankelman Envoy Lunenburg Baron de Schutz Envoy Extraordinary Savoy The President de la Tour Envoy Extraordinary Vienna Monsieur Hofman Resident A Scheme of the Sovereign and Knights Companions of the most Noble Order of the Garter ●●e King of Denmark The Sovereign The King of Sweden Prince George of Denmark * Elector of Brandenb Earl of Oxford Earl of Strafford Duke of Beaufort Earl of Bedford Duke of Southampton Earl of Mulgrave Duke of Newcastle Marquis of Caerm   Duke of Richmond Duke of Hamilton Duke of Somerset Duke of Northumb. Duke of Norfolk Earl of Peterborough Earl of Rochester Earl of Feversham Earl of Sunderland Duke of Ormond * Earl of Devonshire   A List of the Knights made by His Present Majesty King William Knights Baronets Hender Moulesworth Esq created Baronet July 19th 1689. Sir John Ramsden of Yorkshire Esq created Baronet Dec. 30. 1689. Sir William Robinson of Newby in Yorkshire Esq created Baronet Febr. 13th 1689. Knights Batchelours Anthony Keck Esq Counsellor at Law Knighted at Whitehall March 5th 1688. William Rawlinson Esq One of the Lords Commissioners of the Chancery Knighted at Whitehall March 5th
to speak the Terms of Art in our own Language A Thing Judged impossible till we saw it performed What matchless and incomparable Pieces have we seen in our Time and where shall one see more sense in so few Words What Poetry has more Majesty and bears a greater sense than the English when it flows from a true Poet In point of Sweetness whereas the Italian swarms with Vowels and the Dutch with Consonants the English has the Advantage of them both in a happy Mixture 'T is true the Italian is an excellent Princely and pleasant Language but it wants Sinews and passes as silent Water The French is truly delicate but something too nice and affected the Spanish Majestical but terrible and boisterous the Dutch manly but harsh Now the English is both sweet and manly 'T is true there are in it some particular sounds unknown to the French Tongue which are indeed something harsh and uncouth in the mouth of a French Learner and yet very smooth when they run in their proper and natural Channel Viz. i long as in Vice ou and ow in Cloud Vow o and i as in God Lord bird and shirt pronounced with a mixt sound of the French o and a. But those which puzzle most of all the French Learner are the found of g before e and i and which is the same Thing of j Consonant before any Vowel as in ginger jack jest jil jog and jug of ch as in Chamber but chiefly of th called a t aspirate as in thanks thief thorough thunder c. In short such is the mixture of the English that one may frame his Speech majestical pleasant delicate or manly according to the Subject Of all which Advantages inherent to the English Tongue Foreiners are at last become very sensible For whereas they used to slight it as an Insular Speech not worth their taking notice they are at present great Admirers of it What remains is to answer the usual Objections against it whereby some People pretend to degrade it from the Worth of a Language viz. its Mixture and Mutability Mixture a Thing so very natural to Languages that none but the Hebrew if that is free from it The Latine it self had a great Mixture of Greek and Gothish The French consists of Latine Dutch and old Gallick The Spanish of Latine Gothish and Morisco And the German it self as Original as it is pretended to be has a taste of the Roman Empire and the bordering Neighbours As for its Mutability 't is at least as groundless an Objection For 't is well known that Languages as States have their Infancy and Age their Wax and Wane But now the English Tongue is come to so great Perfection now 't is grown so very Copious and Significant by the accession of the quintessence and life of other Tongues 't were to be wished that a stop were put to this unbounded Way of Naturalizing forein Words and that none hereafter should be admitted but with Judgement and Authority For the Truth is there is as much in it as is needful and as much as the English Soil is well able to bear I conclude according to the Title of this Chapter with an Account of the most famous Men of this Nation either for Souldiery or Learning extracted from Dr. Heylin's Cosmography Which will serve as a further Confutation of our Hypercritick Scaliger and other French conceited Authors since his Time who valuing no Nation but their own made it their Business to decry the English But I shall do it with my Author's Caution that is without mentioning the late great Men this Nation has bred that I may give no ground for Invidiousness The most valorous Souldiers of this Country when possessed by the Britains were Cassibelane who twice repulsed the Roman Legions though conducted by Caesar himself and had not a Party here at home been formed against him 't is like he had been still too hard for the Romans Prasutagus King of the Iceni Constantine the Great the first Christian Emperour Arthur One of the Worlds Nine Worthies In the Times of the Saxons Egbert the last King of the West-Saxons and the first of England Alfred his Grandson who totally united the Saxon Heptarchy into one Estate and subjected the Danes to his Commands though he could not expel them Edmund surnamed Ironside Guy Earl of Warwick After the Normans came in Richard and Edward the First so renowned in the Wars of the Holy Land Edward III and his Son Edward the black Prince duo Fulmina Belli famous in the Wars of France Henry V and John Duke of Bedford his Brother Montacute Earl of Salisbury Sir John Falstaff and Sir John Hawkwood who shewed their Valour both in France and Italy Hawkins Willoughby Burroughs Jenkinson Drake Frobisher Cavendish and Greenvile all famous Sea-Captains Scholars of most note Alcuinus one of the Founders of the University of Paris Beda who for his Piety and Learning obtained the Attribute of Venerabilis Anselm and Bradwardin Archbishops of Canterbury Men famous for the Times they lived in Alexander of Hales Tutor to Thomas Aquinas Bonaventure Wicleff and Thomas of Walden his Antagonist the first Parson of Lutterworth in the County of Leicester who valiantly opposed the Power and Errours of the Church of Rome And since the Reformation John Jewel Bishop of Salisbury to whose learned and industrions Labours in defence of the Religion here established by Law we are still beholden Dr. John Raynolds and Mr. Richard Hooker the first a Man of infinite Reading the second of as strong a Judgement Dr. Whitaker of Cambridge the Antagonist of the famous Bellarmine Dr. Tho. Bilson and Dr. Lancelot Andrews both Bishops of Winchester the Ornaments of their several Times Bishop Montague of Norwich a great Philologer and Divine Dr. John Whitgift and Dr. William Laud Archbishops of Canterbury But I cannot pass by the remarkable Story of the foresaid Dr. John Raynolds and William his Brother William was at first a Protestant of the Church of England and John trained up beyond Sea in Popery The first out of an honest Zeal to reduce his Brother made a Journey to him and they had a Conference Where it so fell out that each was overcome with his Brothers Arguments so that William of a Zealous Protestant became a virulent Papist and John of a strong Papist a most rigid Protestant A strange Accident and a rare subject for this excellent Epigram made upon it by Dr. Alabaster who had tried both Religions Bella inter geminos plusquam Civilia Fratres Traxerat ambiguus Religionis Apex Ille Reformatae Fidei pro partibus instat Iste Reformandam denegat esse Fidem Propositis Causae Rationibus alter utrinque Concurrere pares cecidere pares Quod fuit in Votis Fratrem capit alter-uterque Quod fuit in Fatis perdit uterque Fidem Captivi gemini sine Captivante fuerunt Et Victor Victi transfuga Castra petit Quod genus hoc
of the Kings of England when all Christendom in the Council of Constance was divided into Nations the English was one of the Principal and not Subaltern having its Voice of equal ballance with the Nations of France or Italy In those General Councils the Emperor of Germany was counted Major Filius Ecclesiae the King of France Minor Filius and the King of England Filius tertius adoptivus Whereas with submission methinks it had been more proper especially in such Assemblies to look upon the King of England as Primogenitus Ecclesiae the Eldest Son of the Church out of respect to the British King Lucius who as I said before was the first King in the World that imbraced Christianity In those Councils the King of France had place next the Emperour on his right hand the King of England next on his left hand and the King of Scotland next before Castille However the King of England acknowledges no Precedence to any Monarch but only to the Emperour and that upon the Score of Antiquity For the Crown of England is free and independent and therefore has been declared in Parliaments long since to be an Imperial Crown CHAP. VIII Of the Solemn Proclamation and Coronation of the King of England THE Kings of England are both Proclaimed and Crowned with so much Solemnity that it won't be improper to describe the Manner of it it being a Solemnity not at all disagreeable to the Design of this Work I begin with the Proclamation which is the first Step to the Crown And being we are upon the New State of England I shall describe the Manner how the present King William and Queen Mary were Proclaimed at Whitehall-Gate within Temple-Bar in Cheap-side● and the Royal Exchange Which happened o● the 13th of Febr. Anno 1688 9. The Lords and Commons being then Assembled at Westminster came to the Banquetting-House where they presented the Princ● and Princess of Orange the Instrument in Writing agreed upon for Declaring Their Highnesse KING and QUEEN of England France and Ireland with all the Dominions and Te●tories thereunto belonging and received Their Consent thereto About 11 of the Clock the said Lords and Commons came down to Whitehall Gate preceded by the Speakers of their respective Hous●● viz. the Marquess of Hallifax Speaker 〈…〉 Lords and Henry Powle Esq Speaker of 〈…〉 mons each of them attended by a 〈…〉 Arms in order to see Their Majesties 〈…〉 Being come down to the Gate there they found the Heralds of Arms the Sergeants at Arms the Trumpets and other Officers all in readiness being assembled by Order from the Duke of Norfolk Earl Marshal of England And Sr. Thomas S. George Knight Garter Principal King of Arms having received a Proclamation in Writing with an Order from the Lords House to the King's Heralds and Pursuivants of Arms for Publishing or Proclaiming the same forthwith the Persons concerned disposed themselves in Order before the Court-Gate for making the said Proclamation The Trumpets having sounded a Call three several times the last of which was answered by a great Shout of the vast Multitudes of People there assembled the Noise ceasing the said Garter King of Arms read the' Proclaimation by short Sentences or Periods Which was thereupon proclaimed aloud by Robert Devenish Esq York Herald being the Senior Herald in these Words VVHEREAS it has pleased Almighty God in his great Mercy to this Kingdom to vouchsafe as a Miraculous Deliverance from Popery and Arbitrary Power and that our Preservation is due next unto God to the Resolution and Conduct of His Highness the Prince of Orange whom God has chosen to be the Glorious Instrument of such an Inestimable Happiness to us and our Posterity And being highly sensible and fully persuaded of the Great and Eminent Vertues of her Highness the Princess of Orange whose Zeal for the Protestant Religion will no doubt bring a Blessing along with Her upon the Nation And whereas the Lords and Commons now Assembled at Westminster have made a Declaration and presented the same to the said Prince and Princess of Orange and therein desired Them to Accept the Crown who have Accepted the same accordingly We therefore the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons Together with the Lord Mayor and Citizens of London and others of the Commons of this Realm Do with a full Consent Publish and Proclaim according to the said Declaration William and Mary Prince and Princess of Orange to be KING and QVEEN of England France and Ireland with all the Dominions and Territories thereunto belonging Who are accordingly so to be owned deemed accepted and taken by all the People of the aforesaid Realms and Dominions who are henceforward bound to acknowledge and pay unto The● all Faith and true Allegiance Beseeching God by whom Kings Reign to bless KING WILLIAM and QVEEN MARY with long and happy Years to Reign over us God save King William and Queen Mary Jo. Brown Cleric Parliamentorum Which being ended and the Trumpe● sounding a Flourish was answered by several repeated Shouts of the People And Direction being given to proclaim the same with in Temple-Bar in Cheap-side and at the Royal-Exchange the Proceeding marched in this manner I. The several Beadles of the Liberties of Westminister II. The Constables of the said Liberties all on foot with the high-Constable on horseback III. The Head-Bayliff of Westminster and his Men all on horseback with white Staves to clear the Way IV. A Class of Trumpets nine in all on horse-back the six first riding two and two and the three last together Followed by the Sergeant-Trumpeter carrying his Mace on the Shoulder V. A Pursuivant of Arms single a Pursui ●ant and a Sergeant at Arms and next an ●ther Pursuivant and 〈◊〉 Sergeant at Arms. The Pursuivants in ●heir rich Coats of the ●oyal Arms and each ●f the Sergeants carry●●g his Mace on his Shoulder all of them on horse-back VI. Four Heralds of Arms one after another each with a Sergeant at Arms on his left hand carrying his Mace on the Shoulder and the Heralds being all in their rich Coats of the Royal Arms. VII Garter King of Arms in his rich Coat of Arms carrying the Proclamation Accompany'd with Sr. Tho. Duppa Kt. Gentleman Vsher of the Black Rod in his Crimson Mantle of the Order of the Garter and his Black Rod of Office likewise on Horseback VIII The Speaker of the House of Lords in his Coach Attended by Sr. Roger Harsnet eldest Sergeant at Arms with his Mace IX The Speaker of the House of Commons in his Coach Attended by John Topham Esq Sergeant at Arms to the said House with his Mace X. The Duke of Norfolk Earl Marshal and Primier Duke of England in his Coach● with his Marshal's Staff in his hand XI The Peers in order in their Coaches XII The Members of the House of Commons in their Coaches In this Order they proceeded towards Temple-Bar And being come as far as the May-pole in the Strand two
1688. Henry Pollixfen Esq Lord Chief Justice of the Common-Pleas Knighted at Whitehall March 5th 1688. Charles Sidley Knighted at Whitehall March 12. 1688. Thomas Pilkington Esq Lord Mayor of London Knighted April 10th 1689. William Whitelock Esq of the Middle-Temple Knighted April 10th 1689. Robert Harrison Esq Knighted at Whitehall April 12. 1689. Captain John Ashby and Captain Clovesty Shovel both Knighted on Shipboard May 16th 1689. Charles Hedges of Doctors Commons London Judge of the Admiralty Knighted at Whitehall June 4th 1689. Edward Mosely of Huling in Lancashire Esq Knighted at Whitehall June 4th 2689. Ralph Box of London Esq Knighted at Whitehall Octob. 25th 1689. Christopher Lethulier and John Houblon Knighted at Whitehall Octob. 29th 1689. Edward Clerk Alderman and Francis Child Goldsmith Knighted at Whitehall Octob. 29th 1689. Nicholas Lechmere Esq One of the Barons of the Exchequer All four Knighted in the Bedchamber at Whitehall Oct. 31. 1689. Tho. Rokesby Esq One of the the Justices of the Common-Pleas All four Knighted in the Bedchamber at Whitehall Oct. 31. 1689. Giles Eyres Esq One of the Justices of the Kings-Bench All four Knighted in the Bedchamber at Whitehall Oct. 31. 1689. Peyton Ventris Esq one of the Justices of the Common-Pleas All four Knighted in the Bedchamber at Whitehall Oct. 31. 1689. John Turton Esq One of the Barons of the Exchequer All Knighted in the Bedchamber at Whitehall Oct. 29. 1689. George Hutchins Esq One of the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury All Knighted in the Bedchamber at Whitehall Oct. 29. 1689. Will. Wogan Esq Their Majesties Serjeants at Law All Knighted in the Bedchamber at Whitehall Oct. 29. 1689. J. Tremain Esq Their Majesties Serjeants at Law All Knighted in the Bedchamber at Whitehall Oct. 29. 1689. W. Thompson Esq Their Majesties Serjeants at Law All Knighted in the Bedchamber at Whitehall Oct. 29. 1689. J. Trenchard Esq Their Majesties Serjeants at Law All Knighted in the Bedchamber at Whitehall Oct. 29. 1689. John Somers Esq their Majesties Sollicitor General All Knighted in the Bedchamber at Whitehall Oct. 29. 1689. James de Castillo Knighted at Whitehall Dec. 1. 1689. William Cranmer Merchant Knighted at Whitehall Dec. 14th 1689. Thomas Miller of Chichester Esq Knighted at Whitehall Dec. 23. 1659. Pury Cust of Stamford Esq Knighted at Whitehall April 10th 1690. William Hussey of London Merchant lately sent Embassador to Constantinople Knighted at Whitehall April 17th 1690. Joseph Herne of London Merchant Governor of the East-India Company Both Knighted at Kingsington Sept. 15th 1690. Thomas Cook of London Goldsmith Deputy-Governor of the said Company Both Knighted at Kingsington Sept. 15th 1690. George Meggot Esq of Horsey Down in Surrey Knighted at Kinsington Oct. 9th 1690. Stephen Evans of London Knighted at Kinsington Octob. 14th 1690. A List of the present Deans both in England and Wales S. Asaph Bangor Bristol Canterbury Carlisle Chester Chichester Christchurch in Oxford S. Davids Durham Ely Exeter Glocester Hereford Lichfield Lincoln Norwich S. Pauls London Peterborough Rochester Salisbury Wells Westminster Winchester Windsor and Woolverhampton Worcester York Dr. Bright Dr. Jones Dr. Levet Dr. Sharp Dr. Mr. Musgrave Dr. Ardern Dr. Hawkins Dr. Aldrich Dr. Ellis Dr. Greenvill Dr. Spencer Dr. Annesly Dr. Jane Dr. Benson Dr. Addison Dr. Brevint Dr. Fairfax Dr. Tillotson Dr. Kidder Dr. Ullock Dr. Pearce Dr. Bathurst Dr. Sprat Bp. of Rochester Dr. Meggot Dr. Haskard Dr. Hicks Dr. Wickham The Colledge of Civilians called Doctors Commons exercent in London DR George Oxinden Dean and Official Principal of the Arches-Court of Canterbury and Vicar General of the Arch-Bishop of Canterbury Sir Charles Hedges Kt. Dr. of Laws Judg of the High Court of Admiralty Master of the Faculties and Chancellor of the Diocese of Rochester Sir Richard Raines Kt. Dr. of Laws Judg of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury and Chancellor to the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry Dr. Thomas Bourchier Commissary of the Diocese of Canterbury Dr. Watkinson Vicar-General to the Arch-Bishop of York Sir Thomas Pinfold His Majesties Advocate-General Chancellor to the Lord Bishop of Peterborough and Official to the Dean and Chapter of St. Pauls Dr. Edward Masters Chancellor to the Lord Bishop of Exeter Dr. William Oldys Their Majesties Advocate for the Office of Lord High Admiral of England and to the Lords of the Prizes and Chancellor of the Diocese of Lincoln Dr. Henry Falconbridge Chancellor to the Bishop of St. Davids Dr. Pepper Chancellor to the Bishop of Norwich Dr. Henry Newton Chancellor to the Bishop of London Dr. Henry Aileworth Chancellor to the Bishop of Oxford Sir Timothy Baldwin Chancellor to the Bishops of Hereford and Worcester Dr. Briggs Chancellor to the Bishop of Chichester The Honourable Mountague Batchelor of Laws Chancellor to the Bishop of Durham Dr. John Cook Chancelor to the Bishop of Ely Morley Batchelor of Laws Chancellor to the Bishop of Winchester Dr. Powel Chancellor to the Bishop of St Asaph Dr. Richard Parsons Chancellor to the Bishop of Glocester Dr. Henry Jones Chancellor to the Bishop of Landaff Dr. Nicholas Chancellor to the Bishop of Carlisle Dr. Baylie Chancellor to the Bishop of Bath and Wells Dr. Wainwright Chancellor to the Bishop of Chester Dr. Jones Chancellor to the Bishop of Bristol Dr. Pennington Chancellor to the Bishop of Bangor Chancellor to the Bishop of Salisbury Doctors of Laws Sir William Trumball Kt. late Ambassador at Constantinople Dr. John Edisbury Official to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster Dr. Joseph Taylor Dr. Charles Davenant Dr. Fisher Littleton Dr. John St. John Dr. George Brampston Dr. Stephen VValler Dr. Mathew Tindale Dr. John Conant Dr. Thomas Lane Dr. Richard Paget Dr. Philip Foster Dr. Bryan VValton Dr. John Harwood Dr. John Rudston Registers Thomas Oughton Gent. Register to the High Court of Delegates John Clements Esq Register of the Arches Court of Canterbury Thomas Smith Deputy Register Thomas Tillot Actuary of the same Orlando Gee Esq Register of the High Court of Admiralty Thomas Bedford Gent. Deputy Register John Cheek General Marshal Proctors of the Arches and in all other Courts Samuel Francklyn Esq Batchelor of the Laws Their Majesties Proctor-General Mr. Ralph Suckley Mr. Everard Exton Mr. Batchel of Laws Mr. VVilliam Cole Mr. John Hill Mr. Ric. Newcourt Mr. Thomas Smith Mr. Francis Nixon Mr. Godfrey Lee. Mr. Robert Chapman Mr. Thomas Tillot Mr. Thomas Swallow Mr. Peter Parret Mr. Thomas Rock Mr. Samuel Wiseman Mr. John Hungerford Mr. John Miller Mr. Thomas Shepard Mr. Keate VValler Mr. Edward Shaw Mr. John Lovell Mr. Richard Martin Mr. John Roberts Mr. Robert Bargrave Mr. John Tomlinson Mr. George Sayer Mr. Robert Constable Mr. Robert Peirson Mr. John Playdell Mr. John Chase Mr. Joseph Patten Mr. Goldsmith Mills Mr. Edward Cooke The Prerogative Office or Registry for the Prerogative Wills in the Arch-Bishoprick of Canterbury Register of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury Everard Exton Batchelor of Laws Deputy Register Mr. Thomas VVelham Clerks in the said Office Mr. Charles Pinfold