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england_n earl_n lord_n norfolk_n 3,673 5 11.9613 5 false
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A07363 The generall historie of Spaine containing all the memorable things that haue past in the realmes of Castille, Leon, Nauarre, Arragon, Portugall, Granado, &c. and by what meanes they were vnited, and so continue vnder Philip the third, King of Spaine, now raigning; written in French by Levvis de Mayerne Turquet, vnto the yeare 1583: translated into English, and continued vnto these times by Edvvard Grimeston, Esquire.; Histoire generale d'Espagne. English Mayerne, Louis Turquet de, d. 1618.; Grimeston, Edward. 1612 (1612) STC 17747; ESTC S114485 2,414,018 1,530

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in_o law_n be_v either_o dead_a or_o go_v to_o the_o holy_a land_n but_o howsoever_o he_o be_v so_o far_o off_o as_o before_o he_o shall_v return_v into_o france_n to_o debate_v his_o title_n to_o the_o kingdom_n of_o navarre_n whereunto_o he_o have_v right_a he_o do_v hope_n to_o be_v in_o possession_n upon_o this_o design_n he_o levy_v a_o new_a army_n navarre_n the_o king_n of_o castille_n invade_v navarre_n enter_v into_o alava_n and_o overrun_v all_o that_o province_n where_o in_o the_o end_n he_o besiege_v the_o town_n of_o victoria_n the_o which_o be_v valiant_o defend_v by_o d._n alphonso_n fernandes_n of_o guendulayn_n who_o have_v put_v himself_o into_o it_o with_o many_o good_a soldier_n of_o alava_n and_o navarre_n and_o maintain_v the_o siege_n long_o without_o any_o succour_n or_o news_n from_o the_o
navarre_n notwithstanding_o these_o thing_n abovementioned_n d._n henry_n do_v so_o labour_v the_o king_n of_o navarre_n as_o he_o make_v he_o forget_v the_o promise_n he_o have_v make_v at_o bayone_n to_o d._n pedro_n king_n of_o castille_n and_o to_o the_o english_a come_v to_o meet_v with_o d._n henry_n at_o santa_n cruz_n of_o campeço_n where_o he_o promise_v and_o swear_v to_o be_v of_o his_o side_n and_o to_o do_v his_o best_a to_o stop_v the_o passage_n of_o the_o english_a army_n through_o navarre_n which_o will_v have_v avayl_v he_o much_o to_o break_v the_o desseine_n of_o the_o dispossess_v king_n for_o in_o the_o passage_n of_o the_o pyreneé_v hill_n he_o have_v nothing_o to_o favour_v he_o but_o the_o town_n of_o saint_n sebastian_n and_o guetaria_n in_o guipuscoa_n at_o these_o promise_n solemn_o make_v by_o the_o king_n of_o navarre_n unto_o don_n henry_n there_o assist_v don_n gomes_n manrique_n archbishop_n of_o toledo_n d._n lopes_n fernandes_n of_o luna_n archbishop_n of_o sarragossa_n don_n alphonso_n of_o arragon_n earl_n of_o denia_n and_o marquis_n of_o villena_n bertrand_n of_o guesclin_n and_o many_o other_o great_a personage_n of_o castille_n france_n and_o arragon_n and_o a_o league_n be_v conclude_v betwixt_o the_o king_n of_o arragon_n navarre_n and_o don_n henry_n for_o their_o common_a defence_n against_o all_o man_n and_o the_o king_n promise_v to_o be_v ready_a with_o the_o force_n of_o his_o country_n and_o to_o be_v in_o person_n at_o the_o battle_n which_o they_o think_v will_v be_v give_v for_o assurance_n whereof_o there_o be_v deliver_v into_o the_o archbishop_n hand_n of_o sarragossa_n the_o castle_n of_o garde_n and_o that_o of_o s._n vincent_n to_o bertrand_n of_o guesclin_n and_o that_o of_o buradon_n be_v give_v in_o guard_n to_o d._n john_n ramires_n of_o areillan_n in_o recompense_n of_o the_o good_a office_n which_o d._n henry_n expect_v from_o king_n charles_n he_o promise_v to_o give_v he_o the_o town_n of_o logrogno_n to_o he_o and_o he_o for_o ever_o it_o be_v likely_a that_o d._n henry_n affair_n shall_v succeed_v better_a than_o those_o of_o don_n pedro_n and_o therefore_o k._n charles_n make_v choice_n to_o hold_v with_o the_o strong_a as_o he_o think_v the_o dispossess_v king_n of_o castille_n and_o the_o prince_n of_o wales_n understand_v of_o this_o league_n find_v it_o very_o strange_a and_o the_o english_a being_n more_o familiar_a with_o the_o king_n of_o navarre_n he_o complain_v much_o unto_o he_o and_o seek_v to_o reduce_v he_o to_o his_o first_o promise_n the_o which_o he_o do_v make_v he_o again_o with_o the_o note_n of_o great_a inconstancy_n to_o quit_v the_o party_n of_o don_n henry_n and_o of_o the_o king_n of_o arragon_n in_o regard_n that_o they_o have_v promise_v to_o give_v he_o beside_o logrogno_n the_o city_n of_o victoria_n which_o do_v yet_o hold_v for_o the_o king_n don_n pedro_n for_o the_o which_o he_o bind_v himself_o by_o oath_n to_o give_v they_o passage_n and_o to_o be_v in_o person_n with_o his_o troop_n in_o the_o battle_n in_o their_o favour_n excuse_v his_o lightness_n for_o that_o the_o realm_n of_o castille_n do_v by_o right_o belong_v unto_o the_o king_n d._n pedro_n and_o withal_o he_o have_v a_o desseine_a to_o make_v use_n of_o the_o friendship_n and_o force_n of_o the_o english_a in_o the_o quarrel_n and_o pretension_n he_o have_v with_o the_o french_a king_n who_o do_v much_o trouble_v his_o affair_n the_o condition_n which_o d._n pedro_n king_n of_o castille_n make_v with_o the_o prince_n of_o wales_n be_v these_o he_o give_v he_o from_o that_o time_n the_o segneurie_n of_o biscay_n &_o castro_n of_o ordiales_n wales_n condition_n betwixt_o d._n pedro_n and_o the_o prince_n of_o wales_n &_o promise_v to_o pay_v the_o soldier_n which_o he_o lead_v into_o spain_n leave_v his_o three_o daughter_n in_o hostage_n with_o the_o english_a he_o promise_v the_o city_n of_o soria_n to_o john_n chandos_n constable_n in_o guienne_n for_o the_o english_a and_o to_o many_o other_o nobleman_n and_o knight_n other_o place_n and_o town_n in_o castille_n upon_o these_o accord_n be_v full_a of_o good_a hope_n see_v they_o have_v the_o king_n of_o navarre_n their_o friend_n they_o march_v with_o a_o great_a and_o mighty_a army_n in_o the_o spring_n time_n 1367._o 1367._o an._n 1367._o to_o repossess_v the_o king_n d._n pedro_n in_o his_o realm_n king_n charles_n whether_o trouble_v in_o conscience_n for_o the_o oath_n which_o he_o have_v so_o often_o break_v or_o for_o some_o other_o consideration_n will_v not_o be_v in_o person_n at_o this_o encounter_n betwixt_o the_o king_n d._n pedro_n and_o d._n henry_n as_o he_o have_v promise_v but_o under_o colour_n of_o go_v a_o hunt_n he_o cause_v himself_o to_o be_v take_v prisoner_n by_o a_o plot_n and_o accord_v make_v with_o oliver_n of_o manny_n or_o maulny_n a_o britton_n knight_n who_o hold_v the_o castle_n of_o berja_n for_o bertrand_n of_o guesclin_n who_o have_v it_o by_o gift_n from_o the_o king_n of_o arragon_n in_o the_o which_o he_o be_v shut_v up_o and_o for_o that_o he_o will_v not_o show_v himself_o altogether_o disloyal_a he_o leave_v don_n martin_n henriques_n of_o lacarra_n the_o master_n of_o his_o horse_n and_o his_o standard-bearer_n at_o pampelona_n with_o three_o hundred_o lance_n command_v he_o to_o join_v with_o the_o english_a army_n and_o to_o fight_v in_o it_o the_o english_a army_n arrive_v at_o cuenca_n or_o comb_v of_o pampelona_n castille_n castille_n about_o the_o begin_n of_o march_n this_o year_n 1367._o from_o whence_o it_o pass_v into_o alava_n beside_o the_o prince_n of_o wales_n and_o don_n pedro_n king_n of_o castille_n there_o be_v in_o it_o john_n duke_n of_o lancaster_n brother_n to_o the_o prince_n d._n james_n of_o maiorca_n son_n to_o the_o king_n don_n james_n who_o have_v come_v for_o refuge_n to_o this_o english_a prince_n be_v at_o bourdeaux_n john_n chandos_n constable_n of_o guien_n robert_n felton_n great_a seneschal_n richard_n of_o angle_n and_o stephen_n of_o consentone_n marshal_n of_o guien_n moreover_o the_o earl_n of_o armaignac_n and_o albert_n who_o offer_v and_o bring_v to_o this_o war_n a_o thousand_o complete_a lance_n of_o his_o subject_n and_o friend_n but_o they_o be_v reduce_v to_o his_o great_a grief_n to_o two_o hundred_o by_o the_o prince_n be_v so_o advise_v by_o some_o other_o or_o of_o his_o own_o proper_a motion_n and_o for_o envy_n which_o vice_n some_o write_n do_v often_o blemish_v the_o great_a virtue_n that_o be_v in_o he_o for_o even_o some_o affirm_v that_o this_o voyage_n whih_o he_o undertake_v into_o spain_n be_v not_o for_o charity_n nor_o any_o love_n he_o bear_v to_o the_o dispossess_v king_n d._n pedro_n but_o for_o that_o the_o honour_n and_o reputation_n which_o bertrand_n of_o guesclin_n hand_n get_v to_o have_v make_v d._n henry_n k._n of_o castille_n will_v not_o let_v he_o sleep_v beside_o the_o above_o name_v there_o do_v accompany_v the_o prince_n of_o wales_n in_o this_o expedition_n the_o earl_n of_o perigort_n and_o cominge_n the_o vicont_n of_o carmain_n bernard_n and_o perducas_fw-la of_o albert_n captal_a of_o buch_n the_o lord_n of_o clisson_n the_o seneshal_n of_o xaintong_v rochel_n querci_fw-la limosin_n agenois_n and_o bigorre_n with_o many_o other_o nobleman_n and_o renown_a knight_n of_o england_n poitou_n britain_n gasconie_n and_o other_o country_n and_o among_o they_o some_o which_o have_v a_o little_a before_o serve_v d._n henry_n under_o the_o command_n of_o bertrand_n of_o guesclin_n which_o guesclin_n do_v not_o fail_v at_o need_n but_o come_v to_o d._n henry_n army_n with_o a_o good_a number_n of_o knight_n and_o soldier_n to_o aid_v he_o to_o maintain_v his_o conquest_n upon_o the_o news_n of_o this_o mighty_a army_n d._n henry_n have_v gather_v together_o all_o his_o good_a subject_n so_o as_o according_a to_o the_o french_a author_n it_o may_v be_v exceed_v in_o their_o computation_n he_o make_v account_n to_o have_v 7000._o man_n at_o arm_n 20000._o light_a horse_n and_o 40000._o foot_n whereof_o many_o be_v arm_v with_o sling_n much_o fear_v in_o those_o day_n with_o these_o force_n he_o come_v to_o encounter_v his_o enemy_n and_o lodge_v betwixt_o s._n dominike_n of_o calçada_n and_o bagnares_n the_o enemy_n be_v camp_v about_o saluatierra_n who_o approach_v towards_o logrogno_n he_o come_v to_o calderan_n the_o captain_n be_v of_o opinion_n that_o d._n henry_n shall_v not_o fight_v but_o only_a coast_n the_o enemy_n and_o keep_v he_o in_o continual_a fear_n cut_v off_o their_o victual_n and_o other_o commodity_n whereby_o they_o shall_v be_v soon_o force_v to_o break_v of_o themselves_o &_o so_o have_v the_o french_a king_n advise_v he_o to_o do_v but_o he_o who_o be_v a_o prince_n of_o great_a spirit_n and_o more_o resolute_a in_o such_o action_n than_o be_v
diverse_a accident_n the_o first_o be_v the_o strange_a swell_a and_o overflow_a of_o the_o river_n of_o guadalquibir_n to_o the_o great_a spoil_n of_o the_o neighbour_n country_n for_o pass_v over_o her_o bank_n there_o be_v many_o person_n drown_v with_o much_o cattle_n and_o very_o many_o building_n overthrow_v but_o the_o great_a loss_n be_v at_o sevill_n in_o which_o port_n there_o lie_v many_o ship_n of_o the_o fleet_n they_o be_v stay_v long_o from_o make_v of_o their_o preparation_n and_o in_o the_o mean_a time_n while_o they_o proceed_v slow_o in_o this_o action_n according_a to_o the_o custom_n of_o that_o nation_n who_o persuade_v themselves_o to_o do_v great_a matter_n with_o fame_n only_o and_o repose_v the_o chief_a of_o their_o most_o important_a enterprise_n in_o tire_v the_o enemy_n and_o consume_v he_o at_o leisure_n the_o english_a army_n appear_v upon_o their_o coast_n as_o you_o shall_v ●eare_z the_o charge_n of_o the_o english_a fleet_n and_o army_n be_v give_v to_o the_o lord_n charles_n howard_n high_a admiral_n of_o england_n who_o at_o his_o return_n from_o that_o service_n spain_n army_n of_o english_a for_o spain_n be_v by_o the_o queen_n majesty_n make_v earl_n of_o nottingham_n and_o to_o the_o earl_n of_o essex_n be_v join_v together_o in_o commission_n be_v upon_o their_o go_v from_o the_o coast_n of_o england_n they_o do_v publish_v in_o print_n in_o several_a language_n the_o true_a just_a and_o urgent_a reason_n which_o have_v move_v her_o majesty_n to_o undertake_v the_o send_n forth_o of_o so_o great_a a_o navy_n with_o a_o full_a declaration_n of_o her_o majesty_n pleasure_n and_o so_o they_o set_v sail_v from_o plymouth_n upon_o the_o three_o of_o june_n this_o year_n the_o whole_a english_a fleet_n consist_v of_o some_o hundred_o ship_n of_o all_o sort_n the_o which_o be_v divide_v into_o four_o squadron_n of_o the_o which_o the_o lord_n admiral_n command_v the_o first_o the_o earl_n of_o essex_n the_o second_o the_o lord_n thomas_n howard_n now_o earl_n of_o suffolk_n the_o three_o and_o sir_n walter_n raleigh_n the_o four_o on_o the_o ten_o of_o june_n this_o fleet_n get_v sight_n of_o calais_n or_o cadiz_n in_o andalusia_n but_o they_o keep_v not_o the_o order_n appoint_v for_o their_o come_n in_o by_o reason_n of_o the_o mistake_n of_o their_o master_n and_o their_o fall_n in_o the_o night_n with_o the_o west_n soon_o than_o they_o expect_v which_o make_v they_o stand_v upon_o another_o board_n and_o have_v somewhat_o disorder_v their_o fleet_n the_o lord_n admiral_n one_o of_o the_o general_n be_v with_o the_o great_a part_n of_o the_o fleet_n ahead_n to_o the_o windward_n of_o the_o other_o general_n the_o earl_n of_o essex_n and_o his_o squadron_n the_o wind_n be_v then_o at_o south_n sir_n walter_n raleigh_n be_v by_o reason_n of_o some_o chase_n in_o the_o night_n to_o leeward_n and_o a_o stern_a the_o spaniard_n which_o be_v to_o the_o number_n of_o fifty_o and_o seven_o sail_n road_n english_a fleet_n enter_v into_o cadiz_n road_n rod_n under_o the_o town_n of_o calais_n and_o the_o galley_n be_v seventeen_o lay_v in_o the_o mouth_n of_o the_o bay_n to_o cover_v the_o ship_n and_o to_o attend_v the_o land_n of_o the_o english_a the_o lord_n admiral_n come_v to_o a_o anchor_n before_o the_o south-west_n point_n of_o the_o island_n call_v saint_n sebastian_n the_o earl_n of_o essex_n see_v the_o galley_n row_n towards_o the_o land_a place_n which_o he_o have_v choose_v bear_v with_o they_o until_o he_o make_v they_o leave_v their_o course_n and_o then_o looft_v up_o and_o come_v with_o his_o squadron_n to_o a_o other_o anchor_n by_o the_o lord_n admiral_n which_o the_o rest_n of_o the_o fleet_n see_v come_v all_o unto_o they_o only_o the_o lord_n thomas_n howard_n in_o the_o sea-honor_n anchor_v between_o they_o and_o the_o shore_n the_o general_n call_v a_o council_n where_o it_o be_v joint_o agree_v upon_o by_o they_o that_o their_o man_n shall_v be_v land_v and_o the_o 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