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A38889 An exact and true account of the number, names, founders, and the years of foundation of all the publick schools in England with all the reputed academics and universites in the Christian world, viz. England, Scotland, Ireland, Bohemia, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Moravia, Poland, Prussia, Portugal, Spain, Sicily, Silesia, Sweden, Switzerland, and Transilvania. 1687 (1687) Wing E3608A; ESTC R36395 8,130 1

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883. but first Endowed by Gulielmus Dunelmensis 1249. Master 2 Baliol by John Baliol and his Wife Devorgilla Parents of John Baliol King of Scots 1268. Warden 3 Merton by Walter de Merton Lord Chancellor of England Bishop of Rochestor 1274 Rector 4 Exeter by Walther Stapleton Bishop of Exon. 1316. Provorst 5 Orial College by Edward the II. by the Procurement of Adam de Brome his Almoner 1324. Edward the III. added a large House call'd Le Orial 1327. which gave Name to the College since Provorst 6 Queens College By Robert Eglesfeild Chaplian to Queen Philippa Wife of Edward the III. in the year 1340. And by this name recommended to this Queen and the Queens of England Successively they are Summoned to Dinner and Supper by sound of Trumpet Warden 7 New College By William of Wickham Ep. of Winchester and Chancellor of Engl. 1386. Rector 8 Lincoln By Richard Fleming Bishop of Lincoln 1430. and Thomas of Rotherham Bishop of Lincoln afterward Arch-bishop of York and Chancellor 1575. Warden 9 All-Souls By Henry Chichely Arch bishop of Canterbury 1437. President 10 Magdalen By William Wainfleet Bishop of Winchester and Chancellor of England 1459. and Dedicated to St. Mary Magdalen Principal 11 Brazen-nose By William Smith Bishop of Lincoln 1513. And perfected after his Death by Sir Richard Sutten Kt. 1522. by the same Name Presedent 12 Corpus Christi By Richard Fox Bishop of Winchestor 1516. Dean 13 Christ-Church By Thomas Wolsey Cardinal 1525. but he falling into Disgrace with Henry VIII this was Forfeited to the King who restor'd to it its Possessions and added the Bishops See thereto 1546. President 14 Trinity by Sir Thomas Pope 1556. who Dedicated it to the Blessed Trinity President 15 St. John's by Sir Thomas White Lord Mayor of London 1557. and much Enlarged by William Laud Arch bishop of Canterbury 1635. Principal 16 Jesus by the care of Hugh Price Dr. of the Civil Law 1572. and Instituted by Queen Elizabeth Warden 17 Wadham by Nicholas Wadham Esq and Dorothy his Wife 1613. 18 Pembroke first known by the name of Broadgate Hall Founded by Thomas Tiseale Esq and Richard Whitwick S. T. B. So Named in honour of William Earl of Pembroke then Chancellor of Oxford Of the 7 Halls in Oxford All stiled Principals that follow 1 Gloucester Hall a dissolved Monastery but restored by Sir Thomas White 1560. 2 Hart-Hall by Walter Stapleton Bishop of Exeter about 1314. 3. Alban Hall call'd so from the Monks of St. Albans who Studied there 1300. 4 Edmond Hall called so in honour of St. Edmond Arch-Bishop of Canterbury 5 St. Mary Hall Founded by Edward II. 1325. 6 New-Inn Hall formerly Trilleck-Inn from the Trillecks Owners thereof 13600. 7 Magdalen Hall by William of Wainfleet Bishop of Winchester 1480. The university of Cambridge contains 16 Colleges and 4 Halls 1 St. Peter's College or House Founded by Hugh Balsham Bishop of Ely 1280. 2 Clare Hall by Richard Badew Chancellor of the University 1326. First by the name of Vniversity-Hall And afterward Elizabeth Countess of Clare by permission from Edward the I. finished it desiring it might bear that name in memory of her Family 3 Pembroke-Hall Mary de St. Paul Countess of Pembroke Daughter of Guido Chastillion Earl of St. Paul in France Founded it 1343. by the name of the College of Mary Valence afterward named Pembroke-Hall 4 Corpus Christi Henry Duke of Lancaster was the Honorary Founder but Built by the Guides of Corpus Christi and of the Virgin Mary United 1344. but since much Enlarged 5 Trinity Hal● by William Bateman Bishop of Norwich 1347. 6 Gonvil and Caius by Edmond Gonvil Parson of Torrington in Norfolk 1348 and after John Caius Dr. of Physick 1557. was made Co-founder by Letters Patents who imposed on it this Name 7 King's College Founded by Henry the VI 1441. 8 Queens Col●ege Q●een Margaret Wife of King Henry the VI. laid the Foundation 1448. but Queen Elizabeth Wife to Edward the IV. perfected it 9 Katharine Hall by Robert Woodlarker Chancellor of Cambridge 1475. and since that enlarged by many Benefactors 10 Jesus by John Alcolk Bishop of Ely and Lord Chancellor of England 1496. 11 Cbrist College first begun by Henry the VI and known by the name of God's House and after his Death much enlarged finished by Margaret Countess of Richmond the Mother of King Henry the VII who gave it the name it now beareth 1505. 12 St. John's by Margaret Countess of Richmond 1508. but since her time very much amplified and enlarged 13 Magdalen by Edward Stafford Duke of Buckingham 1519. but Finished by Thomas Lord Audly 1515. 14 Trinity College Founded by Henry the VIII 1546. Since whose Reign it hath been very much improved 15 Emanuel by Sir Walter Mildmay one of the Privy Council to Queen Elizabeth who obtain'd Licence of the Queen to erect it 1584 since much enlarged by several other Benefactors 16 Sidney Susse● by Fra●ces Sidney Countess of Sussex Aunt to the Renowned and Learned Souldier Sir Philip Sidney who Founded it by his Name 1598. The Universities of Scotland are 4. 1 St. Andrews the chief Town of Fife an Arch-Bishops See was Founded by Henry Wardlaw 1412. 2 Glascow Founded by William Turnbull Bishop of Glascow in the Reign of James the II. by a Bull from Pope Nicolas the V. about 1453. 3 Aberdeen was made an University 1494. by the Intercasion or King James the II. and William Elphingston who procur'd from Pope Alexander the VI. the privilege of an University 4 Edinburgh was made an University by King James the VI. 1580. Ireland hath but one Vniversity IN Dublin or Divelin is a Beautiful College Consecrated to the Holy Trinity which the Famous and Renowned Queen Elizabtth of Blessed Memory endowed with the privilege of an University and furnished with a very good compleat Library of Books of all sorts for Learning 1492. Bohemia hath but one Vniversity 1 PRague was made an University 1360 by the Emperor Charles the IV. It is reported that in the year 1409. there ●ere above 40000 Scholars under the Rectorship of John Hus. The Vniversities in Denmark are two 1 COpenhagen Instituted by Christian Earl of Oldenburgh 1478. who obtain'd of Pope Sixtus the IV. the Privileges of Bononia for it after that it was enlarged by Christian the III. 1498. and lastly by Frederick the II. 1549. 2 Sore made an University by Christian the IV. 1623. The Vniversities of France are 27. 1 ANger 's was Founded by Lewis Duke of Anjou and King of Sicily and Naples 1346. 2 Aix first permitted by a Bull of Pope Alexander the V. and afterwards restored by Henry the IV. 1603. 3 Arles an Ancient City the Seat Royal of the French Kings of Burgundy and gave Name to the Kingdom of Arles But of late an University 4 Avignon formerly the Residence of some of the Popes was
AN Exact and true Account of the Number Names Founders And The Years of Foundation of all the Publick Schools in England with all the reputed ACADEMIES and UNIVERSITIES In the Christian World viz. England Scotland Ireland Bohemia Denmark France Germany Italy Lithuania Moravia Poland Prussia Portugal Spain Sicily Silesia Sweden Switzerland and Transilvania Of the reputed Academies or Vniversities of Europe and first of England Scotland and Ireland THERE are many Schools of good Literature in several Towns and Cities of England The most Famous of these are 8 1. Eaton School founded by King Henry the Sixth 1441. 2. Westminster School founded by Queen Elizabeth 3. Winchester by William of Wickham Bishop of Winchester 1387. 4. St. Pauls of an old Ruined House built and Richly endowed by Dr. Collet Dean of St. Pauls for 153 poor Mens Children for which there was appointed a Chief Master Usher and Chaplain 1510. or 1512. 5. Merchant Taylors that Worshipful Company and Corporation Founded a School in the year 1561. in the Parish of St. Lawrence Poultney some time the House of the Duke of Bucks called The Manour of the Rose which Mr. Richard Hill purchased for 500 Pound and bestowed it for a Free School 6 Mercers Chappel formerly an Hospital belonging to St. Thomas of Acon was made a School the 25th of Henry the VI. 1394. 7. Christchurch Hospital Founded by King Edward the VI. 1552. 8. The Free-School at St. Mary Overie's in Southwark Founded by or in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth In London we have the Charter-house Founded by Sir Walter Maney Kt. of the Garter to King Edward the III. who served him in the French Wars He first Built a Chappel there and a Monastery for Carthusian Friers the most severe and Riged of all Cloysteral Orders called at first by the name of Salutation Inn. This Charter-house at the Suppression of Abbeys had 642 Pound per Ann. a vast sum in those days And this Demolished place came afterward into the hands and possession of Thomas Earl of Suffolk Lord Treasurer of England in King James the I. his Reign Now in regard the House was sweetly Scituated with Walks Gardens and other Conveniencies it gave occasion to Thomas Sutton of Castle-Camps in Cambridge-shier Esq though Born at Knayeh in Lincolnshire to alter his design of Erecting an Hospital at Hallingbury in Essex and purchased this of the Earl abovesaid for the Sum of 13000 l. one penny paid down before the Sealing of the Conveyance that in few years having raised up this goodly Structure though he died before it was compleated and endowed it with several Manours in Lincolnshier Wiltshier Middlesex Cambridge Essex and other large Revenues and Possessions The Work was finished and called the Hospital of King James consisting of a Master Governer Preacher a Free-School Usher Eighty poor decayed Gentlemen and forty Scholars And 1614. the Monday next after Michaelmas day the Captains Gentlemen and other Officers entred into this new Hospital You may read the Story at large in a Treatise published by Samuel Herne Intituled Domus Carthrusiana Or an account of the Foundation of the Charter-house We have also near Cripplegate in London Sion College fabricated by the care and industry of Mr John Simpson Rector of St. Olaves Hart-street London one of the Executors of the last Will of Thomas White D. D. Vicar of St. Dunstans in the West and one of the Canons Residentiary of St Pauls who Bequeathed 3000 Pound to purchase and erect the said College for the use of the Clergy and Alms-houses for 20 poor People ten Men and ten Women He gave 160 l. for ever to the College and Alms-house whereof one hundred twenty Pound yearly to Maintain the poor Men and Women aforesaid and Forty pound per Ann. to defray the charges of four Dinners for the Clergy who are to have four Latin Sermons Quarterly and on these days to dine in the College Mr. John Simpson did at his own Charge Build the Library containing in length 121 foot and breadth 25 and upward being indifferently stored with Books of all sorts of Learning Sir Thomas Gresham in the year 1579. Queen Elizabeths Royal Merchant or Agent gave the one moity of the Royal Exchange and the Buildings thereunto belonging to the Mayor and Commons of London and their Successors and the other to the Mercers on this condition that the Mayor and Aldermen find four able Persons to read Lectures of Divinity Astronomy Musick and Geometry within the Dwelling-house of Sir Thomas Gresham in Bishopsgate-street Erected by him as an appendent to the Royal Exchange and to bestow 202 l. viz. 50 l. per Ann. on every Reader and the Mercers to find three for Civil Law Physick and Retorick and allow them 50 l. a year stipend they being to read every day in Term time in the Morning in Latin and in English in the Afternoon The Musick only to be read in English The Academies Universities and Colleges of England Scotland and Ireland THey are call'd Academies from a shady Grove of Academus a Noble Athenian about a Mile from Athens where Plato and Zenocrates and other Philosophers retired for the Study of the Sciences of Later Times They have been stiled Universities a Professione Vniversalium Scientiarum artium Liberalium 1 Of these there are two famous Oxford and Cambridge Oxford ques Ousford Isidis radum the name of the Chief River whereod it is Seated or perhaps from Bovis vadum a foard for Oxen as Thracius Bosthoms is by the Germans termed Ochenfort It was much Augmented by Alfred the Saxon King though not Founded by him in the year 880. 2 Cambridge so named from a Bridge built over the River Cam Anciently reported to be built by Cantaber a Spaniard 375 years before Christ repair'd by S●bert about the year 630. defac'd by the Danes and restored by the Normans It began to be an Univrrsity under Henry the I. 1109. These two Learned Sisters may equal most if not all the Academies beyond Sea They have each of them a Chancellor and High-Steward who is always a Person of great Quality Govern'd by a Vice-chancellor and two Proctors apiece The Heads or chief Governors in Oxford are distinguished by six several Titles 1. President 2 Master 3. Warden 4. Provost 5. Dean 6. Princlpal In Cambridge they are all stiled Masters Kings College excepted whose Title is Provost In Oxford the time of taking Degrees in the Arts and Sciences is called The Act which is always the Monday after the sixth of July and in Cambridge the Commencement which is always the first Tuesday in July The Publick Library in Oxford Built by Sir Thomas Bodley with the Addition of Selden's is the most Noble Collection of Books in the World. Cambridge hath likwise a gooodly Publick Library In Oxford there are 18 Colleges and 7 Halls with the Names of their Heads in the Margin Master 1 Vniversity College Founded by Alford King of the West Sax●ns by this Name