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Word A Word B Word C Word D Occurrence Frequency Band MI MI Band Prominent
death_n henry_n king_n marry_v 5,109 5 9.3955 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A36231 Judge Dodaridge, his law of nobility and peerage wherein the antiquities, titles, degrees, and distinctions, concerning the peeres and nobility of this nation, are excellently set forth : with the knights, esquires, gentleman, and yeoman, and matters incident to them, according to the lawes and customes of England.; Magazine of honour Bird, William, 17th cent.; Doddridge, John, Sir, 1555-1628. 1658 (1658) Wing D1794; ESTC R11125 103,063 198

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and_o of_o such_o a_o king_n who_o be_v heir_n unto_o the_o say_a prince_n edward_n and_o such_o a_o first_o beget_v son_n and_o heir_n apparent_a to_o the_o crown_n shall_v inherit_v the_o say_a dukedom_n in_o the_o life_n of_o the_o say_a king_n his_o father_n with_o manner_n of_o limitation_n of_o estate_n be_v short_a excellent_a and_o curious_a vary_v from_o the_o ordinary_a rule_n of_o the_o common_a law_n touch_v the_o frame_n of_o any_o estate_n of_o inheritance_n in_o fee-simple_n or_o fee-tail_n and_o nevertheless_o by_o the_o authority_n of_o parliament_n a_o special_a fee-simple_n be_v in_o that_o only_a case_n make_v as_o by_o judgement_n may_v appear_v in_o the_o book_n aforesaid_a and_o the_o case_n thereof_o fol._n 27._o and_o 21_o e._n 3.41_o b._n and_o ever_o since_o that_o creation_n the_o say_a dukedom_n of_o cornwall_n have_v be_v the_o peculiar_a inheritance_n of_o the_o king_n elder_a son_n ad_fw-la supportandum_fw-la nomen_fw-la &_o on_o we_o bonoris_fw-la to_o 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parliament_n next_o adjoin_v beneath_o the_o say_a place_n which_o the_o say_v rich_a fines_n knight_n lord_n dacres_n then_o have_v and_o occupy_v and_o that_o the_o heir_n of_o the_o body_n of_o the_o say_v joan_n his_o wife_n shall_v have_v and_o occupy_v and_o that_o the_o heir_n male_n of_o the_o say_v thomas_n dacres_n late_a l._n dacres_n shall_v have_v to_o they_o &_o to_o the_o heir_n male_n of_o their_o body_n beget_v the_o manor_n of_o jothington_n etc._n etc._n and_o so_o note_v that_o the_o name_n of_o the_o ancient_a barony_n namely_o gilestand_n remain_v unto_o the_o heir_n male_a unto_o who_o the_o land_n be_v entail_v moreover_o this_o be_v special_o observe_v if_o any_o baron_n by_o writ_n do_v die_v have_v none_o other_o issue_n then_o female_a and_o that_o by_o some_o special_a entail_n or_o other_o assurance_n there_o be_v a_o heir_n male_a which_o do_v enjoy_v all_o or_o a_o great_a part_n of_o the_o land_n possession_n and_o inheritance_n of_o such_o baron_n 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there_o be_v a_o heir_n female_a marty_v unto_o sir_n richard_n fines_n who_o by_o the_o declaration_n of_o hen._n 6._o be_v baron_n of_o dacres_n in_o the_o right_n of_o his_o wife_n and_o there_o be_v also_o ralph_n and_o humphrey_n the_o heir_n male_n before_o who_o the_o heir_n female_a be_v prefer_v by_o the_o censure_n of_o henry_n 6._o and_o edward_n 4._o this_o objection_n be_v easy_o answer_v for_o although_o hen._n 6._o through_o the_o princely_a favour_n which_o he_o bear_v unto_o sir_n richard_n fines_n have_v declare_v he_o to_o be_v lord_n dacres_n in_o the_o right_n of_o his_o wife_n yet_o notwithstanding_o do_v ralph_n dacres_n be_v heir_n male_a unto_o the_o then_o lord_n dacres_n decease_v bear_v also_o the_o name_n of_o 〈◊〉_d dacres_n and_o by_o that_o name_n be_v attaint_v in_o parliament_n wherefore_o the_o reason_n why_o the_o heir_n male_a can_v not_o be_v regard_v be_v the_o say_a attainder_n of_o the_o say_v ralph_n and_o humphrey_n his_o brother_n and_o therefore_o when_o humphrey_n 12._o edw._n 4._o labour_v to_o have_v the_o say_a attainder_n reverse_v he_o submit_v himself_o unto_o the_o arbitrament_n of_o the_o king_n who_o to_o satisfy_v both_o competitor_n because_o both_o have_v well_o deserve_v of_o he_o after_o he_o have_v admit_v they_o to_o his_o favour_n he_o allow_v the_o one_o to_o be_v lord_n dacres_n the_o other_o to_o be_v lord_n dacres_n of_o gillesland_n &_o thus_o much_o concern_v the_o second_o point_n whether_o a_o barony_n by_o writ_n may_v descend_v unto_o the_o heir_n female_a or_o not_o as_o concern_v the_o three_o point_n admit_v such_o descent_n to_o be_v to_o the_o heir_n female_a when_o there_o be_v no_o heir_n male_a at_o all_o that_o may_v claim_v the_o same_o for_o than_o do_v this_o question_n take_v place_n whether_o the_o husband_n of_o such_o heir_n
lawyer_n term_n matter_n in_o fact_n and_o not_o by_o any_o record_n cook_n 6._o part_n 53._o a._n but_o a_o noble_a woman_n by_o marriage_n though_o she_o take_v to_o her_o a_o second_o husband_n a_o man_n of_o mean_a degree_n yet_o she_o may_v keep_v two_o chaplain_n according_a to_o the_o proviso_n in_o the_o statute_n of_o 21._o h._n 8._o c._n 13._o for_o and_z in_o respect_n of_o the_o honour_n which_o once_o she_o have_v viz._n at_o the_o time_n of_o the_o retayner_n and_o every_o such_o chaplain_n may_v purchase_v lie_n cense_v and_o dispensation_n cook_n 4._o part_n 117._o cowel_n instution_n lib._n tit_n 10.15_o but_o her_o chaplain_n may_v not_o be_v nonresident_a afterward_o and_o forasmuch_o as_o the_o retain_v of_o chaplain_n by_o lady_n of_o great_a estate_n be_v ordinary_a and_o nevertheless_o some_o question_n in_o law_n have_v be_v concern_v the_o true_a understanding_n of_o the_o say_a statute_n law_n i_o think_v it_o not_o impertinent_a to_o set_v down_o some_o subsequent_a resolution_n of_o the_o judge_n touch_v such_o matter_n anne_n baronesse_n of_o mount_n eagle_n in_o her_o widowhood_n do_v retain_v two_o chaplain_n according_a to_o the_o statute_n and_o one_o of_o they_o have_v but_o one_o benefice_n and_o therefore_o do_v obtain_v a_o dispensation_n with_o a_o confirmation_n from_o the_o queen_n according_a to_o the_o tenor_n of_o the_o say_a statute_n but_o before_o he_o be_v present_v to_o his_o second_o benefice_n the_o lady_n do_v take_v to_o husband_n henry_n lord_n compton_n whereby_o she_o do_v forsake_v her_o former_a dignity_n of_o baroness_n of_o mount-eagle_n and_o afterward_o the_o say_a chaplain_n do_v accept_v a_o second_o benefice_n and_o be_v thereunto_o admit_v and_o induct_v and_o the_o judge_n have_v resolve_v that_o the_o chaplain_n have_v do_v nothing_o herein_o but_o according_a to_o the_o meaning_n of_o the_o statute_n and_o that_o the_o lady_n marriage_n between_o his_o retainer_n and_o acceptance_n of_o his_o second_o benefice_n be_v no_o countermand_n revocation_n or_o determination_n of_o that_o retainer_n which_o the_o lady_n lawful_o then_o do_v make_v but_o that_o she_o live_v he_o may_v proceed_v to_o the_o fill_v up_o of_o the_o qualification_n causa_fw-la &_o origio_fw-la est_fw-la materia_fw-la negoti_fw-la for_o though_o the_o wife_n of_o a_o nobleman_n during_o the_o covecture_n can_v by_o law_n rerain_v a_o chaplain_n to_o be_v qualify_v according_a to_o the_o statute_n because_o by_o intendment_n her_o husband_n chaplain_n be_v sufficient_a for_o that_o office_n yet_o forasmuch_o as_o the_o retainer_n be_v lawful_a then_o she_o be_v widow_n that_o be_v the_o principal_a matter_n shall_v enable_v he_o to_o take_v use_n and_o benefice_n after_o her_o marriage_n for_o though_o the_o husband_n and_o wife_n be_v but_o one_o person_n in_o law_n yet_o as_o the_o text_n be_v sunt_fw-la animo_fw-la duo_fw-la in_o carne_fw-la uno_fw-la bracton_n lib._n 5._o fol._n 363_o a._n and_o in_o this_o case_n by_o the_o death_n of_o the_o lord_n compton_n her_o first_o retainer_n be_v not_o determine_v for_o without_o any_o near_a retainer_n her_o say_a chaplain_n may_v take_v his_o second_o benefice_n and_o also_o for_o that_o cause_n so_o long_o as_o the_o say_a chaplain_n do_v attend_v upon_o their_o say_a lady_n in_o her_o house_n they_o shall_v not_o be_v endamage_v for_o nonresidency_a cook_n 4._o part_n 117._o fol._n 90._o &_o 76._o that_o which_o remain_v concern_v the_o further_a exposition_n of_o this_o statute_n you_o may_v read_v before_o in_o the_o title_n of_o privilege_n of_o lord_n so_o long_o that_o the_o wise_a of_o a_o duke_n be_v call_v duchess_n or_o of_o a_o earl_n be_v a_o countess_n and_o have_v the_o fruition_n of_o all_o the_o honour_n appertain_v to_o that_o estate_n with_o kneel_v taste_v serve_a and_o the_o rest_n and_o so_o long_o shall_v a_o baron_n widow_n be_v salute_v lady_n and_o a_o knight_n wise_a also_o by_o the_o courteous_a speech_n of_o england_n quandiu_fw-la maj._n aut_fw-la viduity_n vic_a durant_fw-mi except_o she_o happen_v to_o relapse_n with_o a_o adulterer_n for_o as_o the_o law_n of_o this_o kingdom_n do_v adjudge_v that_o 〈◊〉_d woman_n shall_v lose_v her_o dower_n in_o that_o case_n viz._n west_n cap._n b._n f.n.b._n fol._n 150._o h._n perk._n fel._n 70._o kitchen_n 162._o b._n as_o ru●o●_n land_n and_o tenant_n so_o just_o so_o do_v the_o law_n of_o gentry_n and_o nobleness_n give_v sentence_n against_o such_o a_o woma●_n advance_v to_o title_n of_o dignity_n by_o the_o husband_n to_o be_v unworthy_a to_o enjoy_v the_o same_o when_o she_o put_v her_o husband_n out_o of_o mind_n have_v subject_v herself_o to_o another_o if_o a_o lady_n which_o be_v marry_v come_v through_o the_o forest_n he_o shall_v not_o take_v any_o thing_n but_o a_o duchess_n or_o 〈◊〉_d countess_n shall_v have_v advantage_n of_o the_o statute_n de_fw-fr char●●_n poorest_n 11._o art_n during_o the_o time_n that_o she_o be_v unmarried_a cromptons_n court_n fol._n 167_o b._n whereas_o it_o be_v contain_v in_o the_o great_a charter_n amongst_o other_o thing_n in_o the_o form_n which_o follow_v no_o freeman_n shall_v be_v take_v or_o imprison_v or_o deseise_v of_o his_o free-horn_n or_o his_o liberty_n or_o free-custom_n or_o shall_v be_v outlaw_v o●_n banish_v or_o in_o any_o wise_a destroy_v nor_o go_v upon_o he_o b●●_n by_o the_o lawful_a judgement_n of_o his_o peer_n or_o by_o the_o law_n o●_n the_o land_n in_o which_o statute_n be_v no_o mention_n make_v how_o woman_n lady_n of_o great_a estate_n because_o of_o their_o husband_n peer_n of_o the_o land_n marry_v or_o sole_a that_o be_v to_o say_v duchess_n countess_n or_o baroness_n shall_v be_v put_v to_o answer_v o●_n before_o what_o judge_n they_o shall_v be_v judge_v upon_o a_o indictment_n of_o treason_n or_o fellonye_n by_o they_o commit_v o●_n do_v because_o whereof_o it_o be_v a_o ambiguity_n in_o the_o law_n o●_n england_n before_o who_o and_o by_o who_o such_o lady_n so_o indict_v shall_v be_v put_v to_o answer_v and_o be_v judge_v by_o our_o say_a sovereign_a lord_n the_o king_n willing_a to_o put_v out_o such_o ambiguity_n and_o doubt_n have_v declare_v by_o authority_n aforesaid_a that_o such_o lady_n so_o indict_v or_o hereafter_o to_o be_v indict_v whether_o they_o be_v marry_v or_o sole_a thereof_o shall_v be_v bring_v in_o answer_n and_o put_v to_o answer_v and_o judge_v before_o such_o judge_n and_o peer_n of_o the_o realm_n as_o peer_n of_o the_o realm_n shall_v be_v if_o they_o be_v indict_v of_o any_o treason_n or_o fellonye_n do_v or_o hereafter_o to_o be_v do_v and_o in_o like_a manner_n and_o form_n and_o in_o none_o otherwise_o anno_fw-la 2._o h._n 6._o cap._n 9_o which_o statute_n be_v but_o a_o confirmation_n or_o declaration_n of_o the_o common_a law_n vide_fw-la cook_n 6_o part_v 52._o b._n this_o be_v a_o rule_n in_o the_o civil_a law_n si_fw-la filia_fw-la r._n nubat_fw-la alicui_fw-la dom_n vel_fw-la comiti_fw-la dicetur_fw-la semp_n regalis_fw-la as_o among_o noble_a woman_n there_o be_v a_o difference_n of_o degree_n so_o according_a to_o their_o distinct_a excellentnesse_n the_o law_n do_v give_v special_a privilege_n as_o follow_v by_o the_o statute_n of_o 25._o e._n 3._o cap._n 2._o it_o be_v high_a treason_n to_o compose_v or_o imagine_v the_o death_n of_o the_o queen_n or_o to_o violate_v the_o king_n companion_n the_o king_n espouse_v be_v a_o sole_a person_n exempt_v by_o the_o common_a law_n and_o she_o may_v purchase_v by_o fee-simple_n or_o make_v lease_n or_o grant_n without_o the_o king_n she_o may_v plead_v and_o be_v implead_v which_o no_o other_o marry_v woman_n can_v do_v without_o her_o husband_n cook_n 4_o part_n 23._o b._n theol._n lib._n 1_o a._n cap._n 4.24_o e._n 3.63_o vide_fw-la bracton_n 363._o a._n all_o act_n of_o parliament_n for_o any_o cause_n which_o any_o way_n may_v concern_v the_o queen_n and_o her_o capacity_n be_v such_o statute_n whereof_o the_o judge_n ought_v to_o take_v recognizance_n as_o of_o general_a statute_n for_o though_o the_o matter_n do_v only_o concern_v the_o capacity_n of_o the_o queen_n yet_o it_o do_v also_o concern_v all_o the_o subject_n of_o the_o realm_n for_o every_o subject_n have_v interest_n in_o the_o king_n and_o none_o of_o his_o subject_n who_o be_v within_o hi●_n law_n be_v divide_v from_o the_o king_n be_v his_o head_n and_o sovereign_n so_o that_o his_o business_n and_o thing_n do_v touch_v all_o the_o realm_n and_o as_o all_o the_o realm_n have_v interest_n in_o the_o king_n so_o and_o for_o the_o same_o reason_n in_o the_o queen_n be_v his_o wife_n plouden_n 23.1_o a._n cook_n 8._o repl._n 28._o a_o man_n seize_v of_o divers_a land_n in_o fee_n hold_v by_o knight_n service_n some_o by_o priority_n that_o be_v by_o ancient_a feoffment_n hold_v of_o other_o and_o some_o
bewdesert_n be_v seize_v in_o his_o demesn_a as_o of_o fee_n of_o the_o barony_n of_o langden_n and_o hawood_n and_o of_o and_o in_o the_o manor_n of_o bewdesert_n landen_n etc._n etc._n and_o be_v so_o seize_v by_o fine_a quinto_fw-la mariae_fw-la entail_v the_o barony_n and_o manor_n aforesaid_a to_o he_o and_o his_o heir_n male_n of_o his_o body_n issue_v and_o afterward_o anno_fw-la 5._o eliz._n die_v leaving_z henry_n his_o son_n next_o heir_n male_a which_o henry_n enter_v into_o the_o barony_n and_o land_n aforesaid_a by_o virtue_n of_o the_o foresay_a fine_a and_o die_v thereof_o seize_v 11._o eliz._n leave_v elizabeth_n his_o only_a daughter_n and_o heir_n after_o who_o death_n thomas_n paget_n brother_n and_o heir_n male_a of_o the_o say_v henry_n enter_v into_o the_o barony_n and_o manor_n aforesaid_a and_o be_v summon_v to_o the_o parliament_n by_o virtue_n of_o the_o aforesaid_a fine_a william_n lord_n paget_n of_o bewdesert_n deed_n anno_fw-la 5._o eliz._n henry_n lord_n paget_n die_v an._n 11._o eliz._n elizabeth_z his_o daughter_n and_o heir_n thomas_n lord_n paget_n by_o force_n of_o the_o entail_v after_o the_o death_n of_o his_o brother_n robert_n lord_n ogle_n enter_v into_o the_o barony_n of_o bothal_n and_o ogle_n with_o divers_a other_o manor_n and_o land_n in_o the_o county_n of_o northumberland_n by_o conveyance_n which_o be_v to_o himself_o for_o term_n of_o his_o life_n the_o remainder_n to_o the_o heir_n male_n of_o his_o body_n beget_v and_o he_o take_v to_o his_o wife_n dorothy_n witherington_n by_o who_o he_o have_v issue_n robert_n ogle_n his_o elder_a son_n and_o margery_n his_o daughter_n marry_v gregory_n ogle_n of_o chippington_n and_o the_o say_v robert_n the_o father_n after_o the_o death_n of_o the_o say_v dorothy_n his_o wife_n take_v to_o his_o second_o wife_n joane_n ratcliff_n by_o who_o he_o have_v issue_n cuthbert_n his_o second_o son_n and_o after_o die_v after_o who_o death_n robert_n the_o son_n be_v lord_n ogle_n from_o who_o the_o same_o descend_v to_o cuthbert_n be_v brother_n of_o the_o half_a blood_n by_o virtue_n of_o the_o say_a entail_n and_o not_o to_o the_o say_v margery_n nor_o unto_o her_o heir_n be_v of_o the_o whole_a blood_n unto_o the_o say_v robert_n the_o son_n robert_n ogle_n lord_n ogle_n dorothy_n daughter_n of_o henry_n withrington_n first_o wife_n robert_n ogle_n l._n ogle_n die_v without_o issue_n margery_n marry_v to_o ogle_n of_o chippington_n cuthbert_n ogle_n of_o chippington_n cuthbert_n ogle_n l._n ogle_n die_v margery_n ogle_n marry_v robert_n witherington_n thomas_n ogle_n joan_n the_o daughter_n of_o cuthbort_n ratcliff_n kni._n the_o second_o wife_n moreover_o concern_v the_o second_o objection_n it_o be_v very_o true_a that_o many_o ancient_a manor_n which_o be_v ancient_o hold_v by_o barony_n as_o the_o head_n or_o parcel_n of_o a_o barony_n be_v now_o in_o the_o hand_n of_o gentleman_n mean_a and_o un-noble_a by_o blood_n who_o neither_o do_v nor_o may_v claim_v any_o nobility_n or_o honour_n thereby_o but_o the_o reason_n that_o some_o former_a gift_n make_v by_o the_o king_n majesty_n progenitour_n the_o supreme_a sovereign_n of_o this_o realm_n to_o such_o as_o they_o honour_v in_o augmentation_n and_o support_v of_o their_o honour_n and_o by_o honourable_a service_n shall_v thus_o come_v to_o the_o hand_n of_o mean_a personage_n be_v twofold_a first_o for_o that_o such_o manor_n have_v be_v alien_v by_o licence_n unto_o such_o person_n before_o speak_v who_o such_o possession_n alone_o can_v make_v noble_a second_o and_o that_o be_v usual_o such_o manor_n as_o be_v hold_v by_o barony_n have_v upon_o divers_a encheason_n and_o occasion_n come_v to_o the_o crown_n by_o way_n of_o revertor_n or_o eschete_n or_o forfeit_v by_o mean_n whereof_o the_o ancient_a tenor_n derive_v from_o the_o crown_n by_o reason_n of_o those_o land_n so_o come_v again_o to_o the_o crown_n be_v extinct_a and_o after_o the_o say_v land_n be_v give_v or_o convey_v to_o other_o reserve_v other_o service_n than_o those_o which_o at_o the_o first_o be_v due_a for_o the_o same_o so_o that_o it_o be_v no_o marvel_n to_o see_v that_o some_o manor_n ancient_o hold_v by_o barony_n or_o other_o honourable_a service_n shall_v now_o be_v hold_v in_o soccage_n or_o by_o other_o trivial_a or_o mean_a tenure_n as_o to_o that_o which_o be_v three_o object_v that_o some_o ancient_a baron_n there_o be_v which_o have_v alien_v and_o sell_v away_o those_o castle_n and_o manor_n of_o the_o which_o they_o have_v and_o do_v bear_v the_o name_n and_o dignity_n and_o yet_o nevertheless_o themselves_o do_v still_o retain_v and_o keep_v lawful_o their_o estate_n dignity_n and_o degree_n of_o a_o baron_n and_o have_v be_v and_o be_v call_v to_o the_o parliament_n such_o alienation_n notwithstanding_o to_o this_o i_o answer_v that_o it_o be_v true_a but_o it_o prove_v nothing_o against_o the_o former_a resolution_n and_o therefore_o for_o better_a satisfaction_n of_o this_o observation_n it_o be_v to_o be_v consider_v that_o such_o baron_n either_o be_v original_o baron_n by_o writ_n or_o baron_n by_o tenure_n baron_n by_o writ_n in_o this_o respect_n now_o in_o hand_n be_v of_o two_o kind_n for_o either_o in_o such_o writ_n whereby_o they_o or_o their_o ancestor_n be_v at_o first_o summon_v they_o be_v name_v only_o by_o their_o own_o name_n or_o else_o there_o be_v addition_n give_v they_o of_o the_o principal_a place_n of_o their_o abode_n which_o be_v do_v either_o for_o distinction_n sake_n to_o sever_v they_o from_o some_o honourable_a person_n of_o the_o same_o surname_n or_o else_o to_o give_v they_o such_o honourable_a title_n by_o addition_n of_o the_o place_n which_o place_n notwithstanding_o be_v not_o hold_v by_o barony_n and_o therefore_o if_o such_o a_o baron_n do_v alien_a away_o that_o place_n which_o ancient_o be_v his_o seat_n he_o may_v nevertheless_o retain_v his_o honourable_a title_n in_o respect_n have_v of_o such_o a_o place_n but_o if_o a_o baron_n by_o tenure_n do_v alien_a away_o the_o honourarable_a castle_n or_o manor_n hold_v by_o barony_n unto_o a_o mean_a person_n not_o capable_a of_o honour_n and_o that_o by_o sufficient_a licence_n so_o to_o do_v and_o after_o the_o alienour_n which_o make_v such_o alienation_n be_v call_v by_o writ_n to_o the_o parliament_n under_o the_o title_n or_o as_o baron_n of_o such_o honour_n castle_n or_o manor_n so_o alien_v he_o be_v not_o any_o more_o a_o baron_n by_o tenure_n in_o respect_n of_o that_o place_n for_o that_o he_o have_v alien_v that_o away_o which_o he_o hold_v by_o barony_n but_o thenceforth_o after_o such_o writ_n of_o summons_n he_o be_v become_v a_o baron_n by_o writ_n and_o may_v retain_v the_o name_n of_o baron_n by_o title_n of_o the_o place_n as_o baron_n by_o writ_n such_o alienation_n notwithstanding_o forasmuch_o as_o the_o write_v direct_v at_o the_o pleasure_n of_o the_o prince_n do_v give_v unto_o he_o that_o addition_n of_o name_n and_o dignity_n and_o thus_o much_o touch_v the_o resolution_n of_o the_o say_a question_n and_o satisfaction_n of_o the_o say_a objection_n and_o of_o baron_n by_o tenure_n baron_n by_o writ_n which_o be_v the_o second_o kind_n of_o baron_n mention_v in_o the_o former_a division_n of_o baron_n a_o baron_n by_o writ_n be_v he_o unto_o who_o a_o writ_n of_o summons_n in_o the_o name_n of_o the_o king_n be_v direct_v to_o come_v to_o the_o parliament_n appoint_v at_o a_o certain_a time_n and_o place_n to_o be_v hold_v and_o there_o with_o his_o highness_n the_o prelate_n nobility_n and_o peer_n to_o treat_v and_o advise_v touch_v the_o weighty_a affair_n of_o the_o realm_n the_o form_n of_o which_o writ_n be_v much_o to_o the_o effect_n of_o the_o write_v before_o mention_v in_o the_o title_n of_o earl_n which_o kind_n of_o writ_n be_v as_o well_o direct_v to_o the_o baron_n by_o tenure_n as_o baron_n by_o creation_n patent_n or_o otherwise_o but_o those_o which_o be_v not_o baron_n by_o tenure_n nor_o by_o patent_n and_o have_v only_o such_o writ_n be_v therefore_o call_v baron_n by_o writ_n and_o upon_o receipt_n of_o such_o writ_n and_o place_n take_v according_o in_o parliament_n aught_o to_o enjoy_v the_o name_n dignity_n and_o honour_n of_o a_o baron_n touch_v the_o antiquity_n of_o baron_n by_o writ_n only_o and_o their_o first_o institution_n i_o find_v little_a or_o no_o mention_n before_o the_o time_n of_o h._n 3._o and_o therefore_o i_o conceive_v that_o either_o the_o first_o of_o all_o or_o at_o least_o that_o the_o first_o frequent_a use_n of_o such_o baron_n be_v have_v and_o devise_v 49._o h._n 3._o in_o case_n of_o necessity_n and_o upon_o a_o lamentable_a occasion_n for_o in_o the_o discord_n between_o the_o king_n and_o his_o nobility_n in_o those_o troublesome_a war_n sedition_n and_o rebellion_n which_o they_o move_v
such_o a_o heir_n within_o age_n 〈◊〉_d make_v a_o knight_n and_o thereby_o to_o this_o purpose_n be_v estee●ed_v of_o full_a age_n yet_o the_o law_n shall_v remain_v in_o the_o custo●●●_n of_o the_o lord_n till_o his_o age_n of_o 21._o year_n by_o the_o provision_n 〈◊〉_d the_o say_v act._n quere_z if_o the_o son_n and_o heir_n of_o the_o tenant_n 〈◊〉_d the_o king_n by_o knight-service_n etc._n etc._n be_v make_v knight_n in_o ●aris_fw-la by_o the_o king_n of_o france_n whether_o he_o shall_v be_v out_o of_o ●ardship_n after_o the_o death_n of_o his_o father_n or_o no_o for_o thereby_o ●e_n be_v a_o knight_n in_o england_n cook_n 7._o par_fw-fr a._n 2._o e._n 4._o foe_n b._n tamen_fw-la ●ide_v cook_n 6._o par_fw-fr 74._o b._n mention_n be_v only_o make_v of_o knight_n ●ade_v by_o the_o king_n himself_o or_o by_o his_o lieutenant_n in_o ire●●nd_n but_o when_o the_o king_n do_v make_v a_o heir_n apparent_a with●●_n age_n of_o a_o tenant_n by_o knight_n service_n a_o knight_n in_o the_o ●se_a time_n of_o his_o ancestor_n and_o after_o the_o death_n of_o his_o ancestor_n the_o say_a heir_n be_v within_o age_n shall_v in_o this_o case_n be_v 〈◊〉_d of_o ward_n and_o shall_v pay_v no_o value_n for_o his_o marriage_n nei●her_o shall_v the_o lord_n have_v the_o custody_n of_o the_o land_n for_o in_o ●hat_n case_n by_o the_o make_n of_o he_o knight_n in_o the_o life_n of_o his_o ancestor_n he_o be_v make_v of_o full_a age_n so_o that_o when_o his_o ancestor_n by_v no_o interest_n in_o the_o body_n nor_o in_o the_o land_n shall_v in●est_v but_o the_o knight_n may_v tender_v his_o livery_n as_o if_o he_o be_v 〈◊〉_d full_a age_n and_o in_o this_o case_n the_o king_n shall_v have_v primer_n ●●ism_n as_o if_o he_o have_v be_v 21._o year_n old_a at_o the_o time_n of_o the_o decease_n of_o his_o ancestor_n and_o not_o otherwise_o cook_n 8._o part_n fol._n 〈◊〉_d 71._o a._n for_o the_o statute_n of_o magna_fw-la charta_fw-la do_v not_o extend_v ●nto_o it_o for_o the_o purpose_n of_o it_o do_v extend_v only_o when_o the_o heir_n be_v in_o ward_n infra_fw-la etatem_fw-la be_v make_v knight_n then_o rema_v neat_a torra_n in_o custodia_fw-la but_o when_o the_o heir_n be_v in_o ward_n be_v knight_n in_o the_o life_n of_o his_o ancestor_n than_o the_o custod●_n can_v remain_v or_o continue_v which_o have_v never_o any_o inception_n or_o essence_n also_o when_o the_o heir_n after_o the_o death_n of_o his_o ancestor_n within_o age_n be_v make_v a_o knight_n if_o after_o tender_a make_v unt●_n he_o he_o within_o age_n do_v marry_v elsewhere_o yet_o he_o shal●_n not_o pay_v the_o forfeiture_n of_o his_o marriage_n for_o by_o the_o make_n of_o he_o knight_n he_o be_v out_o of_o ward_n and_o custody_n of_o hi●_n lord_n for_o than_o he_o ought_v to_o be_v svi_fw-la juris_fw-la and_o may_v employ_v himself_o in_o feat_n of_o arm_n for_o defence_n of_o this_o realm_n and_o therefore_o may_v not_o be_v within_o the_o custody_n or_o keep_n of_o another_o but_o none_o shall_v pay_v any_o forfeiture_n but_o when_o after_o refusal_n he_o do_v marry_v himself_o during_o the_o time_n when_o he_o be_v under_o the_o custody_n or_o keep_n of_o his_o lord_n and_o this_o do_v appear_v by_o the_o statute_n of_o merton_n cap._n 6._o si_fw-mi maritaverit_fw-la sine_fw-la licentia_fw-la domini_fw-la svi_fw-la ut_fw-la ei_fw-la auferat_fw-la maritagium_fw-la suum_fw-la etc._n etc._n which_o word_n can_v be_v understand_v when_o he_o be_v out_o of_o ward_n and_o custody_n no_o more_o than_o when_o he_o be_v marry_v after_o his_o age_n of_o one_o and_o twenty_o year_n note_v hereby_o may_v appear_v that_o the_o king_n may_v pre●ent_v his_o grant_n or_o other_o lord_n of_o the_o double_a value_n by_o knighthood_n yet_o in_o such_o a_o c●se_n present_o after_o the_o heir_n be_v make_v knight_n after_o the_o death_n of_o his_o ancestor_n the_o lord_n may_v have_v a_o writ_n de_fw-fr valour_n marigii_n for_o the_o single_a cook_n 6._o part_n 74._o and_o 75._o and_o note_n plowden_n f._n 267._o also_o by_o the_o ancient_a common-law_n of_o this_o realm_n if_o a_o villain_n be_v be_v make_v a_o knight_n he_o be_v immediate_o enfran●ranchized_v olanvile_n lib._n 5._o cap._n 5._o f._n 27._o and_o bracton_n lib._n 4._o ●ap_n 198._o b._n or_o if_o a_o ribald_n or_o man_n of_o base_a birth_n and_o condition_n have_v strucken_v a_o knight_n he_o shall_v by_o the_o ancient_a law_n have_v ●ost_o his_o hand_n wherewith_o he_o offend_v britton_n 19_o in_o his_o appeal_n but_o in_o france_n it_o be_v judge_v ancient_o that_o when_o a_o ●ord_n of_o a_o villain_n have_v knight_v his_o villain_n be_v a_o gentleman_n he_o become_v free_a and_o have_v the_o honour_n lawful_o ●ut_v if_o another_o lord_n have_v knight_v he_o nothing_o have_v be_v ●rought_v by_o it_o for_o none_o can_v mannue_n he_o but_o the_o lord_n and_o till_o manumission_n or_o till_o knighthood_n have_v ci●ill_o freedom_n for_o his_o ground_n he_o be_v not_o capable_a of_o it_o except_o by_o the_o king_n only_o vide_fw-la selden_n title_n of_o honour_n fol._n 318._o it_o be_v enact_v in_o parliament_n anno_fw-la 6._o joh._n regis_fw-la in_o ●ec_fw-la verba_fw-la rex_fw-la vicecom_v etc._n etc._n sciatis_fw-la quod_fw-la consensum_fw-la est_fw-la cum_fw-la assensu_fw-la archieporum_fw-la comit._n baronium_n &_o omnium_fw-la fidelium_fw-la urum_fw-la angl._n quod_fw-la novem_n milites_fw-la per_fw-la totam_fw-la angl._n invenient_fw-la decimum_fw-la militem_fw-la bene_fw-la paratum_fw-la equis_fw-la &_o armis_fw-la ●d_a defensionem_fw-la regni_fw-la nostri_fw-la vide_fw-la cook_n before_o his_o nine_o book_n b._n there_o have_v ever_o be_v and_o still_o be_v great_a use_n of_o the_o service_n of_o knight_n even_o in_o civil_a affair_n and_o concern_v matter_n of_o justice_n as_o in_o a_o writ_n of_o right_a which_o be_v the_o high_a writ_n in_o the_o law_n for_o the_o trial_n of_o title_n touch_v the_o inheritance_n of_o land_n the_o tenant_n be_v at_o election_n to_o have_v his_o trial_n by_o a_o grand_a assize_n or_o else_o by_o battle_n if_o by_o the_o great_a assize_n than_o 〈◊〉_d de_fw-fr magna_fw-la assiza_fw-mi elegenda_fw-la sh●ll_v be_v take_v out_o and_o upon_o the_o return_n of_o that_o write_v those_o four_o knight_n nominate_v must_v appear_v gladiis_fw-la cinctis_fw-la dyer_n 79._o f._n 103._o if_o the_o tenant_n make_v his_o election_n by_o battle_n each_o party_n be_v to_o choose_v their_o champion_n and_o the_o court_n shall_v award_v the_o battle_n and_o the_o champion_n shall_v be_v a_o mainprize_n and_o swear_v to_o perform_v the_o battle_n at_o a_o certain_a day_n in_o the_o term_n and_o idem_fw-la dies_fw-la shall_v be_v give_v to_o the_o party_n at_o which_o day_n and_o place_n a_o list_n shall_v be_v make_v in_o a_o even_a and_o plain_a ground_n their_o squadrant_n that_o be_v to_o say_v every_o square_a 60._o foot_n east_n west_n north_n and_o south_n and_o the_o place_n or_o court_n for_o the_o justice_n of_o the_o common_a plea_n without_o and_o upon_o the_o list_n furnish_v with_o the_o same_o clothes_n which_o belong_v to_o their_o court_n at_o westminster_n and_o a_o bar_n there_o shall_v be_v make_v for_o the_o sergeant_n at_o law_n and_o the_o robe_n of_o the_o justice_n and_o sergeant_n shall_v be_v of_o scarlet_n with_o their_o coif_n as_o it_o be_v anno_fw-la 13._o eliz._n and_o then_o be_v make_v proclamation_n with_o three_o o._n yes_o etc._n etc._n and_o the_o demandant_n be_v first_o solemn_o demand_v and_o do_v not_o appear_v whereupon_o the_o mainprize_n of_o the_o champion_n be_v demand_v to_o bring_v forth_o the_o champion_n of_o the_o demandant_n who_o come_v to_o the_o place_n apparel_v with_o red_a sandal_n upon_o his_o black_a armour_n bare_a legged_a from_o the_o knee_n downward_o and_o bear_v head_v and_o bare_a arm_n to_o the_o elbow_n be_v bring_v in_o by_o a_o knight_n namely_o by_o sir_n jerome_n bowes_n who_o carry_v a_o red_a baston_n of_o a_o ell_n long_o typt_v with_o horn_n and_o a_o yeoman_n carry_v the_o target_n make_v of_o double_a leather_n and_o they_o be_v bring_v in_o at_o the_o north_n side_n of_o the_o list_n and_o go_v about_o the_o side_n of_o the_o list_n and_o then_o come_v towards_o the_o bar_n before_o the_o justice_n with_o their_o solemn_a congee_n and_o there_o be_v he_o make_v to_o stay_v on_o the_o southside_n of_o the_o place_n be_v the_o right_a side_n of_o the_o court._n and_o after_o that_o the_o other_o champion_n be_v bring_v in_o like_a manner_n at_o the_o southside_n of_o the_o list_n with_o like_a congee_n by_o the_o hand_n of_o sir_n henry_n cheney_n knight_n and_o be_v place_v on_o the_o northside_n of_o the_o bar_n and_o two_o sergeant_n be_v of_o the_o counsel_n of_o each_o party_n in_o the_o midst_n between_o they_o this_o do_v the_o demandant_n be_v solemn_o call_v