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Word A Word B Word C Word D Occurrence Frequency Band MI MI Band Prominent
death_n henry_n king_n marry_v 5,109 5 9.3955 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A35240 The natural history of the principality of Wales in three parts ... together with the natural and artificial rarities and wonders in the several counties of that principality / by R.B. R. B., 1632?-1725? 1695 (1695) Wing C7339; ESTC R23794 124,814 195

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the_o fifteen_o and_o last_o prince_n of_o wales_n of_o the_o royal_a family_n of_o england_n and_o after_o king_n of_o england_n by_o the_o title_n of_o king_n charles_n ii_o i_o have_v be_v very_o brief_a in_o relate_v the_o action_n of_o several_a of_o the_o prince_n of_o wales_n have_v already_o give_v a_o account_n of_o they_o in_o some_o other_o book_n which_o i_o have_v former_o publish_v as_o for_o instance_n in_o a_o book_n call_v admirable_a curiosity_n rarity_n and_o wonder_n in_o every_o county_n in_o england_n in_o the_o remark_n upon_o the_o county_n of_o gloucester_n you_o may_v find_v all_o the_o particular_n of_o the_o murder_n of_o king_n edward_n the_o second_o in_o another_o call_v historical_a remark_n upon_o the_o city_n of_o london_n and_o westminster_n there_o be_v a_o full_a relation_n of_o the_o deposition_n and_o miserable_a death_n of_o king_n richard_n ii_o in_o another_o entitle_v the_o young_a man_n call_v or_o the_o whole_a duty_n of_o youth_n the_o 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very_o great_a plenty_n the_o ancient_a inhabitant_n be_v the_o ordovices_n as_o the_o roman_n name_v they_o who_o be_v arm_v with_o want_n and_o cold_a be_v make_v bold_a against_o the_o force_n of_o their_o enemy_n and_o continue_v long_a free_v both_o from_o the_o roman_a and_o english_a dominion_n this_o shire_n be_v 31_o mile_n long_o and_o 17_o broad_a and_o in_o circuit_n 114._o the_o mountain_n abound_v with_o ox_n sheep_n and_o goat_n the_o middle_n of_o it_o have_v a_o valley_n 17_o mile_n long_o and_o five_o broad_a lie_v open_a to_o the_o sea_n encompass_v on_o all_o other_o side_n by_o hill_n among_o which_o the_o high_a be_v moilleally_n hill_n on_o the_o top_n whereof_o be_v a_o fort_n use_v warlike_a trench_n and_o a_o spring_n of_o clear_a water_n from_o these_o mountain_n the_o river_n cluyd_v rise_v &_o run_v into_o the_o valley_n in_o the_o parish_n of_o llan-sanan_a in_o the_o side_n of_o a_o stony_a hill_n there_o be_v 24_o seat_n cut_v out_o of_o the_o main_a rock_n some_o big_a than_o other_o where_o youth_n come_v to_o tend_v their_o cattle_n &_o make_v their_o sport_n which_o to_o this_o day_n be_v call_v arthur_n round_a table_n after_o the_o behead_v of_o david_n brother_n to_o luellin_n the_o last_o p._n of_o wales_n for_o high_a treason_n k._n ed._n i._o bestow_v the_o town_n of_o denbigh_n upon_o hugh_n lacie_n e._n of_o lincoln_n who_o fortify_v it_o with_o a_o strong_a wall_n a_o fair_a castle_n and_o several_a high_a tower_n but_o have_v not_o full_o finish_v the_o work_n before_o his_o only_a son_n be_v drown_v in_o a_o well_o therein_o which_o cause_v the_o sorrowful_a father_n to_o leave_v it_o off_o and_o proceed_v no_o far_o this_o town_n be_v reckon_v the_o most_o beautiful_a in_o all_o north-wales_n and_o this_o be_v remarkable_a that_o in_o 1575._o a_o great_a earthquake_n which_o much_o terrify_v the_o people_n and_o damage_v the_o city_n of_o york_n worcester_z gloucester_n bristol_n hereford_n and_o the_o part_n adjacent_a and_o cause_v the_o bell_n in_o the_o shire_n hall_n of_o denbigh_n to_o toll_n twice_o with_o shake_v of_o the_o earth_n yet_o no_o far_o mischief_n happen_v this_o town_n be_v govern_v by_o two_o alderman_n two_o bailiff_n 25_o burgess_n a_o recorder_n a_o town-clerk_n and_o two_o sergeant_n at_o mace_n wrexham_n in_o this_o county_n be_v much_o admire_v for_o the_o church_n which_o be_v a_o fair_a and_o spacious_a structure_n have_v a_o stately_a tower_n or_o steeple_n without_o and_o a_o fine_a organ_n within_o it_o be_v build_v according_a to_o the_o most_o exact_a rule_n of_o architecture_n holt_n castle_n in_o this_o county_n be_v former_o in_o the_o possession_n of_o william_n lord_n stanley_n who_o ready_a money_n and_o plate_n therein_o beside_o jewel_n and_o rich_a householdstuff_n amount_v to_o four_o thousand_o mark_n get_v by_o the_o plunder_v of_o bosworth_n field_n where_o king_n richard_n iii_o be_v slay_v but_o this_o lord_n upon_o discontent_n afterward_o conspire_v against_o king_n henry_n vii_o be_v behead_v for_o high_a treason_n and_o it_o be_v all_o confiscate_v to_o the_o king_n exchequer_n leoline_n ap_fw-mi llevellin_n be_v bear_v in_o this_o shire_n and_o make_v bishop_n of_o st._n asaph_n by_o king_n edward_n i._o at_o his_o death_n he_o leave_v a_o great_a estate_n beside_o plate_n rich_a vest_n and_o book_n to_o the_o canon_n of_o that_o church_n and_o his_o chaplain_n die_v in_o 1313._o godfrey_n goodman_n be_v bear_v of_o wealthy_a parent_n in_o this_o county_n and_o afterward_o bishop_n of_o gloucester_n yet_o be_v no_o friend_n to_o the_o reformation_n constant_o complain_v of_o the_o first_o reformer_n among_o who_o he_o note_v bishop_n ridley_n as_o a_o very_a odd_a man_n one_o present_a my_o lord_n say_v he_o ridley_n be_v a_o very_a odd_a manindeed_o for_o all_o the_o popish_a party_n in_o england_n can_v not_o match_v he_o with_o his_o equal_a in_o learning_n and_o religion_n he_o die_v a_o roman_n catholic_n and_o left_a most_o of_o his_o estate_n to_o pious_a use_n his_o uncle_n gabriel_n goodman_n be_v dean_n of_o westminster_n for_o 40_o year_n and_o the_o bible_n be_v translate_v into_o welsh_a at_o his_o cost_n he_o found_v a_o school_n and_o a_o almshouse_n for_o 12_o poor_a people_n at_o ruthen_n with_o a_o competent_a salary_n he_o purchase_v a_o fair_a house_n at_o cheswick_n in_o middlesex_n wherewith_o his_o own_o hand_n he_o plant_v a_o fair_a row_n of_o elm_n for_o a_o retire_a place_n to_o the_o master_n and_o scholar_n of_o westminster_n school_n he_o employ_v mr._n camden_n to_o make_v a_o actual_a survey_n of_o all_o england_n at_o his_o expense_n he_o die_v 1601._o and_o be_v bury_v in_o westminster_n abbey_n sir_n hugh_n middleton_n be_v bear_v at_o denbigh_n and_o breed_v in_o london_n this_o be_v that_o worthy_a knight_n who_o fetch_v into_o london_n the_o new_a river_n water_n at_o his_o own_o cost_n more_o than_o 24_o mile_n encounter_v all_o the_o way_n with_o a_o army_n of_o opposition_n grapple_v with_o hill_n struggle_v with_o rock_n and_o fight_v with_o forest_n till_o in_o defiance_n of_o difficulty_n he_o have_v bring_v his_o project_n to_o perfection_n robert_n earl_n of_o leicester_n in_o the_o reign_n of_o q._n elizabeth_n by_o his_o bounty_n advance_v the_o build_n of_o a_o new_a church_n in_o denbigh_n denbigh_n in_o 1660._o a_o very_a great_a well_o in_o chick-town_n be_v dry_v up_o richard_n clough_n bear_v at_o denbigh_n be_v a_o chorister_n at_o chester_n whence_o he_o remove_v to_o london_n where_o he_o be_v apprentice_n to_o and_o after_o partner_n with_o sir_n tho._n gresham_n have_v live_v some_o time_n at_o antwerp_n he_o travel_v to_o jerusalem_n where_o he_o be_v make_v knight_n of_o the_o holy_a sepulchre_n some_o affirm_v that_o he_o disburse_v several_a thousand_o of_o pound_n in_o build_v the_o royal_a exchange_n and_o that_o it_o be_v agree_v betwixt_o they_o the_o survivor_n shall_v be_v heir_n to_o the_o other_o on_o which_o account_n they_o say_v sir_n tho._n gresham_n carry_v away_o the_o main_a of_o the_o estate_n he_o give_v 100_o pound_n a_o year_n to_o the_o free-school_n in_o denbigh_n beside_o his_o benefaction_n to_o the_o new_a church_n there_o this_o county_n be_v divide_v into_o twelve_o hundred_o have_v former_o 5_o castle_n have_v 3_o market-town_n denbigh_n ruthen_n and_o wrexham_n and_o 57_o parish-church_n it_o give_v the_o title_n of_o earl_n to_o l._n fielding_n flintshire_n have_v cheshire_n on_o the_o east_n the_o sea_n on_o the_o north_n shropshire_n on_o the_o south_n and_o denbighshire_n on_o the_o west_n it_o be_v the_o least_o country_n of_o wales_n not_o so_o mountainous_a as_o other_o part_n but_o lie_v pleasant_o along_o by_o the_o river_n dee_fw-mi the_o air_n be_v healthful_a and_o the_o soil_v plentiful_a of_o corn_n and_o cattle_n the_o river_n abound_v with_o fish_n there_o be_v not_o many_o wood_n or_o tree_n in_o this_o as_o well_o as_o other_o part_n of_o wales_n the_o frequent_a rebellion_n of_o the_o inhabitant_n have_v occafion_v the_o english_a to_o make_v great_a devastation_n of_o they_o to_o prevent_v their_o be_v the_o retreat_n of_o these_o unquiet_a people_n fruit_n be_v not_o very_o common_a but_o of_o milk_n butter_n cheese_n and_o honey_n there_o be_v plenty_n of_o the_o last_o of_o which_o they_o make_v great_a quantity_n of_o a_o drink_n like_o muscadine_n call_v metheglin_n there_o be_v former_o several_a strong_a castle_n in_o this_o shire_n as_o flint_n hawarden_n or_o harden_n treer_n rudland_n mold_n yowley_n and_o hope_n the_o first_o be_v the_o most_o famous_a be_v found_v by_o k._n henry_n 2._o and_o finish_v by_o k._n edward_n the_o first_o afterward_o k._n richard_n 2._o go_n over_o to_o ireland_n to_o suppress_v the_o rebel_n there_o his_o uncle_n henry_n duke_n of_o lancaster_n return_v from_o his_o banishment_n into_o england_n at_o the_o same_o time_n and_o be_v join_v by_o several_a of_o the_o baron_n who_o be_v much_o displease_v at_o k._n richard_n arbitrary_a and_o tyrannical_a government_n raise_v a_o army_n of_o 60000_o man_n against_o he_o the_o king_n return_v in_o hope_n to_o suppress_v this_o insurrection_n and_o come_v to_o flint-castle_n the_o archbishop_n of_o canterbury_n and_o the_o earl_n of_o northumberland_n be_v send_v to_o he_o from_o the_o d._n of_o lancaster_n to_o who_o k._n richard_n make_v a_o proposition_n that_o if_o himself_o and_o eight_o more_o who_o he_o will_v name_v may_v have_v a_o honourable_a allowance_n with_o the_o assurance_n of_o enjoy_v peaceable_o a_o quiet_a life_n he_o will_v resign_v his_o crown_n this_o the_o earl_n of_o northumberland_n assure_v he_o shall_v be_v perform_v whereupon_o the_o king_n surrender_v himself_o into_o the_o duke_n hand_n when_o k._n richard_n come_v first_o to_o this_o castle_n they_o let_v loose_v one_o of_o his_o
inheritance_n and_o will_v not_o meddle_v with_o the_o king_n or_o the_o crown_n that_o most_o traitorous_o he_o have_v take_v arm_n against_o his_o sovereign_a lord_n imprison_v he_o and_o then_o most_o barbarous_o cause_v he_o to_o be_v murder_v that_o ever_o since_o the_o death_n of_o k._n richard_n ii_o he_o have_v unjust_o keep_v the_o crown_n from_o his_o kinsman_n edmund_n mortimer_n earl_n of_o march_n to_o who_o of_o right_n it_o belong_v that_o upon_o no_o occasion_n he_o have_v impose_v divers_a large_a tax_n upon_o the_o people_n that_o by_o his_o letter_n he_o procure_v burgess_n and_o knight_n of_o parliament_n to_o be_v choose_v for_o which_o cause_n and_o many_o other_o they_o defy_v he_o and_o vow_v his_o destruction_n and_o the_o restore_v the_o earl_n of_o march_n to_o his_o right_n k._n henry_n can_v not_o but_o know_v that_o much_o of_o this_o be_v true_a yet_o since_o it_o do_v not_o hinder_v he_o from_o seek_v to_o get_v the_o crown_n when_o he_o have_v it_o not_o it_o can_v less_o hinder_v he_o from_o seek_v to_o keep_v it_o now_o he_o have_v it_o and_o if_o he_o be_v able_a be_v a_o private_a man_n to_o get_v it_o from_o a_o king_n he_o be_v likely_a to_o be_v more_o able_a now_o to_o keep_v it_o from_o a_o private_a man_n and_o for_o any_o objection_n that_o conscience_n can_v make_v he_o have_v enough_o to_o answer_v they_o all_o for_o if_o his_o title_n be_v good_a against_o k._n richard_n ii_o by_o his_o resignation_n it_o be_v good_a against_o mortimer_n by_o his_o swear_a allegiance_n upon_o these_o ground_n he_o satisfy_v himself_o and_o raise_v a_o army_n against_o these_o lord_n who_o he_o prevent_v from_o join_v with_o the_o welsh_a and_o near_o shrewsbury_n engage_v they_o where_o though_o henry_n hotspur_n show_v sufficient_a courage_n yet_o he_o be_v slay_v and_o the_o k._n obtain_v the_o victory_n take_v several_a prisoner_n of_o note_n and_o among_o other_o the_o earl_n of_o worcester_n who_o he_o cause_v to_o be_v behead_v and_o many_o of_o the_o rest_n to_o be_v hang_v and_o quarter_v and_o their_o head_n to_o be_v set_v upon_o london_n bridg._n there_o fall_v 6000_o of_o the_o rebel_n that_o day_n whereof_o k._n henry_n kill_v 36_o with_o his_o own_o hand_n and_o the_o young_a p._n afterward_o henry_n v._o though_o wound_v in_o the_o face_n with_o a_o arrow_n yet_o be_v not_o wound_v in_o his_o courage_n but_o continue_v fight_v till_o the_o end_n of_o the_o battle_n after_o this_o the_o k._n send_v his_o son_n henry_n p._n of_o wales_n with_o his_o whole_a army_n into_o that_o country_n but_o before_o his_o come_n owen_n glendour_n be_v forsake_v by_o all_o his_o company_n and_o lurk_v about_o the_o wood_n be_v there_o famish_v to_o death_n for_o want_v of_o sustenance_n such_o be_v the_o miserable_a end_n of_o this_o aspire_a ambitious_a britain_n after_o this_o rebellion_n be_v suppress_v k._n henry_n enact_v several_a rigorous_a law_n for_o prevent_v the_o like_a in_o time_n to_o come_v as_o 1._o that_o no_o welshman_n shall_v purchase_v land_n or_o be_v choose_v into_o office_n in_o any_o city_n town_n or_o burrough_n or_o wear_v arm_n within_o any_o city_n 2._o that_o if_o a_o welshman_n shall_v sue_v a_o englishman_n the_o cause_n shall_v be_v try_v by_o a_o english_a jury_n 3._o that_o all_o english_a burgess_n who_o marry_a welshwoman_n shall_v forfeit_v their_o liberty_n 4._o no_o meeting_n nor_o council_n to_o be_v permit_v to_o the_o welsh_a but_o in_o the_o presence_n of_o the_o officer_n of_o the_o l._n of_o the_o manor_n 5._o no_o victual_n to_o be_v carry_v into_o wales_n without_o licence_n of_o k._n or_o council_n 6._o no_o welshman_n shall_v possess_v any_o castle_n or_o fortify_v house_n 7._o no_o welshman_n to_o be_v capable_a of_o any_o office_n of_o state_n or_o in_o any_o court_n of_o judicature_n 8._o no_o englishman_n marry_v a_o welshwoman_n shall_v enjoy_v any_o office_n in_o wales_n thomas_n ap_fw-mi william_n ap_fw-mi thomas_n ap_fw-mi richard_n ap_fw-mi howel_n ap_fw-mi vaughan_n esquire_n be_v bear_v of_o a_o ancient_a family_n at_o moston_n in_o this_o county_n this_o gentleman_n be_v call_v at_o a_o panel_n of_o a_o jury_n by_o all_o these_o name_n be_v advise_v by_o the_o judge_n in_o the_o reign_n of_o k._n henry_n vii_o to_o contract_v they_o whereupon_o he_o nominate_v himself_o moston_n a_o lead_a case_n to_o the_o gentry_n in_o wales_n who_o leave_v their_o pedigree_n at_o home_n carry_v one_o surname_n only_o abroad_o with_o they_o flint_n though_o the_o shire_n town_n be_v no_o market_n town_n no_o nor_o st._n asaph_n though_o a_o city_n and_o bishop_n see_v till_o make_v so_o very_o late_o but_o it_o be_v near_o west-chester_n the_o market_n general_n of_o these_o part_n and_o beside_o every_o village_n have_v a_o market_n in_o itself_o as_o afford_v all_o necessary_a commodity_n this_o county_n be_v part_n of_o the_o county_n palatine_n of_o chester_n pay_v 2000_o mark_n call_v a_o mize_n at_o the_o change_n of_o every_o earl_n of_o chester_n till_o the_o year_n 1568_o for_o then_o upon_o occasion_n of_o one_o thomas_n radford_n commit_v to_o prison_n by_o the_o chamberlain_n of_o chester_n this_o county_n disjoin_v itself_o from_o that_o earldom_n and_o unite_v to_o the_o principality_n of_o wales_n it_o be_v divide_v into_o five_o hundred_o have_v seven_o castle_n have_v only_o one_o market_n town_n calerwis_n and_o 28_o parish_n church_n near_o kelkin_n a_o small_a village_n in_o this_o county_n be_v a_o little_a well_n who_o water_n rise_v and_o fall_v according_a to_o the_o motion_n of_o the_o sea_n tide_n glamorgan_n shire_n so_o call_v as_o be_v think_v from_o p._n morgan_n the_o possessor_n thereof_o or_o from_o morgan_n abbey_n found_v by_o will._n e._n of_o gloucester_n upon_o the_o seashore_n on_o the_o south_n of_o this_o county_n be_v bound_v on_o the_o east_n by_o monmouth-shire_n on_o the_o north_n by_o breck-neck_n on_o the_o west_n by_o carmarthenshire_n on_o the_o south_n by_o the_o severn_n sea_n in_o length_n 40._o in_o breadth_n 20._o and_o in_o circumference_n 112_o miles_n the_o north_n part_n of_o this_o shire_n be_v mountainous_a the_o south_n plain_a and_o very_a fruitful_a be_v call_v the_o garden_n of_o wales_n abound_v with_o cattle_n pleasant_a spring_n and_o fruit_n tare_n be_v the_o chief_a river_n upon_o the_o eastern_a shoar_n of_o which_o cardiff_n the_o fair_a town_n of_o all_o south-wales_n be_v situate_v which_o fitz_n hannon_n fortify_v with_o a_o wall_n and_o castle_n in_o the_o reign_n of_o william_n rufus_n when_o he_o and_o his_o norman_a knight_n have_v conquer_v rhese_n or_o rice_n prince_n of_o these_o part_n and_o deprive_v jestine_n of_o his_o legal_a inheritance_n after_o which_o he_o make_v it_o his_o own_o court_n of_o justice_n ordain_v his_o follower_n to_o who_o he_o dispose_v of_o the_o land_n to_o hold_v they_o in_o vassalage_n of_o he_o the_o castle_n be_v strong_a in_o which_o k._n henry_n i._o surname_v beuclark_n keep_v his_o elder_a brother_n robert_n call_v courthose_n twenty_o six_o year_n prisoner_n they_o be_v both_o son_n of_o k._n william_n the_o conqueror_n the_o city_n and_o bishopric_n of_o landaff_n be_v seat_v in_o this_o county_n be_v one_o of_o the_o most_o ancient_a bishop_n see_v either_o in_o england_n or_o wales_n and_o claim_v a_o direct_a succession_n from_o the_o archbishop_n of_o caerleon_n upon_o vsk_n the_o first_o bishop_n we_o read_v of_o be_v st._n dubritius_fw-la confearate_v by_o lupus_n and_o germanus_n when_o they_o come_v hither_o out_o of_o france_n for_o extirpate_v the_o pelagian_a heresy_n the_o cathedral_n be_v dedicate_v to_o st._n telian_a successor_n to_o dubritius_fw-la found_v upon_o the_o river_n tassi_n or_o tear_v and_o thence_o call_v landaff_n llan_n in_o welsh_a be_v a_o church_n this_o church_n be_v former_o well_o endow_v so_o that_o it_o may_v have_v be_v reckon_v one_o of_o the_o rich_a in_o christendom_n but_o now_o enjoy_v not_o the_o ten_o of_o the_o former_a revenue_n the_o ruin_n thereof_o come_v in_o the_o time_n of_o bishop_n dunstan_n alias_o kitchin_n this_o diocese_n contain_v most_o part_n of_o glamorgan_n and_o monmouth-shire_n wherein_o be_v 177_o parish_n church_n giraldus_n cambrensis_fw-la report_v that_o in_o the_o island_n of_o barrey_n in_o this_o county_n there_o be_v a_o chink_n in_o a_o rock_n to_o which_o if_o you_o lay_v your_o ear_n you_o will_v hear_v a_o noise_n like_o that_o of_o smith_n at_o work_n one_o while_o blow_v the_o bellows_o then_o strike_v with_o the_o hammer_n on_o the_o anvil_n sometime_o the_o noise_n of_o a_o grindstone_n grind_v tool_n afterward_o the_o hiss_a of_o iron_n quench_v and_o the_o puff_a sound_n of_o flame_n under_o a_o furnace_n clemens_n alexandrinus_n write_v of_o a_o place_n in_o britain_n which_o
with_o ghost_n and_o apparition_n but_o what_o his_o end_n be_v my_o author_n do_v not_o mention_v however_o the_o former_a surprise_v accident_n have_v sufficient_a confirmation_n from_o mr._n jones_n and_o mr._n bedwell_n two_o worthy_a minister_n in_o that_o country_n from_o mrs._n b●wen_n herself_o a_o woman_n much_o praise_v for_o her_o true_a piety_n and_o courage_n from_o colonel_n wroth_a rogers_n then_o governor_n of_o hereford_n from_o mr._n samuel_n foley_n colonel_n john_n bridges_n and_o many_o other_o person_n of_o honesty_n and_o reputation_n sir_n edward_n carne_n descend_v from_o a_o good_a family_n flourish_v at_o wenny_n in_o this_o county_n he_o be_v breed_v in_o oxford_n dr._n of_o the_o civil_a law_n and_o knight_v by_o charles_n v._o emperor_n of_o germany_n he_o be_v dispatch_v to_o rome_n by_o k._n henry_n viii_o to_o remonstrate_v to_o the_o pope_n that_o if_o he_o cite_v his_o master_n to_o appear_v at_o rome_n as_o he_o have_v intelligence_n be_v intend_v that_o his_o highness_n be_v not_o bind_v by_o law_n to_o appear_v this_o he_o effectual_o perform_v plead_v that_o the_o emperor_n be_v so_o powerful_a at_o rome_n that_o he_o can_v expect_v no_o justice_n there_o in_o the_o matter_n of_o the_o divorce_n