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A02855 The first part of the life and raigne of King Henrie the IIII. Extending to the end of the first yeare of his raigne. Written by I.H.; Historie of the life and raigne of Henry the Fourth Hayward, John, Sir, 1564?-1627. 1599 (1599) STC 12995; ESTC S103908 104,716 160

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THE FIRST PART OF THE LIFE AND raigne of King Henrie the IIII. Extending to the end of the first yeare of his raigne Written by I. H. Imprinted at London by Iohn Woolfe and are to be solde at his shop in Popes head Alley neere to the Exchange 1599. Illustrissimo honoratissimo Roberto Comiti Essexiae Ewe Comiti Marescallo Angliae Vicecomiti Herefordiae Bourchier Baroni Ferrariis de Chartley Domino Bourchier Louein Regiae Maiestati Hyppocomo Machinarum bellicarum praefecto Academiae Cantabrigiensis Cancellario ordinis Georgiani Equiti aurato Serenissimae Domino Reginae a sanctioribus consilijs Domino meo plurimum obseruando ΑΡίσῳ καὶ γενναιοτάτῳ optimo Nobilissimo inquit Euripides ex qua sententia tu primus ac solus fere occurrebas illustrissime comes cuius nomē si Henrici nostri fronte radiaret ipse laetior tutior in vulgus pr●diret Magnus si quidem es presenti iudicio futuri temporis expectatione in quo veluti recuperasse nunc oculos caeca prius fortuna videri potest Dum cumulare honoribus eum gestit qui omnibus virtutibus est insignitus Hunc igitur si laeta fronte excipere digneris sub nominis tui vmbra tanquam sub Aiacis clipio Teucer ille Homericus tutissime latebit Deus opt max. celsitudinem tuam nobis reique publicae diu seruet incolumem quo nos vz. tam fide quam armis potenti tua dextra defensi vltique diutina cum securitate tum gloria perfruamur Honori tuo deditissimus I. HAYVVARDE Faultes escaped in the Printing Page Line Fault Read 11 23 played plyed 15 13 pleaseth please 16 20 present presents 19 22 sport sort 19 24 tempored tempered 37 10 weedlesse needelesse 41 18 cause fame 43 13 too two 44 13 in reporting to reporting 53 08 moued enforced 55 04 this his 55 05 chalenged chalenging 57 27 else or else 65 20 carried carry 70 13 lenety leuity 71 35 Bush Bushie 75 05 officers of so long offers of so large 75 12 Castell Trim Castell of Trim 75 32 of the one by the one 77 32 at men to men 79 25 increased incensed 86 13 Thirminges Thirninges 86 15 Lophane Lopham 88 32 confessed confused 100 10 taking raking 102 30 or violence or conceale violence 107 35 is no more it is no more 127 06 resistance assistance 127 27 Redding Reading 130 24 he had that he had 131 05 hardly shortly 131 24 was not he was not 131 27 bloud bould 148 21 reteyned he reteyned A. P. to the Reader AMong all sortes of humane writers there is none that haue done more profit or deserued greater prayse then they who haue committed to faithfull records of Histories eyther the gouernment of mighty states or the liues and actes of famous men for by describing the order and passages of these two and what euents hath followed what counsailes they haue set foorth vnto vs not onely precepts but liuely patterns both for priuate directions and for affayres of state whereby in shorte time young men may be instructed and ould men more fullie furnished with experience then the longest age of man can affoorde And therefore Cicero reporteth that L. Lucullus when he went from Rome to make warre against Mithridates was altogether vnskilfull in Militarie seruices yet in the time of his Nauigation he so exercised himselfe what with conference and what with reading of histories that when hee came into Asia by the iudgement and confession of that great King hee was preferred before all the commaunders that were before him Heerevppon when Alexander Seuerus did deliberate of anye weightie matter hee would especiallye take aduise of men skilfull in histories and not without good cause for if as Afranius saith experience hath begot Wisedome and Memory as a mother hath brought it foorth who are to be better accompted then they whose memory is as it were a rich storehouse of the experiences not of one age or Country but of all times and of all nations And therefore it is no great maruaile that Zenobia who after the death of her husband Odonatus tooke vpon her the state not onely insulted vpon the Romaines but held the Arabians the Saricenes the Armenians and other fierce and intractible people in such obedience that although shee were both a woman and a Barbarian yet they neuer stirred against her for she had perfectly red the Romaine history in Greeke and also had herselfe abridged the Alexandrian and all the Orientall histories whereby she attained the highest pitch both of Wisedome and authority for examples are of greater force to stir vnto vertue then bare preceptes insomuch as Cicero said that nothing could be taught well without example Therfore the Lacaedemoians as Plutarch writeth did vse vpon feastiuall dayes to present vnto theyr Sons certayne drunken slaues whom they called 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 that by view of the vice they might learne to auoyde it and Hismenias the Thebane would shew to his Schollers musitians of all sortes good and bad instructing them to followe the one and not the other And this is that which the Apologily telleth of a certaine Country woman who being hard fauoured and fearing least shee should bring foorth children like her selfe got many faire and beautifull Pyctures which shee did dayly and steedfastly beholde the meaning whereof it that by setting before vs the actes and liues of excellent men it is the readiest way to fashion our qualities according to the same Heereupon Cicero doeth rightly call history the witnesse of times the light of truth the life of memory and the messenger of antiquity Heereby wee are armed against all the rage and rashnesse of Fortune and heereby wee may seeme in regarde of the knowledge of thinges to haue trauelled in all Countryes to haue liued in all ages and to haue been conuersant in all affayres Neyther is that the least benefit of history that it preserueth eternally both the glory of good men and shame of euill Some Philosophers doe deny that glory is to be desired for vertue say they is a reward vnto it selfe and must not be respected for the vaine and titulare blastes of glory yet in wryting these things they affect that especially which they especially depraue And indeed there is no man hath so horny hartstringes as Persius speaketh who is not tickled with some pleasure of praise againe there is no man of so flinty a forehead who is not touched with some feare of infamy and shame Doe we thinke that the valiant souldier thinketh no toyle too tough but boldly aduentureth the hazard of all happes because he is weary of his life death commeth by nature to all men alike onely with difference of memory with posterity And I would thinke that Citties at the first were builded lawes made and many thinges inuented for the vse of men chiefly for desire of glory which humour except the old gouernours of common wealths had thought necessary they would neuer
Hee was annoynted with an oyle which a certaine religious man gaue vnto Henry the first Duke of Lancaster Grandfather to the King by the mothers side when he serued in the warres of King Edward the third beyond the seas together with this Prophesie that the Kinges which should be annoynted therewith should bee the champions of the Church Duke Henry deliuered this oyle in a golden violl to Prince Edward the eldest sonne of King Edward the third who locked vp the same in a barred chest within the Tower with intent to be annoynted therewith when he should bee crowned King but the Prince dying before his Father it remained there eyther not remembred or not regarded vntill this present yeere wherein the King being vpon his voyage into Ireland and making diligent search for the iewels and monumentes of his progenitours found this Violl and Prophesie and vnderstanding the secret was desirous to be anoynted againe with that oyle but the Archbishop of Canterbury perswaded him that both the fact was vnlawfull and the precedent vnseene that a King should bee anoynted twice whereupon he brake of that purpose and tooke the Violl with him into Ireland and when hee yeelded himselfe at Flint the Archbishoppe of Canterburye demaunded it of him agayne and dyd receaue and reserue the same vntill the coronation of King Henrie who was the first King of this realme that was anoynted therewith I am not purposed to discourse eyther of the authoritye or of the certaintye of these prophesies but wee may easily obserue that the greatest part of them eyther altogether fayled or were fulfilled in another sence then as they were commonly construed and taken During the raigne of King Henrie the fourth execution by fire was first put in practise within this Realme for controuersies in poyntes of religion in any other extraordinarye mattter hee did as much make the Church champion as shew himselfe a champion of the Church but afterwardes his successours were entytuled Defenders of the fayth and howe in action they veryfied the same I referre to remembraunce and reporte of later times Now it had beene considered that the tytle which was deriued to King Henrie from Edmund whome they surnamed Crouchbacke would bee taken but for a blynde and idle iest for that it was notorious that the sayd Edmund was neyther eldest sonne to King Henry the thyrd as it was plainely declared by an acte of Parlament nor yet a misshapen and deformed person but a goodly Gentleman and valiant commaunder in the field and so fauoured of the King his Father that hee gaue him both the heritages and honours of S●●one Mountfort Earle of Leicester of Ferrare Earle of Darby and of Iohn Barron of Monmuthe who to theyr owne ruine and destruction had desplaied seditious ensignes against the King And further to aduaunce him to the marriage of Blanch Queene of Nauerne he created him the first Earle of Lancaster and gaue vnto him the county Castle and towne of Lancaster with the Forrestes of Wiresdale Lounsdale Newcastle beneath Linne the Manner Castle and Forrest of Pickering the Manner of Scaleby the towne of Gomecester of Huntendone c. with many large priuiledges and high titles of homour Therefore King Henry vpon the day of his Coronation caused to be proclaimed that he claymed the Kingdome of England first by right of conquest Secondly because King Richard had resigned his estate and designed him for his successour Lastly because he was of the bloud royall and next heyre male vnto King Richard Haeres malus indeed quoth Edmund Mortimer Earle of March vnto his secret friends and so is the Pirate to the Marchant when hee despoyleth him of all that hee hath This Edmund was sonne to Roger Mortimer who was not long before slaine in Ireland and had been openly declared heyre apparent to the Crowne in case King Richard should dye without issue as descended by his Mother Philip from Lionell Duke of Clarence who was elder brother to Iohn Duke of Lancaster King Henries Father and therfore the sayd Edmund thought himselfe and indeed was neerer heyre male to the succession of the Crowne then he that by colour of right clayming it carried it by dynt of force But such was the condition of the tyme that hee supposed it was vaine for him to stirre where King Richard could not stand Whereupon he dessembled eyther that he saw his wrong or that hee regarde it and chose rather to suppresse his title for a time then by vntimely opposing himselfe to haue it oppressed and depressed for euer to this ende hee withdrewe himselfe farre from London to his Lordshippe of Wigmore in the West partes of the realme and there setled himselfe to a priuate and close life Idlenes and vacancy from publike affaires he accompted a vertue and a deepe point of wisedome to meddle with nothing whereof no man was chargeable to yeelde a reckoning In reuenues he was meane in apparell moderate in company and traine not excessiue yet in all these honourable and according to his degree so that they which esteemed men by outward appearance only could see in him no great shew eyther of wit and courage in his minde to be feared or of wealth and honour in his estate to be enuyed And thus whilest a greater enemy was feared he passed vnregarded making himselfe safe by contempt where nothing was so daungerous as a good opinion and raking vp those coales in obscuritie for a time which shortly after set all the realme on fire King Henrie presently after his coronation created his eldest sonne Lord Henrie being then about xiii yeares of age Prince of Wales Duke of Cornewall and Earle of Chester and soone after he created him also Duke of Aquitaine Afterwards it was enacted by consent of all the states of the realme assembled together in the Parlament that the inheritance of the Crownes and Realmes of England and of Fraunce aud of all the dominions to them apperteyning should be vnited and remaine in the person of King Henrie and in the heires of his body lawfully begotten and that Prince Henrie his eldest sonne should be his heyre apparant and successour in the premisses and if he should dye without lawfull issue then they were entayled to his other sonnes successiuely in order and to the heyres of their bodyes lawfully begotten The inheritance of the Kingdome being in this sorte settled in King Henrie and in his line it was mooued in the Parlament what should be doone with King Richard The Bishop of Caerliel who was a man learned and wise and one that alwayes vsed both libertie and constancie in a good cause in his secret iudgement did neuer giue allowance to these proceedings yet dissembled his dislike vntill he might to some purpose declare it therefore now being in place to be heard of all and by order of the house to be interrupred by none he rose vp and with a bould and present spirit vttered his minde as followeth This question right Honourable