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cause_n faith_n grace_n justify_v 4,538 5 8.7378 4 true
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A45156 The righteousness of God revealed in Gospel, or, An impartial enquiry into the genuine doctrine of St. Paul in the great, but much controverted article of justification / by Mr. John Humfrey. Humfrey, John, 1621-1719. 1697 (1697) Wing H3708; ESTC R16470 70,839 75

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the_o righteousness_n of_o god_n reveal_v in_o the_o gospel_n or_o a_o impartial_a enquiry_n into_o the_o genuine_a doctrine_n of_o st._n paul_n in_o the_o great_a but_o much_o controvert_v article_n of_o justification_n by_o mr._n john_n humphrey_n of_o make_v book_n there_o be_v no_o end_n and_o much_o study_n be_v a_o weariness_n to_o the_o flesh_n let_v we_o hear_v the_o conclusion_n of_o the_o matter_n fear_v god_n and_o keep_v his_o commandment_n for_o this_o be_v the_o whole_a of_o man_n ec._n 12.13_o 14._o london_n print_v for_o t._n parkhurst_n at_o the_o bible_n and_o three_o crown_n in_o cheapside_n 1697._o to_o the_o reader_n have_v serious_o read_v this_o treatise_n concern_v the_o justification_n of_o a_o sinner_n i_o sound_v so_o clear_a and_o distinct_a a_o account_n give_v of_o it_o that_o as_o it_o give_v i_o no_o small_a satisfaction_n so_o i_o can_v not_o but_o think_v it_o worthy_a to_o be_v peruse_v by_o other_o for_o though_o the_o learned_a author_n depart_v 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they_o be_v startle_v by_o a_o word_n the_o word_n cause_n they_o will_v not_o have_v our_o work_n nor_o faith_n as_o a_o work_n to_o justify_v because_o that_o make_v it_o a_o cause_n of_o our_o justification_n which_o to_o avoid_v they_o will_v call_v it_o a_o condition_n only_o now_o a_o condition_n be_v cause_n sine_fw-la qua_fw-la non_fw-la do_v make_v our_o evangelic_n righteousness_n as_o necessary_a so_o as_o we_o can_v be_v justify_v without_o it_o as_o the_o make_n it_o a_o cause_n do_v and_o i_o find_v it_o no_o regret_n in_o my_o mind_n to_o call_v it_o a_o cause_n as_o well_o as_o a_o condition_n for_o it_o be_v both_o only_o we_o must_v consider_v what_o cause_n we_o make_v it_o if_o we_o make_v our_o work_n or_o faith_n as_o a_o work_n to_o justify_v we_o sub_fw-la genere_fw-la causae_fw-la efficientis_fw-la it_o must_v be_v that_o which_o be_v procatarctick_a and_o so_o the_o meritorious_a cause_n thereof_o which_o be_v to_o bring_v our_o work_n or_o faith_n into_o the_o office_n of_o christ_n righteousness_n and_o to_o derogate_v from_o grace_n a_o thing_n we_o
obey_v the_o gospel_n for_o what_o reason_n if_o not_o that_o thereby_o they_o may_v actual_o partake_v of_o these_o general_a benefit_n which_o arise_v from_o that_o reconciliation_n christ_n have_v make_v by_o his_o death_n which_o can_v suppose_v no_o condition_n in_o we_o be_v the_o immediate_a effect_n of_o christ_n propitiation_n and_o must_v be_v distinguish_v from_o what_o follow_v reconciliation_n on_o our_o part_n but_o as_o to_o the_o particular_a effect_n belong_v to_o some_o person_n as_o distinguish_v from_o other_o the_o question_n arise_v whether_o god_n out_o of_o his_o infinite_a goodness_n do_v bestow_v they_o on_o those_o who_o he_o design_n for_o happiness_n without_o regard_n to_o any_o act_n of_o they_o or_o whether_o by_o the_o gospel_n be_v have_v limit_v the_o conveyance_n of_o they_o to_o the_o performance_n of_o certain_a condition_n there_o be_v no_o question_n but_o that_o if_o nothing_o but_o freeness_n of_o grace_n be_v to_o be_v look_v at_o that_o be_v much_o free_a which_o require_v no_o condition_n nor_o expect_v any_o but_o if_o they_o be_v expect_v whether_o out_o of_o gratitude_n or_o otherwise_o they_o be_v real_a condition_n as_o to_o the_o end_n but_o we_o be_v to_o look_v not_o only_o to_o the_o freeness_n of_o god_n grace_n which_o no_o doubt_n be_v the_o foundation_n of_o the_o covenant_n of_o grace_n but_o to_o the_o author_n and_o to_o the_o term_n of_o it_o the_o author_n of_o it_o be_v god_n himself_o who_o out_o of_o his_o infinite_a goodness_n have_v send_v his_o son_n to_o be_v a_o propitiation_n for_o our_o sin_n and_o we_o can_v suppose_v any_o covenant_n make_v by_o he_o to_o be_v repugnant_a to_o the_o perfection_n of_o the_o divine_a nature_n now_o holiness_n and_o righteousness_n be_v essential_a attribute_n of_o god_n and_o any_o such_o covenant_n which_o in_o the_o consequence_n of_o it_o overthrow_v the_o rule_n of_o righteousness_n and_o holiness_n must_v be_v look_n on_o as_o contrary_a to_o the_o pure_a and_o holy_a nature_n of_o god_n but_o such_o a_o covenant_n as_o consist_v only_o in_o absolute_a promise_n if_o it_o can_v be_v call_v a_o covenant_n must_v supersede_n any_o obligation_n on_o man_n part_n to_o any_o duty_n as_o a_o condition_n of_o enjoy_v the_o benefit_n of_o those_o promise_n and_o consequent_o overthrow_v the_o rule_n of_o righteousness_n 11.7_o psal_n 11.7_o but_o the_o righteous_a lord_n love_v righteousness_n and_o he_o that_o do_v righteousness_n be_v righteous_a 3.7_o 1_o john_n 3.7_o even_o as_o he_o be_v righteous_a how_o be_v it_o then_o possible_a to_o conceive_v that_o god_n shall_v make_v such_o a_o covenant_n of_o grace_n with_o mankind_n as_o shall_v have_v no_o regard_n to_o the_o practice_n of_o real_a righteousness_n and_o this_o supposition_n must_v lessen_v our_o esteem_n of_o the_o divine_a nature_n and_o perfection_n overthrow_v the_o design_n of_o religion_n and_o make_v god_n a_o respecter_n of_o person_n by_o take_v no_o notice_n of_o their_o inward_a quality_n and_o disposition_n which_o be_v thing_n of_o such_o dangerous_a consequence_n that_o i_o can_v hardly_o believe_v that_o any_o who_o pretend_v to_o love_v the_o lord_n jesus_n christ_n in_o sincerity_n shall_v entertain_v such_o principle_n from_o whence_o they_o do_v too_o natural_o follow_v for_o if_o any_o person_n shall_v make_v it_o his_o business_n to_o render_v christianity_n suspect_v as_o a_o design_n to_o promote_v libertinism_n under_o a_o pretence_n of_o advance_v free_a grace_n he_o can_v not_o make_v use_n of_o any_o hypothesis_n more_o effectual_a than_o this_o that_o god_n require_v no_o condition_n in_o order_n to_o the_o benefit_n of_o his_o promise_n but_o to_o suppose_v that_o god_n be_v so_o gracious_a as_o to_o forgive_v the_o sin_n of_o true_o humble_a and_o penitent_a sinner_n who_o resolve_v by_o the_o grace_n of_o god_n to_o depart_v from_o iniquity_n and_o to_o live_v as_o become_v the_o gospel_n be_v so_o far_o from_o any_o incongruity_n to_o the_o divine_a nature_n that_o it_o tend_v more_o to_o advance_v our_o apprehension_n of_o god_n goodness_n join_v with_o his_o wisdom_n and_o holiness_n and_o so_o bring_v mankind_n to_o a_o due_a love_n of_o god_n and_o a_o hatred_n of_o sin_n as_o to_o the_o term_n of_o this_o covenant_n i_o think_v it_o not_o possible_a for_o any_o unprejudiced_a person_n to_o read_v the_o new_a testament_n and_o not_o to_o see_v that_o it_o still_o suppose_v condition_n on_o our_o part_n to_o make_v we_o partaker_n of_o the_o benefit_n of_o christ_n suffering_n but_o it_o be_v possible_a for_o man_n to_o be_v so_o fond_a of_o a_o particular_a opinion_n which_o they_o have_v before_o take_v up_o that_o they_o may_v accommodate_v all_o place_n to_o that_o darling_n notion_n i_o mean_v as_o to_o the_o absolute_a freeness_n of_o god_n grace_n which_o if_o it_o be_v pursue_v must_v everthrow_v as_o well_o the_o satisfaction_n of_o christ_n as_o the_o condition_n on_o our_o part._n but_o here_o lie_v the_o great_a difficulty_n how_o can_v we_o be_v justify_v without_o a_o perfect_a righteousness_n and_o our_o own_o performance_n at_o the_o best_a make_v but_o a_o imperfect_a righteousness_n and_o therefore_o the_o perfect_a righteousness_n of_o christ_n must_v be_v impute_v to_o we_o and_o if_o a_o perfect_a righteousness_n to_o be_v join_v for_o our_o justification_n this_o be_v the_o force_n of_o all_o the_o reason_v i_o have_v meet_v with_o about_o this_o matter_n to_o which_o i_o shall_v give_v a_o plain_a and_o dictinct_a answer_n 1._o i_o be_o far_o from_o disow_v the_o righteousness_n of_o christ_n to_o have_v be_v a_o perfect_a righteousness_n or_o that_o it_o be_v the_o only_a meritorious_a cause_n of_o our_o justification_n or_o to_o speak_v plain_a i_o do_v free_o own_v the_o satisfaction_n of_o christ_n to_o be_v the_o foundation_n of_o the_o covenant_n of_o grace_n by_o virtue_n whereof_o we_o be_v justify_v 2._o that_o to_o be_v justify_v be_v to_o be_v put_v into_o a_o state_n of_o grace_n and_o favour_n with_o god_n i_o do_v not_o mean_v that_o we_o be_v justify_v by_o inherent_a righteousness_n i._n e._n that_o god_n justify_v when_o he_o give_v grace_n but_o that_o upon_o our_o sincere_a performance_n of_o the_o condition_n on_o our_o part_n god_n receive_v we_o into_o a_o state_n of_o favour_n or_o grace_n and_o so_o deal_v with_o we_o as_o with_o righteous_a person_n and_o not_o mere_o declare_v we_o to_o be_v such_o for_o although_o the_o word_n justify_v be_v often_o use_v as_o a_o forensick_a word_n or_o a_o law_n term_n and_o so_o be_v oppose_v to_o condemn_v yet_o that_o use_n be_v not_o to_o be_v press_v too_o far_o because_o it_o will_v enclose_v we_o in_o many_o difficulty_n about_o the_o tribunal_n the_o law_n the_o plea_n the_o judicial_a act_n and_o the_o several_a cause_n material_a and_o formal_a etc._n etc._n all_o which_o i_o think_v tend_v more_o to_o darken_v than_o to_o clear_v this_o point_n of_o justification_n which_o ought_v to_o be_v keep_v out_o of_o school_n term_n and_o logical_a nicety_n as_o much_o as_o possible_a since_o st._n paul_n do_v not_o speak_v according_a to_o they_o in_o this_o matter_n for_o so_o adoption_n be_v original_o a_o law_n term_v use_v likewise_o by_o st._n paul_n and_o it_o will_v be_v hard_o strain_v to_o bring_v adoption_n to_o all_o the_o formality_n of_o the_o roman_a law_n if_o we_o look_v into_o the_o design_n of_o st._n paul_n we_o shall_v find_v it_o be_v to_o state_n the_o true_a ground_n of_o our_o acceptance_n with_o god_n which_o he_o show_v can_v not_o be_v from_o any_o thing_n mankind_n be_v able_a of_o themselves_o to_o perform_v in_o obedience_n to_o the_o law_n because_o they_o be_v under_o guilt_n and_o can_v never_o clear_v themselves_o from_o it_o but_o god_n have_v set_v forth_o his_o son_n to_o be_v a_o propitiation_n through_o faith_n in_o his_o blood_n 26._o rom._n 325_o 26._o to_o declare_v his_o righteousness_n for_o the_o remission_n of_o sin_n etc._n etc._n to_o declare_v at_o this_o time_n his_o righteousness_n that_o he_o may_v be_v just_a and_o the_o justifier_n of_o he_o that_o believe_v in_o jesus_n so_o that_o here_o we_o have_v the_o foundation_n or_o meritorious_a cause_n the_o propitiation_n of_o christ_n the_o goodness_n of_o god_n in_o accept_v this_o propitiation_n in_o order_n to_o remission_n and_o justification_n and_o the_o way_n we_o come_v to_o partake_v of_o it_o by_o faith_n in_o christ_n as_o it_o embrace_v these_o offer_n and_o carry_v along_o with_o it_o those_o sincere_a endeavour_n obey_v the_o gospel_n which_o god_n accept_v as_o our_o evangelical_n righteousness_n but_o to_o be_v justify_v in_o st._n paul_n sense_n be_v to_o be_v admit_v into_o the_o grace_n and_o favour_n of_o god_n on_o those_o term_n and_o so_o it_o do_v not_o lie_v bare_o in_o remission_n of_o sin_n
jew_n in_o the_o second_o yet_o have_v he_o such_o a_o faith_n as_o belong_v to_o the_o first_o such_o as_o the_o ancient_n before_o abraham_n have_v and_o so_o long_o as_o that_o faith_n he_o have_v do_v work_n by_o love_n or_o by_o sincere_a obedience_n to_o god_n according_a to_o his_o light_n it_o will_v justify_v he_o as_o well_o as_o that_o which_o be_v now_o far_o require_v of_o we_o under_o the_o gospel_n so_o my_o book_n call_v the_o axe_n lay_v to_o the_o root_n of_o separation_n p._n 4._o from_o faith_n or_o trust_v in_o god_n '_o goodness_n grace_n or_o mercy_n which_o any_o in_o every_o nation_n that_o fear_v god_n and_o wrought_v righteousness_n have_v thus_o to_o be_v accept_v and_o pardon_v before_o they_o know_v this_o ground_n or_o foundation_n upon_o which_o the_o righteousness_n thereof_o do_v stand_v to_o that_o faith_n we_o have_v now_o who_o do_v know_v it_o from_o that_o faith_n they_o have_v in_o god_n to_o save_v they_o of_o his_o free_a grace_n before_o the_o knowledge_n or_o our_o clear_a knowledge_n of_o christ_n and_o our_o redemption_n by_o he_o to_o that_o faith_n we_o have_v now_o to_o save_v we_o by_o the_o same_o free_a grace_n through_o the_o redemption_n that_o be_v in_o christ_n jesus_n you_o believe_v in_o god_n say_v christ_n believe_v also_o in_o i_o where_o be_v a_o faith_n and_o a_o faith_n consequently_n from_o faith_n that_o be_v a_o believe_v in_o god_n to_o a_o faith_n which_o be_v a_o believe_v in_o he_o through_o christ_n the_o foundation_n of_o our_o faith_n upon_o the_o revelation_n of_o the_o gospel_n even_o the_o righteousness_n of_o god_n which_o be_v by_o faith_n of_o jesus_n christ_n to_o wit_n since_o he_o be_v reveal_v upon_o these_o word_n mr._n rutherford_n suppose_v the_o righteousness_n of_o christ_n to_o be_v the_o formal_a righteousness_n that_o justify_v we_o thus_o oppose_v if_o our_o righteousness_n and_o inherent_a obedience_n may_v be_v of_o grace_n esteem_v formal_a righteousness_n before_o god_n by_o a_o free_a evangelic_n paction_n and_o a_o act_n of_o god_n free_a will_n there_o be_v no_o need_n of_o christ_n satisfaction_n cou._n op._n p._n 172_o 173._o i_o answer_v this_o learned_a man_n have_v i_o account_v here_o understand_o express_v the_o very_a thing_n as_o it_o be_v and_o that_o he_o give_v for_o the_o reason_n of_o his_o denial_n be_v the_o very_a ground_n upon_o which_o this_o righteousness_n as_o i_o have_v explain_v it_o be_v make_v good_a if_o it_o be_v not_o for_o this_o satisfaction_n of_o christ_n there_o can_v be_v no_o such_o righteousness_n on_o god_n part_n or_o on_o we_o god_n shall_v deal_v with_o we_o in_o his_o strict_a justice_n and_o no_o man_n be_v find_v righteous_a account_v or_o deal_v with_o as_o so_o in_o the_o earth_n but_o see_v upon_o this_o satisfaction_n of_o christ_n god_n may_v be_v righteous_a and_o abate_v the_o term_n as_o they_o be_v in_o one_o covenant_n and_o impute_v they_o however_o for_o righteousness_n by_o another_o we_o see_v how_o our_o evangelic_n obedience_n be_v indeed_o the_o formal_a when_o christ_n righteousness_n be_v the_o meritorious_a cause_n of_o our_o justification_n our_o justification_n i_o must_v say_v passive_o take_v that_o be_v the_o formal_a cause_n or_o formal_a reason_n or_o form_v itself_o of_o that_o righteousness_n whereby_o we_o be_v justify_v that_o which_o we_o do_v ourselves_o through_o grace_n or_o the_o spirit_n act_v we_o be_v this_o our_o formal_a righteousness_n and_o that_o be_v the_o condition_n of_o our_o justification_n active_o take_v and_o so_o of_o the_o impunity_n and_o life_n that_o follow_v as_o the_o fruit_n of_o it_o that_o we_o may_v not_o stray_v here_o but_o keep_v our_o middle-way_n between_o the_o extreme_n of_o papist_n and_o protestant_n we_o must_v distinguish_v remission_n and_o justification_n the_o papist_n say_v justification_n be_v remission_n and_o regeneration_n the_o protestant_n say_v it_o be_v remission_n and_o the_o imputation_n of_o christ_n righteousness_n when_o both_o then_o make_v remission_n to_o be_v but_o part_n of_o justification_n and_o totum_fw-la and_o pars_fw-la may_v be_v distinguish_v these_o may_v but_o i_o go_v far_o that_o which_o go_v before_o and_o that_o which_o come_v after_o justification_n must_v be_v distinguish_v from_o it_o but_o such_o be_v remission_n remission_n therefore_o be_v twofold_n universal_a and_o conditional_a the_o one_o particular_a and_o absolute_a the_o other_o universal_a conditional_a remission_n go_v before_o justification_n particular_a absolute_a follow_v as_o its_o effect_n and_o so_o neither_o must_v be_v make_v the_o formal_a reason_n of_o it_o he_o have_v give_v we_o the_o world_n of_o reconciliation_n to_o wit_n that_o god_n be_v in_o christ_n reconcile_n the_o world_n to_o himself_o not_o impute_v their_o trespass_n and_o we_o be_v his_o ambassador_n beseech_v you_o in_o christ_n stead_n to_o be_v reconcile_v unto_o god_n 2_o cor_fw-la 5.18_o 19_o 20._o here_o we_o see_v a_o reconciliation_n of_o god_n to_o we_o obtain_v for_o the_o world_n so_o that_o a_o non-imputation_n of_o trespass_n belong_v to_o all_o which_o yet_o precede_v our_o be_v reconcile_v to_o he_o and_o consequent_o our_o actual_a believe_v and_o justification_n the_o reconciliation_n of_o the_o world_n to_o god_n by_o the_o non-imputation_n of_o sin_n in_o this_o text_n be_v indeed_o no_o other_o but_o what_o the_o apostle_n otherwhere_o call_v redemption_n in_o who_o we_o have_v redemption_n through_o his_o blood_n even_o the_o forgiveness_n of_o sin_n eph._n 1.7_o col._n 1.14_o now_o that_o redemption_n do_v precede_v justification_n both_o in_o the_o nature_n of_o the_o thing_n and_o intent_n of_o the_o apostle_n be_v manifest_a rom._n 3.24_o be_v justify_v free_o by_o his_o grace_n through_o the_o redemption_n that_o be_v in_o christ_n jesus_n redemption_n be_v the_o ground_n we_o see_v of_o our_o justification_n and_o the_o ground_n be_v necessary_o first_o to_o be_v suppose_v before_o that_o which_o be_v build_v upon_o it_o and_o what_o be_v redemption_n redemption_n be_v christ_n procure_v or_o purchase_n of_o man_n delivery_n from_o wrath_n due_a to_o we_o according_a to_o the_o law_n for_o sin_n or_o of_o our_o discharge_n from_o the_o penalty_n call_v sometime_o freedom_n from_o the_o law_n sometime_o forgiveness_n of_o sin_n by_o the_o price_n of_o his_o blood_n or_o satisfaction_n in_o our_o behalf_n but_o to_o be_v give_v out_o to_o we_o no_o otherwise_o than_o as_o god_n and_o christ_n please_v and_o that_o be_v upon_o the_o term_n of_o the_o gospel_n of_o this_o remission_n which_o precede_v justification_n must_v be_v universal_a for_o where_o it_o be_v particular_a the_o man_n be_v justify_v and_o conditional_a for_o if_o it_o be_v absolute_a all_o must_v be_v save_v no_o man_n must_v conceive_v i_o to_o imagine_v our_o righteousness_n the_o formal_a cause_n or_o any_o cause_n nay_o or_o condition_n nevertheless_o this_o general_a remission_n be_v give_v out_o i_o say_v to_o particular_a person_n by_o a_o new_a law_n or_o covenant_n which_o require_v of_o we_o to_o the_o participate_v thereof_o that_o we_o believe_v repent_v and_o walk_v sincere_o before_o god_n this_o evangelical_n righteousness_n upon_o that_o account_n be_v the_o thing_n that_o formal_o justify_v we_o upon_o our_o faith_n god_n do_v account_v we_o believer_n or_o performer_n of_o this_o law_n or_o covenant_n that_o be_v righteous_a by_o the_o righteousness_n of_o faith_n the_o forma_fw-la per_fw-la quam_fw-la we_o be_v make_v so_o and_o then_o this_o remission_n before_o conditional_a become_v absolute_a or_o actual_a remission_n so_o common_o call_v as_o the_o effect_n together_o with_o a_o right_n to_o heaven_n of_o this_o justification_n now_o when_o the_o protestant_n ordinary_o that_o distinguish_v not_o remission_n from_o justification_n be_v vehement_a here_o in_o reference_n to_o grace_n and_o work_n and_o say_v that_o no_o man_n do_v or_o can_v do_v any_o thing_n in_o order_n to_o the_o remission_n of_o his_o sin_n that_o there_o be_v nothing_o and_o can_v be_v nothing_o in_o the_o whole_a world_n interpose_v between_o our_o sin_n and_o god_n wrath_n to_o stave_v that_o off_o we_o but_o christ_n satisfaction_n which_o be_v make_v by_o he_o and_o accept_v of_o god_n for_o we_o while_o we_o be_v sinner_n enemy_n and_o have_v no_o other_o qualification_n so_o that_o therefore_o our_o righteousness_n be_v so_o far_o from_o be_v any_o cause_n efficient_a material_a or_o formal_a that_o it_o be_v not_o so_o much_o as_o a_o condition_n of_o it_o i_o say_v it_o be_v all_o true_a it_o be_v all_o grant_v the_o absolute_a free_a grace_n of_o god_n and_o our_o redeemer_n be_v to_o be_v receive_v with_o the_o utmost_a humility_n of_o our_o heart_n and_o thankfulness_n only_o one_o thing_n be_v necessary_a which_o be_v that_o it_o be_v understand_v aright_o it_o must_v be_v understand_v of_o
of_o it_o which_o i_o have_v be_v careful_a to_o keep_v to_o in_o my_o last_o sheet_n nay_o though_o i_o say_v far_o that_o when_o the_o satisfaction_n of_o another_o be_v impute_v to_o the_o justification_n of_o a_o man_n the_o trespass_n of_o that_o other_o after_o a_o sort_n must_v be_v say_v impute_v to_o he_o and_o yet_o neither_o be_v that_o satisfaction_n formaliter_fw-la make_v his_o that_o be_v justify_v nor_o that_o trespass_n formaliter_fw-la make_v his_o that_o make_v the_o satisfaction_n but_o effective_a or_o meritory_n only_o in_o the_o one_o bearing_n the_o punishment_n and_o the_o other_o obtain_v the_o benefit_n of_o it_o this_o be_v understand_v when_o our_o divine_n do_v account_n that_o we_o be_v justify_v by_o christ_n satisfaction_n so_o as_o to_o be_v make_v just_a by_o it_o and_o according_o to_o be_v make_v righteous_a by_o the_o righteousness_n of_o another_o which_o be_v be_v make_v just_a by_o imputation_n such_o word_n i_o count_v ought_v to_o be_v a_o little_a change_v and_o the_o sense_n verify_v it_o shall_v not_o be_v say_v by_o but_o through_o christ_n satisfaction_n through_o his_o righteousness_n through_o the_o imputation_n of_o it_o and_o then_o that_o truth_n which_o be_v in_o it_o be_v this_o that_o through_o christ_n satisfaction_n or_o righteousness_n or_o imputation_n of_o it_o as_o the_o meritorious_a cause_n which_o we_o know_v be_v a_o external_a cause_n move_v the_o efficient_a to_o act_v we_o be_v indeed_o justify_v but_o by_o no_o mean_n must_v we_o understand_v they_o so_o as_o that_o it_o be_v the_o formal_a cause_n of_o our_o justification_n but_o the_o truth_n be_v here_o that_o our_o former_a polemical_a divine_n even_o the_o chief_a in_o opposition_n to_o a_o man_n be_v justify_v by_o any_o work_n merit_n or_o righteousness_n of_o his_o own_o maintain_v against_o the_o papist_n that_o it_o be_v by_o christ_n righteousness_n sub_fw-la genere_fw-la causae_fw-la formalis_fw-la that_o we_o be_v justify_v or_o that_o christ_n righteousness_n be_v so_o make_v we_o by_o faith_n as_o to_o be_v the_o formal_a reason_n of_o our_o justification_n our_o excellent_a dr._n davenant_n undertake_v this_o task_n whosoever_o in_o those_o time_n do_v not_o but_o where_o the_o scripture_n be_v for_o we_o we_o be_v to_o trust_v no_o mortal_a against_o it_o the_o question_n as_o he_o propose_v it_o be_v quae_fw-la &_o qualis_fw-la illa_fw-la justitia_fw-la sit_fw-la quae_fw-la coram_fw-la deo_fw-la hominem_fw-la justificat_fw-la hoc_fw-la est_fw-la cujus_fw-la intuitu_fw-la ipse_fw-la deus_fw-la hominem_fw-la à_fw-la peccato_fw-la &_o poena_fw-la peccati_fw-la liberum_fw-la pronunciet_a atque_fw-la favore_fw-la svo_fw-la &_o vita_fw-la aeterna_fw-la dignum_fw-la reputet_fw-la let_v we_o define_v the_o thing_n by_o its_o form_n and_o speak_v this_o hoc_fw-la est_fw-la in_o short_a cujus_fw-la intuitu_fw-la hominem_fw-la credentem_fw-la justum_fw-la reputat_fw-la now_o cujus_fw-la intuitu_fw-la all_o know_v be_v all_o one_o with_o id_fw-la propter_fw-la quod_fw-la that_o be_v the_o meritorious_a cause_n only_o when_o he_o will_v maintain_v that_o christ_n righteousness_n be_v the_o causa_fw-la formalis_fw-la that_o be_v causa_fw-la per_fw-la quam_fw-la we_o be_v justify_v he_o therefore_o be_v put_v to_o it_o be_v force_v to_o affirm_v thus_o in_o justificatione_n talis_fw-la formalis_fw-la causa_fw-la ponenda_fw-la est_fw-la quae_fw-la simul_fw-la &_o meritoria_fw-la esse_fw-la possit_fw-la his_o reason_n for_o it_o be_v out_o of_o the_o same_o quiver_n that_o be_v more_o word_n for_o the_o bear_n out_o a_o absurd_a affirmation_n by_o put_v some_o face_n upon_o it_o i_o be_o sufficient_o assure_v he_o have_v shoot_v beyond_o the_o mark_n and_o i_o will_v not_o go_v after_o his_o arrow_n by_o the_o way_n there_o be_v two_o place_n i_o remember_v where_o we_o be_v say_v to_o be_v justify_v by_o christ_n blood_n but_o it_o be_v 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d and_o shall_v be_v translate_v through_o his_o blood_n and_o must_v be_v interpret_v no_o otherwise_o than_o cujus_fw-la intuitu_fw-la that_o be_v as_o the_o meritorious_a cause_n i_o say_v not_o as_o by_o faith_n in_o his_o blood_n which_o be_v the_o formal_a cause_n of_o our_o justification_n when_o we_o speak_v therefore_o and_o allow_v our_o divine_n to_o speak_v of_o the_o imputation_n of_o christ_n righteousness_n as_o they_o ordinary_o do_v we_o must_v understand_v they_o so_o as_o never_o to_o make_v ourselves_o the_o proprietor_n of_o that_o righteousness_n legal_o or_o any_o way_n else_o impossible_a or_o that_o faith_n so_o make_v it_o we_o as_o to_o be_v our_o formal_a righteousness_n which_o when_o we_o see_v such_o great_a divine_n have_v hold_v no_o wonder_n if_o the_o lesser_a fry_n do_v swallow_v but_o that_o it_o be_v the_o cause_n for_o which_o as_o i_o have_v say_v before_o not_o the_o cause_n by_o which_o we_o be_v justify_v and_o here_o i_o will_v give_v mr._n william_n notice_n that_o this_o be_v the_o reason_n why_o the_o very_a righteousness_n of_o christ_n can_v be_v impute_v to_o we_o but_o in_o the_o effect_n because_o i_o say_v that_o if_o it_o be_v impute_v to_o we_o in_o se_fw-mi it_o must_v according_a to_o our_o opposite_a brethren_n be_v then_o our_o formal_a righteousness_n which_o he_o and_o i_o be_v to_o deny_v i_o must_v confess_v i_o think_v mr._n williams_n may_v not_o have_v so_o full_o digest_v this_o before_o as_o likewise_o myself_o as_o he_o may_v now_o and_o that_o the_o expression_n of_o he_o which_o i_o have_v exagitated_a in_o my_o book_n with_o that_o which_o follow_v in_o his_o that_o christ_n righteousness_n be_v pleadable_a by_o the_o believer_n as_o if_o himself_o have_v do_v and_o suffer_v what_o christ_n do_v as_o also_o to_o impute_v to_o one_o what_o be_v suffer_v by_o another_o be_v to_o esteem_v the_o one_o undertake_v for_o in_o the_o suffering_n of_o the_o other_o and_o to_o deal_v with_o he_o as_o if_o himself_o have_v suffer_v be_v shoot_v too_o high_a for_o if_o a_o man_n have_v make_v satisfaction_n himself_o or_o god_n do_v impute_v christ_n satisfaction_n to_o he_o so_o as_o if_o himself_o have_v make_v it_o than_o be_v this_o his_o formal_a righteousness_n and_o there_o be_v no_o need_n of_o that_o of_o faith_n this_o alone_a be_v that_o which_o must_v immediate_o justify_v he_o if_o therefore_o there_o be_v such_o a_o thing_n to_o be_v expect_v ever_o from_o mr._n williams_n as_o any_o vestigia_fw-la retrorsum_fw-la i_o will_v be_v ready_a to_o look_v for_o the_o print_v thereof_o make_v in_o the_o word_n i_o have_v quote_v as_o well_o as_o his_o brethren_n may_v in_o any_o other_o but_o the_o difficulty_n concern_v the_o point_n of_o the_o concurrence_n of_o christ_n righteousness_n and_o we_o in_o the_o matter_n of_o justification_n be_v not_o yet_o off_o our_o hand_n for_o there_o be_v a_o sermon_n of_o mr._n gibbons_n that_o mr._n baxter_n often_o commend_v which_o i_o think_v fit_a to_o mention_v this_o gentleman_n have_v treat_v the_o doctrine_n of_o justification_n as_o i._o righteousness_n say_v he_o be_v a_o conformity_n to_o the_o law_n a_o man_n be_v actual_o justify_v when_o he_o be_v constitute_v righteous_a the_o new_a law_n run_v thus_o he_o that_o believe_v shall_v not_o perish_v the_o believer_n keep_v or_o fulfil_v this_o law_n faith_n therefore_o be_v impute_v to_o he_o for_o righteousness_n the_o lawgiver_n by_o his_o very_a make_v the_o law_n constitute_v he_o righteous_a and_o the_o judge_n must_v pronounce_v he_o so_o the_o gospel_n than_o justify_v qua_fw-la lex_fw-la lata_fw-la faith_n justify_v vi_n legis_fw-la latae_fw-la as_o the_o king_n stamp_n give_v the_o value_n to_o the_o money_n i_o set_v this_o together_o and_o quote_v it_o for_o the_o clearness_n of_o it_o and_o my_o approbation_n to_o it_o nevertheless_o he_o tell_v we_o also_o that_o it_o be_v christ_n satisfaction_n in_o respect_n to_o the_o law_n of_o work_n that_o be_v our_o proper_a legal_a righteousness_n and_o i_o call_v it_o say_v he_o our_o righteousness_n because_o it_o become_v impute_v to_o we_o upon_o believe_v these_o be_v word_n that_o in_o appearance_n be_v ambidextrous_a hold_v with_o the_o hound_n and_o run_v with_o the_o hare_n as_o the_o proverb_n be_v unless_o we_o put_v a_o understanding_n upon_o they_o which_o i_o be_o not_o sure_a that_o very_o ingenuous_a but_o young_a man_n do_v as_o likewise_o such_o word_n or_o sense_n as_o mr._n williams_n have_v somewhere_o concern_v this_o double_a righteousness_n christ_n and_o we_o account_v the_o one_o the_o principal_a and_o the_o other_o subordinate_a to_o it_o now_o if_o mr._n gibbons_n or_o mr._n williams_n hitherto_o shall_v have_v conceive_v our_o righteousness_n we_o call_v evangelical_n to_o be_v subordinate_a to_o christ_n which_o be_v his_o but_o not_o our_o legal_a righteousness_n sub_fw-la ratione_fw-la ejusdem_fw-la causae_fw-la they_o be_v mire_v but_o when_o thus_o much_o be_v forelay_v that_o christ_n righteousness_n
of_o life_n by_o his_o law_n of_o grace_n or_o the_o gospel_n and_o be_v our_o formal_a righteousness_n according_a to_o that_o law_n be_v make_v so_o by_o that_o act_n of_o imputation_n which_o may_v be_v attribute_v to_o god_n or_o his_o law_n when_o he_o impute_v it_o to_o we_o for_o righteousness_n as_o i_o have_v have_v it_o already_o by_o the_o evangelical_n law_n this_o be_v our_o righteousness_n we_o be_v make_v righteous_a that_o be_v not_o guilty_a of_o the_o non-performance_n of_o the_o condition_n according_a to_o mr._n baxter_n to_o this_o purpose_n aforesaid_a i_o will_v note_v that_o when_o in_o that_o remarkable_a text_n rom._n 3.30_o predestination_n call_v justification_n and_o glorification_n be_v link_v without_o mention_v sanctification_n we_o must_v suppose_v that_o intend_a either_o in_o call_v or_o justification_n and_o i_o have_v always_o receive_v it_o under_o call_v that_o be_v effectual_a call_v or_o conversion_n now_o a_o man_n be_v convert_v and_o he_o believe_v and_o repent_v but_o this_o be_v no_o righteousness_n according_a to_o the_o law_n there_o come_v after_o call_v justification_n and_o it_o be_v that_o make_v this_o imperfect_a believe_v repent_v new_a obedience_n to_o become_v our_o righteousness_n by_o imputation_n god_n impute_v it_o to_o we_o for_o righteousness_n make_v it_o by_o that_o act_n et_fw-la juris_fw-la &_o judicis_fw-la to_o serve_v we_o in_o the_o room_n of_o such_o a_o righteousness_n as_o be_v perfect_a reward_v it_o for_o christ_n sake_n as_o he_o will_v the_o other_o the_o have_a faith_n repentance_n new_a obedience_n be_v one_o thing_n the_o have_v it_o accept_v for_o righteousness_n be_v another_o the_o one_o be_v regeneration_n or_o sanctification_n the_o other_o justification_n and_o without_o the_o one_o there_o can_v be_v the_o other_o fides_n inquiunt_fw-la justitia_fw-la nostra_fw-la formalis_fw-la esse_fw-la non_fw-la potest_fw-la concedo_fw-la upon_o his_o opinion_n he_o must_v say_v so_o not_o i_o though_o in_o the_o popish_a sense_n i_o say_v concedo_fw-la too_o at_o potest_fw-la à_fw-la deo_fw-la justitiae_fw-la loco_fw-la haberi_fw-la ut_fw-la preater_n ipsam_fw-la nihil_fw-la amplius_fw-la à_fw-la nobis_fw-la flagitet_fw-la ad_fw-la justitiam_fw-la consequendum_fw-la say_v mr._n wotton_n as_o for_o this_o righteousness_n of_o god_n now_o in_o his_o impute_v to_o the_o believer_n his_o faith_n or_o the_o performance_n of_o the_o evangelic_n condition_n for_o righteousness_n we_o must_v not_o conceive_v as_o dr._n owen_n object_n that_o here_o be_v a_o imputation_n only_o of_o that_o which_o be_v we_o so_o that_o account_v it_o a_o imperfect_a righteousness_n god_n can_v deal_v with_o we_o but_o only_o according_a to_o a_o imperfect_a one_o when_o he_o do_v certain_o deal_v with_o we_o according_a to_o a_o perfect_a one_o and_o we_o understand_v so_o by_o this_o imputation_n dr._n owen_n who_o never_o give_v the_o matter_n its_o due_a consideration_n not_o perhaps_o mr._n baxter_n neither_o philosophize_v thus_o there_o be_v a_o imputation_n to_o we_o of_o a_o thing_n that_o be_v we_o and_o that_o be_v judge_v it_o we_o and_o deal_v with_o we_o according_o or_o of_o a_o thing_n which_o be_v not_o we_o and_o that_o be_v by_o a_o donation_n of_o it_o on_o some_o just_a ground_n and_o deal_v with_o we_o according_a to_o it_o make_v we_o of_o this_o he_o make_v the_o application_n that_o our_o righteousness_n can_v but_o christ_n must_n be_v that_o which_o be_v impute_v to_o our_o justification_n but_o i_o will_v philosophize_v otherwise_o and_o so_o may_v any_o that_o 222._o that_o when_o ever_o we_o read_v of_o impute_v or_o account_v to_o a_o man_n a_o thing_n that_o be_v good_a it_o be_v a_o act_n of_o grace_n and_o law-acceptilation_a and_o signify_v something_o which_o be_v not_o truman_n endeavour_n p._n 222._o please_v as_o there_o be_v therefore_o a_o impute_v to_o a_o person_n that_o which_o be_v his_o or_o that_o which_o be_v not_o he_o so_o be_v there_o a_o impute_v also_o to_o a_o person_n that_o which_o be_v partly_o his_o and_o partly_o not_o he_o but_o that_o which_o in_o the_o effect_n may_v become_v his_o too_o by_o the_o imputation_n such_o be_v the_o case_n here_o but_o never_o sink_v in_o the_o doctor_n be_v mind_n there_o be_v two_o thing_n in_o the_o matter_n i_o have_v say_v before_o from_o luther_n our_o faith_n and_o god_n imputation_n our_o faith_n or_o the_o evangelic_n condition_n perform_v which_o be_v we_o and_o god_n imputation_n which_o bring_v with_o it_o in_o the_o effect_n i_o say_v that_o which_o be_v not_o we_o that_o be_v the_o satisfaction_n and_o merit_n of_o christ_n his_o satisfaction_n for_o pardon_v the_o fail_n and_o his_o merit_n for_o accept_v that_o which_o be_v do_v though_o imperfect_a to_o the_o account_v we_o righteous_a and_o deal_v with_o we_o no_o otherwise_o than_o if_o we_o be_v perfect_a a_o man_n that_o have_v not_o a_o legal_a sinless_a perfection_n for_o that_o be_v mean_v by_o the_o ungodly_a rom._n 4.5_o his_o faith_n be_v account_v for_o righteousness_n that_o be_v his_o faith_n shall_v avail_v he_o as_o much_o to_o all_o intent_n and_o stand_v he_o in_o as_o much_o stead_n as_o a_o perfect_a sinless_a righteousness_n will_v do_v say_v sir_n charles_n wolesley_n in_o his_o book_n of_o evangelical_n justification_n this_o be_v most_o certain_a that_o there_o be_v no_o grace_n vouchsafe_v to_o a_o sinner_n from_o god_n in_o order_n to_o life_n but_o upon_o the_o account_n of_o christ_n satisfaction_n and_o merit_n against_o the_o socinian_n when_o this_o exceed_a grace_n and_o favour_n therefore_o that_o a_o imperfect_a righteousness_n be_v accept_v in_o the_o room_n of_o a_o perfect_a one_o as_o be_v intend_v in_o this_o express_a scripture_n that_o say_v our_o faith_n be_v impute_v for_o righteousness_n the_o satisfaction_n and_o merit_n of_o christ_n must_v be_v suppose_v as_o its_o foundation_n and_o consequent_o they_o be_v impute_v to_o our_o faith_n for_o its_o acceptation_n as_o we_o say_v they_o be_v impute_v to_o we_o for_o we_o that_o christ_n righteousness_n be_v impute_v to_o we_o we_o assume_v without_o scripture_n but_o this_o be_v express_v that_o righteousness_n be_v impute_v and_o that_o our_o faith_n be_v impute_v for_o righteousness_n and_o it_o will_v be_v strange_a if_o any_o shall_v question_v a_o imputation_n of_o christ_n merit_n to_o our_o duty_n when_o it_o be_v accept_v and_o accept_v only_o through_o he_o our_o dissent_v brethren_n in_o their_o print_a agreement_n dec._n 1692._o have_v these_o word_n god_n look_v on_o the_o good_a work_n of_o believer_n in_o his_o son_n be_v please_v to_o accept_v and_o reward_v that_o which_o be_v sincere_a though_o accompany_v with_o many_o weakness_n and_o imperfection_n i_o quote_v these_o word_n not_o as_o rare_a but_o as_o the_o common_a judgement_n to_o show_v that_o a_o imputation_n of_o christ_n merit_n to_o our_o duty_n be_v undeniable_a here_o be_v the_o believer_n work_n and_o that_o be_v our_o imperfect_a inchoate_n obedience_n and_o this_o accept_v and_o it_o be_v accept_v in_o christ_n that_o must_v be_v through_o his_o satisfaction_n and_o merit_n and_o be_v reward_v too_o upon_o his_o account_n what_o be_v there_o more_o in_o the_o accept_n our_o person_n in_o justification_n our_o maim_a righteousness_n be_v accept_v to_o salvation_n as_o if_o it_o be_v perfect_a say_v one_o dr._n owen_n cite_v for_o that_o it_o shall_v be_v so_o christ_n have_v merit_v by_o his_o most_o perfect_a righteousness_n when_o this_o unnamed_a author_n say_v as_o if_o it_o be_v perfect_a he_o account_v it_o it_o be_v not_o so_o legal_o or_o in_o se_fw-la but_o evangelical_o or_o quoad_fw-la effectum_fw-la that_o be_v it_o stand_v we_o in_o the_o stead_n of_o a_o perfect_a one_o through_o the_o merit_n of_o christ_n and_o unto_o this_o say_n of_o his_o whosoever_o he_o be_v do_v that_o elder_a in_o the_o revelation_n well_o accord_v who_o tell_v st._n john_n that_o the_o robe_n of_o the_o saint_n which_o be_v their_o inherent_a grace_n their_o good_a work_n or_o holy_a life_n be_v make_v white_a that_o be_v rewardable_a with_o glory_n by_o their_o wash_v they_o in_o the_o blood_n of_o the_o lamb._n we_o be_v accept_v in_o the_o belove_a that_o be_v in_o christ_n we_o be_v accept_v in_o christ_n no_o otherwise_o than_o our_o duty_n be_v accept_v that_o be_v as_o the_o meritorious_a cause_n of_o that_o acceptance_n the_o satisfaction_n and_o merit_n of_o christ_n be_v that_o upon_o the_o account_n whereof_o god_n do_v justify_v we_o but_o if_o christ_n righteousness_n itself_o be_v impute_v to_o we_o it_o be_v not_o meritoriè_fw-fr upon_o the_o account_n thereof_o but_o formaliter_fw-la that_o we_o be_v justify_v by_o it_o before_o i_o yet_o quite_o leave_v mr._n wotton_n there_o be_v two_o text_n most_o common_o urge_v by_o those_o that_o define_v justification_n only_o by_o remission_n
to_o be_v pardon_n because_o the_o formal_a righteousness_n of_o our_o justification_n which_o be_v the_o righteousness_n of_o faith_n only_o impute_v to_o we_o for_o righteousness_n be_v not_o a_o righteousness_n that_o have_v offend_v in_o nothing_o and_o obey_v in_o every_o thing_n as_o mr._n truman_n describe_v pardon_n but_o be_v a_o inchoate_n imperfect_a righteousness_n that_o have_v fail_n cover_v with_o christ_n satisfaction_n and_o its_o work_n do_v i_o may_v say_v still_o accept_v only_o through_o his_o merit_n so_o that_o the_o more_o acute_a this_o man_n be_v and_o the_o further_o he_o do_v go_v the_o more_o he_o be_v out_o and_o must_v be_v so_o long_o as_o he_o have_v not_o once_o the_o sense_n upon_o his_o mind_n through_o his_o whole_a book_n call_v the_o great_a propitiation_n nor_o in_o his_o other_o two_o of_o the_o righteousness_n of_o god_n which_o the_o apostle_n himself_o give_v we_o as_o the_o handle_n and_o the_o only_a handle_n to_o understand_v his_o doctrine_n of_o justification_n by_o this_o one_o thing_n yet_o be_v to_o be_v note_v that_o these_o worthy_a man_n that_o define_v justification_n by_o pardon_n only_o and_o say_v it_o be_v impossible_a that_o a_o sinner_n can_v be_v justify_v or_o make_v and_o account_v righteous_a any_o otherwise_o do_v yet_o plead_v for_o a_o personal_a evangelical_n righteousness_n as_o necessary_a to_o justification_n as_o much_o or_o more_o than_o other_o witness_v sir_n charles_n wolesley_n this_o now_o to_o i_o be_v