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cause_n faith_n grace_n justify_v 4,538 5 8.7378 4 true
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A23663 A discourse of the nature, ends, and difference of the two covenants evincing in special, that faith as justifying, is not opposed to works of evangelical obedience : with an appendix of the nature and difference of saving and ineffectual faith, and the Allen, William, d. 1686.; Baxter, Richard, 1615-1691. 1673 (1673) Wing A1061; ESTC R5298 108,111 235

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thus_o oppose_v to_o work_n and_o thus_o available_a to_o justification_n consist_v in_o a_o new_a frame_n of_o spirit_n and_o the_o vital_a operation_n thereof_o and_o which_o we_o can_v have_v no_o right_a notion_n of_o without_o evangelical_n obedience_n in_o will_n and_o resolution_n at_o least_o which_o be_v real_o inward_a act_n of_o that_o obedience_n and_o be_v a_o conformity_n of_o the_o renew_a will_n to_o the_o divine_a law_n 4._o evangelical_n obedience_n as_o well_o as_o faith_n and_o together_o with_o faith_n be_v oppose_v to_o the_o work_n of_o the_o law_n in_o reference_n to_o justification_n and_o salvation_n gal._n 5._o 6._o for_o in_o christ_n jesus_n neither_o circumcision_n avail_v any_o thing_n nor_o uncircumcision_n but_o faith_n which_o work_v by_o love_n here_o again_o circumcision_n by_o the_o same_o figure_n and_o for_o the_o same_o reason_n as_o before_o be_v put_v for_o the_o work_n of_o moses_n law_n and_o as_o these_o be_v deny_v to_o avail_v any_o man_n to_o justification_n and_o salvation_n so_o on_o the_o other_o hand_n it_o be_v affirm_v that_o that_o faith_n which_o work_v by_o love_n do_v avail_v to_o these_o great_a end_n for_o to_o say_v that_o faith_n which_o work_v by_o love_n do_v so_o be_v the_o same_o in_o sense_n as_o to_o say_v that_o faith_n which_o work_v by_o fulfil_v the_o law_n and_o by_o keep_v the_o commandment_n do_v so_o avail_v for_o so_o love_n be_v say_v to_o be_v rom._n 13._o 10._o 1_o joh._n 5._o 3._o the_o assembly_n annotation_n upon_o the_o place_n give_v notice_n that_o the_o word_n here_o translate_v work_v faith_n which_o work_v by_o love_n be_v in_o the_o mean_a or_o middle_a voice_n may_v be_v take_v either_o active_o or_o passive_o and_o several_a other_o learned_a man_n among_o who_o dr._n hammond_n be_v one_o do_v render_v and_o understand_v it_o passive_o as_o if_o the_o apostle_n shall_v have_v say_v faith_n which_o be_v wrought_v or_o perfect_v or_o consummate_v by_o love_n and_o so_o make_v it_o direct_o parallel_v with_o that_o in_o st._n james_n chap._n 2._o 22._o by_o work_n be_v faith_n make_v perfect_a so_o far_o be_v the_o scripture_n we_o see_v from_o oppose_a act_n of_o evangelical_n obedience_n to_o faith_n in_o the_o work_n of_o justification_n as_o that_o it_o conjoyn_v they_o with_o faith_n in_o the_o title_n to_o it_o and_o in_o opposition_n to_o false_a pretension_n to_o it_o 5._o evangelical_n obedience_n alone_o be_v oppose_v to_o the_o work_n of_o the_o law_n in_o reference_n to_o justification_n so_o far_o be_v it_o from_o be_v true_a that_o where_o the_o work_n of_o the_o law_n be_v exclude_v there_o evangelical_n obedience_n be_v exclude_v from_o have_v any_o share_n in_o the_o work_n of_o justification_n 1_o cor._n 7._o 19_o circumcision_n be_v nothing_o and_o uncircumcision_n be_v nothing_o but_o the_o keep_n of_o the_o commandment_n of_o god_n circumcision_n be_v here_o again_o as_o before_o put_v for_o the_o whole_a law_n and_o indeed_o he_o that_o be_v circumcise_v be_v bind_v to_o keep_v the_o whole_a law_n as_o this_o apostle_n note_v in_o gal._n 5._o 3._o and_o when_o he_o say_v circumcision_n be_v nothing_o he_o mean_v here_o doubtless_o as_o in_o those_o other_o place_n already_o open_v that_o it_o avail_v nothing_o to_o any_o man_n acceptation_n with_o god_n or_o to_o his_o justification_n and_o salvation_n as_o the_o judaizer_n of_o those_o time_n think_v it_o do_v but_o then_o the_o keep_n of_o the_o commandment_n of_o god_n will_v avail_v to_o these_o end_n for_o that_o i_o conceive_v be_v intend_v and_o aught_o to_o be_v understand_v by_o the_o opposition_n that_o be_v make_v between_o circumcision_n and_o keep_v the_o commandment_n 6._o faith_n itself_o be_v a_o act_n of_o evangelical_n obedience_n this_o as_o well_o as_o love_n be_v a_o act_n of_o conformity_n to_o our_o lord_n command_n and_o therefore_o a_o man_n can_v be_v justify_v by_o faith_n but_o in_o be_v so_o he_o must_v be_v justify_v by_o evangelical_n obedience_n 1_o john_n 3._o 23._o this_o be_v his_o commandment_n that_o we_o shall_v believe_v in_o the_o name_n of_o his_o son_n jesus_n christ_n and_o love_v one_o another_o as_o he_o give_v we_o commandment_n this_o by_o our_o saviour_n be_v call_v a_o work_n joh._n 6._o 29._o this_o be_v the_o work_n of_o god_n that_o you_o believe_v on_o he_o who_o he_o have_v send_v and_o there_o be_v so_o much_o of_o the_o nature_n of_o evangelical_n obedience_n in_o faith_n itself_o as_o that_o to_o believe_v and_o to_o obey_v be_v promiscuous_o put_v one_o for_o another_o and_o so_o be_v unbelief_n and_o disobedience_n according_o you_o have_v in_o many_o place_n the_o one_o read_v in_o the_o text_n and_o the_o other_o in_o the_o margin_n as_o act_n 5._o 36._o rom._n 11._o 30_o 31._o ephes._n 5._o 6._o heb._n 4._o 11._o &_o 11._o 31._o and_o belief_n and_o disobedience_n be_v in_o scripture_n oppose_v to_o each_o other_o as_o direct_v contrary_n rom._n 10._o 16._o 1_o pet._n 2._o 7._o 2_o thes._n 2._o 12._o so_o that_o since_o faith_n be_v a_o act_n of_o evangelical_n obedience_n it_o follow_v that_o to_o say_v the_o work_n of_o evangelical_n obedience_n do_v justify_v do_v no_o more_o derogate_v from_o the_o grace_n of_o god_n or_o the_o freeness_n of_o his_o grace_n in_o justify_v than_o to_o say_v faith_n justify_v first_o because_o other_o act_n of_o evangelical_n obedience_n be_v the_o effect_n of_o god_n grace_n and_o produce_v by_o it_o as_o well_o as_o faith_n it_o be_v god_n that_o work_v in_o you_o both_o to_o will_v and_o to_o do_v of_o his_o good_a pleasure_n phil._n 2._o 13._o and_o second_o because_o it_o be_v mere_o of_o the_o law_n of_o grace_n that_o faith_n and_o other_o act_n of_o evangelical_n obedience_n be_v make_v the_o condition_n of_o the_o promise_n of_o salvation_n ephes._n 2._o 8._o by_o grace_n be_v you_o save_v through_o faith_n in_o christ_n jesus_n and_o that_o not_o of_o yourselves_o it_o be_v the_o gift_n of_o god_n as_o man_n do_v not_o believe_v or_o obey_v of_o themselves_o without_o supernatural_a assistance_n so_o neither_o be_v it_o of_o themselves_o that_o they_o be_v justify_v or_o save_v upon_o their_o believe_v but_o both_o the_o one_o and_o the_o other_o be_v the_o gift_n of_o god_n it_o be_v not_o of_o he_o that_o will_v nor_o of_o he_o that_o run_v but_o of_o god_n that_o show_v mercy_n it_o be_v by_o virtue_n of_o god_n new_a covenant_n that_o a_o promise_n of_o pardon_n be_v make_v to_o repentance_n or_o to_o faith_n for_o the_o primary_n law_n the_o law_n of_o nature_n promise_v no_o such_o thing_n upon_o repentance_n and_o it_o be_v by_o virtue_n of_o the_o same_o law_n of_o grace_n that_o a_o promise_n of_o justification_n and_o reward_n be_v make_v to_o sincere_a obedience_n in_o other_o act_n of_o obedience_n as_o well_o as_o those_o of_o faith_n and_o repentance_n that_o which_o have_v make_v many_o afraid_a of_o interess_v evangelical_n obedience_n with_o faith_n in_o justify_v man_n have_v be_v a_o opinion_n that_o so_o to_o do_v will_v derogate_v from_o god_n grace_n &_o attribute_v too_o much_o to_o man_n but_o you_o see_v there_o be_v no_o ground_n for_o such_o a_o opinion_n it_o be_v true_a indeed_o the_o proper_a merit_n of_o work_n and_o god_n grace_n be_v inconsistent_a and_o therefore_o be_v oppose_v to_o each_o other_o in_o scripture_n but_o evangelical_n obedience_n and_o grace_n be_v no_o more_o opposite_a or_o inconsistent_a than_o cause_n and_o effect_v or_o than_o cause_n principal_a and_o subordinate_a and_o as_o it_o do_v not_o follow_v that_o because_o we_o be_v justify_v free_o by_o god_n grace_n that_o therefore_o we_o be_v not_o justify_v by_o faith_n so_o neither_o do_v it_o follow_v that_o because_o we_o be_v justify_v by_o faith_n that_o therefore_o we_o be_v not_o justify_v by_o sincere_a obedience_n for_o these_o and_o the_o blood_n of_o christ_n do_v all_o concur_v in_o produce_v many_o of_o the_o same_o effect_n though_o not_o in_o the_o same_o respect_n 7._o by_o evangelical_n obedience_n christian_n come_v to_o have_v a_o right_n to_o salvation_n revel_v 22._o 14._o bless_a be_v they_o that_o do_v his_o commandment_n that_o they_o may_v have_v a_o right_n to_o the_o tree_n of_o life_n and_o may_v enter_v in_o through_o the_o gate_n into_o the_o city_n this_o be_v leave_v on_o record_n as_o a_o special_a memorandum_n for_o christian_n in_o close_v up_o the_o canon_n of_o the_o new_a testament_n and_o therefore_o be_v to_o be_v take_v special_a notice_n of_o this_o right_n to_o the_o tree_n of_o life_n and_o of_o enter_v into_o this_o bless_a city_n upon_o keep_v the_o commandment_n be_v from_o a_o new_a covenant_n or_o law_n act_n or_o grant_v from_o god_n for_o otherwise_o man_n that_o have_v transgress_v
judge_n reverent_o and_o charitable_o of_o the_o ancient_n that_o use_v the_o word_n merit_n of_o good_a work_n because_o they_o mean_v but_o a_o moral_a aptitude_n for_o the_o promise_a reward_n according_a to_o the_o law_n of_o grace_n through_o christ._n 16._o they_o confess_v the_o thing_n thus_o describe_v themselves_o however_o they_o like_v not_o the_o name_n of_o merit_n lest_o it_o shall_v countenance_v proud_a and_o carnal_a conceit_n 17._o they_o judge_v no_o man_n to_o be_v heretical_a for_o the_o bare_a use_n of_o that_o word_n who_o agree_v with_o they_o in_o the_o sense_n 18._o in_o this_o sense_n they_o agree_v that_o our_o gospel-obedience_n be_v such_o a_o necessary_a aptitude_n to_o our_o glorification_n as_o that_o glory_n though_o a_o free_a gift_n be_v yet_o true_o a_o reward_n of_o this_o obedience_n 19_o and_o they_o agree_v that_o our_o final_a justification_n by_o sentence_n at_o the_o day_n of_o judgement_n do_v pass_v upon_o the_o same_o cause_n reason_n and_o condition_n as_o our_o glorification_n do_v 20._o they_o all_o agree_v that_o all_o faithful_a minister_n must_v bend_v the_o labour_n of_o their_o ministry_n in_o public_a and_o private_a for_o promote_a of_o holiness_n and_o good_a work_n and_o that_o they_o must_v diifference_n by_o discipline_n between_o the_o obedient_a and_o the_o disobedient_a and_o o_o that_o the_o papist_n will_v as_o zealous_o promote_v holiness_n and_o good_a work_n in_o the_o world_n as_o the_o true_a serious_a protestant_n do_v who_o they_o factious_o and_o peevish_o accuse_v as_o enemy_n to_o they_o and_o that_o the_o opinion_n dispute_v and_o name_n of_o good_a work_n do_v not_o cheat_v many_o wicked_a person_n into_o self-flattery_n and_o perdition_n while_o they_o be_v void_a of_o that_o which_o they_o dispute_v for_o then_o will_v not_o the_o mahometan_n and_o heathen_n be_v deter_v from_o christianity_n by_o the_o wickedness_n of_o these_o nominal_a christian_n that_o be_v near_o they_o nor_o will_v the_o serious_a practice_n of_o that_o christianity_n which_o themselves_o in_o general_n profess_v be_v hate_v scorn_a and_o persecute_v by_o so_o many_o both_o protestant_n and_o papist_n nor_o will_v so_o many_o contend_v that_o they_o be_v of_o the_o true_a religion_n while_o they_o be_v real_o of_o no_o religion_n at_o all_o any_o further_a than_o the_o hypocrite_n picture_n and_o carcase_n may_v be_v call_v religion_n be_v man_n but_o resolve_v to_o be_v serious_a learner_n serious_a lover_n and_o serious_a practiser_n according_a to_o their_o knowledge_n and_o do_v not_o live_v like_o mocker_n of_o god_n and_o such_o as_o look_v towards_o the_o life_n to_o come_v in_o jest_n or_o unbelief_n god_n will_v vouchsafe_v they_o better_o acquaintance_n with_o the_o true_a religion_n than_o most_o man_n have_v have_v prefaced_a this_o much_o for_o the_o rest_n i_o refer_v thou_o to_o the_o perusal_n of_o this_o treatise_n which_o will_v give_v thou_o much_o light_n into_o the_o nature_n of_o the_o gospel_n and_o especial_o help_v thou_o to_o the_o right_a understanding_n of_o the_o meaning_n of_o the_o apostle_n paul_n in_o all_o his_o epistle_n about_o the_o law_n the_o gospel_n and_o the_o justification_n of_o a_o sinner_n o_o pray_v and_o labour_n for_o a_o confirm_a practical_a faith_n as_o daily_o do_v your_o fellow_n disciple_n ri._n baxter_n june_n four_o 1672._o the_o chief_a head_n of_o discourse_n 1._o the_o nature_n of_o the_o promise_n to_o abraham_n 2._o why_o the_o law_n be_v add_v to_o the_o promise_n 3._o how_o those_o under_o the_o law_n be_v save_v 4._o the_o nature_n of_o the_o legal_a covenant_n 5._o the_o mistake_v of_o jew_n about_o the_o law_n and_o promise_n and_o how_o st._n paul_n counter-argues_a those_o mistake_n 6._o how_o st._n paul_n doctrine_n of_o justification_n by_o faith_n and_o not_o by_o work_n be_v then_o mistake_v by_o some_o 7._o that_o the_o doctrine_n of_o st._n paul_n and_o of_o st._n james_n about_o faith_n and_o work_n do_v not_o differ_v 8._o with_o a_o appendix_n touch_v the_o difference_n and_o the_o reason_n of_o the_o difference_n between_o save_v and_o ineffectual_a faith_n a_o discourse_n of_o the_o nature_n end_n and_o difference_n of_o the_o two_o covenant_n the_o mistake_n of_o the_o unbelieve_a jew_n about_o the_o true_a import_n of_o god_n promise_v to_o abraham_n and_o of_o the_o law_n of_o moses_n be_v a_o principal_a cause_n of_o their_o reject_v christ_n and_o his_o gospel_n and_o their_o own_o salvation_n thereby_o to_o rectify_v which_o mistake_n the_o apostle_n st._n paul_n use_v various_a reason_n according_a to_o the_o various_a error_n contain_v in_o it_o in_o which_o reason_v of_o his_o there_o be_v some_o thing_n hard_a to_o be_v understand_v there_o be_v other_o again_o which_o probable_o mistake_v the_o apostle_n reason_v against_o the_o jew-jewish_a notion_n of_o justification_n by_o work_n run_v into_o a_o contrary_a extreme_a think_v they_o may_v be_v save_v by_o faith_n without_o work_n as_o on_o the_o contrary_a the_o incredulous_a jew_n think_v they_o may_v be_v save_v by_o work_n without_o faith_n and_o if_o many_o in_o our_o day_n have_v not_o run_v into_o somewhat_o alike_o extreme_a through_o a_o misunderstanding_n also_o of_o the_o apostle_n write_n labour_n and_o pain_n will_v not_o have_v be_v so_o necessary_a as_o now_o they_o be_v to_o rectify_v their_o mistake_n and_o to_o prevent_v it_o in_o other_o to_o the_o end_n therefore_o that_o the_o plain_a truth_n may_v the_o better_o appear_v touch_v god_n promise_v to_o abraham_n touch_v the_o law_n of_o moses_n and_o the_o apostle_n arguing_n about_o these_o i_o shall_v very_o brief_o endeavour_v these_o seven_o thing_n 1._o to_o open_v the_o nature_n and_o design_n of_o god_n promise_n to_o abraham_n and_o to_o show_v 2._o for_o what_o end_v the_o law_n be_v add_v to_o the_o promise_n 3._o by_o what_o faith_n and_o practice_n the_o jew_n under_o the_o law_n be_v save_v 4._o that_o the_o law_n contain_v a_o covenant_n different_a from_o that_o with_o abraham_n 5._o the_o grand_a mistake_n of_o the_o unbelieve_a jew_n and_o st._n paul_n counter_a arguing_n touch_v both_o the_o law_n and_o the_o promise_n 6._o the_o mistake_n of_o some_o pretend_a christian_n in_o the_o apostle_n day_n touch_v the_o doctrine_n of_o justification_n by_o faith_n without_o work_n 7._o that_o the_o doctrine_n of_o st._n paul_n and_o st_n james_n about_o faith_n and_o work_n in_o reference_n to_o justification_n do_v not_o differ_v i_o shall_v begin_v with_o the_o first_o of_o these_o chap._n i._n the_o nature_n and_o design_n of_o god_n promise_v to_o abraham_n i_o shall_v endeavour_v to_o open_v the_o nature_n and_o design_n of_o god_n promise_v to_o abraham_n which_o promise_n be_v also_o call_v the_o covenant_n act._n 3._o 25._o gal._n 3._o 17._o in_o do_v of_o which_o these_o eight_o thing_n will_v come_v under_o consideration_n 1._o what_o the_o nature_n of_o this_o promise_n be_v in_o general_n 2._o what_o the_o design_n of_o it_o be_v 3._o what_o be_v the_o special_a benefit_n promise_v 4._o what_o the_o extent_n of_o it_o be_v 5._o the_o security_n give_v by_o god_n for_o the_o performance_n of_o it_o 6._o that_o this_o promise_n be_v conditional_a 7._o what_o the_o condition_n of_o it_o be_v 8._o what_o we_o be_v to_o understand_v by_o god_n account_v abraham_n faith_n to_o he_o for_o righteousness_n sect._n 1_o of_o the_o nature_n of_o it_o in_o general_n this_o promise_n i_o take_v to_o be_v of_o the_o same_o nature_n with_o that_o which_o in_o the_o gospel_n be_v call_v the_o new_a covenant_n it_o be_v true_a indeed_o they_o great_o differ_v in_o the_o administration_n the_o one_o be_v but_o general_a implicit_a and_o obscure_a and_o the_o other_o more_o particular_a express_a and_o perspicuous_a but_o though_o in_o this_o they_o differ_v yet_o in_o their_o general_a nature_n they_o agree_v in_o one_o and_o be_v the_o same_o for_o 1._o this_o covenant_n as_o deliver_v to_o abraham_n be_v confirm_v in_o christ_n as_o well_o as_o the_o gospel_n afterward_o gal._n 3._o 17._o and_o that_o be_v a_o character_n of_o the_o new_a covenant_n mat._n 26._o 28._o 2._o the_o gospel_n be_v say_v to_o have_v be_v preach_v to_o abraham_n in_o the_o promise_n that_o be_v make_v he_o gal._n 3._o 8._o 3._o he_o be_v justify_v by_o faith_n which_o he_o can_v not_o have_v be_v but_o by_o virtue_n of_o a_o new_a covenant_n and_o it_o be_v by_o faith_n in_o the_o promise_v make_v to_o he_o by_o god_n by_o which_o he_o be_v justify_v which_o two_o thing_n suppose_v it_o necessary_o follow_v that_o that_o promise_n be_v of_o the_o nature_n of_o the_o new_a covenant_n 4._o st._n paul_n argue_v against_o the_o erroneous_a jew_n in_o his_o epistle_n to_o the_o roman_n and_o galatian_n the_o necessity_n of_o evangelical_n faith_n unto_o justification_n
sometime_o describe_v by_o a_o assent_v to_o the_o truth_n of_o one_o single_a proposition_n yet_o than_o it_o imply_v the_o belief_n of_o many_o more_o and_o such_o a_o belief_n as_o draw_v in_o the_o will_n to_o act_v according_a to_o the_o import_n and_o concernment_n of_o the_o thing_n believe_v as_o for_o instance_n the_o belief_n of_o this_o proposition_n that_o christ_n jesus_n be_v the_o son_n of_o god_n by_o which_o faith_n be_v sometime_o describe_v do_v include_v in_o it_o a_o belief_n of_o the_o truth_n of_o his_o whole_a doctrine_n both_o concern_v god_n grace_n and_o man_n duty_n and_o the_o will_v his_o concurrence_n as_o to_o its_o concernment_n in_o it_o for_o if_o he_o be_v the_o son_n of_o god_n than_o he_o can_v lie_v or_o deceive_v in_o any_o thing_n he_o have_v say_v and_o again_o the_o belief_n of_o this_o proposition_n that_o god_n raise_v christ_n from_o the_o dead_a by_o which_o faith_n be_v also_o describe_v rom._n 10._o 9_o include_v in_o it_o a_o belief_n that_o all_o that_o doctrine_n which_o he_o teach_v be_v undoubted_o true_a for_o if_o it_o have_v not_o god_n will_v never_o have_v wrought_v such_o a_o miracle_n as_o to_o raise_v christ_n from_o the_o dead_a to_o confirm_v it_o the_o belief_n then_o of_o such_o single_a proposition_n include_v a_o belief_n of_o the_o whole_a doctrine_n of_o the_o gospel_n which_o be_v the_o proper_a object_n of_o the_o christian_a faith_n and_o for_o that_o cause_n be_v frequent_o style_v faith_n or_o the_o faith_n in_o the_o new_a testament_n but_o if_o we_o respect_v the_o nature_n of_o faith_n in_o general_n as_o answer_v the_o different_a degree_n of_o god_n revelation_n of_o his_o will_n in_o several_a age_n of_o the_o world_n both_o under_o the_o gospel_n and_o before_o i_o do_v not_o know_v how_o better_a to_o define_v it_o than_o thus_o faith_n be_v such_o a_o hearty_a belief_n of_o god_n declaration_n concern_v his_o own_o grace_n and_o man_n duty_n as_o do_v effectual_o cause_v a_o man_n to_o expect_v from_o god_n and_o to_o act_v in_o a_o way_n of_o sincere_a obedience_n according_a to_o the_o tenor_n and_o import_n of_o such_o a_o declaration_n or_o if_o you_o will_v take_v in_o the_o belief_n of_o god_n threaten_n against_o sinner_n into_o the_o definition_n than_o it_o will_v be_v thus_o faith_n be_v such_o a_o hearty_a belief_n of_o god_n declaration_n concern_v his_o own_o grace_n and_o displeasure_n and_o man_n duty_n as_o do_v effectual_o cause_v a_o man_n to_o expect_v from_o god_n and_o to_o act_v in_o a_o way_n of_o sincere_a obedience_n according_a to_o the_o tenor_n and_o import_n of_o such_o a_o declaration_n i'faith_o thus_o define_v we_o have_v already_o see_v exemplify_v in_o abraham_n who_o be_v the_o great_a exemplar_n of_o believe_v and_o the_o father_n of_o believer_n and_o that_o it_o be_v his_o belief_n of_o god_n promise_n or_o declaration_n of_o grace_n and_o favour_n to_o he_o as_o it_o be_v practical_a in_o produce_v repentance_n self-denial_n and_o sincere_a obedience_n by_o which_o he_o be_v justify_v and_o make_v happy_a appear_v far_a not_o only_o in_o that_o it_o be_v say_v by_o st._n james_n that_o his_o faith_n wrought_v with_o his_o work_n and_o be_v make_v perfect_a by_o they_o and_o that_o he_o be_v justify_v by_o work_n as_o well_o as_o by_o faith_n of_o which_o more_o anon_o but_o also_o in_o that_o it_o be_v say_v that_o he_o receive_v the_o sign_n of_o circumcision_n which_o be_v the_o condition_n upon_o which_o god_n covenant_v with_o he_o to_o be_v his_o god_n and_o upon_o the_o same_o term_n to_o be_v the_o god_n of_o his_o seed_n a_o seal_n of_o the_o righteousness_n of_o the_o faith_n which_o he_o have_v while_o he_o be_v yet_o uncircumcised_a for_o suppose_v which_o be_v not_o deny_v circumcision_n to_o be_v a_o outward_a sign_n of_o inward_a grace_n of_o the_o circumcision_n of_o the_o heart_n consist_v in_o mortification_n or_o a_o penitential_a change_n of_o the_o heart_n which_o be_v the_o effect_n of_o faith_n his_o circumcision_n as_o such_o be_v a_o seal_n of_o confirmation_n to_o abraham_n that_o it_o be_v upon_o his_o former_a so_o believe_v god_n upon_o his_o promise_n as_o thereby_o to_o be_v induce_v to_o leave_v the_o evil_a custom_n of_o his_o country_n and_o his_o country_n itself_o with_o his_o kindred_n &_o his_o father_n house_n that_o god_n will_v be_v his_o god_n indeed_o in_o which_o promise_n be_v implicit_o promise_v all_o that_o will_v make_v he_o eternal_o happy_a and_o god_n further_a design_n of_o give_v to_o abraham_n this_o covenant_n of_o circumcision_n as_o a_o seal_n to_o assure_v he_o the_o enjoyment_n of_o the_o benefit_n wrap_v up_o in_o that_o promise_n upon_o the_o term_n aforesaid_a be_v that_o he_o may_v be_v the_o father_n of_o all_o they_o that_o believe_v whether_o literal_o circumcise_v or_o not_o that_o be_v that_o he_o may_v be_v a_o great_a example_n and_o pattern_n to_o all_o other_o of_o obtain_v the_o same_o benefit_n in_o the_o same_o way_n and_o so_o may_v be_v a_o mean_n of_o beget_v other_o to_o believe_v in_o god_n and_o to_o obey_v he_o as_o he_o have_v do_v to_o be_v a_o great_a instrument_n to_o propagate_v the_o kind_n of_o new_a creature_n of_o man_n renew_v to_o god_n to_o the_o end_n they_o may_v be_v bless_v as_o he_o be_v this_o or_o somewhat_o to_o this_o effect_n be_v doubtless_o the_o meaning_n of_o rom._n 4._o 11_o 12._o and_o he_o receive_v the_o sign_n of_o circumcision_n a_o seal_n of_o the_o righteousness_n of_o the_o faith_n which_o he_o have_v be_v yet_o uncircumcised_a that_o he_o may_v be_v the_o father_n of_o all_o they_o that_o believe_v though_o they_o be_v not_o circumcise_v that_o righteousness_n may_v be_v impute_v to_o they_o also_o and_o the_o father_n of_o circumcision_n to_o they_o who_o be_v not_o of_o the_o circumcision_n only_o but_o also_o walk_v in_o the_o step_n of_o that_o faith_n of_o our_o father_n abraham_n which_o he_o have_v be_v yet_o uncircumcised_a and_o it_o be_v not_o unlikely_a but_o that_o as_o heart-circumcision_n under_o the_o figure_n of_o literal-circumcision_n be_v together_o with_o faith_n make_v the_o condition_n of_o the_o covenant_n then_o so_o spiritual_a baptism_n which_o be_v a_o death_n unto_o sin_n and_o a_o live_n unto_o god_n be_v under_o the_o figure_n of_o water-baptism_n join_v with_o believe_v as_o the_o condition_n of_o the_o promise_n of_o salvation_n now_o mark_v 16._o 16._o he_o that_o believe_v and_o be_v baptize_v shall_v be_v save_v according_a to_o which_o st._n peter_n have_v speak_v of_o noah_n ark_n say_v the_o like_a figure_n whereunto_o baptism_n now_o save_v we_o not_o the_o put_v away_o of_o the_o filth_n of_o the_o flesh_n but_o the_o answer_n of_o a_o good_a conscience_n towards_o god_n 1_o pet._n 3._o 21._o now_o as_o it_o be_v in_o abraham_n such_o a_o belief_n of_o god_n declaration_n of_o grace_n and_o favour_n as_o do_v effectual_o induce_v he_o to_o love_n and_o obey_v god_n by_o which_o he_o be_v justify_v so_o i_o shall_v show_v afterward_o it_o be_v the_o very_a same_o kind_n of_o faith_n work_v after_o the_o same_o manner_n by_o which_o the_o saint_n under_o the_o law_n of_o moses_n be_v save_v but_o faith_n as_o evangelical_n and_o christian_n be_v such_o a_o hearty_a assent_n and_o consent_n unto_o god_n declartion_n in_o the_o gospel_n by_o his_o son_n concern_v christ_n himself_o and_o his_o grace_n and_o favour_n towards_o man_n by_o he_o and_o concern_v their_o own_o duty_n as_o cause_v a_o man_n to_o expect_v from_o god_n and_o to_o act_v in_o a_o way_n of_o duty_n according_a to_o the_o tenor_n of_o such_o a_o declaration_n and_o his_o own_o concern_v in_o it_o and_o faith_n thus_o define_v be_v full_o agreeable_a to_o the_o tenor_n of_o the_o gospel_n mark_v 16._o 15_o 16._o go_v you_o into_o all_o the_o world_n and_o preach_v the_o gospel_n to_o every_o creature_n he_o that_o believe_v and_o be_v baptise_a shall_v be_v save_v he_o that_o believe_v what_o why_o he_o that_o believe_v that_o gospel_n which_o be_v to_o be_v preach_v to_o every_o creature_n which_o gospel_n contain_v a_o declaration_n of_o god_n grace_n &_o man_n duty_n &_o of_o his_o wrath_n against_o all_o ungodliness_n and_o unrighteousness_n of_o men._n for_o 1._o it_o declare_v from_o god_n that_o he_o have_v give_v his_o son_n jesus_n christ_n to_o be_v the_o saviour_n of_o the_o world_n by_o be_v a_o propitiation_n for_o the_o sin_n of_o it_o in_o become_v a_o sacrifice_n to_o expiate_v sin_n 2._o it_o declare_v that_o god_n upon_o account_n of_o his_o son_n give_v himself_o a_o ransom_n for_o all_o have_v make_v and_o do_v establish_v a_o new_a covenant_n with_o the_o world_n to_o pardon_v and_o eternal_o to_o save_v as_o
justification_n be_v suspend_v and_o be_v both_o constitute_v so_o by_o the_o same_o mean_n and_o that_o be_v by_o promise_n of_o pardon_n to_o such_o as_o do_v believe_v to_o such_o as_o do_v repent_v and_o by_o threaten_v the_o contrary_a to_o those_o that_o do_v not_o both_o and_o if_o they_o be_v a_o joint_a condition_n of_o the_o promise_n of_o justification_n than_o justification_n proceed_v not_o upon_o either_o of_o they_o alone_o but_o upon_o both_o together_o 6._o whereas_o it_o be_v say_v in_o the_o similitude_n that_o a_o man_n see_v with_o his_o eye_n alone_o though_o not_o with_o his_o eye_n which_o be_v alone_o or_o when_o it_o be_v alone_o i_o doubt_v this_o be_v no_o more_o true_a than_o that_o which_o be_v intend_v to_o be_v illustrate_v by_o it_o for_o naturalist_n will_v tell_v they_o the_o contrary_a that_o it_o be_v not_o the_o eye_n alone_o by_o which_o a_o man_n see_v but_o that_o it_o be_v the_o soul_n that_o see_v by_o the_o eye_n as_o its_o organ_n the_o eye_n see_v not_o when_o the_o soul_n be_v depart_v though_o it_o be_v not_o then_o alone_o i_o confess_v i_o can_v possible_o conceive_v either_o how_o the_o soul_n shall_v not_o concur_v with_o the_o eye_n in_o the_o act_n of_o see_v when_o the_o eye_n can_v see_v without_o it_o nor_o yet_o that_o repentance_n shall_v not_o concur_v with_o faith_n in_o the_o act_n of_o justification_n so_o long_o as_o man_n can_v be_v justify_v by_o faith_n itself_o without_o it_o or_o in_o the_o absence_n of_o it_o as_o they_o themselves_o grant_v 3._o this_o lie_v in_o the_o way_n of_o some_o they_o can_v conceive_v how_o justification_n by_o evangelical_n obedience_n as_o well_o as_o faith_n shall_v consist_v with_o the_o possibility_n of_o sum_n be_v justify_v by_o believe_v who_o yet_o may_v not_o live_v so_o long_o after_o as_o to_o have_v a_o opportunity_n of_o do_v good_a work_n how_o rare_a instance_n of_o this_o kind_n be_v i_o shall_v not_o dispute_v but_o doubtless_o when_o ever_o man_n so_o believe_v god_n promise_v of_o pardon_n through_o christ_n upon_o their_o repentance_n and_o the_o necessity_n of_o their_o own_o repentance_n for_o the_o obtain_n of_o it_o as_o that_o they_o in_o will_n and_o a_o fix_a and_o last_a resolution_n become_v new_a man_n than_o they_o first_o believe_v unto_o justification_n and_o it_o be_v not_o impossible_a but_o that_o some_o may_v so_o believe_v that_o may_v never_o after_o they_o do_v so_o have_v opportunity_n to_o be_v much_o active_a in_o external_n act_v of_o obedience_n but_o though_o this_o shall_v so_o fall_v out_o yet_o such_o be_v not_o justify_v without_o evangelical_n obedience_n as_o well_o as_o faith_n for_o 1._o these_o motion_n and_o act_n of_o the_o will_n be_v themselves_o act_v of_o present_a evangelical_n obedience_n 2._o they_o be_v in_o the_o root_n and_o cause_n evangelical_n obedience_n future_a and_o to_o come_v i._o they_o be_v in_o themselves_o act_v of_o present_a evangelical_n obedience_n for_o by_o these_o motion_n and_o act_n of_o the_o will_n man_n do_v when_o ever_o they_o take_v place_n turn_v from_o sin_n to_o god_n and_o their_o duty_n out_o of_o hatred_n to_o that_o they_o turn_v from_o and_o out_o of_o love_n to_o that_o they_o turn_v to_o and_o these_o act_n of_o the_o will_n which_o consist_v in_o affection_n and_o resolution_n be_v proper_a effect_n and_o fruit_n of_o faith_n in_o the_o understanding_n and_o act_n of_o heart-obedience_n in_o the_o sight_n of_o god_n and_o a_o conformity_n of_o soul_n to_o his_o declare_a will_n and_o commandment_n and_o they_o may_v as_o well_o and_o as_o true_o be_v call_v work_n as_o evil_a act_n of_o the_o will_n may_v such_o as_o be_v a_o love_n to_o evil_n and_o desire_n and_o resolution_n of_o perpetrate_v it_o which_o evil_a act_n of_o the_o will_n be_v yet_o in_o scripture_n call_v work_n and_o a_o work_n of_o wickedness_n psal._n 58._o 2._o you_o work_v wickedness_n in_o your_o heart_n micah_n 2._o 1._o he_o that_o look_v upon_o a_o woman_n to_o lust_n after_o she_o have_v commit_v adultery_n with_o she_o already_o in_o his_o heart_n matth._n 5._o 28._o and_o envy_n wrath_n and_o hatred_n which_o be_v internal_a act_n of_o the_o soul_n be_v call_v work_n of_o the_o flesh_n gal._n 5._o 19_o 20_o 21._o and_o if_o such_o inward_a fix_a resolution_n in_o man_n of_o obey_v god_n in_o external_n act_n if_o ever_o they_o have_v opportunity_n and_o a_o call_v to_o it_o do_v not_o pass_v in_o god_n account_n for_o obedience_n and_o be_v not_o accept_v in_o stead_n of_o the_o deed_n when_o opportunity_n for_o the_o deed_n be_v want_v the_o best_a man_n in_o the_o world_n can_v be_v no_o disciple_n of_o christ_n who_o do_v not_o actual_o forsake_v all_o that_o he_o have_v and_o lay_v down_o his_o life_n for_o he_o whosoever_o of_o you_o forsake_v not_o all_o that_o he_o have_v can_v be_v my_o disciple_n say_v he_o luke_n 14._o 26_o 33._o whereas_o christ_n pronounce_v the_o poor_a in_o spirit_n bless_v many_o of_o who_o never_o become_v actual_o poor_a for_o his_o sake_n as_o not_o be_v call_v to_o it_o but_o if_o they_o be_v poor_a in_o spirit_n if_o they_o firm_o resolve_v to_o become_v poor_a in_o forsake_v all_o for_o christ_n sake_n when_o call_v to_o it_o these_o be_v capable_a of_o blessedness_n in_o christ_n account_n as_o well_o as_o those_o that_o suffer_v the_o loss_n of_o all_o for_o righteousness_n sake_n matth._n 5._o 3._o ii_o those_o act_n of_o the_o will_n be_v in_o the_o root_n and_o cause_n evangelical_n obedience_n future_a and_o to_o come_v because_o those_o resolution_n against_o evil_n for_o good_a when_o they_o be_v of_o a_o fix_a and_o last_a nature_n as_o they_o always_o be_v when_o together_o with_o faith_n they_o make_v man_n capable_a of_o justification_n will_v certain_o produce_v external_n act_n of_o sincere_a obedience_n as_o opportunity_n do_v occur_v when_o the_o tree_n be_v make_v good_a it_o will_v bring_v forth_o good_a fruit_n in_o the_o season_n of_o fruit_n if_o it_o be_v not_o cut_v down_o before_o when_o the_o heart_n be_v renew_v in_o affection_n and_o resolution_n the_o course_n of_o a_o man_n life_n will_v certain_o be_v answerable_a to_o it_o if_o ever_o he_o have_v opportunity_n of_o show_v it_o a_o good_a man_n out_o of_o the_o good_a treasure_n of_o his_o heart_n bring_v forth_o good_a thing_n mat._n 12._o 35._o and_o god_n who_o know_v the_o heart_n do_v judge_n of_o and_o estimate_v man_n according_a to_o what_o they_o be_v in_o the_o inward_a frame_n of_o their_o heart_n and_o prevalent_a bent_n of_o their_o wi_n if_o there_o be_v first_o a_o willing_a mind_n it_o be_v accept_v according_a to_o that_o a_o man_n have_v and_o not_o according_a to_o that_o he_o have_v not_o 2_o cor._n 8._o 12._o we_o judge_v of_o the_o cause_n by_o the_o effect_n of_o the_o goodness_n of_o man_n heart_n by_o the_o goodness_n of_o their_o life_n to_o we_o the_o tree_n be_v know_v by_o its_o fruit_n but_o god_n who_o be_v great_a than_o our_o heart_n and_o know_v they_o better_o than_o we_o do_v judge_n of_o the_o effect_n by_o the_o cause_n and_o know_v what_o a_o man_n life_n will_v be_v by_o what_o his_o heart_n be_v upon_o its_o first_o conversion_n to_o he_o and_o so_o confer_v on_o he_o the_o benefit_n of_o justification_n when_o the_o foundation_n of_o a_o good_a life_n be_v lay_v in_o the_o conversion_n and_o renew_n of_o the_o heart_n the_o understanding_n of_o this_o part_n of_o discourse_n will_v serve_v not_o only_o to_o satisfy_v the_o foresay_a doubt_n but_o also_o to_o inform_v we_o what_o evangelical_n obedience_n be_v necessary_a to_o justification_n in_o its_o beginning_n not_o but_o that_o actual_a obedience_n in_o life_n be_v necessary_a to_o the_o continuance_n of_o justification_n where_o life_n be_v continue_v and_o therefore_o we_o find_v that_o abraham_n be_v justify_v by_o his_o after-believing_a and_o after-obedience_n as_o well_o as_o by_o his_o first_o and_o so_o be_v noah_n before_o he_o noah_n be_v a_o righteous_a man_n and_o justify_v before_o he_o become_v heir_n of_o the_o righteousness_n which_o be_v by_o faith_n by_o his_o believe_v and_o obey_v god_n in_o prepare_v the_o ark_n gen._n 6._o 9_o heb._n 11._o 7._o it_o be_v by_o faith_n in_o god_n promise_n that_o abraham_n leave_v his_o country_n to_o obey_v god_n at_o the_o first_o and_o by_o that_o he_o be_v first_o justify_v heb._n 11._o 8._o and_o yet_o his_o believe_a god_n promise_n so_o shall_v thy_o seed_n be_v which_o be_v not_o make_v till_o some_o year_n after_o be_v impute_v to_o he_o also_o for_o righteousness_n gen._n 15._o 6._o it_o be_v many_o year_n after_o that_o again_o that_o by_o faith_n he_o offer_v his_o son_n isaac_n upon_o the_o