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A69010 Institutions of Christian religion framed out of Gods word, and the writings of the best diuines, methodically handled by questions and answers, fit for all such as desire to know, or practise the will of God. Written in Latin by William Bucanus Professor of Diuinitie in the Vniuersitie of Lausanna. And published in English by Robert Hill, Bachelor in Diuinitie, and Fellow of Saint Iohns Colledge in Cambridge, for the benefit of our English nation, to which is added in the end the practise of papists against Protestant princes.; Institutiones theologicae. English Bucanus, Guillaume. 1606 (1606) STC 3961; ESTC S106002 729,267 922

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He renounceth his owne righteousnesse which is by the Law resteth vpon the righteousnesse which is by the faith of Iesus Christ or from God by faith Why is the exclusiue particle alone added in this proposition We are iustified by faith alone That it might be vnderstood that the promise of saluation is receiued by faith alone and doth not depend vpon any worthinesse or merit of our worke Can this exclusiue particle alone bee prooued by Scripture Yes it may for Mar. 5.36 it is in expresse words where Christ comforting Iairus saith vnto him Feare not only beleeue In which words Christ doth plainely declare that hee looketh for nothing but faith alone without which it is impossible to please God Heb. 11.6 2. There is asmuch in effect Gal. 2.16 Where Paul saith that men are not iustified but by faith adding expresly not by works R● 3.28 without works for he that taketh away righteousnesse from works doth soundly enough ascribe it vnto faith alone The same thing the word freely Rom. 3.24 confirmeth For this word excludeth all maner of merit and desert from him to whome is done either good or euill as Ps 35.19 They hated mee freely vvithout a cause that is without any cause of hatred proceeding from me 3. The Apostle Rom. 10.3 pronounceth that the Iewes were therefore not subiect to the righteousnesse a Gal. 3 2. of God because they would establish their owne righteousnes together with the righteousnesse of faith And Phil. 3.7.8 hee affirmeth that although hee were vnrebukeable concerning the Lawe before men yet he did account it as dung that hee might obtaine that righteousnesse which is of God through faith shewing that it is not posible that faith and workes should be set together as parts or causes of righteousnesse 4. The necessitie of maintaining the honour of Christ and of comforting an afflicted conscience in the combat doth require the exclusiue particle onely 5. To the Scripture may bee added the opinion of the fathers for Gennadius the interpreter of Paule saith In his exposition vpon the 3. chapter of the Epistle to the Rom. For righteousnesse is euen to beleeue onely And Ambrose They are iustified freely because working nothing neither doing asmuch againe they are iustified by faith alone VVhat then is it that the particle onely or alone doth exclude in that sentence wherein wee are said to be iustified only by faith or by faith alone Not the causes concurring which are without vs but onely the causes of the same kinde and rancke with it selfe which are within vs that is to say not the grace or mercie of God that iustifieth nor the merit of Christs death which is imputed vnto vs for righteousnesse but only the workes or qualities of vs our selues and of the saints Wel therfore is it said that faith alone iustifieth because it is the onely instrument sole facultie in vs by which we receiue the righteousnesse of Christ So God iustifieth as the efficient cause Christ by his obedience as the meritorious cause faith alone as the instrumentall cause But vvhy doth Paule adde Rom. 4.6 VVithout the vvorkes of the Lavve Not because hee would not haue them perswaded but as denying them to be causes of mans Iustification But what vvorkes are they that Paule doth here exclude 1. Not onely ceremoniall workes as our aduersaries would haue it but euen morall workes also as appeareth by those sentences which hee alledgeth for the proofe of his assertion By the workes of the Lavv shall no flesh be iustified because by the Law came the knowledge of sinne Rom. 3.20 and therefore not righteousnesse And. Rom. 4.15 The Law causeth wrath inasmuch as no man is able to performe it and therefore it causeth not righteousnesse And Rom. 7.7 out of the Decalogue or morall Law hee citeth the tenth commaundement I had not knowne lust to be sinne if the Law had not said Thou shalt not lust Gal. 3.10 Cursed is euery one that abideth not in all things that are written in the booke of the Law to doe them And vers 12. The man which doth these things shall liue in them 2. The Apostle doth not only exclude those morall workes as the same our aduersaries would make vs beleeue which men as yet not regenerate do performe literally or by the meere light of nature without the grace of Christ inasmuch as the man vnregenerate being out of Christ can neuer do any thing well but the Apostle excludeth also euen the good works of the very regenerate men or the works of grace or those that proceed from faith For Abraham who is registred as an vniuersall patterne of all Iustified men was both iustified and regenerate when he performed those good workes for the which he obtained praise with men But with God he was not iustified but when he had many yeares excelled in holinesse of life God imputed only his faith vnto him for righteousnes Rom. 4.2.3 Neither doth the Prophet Habacuck speake of the faithles but of the faithful when he saith Chap. 2. vers 4. The iust shall liue by his faith And Dauid after he was regenerate cryeth out of himselfe and of other godly men Psal 32.1 Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiuen And Psal 143.2 Enter not into iudgement vvith thy seruant O Lord for in thy sight shall no man liuing be iustified Yea and the Apostle himselfe 1. Cor. 4.4 I know nothing by my selfe yet am I not thereby iustified And no maruell for that indeede good workes are the effectes of Iustification and not the causes thereof 3. Our good workes are fewe imperfect and alwaies polluted and stained with some blemishes and spots that they receiue from vs. Esay 64.6 And 1. King 8.46 There is no iust man vvhich doth good and sinneth not For seing the forme of inherent righteousnesse is not thoroughly let in because after the sence of our aduersaries Iustification consisteth in motion it followeth that the contrarie qualitie which is sinne is not thoroughly let out and shaken off and so in that which is imperfect the reliques of sin do stil remaine And whereas Bellarmine maketh inherent righteousnesse to be perfect in respect of the habite and imperfect in respect of the action it is but a fond deuise of his owne braine for in truthe the perfection and imperfection of the action dependeth vpon the perfection and imperfection of the habite according to that of the Philosopher The best habit hath the best action Yea euen our former righteousnesse is put out of remembrance by our later sinnes Ezek. 18.24 4 Saint Iames saith Chap. 2. verse 10. He that faileth in one point is guiltie of all that is to say he is iustlie and worthily condēned of the breach of the lawe in generall for that he that breaketh one title hath offended against the Maiestie of the law giuer Whereupon commeth this rule The whole law is one copulatiue and that the breach of one commaundement draweth with it the
in the word and sacraments or faith is the organ instrumēt or meane whereby man being a sinner apprehendeth and applyeth to himselfe Christ wholy with all his benefits and is vnited vnto Christ and liueth in him The Apostle Heb. 11.1 describing faith saith thus Faith is the substance of things which are hoped for the euidence of things that are not seen And Paul Ro. 4.20.21 painting out faith as in a map bringeth in the example of Abraham the father of the faithfull and saith Hee doubted not of the promise of God through vnbeleef but was strengthened in the faith gaue glory to god being fully assured that hee which had promised was also able to doe it Is that discription of faith Heb. 11.1 differing from the rest No forasmuch as therein there is exact mention made both of the forme of faith which is declared in the words Substance and Euidence also of the obiects namely things hoped for and things not seene For by the word Substance hee meaneth not a person as in the article of the Trinitie a Heb. 1.3 but the ground and as it were the prop whereupon a godly minde must stay and relie it selfe to signifie that faith is a certain sure safe possession of those things which are promised vnto vs by God As Psal 39.8 My Hypostasis or substance that is to say My hope is euen in thee And Heb. 3.14 We are made partakers of Christ if we keepe sure vnto the end 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 the beginning wherewith wee are vpholden or vnderpropped Some translate the word Hypostasis existence or subsistēce because faith in some respect causeth things to haue a beeing as if they were which in trueth are not that is to say it setteth things before vs as if they were present which onely are in expectation Budaeus translateth it Strength or Courage In which signification it is vsed 2. Corinth 9.4 Least wee should bee ashamed 〈…〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 i. In this constant boasting Cha. 11.17 By a word deriued from the verbe 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 which is to sustaine to except not to giue placc to violence Hereupon it is that a souldier is called 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 which is bolde and hardie and turneth not his backe to his enemie but goeth to meete him and resists him and 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 boldnes whereby a man standeth stoutly to it and without stirring his foote receiueth his aduersarie that inuadeth him And surely this notable signification doth well agree with faith For in the act of beleeuing wee haue neede of strength and patience we must resist the flesh we must conquer reason we must withstand our owne conscience sinne the wrath of God and all other things whereby the consent of faith is hindered and oppugned Wee had neede to be armed with such a strong shield that wee may receiue and quench all the fyrie darts of the diuell Ephe. 6.16 and ouercome the world 1. Iohn 5.4 As for the word 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 which is translated Euidence it is not a refutation or a reproofe but an argument demonstration that is an assurance wherby the minde being conuinced by diuine testimonies doth most stedfastly embrace the diuine promises But by the words 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 which are hoped for and 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 which are not seene is vnderstood the Gospel those things which are offered in the Gospel namely fellowship with Christ forgiuenesse of sins iustification Resurrection and life eternall For these are the things we hope for and which doe not appeare and of themselues are not conformable vnto our reason and so are they the misteries of saluation in themselues and in their owne nature inuisible But those things which we see with our minde and in hope we do behold them in the word of God and doe accompt them as if they were done accomplished and present before vs. How many sorts of Faith are there Not many sorts but only one faith Ephe. 4.5 One Lord one Faith one Baptisme Now faith is one not in respect of the subiects for after that sort there are as many faiths that is to say giftes of faith as there are beleeuers but faith is and alwaies hath been one in Specie that is in respect of the thing beleeued and of the obiect whereupon it rests And this is the only obiect of faith namely the grace and mercie purposed and ordained for all beleeuers in Christ from the beginning of the world What is the efficient cause of Faith God himsefe working freely and giuing faith to whome hee will euen of his owne free good will Iohn 6.29 This is the worke of God that yee beleeue in him whom he hath sent Act. 16.14 God opened the heart of Lydia so that shee attended vnto the things which Paule spake Rom. 12.3 God hath dealt to euerie man the measure of faith Phil. 1.29 It is freely giuen vnto you for Christs cause not onely to beleeue in him but also to suffer for his sake The causes together with God the father are the son and the holy Ghost for as it is said in another place The workes of the Trinitie without are diuided Luk. 24.32 Christ opened the minde of his disciples that they might vnderstand the Scriptures And Heb. 12.2 Looking vnto Iesus the author and finisher of our faith 2. Cor. 4 13. We haue the spirit of faith that is to say we haue faith by the inspiration and gift of the same holy spirit The workmen together with God are the ministers of the worde 1. Cor. 3.5 Who is Apollo and vvho is Paule but the Ministers by vvhome that is by vvhose preaching ye beleeued The instrumentall cause of faith is the hearing of the word of God by the which word the holy Ghost vttereth his power Ro. 10.17 Faith is by hearing hearing by the word of God Esa 57.19 And Act. 10.44 VVhile Peter spake these vvords the holy Ghost fell on alll them which heard the vvord Furthermore another instrumentall cause is the beholding and vse of the Sacraments And to this end God ordained a ministerie in his Church yet so as no force is to be attributed either to the Ministers that speake or vnto the words themselues or to the Sacraments forasmuch as they haue no other effect but only to represent vnto our minds those things for the declaring whereof they are applyed by the ordinance of God but the force and power of them a Mark 16 20 1 Cor 12 6 commeth onely from God and there is but one and the same installer of man into life eternall who was the Creator of him vnto this life temporall 1. Cor. 3.7 Neither hee that planteth is any thing neither he that watereth but God vvhich giueth the increase And Cha. 15.19 I haue laboured more then they all yet not I but the grace of God which is with mee or which vvas present vvith mee And so the voice of
not referred to a qualitie but to the relation which consisteth in a flowing out and respect rather then in the place of abode And besides it is now so imputed vnto vs as hereafter liuing with Christ in heauen wee shall really be clothed with the righteousnes of Christ and shall liue by that life of Christ which is now onely begunne in vs and shall be perfected hereafter How doth the righteousnesse of the law and the righteousnesse of the Gospell differ Not in matter or forme but in the efficient the subiect and the end Not in matter because both of them are obedience performed vnto God Not in forme because the rule of both is the law of God for God acknowledgeth no other righteousnesse but that that agreeth with this law And therfore Rom. 3.30 The law is established by faith both because the righteousnes of Christ is the full performance of the law as also because we are by faith clothed with the spirit of Christ which working in vs we doe begin to will and to doe things appertaining to God and so by him the obedience of the law is begun in vs and Rom. 8.3.4 God sent his sonne in the flesh that the righteousnesse of the law i. that verie thing which the law requireth namely the fulfilling of righteousnesse and the perfect integritie of our abilitie all which we doe freely attaine by Christ apprehended by faith might be fulfilled in vs that is to say indeed in himselfe and as I may so say by application for by faith he and his righteousnesse are made ours and Gal. 4.4 Christ was made vnder the law that is subiect vnto the law both by doing and suffering that hee might redeeme those that were vnder the law i. which were subiect vnto the lawe But they differ in the subiect and efficient because the righteousnesse of the law is performed in and by that man who by the same is accompted righteous of which sort there is none but Christ himselfe The righteousnesse of the Gospell is a perfect fullfilling of the lawe performed not in or by that man who is thereby accompted righteous but by another namely Christ which performance notwithstanding is accompted to come from the man himselfe And therefore Rom 10.5 c. The righteousnesse which is by the Lawe standeth thus The man that doth these things shall liue in them Leuit. 18.5 But the righteousnes that is of faith promiseth free saluation If thou shalt beleeue in thy heart and confesse with thy mouth the Lord Iesus and that the Father hath raised him from the deade thou shalt bee saued They differ also in the end for the end of the righteousnesse of the Gospell is the glory of the mercie and iustice of God but the end of the righteousnesse of the Lawe is rather the glory of men a Rom. 3.26 27 4.12 Ephes 1.6 because man should haue whereof to boast himselfe VVhat thing is there agreeable vnto Iustification or of the like nature with it Regeneration or the giuing of the holy Ghost or Sanctification Viuification Renouation or the infusion of grace by little and little decaying and altering our corrupt nature eyther also inherent righteousnes which being communicated vnto vs by the holy Ghost doth shew it selfe outwardly by workes and whereby wee are iust not before God but before men and are by him acknowledged and accompted for iust and it appeareth by the mortification of sinne or the olde man and renouation of the new i. by the hatred of sinne and loue of righteousnesse and zeale of good works and it is vsually called inchoated or begunne obedience Whereof 1. Iohn 3.7 He that doth righteousnes is righteous and Apoc. 22.11 He that is righteous let him be more righteous Can Regeneration be separated from Iustification No but yet they may be distinguished neyther are the two benefits of Iustification and Sanctification euer to be confounded as of Iustification he saith Psalm 32.2 Blessed is he to vvhom the Lord imputeth not sinne and of renouation he addeth And in vvhose spirit there is no guile For as in orignall sinne which we haue from Adam there are two things namely the guilt and imputation of that sinne and disobedience as it is said Rom. 5.12 In vvhom namely in Adam vve haue all sinned and that which followed that namely the priuation of righteousnesse So if the opposition be true betweene Christ Adam as contrarie causes and then betweene sinne and righteousnesse as contrarie effectes for after the like and selfe same manner righteousnesse is by Christ as sinne was by Adam it must needes be that we must haue both the imputed and the inherent righteousnesse But in the former consisteth the true Iustification of vs before God because that onely is perfect and maketh a quiet conscience a Rom. 5.1 in the other consisteth our Innouation wherein we must of necessity daily profit but yet not rest vpon it before God seeing it is but imperfect b Rom. 7.18 Doe Iustification and sanctification agree in nothing They agree 1. in the efficient cause For God is the authour of both through the merit of Iesus Christ 2. in the instrumentall cause which is faith the instrument of Iustification by receiuing it the instrument of sanctification not by effecting it c 1. Tim. 1.5 3 In the scope and end for they both tend to one end Iustification as the cause sanctification as the waye Ephes 2.10 vve are created in Christ to good vvorkes vvhich God hath prepared that vve should vvalke in them Is there any difference betweene Iustification and the giuing of the holy Ghost Yes euen as Luk. 15.20 the prodigall sonne is reconciled to his father onely of his meere mercie wherewithall his Fatherly heart is inflamed not for all the ornaments which are bestowed vpon the partie reconciled Which is the difference betweene Iustification and Renouation They differ in beeing 1. In forme for Iustification is the remission of sinnes 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 and imputation of righteousnesse or acceptation of the person to life eternall of Gods mercie for the lambe of Gods sake that taketh away the sinnes of the world But Renouation is by the Holie Ghost dwelling in the hearts of those that are iustified and kindling new motions agreeable vnto the will of God and reducing them from impure qualities vnto pure qualities So that the giuing of the holy Ghost is not a part of iustification but an appendice or part of this so great benefit a sealing vp and testifying of iustification receiued for the Mediators sake according to that Ephe. 1.13.14 In vvhome vvhilest yee beleeue yee are sealed vvith the Holie spirite of promise vvho is the pledge of our inheritance 2. In subiect For the subiect of righteousnesse is not in vs but in Christ but the subiect of sanctification is the minde will affection and all the outward members a Rom. 6.19 Colloss 3 5 3. In the Obiect For iustification respecteth the
them which dwell in houses of clay 3. In the multitude and greatnesse of his owne sins Psal 130.3 If thou Lord straightly markest our iniquities who shall bee able to abide it For being thus seriously cast downe and humbled with the sence and feeling of our owne miserie and want and beeing deiected and discomforted in our selues wee doe then thirst after the grace of Christ and fly thereunto for succour For to this end he saith he was sent Esay 61.1 That he might preach glad tidings to the poore binde vp the broken hearted preach libertie to the captiues and to them that are bound the opening of the prison Comfort to those that mourne that hee might giue beautie for ashes the oyle of ioy for mourning the garment of gladnesse for the spirit of heauinesse and he calleth none to bee partakers of his bounty but onely those that labour and are heauie loaden Mat. 11.28 And chap. 9.13 I came not saith hee to call the righteous but sinners to repentance Examples whereof wee haue in the Publicane and the Pharisee Luk. 18.10 and so forward What things are there repugnant and contrarie to this Doctrine of iustification by faith 1. The error of the Papists who first teach that workes of congruitie that is workes preparatorie are the efficient impulsiue cause of Iustification Secondly that Sacraments doe iustifie ex opere operato by the verie worke wrought Thirdly that we are not iustified by faith alone because say they it is common to many wicked men but yet it doth iustifie as it it guided by charitie and that onely as in respect of the beginning of Iustification 4. that charitie is the forme of righteousnesse 5. That the doctrine of free iustification by faith giueth libertie to sinne and weakeneth the desire of well doing 6. That we must stand in doubt of the forgiuenesse of our sinnes 7. That men may satisfie the Iustice of God by gay shews of there owne works 8. Distrusting the merites of Christ they flie vnto the merits of good works and the helpe and succor of the saints 9. They attribute vnto the virgine Marie the aucthoritie and power of iustifieng .. 10. They ascribe vnto the Pope power to sell forgiuenesse of sinnes 11. the gift of the righteousnesse of Christ imputed through faith they make a mocke of 12. They teach that a man is iustifyed principally for Christs sake and lesse principally for euery mans owne workes and merits 13 that wee are iustified by an Euangelicall faith which commaundeth doe this and ye shall liue Luk. 10.28 by the fulfilling of the lawe the ministery and absolution of the Priests and the obseruation of mens traditions 14. That christian righteousnesse consisteth of faith and workes together 15. That Christ hath satisfied onely for the fault and offence and not for the punishment due vnto our sinnes 16. that men regenerate doe in this life by their owne obedience fully satisfie the law that they may oppose their workes before Gods Iudgment seat and that they may doe many workes of supererogation more then duety more then the law requireth of them 2 The error also of the iustitiaries who hold 1. that Iustification is not onely the pardoning and forgiuing of sinnes but also the sanctifying and renewing of the inner man 2. that Iustification according to Aristotle is a motion toward the atteyning of righteousnesse 3. that to Iustifie is nothing els but to powre into a man inherent righteousnesse or newnesse of life the former whereby beleeuers are indued with charitie and other vertues the later whereby a man being furnished with these qualities doth merite and deserue more and more righteousnesse and euerlasting life and that iustification is consummated and perfected by good works 4. that Christ by his death o●●ained this of his father that wee should be indued with inherent righteousnesse and charitie by the merite whereof we do obtaine life and saluation Fiftly they confound as one sanctification with iustification 3. The error of Osiander who affirmeth that men are made iust by the essentiall iustice of God that is by that iustice which is the v●rie diuine essence 4. The error of the Libertines who teach carnall securitie as if any thing were lawful for a man to doe who is iustified freely by grace The two and thirtieth common place Of good workes What are workes properly EIther the accomplishing of actions that is the effects of actions ordained for some speciall end 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 as an house is the worke of him that buildeth it or else the verie actions themselues as the building of the house calling vpon god loue of our neighbour giuing of almes c. To omit sundry distinctions of workes what is a good worke To speake according to the word of god not Philosophically or ciuilie it is an action whether outward or inward conformable to the law and will of god Mat. 19.17 If you will enter into life keepe the commaundements And Rom. 12.2 Proue ye what that good acceptable and perfect will of God is By what names are they called Of the efficient or working cause the fruites of the Spirit of the instrumentall the fruites of faith from the fourme the workes of the lawe of their qualities good works good fruites Why doth the Scripture oftener vse the title of good workes then of vertue Because the name of vertue is verie glorious amonge the Philosophers whereby they vnderstand a voluntarie habite and a great and strong inclination and a naturall disposition to doe well but the name of good workes is more cleare because it signifieth not onely externall actions but also the inward of the will agreable to the word of god although the inclinatiōs be very weak How many kindes of good workes are there Two one which requireth our duetie towards God Another which requireth our duety towards our neighbour What is the efficient cause of good workes The proper efficient cause of them is the Holie Ghost in respect of Christ laid hold on by faith working in vs vnderstanding and will and by the word illuminating changing renewing bowing our members which are cleane turned away from God to the end that we may obey the will of God made knowne vnto vs. For he worketh in vs both to wil to doe Philip. 2.13 And without me ye can doe nothing saith Christ Iohn 15.5 whereupon Dauid Psalm 51.12 Saith create in me a cleane heart o God and renue a cōstant spirit in my bowels hēce they are called the fruites of the spirit not of free will vnlesse it be so farr forth as it is made free by grace a Gal. 5.22 The nearest efficient or the immediate cause and the beginning of good workes are the humane and naturall powers of the soule the vnderstanding will and affections but yet so farre as they are in parte or in some measure regenerate or become spirituall For neither the spirit that is the new qualitie begunne by the inspiration of
22.32 I haue praied for thee that thy faith faile not And Heb. 5.7 Christ is said to haue offered vp prayers and svpplications with strong crying and tears vnto him that was able to saue him from death 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 which is Feare as when Paule 2. Thess 3.2 desireth them to pray for him that he may be deliuered from vnreasonahle and euill men and when we desire remission of sins and deliuerance from euill 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 is a precation or petition wherin we desire those things which make to the glory of god himself or som benefit as the kingdom of christ to come the name of God to be hallowed his wil to be done daily bread to be giuen vs daily the holy ghost to be sent 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 as Act. 1.14 al continued with one accord in praier supplication 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 is an interpellation or intercession or postulation made for another Therfore Ro. 8.26 the holy ghost is said to make request for vs ver 34. Christ the mediator 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 that is maketh request for vs as when one prayeth for another or all do pray one for another and for the Church as Act. 12.5 The Church maketh intercessiō for Peter or it is an interpellation wherin we complain to God of thē which do hurt vs as Dauid somtimes in the Psalms 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 is a giuing of thanks wherin we giue thanks to God either for benefits bestowed vpon vs others whereby we set forth his fatherly chasticement a Iob 1.21 or for euils taken away from vs or others Psal 116.12 What shal I render vnto the Lord for all his benefits towards me I wil take the cup of saluation c. But the scripture doth not alwaies obserue the differences of those three kinds Therfore we may restrain them vnto two that is to wit inuocation of Gods name and thanksgiuing like as Dauid restrained them Psa 50.15 Cal vpon me in the time of trouble I wil deliuer thee thou shalt glorifie me VVhat are the causes of praier The efficient inward cause is the holy ghost Rom. 8.26 For we know not what to pray as we ought but the spirit it selfe maketh request for vs with sighs which cannot be expressed Not that he in very deed doth either pray or sigh but because he stirreth vs vp to praiers doth inwardly teach vs words and sighes So he is said to crie Gal. 4.6 Because he causeth vs to crie whereupon Zachary 12.10 he is called the spirit of grace of prayer And the Apostle biddeth vs pray in the holy Ghost b Iude. 20. 1 Cor. 14.16 that is by the instinct of the holy Ghost The instrumentall inward cause is Faith c Rom. 10.14 The principall cause which moueth vs to pray is manifolde 1 The commandement of God wherby he requireth of vs seruice of inuocation which is chiefe in the Church of God Deu 6.13 Thou shalt vvatch thy Lord and serue him alone and Psal 50.15 Cal. vpon me Mat. 7.7 aske seeke knocke 2 The promise of hearing and I vvill heare thee Psal 50.15 145.18 The Lord is neere vnto al that cal vpon him Pro. 18.10 The name of the Lord is a strong tower the weaponlesse man flying vnto it shall be safe sure Hither do belōg the alluremēts wherwith Christ doth allure vs to pray Mat 7.7 it shal be giuen you ye shall find it shall be opened 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 and Luk. 11.13 if ye which are euil can giue good gifts vnto your childrē hovv much more shal your heauenly father giue the holy Ghost to them that desire him Ps 65.3 thou O God vvhich hearest my praier vnto thee shall all all flesh come And Esay 65.24 ye shall call vpon me I vvill heare yea bef re ye crie vvil I ansvvere you for our heauēly father knoweth that we haue need of all these things before vve pray Mat. 6.32 3 The feeling of our pouerty of the want of others spiritual corporall the desire of Gods kingdom glory seeke first the kingdom of God his righteousnes the rest shal be cast vnto you Math. 6.33 4 Daungers troubles of all sorts which do compasse vs about miseries diuers tentations the fault and guiltinesse of our sinnes and the snares of the most grieuous and watchfull aduersarie the diuell VVho walketh about as a Lion 1. Pet. 5.8 seeking whom hee may deuoure Whereupon Christ saith Math. 26.41 VVatch and pray that ye enter not into tentation 5 Exercise of pietie faith and hope which from hence doe take increase 6 The nature and propertie of loue wherewith the godly are affected towards God for it commeth to passe that he which loueth is greatly delighted with the communication of him that is loued and he desireth nothing more then that he may poure out into his bosome those things wherewith he is affected Heerevnto is added that loue is more and more kindled by the talke of the partie loued 7 The example of Christ and of all the Saints whose chiefe care was in their life time to call earnestly vpon God 8 The vtilitie of prayer for by it we obtaine necessarie benefits as well corporall as spirituall Iam. 5.6 The feruent prayer of a righteous man auaileth much But the bountiful largesse of Gods benefits and gifts as well corporall as spirituall and his so great miracles which are seene which way soeuer you looke ought of right to prouoke vs to the sacrifice of praise and thankesgiuing Therfore Dauid hauing perceiued the Lords liberalitie doth shew openly that a new song is put into his mouth Psal 40.3 What is the obiect of prayer or who is to be called vpon That one and eternall God who is the father and the sonne and the holy Ghost for in true inuocation none of the three persons of the Godhead is omitted although they be not alwaies distinctly named because they are one God 1 But he alone 1 Because he is the searcher of all mens hearts Act. 1.24 the searcher of the hearts and reines 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 that is viewer of the thoughts and affections or the knower of all things a Psal 79 33 15 44 21 2 Because Inuocation is the chiefest part of the worship of God and therefore is due to God alone according to his commaundement b Deut. 9 13 Math. 4 10 And Psal 50.15 Call vpon me saith the Lord and Christ Mat. 6.9 after this maner therfore pray ye Our father c. 3 Because he is the alone author of all good things alone omnipotent the knower of all things full of compassion who knoweth willeth and can heare heale deliuer all in all places that call vpon him therfore the faithfull say Esay 63.16 Thou Lord art ur father Abraham knoweth vs not and Israel is ignorant of vs. 4 Because we
From the resurrection of bodies for there would be no neede of the rising againe of the bodies of the faithful if there were not a life whereunto they should rise Moreouer the articles concerning GOD of Christ of the Prouidence and of the Iustice of GOD of the soules Immort●●●●e of the resurection of bodies of the last iudgement could not stand vnlesse this article of life eternall bee annexed vnto them 4 From the handwriting of God written in the soule of euery one for the soule it selfe often teacheth vs there remaineth a iudgment with the feare whereof they are vexed who liue wickedly and they are renued in hope who loue godlines 5 From an Argument tending to absurditie because if only in this life that is if we hope in Christ for this life sake onely so that our faith hath respect to nothing else beyond this life we were the most miserable of all men 1. Cor. 15.19 6 From the testimonies of Scripture Dan. 12.2 some shall awake vnto euerlasting life Math. 25.46 The iust shall goe vnto life eternall Iohn 10.28 I giue vnto my sheepe eternall life Hebr. 13.14 Here we haue no continuing Citie but we seeke one to come 1. Iohn 25. This is the peomise that he hath promised vs euen eternall life 7 From examples for Enoch beeing translated heere into and afterward Elias were as an earnest penie thereof a Gen. 7 24. Heb 11 8 2 Kings 2 11 So was Christ also ascending into the heauen whose pleasure is that where he himselfe is we should be with him likewise Iohn 14.3 and 17.24 8 This an article of our fath I beleeue that life euerlasting What are the Epithites whereby it is commended in Scripture 1 In commendation it is called the kingdome 1 of God 2 of the father 3 of heauen b Math. 7 21 2 Metaphorically Abrahams bosome c Luk. 16 22 by a Metaphor taken from the bosome of parents wo are said to haue and carie their little children in their bosome because the faithfull like deerely beloued children being recouered out of this miserable world are cherished and refreshed in the embracing of the father of all the faithfull and are safe and free from all the perilous stormes of this life And there is a place wherin Christ hath prepared vs a mansion as himselfe declareth Math. 8.11 Many shall come from the East and from the West shall sit downe with Abraham Isaack and Iacoh in the kingdome of heauen Augustine though where it should be Epist 99 ad Evodion confese Lib. 9 3 confesseth he knoweth not yet defineth it to bee an habitation of secret rest and affirmeth that therein li●● the spirits of the blessed and there they enioy the gladsome presence of God 3 Analogically or by proportion Paradise or a place of delight and pleasantnesse e luk 23.43 by allusion to that garden planted in Eden of the situation whereof it is fond to dispute seeing it is manifest that the vniuersall earth was made waste by the Deluge 4 The house of the father a Ioh. 14.2 5 Metonymically the fulnesse of ioyes b Psal 16.11 6 The Lords ioy c Math. 25.21 7 The new holy and durable Ierusalem that shall be d Heb. 13.14 Reuel 21.10 8 An inheritance immortall and vndefiled and that withereth not reserued in heauen e 1. Pet. 1.4 9 The glorie of God because that eternall life consisteth in the communication of Gods glorie Rom. 3.23 All haue sinned and are destitute of the glorie of God 10 Our glorie for this is that alone wherein we may rest safely 1. Cor. 2.7 We speake the wisedome of God in a mysterie euen the hid wisedome which God had determined before the world vnto our glorie 11 Rest f 2. Thess 1.7 12 Refreshing g Act. 3.19 13 Peace h Luk. 1 79 14 So great happinesse as cannot be contained neither in the eies nor eares nor mind of any man i Psal 31 20 Isai 64 4. 1. Cor. 2.9 But why is it called eternall Because it shall neither be temporarie or determined in any certaine limits neither is it short vaine or subiect to any change as this our life is k Gen. 3 19 Ioh 14 5. and although it haue a beginning yet shall it neuer be taken away from them to whom it shall once be giuen l Math. 25 34 but shall last for euer without end What is life eternall It is a glorious estate wherein the elect being most perfectly ioyned vnto Christ their head after the Resurrection that shall be of the dead m Rom. 8 29 1 C●r 15.49 Phil. 3.21 Reve. 2 31 shall know God with his Angels in heauen after such a manner that we are not worthie yet to speake of and shall enioy his presence and praise him for euer hauing obtained the soueraigne good that Christ hath purchased for vs and shall be conformable vnto his likenes in bodie and soule as he is man Or it is the state of the blessed after this life wherein shall be a perpetuall acknowledgement of God perpetuall righteousnesse without sinne and death continuall ioy free from trouble griefe heauines and mourning n Ioh. 17.13 24 Isa 25 8. Reve 7.16 17 21.4 In a word eternall life shall be a certaine perfection of soules and bodies wherein there shall be nothing blame-worthie but according to the pleasure of God all things shall perfectly serue the will of Christ the Creator and Redeemer VVhat are the causes of euerlasting life The principall cause is God who of his mercie and free goodnes giueth and bestoweth it on vs through and for Christ our mediator a luk 12 32 Rom. 6 23. Eph. 1.5 2.5 luk 12.32 Iohn 6.40 This is the will of him that sent mee that euery man which seeth the sonne and beleeueth in him should haue euerlasting life and 1. Iohn 5.11 The meritorious very efficient cause is Christ onely Iohn 14.6 I am saith hee that way and that truth and that life The instrumentall offering and reuealing is the Gospell b Rom. 1.16 17 The instrumentall receiuing cavse is faith 1. Pet. 1.9 Receiuing the end of your faith euen the saluation of your soules The sealing cause is the holy Ghost c Eph. 1.13 14. but good workes and afflictions are not the cause of receiuing but the way of the kingdome saith Bernard And Act. 14.22 Through many tribulations must we enter into the kingdome of heauen Why is the gate called straite and the way narrow which leadeth vnto life Math 7.14 1 Because it was vtterly vnknowne and not to be found out by humane reason but Christ hath reuealed it vnto vs. 2 Because there is one onely passage vnto life through Christ not many 3 Because few enter in thereat if we compare them with the fashions of the world as the way of vertue compared to the waies of vices is narrow for that it hath but
of the Couenant whereby God doth testifie that he doth truely receiue the beleeuers into his Couenant How doe