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Word A Word B Word C Word D Occurrence Frequency Band MI MI Band Prominent
cause_n effect_n necessary_a voluntary_a 1,389 5 11.0339 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A62581 The rule of faith, or, An answer to the treatises of Mr. I.S. entituled Sure-footing &c. by John Tillotson ... ; to which is adjoined A reply to Mr. I.S. his 3d appendix &c. by Edw. Stillingfleet. Tillotson, John, 1630-1694.; Stillingfleet, Edward, 1635-1699. Reply to Mr. I.S. his 3d appendix. 1676 (1676) Wing T1218; ESTC R32807 182,586 472

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violate_v §_o 4._o but_o it_o may_v be_v we_o deal_v too_o hardly_o with_o he_o and_o press_v his_o demonstration_n too_o far_o because_o he_o tell_v we_o he_o only_o intend_v by_o it_o to_o prove_v that_o the_o generality_n of_o christian_n will_v always_o adhere_v to_o tradition_n but_o if_o he_o intend_v to_o prove_v no_o more_o but_o this_o he_o shall_v then_o have_v bring_v a_o demonstration_n that_o will_v have_v conclude_v no_o more_o but_o this_o conclude_v of_o all_o as_o well_o as_o of_o the_o generality_n of_o christian_n a_o clear_a evidence_n that_o it_o be_v no_o demonstration_n because_o it_o conclude_v that_o which_o be_v evident_o false_a that_o there_o can_v be_v no_o apostate_n or_o heretic_n beside_o suppose_v his_o demonstration_n to_o conclude_v only_o that_o the_o generality_n of_o christian_n will_v always_o adhere_v to_o tradition_n this_o be_v as_o plain_o confute_v by_o experience_n if_o there_o be_v any_o credit_n
reasonable_a to_o be_v suppose_v or_o no_o may_v easy_o be_v determine_v not_o only_o from_o every_o man_n be_v own_o experience_n of_o the_o world_n but_o from_o a_o more_o advantageous_a instance_n of_o the_o experience_n of_o the_o first_o age_n of_o christianity_n be_v there_o ever_o a_o more_o know_v and_o diligent_a teacher_n of_o this_o doctrine_n than_o our_o saviour_n and_o yet_o his_o disciple_n fall_v into_o many_o mistake_n concern_v it_o so_o that_o in_o order_n to_o the_o certain_a propagate_a of_o it_o the_o wisdom_n of_o god_n think_v it_o requisite_a to_o endue_v even_o those_o who_o have_v learn_v this_o doctrine_n from_o himself_o with_o a_o infallible_a spirit_n by_o which_o they_o may_v be_v lead_v into_o all_o truth_n and_o secure_v from_o error_n and_o mistake_n which_o have_v be_v unnecessary_a have_v it_o be_v impossible_a for_o they_o to_o mistake_v this_o doctrine_n the_o apostle_n who_o teach_v the_o world_n by_o a_o infallible_a spirit_n and_o with_o infinite_o more_o advantage_n than_o ordinary_a parent_n can_v teach_v their_o child_n yet_o in_o all_o the_o church_n which_o they_o plant_v they_o find_v christian_n very_o apt_a to_o mistake_v and_o pervert_v their_o doctrine_n as_o appear_v by_o their_o frequent_a complaint_n in_o most_o of_o their_o epistle_n nay_o the_o apostle_n charge_v the_o generality_n of_o the_o hebrew_n 12._o with_o such_o a_o degree_n of_o dulness_n and_o stupidity_n that_o after_o fit_a time_n and_o mean_n of_o instruction_n they_o be_v still_o ignorant_a of_o the_o very_a principle_n of_o christianity_n so_o he_o tell_v they_o that_o when_o for_o the_o time_n they_o ought_v to_o be_v teacher_n of_o other_o they_o have_v need_v that_o one_o shall_v teach_v they_o again_o which_o be_v the_o first_o principle_n of_o the_o oracle_n of_o god_n and_o st._n hierom_n tell_v we_o luciferian_n that_o the_o primitive_a church_n be_v taint_v with_o many_o gross_a error_n while_o the_o apostle_n be_v alive_a and_o the_o blood_n of_o christ_n yet_o warm_a in_o judea_n but_o it_o may_v be_v there_o have_v be_v better_a teacher_n since_o and_o child_n be_v more_o apt_a to_o learn_v now_o than_o man_n be_v then_o who_o know_v how_o the_o world_n may_v be_v change_v §_o 2._o second_o this_o demonstration_n suppose_v the_o hope_n and_o fear_n which_o christian_n religion_n apply_v to_o man_n mind_n to_o be_v certain_a and_o necessary_a cause_n of_o actual_a will_n in_o man_n to_o adhere_v to_o the_o doctrine_n of_o christ_n and_o consequent_o that_o they_o must_v necessary_o adhere_v to_o it_o that_o he_o suppose_v they_o to_o be_v necessary_a i_o have_v his_o own_o word_n for_o it_o for_o he_o tell_v we_o 75._o that_o he_o have_v endeavour_v to_o demonstrate_v the_o indefectibleness_n of_o tradition_n as_o the_o proper_a and_o necessary_a effect_n of_o those_o cause_n which_o preserve_v and_o continue_v tradition_n on_o foot_n and_o what_o those_o cause_n be_v he_o tell_v we_o before_o 60._o that_o they_o be_v hope_n and_o fear_n strong_o apply_v but_o i_o hope_v that_o the_o indefectibleness_n of_o tradition_n can_v be_v a_o necessary_a effect_n of_o the_o strong_a application_n of_o those_o hope_n and_o fear_n unless_o those_o hope_n and_o fear_n be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n of_o that_o effect_n and_o indeed_o this_o be_v sufficient_o imply_v in_o his_o say_n that_o they_o be_v the_o cause_n of_o actual_a will_n in_o christian_n to_o adhere_v to_o tradition_n for_o if_o these_o cause_n of_o actual_a will_v be_v constant_a as_o he_o must_v suppose_v than_o they_o be_v certain_a and_o necessary_a and_o infallible_a cause_n of_o adhere_v to_o this_o doctrine_n for_o whatever_o be_v in_o act_n be_v necessary_a while_o it_o be_v so_o and_o if_o it_o be_v constant_o in_o act_n the_o effect_n be_v always_o necessary_a but_o what_o a_o wild_a supposition_n be_v this_o that_o moral_a motive_n and_o argument_n work_v upon_o a_o free_a principle_n the_o will_n of_o man_n do_v necessary_o produce_v their_o effect_n be_v it_o necessary_a that_o the_o hope_n of_o heaven_n and_o the_o fear_n of_o hell_n shall_v keep_v christian_n constant_a to_o the_o doctrine_n of_o christ_n and_o be_v it_o not_o as_o necessary_a that_o these_o argument_n shall_v prevail_v upon_o they_o to_o the_o practice_n of_o it_o it_o be_v in_o vain_a to_o go_v about_o to_o demonstrate_v that_o all_o man_n must_v be_v good_a who_o have_v sufficient_a argument_n propound_v to_o they_o when_o experience_n tell_v we_o the_o contrary_a nay_o it_o be_v in_o reason_n impossible_a that_o moral_a argument_n shall_v be_v of_o a_o necessary_a and_o infallible_a efficacy_n because_o they_o be_v always_o propound_v to_o a_o free_a agent_n who_o may_v choose_v whether_o he_o will_v yield_v to_o they_o or_o not_o indeed_o it_o be_v always_o reasonable_a that_o man_n shall_v yield_v to_o they_o and_o if_o they_o be_v reasonable_a they_o will_v but_o so_o long_o as_o they_o be_v free_v it_o can_v never_o be_v infallible_o certain_a that_o they_o will_n and_o if_o man_n be_v not_o free_a it_o be_v no_o virtue_n at_o all_o in_o they_o to_o be_v wrought_v upon_o by_o these_o argument_n for_o what_o virtue_n can_v it_o be_v in_o any_o man_n to_o entertain_v the_o christian_a doctrine_n and_o adhere_v to_o it_o and_o live_v according_o if_o he_o do_v all_o this_o necessary_o that_o be_v whether_o he_o will_v or_o no_o and_o can_v no_o more_o choose_v whether_o he_o will_v do_v so_o or_o not_o than_o whether_o he_o will_v see_v the_o light_n when_o the_o sun_n shine_v upon_o his_o open_a eye_n or_o whether_o he_o will_v hear_v a_o sound_n when_o all_o the_o bell_n in_o the_o town_n be_v ring_v in_o his_o ear_n or_o to_o use_v mr._n s_n 53._o own_o similitude_n whether_o he_o will_v feel_v heat_n cold_a pain_n pleasure_n or_o any_o other_o material_a quality_n that_o affect_v his_o sense_n we_o see_v then_o how_o unreasonable_a his_o supposition_n be_v and_o yet_o without_o these_o ground_n his_o demonstration_n fall_v for_o if_o it_o be_v possible_a that_o christian_n may_v mistake_v or_o forget_v the_o doctrine_n of_o christ_n or_o any_o part_n of_o it_o or_o be_v defective_a in_o diligence_n to_o instruct_v other_o in_o it_o or_o if_o it_o be_v possible_a that_o the_o will_n of_o man_n which_o be_v free_a may_v not_o be_v necessary_o and_o infallible_o sway_v by_o the_o argument_n of_o hope_n and_o fear_n than_o it_o be_v possible_a that_o tradition_n may_v fail_v and_o be_v not_o this_o a_o good_a demonstration_n which_o support_v itself_o upon_o such_o principle_n as_o do_v direct_o affront_v the_o constant_a experience_n and_o the_o clear_a reason_n of_o mankind_n §_o 3._o and_o here_o i_o can_v but_o take_v notice_n how_o inconsistent_a he_o be_v to_o himself_o in_o lay_v the_o ground_n of_o tradition_n certainty_n in_o one_o part_n of_o his_o book_n he_o tell_v we_o 53._o that_o tradition_n have_v for_o its_o basis_n the_o best_a nature_n in_o the_o universe_n that_o be_v man_n not_o according_a to_o his_o moral_a part_n defectible_a by_o reason_n of_o original_a corruption_n nor_o yet_o his_o intellectual_n dark_o grope_v in_o the_o pursuit_n of_o science_n etc._n etc._n but_o according_a to_o those_o faculty_n in_o he_o perfect_o and_o necessary_o subject_a to_o the_o operation_n and_o stroke_n of_o nature_n that_o be_v his_o eye_n ear_n handle_v and_o the_o direct_a impression_n of_o knowledge_n as_o natural_o and_o necessary_o issue_v from_o the_o affect_v those_o sense_n as_o it_o be_v to_o feel_v heat_n cold_a pain_n pleasure_n or_o any_o other_o material_a quality_n so_o that_o according_a to_o this_o discourse_n the_o basis_n of_o tradition_n be_v not_o man_n nature_n consider_v as_o moral_a and_o capable_a of_o intellectual_a reflection_n for_o in_o this_o consideration_n it_o be_v dark_a and_o defectible_a but_o man_n nature_n consider_v only_o as_o capable_a of_o direct_a sensitive_a knowledge_n and_o as_o act_v natural_o and_o necessary_o which_o be_v to_o say_v that_o tradition_n be_v foundded_a in_o the_o nature_n of_o man_n consider_v not_o as_o a_o man_n but_o a_o brute_n under_o which_o consideration_n i_o see_v no_o reason_n why_o he_o shall_v call_v it_o the_o best_a nature_n in_o the_o universe_n but_o now_o how_o will_v he_o reconcile_v this_o discourse_n with_o the_o ground_n of_o his_o demonstration_n where_o he_o tell_v we_o that_o the_o stability_n of_o tradition_n be_v found_v in_o the_o argument_n of_o hope_n and_o fear_v the_o object_n of_o which_o be_v future_a and_o at_o a_o distance_n can_v work_v upon_o a_o man_n immediate_o by_o direct_a impression_n upon_o his_o sense_n but_o must_v work_v upon_o he_o by_o way_n of_o intellectual_a reflection_n and_o consideration_n for_o i_o hope_v he_o will_v not_o deny_v but_o that_o the_o argument_n of_o hope_n and_o fear_v work_v upon_o man_n according_a to_o his_o
sense_n and_o explication_n thereof_o to_o have_v descend_v to_o they_o by_o oral_a tradition_n for_o just_a as_o the_o traditionary_a christian_n do_v now_o so_o josephus_n tell_v 12._o we_o the_o traditionary_a jew_n of_o old_a the_o pharisee_n do_v pretend_v by_o their_o oral_a tradition_n to_o interpret_v the_o law_n more_o accurate_o and_o exact_o than_o any_o other_o sect._n in_o like_a manner_n he_o 2._o tell_v we_o that_o all_o thing_n that_o belong_v to_o prayer_n and_o divine_a worship_n be_v regulate_v and_o administer_v according_a to_o their_o interpretation_n of_o the_o law_n and_o they_o both_o agree_v in_o this_o to_o make_v void_a the_o word_n of_o god_n by_o their_o tradition_n which_o the_o pharisee_n do_v no_o otherwise_o than_o mr._n s._n do_v by_o equal_v oral_a tradition_n to_o scripture_n nay_o prefer_n it_o above_o scripture_n in_o make_v it_o the_o sole_a rule_n of_o faith_n and_o interpret_n the_o scripture_n according_a to_o it_o hence_o be_v those_o common_a say_n in_o the_o talmud_n and_o other_o jewish_a book_n do_v not_o think_v that_o the_o write_a law_n be_v the_o foundation_n but_o that_o the_o law_n oral_o deliver_v be_v the_o right_a foundation_n which_o be_v to_o say_v with_o mr._n s._n that_o not_o the_o scripture_n but_o oral_a tradition_n be_v the_o true_a rule_n of_o faith_n again_o there_o be_v more_o in_o the_o word_n of_o the_o scribe_n viz._n the_o testifier_n of_o tradition_n than_o in_o the_o word_n of_o the_o write_v law_n again_o the_o oral_a law_n excel_v the_o write_a as_o much_o as_o the_o soul_n do_v the_o body_n which_o accord_v very_o well_o with_o what_o mr._n s._n frequent_o tell_v we_o that_o the_o scripture_n without_o tradition_n be_v but_o a_o dead_a letter_n destitute_a of_o life_n and_o sense_n hence_o also_o it_o be_v that_o they_o require_v the_o people_n as_o the_o traditionary_a church_n do_v now_o to_o yield_v up_o themselves_o to_o the_o dictate_v of_o tradition_n even_o in_o the_o most_o absurd_a thing_n as_o appear_v by_o that_o common_a say_n among_o they_o if_o the_o scribe_n say_v that_o the_o right_a hand_n be_v the_o left_a and_o the_o leave_v the_o right_n that_o bread_n be_v flesh_n and_o wine_n be_v blood_n harken_v to_o they_o that_o be_v make_v no_o scruple_n of_o whatsoever_o they_o deliver_v as_o tradition_n though_o never_o so_o contrary_a to_o reason_n or_o sense_n and_o last_o the_o doctrine_n of_o the_o pharisee_n be_v many_o of_o they_o practical_a such_o be_v all_o those_o which_o concern_v external_a rite_n and_o observance_n as_o wash_v of_o hand_n and_o cup_n etc._n etc._n so_o that_o these_o pharisaical_a tradition_n have_v also_o that_o unspeakable_a advantage_n which_o mr._n s._n say_v render_v their_o tradition_n unmistakeable_a that_o they_o be_v daily_o practise_v and_o come_v down_o clad_v in_o such_o plain_a matter_n of_o fact_n that_o the_o most_o stupid_a man_n live_v can_v not_o possible_o be_v ignorant_a of_o they_o therefore_o according_a to_o mr._n s_n principle_n it_o be_v impossible_a that_o any_o age_n of_o the_o jew_n shall_v be_v persuade_v that_o these_o thing_n be_v command_v by_o moses_n and_o ever_o since_o observe_v if_o they_o have_v not_o be_v so_o and_o yet_o our_o saviour_n deny_v these_o custom_n to_o have_v be_v of_o any_o such_o authority_n as_o they_o pretend_v §_o 2._o but_o i_o need_v not_o to_o have_v take_v all_o this_o pain_n to_o show_v the_o agreement_n which_o be_v between_o the_o traditionary_a jew_n and_o papist_n their_o own_o writer_n so_o liberal_o acknowledge_v it_o mr._n white_a 6._o indeed_o say_v that_o the_o faith_n of_o the_o jew_n be_v not_o deliver_v to_o they_o oral_o but_o by_o write_v than_o which_o nothing_o can_v be_v more_o inconsistent_a with_o his_o hypothesis_n for_o if_o the_o jewish_a faith_n be_v convey_v to_o they_o not_o oral_o but_o by_o write_v then_o either_o the_o jewish_a church_n have_v no_o sufficient_a rule_n of_o faith_n or_o else_o a_o write_n may_v be_v such_o a_o rule_n but_o other_o of_o their_o champion_n make_v great_a use_n of_o the_o parallel_n between_o the_o traditionary_a jew_n and_o the_o romish_a church_n to_o confirm_v from_o thence_o their_o own_o traditionary_a doctrine_n cardinal_n perron_n have_v a_o full_a passage_n to_o this_o purpose_n as_o this_o say_v he_o 4._o be_v to_o preserve_v a_o sound_n and_o entire_a respect_n to_o the_o majesty_n of_o the_o ancient_a mosaic_a scripture_n to_o believe_v and_o observe_v not_o only_o all_o the_o thing_n which_o be_v therein_o actual_o contain_v but_o also_o those_o thing_n which_o be_v therein_o contain_v mediate_o and_o relative_o as_o the_o doctrine_n of_o paradise_n etc._n etc._n which_o be_v not_o contain_v therein_o but_o mediate_o and_o by_o the_o authority_n which_o it_o give_v to_o the_o deposition_n of_o the_o patriarchal_a and_o mosaic_a tradition_n preserve_v by_o heart_n and_o in_o the_o oral_a doctrine_n of_o the_o synagogue_n so_o this_o be_v to_o preserve_v a_o sound_n and_o entire_a respect_n to_o the_o majesty_n of_o the_o apostolical_a scripture_n to_o believe_v and_o observe_v all_o the_o thing_n which_o it_o contain_v not_o only_o immediate_o and_o by_o itself_o but_o mediate_o and_o by_o reference_n to_o the_o apostolical_a tradition_n to_o which_o in_o gross_a and_o general_o it_o give_v the_o authority_n of_o apostolical_a doctrine_n and_o to_o the_o church_n the_o authority_n of_o guardian_n and_o depositary_a to_o preserve_v and_o attest_v they_o voysin_n in_o his_o observation_n upon_o raymundus_n martin_n 145._o tell_v we_o that_o as_o in_o the_o old_a law_n the_o great_a consistory_n at_o jerusalem_n be_v the_o foundation_n of_o the_o true_a tradition_n so_o say_v he_o the_o see_v of_o rome_n be_v the_o foundation_n of_o our_o tradition_n and_o as_o the_o continual_a succession_n of_o the_o high_a priest_n and_o father_n among_o the_o jew_n be_v the_o great_a confirmation_n of_o the_o truth_n of_o their_o tradition_n so_o say_v he_o with_o we_o the_o truth_n of_o our_o catholic_n doctrine_n be_v confirm_v by_o a_o continual_a succession_n of_o pope_n §_o 3._o from_o all_o this_o it_o appear_v that_o the_o pharisee_n among_o the_o jew_n make_v the_o same_o pretence_n to_o oral_a tradition_n which_o the_o papist_n do_v at_o this_o day_n according_a to_o mr._n s._n and_o if_o so_o then_o mr._n s_n demonstration_n a_fw-fr posteriori_fw-la be_v every_o whit_n as_o strong_a for_o the_o jew_n against_o our_o saviour_n as_o it_o be_v for_o the_o papist_n against_o the_o protestant_n for_o we_o find_v that_o in_o our_o saviour_n time_n it_o be_v then_o the_o present_a persuasion_n of_o the_o traditionary_a jew_n that_o their_o faith_n and_o their_o rite_n and_o the_o true_a sense_n and_o interpretation_n of_o their_o write_a law_n be_v descend_v from_o moses_n and_o the_o prophet_n to_o they_o uninterrupted_o which_o we_o find_v be_v most_o firm_o root_v in_o their_o heart_n but_o the_o jew_n have_v a_o constant_a tradition_n among_o they_o that_o the_o messiah_n be_v to_o be_v a_o great_a temporal_a prince_n and_o though_o the_o letter_n of_o the_o prophecy_n concern_v he_o may_v well_o enough_o have_v be_v accommodate_v to_o the_o low_a and_o suffer_a condition_n of_o our_o saviour_n yet_o they_o do_v infallible_o know_v that_o their_o messiah_n be_v to_o be_v another_o kind_n of_o person_n from_o sense_n write_v in_o their_o heart_n from_o the_o interpretation_n of_o those_o prophecy_n oral_o bring_v down_o to_o they_o from_o the_o patriarchal_a and_o mosaic_a tradition_n preserve_v by_o heart_n and_o in_o the_o oral_a doctrine_n of_o the_o synagogue_n and_o from_o the_o live_a voice_n of_o their_o church_n essential_a that_o be_v the_o universal_a consent_n of_o the_o then_o traditionary_a jew_n if_o it_o be_v say_v that_o the_o jewish_a tradition_n do_v indeed_o bring_v down_o several_a doctrine_n not_o contain_v in_o scripture_n of_o paradise_n of_o hell_n of_o the_o last_o judgement_n of_o the_o resurrection_n etc._n etc._n as_o cardinal_n perron_n affirm_v but_o it_o do_v not_o bring_v down_o this_o point_n of_o the_o messiah_n be_v a_o temporal_a prince_n then_o as_o mr._n s._n 76._o ask_v we_o so_o the_o jew_n do_v he_o by_o what_o virtue_n tradition_n bring_v down_o those_o other_o point_n and_o whether_o the_o same_o virtue_n be_v not_o powerful_a to_o bring_v down_o this_o as_o well_o as_o those_o then_o he_o will_v ask_v he_o far_o be_v there_o not_o a_o necessary_a connexion_n and_o relation_n between_o a_o constant_a cause_n and_o its_o formal_a effect_n so_o that_o if_o its_o formal_a effect_n be_v point_n receive_v as_o deliver_v ever_o the_o proper_a cause_n must_v be_v a_o ever-delivery_n whence_o he_o will_v argue_v from_o such_o a_o effect_n to_o its_o cause_n for_o any_o particular_a point_n and_o consequent_o for_o this_o point_n that_o be_v in_o controversy_n between_o jew_n
more_o necessary_o than_o any_o natural_a cause_n now_o how_o they_o can_v do_v so_o upon_o voluntary_a agent_n i_o desire_v mr._n s._n to_o inform_v i_o §_o 3._o he_o proceed_v by_o a_o long_a harangue_n to_o show_v 34._o that_o not_o only_o these_o material_a character_n in_o themselves_o be_v corruptible_a but_o in_o complexion_n with_o the_o cause_n actual_o lay_v in_o the_o world_n to_o preserve_v they_o entire_a because_o either_o those_o cause_n be_v material_a and_o then_o they_o be_v also_o liable_a to_o continual_a alteration_n or_o spiritual_a that_o be_v the_o mind_n of_o man_n and_o from_o these_o we_o may_v with_o good_a reason_n hope_n for_o a_o great_a degree_n of_o constancy_n than_o from_o any_o other_o piece_n of_o nature_n which_o by_o the_o way_n be_v a_o very_a strange_a paradox_n that_o the_o action_n of_o voluntary_a agent_n have_v a_o great_a certainty_n and_o constancy_n in_o they_o than_o those_o of_o natural_a agent_n of_o which_o the_o fall_n of_o angel_n and_o man_n compare_v with_o the_o continuance_n of_o the_o sun_n and_o star_n in_o their_o first_o state_n be_v a_o very_a good_a evidence_n §_o 4._o but_o he_o add_v a_o caution_n 35._o that_o they_o be_v perfect_o unalterable_a from_o their_o nature_n and_o unerrable_a if_o due_a circumstance_n be_v observe_v that_o be_v if_o due_a proposal_n be_v make_v to_o beget_v certain_a knowledge_n and_o due_a care_n use_v to_o attend_v to_o such_o proposal_n but_o who_o can_v warrant_v that_o due_a proposal_n will_v always_o be_v make_v to_o man_n and_o due_a care_n use_v by_o they_o if_o these_o be_v uncertain_a where_o be_v the_o constancy_n and_o unerrableness_n he_o talk_v so_o much_o of_o so_o that_o notwithstanding_o the_o constancy_n of_o this_o spiritual_a cause_n the_o mind_n of_o man_n of_o preserve_v scripture_n entire_a yet_o in_o order_n to_o this_o as_o he_o tell_v 36._o we_o so_o many_o action_n be_v to_o be_v do_v which_o be_v compound_v and_o make_v up_o of_o a_o innumerable_a multitude_n of_o several_a particularity_n to_o be_v observe_v every_o of_o which_o may_v be_v mistake_v apart_o each_o be_v a_o distinct_a little_a action_n in_o its_o single_a self_n such_o as_o be_v the_o transcribe_v of_o a_o whole_a book_n consist_v of_o such_o myriad_n of_o word_n single_a letter_n and_o tittle_n or_o stop_n and_o the_o several_a action_n of_o write_v over_o each_o of_o these_o so_o short_a and_o cursory_a that_o it_o prevent_v diligence_n and_o exceed_v humane_a care_n to_o keep_v awake_a and_o apply_v distinct_a attention_n to_o every_o of_o these_o distinct_a action_n mr._n rushworth_n 7._o much_o outdo_v mr._n s._n in_o these_o minute_n cavil_v for_o he_o tell_v we_o that_o suppose_v a_o original_a copy_n of_o christ_n word_n write_v by_o one_o of_o the_o evangelist_n in_o the_o same_o language_n let_v he_o have_v set_v down_o every_o word_n and_o syllable_n yet_o man_n conversant_a in_o note_v the_o change_n of_o meaning_n in_o word_n will_v tell_v we_o that_o divers_a accent_n in_o the_o pronunciation_n of_o they_o the_o turn_n of_o the_o speaker_n head_n or_o body_n this_o way_n or_o that_o way_n etc._n etc._n may_v so_o change_v the_o sense_n of_o the_o word_n that_o they_o will_v seem_v quite_o different_a in_o write_v from_o what_o they_o be_v in_o speak_v i_o hope_v that_o oral_n and_o practical_a tradition_n have_v be_v careful_a to_o preserve_v all_o these_o circumstance_n and_o have_v deliver_v down_o christ_n doctrine_n with_o all_o the_o right_a traditionary_a accent_n nod_n and_o gesture_n necessary_a for_o the_o understanding_n of_o it_o otherwise_o the_o omission_n of_o these_o may_v have_v so_o alter_v the_o sense_n of_o it_o that_o it_o may_v be_v now_o quite_o different_a from_o what_o it_o be_v at_o first_o but_o to_o answer_v mr._n s._n we_o do_v not_o pretend_v to_o be_v assure_v that_o it_o be_v natural_o impossible_a that_o the_o scripture_n shall_v have_v be_v corrupt_v or_o change_v but_o only_o to_o be_v sufficient_o assure_v that_o they_o have_v not_o receive_v any_o material_a alteration_n from_o as_o good_a argument_n as_o the_o nature_n of_o the_o subject_n will_v bear_v but_o if_o his_o reason_n have_v not_o be_v very_o short_a and_o cursory_a he_o may_v easy_o have_v reflect_v that_o oral_a tradition_n be_v equal_o liable_a to_o all_o these_o contingency_n for_o it_o do_v as_o much_o prevent_v diligence_n and_o exceed_v humane_a care_n to_o keep_v awake_a and_o apply_v distinct_a attention_n to_o the_o distinct_a action_n of_o speak_v as_o of_o writing_n and_o i_o hope_v he_o will_v not_o deny_v that_o a_o doctrine_n oral_o deliver_v consist_v of_o word_n and_o letter_n and_o accent_n and_o stop_n as_o well_o as_o a_o doctrine_n write_v and_o that_o the_o several_a action_n of_o speak_v be_v as_o short_a and_o cursory_a as_o of_o writing_n §_o 5._o second_o he_o tell_v we_o 38._o scripture_n formal_o consider_v as_o to_o its_o significativeness_n be_v also_o uncertain_a first_o 38._o because_o of_o the_o uncertainty_n of_o the_o letter_n this_o be_v already_o answer_v second_o 38._o because_o the_o certain_a sense_n of_o it_o be_v not_o to_o be_v arrive_v to_o by_o the_o vulgar_a who_o be_v destitute_a of_o language_n and_o arts._n true_a where_o man_n be_v not_o permit_v to_o have_v the_o scripture_n in_o their_o own_o language_n and_o understand_v no_o other_o but_o where_o they_o be_v allow_v the_o scripture_n translate_v into_o their_o own_o language_n they_o may_v understand_v they_o all_o necessary_a point_n of_o faith_n and_o practice_n be_v sufficient_o plain_a in_o any_o translation_n of_o the_o bible_n that_o i_o know_v of_o and_o that_o 38._o eminent_a wit_n can_v agree_v about_o the_o sense_n of_o text_n which_o concern_v the_o main_a point_n of_o faith_n have_v be_v speak_v to_o already_o §_o 6._o as_o for_o the_o reverence_n he_o pretend_v to_o scripture_n in_o the_o conclusion_n of_o his_o four_o discourse_n he_o may_v have_v spare_v that_o after_o all_o the_o raillery_n and_o rudeness_n he_o have_v use_v against_o it_o it_o be_v easy_a to_o conjecture_v both_o from_o his_o principle_n and_o his_o uncivil_a expression_n concern_v they_o what_o his_o esteem_n be_v of_o those_o sacred_a oracle_n probably_n it_o be_v requisite_a in_o prudence_n to_o cast_v in_o a_o few_o good_a word_n concern_v the_o scripture_n for_o the_o sake_n of_o the_o more_o tender_a and_o squeamish_a novice_n of_o their_o religion_n or_o as_o mr._n rushworth_n nephew_n 14._o say_v frank_o and_o open_o for_o the_o satisfaction_n of_o indifferent_a man_n that_o have_v be_v bring_v up_o in_o this_o verbal_a and_o apparent_a respect_n of_o the_o scripture_n who_o it_o seem_v be_v not_o yet_o attain_v to_o that_o degree_n of_o catholic_n piety_n and_o fortitude_n as_o to_o endure_v patient_o that_o the_o word_n of_o god_n shall_v be_v revile_v or_o slight_v beside_o that_o in_o reference_n to_o those_o who_o they_o hope_v hereafter_o to_o convert_v who_o may_v be_v too_o much_o alienate_v from_o their_o religion_n if_o he_o have_v express_v nothing_o but_o contempt_n towards_o a_o book_n which_o protestant_n and_o christian_n in_o all_o age_n till_o the_o very_a dregs_o of_o popery_n have_v be_v breed_v up_o to_o a_o high_a veneration_n of_o it_o be_v not_o much_o amiss_o to_o pass_v this_o formal_a compliment_n upon_o the_o bible_n which_o the_o wise_a of_o his_o own_o religion_n will_v easy_o understand_v and_o may_v serve_v to_o catch_v the_o rest_n but_o let_v he_o not_o deceive_v himself_o god_n be_v not_o mock_v sect_n vi_o §_o 1._o second_o he_o come_v to_o show_v tradition_n that_o the_o property_n of_o a_o rule_n of_o faith_n belong_v to_o oral_a tradition_n and_o first_o he_o gives_z a_o tedious_a explication_n of_o the_o nature_n of_o this_o oral_a practical_a tradition_n which_o amount_v to_o this_o that_o as_o in_o reference_n to_o the_o civil_a education_n of_o child_n they_o be_v teach_v their_o own_o and_o other_o name_n to_o write_v and_o read_v and_o exercise_v their_o trade_n so_o in_o reference_n to_o religion_n the_o child_n of_o christian_n first_o hear_v sound_n afterward_o by_o degree_n get_v dim_a notion_n of_o god_n christ_n saviour_n heaven_n hell_n virtue_n vice_n and_o by_o degree_n practice_v what_o they_o have_v hear_v they_o be_v show_v to_o say_v grace_n and_o their_o prayer_n to_o hold_v up_o their_o hand_n or_o perhaps_o eye_n and_o to_o kneel_v and_o other_o posture_n afterward_o they_o be_v acquaint_v with_o the_o creed_n ten_o commandment_n and_o sacrament_n some_o common_a form_n of_o prayer_n and_o other_o practice_n of_o christianity_n and_o be_v direct_v to_o order_v their_o life_n according_o and_o be_v guide_v in_o all_o this_o by_o the_o action_n and_o carriage_n of_o the_o elder_a faithful_a and_o this_o go_v on_o by_o insensible_a degree_n not_o by_o leap_n from_o
either_o whole_o or_o for_o the_o far_o great_a part_n of_o they_o take_v upan_n humour_n against_o propagate_a mankind_n and_o yet_o both_o history_n and_o the_o experience_n of_o the_o present_a age_n assure_v we_o that_o a_o great_a part_n of_o asia_n and_o of_o africa_n where_o the_o most_o flourish_a church_n in_o the_o world_n once_o be_v be_v fall_v off_o from_o christianity_n and_o become_v either_o mahometan_n or_o heathen_n in_o africa_n almost_o all_o those_o vast_a region_n which_o christianity_n have_v gain_v from_o heathenism_n mahometanism_n have_v regain_v from_o christianity_n all_o the_o north-part_n of_o africa_n lie_v along_o the_o mediterranean_a where_o christianity_n flourish_v once_o as_o much_o as_o ever_o it_o do_v at_o rome_n be_v at_o this_o time_n utter_o void_a of_o christian_n except_v a_o few_o town_n in_o the_o hand_n of_o the_o european_a prince_n and_o not_o to_o mention_v all_o particular_a place_n the_o large_a region_n of_o nubia_n which_o have_v as_o be_v think_v from_o the_o apostle_n time_n profess_v the_o christian_a faith_n have_v within_o these_o 150_o year_n for_o want_n of_o minister_n as_o alvarez_n aethiop_n tell_v we_o quit_v christianity_n and_o be_v partly_o revolt_a to_o heathenism_n partly_o fall_v off_o to_o mahometanism_n so_o that_o it_o seem_v that_o notwithstanding_o the_o argument_n of_o hope_n and_o fear_n the_o very_a teacher_n of_o tradition_n may_v fail_v in_o a_o large_o extend_v church_n as_o for_o asia_n in_o the_o easterly_a part_n of_o it_o there_o be_v not_o now_o one_o christian_a to_o four_o of_o what_o there_o be_v 500_o year_n ago_o and_o in_o the_o more_o southerly_a part_n of_o it_o where_o christianity_n have_v take_v deep_a root_n the_o christian_n be_v far_o inferior_a in_o number_n to_o the_o idolater_n and_o mahometan_n and_o do_v daily_o decrease_v what_o think_v mr._n s._n of_o all_o this_o have_v those_o christian_a nation_n which_o be_v turn_v mahometan_n and_o pagan_n fail_v in_o their_o faith_n or_o not_o if_o they_o have_v i_o expect_v from_o he_o clear_a instance_n of_o more_o that_o have_v fail_v in_o propagate_a their_o kind_n §_o 7._o but_o beside_o those_o who_o have_v total_o apostatise_v from_o christianity_n have_v not_o the_o whole_a greek_a church_n with_o the_o jacobite_n and_o nestorian_n and_o all_o those_o other_o sect_n which_o agree_v with_o and_o depend_v upon_o these_o and_o which_o take_v together_o be_v manifold_o great_a than_o the_o roman_a church_n i_o say_v have_v not_o all_o these_o renounce_v tradition_n for_o several_a age_n and_o here_o in_o europe_n have_v not_o a_o great_a part_n of_o poland_n hungary_n both_o germany's_n france_n and_o switzerland_n have_v not_o the_o kingdom_n of_o great_a britain_n denmark_n sweden_n and_o a_o considerable_a part_n of_o ireland_n in_o mr._n s_n opinion_n desert_v tradition_n if_o i_o shall_v once_o see_v a_o whole_a nation_n fail_v because_o no_o body_n will_v marry_v and_o contribute_v to_o the_o propagation_n of_o mankind_n and_o shall_v find_v this_o sullen_a humour_n to_o prevail_v in_o several_a nation_n and_o to_o overspread_v vast_a part_n of_o the_o world_n i_o shall_v then_o in_o good_a earnest_n think_v it_o possible_a for_o mankind_n to_o fail_v unless_o i_o can_v show_v it_o impossible_a for_o other_o nation_n to_o do_v that_o which_o i_o see_v some_o to_o have_v do_v who_o be_v every_o whit_n as_o unlikely_a to_o have_v do_v it_o so_o that_o whatever_o cause_n he_o assign_v of_o heresy_n 67._o as_o pride_n ambition_n lust_n or_o any_o other_o vice_n or_o interest_n if_o these_o can_v take_v place_n in_o whole_a nation_n and_o make_v they_o renounce_v tradition_n then_o where_o be_v the_o efficacy_n of_o the_o cause_n to_o preserve_v faith_n indeficient_o entire_a in_o any_o for_o the_o demonstration_n hold_v as_o strong_o for_o all_o christian_n as_o for_o any_o §_o 8._o second_o from_o these_o ground_n it_o will_v follow_v that_o no_o christian_n can_v live_v wicked_o because_o the_o end_n of_o faith_n be_v a_o good_a life_n the_o argument_n of_o hope_n and_o fear_n must_v in_o all_o reason_n be_v as_o powerful_a and_o efficacious_a cause_n of_o a_o good_a life_n as_o of_o a_o true_a belief_n and_o that_o his_o demonstration_n prove_v the_o one_o as_o much_o as_o the_o other_o will_v be_v evident_a from_o his_o own_o reason_n for_o he_o 62._o argue_v in_o this_o manner_n good_a be_v the_o proper_a object_n of_o the_o will_n good_a propose_v make_v the_o will_n to_o desire_v that_o good_a and_o consequent_o the_o know_a mean_n to_o obtain_v it_o now_o infinite_a good_n and_o harm_n sufficient_o propose_v be_v of_o their_o own_o nature_n incomparable_o more_o powerful_a cause_n to_o carry_v the_o will_n than_o temporal_a one_o since_o then_o when_o two_o cause_n be_v counterpoise_v the_o lesser_a when_o it_o come_v to_o execution_n be_v no_o cause_n as_o to_o the_o substance_n of_o that_o effect_n it_o follow_v that_o there_o be_v no_o cause_n to_o move_v the_o will_n of_o a_o world_n of_o believer_n to_o be_v willing_a to_o do_v that_o which_o they_o judge_v will_v lose_v themselves_o and_o their_o posterity_n infinite_a good_n and_o bring_v they_o infinite_a harm_n etc._n etc._n in_o case_n a_o sufficient_a proposal_n or_o application_n be_v not_o want_v which_o he_o tell_v we_o 6●_n be_v not_o want_v because_o christianity_n urge_v to_o execution_n give_v its_o follower_n a_o new_a life_n and_o a_o new_a nature_n than_o which_o a_o near_a application_n can_v be_v imagine_v do_v not_o this_o argument_n extend_v to_o the_o life_n of_o christian_n as_o well_o as_o their_o belief_n so_o that_o he_o may_v as_o well_o infer_v from_o these_o ground_n that_o it_o be_v impossible_a that_o those_o who_o profess_v christianity_n shall_v live_v contrary_a to_o it_o as_o that_o they_o shall_v fail_v to_o deliver_v down_o the_o doctrine_n of_o christ_n because_o whatever_o can_v be_v a_o inducement_n and_o temptation_n to_o any_o man_n to_o contradict_v this_o doctrine_n by_o his_o practice_n may_v equal_o prevail_v upon_o he_o to_o falsify_v it_o for_o why_o shall_v man_n make_v any_o more_o scruple_n of_o damn_v themselves_o and_o their_o posterity_n by_o teach_v they_o false_a doctrine_n than_o by_o live_v wicked_a life_n which_o be_v equal_o pernicious_a with_o heretical_a doctrine_n not_o only_o upon_o account_n of_o the_o bad_a influence_n which_o such_o example_n of_o father_n and_o teacher_n be_v like_a to_o have_v upon_o their_o scholar_n but_o likewise_o as_o they_o be_v one_o of_o the_o strong_a argument_n in_o the_o world_n to_o persuade_v they_o that_o their_o teacher_n do_v not_o themselves_o believe_v that_o religion_n which_o they_o teach_v for_o if_o they_o do_v they_o will_v live_v according_a to_o it_o why_o shall_v any_o man_n think_v that_o those_o argument_n of_o hope_n and_o fear_v which_o will_v not_o prevail_v upon_o the_o generality_n of_o christian_n to_o make_v they_o live_v holy_a life_n shall_v be_v so_o necessary_o efficacious_a to_o make_v they_o so_o much_o concern_v for_o the_o preserve_n of_o a_o right_a belief_n nay_o we_o have_v great_a reason_n to_o believe_v that_o such_o person_n will_v endeavour_v as_o much_o as_o may_v be_v to_o bend_v and_o accommodate_v their_o belief_n to_o their_o life_n and_o this_o be_v the_o true_a source_n of_o those_o innovation_n in_o faith_n for_o which_o we_o challenge_v the_o church_n of_o rome_n which_o any_o man_n may_v easy_o discern_v who_o will_v but_o consider_v how_o all_o their_o new_a doctrine_n be_v fit_v to_o a_o secular_a interest_n and_o the_o gratify_n of_o that_o inordinate_a appetite_n after_o riches_n and_o dominion_n which_o reign_v in_o the_o court_n of_o rome_n and_o in_o the_o upper_a part_n of_o the_o clergy_n of_o that_o church_n sect_n iv._o §_o 1._o second_o demonstration_n the_o main_a ground_n of_o his_o demonstration_n be_v apparent_o false_a for_o first_o this_o demonstration_n suppose_v that_o the_o generality_n of_o christian_a parent_n in_o all_o age_n perfect_o understand_v the_o doctrine_n of_o christ_n and_o do_v not_o mistake_v any_o part_n of_o it_o that_o they_o remember_v it_o perfect_o and_o that_o they_o be_v faithful_a and_o diligent_a to_o instruct_v their_o child_n in_o it_o which_o be_v as_o contrary_a to_o experience_n as_o that_o the_o generality_n of_o christian_n be_v know_v and_o honest_a it_o suppose_v likewise_o that_o this_o doctrine_n and_o every_o substantial_a part_n of_o it_o be_v receive_v and_o remember_v by_o the_o generality_n of_o child_n as_o it_o be_v teach_v and_o be_v understand_v perfect_o by_o they_o without_o the_o least_o material_a mistake_n so_o he_o tell_v we_o 53._o that_o the_o substance_n of_o faith_n come_v clad_v in_o such_o plain_a matter_n of_o fact_n that_o the_o most_o stupid_a man_n live_v can_v possible_o be_v ignorant_a of_o it_o but_o whether_o this_o be_v
moral_a and_o intellectual_a part_n else_o how_o be_v they_o argument_n and_o if_o man_n according_a to_o his_o moral_a part_n be_v as_o he_o say_v defectible_a how_o can_v the_o indefectibility_n of_o tradition_n be_v found_v in_o those_o argument_n which_o work_v upon_o man_n only_o according_a to_o his_o moral_a part_n i_o have_v purposely_o all_o along_o both_o for_o the_o reader_n ease_n and_o i_o own_o neglect_v to_o take_v notice_n of_o several_a of_o his_o inconsistency_n but_o these_o be_v such_o clear_a and_o transparent_a contradiction_n that_o i_o can_v do_v no_o less_o than_o make_v a_o example_n of_o they_o sect_n v._o §_o 1._o three_o this_o demonstration_n be_v confute_v by_o clear_a and_o undeniable_a instance_n to_o the_o contrary_n i_o will_v mention_v but_o two_o first_o the_o tradition_n of_o the_o one_o true_a god_n which_o be_v the_o easy_a to_o be_v preserve_v of_o any_o doctrine_n in_o the_o world_n be_v short_a and_o plain_a plant_v in_o every_o man_n nature_n and_o perfect_o suit_v to_o the_o reason_n of_o mankind_n and_o yet_o this_o tradition_n not_o have_v past_a through_o many_o hand_n by_o reason_n of_o the_o long_a age_n of_o man_n be_v so_o deface_v and_o corrupt_v that_o the_o world_n do_v lapse_n into_o polytheism_n and_o idolatry_n now_o a_o man_n that_o be_v so_o hardy_a as_o to_o demonstrate_v against_o matter_n of_o fact_n may_v by_o a_o strong_a demonstration_n