Selected quad for the lemma: cause_n

Word A Word B Word C Word D Occurrence Frequency Band MI MI Band Prominent
cause_n effect_n necessary_a voluntary_a 1,389 5 11.0339 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A51304 The immortality of the soul, so farre forth as it is demonstrable from the knowledge of nature and the light of reason by Henry More ... More, Henry, 1614-1687. 1659 (1659) Wing M2663; ESTC R2813 258,204 608

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sense_n or_o common_a notion_n find_v in_o all_o man_n that_o have_v not_o do_v violence_n to_o their_o own_o nature_n unless_o by_o some_o other_o approve_a faculty_n he_o can_v discover_v the_o contrary_a my_o conclusion_n must_v stand_v for_o a_o undoubted_a truth_n by_o axiom_n 5._o he_o pretend_v therefore_o some_o demonstration_n of_o reason_n which_o he_o will_v oppose_v against_o the_o dictate_v of_o this_o inward_a sense_n which_o it_o will_v not_o be_v amiss_o to_o examine_v that_o we_o may_v discover_v his_o sophistry_n chap._n iii_o 1._o mr._n hobbs_n his_o argument_n whereby_o he_o will_v prove_v all_o our_o action_n necessitate_v his_o first_o argument_n 2._o his_o second_o argument_n 3._o his_o three_o argument_n 4._o his_o four_o argument_n 5._o what_o must_v be_v the_o meaning_n of_o these_o word_n nothing_o take_v beginning_n from_o itself_o in_o the_o first_o argument_n of_o mr._n hobbs_n 6._o a_o full_a and_o more_o determinate_a explication_n of_o the_o forego_n word_n who_o sense_n be_v evident_o convince_v to_o be_v that_o no_o essence_n of_o itself_o can_v vary_v its_o modification_n 7._o that_o this_o be_v only_o say_v by_o mr._n hobbs_n not_o prove_v and_o a_o full_a confutation_n of_o his_o assertion_n 8._o mr._n hobbs_n impose_v upon_o by_o his_o own_o sophistry_n 9_o that_o one_o part_n of_o this_o first_o argument_n of_o he_o be_v groundless_a the_o other_o sophistical_a 10._o the_o plain_a proposal_n of_o his_o argument_n whence_o appear_v more_o full_o the_o weakness_n and_o sophistry_n thereof_o 11._o a_o answer_n to_o his_o second_o argument_n 12._o a_o answer_n to_o the_o three_o 13._o a_o answer_n to_o a_o difficulty_n concern_v the_o truth_n and_o falsehood_n of_o future_a proposition_n 14._o a_o answer_n to_o mr._n hobbs_n his_o four_o argument_n which_o though_o slight_v by_o himself_o be_v the_o strong_a of_o they_o all_o 15._o the_o difficulty_n of_o reconcile_a freewill_n with_o divine_a prescience_n and_o prophecy_n 16._o that_o the_o faculty_n of_o freewill_n be_v seldom_o put_v in_o use_n 17._o that_o the_o use_n of_o it_o be_v proper_o in_o moral_a conflict_n 18._o that_o the_o soul_n be_v not_o invincible_a there_o neither_o 19_o that_o divine_a decree_n either_o find_v fit_a instrument_n or_o make_v they_o 20._o that_o the_o more_o exact_a we_o make_v divine_a prescience_n even_o to_o the_o comprehension_n of_o any_o thing_n that_o imply_v no_o contradiction_n in_o itself_o to_o be_v comprehend_v the_o more_o clear_a it_o be_v that_o man_n will_n may_v be_v sometime_o free_a 21._o which_o be_v sufficient_a to_o make_v good_a my_o last_o argument_n against_o mr._n hobbs_n 1._o his_o first_o argument_n run_v thus_o i_o will_v repeat_v it_o in_o his_o own_o word_n as_o also_o the_o rest_n of_o they_o as_o they_o be_v to_o be_v find_v in_o his_o treatise_n of_o liberty_n and_o necessity_n i_o conceive_v say_v he_o that_o nothing_o take_v beginning_n from_o itself_o but_o from_o the_o action_n of_o some_o other_o immediate_a agent_n without_o itself_o and_o that_o therefore_o when_o first_o a_o man_n have_v a_o appetite_n or_o will_n to_o something_o to_o which_o immediate_o before_o he_o have_v no_o appetite_n nor_o will_n the_o cause_n of_o his_o will_n be_v not_o the_o will_n itself_o but_o something_o else_o not_o in_o his_o own_o dispose_n so_o that_o whereas_o it_o be_v out_o of_o controversy_n that_o of_o voluntary_a action_n the_o will_n be_v the_o necessary_a cause_n and_o by_o this_o which_o be_v say_v the_o will_n be_v also_o cause_v by_o other_o thing_n whereof_o it_o dispose_v not_o it_o follow_v that_o voluntary_a action_n have_v all_o of_o they_o necessary_a cause_n and_o therefore_o be_v necessitate_v 2._o his_o second_o thus_o i_o hold_v say_v he_o that_o to_o be_v a_o sufficient_a cause_n to_o which_o nothing_o be_v want_v that_o be_v needful_a to_o the_o produce_v of_o the_o effect_n the_o same_o also_o be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n for_o if_o it_o be_v possible_a that_o a_o sufficient_a cause_n shall_v not_o bring_v forth_o the_o effect_n than_o there_o want_v somewhat_o which_o be_v needful_a for_o the_o produce_v of_o it_o and_o so_o the_o cause_n be_v not_o sufficient_a but_o if_o it_o be_v impossible_a that_o a_o sufficient_a cause_n shall_v not_o produce_v the_o effect_n then_o be_v a_o sufficient_a cause_n a_o necessary_a cause_n for_o that_o be_v say_v to_o produce_v a_o effect_n necessary_o that_o can_v but_o produce_v it_o hence_o it_o be_v manifest_a that_o whatsoever_o be_v produce_v be_v produce_v necessary_o for_o whatsoever_o be_v produce_v have_v have_v a_o sufficient_a cause_n to_o produce_v it_o or_o else_o it_o have_v not_o be_v what_o follow_v be_v either_o the_o same_o or_o so_o close_o depend_v on_o this_o that_o i_o need_v not_o add_v it_o 3._o his_o three_o argument_n therefore_o shall_v be_v that_o which_o he_o urge_v from_o future_a disjunction_n for_o example_n let_v the_o case_n be_v put_v of_o the_o wether_n it_o be_v necessary_a that_o to_o morrow_n it_o shall_v rain_v or_o not_o rain_v if_o therefore_o say_v he_o it_o be_v not_o necessary_a it_o shall_v rain_v it_o be_v necessary_a it_o shall_v not_o rain_v otherwise_o there_o be_v no_o necessity_n that_o the_o proposition_n it_o shall_v rain_v or_o not_o rain_n shall_v be_v true_a 4._o his_o four_o be_v this_o that_o the_o deny_v of_o necessity_n destroy_v both_o the_o decree_n and_o the_o prescience_n of_o god_n almighty_n for_o whatsoever_o god_n have_v purpose_v to_o bring_v to_o pass_v by_o man_n as_o a_o instrument_n or_o forsee_v shall_v come_v to_o pass_v a_o man_n if_o he_o have_v liberty_n from_o necessitation_n may_v frustrate_v and_o make_v not_o to_o come_v to_o pass_v and_o god_n shall_v either_o not_o foreknow_v it_o and_o not_o decree_v it_o or_o he_o shall_v foreknow_v such_o thing_n shall_v be_v as_o shall_v never_o be_v and_o decree_n that_o which_o shall_v never_o come_v to_o pass_v 5._o the_o entrance_n into_o his_o first_o argument_n be_v something_o obscure_a and_o ambiguous_a nothing_o take_v beginning_n from_o itself_o but_o i_o shall_v be_v as_o candid_a and_o faithful_a a_o interpreter_n as_o i_o may_v if_o he_o mean_v by_o beginning_n begin_v of_o existence_n it_o be_v undoubted_o true_a that_o no_o substance_n nor_o modification_n of_o substance_n take_v beginning_n from_o itself_o but_o this_o will_v not_o infer_v the_o conclusion_n he_o drive_v at_o but_o if_o he_o mean_v that_o nothing_o take_v beginning_n from_o itself_o of_o be_v otherwise_o affect_v or_o modify_v then_o before_o he_o must_v either_o understand_v by_o nothing_o no_o essence_n neither_o spirit_n nor_o body_n or_o no_o modification_n of_o essence_n he_o can_v mean_v spirit_n as_o admit_v no_o such_o thing_n in_o the_o whole_a comprehension_n of_o nature_n if_o body_n it_o will_v not_o infer_v what_o he_o aim_v at_o unless_o there_o be_v nothing_o but_o body_n in_o the_o universe_n which_o be_v a_o mere_a precarious_a principle_n of_o he_o which_o he_o beseech_v his_o credulous_a follower_n to_o admit_v but_o he_o prove_v it_o no_o where_o as_o i_o have_v already_o note_v if_o by_o modification_n he_o mean_v the_o modification_n of_o matter_n or_o body_n that_o run_v still_o upon_o the_o former_a principle_n that_o there_o be_v nothing_o but_o body_n in_o the_o world_n and_o therefore_o he_o prove_v nothing_o but_o upon_o a_o beg_v hypothesis_n and_o that_o a_o false_a one_o as_o i_o have_v elsewhere_o demonstrate_v wherefore_o the_o most_o favourable_a interpretation_n i_o can_v make_v be_v that_o he_o mean_v by_o no_o thing_n no_o essence_n nor_o modification_n of_o essence_n be_v willing_a to_o hide_v that_o dearly-huged_a hypothesis_n of_o his_o that_o there_o be_v nothing_o but_o body_n in_o the_o world_n under_o so_o general_a and_o uncertain_a term_n 6._o the_o word_n therefore_o in_o the_o other_o sense_n have_v no_o pretence_n to_o conclude_v any_o thing_n let_v we_o see_v how_o far_o they_o will_v prevail_v in_o this_o take_v no_o thing_n for_o no_o essence_n or_o no_o modification_n of_o essence_n or_o what_o will_v come_v near_o to_o the_o matter_n in_o hand_n no_o faculty_n of_o a_o essence_n and_o from_o this_o twofold_a meaning_n let_v we_o examine_v two_o proposition_n that_o will_v result_v from_o thence_o viz._n that_o no_o faculty_n of_o any_o essence_n can_v vary_v its_o operation_n from_o what_o it_o be_v but_o from_o the_o action_n of_o some_o other_o immediate_a agent_n without_o itself_o or_o that_o no_o essence_n can_v vary_v its_o modification_n or_o operation_n by_o itself_o but_o by_o the_o action_n of_o some_o other_o immediate_a agent_n without_o it_o of_o which_o two_o proposition_n the_o latter_a seem_v the_o better_a sense_n by_o far_o and_o most_o natural_a for_o it_o be_v very_o harsh_a and_o if_o true_o look_v into_o as_o false_a to_o say_v that_o the_o mode_n
or_o faculty_n of_o any_o essence_n change_v itself_o for_o it_o be_v the_o essence_n itself_o that_o exert_v itself_o into_o these_o variation_n of_o modes_n if_o no_o external_a agent_n be_v the_o cause_n of_o these_o change_n and_o mr._n hobbs_n oppose_v a_o external_a agent_n to_o this_o thing_n that_o he_o say_v do_v not_o change_v itself_o do_v natural_o imply_v that_o they_o be_v both_o not_o faculty_n but_o substance_n he_o speak_v of_o 7._o wherefore_o there_o remain_v only_o the_o latter_a proposition_n to_o be_v examine_v that_o no_o essence_n of_o itself_o can_v vary_v its_o modification_n that_o some_o essence_n must_v have_v have_v a_o power_n of_o move_v be_v plain_a in_o that_o there_o be_v motion_n in_o the_o world_n which_o must_v be_v the_o effect_n of_o some_o substance_n or_o other_o but_o that_o motion_n in_o a_o large_a sense_n take_v it_o for_o mutation_n or_o change_n may_v proceed_v from_o that_o very_a essence_n in_o which_o it_o be_v find_v seem_v to_o i_o plain_a by_o experience_n for_o there_o be_v a_o essence_n in_o we_o whatever_o we_o will_v call_v it_o which_o we_o find_v endue_v with_o this_o property_n as_o appear_v from_o hence_o that_o it_o have_v variety_n of_o perception_n mathematical_a logical_a and_o i_o may_v add_v also_o moral_a that_o be_v not_o any_o impress_n nor_o footstep_n of_o corporeal_a motion_n as_o i_o have_v already_o demonstrate_v and_o any_o man_n may_v observe_v in_o himself_o and_o discover_v in_o the_o write_n of_o other_o how_o the_o mind_n have_v pass_v from_o one_o of_o these_o perception_n to_o another_o in_o very_o long_a deduction_n of_o demonstration_n as_o also_o what_o stillness_n from_o bodily_a motion_n be_v require_v in_o the_o excogitation_n of_o such_o series_n of_o reason_n where_o the_o spirit_n be_v to_o run_v into_o no_o other_o posture_n nor_o motion_n then_o what_o they_o be_v guide_v into_o by_o the_o mind_n itself_o where_o these_o immaterial_a and_o intellectual_a notion_n have_v the_o lead_n and_o rule_n beside_o in_o grosser_n phantasm_n which_o be_v suppose_v to_o be_v somewhere_o impress_v in_o the_o brain_n the_o composition_n of_o they_o and_o disclusion_n and_o various_a disposal_n of_o they_o be_v plain_o a_o arbitrarious_fw-la act_n and_o imply_v a_o essence_n that_o can_v as_o it_o list_n excite_v in_o itself_o the_o variety_n of_o such_o phantasm_n as_o have_v be_v first_o exhibit_v to_o she_o from_o external_a object_n and_o change_v they_o and_o transpose_v they_o at_o her_o own_o will_n but_o what_o need_v i_o reason_n against_o this_o ground_n of_o mr._n hobbs_n so_o sollicitous_o it_o be_v sufficient_a to_o discover_v that_o he_o only_o say_v that_o no_o essence_n can_v change_v the_o modification_n of_o itself_o but_o do_v not_o prove_v it_o and_o therefore_o whatever_o he_o will_v infer_v hereupon_o be_v mere_o upon_o a_o beg_v principle_n 8._o but_o however_o from_o this_o precarious_a ground_n he_o will_v infer_v that_o whenever_o we_o have_v a_o will_n to_o a_o thing_n the_o cause_n of_o this_o will_n be_v not_o the_o will_n itself_o but_o something_o else_o not_o in_o our_o own_o dispose_n the_o meaning_n whereof_o must_v be_v that_o whenever_o we_o will_v some_o corporeal_a impress_n which_o we_o can_v avoid_v force_v we_o thereto_o but_o the_o illation_n be_v as_o weak_a as_o bold_a it_o be_v build_v upon_o no_o foundation_n as_o i_o have_v already_o show_v i_o shall_v only_o take_v notice_n how_o mr._n hobbs_n though_o he_o have_v rescue_v himself_o from_o the_o authority_n of_o the_o school_n and_o will_v fain_o set_v up_o for_o himself_o yet_o he_o have_v not_o free_v himself_o from_o their_o foolery_n in_o talk_v of_o faculty_n and_o operation_n and_o the_o absurdity_n be_v alike_o in_o both_o as_o separate_v and_o distinct_a from_o the_o essence_n they_o belong_v to_o which_o cause_v a_o great_a deal_n of_o distraction_n and_o obscurity_n in_o the_o speculation_n of_o thing_n i_o speak_v this_o in_o reference_n to_o those_o expression_n of_o his_o of_o the_o will_n be_v the_o cause_n of_o willing_a and_o of_o its_o be_v the_o necessary_a cause_n of_o voluntary_a action_n and_o of_o thing_n not_o be_v in_o its_o dispose_n whenas_o if_o a_o man_n will_v speak_v proper_o and_o desire_v to_o be_v understand_v he_o will_v say_v that_o the_o subject_a in_o which_o be_v this_o power_n or_o act_v of_o willing_a call_v it_o man_n or_o the_o soul_n of_o man_n be_v the_o cause_n of_o this_o or_o that_o voluntary_a action_n but_o this_o will_v discover_v his_o sophistry_n wherewith_o haply_o he_o have_v entrap_v himself_o which_o be_v this_o something_o out_o of_o the_o power_n of_o the_o will_v necessary_o cause_v the_o will_n the_o will_v once_o cause_v be_v the_o necessary_a cause_n of_o voluntary_a action_n and_o therefore_o all_o voluntary_a action_n be_v necessitate_v 9_o beside_o that_o the_o first_o part_n of_o this_o argumentation_n be_v groundless_a as_o i_o have_v already_o intimate_v the_o second_o be_v sophistical_a that_o say_v that_o the_o will_n be_v the_o necessary_a cause_n of_o voluntary_a action_n for_o by_o necessary_a may_v be_v understand_v either_o necessitate_v force_a and_o make_v to_o act_v whether_o it_o will_v or_o no_o or_o else_o it_o may_v signify_v that_o the_o will_n be_v a_o requisite_a cause_n of_o voluntary_a action_n so_o that_o there_o can_v be_v no_o voluntary_a action_n without_o it_o the_o latter_a whereof_o may_v be_v in_o some_o sense_n true_a but_o the_o former_a be_v utter_o false_a so_o the_o conclusion_n be_v infer_v from_o assertion_n whereof_o the_o one_o be_v groundless_a the_o other_o sophistical_a the_o illation_n can_v but_o be_v ridiculous_o weak_a and_o despicable_a but_o if_o he_o have_v speak_v in_o the_o concrete_a in_o stead_n of_o the_o abstract_n the_o sophistry_n have_v be_v more_o gross_o discoverable_a or_o rather_o the_o train_n of_o his_o reason_n languid_a and_o contemptible_a omit_v therefore_o to_o speak_v of_o the_o will_v separately_z which_o of_o itself_o be_v but_o a_o blind_a power_n or_o operation_n let_v we_o speak_v of_o that_o essence_n which_o be_v endue_v with_o will_n sense_n reason_n and_o other_o faculty_n and_o see_v what_o face_n this_o argumentation_n of_o he_o will_v bear_v which_o will_v then_o run_v thus_o 10._o some_o external_a irresistible_a agent_n do_v ever_o necessary_o cause_v that_o essence_n call_v it_o soul_n or_o what_o you_o please_v which_o be_v endue_v with_o the_o faculty_n of_o will_n and_o understanding_n ●o_o will._n this_o essence_n endue_v with_o the_o power_n of_o exert_v itself_o into_o the_o act_n of_o willing_a be_v the_o necessary_a cause_n of_o voluntary_a action_n therefore_o all_o voluntary_a action_n be_v necessitate_v the_o first_o assertion_n now_o at_o first_o sight_n appear_v a_o gross_a falsehood_n the_o soul_n be_v endue_v with_o understanding_n as_o well_o as_o will_n and_o therefore_o she_o be_v not_o necessary_o determine_v to_o will_n by_o external_a impress_n but_o by_o the_o display_v of_o certain_a notion_n and_o perception_n she_o raise_v in_o herself_o that_o be_v pure_o intellectual_a and_o the_o second_o seem_v a_o very_a slim_fw-la and_o lank_a piece_n of_o sophistry_n both_o which_o my_o reason_n already_o allege_v do_v so_o easy_o and_o so_o plain_o reach_v that_o i_o need_v add_v nothing_o more_o but_o pass_v to_o his_o second_o argument_n the_o form_n whereof_o in_o brief_a be_v this_o 11._o every_o cause_n be_v a_o sufficient_a cause_n otherwise_o it_o can_v not_o produce_v its_o effect_n every_o sufficient_a cause_n be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n that_o be_v to_o say_v will_v be_v sure_a to_o produce_v the_o effect_n otherwise_o something_o be_v want_v thereto_o and_o it_o be_v no_o sufficient_a cause_n and_o therefore_o every_o cause_n be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n and_o consequent_o every_o effect_n or_o action_n even_o those_o that_o be_v term_v voluntary_a be_v necessitate_v this_o reason_a look_n smart_o at_o first_o view_n but_o if_o we_o come_v close_o to_o it_o we_o shall_v find_v it_o a_o pitiful_a piece_n of_o sophistry_n which_o be_v easy_o detect_v by_o observe_v the_o ambiguity_n of_o that_o proposition_n every_o sufficient_a cause_n be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n for_o the_o force_n lie_v not_o so_o much_o in_o that_o it_o be_v say_v to_o be_v sufficient_a as_o in_o that_o it_o be_v say_v to_o be_v a_o cause_n which_o if_o it_o be_v it_o must_v of_o necessity_n have_v a_o effect_n whether_o it_o be_v sufficient_a or_o insufficient_a which_o discover_v the_o sophism_n for_o these_o relative_a term_n of_o cause_n and_o effect_v necessary_o imply_v one_o another_o but_o every_o be_v that_o be_v sufficient_a to_o act_v this_o or_o that_o if_o it_o will_v and_o so_o to_o become_v the_o cause_n thereof_o do_v neither_o act_n nor_o abstain_v from_o act_v necessary_o and_o therefore_o if_o it_o do_v act_n
notion_n of_o a_o spirit_n 1._o and_o thus_o we_o have_v fair_o well_o gratify_v the_o fancy_n of_o the_o curious_a concern_v the_o extension_n and_o indiscerpibility_n of_o a_o spirit_n but_o we_o shall_v advance_v yet_o high_o and_o demonstrate_v the_o possibility_n of_o this_o notion_n to_o the_o severe_a reason_n out_o of_o these_o follow_a principle_n axiom_n xi_o a_o globe_n touch_v a_o plain_a in_o something_o though_o in_o the_o least_o that_o be_v conceivable_a to_o be_v real_a  _fw-fr axiom_n xii_o the_o least_o that_o be_v conceivable_a be_v so_o little_a that_o it_o can_v be_v conceive_v to_o be_v discerpible_a into_o less_o  _fw-fr axiom_n xiii_o as_o little_a as_o this_o be_v the_o repetition_n of_o it_o will_v amount_v to_o considerable_a magnitude_n as_o for_o example_n if_o this_o globe_n be_v draw_v upon_o a_o plain_a it_o constitute_v a_o line_n and_o a_o cylinder_n draw_v upon_o a_o plain_a or_o this_o same_o line_n describe_v by_o the_o globe_n multiply_v into_o itself_o constitute_v a_o superficies_n etc._n etc._n this_o a_o man_n can_v deny_v but_o the_o more_o he_o think_v of_o it_o the_o more_o certain_o true_a he_o will_v find_v it_o axiom_n fourteen_o magnitude_n can_v arise_v out_o of_o mere_a non-magnitudes_a for_o multiply_v nothing_o ten_o thousand_o million_o of_o time_n into_o nothing_o the_o product_n will_v be_v still_o nothing_o beside_o if_o that_o wherein_o the_o globe_n touch_v a_o plain_n be_v more_o than_o indiscerpible_a that_o be_v pure_o indivisible_a it_o be_v manifest_a that_o a_o line_n will_v consist_v of_o point_n mathematical_o so_o call_v that_o be_v pure_o indivisible_a which_o be_v the_o grande_v absurdity_n that_o can_v be_v admit_v in_o philosophy_n and_o the_o most_o contradiction_n thing_n imaginable_a axiom_n xv._n the_o same_o thing_n by_o reason_n of_o its_o extreme_a littleness_n may_v be_v utter_o indiscerpible_a though_o intellectual_o divisible_a this_o plain_o arise_v out_o of_o the_o forego_n principle_n for_o every_o quantity_n be_v intellectual_o divisible_a but_o something_o indiscerpible_a be_v afore_o demonstrate_v to_o be_v quantity_n and_o consequent_o divisible_a otherwise_o magnitude_n will_v consist_v of_o mathematical_a point_n thus_o have_v i_o find_v a_o possibility_n for_o the_o notion_n of_o the_o centre_n of_o a_o spirit_n which_o be_v not_o a_o mathematical_a point_n but_o substance_n in_o magnitude_n so_o little_a that_o it_o be_v indiscerpible_a but_o in_o virtue_n so_o great_a that_o it_o can_v send_v forth_o out_o of_o itself_o so_o large_a a_o sphere_n of_o secondary_a substance_n as_o i_o may_v so_o call_v it_o that_o it_o be_v able_a to_o actuate_v grand_a proportion_n of_o matter_n this_o whole_a sphere_n of_o life_n and_o activity_n be_v in_o the_o mean_a time_n utter_o indiscerpible_a 2._o this_o i_o have_v say_v and_o shall_v now_o prove_v it_o by_o add_v a_o few_o more_o principle_n of_o that_o evidence_n as_o the_o most_o rigorous_a reason_n shall_v not_o be_v able_a to_o deny_v they_o axiom_n xvi_o a_o emanative_a cause_n be_v the_o notion_n of_o a_o thing_n possible_a by_o a_o emanative_a cause_n be_v understand_v such_o a_o cause_n as_o mere_o by_o be_v no_o other_o activity_n or_o causality_n interpose_v produce_v a_o effect_n that_o this_o be_v possible_a be_v manifest_a it_o be_v demonstrable_a that_o there_o be_v de_fw-fr facto_fw-la some_o such_o cause_n in_o the_o world_n because_o something_o must_v move_v itself_o now_o if_o there_o be_v no_o spirit_n matter_n must_v of_o necessity_n move_v itself_o where_o you_o can_v imagine_v any_o activity_n or_o causality_n but_o the_o bare_a essence_n of_o the_o matter_n from_o whence_o this_o motion_n come_v for_o if_o you_o will_v suppose_v some_o former_a motion_n that_o may_v be_v the_o cause_n of_o this_o than_o we_o may_v with_o as_o good_a reason_n suppose_v some_o former_a to_o be_v the_o cause_n of_o that_o and_o so_o in_o infinitum_fw-la axiom_n xvii_o a_o emanative_a effect_n be_v coexistent_a with_o the_o very_a substance_n of_o that_o which_o be_v say_v to_o be_v the_o cause_n thereof_o this_o must_v needs_o be_v true_a because_o that_o very_a substance_n which_o be_v say_v to_o be_v the_o cause_n be_v the_o adequate_a &_o immediate_a cause_n and_o want_v nothing_o to_o be_v adjoin_v to_o its_o bare_a essence_n for_o the_o production_n of_o the_o effect_n and_o therefore_o by_o the_o same_o reason_n the_o effect_n be_v at_o any_o time_n it_o must_v be_v at_o all_o time_n or_o so_o long_a as_o that_o substance_n do_v exist_v axiom_n xviii_o no_o emanative_a effect_n that_o exceed_v not_o the_o virtue_n and_o power_n of_o a_o cause_n can_v be_v say_v to_o be_v impossible_a to_o be_v produce_v by_o it_o this_o be_v so_o plain_a that_o nothing_o need_v be_v add_v for_o either_o explanation_n or_o proof_n axiom_n xix_o there_o may_v be_v a_o substance_n of_o that_o high_a virtue_n and_o excellency_n that_o it_o may_v produce_v another_o substance_n by_o emanative_a causality_n provide_v that_o substance_n produce_v be_v in_o due_a gradual_a proportion_n inferior_a to_o that_o which_o cause_v it_o this_o be_v plain_a out_o of_o the_o forego_n principle_n for_o there_o be_v no_o contradiction_n nor_o impossibility_n of_o a_o cause_n produce_v a_o effect_n less_o noble_a than_o itself_o for_o thereby_o we_o be_v the_o better_o assure_v that_o it_o do_v not_o exceed_v the_o capacity_n of_o its_o own_o power_n nor_o be_v there_o any_o incongruity_n that_o one_o substance_n shall_v cause_v something_o else_o which_o we_o may_v in_o some_o sense_n call_v substance_n though_o but_o secondary_a or_o emanatory_a acknowledge_v the_o primary_n substance_n to_o be_v the_o more_o adequate_a object_n of_o divine_a creation_n but_o the_o secondary_a to_o be_v referrible_a also_o to_o the_o primary_n or_o centrall_a substance_n by_o way_n of_o causal_n relation_n for_o suppose_v god_n create_v the_o matter_n with_o a_o immediate_a power_n of_o move_v itself_o god_n indeed_o be_v the_o prime_a cause_n as_o well_o of_o the_o motion_n as_o of_o the_o matter_n and_o yet_o nevertheless_o the_o matter_n be_v right_o say_v to_o move_v itself_o final_o this_o secondary_a or_o emanatory_a substance_n may_v be_v right_o call_v substance_n because_o it_o be_v a_o subject_a endue_v with_o certain_a power_n and_o activity_n and_o that_o it_o do_v not_o inhaere_fw-la as_o a_o accident_n in_o any_o other_o substance_n or_o matter_n but_o can_v maintain_v its_o place_n though_o all_o matter_n or_o what_o other_o substance_n soever_o be_v remove_v out_o of_o that_o space_n it_o be_v extend_v through_o provide_v its_o primary_n substance_n be_v but_o safe_a 3._o from_o these_o four_o principle_n i_o have_v here_o add_v we_o may_v have_v not_o a_o imaginative_a but_o rational_a apprehension_n of_o that_o part_n of_o a_o spirit_n which_o we_o call_v the_o secondary_a substance_n thereof_o who_o be_v extension_n arise_v by_o gradual_a emanation_n from_o the_o first_o and_o prime_a essence_n which_o we_o call_v the_o centre_n of_o the_o spirit_n which_o be_v no_o impossible_a supposition_n by_o the_o 16._o 18._o and_o 19_o axiom_n we_o be_v lead_v from_o hence_o to_o a_o necessary_a acknowledgement_n of_o perfect_a indiscerpibility_n of_o part_n though_o not_o intellectual_a indivisibility_n by_o axiom_n 17._o for_o it_o imply_v a_o contradiction_n that_o a_o emanative_a effect_n shall_v be_v disjoin_v from_o its_o original_n 4._o thus_o have_v i_o demonstrate_v how_o a_o spirit_n consider_v the_o lineament_n of_o it_o as_o i_o may_v so_o call_v they_o from_o the_o centre_n to_o the_o circumference_n be_v utter_o indiscerpible_a but_o now_o if_o any_o be_v so_o curious_a as_o to_o ask_v how_o the_o part_n thereof_o hold_v together_o in_o a_o line_n draw_v cross_n to_o these_o from_o the_o centre_n for_o imagination_n it_o may_v be_v will_v suggest_v they_o lie_v all_o loose_a i_o answer_v that_o the_o conjecture_n of_o imagination_n be_v here_o partly_o true_a and_o partly_o false_a or_o be_v true_a or_o false_a as_o she_o shall_v be_v interpret_v for_o if_o she_o mean_v by_o loose_a actual_o disunite_v it_o be_v false_a and_o ridiculous_a but_o if_o only_o so_o discerpible_a that_o one_o part_n may_v be_v disunite_v from_o another_o that_o be_v not_o only_o true_a but_o necessary_a otherwise_o a_o spirit_n can_v not_o contract_v one_o part_n and_o extend_v another_o which_o be_v yet_o a_o hypothesis_n necessary_a to_o be_v admit_v wherefore_o this_o objection_n be_v so_o far_o from_o weaken_v the_o possibility_n of_o this_o notion_n that_o it_o give_v occasion_n more_o full_o to_o declare_v the_o exact_a concinnity_n thereof_o to_o be_v brief_a therefore_o a_o spirit_n from_o the_o centre_n to_o the_o circumference_n be_v utter_o indiscerpible_a but_o in_o line_n cross_v to_o this_o it_o be_v close_o coherent_a but_o not_o indiscerpible_o which_o cohaesion_n may_v consist_v in_o a_o immediate_a union_n of_o
too_o yea_o haply_o of_o reason_n and_o understanding_n for_o sense_n be_v nothing_o else_o as_o some_o conceit_n but_o motion_n or_o rather_o reaction_n of_o a_o body_n press_v upon_o by_o another_o body_n it_o will_v follow_v that_o all_o the_o matter_n in_o the_o world_n have_v in_o some_o manner_n or_o other_o the_o power_n of_o sensation_n 3._o let_v we_o see_v now_o what_o this_o position_n will_v amount_v to_o those_o that_o make_v motion_n and_o sensation_n thus_o real_o the_o same_o they_o must_v of_o necessity_n acknowledge_v that_o no_o long_a motion_n no_o long_o sensation_n as_o mr._n hobbs_n have_v ingenuous_o confess_v physic._n chap._n 25._o and_o that_o every_o motion_n or_o reaction_n must_v be_v a_o new_a sensation_n as_o well_o as_o every_o cease_n of_o reaction_n a_o cease_v of_o sensation_n 4._o now_o let_v we_o give_v these_o busy_a active_a particle_n of_o the_o matter_n that_o play_v up_o and_o down_o every_o where_o the_o advantage_n of_o sense_n and_o let_v we_o see_v if_o all_o their_o head_n lay_v together_o can_v contrive_v the_o anatomicall_a fabric_n of_o any_o creature_n that_o live_v assure_o when_o all_o be_v sum_v up_o that_o can_v be_v imagine_v they_o will_v fall_v short_a of_o their_o account_n for_o i_o demand_v have_v every_o one_o of_o these_o particle_n that_o must_v have_v a_o hand_n in_o the_o frame_n of_o the_o body_n of_o a_o animal_n the_o whole_a design_n of_o the_o work_n by_o the_o impress_n of_o some_o phantasm_n upon_o it_o or_o as_o they_o have_v several_a office_n so_o have_v they_o several_a part_n of_o the_o design_n if_o the_o first_o it_o be_v most_o certain_a even_o according_a to_o their_o opinion_n who_o we_o oppose_v that_o there_o can_v be_v no_o knowledge_n nor_o perception_n in_o the_o matter_n but_o what_o arise_v out_o of_o the_o reaction_n of_o one_o part_n against_o another_o how_o be_v it_o conceivable_a that_o any_o one_o particle_n of_o matter_n or_o many_o together_o there_o not_o exist_v yet_o in_o nature_n any_o animal_n can_v have_v the_o idea_n impress_v of_o that_o creature_n they_o be_v to_o frame_v or_o if_o one_o or_o some_o few_o particle_n have_v the_o sense_n of_o one_o part_n of_o the_o animal_n they_o seem_v more_o capable_a of_o this_o the_o part_n be_v far_o more_o simple_a than_o the_o whole_a compage_n and_o contrivement_n and_o other_o some_o few_o of_o other_o part_n how_o can_v they_o confer_v note_n by_o what_o language_n or_o speech_n can_v they_o communicate_v their_o counsel_n one_o to_o another_o wherefore_o that_o they_o shall_v mutual_o serve_v one_o another_o in_o such_o a_o design_n be_v more_o impossible_a then_o that_o so_o many_o man_n blind_a and_o dumb_a from_o their_o nativity_n shall_v join_v their_o force_n and_o wit_n together_o to_o build_v a_o castle_n or_o carve_v a_o statue_n of_o such_o a_o creature_n as_o none_o of_o they_o know_v any_o more_o of_o in_o several_a than_o some_o one_o of_o the_o small_a part_n thereof_o but_o not_o the_o relation_n it_o bear_v to_o the_o whole_a 5._o beside_o this_o sense_n be_v real_o the_o same_o with_o corporeal_a motion_n it_o must_v change_v upon_o new_a impress_n of_o motion_n so_o that_o if_o a_o particle_n by_o sense_n be_v carry_v in_o this_o line_n it_o meet_v with_o a_o counterbuff_n in_o the_o way_n must_v have_v quite_o another_o impress_n and_o sense_n and_o so_o forget_v what_o it_o be_v go_v about_o and_o divert_v its_o course_n another_o way_n nay_o though_o it_o escape_v free_a sense_n be_v reaction_n when_o that_o which_o it_o bear_v against_o be_v remove_v sense_n must_v needs_o cease_v and_o perfect_a oblivion_n succeed_v for_o it_o be_v not_o with_o these_o particle_n as_o with_o the_o spring_n of_o a_o watch_n or_o a_o bend_a crossbow_n that_o they_o shall_v for_o a_o considerable_a time_n retain_v the_o same_o reaction_n and_o so_o consequent_o the_o same_o sense_n and_o last_o if_o they_o can_v it_o be_v still_o nothing_o to_o the_o purpose_n for_o let_v their_o sense_n be_v what_o it_o will_v their_o motion_n be_v necessary_a it_o be_v mere_o corporeal_a and_o therefore_o the_o result_n of_o their_o motion_n can_v be_v from_o any_o kind_n of_o knowledge_n for_o the_o corporeal_a motion_n be_v first_o and_o be_v only_o feel_v not_o direct_v by_o feeling_n and_o therefore_o whether_o the_o matter_n have_v any_o sense_n or_o no_o what_o be_v make_v out_o of_o it_o be_v nothing_o but_o what_o result_v from_o the_o wild_a jumbling_n and_o knock_v be_v of_o one_o part_n thereof_o against_o another_o without_o any_o purpose_n counsel_n or_o direction_n wherefore_o the_o ordinary_a phaenomena_n of_o nature_n be_v guide_v according_a to_o the_o most_o exquisite_a wisdom_n imaginable_a it_o be_v plain_a that_o they_o be_v not_o the_o effect_n of_o the_o mere_a motion_n of_o matter_n but_o of_o some_o immaterial_a principle_n by_o axiom_n 10._o 6._o and_o therefore_o the_o ignorance_n of_o second_o cause_n be_v not_o so_o right_o say_v to_o be_v the_o seed_n of_o religion_n as_o mr._n hobbs_n will_v have_v it_o as_o of_o irreligion_n and_o atheism_n for_o if_o we_o do_v more_o punctual_o and_o particular_o search_v into_o their_o nature_n we_o shall_v clear_o discern_v their_o insufficiency_n for_o such_o effect_n as_o we_o discover_v to_o be_v in_o the_o world_n but_o when_o we_o have_v look_v so_o close_o and_o careful_o into_o the_o nature_n of_o corporeal_a being_n and_o can_v find_v no_o causality_n in_o they_o proportionable_a to_o these_o effect_n we_o speak_v of_o still_o to_o implead_v ourselves_o rather_o of_o ignorance_n than_o the_o matter_n and_o corporeal_a motion_n of_o insufficiency_n be_v to_o hold_v a_o opinion_n upon_o humour_n and_o to_o transgress_v against_o our_o first_o and_o second_o axiom_n chap._n xiii_o 1._o the_o last_o proof_n of_o incorporeal_a substance_n from_o apparition_n 2._o the_o first_o evasion_n of_o the_o force_n of_o such_o arguing_n 3._o a_o answer_n to_o that_o evasion_n 4._o the_o second_o evasion_n 5._o the_o first_o kind_n of_o the_o second_o evasion_n 6._o a_o description_n out_o of_o virgil_n of_o that_o genius_n that_o suggest_v the_o dictate_v of_o the_o epicurean_a philosophy_n 7._o the_o more_o full_a and_o refine_a sense_n of_o that_o philosophy_n now_o a_o day_n 8._o the_o great_a efficacy_n of_o the_o star_n which_o they_o suppose_v to_o consist_v of_o nothing_o but_o motion_n and_o matter_n for_o production_n of_o all_o manner_n of_o creature_n in_o the_o world_n 1._o the_o three_o and_o last_o ground_n which_o i_o will_v make_v use_n of_o for_o evince_v the_o existence_n of_o incorporeal_a substance_n be_v such_o extraordinary_a effect_n as_o we_o can_v well_o imagine_v any_o natural_a but_o must_v needs_o conceive_v some_o free_a or_o spontaneous_a agent_n to_o be_v the_o cause_n thereof_o when_o as_o yet_o it_o be_v clear_a that_o they_o be_v from_o neither_o man_n nor_o beast_n such_o be_v speaking_n knock_v be_v open_n of_o door_n when_o they_o be_v fast_o shut_v sudden_a light_n in_o the_o midst_n of_o a_o room_n float_v in_o the_o air_n and_o then_o pass_v and_o vanish_v nay_o shape_n of_o man_n and_o several_a sort_n of_o brute_n that_o after_o speech_n and_o converse_n have_v sudden_o disappear_v these_o and_o many_o such_o like_a extraordinary_a effect_n which_o if_o you_o please_v you_o may_v call_v by_o one_o general_a term_n of_o apparition_n seem_v to_o i_o to_o be_v a_o undeniable_a argument_n that_o there_o be_v such_o thing_n as_o spirit_n or_o incorporeal_a substance_n in_o the_o world_n and_o i_o have_v demonstrate_v the_o sequel_n to_o be_v necessary_a in_o the_o last_o chapter_n of_o the_o appendix_n to_o my_o treatise_n against_o atheism_n and_o in_o the_o three_o book_n of_o that_o treatise_n have_v produce_v so_o many_o and_o so_o unexceptionable_a story_n concern_v apparition_n that_o i_o hold_v it_o superfluous_a to_o add_v any_o thing_n here_o of_o that_o kind_n take_v far_o more_o pleasure_n in_o exercise_v of_o my_o reason_n then_o in_o register_n of_o history_n beside_o that_o i_o have_v make_v so_o careful_a choice_n there_o already_o that_o i_o can_v hope_v to_o cull_v out_o any_o that_o may_v prove_v more_o pertinent_a or_o convictive_a i_o have_v pen_v down_o none_o but_o such_o as_o i_o have_v compare_v with_o those_o severe_a law_n i_o set_v myself_o in_o the_o first_o chapter_n of_o that_o three_o book_n to_o prevent_v all_o tergiversation_n and_o evasion_n of_o gainsayers_a 2._o but_o partly_o out_o of_o my_o own_o observation_n and_o partly_o by_o information_n from_o other_o i_o be_o well_o assure_v there_o be_v but_o two_o way_n whereby_o they_o escape_v the_o force_n of_o such_o evident_a narration_n the_o first_o be_v a_o firm_a persuasion_n that_o the_o very_a notion_n of_o a_o spirit_n or_o immaterial_a substance_n be_v a_o impossibility_n
make_v die_v man_n visit_v their_o friend_n before_o their_o departure_n at_o many_o mile_n distance_n their_o body_n still_o keep_v their_o sick_a bed_n and_o those_o that_o have_v be_v well_o give_v a_o visit_n to_o their_o sick_a friend_n of_o who_o health_n they_o have_v be_v over-desirous_a and_o solicitous_a for_o this_o ecstasy_n be_v real_o of_o the_o soul_n and_o not_o of_o the_o blood_n or_o animal_n spirit_n neither_o of_o which_o have_v any_o sense_n or_o perception_n in_o they_o at_o all_o and_o therefore_o into_o this_o principle_n be_v to_o be_v resolve_v that_o story_n which_o martinus_n del-rio_n report_v of_o a_o lad_n who_o through_o the_o strength_n of_o imagination_n and_o desire_n of_o see_v his_o father_n fall_v into_o a_o ecstasy_n and_o after_o he_o come_v to_o himself_o confident_o affirm_v he_o have_v see_v he_o and_o tell_v infallible_a circumstance_n of_o his_o be_v present_a with_o he_o 13._o that_o cardan_n and_o other_o can_v fall_v into_o a_o ecstasy_n when_o they_o please_v by_o force_n of_o imagination_n and_o desire_n to_o fall_v into_o it_o be_v record_v and_o believe_v by_o very_a grave_n and_o sober_a writer_n but_o whether_o they_o can_v ever_o do_v it_o to_o a_o complete_a 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d or_o local_a disjunction_n of_o the_o soul_n from_o the_o body_n i_o know_v none_o that_o dare_v affirm_v such_o event_n be_v rather_o the_o chance_n of_o nature_n and_o complexion_n as_o in_o the_o noctambuli_fw-la than_o the_o effect_n of_o our_o will._n but_o we_o can_v assure_o conclude_v but_o that_o art_n may_v bring_v into_o our_o own_o power_n and_o order_v that_o which_o natural_a cause_n put_v upon_o we_o sometime_o without_o our_o leaf_n but_o whether_o those_o ointment_n of_o witch_n have_v any_o such_o effect_n or_o whether_o those_o unclean_a spirit_n they_o deal_v with_o by_o their_o immediate_a presence_n in_o their_o body_n can_v for_o a_o time_n so_o suppress_v or_o alter_v their_o vital_a fitness_n to_o such_o a_o degree_n as_o will_v loosen_v the_o soul_n i_o leave_v to_o more_o curious_a inquisitor_n to_o search_v after_o it_o be_v sufficient_a that_o i_o have_v demonstrate_v a_o very_a intelligible_a possibility_n of_o this_o actual_a separation_n without_o death_n proper_o so_o call_v from_o whence_o the_o peremptory_a confession_n of_o witch_n and_o the_o agreement_n of_o the_o story_n which_o they_o tell_v in_o several_a as_o well_o those_o that_o be_v there_o bodily_a as_o they_o that_o leave_v their_o body_n behind_o they_o especial_o when_o at_o their_o return_n they_o bring_v something_o home_o with_o they_o as_o a_o permanent_a sign_n of_o their_o be_v at_o the_o place_n be_v though_o it_o may_v be_v all_o the_o delusion_n of_o their_o familiar_n no_o contemptible_a probability_n of_o their_o be_v there_o indeed_o where_o they_o declare_v they_o have_v be_v for_o these_o be_v the_o great_a evidence_n that_o can_v be_v have_v in_o humane_a affair_n and_o nothing_o so_o much_o as_o the_o suppose_a impossibility_n thereof_o have_v deter_v man_n from_o believe_v the_o thing_n to_o be_v true_a chap._n xvi_o 1._o that_o soul_n depart_v communicate_v dream_n 2._o example_n of_o apparition_n of_o soul_n decease_v 3._o of_o apparition_n in_o field_n where_o pitch_v battle_n have_v be_v fight_v as_o also_o of_o those_o in_o churchyard_n and_o other_o vaporous_a place_n 4._o that_o the_o spissitude_n of_o the_o air_n may_v well_o contribute_v to_o the_o easiness_n of_o the_o appear_v of_o ghost_n and_o spectre_n 5._o a_o further_a proof_n thereof_o from_o sundry_a example_n 6._o of_o marsilius_n ficinus_fw-la his_fw-la appear_v after_o death_n 7._o with_o what_o sort_n of_o people_n such_o example_n as_o these_o avail_n little_a 8._o reason_n to_o persuade_v the_o unprejudiced_a that_o ordinary_o those_o apparition_n that_o bear_v the_o shape_n and_o person_n of_o the_o decease_a be_v indeed_o the_o soul_n of_o they_o 1._o the_o example_n of_o the_o other_o sort_n viz._n of_o the_o appear_v of_o the_o ghost_n of_o man_n after_o death_n be_v so_o numerous_a and_o frequent_a in_o all_o man_n mouth_n that_o it_o may_v seem_v superfluous_a to_o particularize_v in_o any_o this_o appear_v be_v either_o by_o dream_n or_o open_a vision_n in_o dream_n as_o that_o which_o happen_v to_o avenzoar_v albumaron_n a_o arabian_a physician_n to_o who_o his_o lately-deceased_n friend_n suggest_v in_o his_o sleep_n a_o very_a sovereign_a medicine_n for_o his_o sore_a eye_n like_o to_o this_o be_v that_o in_o diodorus_n concern_v isis_n queen_n of_o egypt_n who_o he_o report_v to_o have_v communicate_v remedy_n to_o the_o egyptians_n in_o their_o sleep_n after_o her_o death_n as_o well_o as_o she_o do_v when_o she_o be_v alive_a of_o this_o kind_n be_v also_o that_o memorable_a story_n of_o posidonius_n the_o stoic_a concern_v two_o young_a man_n of_o arcadia_n who_o be_v come_v to_o megara_n and_o lie_v the_o one_o at_o a_o victualler_n the_o other_o in_o a_o inn_n he_o in_o the_o inn_n while_o he_o be_v asleep_o dream_v that_o his_o fellow-traveller_n earnest_o desire_v he_o to_o come_v and_o help_v he_o as_o be_v assault_v by_o the_o victualler_n and_o in_o danger_n to_o be_v kill_v by_o he_o but_o he_o after_o he_o be_v perfect_o awake_a find_v it_o but_o a_o dream_n neglect_v it_o but_o fall_v asleep_o again_o his_o murder_a friend_n appear_v to_o he_o the_o second_o time_n beseech_v he_o that_o though_o he_o do_v not_o help_v he_o alive_a yet_o he_o will_v see_v his_o death_n revenge_v tell_v he_o how_o the_o victualler_n have_v cast_v his_o body_n into_o a_o dung-cart_n and_o that_o if_o he_o will_v get_v up_o timely_a in_o the_o morning_n and_o watch_v at_o the_o town-gate_n he_o may_v thereby_o discover_v the_o murder_n which_o he_o do_v according_o and_o so_o see_v justice_n do_v on_o the_o murderer_n nor_o do_v the_o first_o dream_n make_v the_o second_o impertinent_a to_o our_o purpose_n for_o as_o that_o may_v be_v from_o the_o strength_n of_o imagination_n and_o desire_v of_o help_n in_o the_o distress_a arcadian_a impress_v on_o the_o spirit_n of_o the_o world_n and_o so_o transmit_v to_o his_o friend_n asleep_o a_o condition_n fit_a for_o such_o communication_n so_o it_o be_v plain_a that_o this_o after_o his_o death_n must_v fail_v if_o his_o soul_n do_v either_o cease_v to_o be_v or_o to_o act_n and_o therefore_o it_o be_v manifest_a that_o she_o both_o be_v and_o do_v act_v and_o suggest_v this_o dream_n in_o revenge_n of_o the_o murder_n of_o which_o kind_n there_o be_v infinite_a example_n i_o mean_v of_o murder_n discover_v by_o dream_n the_o soul_n of_o the_o person_n murder_v seem_v to_o appear_v to_o some_o or_o other_o asleep_a and_o to_o make_v his_o complaint_n to_o they_o but_o i_o will_v content_v myself_o only_o to_o add_v a_o example_n of_o gratitude_n to_o this_o of_o revenge_n as_o that_o of_o simonides_n who_o light_v by_o chance_n on_o a_o dead_a body_n by_o the_o sea_n side_n and_o out_o of_o the_o sense_n of_o humanity_n bestow_v burial_n upon_o it_o be_v requite_v with_o a_o dream_n that_o save_v his_o life_n for_o he_o be_v admonish_v to_o desist_v from_o his_o voyage_n he_o intend_v by_o sea_n which_o the_o soul_n of_o the_o decease_a tell_v he_o will_v be_v so_o perilous_a that_o it_o will_v hazard_v the_o life_n of_o the_o passenger_n he_o believe_v the_o vision_n and_o abstain_v be_v safe_a those_o other_o that_o go_v suffer_v shipwreck_n 2._o we_o will_v adjoyn_v only_o a_o example_n or_o two_o of_o that_o other_o kind_n of_o vision_n which_o be_v ordinary_o call_v the_o apparition_n of_o the_o dead_a and_o such_o be_v that_o which_o pliny_n relate_v at_o large_a in_o his_o epistle_n to_o sura_n of_o a_o house_n haunt_v at_o athens_n and_o free_v by_o athenodorus_n the_o philosopher_n after_o the_o body_n of_o that_o person_n that_o appear_v to_o he_o be_v dig_v up_o and_o inter_v with_o due_a solemnity_n it_o be_v not_o a_o thing_n unlikely_a that_o most_o house_n that_o be_v haunt_v be_v so_o chief_o from_o the_o soul_n of_o the_o decease_a who_o have_v either_o be_v murder_v or_o some_o way_n injure_v or_o have_v some_o hide_a treasure_n to_o discover_v or_o the_o like_a and_o person_n be_v haunt_v for_o the_o like_a cause_n as_o well_o as_o house_n as_o nero_n be_v after_o the_o murder_a of_o his_o mother_n otho_n pull_v out_o of_o his_o bed_n in_o the_o night_n by_o the_o ghost_n of_o galba_n such_o instance_n be_v infinite_a as_o also_o those_o wherein_o the_o soul_n of_o one_o friend_n suppose_v father_n mother_n or_o husband_n have_v appear_v to_o give_v they_o good_a counsel_n and_o to_o instruct_v they_o of_o the_o event_n of_o the_o great_a affair_n of_o their_o life_n the_o ghost_n also_o of_o decease_a lover_n have_v be_v report_v to_o adhere_v
&_o error_n ac_fw-la timor_fw-la multum_fw-la in_o hominibus_fw-la possunt_fw-la will_v prevail_v more_o with_o they_o then_o all_o the_o story_n the_o same_o author_n write_v of_o apparition_n or_o whatever_o any_o one_o else_o can_v add_v unto_o they_o and_o other_o that_o do_v admit_v of_o these_o thing_n praeconception_n from_o education_n that_o the_o soul_n when_o she_o depart_v this_o life_n be_v sudden_o either_o twitch_v up_o into_o the_o coelum_fw-la empyreum_fw-la or_o hurry_v down_o headlong_o towards_o the_o centre_n of_o the_o earth_n make_v the_o apparition_n of_o the_o ghost_n of_o man_n altogether_o incredible_a to_o they_o they_o always_o substitute_v in_o their_o place_n some_o angel_n or_o devil_n which_o must_v represent_v their_o person_n themselves_o be_v not_o at_o leisure_n to_o act_v any_o such_o part_n 8._o but_o misconceit_n and_o prejudice_n though_o it_o may_v hinder_v the_o force_n of_o a_o argument_n with_o those_o that_o be_v in_o that_o manner_n entangle_v yet_o reason_n can_v but_o take_v place_n with_o they_o that_o be_v free_a to_o who_o i_o dare_v appeal_v whether_o consider_v the_o aereal_a vehicles_n of_o soul_n which_o be_v common_a to_o they_o with_o other_o genii_n so_o that_o whatever_o they_o be_v fancy_v to_o do_v in_o their_o stead_n they_o may_v perform_v themselves_o as_o also_o how_o congruous_a it_o be_v that_o those_o person_n that_o be_v most_o concern_v when_o it_o be_v in_o their_o power_n shall_v act_v in_o their_o own_o affair_n as_o in_o detect_v the_o murderer_n in_o dispose_v their_o estate_n in_o rebuke_v injurious_a executor_n in_o visit_v and_o counsel_v their_o wife_n and_o child_n in_o forewarn_v they_o of_o such_o and_o such_o course_n with_o other_o matter_n of_o like_a sort_n to_o which_o you_o may_v add_v the_o profession_n of_o the_o spirit_n thus_o appear_v of_o be_v the_o soul_n of_o such_o a_o one_o as_o also_o the_o similitude_n of_o person_n and_o that_o all_o this_o ado_n be_v in_o thing_n very_o just_a and_o serious_a unfit_a for_o a_o devil_n with_o that_o care_n and_o kindness_n to_o promote_v and_o as_o unfit_a for_o a_o good_a genius_n it_o be_v below_o so_o noble_a a_o nature_n to_o tell_v a_o lie_n especial_o when_o the_o affair_n may_v be_v as_o effectual_o transact_v without_o it_o i_o say_v i_o dare_v appeal_n to_o any_o one_o whether_o all_o these_o thing_n put_v together_o and_o right_o weigh_v the_o violence_n of_o prejudice_n not_o pull_v down_o the_o balance_n it_o will_v not_o be_v certain_o carry_v for_o the_o present_a cause_n and_o whether_o any_o indifferent_a judge_n ought_v not_o to_o conclude_v if_o these_o story_n that_o be_v so_o frequent_a every_o where_o and_o in_o all_o age_n concern_v the_o ghost_n of_o man_n appear_v be_v but_o true_a that_o it_o be_v true_a also_o that_o it_o be_v their_o ghost_n and_o that_o therefore_o the_o soul_n of_o man_n subsist_v and_o act_v after_o they_o have_v leave_v these_o earthly_a body_n chap._n xvii_o 1._o the_o preeminence_n of_o argument_n draw_v from_o reason_n above_o those_o from_o story_n 2._o the_o first_o step_n towards_o a_o demonstration_n of_o reason_n that_o the_o soul_n act_v out_o of_o her_o body_n for_o that_o she_o be_v a_o immaterial_a substance_n separable_a therefrom_o 3._o the_o second_o that_o the_o immediate_a instrument_n for_o sense_n motion_n and_o organization_n of_o the_o body_n be_v certain_a subtle_a and_o tenuious_a spirit_n 4._o a_o comparison_n betwixt_o the_o soul_n in_o the_o body_n and_o the_o aereal_a genii_n 5._o of_o the_o nature_n of_o daemon_n from_o the_o account_n of_o marcus_n the_o eremite_n and_o how_o the_o soul_n be_v present_o such_o have_v once_o leave_v this_o body_n 6._o a_o objection_n concern_v the_o soul_n of_o brute_n to_o which_o be_v answer_v first_o by_o way_n of_o concession_n 7._o second_o by_o confute_v the_o argument_n for_o the_o former_a concession_n 8._o that_o there_o be_v no_o rational_a doubt_n at_o all_o of_o the_o humane_a soul_n act_v after_o death_n 9_o a_o further_a argument_n of_o her_o activity_n out_o of_o this_o body_n from_o her_o conflict_n with_o it_o while_o she_o be_v in_o it_o 10._o as_o also_o from_o the_o general_a hope_n and_o belief_n of_o all_o nation_n that_o they_o shall_v live_v after_o death_n 1._o but_o we_o proceed_v now_o to_o what_o be_v less_o subject_a to_o the_o evasion_n and_o misinterpretation_n of_o either_o the_o profane_a or_o superstitious_a for_o none_o but_o such_o as_o will_v profess_v themselves_o mere_a brute_n can_v cast_v off_o the_o decree_n and_o conclusion_n of_o philosophy_n and_o reason_n though_o they_o think_v that_o in_o thing_n of_o this_o nature_n they_o may_v with_o a_o great_a deal_n of_o applause_n and_o credit_n refuse_v the_o testimony_n of_o other_o man_n sense_n if_o not_o of_o their_o own_o all_o apparition_n be_v with_o they_o nothing_o but_o the_o strong_a surprisal_n of_o melancholy_a and_o imagination_n but_o they_o can_v with_o that_o ease_n nor_o credit_n silence_v the_o deduction_n of_o reason_n by_o say_v it_o be_v but_o a_o fallacy_n unless_o they_o can_v show_v the_o sophism_n which_o they_o can_v do_v where_o it_o be_v not_o 2._o to_o carry_v on_o therefore_o our_o present_a argument_n in_o a_o rational_a way_n and_o by_o degree_n we_o be_v first_o to_o consider_v that_o according_a as_o already_o have_v be_v clear_o demonstrate_v there_o be_v a_o substance_n in_o we_o which_o be_v ordinary_o call_v the_o soul_n real_o distinct_a from_o the_o body_n for_o otherwise_o how_o can_v it_o be_v a_o substance_n and_o therefore_o it_o be_v real_o and_o local_o separable_a from_o the_o body_n which_o be_v a_o very_a considerable_a step_n towards_o what_o we_o aim_v at_o 3._o in_o the_o next_o place_n we_o be_v to_o take_v notice_n that_o the_o immediate_a instrument_n of_o the_o soul_n be_v those_o tenuious_a and_o aereal_a particle_n which_o they_o ordinary_o call_v the_o spirit_n that_o these_o be_v they_o by_o which_o the_o soul_n hear_v see_v feel_v imagine_v remember_v reason_n and_o by_o move_v which_o or_o at_o least_o direct_v their_o motion_n she_o move_v likewise_o the_o body_n and_o by_o use_v they_o or_o some_o subtle_a matter_n like_o they_o she_o either_o complete_v or_o at_o least_o contribute_v to_o the_o body_n organization_n for_o that_o the_o soul_n shall_v be_v the_o vital_a architect_n of_o her_o own_o house_n that_o close_a connexion_n and_o sure_a possession_n she_o be_v to_o have_v of_o it_o distinct_a and_o secure_a from_o the_o invasion_n of_o any_o other_o particular_a soul_n seem_v no_o slight_a argument_n and_o yet_o that_o while_o she_o be_v exercise_v that_o faculty_n she_o may_v have_v a_o more_o than_o ordinary_a union_n or_o implication_n with_o the_o spirit_n of_o nature_n or_o the_o soul_n of_o the_o world_n so_o far_o forth_o as_o it_o be_v plastic_a seem_v not_o unreasonable_a and_o therefore_o be_v assert_v by_o plotinus_n and_o may_v just_o be_v suspect_v to_o be_v true_a if_o we_o attend_v to_o the_o prodigious_a effect_n of_o the_o mother_n imagination_n derive_v upon_o the_o infant_n which_o sometime_o be_v so_o very_o great_a that_o unless_o she_o raise_v the_o spirit_n of_o nature_n into_o consent_n they_o may_v well_o seem_v to_o exceed_v the_o power_n of_o any_o cause_n i_o shall_v abstain_v from_o produce_v any_o example_n till_o the_o proper_a place_n in_o the_o mean_a time_n i_o hope_v i_o may_v be_v excuse_v from_o any_o rashness_n in_o this_o assignation_n of_o the_o cause_n of_o those_o many_o and_o various_a signature_n find_v in_o nature_n so_o plain_o point_v at_o such_o a_o principle_n in_o the_o world_n as_o i_o have_v intimate_v before_o 4._o but_o to_o return_v and_o cast_v our_o eye_n upon_o the_o subject_a in_o hand_n it_o appear_v from_o the_o two_o precedent_a conclusion_n that_o the_o soul_n consider_v as_o invest_v immediate_o with_o this_o tenuious_a matter_n we_o speak_v of_o which_o be_v her_o 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fienus_n have_v define_v in_o this_o matter_n who_o have_v i_o think_v behave_v himself_o as_o cautious_o and_o modest_o as_o may_v be_v there_o will_v be_v enough_o grant_v to_o assure_v we_o of_o what_o we_o aim_v at_o for_o he_o do_v acknowledge_v that_o the_o imagination_n of_o the_o mother_n may_v change_v the_o figure_n of_o the_o foetus_fw-la so_o as_o to_o make_v it_o bear_v a_o resemblance_n though_o not_o absolute_o perfect_a of_o a_o ape_n pig_n or_o dog_n or_o any_o such_o like_a animal_n the_o like_a he_o affirm_v of_o colour_n hair_n and_o excrescency_n of_o several_a sort_n that_o it_o may_v produce_v also_o what_o be_v very_o like_a or_o analogous_a to_o horn_n and_o hoof_n and_o that_o it_o may_v increase_v the_o bigness_n and_o number_n of_o the_o part_n of_o the_o body_n 4._o and_o though_o he_o do_v reject_v several_a of_o the_o example_n he_o have_v produce_v out_o of_o author_n yet_o those_o which_o he_o admit_v for_o true_a be_v indication_n plain_a enough_o what_o we_o may_v expect_v in_o the_o vehicle_n of_o a_o depart_a soul_n or_o daemon_n as_o that_o of_o the_o hairy_a girl_n out_o of_o marcus_n damascenus_n that_o other_o out_o of_o guilielmus_fw-la paradinus_n of_o a_o child_n who_o skin_n and_o nail_n resemble_v those_o of_o a_o bear_n and_o a_o three_o out_o of_o