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Word A Word B Word C Word D Occurrence Frequency Band MI MI Band Prominent
cause_n effect_n necessary_a voluntary_a 1,389 5 11.0339 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A44010 The questions concerning liberty, necessity, and chance clearly stated and debated between Dr. Bramhall, Bishop of Derry, and Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury. Hobbes, Thomas, 1588-1679.; Bramhall, John, 1594-1663. 1656 (1656) Wing H2257; ESTC R16152 266,363 392

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that_o my_o principle_n be_v pernicious_a both_o to_o piety_n and_o policy_n and_o destructive_a to_o all_o relation_n etc._n etc._n my_o answer_n be_v that_o i_o desire_v not_o that_o he_o or_o they_o shall_v so_o misspend_v their_o time_n but_o if_o they_o will_v needs_o do_v it_o i_o can_v give_v they_o a_o fit_a title_n for_o their_o book_n behemoth_n against_o leviathan_n he_o end_v his_o epistle_n with_o so_o god_n bless_v we_o which_o word_n be_v good_a in_o themselves_o but_o to_o no_o purpose_n here_o but_o be_v a_o buffonly_a abuse_n of_o the_o name_n of_o god_n to_o calumny_n a_o vindication_n of_o true_a liberty_n from_z antecedent_n and_o extrinsical_a necessity_n j._n d._n either_o i_o be_o free_a to_o write_v this_o discourse_n for_o liberty_n against_o necessity_n or_o i_o be_o not_o free_a if_o i_o be_v 1._o numb_a 1._o free_a i_o have_v obtain_v the_o cause_n and_o ought_v not_o to_o suffer_v for_o the_o truth_n if_o i_o be_v not_o free_a yet_o i_o ought_v not_o to_o 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earnest_a maintainer_n of_o the_o liberty_n of_o adam_n therefore_o none_o of_o these_o suppose_a impediment_n take_v away_o true_a liberty_n t._n h._n the_o four_o argument_n be_v to_o this_o effect_n if_o the_o decree_n of_o god_n or_o his_o foreknowledge_n or_o the_o influence_n of_o the_o star_n or_o the_o concatenation_n of_o cause_n or_o the_o physical_a or_o moral_a efficacy_n of_o cause_n or_o the_o last_o dictate_v of_o the_o understanding_n or_o whatsoever_o it_o be_v do_v take_v away_o true_a liberty_n than_o adam_n before_o his_o fall_n have_v no_o true_a liberty_n quicquid_fw-la ostendes_fw-la mihi_fw-la sic_fw-la incredulous_fw-la odi_fw-la that_o which_o i_o say_v necessitate_v and_o determine_v every_o action_n that_o he_o may_v no_o long_o doubt_v of_o my_o meaning_n be_v the_o sum_n of_o all_o those_o thing_n which_o be_v now_o existent_a conduce_v and_o concur_v to_o the_o production_n of_o that_o action_n hereafter_o whereof_o if_o any_o one_o thing_n now_o ●ere_z 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drink_v or_o game_n jam._n 1._o 14._o every_o man_n be_v tempt_v when_o he_o be_v draw_v away_o of_o his_o own_o lust_n and_o entice_v disorder_v passion_n of_o anger_n hatred_n lust_n if_o they_o be_v consequent_a as_o the_o case_n be_v here_o put_v by_o t._n h._n and_o flow_v from_o deliberation_n and_o election_n they_o do_v not_o only_o not_o diminish_v the_o fault_n but_o they_o aggravate_v it_o and_o render_v it_o much_o great_a h_z he_o talk_v much_o of_o the_o motive_n to_o do_v &_o the_o motive_n to_o forbear_v how_o they_o work_v upon_o and_o determine_v a_o man_n as_o if_o a_o reasonable_a man_n be_v no_o more_o than_o a_o tennis-ball_n to_o be_v toss_v to_o and_o fro_o by_o the_o racket_n of_o the_o second_o cause_n as_o if_o the_o will_n have_v no_o power_n to_o move_v itself_o but_o be_v mere_o passive_a like_o a_o artificial_a popingay_n remoove_v hither_o and_o thither_o by_o the_o bolt_n of_o the_o archer_n who_o shoot_v on_o this_o side_n and_o on_o that_o what_o be_v motive_n but_o reason_n or_o discourse_n frame_v by_o the_o understanding_n and_o free_o move_v by_o the_o will_n what_o be_v the_o will_n and_o the_o understanding_n but_o faculty_n of_o the_o same_o soul_n and_o what_o be_v liberty_n but_o a_o power_n result_v from_o they_o both_o to_o say_v that_o the_o will_n be_v determine_v by_o these_o motive_n be_v as_o much_o as_o to_o say_v that_o the_o agent_n be_v determine_v by_o himself_o if_o there_o be_v no_o necessitation_n before_o the_o judgement_n of_o right_a reason_n do_v dictate_v to_o the_o will_n than_o there_o be_v no_o antecedent_n no_o extrinsical_a necessitation_n at_o all_o ay_o all_o the_o world_n know_v that_o when_o the_o agent_n be_v determine_v by_o himself_o than_o the_o effect_n be_v determine_v likewise_o in_o its_o cause_n but_o if_o he_o determine_v himself_o free_o than_o the_o effect_n be_v free_a motive_n determine_v not_o natural_o but_o moral_o which_o kind_n of_o determination_n may_v consist_v with_o 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well_o as_o the_o fire_n burn_v of_o neoessity_n if_o he_o intend_v no_o more_o but_o this_o that_o election_n be_v the_o proper_a and_o natural_a act_n of_o the_o will_n as_o burn_v be_v of_o the_o fire_n or_o that_o the_o elective_a power_n be_v as_o necessary_o in_o a_o man_n as_o visibility_n he_o speak_v true_o but_o most_o impertinent_o for_o the_o question_n be_v not_o now_o of_o the_o elective_a power_n in_o actu_fw-la primo_fw-la whether_o it_o be_v a_o essential_a faculty_n of_o the_o soul_n but_o whether_o the_o act_n of_o elect_v this_o or_o that_o particular_a object_n be_v free_a and_o undetermined_a by_o any_o antecedent_n and_o extrinsical_a cause_n but_o if_o he_o intend_v it_o in_o this_o other_o sense_n that_o as_o the_o fire_n have_v no_o power_n to_o suspend_v its_o burn_a nor_o to_o distinguish_v between_o those_o combustible_a matter_n which_o be_v put_v unto_o it_o but_o burn_v that_o which_o be_v put_v unto_o it_o necessary_o if_o it_o be_v combustible_a so_o the_o will_n have_v no_o power_n to_o refuse_v that_o which_o it_o will_v nor_o to_o suspend_v its_o own_o appetite_n he_o err_v gross_o the_o will_n have_v power_n either_o to_o will_v or_o will_v or_o to_o suspend_v that_o be_v neither_o to_o will_v nor_o will_v the_o same_o object_n yet_o even_o the_o burn_n of_o the_o fire_n if_o it_o be_v consider_v as_o it_o be_v invest_v with_o all_o particular_a circumstance_n be_v not_o otherwise_o so_o necessary_a a_o action_n as_o t._n h._n imagine_v m_o two_o thing_n be_v require_v to_o make_v a_o effect_n necessary_a first_o that_o it_o be_v produce_v by_o a_o necessary_a cause_n such_o as_o fire_n be_v second_o that_o it_o be_v necessary_o produce_v protagoras_n a_o atheist_n begin_v his_o book_n thus_o concern_v the_o god_n i_o have_v nothing_o to_o say_v whether_o they_o be_v or_o they_o be_v not_o for_o which_o his_o book_n be_v condemn_v by_o the_o athenian_n to_o be_v burn_v the_o fire_n be_v a_o necessary_a agent_n but_o the_o sentence_n or_o the_o application_n of_o the_o fire_n to_o the_o book_n be_v a_o free_a act_n and_o therefore_o the_o burn_a of_o his_o book_n be_v free_a much_o more_o the_o rational_a will_n be_v free_a which_o be_v both_o a_o voluntary_a agent_n and_o act_n voluntary_o n_z my_o second_o reason_n against_o this_o distinction_n of_o liberty_n from_o compulsion_n but_o not_o from_o necessitation_n be_v new_a and_o demonstrate_v clear_o that_o to_o necessitate_v the_o will_n by_o a_o physical_a necessity_n be_v to_o compel_v the_o will_n so_o far_o as_o the_o will_n be_v capable_a of_o compulsion_n and_o that_o he_o who_o do_v necessitate_v the_o will_n to_o evil_a after_o that_o manner_n be_v the_o true_a cause_n of_o evil_a and_o ought_v rather_o to_o be_v blame_v than_o the_o will_n itself_o but_o t._n h._n for_o all_o he_o say_v he_o be_v not_o surprise_v can_v be_v content_v upon_o better_a advice_n to_o steal_v by_o all_o this_o in_o silence_n and_o to_o hide_v this_o tergiversation_n from_o the_o eye_n of_o the_o reader_n he_o make_v a_o empty_a show_n of_o brave_v against_o that_o famous_a and_o most_o necessary_a distinction_n between_o the_o elicit_a and_o imperate_a act_n of_o the_o will_n first_o because_o the_o term_n be_v improper_a second_o because_o they_o be_v obscure_a what_o trivial_a and_o grammatical_a objection_n be_v these_o to_o be_v use_v against_o the_o universal_a current_n of_o divine_n and_o philosopher_n verborum_fw-la ut_fw-la nummorum_fw-la it_o be_v in_o word_n as_o it_o be_v in_o money_n use_n make_v they_o proper_a and_o current_a a_o tyrant_n at_o first_o signify_v a_o lawful_a and_o just_a prince_n now_o use_n have_v quite_o change_v the_o sense_n of_o it_o to_o denote_v either_o a_o usurper_n or_o a_o oppressor_n the_o word_n praemunire_n be_v now_o grow_v a_o good_a word_n in_o our_o english_a law_n by_o use_n and_o tract_n of_o time_n and_o yet_o at_o first_o it_o be_v mere_o mistake_v for_o a_o praemonere_fw-la the_o name_n of_o sunday_n monday_n tuesday_n be_v derive_v at_o first_o from_o those_o heathenish_a deity_n the_o sun_n the_o moon_n and_o the_o warlike_a god_n of_o the_o german_n now_o we_o use_v they_o for_o distinction_n sake_n only_o without_o any_o relation_n to_o their_o first_o original_n he_o be_v too_o froward_a that_o will_v refuse_v a_o piece_n of_o coin_n that_o be_v current_a throughout_o the_o world_n because_o it_o be_v not_o stamp_v after_o his_o own_o fancy_n so_o be_v he_o that_o reject_v a_o good_a word_n because_o he_o understand_v not_o the_o derivation_n of_o it_o we_o see_v foreign_a word_n be_v daily_o naturalize_v and_o make_v free_a denizen_n in_o every_o country_n but_o why_o be_v the_o term_n improper_a because_o say_v he_o it_o attribute_n command_v and_o subjection_n to_o
judgement_n be_v no_o part_n of_o the_o weight_n but_o be_v the_o sentence_n of_o the_o trier_n the_o understanding_n weigh_v all_o thing_n object_n mean_n circumstance_n convenience_n inconvenience_n but_o itself_o be_v not_o weigh_v second_o the_o sensitive_a passion_n in_o some_o extraordinary_a case_n may_v give_v a_o counterfeit_a weight_n to_o the_o object_n if_o it_o can_v detain_v or_o divert_v reason_n from_o the_o balance_n but_o ordinary_o the_o mean_n circumstance_n and_o cause_n concurrent_a they_o have_v their_o whole_a weight_n from_o the_o understanding_n so_o as_o they_o do_v not_o press_v the_o horse_n back_o at_o all_o until_o reason_n lay_v they_o on_o three_o he_o conceive_v that_o as_o each_o feather_n have_v a_o certain_a natural_a weight_n whereby_o it_o concur_v not_o arbitrary_o but_o necessary_o towards_o the_o overcharge_n of_o the_o horse_n so_o all_o object_n and_o cause_n have_v a_o natural_a efficiency_n whereby_o they_o do_v physical_o determine_v the_o will_n which_o be_v a_o great_a mistake_n his_o object_n his_o agent_n his_o motive_n his_o passion_n and_o all_o his_o concurrent_a cause_n ordinary_o do_v only_o move_v the_o will_n moral_o not_o determine_v it_o natural_o so_o as_o it_o have_v in_o all_o ordinary_a action_n a_o free_a dominion_n over_o itself_o his_o other_o example_n of_o a_o man_n that_o strike_v who_o will_n to_o strike_v follow_v necessary_o that_o think_v he_o have_v of_o the_o sequel_n of_o this_o stroke_n immediate_o before_o the_o lift_n up_o of_o his_o hand_n as_o it_o confound_v passionate_a indeliberate_a thought_n with_o the_o dictate_v of_o right_a reason_n so_o it_o be_v very_o uncertain_a for_o between_o the_o cup_n and_o the_o lip_n between_o the_o lift_n up_o of_o the_o hand_n and_o the_o blow_n the_o will_n may_v alter_v and_o the_o judgement_n also_o and_o last_o it_o be_v impertinent_a for_o that_o necessity_n of_o strike_v proceed_v from_o the_o free_a determination_n of_o the_o agent_n and_o not_o from_o the_o special_a influence_n of_o any_o outward_a determine_a cause_n and_o so_o it_o be_v only_o a_o necessity_n upon_o supposition_n concern_v medea_n choice_n the_o strength_n of_o the_o argument_n do_v not_o lie_n either_o in_o the_o fact_n of_o medea_n which_o be_v but_o a_o fiction_n or_o in_o the_o authority_n of_o the_o poet_n who_o write_v thing_n rather_o to_o be_v admire_v than_o believe_v but_o in_o the_o experience_n of_o all_o man_n who_o find_v it_o to_o be_v true_a in_o themselves_o that_o sometime_o reason_n do_v show_v unto_o a_o man_n the_o exorbitancy_n of_o his_o passion_n that_o what_o he_o desire_v be_v but_o a_o pleasant_a good_a that_o what_o he_o lose_v by_o such_o a_o choice_n be_v a_o honest_a good_a that_o that_o which_o be_v honest_a be_v to_o be_v prefer_v before_o that_o which_o be_v pleasant_a yet_o the_o will_n pursue_v that_o which_o be_v pleasant_a and_o neglect_v that_o which_o be_v honest_a st._n paul_n say_v as_o much_o in_o earnest_a as_o be_v feign_a of_o medea_n that_o he_o approve_a not_o that_o which_o he_o do_v and_o that_o he_o do_v that_o which_o he_o hate_v rom._n 7._o 15._o the_o roman_a story_n be_v mistake_v there_o be_v no_o bribe_n in_o the_o case_n but_o affection_n whereas_o i_o urge_v that_o those_o thing_n which_o be_v near_a to_o the_o sense_n do_v move_v more_o powerful_o he_o lay_v hold_v on_o it_o and_o without_o answer_v to_o that_o for_o which_o i_o produce_v it_o infer_v that_o the_o sense_n of_o present_a good_a be_v more_o immediate_a to_o the_o action_n than_o the_o foresight_n of_o evil_a consequent_n which_o be_v true_a but_o it_o be_v not_o absolute_o true_a by_o any_o antecedent_n necessity_n let_v a_o man_n do_v what_o he_o may_v do_v and_o what_o he_o ought_v to_o do_v and_o sensitive_a object_n will_v lose_v that_o power_n which_o they_o have_v by_o his_o own_o fault_n and_o neglect_v antecedent_n or_o indeliberate_a concupiscence_n do_v sometime_o but_o rare_o surprise_v a_o man_n and_o render_v the_o action_n not_o free_a but_o consequent_a and_o deliberate_v concupiscence_n which_o proceed_v from_o the_o rational_a will_v ●oth_o render_v the_o action_n more_o free_a not_o less_o free_a and_o introduce_v only_o a_o necessity_n upon_o supposition_n last_o he_o say_v that_o a_o man_n mourning_n more_o for_o the_o loss_n of_o his_o child_n than_o for_o his_o sin_n make_v nothing_o to_o the_o last_o dictate_v of_o the_o understanding_n yes_o very_o much_o reason_n dictate_v that_o a_o sin_n commit_v be_v a_o great_a evil_n than_o the_o loss_n of_o a_o child_n and_o aught_o more_o to_o be_v lament_v for_o yet_o we_o see_v daily_o how_o affection_n prevail_v against_o the_o dictate_v of_o reason_n that_o which_o he_o infer_v from_o hence_o that_o sorrow_n for_o sin_n be_v not_o voluntary_a and_o by_o consequence_n that_o repentance_n proceed_v from_o cause_n be_v true_a as_o to_o the_o latter_a part_n of_o it_o but_o not_o in_o his_o sense_n the_o cause_n from_o whence_o repentance_n do_v proceed_v be_v god_n grace_n prevent_v and_o man_n will_n concur_v god_n prevent_v free_o man_n concur_v free_o those_o inferior_a agent_n which_o sometime_o do_v concur_v as_o subordinate_a to_o the_o grace_n of_o god_n do_v not_o can_v determine_v the_o will_n natural_o and_o therefore_o the_o former_a part_n of_o his_o inference_n that_o sorrow_n for_o sin_n be_v not_o voluntary_a be_v untrue_a and_o altogether_o groundless_a that_o be_v much_o more_o true_o and_o much_o more_o proper_o say_v to_o be_v voluntary_a which_o proceed_v from_o judgement_n and_o from_o the_o rational_a will_n than_o that_o which_o proceed_v from_o passion_n and_o from_o the_o sensitive_a will_n one_o of_o the_o main_a ground_n of_o all_o t._n h._n his_o error_n in_o this_o question_n be_v that_o he_o acknowledge_v no_o efficacy_n but_o that_o which_o be_v natural_a hence_o be_v this_o wild_a consequence_n repentance_n have_v cause_n and_o therefore_o it_o be_v not_o voluntary_a free_a effect_n have_v free_a cause_n necessary_a effect_n necessary_a cause_n voluntary_a effect_n have_v sometime_o free_a sometime_o necessary_a cause_n animadversion_n upon_o the_o bishop_n reply_n numb_a xxiii_o a_o suppose_v the_o last_o dictate_v of_o the_o understanding_n do_v always_o determine_v the_o will_n yet_o this_o determination_n be_v not_o antecedent_n in_o time_n nor_o proceed_v from_o extrinsecall_a cause_n but_o from_o the_o proper_a resolution_n of_o the_o agent_n who_o have_v now_o free_o determine_v himself_o make_v no_o absolute_a necessity_n but_o only_a hypothetical_n etc._n etc._n this_o be_v the_o bishop_n answer_n to_o the_o necessity_n infer_v from_o that_o that_o the_o will_v necessary_o follow_v the_o last_o dictate_v of_o the_o understanding_n which_o answer_n he_o think_v be_v not_o sufficient_o take_v away_o because_o the_o last_o act_n of_o the_o understanding_n be_v in_o time_n together_o with_o the_o will_n itself_o and_o therefore_o not_o antecedent_n it_o be_v true_a that_o the_o will_n be_v not_o produce_v but_o in_o the_o same_o instant_a with_o the_o last_o dictate_v of_o the_o understanding_n but_o the_o necessity_n of_o the_o will_n and_o the_o necessity_n of_o the_o last_o dictate_v of_o the_o understanding_n may_v have_v be_v antecedent_n for_o that_o last_o dictate_v of_o the_o understanding_n be_v produce_v by_o cause_n antecedent_n and_o be_v then_o necessary_a though_o not_o yet_o produce_v as_o when_o a_o stone_n be_v fall_v the_o necessity_n of_o touch_v the_o earth_n be_v antecedent_n to_o the_o touch_n itself_o for_o all_o motion_n through_o any_o determine_a space_n necessary_o make_v a_o motion_n through_o the_o next_o space_n unless_o it_o be_v hinder_v by_o some_o contrary_a external_a motion_n and_o then_o the_o stop_n be_v as_o necessary_a as_o the_o proceed_n will_v have_v be_v the_o argument_n therefore_o from_o the_o last_o dictate_v of_o the_o understanding_n sufficient_o infer_v a_o antecedent_n necessity_n as_o great_a as_o the_o necessity_n that_o a_o stone_n shall_v fall_v when_o it_o be_v already_o fall_v as_o for_o his_o other_o answer_n that_o the_o will_n do_v not_o certain_o follow_v the_o last_o dictate_v of_o the_o understandig_fw-ge though_o it_o always_o aught_o to_o follow_v it_o he_o himself_o say_v it_o be_v but_o probable_a but_o any_o man_n that_o speak_v not_o by_o rote_n but_o think_v of_o what_o he_o say_v will_v present_o find_v it_o false_a and_o that_o it_o be_v impossible_a to_o will_v any_o thing_n that_o appear_v not_o first_o in_o his_o understanding_n to_o be_v good_a for_o he_o and_o whereas_o he_o say_v the_o will_n ought_v to_o follow_v the_o last_o dictate_v of_o the_o understanding_n unless_o he_o mean_v that_o the_o man_n ought_v to_o follow_v it_o it_o be_v a_o insignificant_a speech_n for_o duty_n be_v the_o man_n be_v not_o the_o will_n duty_n and_o if_o he_o mean_v so_o then_o it_o be_v false_a for_o
a_o man_n ought_v not_o to_o follow_v the_o dictate_v of_o the_o understanding_n when_o it_o be_v erroneous_a b_o of_o which_o i_o give_v then_o three_o reason_n one_o be_v that_o action_n may_v be_v so_o equal_o circumstantiate_v that_o reason_n can_v give_v a_o positive_a sentence_n but_o leave_v the_o election_n to_o liberty_n or_o chance_n to_o this_o he_o answer_v not_o a_o word_n there_o be_v no_o need_n of_o answer_n for_o he_o have_v very_o often_o in_o this_o discourse_n contradict_v it_o himself_o in_o that_o he_o make_v reason_n to_o be_v the_o true_a root_n of_o liberty_n and_o man_n to_o have_v more_o or_o less_o liberty_n as_o they_o have_v more_o or_o less_o reason_n how_o then_o can_v a_o man_n leave_v that_o to_o liberty_n when_o his_o reason_n can_v give_v no_o sentence_n and_o for_o his_o leave_v it_o to_o chance_v if_o by_o chance_n he_o mean_v that_o which_o have_v no_o cause_n he_o destroy_v providence_n and_o if_o he_o mean_v that_o which_o have_v cause_n but_o unknown_a to_o we_o he_o leave_v it_o to_o necessity_n beside_o it_o be_v false_a that_o action_n may_v be_v so_o equal_o circumstantiate_v that_o reason_n can_v give_v a_o positive_a sentence_n for_o though_o in_o the_o thing_n to_o be_v elect_v there_o may_v be_v a_o exact_a equality_n yet_o there_o may_v be_v circumstance_n in_o he_o that_o be_v to_o elect_v to_o make_v he_o resolve_v upon_o that_o of_o the_o two_o which_o he_o consider_v for_o the_o present_a and_o to_o break_v of_o all_o further_a deliberation_n for_o this_o cause_n that_o he_o must_v not_o to_o use_v his_o own_o instance_n by_o spend_v time_n in_o vain_a apply_v neither_o of_o the_o plaster_n which_o the_o chirurgeon_n give_v he_o to_o his_o wound_n another_o of_o his_o reason_n be_v because_o reason_n do_v not_o weigh_v every_o individual_a action_n to_o the_o uttermost_a grain_n true_a but_o do_v it_o therefore_o follow_v a_o man_n give_v no_o sentence_n the_o will_v therefore_o may_v follow_v the_o dictate_v of_o the_o judgement_n whether_o the_o man_n weigh_v or_o not_o weigh_v all_o that_o may_v be_v weigh_v his_o three_o reason_n be_v because_o passion_n and_o affection_n sometime_o prevail_v against_o judgement_n i_o confess_v they_o prevail_v often_o against_o wisdom_n which_o be_v it_o he_o mean_v here_o by_o judgement_n but_o they_o prevail_v not_o against_o the_o dictate_v of_o the_o understanding_n which_o he_o know_v be_v the_o meaning_n of_o judgement_n in_o this_o place_n and_o the_o will_n of_o a_o passionate_a and_o peevish_a fool_n do_v no_o less_o follow_v the_o dictate_v of_o that_o little_a understanding_n he_o have_v than_o the_o will_n of_o the_o wise_a man_n follow_v his_o wisdom_n c_o he_o explain_v the_o sense_n of_o the_o assertion_n by_o the_o comparison_n of_o the_o last_o feather_n wherewith_o he_o seem_v to_o be_v delight_v see_v he_o use_v it_o now_o the_o second_o time_n but_o let_v he_o like_o it_o as_o he_o will_v it_o be_v improper_a for_o three_o reason_n to_o i_o this_o comparison_n seem_v very_o proper_a and_o therefore_o i_o make_v no_o scruple_n though_o not_o much_o delight_v with_o it_o as_o be_v no_o new_a comparison_n to_o use_v it_o again_o when_o there_o be_v need_v again_o for_o in_o the_o examination_n of_o truth_n i_o search_v rather_o for_o perspicuity_n than_o elegance_n but_o the_o bishop_n with_o his_o school_n term_n be_v far_o from_o perspicuity_n how_o near_o he_o be_v to_o elegence_n i_o shall_v not_o forget_v to_o examine_v in_o due_a time_n but_o why_o be_v this_o comparison_n improper_a first_o because_o the_o determination_n of_o the_o judgement_n be_v no_o part_n of_o the_o weight_n for_o the_o understanding_n weigh_v all_o thing_n object_n mean_n circumstance_n convenience_n inconvenience_n but_o itself_o be_v not_o weigh_v in_o this_o comparison_n the_o object_n mean_n etc._n etc._n be_v the_o weight_n the_o man_n be_v the_o scale_n the_o understanding_n of_o a_o convenience_n or_o inconvenience_n be_v the_o pressure_n of_o those_o weight_n which_o incline_v he_o now_o one_o way_n now_o another_o and_o that_o inclination_n be_v the_o wil._n again_o the_o object_n mean_n etc._n etc._n be_v the_o feather_n that_o press_v the_o horse_n the_o feel_n of_o that_o pressure_n be_v understanding_n and_o his_o patience_n or_o impatience_n the_o will_n to_o bear_v they_o if_o not_o too_o many_o or_o if_o too_o many_o to_o lie_v down_o under_o they_o it_o be_v therefore_o to_o little_a purpose_n that_o he_o say_v the_o understanding_n be_v not_o weigh_v second_o he_o say_v the_o comparison_n be_v improper_a because_o ordinary_o the_o mean_n circumstance_n and_o cause_n concurrent_a have_v their_o whole_a weight_n from_o the_o understanding_n so_o as_o they_o do_v not_o press_v the_o horse_n back_o at_o all_o until_o reason_n lay_v they_o on_o this_o and_o that_o which_o follow_v that_o my_o object_n agent_n motive_n passion_n and_o all_o my_o concurrent_a cause_n ordinary_o do_v only_o move_v the_o will_v moral_o not_o determine_v it_o natural_o so_o as_o it_o have_v in_o all_o ordinary_a action_n a_o free_a dominion_n over_o itself_o be_v all_o non_fw-fr sense_n for_o no_o man_n can_v understand_v that_o the_o understanding_n make_v any_o alteration_n in_o the_o object_n in_o weight_n or_o lightness_n nor_o that_o reason_n lay_v on_o object_n upon_o the_o understanding_n nor_o that_o the_o will_n be_v move_v nor_o that_o any_o motion_n be_v moral_a nor_o that_o these_o word_n the_o will_n have_v a_o free_a dominion_n over_o itself_o signify_v any_o thing_n with_o the_o rest_n of_o this_o reply_n i_o shall_v trust_v the_o reader_n and_o only_o note_v the_o last_o word_n where_o he_o make_v i_o say_v repentance_n have_v cause_n and_o therefore_o it_o be_v not_o voluntary_a but_o i_o say_v repentance_n have_v cause_n and_o that_o it_o be_v not_o voluntary_a he_o chap_v in_o and_o therefore_o and_o make_v a_o absurd_a consequence_n which_o he_o will_v have_v the_o reader_n believe_v be_v i_o and_o then_o c●n●utes_v it_o with_o these_o senseless_a word_n free_a effect_n have_v free_a cause_n necessary_a effect_n necessary_a cause_n voluntary_a effect_n have_v sometime_o free_a sometime_o necessary_a cause_n can_v any_o man_n but_o a_o schoolman_n think_v the_o will_n be_v voluntary_a but_o yet_o the_o will_n be_v the_o cause_n of_o voluntary_a action_n j._n d._n fiftly_o and_o last_o the_o divine_a labour_n to_o find_v out_o a_o way_n how_o 24._o num._n 24._o liberty_n may_v consist_v with_o the_o prescience_n and_o decree_n of_o god_n but_o of_o this_o i_o have_v not_o very_o long_o since_o occasion_n to_o write_v a_o full_a discourse_n in_o answer_n to_o a_o treatise_n against_o the_o prescience_n of_o thing_n contingent_a i_o shall_v for_o the_o present_a only_o repeat_v these_o two_o thing_n first_o we_o ought_v not_o to_o desert_n a_o certain_a truth_n because_o we_o be_v not_o able_a to_o comprehend_v the_o certain_a manner_n god_n shall_v be_v but_o a_o poor_a god_n if_o we_o be_v able_a perfect_o to_o comprehend_v all_o his_o action_n and_o attribute_n second_o in_o my_o poor_a judgement_n which_o i_o ever_o do_v and_o ever_o shall_v submit_v to_o better_a the_o ready_a way_n to_o reconcile_v contingence_n and_o liberty_n with_o the_o decree_n and_o prescience_n of_o god_n and_o most_o remote_a from_o the_o altercation_n of_o these_o time_n be_v to_o subject_v future_a contingent_n to_o the_o aspect_n of_o god_n according_a to_o that_o presentiality_n which_o they_o have_v in_o eternity_n not_o that_o thing_n future_a which_o be_v not_o yet_o existent_a be_v co-existent_a with_o god_n but_o because_o the_o infinite_a knowledge_n of_o god_n encircle_v all_o time_n in_o the_o point_n of_o eternity_n do_v attain_v to_o their_o future_a be_v from_o whence_o proceed_v their_o objective_n and_o intelligible_a be_v the_o main_a impediment_n which_o keep_v man_n from_o subscribe_v to_o this_o way_n be_v because_o they_o conceive_v eternity_n to_o be_v a_o everlasting_a succession_n and_o not_o one_o indivisible_a point_n but_o if_o they_o consider_v that_o whatsoever_o be_v in_o god_n be_v god_n that_o there_o be_v no_o accident_n in_o he_o for_o that_o which_o be_v infinite_o perfect_a can_v be_v further_o perfect_v that_o as_o god_n be_v not_o wise_a but_o wisdom_n itself_o not_o just_a but_o justice_n itself_o so_o he_o be_v not_o eternal_a but_o eternity_n itself_o they_o must_v needs_o conclude_v that_o therefore_o this_o eternity_n be_v indivisible_a because_o god_n be_v indivisible_a and_o therefore_o not_o successive_a but_o altogether_o a_o infinite_a point_n comprehend_v all_o time_n within_o itself_o t._n h._n the_o last_o part_n of_o this_o discourse_n contain_v his_o opinion_n about_o reconcile_a liberty_n with_o the_o prescience_n and_o decree_n of_o god_n otherwise_o than_o some_o divine_n have_v do_v against_o who_o he_o have_v former_o write_v a_o
by_o general_a influence_n which_o be_v evermore_o requisite_a angel_n or_o man_n by_o persuade_v evil_a spirit_n by_o tempt_v the_o object_n or_o end_n by_o its_o appetibility_n the_o understanding_n by_o direct_v so_o passion_n and_o acquire_v habit_n but_o i_o deny_v that_o any_o of_o these_o do_v necessitate_v or_o can_v necessitate_v the_o will_n of_o man_n by_o determine_v it_o physical_o to_o one_o except_o god_n alone_o who_o do_v it_o rare_o in_o extraordinary_a case_n and_o where_o there_o be_v no_o antecedent_n determination_n to_o one_o there_o be_v no_o absolute_a necessity_n but_o true_a liberry_n b_o his_o second_o argument_n be_v ex_fw-la concessis_fw-la it_o be_v out_o of_o controversy_n say_v he_o that_o of_o voluntary_a action_n the_o will_n be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n the_o argument_n may_v be_v thus_o reduce_v necessary_a cause_n produce_v necessary_a effect_n but_o the_o will_n be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n of_o voluntary_a action_n i_o may_v deny_v his_o major_n necessary_a cause_n do_v not_o always_o produce_v necessary_a effect_n except_o they_o be_v also_o necessary_o produce_v as_o i_o have_v show_v before_o in_o the_o burn_a of_o protagoras_n his_o book_n but_o i_o answer_v clear_o to_o the_o minor_a that_o the_o will_n be_v not_o a_o necessary_a cause_n of_o what_o it_o will_v in_o particular_a action_n it_o be_v without_o controversy_n indeed_o for_o it_o be_v without_o all_o probability_n that_o it_o will_n when_o it_o will_v be_v necessary_a but_o that_o it_o will_v this_o or_o that_o now_o or_o then_o be_v free_a more_o express_o the_o act_n of_o the_o will_n may_v be_v consider_v three_o way_n either_o in_o respect_n of_o its_o nature_n or_o in_o respect_n of_o its_o exercise_n or_o in_o respect_n of_o its_o object_n first_o for_o the_o nature_n of_o the_o act_n that_o which_o the_o will_n will_v be_v necessary_o voluntary_a because_o the_o will_n can_v be_v compel_v and_o in_o this_o sense_n it_o be_v out_o of_o controversy_n that_o the_o will_n be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n of_o voluntary_a action_n second_o for_o the_o exercise_n of_o its_o act_n that_o be_v not_o necessary_a the_o will_n may_v either_o will_n or_o suspend_v its_o act_n three_o for_o the_o object_n that_o be_v not_o necessary_a but_o free_a the_o will_n be_v not_o extrinsecal_o determine_v to_o its_o object_n as_o for_o example_n the_o cardinal_n meet_v in_o the_o conclave_n to_o choose_v a_o pope_n who_o they_o choose_v he_o be_v necessary_o pope_n but_o it_o be_v not_o necessary_a that_o they_o shall_v choose_v this_o or_o that_o day_n before_o they_o be_v assemble_v they_o may_v defer_v their_o assemble_v when_o they_o be_v assemble_v they_o may_v suspend_v their_o election_n for_o a_o day_n or_o a_o week_n last_o for_o the_o person_n who_o they_o will_v choose_v it_o be_v free_o in_o their_o own_o power_n otherwise_o if_o the_o election_n be_v not_o free_a it_o be_v void_a and_o no_o election_n at_o all_o so_o that_o which_o take_v its_o beginning_n from_o the_o will_n be_v necessary_o voluntary_a but_o it_o be_v not_o necessary_a that_o the_o will_n shall_v will_v this_o or_o that_o in_o particular_a as_o it_o be_v necessary_a that_o the_o person_n free_o elect_v shall_v be_v pope_n but_o it_o be_v not_o necessary_a either_o that_o the_o election_n shall_v be_v at_o this_o time_n or_o that_o this_o man_n shall_v be_v elect_v and_o therefore_o voluntary_a act_n in_o particular_a have_v not_o necessary_a cause_n that_o be_v they_o be_v not_o necessitate_v animadversion_n upon_o the_o answer_n to_o numb_a xxx_o i_o have_v say_v that_o nothing_o take_v beginning_n from_o itself_o and_o that_o the_o cause_n of_o the_o will_n be_v not_o the_o will_n itself_o but_o something_o else_o which_o it_o despise_v not_o of_o answer_v to_o thi●_n he_o endeavour_v to_o she●_n we_o the_o cause_n of_o the_o will._n a_o i_o grant_v say_v he_o that_o the_o will_n do_v not_o take_v beginning_n from_o itself_o for_o that_o the_o faculty_n of_o the_o wil●_n take_v beginning_n from_o god_n who_o create_v the_o soul_n and_o pour_v it_o into_o man_n and_o endow_v it_o with_o this_o power_n and_o for_o that_o the_o act_n of_o willing_a take_v not_o beginning_n from_o itself_o but_o from_o the_o faculty_n or_o from_o the_o power_n of_o willing_a which_o be_v in_o the_o soul._n this_o be_v certain_a finite_a and_o participate_v thing_n can_v be_v from_o themselves_o nor_o be_v produce_v by_o themselves_o what_o will_v he_o conclude_v from_o hence_o that_o therefore_o the_o act_n of_o willing_a take_v not_o its_o beginning_n from_o the_o faculty_n of_o the_o will_n it_o be_v well_o that_o he_o grant_v finite_a thing_n as_o for_o his_o participate_v it_o signify_v nothing_o here_o can_v be_v produce_v by_o themselves_o for_o out_o of_o this_o i_o can_v conclude_v that_o the_o act_n of_o willing_a be_v not_o produce_v by_o the_o faculty_n of_o willing_a he_o that_o have_v the_o faculty_n of_o willing_a have_v the_o faculty_n of_o willing_a something_o in_o particular_a and_o at_o the_o same_o time_n he_o have_v the_o faculty_n of_o nill_v the_o same_o if_o therefore_o the_o faculty_n of_o willing_a be_v the_o cause_n he_o will_v any_o thing_n whatsoever_o for_o the_o same_o reason_n the_o faculty_n of_o nilling_a will_v be_v the_o cause_n at_o the_o same_o time_n of_o nill_v it_o and_o so_o he_o shall_v will_n and_o will_v the_o same_o thing_n at_o the_o same_o time_n which_o be_v absurd_a it_o seem_v the_o bishop_n have_v forget_v that_o matter_n and_o power_n be_v indifferent_a to_o contrary_a form_n and_o contrary_a acts._n it_o be_v somewhat_o beside_o the_o matter_n that_o d●termineth_v it_o to_o a_o certain_a form_n and_o somewhat_o beside_o the_o power_n that_o produce_v a_o certain_a act_n and_o thence_o it_o be_v that_o be_v infer_v this_o that_o he_o grant_v that_o nothing_o can_v be_v produce_v by_o itself_o which_o nevertheless_o he_o present_o contradict_v in_o say_v that_o all_o man_n know_v when_o a_o stone_n descend_v the_o beginning_n be_v intrinsical_v and_o that_o the_o stone_n move_v in_o respect_n of_o the_o form_n and_o be_v move_v in_o respect_n of_o the_o matter_n which_o be_v as_o much_o to_o say_v that_o the_o form_n move_v the_o matter_n or_o that_o the_o stone_n move_v itself_o which_o before_o he_o deny_v when_o a_o stone_n ascend_v the_o beginning_n of_o the_o stone_n motion_n be_v in_o itself_o that_o be_v to_o say_v intrinsical_v because_o it_o be_v not_o the_o stone_n motion_n till_o the_o store_n begin_v to_o be_v move_v but_o the_o motion_n that_o cause_v it_o to_o begin_v to_o ascend_v be_v a_o precedent_n and_o extrinsical_a motion_n of_o the_o hand_n or_o other_o engine_n that_o throw_v it_o upward_o and_o so_o when_o it_o descend_v the_o beginning_n of_o the_o stone_n motion_n be_v in_o the_o stone_n but_o nevertheless_o there_o be_v a_o former_a motion_n in_o the_o ambient_fw-la body_n air_n or_o water_n that_o cause_v it_o to_o descend_v but_o because_o no_o man_n can_v see_v it_o most_o man_n think_v there_o be_v none_o though_o reason_n wherewith_o the_o bishop_n as_o rely_v only_o upon_o the_o authority_n of_o book_n trouble_v not_o himself_o convince_v that_o there_o be_v b_o his_o second_o argument_n be_v ex_fw-la concessis_fw-la it_o be_v out_o of_o controversy_n that_o of_o voluntary_a action_n the_o will_n be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n the_o argument_n may_v be_v thus_o reduce_v necessary_a cause_n produce_v necessary_a effect_n but_o the_o will_n be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n of_o voluntary_a action_n i_o may_v deny_v his_o major_n necessary_a cause_n do_v not_o always_o produce_v necessary_a effect_n except_o they_o be_v also_o necessary_o produce_v he_o have_v reduce_v the_o argument_n to_o nonsense_n by_o say_v necessary_a cause_n produce_v not_o necessary_a effect_n for_o necessary_a effect_n unless_o he_o mean_v such_o effect_n as_o shall_v necessary_o be_v produce_v be_v insignificant_a let_v he_o consider_v therefore_o with_o what_o grace_n he_o can_v say_v necessary_a cause_n do_v not_o always_o produce_v their_o effect_n except_o those_o effect_n be_v also_o necessary_o produce_v but_o his_o answer_n be_v chief_o to_o the_o minor_a and_o deny_v that_o the_o will_n be_v not_o a_o necessary_a cause_n of_o what_o it_o will_v in_o particular_a action_n that_o it_o will_n when_o it_o will_v say_v he_o be_v necessary_a but_o that_o it_o will_v this_o or_o that_o be_v free_a be_v it_o possible_a for_o any_o man_n to_o conceive_v that_o he_o that_o will_v can_v will_v any_o thing_n but_o this_o or_o that_o particular_a thing_n it_o be_v therefore_o manifest_a that_o either_o the_o will_n be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n of_o this_o or_o that_o or_o any_o other_o particular_a action_n or_o not_o the_o necessary_a cause_n of_o any_o voluntary_a action_n at_o all_o for_o universal_a action_n
there_o be_v none_o in_o that_o which_o follow_v he_o undertake_v to_o make_v his_o doctrine_n more_o express_o understand_v by_o consider_v the_o act_n of_o the_o will_v three_o way_n in_o respect_n of_o its_o nature_n in_o respect_n of_o its_o exercise_n and_o in_o respect_n of_o its_o object_n for_o the_o nature_n of_o the_o act_n be_v say_v that_o that_o which_o the_o will_n will_v be_v necessary_o volunrary_a and_o that_o in_o this_o sense_n he_o grant_v it_o be_v out_o of_o controversy_n that_o the_o will_n be_v a_o necessary_a cause_n of_o voluntary_a action_n instead_o of_o that_o which_o the_o will_n will_v to_o make_v it_o sense_n read_v that_o which_o the_o man_n will_v and_o then_o if_o the_o man_n will_v be_v as_o he_o confess_v a_o necessary_a cause_n of_o voluntary_a action_n it_o be_v no_o less_o a_o necessary_a cause_n that_o they_o be_v action_n then_o that_o they_o be_v voluntary_a for_o the_o exercise_n of_o the_o act_n he_o say_v that_o the_o will_n may_v either_o will_n or_o suspend_v its_o act_n this_o be_v the_o old_a cant_v which_o have_v already_o be_v sufficient_o detect_v but_o to_o make_v it_o somewhat_o let_v we_o read_v it_o thus_o the_o man_n that_o will_v may_v either_o