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A Christian directory, or, A summ of practical theologie and cases of conscience directing Christians how to use their knowledge and faith, how to improve all helps and means, and to perform all duties, how to overcome temptations, and to escape or mortifie every sin : in four parts ... / by Richard Baxter.
Baxter, Richard, 1615-1691.
Wing B1219; ESTC R21847
future What Understanding Will or Power arâ formally in God How he knoweth future contingents with a hundred such like Then remember that you make use of this rule and say with Mâses Dâuâ 29. 29. The secret things belong to the Lord our God but those things that are revealed unto us and to our children for ever that we may do all the words of his Law There are many rare profound discoveries much gloryâd of by the Masters of several Sects of which you may know the sentence of the Holy Ghost by that instance Col. 2. 18. Let no man beguile you of your reward in a vâluntary humility and worshipping of Angels intruding into thâse things which he hath not seen vainly puft up by his fleshly mind Reverently withdraw from things that are unrevealed and dispute them not Â§ 17. Direct 6. Be a careful and accurate though not a vain Distinguisher and suffer not ambiguity Direct 6. and confusion to decâive you Suspect every word in your Question and anatomize it and agree â upon the sense of all your common terms before you dispute with any adversary It is not only in Sâe my Preface bâfore the second Part of the Saiââs Rest. Edit 3. c. A man of judgement shall hear ignoâânâ mân dâffer and know that âhâ mean one thing and yet âââây themselves will never agree L. Bacoâ Ess. 3. many words but in one word or syllable that so much ambiguity and confusion may be contained as may make a long dispute to be but a vain and ridiculous wrangling Is it not a ridiculous business to hear men dispute many hours about the Cur credis and Into what faith is to be resolved and in the end come to understand that by Cur one of them speaks of the Principium or Causa Veritatis and the other of the Principium patâfactionis or the Evidentia Veritatis or some other cause And when one speaks of the Resolution of his faith as into the formal Object and another into the subservient testimony or means or into the proofs of Divine attestation or many other causes Or to hear men dispute Whether Christ dyed for all when by for one man meaneth for the benefit of all and another means in the place or stead of all or for the sins of all as the procuring cause c. Yet here is but a syllable to contain this confusion What a tedious thing it is to read long disputes between many Papists and Protestants about Justification while by Iustification one meaneth one thing and another meaneth quite another thing He that cannot force every word to make a plain confession of its proper signification that the Thing intended may be truly discerned in the Word he will but deceive himself and others with a wordy insignificant dispute Â§ 18. Direct 7. Therefore be specially suspicious of Metaphors as being all but ambiguities till an Direct 7. explication hath fixed or determined the sense It is a noisome thing to hear some dispute upon an unexplained â Metaphorical word when neither of them have enucleated the sense and when there are proper words enow Â§ 19. Direct 8. Take special notice of what kind of beings your enquiry or disputation is and let Direct 8. all your terms be adapted and interpreted according to the kinds of beings you dispute of As if you â be enquiring into the nature of any Grace as Faith Repentance Obedience c. remember that it is in genere moris a moral act And therefore the terms are not to be understood as if you disputed about meer Physical acts which are considered but in genere entis For that Object which must essentiate one Moral act containeth many Physical particles which will make up many Physical acts As I âave shewed in my Dispute of Saving Faith wiâh Dr. Barlow and of Iustification If you take such a man for your King your Commander your Master your Physicion c. if you should at the Barr when you are questioned for unfaithfulness dispute upon the word take whether it be an act of the phantasie or sense or intellect or will c. would you not be justly laught at So when you askt What act Faith or Repentance is which contain many particular Physical acts When you dispute of Divinity Policy Law Warr c. you must not use the same terms in the same sense as when you dispute of Physicks or Metaphysicks Â§ 20. Direct 9. Be sure in all your disputes that you still keep distinguished before your eyes the Direct 9. Order of Being and the Order of Knowing that the questions de esse lying undetermined in your way â do not frustrate all your dispute about the question de cognoscere As in the question Whether a man should do such or such a thing when he thinketh that it is Gods Command How far Conscience must be obeyed It must first be determined de esse whether indeed the thing be commanded or lawful or not Before the case can be determined about the obligation that followeth my apprehension For what ever my Conscience or Opinion say of it the Thing either is Lawful or it is not If it be Lawful or a duty the case is soon decided But if it be not Lawful the error of my Conscience altereth not Gods Law nor will it make it lawful unto me I am bound first to know and then to do what God revealeth and commandeth and this I shall be bound to what ever I imagine to the contrary and to lay by the error which is against it Â§ 21. Direct 10. Be sure when you first enter upon an enquiry or dispute that you well discover how Direct 10. much of the controversie is verbal de nomine and âow much is material de re And that you suffer not â your adversary to go on upon a false supposition that the Controversie is de re when it is but de Non ex verbis reâ sed ex rebus verba esse inquirenda ait Mysoâ in Laert. p. 70. Basil Edit nomine The difference between names and things is so wide that you would think no reasonable man should confound them And yet so heedless in this point are ordinary disputers that it is a usual thing to make a great deal of stir about a controversie before they discern whether it be de nomine or de râ Many a hot and long dispute I have heard which was managed as about the very heart of some material cause as about mans Power to do good or about the sufficiency of Grace or about Iustification c. when the whole contest between the Disputers was only or principally It is a noble work that Mr. Le Blanck of Sedan is about to this purpose stating more exâctly than hath yet been done all the Controversies between us and the Papists which how excellently he is like to perform I easily conjecture by the Disputes of his
such a reward But he had rather have that reward of it self without Holiness 62. He may also Love and desire Christ as a means conceited to such an end And he may use much Religious duty to that end And he may forbear such sins as that End can spare lest they deprive him of his hoped-for felicity Yea he may suffer much to prevent an endless suffering 63. As Nature necessarily Loveth self and self-felicity God and the Devil do both make great use of this natural pondus or necessitating Principle for their several ends The Devil saith Thou Lovest Pleasure therefore take it and make provision for it God saith Thou lovest felicity and fearest misery I and my Love are the true felicity and adhering to sensual pleasure depriveth thee of better and is the beginning of thy misery and will bring thee unto worse 64. God commandeth man nothing that is not for his own good and forbiddeth him nothing which is not directly or indirectly to his hurt And therefore engageth self-love on his side for every act of our obedience 65. Yet this good of our own is not the highest nor all the good which God intendeth and we must intend but it is subordinate unto the greater good fore-mentioned 66. As a carnal man may have opinionative uneffectual convictions that God and his Love are his spiritual felicity better than sensual yea and that God is his ultimate End above his own felicity it self so the sanctifying of man consisteth in bringing up these convictions to be truly effectual and practical to renew and rule the Mind and Will and Life 67. Whether this be done by first knowing God as the Beginning and End above our selves and then knowing effectually that he is mans felicity or whether self-love be first excited to Love him as our own felicity and next we be carryed up to Love him for himself as our highest End it cometh all to one when the work is done And we cannot prove that God tyeth himself constantly to either of these methods alone But experience telleth us that the later is the usual way and that as Nature so Grace beginneth with the smallest seed and groweth upward towards perfection And that self-love and desire of endless felicity and fear of endless misery are the first notable effects or changes on a repenting soul. 68. And indeed the state of sin lyeth both in mans fall from GOD to SELF and in the mistake of his own felicity preferring even for Himself a sensible good before a spiritual and the Creature before the Creator And therefore he must be rectified in both 69. And the hypocrites uneffectual Love to God and Holiness is much discovered in this that as he loveth dead Saints and their Images and Holy-dayes because they trouble him not so he best loveth opinionatively and least hateth practically the Saints in Heaven and the Holiness that is far from him and God as he conceiveth of him as one that is in Heaven to glorifie men But he hateth practically though not professedly the God that would make him holy and deprive him of all his sinful pleasures or condemn him for them And he can better like Holiness in his Pastor neighbour or child than in Himself 70. Therefore sincerity much consisteth in the Love of self-holiness but not as for self alone but as carrying self and all to God 71. As the Sun-beams do without any interception reach the eye and by them without interception our sight ascendeth and extendeth to the Sun so Gods communicated Goodness and Glorious Revelation extend through and by all inferiour mediums to our understandings and our wills And our Knowledge and Love ascendeth and extendeth through all and by all again to God And as it were unnatural for the eye illuminated by the Sun to see it self only or to see the mediate creatures and not to see the Light and Sun by which it seeth nay it doth least see it self so is it unnatural for the soul to understand and Love it self alone which it little understandeth and should Love with self-denyal and the Creatures only and not to Love God by whom we know and Love the creature 72. It is possible to Love God and Holiness and Heaven as a conceited state and means of our sensual felicity and escape of pain and misery But to Love God as the true felicity of the Intellectual nature and as our spiritual Rest and yet to Love him only or chiefly for our selves and not rather for Himself as our highest end implyeth a contradiction The same I say of Holiness as Loved only for our selves The evidence whereof is plain in that it is Essential to God to be not only better than our selves and every creature but also to be the Ultimate End of all things to which they should tend in all their perfections And it is Essential to Holiness to be the souls devotion of it self to God as God and not only to God as our felicity Therefore to Love God only or chiefly for our selves is to make him only a means to our felicity and not our chief End and it is to make our selves Better and so more Amiable than God that is to be Gods our selves 73. This is much of the sense of the Controversie between the Epicureans and the sober Philosophers as is to be seen in Cicero c. The sober Philosophers said that Virtue was to be loved for it self more than for Pleasure Because if Pleasure as such be better than vertue as such than all sensual Pleasure would be better than Vertue as such The Epicureans said that not all pleasure but the pleasure of Vertue was the chief good as Torquatus his words in Cicero shew And if it had been first proved that a mans self is his just ultimate end as the finis cui or the personal end than it would be a hard question whether the Epicureans were not in the right as to the finis cujus or the Real end which indeed is but a medium to the personal cui But when it is most certain that no mans person is to be his own ultimate end as cui but God and then the Universe and societies of the world as beforesaid it is then easie to prove that the sober Philosophers were in the right and that no mans Pleasure is his ultimate end finis cujus Because no mans Pleasure is either such a demonstration of the Divine perfection as Vertue is as such nor yet doth it so much conduce to the common good of societies or mankind and so to the pleasing and glorifying of God And this way Cicero might easily have made good his cause against the Epicureans 74. Though no man indeed Love God as God who Loveth him not as Better than himself and therefore Loveth him not better and as his absolutely ultimate end and though no man desire Holiness indeed who desireth not to be devoted absolutely to God before and above himself yet is it very common to
imployment for all thy time Direct 3. which Gods immediate service spareth Yea which somewhat urgeth thee to diligence Otherwise thou wilt lye in bed and say thou hast time to spare or nothing to do You can rise when you have a journey to be gone or a business of pressing necessity to be done Keep your selves under some constant necessity or urgency of business at the least Â§ 14. Direct 4. Take pleasure in your Callings and in the service of God Sluggards themselves Direct 4. can rise to that which they take much pleasure in As to go to a Merriment or Feast or Play or Game or to a good bargain or any thing which they delight in If thou hadst a Delight in thy Calling and in reading the Scripture and praying and doing good thou couldst not lye contentedly in bed but wouldst long to be up and doing as Children to their play The wicked can rise early to do wickedness because their hearts are set upon it They can be drunk or steal or whâre or plot ârâv 4 16 1 Thess. 5. 6 7. their ambitious and covetous designs when they should sleep And if thy heart were set as much on good as theirs is on evil wouldst not thou be as wakeful and as readily up Â§ 15. Direct 5. Remember the grand importance of the business of your souls which alwayes lyeth Direct 5. on your hands that the greatness of your work may rowze you up What lye slugging in bed when you are so far behind hand in knowledge and grace and assurance of salvation and have so much of the Scripture and other Books to read and understand Hast thou not grace to beg for a needy soul Is not Prayer better work than excess of sleeping Great business in the world can make you rise and why not Greater Â§ 16. Direct 6. Remember that thou must answer in judgement for thy time And what comfort Direct 6. wilt thou have to say I slug'd away so many hours in a morning And what comfort at death when time is gone to review so much cast away in sleep Â§ 17. Direct 7. Remember that God beholdeth thee and is calling thee up to work If thou understoodst Direct 7. his Word and Providence thou wouldst hear him as it were saying as the Marriners to Ionah What meanest thou O sleeper Arise call upon thy God Wilt thou lye sleeping inordinately when God Jonah 1. 6. stands over thee and calls thee up If the King or any great person or friend did but knock at thy door thou wouldst rise presently to wait upon them Why God would speak with thee by his Word or hear thee speak to him by prayer and wilt thou lye still and despise his Call Â§ 18. Direct 8. Remember how many are attending thee while thou sleepest If it be Summer the Direct 8. Sun is up before thee that hath gone so many thousand miles while thou wast asleep It hath given a dayes light to the other half of the world since thou laist down and is come again to light thee to thy work and wilt thou let it shine in vain All the creatures are ready in their places to assist thee and art thou asleep Â§ 19. Direct 9. Consider whether thou wilt allow thy servants to do the like They must be up Direct 9. and at work or you will be offended and tell them that they are no servants for you and that you hire them not to sleep And do you not owe God more service than they owe you Doth God hire you to sleep Is it any lawfuller for you than them to sleep one minute more than is needful to your health No not a minute If you are sicklier than they that 's another matter But see that fulness and idleness cause it not But otherwise your Riches are no excuse to you Will you loyter more than they because you receive more and do less service because you have more pay Or is it your priviledge to be so miserable as to lose that time which poor men save Â§ 20. Direct 10. Remember that your morning hours are the choicest part of all the day for any holy Direct 10. exercise or special employment of the mind The mind is fresh and clear and there is less interruption by worldly business whereas when others are up and about their business you will have interpellations Those that have tryed it can say by experience that the morning hours are the flower of their time for prayer or studies and that early rising is a great part of the art of Redeeming Time Â§ 21. Direct 11. Remember how many are condemning you by their diligence while you are slugging Direct 11. away your time How many holy persons are then at prayer in secret wrestling fervently with God for their salvation or reading and meditating in his word What do they get while you are sleeping The blessed man doth delight in the Law of the Lord and meditate in it day and night and you love your ease and are sleeping day and night Will not all these be witnesses against you So will the diligent in their Callings and so will the worldlings and wicked that rise early to their sin How many thousand are hard at work while you are sleeping Have you not work to do as well as they Â§ 22. Direct 12. Remember that sensuality or flesh-pleasing is the great condemning sin that Direct 12. turns the heart from God And if it be odious in a drunkard or fornicator why is it not so in you Mortifie the flesh and learn to deny it its inordinate desires and your sin is almost cured Â§ 23. Direct 13. For then the executive part is easie when you are willing It is but agreeing Direct 13. with some one to awaken you and a little cold water will wash away your drowsiness if you consent PART VII Directions against sinful Dreams Â§ 1. DReams are neither good nor sinful simply in themselves because they are not rational and voluntary nor in our power But they are often made sinful by some other voluntary Act They may be sinful by participation and consequently And the acts that make them sinful are either such as go before or such as follow after Â§ 2. 1. The antecedent causes are any sinful act which distempereth the body or any sin which inclineth the fantasie and mind thereto or the omission of what was necessary to prevent them 2. The causes which afterwards make them objectively sinful are the ill uses that men make of them As when they take their dreams to be Divine Revelations and trust to them or are affrighted by them as ominous or as prophetical and make them the ground of their actions and seduce themselves by the phantasms of their own brains Â§ 3. Direct 1. Avoid those bodily distempers as much you can which cause sinful dreams especially Direct 1. fulness of dyet A full stomach causeth troublesome
and temperature of your children which is a great advantage for the choosing and applying of the best remedy 8. You have opportunity of watching over them and discerning all their faults in time But if a Minister speak to them he can know no more what fault to reprehend than others tell him or the party will confess You may also discern what success your former exhortations had and whether they amend or still go on in sin and whether you should proceed to more severe remedies 9. You have opportunity of speaking to them in the most familiar manner which is better understood than the set speech of a Minister in the Pulpit which few of them mark or understand You can quicken their attention by questions which put them upon answering you and so awaken them to a serious regard of what you say 10. You are so frequently with them that you can repeat your instructions and drive them home that what is not done at one time may be done at another Whereas other men can seldom speak to them and what is so seldome spoken is easily neglected or forgotten 11. You have power to place them under the best means and to remove many impediments out of their way which usually frustrate other mens endeavours 12. Your example is near them and continually in their sight which is a continual and powerful Sermon By all these advantages God hath enabled you above all others to be instruments of your Childrens good and the first and greatest promoters of their salvation Â§ 6. Motive 6. Consider how great a Comfort it would be to you to have your children such as you Motive 6. may confidently hope are the children of God being brought to know him and love and serve him through your own endeavours in a pious education of them 1. You may love your children upon an higher account than as they are yours even as they are Gods adorned with his Image and quickned with a divine celestial life And this is is to love them with a higher kind of Love than meer Natural affection is It would rejoyce you to see your children advanced to be Lords or Princes But O how much greater cause of joy is it to see them made the members of Christ and quickned by his Spirit and sealed up for life eternal 2. When once your children are made the children of God by the Regeneration of the Spirit you may be much more free from care and trouble for them than before Now you may boldly trust them on the care of their heavenly Father who is able to do more for them than you are able to desire He loveth them better than you can love them He is bound by promise to protect them and provide for them and to see that all things work together for their good He that clotheth the Lillies of the fields and suffereth not the young Lions or Ravens to be unprovided for will provide convenient food for his own children though he will have you also do your duty for them as they are your children While they are the children of Satan and the servants of sin you have cause to fear not only lest they be exposed to miseries in this world but much more lest they be snatched away in their sin to Hell Your children while they are ungodly are worse than among Wolves and Tygârs But when once they are renewed by the Spirit of Christ they are the charge of all the blessed Trinity and under God the charge of Angels Living or dying they are safe For the Eternal God is their portion and defence 3. It may be a continual comfort to you to think what a deal of drudgery and calamity your child is freed from To think how many Oaths he would have sworn and how many lyes and curses he would have uttered and how bâaftly and fleshly a life he would have lived how much wrong he would have done to God and men and how much he would have pleased the Devil and what torments in Hâll he must have endured as the reward of aââââ and then to think how mercifully God hath prevented all this and what service he may do God in the world and finally live with Christ in glory What a joy is this to a considering believing Parent that taketh the mercies of his children as his own 4. Religion will teach your children to be more dutiful to your selves than Nature can teach them It will teach them to Love you even when you have no more to give them as well as if you had the wealth of all the world It will teach them to honour you though you are poor and contemptible in the eyes of others It will teach them to obey you and if you âall into want to relieve you according to their power It will âit them to comfort you i st the time of your sickness and distress when ungodly children will be as thorns in your feet or eyes and cut your hearts and prove a greater grief than any enemies to you A gracious child will bear with your weaknesses when a Châm will not cover his Fathers nakedness A gracious Child can pray for you and pray with you and be a blessing to your house when an ungodly Child is fitter to curse and prove a curse to those he liveâ with 5. And is it not an exceeding joy to think of the everlasting happiness of your Child and that you may live togâther in Heaven for ever When the foresâen misâry of a gracâlâss Child may grieve you when ever you look him in the face 6. Lastly It will be a great addition to your joy to think that God blessed your diligent instructions and made you the instrument of all that good that is done upon your children and of all that good that is done by them and of all the happiness they have for ever To think that this was conveyed to them by your means will give you a larger share in the delights of it Â§ 7. Motive 7. Remember that your Childrens Original sin and misery is by you and therefore in Motive 7. juââice you that have undone them are bound to do your best to save them If you had but conveyed a leprosiâ or some hereditary Disease to their bodies would you not have done your best to cure them O that you could do them but as much good as you do them hurt It is more than Adamâ sin that runneth down into the natures of your Children yea and that bringeth judgements on them And even Adams sin cometh not to them but by you Â§ 8. Motive 8. Lastly Consider what exceeding great need they have of the utmost help you can afford Motive 8. them It is not a corporal disease an easie enemy a tolerable that we call unto you for their helpââ But it is against Sin and Satan and Hell fire It is against a body of sin not one but many âoâ small but pernicious having seized upon the heart
was an Ecclesiastical Usurper quoad personam that had no true Call to a Lawful Office shall after have a Call or if any thing fall out which shall make it our duty to Consent and Call him then the impediment from his Usurpation is removed 3. It is not lawful though the Civil Magistrate command us to swear obedience even in licitis honestis to such an Usurper whose Office it self is unlawful or forbidden by Christ as he is such an Officer No Protestant thinketh it lawful to swear obedience to the Pope as Pope nor do any that take Lay-Elders to be an unlawful Office think it lawful to swear obedience to them as such 4. If one that is in an unlawful Ecclesiastical Office be also at once in another that is lawful we may swear obedience to him in respect of the Lawful Office So it is Lawful to swear obedience to the Pope in Italy as a Temporal Prince in his own Dominions And to a Cardinal as Richelieu Mazarine Ximenes c. as the Kings Minister exercising a power derived from him So it is lawful for a Tenant where Law and Custome requireth it to swear fidelity to a Lay Elder as his Landlord or Temporal Lord and Master And so the old Non-conformists who thought the English Prelacy an unlawful Office yet maintained that it is Lawful to take the Oath of Canonical obedience because they thought it was imposed by the King and Laws and that we swear to them not as Officers claiming a Divine Right in the Spiritual Government but as Ordinaries or Officers made by the King to exercise so much of Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction under him as he can delegate according to the Oath of Supremacy in which we all acknowledge the King to be Supream in all Ecclesiastical Causes that is Not the Supream Pastor Bishop or Spiritual Key-bearer or Ruler but the Supream Civil Ruler of the Church who hath the power of the Sword and of determining all things extrinsick to the Pastoral Office and so of the Coercive Government of all Pastors and Churches as well as of other Subjects And if Prelacy were proved never so unlawful no doubt but by the Kings Command we may swear or perform formal obedience to a Prelate as he is the Kings Officer Of the Non-conformists judgement in this read Bradshaw against Canne c. 5. But in such a case no Oath to Inferiours is lawful without the Consent of the Soveraign power or at least against his will 6. Though it be a duty for the flock to obey every Presbyter yet if they would make all the people swear obedience to them all wise and conscionable Christians should dissent from the introduction of such a custome and deny such Oaths as far as lawfully they may that is 1. If the King be against it we must refuse it 2. If he be neutral or meerly passive in it we must refuse unless some apparent necessity for the Churches good require it 1. Because it favoureth of Pride in such Presbyters 2. Because it is a new Custome in the Church and contrary to the antient practice 3. It is not only without any authority given them by Christ that they exact such Oaths but Mat. 22. 4 10. Luke 22. 27 c. Mark 9. 35. 1 Pet. 5. 2 3. 1 Cor. 9. 19. 1 Cor. 4. 1. 2 Cor. 4. 5. also contrary to the great humility lowliness and condescension in which he describeth his Ministers who must be Great by being the servants of all 4. And it tendeth to corrupt the Clergy for the future 5. And such new impositions give just reason to Princes and to the People to suspect that the Presbyters are aspiring after some inordinate exaltation or have some ill project for the advancement of themselves 7. But yet if it be not only their own ambition which imposeth it but either the King and Laws command it or necessity require it for the avoidance of a greater evil it may be Lawful and a duty to take an Oath of Obedience to a Lawful Presbyter or Bishop Because 1. It is a â duty to Obey them 2. And it is not forbidden us by Christ to promise or swear to do our duty even when they may sin in demanding such an Oath 8. If an Office be Lawful in the essential parts and yet have unlawful integrals or adjuncts or be abused in exercise it will not by such additions or abuses be made unlawful to swear Obedience to the Officer as such 9. If one Presbyter or Bishop would make another Presbyter or Bishop to swear obedience to him without authority the Case is the same as of the Usurpers before mentioned Quest. 154. Must all our preaching be upon a Text of Scripture Answ. 1. IN many Cases it may be lawful to preach without a Text to make Sacred Orations Actâ 2 3. like Greg. Nazianzenes and Homilies like Macarius's Ephrem Syrus's and many other antients and like our own Church-Homilies 2. But ordinarily it is the fittest way to preach upon a Text of Scripture 1. Because it is our Luke 4. 18. very Office to Teach the people the Scripture The Prophets brought a new word or message from God but the Priests did but keep interpret and teach the Law already received And we are not Mal. 2. 7. successors of the inspired Prophets but as the Priests were Teachers of Gods received Word And this practice will help the people to understand our Office 2. And it will preserve the due esteem and reverence of the Holy Scriptures which the contrary practice may diminish Quest. 155. Is not the Law of Moses abrogated and the whole Old Testament out of date and therefore not to be Read publickly and preached on Answ. 1. THe Covenant of Innocency is ceased cessante subditorum capacitate as a Covenant or promise And so are the Positive Laws proper to Adam in that state and to many particular persons since 2. The Covenant mixt of Grace and Works proper to the Jews with all the Jewish Law as such was never made to us or to the rest of the world and to the Jews it is ceased by the coming and perfecter Laws and Covenant of Christ. 3. The Prophecies and Types of Christ and the Promises made to Adam Abraham and others of his Coming in the flesh are all fulfilled and therefore not useful to all the ends of their first making And the many Prophecies of particular things and persons past and gone are accomplished 4. But the Law of Nature is still Christs Law And that Law is much expounded to us in the Old Testament And if God once for another use did say This is the Law of Nature the truth of these words as a Divine Doctrine and Exposition of the Law of Nature is still the same 5. The Covenant of Grace made with Adam and Noah for all mankind is still in force as to the great benefits and main condition that is as to pardon given by it
Acosta de Convers. Bâeganius de Theol. Gentil Vossius de Idolol Vâssius de Theol. natur Collius de Animabus paganorum Eugubinus Fotherby Mersennus in Genesin XVI Cates of Conscience more Filliucius Tolet de sacerdot Reginald Cajetane Navarrus See Montaltus against the Jesuits Casuists and the Iesuits Morals Downames and Whateleys Tables on the Commandments Sanderson de Iuramento Fragoso aforenamed XVII Of Councils more and Canonists and Liturgies Ius Orientale Graecorum per Leunclavium Bochelli Decreta Gallic Sirmondi Concil Gall. Longus Actus Conventus Thorunensis Formula Concordiae Germ The Westminster Assemblies Acts. English Canons Fasti Siculi Morini exercit Eccles. Zepper Polit. Eccles. Hammond Le strange of Liturgies Antiqâitates Liturgicae Cassanders Works Claud. Sainctes Gavantus de Ritibus Vicecomes XVIII More of the Fathers I need not name If you can get and read them you may find their names e. g. in Bellarmin de Script Eccles. Get the Bibliothec. Patrum of de la Bigne and Macarius Hom. Ephrem Syâus plain honest things Theodoret Cyril Hieros Cyril Alexand. Isidore Pelusiota Theophilact Occumenius Sâdulius Primasius Remigius Beda c. But many of them are very weak and dry The chief use of the Fathers is to know Historically what Doctrine was then taught XIX Schoolmen more Bonaventure Alensis Cajetane Bannez Biel Cameracensis Franc. Mayro Capreolus Ri. Armachanus Bradwardine Faber Faventinus Hervaeus Ioh. Fr. Pici Mirandul Fr. Victoria Suarâz Vasquez Albertinus in Thom. Aquila Scottellus Ripalda nameth more if you would have more XX. Antipapists Pappus of their Contradictions Gentiletus Mortons Apology and Grand Imposture He that would have more Books may see Voctiâs Bibliother and many other Catalogues Buckeridge Râffeusis for Kings Crakenthorpe Paraeus cont Bellarm. Iunius on Bellar. Birkbeck's Protestants Evidence Hunnii Eccles. Rom. non est Christ. Hottoman Brutum fulmen c. Eusebius Captivus Ioh. Crocius de schismate Iewel all Whitaker Andrews Tortura Torti Wotton Dr. Ier. Tailors Disswasive But they are almost numberless Note 1. THat these may seem too many though they are few to a full and rich Library 2. That it is not my advice that you read over all these or half For that would but make them a snare for sinning and waste of time But a Minister of the Gospel should have more Books by him than he can read over for particular uses and to see the Authors judgement occasionally and to try other mens Citations 3. That a Minister must neither study the matter without the help of other mens studies by Reading much nor yet Read much without studying the Thing it self 4. That though a man must not speak or write before he knoweth what and how yet thus Exercising the Knowledge that we have doth greatly increase it And no Minister must be studying when he should be Preaching Praying Catechizing or visiting or instructing his flock 5. It is but few men that are born with an acumen fit for Writings and Controversies Those few must read the more to be fit for it The rest may take up with such Preparations as they have use for and exercise them viz. in the Pastoral oversight of the flocks and propagating plain and necessary truths And therefore though I am one that have been thought to burden mens understandings with Methods distinctions directions and controversies it is but few that I perswade to use them and am as much as any for most mens adhering to plain fundamentals and truths of daily use and Love and honour those that go no further and are faithful in this work so be it they have not the Pride to think that they know more than they do and to wrangle against that which they understand not and set not the Church on fire as ancient Ignorance did by accusing those of Heresie that knew more than themselves when they got but the Throne or the Major Vote 6. That though I chiefly commend Systemes of Theologie I know not one whose method satisfieth me as well agreeing with Scripture and the matter else I had not troubled my self so much to seek a right method and propose what I found And I think no common Method more genuine than theirs that expound the Creed Lords Prayer and Decalogue and the Sacraments as the sum of all 7. I mention none of my own Writings for it will seem vanity But as many as they are I wrote none which I thought needless at the time of writing them 8. Though none should have so great fitness for the holy education of Children and Government of Families as Ministers yet so great is the work of Overseeing the flock requiring more time and parts than all that we have and so great are the matters of our studies and labours requiring our total and most serious thoughts that I earnestly advise all that can possibly to live single and without a Family lest they marr their work by a divided mind For nunquam bene fit quod fit prae-occupato animo saith Hierome truly The whole man and whole time is all too little in so great a work The End of the third TOME A Christian Directory Or A SUMM of PRACTICAL DIVINITY By Way of DIRECTION The Fourth Part. Christian Politicks CONTAINING All the Duties of the Six last Commandments in our Political Relations and towards our Neighbours With the principal CASES of CONSCIENCE about them By RICHARD BAXTER Rom. 13. 1 2 3 4 5 6. Let every soul be subject to the Higher Powers For Rulers are not a terror to good works but to the evil For he is the Minister of God to thee for good Matth. 17. 27. Lest we should offend them give unto them for me and thee Matth. 19. 19. Thou shalt Love thy Neighbour as thy self Matth. 7. 12. Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you do ye even so to them For this is the Law and the Prophets LONDON Printed by Robert White for Nevill Simmons at the Sign of the Princes Arms in St. Pauls Church-yard 1673. READER THink not by the title of this Part that I am doing the same work which I lately revoked in my Political Aphorisms Though I concluded that Book to be quasi non scriptum I told you I recanted not the Doctrine of it which is for the Empire of God and the Interest of Government Order and honesty in the World This is no place to give you the Reasons of my revocation besides that it offended my Superiours and exercised the tongues of some in places where other matters would be more profitable Pass by all that concerneth our particular State and Times and you may know by that what principles of Policy I judge Divine And experience teacheth me that it is best for men of my Profession to meddle with no more but leave it to the Contzeus the Arnisaeus's and other Jesuits to promote their cause by Voluminous politicks The Popes false-named Church is a Kingdom and his Ministers may write of Politicks
infer ergo Bâshop be no Governours in those things meaning No dispensers guiders nor directors of those things your Conclusion is larger c. so p. 256. Ecclesiastical so far as coercive Government is required it belongeth not to Pope or Prelates under him but to the King and his Officers or Courts alone Or that the King is chief in Governing by the Sword in causes Ecclesiastical as well as Civil So that if you put spiritual instead of Ecclesiastical the word is taken materially and not formally not that the King is chief in the spiritual Government by the Keyes of Excommunication and Absolution but that he is chief in the coercive Government about spiritual matters as before explained Â§ 51. Quest. 3. Is not this to confound the Church and State and to give the Pastors Power to the Magistrate Quest. 3. Answ. Not at all It is but to say that there may be need of the use both of the Word and Sword against the same persons for the same offence and the Magistrate only must use one and the Pastors the other An heretical Preacher