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A26839 The expert phisician learnedly treating of all agues and feavers, whether simple or compound, shewing their different nature, causes, signes, and cure ... / written originally by that famous doctor in phisick, Bricius Bauderon ; and translated into English by B.W., licentiate in physick by the University of Oxford ...; Pharmacopée. English Bauderon, Brice, ca. 1540-1623.; Welles, Benjamin, 1615 or 16-1678. 1657 (1657) Wing B1163; ESTC R19503 59,853 176

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malignant Medicines c. and this is not lethal The internal cause is a fervid heat with a malignant quality which doth not always dissolve the body by insensible transpiration but sometimes by manifest excretions The signes are rusous crass stinking dejections sometimes fat and viscid with a spume or froth which indicates heat the nose grows sharp and the eyes hollow which latter signes if they appear at first we are not to meddle Hippocrates proposes two remedies the one the cremor of Barley the other cold Water with acid sirrup made up with Sugar and not with Honey give Glisters if occasion be or eccoproticks for the first region of the body with opening and cooling decoctions if there be obstructions and condites and cardiacal powders as are described in the Chapter of a continual tertian CHAP. XXVI Of the Feaver from Crudity {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} that is a Feaver from Crudity though the word Crude be applied to various things yet in this place it is taken for a raw cold humour contained in the first passages or in the whole body this Feaver differs from an Epiala not in matter nor in the place of putrefaction but in malignity and therefore is not voyd of danger especially if it be joyned with an inflammation of stomach or liver for sometimes it is without them If the crude humour putrefie in the first passages there will be a nauseousness sower belchings with idleness or unseasonable exercise as Venery presently after meat c. if it bee in the whole body the urine will be thin and watery the contents divulsed the colour pallid plumbeous or livid the whole bulk somewhat swelled the pulse unequal obscure with a dulness of the senses make a Glister with Hiera Catholicum honey of Roses oyle of Camomel decoction of Mallows Mercury Origanum Dill c. Take of Catholicum an ounce infuse it all night in the infusion of Damask Roses streine it and adde sirrup of Succory with Rhubarb duplicated an ounce and half give it in the morn if strength and age permit and a high tinct urine require it let bloud in the axillary veine in small quantity with a narrow Orifice All attenuating things used must not be very hot lest the Feaver be increased Take of sirrup of Vineger and juyce of Endive each two ounces Succory Wormwood-water each six ounces Take of Grass-roots Butchers Broom and Asparagus each an ounce of Succory Agrimony Endive the Capillary Plants Sea-wormwoode ach a handful Origanum and Balm each half a handful seeds of Carduus Benedictus Citron and Anise each two drams flowers of Bugloss and Time each a pugil boyle them in water to a pint with Oxymel simple three ounces make an Apozem and aromatize it with Cinamon Take of Cinamon a scruple Rhubarb four scruples Catholicum half an ounce Cassia newly extracted an ounce infuse them in part of the Apozem and to the expression adde sirrup of Roses with Agarick an ounce and half give the potion and give no stronger take of the Conserve of Citron pill three drams old Mithridate or Treacle or Aurea Alexandrina a dram with Sugar give the Bolus next day three hours before meat Books printed and are to be be sold by John Hancock at the first shop in Popes-head-Alley next to Cornhil A Book of Short-writing the most easie exact lineal and speedy method fitted to the meanest capacity composed by Mr. Theophilus Metcalse professor of the said Art Also a School-master explaining the Rules of the said Book Another Book of new Short-hand by Thomas Crosse A Coppy-book of the newest and most useful hands Four Books lately published by Mr. Thomas Brooks Preacher of the Gospel at Margarets New Fish-street 1 Precious Remedies against Satans Devices or Salve for Beleevers and unbeleevers Sores being a companion for those that are in Christ or out of Christ that sleight or neglect Ordinances under a pretence of living above them that are growing in Spirituals or decaying that are tempted or deserted afflicted or opposed that have assurance or want it on 2 Cor. 2. 11. 2 Heaven on Earth or A serious Discourse touching a well-grounded Assurance of mens everlasting happiness and blessedness discovering the nature of Assurance the possibility of attaining it the Causes Springs and Degrees of it with the resolution of several weighty Questions on Rom. 8. 32 33 34. 3 The unsearchable Riches of Christ or Meat for strong men and Milk for Babes held forth in two and twenty Sermons from Ephes. 3. 8. preached on his Lecture Nights at Fish-street-hill 4 His Apples of Gold for Young-men and Women and A Crown of Glory for Old Men and Women or the happiness of being good betimes and the Honour of being an old Disciple clearly and fully discovered and closely and faithfully applied The Godly Mans Ark or City of refuge in the day of his Distress Discovered in divers Sermons the first of which was preached at the Funeral of Mistris Elizabeth Moore Whereunto is annexed Mistris Moores Evidences for Heaven composed and collected by her in the time of her health for her comfort in the time of sickness By Ed. Calamy B. D. and Paster of the Church at Aldermanbury The Covenant of Gods Free Grace unfolded and comfortably applied to a disquieted or dejected soul 2 Sam. 23. 5. By that late Reverend Divine Mr. John Cotton of New England The Ruine of the Authors and Fomenters of Civil War as it was delivered in a Sermon before the Parliament at their monthly Fast by Mr. Samuel Gibson sometime Minister at Margarets Westminster and one of the Assembly of Divines The New Creature with a description of the several marks and characters thereof by Richard Bartlet FINIS Of the Name The definition of a Feaver The division of heat The division of ascititious heat From the essence From the subject From the manner of the motion From the efficient cause From the matter The containing The conta●n●d The impetuous From the Symptoms The simple Feaver An unputred Synochus The Homotonos The Epacmastic● The Paracmastical The putred Synochus The Synechis Intermitting Feavers A Hectick Compound Feavers The Confuse The Erratick From the Humour From the quality Object against this opinion From the quality From the habit of the body From the strength From the complication The cause of putrefaction What the catas●a●●● it From whence are the signes of these tim●s From whence is the Idaea of the Disease 2 From the fits 3 From the figure 4 From the strength 5 From the season 6 From the pulse 7 From the rigour 8 From the houre 9 From the Symptomes 10 From the duration of the fits 11 From the evacuation 12 From the urine Signes when the matter is out of the veines How to distinguish the four times of Feavers The fo●● times of a Phlegmon Signes of the times of an Ophthalmy The four times of an Ulcer What time is What a period is What is the type The time of intermitting Feavers from moveable matter The division of the fit The first time The second time The third The fourth The fifth The Sixth The times of these putrid are but four The signes of the times of these Feavers The augment The state The declination From whence the times of a Diary Feavers without putrefaction of the Humours The times of mortal Feavers The times of a Hectick Of Bleeding Purging Of the name Of the external causes Of the internal causes Of the Singes Who are subject to it The Cure The profit of Baths What a Synochus is The Signes The Cure A Cholagoge Feavers from Humours equally putrefied The Causes The Signes How many wayes a Crisis may be The Cure The cordial powder An Epithem for the heart A Plaister A Liniment for the Liver Feavers from humours unequally putrefied The division of these Feavers The external Causes Causes internal The causes of a not exquisite continual Tertian Signs Pathognomonical of a causus Signes assident Signes of exquisite Tertian Prognosticks The Aire His Drink Bleed A cooling Glister A Bole. A Rule to be observed A Julep A Purge for Choler Of the Name How a continual and intermitting differ External causes The Signs A Glister A Vomite A Purge for the Flegme Bleed A Julep An Apozem Pills Of the Name The Causes The Signs Prognosticks The Cure A Rule for purging A Glister A purge for Melancholly A Vomit An altering Julep An Apozem Lozenges The Oyntment for the Spleen Whence a double Tertian The Causes The Signs A Caution A Julep A Purge for choller Pills A Bolus A Cordial powder A Vomit A Suppositary A Purge A Julep An Apozem A Purge A bolus Lozenges for the Liver The division of this Feaver The Signs Signes of a bastard Quotidian The Cure A Suppositary A Glister A purging Potion A Julep Pills A Condite A Liniment A Plaister Of the Name The Cure The Sign● Prognosticks The Cure A Glister A Bole so melancholly A Purge for melancholly Pills Vomit An Apozem for choller adust An Apozem for salt flegm A Purge for 〈◊〉 flegme A purge for flegme and melancholly A Bole A Purge for choller adust An Opiate Lozenges A Plaister for the Spleen The Causes Presages A powder for an intermitting quartan Of a confused Feaver A Compound Feaver Of the Erratick Feaver The Causes The signes of a Semitertian Signes of a non exquisite Semiter●ian Pr●●nosti●●s A Purge A Sirrup against thirst An opening Apozem Of the Name The Definition The Division The Causes Signes of the first degree Signes of the second degree Signes of the third degree The Cure A Glister A Potion Baths A Liniment A Condite The Cure of the second degree An oyntment for the brest The choyce of Milks The third degree A short cure of a Compound Hectick The division and difference of malignant Feavers Of a Leipyria Feaver The Cure A Syncopal Feaver The Cause The signes from prassinous choller The Cure A Glister for flegme A Glister for ae●uginous choller A minorating Purge for flegme A purge for choller Pills A Julep for flegme An Apozem The signes The cure Typhodis Feaver The moyst Feaver The restless Feaver The signe● The Cause A Glister A Potion The Colliquating Feaver The cause The signes Of the Name The Signs A minorating purge A Rule A Julep An Apozem A Purge
You see his Shadow and his outward Looks Such was his face which yet is but the rind To know him better you must read his Books You 'l wonder at his gifts and noble mind THE Expert Phisician Learnedly treating of all AGVES and FEAVERS Whether Simple or Compound Shewing their different Nature Causes Signes and Cure viz. A Feaverish Heat The differences of Feavers A Diary Feaver A Burning Feaver A continual Putrid A continual Tertian A continual Quotidian A continual Quartan An intermitting Quartan Feavers annexed to Quartans A Semitertian Feaver An Hectick Feaver Confused Erratick Feavers Malignant pestilent Feavers c. Written originally by that famous Doctor in Phisick Bricius Bauderon and Translated into English by B. W. Licentiate in Physick by the University of Oxford Published for the general good of this Nation and may be put in practice with facility and safety Printed at London by R. I. for John Hancock and are to bee sold at the first shop in Popes-head Alley near the Exchange 1657. The Epistle to the Reader Courteous Reader THere are no Diseases more frequent in this Nation none more difficult of Cure than Agues and Feavers so that they are Proverbially called The Scandal of Phisicians Fernelius who was thought to have writ best against them was himself destroyed by one neither hath there yet been publisht any remedy so saving as their fiery darts are killing Accept then of this Balsome gathered from the choyse Gardens of the Greeks Latines Arabians by the hands of that incomparable Dr. Bricius Bauderon whose age and experience works more on my faith than the unfathomed Arcana of the moderne Febrifuga hee was eighty years aged when he writ this Tract and had fifty years confirmed by his Practise what in one moneths time thou mayest now be master of his painful long-teeming Birth wants nothing but thy embraces to cherish it it hath been for many years cloystered up in the French and Latine tongue though desired by ambitious heads as a choyse purchase few private Studies could boast of its possession which encouraged me to set it forth in this English Garb in which it is entire though not so splendid more profitable though not so beauteous Such emunct nostrils as shall snuffe at it are like those my Author speaks of that wil swound at the smel of a Rose suburban wits that breath best in the worst Air or like some unclean Creatures that thrive best in standing Pools but I leave them and commend the ingenious to the Work it self methodical facil and perspicuous enough to benefit the meanest capacity yet satisfie the highest read and be convinced Thine B. W. The Contents of every Chapter Chapter 1. TReateth of a Feaverish heat Chap. 2. Of the differences of Feavers Chap. 3. Of the Division of Feavers Chap. 4. Of the Circuit of Feavers Chap. 5. Of the Constitution of Feavers Chap. 6. Of the Four times of Diseases in special Chap. 7. Certaine Physical Rules for practise Chap. 8. Of a Diary Feaver Chap. 9. Of an unputrid Synochus Chap. 10. Of a continual putrid Feaver Chap. 11. Of a Burning-feaver and continual Tertian Chap. 12. Of the Cure of these Feavers Chap. 13. Of a continual Quotidian Feaver Chap. 14. Of a continual Quartan Chap. 15. Of an intermitting Tertian Chap. 16. Of the Cure of a spurious intermitting Tertian Chap. 17. Of an intermitting Quotidian Chap. 18. Of a Quotidian Feaver from salt Flegme Chap. 19. Of an intermitting Quartan Chap. 20. Of Feavers annexed to Quartans Chap. 21. Of confused compounded and erratick Feavers Chap. 22. Of a Semitertian Feaver Chap. 23. Of a Hectick Feaver Chap. 24. Of Malignant and pestilent Feavers Chap. 25. Of the Cardiacal Feaver Chap. 26. Of the Feaver from Crudity Special observations for the Readers more easie apprehension REader for thy better understanding of the quantity of Weights used in this and other Physick Books in Compounding of Medicines observe this brief direction That A Graine is the quantity of a Barley Corn A Scruple is twenty Barley Cornes Three Scruples containe a Dram. Eight Drams containe an Ounce The expert Phisician Learnedly treating of all Agues and Feavers whether Simple or Compound CHAP. I. Of a Feaverish heat A Feaver is so called from the Latine word Forveo because it is a Fervor or Heat affecting the Body the Gr●eks call it {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} that is to be inflamed or taken with a Feaver sometimes it is called {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} that is a fiery habit or fiery disposition of the Body and by Hippocrates in the first Book Epidem Commen 3. text 18. {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} that is fire it self It is a praeternatural heat kindled in the heart as in its proper subject primarily and per se hurting our actions which heat by the mediation of bloud and spirits through the Veines and Arteries is diffused through the whole body Now all heat is either Natural or ascititious the Natural is either implanted and fixt or elementary and fluid and a Feaver cannot consist in either of these because the implanted is fomented by the primogenious moysture whose original is heavenly and once depeculated or wasted cannot be repaired nor in the elementary because this by its temper doth help and cherish the implanted and further it in concocting and assimilating the nourishment which is to bee converted into our substance this heat Phisicians call influent because with the spirits and bloud from the heart it is carried by the Veines and Arteries to all parts of the body a feaverish heat then is in the ascititious saith Galen Comment on the sixth book Epidem Hippo. text the 28. An ascititious heat is Three-fold the first in respect of the other is said to be simple that is a bare exuperancy of heat which is thus ingendred the Elementary or fluent heat by a daily increase receding from its temper and mediocrity becomes excessive so that that which was natural by degrees becomes unnatural and therefore vitious and offensive to nature doth hurt her operations and in this ascitious heat are your Ephemerae or Diary Feavers and unputred Synochus The second heat different from the former is acrid and mordent arising from putrified matter which though it be not very burning hot yet favouring of the condition of the matter from whence it proceeds is praeternatural and burdensome to the implanted heat and in this are putrid Feavers both continual and intermitting compound erratick and confused The third ascitititious heat is wholly malignant and pernicious caused from some venenate or pestilent matter not from the exuperancy of its quality as the first nor from putrefaction as the second but is substantially different and inimicous to the vital and implanted heat CHAP. II. Of the differences of Feavers SEeing that all Feavers are caused by an ascititious heat and not by a natural as was said
tertian have great analogy with those of an exquisite causus only they are more milde the not exquisite are distinguisht by rigour not by reason of the Feaver but the expulsive faculty of the greater Veines which empty themselves into the less and these into the habit and sensible parts this Feaver because its morbifical matter is more distant from the heart then that of a Causus doth not with equal force and assiduity afflict it but hath its exacerbations and remissions every other day If the parts about the heart be distended without paine they signifie an inflammation if with paine at the beginning death If the signes bee grievous it kills the fourth or seventh day if good security is promised the same dayes if a rigour happen on the critical day the Patient being weak it is death but if strong the Disease shall end with sweat CHAP. XII Of the Cure of these Feavers LEt it be temperate or if too hot be cooled with irrigations on the floore and spreading coole Herbs as Lettice Vine leaves Willow Oke Rushes c. with green flowers of Water-Lillies Roses Violets let vinegar of Roses dilute with Rose-water suckt up by a Spunge be often ●eld to the Nose let the Linnen contrary to the vulgar opinion bee often changed lest its filth foment the Feaver Let his drink be boyled water with sirrup of Vinegar or ptissan or water and sugar with a little juyce of Pomegranats Citron or Lemons if you fear a Delirium use the Alexandrine Julep or sirrup of Violets and Water-Lillies If the Feaver bee spurious and the Patient aged and weak in a cold air a little Wine dilute with boyled water and sugar with a toast may be allowed let his food be liquid cooling and moystning as Chicken Veale or Lambe broth altered with Purslane Lettice Sorrel Burrage Bugloss Violets Marigolds with the greater cold Seeds and white Poppy-seed or Barley-water acid Fruites as Barberies Strawberies Rasberies resist putrefaction if he be much enfeebled Gellies and Analepticks must bee used Let bloud as soon as you can but if hee bee bound in body give this Glister first Take of Violet leaves Mallows Lettice Gourds Burrage each a handful Prunes sixteen of the four great cold Seeds each two drams red Poppy-flowers or Water-Lilly and Roses each a small handful boyle them in Whey or Water to a pint streine it and dissolve of Diaprune simple and Cassia newly drawn if it be exquisite if not of Diaphenicum each six drams honey of Violets and oyl of Water-Lillies each an ounce and half or so much of oyle of Cammomel if it be not exquisite and make a Glister Take of Melon-seeds one scruple Rhubarb grosse powdered if you would purge choler by stoole or fine powdered if by urine four scruples Cassia newly drawn six drams let him take it with Sugar and an hour and half after take fresh broth As often as Cassia or any other purging Medicine is infused the Dose is to be doubled and where you feare obstructions never purge with those things that have an astriction as Myrobalans Roses and the sirrups made of them but instead of them use Manna Cassia or sirrup of Violets of nine infusions next alter the humour with Juleps which inhibit putrefaction As take of sirrup of Endive compound three ounces Succory and Purs●ane water each half a pint but if they be spurious take of Oxysaccarum compound which hath the opening roots in it and a little juyce of Pomgranates after signes of coction purge forth the humour thus Take of Cinnamon a scruple Rhubarb four scruples Tamarinds two drams Diaprune solutive six drams infuse them all night on warm embers in a decoction of the opening rootes strein it adde sirrup of Violets of nine intusions or of Roses solutive with Agarick if the Feaver be illegitimate an ounce and half and give the potion in a Spurious causus take so much Diaphaenicum which purges flegme and choler but if the Patient have a paine in the stomach and be nauseative let him take a Vomit so he be not tabid or narrow chested CHAP. XIII Of a continual Quotidian Feaver {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} and {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} the Juniors call it because it hath no intermission and to distinguish it from {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} which is an intermitting quotidian This Feaver differs from an intermitting both in matter and seat where the flegme putrefies because a continual one proceeds from Natural flegme contained in the great Veines which is nothing else but crude bloud which in time may be changed into good bloud being of taste sweet or insipid arising from the cold and moyst part of the chyle and as oft as this bloud is putrefied by a preter-natural heat in those Veines the other humours incorrupt is caused a continual quotidian but an intermitting is caused from excrementitious flegme putrefied by a preter-natural heat out of those great Veines viz. in the veines of the habit of the body in the Liver Spleen Messentery The external causes may be taken from the aire cloudy cold and moyst from a flegmatick nature the winter season drunkenness ill diet as entrals of Beasts c. The internal causes are a cold distemper of the stomach and of the meseraick veines which send the chyle incoct to the Liver old age cold humours falling from the head to the stomach This Feaver begins not with coldness as an intermitting because the matter is putrefied in the great Veines but with vaunings and stretchings for the most part it invades at night the heat is less acrid and mordent than in a continual cholerick Feaver because the humour is colder the urine at first is white crude and crass the pulse slow and rare being oppressed with a crass vapour raised from the flegme the sick are sleepy their Hypochondria stretcht with wind their stooles white their sweat none or very little and clammy this Feaver is usually lasting being from a cold tough humour often brings to a Cachexy or Dropsie if the beginning be long so will be the increment and whole progress of the Disease for the Cure let him use a good diet shunning those things which ingender crasse juyces then purge the first region of his body with these following remedies Take of Barley Mercury Violets and Mallows each a handful Fennel and Carret-seeds each three drams the tops of Dill and flowers of Cammomel each half a handful boyl them in water to a pint streine it and dissolve of Galens Hiera and Benedicta Laxativa each six drams honey of Rosemary and oyle of Camomel each an ounce and half and so give it If the Sick bee apt to Vomit let him take this Of the juyce of Radish roots and honied water each two ounces powder of Asarum a dram let him drink it warme Take of Succory Barley and all
the capillary Plants each half a handful Raisins stoned eight four Prunes of the Cordial flowers a small handful boyle them in water to two ounces then infuse the Electuary of Diacarthamum half an ounce Cassia newly drawn an ounce Agarick Trochiscate a dram streine it and dissolve of sirrup of Roses solutive an ounce give the potion Take of Agarick Trochiscate a scruple of imperial Pills a dram with honey of Roses make eight Pills to be given after midnight The first region of the body being thus clensed open the basilick veine of the right arme and draw bloud according to the strength age season region and impurity of it because this being a continual Feaver bleeding is good for this as well as others Then give this Julep Oxymel simple and sirrup of Maiden-hair each an ounce and half Fennel and Endive water each half a pint condite it with Cinamon Take of Fennel and Parsley roots clensed from the pith Butchers Broom and Asparagus each an ounce of Maudlin Succory Endive the common capillary Plants each one handful the less Sea Wormwood half a handful Raisins stoned twenty Figgs twelve Endive seed half an ounce Aniseeds two drams Bugloss and French Lavender Flowers each a small handful Rosemary half a handful Water and Hony two quarts boyl away half then clarifie the colature with honey of Roses and sirrup of the juyce of Endive each two ounces and condite it with Cinamon The matter being thus coct give Pills of Agarick and simple Hiera each two scruples and Trochiskes of Alhandal two graines if they want a quickner make them up with honey of Roses and gild them give them after the first sleep next day give this Bolus three hours before dinner old Mithridate two scruples conserve of Rosemary flowers two drams with sugar CHAP. XIIII Of a continual Quartan {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} that is a quartan Feaver so called because every fourth day it is exasperated and remitted if it be continual but if intermitting recurs every fourth day these two differ both in matter and seat the matter of a continual quartan is Natural melancholly putrefied in the great Veines the other humours remaining good but the matter of an intermitting is excrementitious melancholly putrefied out of the great Veines in the Spleen or mesentery A continual quartan is two-fold exquisite or spurious exquisite when Natural melancholly putrefies alone spurious when other humours putrefie with it in the great vessels and this is most frequent The causes are either from a laborious life a cold and dry temperament a declining age the autumn or an unequal air and meats producing melancholly as Swines flesh Hares Salt Fish Oysters c. The chief signes are taken from the substance of the Feaver or nature of its heat from the actions hurt which appears by the inequality swiftness slowness or rarity of the pulse from the excrements and urine this Feaver begins without horrour because the peccant matter is contained within the great Veines the urine is various but for the most part crude by reason of the coldness of the morbifical humour little or no sweat by reason of the paucity of the matter little thirst and the tongue inclining to black A continual quartan whether exquisite or spurious is deadly in old men especially if it follow an intermitting one or a burning Feaver illcured a spurious quartan if it take in the Summer is for the most part short but if in the Autumn it is long for the Cure first use meats of good juyce rather liquid than solid altered with Burrage Bugloss c. Vse Currans Pine Nuts Figgs Vinegar though it be incifive is not good in this Feaver because by its coldness and driness it conduplicates the humor but were it in the Spleen it were commodious At the beginning use gentle Purgers because by the strength of strong Medicines the humour grows thicker and the thinner part being dissipated the terrene faeces remaine indissoluble but in the declination use stronger if the body be bound give first this Glister Take of Mallows Violets Orech Burrage Bugloss each a handful Flax and Fenugreek-seed each half an ounce of the four great cold seeds and Fennel-seed each two drams for melancholly people are windy of the tops of Dill Camomel Melilot Elder each a small handful in the colature dissolve of Catholicum and Diasena each six drams honey of Violets and oyle of Lillies each an ounce and half give the Glister Take of Polipody of the Oke six drams wilde Saffron seeds and Sena each three drams Dodder of time two drams Anni-seeds four scruples Cloves two boyle them in Whey to three ounces then infuse of Diasena or Diacarthamum six drams streine it and adde sirrup of Violets of nine infusions or sirrup of Apples an ounce and half and give it The body being thus emptied let bloud at the left basilick veine with a large Orifice If the sick be inclined to Vomit then give him of the powder of the middle rine of a Walnut or of Broom-seeds or of the roots of Asarum four scruples with the decoction of Reddish rootes make a vomit or Nettle-seed poudered given in Mulse or Whey will doe the like some give three or four grains of Stibium prepared which I allow not but in rustick bodies Take of the sirrup of the juyce of Fumitory three ounces Endive and Burrage-water each half a pint Take of the roots of Bugloss two ounces sharp Dock-grass Butchers Broome Asparagus and Liquorice each an ounce of the middle rine of Tamarisk and Ash or Elder each half an ounce of Fumitory Hops common Endive Succory Milt-waist Balme each a handful Prunes fourteen Cuscute and Purslane-seeds and the four great cold Seeds each two drams flowers of Tamarice Broom Burrage Elder each a handful boyle them in order in a sufficient quantity of water then adde the juyce of sweet Apples three ounces a sufficient quantity of Sugar Aromatize it with a dram and a half of the powder of Galens Laetificans with part of this decoction you may make a magistral sirrup by adding Purgers of melancholly by which the Morbifical humour may bee purged epicrastically to strengthen the viscera use this Take of the Electuary of Hyacinth or confection of Alkermes half a dram powder of Diatriasantali and Galens Laetificans each a dram white Suger dissolved and boyled in Fumitory water four ounces and make it into Lozenges of two drams weight with the conserve of Succory flowers and Milt waist each three drams and give one three hours before Dinner If the Spleen require it use this Oyntment Take of Gum Elemi and juyce of Tobacco each an ounce Oyle of St. Johns-wort or Elder half an ounce of Rosen and Gum Amoniake dissolved in Vinegar of Capers and yellow Wax each two drams on the fire adde powder of long and round Birthwort and Cyclamen root each
a dram make an oyntment CHAP. XV Of an intermitting Tertian {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} is taken by the Greeks in general for every intermitting putrid Feaver which ends and returnes again but Hippocrates especially calls this Feaver of which we now treat {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} because it recurs every third day it differs from the continual of which we have spoken not essentially but in matter seat because their matter putrefies not every where but in the lesser veines which are in the stomach liver mesentery guts spleen wombe and habit of the body an intermitting Tertian is twofold exquisite or spurious the exquisite is from excrementitious choller which being manifold there are many differences in Tertians The matter of an exquisite tertian offends either in quantity or quality the quantity is either great or small if great either it putrefies in one place or in divers at once if but in one place it causes an exquisite tertian which exceeds not seven Fits but if the quantity be small it shall end the fourth or fifth fit If the matter offend in quality as the choller is more or less hot the whole constitution of the Disease and the fits shall bee longer or shorter milder or more tedious for pale or excrementitious choller is sarre more milde then yellow and this then vitellinous porracious or aeruginous but the ceruleous is the hottest of all If choller putrefie in divers places together and the same day then is caused a double intermitting tertian whose fits returne every third day and are exacerbated although they assault every day and intermit because that which is putrefied is every fit emptied either by sweat vomit or stool The spurious one by the mixtion of flegm or melancholly is longer than that from excrementitious choller only and lasts according to the nature of the humour mixt and by the Patients intemperance hath lasted from the Autumnal to the spring aequinox The causes of the exquisite are all hot and dry as a hot Summer hot aliments hunger thirst labour strong wines hot liver and temper c. The causes of a spurious one are idleness effeminacy winter season cold and moyst diet obstructions plenitude c. The heat of an exquisite Tertian is more acrid and mordent than that of the spurious through its four times it begins with rigour and often with cholerick vomitings and ends with an universal sweat when the rigour is off the heat is like a light fire burning with difficult breathing the urine at first is somewhat red of meane substance and in the lower part seemes thin in the upper opacus The signes of a spurious one are horrour from the mixture of choller and flegme a heat more obscure than that of the exquisite Tertian and more manifest than that of an exquisite quotidian a pulse small and slow which if it grow daily harder the Feaver shall last many moneths bitterness of mouth paine in the vertebra's with inflation of stomach and loathings of meat sometimes trouble them Before we let bloud let the first region of the body be emptied by a cooling Glister or minorating purge afore described lest the morbifical humour be wrapt into the greater veines and so we cause a continual Feaver instead of an intermitting let bloud on the intermitting day with a small Orifice to prepare the humour Take of Oxysaccharum simple and sirrup of the juyce of Endive each an ounce and half Succory and Purslaine water each five ounces then purge him thus Take of Cinamon a scruple Rhubarb four scruples Tamarinds two drams Diaprune solutive or Electuary of Psyllium six drams infuse them all night over warme embers in an opening decoction then adde sirrup of Roses an ounce give it on the intermitting day or these pills Take of Diagridium four graines Rhubarb a scruple of Pills Aureae a dram make them up with sirrup of Succory and give them after the first sleep Take conserve of Succory flowers and of Violets or Water-Lillies each two drams powder of Diatriasantalum scruple with Sugar make a bole to give next morne to allay the fire in the bowels CHAP. XVI Of the Cure of a spurious intermitting Tertian THis Feaver is more frequent than the exquisite because men indulge too much to their Genius and its Fits and whole constitution is longer by reason of the mixture of tough crasse flegme or melancholly the Fits are sometimes twenty twenty four or forty hours and then it is called an extense tertian let the diet be incisive and detersive and somewhat refrigerating the broths be altered with Endive Burrage Parsley Wood-sorrel Purssaine and a fourth part of Hissop or Savoury give Gellies which nourish much in small quantity and because they are quickly excerned repeat them often and sometimes give this powder Take of Galens Laetificans two drams the Analeptick or Resumptive powder half an ounce pure Sugar six ounces leaves of Gold six dissolve it in broth it wonderfully restores strength if the Patient be nauseative Take of Nettle-seeds a dram sirrup of Tobacco or simple Oxymel an ounce give it warme in mulse after meat because it troubling the aeconomy of the stomach it better exonerates it self with the meat if occasion be for a Suppository Take of Honey boyled an ounce salt Gemmes and Mouse-turd each two scruples Take of Cinamon a scruple Agarick Trochiscate two scruples Rhubarb four scruples simple Oxymel and Diaphaenicum each six drams infuse them all over warme embers in a fresh infusion of Damask Roses streine it and give it If strength and other things allow it let bloud on the intermitting day Bloud saith Avicen is a brideler of choller both in respect of its quantity and quality for there is more or it and being temperately hot and moyst it doth moderate the acrimony of choller and experience tells us that those that are sick of a continual tertian and the phrenitical are best towards morning because bloud hath then the dominion and worst towards night when flegme rules and therefore in Asia those that were let bloud presently became phrenitical or delirous and not those which were not but that region is farre hotter and dryer than Europe then give this Julep Sirrup of Vinegar compound and honey of Roses each two ounces Endive Succory and Agrimony water each half a pinte Take of the five opening Rootes clensed and bruised each an ounce infuse them in a small quantity of simple Oxymel on the embers four hours the herbs Succory Endive Liverwort and the cappillary Plants each a handful Penni-royal Origanum or calamint each half a handful Liquorice scraped and bruised two drams Raisins stoned twenty Prunes eight Endive seed three drams Melon Anise and Fennel-seed each a dram and half the three Cordial flowers and Chamomel each a small handful Time half a handful boyle them all in order with the Oxymel and roots in two quarts of water
till a third part be wasted clarifie it and aromatize it with Cinamon Take of Cloves half a scruple Agarick Trochiscate two scruples Rhubarb and Tamarinds each four scruples Diaphaenicum six drams infuse them in part of the apozem and give it Take of conserve of Succory flowers Citron Pill candied each two drams old Methridate half a dram give it with Sugar three hours before meat Take of Pills Imperial a dram of Agarick a scruple Diagridium four graines make them up with honey of Roses To strengthen the Liver take of the powder of Diatriasantalum two drams conserve of Succory-flowers and Citron pill condite each three drams pure Sugar dissolved and boyled in Agrimony water four ounces make Lozenges of two drams weight and give one every morne if melancholly be joyned adde those things afore mentioned for it instead of Phlegmagoges CHAP. XVII Of an intermitting Quotidian THis Feaver is caused from excrementitious flegme putrefied and every day hath new fits with a refrigeration or chilness the place of putrefaction is the smaller veines and habit of the body and chiefly the stomach which is alwaies almost affected in this Feaver sometimes it is in the mesentery the simous part of the Liver Spleen or Wombe but if it putrefie out of the smaller veines it doth not cause a Feaver but some other Malady as if it be putrid and stinking in the Braine or in the Lungs after Cathars and Astma's or in the Wombe from whence is a Womans Flux or in the Guts from whence are Worms or in the bladder or reines where it is dried into stones of divers colours By flegme is here meant any cold and moyst humour produced in us which may be putrefied from a hot or cold cause that putrefied from heat or the mixture of a serous moysture becomes salt from cold if remiss is caused acid flegme if intense the glassie or albugenious from these severall sorts of flegme are ingendred various Feavers A Quotidian Feaver is two-fold the one from excrementitious flegme which is of sweet taste or insipid for the most part produced in the stomach which when it putrefies in the lesser veines makes an exquisite Quotidian the other is when some other humour besides flegme putrefies with it and it is called a bastard quotidian let the Phisician be careful he coufound not a bastard Tertian or double intermitting Tertian or a triple Quartan which have their fits every day with an intermitting quotidian for their cure is farre different and distinction difficult The causes of this Feaver are not unlike those of a continual quotidian gapings and wretchings precede this Feaver with a coldness of the external parts as of the Nose Fingers Ears Hands and Feet with a paine in the stomach seldome with rigour but with a gentle horrour the pulse inequal inordinate slow and weak at first afterwards more vehement and swift the urine first thin white and crude afterwards thick and turbulent sometimes they vomit flegme have acid belchings swellings of the Hypochondria pale faces and little thirst it usually seazes after noon towards the evening or night its fits are for the most part eighteen hours and therefore it is called {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} {non-Roman} that is partaking of both day and night its intermission is impure by reason of the quantity crasseness and clamminess of flegme which is left by the former fit and is the cause of the following because it is not breathed forth by sweat as in a tertian this pituitous humour is hardly enflamed and moved but the matter being coct the vehemency of the fits cease as in all other wholesome sicknesses its heat is not burning but meanly acrid The signes of a bastard quotidian are confused by reason of the excrementitious choller or melancholly putrefying with it but if choller bee mixt you may know it from the Vomitings stooles urine pulse and a more acrid and mordent heat for some choller will be cast up the excrement will be yellow and the water tinct with choller the pulse inequal and more frequent than in the exquisite the fits shorter with thirst and bitterness of mouth if melancholly be mixt consider its signes with the Spleen ill-affected Let the dyet be hot and drying incisive and detersive let the drink bee decoction of Sarsa Parilla roote sirrup of Vinegar or Hydromel moyst meat that is substantifically moyst is good for all Feavers saith Hippocrates as broths of euchymous flesh altered with Parsley Fennel Hyssop Savory Marjoram Sage Time with a little Endive Purslaine or Burrage if it be spurious the meat is easily corrupted by a feaverish heat as milke by the hot air let them sleep in the declination and not in the beginning of the fit if the sick bee nauseative give a vomit and then what followeth Take of Sope an ounce powder of simple Hiera Agarick and Salt Gemmious each a dram seeds of Coloquintida a scruple beat them in a Morter with juyce of Mercury make Suppositaries and dry them up for your use Take of Origanum Penny-royal Calamint and Mercury each a handful seeds of Dill three drams Agarick two drams Chamomel and Dill flowers each half a handful boyle them in water to a pinte honey of Roses oyle of Nuts each an ounce and half Benedicta Laxative and Hiera or Diaphaenicum each half an ounce