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Word A Word B Word C Word D Occurrence Frequency Band MI MI Band Prominent
cause_n church_n king_n supremacy_n 1,454 5 10.5536 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A40710 The grand case of the present ministry whether they may lawfully declare and subscribe, as by the late Act of vniformity is required and the several cases, thence arising (more especially about the Covenant) are clearly stated and faithfully resolved / by the same indifferent hand ; with an addition to his former Cases of conscience, hereunto subjoyned. Fullwood, Francis, d. 1693. 1662 (1662) Wing F2505; ESTC R21218 59,550 206

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be_v enough_o that_o such_o as_o it_o be_v it_o can_v be_v alter_v much_o less_o extirpated_a without_o the_o change_n of_o the_o law_n very_o many_o law_n that_o much_o concern_v if_o not_o establish_v the_o same_o now_o it_o be_v well_o enough_o know_v to_o be_v a_o grand_a part_n of_o the_o king_n prerogative_n that_o no_o law_n be_v make_v or_o alter_v without_o his_o fiat_fw-la much_o less_o then_o such_o law_n as_o concern_v himself_o so_o near_o as_o the_o change_n not_o his_o commissioner_n only_o but_o his_o government_n itself_o and_o it_o be_v more_o than_o apparent_a that_o the_o king_n be_v in_o such_o a_o condition_n when_o the_o covenant_n be_v first_o take_v that_o the_o covenanter_n do_v intend_v either_o to_o force_v his_o consent_n to_o change_v those_o law_n or_o else_o to_o root_v out_o the_o government_n by_o prelacy_n against_o the_o king_n and_o the_o law_n too_o therefore_o there_o be_v no_o such_o condition_n as_o may_v fair_o have_v be_v in_o all_o the_o 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lord_n spiritual_a 2._o church-government_n may_v be_v suppose_v to_o be_v establish_v by_o law_n either_o in_o its_o office_n thus_o we_o need_v not_o say_v the_o present_a form_n be_v establish_v by_o law_n for_o its_o office_n be_v before_o ever_o the_o law_n of_o the_o land_n meddle_v with_o church-government_n or_o second_o in_o its_o political_a power_n and_o the_o exercise_n of_o it_o thus_o the_o present_a government_n none_o can_v doubt_v to_o be_v establish_v by_o law_n where_o we_o may_v read_v many_o time_n over_o the_o several_a legal_a name_n with_o their_o distinct_a jurisdiction_n and_o the_o crime_n punishable_a by_o they_o and_o authority_n allow_v they_o so_o to_o punish_v and_o the_o fee_n of_o their_o court_n yea_o and_o the_o very_a form_n and_o manner_n of_o consecrate_v the_o bishop_n establish_v by_o law_n 3._o three_o church-government_n be_v establishable_a by_o law_n either_o immediate_o or_o mediate_o immediate_o when_o by_o a_o express_a statute_n such_o a_o form_n be_v appoint_v mediate_o when_o a_o statute_n empower_n a_o person_n or_o person_n to_o commissionate_a governor_n for_o the_o church_n and_o he_o or_o they_o by_o virtue_n of_o such_o power_n do_v settle_v a_o government_n in_o the_o church_n according_o 7._o suppose_v the_o present_a government_n be_v not_o establish_v by_o law_n in_o the_o first_o it_o be_v plain_o so_o in_o the_o second_o sense_n there_o be_v statute_n law_n declare_v the_o king_n to_o be_v supreme_a governor_n over_o all_o person_n and_o in_o all_o cause_n ecclesiastical_a and_o there_o be_v statute_n law_n that_o give_v he_o power_n and_o authority_n or_o rather_o according_a to_o my_o lord_n cook_n declare_v he_o to_o have_v power_n to_o appoint_v and_o empower_v his_o commissioner_n in_o ecclesiastical_a matter_n and_o we_o know_v church-governor_n derive_v their_o political_a power_n and_o the_o exercise_n of_o it_o
both_o sin_n to_o which_o no_o covenant_n can_v possible_o oblige_v for_o than_o it_o shall_v oblige_v we_o against_o god_n himself_o 2._o second_o the_o matter_n of_o the_o covenant_n in_o the_o second_o article_n be_v against_o many_o former_a oath_n whereby_o the_o nation_n stand_v oblige_v before_o the_o covenant_n be_v impose_v or_o take_v and_o in_o that_o regard_n we_o be_v first_o oblige_v by_o god_n to_o the_o contrary_n 1._o not_o to_o speak_v of_o that_o natural_a allegiance_n in_o which_o all_o subject_n by_o the_o will_n of_o god_n in_o the_o very_a law_n of_o nature_n as_o well_o as_o scripture_n be_v bear_v oblige_v when_o they_o be_v bear_v subject_n unto_o our_o lawful_a prince_n the_o oath_n of_o allegiance_n superad_v re-enforceth_a we_o to_o obey_v he_o in_o all_o his_o lawful_a command_n 2._o and_o according_a to_o the_o rule_n above_o mention_v whether_o this_o oath_n be_v actual_o take_v before_o the_o covenant_n or_o after_o we_o be_v by_o the_o divine_a obligation_n to_o obey_v the_o king_n law_n and_o to_o declare_v that_o the_o covenant_n do_v not_o bind_v we_o against_o the_o king_n ecclesiastical_a government_n or_o against_o his_o will_n express_v in_o the_o law_n of_o the_o land_n whatsoever_o be_v hitherto_o urge_v to_o enervate_a the_o same_o 3._o especial_o if_o we_o add_v the_o direct_a obligation_n of_o the_o oath_n of_o supremacy_n wherein_o we_o all_o own_o and_o recognize_v the_o king_n in_o all_o cause_n and_o over_o all_o person_n as_o well_o ecclesiastical_a as_o civil_a supreme_a governor_n for_o how_o can_v the_o oath_n to_o extirpate_v his_o government_n and_o destroy_v his_o officer_n against_o his_o will_n and_o his_o know_a law_n consist_v with_o his_o swear_a supremacy_n or_o in_o the_o cause_n of_o ecclesiastical_a government_n how_o do_v those_o ecclesiastical_a person_n acknowledge_v he_o to_o be_v their_o supreme_a governor_n while_o they_o resist_v he_o against_o his_o express_a law_n in_o this_o very_a cause_n even_o with_o endeavour_n to_o extirpate_v his_o government_n 4._o beside_o many_o of_o the_o ancient_a ministry_n stand_v more_o immediate_o oblige_v to_o the_o government_n of_o the_o church_n by_o their_o subscription_n to_o thirty_o nine_o article_n wherein_o they_o have_v set_v their_o hand_n that_o there_o be_v nothing_o superstitious_a or_o ungodly_a in_o the_o form_n and_o manner_n of_o make_v consecrate_v ●nd_n ordain_v of_o bishop_n priest_n and_o deacon_n as_o also_o in_o the_o form_n of_o their_o very_a ordination_n as_o deacon_n and_o as_o presbyter_n in_o which_o they_o solemn_o promise_v to_o obey_v their_o ordinary_n and_o to_o follow_v his_o godly_a judgement_n which_o they_o also_o bind_v with_o the_o oath_n of_o canonical_a obedience_n 5._o last_o the_o general_a protestation_n take_v some_o year_n before_o the_o covenant_n must_v needs_o effect_v the_o discharge_n of_o it_o so_o far_o as_o they_o be_v contrary_a 6._o that_o the_o protestation_n be_v as_o legal_a as_o the_o covenant_n as_o yet_o none_o ever_o question_v it_o be_v impose_v by_o the_o same_o power_n at_o least_o it_o be_v never_o proclaim_v against_o by_o the_o king_n as_o the_o covenant_n be_v and_o that_o the_o author_n of_o the_o covenanter_n plea_n argue_v do_v sufficient_o ratify_v it_o it_o be_v take_v by_o the_o same_o person_n general_o and_o indeed_o by_o thousand_o more_o than_o the_o covenant_n be_v and_o that_o be_v doubtless_o enough_o by_o mr._n croftons_n logic_n to_o conclude_v it_o national_a and_o perpetual_a and_o not_o to_o be_v violate_v or_o make_v void_a by_o any_o future_a power_n or_o obligation_n or_o covenant_n whatsoever_o 7._o but_o wherein_o be_v the_o covenant_n contrary_a to_o the_o protestation_n 1._o in_o the_o protestation_n we_o promise_v to_o maintain_v the_o privilege_n of_o parliament_n which_o as_o i_o have_v show_v before_o by_o our_o stand_v bind_v by_o the_o covenant_n to_o endeavour_v the_o extirpation_n of_o church-government_n notwithstanding_o its_o establishment_n by_o act_n of_o parliament_n and_o by_o supersede_v parliamentary_a power_n for_o ever_o enjoin_v our_o subjection_n to_o it_o be_v sufficient_o violate_v 2._o in_o the_o protestation_n we_o also_o promise_v to_o defend_v the_o liberty_n of_o the_o subject_a these_o be_v also_o violent_o seize_v on_o by_o this_o second_o article_n of_o the_o covenant_n herein_o so_o great_a and_o considerable_a a_o part_n of_o the_o nation_n as_o ecclesiastical_a governor_n be_v have_v their_o freehold_n swear_v against_o and_o their_o power_n and_o office_n threaten_v with_o utter_a extirpation_n notwithstanding_o the_o protection_n of_o the_o king_n and_o the_o law_n yea_o when_o neither_o their_o king_n that_o give_v they_o their_o commission_n nor_o any_o to_o represent_v they_o have_v liberty_n to_o vindicate_v their_o cause_n or_o speak_v in_o their_o behalf_n in_o the_o parliament_n when_o destruction_n be_v contrive_v by_o this_o way_n of_o a_o covenant_n for_o they_o 3._o but_o these_o thing_n have_v be_v hint_v before_o and_o unanswerable_o handle_v by_o other_o i_o hasten_v to_o the_o three_o and_o last_o way_n of_o preobligation_n mention_v viz._n for_o the_o service_n of_o the_o church_n in_o our_o generation_n when_o i_o have_v seal_v that_o from_o our_o oath_n and_o promise_n now_o speak_v to_o with_o that_o general_a rule_n of_o dr._n ames_n never_o yet_o acquaint_v with_o doubt_n juramentum_fw-la posterius_fw-la contra_fw-la juramentum_fw-la aut_fw-la etiam_fw-la promissionem_fw-la antecedentem_fw-la &_o honestam_fw-la non_fw-la obligat_fw-la a_o latter_a oath_n that_o be_v against_o a_o former_a honest_a oath_n or_o but_o a_o promise_n do_v not_o bind_v 3._o three_o i_o doubt_v not_o to_o say_v that_o the_o covenant_n can_v bind_v we_o to_o forsake_v our_o duty_n or_o discharge_v we_o from_o the_o exercise_n of_o our_o office_n in_o the_o service_n of_o the_o church_n whereunto_o we_o be_v call_v and_o to_o which_o we_o be_v oblige_v by_o god_n in_o his_o word_n before_o ever_o the_o covenant_n be_v think_v on_o 1._o i_o acknowledge_v that_o my_o lord_n of_o lincoln_n teach_v that_o the_o seem_a hinder_v of_o some_o good_a do_v not_o simple_o or_o precise_o always_o discharge_v we_o from_o our_o oath_n except_o there_o be_v other_o circumstance_n concur_v which_o evince_n it_o non_fw-la oblige_v 2._o but_o there_o seem_v to_o be_v no_o room_n for_o a_o question_n here_o when_o our_o place_n and_o duty_n require_v we_o to_o do_v that_o which_o will_v be_v hinder_v for_o then_o the_o discharge_n result_v also_o yea_o and_o principal_o from_o a_o former_a obligation_n of_o god_n upon_o we_o to_o do_v our_o duty_n 3._o a_o man_n swear_v he_o will_v never_o come_v near_o such_o a_o river_n more_o because_o he_o have_v like_a to_o have_v be_v drown_v there_o but_o at_o a_o distance_n he_o see_v his_o neighbour_n in_o the_o same_o hazard_n at_o the_o same_o place_n now_o certain_o notwithstanding_o his_o oath_n to_o the_o contrary_a he_o be_v bind_v to_o help_v his_o brother_n out_o and_o to_o save_v his_o life_n what_o be_v the_o reason_n of_o this_o there_o be_v a_o prior_n obligation_n of_o god_n upon_o he_o thou_o shall_v love_v thy_o neighbour_n as_o thyself_o 4._o dr._n jacob_n the_o casuist_n put_v a_o hard_a case_n by_o far_o than_o this_o a_o man_n swear_v to_o another_o that_o he_o will_v do_v he_o no_o hurt_n yet_o if_o by_o the_o law_n he_o kill_v he_o afterward_o he_o do_v not_o break_v his_o oath_n his_o reason_n be_v quia_fw-la illa_fw-la promissio_fw-la non_fw-la occidendi_fw-la subintelligitur_fw-la nisi_fw-la lege_fw-la permittente_fw-la imply_v that_o there_o be_v a_o preobligation_n upon_o he_o to_o fulfil_v the_o law_n indeed_o the_o thing_n swear_v must_v be_v indifferent_a in_o itself_o or_o at_o least_o of_o weak_a necessity_n than_o the_o good_a that_o will_v be_v hinder_v by_o the_o keep_n our_o oath_n and_o then_o all_o casuist_n i_o think_v concur_v with_o jacob_n and_o sylvester_n qui_fw-la indifferens_fw-la aliquid_fw-la jurat_fw-la ut_fw-la ite_z ad_fw-la villam_fw-la non_fw-la esse_fw-la militem_fw-la etc._n etc._n dato_n casu_fw-la quo_fw-la quis_fw-la vivere_fw-la nequeat_fw-la nisi_fw-la veniat_fw-la contra_fw-la juramentum_fw-la illud_fw-la seruare_fw-la non_fw-la tenetur_fw-la &_o propriâ_fw-la authoritate_fw-la contravenire_fw-la potest_fw-la 5._o now_o if_o to_o endeavour_v extirpation_n of_o episcopal_a government_n be_v not_o sinful_a i_o be_o sure_a it_o be_v non-necessary_a and_o then_o it_o be_v but_o a_o indifferent_a thing_n if_o so_o though_o man_n have_v swear_v it_o yet_o if_o the_o keep_v their_o oath_n will_v hinder_v the_o do_n of_o their_o natural_a duty_n both_o to_o the_o king_n in_o break_v his_o law_n &_o cast_v off_o his_o government_n and_o to_o the_o church_n and_o our_o several_a congregation_n in_o put_v ourselves_o into_o a_o incapacity_n according_a to_o law_n to_o serve_v any_o long_o in_o the_o ministry_n we_o be_v so_o far_o discharge_v of_o our_o oath_n
satisfaction_n by_o repair_v unto_o and_o due_o examine_v first_o what_o opinion_n the_o primitive_a church_n as_o soon_o as_o they_o take_v notice_n of_o these_o thing_n in_o controversy_n have_v of_o they_o and_o then_o also_o ask_v the_o judgement_n of_o the_o most_o eminent_a reform_a divine_n they_o have_v free_o signify_v the_o same_o upon_o all_o occasion_n in_o their_o witing_n ever_o since_o the_o reformation_n now_o if_o it_o be_v unquestionable_o find_v that_o both_o the_o primitive_a and_o reform_a church_n have_v unanimous_o testify_v that_o they_o believe_v the_o thing_n now_o in_o controversy_n with_o we_o be_v not_o forbid_v by_o god_n but_o that_o they_o be_v at_o least_o of_o a_o indifferent_a nature_n and_o may_v lawful_o be_v use_v who_o be_v thou_o o_o man_n that_o reply_v or_o dare_v say_v they_o be_v unlawful_a finis_fw-la a_o addition_n to_o the_o first_o impression_n by_o way_n of_o supplement_n to_o the_o two_o great_a case_n touch_v the_o inexpediency_n and_o unlawfulnesse_n of_o thing_n impose_v i._o touch_v the_o doctrine_n of_o expediency_n je_v the_o doctrine_n of_o expediency_n shall_v yet_o remain_v under_o the_o cloud_n of_o any_o exception_n i_o have_v think_v good_a to_o add_v a_o few_o thing_n for_o the_o far_o clear_n of_o it_o in_o answer_n to_o the_o only_a material_a objection_n against_o it_o object_n it_o may_v be_v say_v quòd_fw-la non_fw-la expedit_fw-la non_fw-la licet_fw-la and_o if_o that_o which_o be_v not_o expedient_a be_v not_o lawful_a than_o it_o may_v not_o be_v practise_v upon_o any_o pretence_n for_o we_o must_v not_o do_v evil_a that_o good_a may_v come_v answ_n in_o answer_n hereunto_o i_o crave_v leave_n to_o distinguish_v for_o thing_n be_v unlawful_a or_o evil_a in_o specie_fw-la or_o in_o genere_fw-la only_o that_o i_o call_v unlawful_a in_o specie_fw-la which_o be_v in_o itself_o without_o respect_n to_o its_o circumstance_n prohibit_v by_o some_o special_a law_n natural_a or_o positive_a as_o theft_n murder_n profane_v the_o lord_n day_n etc._n etc._n now_o thing_n simple_o inexpedient_a can_v be_v think_v unlawful_a in_o this_o sense_n they_o be_v grant_v on_o all_o hand_n to_o be_v in_o themselves_o indifferent_a that_o be_v unlawful_a or_o evil_a in_o genere_fw-la only_o on_o the_o other_o hand_n that_o be_v not_o the_o transgression_n of_o any_o special_a law_n of_o nature_n or_o scripture_n but_o by_o reason_n of_o some_o accident_n or_o outward_a respect_n circumstance_n or_o consequence_n for_o the_o sake_n of_o which_o the_o thing_n become_v forbid_v be_v unlawful_a by_o some_o general_a rule_n of_o decency_n order_n custom_n or_o the_o like_a thus_o only_o be_v thing_n inexpedient_a unlawful_a or_o evil_a not_o in_o themselves_o but_o from_o their_o circumstance_n not_o in_o their_o nature_n but_o accidental_o not_o as_o violation_n of_o a_o special_a but_o of_o a_o general_a law_n of_o god_n so_o that_o if_o the_o inexpediency_n of_o such_o a_o thing_n for_o which_o alone_o it_o be_v prohibit_v be_v either_o sever_v from_o it_o or_o overbalance_v it_o become_v repugnant_a to_o no_o law_n at_o all_o and_o consequent_o the_o evil_a and_o unlawfulnesse_n be_v in_o such_o a_o case_n removed_z mr._n calvin_n 31._o institut_fw-la li._n 4._o c._n 11._o 31._o give_v we_o some_o instance_n of_o this_o short_o and_o smart_o quid_fw-la a_o in_o muliere_fw-la carbaso_fw-it sita_fw-la religio_fw-la est_fw-la ut_fw-la nudo_fw-la capite_fw-la egredi_fw-la sit_fw-la nefas_fw-la a_o sanctum_fw-la de_fw-fr ejus_fw-la silentio_fw-la decretum_fw-la quòd_fw-la violari_fw-la sine_fw-la summo_fw-la scelere_fw-la non_fw-la possit_fw-la a_o aliquid_fw-la in_o genuflexione_fw-la inhumando_fw-la cadavere_fw-la mysterium_fw-la quod_fw-la praeteriri_fw-la sine_fw-la piaculo_fw-la non_fw-la possit_fw-la minime_fw-la sed_fw-la est_fw-la nihilominus_fw-la in_o istis_fw-la rebus_fw-la quod_fw-la agendum_fw-la aut_fw-la cavendum_fw-la mos_fw-la regionis_fw-la instituta_fw-la ipsa_fw-la denique_fw-la humanitas_fw-la &_o modestiae_fw-la regula_fw-la dictet_fw-la for_o that_o which_o by_o reason_n of_o circumstance_n only_o be_v evil_a or_o unlawful_a be_v so_o only_o accidental_o and_o may_v be_v not_o immutable_o so_o and_o that_o which_o be_v evil_a by_o accident_n in_o one_o respect_n may_v be_v good_a yea_o better_a in_o another_o now_o if_o circumstance_n sway_v on_o the_o other_o hand_n the_o thing_n that_o at_o first_o seem_v otherwise_o may_v thus_o prove_v expedient_a and_o by_o the_o very_a reason_n of_o this_o objection_n lawful_a yea_o admit_v that_o some_o respect_n do_v render_v it_o inexpedient_a yet_o if_o more_o and_o great_a render_v it_o expedient_a it_o thus_o become_v more_o expedient_a then_o inexpedient_a and_o the_o overbalance_n of_o expediency_n conclude_v the_o case_n according_a to_o polanus_fw-la his_o golden_a rule_n the_o inexpediency_n must_v yield_v itself_o and_o the_o thing_n proceed_v in_o such_o a_o instance_n of_o practice_n to_o be_v expedient_a and_o aught_o to_o be_v do_v for_o suppose_v the_o thing_n must_v either_o be_v do_v or_o leave_v undo_v and_o it_o be_v inexpedient_a all_o thing_n consider_v to_o leave_v it_o undo_v than_o it_o be_v expedient_a and_o consequent_o necessary_a to_o be_v do_v we_o must_v not_o do_v evil_a to_o obtain_v good_a yet_o we_o must_v do_v good_a to_o prevent_v evil_a though_o the_o thing_n be_v good_a for_o nothing_o else_o thing_n that_o be_v expedient_a be_v therefore_o good_a it_o seem_v good_a to_o we_o and_o therefore_o necessary_a these_o necessary_a thing_n 15._o act_n 15._o whence_o those_o very_a thing_n which_o we_o be_v afraid_a to_o do_v because_o inexpedient_a may_v possible_o be_v our_o duty_n to_o do_v because_o expedient_a the_o sum_n be_v thing_n with_o respect_n to_o expediency_n and_o inexpediency_n fall_v under_o a_o double_a consideration_n and_o such_o thing_n as_o in_o their_o first_o consideration_n be_v inexpedient_a may_v in_o some_o second_o respect_n be_v both_o lawful_a expedient_a and_o necessary_a to_o be_v do_v now_o whatsoever_o censure_n the_o reason_n give_v of_o it_o may_v conflict_n with_o i_o dare_v say_v the_o proposition_n itself_o be_v hardly_o ever_o before_o oppose_v and_o i_o will_v fain_o hope_v it_o be_v not_o now_o no_o doubt_n the_o apostle_n know_v very_o well_o that_o a_o refuse_v to_o eat_v thing_n strangle_v and_o blood_n at_o that_o period_n of_o time_n especial_o by_o a_o law_n to_o enjoin_v it_o carried_z in_o the_o first_o consideration_n of_o it_o no_o small_a inconvenience_n as_o be_v easy_o judge_v from_o the_o rest_n of_o their_o write_n yea_o in_o that_o very_a law_n they_o grant_v they_o be_v burden_n no_o other_o burden_n yet_o to_o prevent_v great_a inconvenience_n the_o apostasy_n of_o the_o jew_n the_o interruption_n of_o the_o gospel_n etc._n etc._n it_o seem_v good_a unto_o they_o yea_o necessary_a so_o to_o do_v st._n cyprian_n rule_n be_v catholic_n we_o 11._o inst_z 4._o 12_o 11._o either_o find_v it_o or_o some_o allusion_n to_o it_o almost_o every_o where_n calvin_n among_o other_o cite_v and_o seal_v it_o and_o my_o conclusion_n with_o it_o misericorditer_fw-la igitur_fw-la corripiat_fw-la homo_fw-la quod_fw-la autem_fw-la non_fw-la potest_fw-la patientèr_fw-la ferat_fw-la &_o cum_fw-la delectione_fw-la gemat_fw-la atque_fw-la lugeat_fw-la st._n ambrose_n his_o advice_n to_o st._n augustine_n 119._o vid._n aug._n cpi_v 86._o casula_fw-la prope_fw-la finem_fw-la &_o epist_n januar_n 119._o mother_n that_o she_o shall_v conform_v to_o the_o usage_n of_o every_o church_n where_o she_o come_v which_o st._n augustine_n receive_v as_o a_o oracle_n from_o god_n must_v needs_o indulge_v my_o proposition_n unless_o every_o usage_n in_o the_o several_a church_n where_o she_o may_v possible_o come_v be_v exact_o square_v to_o the_o strict_a idea_n of_o fitness_n and_o expediency_n in_o the_o matron_n mind_n which_o can_v hardly_o be_v imagine_v judaeorum_fw-la servilibus_fw-la oneribus_fw-la premunt_fw-la ut_fw-la tolerabilior_fw-la sit_fw-la conditio_fw-la judaeorum_fw-la and_o st._n augustine_n himself_o be_v in_o our_o very_a case_n it_o be_v know_v he_o be_v much_o trouble_v at_o the_o multitude_n of_o ceremony_n in_o his_o time_n and_o heavy_o complain_v of_o they_o as_o a_o burden_n nay_o a_o bondage_n to_o the_o church_n a_o bondage_n ibid._n januar._n epist_n 119._o ecclesia_fw-la multa_fw-la tolerat_fw-la ibid._n worse_o than_o jewish_n yet_o who_o ever_o find_v he_o symbolise_v with_o donatis_fw-la or_o in_o the_o least_o to_o encourage_v any_o man_n for_o any_o such_o cause_n to_o break_v the_o union_n and_o peace_n of_o the_o church_n by_o separation_n yea_o he_o be_v the_o captain_n of_o the_o host_n of_o the_o lord_n against_o all_o appearance_n of_o such_o schism_n most_o of_o the_o foreign_a reform_a divine_n have_v not_o only_o assert_v but_o apply_v the_o rule_n to_o our_o very_a case_n and_o therefore_o the_o rather_o to_o be_v heed_v and_o have_v de_fw-fr industriâ_fw-la give_fw-mi their_o advice_n from_o the_o present_a principle_n touch_v conformity_n in_o england_n and_o what_o do_v they_o
from_o the_o king_n alone_o from_o time_n to_o time_n according_o 8._o for_o the_o common_a law_n common_a usage_n which_o be_v common_a law_n will_v no_o doubt_n plead_v prescription_n and_o establish_v this_o form_n of_o government_n over_o we_o a_o government_n as_o a_o very_a learned_a man_n affirm_v may_v be_v establish_v by_o law_n as_o well_o by_o consent_n and_o submission_n on_o the_o people_n part_n as_o by_o express_a suffrage_n quid_fw-la interest_n suffragio_fw-la populus_fw-la voluntatem_fw-la svam_fw-la declaret_fw-la a_o rebus_fw-la &_o facto_fw-la jul._n thus_o we_o have_v find_v the_o covenant_n to_o be_v against_o a_o government_n that_o be_v establish_v by_o the_o law_n of_o the_o land_n before_o it_o be_v impose_v or_o take_v and_o in_o that_o sense_n against_o the_o law_n of_o the_o land_n and_o consequent_o so_o far_o sinful_a and_o not_o oblige_v 10._o but_o however_o this_o will_v pass_v certain_o there_o be_v law_n make_v since_o the_o covenant_n that_o be_v plain_a enough_o and_o will_v sure_o hold_v we_o none_o can_v encourage_v any_o further_a doubt_n but_o that_o the_o present_a church-government_n be_v so_o far_o establish_v by_o the_o act_n for_o uniformity_n as_o that_o it_o require_v every_o minister_n to_o declare_v that_o he_o be_v not_o bind_v to_o endeavour_v a_o change_n of_o it_o 11._o so_o that_o if_o the_o covenant_n shall_v be_v yet_o bind_v on_o we_o to_o endeavour_v a_o change_n of_o this_o government_n it_o shall_v oblige_v we_o to_o violate_v the_o law_n and_o consequent_o to_o sin_n therefore_o whatever_o we_o think_v before_o we_o may_v be_v satisfy_v that_o the_o covenant_n can_v oblige_v we_o so_o far_o now_o viz._n contrary_a to_o express_v law_n but_o we_o shall_v put_v the_o case_n and_o examine_v it_o more_o at_o large_a case_n xii_o whether_o a_o covenant_n take_v first_o can_v oblige_v we_o against_o a_o future_a law_n resol_n 1._o this_o case_n be_v weighty_a and_o indeed_o much_o our_o own_o i_o shall_v set_v myself_o with_o all_o sincerity_n as_o in_o the_o sight_n of_o god_n to_o give_v it_o a_o full_a and_o clear_a resolution_n according_a to_o the_o best_a of_o my_o own_o reason_n and_o the_o judgement_n of_o unintere_v and_o learn_v casuist_n 2._o that_o episcopal_a government_n be_v restore_v by_o law_n make_v since_o the_o king_n return_n viz._n in_o that_o which_o be_v take_v from_o it_o its_o place_n in_o the_o parliament_n and_o its_o former_a jurisdiction_n also_o that_o this_o present_a church-government_n be_v so_o far_o establish_v by_o the_o act_n for_o uniformity_n that_o it_o be_v express_o own_a and_o allow_v that_o so_o much_o as_o endeavour_n against_o it_o be_v prohibit_v that_o it_o be_v no_o less_o than_o the_o loss_n of_o our_o live_n not_o to_o declare_v that_o we_o be_v not_o bind_v to_o endeavour_v the_o alteration_n of_o it_o these_o thing_n be_v plain_a enough_o 3._o the_o great_a question_n here_o be_v whether_o these_o law_n make_v in_o the_o behalf_n of_o episcopal_a government_n after_o the_o take_n of_o the_o covenant_n against_o it_o can_v discharge_v the_o subject_n from_o the_o obligation_n of_o the_o covenant_n so_o far_o 4._o to_o this_o i_o do_v not_o fear_v to_o answer_v episcopal_a government_n be_v in_o itself_o not_o sinful_a in_o the_o affirmative_a neither_o do_v i_o find_v any_o note_a casuist_n to_o contradict_v i_o 5._o the_o sum_n of_o my_o reason_n for_o the_o affirmative_a you_o have_v in_o this_o plain_a argument_n the_o covenant_n to_o do_v that_o which_o may_v 1._o prop._n 1._o become_v unlawful_a can_v bind_v when_o the_o thing_n swear_v abstract_v from_o our_o covenant_n be_v become_v unlawful_a for_o then_o the_o covenant_n become_v a_o bond_n of_o iniquity_n and_o shall_v bind_v beyond_o that_o know_a and_o general_o approve_a rule_n that_o no_o covenant_n bind_v further_a and_o therefore_o not_o long_o than_o we_o lawful_o may_v and_o in_o the_o word_n of_o the_o covenanter_n plea_n make_v we_o debtor_n to_o hell_n 6._o i_o be_o far_o from_o the_o opinion_n of_o navarr_n sylvester_n layman_n and_o those_o that_o affirm_v that_o no_o man_n be_v further_o bind_v by_o a_o oath_n than_o he_o will_v have_v oblige_v himself_o if_o he_o have_v foresee_v the_o ill_a consequence_n of_o it_o which_o be_v indeed_o in_o their_o latitude_n a_o very_a dangerous_a rule_n and_o plain_o destructive_a to_o humane_a society_n 7._o yet_o no_o casuist_n but_o with_o sanches_n will_v allow_v the_o rule_n when_o thus_o limit_v that_o what_o will_v at_o first_o have_v hinder_v our_o oblige_a ourselves_o have_v it_o be_v foresee_v or_o have_v it_o first_o happen_v will_v also_o discharge_v we_o when_o know_v or_o come_v to_o pass_v from_o the_o obligation_n to_o the_o performance_n of_o it_o if_o it_o be_v by_o reason_n that_o the_o matter_n be_v inhabilis_fw-la ad_fw-la producendam_fw-la obligationem_fw-la that_o be_v if_o the_o thing_n become_v unlawful_a and_o consequent_o weak_a and_o unable_a to_o produce_v a_o obligation_n as_o before_o but_o to_o covenant_n to_o endeavour_v the_o 2._o prop._n 2._o extirpation_n of_o episcopal_a government_n though_o it_o may_v be_v think_v to_o be_v lawful_a to_o do_v then_o yet_o now_o it_o appear_v it_o be_v to_o covenant_n to_o do_v that_o which_o may_v become_v unlawful_a viz._n by_o the_o law_n restore_v that_o government_n and_o prohibit_v all_o endeavour_n for_o the_o extirpation_n or_o alteration_n of_o it_o 2._o therefore_o if_o it_o do_v oblige_v so_o far_o before_o which_o can_v be_v grant_v yet_o it_o can_v now_o oblige_v so_o far_o no_o long_o except_v it_o have_v power_n beyond_o authority_n and_o can_v warrant_v disobedience_n to_o the_o law_n of_o the_o land_n 3._o the_o reason_n of_o the_o whole_a lie_n in_o that_o excellent_a rule_n of_o dr._n ames_n a_o rule_n not_o question_v by_o any_o that_o i_o have_v hear_v of_o de_fw-fr rebus_fw-la ita_fw-la mutabilibus_fw-la ut_fw-la rem_fw-la promissam_fw-la faciant_fw-la illi_fw-la citam_fw-la subintelligitur_fw-la si_fw-la res_fw-la in_o eodem_fw-la statu_fw-la permanserint_fw-la that_o be_v in_o the_o fair_a and_o most_o uncexeptionable_a interpretation_n if_o the_o change_n of_o the_o state_n of_o thing_n do_v not_o render_v the_o thing_n swear_v or_o promise_v sinful_a or_o unlawful_a 4._o now_o it_o may_v be_v worth_a the_o examine_n what_o unlawfulness_n can_v de_fw-fr novo_fw-la be_v contract_v by_o the_o change_n of_o the_o state_n of_o thing_n mutable_a 5._o certain_o not_o a_o unlawfulness_n from_o any_o immediate_a prohibition_n of_o god_n for_o then_o either_o the_o thing_n can_v not_o be_v lawful_a or_o in_o that_o sense_n mutable_a before_o and_o the_o promise_n have_v be_v sinful_a ab_fw-la initio_fw-la whereas_o dr._n ames_n suppose_v the_o contrary_a and_o give_v this_o among_o the_o rest_n as_o a_o condition_n of_o a_o lawful_a oath_n or_o else_o it_o must_v be_v make_v unlawful_a by_o special_a revelation_n which_o be_v absurd_a to_o suppose_v especial_o see_v ames_n make_v the_o changableness_n of_o the_o thing_n and_o the_o state_n of_o they_o a_o possible_a instrument_n of_o change_a thing_n before_o lawful_a and_o lawful_o swear_v into_o sinful_a and_o such_o as_o can_v no_o long_o be_v oblige_v unto_o 6._o what_o then_o remain_v but_o that_o this_o rule_n refer_v to_o the_o law_n of_o man_n which_o indeed_o have_v power_n to_o change_v the_o state_n of_o thing_n indifferent_a and_o to_o make_v they_o as_o to_o we_o and_o as_o to_o their_o use_n though_o not_o in_o themselves_o either_o sinful_a or_o necessary_a 7._o so_o that_o the_o meaning_n of_o the_o rule_n be_v that_o when_o we_o promise_v or_o swear_v any_o thing_n that_o be_v lawful_a if_o it_o be_v of_o a_o mutable_a nature_n and_o the_o contrary_a to_o what_o we_o swear_v may_v be_v command_v by_o authority_n we_o be_v only_o to_o perform_v it_o with_o this_o condition_n if_o thing_n remain_v in_o the_o same_o condition_n and_o the_o command_n of_o superior_n or_o the_o law_n of_o the_o land_n do_v not_o prohibit_v and_o make_v it_o unlawful_a for_o we_o to_o do_v 8._o thus_o admit_v that_o episcopal_a government_n be_v res_fw-la indifferens_fw-la and_o res_fw-la mutabilis_fw-la when_o man_n swear_v against_o it_o yet_o to_o perform_v that_o oath_n be_v now_o become_v unlawful_a by_o the_o intervention_n of_o new_a law_n and_o our_o duty_n to_o superior_n which_o no_o former_a oath_n can_v supersede_n for_o according_a to_o the_o rule_n the_o oath_n can_v bind_v in_o thing_n of_o so_o mutable_a a_o nature_n without_o this_o condition_n si_fw-la res_fw-la in_o eodem_fw-la statu_fw-la permanserint_fw-la if_o the_o thing_n swear_v do_v no_o way_n afterward_o become_v sinful_a object_n the_o proposal_n of_o a_o objection_n wherein_o we_o have_v all_o that_o can_v possible_o be_v urge_v against_o this_o rule_n may_v give_v some_o advantage_n to_o our_o further_a clear_v this_o weighty_a matter_n it_o be_v