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book_n king_n samuel_n saul_n 1,596 5 10.1155 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A88696 VindiciƦ contra tyrannos: a defence of liberty against tyrants. Or, of the lawfull power of the prince over the people, and of the people over the prince. Being a treatise written in Latin and French by Junius Brutus, and translated out of both into English. Questions discussed in this treatise. I. Whether subjects are bound, and ought to obey princes, if they command that which is against the law of God. II. Whether it be lawfull to resist a prince which doth infringe the law of God, or ruine the Church, by whom, how, and how farre it is lawfull. III. Whether it be lawfull to resist a prince which doth oppresse or ruine a publique state, and how farre such resistance may be extended, by whome, how, and by what right, or law it is permitted. IV. Whether neighbour princes or states may be, or are bound by law, to give succours to the subjects of other princes, afflicted to the cause of true religion, or oppressed by manifest tyranny.; Vindiciae contra tyrannos. English Languet, Hubert, 1518-1581.; Walker, William, 17th cent. 1648 (1648) Wing L415; Thomason E430_2; ESTC R34504 141,416 156

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shall_v be_v utter_o ruin_v also_o at_o all_o such_o time_n as_o they_o leave_v the_o service_n of_o god_n they_o be_v deliver_v into_o the_o hand_n of_o the_o canaanite_n and_o reduce_v in_o to_o slavery_n under_o their_o tyranny_n now_o this_o covenant_n between_o god_n and_o the_o people_n in_o the_o time_n of_o the_o judge_n have_v vigour_n also_o in_o the_o time_n of_o the_o king_n and_o be_v treat_v with_o they_o after_o that_o saul_n have_v be_v anoint_a choose_a and_o whole_o establish_v king_n samuel_n speak_v unto_o the_o people_n in_o these_o term_n behold_v the_o king_n who_o you_o have_v demand_v 12._o 2_o sam._n 12._o and_o choose_v god_n have_v establish_v he_o king_n over_o you_o obey_v you_o therefore_o and_o serve_v the_o lord_n as_o well_o you_o as_o your_o king_n which_o be_v establish_v over_o you_o otherwise_o you_o and_o your_o king_n shall_v perish_v as_o if_o he_o shall_v say_v you_o will_v have_v a_o king_n and_o god_n have_v give_v you_o this_o here_o 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of_o alexander_n yet_o he_o confess_v that_o the_o divinity_n can_v so_o proper_o be_v compare_v to_o to_o any_o thing_n of_o this_o life_n as_o to_o the_o ancient_a law_n of_o well-governed_a state_n he_o that_o prefer_v the_o commonwealth_n apply_v himself_o to_o god_n ordinance_n but_o he_o that_o lean_v to_o the_o king_n fancy_n instead_o of_o law_n prefer_v brutish_a sensuality_n before_o well-ordered_a discretion_n to_o which_o also_o the_o propher_n seem_v to_o have_v respect_n who_o in_o some_o place_n describe_v these_o great_a empire_n under_o the_o representation_n of_o raven_a beast_n but_o to_o go_v on_o be_v not_o he_o a_o very_a beast_n who_o have_v rather_o have_v for_o his_o guide_n a_o blind_a and_o mad_a man_n than_o he_o which_o see_v both_o with_o the_o eye_n of_o the_o body_n and_o mind_n a_o beast_n rather_o th●n_v god_n whence_o it_o come_v that_o though_o king_n as_o say_v aristotle_n for_o a_o while_n at_o the_o first_o command_v without_o restraint_n of_o law_n yet_o present_o after_o civilise_a people_n reduce_v i●●●em_v to_o a_o lawful_a condition_n by_o bi●ding_v they_o to_o keep_v and_o observe_v the_o law_n and_o for_o this_o unruly_a absolute_a authority_n i●_n remain_v only_o among_o those_o which_o command_v over_o barbarous_a nation_n he_o say_v afterward_o that_o this_o absolute_a power_n be_v the_o next_o degree_n to_o plain_a tyranny_n and_o he_o have_v absolute_o call_v it_o tyranny_n have_v not_o these_o beast_n like_o barbarian_n willing_o subject_v themselves_o unto_o it_o but_o it_o will_v be_v reply_v that_o it_o be_v unworthy_a the_o majesty_n of_o king_n to_o have_v their_o will_n bridle_v by_o law_n but_o i_o will_v say_v that_o nothing_o be_v more_o royal_a then_o to_o have_v our_o unruly_a desire_n rule_v by_o good_a law_n it_o be_v much_o pity_n to_o be_v restrain_v from_o that_o which_o we_o will_v do_v it_o be_v much_o more_o worse_o to_o will_n that_o which_o we_o shall_v not_o do_v but_o it_o be_v the_o 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thing_n to_o live_v if_o a_o mad_a man_n may_v not_o be_v suffer_v to_o kill_v himself_o when_o he_o will_n for_o what_o else_o do_v those_o thing_n which_o violate_v and_o abolish_v law_n without_o which_o neither_o empire_n no_o nor_o the_o very_a society_n of_o freebooters_a ossicii_fw-la cicero_n i._o ●_o ossicii_fw-la can_v at_o all_o subsist_v let_v we_o then_o reject_v these_o detestable_a falsinesse_n and_o impious_a vanity_n of_o the_o court-marmonsists_a which_o make_v king_n god_n and_o receive_v their_o say_n as_o oracle_n and_o which_o be_v worse_o be_v so_o shameless_a as_o to_o persuade_v king_n that_o nothing_o be_v just_a or_o equitable_a of_o itself_o but_o take_v its_o true_a form_n of_o justice_n or_o injustice_n according_a as_o it_o please_v the_o king_n to_o ordain_v as_o if_o he_o be_v some_o god_n which_o can_v neither_o err_v nor_o sin_n at_o all_o certain_o all_o that_o which_o god_n will_v be_v just_a and_o therefore_o suppose_v it_o be_v god_n will_v but_o that_o must_v be_v just_a with_o the_o king_n will_v before_o it_o be_v his_o will_n for_o it_o be_v not_o just_a because_o the_o king_n have_v appoint_v it_o but_o that_o king_n be_v just_a which_o appoint_v that_o to_o be_v hold_v for_o just_a which_o be_v so_o of_o itself_o we_o will_v not_o then_o say_v as_o anaxarchus_n do_v to_o alexander_n much_o perplex_v for_o the_o death_n of_o his_o friend_n clitus_n who_o he_o have_v kill_v with_o his_o own_o hand_n to_o wit_n that_o themis_n the_o goddess_n of_o justice_n fit_v by_o king_n side_n as_o she_o do_v by_o jupiter_n to_o approve_v and_o confirm_v whatsoever_o to_o they_o 〈◊〉_d seem_v good_a but_o rather_o she_o sit_v as_o precedent_n over_o kingdom_n to_o severe_o chastise_v those_o king_n which_o wrong_n or_o violate_v the_o majesty_n of_o the_o law_n we_o can_v no_o way_n approve_v that_o say_n of_o thrasimacus_n the_o chaldoncan_n that_o the_o profit_n and_o pleasure_n of_o prince_n be_v the_o rule_n by_o which_o all_o law_n be_v define_v but_o rather_o that_o right_o must_v limit_v the_o profit_n of_o prince_n and_o the_o law_n restrain_v their_o pleasure_n and_o instead_o of_o approve_v that_o which_o that_o villainous_a woman_n say_v to_o caracalla_n that_o whatsoever_o he_o desire_v be_v allow_v he_o we_o will_v maintain_v that_o nothing_o be_v lawful_a but_o what_o the_o law_n permit_v and_o absolute_o reject_v that_o detestable_a opinion_n of_o the_o same_o caracalla_n that_o prince_n give_v law_n too_o she_o but_o receive_v none_o from_o any_o we_o will_v say_v that_o in_o all_o kingdom_n well_o establish_v the_o king_n receive_v the_o law_n from_o the_o people_n the_o wh●ch_n he_o ought_v careful_o to_o consider_v and_o maintain_v and_o whatsoever_o e●ther_o by_o force_n or_o fr●ud_o he_o do_v in_o prejudice_n of_o they_o must_v always_o be_v repute_v unjust_a king_n receive_v law_n from_o the_o people_n these_o may_v be_v sufficient_o verify_v by_o example_n before_o there_o be_v a_o king_n in_o israel_n god_n by_o moses_n prescribe_v to_o he_o both_o sacred_a and_o evil_a 17_o deut._n 17_o ordinance_n which_o he_o shall_v have_v perpetual_o before_o his_o eye_n but_o after_o that_o saul_n be_v elect_v and_o establish_v by_o the_o people_n samuel_n deliver_v it_o to_o he_o write_v to_o the_o end_n he_o may_v careful_o observe_v it_o neither_o be_v the_o succeed_a king_n receive_v before_o they_o have_v swear_v to_o keep_v those_o ordinance_n the_o ceremony_n be_v this_o that_o together_o with_o the_o set_n of_o the_o crown_n on_o the_o king_n head_n they_o deliver_v into_o his_o hand_n the_o book_n of_o the_o testimony_n which_o some_o understand_v to_o be_v the_o right_n of_o the_o people_n of_o the_o land_n other_o the_o law_n of_o god_n according_a to_o which_o he_o ought_v to_o govern_v the_o people_n cirus_n acknowledge_v himself_o conservator_n of_o his_o country_n law_n obliege_v himself_o to_o oppose_v any_o man_n that_o will_v offer_v to_o infringe_v they_o and_o at_o his_o mauguration_n tie_v himself_o to_o observe_v they_o although_o some_o flatterer_n tickle_v the_o ear_n of_o his_o son_n cambyses_n that_o all_o thing_n be_v lawful_a for_o he_o the_o king_n of_o sparta_n who_o aristotle_n call_v lawful_a prince_n do_v every_o month_n renew_v their_o oath_n promise_v in_o the_o hand_n of_o the_o ephori_fw-la lace_v zeneph_n de_fw-fr reb._n lace_v procure_v for_o the_o kingdom_n to_o rule_v according_a to_o those_o law_n which_o they_o have_v from_o lieurgus_n hereupon_o it_o be_v ask_v archidamus_n the_o son_n of_o zeuxidamus_n who_o be_v the_o governor_n of_o sparta_n he_o answer_v the_o law_n and_o the_o lawful_a magistrate_n and_o lest_o the_o law_n may_v grow_v into_o contempt_n these_o people_n brag_v that_o they_o receive_v they_o from_o heaven_n and_o that_o they_o be_v inspire_v from_o above_o to_o the_o end_n that_o man_n may_v believe_v that_o their_o determination_n be_v from_o god_n and_o not_o from_o man_n the_o king_n of_o egypt_n do_v in_o nothing_o vary_v from_o the_o tenor_n of_o the_o law_n and_o confess_v that_o their_o principal_a felicity_n consist_v in_o the_o obedience_n th●y_v yield_v to_o they_o romulus_n at_o the_o institution_n of_o the_o roman_a kingdom_n make_v this_o agreement_n with_o senator_n the_o people_n shall_v make_v law_n and_o he_o will_v take_v both_o for_o himself_o and_o other_o to_o see_v they_o observe_v and_o keep_v antiochus_n the_o three_o of_o that_o name_n king_n of_o asia_n write_v unto_o all_o the_o city_n of_o his_o 6._o 〈◊〉_d of_o lib_n 5._o ca._n 6._o kingdom_n t●at_o if_o the_o letter_n send_v unto_o they_o in_o his_o name_n there_o be_v any_o thing_n find_v repugnant_a to_o the_o law_n they_o shall_v believe_v they_o be_v no_o act_n of_o the_o king_n and_o therefore_o yield_v no_o obedience_n unto_o they_o
much_o as_o if_o the_o 35._o rom_n 1._o 35._o apostle_n have_v say_v that_o the_o obedience_n of_o which_o he_o speak_v ought_v not_o to_o proceed_v for_o fear_n of_o punishment_n but_o from_o the_o love_n of_o god_n and_o from_o the_o reverence_n which_o we_o be_v bind_v to_o bear_v unto_o the_o word_n in_o the_o same_o sense_n saint_n paul_n enjoin_v servant_n in_o such_o manner_n to_o obey_v their_o master_n that_o it_o be_v not_o with_o eye_n service_n for_o fear_n of_o stripe_n but_o in_o singleness_n of_o heart_n fear_v 22._o col._n 3._o 22._o god_n not_o simple_o to_o acquire_v the_o favour_n of_o man_n who_o they_o may_v delude_v but_o to_o bear_v the_o burden_n lay_v on_o their_o shoulder_n by_o he_o who_o no_o man_n can_v deceive_v in_o brief_a there_o be_v manifest_a difference_n between_o these_o two_o manner_n of_o speech_n to_o obey_v for_o conscience_n sake_n and_o to_o obey_v in_o those_o thing_n which_o concern_v the_o conscience_n otherways_o those_o which_o have_v much_o rather_o loose_v their_o life_n with_o infinite_a torment_n than_o obey_v prince_n which_o command_v they_o thing_n contrary_a to_o the_o will_n of_o god_n will_v have_v teach_v we_o that_o which_o these_o seek_v to_o persuade_v we_o to_o neither_o do_v they_o express_v themselves_o object_n 2_o less_o impudent_a in_o that_o which_o they_o be_v accustom_v to_o object_n to_o those_o which_o be_v not_o so_o well_o able_a to_o answer_v they_o that_o obedience_n be_v better_a than_o sacrifice_n for_o there_o be_v no_o text_n in_o holy_a writ_n that_o do_v more_o evident_o confound_v they_o then_o this_o which_o be_v contain_v in_o samuel_n reprehension_n of_o king_n saul_n for_o 22._o 1_o sam._n 15._o 22._o his_o disobedience_n to_o the_o commandment_n of_o god_n in_o sacrifice_v unfitting_o if_o then_o saul_n although_o he_o be_v a_o king_n ought_v to_o obey_v god_n it_o follow_v in_o all_o good_a consequence_n that_o subject_n be_v not_o bind_v to_o obey_v their_o king_n by_o offend_v of_o god_n brief_o those_o which_o after_o the_o barbarous_a manner_n of_o the_o man_n of_o calcut_n seek_v to_o enthral_v the_o service_n of_o god_n with_o a_o necessary_a dependence_n on_o the_o will_n of_o a_o mutable_a man_n and_o religion_n of_o the_o good_a pleasure_n of_o the_o king_n as_o if_o he_o be_v some_o god_n on_o earth_n they_o double_v little_a value_n the_o testimony_n of_o holy_a writ_n but_o let_v they_o at_o the_o least_o yet_o learn_v of_o a_o heathen_a orator_n that_o in_o every_o public_a state_n offic_n cicero_n in_o the_o first_o book_n of_o offic_n there_o be_v certain_a degree_n of_o duty_n for_o those_o that_o converse_v and_o live_v in_o it_o by_o which_o may_v appear_v wherein_o the_o one_o be_v oblige_v to_o the_o other_o insomuch_o that_o the_o first_o part_n of_o this_o duty_n belong_v to_o the_o immortal_a god_n the_o second_o concern_v the_o country_n which_o be_v their_o common_a mother_n the_o three_o those_o which_o be_v of_o our_o blood_n the_o other_o part_n lead_v we_o step_n by_o step_n to_o our_o other_o neighbour_n now_o although_o the_o crime_n of_o high_a treason_n be_v very_o heinous_a yet_o according_a digest_v l._n 2._o ad_fw-la leg_n jul._n majest_n digest_v to_o the_o civilian_n it_o always_o follow_v after_o sacrilege_n a_o offence_n which_o proper_o pertain_v to_o the_o lord_n god_n and_o his_o service_n insomuch_o that_o they_o do_v confident_o affirm_v that_o the_o rob_n of_o a_o church_n be_v by_o their_o rule_n esteem_v a_o great_a crime_n than_o to_o conspire_v against_o the_o life_n of_o a_o prince_n thus_o much_o for_o this_o first_o question_n wherein_o we_o persuade_v ourselves_o that_o any_o man_n may_v receive_v satisfaction_n if_o he_o be_v not_o utter_o void_a of_o the_o fear_n of_o god_n the_o second_o question_n whether_o it_o be_v lawful_a to_o resist_v a_o prince_n which_o do_v infringe_v the_o law_n of_o god_n or_o ruin_v his_o church_n by_o who_o how_o and_o how_o far_o it_o be_v lawful_a this_o question_n seem_v at_o the_o first_o view_n to_o be_v of_o a_o high_a and_o difficult_a nature_n for_o so_o much_o as_o there_o be_v small_a occasion_n to_o speak_v to_o prince_n that_o fear_v god_n on_o the_o contrary_a there_o will_v be_v much_o danger_n to_o trouble_v the_o ear_n of_o those_o which_o acknowledge_v no_o other_o sovereign_n but_o themselves_o for_o which_o reason_n few_o or_o none_o have_v meddle_v with_o it_o and_o if_o any_o have_v at_o all_o touch_v it_o it_o have_v be_v but_o as_o it_o be_v in_o pass_v by_o the_o question_n be_v if_o it_o be_v lawful_a to_o resist_v a_o prince_n violate_v the_o law_n of_o god_n or_o ruinate_v the_o church_n or_o hinder_v the_o restore_n of_o it_o if_o we_o hold_v ourselves_o to_o the_o tenure_n of_o the_o holy_a scripture_n it_o will_v resolve_v we_o for_o if_o in_o this_o case_n it_o have_v be_v lawful_a to_o the_o jewish_a people_n the_o which_o may_v be_v easy_o gather_v from_o the_o book_n of_o the_o old_a testament_n yea_o if_o it_o have_v be_v enjoin_v they_o i_o believe_v it_o will_v not_o be_v deny_v that_o the_o same_o must_v be_v allow_v to_o the_o whole_a people_n of_o any_o christian_a kingdom_n or_o country_n whatsoever_o in_o the_o first_o place_n it_o must_v be_v consider_v that_o god_n have_v choose_v israel_n from_o among_o all_o the_o nation_n of_o the_o earth_n to_o be_v a_o peculiar_a people_n to_o he_o and_o covenant_v with_o they_o that_o they_o shall_v be_v the_o people_n of_o god_n this_o be_v write_v in_o divers_a place_n of_o douteronomy_n the_o substance_n and_o tenor_n of_o 2._o deut._n 7._o 6._o &_o 14._o 2._o this_o alliance_n be_v that_o all_o shall_v be_v careful_a in_o their_o several_a line_n tribe_n and_o family_n in_o the_o land_n of_o canaan_n to_o serve_v god_n pure_o who_o will_v have_v a_o church_n establish_v among_o they_o for_o ever_o which_o may_v be_v draw_v from_o the_o testimony_n of_o divers_a place_n namely_o that_o which_o be_v contain_v in_o the_o 27_o chap._n of_o deuteronomy_n there_o moses_n and_o the_o levite_n covenant_v as_o in_o the_o name_n of_o god_n assemble_v all_o the_o people_n and_o say_v unto_o they_o this_o day_n oh_o israel_n be_v thou_o become_v the_o people_n of_o god_n obey_v you_o therefore_o his_o voice_n etc._n etc._n and_o moses_n say_v when_o thou_o have_v pass_v the_o river_n of_o jordan_n thou_o shall_v set_v six_o tribe_n on_o the_o mountain_n of_o gerizzim_n on_o the_o one_o side_n and_o the_o six_o other_o on_o the_o mountain_n of_o eball_n and_o then_o the_o levite_n shall_v read_v the_o law_n of_o god_n promise_v the_o observer_n all_o felicity_n and_o threaten_a woe_n and_o destruction_n to_o the_o breaker_n thereof_o and_o all_o the_o people_n shall_v answer_v amen_n the_o which_o be_v afterward_o perform_v by_o joshua_n at_o his_o enter_v into_o the_o land_n of_o canaan_n and_o some_o few_o day_n before_o his_o death_n we_o see_v by_o this_o that_o all_o the_o people_n be_v bind_v to_o maintain_v the_o law_n of_o etc._n jos_n 5._o 24._o &_o 24._o 20._o etc._n etc._n god_n to_o perfect_v his_o church_n and_o on_o the_o contrary_a to_o exterminate_v the_o idol_n of_o the_o land_n of_o canaan_n a_o covenant_n which_o can_v no_o way_n appertain_v to_o particular_n but_o only_o to_o the_o whole_a body_n of_o the_o people_n to_o which_o also_o it_o seem_v the_o encamp_a of_o all_o the_o tribe_n round_o about_o the_o ark_n of_o the_o lord_n to_o have_v reference_n to_o the_o end_n that_o all_o shall_v look_v to_o preservation_n of_o that_o which_o be_v commit_v to_o the_o custody_n of_o all_o now_o for_o the_o use_n and_o practice_v of_o this_o covenant_n we_o may_v produce_v example_n the_o inhabitant_n of_o gabaa_n of_o the_o tribe_n of_o benjamin_n ravish_v the_o wife_n of_o a_o levite_n which_o die_v through_o their_o violence_n 20._o judg._n 19_o 20._o the_o levite_n divide_v his_o wife_n into_o twelve_o piece_n and_o send_v they_o to_o the_o twelve_o tribe_n to_o the_o end_n that_o all_o the_o people_n together_o may_v wipe_v away_o this_o so_o horrible_a a_o crime_n commit_v in_o israel_n all_o the_o people_n meet_v together_o at_o mizpah_n and_o require_v the_o benjamite_n to_o deliver_v to_o be_v punish_v those_o that_o be_v culpable_a of_o this_o enormous_a crime_n which_o they_o refuse_v to_o perform_v wherefore_o with_o the_o allowance_n of_o god_n himself_o the_o state_n of_o the_o people_n with_o a_o universal_a consent_n renounce_v and_o make_v war_n against_o the_o benjamite_n and_o by_o this_o mean_v the_o authority_n of_o the_o second_o table_n of_o the_o law_n be_v maintain_v by_o the_o detriment_n and_o ruin_n of_o one_o entire_a tribe_n which_o have_v break_v it_o in_o one_o of_o the_o precept_n for_o the_o first_o we_o have_v
a_o example_n sufficient_o manifest_a in_o joshua_n after_o that_o the_o rubenites_n gadites_n &_o manassites_n be_v return_v into_o their_o dwelling_n beyond_o jordan_n they_o incontinent_o build_v a_o goodly_a altar_n near_o unto_o the_o river_n this_o seem_v 22_o jos_n 22_o to_o contrary_a the_o commandment_n of_o the_o lord_n who_o express_o forbid_v to_o sacrifice_v any_o where_o but_o in_o the_o land_n of_o canaan_n only_o wherefore_o it_o be_v to_o be_v fear_v lest_o these_o man_n intend_v to_o serve_v idol_n this_o business_n be_v communicate_v to_o the_o people_n inhabit_v on_o this_o side_n jordan_n the_o place_n assign_v for_o the_o meeting_n of_o the_o state_n be_v at_o silo_n where_o the_o ark_n of_o the_o lord_n be_v they_o all_z according_o meet_v and_o phineas_n the_o highpriest_n the_o son_n of_o eleazar_n be_v send_v to_o the_o other_o to_o treat_v with_o they_o concern_v this_o offence_n commit_v against_o the_o law_n and_o to_o the_o end_n they_o may_v know_v all_o the_o people_n have_v a_o hand_n in_o this_o business_n they_o send_v also_o the_o principal_a man_n of_o every_o tribe_n to_o complain_v that_o the_o service_n of_o god_n be_v corrupt_v by_o this_o devise_n that_o god_n will_v be_v provoke_v by_o this_o rebellion_n and_o become_v a_o enemy_n not_o only_o to_o the_o guilty_a but_o also_o to_o all_o israel_n as_o heretofore_o in_o beelphegor_n brief_o that_o they_o shall_v denounce_v open_a war_n against_o they_o if_o they_o desist_v not_o from_o this_o their_o manner_n of_o do_v there_o must_v of_o necessity_n have_v follow_v much_o mischief_n if_o those_o tribe_n beyond_o jordan_n have_v not_o protest_v that_o they_o erect_v that_o altar_n only_o for_o a_o memorial_n that_o the_o israelite_n both_o on_o the_o one_o and_o the_o other_o side_n of_o jordan_n both_o do_v and_o do_v profess_v one_o and_o the_o same_o religion_n and_o at_o all_o time_n whensoever_o they_o have_v show_v themselves_o negligent_a in_o the_o maintenance_n of_o the_o service_n of_o god_n we_o have_v see_v that_o they_o have_v ever_o be_v punish_v this_o be_v the_o true_a cause_n wherefore_o they_o lose_v two_o battle_n against_o the_o benjamite_n according_a as_o it_o appear_v in_o the_o end_n of_o the_o book_n of_o judge_n for_o in_o so_o careful_o undertake_v to_o punish_v the_o rape_n and_o outrage_n do_v to_o a_o particular_a person_n they_o clear_o convince_v themselves_o of_o much_o negligent_a prophanesse_n in_o the_o maintenance_n of_o god_n right_a by_o their_o continual_o negligence_n omission_n to_o punish_v both_o corporal_a and_o spiritual_a whoredom_n there_o be_v then_o in_o these_o first_o time_n such_o a_o covenant_n between_o god_n and_o the_o people_n now_o after_o that_o king_n be_v give_v unto_o the_o people_n there_o be_v 3._o a_o covenant_n between_o god_n the_o king_n &_o the_o people_n 2_o king_n 11._o 17._o &_o 23._o 3._o so_o little_a purpose_n of_o disannul_v or_o disband_v the_o former_a contract_n that_o it_o be_v renew_v and_o confirm_v for_o ever_o we_o have_v former_o say_v at_o the_o inaugurate_n of_o king_n there_o be_v a_o double_a covenant_n treat_v of_o to_o wit_n between_o god_n and_o the_o king_n and_o between_o god_n and_o the_o people_n the_o agreement_n be_v first_o pass_v between_o god_n the_o king_n and_o the_o people_n or_o between_o the_o highpriest_n the_o people_n which_o be_v name_v in_o the_o first_o place_n in_o the_o 23_o chapter_n in_o the_o 2_o book_n of_o the_o chronicle_n and_o the_o king_n the_o intention_n 16._o 2_o chron_n 23_o 16._o of_o this_o be_v that_o the_o people_n shall_v be_v the_o people_n of_o god_n which_o be_v as_o much_o as_o to_o say_v that_o the_o people_n shall_v be_v the_o church_n of_o god_n we_o have_v show_v before_o to_o what_o end_n god_n contract_v covenant_n with_o the_o king_n let_v we_o now_o consider_v wherefore_o also_o he_o ally_n himself_o with_o the_o people_n it_o be_v a_o thing_n most_o certain_a that_o god_n have_v not_o do_v this_o in_o vain_a and_o if_o the_o people_n have_v not_o authority_n to_o promise_v and_o to_o keep_v promise_n it_o be_v vain_o lose_v time_n to_o contract_n or_o covenant_n with_o they_o it_o may_v seem_v then_o that_o god_n have_v do_v like_o those_o creditor_n which_o have_v to_o deal_v with_o not_o very_o sufficient_a borrower_n take_v divers_a joint_o bind_v for_o one_o and_o the_o same_o sum_n insomuch_o as_o two_o or_o more_o be_v bind_v one_o for_o another_o and_o each_o of_o they_o apart_o for_o the_o entire_a payment_n of_o the_o total_a sum_n he_o may_v demand_v his_o whole_a debt_n of_o which_o of_o they_o he_o please_v there_o be_v much_o danger_n to_o commit_v the_o custody_n of_o the_o church_n to_o one_o man_n alone_o and_o therefore_o god_n do_v recommend_v and_o put_v it_o in_o trust_n to_o all_o the_o people_n the_o king_n be_v raise_v to_o so_o slippery_a a_o place_n may_v easy_o be_v corrupt_v for_o fear_v lest_o the_o church_n shall_v stumble_v with_o he_o god_n will_v have_v the_o people_n also_o to_o be_v respondent_n for_o it_o in_o the_o covenant_n of_o which_o we_o speak_v god_n or_o in_o his_o place_n the_o highpriest_n be_v stipulator_n the_o king_n and_o all_o the_o people_n to_o wit_n israel_n do_v joint_o and_o voluntary_o assume_v promise_n and_o oblige_v themselves_o for_o one_o and_o the_o same_o thing_n the_o highpriest_n demand_n if_o they_o promise_v that_o the_o people_n shall_v be_v the_o people_n of_o god_n that_o god_n shall_v always_o have_v his_o temple_n his_o church_n among_o they_o where_o he_o shall_v be_v pure_o serve_v the_o king_n be_v respondent_fw-la so_o also_o be_v the_o people_n the_o whole_a body_n of_o the_o people_n represent_v as_o it_o be_v the_o office_n and_o place_n of_o one_o man_n not_o several_o but_o joint_o as_o the_o word_n themselves_o make_v clear_a be_v incontinent_a and_o not_o by_o intermission_n or_o distance_n of_o time_n the_o one_o after_o the_o other_o eodem_fw-la l._n mortuo_fw-la 22._o d._n de_fw-fr fidei_fw-la come_v l._n si_fw-la non_fw-la singuli_fw-la c._n si_fw-la cert_fw-la pet._n i._o penult_n d._n de_fw-fr duo_fw-la eris_fw-la 2_o &_o 3._o sect_n 1._o d._n eodem_fw-la we_o see_v here_o then_o two_o undertaker_n the_o king_n and_o israel_n which_o by_o consequent_a be_v bind_v one_o for_o another_o and_o each_o for_o the_o whole_a for_o as_o when_o cajus_n and_o titius_n have_v promise_v joint_o to_o pay_v to_o their_o creditor_n seius_n a_o certain_a sum_n each_o of_o they_o be_v bind_v for_o himself_o and_o his_o companion_n and_o the_o creditor_n may_v demand_v the_o sum_n of_o which_o of_o they_o he_o please_v in_o the_o like_a manner_n the_o king_n for_o himself_o and_o israel_n for_o itself_o be_v bind_v with_o all_o circumspection_n to_o see_v that_o the_o church_n be_v not_o damnify_v if_o either_o of_o they_o be_v negligent_a of_o their_o covenant_n god_n may_v just_o demand_v the_o whole_a of_o which_o of_o the_o two_o he_o please_v and_o the_o more_o probable_o of_o the_o people_n then_o of_o the_o king_n and_o for_o that_o many_o can_v so_o easy_o slip_v away_o as_o one_o and_o have_v better_a mean_n to_o discharge_v the_o debt_n then_o one_o alone_a in_o doct●res_fw-la l._n cum_fw-la pos_fw-la d._n the_o censib_n &_o ibi_fw-la doct●res_fw-la like_a manner_n as_o when_o two_o man_n that_o be_v indebt_v especial_o to_o the_o public_a exchequer_n the_o one_o be_v in_o such_o manner_n bind_v for_o the_o other_o that_o he_o can_v take_v no_o benefit_n of_o the_o division_n grant_v by_o the_o new_a constitution_n of_o justinian_n so_o likewise_o the_o king_n and_o israel_n promise_v to_o pay_v tribute_n to_o god_n which_o be_v the_o king_n of_o king_n for_o accomplishment_n whereof_o the_o one_o be_v oblige_v for_o the_o other_o and_o as_o two_o covenanter_n by_o promise_n especial_o in_o contract_n the_o obligation_n whereof_o expose_v the_o obligee_n to_o forfeiture_n and_o hazard_n such_o as_o eodem_fw-la l._n cum_fw-la apparebit_fw-la d._n locati_fw-la l._n si_fw-la divisa_fw-la c._n eodem_fw-la this_o be_v here_o the_o fail_n of_o the_o one_o endamage_v the_o other_o so_o that_o if_o israel_n forsake_v their_o god_n and_o the_o king_n make_v no_o account_n of_o it_o he_o be_v just_o guilty_a of_o israel_n delinquency_n in_o like_a manner_n if_o the_o king_n follow_v after_o strange_a god_n and_o not_o content_a to_o be_v seduce_v himself_o seek_v also_o to_o attract_v his_o subject_n endeavour_v by_o all_o mean_n to_o ruin_v the_o church_n if_o israel_n seek_v not_o to_o withdraw_v he_o from_o his_o rebellion_n and_o contain_v he_o within_o the_o limit_n of_o obedience_n they_o make_v the_o fault_n of_o their_o king_n their_o own_o transgression_n brief_o as_o when_o there_o be_v danger_n that_o one_o of_o the_o debtor_n by_o consume_v his_o good_n may_v
if_o the_o one_o must_v needs_o be_v do_v it_o be_v much_o better_a to_o forsake_v the_o king_n than_o god_n or_o with_o s._n augustine_n in_o his_o four_o book_n of_o the_o city_n of_o god_n chap._n 4._o and_o in_o the_o nineteenth_o book_n and_o chapter_n the_o 21._o that_o where_o there_o be_v no_o justice_n there_o be_v no_o commonwealth_n that_o there_o be_v no_o justice_n when_o he_o that_o be_v a_o mortal_a man_n will_v pull_v a_o other_o man_n out_o of_o the_o hand_n of_o the_o immortal_a god_n to_o make_v he_o a_o slave_n of_o the_o devil_n see_v that_o justice_n be_v a_o virtue_n that_o give_v to_o every_o one_o that_o which_o be_v his_o own_o and_o that_o those_o which_o draw_v their_o neck_n out_o of_o the_o yoke_n of_o such_o ruler_n deliver_v themselves_o from_o the_o tyranny_n of_o wicked_a spirit_n and_o abandon_v a_o multitude_n of_o robber_n and_o not_o the_o commonwealth_n but_o to_o reassume_a this_o discourse_n a_o little_a high_o those_o which_o shall_v carry_v themselves_o as_o have_v be_v former_o say_v seem_v no_o way_n accusable_a of_o the_o crime_n of_o revolt_n those_o be_v say_v proper_o to_o quit_v the_o king_n or_o the_o commonwealth_n which_o with_o the_o heart_n and_o purpose_n of_o a_o enemy_n withdraw_v themselves_o from_o the_o obedience_n of_o the_o king_n or_o the_o commonwealth_n by_o mean_n whereof_o they_o be_v just_o account_v adversary_n and_o be_v oftentimes_o much_o more_o to_o be_v fear_v then_o any_o other_o enemy_n but_o those_o of_o who_o we_o now_o speak_v do_v nothing_o resemble_v they_o first_o they_o do_v in_o no_o sort_n refuse_v to_o obey_v provide_v that_o they_o be_v command_v that_o which_o they_o may_v lawful_o minute_n l_o 5._o d._n de_fw-fr cap._n minute_n do_v and_o that_o it_o be_v not_o against_o the_o honour_n of_o god_n they_o pay_v willing_o the_o tax_n custom_n impost_n and_o ordinary_a payment_n provide_v that_o with_o these_o they_o seek_v not_o to_o abolish_v the_o tribute_n which_o they_o owe_v unto_o god_n they_o obey_v caesar_n while_o he_o command_v in_o the_o quality_n of_o caesar_n but_o when_o caesar_n pass_v his_o bound_n when_o he_o usurp_v that_o dominion_n which_o be_v none_o of_o his_o own_o when_o he_o endeavour_v to_o assail_v the_o throne_n of_o god_n when_o he_o war_n against_o the_o sovereign_a lord_n both_o of_o himself_o and_o the_o people_n they_o then_o esteem_v it_o reasonable_a not_o to_o obey_v caesar_n and_o yet_o after_o this_o to_o speak_v proper_o they_o do_v no_o act_n of_o hostility_n he_o be_v proper_o a_o enemy_n which_o stir_v up_o which_o provoke_v another_o which_o out_o of_o military_a insolency_n prepare_v and_o seat_v forth_o party_n to_o war_n they_o have_v be_v urge_v and_o assail_v by_o open_a war_n and_o close_a and_o treacherous_a surprisall_n when_o death_n and_o destruction_n environ_n they_o round_o about_o than_o they_o take_v arm_n and_o wade_v their_o enemy_n assault_n you_o can_v have_v place_n with_o your_o enemy_n when_o you_o will_v for_o if_o you_o lay_v down_o your_o weapon_n if_o you_o give_v over_o make_v war_n they_o will_v not_o for_o all_o that_o disarm_v themselves_o and_o loose_v their_o advantage_n but_o for_o these_o man_n desire_v but_o place_n and_o you_o have_v it_o give_v over_o but_o assail_a they_o and_o they_o will_v lay_v down_o their_o arm_n cease_v to_o fight_v against_o god_n and_o they_o will_v present_o leave_v the_o list_n will_v you_o take_v their_o sword_n out_o of_o their_o hand_n abstain_v you_o only_o then_o from_o strike_v see_v they_o be_v not_o the_o assailant_n but_o the_o defendant_n sheathe_v your_o sword_n and_o they_o will_v present_o cast_v their_o buckler_n on_o the_o ground_n which_o have_v be_v the_o reason_n that_o they_o have_v be_v often_o surprise_v by_o perfidious_a atribuscadoe_n whereof_o these_o our_o time_n have_v afford_v over_o frequent_a example_n now_o as_o we_o can_v call_v that_o servant_n stubborn_a or_o a_o fugitive_n which_o put_v by_o the_o blow_n which_o his_o lord_n strike_v at_o he_o with_o his_o sword_n or_o which_o withdraw_v or_o hide_v himself_o from_o his_o master_n fury_n or_o shut_v his_o chamber_n door_n upon_o he_o until_o his_o cole●_n land_n heat_n be_v passedover_v much_o less_o ought_v we_o to_o esteem_v those_o sedition_n which_o hold_v the_o name_n and_o place_n of_o servant_n and_o subject_n shut_v the_o gate_n of_o a_o city_n against_o their_o prince_n transport_v with_o anger_n be_v ready_a to_o do_v all_o his_o just_a commanddement_n after_o he_o have_v recover_v his_o judgement_n and_o relate_v his_o former_a indignation_n we_o must_v place_v in_o this_o rank_n david_n commander_n of_o the_o army_n of_o 28._o 1_o sam._n 21._o 22._o 2_o sam._n 25._o 28._o israel_n under_o saul_n a_o furious_a king_n david_n oppress_v with_o calumny_n and_o false_a taxation_n watch_v and_o way-layed_n from_o all_o part_n he_o retire_v unto_o and_o defend_v himself_o in_o unaccessible_a mountain_n and_o provide_v for_o his_o defence_n to_o oppose_v the_o wall_n of_o ceila_n against_o the_o fury_n of_o the_o king_n yea_o he_o draw_v unto_o his_o party_n all_o those_o that_o he_o can_v not_o to_o take_v away_o saules_n life_n from_o he_o as_o it_o plain_o appear_v afterward_o but_o to_o defend_v his_o own_o cause_n see_v wherefore_o jonathan_n the_o son_n of_o saul_n make_v no_o difficulty_n to_o make_v alliance_n with_o david_n and_o to_o renew_v it_o from_o time_n to_o time_n the_o which_o be_v call_v the_o alliance_n of_o the_o almighty_a and_o abbigall_n say_v in_o expresso_fw-la word_n that_o david_n be_v wrongful_o assail_v and_o that_o he_o make_v the_o war_n of_o god_n we_o must_v also_o place_v in_o this_o rank_n the_o maccabee_n which_o have_v etc._n macha_n 6._o 60._o etc._n etc._n good_a mean_n to_o maintain_v war_n be_v content_a to_o receive_v peace_n from_o king_n demetrius_n and_o other_o which_o antiochus_n have_v offer_v they_o before_o because_o by_o it_o they_o shall_v be_v secure_v in_o the_o free_a profession_n and_o exercise_n of_o their_o religion_n we_o may_v remember_v that_o those_o which_o in_o our_o time_n have_v fight_v for_o true_a religion_n against_o antichrist_n both_o in_o germany_n and_o france_n have_v lay_v down_o arm_n as_o soon_o as_o it_o be_v permit_v they_o to_o serve_v god_n true_o according_a to_o his_o ordinance_n and_o oftentimes_o have_v fair_a mean_n and_o occasion_n to_o advance_v and_o continue_v the_o war_n to_o their_o much_o advantage_n as_o have_v david_n and_o the_o maccabee_n where_o the_o philistine_n constrain_v saul_n to_o leave_v david_n to_o look_v to_o his_o own_o defence_n and_o those_o cloud_n of_o neighbour_a enemy_n in_o antiochus_n see_v ready_a to_o dissclue_n upon_o his_o head_n hinder_v he_o also_o from_o further_a pursue_v the_o maccabee_n see_v then_o the_o mark_n which_o distinguish_v and_o separate_v sufficient_o those_o of_o who_o we_o speak_v from_o rebel_n or_o sedition_n but_o let_v we_o yet_o see_v other_o evident_a testimony_n of_o the_o equity_n of_o their_o cause_n for_o their_o defection_n be_v of_o that_o nature_n that_o take_v but_o away_o the_o occasion_n if_o some_o extreme_a necessity_n compel_v not_o the_o contrary_a they_o present_o return_v to_o their_o former_a condition_n and_o then_o you_o can_v proper_o say_v they_o separated_z themselves_o from_o the_o king_n or_o the_o communality_n but_o that_o they_o leave_v joram_n and_o antiochus_n or_o if_o you_o will_v the_o tyranny_n and_o unlawful_a power_n of_o one_o alone_a or_o if_o divers_a particular_n which_o have_v no_o authority_n nor_o right_a to_o exact_v obedience_n in_o the_o same_o manner_n as_o they_o command_v the_o sorbonist_n doctor_n have_v teach_v we_o the_o like_a sundry_a time_n whereof_o we_o will_v allege_v some_o example_n about_o the_o year_n 1300._o pope_n boniface_n the_o 8_o seek_v to_o appropriate_v to_o his_o lutetiae_n annales_n francia_fw-la archiva_n camerae_fw-la ratiocimorum_fw-la lutetiae_n sea_n the_o copalty_n that_o belong_v to_o the_o crown_n of_o france_n philip_n the_o fair_a the_o then_o king_n do_v taunt_v he_o somewhat_o sharp_o the_o tenor_n of_o who_o care_n letter_n be_v these_o philip_n by_o the_o grace_n of_o god_n king_n of_o the_o french_a to_o boniface_n call_v himself_o sovereign_a bishop_n little_a or_o no_o health_n at_o all_o be_v it_o know_v to_o the_o great_a foolishness_n and_o unbounded_a rashness_n that_o in_o temporal_a matter_n we_o have_v only_a god_n for_o our_o superior_a and_o that_o the_o vacancy_n of_o certain_a church_n and_o pretend_v belong_v to_o we_o by_o copall_a prerogative_n and_o that_o it_o appertain_v to_o we_o only_o to_o gather_v the_o fruit_n and_o we_o will_v defend_v the_o possession_n thereof_o against_o all_o opposer_n with_o the_o edge_n of_o our_o sword_n account_v they_o fool_n and_o without_o brain_n that_o hold_v
neh._n 11._o 9_o some_o principal_a man_n choose_v out_o of_o that_o tribe_n as_o also_o in_o the_o city_n of_o jerusalem_n there_o be_v a_o governor_n choose_v out_o of_o the_o tribe_n of_o benjamin_n reside_v there_o this_o will_v appear_v more_o manifest_a by_o example_n jeremy_n send_v by_o god_n to_o denounce_v to_o the_o jew_n the_o destruction_n of_o jerusalem_n be_v therefore_o condemn_v first_o by_o the_o priest_n and_o prophet_n in_o who_o hand_n be_v 〈◊〉_d ●or_a 16._o 9_o 〈◊〉_d the_o ecclesiastical_a jurisdiction_n afterward_o by_o all_o the_o people_n of_o the_o city_n that_o be_v by_o the_o ordinary_a judge_n of_o jerusalem_n to_o wit_n the_o milleniers_n and_o the_o centurion_n final_o the_o matter_n be_v bring_v before_o the_o prince_n of_o juda_n who_o be_v the_o 71._o elder_n assemble_v and_o set_v near_o to_o the_o new_a gate_n of_o the_o temple_n he_o be_v by_o they_o acquit_v in_o this_o very_a assembly_n they_o do_v discreet_o condemn_v in_o express_a term_n the_o wicked_a and_o cruel_a act_n of_o the_o