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book_n king_n samuel_n saul_n 1,596 5 10.1155 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A85885 An exercitation concerning usurped powers: wherein the difference betwixt civill authority and usurpation is stated. That the obedience due to lawfull magistrates, is not owing, or payable, to usurped powers, is maintained. The obligation of oaths, and other sanctions to the former, notwithstanding the antipolitie of the latter is asserted. And the arguments urged on the contrary part in divers late printed discourses are answered. Being modestly, and inoffensively managed: by one studious of truth and peace both in Church and state. Hollingworth, Richard, 1607-1656.; Gee, Edward, 1613-1660, attributed name. 1650 (1650) Wing G449; Thomason E585_2 84,100 90

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say_v i_o shall_v take_v notice_n of_o when_o i_o have_v lay_v down_o my_o own_o sense_n and_o reason_n i_o shall_v therefore_o here_o labour_n to_o make_v good_a these_o two_o thing_n 1._o that_o mere_a forcible_a extrusion_n deprive_v not_o any_o lawful_a magistrate_n of_o his_o right_n and_o title_n to_o supreme_a power_n 2._o that_o violent_a possession_n give_v no_o right_a to_o the_o seat_n of_o authority_n and_o consequent_o the_o subject_n allegiance_n be_v not_o turn_v about_o by_o the_o change_n of_o powerful_a possession_n and_o dispossession_n 1._o forcible_n extrusion_n or_o dispossession_n dive_v not_o of_o dominion_n that_o the_o state_n of_o the_o subject_n allegiancec_n shall_v be_v alter_v by_o it_o first_o if_o the_o vindication_n or_o recovery_n of_o a_o prince_n or_o people_n right_a of_o dominion_n out_o of_o which_o he_o or_o they_o be_v eject_v or_o exclude_v be_v a_o justifiable_a ground_n for_o he_o their_o and_o other_o in_o their_o behalf_n levy_v and_o wage_n war_n and_o prosecute_n with_o the_o sword_n those_o that_o withstand_v the_o say_a recovery_n then_o the_o right_n of_o he_o that_o be_v expulse_v by_o force_n be_v not_o cancel_v or_o disannul_v the_o reason_n of_o this_o consequence_n be_v of_o itself_o evident_a for_o nothing_o can_v be_v the_o ground_n of_o a_o war_n but_o a_o just_a and_o real_a title_n either_o to_o be_v defend_v or_o recover_v but_o i_o assume_v the_o recovery_n or_o redemption_n of_o a_o prince_n or_o people_n right_a to_o a_o kingdom_n withhold_v or_o wrest_v from_o he_o or_o they_o be_v a_o just_a ground_n of_o draw_v the_o sword_n and_o commence_v a_o war_n this_o be_v prove_v if_o it_o need_v any_o proof_n by_o the_o war_n of_o the_o judge_n &_o people_n of_o israel_n against_o the_o king_n and_o nation_n that_o at_o several_a time_n invade_v and_o rule_v over_o they_o against_o who_o they_o rise_v up_o and_o rescue_v themselves_o and_o the_o dominion_n of_o their_o land_n from_o they_o the_o story_n of_o which_o act_n we_o have_v in_o the_o book_n of_o judge_n and_o by_o the_o war_n of_o samuel_n and_o saul_n against_o the_o philistine_n record_v in_o the_o 1._o book_n of_o samuel_n as_o also_o by_o david_n warlike_a undertake_n against_o and_o suppression_n of_o absolom_n who_o have_v carry_v away_o all_o israel_n after_o he_o into_o a_o rebellion_n against_o david_n &_o expulse_v he_o out_o of_o the_o land_n 2_o sam._n 15._o etc._n etc._n and_o 19.9_o in_o like_a manner_n by_o jehoiada_n and_o the_o people_n rise_v in_o arm_n against_o athalia_fw-la the_o usurp_a queen_n etc._n 1_o macca_n chap._n 1._o etc._n etc._n in_o the_o right_n of_o joash_n and_o their_o suppress_n and_o destroy_v she_o and_o enthron_v he_o by_o force_n of_o arms._n 2_o king_n 11._o and_o by_o the_o war_n of_o the_o maccabee_n against_o antiochus_n epiphanes_n and_o his_o successor_n 2._o successor_n joseph_n de_fw-fr bell_n judaic._n lib._n 1._o cap._n 1._o cron._n carion_n lib._n 2._o and_o the_o many_o undoubted_o lawful_a war_n of_o other_o prince_n and_o state_n in_o such_o cause_n as_o these_o which_o to_o insist_v on_o be_v superfluous_a in_o so_o clear_a a_o matter_n second_o if_o right_a and_o title_n to_o sovereignty_n be_v not_o build_v upon_o possession_n but_o upon_o the_o law_n of_o the_o land_n or_o other_o consent_n of_o the_o people_n than_o it_o be_v not_o lose_v by_o dispossession_n this_o consequence_n be_v found_v upon_o that_o which_o a_o learned_a statist_n 3d._n statist_n consideration_n touch_v a_o war_n with_o spain_n write_v by_o francis_n lo_n ve●ulam_fw-la etc._n etc._n pa._n 3d._n say_v be_v a_o receive_a maxim_n almost_o unshaken_a and_o infallible_a nihil_fw-la magis_fw-la naturae_fw-la consentaneum_fw-la est_fw-la quam_fw-la ut_fw-la iisdem_fw-la modis_fw-la res_fw-la dissolvantur_fw-la quibus_fw-la constituantur_fw-la there_o be_v nothing_o more_o agreeable_a to_o nature_n than_o that_o thing_n shall_v be_v dissolve_v by_o the_o same_o 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this_o that_o that_o which_o be_v the_o conservatory_n and_o protection_n of_o a_o private_a man_n property_n shall_v be_v of_o a_o so_o much_o more_o slippery_a tenure_n than_o it_o but_o a_o private_a property_n be_v not_o lose_v by_o dispossession_n if_o it_o be_v for_o what_o use_n serve_v the_o law_n or_o magistracy_n one_o main_a end_n of_o which_o have_v be_v to_o vindicate_v the_o subject_n right_a from_o usurpation_n or_o what_o call_v you_o property_n but_o he_o that_o either_o have_v any_o or_o grant_v such_o a_o thing_n to_o be_v as_o property_n will_v let_v this_o assumption_n pass_v four_o if_o violent_a extrusion_n take_v away_o a_o sovereign_n right_n than_o rebellion_n where_o it_o prosper_v and_o prevail_v be_v no_o treason_n for_o there_o can_v be_v no_o treason_n or_o other_o crime_n impute_v as_o against_o the_o crown_n dignity_n or_o authority_n of_o they_o who_o right_a therein_o be_v extinct_a and_o null_a so_o that_o they_o be_v only_o according_a to_o this_o opinion_n traitor_n or_o rebel_n that_o rise_v up_o in_o arm_n and_o rebellion_n against_o the_o lawful_a power_n and_o do_v not_o succeed_v and_o speed_v according_a to_o their_o desire_n by_o this_o account_n treason_n and_o rebellion_n shall_v consist_v not_o in_o the_o maliciousness_n of_o the_o intent_n or_o attempt_n but_o in_o the_o misfortune_n of_o success_n or_o impotency_n of_o the_o prosecution_n of_o it_o five_o if_o force_n dissolve_v magistracy_n then_o that_o prohibition_n of_o resistance_n under_o pain_n of_o damnation_n rom._n 13.2_o be_v in_o vain_a in_o that_o it_o concern_v only_o they_o that_o can_v resist_v effectual_o and_o be_v no_o more_o than_o if_o he_o have_v say_v resist_v not_o you_o that_o want_n power_n to_o do_v it_o lest_o if_o you_o do_v you_o incur_v damnation_n for_o they_o that_o have_v power_n and_o please_v to_o use_v it_o to_o the_o depose_n of_o the_o magistrate_n be_v that_o in_o so_o do_v they_o put_v a_o end_n to_o his_o right_n how_o can_v guilt_n remain_v on_o they_o 2._o violent_a intrusion_n into_o and_o possession_n of_o the_o seat_n of_o authority_n give_v no_o right_a to_o it_o and_o consequent_o neither_o draw_v allegiance_n after_o it_o nor_o evacuate_v it_o in_o relation_n to_o another_o first_o a_o unjust_a action_n can_v produce_v or_o create_v a_o right_n 4._o right_n non_fw-fr est_fw-fr aequum_fw-la ut_fw-la ex_fw-la actu_fw-la injusto_fw-la ius_fw-la sibi_fw-la quis_fw-la acquirat_fw-la d._n sand._n de_fw-fr juramenti_fw-la oblige_v praelect_v 6._o sect._n 4._o moral_a good_a and_o evil_a be_v at_o such_o distance_n that_o the_o one_o can_v be_v the_o cause_n the_o other_o the_o effect_n but_o violent_a intrusion_n into_o authority_n be_v a_o unjust_a action_n luk._n 12.14_o man_n who_o make_v i_o a_o judge_n etc._n etc._n and_o that_o whether_o it_o be_v by_o one_o that_o shall_v be_v a_o subject_a to_o that_o power_n rom._n 13.2_o whosoever_o therefore_o resist_v etc._n etc._n ver_fw-la 5._o wherefore_o you_o must_v needs_o be_v subject_n etc._n etc._n tit._n 3.1_o 1_o pet._n 2.13_o or_o by_o a_o foreigner_n judg._n 11.12.27_o 2_o chron._n 20.10_o 2_o if_o violent_a occupation_n make_v a_o right_a machia_n right_a o_o pubes_fw-la domitura_fw-la deos_fw-la quodcunquaevidetis_fw-la pugnando_fw-la dabitur_fw-la praestat_fw-la victoria_fw-la mundum_fw-la cl._n claudiani_n giganto_n machia_n than_o it_o be_v lawful_a for_o any_o that_o can_v make_v a_o sufficient_a strength_n for_o it_o to_o rise_v up_o in_o arm_n invade_v and_o seize_v on_o any_o kingdom_n or_o territory_n he_o can_v prevail_v over_o yea_o to_o kill_v and_o destroy_v man_n and_o country_n for_o empire_n and_o dominion_n as_o caes_n as_o cicero_n scribens_fw-la de_fw-la officiis_fw-la tertio_fw-la libro_fw-la semper_fw-la caesarem_fw-la in_o ore_fw-la habuisse_fw-la euripidis_n versus_fw-la quos_fw-la sic_fw-la ipse_fw-la convertit_fw-la nam_fw-la si_fw-la violandum_fw-la est_fw-la ius_fw-la regnanti_fw-la gratia_fw-la violandum_fw-la est_fw-la aliis_fw-la rebus_fw-la pietatem_fw-la
mean_v not_o mere_o power_n or_o authority_n abstract_v from_o person_n but_o person_n clothe_v with_o that_o authority_n now_o that_o person_n clothe_v with_o authority_n may_v be_v say_v to_o be_v of_o god_n there_o must_v be_v not_o only_a god_n institution_n of_o the_o office_n or_o magistracy_n in_o the_o abstract_n for_o the_o mere_a ordain_v of_o the_o office_n make_v not_o this_o or_o that_o man_n a_o magistrate_n more_o than_o another_o but_o also_o his_o order_n of_o the_o person_n to_o the_o office_n but_o they_o that_o be_v thus_o order_v of_o god_n viz_o not_o providential_o alone_a but_o by_o way_n of_o vocation_n approbation_n and_o authorization_n as_o it_o be_v above_o prove_v the_o sense_n of_o the_o word_n of_o god_n mun_o import_n to_o the_o magistrate_n place_n must_v needs_o be_v grant_v to_o be_v lawful_o possess_v of_o it_o or_o to_o have_v to_o it_o a_o just_a title_n this_o universal_a negative_a therefore_o of_o the_o apostle_n there_o be_v no_o power_n but_o of_o god_n must_v not_o be_v take_v in_o the_o simple_o universal_a sense_n as_o if_o there_o be_v no_o other_o power_n in_o the_o world_n but_o such_o but_o as_o a_o restrain_a universal_a to_o wit_n there_o be_v no_o lawful_a power_n but_o of_o god_n and_o so_o alone_o can_v i_o conceive_v it_o consistable_a with_o that_o of_o the_o prophet_n 8.4_o hosea_n 8.4_o they_o have_v set_v up_o king_n but_o not_o by_o i_o they_o have_v make_v prince_n and_o i_o kn●w_v it_o not_o these_o two_o say_n of_o the_o holy_a ghost_n must_v needs_o be_v true_a and_o therefore_o must_v not_o be_v contradictory_n which_o they_o be_v not_o if_o you_o take_v they_o utter_v in_o a_o divers_a respect_n the_o former_a of_o a_o lawful_a the_o latter_a of_o a_o illegal_a magigracie_n 2_o the_o power_n here_o be_v say_v to_o be_v ordain_v of_o god_n and_o v._o 2._o to_o be_v the_o ordinance_n of_o god_n 33.25_o jud●_n 4._o jer._n 33.25_o that_o be_v not_o by_o his_o decree_n or_o handie-work_n mere_o as_o ungodly_a man_n be_v say_v to_o be_v ordain_v to_o condemnation_n and_o the_o be_v and_o posture_n of_o heaven_n and_o earth_n be_v say_v to_o be_v god_n ordinance_n but_o by_o his_o word_n or_o write_a sanction_n a_o person_n in_o this_o acception_n be_v to_o be_v term_v god_n ordinance_n that_o be_v by_o divine_a rule_n put_v into_o a_o place_n or_o state_n those_o magistrate_n then_o only_o can_v be_v say_v to_o be_v ordain_v of_o god_n and_o his_o ordinanance_n that_o for_o the_o substance_n at_o least_o enter_v by_o the_o door_n that_o he_o have_v make_v or_o the_o mean_n and_o manner_n he_o have_v prescribe_v the_o son_n of_o aaron_n in_o their_o priesthood_n and_o the_o levite_n in_o their_o ministry_n be_v god_n ordinance_n in_o as_o much_o as_o they_o be_v ordain_v according_a to_o god_n appointment_n whereas_o korah_n and_o his_o company_n 8._o levit._fw-la 8._o numb_a 8._o though_o they_o officiate_v as_o priest_n yet_o they_o be_v not_o so_o because_o they_o want_v that_o ordination_n a_o man_n and_o a_o woman_n be_v by_o god_n ordinance_n husband_n and_o wife_n who_o be_v espouse_v together_o according_a to_o divine_a rule_n and_o not_o they_o who_o only_o perform_v the_o act_n of_o such_o one_o to_o another_o in_o like_a manner_n not_o whosoever_o can_v get_v into_o the_o seat_n of_o authority_n by_o any_o mean_n be_v god_n ordain_v but_o they_o who_o come_v in_o according_a to_o god_n prescript_n and_o regulation_n abs●l●m_n and_o adenijah_n though_o they_o get_v into_o the_o kingdom_n of_o israel_n be_v not_o god_n ordinance_n but_o david_n and_o solomon_n who_o place_n they_o usurp_v be_v these_o be_v put_v into_o the_o place_n by_o god_n direction_n 3_o the_o power_n here_o may_v not_o be_v resi_v under_o pain_n of_o damnation_n v._n 2._o but_o 1._o a_o usurp_a power_n or_o they_o that_o get_v man_n under_o their_o command_n by_o force_n without_o right_n may_v be_v resist_v and_o subdue_v 14._o gen._n 14._o abraham_n and_o his_o confederate_n just_o take_v up_o arm_n and_o by_o they_o rescue_v lot_n and_o the_o sodomite_n from_o chederlaomer_n and_o his_o participhant_n the_o judge_n and_o tribe_n of_o israel_n righteous_o war_v against_o and_o vanquish_v the_o nation_n that_o successive_o obtain_v and_o exercise_v dominion_n over_o they_o in_o the_o book_n of_o judge_n so_o do_v samuel_n and_o saul_n against_o the_o philistine_n that_o be_v for_o a_o time_n their_o master_n 1_o sam._n so_o do_v david_n while_o he_o be_v king_n in_o hebron_n with_o the_o house_n of_o judah_n against_o ishbosheth_n abner_n and_o all_o israel_n 11._o 2_o sam._n 2.8_o 9_o etc._n etc._n 3.1_o 2_o sam._n 18._o 2_o king_n 11._o so_o do_v david_n and_o his_o man_n against_o absolom_n and_o the_o people_n that_o follow_v he_o so_o do_v jehoiadah_n in_o the_o right_n of_o joash_n against_o athalia_fw-la last_o thus_o do_v the_o maccabee_n against_o antiochus_n and_o his_o race_n which_o example_n i_o but_o mention_n have_v urge_v the_o most_o of_o they_o before_o 8._o before_o tyrannum_fw-la absque_fw-la titulo_fw-la qui_fw-la est_fw-la invasor_n quilibet_fw-la privatus_fw-la potest_fw-la debete_fw-la medio_fw-la tollere_fw-la neque_fw-la enim_fw-la ille_fw-la rex_fw-la est_fw-la sed_fw-la privata_fw-la persona_fw-la alsted_n theol._n case_n ca._n 17._o reg._n 8._o and_o indeed_o to_o imagine_v the_o apostle_n here_o to_o tie_v man_n conscientious_o and_o under_o pain_n of_o damnation_n to_o obey_v and_o sit_v down_o without_o any_o reluctancy_n under_o yea_o to_o maintain_v assist_v and_o sight_n for_o they_o who_o do_v by_o force_n without_o any_o right_n at_o all_o usurp_v authority_n over_o they_o though_o they_o be_v turk_n theive_v irish_a rebel_n papist_n or_o whoever_o the_o worst_a of_o man_n and_o cruel_a of_o tyrant_n and_o though_o the_o sufferer_n shall_v come_v to_o have_v strength_n in_o their_o hand_n to_o relieve_v themselves_o be_v a_o imposition_n i_o think_v beyond_o the_o thought_n of_o any_o sober_a mind_n 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