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A83718 Eight propositions concerning the Kings Majestie, and the crowne of England; presented to the view of all His Majesties loyall subjects within his realmes and dominions. Together with severall proposals to the people of England touching their power and authority, both towards their Soveraigne the King, the disposall of the crown, and His Majesties oath and covenant. 1648 (1648) Wing E259; Thomason E429_2; ESTC R204615 3,881 8

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EIGHT PROPOSITIONS CONCERNINC The Kings Majestie and the Crowne of ENGLAND Presented to the view of all His Majesties loyall Subjects within his Realmes and Dominions Together with severall Proposals to the People of England touching their Power and Authority both towards their Soveraign the King the disposall of the Crown and His Majesties Oath and Covenant C R HONI SOIT QVI MAL Y PENSE Imprinted at OXFORD by Leonard Lichfield And Re-printed at London MDCXLVI● EIGHT PROPOSITIONS PRESENTED To the view of all His Majesties loyall and faithfull Subjects within His Realms and Dominions I. IS it lawfull for Kings to doe as Samuel from the Lord told the People Saul would do ANSW I. No for Samuel at the establishing of Saul 1 Sam. 10. 25. told Saul and all the people the duty of a King and wrote it in a book and laid it up before the Lord as a witnesse betwixt King and people so that all that the Lord doth command is lawful to be done and it is a sinne not to do it and all that the Lord doth forbid is unlawfull to be done and is a sin to doe it The Lord doth not command Kings to take from one and to give to another and to do their own wills therefore it is not lawfull for Kings to exercise this Regal power but the Lord saith that they will do so and so which is not a sufficient warrant for Kings to do so and so because the Lord in his Law of the duty of a King hath expresly forbidden the same Therefore it is unlawfull for Kings to exercise this regall power II. If it be unlawfull for Kings to take from and to give unto and to doe what they please why did or doth the Lord command the people to yeeld obedience and serve their Kings according to such demands commands will and pleasure ANSWER For two reasons first in respect of the Lord himselfe because he was King of Israel and had that regall power and prerogative-Royal to do his own will with man Secondly in respect of man because Israel would have a man to be their King and forsake the Lord their God peremptorily notwithstanding all before mentioned Israel must know that a mor●all man one of their brethren to bee exalted to the dignity of the Lords throne of Majesty unto which belongs such regall power and Royal prerogative that was not fit for any sinful mortall man because the wayes power and wisdome of man cannot as the Lord exercise such a power but either on the right hand or on the left they will transgresse against God or man in disobeying the Commandement of the Lord and this is the cause of the Lords anger and therefore for a punishment Israel must yeeld in obedience and serve their Kings accordingly III. Touching the true and only right place office and power of a King according to the Word of God ANSWER First the true and only right place and office of a King is from amongst above and over all the people alone to sit in the Lords throne of Majesty Secondly The true and only right Office of a King is to bee the Minister of God for the wealth or good of the people over whom he is set doing the will according unto the Lawes Statutes and Ordinance of him in whose throne he sits Therefore Kings are not to make any Statute Law or Ordinance destructive or contradictory unto them that were made by God before he made any King So that even Kings are to be as subject to the Lord as men to Kings and so as one intrusted by God as the Lords Vicegerent or Lieutenant over the Lords people betwixt God and Man to see and look unto it that God may be honoured glorified served by himselfe and all the people to see and looke to and preserve the people from all enemies perils dangers both from abroad and at home Thirdly the true and only right power of a King is as the Minister of God to bear the sword of Justice to take vengeance on or execute justice upon all evill doers and to praise honour and encourage such as do well IIII. Touching the difference between the Kings of Israels power and the Kings of Englands power and the Subjects of both ANSWER The people of Israel were within the Covenant and promise of Jesus Christ unto whom the Lord gave his Lawes Statutes and Ordinances both Morall and Ceremoniall unto whom also was given Priests and Prophets to administer unto them and to teach and direct them and Judges to guide and lead them and the great God of Heaven and Earth to be their King to save defend and deliver them Therefore the Kingdome and Crown of Israel was the Gods of Israel and so of a greater and higher power and majesty then any other kingdome of the earth V. Touching the power of the Kings of Israel under the Morall Law and the power of the Kings of England under the Gospel Law Answ The Kingdom and Crown of Israel was the Gods of Israel who in judgment to the people for their sins gave the same to Saul and confirmed it upon David and to his Seed The Lord never gave any Kingdom nor Crowne neither did the Lord appoint or anoint any Kings save only of Israel and Judah The Kings of England were not at their beginning appointed nor anointed as were the Kings of Israel but were by the Nation ordained as Kings over this Nation according to the custome of this Nation which is before they wil admit the Crown to him they do intend hee must by Covenant and Oath imposed upon him yeeld them their rights and priviledges and that he wil rule them according to the Customs and Laws of the Land and then they grant unto him the Crown for his own life so that power that hath power to impose an Oath before a Graunt hath power to detain the thing to be granted if the Oath be refused by him to whom the Grant is intended and every Grauntee is subject to the Grauntor according to the Covenant of the Graunt there can be no fee simple estate in the Grauntee of the thing granted but the fee-simple estate of the thing granted is in the Gr●unter viz. 1. The Kingdom or Common-wealth of England is the Graunter 2. The King of England is the Grauntee 3. The Crown of England is the thing granted So that the fee-simple estate of the Crown of England is the Common wealths of England to dispose of according to the Custome and Lawes of the Land which is by Covenant and Grant to the Prince in being after whose decease by custome but no● by right of inheritance to the next in or of bloud and so from one Generation to another in like manner So that this Regal power doth not at all belong to a King of England therefore if the Lord was wrath and did exceedingly punish the Kings of Israel for exercising this regal power before the light of the