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book_n king_n samuel_n saul_n 1,596 5 10.1155 5 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A06118 A true chronologie of the times of the Persian monarchie, and after to the destruction of Ierusalem by the Romanes Wherein by the way briefly is handled the day of Christ his birth: with a declaration of the angel Gabriels message to Daniel in the end of his 9. chap. against the friuolous conceits of Matthew Beroald. Written by Edvvard Liuelie, reader of the holie tongue in Cambridge. Lively, Edward, 1545?-1605. 1597 (1597) STC 16609; ESTC S108759 129,093 343

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the_o first_o of_o ester_n the_o ninteenth_fw-mi verse_n if_o it_o seem_v good_a to_o the_o king_n let_v a_o royal_a word_n go_v forth_o from_o he_o that_o be_v let_v a_o commandment_n by_o the_o king_n authority_n be_v publish_v in_o the_o second_o chapter_n of_o this_o prophet_n the_o twelve_o verse_n the_o decree_n go_v forth_o &_o the_o wise_a man_n be_v slay_v in_o the_o second_o book_n of_o the_o machaby_n the_o sixth_o chapter_n and_o eight_o verse_n through_o the_o counsel_n of_o ptolemy_n there_o go_v out_o a_o commandment_n into_o the_o next_o city_n of_o the_o heathen_a against_o the_o jew_n to_o put_v such_o to_o death_n as_o be_v not_o conformable_a to_o the_o manner_n of_o the_o gentile_n in_o the_o second_o chapter_n of_o luke_n the_o first_o verse_n there_o go_v out_o a_o decree_n from_o augustus_n caesar_n that_o all_o the_o world_n shall_v be_v tax_v to_o build_v again_o jerusalem_n in_o hebrew_n to_o return_n &_o build_v jerusalem_n of_o this_o a_o little_a after_o towards_o the_o end_n of_o this_o verse_n unto_o messiah_n the_o governor_n the_o word_n messiah_n in_o hebrew_a 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d be_v as_o much_o as_o 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d in_o greek_a and_o with_o we_o anoint_a so_o these_o three_o in_o signification_n be_v all_o one_o messiah_n christ_n anoint_v the_o hebrew_n word_n in_o the_o holy_a scripture_n attribute_v sometime_o special_o to_o the_o person_n of_o christ_n jesus_n our_o lord_n as_o in_o the_o first_o of_o john_n the_o 42._o ver_fw-la we_o have_v find_v the_o messiah_n and_o in_o the_o second_o psalm_n the_o second_o verse_n the_o ruler_n take_v counsel_n together_o against_o the_o lord_n 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d and_o against_o his_o messiah_n or_o christ_n that_o be_v against_o christ_n jesus_n our_o lord_n as_o the_o place_n be_v expound_v in_o the_o four_o chapter_n of_o the_o act_n of_o the_o apostle_n sometime_o more_o general_o to_o any_o anoint_a priest_n as_o in_o the_o four_o chapter_n and_o 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they_o a_o people_n not_o accept_v of_o god_n because_o they_o have_v be_v overcome_v by_o the_o enemy_n and_o put_v to_o their_o tribute_n this_o be_v the_o reckon_n which_o tully_n make_v of_o they_o who_o by_o divine_a knowledge_n of_o god_n his_o word_n be_v the_o only_a wise_a people_n in_o the_o world_n 4._o deut_n 4._o whereby_o it_o appear_v that_o in_o his_o eye_n the_o profane_a learning_n of_o man_n be_v deem_v more_o excellent_a than_o the_o wisdom_n of_o god_n among_o his_o science_n no_o place_n be_v leave_v for_o divinity_n the_o knowledge_n of_o god_n his_o word_n be_v too_o base_a for_o that_o company_n much_o better_o be_v the_o doom_n of_o the_o ancient_a father_n of_o the_o primitive_a church_n by_o the_o light_n of_o god_n his_o spirit_n who_o use_v all_o other_o art_n and_o learning_n as_o help_n and_o handmaid_n to_o the_o understanding_n of_o divine_a scripture_n be_v lady_n and_o mistress_n of_o all_o to_o the_o which_o all_o humane_a wisdom_n owe_v duty_n 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the_o first_o book_n of_o his_o eliaca_n that_o hercules_n sacrifice_v in_o olympia_n be_v mighty_o trouble_v with_o a_o huge_a multitude_n of_o fly_n till_o such_o time_n as_o he_o have_v do_v sacrifice_n to_o jupiter_n apomyto_n by_o who_o power_n all_o those_o fly_n be_v soon_o after_o disperse_v and_o hereof_o he_o say_v that_o the_o elean_n use_v to_o sacrifice_v 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d that_o be_v to_o jupiter_n apomyto_n which_o drive_v away_o fly_v sotinus_n also_o in_o his_o polyhistor_n the_o second_o chapter_n make_v mention_n of_o hercules_n his_o chapel_n in_o the_o beef_n market_n at_o rome_n into_o the_o which_o after_o sacrifice_n and_o prayer_n make_v to_o the_o god_n myiagrus_n he_o enter_v by_o divine_a power_n without_o fly_n all_o these_o testimony_n serve_v to_o understand_v the_o reason_n of_o the_o name_n baalzebub_n in_o scripture_n give_v to_o the_o god_n of_o ecron_n in_o the_o first_o chapter_n of_o the_o second_o book_n of_o the_o king_n signify_v 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by_o other_o against_o his_o will_n to_o signify_v that_o now_o in_o the_o king_n wrath_n he_o be_v appoint_v to_o death_n for_o this_o likewise_o be_v a_o ancient_a custom_n use_v of_o diverse_a nation_n to_o muffle_v up_o the_o head_n of_o man_n condemn_v to_o die_v or_o guilty_a of_o some_o grievous_a crime_n deserve_v death_n polixena_n king_n priamus_n his_o daughter_n by_o the_o sentence_n of_o agamemnon_n and_o other_o prince_n of_o greece_n adjudge_v to_o die_v be_v lead_v to_o the_o slaughter_n of_o ulysses_n with_o a_o veil_n over_o her_o head_n as_o we_o read_v in_o the_o tragedy_n of_o euripides_n call_v hecuba_n philotas_n the_o son_n of_o parmenio_n one_o of_o the_o chief_a prince_n of_o alexander_n the_o great_a find_v guilty_a of_o high_a treason_n against_o the_o king_n be_v bring_v before_o he_o to_o his_o answer_n capite_fw-la velato_fw-la have_v his_o head_n cover_v say_v q._n curtius_n in_o his_o 6._o book_n festus_n pompeius_n in_o the_o word_n nuptias_fw-la say_v that_o the_o law_n command_v his_o head_n to_o be_v cover_v who_o have_v kill_v his_o parent_n last_o cicero_n in_o his_o oration_n for_o c._n rabirius_n bring_v the_o very_a sentence_n of_o judgement_n itself_o or_o verse_n as_o he_o term_v they_o use_v of_o tarqvinius_n superbus_fw-la the_o last_o and_o most_o cruel_a king_n of_o room_n caput_fw-la obnubito_fw-la arbori_fw-la infaelici_fw-la suspendito_fw-la cover_v his_o head_n hang_v he_o up_o on_o a_o woeful_a tree_n let_v i_o by_o thy_o patience_n gentle_a reader_n proceed_v to_o one_o argument_n more_o in_o this_o kind_n and_o so_o a_o end_n that_o which_o be_v tell_v by_o the_o evangelist_n of_o saint_n john_n baptist_n eat_v locust_n seem_v incredible_a to_o some_o great_o doubt_v of_o that_o kind_n of_o meat_n and_o therefore_o suppose_v the_o place_n to_o have_v be_v corrupt_v by_o the_o writer_n fault_n by_o some_o slip_n set_v down_o 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d for_o 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d as_o though_o his_o meat_n have_v not_o be_v locust_n but_o choke_v pear_n thus_o in_o their_o own_o conceit_n they_o be_v wise_a than_o god_n by_o ignorance_n of_o truth_n witness_v in_o diverse_a profane_a author_n galen_n upon_o hipocrates_n his_o aphorism_n the_o 2._o book_n the_o 18._o chapter_n be_v one_o declare_v there_o the_o force_n which_o locust_n be_v eat_v have_v to_o nourish_v pliny_n in_o the_o 28_o chap._n of_o his_o 11._o book_n say_v that_o among_o the_o parthian_n they_o be_v count_v a_o pleasant_a meat_n strabo_n in_o his_o 16._o book_n of_o geography_n make_v mention_n of_o a_o certain_a people_n which_o live_v of_o they_o bellonius_fw-la in_o the_o 2._o book_n of_o his_o observation_n the_o 88_o chapter_n testify_v from_o the_o report_n of_o some_o author_n that_o in_o africa_n they_o be_v eat_v as_o dainty_n not_o for_o physic_n but_o even_o for_o nourishment_n thereby_o prove_v it_o a_o thing_n not_o uncredible_a that_o john_n baptist_n shall_v eat_v locust_n but_o diodorus_n siculus_n most_o full_o of_o all_o other_o declare_v this_o in_o he_o 4._o book_n where_o he_o tell_v of_o certain_a aethiopian_n call_v 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d that_o be_v locust_n eater_n who_o neither_o eat_a fish_n nor_o cattle_n but_o only_a locust_n continual_o which_o at_o the_o spring_n time_n of_o the_o year_n they_o get_v in_o great_a abundance_n and_o salt_n they_o up_o to_o preserve_v they_o for_o meat_n thus_o i_o have_v give_v as_o it_o be_v a_o taste_n by_o this_o little_a out_o of_o pliny_n pausanias_n solinus_n horatius_n homer_n sophocles_n herodotus_n euripudes_n xenophon_n plutarch_n quintus_fw-la curtius_n festus_n pompeius_n cicero_n galen_n strabo_n how_o great_a service_n heathen_a writer_n do_v to_o the_o word_n of_o god_n for_o open_v the_o true_a meaning_n thereof_o a_o taste_n
be_v about_o 328._o year_n and_o a_o half_a and_o thence_o to_o the_o desolation_n of_o jerusalem_n set_v on_o fire_n 70._o and_o a_o half_a with_o two_o month_n or_o there_o about_o the_o proof_n of_o these_o three_o part_n in_o this_o order_n i_o mind_n to_o follow_v but_o before_o i_o come_v to_o the_o right_a path_n as_o it_o be_v of_o the_o persian_a time_n it_o shall_v be_v requisite_a first_o to_o take_v certain_a stumble_a block_n out_o of_o the_o reader_n way_n whereof_o one_o be_v the_o opinion_n of_o the_o hebrew_n writer_n who_o by_o great_a reason_n shall_v have_v be_v skilful_a in_o these_o matter_n in_o regard_n of_o their_o deliverance_n from_o slavish_a captivity_n and_o many_o other_o benefit_n grant_v unto_o they_o by_o the_o persian_a king_n some_o of_o these_o writer_n read_v in_o the_o 11._o of_o daniel_n of_o a_o four_o king_n to_o reign_v in_o persia_n and_o present_o after_o a_o pprophecy_n of_o the_o overthrow_n of_o that_o empire_n by_o alexander_n the_o 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reckon_n of_o his_o three_o former_a king_n year_n cyrus_n to_o have_v continue_v three_o year_n assuerus_n fourteen_o darius_n twelve_o the_o rest_n of_o that_o monarchy_n expire_v in_o artaxerxes_n who_o 32._o be_v mention_v in_o scripture_n but_o davison_n give_v to_o cyrus_n three_o to_o assuerus_n sixteen_o to_o darius_n 32._o in_o who_o second_n as_o he_o say_v the_o temple_n be_v build_v and_o himself_o slay_v 30._o year_n after_o by_o alexander_n but_o the_o most_o general_a and_o receive_v opinion_n seem_v to_o be_v that_o which_o be_v declare_v in_o their_o hebrew_a chronicle_n rabath_n and_o zota_n that_o the_o whole_a time_n of_o the_o persian_a kingdom_n be_v 52._o year_n count_v from_o the_o first_o of_o darius_n the_o mede_n whereof_o 18._o be_v spend_v before_o the_o build_n of_o the_o temple_n and_o 34._o after_o this_o be_v the_o rabbinicall_a stuff_n of_o the_o chief_a master_n of_o the_o hebrew_n be_v at_o odds_n betwixt_o themselves_o &_o dissent_v from_o other_o &_o therefore_o not_o without_o cause_n do_v pererius_n in_o his_o commentary_n upon_o daniel_n speak_v of_o this_o chronology_n of_o they_o say_v that_o it_o be_v false_a feign_a full_a of_o fault_n toy_n ignorance_n absurdity_n and_o unconstancy_n and_o altogether_o ridiculous_a as_o it_o be_v indeed_o temporarius_n be_v more_o sharp_a &_o bitter_a against_o they_o the_o thalmudist_n cabalist_n and_o rabbin_n say_v he_o be_v blind_a in_o the_o persian_a time_n and_o the_o write_n of_o the_o jew_n herein_o plain_a proof_n of_o pitiful_a ignorance_n in_o they_o who_o can_v read_v the_o chronology_n of_o the_o rabbin_n their_o seder_n olam_n rabath_n their_o seder_n olam_fw-la zota_fw-la their_o historical_a cabbala_n without_o laugh_v therefore_o the_o knowledge_n of_o time_n be_v not_o to_o be_v fetch_v from_o the_o dote_n of_o these_o man_n be_v more_o blind_a than_o moule_n all_o this_o which_o they_o say_v be_v true_a i_o confess_v the_o church_n of_o god_n for_o other_o matter_n be_v much_o behold_v to_o the_o hebrew_n rabbin_n be_v great_a help_n unto_o we_o for_o understand_v holy_a scripture_n in_o many_o place_n as_o well_o of_o the_o new_a testament_n as_o the_o old_a but_o touch_v the_o knowledge_n of_o the_o persian_a empire_n wherein_o they_o shall_v have_v be_v most_o cunning_a they_o be_v as_o blind_a as_o beetle_n no_o light_n herein_o among_o they_o for_o knowledge_n to_o be_v see_v but_o darkness_n for_o ignorance_n enough_o and_o too_o much_o the_o reason_n whereof_o be_v that_o they_o want_v the_o key_n as_o it_o be_v of_o profane_a history_n and_o secular_a learning_n to_o unlock_v the_o shut_v &_o hide_a meaning_n of_o daniel_n oracle_n without_o the_o which_o by_o scripture_n alone_o it_o can_v never_o be_v open_v some_o of_o they_o not_o disdain_v to_o read_v the_o latin_a and_o greek_a history_n by_o the_o direction_n of_o these_o guide_n go_v not_o so_o far_o astray_o josephus_n in_o his_o antiquity_n proove_v it_o this_o may_v suffice_v to_o clear_v the_o right_a way_n from_o the_o first_o stumble_v block_n annius_n viterbiensis_n have_v be_v another_o to_o the_o downfall_n of_o many_o set_v forth_o certain_a ancient_a chronicle_n under_o the_o name_n of_o berosus_n manetho_n and_o philo_n and_o together_o with_o they_o one_o other_o of_o the_o persian_a monarchy_n father_v upon_o metasthenes_n a_o ancient_a persian_a wherein_o he_o reckon_v the_o king_n of_o the_o persian_a monarchy_n eight_o in_o number_n in_o this_o order_n first_o cyrus_n then_o ancient_a artaxerxes_n assuerus_n after_o he_o darius_n with_o the_o long_a hand_n the_o four_o darius_n nothus_fw-la the_o five_o great_a artaxerxes_n darius_n meneon_n the_o sixth_o artaxerxes_n ochus_n the_o seven_o arse_n the_o eight_o &_o last_o a_o other_o darius_n the_o whole_a time_n of_o these_o king_n he_o make_v 190_o year_n these_o book_n thus_o commend_v with_o such_o glorious_a title_n of_o noble_a and_o ancient_a historiographer_n be_v in_o great_a request_n and_o much_o follow_v of_o many_o learned_a man_n and_o excellent_a divine_n for_o a_o long_a time_n embrace_v they_o as_o the_o only_a true_a chronologie_n of_o all_o other_o and_o allege_v their_o authority_n as_o oracle_n from_o heaven_n undoubted_a and_o sure_a be_v indeed_o nothing_o else_o but_o mask_a counterfeit_n cover_v with_o the_o glorious_a title_n of_o ancient_a and_o famous_a writer_n at_o the_o length_n they_o be_v find_v out_o and_o detect_v by_o the_o cunning_a of_o diverse_a skilful_a man_n who_o search_v unto_o they_o and_o sift_v they_o near_o volaterranus_n in_o his_o fourteen_o book_n give_v no_o credit_n unto_o they_o lewes_n vives_z in_o his_o preface_n to_o the_o eighteen_o book_n of_o augustine_n de_fw-fr civitate_fw-la dei_fw-la call_v they_o monster_n and_o dregs_n &_o frivolous_a book_n of_o uncertain_a author_n gerardus_n mercator_n count_v of_o they_o no_o better_a than_o fable_n and_o false_a and_o forge_a write_n joseph_n scaliger_n invey_v sharp_o against_o they_o in_o many_o place_n term_v they_o lie_v dream_n forge_a and_o feign_a stuff_n and_o the_o author_n thereof_o himself_o he_o call_v unlearned_a and_o shameless_a johannes_n vargara_n beatus_fw-la rhenanus_fw-la functius_n beroaldus_n pererius_n and_o temporarius_n all_o these_o have_v uncase_v these_o counterfeit_a author_n and_o take_v the_o visarde_n from_o their_o face_n but_o especial_o above_o all_o the_o rest_n the_o two_o last_o name_v pererius_n &_o temporarius_n have_v lay_v they_o open_a to_o the_o wide_a world_n to_o appear_v that_o which_o in_o very_a deed_n they_o be_v that_o be_v not_o the_o true_a berosus_n mavetho_n metasthenes_n &_o philo_n themselves_o but_o all_o false_a and_o forge_v out_o of_o annius_n his_o shop_n of_o lie_n who_o temporarius_n therefore_o call_v a_o triffeler_n a_o juggler_n a_o deceaver_n and_o the_o book_n so_o set_v forth_o by_o he_o toy_n lie_n legerdemain_n witchery_n bastard_n
changelinge_n pererius_n reprove_v annius_n his_o childish_a ignorance_n folly_n rashness_n arrogancy_n and_o the_o write_n themselves_o he_o term_v false_a erroneous_a feign_a lie_v deceit_n with_o this_o conclusion_n in_o the_o end_n valeat_fw-la igitur_fw-la &_o in_o perpetuum_fw-la valeat_fw-la haec_fw-la anniana_n chronologia_fw-la &_o quae_fw-la toties_fw-la a_o viris_fw-la doctis_fw-la profligata_fw-la &_o iugulata_fw-la est_fw-la iaceat_fw-la in_o posterum_fw-la sempiterna_fw-la hominum_fw-la oblivione_fw-la sepulta_fw-la nec_fw-la sit_fw-la post_fw-la hac_fw-la qui_fw-la eam_fw-la exhumare_fw-la &_o ad_fw-la fidem_fw-la aliquam_fw-la atque_fw-la authoritatem_fw-la quasi_fw-la ad_fw-la vitam_fw-la revocare_fw-la audeat_fw-la sat_n sit_fw-la adhuc_fw-la eam_fw-la cum_fw-la non_fw-la erat_fw-la bene_fw-la nota_fw-la imposuisse_fw-la multis_fw-la nunc_fw-la detectis_fw-la atque_fw-la in_o apertum_fw-la prolatis_fw-la fucatis_fw-la eius_fw-la mendaciis_fw-la &_o fallaciis_fw-la si_fw-la quem_fw-la circumuenerit_fw-la ac_fw-la deceperit_fw-la nimis_fw-la profecto_fw-la stupidun_fw-la &_o vecordemeum_n before_o necesse_fw-la est_fw-la that_o be_v let_v this_o chronologie_n therefore_o of_o annius_n farewell_n yea_o for_o ever_o let_v it_o farewell_n and_o that_o which_o have_v often_o be_v cast_v down_o and_o the_o throat_n thereof_o cut_v let_v it_o hereafter_o lie_v bury_v in_o everlasting_a forgetfulness_n neither_o let_v any_o take_v it_o out_o of_o the_o grave_n and_o call_v it_o back_o again_o into_o credit_n &_o authority_n as_o it_o be_v to_o life_n let_v this_o be_v sufficient_a that_o it_o have_v already_o deceive_v many_o while_o it_o be_v not_o thorough_o know_v but_o now_o the_o colour_a lie_n and_o deceit_n thereof_o be_v detect_v and_o bring_v to_o light_n if_o hereafter_o any_o be_v deceive_v thereby_o he_o must_v needs_o be_v too_o too_o blockish_a and_o witless_a this_o be_v pererius_n his_o censure_n no_o otherwise_o in_o my_o judgement_n then_o such_o forgery_n and_o falsehood_n have_v deserve_v whereof_o take_v this_o as_o a_o manifest_a argument_n josephus_n in_o the_o ten_o book_n of_o his_o antiquity_n the_o 11._o chapter_n write_v that_o megasthenes_n 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d that_o be_v in_o the_o four_o book_n of_o his_o indian_a affair_n make_v mention_n of_o nabugodonosor_n go_v about_o to_o prove_v he_o 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d 〈◊〉_d to_o have_v pass_v hercules_n in_o prowess_n and_o greatness_n of_o act_n which_o place_n peter_n comestor_n in_o his_o scholastical_a history_n upon_o daniel_n use_v to_o prove_v nabugodonoserum_fw-la fortitudine_fw-la &_o actuum_fw-la magnitudine_fw-la herculem_fw-la transcendisse_fw-la that_o nabugodonosor_n go_v beyond_o hercules_n in_o valour_n and_o great_a act_n cit_v megasthenes_n for_o it_o in_o his_o book_n of_o judgement_n read_v judiciorum_fw-la by_o some_o corruption_n in_o the_o translation_n of_o josephus_n creep_v in_o for_o indicorum_fw-la hereupon_o annius_n transform_v first_o megasthenes_n into_o metasthenes_n and_o then_o indica_fw-la that_o be_v indian_a affair_n into_o judicia_fw-la which_o signify_v judgement_n make_v this_o the_o title_n of_o his_o forge_a stuff_n metasthenes_n his_o book_n of_o the_o judgement_n of_o time_n this_o i_o hope_n be_v enough_o if_o any_o thing_n can_v be_v enough_o to_o keep_v man_n which_o have_v eye_n from_o take_v hurt_v at_o this_o block_n an_o other_o much_o like_a unto_o it_o have_v be_v the_o conceit_a fancy_n of_o matthew_n beroald_n in_o the_o third_o book_n of_o his_o chronologie_n the_o eight_o chapter_n set_v down_o the_o persian_a king_n in_o this_o order_n the_o first_o cyrus_n the_o next_o assuerus_n artaxerxes_n the_o three_o darius_n assirius_n the_o four_o artaxerxes_n pius_n the_o five_o xerxes_n and_o then_o after_o he_o the_o other_o six_o in_o order_n as_o they_o have_v be_v declare_v and_o name_v by_o other_o of_o these_o eleven_o king_n how_o many_o year_n particular_o every_o one_o reign_v it_o be_v uncertain_a say_v beroaldus_n but_o general_o the_o whole_a time_n of_o all_o be_v 130._o year_n begin_v with_o cyrus_n in_o the_o 3._o year_n of_o the_o 80._o olympiad_n &_o the_o 295_o of_o rome_n this_o be_v beroaldus_n his_o opinion_n for_o the_o king_n and_o time_n of_o that_o empire_n much_o like_a that_o of_o annius_n in_o manner_n it_o be_v more_o honest_a be_v not_o father_v on_o other_o in_o matter_n as_o absurd_a and_o ridiculous_a if_o not_o more_o make_v more_o king_n and_o few_o year_n thrust_v in_o such_o as_o never_o be_v know_v and_o feign_v name_n which_o never_o be_v hear_v of_o for_o where_o be_v assuerus_n artaxerxes_n darius_n assirius_n and_o artaxerxes_n pius_n ever_o speak_v of_o by_o any_o author_n of_o credit_n divine_a or_o profane_a who_o ever_o beside_o himself_o once_o dream_v of_o a_o artaxerxes_n pius_n to_o be_v father_n to_o xerxes_n or_o that_o xerxes_n make_v war_n against_o greece_n before_o his_o father_n death_n aeschilus_n a_o learned_a poet_n who_o flourish_v even_o in_o those_o very_a time_n in_o his_o tragedy_n call_v persa_n may_v soon_o have_v teach_v he_o a_o better_a lesson_n raise_v his_o father_n darius_n long_o before_o dead_a out_o of_o his_o grave_n to_o tell_v news_n do_v not_o such_o stuff_n as_o this_o deserve_v the_o term_n of_o monster_n dregs_n dream_n lie_n toy_n as_o well_o as_o that_o opinion_n of_o annius_n which_o even_o beroaldus_n himself_o reprove_v be_v it_o not_o worthy_a of_o such_o a_o farewell_n as_o that_o wherewith_o pererius_n bid_v annius_n his_o chronologie_n adieu_o these_o be_v the_o opinion_n which_o in_o the_o course_n of_o chronologie_n have_v to_o diverse_a learned_a man_n be_v occasion_n of_o error_n the_o vanity_n whereof_o shall_v yet_o better_o appear_v by_o that_o which_o follow_v be_v lay_v unto_o they_o for_o as_o diverse_a sort_n of_o cloth_n compare_v together_o and_o hold_v to_o the_o light_n be_v quick_o by_o the_o eye_n discern_v the_o course_n from_o the_o fine_a so_o the_o approve_a true_a history_n of_o ancient_a time_n be_v lay_v to_o these_o latter_a conceit_n will_v leave_v a_o easy_a view_n for_o reason_n and_o the_o eyesight_n as_o it_o be_v of_o the_o mind_n to_o judge_v which_o be_v best_a first_o for_o the_o king_n of_o persia_n who_o they_o be_v that_o reign_v therein_o the_o name_n of_o the_o first_o to_o be_v cyrus_n be_v agree_v of_o all_o the_o second_o be_v cambyses_n heir_n thereunto_o as_o well_o by_o birth_n as_o his_o father_n will_n the_o next_o lawful_a king_n after_o he_o be_v darius_n who_o father_n histaspis_n as_o severus_n sulpitius_n in_o his_o second_o book_n of_o the_o holy_a history_n write_v be_v cousin_n german_n to_o cyrus_n the_o four_o king_n succeed_v to_o the_o imperial_a crown_n of_o persia_n be_v xerxes_n the_o son_n of_o the_o same_o darius_n then_o the_o other_o six_o in_o order_n of_o who_o among_o writer_n that_o i_o know_v of_o there_o be_v no_o controversy_n at_o all_o the_o first_o four_o king_n here_o name_v in_o that_o order_n succeed_v one_o another_o have_v be_v so_o record_v by_o those_o name_n unto_o we_o of_o most_o ancient_a poet_n and_o noble_a historiographer_n which_o either_o live_v in_o the_o day_n of_o the_o say_a king_n or_o else_o come_v very_o near_o unto_o they_o and_o so_o have_v be_v deliver_v from_o hand_n to_o hand_n and_o from_o age_n to_o age_n to_o this_o day_n continue_v by_o a_o long_a succession_n of_o the_o most_o skilful_a man_n for_o learning_n that_o ever_o have_v be_v whether_o right_o or_o no_o let_v reason_n scan_v first_o the_o dominion_n of_o the_o persian_n be_v large_a and_o wide_a and_o contain_v many_o country_n a_o great_a part_n of_o india_n all_o medea_n parthia_n babilonia_n chaldea_n hyrcania_n armenia_n arabia_n mesopotamia_n phoenicia_n all_o the_o land_n of_o israel_n and_o juda_n all_o egypt_n and_o much_o of_o lybia_n all_o syria_n and_o the_o less_o asia_n wherein_o also_o they_o have_v their_o imperial_a seat_n at_o sardes_n a_o city_n of_o lydia_n the_o king_n of_o persia_n oftentimes_o make_v their_o abode_n therein_o and_o continual_o their_o deputy_n in_o their_o absence_n most_o of_o the_o king_n blood_n or_o alliance_n beside_o cyprus_n and_o many_o other_o land_n to_o be_v short_a it_o reach_v from_o persia_n all_o a_o long_a so_o near_o greece_n and_o europe_n that_o there_o be_v no_o land_n leave_v to_o part_v they_o but_o the_o sea_n call_v aegeum_n and_o that_o in_o some_o place_n so_o narrow_a as_o a_o bridge_n have_v be_v make_v over_o it_o from_o brink_n to_o brink_n not_o a_o mile_n long_o with_o continual_a recourse_n and_o traffic_n between_o they_o these_o be_v the_o place_n of_o this_o monarchy_n of_o all_o other_o for_o wisdom_n and_o prowess_n most_o famous_a the_o time_n thereof_o by_o the_o singular_a knowledge_n &_o virtue_n of_o excellent_a man_n be_v no_o less_o noble_a the_o seven_o wise_a man_n of_o greece_n so_o renown_v thales_n of_o miletus_n solon_n the_o athenian_a chilon_n the_o lacedaemonian_a pittacus_n of_o mytilene_n bias_n
of_o priene_n cleobulus_n of_o lindia_n or_o caria_n and_o periander_n the_o corinthian_a all_o much_o of_o one_o stand_v about_o the_o time_n of_o cyrus_n beside_o they_o pherecides_n the_o syrian_a and_o pythagoras_n both_o for_o deep_a knowledge_n wonder_v at_o zenophanes_n anaximander_n heraclitus_n anaximines_n philosopher_n aeschilus_n anacreon_n pindarus_n simonides_z poet_n theagines_n hecataeus_n dionysius_n herodotus_n story_n writer_n partly_o in_o the_o day_n of_o cambyses_n and_o darius_n partly_o in_o the_o time_n of_o xerxes_n then_o socrates_n thucydides_n euripides_n sophocles_n democritus_n hypocrates_n under_o artaxerxes_n and_o his_o son_n darius_n nochus_n about_o the_o time_n of_o the_o peloponesian_n war_n plato_n and_o xenophon_n be_v socrates_n his_o scholar_n who_o continue_v towards_o the_o end_n of_o the_o persiam_n monarchy_n with_o isocrates_n who_o scholar_n be_v theopompus_n and_o ephorus_n both_o historiographer_n so_o contrary_a one_o to_o another_o by_o their_o master_n censure_n that_o the_o one_o need_v a_o spur_n to_o set_v he_o on_o the_o other_o a_o bridle_n to_o hold_v he_o in_o aristotle_n and_o demosthenes_n see_v the_o end_n many_o of_o these_o be_v bear_v &_o dwell_v in_o those_o place_n which_o be_v under_o the_o persian_a government_n and_o pay_v tribute_n unto_o they_o in_o these_o place_n and_o time_n so_o furnish_v and_o bewtify_v with_o these_o worthy_a ornament_n mark_v the_o way_n and_o mean_n whereby_o the_o king_n of_o persian_a make_v their_o name_n know_v &_o preserve_v their_o memory_n by_o proclamation_n whereof_o we_o have_v a_o example_n in_o the_o first_o of_o esra_n thus_o say_v cyrus_n king_n of_o persia_n and_o so_o forth_o by_o letter_n to_o and_o fro_o whereof_o be_v to_o be_v see_v in_o the_o same_o book_n and_o thucydides_n and_o other_o make_v mention_n by_o name_n who_o send_v they_o and_o to_o who_o by_o immunity_n &_o privilege_n as_o in_o the_o seven_o of_o esra_n by_o ambassage_n whereof_o many_o example_n be_v read_v in_o herodotus_n cambyses_n send_v to_o the_o aethiopian_a king_n and_o darius_n to_o the_o grecian_n by_o league_n and_o covenant_n of_o peace_n as_o we_o read_v in_o thucydides_n by_o coin_n as_o the_o piece_n of_o gold_n coin_a by_o darius_n histaspis_n thereof_o call_v darike_v by_o erect_a monument_n the_o same_o king_n go_v to_o war_n against_o scythia_n erect_v at_o bosphorus_n two_o pillar_n with_o two_o inscription_n one_o in_o greek_a the_o other_o in_o the_o assyrian_a language_n thereon_o engrave_v declare_v the_o nation_n which_o go_v with_o he_o and_o at_o the_o river_n toarus_n in_o thracia_n a_o other_o with_o this_o inscription_n hither_o come_v darius_n the_o son_n of_o hystaspes_n king_n of_o the_o persian_n lead_v his_o army_n against_o the_o scythian_n as_o herodotus_n declare_v in_o melpomene_n by_o city_n and_o river_n call_v of_o their_o name_n cyropolis_n of_o cyrus_n cambysene_n of_o cambyses_n xerxene_n of_o xerxes_n cyrus_n a_o river_n in_o scythia_n &_o cambyses_n a_o other_o in_o volaterranus_n pomponius_n mela_n pliny_n strabo_n by_o their_o picture_n mandrocles_n paint_a darius_n sit_v in_o a_o thorn_n after_o the_o manner_n of_o the_o mede_n and_o convey_v over_o his_o army_n which_o he_o dedicate_v to_o the_o temple_n of_o juno_n with_o mention_n of_o darius_n his_o name_n by_o their_o image_n and_o those_o remain_v many_o age_n after_o plutarch_n in_o alexander_n life_n tell_v that_o alexander_n see_v the_o image_n of_o xerxes_n throw_v down_o by_o the_o company_n press_v into_o the_o king_n palace_n of_o persia_n stay_v at_o it_o and_o speak_v unto_o it_o as_o it_o have_v be_v alive_a last_o by_o their_o tomb_n testify_v their_o name_n to_o the_o world_n after_o their_o death_n be_v a_o thing_n desire_v of_o all_o even_o of_o mean_a account_n and_o willing_o yield_v of_o kind_a posterity_n that_o the_o memory_n of_o their_o name_n may_v endure_v and_o not_o die_v with_o themselves_o strabo_n in_o the_o fifteen_o book_n of_o his_o geography_n from_o aristobulus_n and_o onesicritus_n record_v that_o the_o tomb_n of_o cyrus_n be_v find_v by_o alexander_n so_o many_o year_n after_o his_o death_n preserve_v with_o a_o inscription_n testify_v who_o he_o be_v and_o that_o darius_n also_o have_v the_o like_a memorial_n the_o name_n then_o of_o the_o persian_a king_n can_v not_o possible_o be_v hide_v by_o so_o many_o mean_n be_v make_v know_v in_o flourish_a time_n and_o learned_a age_n and_o place_n of_o knowledge_n and_o withal_o their_o court_n frequent_v with_o many_o noble_a grecian_n for_o virtue_n and_o birth_n hippias_n and_o demaratus_n whereof_o the_o one_o have_v be_v king_n of_o sparta_n the_o other_o tyrant_n of_o athens_n metiochus_n the_o elder_a son_n of_o miltiades_n democedes_n a_o famous_a physician_n of_o croton_n in_o italy_n who_o heal_v king_n darius_n and_o his_o wife_n atossa_n of_o grievous_a pain_n and_o diverse_a other_o which_o be_v too_o long_o to_o rehearse_v to_o omit_v many_o brave_a soldier_n of_o greece_n serve_v they_o in_o their_o war_n now_o let_v the_o reader_n use_v his_o skill_n for_o choice_n of_o the_o name_n and_o number_n of_o the_o king_n betwixt_o cyrus_n and_o xerxes_n whether_o with_o beroaldus_n he_o will_v have_v these_o three_o assuerus_n artaxerxes_n darius_n assyrius_n and_o artaxerxes_n pius_n in_o so_o many_o age_n never_o know_v or_o read_v of_o in_o any_o author_n of_o reckon_n or_o only_o these_o two_o cambyses_n and_o darius_n histaspis_n from_o theagines_n of_o rhegium_n and_o hecateus_n of_o miletus_n story_n writer_n the_o one_o under_o cambyses_n the_o other_o under_o darius_n deliver_v unto_o we_o by_o continual_a succession_n from_o age_n to_o age_n by_o the_o space_n of_o two_o thousand_o year_n and_o more_o by_o the_o careful_a diligence_n of_o the_o best_a historiographer_n that_o ever_o have_v be_v in_o the_o world_n without_o any_o disagreement_n or_o controversy_n among_o they_o thus_o much_o for_o the_o king_n now_o concern_v their_o year_n that_o the_o beginning_n of_o cyrus_n be_v the_o first_o year_n of_o the_o 55._o olympiad_n be_v agree_v of_o all_o the_o first_o year_n of_o cyrus_n say_v codomon_n in_o his_o chronicle_n of_o all_o writer_n be_v apply_v to_o the_o first_o of_o the_o 55._o olympiad_n joseph_n scaliger_n proove_v it_o by_o two_o testimony_n in_o his_o five_o book_n de_fw-fr emendatione_fw-la temporum_fw-la how_o many_o ancient_a and_o learned_a writer_n so_o ever_o say_v scaliger_n have_v account_v time_n every_o one_o of_o they_o have_v cast_v the_o first_o of_o cyrus_n to_o the_o first_o of_o the_o 55._o olympiad_n diodorus_n siculus_n thallus_n castor_n polybius_n phlegon_n as_o the_o most_o ancient_a and_o learned_a author_n tatianus_n write_v africanus_n also_o in_o eusebius_n testify_v the_o same_o in_o these_o word_n after_o the_o 70._o year_n of_o captivity_n cyrus_n reign_v over_o the_o persian_n that_o year_n wherein_o the_o 55._o olympiad_n be_v celebrate_v as_o may_v appear_v by_o the_o library_n of_o diodorus_n and_o the_o history_n of_o thallus_n and_o castor_n and_o beside_o of_o polybius_n and_o phlegon_n yea_o of_o other_o also_o who_o regard_v olympiad_n for_o the_o time_n be_v agree_v upon_o of_o all_o this_o therefore_o for_o the_o begin_n of_o the_o persian_a monarchy_n be_v so_o general_o testify_v may_v suffice_v if_o any_o here_o do_v ask_v in_o what_o part_n of_o that_o year_n cyrus_n begin_v to_o reign_v it_o be_v gather_v from_o the_o same_o africanus_n probable_o in_o the_o three_o book_n of_o his_o chronicle_n where_o as_o eusebius_n testify_v of_o he_o in_o his_o ten_o book_n de_fw-fr praeparat_fw-la euang._n he_o reckon_v from_o the_o first_o olympiad_n to_o cyrus_n 217._o year_n which_o be_v not_o otherwise_o true_a except_o cyrus_n begin_v towards_o the_o end_n of_o that_o year_n again_o in_o the_o five_o book_n of_o his_o chronicle_n make_v the_o four_o year_n of_o the_o 83._o olympiad_n the_o fifteen_o of_o the_o persian_a monarchy_n as_o we_o read_v in_o the_o same_o eusebius_n his_o eight_o book_n de_fw-mi demonstrat_fw-la euang._n he_o leave_v the_o beginning_n of_o cyrus_n to_o the_o first_o year_n of_o the_o 55._o olympiad_n near_o the_o end_n thereof_o as_o every_o one_o may_v easy_o perceive_v the_o beginning_n thus_o make_v manifest_a we_o be_v now_o further_o to_o search_v the_o end_n of_o that_o empire_n which_o be_v once_o likewise_o find_v make_v know_v the_o continuance_n thereof_o alexander_n the_o great_a be_v the_o man_n which_o overthrow_v that_o empire_n who_o death_n by_o the_o testimony_n of_o diodorus_n siculus_n in_o the_o seventeenth_o book_n of_o his_o historical_a liberarie_n arrhianus_n in_o his_o seven_o book_n and_o eusebius_n in_o his_o chronicle_n be_v set_v in_o the_o hundred_o and_o fourteen_o olympiad_n what_o say_v i_o diodorus_n arrhiamus_n eusebius_n when_o as_o all_o whosoever_o write_v of_o those_o time_n agree_v herein_o by_o gerardus_n
mercator_n his_o report_n in_o