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A54746 The new world of English words, or, A general dictionary containing the interpretations of such hard words as are derived from other languages ... together with all those terms that relate to the arts and sciences ... : to which are added the significations of proper names, mythology, and poetical fictions, historical relations, geographical descriptions of most countries and cities of the world ... / collected and published by E.P. Phillips, Edward, 1630-1696? 1658 (1658) Wing P2068; ESTC R14781 461,103 384

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that went to the Trojan War he fought with Hector and had a contest with Vlisses for the armes of Achilles but Vlisses having gain'd them by his eloquence Ajax run mad and made a huge slaughter among a flock of sheep thinking Vlisses and Atrides to have been among them also the name of the son of Oileus King of the Locri who for vitiating Cassandra in the Temple of Pallas was slain with Thunder by the Goddesse whose Priestesse she was Aide French help also a subsidy or tax Aidoneus King of the Molossi he sent Theseus to prison because he and Pirithous would have taken away his daughter Proserpina not far from the River Acheron which gave occasion to the fable to say that he descended into Hell to fetch away Proserpina the daughter of Dis. Ailesbury a Town situate not far from the River Tame in Buckingamshire it was won by Cutwulph the Saxon in the year 572. and hath been famous in times past by being the habitation of St. Edith the daughter of Frewald Ailesford a Town in Kent not far from the River Medway it was heretofore named in the British tongue Saissenaeg-haibal from the great overthrow that was given by Vortimer the Brittain son of Vortigern to Hengist and his English Saxons in this place Aine besides one of the four Elements it signifies a certain distinction in the Garb and countenance between one person and another Ayry a nest of Hawks Akmanchester i. e. the City of Sick-folk a name anciently given by the Saxons to the Citie of Bath A. L. Alabandic a kinde of a Rose with whitish leaves Alabandine a kinde of blue and red stone provoking to bleed Alabaster a kinde of clear white Marble Alacrity lat chearfulnesse Alahab Arab. the Scorpions heart Alamae Arab. the left foot of Andromeda Alan a proper name signifying in Slavonish a Greyhound others contract it from Aelian i. Sun-bright Alastor the name of one of the sunnes horses Alata Castra the Citie of Edenborough in Scotland Alay a Term in hunting when fresh Dogs are sent into the cry Alazony Greek vain-glory Alba Julia the Citie of Westenbergh in Germany Alba Regalis a Citie in Hungary now called Stolwistenbergh where the Kings use to be Anointed and Crowned Albania a Countrey between Illyricum and Macedonia whose chief Citie is Dyrrachium now called Durazzo there is also another Albania in the East between Cholcos and Armenia from whence the people of the former Albania are said originally to spring also the Kingdom of Scotland was in ancient times called Albania Albanus a River in Armenia also a Lake in Italy called Lago di Castel Gandolf also the name of the first Brittish Martyr from the Lat. Albus i. e. white St. Albans a Town in Hertfordshire so called from the Brittish Martyr above mentioned whereas formerly it was called Verulam Albe a white Garment which the Priests were wont to wear Albeito Arab. the mouth of the Swan Albert a Saxon proper name signifying all bright Albion the ancient name of England by reason of the white Rocks upon the Sea-side or from Albion the son of Neptune or from Albina one of Dioclesians 50 daughters Albugineous lat belonging to the white of the eye or to any other white substance Albutius the name of a very covetous man who would beat his servants before they had committed a fault telling them that perhaps he should not be at leasure when they had committed any Alcaic verse a certain kinde of verse so called from Alcaeus the first Inventor consisting of two dactyls and two trochees Alcakengi a winter Cherry Alcander a young Lacedemonian who having put out one of Lycurgus his eyes yet being intertained by him as his near servant loved him afterwards with a great deal of respect Alcathous the son of Pelops who being suspected to have slain his brother Chrysippus fled to Megara where killing a Lion that had slain Euripus the son of Megareus he was by Megareus made his son in law and succeeded him in the Kingdom Alceste the wife of Adonetus King of Thessaly who willingly offered her self up to die for her husband Alchedi Arab. a Star in the goat Alchenit Arab. a Star in the right side of Perseus Alchobel see Reception Alchocodon is an Arabian word and signifies the giver of years and is plac't that he hath most essential dignity in the place of the Hyleg and with some aspect doth behold that place Alchorad Arab. a contrariety of the light of the Planets Alchimy Greek the art of dissolving metals to separate the pure from the impure Alcippus vide Damocrita A●cithoe a Theban woman who was turned into a Bat for contemning Bacchus his Org●es Alcmena vide Amphytryo Al●maeon the son of Amphiaraus and Eriphite he killed his mother for having betrayed Amphiaraus and afterwards runne mad but being cured by Phlegias he married his daughter Olphaestbae● giving her a Bracelet of his mothers but afterwards falling in love with one of Achetous his daughters called Callirhoe he promised her the Bracelet which he had given his former wife on condition she would marry him but going to fetch it he was slain by Temon and Axion Alphesibaeas brothers Alconor one of the 300. Argires who fought against the Lacedemonians onely he and Chromius being left alive and all his enemies killed excepting Othryades Alcoran Arab. the book wherein the Turkish religion is delivered first written by Mahomet the Turks great Prophet Alcyon dayes quiet times Alcyone the daughter of Nephtune the wife of Ceyx who sayling to the Oracle was drown'd by the way and chang'd into a bird called a King-fisher Alduas d●bis a River dividing the Helvetians from the Sequani called in French Leo doux Aldborrow see Isurium Aldingham a Town in Lancashire an ancient Hereditament belonging to the family of the Haveringtons or Harringtons unto whom it came from the Flemmings by the Cancefelds Aldebaran Arab. the south eye of the Bull. Alderanainim Arab. the right shoulder of Cepheus Alderanainim vide Pap. Alectryomancy Greek a certain kinde of divination among the ancients which was done by a Cock. Alectorius a precious stone of a waterish colour found in the maw of an old Capon Alectryon a young man who kept the door while Mars was familiar with Venus but Mars incensed that he was taken through his negligence changed him into a Cock. Alegement French ease releasment Aleger a Liquor made of sowr Ale Alembick lat a Still Alestake old word a Maypole Alexander son of Philip King of Macedon he overthrew the Persian Monarchy took Babylon Susa and Persepolis and after he had extended his Conquests as farre as India he returned to Babylon and there died the word signifies in Greek helper of men Alexandria a Famous Port Town of Egypt Alexipharmac Greek a Medecine against poyson Alferes Spanish an Ensign bearer Alfred a Saxon word signifying all peace Alfreton q. Alfreds Town a Town in Darbyshire built by King Alfred as some think the Lords whereof were called
Earles Aberration Lat. a going astray Abessed old word cast down humbled Abetting old word a setting on or incouraging * To Abgregate Lat. to lead out of the flock Abhorrency Latin a loathing or hating Abidst old word suffered Abia the daughter of Hercules and Nurse to Hyllus the son of Hercules by Deianira she lived in a Citie called Ira which afterward she named by her own name and built a Temple in it Abject Lat. vile or base Abii a people in Scythia who live without any house and provide for nothing Homer calleth them the most just people Abject Lat. vile or base Abigail a Womans name in the Old Testament signifieth in Hebrew a fathers joy Ability Lat. power strength Abington or Abbendon a pleasant Town situate upon the River Isis in Bark-shire and so called as some say from one Abben and Irish Heremite or rather from an Abbay built here by Cissa King of the West Saxons whereas in old time it had been called Sheovesham Abintestate Lat. without a will Abit old word dwelleth To Abjudicate Latin to give away by judgement To Abjure Lat. to forswear also in Common-Law it is to forsake the Realm for ever when one hath committed fellony or to fly to the Church or Sanctuary or place priviledged for that purpose Ablacted Lat. weaned Ablectick Lat. adorned or garnished for sale as ablectae aedes Plant. Ablegation Lat. a sending away Ablepsie Greek blindnesse of the mind Abligurie Lat. spending in belly chear Ablocated Latin let out to hire Ablution Latin washing away Abnegation Latin a stiff denying Abnodation Latin untying of knots also pruning of Trees Abode Latin a place of habitation Aboeocrites a Captain of the Boeotians who with a thousand of his men was slain near Chaeronea in a fight against the Aetolians Abogen Saxon bowed Abolition Latin an abrogating or utterly destroying Abomination Latin an abhorring or detesting To Abone Ital. to make ripe Aboord a Term in Navigation within the ship Aborigines a people brought into Italy by Chamexenus the Egyptian Saturn and thought to have been the most antient people of Italie Abortion Latin the birth of a Childe before its time Abradacarba a spell in Cornelius Agrippa against Agnes Abraiamins a kind of Enchanters among the Indians To Abrase Latin to shave or pare away Abravanus a River in Galloway in Scotland now called Rian Abricot French a certain sort of plum requiring much of the Sun's warmth to ripen it To Abridge French to make short to abreviate Abrodiaetical Greek feeding deliciciously Abrogation Latin an abolishing Abrotonum Greek the name of an Athenian woman the mother of Themistocles also the herb Southernwood Abrupt Latin suddenly breaking off Absalom the son of David an Hebrew word signifying the father of peace Abscession Latin a going away Abscission Latin a cutting away Absconsion Latin a hiding out of the way Absis a Term in Astronomy is when the Planets moving to their highest or their lowest places are at a stay The high Absis is called the Apogaeum the low Absis the Perigaeum Absolute Latin perfect Absolution Latin a pardoning Absonant Latin disagreeing sounding from the purpose To Absorb Latin to sup up all Absoris a Town built by the Colchians when they were sent with Absyrtus in pursuit of Medea Abstemious Latin temperate sober Abstention Latin the keeping back of an Heir from the possession of his land a Term in law Abstersive Latin cleansing Abstinence Latin temperance Abstorted Latin wrested by force Abstract Latin a small book or writing taken out of a greater To Abstrude Latin to thrust away Abstruse Latin dark obscure Absurd Lat. foolish To Abvolate Latin to fly away Abus the name of a great and famous River in York-shire commonly called Humber whence Northumberland took its name Abysse Greek a bottomlesse pit Abyssini a people in Aethiopia in the subjection of Prester John who is called in the Aethiopian language Negasch Chauvarianni i. e. Apostolick Emperour and is accounted one of the Chief Monarchs of the World A. C. Acacalis a Nymph by whom Apollo had two sons Philarides and Philander Academia a Wooddy place about a mile from Athens built by Academus where Plato was born and taught Philosophy whence the word Academy is taken for any publick Shool or University Acadinus a Fountain in Sicily in which they used to try the truth of an Oath by writing the words of him that swore upon a Table of wood and if the wood did swim they took the words for truth but if it sunk they took it to be a false Oath Acarnar the bright Starre of Eridanus vide Eridanus Acastus the son of Peleus King of Thessaly a famous Hunter with Bow and Arrows he married Hippolita who loving Pelius because he yielded not to her love accused him to her husband for having offered violence to her wherefore Acastus threw him to be devoured of wilde beasts but Mercury coming in the interim freed Pelius with Vulcans sword who returning slew Acastus and Hippolita Acatalepsie Greek incomprehensibility impossibility to be comprehended To Accelerate latin to hasten Accent latin due sound over any word or letter Acceptation latin acceptance Acceptilation latin a verbal acquittance between the Debtour and the Creditour Accessary latin a Term in Common-law signifying guilty of a fellonious Act not actually but by participation as by advice concealment or the like Accius Tullius Prince of the Volsci who with the help of Coriolanus made War with the Romans Accidental latin hapning by chance Acclamation latin an applause a crying out for joy Acclivity latin a stopping place a steep descent Acco an old woman who beholding her face in a glasse and seeing her beauty decayed fell mad Accollade French a clipping about the neck which was formerly the way of dubbing Knights To Accommodate latin to fit or to lend To Accomplish French to fulfill Accomptable French lyable to give an account Accordable latin easie to be agreed on Accort French heedy wary To Accost French to approach to draw near Accoutred French dress't attir'd To Accoy old word to asswage Accretion latin a growing or sticking unto To Accrew French to increase to be added unto To Accumb latin to sit down at a Table Accumulation latin a heaping together Accurately latin exactly Accusation latin an accusing or blaming To Accustome Ital. to be wont to use Ace that point in the dice where one onely is expressed ammez ace quasi ambos as both an ace or two aces Acephalik Greek having no head or beginning Acephali●ts Greek a sort of Hereticks whose first founder is unknown Acerbity latin sharpnesse or sournesse Acerote course brown bread Acersecomick Greek one whose hair is never cut To Acervate latin to heap up Acetars latin sallets of small herbs Acetosity latin sharpnesse or sournesse in taste Achapt French a law Term used in contracts or bargains and signifieth to buy Achates a stone of divers colours resembling a lions skin Achelous the son of Oceanus and Terra he ●ought a
August the first day of August otherwise called Lammas day in old Almanacks St. Peter ad Vincula it cometh from the French word Gueul i. e. a throat because on that day a certain maid having a disease in her throat was cured by kissing the Chains that St. Peter had been bound with at Rome Gulf or Gulph a streight passage between two Seas it comes from the Greek word Colpos Gulo●ity lat gluttony Gultwit an old Saxon word signifying an amends for trespasse Gummilda the wife of Asmond King of Denmark she killed her self for grief that her husband had been slain in battel Gunora a Famous Norman Lady who flourished in Shropshire and Cheshire and held the Hamlet of Lanton in chief as of the honour of Mountgomery by the service of giving to the King a Barb'd-headed whensoever he should come into those parts to hunt in Cornedon Chace Gunwale a piece of Timber in a ship which reacheth from the half deck to the fore-castle on either side Gurgitation lat an ingulphing or swallowing up Gurnard a kinde of fish so called Gusset an abatement in Heraldry form'd of a Travers line drawn from the dexter chief and descending perpendicularly to the extream base parts or contrarywise Gust in Navigation is a sudden winde also taken by some for a stranger or guest Guttural lat belonging to the throat Guzes in Heraldry signifieth the ball of the eye Guy a proper name of men in Latin Guido from the French word Guide i. e. a leader or directour Guy a certain rope used in a ship to keep any thing from swinging in too fast G Y Gy old word a guide Gibbositie a bunchbacked the Moons 3. parts full of light Gyges a certain Lydian to whom Candaules the King having shown his wife naked she animated him to kill the King which he did by the help of a Ring which made him invisible and afterwards marrying her he made himself King Gymnasiarch Greek the chief governour of a Gymnase which is a place for all manner of exercise both of minde and body Gymnosophists Greek a Sect of Philosophers among the Indians who went naked living in desarts and feeding upon Herbs Gyndes a River not far from Euphrates which Cyrus besieging Babylon cut into 46 several Channels Gypsation lat a plaistering with Mortar Gyration lat a fetching a compasse from Gyre a great circle Gyron in Heraldry signifieth a quarter or half a Cube described by a Diagonal line Gysarme the same as Gisarme H A HAbberdasher one that sells a great many several wares from the Dutch words habt jhr das i. e. have you that Habeas Corpus a Writ which a man Indited before Justices of Peace and laid in prison may have out of the Kings bench to remove himself thither at his own charges Haberdepois see Averdupoise Habergeon a diminutive of Haubert see Haubert Habilement French cloathing also armour Hability lat an aptnesse or capacity Habit lat custome or use also the attire or cloathing of the body Habitation or Habitacle lat a dwelling a place of residence Habitual lat grown to a habit or custome Habitude lat the same as habit Hables French a haven or port Hachee or Hach French a certain French dish made of sliced meat Hadock a kinde of fish called a Cod-fish Hadrian the name of a great Roman Emperour who was so called from the Citie Hadria whence he deduced his original the word is derived by Gesner from the Greek word 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 〈◊〉 i. e. grosse or wealthy Hadrianople Greek a Citie of Macedon in Greece Haemon a young man of Thebes who loving Antigone the daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta hearing that she was put to death by Creon he killed himself over her Tomb. Haemorrhagie Greek a violent bursting out of bloud Haemorrhoides Greek a certain disease called in English the Piles Haemus a great Mountain dividing Thessaly from Thrace at the foot of which are the fields of Tempe it was so called from Haemus the son of Boreas and Orithya Haerede abducto a Writ that lieth for him who having the Wardship of his Tenant under age hath him conveyed away from him by another Haeresie Greek a division in the Church caused by some erroneous opinion contrary to the fundamental points of religion Haesitation lat a sticking at any thing a doubting Haga a word used in some old Writs for a house Hagard French untam'd unruly also a Hagard Hawk is taken for a wilde Hawk Hagiographer Greek a writer of holy things Haggase a kinde of pudding made of Hogs flesh Haie from the French word Haye a kinde of Net to catch Conies which is commonly pitch'tunder hedges Haile a word of salutation from the Saxon word Heal i. e. health Haire is when a Masculine and Diurnal Planet in the day time the earth or a Feminine nocturnal Planet in the night time under the earth Haimhaldatio Catallorum signifieth in the practick of Scotland a seeking restitution for goods wrongfully taken away Haketon a Jacket without sleeves Chaucer Halbert a kinde of weapon called in Spanish Halabarda Halcyon a bird called a King-fisher which builds its Nest and breeds upon the Sea-shore about the winter ●ol●tice for the space of fourteen dayes wherein the weather useth to be very calm whence by Metaphor peaceable and quiet times are called Halcyon dayes the Poets feign that Halcyon the wife of Caeyx was turned into this bird See Alcyon Haledon a place in Northumberland where Oswald King of that County in a great pitcht feild against the Brittish King Cedwall having erected a cross unto Christ obtained the victory and afterwards became a devout Christian. This place was in old times called Heavenfeild Half-merk or Noble a piece of coine valueing 6 shillings 8 pence Half-seal is taken for the sealing of Commissions unto delegates appointed by an appeal in Ecclesiastical or Maritime causes Halicarnassus the chief City of Caria where the famous Tomb of Mausolus was built by Queen Artemisia Halidome Saxon holy judgement whence By my Halidome used anciently to be a great oath among country people Halieuticks Greek books treating of the Art of fishing Halifax signifying in old English holy hair a Town in Yorkshire so called from a Maides head that had been cut off by a Priest of that place which being hung upon a yew-tree as a holy matter was had in great veneration by the people who gathering of the sprigs of the tree took it for her hair Halinitre Greek a kind of Mineral commonly called Saltpeter Hall a Ship to call to her to know whence she is and whither bound Hallage French a fee due for clothes brought for sale to Blackwell Hall or to the Lord of a Market for commodities vended there Hallelujah see Allelujah H●llucination lat error or blindness of judgement Halm from the Hebrew word halam to shake the stalk of corn from the ear to the root Halsier a term in Navigation he that draws the Halser or Cable wherewith boats are
he thought upon the misery of the World Herald see Harald Herawdes old word feates of activity Herbage signifieth in Common Law the fruit of the earth provided by nature for the cattel also the liberty that a man hath to feed his cattel in another mans ground or in the Forrest Herbert a proper name of men signifying in Dutch famous Lord. Herbigage or Herborow old word lodging Herbalist or Herbary lat one that hath knowledge in the nature and temperaments of herbs Herbenger see Harbenger Herbert a proper name signifying in Dutch bright Lord. Herbipolis a City of Germany now called Wirtzberg Herbosity lat plenty of herbs Herbulent lat grassy full of herbs Hercinia a great Wood in Germany sixty dayes journeys in length and nine in breadth Herculean belonging to Hercules the cheif of which name was Hercules the son of Jupiter and Alcmena he being hated by Juno because he was born of a Concubine was by her ingaged in 12 very dangerous enterprises which are called Hercules his 12 labours all which he overcame to his great renown whence every great atcheivment came to be called a Herculean labour He is said to have built two pillars on Mount Calpe and Mount Avila as the utmost bounds of the Western World with the inscription of Nil ultra and at this day those places are called Hercules pillars This name Hercules signifieth in Greek Glory or Illumination of the Air. Here de Caesar a certain Epoch or Account from which the Saracens and Arabians used to compute their number of yeares as we do from the year of our Lord. It was also used in Spain for a great while the word signifieth as much as the Monarcy of Caesar. Hereditary or Haereditary lat coming by Inheritance Hereditaments signifie in Common Law all such things as descend to a man and his heirs by way of Inheritance and fall not within the compasse of an Executor as Chattels do Hereford the cheif City of Herefordshire anciently called Tresawith from the Beech-trees growing thereabout It was built as some say by King Edward the Elder in that tract of the Country called of old Ereinuc or Archenfeild out of the ruines of the ancient Ariconium the fame of this City was augmented by the Martyrdom of Ethelbert King of East England who going to wooe the daughter of Offa King of the Mercians was here forelaid and murthered by the procurement of Quendred Offa's wife Heremitage or Ermitage French a solitary place a dwelling for Hermites i. persons that devote themselves to a religious solitude Heresie see Haeresie Heresiarch or Haeresiarch Greek the principall Author of any Heresie or Sect. Heretog or Hertogh a Leader of an Army or a Duke from the Saxon words Here an Army and Toga to draw out Herility lat Masterly Authority Heriot or Hariot hath formerly been used to signifie a tribute given by a Tenant to the Lord of the Mannour for his better preparation toward war Here in the Saxon tongue signifying an Army but now it is taken for the best chattel that a Tenant hath at the hour of his death which is due unto the Lord by custom Herlaxton a Town in Lincolnshire near which was ploughed up a brazen vessel wherein a Golden Helmet beset with pretious Stones which was given as a present to Catherine of Spain wife to King Henry the eighth was found Herman see Harman Hermaphrodite Greek a word compounded of Hermes i. Mercury and Aphrodite i. Venus and signifieth one of both Sexes Man and Woman See the story of Hermaphroditus and Salmacis elegantly described in the fourth Book of Ovids Metamorphosis Hermetical Greek belonging to Mercury the messenger of the gods who is called in Greek Hermes or to Hermes Trismegistus the great Aegyptian Philosopher Hermione the daughter of Menelaus she was betrothed by her father after the end of the Trojan war to Pyrrhus the son of Achilles which Orestes to whom she had been before espoused by her Grandfather Tyndarus taking ill he slew Pirrhus in the Temple of Apollo Hermitage Hermite see Heremitage Hermotimus a certain man of Clazomena whose Soul used to leave his body and wander up and down bringing him news of things that were done a great way off his body lying in the mean while as it were asleep but at length his enemies finding his body burnt it so that his Soul had no habitation left to return to Hernious lat bursten bellied Herod sirnamed Antipater a King of the Jews created by the Roman Senate he destroyed the Temple built by Zorobabel and erected another more magnificient in its place he put his wife Maria●ne to death and his two sons Aristobulus and Alexander Heroick or Heroical Greek noble lofty becoming a Heroe whence Heroick Poem is a Poem treating of Heroic actions or persons Heroine a woman of a noble spirit and excellent virtues A Heron a kinde of bird called in Latin Ardea ab ardendo because its dung burns whatsoever it touches Herophila the name of the Erythraean Sibil who having asked Tarquin a very great price for her three books of Prophesies and being refused it she burnt 2. and afterwards received as much for that one that was left as she demanded for all the three Herostratus one that to purchace himself fame burnt the Temple of Diana Hersilia the wife of Romulus who after her death was worshipp'd by the name of Hora or the goddesse of youth Hertford i. e. the Ford of Harts the chief Town of Hertford-shire having a Castle upon the River Lea built as some say by King Edward the Elder and augmented by Gislebert de Clare who was Earle of this Town in King Henry the seconds dayes Bede treating of the Synode that was held here in the year 670. calleth it Herudford i. e. Redford Herthus a goddesse worshipt by the ancient Saxons in the same nature as Tellus by the Latins some think the word earth to be thence derived Hesione the daughter of Laomedon King of Troy whom Hercules having freed her from a great Whale gave in marriage to his friend Telamon after he had ransack't Troy because her father Laomedon performed not his promise to him Hesperus the son of Japetus and brother of Atlas who flying from his Countrey went and inhabited in Italy whence that Countrey came to be called Hesp●ria he had three daughters Aegle Arethusa and Hesperethusa called the Hesperides who lived in the Hesperian Garden whose Trees bare golden Apples that were kept by a watchfull Dragon whom Hercules slew it is also faigned of Hesperus that after his death he was changed into the Evening Star Hests old word commands or decrees Hete old word a vow offer or promise Heteroclite in Grammar is taken for a Nown that hath a different way of declining from other Nouns Heterodox Greek being of another opinion or judgement then what is generally received Heterogeneal Greek being of another or different kinde Heteroscians Greek people that live between the Aequator and the Tropicks whose
the ancient Romans was given to him who first scaled the walls of an enemies City Murder in Common Law is a wilful and felonious killing of any man upon premeditated malice Murengers certain officers in Westchester that look to the City walls Muricide lat a mouse-killer a cowardly fellow Muriel the Christian name of divers women from the Greek Myron i. sweet ointment Muring a term in Architecture the raising of walls Murrain from the Greek word Maraino a kind of rot or consuming disease among cattel Murnival French the number 4. Murray a Country in the North part of Scotland called in Latin Moravia A Murrey colour from the Greek word Maurus a dusky blackish or dun colour Musach cassa a certain chest in the Temple of Jerusalem wherein Kings were wont to cast their offerings Musaph a certain book containing the Laws of the Turks Muscadel wine French a sort of wine brought from the Island of Candy having a sweet odour like to that of Musk. Mus●hamp a name formerly of great note in Northumberland stiled in Latin records de Musko Campo Muscheto a kind of Insect so called somewhat resembling a gnat Mussack a kind of drink much in use among the Chineses Muscous lat mossy or full of mosse Musculous lat belonging to or full of Muscles i. certain organick parts of the body being of a fleshy and tendinous substance and interlac't with filaments and little veines and arteries and serving as the instruments of motion to every part Musen a term among Hunters is when a Stag or male Deer casts his head Muses the 9 daughters of Jupiter and Mnemosyne born in the Country of Pieria whence they are called Pierides and inhabiting Helicon a hill of Boeotia they were accounted the goddesses of Musick and Poetry and the rest of the ingenuous Arts and Sciences their names were Calliope Clio Erato Thalia Melpomene Terpsichore Euterpe Polyhymnia and Vrania Musive see Mosaical Musket the tassel or male of a sparrow-Hawk Muskinne a kind of bird otherwise called a finch in Latin fringillago Musmon the name of a certain beast resembling partly a sheep partly a goat Mussitation lat a muttring or speaking between the teeth Mussulmans or Mulsulmans an Arabick word signifying a people faithful in their Religion being an attribute which the Turks or Mahumetans arrogate to themselves Must lat wine newly pressed from the grape Mustache or Mustachio French from the Greek word Mystax the beard of the upper-lip Mustaphis certain Prophets or Learned men among the Turks Musteline lat belonging to a weasel Mustriche a Shoomakers last Mutability lat changeablenesse inconstancy Mutation lat a changing Mute lat dumbe speechlesse also Mutes used substantively for those consonants which have no sound of a vowel before them also certain Executioners among the Turks appointed to strangle offenders are called Mutes Also a Hawk is said to mute not to dung Mutilation lat a maiming or curtailing of any thing Q. Mutius a stout Roman who in the war with Porsenna King of the Hetrurians went into the enemies Camp with an intent to have killed the King but being taken and threatned with extraordinary punishments he thrust his right hand into the fire and burnt it off to shew his contempt of torments whence he was called Scaevola and telling Porsenna that 300 youths had in like manner conspired against him he was so terrified that immediately he made a peace with the Romans Mutual lat passing between two interchangeable M Y Myriad Greek the number of ten thousand Myrmidons a certain people of Thessaly who went under the conduct of Achilles to the wars of Troy They were so called from Myrmidon an ancient King of Thessaly the son of Jupiter and the Nimph Corymosa or else from a certain Virgin called Myrmice who for contemning Ceres was changed into an Ant from which there springing up a multitude of Ants they were by the prayers of Aeacus when Thessaly was almost depopulated changed into men Myrobalanes a sort of medicinal fruit by some called Egyptian acorns of which there are five sorts Bellerick Chebule Citrine Emblick and Indian Myropolist Greek a seller of ointments or sweet oiles Myrrha the daughter of Cynaras King of Cyprus who by the help of her Nurse coming to lie with her father was got with child by him and brought forth Adonis the Paramour of Venus but Cynaras afterwards being sensible of what was done would have slain her with his sword whereupon she fled into Arabia Felix and was changed into a Tree of her own name from which there distilleth a sweet aromatick Gum called also Myrrhe Myrrhine lat belonging to myrrhe made of myrrhe Myrsilus the son of Myrsus a King of Lydia called also Candaules the last of the race of the Heraclidae See Candaules Myrtilus the son of Mercury and Phaethusa he was the Chariot-driver of Oenomaus who being to run a race with Pelops Myrtilus being promised a great reward loosened the axeltree so that the Chariot being overturned Oenomaus fell out and broke his neck but before he died he intreated Pelops to revenge his death whereupon when Myrtilus came to demand his reward he was thrown into that Sea which from thence was called Mare Myrtoum now Mar de Mandria Myrtle a kind of low tree which beareth a little blackish leaf of a very fragrant scent and groweth onely in hot Countries this tree was by the ancients acounted sacred to Venus Mysia a Country of Asia the Lesse anciently divided into Higher Mysia and Lower Mysia it containeth those Countries which are now called Servia Bulgaria and Wallachia Mystagogical Greek belonging to a Mystagogue i. e. he that interprets Divine mysteries or ceremonies also he that hath the keeping of Church relicks and shewing them to strangers Mysteriarch Greek a chief overseer of sacred mysteries Mystical Greek mysterious secret hidden Mithology Greek a discourse and exposition of fables N A NAam from the Dutch word Memmen i. to nim or take hold on in Common Law is the taking of anothers moveable goods which if it be by reasonable distresse proportionable to the value of the thing distrained for it is called lawful Naam Nacre French mother of pearle Nadir an Arabick word oft used in Astronomy signifying that point of heaven directly under our feet and opposite to the Zenith Naenia lat Funeral-songs Funeral-prayers or praises Naiades the Nimphs of Rivers and Fountains from the Greek word Nao i. to flow Naiant French swimming or floating a term in Heraldry Naif French a term in Jewelling and is spoken of a Diamond or other Stone which looketh quick and natural and hath all its properties as in water cleannesse c. Nantwich a Town in Cheshire famous for the pits of brine or salt water which are called Wiches it was named by the ancient Brittains Hellath Wen i. the white Wich or Salt pit and by Latin Writers Vicus Malbanus perhaps from one William Malbedeng or Malbanc anciently Lord thereof Napaeae the Nimphs of the woods and
perpendicular upon another Rectification lat a rectifying a making right or streight Recto sur disclamer a Writ that lieth where the Lord in the Kings Court doth avow upon his Tenant and the Tenant disclaimeth to hold of him Rectour lat a Governour also he that hath the charge or cure of any Parish Church Rectus in curia he that standeth at the Bar and hath no man to object any thing against him Reculade French a recoiling or going back also a secret corner Reculver an ancient Town in Kent heretofore called Regulbium here the Captain of the first Band of the Vetasians lay in Garrison it is also famous for the Palace built by Aethelbert King of Kent and the Monastery built by Brightwald the eight Arch-bishop of Canterbury from which the Town came to be called Raculf-minster Recuperation lat a recovering Recurvation lat a crooking bowing or bending backward A Recusant a Roman Catholick so called from refusing to submit to the Discipline of the Reformed Church Redamation lat a loving again Redargution lat a disproving a convincing of falsity by solid arguments Redborn signifying as much as redwater a Town in Hertford-shire seated upon the Military High-way commonly called Watling-street it hath been famous heretofore for the Reliques of Amphibalus who suffered Martyrdom under Dioclesian and who converted St. Alban to the Christian faith Reddition lat a restoring or giving back Redevable French being in arrearage or behinde in payment whence it is used in a translate sence for obleiged or beholding to Cleopatra Redhibition lat the causing of any one by Law to take that again which he sold. Rediculus a certain God worshipt among the ancient Romans without the Porta Capena upon occasion of Hannibals returning from Rome being frighted with certain apparitions Redintegration lat a renewing a making whole again Redition lat a returning or coming back Redituaries a certain Order of Fryars being a branch of the Franciscans Redolent lat yielding a sweet smell fragrant Redonation lat a giving back that which was taken away Redoubt a Term in fortification the jutting out of the angles or corners of any work A Redstert a certain bird otherwise called a Robin Redbreast in Latin Rubicilla Redshanks the Irish-Scots are so called from Reuda an Irish Captain who anciently by force of Arms seated himself in a part of Scotland Redubbours those that buy Cloath which they know to be stollen and turn it into 〈◊〉 other form or fashion Reduction lat a reducing or bringing back Redversies commonly called Rivers's the name of an honourable Family in Cornwal who have been heretofore Earles of Devonshire and Barons of Plimpton they are stiled in Latin Records de Ripariis Redundancy lat an overflowing abounding or exceeding Reduplication lat a redoubling a Rhetorical figure called in Greek Anadiplosis wherein a verse or sentence ends in the same word as the following begins Reentry in Common Law is a resuming or taking again possession of what we had last forgon Reev or Greve from the Saxon word Gerefa the Bailiff of a Franchise or Manour To Reeve a term in Navigation and spoken of ropes signifieth as much as to put in or to put through Refection lat a repast or meale Refectory or Refectuary a place in Monasteries where the Monks and Fryars eat together To Refell lat to disprove by arguments to confute to prove false Referendary lat an officer who makes report of Petitions or Requests exhibited to any Prince more particularly one under the Master of Requests in France Reflection lat a bowing or bending back a beating or striking back also by metaphor a casting back ones minde upon things past Reflux lat a flowing back an ebbing of the Sea or any River Refocillation lat a cherishing comforting or reviving also a kindling or keeping warm Reformado Span. an officer who having lost his men is continued in pay as an inferiour souldier To Reform a term in Faulconry for a Hawk is not said to prune but to reform her feathers Refractary lat as it were irrefrangible i. unbreakable stubborn or obstinate Refranation is when a Planet is applying to another either by conjunction or aspect and before he comes joyned he becomes retrograde Refret French Refrain the burthen of a Ballade or Song Refrigeration lat a refreshing or cooling again Refuge lat a flying for succour or safety a place of respite or succour Refulgent lat shining bright To Refund lat to dissolve or melt again also to pay back Refutation lat a confuting by arguments a disapproving Regal lat Kingly Royal Stately also a Regal signifieth a Ring or Jewel of great value To Regale French to fare like a King to intertain Royally Regalia lat the rights and priviledges of a King Regardant French looking back a term in Heraldry Regarder of the Forrest is an officer of the Kings Forrest who is sworn to make the regard of the Forrest to surview all other officers and to inquire of all offences as well of Vert as of Venison within all that ground that is parcell of the Forrest which is called the Regard Regards French attentive markings or observings of men and actions Cleopat Regency lat a ruling but more particularly the Protectourship of a Kingdom Regeneration lat a new-birth a being born again spiritually Regermination lat a sprouting forth or budding again Regicide lat a King-killer Regifugium a certain Feast celebrated by the ancient Romans the seventh Calends of March on which day Tarquin and Kingly government were banished Rome Regiment a body of souldiers consisting of 10 Companies or Troops Register lat a Memorial or Record more particularly our ancientest Book of the Law containing the Original Writs of the Common Law Regl●tination lat a glueing again Regrater a word anciently used in the Common Law for him that bought by the great and sold by retaile also one that trimmes up old wares for sale a huckster Regression or Regresse lat a returning or going back Regret French desire also sorrow or reluctance Regularity lat order rule or prescript also a Canonical life Marcus Attilius Regulus a famous Roman who being taken by the Carthaginians had leave given him to treat about the exchange of prisoners upon his word given to return by such a time which having performed he was put to death with exquisite torments Regurgitation lat a swallowing up again Rejection lat a casting off To Reinbosce Span. to return to the wood to lie in ambush again Rejoynder in Common Law signifieth a second answer made by the defendant or an exception to a replication the Civilians call it Duplication Reister French or Ruyter Dutch a horseman whence Swartrutter a horseman with black armour also a long horsemans cloak Reiteration lat a saying or doing the same thing over again a repeating Relaps lat a falling back into any sicknesse Relative lat having relation or nearnesse to some other thing Relaxation lat a loosening a releasing a setting at liberty Relay a term
any running or swelling Xerxes a King of Persia the grandchild of Cyrus and son of Darius and Atossa he with an Army of 1700000 men and a Navy so vast that it filled the whole Hellespont and joyned the two Continents together was vanquisht at Thermopylae by 4000 men and afterwards in a Sea-fight at Salamis by Themi●tocles and his General whom he left in Boeotia was faine to retire with almost all his forces cut off he was at length slain in his own Palace by Artabanus one of his own Captains X I Xilinous lat belonging to cotton X Y Xylobalsame Gr. a certain sweet wood whereof baulm is produced Y A YArdland a certain quantity of land called in Saxon Gyrdlander in Latin Virgata terrae Y B Ybel an old Brittish proper name of a man it seems contracted from the Greek Eubulus i. Good Counsellour Y E Year and Day a certain time in construction of Common Law thought fit in many cases to determine a right in one and prescription in another as in case of an Estray of No claim of Protection of a Wreck c. Yeoman contract a youngman the next degree to a Gentleman and called in Latin Ingenuus in our Laws he is defined to be a freeborn man who can dispend of his own free land in yearly revenue to the summe of 40 shillings Sterling Y O Yonker Dutch Junker i. a Knight or Nobleman a lusty lad York see Eboracum Youthwort a kind of plant called in Latin ros solis Y T Ythel Brittish a proper name contracted from the Greek Euthalius i. very flourishing Z A ZAchary the proper name of a man signifying in Heb. Memory of the Lord. Zachynthus an Island of the Ionian Sea between Cephalenia and Achaia now called Zante Zaleucus a famous Lawgiver among the Locrians who having