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book_n condition_n former_a great_a 33 3 2.1248 3 false
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ID Title Author Corrected Date of Publication (TCP Date of Publication) STC Words Pages
A46233 An history of the constancy of nature wherein by comparing the latter age with the former, it is maintained that the world doth not decay universally in respect of it self, or the heavens, elements, mixt bodies, meteors, minerals, plants, animals, nor man in his age, stature, strength, or faculties of his minde, as relating to all arts and science / by John Jonston of Poland.; Naturae constantia. English Jonstonus, Joannes, 1603-1675.; Rowland, John, M.D. 1657 (1657) Wing J1016; ESTC R11015 93,469 200

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strong_a to_o come_v to_o 80_o year_n etc._n etc._n and_o though_o he_o himself_o and_o aaron_n his_o brother_n surpass_v this_o age_n thalia_n but_o because_o as_o a_o learned_a man_n say_v he_o speak_v of_o the_o general_a condition_n it_o be_v pertinent_a to_o our_o subject_n hence_o also_o herodotus_n set_v the_o long_a bound_n of_o man_n life_n to_o be_v but_o 80_o year_n barzillay_n be_v say_v to_o be_v a_o very_a old_a man_n and_o yet_o he_o be_v but_o fourscore_o and_o david_n be_v full_a of_o day_n yet_o but_o seventy_o year_n old_a solomon_n as_o divine_n conjecture_v be_v not_o 60_o 32._o yet_o it_o be_v say_v when_o solomon_n be_v old_a in_o all_o the_o record_n of_o the_o roman_a greek_a french_a and_o german_a emperor_n there_o be_v find_v only_o four_o that_o live_v to_o fourscore_o year_n among_o the_o pope_n only_a five_o and_o they_o be_v immediate_o before_o our_o time_n namely_o john_n the_o twenty_o three_o gregory_z the_o twelve_o and_o thirteen_o paul_n the_o three_o and_o four_o and_o that_o which_o be_v most_o notable_a elizabeth_n queen_n of_o england_n out_o live_v all_o her_o predecessor_n from_o william_n the_o conqueror_n discipline_n and_o she_o reign_v as_o fortunate_o as_o augustus_n as_o long_o as_o david_n p●trus_n criaitus_n affirm_v that_o egyptis_fw-la by_o a_o subtle_a conjecture_n take_v from_o the_o weight_n of_o the_o heart_n find_v out_o within_o what_o bound_v the_o life_n of_o man_n be_v include_v and_o he_o affirm_v that_o he_o can_v scarce_o live_v above_o a_o hundred_o year_n for_o every_o year_n till_o fifty_o it_o increase_v two_o drachma_n and_o from_o thence_o to_o 100_o year_n it_o decrease_v as_o much_o though_o this_o be_v rather_o curiosity_n than_o truth_n yet_o it_o show_v what_o the_o antiens_fw-la think_v of_o the_o last_o end_n of_o man._n latina_fw-la varro_n also_o hold_v the_o same_o opinion_n they_o call_v the_o space_n of_o a_o hundred_o year_n seculum_fw-la from_fw-la senex_fw-la a_o old_a man_n 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three_o can_v be_v grant_v for_o i._o goropius_n becanus_n speak_v express_o former_o body_n will_v endure_v hellebore_n now_o as_o well_o as_o they_o do_v former_o in_o the_o same_o or_o great_a quanlity_n as_o i_o have_v try_v in_o other_o and_o jacchmus_n be_v of_o the_o same_o mind_n ii_o i_o remember_v say_v galen_n that_o blood_n be_v draw_v to_o six_o pound_n weight_n in_o some_o man_n and_o so_o the_o fever_n be_v cure_v but_o he_o take_v less_o from_o other_o where_o the_o force_n be_v strong_a and_o age_n will_v allow_v it_o 14._o it_o be_v fit_a to_o draw_v blood_n till_o they_o faint_v iii_o pareus_n write_v that_o in_o four_o day_n he_o draw_v seven_o pound_n of_o blood_n from_o a_o man_n and_o d._n deodate_v affirm_v that_o from_o a_o man_n of_o seventy_o six_o year_n in_o three_o day_n he_o take_v sixty_o ounce_n of_o blood_n observat_fw-la also_o schenckius_n mention_n strange_a bleeding_n at_o the_o nose_n when_o sometime_o eighteen_o sometime_o twenty_o sometime_o 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then_o that_o happen_v to_o they_o in_o respect_n of_o former_a time_n and_o it_o be_v wonder_n nor_o galen_n nor_o hypocrates_n shall_v speak_v any_o thing_n of_o they_o iii_o riolanus_n seem_v to_o decide_v this_o controversy_n when_o he_o write_v and_o take_v nothing_o from_o the_o ancient_a measure_n 12._o unless_o you_o add_v the_o more_o slender_a and_o narrow_a part_n of_o the_o ventricle_n which_o reach_v forth_o from_o the_o bottom_n below_o to_o the_o very_a beginning_n of_o the_o wind_n of_o the_o gut_n which_o i_o have_v often_o see_v to_o be_v twelve_o finger_n breadth_n long_o laurentius_n and_o many_o other_o think_v that_o the_o ancient_n take_v the_o pylorus_n with_o the_o duodenum_fw-la the_o last_o thing_n of_o the_o impurity_n of_o seed_n be_v false_a for_o i._o we_o see_v sometime_o that_o sickly_a parent_n beget_v strong_a and_o healthy_a child_n former_o ii_o the_o same_o may_v be_v say_v of_o animal_n and_o doubtless_o man_n have_v fail_v by_o this_o time_n and_o there_o have_v be_v a_o end_n of_o the_o dispute_n iii_o there_o be_v many_o example_n of_o woman_n that_o have_v exceed_v in_o bear_v of_o child_n vives_n relate_v of_o a_o country_n man_n in_o spain_n who_o progeny_n have_v fill_v a_o village_n of_o a_o 100_o house_n whilst_o he_o yet_o live_v in_o the_o temple_n of_o the_o marschall_n in_o essex_n there_o be_v a_o sepulchre_n sen_fw-mi of_o one_o mary_n water_n who_o when_o she_o die_v hd_v of_o her_o legitimate_a posterity_n three_o hundred_o sixty_o seven_o child_n sixteen_o of_o her_o own_o a_o hundred_o and_o fourteen_o of_o her_o child_n two_o hundred_o twenty_o eight_o in_o a_o three_o degree_n nine_o in_o a_o four_o also_o that_o be_v common_a the_o mother_n say_v to_o her_o daughter_n daughter_n say_v to_o your_o daughter_n that_o she_o must_v mourn_v for_o her_o daughter_n daughter_n i_o let_v pass_v other_o example_n and_o i_o conclude_v that_o strength_n and_o stature_n have_v not_o fail_v for_o some_o thousand_o of_o year_n article_n iii_o nothing_o be_v want_v to_o the_o faculty_n of_o of_o the_o mind_n thus_o much_o be_v speak_v hitherto_o concern_v those_o thing_n be_v principal_o to_o be_v consider_v in_o the_o body_n of_o man_n now_o follow_v the_o rational_a soul_n wherein_o we_o be_v to_o consider_v whether_o the_o faculty_n thereof_o have_v fail_v in_o general_a or_o in_o special_a that_o be_v principal_o know_v both_o by_o the_o proceed_n of_o art_n and_o manner_n yet_o not_o omit_v those_o thing_n that_o be_v requisite_a thereunto_o as_o memory_n judgement_n imagination_n wherefore_o these_o part_n be_v to_o be_v consider_v i._o that_o memory_n and_o judgement_n have_v not_o fail_v ii_o nor_o any_o thing_n in_o the_o three_o faculty_n iii_o three_o nor_o in_o speculative_a philosophy_n iu._n nor_o in_o practical_a philosophy_n and_o history_n v._n nor_o in_o language_n and_o arts._n vi_o nor_o in_o mechanical_a art_n and_o navigation_n vii_o nor_o in_o manner_n the_o first_o branch_n memory_n and_o judgement_n have_v not_o fail_v how_o have_v they_o fail_v when_o as_o great_a thing_n have_v fall_v out_o in_o the_o latter_a time_n and_o in_o our_o own_o than_o be_v the_o vast_a example_n mention_v by_o the_o ancient_n seneca_n the_o rhetorician_n say_v controver_n that_o he_o rehearse_v two_o thousand_o word_n in_o the_o same_o order_n they_o be_v speak_v and_o that_o he_o repeat_v from_o the_o last_o to_o the_o first_o all_o the_o verse_n that_o each_o man_n propound_v that_o come_v to_o hear_v his_o master_n and_o they_o be_v above_o two_o hundred_o person_n lect_v but_o marcus_n antonius_n muretus_n report_v of_o a_o certain_a young_a man_n of_o corsica_n who_o study_v the_o civil_a law_n in_o the_o university_n of_o milan_n who_o can_v repeat_v thirty_o six_o thousand_o name_n without_o any_o stay_n in_o the_o same_o order_n they_o be_v speak_v to_o which_o muretus_n add_v i_o know_v not_o any_o of_o the_o ancient_n i_o can_v oppose_v to_o this_o unless_o it_o be_v cyrus_n of_o who_o pliny_n quintilian_n and_o the_o latin_a writer_n relate_v that_o he_o remember_v all_o the_o soldier_n name_n xenophor_n say_v only_o of_o his_o officer_n but_o aenaeas_n silvius_n testify_v basil_n that_o ludovicus_n pontanus_n a_o counsellor_n of_o spalleto_n do_v not_o only_o repeat_v all_o the_o head_n of_o the_o law_n but_o the_o whole_a body_n of_o they_o he_o die_v at_o thirty_o year_n old_a famianus_n strada_n write_v that_o francis_n suarez_n prolus._n that_o famous_a jesuit_n have_v so_o strong_a a_o memory_n that_o he_o recite_v saint_n augustine_n work_n in_o the_o same_o word_n they_o be_v write_v we_o have_v often_o say_v he_o see_v he_o ready_o to_o teach_v and_o show_v with_o his_o finger_n the_o very_a place_n &_o page_n wherein_o he_o speak_v of_o such_o a_o thing_n great_a and_o more_o thing_n may_v be_v speak_v of_o johu_n raynolds_n a_o famous_a divine_a in_o oxford_n university_n for_o man_n say_v he_o be_v so_o conversant_a in_o all_o classical_a author_n that_o he_o may_v true_o be_v call_v a_o live_a libray_n or_o a_o three_o university_n gentilis_fw-la confess_v that_o he_o know_v the_o law_n better_o than_o himself_o yet_o he_o be_v professor_n of_o they_o to_o confirm_v the_o force_n of_o judgement_n and_o the_o other_o faculty_n 17._o it_o shall_v suffice_v to_o instance_n in_o budaeus_fw-la tostatus_n &_o scaliger_n ludovicus_n vives_n say_v that_o france_n never_o bring_v forth_o any_o man_n that_o have_v a_o more_o sharp_a wit_n strong_a judgement_n more_o exact_a diligence_n or_o more_o learning_n nor_o yet_o italy_n in_o this_o age_n and_o indeed_o he_o have_v more_o knowledge_n of_o the_o latin_a and_o greek_a tongue_n than_o of_o his_o own_o wherefore_o what_o he_o write_v in_o they_o be_v extemporary_a if_o you_o read_v his_o book_n de_fw-fr ass_n you_o shall_v find_v he_o have_v read_v all_o the_o philosopher_n and_o be_v employ_v in_o public_a affair_n both_o at_o home_n and_o abroad_o but_o this_o be_v the_o great_a wonder_n which_o he_o find_v in_o he_o only_o they_o be_v the_o word_n of_o vives_n both_o the_o master_n and_o the_o scholar_n and_o the_o method_n and_o reason_n of_o teach_v and_o the_o ten_o part_n of_o those_o thing_n man_n can_v hardly_o learn_v under_o other_o great_a master_n that_o he_o learn_v whole_o appar_n be_v his_o own_o master_n from_o himself_o tostatus_n in_o the_o 22_o year_n of_o his_o age_n have_v the_o knowledge_n almost_o of_o all_o art_n and_o science_n hispan_n whence_o one_o write_v of_o he_o this_o the_o world_n wonder_n know_v all_o to_o be_v know_v and_o metamorus_fw-la write_v further_o of_o he_o have_v he_o live_v in_o any_o age_n than_o in_o in_o that_o he_o do_v we_o shall_v never_o envy_n at_o augustine_n of_o hippo_n nor_o hierome_n of_o stridon_n nor_o yet_o any_o of_o
four_o most_o excellent_a sudorifick_v unto_o we_o guaicum_fw-la china_n sassaphras_n and_o sarsaparillia_n but_o also_o by_o the_o write_n of_o mathiolus_n thurnheuserus_n lobelius_n clusius_n carrechterus_n and_o bauhinus_n who_o be_v forty_o year_n compose_v his_o table_n of_o plant_n to_o these_o i_o add_v the_o most_o famous_a man_n adolphus_n vorstius_n the_o botanist_n at_o leiden_fw-mi university_n in_o holland_n who_o be_v my_o tutor_n who_o skill_n i_o often_o wonder_v at_o and_o that_o not_o without_o amazement_n iii_o to_o this_o chymistrie_n may_v be_v join_v which_o though_o it_o be_v somewhat_o know_v to_o the_o ancient_n galen_n for_o sennertus_n write_v it_o be_v probable_a that_o tubal_n cai●_n be_v the_o first_o founder_n of_o it_o and_o that_o it_o flourish_v in_o egypt_n and_o chief_o in_o arabia_n as_o geber_n avicenna_n rhasit_fw-la etc._n etc._n do_v witness_n yet_o in_o these_o late_a age_n it_o be_v most_o adorn_v by_o lullius_n rogerius_n basilius_n valentinus_n but_o above_o all_o by_o paracelsus_n and_o his_o follower_n suchtenus_o dornesus_n thurnhes●erus_n severinus_n and_o crollius_n and_o also_o by_o those_o chemical_a physician_n andernacus_n quercetanus_n sennertus_n deodate_v and_o be_v bring_v now_o to_o this_o height_n from_o whence_o divers_a medicament_n have_v spring_v tincture_n spirit_n extract_n salt_n magistral_n praecipitates_fw-la glass_n reguli_fw-la flower_n milks_n sugar_n gills_o etc._n etc._n and_o though_o it_o must_v be_v confess_v that_o some_o of_o they_o be_v dangerous_a to_o give_v yet_o this_o must_v not_o be_v deny_v that_o it_o be_v only_o when_o a_o unskilful_a physician_n use_v they_o and_o they_o be_v prepare_v by_o a_o unskilful_a chemist_n otherwise_o extract_n and_o tincture_n be_v strong_a than_o syrup_n decoction_n or_o infusion_n pharmacopaea_n for_o when_o the_o profitable_a part_n be_v part_v from_o the_o unprofitable_a strange_a gross_a and_o earthy_a part_n or_o as_o schegkius_fw-la say_v as_o it_o be_v from_o their_o excrement_n and_o refuse_v as_o one_o may_v say_v it_o can_v by_o any_o reason_n be_v deny_v but_o they_o must_v be_v more_o effectual_a please_a and_o durable_a to_o this_o belong_v magnetic_a cure_n transplant_n of_o disease_n cure_n of_o such_o as_o be_v lame_a etc._n etc._n of_o these_o the_o ancient_n speak_v very_o little_a but_o paracelsus_n crollius_n bargravius_n taliacotius_n petraeus_n and_o other_o have_v speak_v abundant_o wherefore_o quercetanus_n seem_v to_o have_v say_v well_o if_o hypocrates_n aristotle_n or_o galen_n himself_o be_v now_o alive_a he_o will_v be_v amuse_v to_o see_v this_o art_n augment_v and_o adorn_v with_o so_o many_o ornament_n enrich_v with_o so_o many_o new_a invention_n and_o confirm_v with_o so_o many_o wonderful_a operation_n part._n iii_o nothing_o be_v want_v in_o speculative_a philosophy_n what_o we_o say_v of_o the_o three_o faculty_n we_o can_v bold_o affirm_v of_o philosophy_n but_o philosophy_n be_v either_o speculative_a or_o practical_a and_o that_o we_o speak_v of_o in_o this_o part_n comprehend_v under_o it_o metaphysic_n physics_n and_o mathematics_n we_o must_v demonstrate_v this_o of_o each_o of_o they_o in_o particular_a as_o for_o metaphysic_n after_o averro_n both_o the_o old_a scholiast_n and_o thomas_n scotus_n and_o the_o modern_a spanish_a philosopher_n sanchiez_n suarez_n fonseca_n masius_n etc._n etc._n have_v adorn_v it_o and_o among_o other_o nation_n very_o many_o be_v find_v as_o shieblerus_n timplerus_n cornelius_n and_o jacobus_n marnii_n scharfi●s_n lippius_fw-la jacchaeus_n capsius_n etc._n etc._n who_o partly_o have_v include_v it_o in_o a_o exact_a method_n and_o in_o part_n have_v illustrate_v it_o with_o most_o exquisite_a precept_n &_o in_o part_n have_v adorn_v it_o with_o most_o large_a disputation_n if_o keckerman_n have_v finish_v his_o that_o he_o begin_v there_o can_v be_v nothing_o want_v as_o many_o suppose_v that_o be_v needful_a to_o the_o perfection_n of_o a_o complete_a work_n direct_v to_o its_o proper_a end_n and_o i_o think_v that_o no_o man_n will_v deny_v but_o that_o sagittarius_fw-la have_v be_v a_o great_a help_n on_o his_o canal_n a_o special_a part_n which_o other_o call_v pneumatica_fw-la be_v so_o illustrate_v and_o correct_v out_o of_o the_o scripture_n that_o it_o may_v well_o be_v write_v on_o the_o altar_n of_o former_a age_n to_o the_o unknown_a god_n the_o doctrine_n of_o angel_n which_o many_o of_o the_o ancient_a divine_n think_v to_o be_v corporeal_a be_v admirable_o describe_v it_o be_v most_o certain_a that_o no_o writing_n of_o the_o ancient_n can_v be_v compare_v to_o that_o of_o delrius_n de_fw-fr disquisitionibus_fw-la magicis_fw-la of_o peucerus_n and_o julius_n caesar_n bullinger_n de_fw-fr divinatione_fw-la natural_a philosophy_n be_v far_o more_o excellent_a now_o than_o former_o it_o be_v for_o i._o in_o aristotle_n innumerable_a speculation_n concern_v matter_n the_o world_n heaven_n and_o other_o thing_n be_v false_a we_o have_v they_o now_o correct_v by_o aslachus_n danaeus_n campanella_n verulam_n bartholinus_n nollius_n buthardus_fw-la and_o many_o other_o i_o know_v not_o whether_o drebbellius_n have_v not_o exceed_v the_o ancient_n in_o his_o book_n of_o the_o element_n iii_o natural_a history_n before_o pliny_n his_o age_n begin_v again_o to_o spring_v up_o at_o length_n in_o his_o day_n it_o increase_v yet_o because_o the_o new_a world_n be_v not_o then_o open_a nor_o so_o great_a search_n make_v all_o can_v not_o be_v discover_v by_o pliny_n that_o since_o that_o time_n hitherto_o be_v very_o exact_o know_v by_o aldrovandus_n gesner_n agricola_n the_o anatomist_n and_o other_o boetius_fw-la most_o accurate_o search_v out_o the_o nature_n of_o stone_n the_o wonder_n of_o the_o loadstone_n be_v search_v by_o gilbertus_n and_o cabaus_n and_o gesner_n find_v out_o more_o clear_o the_o nature_n of_o coral_n iii_o no_o man_n will_v gainsay_v that_o the_o chief_a 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setonus_fw-la do_v transmute_v metal_n into_o gold_n johannes_n hunniades_n a_o hungarian_a the_o chief_a of_o all_o the_o chemist_n in_o england_n our_o friend_n do_v enliven_v a_o metal_n that_o run_v he_o show_v the_o same_o art_n concern_v who_o roger_n bacon_n speak_v thus_o re_fw-mi it_o be_v more_o easy_a to_o make_v gold_n than_o it_o be_v to_o destroy_v it_o which_o angelus_n de_fw-la sola_fw-la think_v to_o be_v impossible_a reason_n of_o the_o fixedness_n of_o the_o mercury_n of_o gold_n the_o maturity_n and_o the_o so_o straight_a conjunction_n of_o it_o with_o the_o other_o substance_n of_o the_o same_o body_n that_o it_o can_v never_o go_v back_o i_o think_v but_o a_o few_o be_v ignorant_a what_o a_o polonian_a physician_n do_v for_o the_o r●renewing_a of_o plant_n again_o see_v more_o in_o rhodologia_fw-la rosenbergeri_fw-la last_o this_o winter_n a_o english_a man_n be_v report_v to_o have_v find_v out_o a_o new_a and_o easy_a way_n to_o make_v salt_n of_o sea-water_n 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