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An expositon of all St. Pauls epistles together with an explanation of those other epistles of the apostles St. James, Peter, John & Jude : wherein the sense of every chapter and verse is analytically unfolded and the text enlightened. / David Dickson ...; Expositio analytica omnium Apostolicarum Epistolarum. English
Dickson, David, 1583?-1663.; Retchford, William.; Dickson, David, 1583?-1663. Epistle of Paul to the Hebrews.
Wing D1403; ESTC R7896
than c. The Second Part. Vers. 16. For where a Testament is there must also of necessity bee the death of the Testator The second part of the Chapter follows wherein to take off the scandal of the Cross hee first proves the necessity of Christs death by six Arguments to vers 25. Furthermore the sufficiency of his offering once upon the Cross hee proves it by five Arguments to the end Argum. 1. The New Covenant of Christ is the New Testament of Christ Therefore it was necessary that the death of the Testator Christ should intercede Vers. 17. For a Testament is of force after men are dead otherwise it is of no strength at all while the Testator liveth Argum. 2. Confirming the former unless Christ had died the Covenant or Testament had not been firm for even amongst men a Testament is not valid while the Testator is alive but onely after his death For while hee lives it may be changed but not when hee is dead Therefore it was necessary that Christ should dye Vers. 18. Whereupon neither the first Testament was dedicated without blood Argum. 3. As the Old Testament was not dedicated unto God without typical blood so neither the New Testament can be dedicated or offered by way of satisfaction for sinful men without the true blood of Christ the true Mediatour the Antitype Therefore it was necessary Christ should dye Vers. 19. For when Moses had spoken every Precept to all the people according to the Law hee took the blood of Calves and of Goats with water and Scarlet wool and hysop and sprinkled both the book and all the people 20. Saying This is the Blood of the Testament which God hath enjoyned unto you Hee explicates and proves this Argument out of the History Exod. 24. concerning the dedication of the first Tabernacle by Blood where Moses sprinkled the Book of the Covenant and the people with the blood of Calves and Goats withall expounding the signification and use of the ceremony that that Blood was the Blood of the Covenant or a symbol of the Covenant typically made in those ceremonies and truly to bee fulfilled in the Blood of Christ. Vers. 21. Moreover hee sprinkled with blood both the Tabernacle and all the Vessels of the Ministery 22. And almost all things are by the Law purged with blood and without shedding of blood is no remission Argum. 4. As under the Law all things were purged either with blood or washings drawing virtue to purge from the Sacrifices so that without typical shedding of blood there was no remission of sins So in the New Covenant there can bee no remission of sins but by the shedding of the Blood of Christ Therefore the Death of Christ was necessary The Tabernacle and the Holy Vessels which were in themselves without pollution are said to bee sprinkled with blood because in respect to us were wee not purified by the Blood of Christ all things become polluted unto us Therefore the use of the most holy things must bee sanctified to us by Christ otherwise to the impure all things are impure in as much as in all things unbeleevers pollute themselves Vers. 23. It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these but the heavenly things themselves with better Sacrifices than these Argum. 5. If the types ought to bee purged with typical blood heavenly things signified by those types ought to bee consecrated by better Sacrifices i. e. with the Blood of the Mediator himself who in his Virtue comprehends all Sacrifices and by consequence the Death of Christ was necessary Vers. 24. For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands which are the figures of the true but into heaven it self now to appear in the presence of God for us Argum. 6. Confirming the former Christ is not entred into the typical Holy place made with hands but into heaven signified by the holy place that constantly appearing there hee might intercede for us Therefore it behoved him to offer up a more excellent Sacrifice viz. himself as much as heaven exceeds the earthly Holy place and by consequence his death was necessary Vers. 25. Nor yet that hee should offer himself often aâ the High-Priest entereth into the Holy place every year with blood of others Now hee proves the sufficiency of the one Oblation of Christ upon the Cross by five Arguments Argum. 1. Christ entred not often into the Terrestrial Sanctuary that hee might often offer up himself as the Levitical High-Priest who offered not his own but other blood yearly but is once entered into heaven Therefore that one Oblation of himself upon the Cross was sufficient whereby hee was admitted into heaven Vers. 26. For then must hee often have suffered since the foundation of the world but now once in the end of the world hath hee appeared to put away sin by the Sacrifice of himself Argum. 2. Unless that one Oblation of Christ upon the Cross had been sufficient hee must by often offering himself die often from the beginning of the world for if an Oblation of the Body of Chirst ought to have been often offered up for sin it would have been necessary that the Oblation should have begun at what time sin began to bee committed i. e. from the beginning of the world and from that time that Sacrifice ought to have been so often repeated as new sins were committed after the Sacrifice the courses of Sacrifice being acted over and over without number But this is absurd Therefore his once offering up upon the Cross was sufficient But now once Argum. 3. Christ in the fulness of time appeared to that end that by his one Oblation of himself he might abolish the sins of his people present past and to come For to the obtaining and application of remission of sins to the mortification and abolishing of sins of all the Redeemed or Elect there is virtue enough in the Death of Christ Therefore his one Oblation is sufficient Vers. 27. And as it is appointed unto men once to die but after this the Iudgement 28. So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many and unto them that look for him shall hee appear the second time without sin unto Salvation Argum. 4. As it is appointed of God that all men shall once die and after death come to Judgement so it is appointed of God that Christ should onely once offer up himself to expiate the sins of many i. e. of his Elect and that hee should come the second time judge both of quick and dead Therefore his one Oblation of himself upon the Cross is sufficient The second time Argum. 5. Christ coming the second time at the Day of Judgement shall make it manifest to all the world that hee with one Oblation of himself hath most fully satisfied for sin and that the imputation of sin and the punishment or misery and whatever footsteps there are of sin are removed
to dye The Articles of the Covenant also evinceth it to be a Testament and the promiser bound to make his word good and so to dye For Jer. 31. the Lord Christ promiseth to reconcile his people to God to take away their sins and to be their God Iustice required satisfaction of them before they could be reconciled Satisfaction they could not make themselves therefore he who promised to make the Reconciliation with God was bound to make the satisfaction for them to God and if satisfaction for them then to undergo the curse of the Law for them and so to dye Then 1. The New Covenant is of the nature of a Testament and the benefits promised therein to wit Remission of sins Reconciliation Sanctification and Life Eternal are Legacies freely left unto us by our Defunct Lord who was dead and is alive to execute his own will for evermore The Scripture is the instrument and evidence the Apostles Notaries the Sacraments are seals witnesses from Heaven the Father the Word and the Spirit witnesses on earth the Water the Blood and the Spirit 2. Christ Jesus is both the maker of the Covenant which is in Ier. 31. and the Mediator thereof also the Testator and Executor of that blessed Testament 3. Christs death was concluded and resolved upon and intimated before he came into the world Vers. 17. For a Testament is of force after men are dead otherwise it is of no strength at all whilest the Testator liveth He cleareth his reasoning from the nature of Testaments amongst men which not before but after a mans death have force But here it may be objected How can this be seeing by vertue of the testament of Christ benefits not a few were bestowed upon the Church before his death from the beginning of the world not onely Remission of sins and Eternal Life but also many graces and blessings in this life both bodily and spiritual I answer Albeit Christs death was not accomplished in act till of late yet for the certainty of his death to follow and the unchangeableness of his minde towards his Church before his death he was reckoned both with God and the Church for dead and the promise of laying down his life for his people accepted for the time as if it had been performed For which cause he is called Rev. 13.8 The Lamb slain from the beginning of the world And Christ was still represented as a slain man in all these Sacrifices which the Apostle pointeth at as meeting this doubt in the next words which follow hereafter Vers. 18. Vers. 18. Whereupon neither the first Testament was dedicated without blood He proveth the necessity of Christs death yet farther Under the Law his bloodshed was represented by types of bloody Sacrifices therefore it behoved those types to be answered by his real bloodshed and death Then 1. What the types of the Law did signifie Christ behoved to accomplish in verity 2. The Old Church was taught that by vertue of the blood signified by these types the Covenant stood betwixt God and them Vers. 19. For when Moses had spoken every Precept to all the people according to the Law he took the blood of Calves and of Goats with Water and Scarlet Wooll and Hyssope and sprinkled both the book and all the people 20. Saying This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoyned unto you 21. Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the Tabernacle and all the Vessels of the Ministery From Moses example we learn 1. That the Lords Word should be manifested to all the people and none of them debarred from taking knowledge thereof 2. That the Word must be spoken plainly with a distinct voyce in the common Language and not muttered in an unknown Tongue 3. That with the use of holy Rites appointed of God the Preaching of Gods Word should be joyned to shew the Institution and force of Gods Ordinances to his people 2. In that the Book and the People and Instruments of Service were all to be sprinkled we learn That every thing which we touch or meddle with or make use of is unclean unto us were it never so holy in it self except the Blood of Jesus make it clean unto us and cleanse us in the using of it Vers. 22. And almost all things are by the Law purged with blood and without shedding of blood is no remission He saith Almost because of some purging which was done by washing and yet even that washing also drew the Vertue of Ceremonial purging from the Sacrifice whereunto the washing was annexed 2. In saying Without shedding of blood there is no remission of sins he teacheth us That wheresoever a sacrifice is offered for obtaining remission of sin there shedding of blood must really be and where an unbloody sacrifice is pretended to be offered for obtaining remission it serveth not the purpose because Without shedding of blood there is no remission Either therefore must such as pretend to offer Christ for obtaining the remission of sin grant that Christ is daily murthered by them and his blood shed anew in their pretended Offering or else that by their Offering no new Remission is purchased But the truth is Christs Blood is once shed and never to be shed again and that once Offering and Blood shedding is sufficient for everlasting remission without any new Offering of him again Vers. 23. It was therefore necessary that the Patterns of things in the Heavens should be purified with these but the Heavenly things themselves with better Sacrifices than these Another reason of the necessity of Christs death in force thus much If things figuratively holy behoved to be cleansed with the Typical Blood of Beasts Then things truly holy behoved to be cleansed with better blood even the blood of the Messias Hence we learn 1. That for the significations cause God would not have the Tabernacle nor any Instrument of Service about it to âe esteemed holy till blood was shed to sprinkle it That it might be known thereby that without the shedding of Christs blood he would not accept of any thing from us as holy 2. That the blood of Beasts was sufficient to make representation but better blood even the Blood of the Messiah behoved to be shed to give the truth of the signification For as far as Heaven is above the earthly sanctuary and mens souls above the vessels thereof so far better behoved to be that blood which made souls acceptable to God and to get entrance into heaven than the blood of Levitical sacrifices was Vers. 24. For Christ is not entred into the Holy Places made with hands which are the figures of the true but into Heaven it self now to appear in the presence of God for us He cleareth the matter how Christ hath offered a better Sacrifice than the Levitical yea and behoved to offer a better because he is entered into a better Sanctuary another man in another manner and to another end than the High Priest under